Overcoming Heart Disease and Heart Attack
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout the body. In a heart attack (myocardial infarction),
part of the heart muscle to die while not getting blood. To stay healthy, the heart needs oxygen and
other nutrients carried by blood. This is obtained through the artery (blood vessel) disease, which wrap
the outside of the heart.
These diseases can affect any part of the heart. However, the most common disease is a chronic disease
in the coronary arteries is called atherosclerosis. Therefore, developing heart disease are commonly
known and most common is coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease. The disease is most
common cause of heart attack in someone who can cause death. The cause is narrowing of the coronary
arteries, where the vessel serves to provide blood to the heart muscle. The narrowing is caused by a pile
of cholesterol or other proteins derived from food that enters the body. This buildup causes the
coronary arteries become stiff. Stiffness is called atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis occurs when there is accumulation of plaque or fatty deposits on artery walls. Over
time, plaque can build up, harden and narrow arteries, and inhibits blood flow to the heart. Coronary
artery disease or coronary artery disease (CAD) is that basically leads to most heart attacks.
Blockage in one or more coronary arteries can cause heart attacks are sudden. The reason for asking the
heart exceeds the available oxygen so that trigger heart attacks. Why? If the heart muscle does not
receive oxygen for a long time, the surrounding tissue can be damaged. Unlike other tissues, the heart
muscle does not regenerate. The longer the attack, the more damage to the heart and the more likely to
Even in the arteries that are not too narrow because timbungan plaque and fatty, deposits of plaque can
break off and form a crust of blood or thrombus. In addition, the diseased arteries also tend to
experience sudden muscle contractions. Thus, a piece of crust in the blood can form a contraction,
releasing chemicals which then result in narrowing the artery wall, triggering a heart attack.
If the working system of the heart is damaged, the heart's normal rhythm can become chaotic and the
heart began to tremble with erratic or experiencing fibrillation. This abnormal rhythm known as
arrhythmia is a deviation from normal heart rhythm. This will cause the heart loses its ability to
effectively pump blood to the brain. Within ten minutes, brain death and the patient was beyond help.
In addition to coronary heart disease due to fat deposition in the arterial wall, there are also other heart
diseases caused by abnormalities at birth. For example an imperfect heart, heart valve disorders,
weakened heart muscle. Another cause is the bacteria that cause infections of the heart.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
If symptoms of heart attacks happen to you:
Recognize any of these symptoms do occur chest pain, shortness of breath, or palpitations.
Cease immediately all work no matter what you are doing and sit or lie down while breathing deeply.
If you are alone while symptoms last more than a few minutes immediately contact the local emergency
telephone numbers and say you have a heart attack. Or contact the people around you by giving the
If anyone can take you to the hospital faster than the arrival of paramedics, immediately ask for
assistance to go take you to the emergency room at the hospital. Faster would be better handled.
But if you wait paramedic team arrived, so while waiting, you can loosen tight clothing, including belts or
ties. Make yourself in a position that feels comfortable.
Remain calm, no matter you are the victim or his salvation. The panic may increase the likelihood of
arrhythmia or heart rhythm irregularities are life threatening.
The symptoms are perceived if you have coronary heart disease include pain or pain in the chest where
most people thought it was just as indigestion. Then other symptoms of feeling depressed in the middle
of the chest for 30 seconds to 5 minutes. Another thing is the cold sweat, palpitations, dizziness, and felt
like fainting. These symptoms are not always perceived the sufferer. Another warning sign is shortness
of breath during exercise.
For several months before the heart attack usually people with heart disease often feel very tired. Do
not assume these symptoms are caused by lack of sleep and stress of the job.
Pain or feeling pressured in the chest, called angina, gave warning to half of those who suffer heart
attacks. Some people experience shortness of breath or fatigue and feeling weak as symptoms,
indicating that the heart is not getting enough oxygen because of coronary blockage.
Usually a few days before having a massive heart attack, a person will experience muscle contractions
suddenly in the chest which is a minor attack or a mild heart attack. Mild heart attacks are common
before a major attack a few days later.
Tips to Prevent Heart Disease
To reduce risk of coronary heart disease, you can do the following things:
Avoid foods that contain lots of fat or high cholesterol. Seafood contains high cholesterol that can
harm the heart. Reduce eating fried foods that contain lots of fat, otherwise food can be processed by
boiling, steaming or baking.
Wherever possible, the food products we eat low-fat or nonfat. Choose milk, cheese, butter or other
foods that are low in fat. Fry using olive oil has a little fat so it can be an option if the need to process
food by frying.
Apart from avoiding fatty foods, avoid foods with sugar content is also high like soft drinks. Do not
consume tertalu many karbohirat, because in the body, carbohydrates are broken down into fat. In
contrast, consumption of oats or wheat that can help keep the heart healthy.
Keep your diet is not excessive to avoid obesity, because someone who has a waist circumference
greater than 80 cm, greater risk of developing this disease.
Cigarette smoking is not good for heart health, then immediately stop this practice in order to stay
Stress is very difficult to avoid when living in big cities like Jakarta is known for its jams and
preoccupations. When a person experiences stress, the body will release the hormone cortisol, which
causes the blood vessels become stiff. Hormone norepinephrine to produce the body when suffering
from stress, which may increase blood pressure. So, very good if you avoid the stress both in the office
or at home.
Problem of hypertension or high blood pressure can also cause heart disease. Hypertension can injure
the arterial wall and allows the channel to enter the arteries of LDL cholesterol and increase the
accumulation of plaque.
Overweight or obese increases the high blood pressure and abnormal fat. Avoiding or treating obesity
or obesity is the main way to avoid diabetes. Diabetes accelerates coronary heart disease and increased
risk of heart attack.
You can do sports activities such as walking, brisk walking, or jogging. Sports activities are competitive
and not too much work to strengthen the heart and blood circulation throughout the body.
Consumption of antioxidants
Air pollution, motor vehicle fumes or smoke created the emergence of free radicals in the body. Free
radicals can cause ulcers or deposits in blood vessels that can cause blockages. To remove the content of
free radicals in the body, there is need for antioxidants that will catch and throw. Antioxidants can be
obtained from a variety of fruits and vegetables.
One of the parents or siblings have had heart attack before age 60 have a greater risk of suffering
from this disease. Therefore, if you have relatives who have had heart attacks, you should be more
careful in keeping the diet and lifestyle can support a healthy heart.
Overcoming Heart Disease
If you feel the early symptoms of heart disease or had suffered a mild heart attack, do not ignore it. You
desperately need early treatment by trained medical personnel. This can save the heart from further
damage and can even avoid the consequences are more fatal as death.
But if heart attack symptoms begin to occur, it is important to seek immediate medical assistance. The
risk of death from heart attack is within one hour after the heart attack. Rapid and appropriate
treatment of the medical team could save heart muscle from damage that can not be repaired. The
more heart muscle is saved, the more effective will the heart pumping again after the attack. Do not put
off getting medical help because of fear is considered absurd.
If there has been a blockage, a general medical action is taken with the installation of catheterization
and rings that keep coronary arteries are not clogged. However, there may be some blockage in other
Dear to your heart
Looking at the heart of this precious organ for survival, then immediately improve your lifestyle to stay
healthy. Start enjoying the foods that are healthy, nutritious and low in cholesterol. Avoid smoking and
stress. And exercise regularly. Start with a healthy lifestyle from this day to love your heart.