ARAB TIMES, SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 2011
World News Roundup
ZHUKOVSKY, Russia, Aug 19,
(RTRS): A hotel in orbit, lunar
sightseeing flights and luxury
rides into the cosmos — all are
part of Russia’s vision to ensure it
is not left behind in the growing
space tourism industry.
Russian firms unveiled their
plans at the country’s premiere air
show this week at Zhukovsky,
outside Moscow, saying the race
was on to build a new craft to take
people into space following the
shuttle in April.
for a replace-
ment shuttle and
said it hoped to
build an orbit-
Kostenko ing hotel with
room for seven guests by 2016.
Other plans include flying tourists
to the dark side of the moon and,
by 2030, to Mars.
“Space tourism is a real and
fast-growing business,” said
Sergei Kostenko, head of
Russian firm Orbital
Technologies, said at the MAKS
air show. “Whoever builds the
first new spaceship now will reap
Although Russia currently
holds a monopoly on rides to
space aboard its Soviet-designed
Soyuz, it starts at a disadvantage .
Foreign experts say they doubt
Russian firms can achieve their
ambitious goals because they lack
funding and even Russian offi-
cials said it would be hard to rival
US private sector firms now com-
peting for contracts with Nasa. This NASA image obtained Aug 18, shows a composite image of Chandra data in blue and Observatory found that this pulsar, known as PSR J0357+3205 (or PSR J0357 for short), appar-
Funding for the US space pro- Digitized Sky Survey data in yellow. The position of the pulsar at the upper right end of the tail is ently has a long, bright X-ray tail streaming away from it. PSR J0357 was originally discovered by
gramme is much higher and Nasa seen by mousing over the image. The two bright sources lying near the lower left end of the tail are the Fermi Gamma Ray Space Telescope in 2009. Astronomers calculate that the pulsar lies about
is expected to forge ahead with both thought to be unrelated background objects located outside our galaxy. A spinning neutron 1,600 light years from Earth and is about half a million years old, which makes it roughly middle-
building a new generation of craft star is tied to a mysterious tail — or so it seems. Astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray aged for this type of object. (AFP)
capable of travelling into deep
space, with flights into low Earth
orbit outsourced to private firms.
“The US has more possibilities Archaeology
than us right now,” said Alexander
Derechin, deputy chief designer
for Russia’s partly state-owned
space contractor RKK Energia.
He said the United States had
made a “very wise decision” in
Unusual, stunningly personal discoveries put on display
planning a state-funded spaceship
for deep-space flight and that
Russia faced tough competition
from companies such as Boeing
Co and Lockheed Martin as well
as start-up firms.
Archaeologists comb POW camp
Competitive SAVANNAH, Georgia, Aug 19, of a grocery store in Michigan. real historical treasures. scratched the surface. In July, they
“But we must make a state- (AP): When word reached Camp “These guys were rousted out in the That changed last year when used a metal detector to sweep two
funded spaceship, though in such Lawton that the enemy army of Gen middle of the night and loaded onto Georgia Southern archaeology stu- narrow strips about 240 yards
a way that it is also commercially In this undated photo provided by William T.Sherman was approach- trains, so they didn’t have time to load dent Kevin Chapman seized on an (meters) long in the area where they
competitive. It is a very difficult Georgia Southern University, an ing, the prison camp’s Confederate all this stuff up,” said David Crass, an offer by the state Department of believe prisoners lived.
task,” Derechin said. 1863 Grocer’s Token made of bronze officers rounded up their thousands archaeologist who serves as director Natural Resources to pursue his mas- They found a diamond-shaped 3rd
A decade after it flew the first is shown at Camp Lawton a Civil of Union army POWs for a swift of Georgia’s Historic Preservation ter’s thesis by looking for evidence Corps badge that came from a Union
US millionaire to space in 2001, War-era POW facility, near Millen, evacuation; they left behind rings, Division. “Pretty much all they had of Camp Lawton’s stockade walls on soldier’s uniform. Nearby was the
Energia plans a six-person shuttle Georgia. This token was issued in buckles, coins and other keepsakes got left behind. You don’t see these the park grounds. ring with the same insignia soldered
which it said would offer a softer Niles, Michigan by C.A. Colby & Co that would remain undisturbed for sites often in archaeology.” Chapman’s work stunned the pros onto it.
Wholesale Groceries and Bakery. It Camp Lawton’s obscurity helped
landing for the super-rich than its circulated for the value of a cent. nearly 150 years. as he uncovered much more than the The artifacts also have yielded
40-year-old Soyuz craft. It said it Camp Lawton was built by the Archaeologists still are discover- it remain undisturbed all these years. remains of the stockade’s 15-foot pine clues to what parts of the North the
hoped it would be operating by Confederacy to house about 10,000 ing unusual, and sometimes stun- Built about 50 miles (80 kms) south posts. On neighboring land owned by POWs came from, including the
2015. prisoners of war. But it abandoned ningly personal, artifacts a year after of Augusta, the Confederate camp the US Fish and Wildlife Service, he token issued by a grocery store in
“People paying for the most after being used for only about six state officials revealed that a gradu- imprisoned about 10,000 Union sol- dug up remnants of the prisoners Niles, Michigan, that customers
expensive ticket in the world must weeks in 1864 before Union Gen ate student had pinpointed the loca- diers after it opened in October 1864 themselves — a corroded tourniquet could use like cash to buy food.
be comfortable, not scared,” said William I. Sherman’s army arrived tion of the massive but short-lived to replace the infamous buckle, a tobacco pipe with teeth Stamped on its face was the mer-
Vladimir Pirozhkov, who and burned the camp. (AFP) Civil War camp in southeast Andersonville prison in southwest- marks in the stem and a folded frame chant’s name: G.A. Colbey and Co
designed the model of the shuttle Georgia’s Atlantic coast. ern Georgia. The new camp lasted that once held a daguerreotype. Wholesale Groceries and Bakery.
on show this week. Discoveries made as recently as a barely six weeks before Sherman’s “They’re not just buttons and bul- Similarly, there’s a buckle that
“This is just a glance at the few weeks ago were being displayed army arrived and burned it during his lets,” Chapman said. “They’re little probably clasped a pair of sus-
future, but it is the ultimate trans- Thursday at the Statesboro campus march from Atlanta to Savannah. pieces of the story, and this is not the penders bearing the name of
portation dream. It should be of Georgia Southern University. Historical story of battles and generals. This is Nanawanuck Manufacturing
desirable.” They include a soldier’s copper ring Barely a footnote in the war’s his- the story of little people whose Company in Massachusetts.
Russia cannot sell tourist seats bearing the insignia of the Union tory, Camp Lawton held a low prior- names have been forgotten by histo- Hooks and buckles that appear to
until 2013. It is carrying European Army’s 3rd Corps, which had fought ity among scholars. Its exact location ry that we’re starting to piece togeth- have come off a Union knapsack also
and US astronauts — for more bloody battles at Gettysburg, was never verified. While known to er and be able to tell.” hint that, despite harsh living condi-
than $50 million a ride — on its Pennsylvania, and Manassas, have been near Magnolia Springs A year later, Chapman says he and tions, captors probably allowed their
single-use Soyuz capsule, the Virginia, and a payment token State Park, archaeologists figured the fellow archaeology students working Union prisoners to keep essentials
only way of getting to the Root Parmesan
stamped with the still-legible name camp was too short-lived to yield at Camp Lawton still have barely like canteens and bedrolls.
International Space Station since
the US shuttle was retired.
Russian officials say at least
one of four US companies at the
Discovery ended around the late 1990s and the 2000s 2010 tied with 2005 for the hottest year the Earth and changing the climate in sev- As the temperatures soared in the
forefront of the commercial were far hotter. on record. Gases from the burning of fos- eral ways, according to the overwhelming 2000s, the species studied moved faster to
space industry could develop US government weather data show the sil fuel, especially carbon dioxide, are majority of scientists and the world’s top cooler places, Parmesan said. She pointed
space taxis by 2016 to take astro- Animals move away from warming: last decade was the hottest on record, and trapping heat in the atmosphere, warming scientific organizations. specifically to the city copper butterfly in
Animals across the world are fleeing global Europe and the purple emperor butterfly
nauts into low Earth orbit, up to in Sweden. The comma butterfly in
warming by heading north much faster than
an altitude of about 2,000 kms they were less than a decade ago, a new Britain has moved more than 135 miles
(1,250 miles). study says. ‘Wildlife traffic’ (217 kms) in 21 years, Thomas said.
“We don’t want to come late to About 2,000 species examined are Stanford University biologist Terry
the market,” Derechin said. moving away from the equator at an aver- Root, who wasn’t part of this study but
Orbital Technologies said the age rate of more than 15 feet (5 meters) Three suspended praised it as clever and conservative,
planned new spacecraft would be per day, about a mile per year, according points to another species, the American
able to take VIP clients to a hotel to new research published Thursday in the ARUSHA, Tanzania, Aug 19, pika, a rabbitlike creature that has been
it plans to build in orbit 217 miles journal Science which analyzed previous (AFP): Tanzania has suspended studied in Yellowstone National Park for
above Earth, catering for guests studies. Species are also moving up three wildlife department officials more than a century. (AP)
paying about $1 million for a five- mountains to escape the heat, but more over an illegal shipment of ❑ ❑ ❑
day stay. slowly, averaging about 4 feet a year. wildlife to Qatar in November
The species — mostly from the Northern 2010, a minister told parliament. Herder finds baby mammoth: A
Orbital Technologies’ Kostenko Hemisphere and including plants — moved “They are suspended pending reindeer herder in Russia’s Arctic has
said the space hotel would be in fits and starts, but over several decades it the conclusions of investigations stumbled on the pre-historic remains of a
more comfortable than the space averages to about 8 inches (20 centimeters) into their actions,” Natural baby woolly mammoth poking out of the
station, but did not promise luxu- an hour away from the equator. Resources and Tourism Minister permafrost, local officials said on Friday.
ry — vacationers would still have “The speed is an important issue,” said In this undated photo combination provided by the National Oceanic and Ezechiel Maige told a parliamen- The herder said the carcass was as per-
to eat space food, take sponge study main author Chris Thomas of the Atmospheric Administration show magnificent views of an orange goo that tary session late Thursday that fectly preserved as the 40,000-year-old
baths and use vacuum toilets University of York. “It is faster than we appeared Aug 3 along the shore of the village of Kivalina, Alaska. The goo was broadcast on national televi- mammoth calf Lyuba discovered in the same
because of weightlessness. thought.” turned out to be fungal spores, not millions of microscopic eggs as indicated sion. The three suspended are remote region four years ago, authorities
Included in the analysis was a 2003 by preliminary analysis, scientists said on Aug 18. Further tests with more the head of the wildlife depart- said, adding that an expedition had set off
Foreign space officials and advanced equipment showed the substance is consistent with spores from
study that found species moving north at a ment Obeid Mbangwa and two hoping to confirm the “sensational” find.
experts said they doubted Russian rate of just more than a third of a mile fungi that create rust, which accounts for the color, said officials with the “If it is true what is said about how it is
of his colleagues.
firms would be able to replace the (500 meters) per year and up at a rate of 2 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The substance quickly dis- Maige said at least 116 animals preserved, this will be another sensation
40-year-old Soyuz, much less feet (0.61 meters) a year. Camille sipated from the village lagoon and the Wulik River. But many of Kivalina’s and 16 birds, some of them pro- of global significance,” expedition leader
launch a space platform, as quick- Parmesan of the University of Texas, 374 residents worried about the long-term effect on the water quality — and tected species, were illegally Natalia Fyodorova said in a statement on
ly as planned. who conducted that study, said the new some wildlife, fish and plants they use for food — from a phenomenon they exported from Kilimanjaro airport . the Arctic Yamalo-Nenetsk region’s offi-
research makes sense because her data had never seen before. (AP) cial website. (RTRS)