Inquiry and Discovery by liaoqinmei

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									Inquiry and Discovery


Christine Browning, Ph.D.
Brief Review

   Robert’s Apperception Test for Children
    – Projecting our “stuff” onto the client’s
      interpretations
   The Alligator Story
    – Is withholding your value judgment an easy
      task? Why or why not?
    – Is it even possible?
Four Foundations of a
Thorough Evaluation
   Norm Referenced Tests
    – Intelligence Scales
    – Achievement Tests
    – Some Personality Assessments
   Observation
    – What you notice, questions that demand
      further investigation, research
   Interview
    – Gathering information
       • Developmental
       • Social
       • Educational
   Projective Assessments
    – Child’s drawings
    – Observations
Lesson Goal

   Integrate all 4 pieces of the puzzle
    – Norm Referenced Tests
    – Observation
    – Interview
    – Projective Assessments
   Case Conceptualization
    – Suspend judgment
    – Think critically by formulating hypotheses
Timmy’s Referral Information

   Risk Assessment
    – 9 yr-old third grader
    – Threatened to Blow up the School
    – Two prior incidents
       • Pulled a knife on some children off school
         property
       • Brought a knife to school
Interview with mother

   Ethnic Origin of father -- India/Sikh
    – (last seen 6 years ago in prison in Mexico –
      assumed dead)
 Ethnic Origin of mother -- Caucasian
 Reports normal birth, physical
  development
    – No major illnesses, injuries, broken bones or
      stitches
   Reports sporadic school attendance
    – Has lived with different relatives last 2 years
       • Aunt in California
       • Aunt in Kansas
   Victimized at school by peers
    – Bullying
Initial Meeting with Timmy

   Physical Appearance
    – Small for age (9)
    – Dark hair/eyes/skin
    – Clean hair, nails, clothes appropriate
    – Glasses (Mother’s old bifocals, tapped in the
      middle)
    – Nervous/fidgety. Relaxed after good rapport
      established
Timmy’s Interview/
Norm Testing
   Demeanor
    – Very likable, Cooperative
    – Talkative
       • “Mother forgot to tell you about when we had a
         car accident and I hit my head on the windshield. I
         had 6 stitches.” Showed me the scar just above his
         left eye.
       • Extremely concerned about his recent haircut
Norm Referenced Tests

   Full Scale IQ
    – Verbal IQ
       • Superior
    – Performance IQ
       • Average
   Achievement Test
    – Well Below Grade Level Math Reasoning
   Student’s Data met State criteria for LD in Math
    – referred for special ed services
Projective Assessment

   Timmy’s Drawings
    – Warriors with Swords
    – “School”
Observation

   What do you see?
    – Small for age?
    – Verbal skills?
    – Fine/Gross motor ability?
   Is the child cared for?
    – Dirty clothes, hair, skin, fingernails?
    – Hungry?
Observations

   Do any of your observations either
    confirm or contradict the client’s
    responses to your questions?
    – Child’s head injury
    – Concern over haircut
    – Child’s glasses
    – Parent/Guardian legal document in school
      file
Teacher Interview

 Likeable boy
 Cannot remember math concepts
 Loves to read/draw
    – Violent drawings
       • Swords with blood dripping
   Made fun of/Bullied by others at school
    – Hyper-vigilant
    – Suspicious
Hypotheses?

 More than LD in math?
 Possible PTSD?
 Legal guardianship question
 Research Sikh’s
Research

   Sikh history, beliefs, customs
Case Conceptualization

 Norm Referenced Tests
 Observation
 Interview
 Projective Assessments
Norm Referenced Tests

   Full Scale IQ
    – Verbal IQ
        • Superior
    – Performance IQ
        • Average
   Achievement Test
    – Well Below Grade Level Math Reasoning
   Student’s Data meets State criteria for LD in
    Math – referred for special ed services
School’s Decision

   Timmy Expelled from School
    – Home testing to accommodate final grading,
      school transfer
Final Interview with Timmy

   At his home
    – Observations
    – Play
      • Lego’s
    – Discovery
      • Birth date (6 years)
 Missingchildren.com
 Formal report
Conclusions

 LD in Math?
 PTSD?
 Child with a grand imagination?
 Missing child?

								
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