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Current Population Survey_ October 1995 School Enrollment Codebook

VIEWS: 63 PAGES: 311

									                      CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY, OCTOBER 1995:
                          SCHOOL ENROLLMENT SUPPLEMENT

                                      TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION
                                               CPS-95

This file documentation consists of the following materials:
            Attachment 1               Abstract
            Attachment 2               Overview-Current Population Survey
            Attachment 3               Overview-October 1995 School Enrollment Supplement
            Attachment 4               Glossary
            Attachment 5               Revisions to the Current Population Survey
            Attachment 6               How to Use the Record Layout
            Attachment 7               Changes to CPS Public Use Files
                                          Effective September 1995
            Attachment 8               Basic CPS Record Layout
            Attachment 9               Current Population Survey
                                          October 1995 School Enrollment
                                          Supplement Record Layout
            Attachment 10A             Questionnaire Facsimile
            Attachment 10B             Current Population Survey
                                          October 1995 School Enrollment
                                          Supplement Questionnaire
            Attachment 11              Industry Classification Codes
            Attachment 12              Occupation Classification Codes
            Attachment 13              Specific Metropolitan Identifiers
            Attachment 14              Topcoding of Usual Hourly Earnings
            Attachment 15              Tallies of Unweighted Counts
            Attachment 16              Countries and Areas of the World
            Attachment 17              Allocation Flags
            Attachment 18              Source and Accuracy Statement of the
                                          CPS October 1995 School Enrollment
            Attachment 19              User Notes

                                                    NOTE
Questions about accompanying documentation should be directed to Administrative and
Customer Services Division, Microdata Access Branch, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C.
20233. Phone: (301) 457-1214.

Questions about the tape should be directed to Administrative and Customer Services Division,
Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Phone: (301) 457-4100.

Questions about the subject matter should be directed to Bonnie S. Tarsia, Demographic Surveys
Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Phone: (301) 457-3806.

Additional questions about the School Enrollment Supplement should be directed to Rosalind
Bruno, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Phone: (301) 457-2464.
                                         ATTACHMENT 1
                                            ABSTRACT
                    Current Population Survey, October 1995: School Enrollment
                 [machine-readable datafile] / conducted by the Bureau of the
                 Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. -Washington:      Bureau
                 of the Census [producer and distributor], 1996.

Type of File

   Microdata; unit of observation is individuals within housing units.

Universe Description

   The universe consists of all persons in the civilian noninstitutional population of the United
   States living in households. The probability sample selected to represent the universe
   consists of approximately 57,000 households.

Subject-Matter Description

   Data are provided on labor force activity for the week prior to the survey. Comprehensive
   data are available on the employment status, occupation, and industry of persons 15 years
   old and over. Also shown are personal characteristics such as age, sex, race, marital status,
   veteran status, household relationship, educational background, and Hispanic origin.

   The file also contains information on school enrollment that includes the following items:
   current grade attending at a public or private school, whether attending college full or part-
   time at a 2 or 4-year institution, year last attended a regular school, and year graduated
   from high school.
Geographic Coverage

   States, regions and divisions are identified in their entirety. Within confidentiality
   restrictions; indicators are provided for consolidated metropolitan statistical areas (CMSA),
   173 selected metropolitan statistical areas (MSA), 69 selected primary metropolitan
   statistical areas (PMSA), 217 counties, and 41 central cities in multi-central city
   metropolitan statistical areas or primary metropolitan statistical areas. Also within
   confidentiality restrictions, indicators are provided for metropolitan/nonmetropolitan,
   central city/balance metropolitan, MSA/CMSA size and MSA/PMSA size.

Technical Description

   File Structure: Rectangular.

   File Size: 148,392 logical records; 1,000 character logical record length,

   File Sort Sequence: State rank by CMSA/MSA rank by household identification number by
   line number.




                                             1-1
Reference Materials

    Current Population Survey, October 1995: School Enrollment Technical Documentation.
    Documentation contains this abstract, questionnaire facsimiles, and record layouts of the
    file. One copy accompanies each file order. Additional copies are available from
    Administrative and Customer Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census,
    Washington, DC 20233.

    Bureau of the Census. The Current Population Survey: Design and Methodology (Technical
    Paper 40) (out of print). Describes in detail the sample design and survey procedures used
    as well as accuracy of estimates and sampling errors. Reference copies should be available
    from most public libraries or Federal Depository Libraries.

Related Printed Reports

    Bureau of the Census. Current Population Reports. Series P20, No. 487. School Enrollment-
    Social and Economic Characteristics of Students: October 1994. Available from the U.S.
    Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, DC 20402.
    S/N 803-005-00089-3. $14.

   Bureau of the Census. Current Population Reports. Series P20, No. 479. School
   Enrollment-Social and Economic Characteristics of Students: October 1993.
   S/N 803-005-00080-0. $11.

File Availability

   The file may be ordered from Administrative and Customer Services Division using the
   Customer Services order form on the following page. The file is available on 9 track tape
   reel in ASCII or EBCDIC format, labeled or unlabeled, 6250 bpi. The file also can be
   made available on IBM 3480-compatible tape cartridge or CD-R (compact disc-recordable)
   in ASCII format.




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                                            ATTACHMENT 2

                                               OVERVIEW

                                       Current Population Survey

Introduction

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is the source of the official government statistics on employment and
unemployment. The CPS has been conducted monthly for over 50 years. Currently, we obtain interviews
from about 48,000 households monthly, scientifically selected on the basis of area of residence to represent
the nation as a whole, individual states, and other specified areas. Each household is interviewed once a
month for four consecutive months one year, and again for the corresponding time period a year later. This
technique enables us to obtain reliable month-to-month and year-to-year comparisons at a reasonable cost
while minimizing the inconvenience to any one household.

Although the main purpose of the survey is to collect information on the employment situation, a very
important secondary purpose is to collect information on demographic characteristics such as age, sex, race,
marital status, educational attainment, family relationship, occupation, and industry. From time to time,
additional questions are included on health, education, income, and previous work experience. The
statistics resulting from these questions serve to update similar information collected once every 10 years
through the decennial census, and are used by government policymakers and legislators as important
indicators of our nation’s economic situation and for planning and evaluating many government programs.

The CPS provides current estimates of the economic status and activities of the population of the United
States. Because it is not possible to develop one or two overall figures (such as the number of unemployed)
that would adequately describe the whole complex of labor market phenomena, the CPS is designed to
provide a large amount of detailed and supplementary data. Such data are made available to meet a wide
variety of needs on the part of users of labor market information.

Thus, the CPS is the only source of monthly estimates of total employment (both farm and nonfarm);
nonfarm self-employed persons, domestics, and unpaid helpers in nonfarm family enterprises; wage and
salaried employees; and, finally, estimates of total unemployment.

It provides the only available distribution of workers by the number of hours worked (as distinguished from
aggregate or average hours for an industry), permitting separate analyses of part-time workers, workers on
overtime, etc. The survey is also the only comprehensive current source of information on the occupation
of workers and the industries in which they work. Information is available from the survey not only for
persons currently in the labor force but also for those who are outside the labor force. The characteristics
of such persons - whether married women with or without young children, disabled persons, students, older
retired workers, etc., can be determined. Information on their current desire for work, their past work
experience, and their intentions as to job seeking are also available.

For a more detailed discussion about the basic labor force data gathered on a monthly basis in the CPS
survey, see “Revisions in the Current Population Survey Effective January 1994” in the February 1994 issue
of Employment and Earnings published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CPS Sample Design

The current CPS sample is selected based on 1990 census information. The first stage of the 1990 sample
design created 2,007 geographic areas called primary sampling units (PSUs) in the entire United States.
These PSUs were grouped into strata within each state. Some of these PSUs formed strata by themselves
and were in sample with certainty, which is referred to as self-representing. Of the remaining nonself-
representing PSUs, one PSU was selected from each stratum with the probability of selection proportional
to the population of the PSU. A total of 754 PSUs were selected for sample containing 2,121 counties,



                                                     2-1
minor civil divisions, and independent cities. The second stage of the sample design selected housing units
within these PSUs.

Approximately 60,000 housing units are assigned for interview each month, of which about 50,500 are
occupied and thus eligible for interview. The remainder are units found to be destroyed, vacant, converted
to nonresidential use, containing persons whose usual place of residence is elsewhere, or ineligible for other
reasons. Of the 50,500 occupied housing units, approximately 5 percent are not interviewed in a given
month due to temporary absence (vacation, etc.), the residents are not found at home after repeated
attempts, inability of persons contacted to respond, unavailability for other reasons, and refusals to
cooperate. The interviewed households contain approximately 94,000 persons 15 years old and over,
approximately 28,000 children 0-14 years old, and about 450 Armed Forces members living with civilians
either on or off base within these households. A more precise explanation regarding the CPS sample design
is provided in “Explanatory Notes and Estimates of Error: Household Data - Sampling” in any issue of
Employment and Earnings.

Relationship of Current Population Survey Files to Publications

Each month, a significant amount of information about the labor force is published by the Bureau of Labor
Statistics in the Employment and Earnings and Monthly Labor Review reports.

As mentioned previously, the CPS also serves as a vehicle for supplemental inquiries on subjects other than
employment, which are periodically added to the questionnaire. From the basic and supplemental data, the
Bureau of the Census issues three series of publications under the general title Current Population Reports:
       P-20 Population Characteristics
       P-23 Special Studies
       P-60 Consumer Income

All Current Population Reports, including the other series for population estimates and projections and
special censuses, may be obtained by subscription from the U.S. Government Printing Office at 202-783-
3238. Subscriptions are available as follows: Population Characteristics, Special Studies, and Consumer
Income series (P-20, P-23, P-60) combined, $101 per year (sold as a package only); Population Estimates
and Projections, (P-25), $27 per year. Single issues may be ordered separately; ordering information and
prices are provided in the Bureau of the Census Catalog and Guide, the Monthly Product Announcement
(MPA), and in Census and You. Selected reports also may be accessed on the INTERNET at
http://www.census.gov/prod/www/subject.html#pop

Geographic Limitations

The CPS sample was selected so that specific reliability criteria were met nationally, for each of the 50
States and for the District of Columbia. Since 1985, these reliability criteria have been maintained through
periodic additions and deletions in the State samples. Estimates formed for geographic areas identified on
the microdata file which are smaller than states are not as reliable.

Weights

Under the estimating methods used in the CPS, all of the results for a given month become available
simultaneously and are based on returns for the entire panel of respondents. The CPS estimation
procedure involves weighting the data from each sample person. The base weight, which is the inverse of
the probability of the person being in the sample, is a rough measure of the number of actual persons that
the sample person represents. Almost all sample persons in the same state have the same base weight, but
the weights across states are different. Selection probabilities may also differ for some sample areas due to
field subsampling, which is done when areas selected for the sample contain many more households than
expected. The base weights are then adjusted for noninterview, and the ratio estimation procedure is
applied.



                                                     2-2
    1. Noninterview adjustment. The weights for all interviewed households are adjusted to the extent
       needed to account for occupied sample households for which no information was obtained because
       of absence, impassable roads, refusals, or unavailability of the respondent for other reasons. This
       noninterview adjustment is made separately for clusters of similar sample areas that are usually, but
       not necessarily, contained within a state. Similarity of sample areas is based on Metropolitan
       Statistical Area (MSA) status and size. Within each cluster, there is a further breakdown by
       residence. Each MSA cluster is split by “central city” and “balance of the MSA”. Each non-MSA
       cluster is split by “urban” and “rural” residence categories. The proportion of occupied sample
       households not interviewed fluctuates around 5 percent depending on weather, vacations, etc.

    2. Ratio estimates. The distribution of the population selected for the sample may differ somewhat, by    -
       chance, from that of the population as a while in such characteristics as age, race, sex, and state of
       residence. Because these characteristics are closely correlated with labor force participation and
       other principal measurements made from the sample, the survey estimates can be substantially
       improved when weighted appropriately by the known distribution of these population
       characteristics. This is accomplished through two stages of ratio adjustment as follows:

       a. First-stage ratio estimate. The purpose of the first-stage ratio adjustment is to reduce the
          contribution to variance that results from selecting a sample of PSUs rather than drawing sample
          households from every PSU in the nation. This adjustment is made to the CPS weights in two
          race cells: black and nonblack; it is applied only to PSUs that are nonself-representing and for
          those states that have a substantial number of black households. The procedure corrects for
          differences that existed in each state cell at the time of the 1990 census between 1) the race
          distribution of the population in sample PSUs and 2) the race distribution of all PSUs (both 1
          and 2 exclude self-representing PSUs).

       b. Second-stage ratio estimate. This procedure substantially reduces the variability of estimates and
          corrects, to some extent, for CPS undercoverage. The CPS sample weights are adjusted to
          ensure that sample-based estimates of population match independent population controls. Three
          sets of controls are used:

          1) 51 state controls of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and older

          2) national civilian noninstitutional population controls for 14 hispanic and 5 nonhispanic
             age-sex categories

          3) national civilian noninstitutional population controls for 66 white, 42 black, and 10
             “other” age-sex categories

          The independent population controls are prepared by projecting forward the resident population
          as enumerated on April 1, 1990. The projections are derived by updating demographic census
          data with information from a variety of other data sources that account for births, deaths, and net
          migration. Estimated numbers of resident Armed Forces personnel and institutionalized persons
          reduce the resident population to the civilian noninstitutional population. Estimates of net
          census undercount, determined from the Post Enumeration Survey, are added to the population
          projections. Prior to January 1994, the projections were based on earlier censuses, and there was
          no correction for census undercount. A summary of the current procedures used to make
          population projections is given in “Revisions in the Current Population Survey Effective January
          1994” in the February 1994 issue of Employment and Earnings.

Comparability of CPS From Microdata Files With Published Sources

Although total estimates of the population will equal published estimates, labor force estimates produced
from a microdata file will not be directly comparable or identical with the published nonseasonally adjusted
labor force data. The major reason for this is due to a final estimation procedure incorporated into the
production of the published nonseasonally adjusted data. This procedure, known as a composite estimator,


                                                      2-3
is a weighted average of two estimates for the current month for any particular item. The first estimate is
the two-stage ratio estimate that includes all the estimation steps given above. The second estimate consists
of the composite estimate for the preceding month to which has been added an estimate of the change from
the preceding month, based on that part of the sample which is common to the two months (about 75
percent). This procedure is primarily used to increase the reliability of estimates of month-to-month
change, although other reliability gains are also realized. As noted above, the composite estimation
procedure does not affect estimates of the total population.

Another factor also inhibits microdata comparison with published labor force data. This is the seasonal
adjustment that is applied to many published statistics. This adjustment is used to adjust for normal
seasonal variations to help distinguish the underlying economic situation in month-to-month changes.

Shown below are data from January and July 1993 which demonstrate how estimates compiled using the
final weights from the microdata file may differ from the published composite estimates, with and without
seasonal adjustment. Note that the composite estimation Procedure was not used for estimates Published
from January 1994 to May 1994. For a further description of both the composite estimator and seasonal
adjustment, see “Explanatory Notes and Estimates of Error: Household Data - Estimating Methods
(Composite Estimation Procedure)” and “Seasonal Adjustment” in any issue of Employment and Earnings.

Comparison of CPS Estimates from Microdata Files with Published Sources


                                        Civilian                             Civilian                                                                                                                  Not in
                     Noninstitutional                                           Labor                                                                                                                  Labor
                                 Population                                     Force                             Employed                            Unemployed                                        Force
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --------------------------------------- ------------------------ ---------------------
January 1993
Data (000’s)

Final Weights                                     192,644                                       126,115                                               116,113                                                       10,002                                                    66,529
Composite
(Not Seasonally
Adjusted)                                         192,644                                       126,034                                               116,123                                                          9,911                                                  66,610
Composite
(Seasonally
Adjusted)                                         192,644                                       127,083                                               118,071                                                          9,013                                                  65,561
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...........................

July 1993
Data (000’s)

Final Weights                                     193,633                                       130,399                                               121,450                                                          8,949                                                  63,234
Composite
(Not Seasonally
Adjusted)                                         193,633                                       130,324                                               121,323                                                          9,002                                                  63,309
Composite
(Seasonally
Adjusted)              193,633  128,070   119,301      8,769                65,563
..---.. ---. -----.. --.---—. —. —--—.— .—--—.--__- ——--..-——--- . . . ..--W--—.-.




                                                                                                                                               2-4
                                          ATTACHMENT 3

                                             OVERVIEW
                              October 1995 School Enrollment Survey

General
Census Bureau staff conducted the October 1995 School Enrollment Survey as a supplement to that
month’s Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS is a monthly labor force survey conducted in
approximately 57,000 interviewed households across the Nation. Attachment 10A contains a copy
of the labor force questions asked each month as part of the basic CPS questions. Attachment 10B
is a copy of the October 1995 School Enrollment questionnaire.

Attachment 2 comprises a description of the CPS entitled “Overview-Current Population
Survey.” A description of the October 1995 School Enrollment Survey follows.

Data Collection

Census Bureau staff conducted interviews during the period of October 15-21, 1995. We asked the
school enrollment items of all persons 3 years old or older, as appropriate. Interviewers received a
1 1/2-hour home study that contained questions on the basic labor force questions, item-by-item
instructions for the supplement, supplement exercises, and a practice interview.

Data Processing

The data processing involved editing the October supplement data. Below is a description of this
process.

1. Basic School Enrollment Items - are asked each October. These items include the following
   variables: PESCHOOL, PEPUBLIC, PEGRADE, PEFULL, PETYPE, PEVOCA,
   PELASTYR, PELASTGD, PEYRATT, PEYRDEG asked of adults; and PESCH35,
   PESCH614, PECHPUB, and PECHGRDE asked of children.

The data processing involved a consistency edit and allocation module for all school
enrollment items. The consistency edit mainly ensured that the entries within an individual
record followed the correct skip pattern. Items with missing values were assigned values, if
appropriate. If not, missing values were allocated using either a “hot deck” or “cold deck”
depending on the item.

2. Non-Basic Items - In October 1995, we asked additional items on grade retention, English
   proficiency, and disabilities. These were Items S42-S45a, S46a, S47a, S57-S61, S63, S64 for
   adults, and S45b, S45c, S46b, S47b-S50c, S62, S65 for children.

The data processing of these items involved a consistency edit to check for the correct skip
pattern.

The values and universes for each variable are defined in the supplement record layout found
in Attachment 9.

October 1995 CPS/School Enrollment Computer File

CPS Labor Force Data. The October 1995 CPS file contains 148,392 records. The first 814
characters contain the labor force data for each record. Attachment 8 contains the CPS Basic Items



                                                3-1
Record Layout, which includes the variable name, character size, location on the record, universe, and
the possible values of each basic CPS variable included on the file.

The variable PRPERTYP (located in positions 161-162 on the CPS Basic Items Record
Layout) determines the type of person as follows:
       PRPERTYP
              1 = Child household member (0-14 years old)

              2 = Adult civilian household member (15+ years old)

              3 = Adult Armed Forces household member (15+ years old)

The variable HRINTSTA (located in positions 57-58 on the CPS Basic Items Record Layout)
determines the interview status of the household.
       HRINTSTA

              1 = Interview

              2 = Type A Noninterview (These records represent households that were eligible for
                  the october 1995 CPS interview, but were not interviewed because no one was
                  home, household members were temporarily absent, etc.)

              3 = Type B Noninterview (These records represent sample addresses determined to
                  be ineligible for the CPS by virtue of being vacant, demolished, nonresidential, etc.)

              4 = Type C Noninterview (See explanation for Type B above)

By combining the values of PRPERTYP (1-3) and HRINTSTA (2-4), the number of records
can be determined.


       The values of PRPERTYP are:
                                                          Unweighed Counts

              1 = (Child)                                        30,598
              2 = (Adult Civilian, 15+)                          103,867
              3 = (Adult, Armed Forces)                          481

       The values of HRINTSTA are:

              2 = Type A Noninterview                            3,682
              3 = Type B Noninterview                            9,390
              4 = Type C Noninterview                            374


October 1995 School Enrollment Suppleme nt Data. The October supplement data for adults are in
locations 815-940. Children’s data are in locations 941-1000. (See Attachment 9.)

Tallying the October 1995 School Enrollment Supplement File . The October 1995 supplement
universe includes the full CPS sample comprised of all persons 3 years old or older.




                                               3-2
Weighting. There is no supplement weight associated with the October 1995 School Enrollment
Supplement. Use the basic CPS weight (PWSSWGT in location 613-622) for tallying individuals on the
file.

Attachment 15 is a tally listing of unweighted counts from selected supplement items. Use
these totals to ensure that the file is being accessed properly.
Data Contact. For questions regarding the October 1995 School Enrollment data, call Rosalind Bruno
on (301) 457-2464.




                                              3-3
                                               ATTACHMENT 4

                                                  GLOSSARY
                                          Current Population Survey


Age- Age classification is based on the age of the person at his/her last birthday. The adult universe (i.e.,
population of marriageable age) is comprised of persons 15 years and over for CPS labor force
data.

Allocation Flag- Each edited item has a corresponding allocation flag indicating the nature of the edit. See the
attachment on allocation flags for more information. The second character of the item name is always “X”.

Armed Forces- Demographic information for Armed Forces members (enumerated in off-base housing or on-
base with their families) is included on the CPS data files. No labor force information is collected of Armed
Forces members in any month. In March, supplemental data on income are included for Armed Forces members.
This is the only month that non-demographic information is included for Armed Forces members.

Civilian Labor Force- (See Labor Force.)

Class of Worker- This refers to the broad classification of the person’s employer. These broad classifications
for current jobs are:

        1)   Federal government
        2)   State government
        3)   Local government
        4)   Private industry (including self-employed, incorporated)
        5)   Self-employed (not incorporated)
        6)   Working without pay

Domain- The domain for an item is a list or range of its possible values. Note that all unedited items have
possible values of -1 (blank), -2 (don’t know), and -3 (refused). Since all items have these possible values, they
are not shown as valid entries for each item.

Duration of Unemployment- Duration of unemployment represents the length of time (through the current
survey week) during which persons classified as unemployed are continuously looking for work. For persons on
layoff, duration of unemployment represents the number of full weeks since the termination of their most recent
employment. A period of two weeks or more during which a person is employed or ceased looking for work is
considered to break the continuity of the present period of seeking work.

Earners, Number of- The file includes all persons 15 years old and over in the household with $1 or more in
wages and salaries, or $1 or more of a loss in net income from farm or nonfarm self-employment during the
preceding year.

Edited item- An edited item is allocated or imputed by the processing system. In most cases this means
allocating a value where the unedited item contains a value of blank, “don’t know”, or “refused”. The second
character of the item name is always “E”.

An edited version of an item exists only if that item is processed through the edits. If the edits never deal with a
particular item, then that item only has an unedited version.

Since the instrument enforces skip patterns and consistency between many items, the edits are left mainly with the
job of allocating missing values. Also, since an interviewer is allowed to “back up” in the interview, there may
be “off-path” items filled in the unedited data. The edits also blank these off-path items if an edited version of
the items exists.


                                                        4-1
Education- ( See Level of School Completed.)
Employed- (See Labor Force.)
Family- A family is a group of two persons or more (one of whom is the householder) residing together and
related by birth, marriage, or adoption. All such persons (including related subfamily members) are considered
as members of one family. Beginning with the 1980 CPS, unrelated subfamilies (referred to in the past as
secondary families) are no longer included in the count of families, nor are the members of unrelated subfamilies
included in the count of family members.

Family Household- A family household is a household maintained by a family (as defined above), and may
include among the household members any unrelated persons (unrelated subfamily members and/or secondary
individuals) who may be residing there. The number of family households is equal to the number of families.
The count of family household members differs from the count of family members, however, in that the family
household members include all persons living in the household, whereas family members include only the
householder and his/her relatives. (See the definition of Family).

Family Weight- This weight is used only for tallying family characteristics. In March, the weight on the family
record is the March supplement weight of the householder or reference person.

Final Weight- Used in tabulating labor force items in all months, including March. The final weight is
controlled to independent estimates for:

        1) States
        2) Origin, Sex, and Age
        3) Age, Race, and Sex

This weight should not be used when tabulating March supplement data.

Full-Time Worker-Person s on full-time schedules include persons working 35 hours or more, persons who
worked 1-34 hours for noneconomic reasons (e.g., illness) and usually work full-time, and persons “with a job
but not at work” who usually work full-time.

Group Quarters- Group quarters are noninstitutional living arrangements for groups not living in conventional
housing units or groups living in housing units containing nine or more persons unrelated to the person in charge.

Head Versus Householder-Beginnin g with the March 1980 CPS, the Bureau of the Census discontinued the use
of the terms “head of household” and “head of family.” Instead, the terms “householder” and “family
householder” are used.

Highest Grade of School Attended-     ( See Level of School Completed.)

Hispanic Origin- Persons of Hispanic origin in this file are determined on the basis of a question that asked for
self-identification of the person’s origin or descent. Respondents are asked to select their origin (or the origin of
some other household member) from a “flash card” listing ethnic origins. Persons of Hispanic origin, in
particular, are those who indicated that their origin was Mexican-American, Chicano, Mexican, Mexicano,
Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Hispanic.

Hours of Work- Hours of work statistics relate to the actual number of hours worked during the survey week.
For example, a person who normally works 40 hours a week but who is off on the Veterans Day holiday is
reported as working 32 hours even though he is paid for the holiday.

For persons working in more than one job, the figures related to the number of hours worked in all jobs during
the week. However, all the hours are credited to the major job.



                                                        4-2
Household- A household consists of all the persons who occupy a house, an apartment, or other group of rooms.
or a room, which constitutes a housing unit. A group of rooms or a single room is regarded as a housing unit
when it is occupied as separate living quarters; that is, when the occupants do not live and eat with any other
person in the structure, and when there is direct access from the outside or through a common hall. The count of
households excludes persons living in group quarters, such as rooming houses, military barracks, and
institutions. Inmates of institutions (mental hospitals, rest homes, correctional institutions, etc. ) are not included
in the survey.

Household Weight- The household weight is used for tallying household characteristics. In March, the
household weight is the March Supplement weight of the householder.

Householder- The householder refers to the person (or one of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is
owned or rented (maintained) or, if there is no such person, any adult member, excluding roomers, boarders, or
paid employees. If the house is owned or rented jointly by a married couple. the householder may be either the
husband or the wife. The person designated as the householder is the “reference person” to whom the
relationship of all other household members, if any, is recorded.

Householder With No Other Relatives in Household- A householder who has no relatives living in the
household. This is the entry for a person living alone. Another example is the designated householder of an
apartment shared by two or more unrelated individuals.

Householder With Other Relatives (Including Spouse) in Household- The person designated as householder if
he/she has one or more relatives (including spouse) living in the household.

Industry, Occupation, and Class of Worker (I&O)-Current Job (basic data)-For the employed, current job is
the job held in the reference week (the week before the survey). Persons with two or more jobs are classified in
the job at which they worked the most hours during the reference week. The unemployed are classified
according to their latest full-time job lasting two or more weeks or by the job (either full-time or part-time). The
I & O questions are also asked of persons not in the labor force who are in the fourth and eighth months in
sample and who have worked in the last five years.

Job Seekers- All unemployed persons who made specific efforts to find a job sometime during the 4-week period
preceding the survey week.

Longitudinal Weight-Used for gross flows analysis. Only found on adult records matched from month to
month.

PEMLR-(Major Labor Force Recode)- This classification is available for each civilian 15 years old and over
according to his/her responses to the monthly (basic) labor force items.

Labor Force- Persons are classified as in the labor force if they are employed, unemployed, or in the Armed
Forces during the survey week. The “civilian labor force” includes all civilians classified as employed or
unemployed. The file includes labor force data for civilians age 15 and over. However, the official definition of
the civilian labor force is age 16 and over.

        1.    Employed

              Employed persons comprise (1) all civilians who, during the survey week, do any work
              at all as paid employees or in their own business or profession, or on their own farm,
              or who work 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a farm in a business operated by a member of
              the family; and (2) all those who have jobs but who are not working because
              of illness, bad weather, vacation, or labor-management dispute, or because they are
              taking time off for personal reasons, whether or not they are seeking other jobs.
              These persons would have a Monthly Labor Force Recode (MLR) of 1 or 2 respectively
              in characters 180-181 of the person record which designates “at work” and “with a
              job, but not at work. ” Each employed person is counted only once. Those persons


                                                         4-3
     who held more than one job are counted in the job at which they worked the greatest
     number of hours during the survey week. If they worked an equal number of hours
     at more than one job, they are counted at the job they held the longest.

2.   Unemployed

     Unemployed persons are those civilians who, during the survey week, have no employ-
     ment but are available for work, and (1) have engaged in any specific job seeking activity
     within the past 4 weeks such as registering at a public or private employment office,
     meeting with prospective employers, checking with friends or relatives, placing or
     answering advertisements, writing letters of application, or being on a union or
     professional register; (2) are waiting to be called back to a job from which they
     had been laid off, or (3) are waiting to report to a new wage or salary job within 30
     days. These persons would have an MLR code of 3 or 4 in characters 180-181 of the
     person record. The unemployed includes job leavers, job losers, new job entrants,
     and job reentrant.

     a.    Job Leavers

           Persons who quit or otherwise terminate their employment voluntarily and
           immediately begin looking for work.

     b.    Job Losers

           Persons whose employment ends involuntarily, who immediately begin looking
           for work, and those persons who are already on layoff.

     c.    New Job Entrants

           Persons who never worked at a full-time job lasting two weeks or longer.

     d.    Job Reentrants

           Persons who previously worked at a full-time job lasting two weeks or
           longer but are out of the labor force prior to beginning to look for work.

     Finally, it should be noted that the unemployment rate represents the number of
     persons unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force 16 years old and over.
     This measure can also be computed for groups within the labor force classified by sex,
     age, marital status, race, etc. The job loser, job leaver, reentrant, and new entrant
     rates are each calculated as a percent of the civilian labor force 16 years old and over;
     the sum of the rates for the four groups thus equals the total unemployment rate.

3.   Not in Labor Force

     All civilians 15 years old and over who are not classified as employed or unemployed.
     These persons are further classified by major activity: retired, unable to work because
     of long-term physical or mental illness, and other. The “other” group includes, for
     the most part, students and persons keeping house. Persons who report doing unpaid
     work in a family farm or business for less than 15 hours are also classified as not
     in the labor force.

     For persons not in the labor force, data on previous work experience, intentions to seek
     work again, desire for a job at the time of interview, and reasons for not looking for work
     are asked only in those households that are in the fourth and eighth months of the sample,



                                              4-4
               i.e., the “outgoing” groups, those which had been in the sample for three previous months
               and would not be in for the subsequent month.
              Persons classified as NILF have an MLR code of 5-7 in characters 180-181 of the person record.

Layoff- A person who is unemployed but expects to be called back to a specific job. If he/she expects to be
called back within 30 days, it is considered a temporary layoff, otherwise, it is an indefinite layoff.

Level of School Completed/Degree Received- These data changed beginning with the January 1992 file. A new
question, “What is the highest level of school . . . has completed or the highest degree . . . has received?” replaced
the old “Highest grade attended” and “Year completed” questions. The new question provides more accurate
data on the degree status of college students. Educational attainment applies only to progress in “regular” school.
Such schools include graded public, private, and parochial elementary and high schools (both junior and senior
high), colleges, universities, and professional schools, whether day schools or night schools. Thus, regular
schooling is that which may advance a person toward an elementary school certificate or high school diploma, or
a college, university, or professional school degree. Schooling in other than regular schools is counted only if
the credits obtained are regarded as transferable to a school in the regular school system.

Looking for Work- A person who is trying to get work or trying to establish a business or profession.

Marital Status- The marital status classification identifies four major categories: single (never married),
married, widowed, and divorced. These terms refer to the marital status at the time of enumeration.

The category “married” is further divided into “married, civilian spouse present, “ “married, Armed Force spouse
present, “ “married, spouse absent, “ “married, Armed Force spouse absent, ” and “separated. ” A person is
classified as “married, spouse present” if the husband or wife is reported as a member of the household even
though he or she may be temporarily absent on business or on vacation, visiting, in a hospital, etc., at the time of
the enumeration. Persons repotted as “separated” included those with legal separations, those living apart with
                                                                                                     - .
intentions of obtaining a divorce, and other persons permanently or temporarily estranged from their spouses
because of marital discord.

For the purpose of this file, the group “other marital status” includes “widowed and divorced, “ “separated,” and
“other married, spouse absent. ”

Month-In-Sample- The term is defined as the number of times a unit is interviewed. Each unit is interviewed
eight times during the life of the sample.

Never Worked- A person who has never held a full-time civilian job lasting two consecutive weeks or more.

Nonfamily Householder- A nonfamily householder (formerly called a primary individual) is a person
maintaining a household while living alone or with nonrelative only.

Nonworker- A person who does not do any work in the calendar year preceding the survey.

Nonrelative of Householder With No Own Relatives in Household-          A nonrelative of the householder who has
no relative(s) of his own in the household. This category includes such nonrelative as a foster child, a ward, a
lodger, a servant, or a hired hand, who has no relatives of his own living with him in the household.

Nonrelative of Householder With Own Relatives (including Spouse) in Household-         Any household member
who is not related to the householder but has relatives of his own in the household; for example, a lodger, his
spouse, and their son.

Other Relative of Householder- Any relative of the householder other than his spouse or child; for example,
father, mother, grandson, daughter-in-law, etc.

Out Variable- An instrument-created item that stores the results of another item.


                                                        4-5
Own Child- A child related by birth, marriage, or adoption to the family householder.
Part-Time, Economic Reasons- The item includes slack work, material shortages, repairs to plant or equipment.
start or termination of job during the week, and inability to find full-time work. (See also Full-Time Worker. )

Part-Time, Other Reasons- The item includes labor dispute, bad weather, own illness, vacation, demands of
home housework, school, no desire for full-time work, and full-time worker only during peak season.
Part-Time Work- Persons who work between 1 and 34 hours are designated as working “part-time” in the
current job held during the reference week. For the March supplement, a person is classified as having worked
part-time during the preceding calendar year if he worked less than 35 hours per week in a majority of the weeks
in which he worked during the year. Conversely, he is classified as having worked full-time if he worked 35
hours or more per week during a majority of the weeks in which he worked.

Part-Year Work- Part-year work is classified as less than 50 weeks’ work.

Population Coverage- Population coverage includes the civilian population of the United States plus
approximately 820,000 members of the Armed Forces in the United States living off post or with their families
on post but excludes all other members of the Armed Forces. This file excludes inmates of institutions. The
labor force and work experience data are not collected for Armed Forces members.

Processing Recode- An item calculated by the processing system from a combination of other items in the
database. The second character of the item name is always “R”.

Race- The population is divided into three groups on the basis of race: White, Black, and Other races. The last
category includes Indians, Japanese, Chinese, and any other race except White and Black. In most of the
published tables, “Other Races” are shown in total population.

Reentrant- Persons who previously worked at a full-time job lasting two weeks or longer but who are out of the
labor force prior to beginning to look for work.

Related Children- Related children in a family include own children and all other children in the household who
are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. For each type of family unit identified in the CPS,
the count of own children under 18 years old is limited to single (never married) children; however, “own
children under 25” and “own children of any age, ” include all children regardless of marital status. The totals
include never-married children living away from home in college dormitories.

Related Subfamily- A related subfamily is a married couple with or without children, or one parent with one or
more own single (never married) children under 18 years old, living in a household and related to, but not
including, the householder or spouse. The most common example of a related subfamily is a young married
couple sharing the home of the husband’s or wife’s parents. The number of related subfamilies is not included in
the number of families.

School- A person who spent most of his time during the survey week attending any kind of public or private
school, including trade or vocational schools in which students receive no compensation in money or kind.

Secondary Individual- A secondary individual is a person in a household or group quarters such as a guest,
roomer, boarder, or resident employee (excluding nonfamily households and inmates of institutions) who is not
related to any other person in the household or group quarters.

Self-Employed- Self-employed persons are those who work for profit or fees in their own business, profession or
trade, or operate a farm.

Stretches of Unemployment- A continuous stretch is one that is not interrupted by the person getting a job or
leaving the labor market to go to school, to keep house, etc. A period of two weeks or more during which a


                                                       4-6
person is employed or ceased looking for work is considered to break the continuity of the period of seeking
work.
Unable to Work- A person is classified as unable to work because of long-term physical or mental illness, lasting
six months or longer.

Unedited item- An item that is produced by the CAPI instrument, either collected during the interview or created
by the CAPI instrument. The second character of the item name is always “U”.

Unemployed- (See Labor Force.)

Unpaid Family Workers- Unpaid family workers are persons working without pay for 15 hours a week or more
on a farm or in a business operated by a member of the household to whom they are related by birth or marriage.

Unrelated Individuals-Unrelate d individuals are persons of any age (other than inmates of institutions) who are
not living with any relatives. An unrelated individual may be (1) a nonfamily householder living alone or with
nonrelative only, (2) a roomer, boarder, or resident employee with no relatives in the household, or (3) a group
quarters member who has no relatives living with him/her. Thus, a widow who occupies her house alone or with
one or more other persons not related to her, a roomer not related to anyone else in the housing unit, a maid
living as a member of her employer’s household but with no relatives in the household, and a resident staff
member in a hospital living apart from any relatives are all examples of unrelated individuals.

Unrelated Subfamily-A n unrelated subfamily is a family that does not include among its members the
householder and relatives of the householder. Members of unrelated subfamilies may include persons such as
guests, roomers, boarders, or resident employees and their relatives living in a household. The number of
unrelated subfamily members is included in the number of household members but is not included in the count of
family members.

Persons living with relatives in group quarters were formerly considered as members of families. However, the
number of such unrelated subfamilies became so small (37,000 in 1967) that beginning with the data for 1968
(and beginning with the census data for 1960) the Bureau of the Census includes persons in these unrelated
subfamilies in the count of secondary individuals.

Veteran Status-If a male served at any time during the four major wars of this century, the code for the most
recent wartime service is entered. The following codes are used:

       0 Children under 15
       1 Vietnam era
       2 Korean
       3 WWI
       4 WWII
       5 Other Service
       6 Nonveteran

Wage and Salary Workers- Wage and salary workers receive wages, salary, commission, tips, or pay in kind
from a private employer or from a governmental unit. Also included are persons who are self-employed in an
incorporated business.

Workers- (See Labor Force-Employed.)

Work Experience- Includes those persons who during the preceding calendar year did any work for pay or profit
or worked without pay on a family-operated farm or business at any time during the year, on a part-time or full-
time basis.

Year-Round Full-Time Worker- A year-round full-time worker is one who usually worked 35 hours or more
per week for 50 weeks or more during the preceding calendar year.


                                                      4–7
                                                            ATTACHMENT                 5

                               REVISIONS          TO THE CURRENT                  POPULATION              SURVEY

                                                         (Effective January 1994)




Sharon R. Cohany, Anne E. Polivk               end Jennifer M. Rothgeb


  A ma@r redesign of the Current Population Sunwy                           work seheduks. These changes raised isauea which were
(CPS) was implemented in January 1994. The primary                          not being fully addressed with the old questionnaire. In ad-
aim of the redesign was to improve the quality of the data                  dition, there had been major advances in sumey mseareh
derived from the survey by introducing a new question-                      methods and data collection technology. Spurred by all of
naire and modernized data collection methods. This                          these developments, work by BLS end the Bureau of the
article diaeusses the mapr featurea of the new question-                    Census began in the mid-1980’s to redesign the CPS to bet-
naire and collection methods and compares the estimates                     ter capture the dynami~ of the contemporary labor mar-
derived under the former and new procedures.1The ertiele                    ket, while incorporating recent advances in data collection
also deseribes the introduction of new population controls                  technology.
baaedon the 1990 census adjusted for the estimated popu-                       The redesign of the questionnaire bad four main objee-
lation undercount. (The tieets of the redesign and other                    tiv- 1) To measure the offkial labor force concepts more
survey changes on the publication of data are discussed in                  precisely, 2) to expand the amount of data available, 3) to
the companion article, “Revisions in the Presentation of                    implement several definitional changes, and 4) to adopt a
Data in Employment and Earnings,” in this issue.)                           computer+ssiated interviewing environment.
                                                                               Beginning in 1988, BLS and the Bureau of the Census
     Redesign of the Current Population                                     conducted a number of research projeets to guide the de-
                   Survey                                                   velopment of a new CPS questionnaire. Alternative ver-
                                                                            sions of the questionnaire were dweloped, baaed on both
                                                                            this reaaareh end reeommendations made in 1979 by the
Background
                                                                            National Commission on Employment and Unemploy-
   A monthly survey of some 60,000 households, the CPS
                                                                            ment Stitisties, also known as the Levitan Commission.s
is conducted by the Bureauof the Census for the Bureauof
                                                                            The various questionnaire alternatives were tested in 1990
Labor Statistics. Since its inception in 1940, the CPS has
                                                                            and 1991 in two phases, using centralized computer-
been the primary source of information on the employed,
                                                                            assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) with a sample of
the unemployed, end persons not in the labor force.
                                                                            households selected through random digit dialing (RDD)
   Prior to the reeent redesign, the stuwey questionnaire
                                                                            techniques. The results of both of these experimental
hd been virtually unchanged for nearly three decades.
The last ma@r revisions were made in 1967? Since that                       phases were used in the development of the fml revised
time, problems with the questionnaire in measuring cer-                     questionnaire.
tain labor market concepts were identiiled. Also, the Na-                      The new version was then tested extensively in a nation-
tion’s eeonomy end society underwent major shifts. For                      al sample survey, which ran parallel to the CPS from July
in-cc,    there has been tremendous growth in the number                    1992 to Deeemher 1993. This article compares data from
ofservic~aeetor jobs, while the number of factory jobs has                  this ‘parallel aumey” with resulti from the ofkkl  CPS us-
declined sharply es a share of overalJ employment. Other                    ing 1993 annual averages,in order to gaugethe &eets of
changes inelude the more prominent role of women in                         the new questionnaire and computer-assisted date colke-
the work force and the growing popularity of alternative                    tion on the estimates.

                                                                              ‘ F= additional information on tbe background d the CPB redaign,
   Sharon R. Cohamyis an economistin the Ditiicm d IAor Fmce Ste-           me“Qsseetiona  and Answere on the Redesign d the CusrentPopulation
tisticaand Anne E. Polivka is an economist in the Offii d Research qnd      Survey,” qvailable from BLS, q three articke pubiiihed in the Septem-
                                                                                                          nd
Evaluation, Bureau d IAsor Shtistjcg. Jennifer M. Rothgeb is qstx.isl       ber 1S93 Mon/MyLubor Resrieunder the huding “Overhauling UseCur-
                                                                                                           u
sciencestatistician in the Cater fcmSurvey Methods Research, Bureau d       rent Population Survey. ” A comprehensive bibliography is qvaileble from
the Census. The section; retating to the 1990 census-based population       BLS ugmn rquest.
controls werec~authored by Shail J. Butani, Janice Lent, Edwin L. Robi-       2& Ro&rt L S@ln, “New Ddinitions for Employment and Unem-
aon,and Michael E. Wekh d the Statistical Methods Division, Bureau d        ployment,= Em#oymenf smrfEarmngs, February 1967,
L-tbor Statisttrs, and Freder~k W. Hollman d the Population Dwision,           3 National Commission on Employment and l!nemployment Stati~.
Bureau d th? Censuj                                                         tic!, COI,IIIInf /hc I.almr l“orw, 1979.



                                                                          b-l
  Computerization                                                complexity of the skip patterns and the use of dependegt
    The new questionnaire was designed for a computer-           interviewing,it would be nearly impossible to administer
 assisted intemiew. In most cases, interviewers conduct the      the new survey using a paper-and-pencilquestionnaire. In
 survey either in person at the respondent’shomeor byteh+        fa+ there is no operational paper version of the new ques-
  phonefrom the intewiewer’s home, using laptop comput-          tionnaire.
 ers on which the questionnaire has been programmed.
 This mode of data collection is known as computer-                       Major Questionnaire           Changes
 aaskted personal interviewing (CAPI). Interviewers ask
 the survey questions as they appear automatically on the        Enhanced accuracy
 screen of the laptop, and then’~     the rasponaes-directly       Unlike the 1967 revision, whase mapr purpose was to
 into tbe computer. At the end of each dsy, interviewers         _       tie d~ition of ~em@op~\         tie emphasis of
 transmit the data via modem to the computer at the              the 1994redesign was to improve the overall quality of h-
 Bureau of the Census headquarters. A portion of sample           bor market information through extensive question
 households (expected to reach about 20 percent kter thiS         changes and the Mxxhmtion ofcomputera into the colkc-
year)   is   inteniewed via CAT~ fkozntwo ceatdizedteb            tion procedures. The redesign was also undertaken to ob
 phone centen (located m Hegerato~      Maryland and             tain data on topics not previously or adequately covered.
 Tucsq Arizona) by interviewers who also use a comput-               W&a the labor fome aWua of most people is straight-
                                                 e               forward, some are more dWxlt to classify correctly, espe
 erized questionnaire.
    Computer+sdsted intemiewing baa impmtant ben~lts,            CiSllyif they= engaged in activities that are relatively iD-
 moat notably.                                                   fornud or intermittent. Many of the changes to the ques-
                                                                 tionnaire were made to deed with such cases. This wee ac-
Co~istency. In a survey such as the CPS, conaiatencyfrom         complished by rewording and adding questions to con-
interview to interview is essential for data quality. Au*        form more precisely with the offmial definitions, making
mation facilitates the use of a relatively complex question-     the questions easier to understand and answer, minimizing
nair~ incorporating complicated skip patterns and stan-          reliance on volunteered responses, revising response cab
dardized follo-p     questions. Yeg cerbin questions are         gori~ and taking advantage of the bends of an au~
automatically tailored to the individual’s situation to          mated interview. Areaa affected by these improvements
make them more understandable t@the respcmdenL                   include
Ediiing. Thecomputesized q~”onnaira has saved built-             Ref’ence week. Many questions refer to activities “last
.h editing featurea, including automatic cheeks fcminternal      w-      but in the former questionnaire the time period was
condstency and unlikely responses. In this way, some p           never defined. Research found that fewer than 20 percent
tential mrora ~ be caught and umected during the inter-          ofrespondenti defined the reference week as it is meant in
view itse!f,                                                     the survey, that is, from Sunday to Saturday of the week
 Dependentinterviewing. ~ automated inter+ew also peT-           including the 12th day d the month. The new queation-
 rai~ dependent intanciewing, that is, the use of informa-       nsire provides respondents with the specKc dates of the
 tion in the current interview that was obtahmd in a pra-        reference weak.
 vious month’s interview. Dependent imteniewing reduces
respondent and interviewer burden, while improving con-          On layoff. Persons on layd are definedas those who are
 aiabencyof the da~ from one month to the next. The tech-        separatedfrom a pb to which they are awaiting recall. The
nique is being used to confirm the previously reported oc-       old questionnaire, howwer, was not structured to consis-
 cupation and industry of a person’s@b and, for many peo-
                                                                 tently obtain information on the expectation of recall. This
 ple not in the labor force, to confii their status as retired   was a particular problem since, in common parlanc~ the
or disabled. If it is determined that there has been no          term “layoff has come to refer to a permanent termina-
change in the information which was supplied in the earli-       tion rather than the temporaxy situation that BLS and the
erinterview, no further questions on the topic areaaked. If,     Cenaua Bureau aretrying tomeaaura.
however, the information which was previously Npplied               In order to measure layoffs more accurately, questions
                                                                 were added to determine if people reported to be on lay@
has changed, the reapond=ts are asked to provide the up
dated information. In a somewhat differsmtform c# depen-         did in fact have an expectation of recall-that is, bad they
dent interviewing, persons’ duration of unemployment is          been given a s~lc     date to return to work or, at leaag bad
asked in the fti month they are reported as unemployed,          they been given an indication that they would be recalled
and this information is automa~          +ated by either 4       within the next 6 months. Also, a direct question about
or 5 weeks if they remain unesaplqul in the subsequent           &       replaced a long and cumbersome question about
month.                                                           Mb Aayoffand absence from work.
                                             “
   It should be noted that the new qu estKnu&e was de-           Jobsearch meihods. To be counted as unemployed, a per-
signed for computer-a@N            ~tervietig.    Given tbe      son must have engaged in an active jobsearch during the 4
weeks prior to the auNey, tht is, must ~ve taken some          Unpzid family workers. The defiition of employment in-
action that could result in a pb offer. ID addition to con-    cludes persona who work without pay for at least 15 hours
tacting employers directly, active jobaeerch methods           a week in a buainesa or farm owned by a member of their
include answering want ads, sending out resumes, and           immediate family. To better measurethe extent work in
                                                                                                              of
contacting private or public employment agenaes. On the        such buainemes, the new questionnaire has a direct ques-
other hand, passive methods, aua as taking a class or          tion on the presence of a business in the household. Per-
simply reading the went ada, do not quelifyas a jobaearch.     ecmsin households with a business who are not otherwise
To allow interviewers to better &tin@ah betweemactive          employed are qecifkdy       asked if they worked in the
                                                                                                     .-
and passive methods, the rsspcmaecategoriesforjobeearcb        business.
methods were expended end reformatted. Also, the basic
                                                               Earning$. With the former questionnehej respondents
question on @search methods was reworded and
                                                               were askedto qmrt their aamingaas a weekly amoung
followup questkms were added to encourage respondenta
                                                               m~~ht~yndkvebtieti--yti-
toreportall typeaofjobaea?ch adivity.
                                                               call a report their eaninga. In the new venzion, respon-
                                                               dents are aakedto report earnings in the timeframe which
Hours af work. Research showed tba~ whca asked about           they fmd _         for examplq hourly, =ddy, hiWE!C2~y,
their actual hours at work, some respondents provided          monthly, m annmil. Weekly earnings are automatically
their scheduled or usual hours instead. To improve the         cakulatedforperacmawhoresrpondon abasiaothertban
accuracy of these date, the series of questiona on hours       weekly. Also, individuals are askeda ape&c question to
worked wee reordered to incorporate a recall strategy,         determine if they usually receive overtime pay, tips, or
which asks for usual hours f~ then about poaaibletime          commissions. For minimum wage studies, all earners are
taken off or extra hours worked duringthe rsference week,      asked if they are, in fa~ paid at hourly rates
and fmlly about hours actually winked.
                                                                New data
                                                                  The questionnaire redesign also makes it possible to
 Reasons for working part time. Persona who work part           collect =esal types of data regularly for the f- timq
 time (fewer than 35 hours a week) do ao either voluntarily namdy
                                                            .
 (that is, because Of-        cmatminte or prderencee) or
 invoklteriiy   (that ~ because d buainaaa-relatedrmaons
                                                            Mufti#e jobkotding. Employed persona are now asked
 such as slack work or the lack d fuI1-t@ne opportunities).  each month whether-they had snorethen one pb. This al-
Because reapondenti typically are not familiar with this     10WS BIAito produce estimates d multiple ~bholding on a
 d~cti~       the question asking why those working part     monthly baais, rather than having to derive them through
 time were dobg w was reworded to provide examples d
                                                             -,       periodic supplements. The inclusion 04 the multi-
 the two typi.s of reasons. More importantly, the measure— ple @bholding question also enhancea the accuracy o# en-
 ment of working part time,involuntarily (or for economic    swerato the questions on hours worked, end it may help to
 reasons) +aa modifkd to better refiect the concept. Start-  reconcile employment astimetes from the CPS with those
 ing in 1994, workera who are part time for economic rea-    from the Cummt Employment Statistics program, BIS’
 sons must want and be available fm full-time work. Indi-
                                                             SUWLY ~ of           business estebliahmenta.
 viduals who usually work part time for an economic ree-
 aon ~ a&ed direct questions “toddermine if they meet        Usual kours. AU employed personaare asked each month
 these crit&@ those usually working full time are assumed    about the hours they usually work. Previously, informa-
.to meet them.                                               tion on usual hours wee collected from @at onwprter of
                                                             wage and salary workera each month.
O&upation and indust~. Reaaar& baa shown that tbefor-
                                                                Definitional changes
mer system of caking queationa on occupati~ “industry,
                                                                 Aa part of the redeaigq severallaborforce defiitima
end &as d worker independently -ch mcmth led to an
                                                                were modified, specifically:
ovemeporting of month-bmonth change. The accuracy.
of thew data will ben&lt aignifkantly from the use of de        Discouraged worker;. This weethe moatimportant defii-
pendent intemiewing, with mast respondents being asked          tionel change implemented. The bvitasI Commieaion had
to Supply this information only ill the initial wew.In          critkkd tbeforwIar”&fii          becaueeit waebaaed ona
subaequeht months; theyareaaked mcadytovaify tbeia-             aabiti     ~e&ra for work and on somewhat arbitrary aa-
formation that had beao *            cdier sagding tbcir        amnptions about en individual’s availability to take a job.
employer, cxxupe~      and mmalacti+tks ~ the job. If no        A a result of the redesign, two &@rem&nta were added:
cbang~ have taken place, no further qusstims are askad          For persons to qualify as discouraged, they must have en-
end the information is simply carried forward. If changes       gaged in some pbsearch m-thin the peatyear (or aincktb~”
in the job &tuation have occurnd, the series of questio=        last worked if they worked within the past year), and they
that was asked in the previous month is asked again.            must be currently available to”takciIpb. (Formerly, avail-



                                                              5-3
     ability was inferred from response to other questioq           basis and chwsitled as full-time workers. In the revisej
     now there is a direct question.) Discoumged workers are        quastio-      all workers are asked the number of hours
     now Mimed as persons wko wanl a pb, ore aoailable to take      they usually work, and are classifmd accordingly.
     a #b, and wko kad looked for work witkin the past year but
     not witkin tke p“or 4 weeks because tkeybelieoed tkeir                           The Parallel Survey
     search woadd be futile. Speciblly,  their main reason for         Aa mentioned abovq the new computerized question-
     not recently looking for work wasone ofthe folio-.      Be-    nairewas tested inaparallelaurvey, also known as the
     lievesno work awdable in line of work or area; cou&’tfind      ‘CATI/CAPI Overlap. - The pmallel survey waaad-.
     any work; lack.s necessaryackooling,trai”m”ng,sa   or czpe-    tared to app rozimateAy 12000 households per month for
    “n.ence; qm#oyers tkink too young or too ofd; or otker tjp~     18 montlug from July 1992 to December 1993. The survey
     of dixrim”-”on.     Also, begiming in kmary 1994, qu=          had &veml ob@ctives, including testing the complex pr~
     tiona on this aubjectareasked of the full CPS aamplerather     Pmming of the questioe          breaking in computerized
     than being limited to a quarter of the sampl~ permitting       data collection and transsaisaiou operations, and meaaur-
     estimates cfthe number of discouraged workerato be pub         * diff~~        k ~@r hbor f-       @ti~tPs between tjle
     Iiahed monthly (rather than quarterly).                        old and new aurvaya.Since a lack of funding preventedthe
                                                                    administmtion of the former questionnaire in a CAPI en-
    .Unem#qyment.     A relatively minor change was incorpo-        *ant        and since the new questi onnairds complexity
    rated into the definition of unemployment. TJnderthe for-       prevent@ ita ad~         ticmon paper, the effe&I of com-
    mer defjtitio~ persons WhO volunteered that they were           puter+aahted data collection oxathe iabor force estimates
     waiting totiajob       within 30daya(a verysinallgroup         c+mot be completely isolated from the effech of changes
    numerically) were -led         as unemployed, whether or         isi question wording and ~UenCG
    not they were actively looking fck work. Under the new              The parallel suzyey was a nationally representative sur-
    defiitio%.pmple waiting to start a new ~b are no longer          vey, in w~ch all cf the largest metropolitan areas were iD-
    autospatically counted as unemployed. Rether, they must          cludedand the ~g           areas were sampled on a proba-
    have actively looked for a .pb within the last 4 weeb in         bility &is! The parallel survey had the same robtion
    order to be counted as unemployed. “Otherwise+     they will   -acheduleaa.the CPS, that &households were interviewed
    be claadkd as not in the labor for~. Thus, be@ning.in            f~. ~“mon~ ldt the sample for tie n-t 8 months, ~d
    January 1994, the unemployed are defiied =’ persona 1)           them’w~ interviewed for another.4 months.
    without .pbs; 2) actively*        work or on ~fsom         a        W@n compeiing, estimataa derived from the parallel
    @band expecting recall (who need not be seeking.work to          SWV$Y   ~~ fi~       CPS -%         itahould be recognized
    qualify); &d 3).currently available to tie a job (including      that theparallelaurv~ was baaed ona national aampl~”in
    temporary illness).                                              contrast with the StatAmsed sample design of the CPS.
                                                                     Moreover, the sample of the @al        smwey wai &t on~
    .fVew entra~s and reentrant. Unemployed persona.who              fdth the size of the CPS sample. This maana that its esti-
     were not working just before their Pbsearchcorameamed         . mates have greater varian~ ~cularly        those for small
     are daasified as either new entrants or mentrants (tithe        groups, which - baaed on relatively few sample mem-
     labor force). Prior to 1994, new entrants were defiied as       bers.
                                                                       “The data compared in this article are 1993 annual aver-
    jobaeekers who had never worked at a full-time job lasting
     2 weeks or longeq reentmnts were defiied as @bseekers           ages. There w-of     co-     month-~ month fluctuations,
     who bad”hdd a fd]-time @b for at least 2 weeks and had          especiaUy in the parallel survey, which are mini-
    then spent some time out of the labor force prior to their       mized using averages of 12 months of data. For exampl%
&                                                                    the overaIl unemployment mtefrom the parallel sumeyfor
     most recent pe150d of jobsearch. These definitions have
                                                                     the 12-month period under study (January-December
    been rnodifledto encompassany type of@b,not @atafull-
    time pb of at least 2 weeks duration. Thus, new entrants         1993) avemged 0.5 percentage point higher than the rate
F                                                                   from.tbe CPS, compared withmonthly differencesranging
    are now ddimed as @baeekerswho have never worked at
1                                                                   from 0.1 to 0.7 percentage point.
    dl, and reentrantaare~bseekers who have work~ bef~
~   but not immediately prior to their .@bsesrch.
                       . .                                           Comparisons Between CPS and Parallel
                                                                               Survey Estimates
    l%fl-tinze.and~-time  workers. The classikation offull-           The following analysis describes differences in labor
    and part-time workers is now t&d” completely on their          “market atimatu between the affhSalCPSamdthe parallel
1                                                                   survey for 1993. This includes highlights of the mapr
    usual weekly hours worked. In the pas$ due to limitations
                                                                                                                             .,
)   in the &stio&,      pemms who worked full time m the              4 The “m#c   ,da~   0( the~liel   IUrVCy was ti$ed on that us~ by the
    refer~ce week were not asked about their usual hours.           NatioMl Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS}, which isconducted by the
~   Rather, they were assumed to work full time on a usual          Bureau d the Gnsus for the Bureau C/ JIISIK* Statistics.




                                                                   54
dfierences as well as sections on the employed, unem-               69.9 -cat.     (See table 2.)
ployed, persons inthelaborforce,    md psrsonsnot in the              Th”ereare seveml questionnaire changes whch may
labor force.                                                        have contributed to higher -mates         of employment
   Explanations for observed dmerences in the estimates             among women. Many of the revisions to the new queH.ion-
are suggested whenever possible. It is important to note,           naire were made to capture labor force activity more com-
however, that given the sweeping changes to the smwey,it            pletely, especially that a more irreguiar or informal na-
                                                                                            of
is impossible to completely diitangle       the underlying          ture. To this end, key questions on work activity weren+
causes behind the differences. In gene&1, oniy differe.&&                                                 the
                                                                    worded. (Seeexhibit A.) For example+ question asking
that are statistically aign&ant at the 90-percent confi             about work was changedfrom “Did you do any work at all
dence level are &scuased. Confidence inta-vais for mapr             LAST WEEK, not counting work around the house?= to
estimates are shown in table 1. Standard errors for asti-           “LAST WEEK, did you do A.NY work for pay?” Some
mates in all other tables are avaiieble from BE upon re-            respondent to the former questionnaire may have failed
quest. In order to maintain compmbility with pamllel                to report work activities if their activitie9 were part t,im~
sumey results, the CPS estimates usedin this article were           intaznittem~ or perlMps even if they were homdaaed.
not sub~ted to the compositing procedure,end as a result            The raviaedquestion communicates more clearly to the re-
may not always agree with published estimates’                      qmndaut that the survey uses an inclusive definition of
                                                                    work, to encompass any work for pay.
 Highlights of findings                                                Indeed, the entire context of the interview must he con-
     The following are highlights of the study comparing            sidered. The labor force portion of the former CPS inter-
 date from the pedel sunwy (using the revised question-             view began with the foliowing question: “Whet were you
naire and automated collection) with the CPS (using the             doing most of LAST WEEK (Working, keeping house, ~
former questionnaire and procedures) for 1993.                      ing to achoo~ or something eise)?” Tbia question, original-
    . The national unemplqnrwnt mte as estimated by the             ly introduced as an ‘icebreaker,” has been criticized on
parallel muwey was higher than the rate obtained by the             several grounds. For onq we really don’t want to know
CPS. This difkrertce averaged 0.5 percentage point (table           what a person was doing most d test week (the answer to
 1). Aa shown in table ~ the measured effect was relatively         that might be something unrelated to labor force activity),
larger for women than for men. The parallel smvey also              but rather whether a person worked at ali test week. The
measured more unemployment among teenagers end old-                 phrase “moat of last week,” ntoreover, may have beenindi-
er workers (65 y&Zl% over). and                                     cating to some rqondeds       that the intsrest of the survey
    . The overalI proportirm of the population that was             was in full-tim~ %egul& employment and not in part-
working - the employment-population ratio - was essen-              time or intermittent work.
tially the same in the Pamllel survey and the CPS. Howev-              Another diffhml~ with tbeformeropening question was
er, there were marked differences by gender. For mat, the           that interviewers were instructed to tailor it depending on
ratio was lower in the parallel smwey than in the CP& for           the person’s apparent situation. For a person (typically a
women the ratio hased on the paraliel survey was higher.            woman) who appeared to be a homemaker, the question
    q The labor force @iapation            rate WSS estimated to    could be phrased, What were you doing most of last
be higher in the @uallelsunrey than in the CPS. Again,              week - working, keeping ho-        or something else?” For a
there were sigrtitlcant differences by gendc The percent-           young -n,      thequestioncould be tailored to read, What
agefor men waslower m the paraiiel surveywhile the rate             were you doing most of last week- working, going to
for women was higher.                                               school, or something else?” The “working” option was not
                                                                    always offered. Everyone else was asked, What were you
Employment                                                          doing most ofiaat week- working or aomethingeiae?” It is
    As stated abovq OVAI estimateaof employment dif-                not known to what extent these procedures were
fered little between the parallel survey and the CPS. The           followed; however, the instructions for tailoring pro-
employment-population mtio was 61.8 percent in the par-             vided the potential for bias and may have cast doubt
dkl    aurvsy,   statically     indi&@ahable frcun the 61.7         ontbeintant     cftbeaurvq       to capture all labor force
percent using the CPS. This similarity in the aggregate m-          activity.
tio, however, masks aigni.kant                      by
                                      differences gemk. The            In the new questi*          none of the questions is cus-
ratio for women was higher in the paraliel survey than m            tomized on the basis of the appearance of reqmndents.
the CPS-54.9 versus 542 percznt-dik fcw men the                     ‘I’* f= examp~ after an opsning queatkm (asked once
msaaure ilomthe paralleJ~wasiower-69.3                       varsus for the atire household) on the preaenos of a business or
                                                                    farm, everyoneis asked whether he or she did any work for
   s ~mpitig      ~ _ ~ti=~      ~on       wbii reduces*bfity    in
                                                                    Py, clearly setting the tone that this is a sumey in which
estimateq specially d month-~month change. F= q detsikd explana-
tion, see “Estimating Methods” under the Houmbold Data mctioo d the
                                                                    labor force activity is the sole interest. Mao, the new ver-
Explanatory Notes and Estimatei d k       in this publidicm.        sion systematically asks about employment in family buai-




                                                              5–5
 Table 1. Employment States of the population for selected bbor force aroous using 1980 cettaoa-based
                                                                      -.                                                          Population    esti~te$
 from the CPS q the paraMel serv+,-1993
                -rid                        qnu81 q va8ges                                                                                                    .

 (Numbers in thousands)


                                                                                                                                   Oiffarence
                                                                                                             Parallel
                Empbyment status and group                                                CPS’               survey
                                                                                                                         Level         Error   d 1.6 aigma2


                                 TOTAL                                                                                                ..
 Cwiiian noninatitulbnel populafbn . . .. .                ...   .   ....         ..   193,5s0              193,6s0                                 0
  CMlianhborforce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          ...   .   ....         ..   128,103              128,965                             642
      Percent of population . . . . . . . . . .            ...   .   ....         ..      682                   66.6
    Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      ...   .   ....         ..   119,389    .         119,608                             d
      Empbymen+opubtion              ratb . . . .          ...   .   ....         ..      61.7                  61.8
    Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .       ...   .   ....         ..     8.714                9,369                             Z#
      Unernpbyrnent rate . . . . . . . . . . . .           ...   .   ....         ..        6.8                  7.3                              2

                     tie~    20 years q over
                                       nd

 Civiiisn noninatitutbnsl popufatioD . . . .
   Cwiiian Labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
       Percent of population . . . . . . . . . .
                                                           ... . .... . .
                                                           ... .......
                                                           . . . . . . . . ..
                                                                                        85,933
                                                                                        68,0n
                                                                                           789
                                                                                                            86,850
                                                                                                            65S
                                                                                                               76.4        -.5
                                                                                                                                                *o.4
    Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      ... .. .. . ..               61,864              61283        -601                   381
       Ernpbymen+popuhtum ratio . . . .                    ... ... ....                   72.0                 71.4        :.6
     Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       ..........                    4,193               4>16         123                    14
       Unernpbyment rate . . . . . . . . . . . .           ... .......                     6.4                  6.6          2                     .3

                  Women,20 years qnd                 over

CiviGanno
        ninatituUortalpo pulation             . ...        ...   ...      ....          94,389               94.361                                 0
  Cfinlabor     foroe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      ...   ...      ....          55.184                            978
      Percent of poputefbn . . . . . . . . . .             ...   ...      ....                                            .1.0
    Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      Empbyment-popubtbn             ratio . . . .
                                                           ...
                                                           ...
                                                                 ...
                                                                 ...
                                                                          ....
                                                                          ....
                                                                                        51s&
                                                                                          6s.1
                                                                                                                          638                   d
                                                                                                                            .7                      .5
    Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        ...   ...      ....           3219                             340                    159
      Unempbyrnent rate . . . . . . . . . . . .            ...   ...      ....             5.8                              .6                      .3

                  hth       sexes, 16 to 19        years

C&h#ncmA&M&l               population
                       ............
      Percent ofpopulrhion . . . . . .
                                                 ... . .
                                                 ....
                                                 ....
                                                           ...
                                                           ...
                                                           ...
                                                                 .
                                                                 .
                                                                 .
                                                                     ...
                                                                     ...
                                                                     ...
                                                                              .
                                                                              .
                                                                              .
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                        13-
                                                                                         6.842
                                                                                          51.6
                                                                                                             13=
                                                                                                              7=          s:
                                                                                                                          2.4
                                                                                                                                                 176
                                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                                                                  1.3
     Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   ....      ...   .   ...      .   ..     5.s40                5%-:        179                    174
      Empbyment-population ratio                 ....      ...   .   ...      .   ..      41.8                 42-9        1.1                    1.3
     Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     ....      ...   .   ...      .   ..     1,303                1,485       182                    lm
      Urtempbyment rate . . . . . . . .          ....      ...   .   ...      .   ..      19.0                 206         1.6                    1.3

                                  White

CMGannonktitutbrrslpopuistion                 ....         ...   .   ..   ..      ..   163,921              183,921
 Civilian fabor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     Percent ofpopulatin          ..........
                                                           ...
                                                           ...
                                                                 .
                                                                 .
                                                                     ..
                                                                     ..
                                                                          ..
                                                                          ..
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                       109,407
                                                                                           68.7
                                                                                                            110.209
                                                                                                               672
                                                                                                                          m“                    80;
  Empbyed       . ... . ............. .. .
    Empbymen+opuiation               ratio . . . .
                                                           ...
                                                           ...
                                                                 .
                                                                 .
                                                                     ..
                                                                     ..
                                                                          ..
                                                                          ..
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                       102.s1               103*7         &                     64
                                                                                           62.8                             2
   Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     Unempbyment role . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                           ...
                                                           ...
                                                                 .
                                                                 .
                                                                     ..
                                                                     ..
                                                                          ..
                                                                          ..
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                  ..
                                                                                         6316
                                                                                            6.0
                                                                                                              6~
                                                                                                                   6.3
                                                                                                                          426                   24
                                                                                                                            .3                      .2

                                  Block

Gvifusn nonjnafMonaf populsfion . . . .                    ... ...        .   .   ..    22323                222J             0                     0
 Civilian labor foroe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      . .. . . .     .   .   ..                                      -49
     Peroentofpopuia60n           ..... . ... .            ... . . .      .   .   ..      es                   623
   Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       . . ... . .    .   .   ..    12,148               11$23       &2
     Empbyrnent-popthation ratio . . . .                   ... ...        .   .   ..      54.4                 63.4       -1.0                    1.4
   Lfnempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        ......         .   .   ..     1,809                1,985       176                    129
     Unempbymentrate          ............                 ......         .   .   ..      13.0                 14.3        1.3                     .9


   See footnote st end of fable.




                                                                                                      5-6
 Table 1. Employment statrrs of the population f~ sekcted i~bor force                                      IWO
                                                                                                  ~o~psusing censutiased                      population        estimates       “          .
 from the CPS q the parallel survey, 1993 wrrw$l q
                nd                                  verages-Continued

 (Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                  Oitiefence
               Empbyment stabJsand group                                                                Pardtal
                                                                                     CPS’               survey
                                                                                                                                 Level                 Errs at 1.6 Sigmaz


                            Hispanic origin
                                                                                                                                                      ..
 C&iliin noninstitutional populatin . . . . . . . .              .   .   ....       15,753                15,753                                                       0
  Cwiiien labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
       Percent of population . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                 .
                                                                 .
                                                                     .
                                                                     .
                                                                         ....
                                                                         ....
                                                                                    10,365
                                                                                     85.9
                                                                                                          10.666
                                                                                                            67.7
                                                                                                                                     28:                         241

    Employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   ....        9285                  9,412                     ;4                          z
       Empbyment-popuietbn ratio . . . . . . . .
    Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                 .
                                                                 .
                                                                     .
                                                                     .
                                                                         ....
                                                                         ....
                                                                                       S&9
                                                                                     l,lm                 ~.la*7
                                                                                                                                      .8
                                                                                                                                     154
                                                                                                                                                                  1.7
                                                                                                                                                                   97
       Unempbyment rete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .   ....          10.6                   11.8                   12                             .9


   1 ~hese estimates d~     aKghlly from oreviouatv mhiiehed 1993                             always qgree due to eGght d~onces      kr qtimatirw orocedwes. Mail
qverages because of the estim-ati& pr~dure     ~’d.”                                          for ~ &ve     race and @an&oriiirr     groups will ‘*t sum to totals be
   2 Sampling errs at the W-percent confidence bvaL                                           cause date for the ‘other races- group we not presented end Nispanics
   NOTE: Population estimates obtained horn the hvo swveys will not                           ue included h both the whii q black population groups.
                                                                                                                               nd



Tsble 2. Employment status ot the population by qge, sex, race, q Hispanic origin wing
                                                                 nd                                                         19S0 oensae+asedwtimatee                       from the
CPS tnd the paralkl survey, 1993 qnnual qverages

(Numbara in thousands)

                                                                           Total                                                                        Women

    Employment status and age
                                                                          Perebsl   oifkr-     cpsl         Parenal                                    Pusnal                  Difbr-
                                                    CPsl                                                    qsvey
                                                                                                                                          CPS1“
                                                                          Savey     errcez                               qsoaz                         survey                  ence2


    Civilian noninstitutional
           population

   Total, 16 years and over . . . .              193s50                  1s3$60          0    92sio em                          o         100s30        100.930
 16t019yeers
 20t024yesfs
                ... ............
                ... ... .... .....
                                                   13254
                                                  17m
                                                                          13s
                                                                          17$341
                                                                                         84
                                                                                         56
                                                                                                6,714
                                                                                                8.613
                                                                                                             6,769
                                                                                                             8,m
                                                                                                                              65                            “6.669                  2
                                                                                                                              64            8,S70            8.964                -6
 25t034yeefs    ... .... ........                 41>14                   41?375         61   .20s          20s4                          2Q833             21,002                69
 35t044yeers    ... ............                  4031                    4om         -103     19.631       39,785         .2             2Q51O             20,453               -57
 45t054 ye& . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 55t064 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                  28,863
                                                  21,@9
                                                                          28$43
                                                                          21 ,Kr6
                                                                                         60
                                                                                        -23
                                                                                               14,027
                                                                                                %976
                                                                                                            14,016
                                                                                                             9.990
                                                                                                                             %
                                                                                                                            -t            14,636            14m
                                                                                                                                                           .11,016
                                                                                                                                                                                  91
                                                                                                                                          .11,053                                -37
 65 years q over . . . . . . . . . . .
            nd                                    3t,164                  31,006      -1s      13,076       13,009          2             18,086            17*999               -87

       Civilian labor force

   Totel,16yeers andovar ..,.                    128,103                 128,965      8Q      69,656        5%300           -356          68,U7            59,664              1317
 16t019 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        6,&t2                     7=        WI      3$79          3,7s2           123           3263             3,502                239
 20t024 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       @555                     13,705       1s     7,156         7,186            27                            6,519                123
 26t034 yeus . . . . . . . . . . . ...’.          34,473                   34.609       1s    19.049        18,626          -Z!l          15,424           15,782
 35t044yeers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        34J?74                   342S7         13   ww            18,457           -87          15,730           M,830.                mo
 45t064 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        23W                     ‘23,622        66   1Z642         1%462           -180          10,Q14           11,X39               m“.
 55t084 yema. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         11,663                   tl,736     -In      6.=           6,473          -159           5=1              5262                 31
 65 yews and over . . . . . . . . . . .                                     3p02       2Q      2@61..        ZV3             122           @89              1*629               t40

       Participation        rste

   T.otel, 16yeus qnd over . . . .                    662.                  66.6         .4      752              74.8           4           67s               59.1                 12
.16 b19yews      ... . ....... ....                   51.6                  54.0       24       .53.3             64.7        ;4             49.s              53.3                 3.4
                                                                                                                         .. .
 20t024yeers     ... . ...... .....                   n.1                   n.?          .6      83.1                          -.3          .71.3              g“                   1.4
 25ti,34yeers    ... ............                     63.4                  83.6         2                        U2.4     .-1.1             73.7                                   1.4
 35to.44 yeus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           8s.0 .                852          2      “93s              =.3          -2            76.7              77:4                  .7
 45tos4 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           81.6                  81.6         D                        89.1       -1.0            73.6              74.6                 1.0
 65t084yeew      ...............                      66.4                  55.9        -.5      ‘d               64.B       -1.7            47.3              47.8                   .5
 65 yearnsq over . . . . . . . . . . .
             nd                                       11.4                  12.3         3       1s.7             16.7         1.0            82                ‘9.1                  .9

    See footnote at end of table.




                                                                                               5–7
Table Z Employment status of the population by qge. aex, race, q Hispanic origin using 1980 senawsaased
                                                                nd                                                            aatltnatas   from th~
CPS q the parsllel survey, 1993 annual veragk ~Continued
      nd                                                    q                -

(Numbers in thousends)

                                                                 Total     I
                                                                                            Men                               Women

 Empbyment status snd sge                                       Parallel                               Dti-                   Perstbl        Dfier-
                                                   CPS1         survey                                 errcd         CPSI     Suvey          ence2


                                                                           ,
       Empboyed

  Total, 16 years and urer . . . .                1?9,369   1 t9.aJ6                        64200        -527        54,862     55,406             744
16t019 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          5,640         5,7t9                      2.918         74         2896       2=               .106
20t024yeers    . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .        12,137                                    6,385         32         5*763      5,646              63
25t034yeers    . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .        Z119         32=                         17m                      14390      14,573             183
35t044yeers    . . .. . .... ..... .               32.4K                        17>12       17,400       -112        14Jt94     14*7                63
45t054Yesrs    .. . .. ...... ... .                Z,444        %%              12011       1f,606       -203        10,433     10,823             120
55t064years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          11313        11.154           6=          6,106       -186         5,022      5,046              26
65 years and over . . . . . . . . . . ,             3,430        3,623           1,986       2,057         71         1.444      %566              12?



Employment-population
        ratio


  Total, 16 years and over . . .              .      61.7          6f.8              69.9     69.3            -. 6     542         54.9             .7
16t019 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .      41.8          429               42.4     43.1                     412         427             1.5
20t024yesrs     . . .. ......... .            .      69.0          69.3              73.8     73.6          .$         64.5        852              .7
25t034yeers    . . ... ........ .             .      n.7           ~.6               87.0     86.0        -1.0         88.7        69.4             .7
35t044 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .      60.3          60.4              66.3     66.0          -.3        726         73.1             .5
45t054 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .      n.6           n.s               65.6     643         -1.3         70.3        712              .9
55t064 yesus . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .      53.6          631               63.1     61.1        -2.0         45.4        45.8      .:
S5yeers and over . . . . . . . . . .          .      11.0          11.7              152      15.8           .6         8.0         0.7             ::



       Unemployed

   Total, 16 years q over . .
                      nd                  .   .    8,714          %359           4,926       5,100            172     3,785      4259             474
.16t019 years . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .    1,302          1,465            735                         49                                 133
20t024 years . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .    1,417          1,472            605         m               -5      613          673            60
25t034yeqa      .. ...........            .   .    2354           asl 1          1,320       1,301            -19     1,034       1210            176
35 b44yesrs     .. ...........            .   .    1,666          lM             1.033       1,057             24                                  46
 45t054 yeera . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .    1,112          1.190            631         675             44       482        616             34
55t064yesrs     . . .. .. ..... ..        .   .      550            561            341                         26       209        214              5
65 years and over . . . . . . . . .       .   .      110            160              65        116             51        45         63             18



   Unemployment           rate


  Total, 16 ye-s       qnd over . . .         .       6.8           7.3               7.1      7.4             .3       6.5         7.1             .6
16t019years     ..     ... . ....... .        .      19.0          20.6              2Q.5     212              .7      17.4        20.0            26
20t024 yeara . .       ... ........ .         .      10.5          10.7              112      11.1            -. 1      0.6        10.3             .7
25totM years . .       ... . ....... .        .       62            7.3               6.9      6.9             .0       6.7         7.7            1.0
35t044 years . .       ............           .       5.5           5.7               5.6      5.7             .1       62          5.6             .3
45t054 years . .       ............           .       4.7           5.0               5.0      5.4             .4       4.4         4.6             2
55t084yeers     ..     ... ........ .         .       4.6           5.0               5.1      5.7                     .4.0         4.1             .1
S5yeere endover          ..........           .       3.1           4.7               32       5.4            $         6.0         32              .9


   1 These etimates    @tar afightiy trom prevbdy       publ%hed 1993                     NOTE ?opuistion q  a6mates obtained kom the tw surveys will
averages beoauee of tbe ~e&I       procedure used.                                      notahmye qgree due to eGghtdiflefenoes &t qstimating prooedwes.
   2 These diffarances may notequal the results obtained ~   -mpuing
the VSJuasshown in the tsbb because of independent roun&g.




                                                                               5-8
EXHIBIT A. COMPARISON OF KEY
EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT
QUESTIONS



                                                                                                           ..
                                CPS                                                     PARALLEL SURVEY



 1.   What were you doing most of LAST WEEK -                             1. Does anyone in ff’is household have a business
                                                                              or a farm?

        (working or sometting else?)                                      2. LAST WEEK, did you do ANY work for (either)
                                                                              pay (or profit)?

                                                                            Parenthetical in question tilled in if anyone in the
        (keeping house or somethhg else?)
                                                                             household has a business or farm.

                                                                            If 1 is “yes” and 2 is ‘no,”   ask 3.
        (going to school or something else?)
                                                                          3. LAST WEEK, did you do any unpaid work in the
                                                                              famiiy business or farm?
      If answer indicates “with a pb, but not at work”
      (either temporarily or on layoff), ask Z and if 2 is                  If 2 and 3 are both “no,” ask 4.
      “no” ask 4.tf answer indiiates %mrking,” skip 2.
      All others, ask 2.                                                  4. LAST WEEK, ( in addiin to the business,) did you
                                                                              have a pb, e-tier full or part time? Include any
                                                                              pb from which you were temporarily absent
 2. Did you do any work at all LAST WEEK, not
     counting work around the house? (Note: tf farm                         Parentheticalin question filled in if anyone in the
     or business operator in household, ask about                            household has a business or farm.
     unpaid work.)
                                                                            If 4 is ‘no,- ask 5.

 3.-’L you nave a pD or ousmess mom wmcn you
     UIU --’L-  “-”-’   --<  ‘--- ---    ‘i”-’                            5. LAST WEEK, were you on layoff from a job?
      were temporarily absent or on layoff MST
      WEEK? -                                                               If 5 is “yes,’” ask 6. ff 5 is “no,- ask 8.

                                                                          6. Has your employer given you a date to return to
      tf ‘no,” ask 5. If “yes,” ask 4.                                        work?

                                                                            tf “no,” ask 7.
 4. Why were you absent from work IAST WEEK?
                                                                          7. Have you been given any indication that you will
                                                                              be recalled to work within the next 6 months?

 5. Have you been Iook@ for work during the past 4                          If %0,= ask 8.
     weeks?
                                                                          8. Have you been doing anything to find work during
                                                                              the last 4 weeks?
      If “yes,” ask 6.
                                                                            If “’yes,” ask 9.

 6. What have you        been    ctoing in the Ia.st 4   weeks to         9. What are all of the things you have. done to find
     find work?                                                               work during the last 4 weeks?

                                                                    5-9
 nesses and farms, where much of the previously “missing          Such responses disqualify persons from being c=red        as
 employment” seems to have taken place.                           employed and move them into the iayoff/pbseeking quest-
   The serks of questions on work in the former question-         ion aen~.
 naire may have also led to an overstatement of men’s labor          A third part of the explanation is the direct question on
 market activity, which was concentrated among men who            layoff. Research has indiceted that the former question on
 were reported as having a job but absent from work. This         layoff was frequently misunderstood. The new direct qu=.
 is dkussed     in the section on characteristics     of the      tion on layoff and a revised question on the reasons for
 employed.                                                        absence produce a larger proportion of persons reported
                                                                 (but not clasdfkd) as on layoff in the PSUZWel     survey than
  Unemployment                                                   in the CPS. When the criterion of expectation of recall is
    The new qu~”onnaire (including the new collection            applied, nearly 60 percent of those initially ree        to be
 procedures) yielded an ovma.11  unemplqmwnt rate half a         on layoff are eliminated from this category. They are then
 percentage point higher thao the CPS, 7.3 percent com-          routed to the series of questions on pbseeking, and, if they
 paredwith 6.8 percentfortk period January to Decexnber          have an active jobsearcb (which about half do), and are
 1993. But, as with the employment-population ratio, this        available to work, they will be counted among the unem-
 statistic hid= variations among worker groups. Namely,          ployed.
 the higher incidence of unemployment was statistically             It appears@       with the revised questio~ a number of
si@fkant only for women, workers 65 yam and over,                WOmen are bitiy       re~      to he On iayoff, although they

and teenagers. The difkrence for men (0.3 percentage             had no expectation of recall. They do, however, m=t the
point higher in the parallel survey) was close to being sta-     requirement of active jobsearch and thus w= counted as
tistically Signifkant.                                           unemployed. It is unknown how such persons would have
    The new questionnaire had a relatively large effect on       responded to the previous questionnaire. The new ques-
women’s unemployment rote, which was 7.1 percent in the          tions, however, communicate a different message at the
parallel suney compared with 6.5 percent baaed on the            start of the interview which maybe prompting more wom-
CPS. Unemployment in the parallel survey increased for           en to report a layoff status and en active pbsearch, result.
both white women and black women. Among age groups,              ing in a higher unemployment rate.
teenagers and workers 65 yeara and over had higher ~bkss
rates in the parallel smwey. The difference for the               Characteristics     of the empioyed
2$@34-year-old CS~O~          W&S &O   StStiSti@r    Si@l-
Cant.                                                            MuZti#e pbholding. About 6.2 percent of all employed
   There are several differences between the old paper           people held two or more pbs during the fourth quarter of
questionnaire and the revised automated questionnaire             1993,according to iidings from the parallel survey:
 which could help to exphin the higher unemp]o~mt                   As a result of the redesign, information on multiple@-
 rates obtained by the pamllel survey. Part of the explana-      holding is available each mon~ previously, this informa-
 tion is cor&tent with that given m the section on the           tion bad been obtied only in periodic aupplementa to the
 emplc@. That is, the new questionnaire has a broader            CPS. While truly comparable dak are not available from
 approach to both work and jobsearch activities, due at          the regular CPS, the most recent supplement conducted
 least in part to different messages communicated at the         in May 1991, also showed a muhiple jobholding rate of 6.2
 beginning of the mey.       This could help to explain the      percent.
higher unemplojrrnentrates among women, teenagers, and
 older workers, who are more likely to be looking for            Hotcn of work Hours actuaiiy worked were somewhat
informal employment                                              lower as estimated in the pasallel survey compared with
    Also, older people in the new questionnaire who initially    the CPS. Mean (average) hours for workers in nonagricul-
report that they are retired are asked, “Do you want a @b        tural industries were 38.9 per week with the new question-
either full or part time?” If they answer yes, they are asked    naire compared with 39.4 using the formar questionnaire.
the questions on jobaea.rchfor potential daasifhtion as          The pattern held for both adult men and adult women.
unemployed. The ‘part-time” reference may prompt some            (See table 3.)
older workers to reca~ that &y have looked forauch a @b.            These findings reflect several changes to the question-
    Another part of the exptitia      for the differences re-    -      which were made to obt& m~e a~~            ig&~.
lates to persons initially reported to be temporarily absent     tion on hours worked per week. A recall strategy was
from jobs. It app~       tht a largw proportimt & ~              embedded in the series of questions, asking f-       about
are reported as tempotiy       absent with the new question-
naire but are notciasaitledas ssscbbeca~ when asked to
                                                                   6 Due ~ p==~ing    ~bkms,    data on multiple Pbholding ~    not
provide a reason for their absence, they report they were        avaibbk for the fiit 9 months 0( 1993. The data presented here are
“on layoff or they cite “slack work/business conditions “        Octobtr-December 1993 averages.




                                                                5–lo
Table3. persons qt work in nonagricultural industries by qcwal hours                               of work, sex, qnd q using 1980 census-based
                                                                                                                      ge                               population    -
estimates from the CPS snd the p~rsllel sawey, 1993 snnual avettges


                                                                                 Thousands of persons                              Percent d~ibution
                      Hours of work,
                      sex, and ege                                                       Puatkl            Dfier-                           Pualkl        D&r.
                                                                       CPS’              survey            ence2          CPS’              survey        ence2

                              “TOTAL

    Total at work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   110,488           111225                            100.0              106-.0
1to34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     28$54              29,563           Zz               24.4               26.6           22
   lto14 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          5*UO              6,086              936            4.6                5.5             .8
  15t029 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          13,4#              %4,475           1,085            12.1               13.0             .9
  3oto34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            6,474             S.m                                                  6.1             .5
35 hours and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         83,S5              81,663          -l&n              7::                73.4          -22
  3Sto39 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            7,176                             I=                6.5                7.7           12
  40hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     42!=3              3$’7            -3,805            S.5                34.8          .3.7
  41t048hours       . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . .        llxr28             13@34            Zwn              10.4               123            M
  49t059 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          13,004             1Z158              *5             11.8               10.9            -.8
  60hours andover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               9,304             8,570             -735            8.4                7.7            -. 7
Average hours, total atwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   39.4              38.9               -. 6

               Men, 20 years q over
                              nd

   Total at work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    57,032             57,014              -18          lW.O               100.0
lto34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      8S31                9,422             891            15.0              16.5            1.6
   lto14 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         1#6                 Is                168             24                27              .3
   15 b29 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          3,946               4s1               305             6.9               7.5             .5
   3oto34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          3,190               3,607             418             5.6               6.3              .7
35houra and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          48WI               47gi92                             65.0              63.5           -1.6
   35t039 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              3,104            616              4.4               5.4            1.1
   40hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    SE                 21,033          -1,743             39.9              36.9           -3.0
  .41t048hows        .. .... ......... ........                        6,980              .8=             1;408            ’122              “’W.?          ’25
   49t059 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          9,161               8$13            -848             16.1              14.9           -1.1
   60hours andover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             7$96                                -542             124               11.6            %9
Average hours, tofal atwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 43.1               427               -.4

             Woma~         20 years q over
                                     nd

     TOtdqt work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        48#08              48$56               848           100.0              100.0
lto34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     14,681             16311             1.830            =.4                33.3          29
   lto14haiss       ........................                                              3=                                 5.3                ,6.7         1:4
   15t029 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...’            7.416             8,106             690             15,4               16.6           12
   30t034 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          4,728              4#5               217                                10.1            3
35hoursandoier          ......................                        33,627             32,a5             -983             6%:                86.7         -2.9
   35 to 39 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        4m                 5,119             729              Q.1               10.5          1.4
   40 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   lam                16,959          -2J317             39.3               34.6         +.6
   41t048 hours . . . . ..’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          4,383              5,080             897                                10.4          1.3
   49 to ‘W hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        3,731              3,540            -191              ?;                  72          -.6
   80hourc and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            z146               1*7              -200              4.4                 4.0         %6
Average hours, k#@work..                ............                     =.8               36.0              -. 8

            Both sexes, 16 to 19 yews

   Total atwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       5,148             Ss                 108           100.0              100.0
lto34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       3.741             3,629               88            727                                2
   lto14horKs       ........................                            I,W7              1~43                46                               23.7            .4
   15t029hows         . .. ... ......... ........                     . 2@48              2117                              39.8               40.3            .6
   3oio34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             496               489               -z                                6.9          -. 7
35hours andover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             1,407             1.426                20            F3                27.1           -2
   35t039hows         .. . . .. ......... ... .....                                         311                12             W                 5.9          ..1
   40 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      770                725               -45         - .1s.0              13,8         -12
   41 b43horss        .. . .. .. ....... .... ..... .                     185               217                52                                              .9’
   49t059hows         . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . .       ?12               I=                  4            E                  xl            -2
   60hours andove .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 82                69                  7           12                 1.3            .1
Average hours, total atwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  24.3              243                  .0           .-

   1 These estimates dfler sGghttyborn praviousty published 1993 ever-                                  Mae differences may not~qualthe resultaobteined Irom compar-
 ages because of the estimation procedtse used.                                                    rng the values AOvvrr in the tabk because of independent roundbg.




                                                                                                 5-11
 usual hours, then about any time taken bffand extra hours      if they were available to accept a full-time job during the
 worked in the reference week, and f~lly about total hours      reference week. (For persons who usually work full time,
 actually worked. And, as described earlier, the questions      these criteria are assumed to be met.) The fmt criterion -
 related to employment were reworded to capture work            desire for full-time work – had a particularly large impact
activities more fully, especially informal, intermittent, and   in reducing the estimate of economic part-time workers,
 part-time work. The more complete measurement of this          while the second - availability - diaquaMledrelatively few
 type of work could help to lower the average number of         people. To provide a context for responden~, the qu~tion
hours worked.                                                   asking why those who want to work full hme were working
    The parallel survey found a higher proportion of work-      part time was reworded to provide examples of both eco-
ers at the lower end of the hours spectrum. For example,        nomic and noneconomic reasons for working part time.
nonagricultural workers who actually workedless than 15            The difference in the proportion of full-time workers (as
hours in the reference week accounted for 5.5 percent of        defiied by their usual status) who were part time for &o-
persona at work in the parallel survey, compared with 4.6       nomic reasons in the refereuce week m beat least partia]-
percent in the CPS. Those working between 15 and 29             lY ti=d to several changesin the qu=tionnaire. For ex-
hours in the reference week comprised 13.0 percent of per-      ample, the parallel survey contains separate questions for
sons at work in the parallel survey, compared with 12.1         people who” uauaily and actually worked part time,
percent in the CPS.                                             reducing the incidence d coding errors. Also to obtain
    The proportkm of work= repor$inga workweek of ex-           snore accumte coding, the labels of some of the nonem
actly 40 hours wes lower in the &reIla aumey than in the        numic reqonae mttegories were expanded. For example,
CPS. With the memory aids embedded into the new ques-           own illness” was changed to “own illneae/injury/ medical
tions, workers are better able to recau exceptions to their     appointmen~” and “on vacation- was changed to “vam-
usual schedule, resulting in Iese clustering at precisely 40    tion/personal day.”
hours.
                                                                Part time for noneconomic reosons. The proportion of
Part-time emfioyment. Some of the most closely watched          employed persona who worked part time for noneconomic
me3sures derived fkom the CPS pertain to part-time em-          reasons was markedly higher in the pardel survey (21.4
ployment. The proportion of employed people who usual-          percent) compared with the CPS (18.0 percent). AI] ma@r
ly work part time (leas than 35 hours ~ week) was Iarger        demographic grmsps showed a similar pattern.
in the parallel eumsy ( 17.0 percent) than in the CPS (16.3        These workera can be divided into two types-either
percent). The difference in part-time employment was rel-       they usually work full time cx usually work part time. It is
atively largest for adult women. (See table 4.)                 not..uncommbn for workera who are usually full time to
                                                                have worked part time in the reference week, having taken
P& time for economic reasons. ‘l’he proportion of               time off for reasons such as vScation, holiday, or illness.
employed persona working prt time for economic reasons          The bigher proportion of these workem in the parallel sur-
was substantially lower in the parallel auxvey. The differ-     vey -7.3 percent of all employed people, compared with
ences were”obed      for all major demogmptic groups but        5.3 percent tithe CPS– reflects the more precise informs.
were relatively larger for teenagera. Ovemll, the pmallel       tion regarding ho-” at work obtained from the recall
survey found that 4.2 percent of employed +wrsonawere           strategy embedded in the new questions. It appears that
working part time for economic reasons, compared with           the new questionnaire is hideed effective in’ prompting
an estimate of 5.3 percent from the CPS. In terms of num-       workers to remember exceptions to their usual schedule.
bers of people, this translates into 5.0 million people as         Most of the people who were.parttime for noneconomic
measured by the Pamllel aumey, compared with 6.3 mil-           r-ens in the reference weekusually work part time, often
lion as measured by the CPS, a differenceof 21 percent.         to give them more time for school, family, or other activi-
   The smaller number and proportion of workera ciaasi-         tk. The padlel survey also obtained a higher estimate of
fied es part time for economic reasons in the parallel sur-     these workera-14.1 veraus 12.7 percent. This differential
vey were obs~ed among both those who usually work               reflects in part the new questionnaire%more stringent re-
part time end those who usually work full time. Among           quirements to be clesded es economic part time.
those who usually work pert tim~ the diff~ce  was more
pronounced for adult women and teenagere.The decline            Temporary ulwences. While most employed people are
a~ong those who usually work fuli time did not diier aig-       actually at work in the reference week, some are found to
~mantly by demographic group.                                   be temporarily abaent from their jobs for the full w~k. The
   The relatively ~e     drop ti the proportion of workers      proportion of employed persona cbsiiled as temporarily
who uauai]y work ~        time fm ~oti       r~sona @ems        a-     m the pedal survey (4.5 percent) was lower then
from two new criteria, form~y inferred, that are now ex-        the ~oportion found in the CPS (5.0 percent). This
plicit in the new questionnair~ Persons usually working         pattern held true for all ma~r demographic groups except
part time are asked if they want to work full time and also     teenagers.
 T#ble 4. Employed p~SWIS by IISIISI full. or part-time status, sex, and age using 1980 censss.bssed                                      population estimates   from th~
 CPS qnd the parallel survey, 1993 qnnual mrersges


                                                                                       Thousands of persons                               Percent dwbibution
                    SeX, age, and full-
                     Or pert-time status                                     CPS1              Parallel           Differ-        CPS’            PeraUel          Differ-
                                                                                               Suwey              ence                           survey          e nce2

                                  ‘TOTAL

     Tofalernpbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                119,389           119,606               217         100.0              WO.o
 At work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      113,436           114al                 763          %.0                95.5                .5
     35hoursornae                . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .         85,617            6&610          --2,007            71.7               69.9            -1.8
     lto34     hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           27,821            3,591             2770            23.3               25.6             2.3
        Parttime faaoonormc~w                                .....            &325               5@8            -1297             5.3                42             -1.1
          Usuehyworkfult*e                     .. .. .... . .. .              1-                 1 ,Sot            -467           1.7                1.3             -.4
          Ususlty work paRtirns . . . . . . . . . . .                         “4,337            .3*527             -8%0           3.6                2.9                 7
        Part time for nonecorrornk reaaons . .                               21 ,4s6           25,663            4,067           18.0               21.4             24
           Usually work fulftime . . . . . . . . . . . .                      6,325             8,574            2&9              5.3                7.3             2.0
          Usuatlywor kparttime . . . . . . . . . . .                         15,171            16,8tS             1,718          127                14.1             1.4
 Wti+s~b    btrtnot atvvork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   5.951             5,405              46             5.0                4.5              ..5

                  M-       20 yeara        snd over

      Total empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                61,684            61~                   -600        lm.o              100.0
 Atwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        56,t98            59,055             ‘. -133         %.7               S.3               .6
      35hours or more . . . . . . . ..= . . . . . . . . .                    50,182            49,186                -994         81.1              802                8
      lto34    hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            9,038             9#97                              14.6              16.1             ;5
         Put time for economic reasons . . . . .                              2*7XJ                                 z              4.4               3.6             -.8
           Usualiy vmrkfull time . . . . . . . . . . . .                       1,140              649               -291                             1.4             -5
           Usualty work parttime . . . . . . . . . . .                         Im                1,376                              E                22              -.3
         Part tima for noneconomic reasons . .                                6,316             7,672             1-2             102               12.5             2.3
           Ususlfy work fufltime . . . . .. . . . . . .                       3,006            .4.187             1,161             4.9              6.8             2.0
           Usuelly twrk perttime . . . . . . . . . . .                        3,310             3,465               175             5.3              5.7            ‘.3
.Wtiajo      bbutno tatwor k. . . . . . . . . ... . . . .                   .2$66.              24?18                              .4.3           . 3.6              -.7

               Wow             20 years qnd over

     Totefempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   51$66              52,603                637         100.0             .100.0
 At work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      48,665             49,643                756          m.1               .84.4              .3
     35hoursorm ore              ...................                        Z3s                32$57              -1,010          65.4               62.7           .3.7
      ft634     hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         “14;9i8            16,888              1,766          28.’7              31.7            3.0
        .Part time for eoonomic reaaons :....                                                   W1                  412            5.7                4.5           -12
           UauallyworkfuO time . . . . . . . . . . . .                         744                 574              -170           1.4                1.1             -.3
          Usuaflyworkp arttime . . . . . . . . . . .                                             1,797.                            4.3                3.4             -.9
         Part time for noneconomb reasons . .                                ll@S              14,315             243             23.0               272             4.2
           Usuatlyworkfdf time . . . . . . . . . . . .                         3,169            4=                 1,123           6.1                62             2.1
           Usuelly #vrk parttime . . . . . . . . . . .                         8*766           10,023              1257           16,9               19.1            22
.Wtiapb      butnot atwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     3,082            2,960               -12?           5.9                5.6             -.3

              60th      s8X0S,16 to           19   ~S
     Totalempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   5540              5,719               179          Im.o              100.0
 Altwrk     . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      537               5,492               135           96.7              96.0             -.7
     “35hours or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   1,436             1,485                  -3         25.9              26.0             -.9
     .lto34h04xs            .’. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     3.669             4,007               138           69.8              70.0               2
         Part time kr acoaomk reasons . .. . . .                                                  430              -193            112               7.5            -3.7
            Usuelly work fulftime . . . . . . . . . . . .                       104                 77               -27            1.9              “1.3              .5
           .IhueRy work parttime . . . . . . . . . . .                          519               353              -166             9.4                             :2
         Part time for tronaoorromk reasons . .                               3J?46             3.577               331           58.6              6%               3.9
            Usuailyworkfutihse                    ............                  150                w               “45                              .3.4               .7
            Ususfly workperttime                    ...........               3,095             3,382               s            .s2:               56.1             32
‘Wtiajo        bbutnotatw                 k. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        183               Z7                  u.           3.3              .4.0               .7


     1 Tbase estimates differ @rUy her prevbdy                              published 1993 qver-           2 ~~      d~e=s   S&y ttot aqttgl the reauftaobtained hom compsf.
   qgaa ~uae      of the qstimation prtiwe d.                                                             iq ha veluea sbucr b tbe tabb basauae of indapendeniroundmg.




                                                                                                    5-13
   The new questionnaire appeara to result in more accu-      proportion of wage and salary workers in the pamllcd sur-
rate claasilkation of workers who are tern porarily absent.   vey. The level of self-employment among women was 4.8
This may reflect several changes- the elimination of the      million in the parallel survey, compared with 4.1 million in
 ma~r-activity question, the inclusion of separate direct     the CPS, which was equal to most of the increase in female
questions on tempomxy absence and on layoff, and the r~       employment in the parallel survey. Thus, the improved
vamping of the question on the reason for absences. Re-       questions on work activity and the addition of questions
garding the major-activity question in the former qus         on work in a family business resulted in more women beiig
tionnaire, some responses may have given interviewers the     properly clati]ed as self-employed.
impression that those respondents had a job from which
they were absent, wheninfacttiey~d    not haveajobatall.
Also, the direct questions on la-in     the new question-     Occupation ond indusi~. The distribution of employed
naire allow some people to be properly -led      as unem-     persona according to the occupation and industry of their
ployed or not in the labor f-     rather than being errc+     job shifted somewhat ~der the new questionnaire. (See
neously counted as absent fmm a XII.                          table 6.) For msm,the p+arallel urvey had a larger prQpor-
                                                                                            s
   To emphasize the important role played by the series of    tkm am-h!         the amzmg~ prd=SiO1l.d, and techni-
questions on temporary abaencq it is estimated that most      CSIcetegori~ and a smaller proportion in aalee tiups-
of the drop in men’s emplqmmnt level in the padlel sur-       tiona. The data ~est    that the large decrease in the num-
vey was attributed to a lower &ate     for persons tempo-     ber of men who were employed but absent from their @bs
mrily absent. The other category of employed parsons,         in the parallel suwey may have reduced their representa-
those at work, was essentially the same for men on both       ticm in occupations (such as sales) in which employment
surveys.                                                      -em-b           may k more tanUOUS.
                                                                 Looking at the industry distributions for men, the paml-
                                                              lel survey had a higher proportion in manufacturing and
Class of uwrker. In the aggr~&      the distribution d        educational aemicaa and a smaller proportion in retail
employed persons by their q ck+of-worker” atatns dif-         trad~ mining, public adminiatmtion, and private ho-
fered little between the two surveys. Wage and salary         holds. Aaa pmtial =planation of theee differemx+ it is hy-
workeracomprised about 88 percent all workersin both
                                  of                          pothesized that the cleadkation of fewer men as tempo-
 the CPS and the parallel survey. This cbaifkation is fur-    rarily absent from work as a result of the revised questicm-
ther broken down into private and government workers.         naire RdUCeStheir representation in industries with more
Again, there were no signifbnt     difkrences  between the    informal or imgular ernploymtm~ such as trade and pri-
sumeys,   with the private sector accounting for about 73     vate households.
percent and the government sector accounting for about           Among women, a bigher proportion in the parallel sur-
 15 peroent of all employed persona. Nearly all & there       vey were working in managerial and farming occupations.
making 12 percent were chsaifkd as S.elf-emp)oyedon           This is C~       t with evidence presented mrlier that the
both surveys. (See table 5.)                                  new questionnaire is measuring more women waking in
                                 w
   Only a small fraction of a.1,1 orkera were damifkl as      family businesses or farms and in their Own businesses.
unpaid family workera in the CPS, and the proportion was      A smaller proportion were m adminiatm tive support and
even smaller in the parallel survey. This may seem surpris-   priVStehousehold positions.
ing, giwm the changes to the questionnaire designed to           The distribution by industry for women showed that
identify workers in family businesses. In fac~ the new        only one industry, a@uhure, had a higher proportion of
questions were successfu~ however, many persons re            workers in the pamllel survey than in the CPS. (Evidence
ported as working m family businesses were also found to      suggests that the former amwey may have underestimated
have received pay or ptilt from the business and thus         employmdt of women in agriculture by 25 percent.) Pm
were claadIed as wage and aaky workers. Even in agri-         portions as measured hy the pamllel amwey were lower in
cul~      where unpaid family workera are far more prevs-     public administm tion and “priVSte  households.
]ent than in most other industries, the new questions r-
suited in a smaller proportion daub workers. In sum, the      Earningt. Median weekly earnings of full-time wage end
redesign’s efforts to more accurately identify workers in     salary workera were somewhat higher-under the revised
family businesses rasulted in mme wage amdsalary work-        questiormaire ($462) tbn under the CPS ($450). The
ers compared with the former procedures                        parallel survey found higher median eaminga for men but
   L@king at the daas-of-worhr data by gender, the new        no &Temnce in sarnings fm women.. Among part-time
series d questiona obtained quite different results for men    work- totsdanminga and tboaefor men were also slight-
and women. For men, the pamllel survey bad a higher pro        ly higher in the. parallel sorvey. (See table 7.)
portion in wage and salary work and a smaller proportion          Both in the pamlle} sunmyand in tbefull CPS, estimates
in self-employment. For women, the findings were just the      of earnings are based on data collected from one-quarter of
reverse— a higher proportion of self-employed and a lower      the sample each month. It should be noted that due to the




                                                              5–14
T*ble S. Employed persons by class of worker qnd sex using                               IWOcensus-based       population   estimates    from the CPS and the
parallel survey, 1993 annual verages          q
                                                                                  Thousands of persons                                 Percent distribution

               ChSS of worker and sex                                                                                                        Puaffel
                                                                        CPS’            Paraffel           Differ-          CPS’                              Oiief-
                                                                                         survey            ence                              survey           ence2


                          TOTAL                                                                                                                  .
Total empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        119,369          119,606              217             100.0             100.0
  Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      3,060            3,175               85               2.6               2.7              .1
    Wageancl selsry workers . . . . . . . . . . . .                      1,466             ;.467                               12                12               .0
       PrkrafeinduWies            ..... ... . ..... . ..                 1476             I,-                <;                                  12               .0
       Government . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                12                46             36               x                     (3)
    Sdf-empbyedworkers                  . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .     1,486             1,=               144               12                    1.4          .1
       Incorporated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               16s               172             13                 .1                   .1          .0
       other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       1*326             1,460             132               1.1                   12           .1
    Unpaid lsm&fyvmrkers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      105                66            -49                 .1                (’)
  Nonagrbuftural indus&ies . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 116,309          116,432              123              97.4               97.3            -.
    Wage andsslery workers . . . . . . . . . . . .                     1W,703           103,697              194              66.9               66.9             .:
       Private industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             65,194           65,635              641              71.4               71.8             .4
       Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           18,509           18,062             47                15.5               15.1            -. 4
    seff+mpbyedvmrkefs                  ...... ........                 12W              la                  -26              10.4               10.3             D
       Incorporated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            3,413            3,769                                29                    3.1          .3
       other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       8,964            8,611             473                7.5                   72          -.3
    Unpaid fsmifywc+kers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                        166            42                  2                     .1         .0



Tofslempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         64,727            6+?O0              ~527             100.0              1W.o
  Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     2,444             2366               -78               3.8                3.7            -.1
    Wage andselery workers . . . . . . . . . . . .                      1.149             1,164                                1.8                1.8            . .1
      Prwateinduat.bs             .................                     1,142             1,165              “z                1.8                1.8              .1
       Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               8                 18              10                 (3)           .:?
    Self4mpbyed workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     1*                1,156             -99                 1.9                              -. 1
      Incwporated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               132                113             -19                  2                   2
               .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1,12s             l*fM5              -60               .1.7                               1
                                                                                                                                                                 -.
    Unpekffsmify wurkers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                                        “.;{
                                                                                              24             -13                  .1
  Nonegricuftwaf induabies . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 62&               61,63S             449               862                96.3             .1
    Wage andsalsry workers . . . . . . . . . . . .                     63,665            53,756               73              62$                63.7             .6
       Priveteinduswies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              45297             45,460              163              70.0               70.8             .9
       Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           8S7               8~               -109               13.0               129             -.
    8eH-em@byed workers . ... . . . . . . . . . . .                     8,554             8,022                               132                125             -. :
       Inccfporated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            26s6             2703                 47               4.1               42               .1
       other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       5,696            5.319             -679                9.7               8.3            -.8
    Unpaid fsml~wmrkars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       45                54                9                 .1                .1             .0

                            Women

Total ampbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       ........         54,662            55,406              744             100.0              100.0
  Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   ........            636               606              172               12                    1.5           .3
    Wage andselery workers . . . .                    ........            336               303              -35                 .6                   .5         -.1
       Private induwies . . . . . . . . .             ........            334               274              -60                 .6                   .5         -.
                                                                                                                                                                  1
       Government . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .        ........               4               29               25                (3)                   .1
    Seff-empbyed wofkers . . . . . .                  ........            231               474              243                 .4                   .9            .4
       Incorporated . . . . . . . . . . . . .         ........                               59               31                 .1                   .1             1
              ...................                     ........             s                415              212                 .4                   .7          ‘:4     ‘.
    Unpaid farnify workers . . . . . . .              ........              67                               -36                                                  -.
  Nonagricuffural indusbias . . . . . .               ........         64,@5             64s                                  G;                 S6:              .:
    Wage andsalery workers . . . .                    ........         60,019            60,139              t20              91.6               90.5           -1.0
       Private indusbies . . . . . . . . .            ........         39,697            40,355              4s6              73.0               72.8             -2
       Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         ........         10.122             9,764             436               16.5               17.7             -.9
    8efl+mpbyedworkm                    ......        ........          3.644             4,347              603               7$                 7.6               .6
       Inccfporated . . . . . . . . . . . . .         ........            767             l&6                                                                       .6
              ............... ....                    ........          3,067             3~1                204                :;                   2:             .3
    Unpeidfamiky workers . . . . . . .                ........             163              ltl              -52                  s                   2           -. 1’

   1 Theee estimates differ tighffy from previously published 1993 aver.                            in fhe veluea shown m the tsbke because of independent routimg.
 ages because of the estimation procedure used.                                                       3 Less than 0.05 percent.
   z The= diff~ences may not equal the resufts obtained hom comP~-




                                                                                             5-15
                                                                                                 .                           . .
  qnd the parallel survey, 1993 kmal”mmrag-                                     --

(Percent dis.tiib.tmn)

                                                                                                                                                          U1----
                                                                                      Totol


                       Occupabon and industy                                          Parallel       oiffer-               Parallel   Oiffer-             Parallel              Dtier-
                                                                              CPSJ    survey         ence2       CPS2      survey     encez     CPS’      Sumey                 ence2


                                                                                                                                                    ..
                             OCCUPATION


Managerial and professional specialty ... . . . . . . .                       27.1      262             1.1      28.1        27.3        12      28.4          292               0.8
  Execu6ve, q  dmrni~ative, and managerial . . .                              128       13.6              .7     13.8        14.3         .5     11.9          12.8                .9
  Professional Speciatty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              142       14.6              .4     123         13.0         .7     16.5          16.4                .0
Technical, sales, end administrative support . . .                            30.8      30.5            -.3      20.5        20.3         2      42.9          423               -. 7
  Technicians and te@d suppr@ . . . . . . . ..-.                               3.4       3.6              2       3.1         3.5          .4     3.7           3.6
  Saksoocupstioos        . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .         11.9      11.8            -. 1     11.4        11.0        -.4     12.6          127                 ;
  Admsiniabahre ~pm            including ckrii               --...            15.5      15.1            -. 4      6.0         53         -.      28.7          25.8               -. 9
Servkeoccupatimms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             13.9      13.5            -. 4     10.3         9.9        -;      18.0          17.7               -. 3
  Private household s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 .6        .7           -. 1                   .1          .0     1.6           1.4               -2
  Protective aervice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           1.8       1.7            -. 1      2:          2.6        -. 1       .7            .6              -. 1
  8ervka, except private households
   and protective service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               11.3      112             -. 1      7.5         72         -.3     15.B              15.7            .0
Precision production, cra~ and repai . . . . . . . . .                        112       10s             -.3      W.8         18.6        -.3      2.1               20            -. 1
Operators, fabricators, and laborers . . . . . . . . . .                      14.3      14.1            -2       19.9        19.7        -2       7.7               7.7             .0
  Machine operators, aasembkrs,
   qnd inapectora . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            62        6.3             .1       7.0         7.1         .1      52                5.4            2
  Transportation qnd material moving
   occupations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         42        4.0            -2        7.0         6.8        -2         .9               .7           -. 1
  Handlers, equipment ckanera, helpers.
   qndkborers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            3s        3.8            -. 1       5.8         5.7       -. 1      1.5              1.5           -. 1
Farming, fore~,    and ftshing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 2.8       2.8             .0        4.4         4.3       -. 1       .9              12             2


                                BU3USTRY

Agricuttwe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .....     26        2.7             .1        3.8         3.7       -.        12            1.5               .3
Mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .....       .6                     -2           .9                  -;          2             .1             -. 1
Consbuotion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .....     6.1       “5$            -2       10.3         9::           4      1.1,          12                .1
Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                .                                                    ....     16.4      %73              s       20.5        21s         ;:4      11.6         120                  .4
   Durabk goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .....     9.5      10.1             .6      128         13.9        1.1       5.5           6.7               2
   Nondrrrabb,goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              .....     6.9       72              3         7.6        8.0          .4      6.0           52                 2
Transp~tion        andpubirc utiis                 ........          . ....    7.1       69             -2        ‘9.4        92                   4.4           42               -. 3
Whobsak andretail Wade . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     .....    20.7      20.5            -2       20.4        19.6        ::      .212        .21.3                  .1
 ,Whobsaie *ade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .....     3.9       4.0             .1        5.1        52          .1       24            26                 2
  Refaif Sade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .....    16.9      16.5            -.3      15.3        14.7        -.6      16.6         16.7               -. 1
f%anoe,i rrawa~,            andreaf estate . . . . . .               .....     6.7       6.6            -. 1                  5.1         .0       8.5           8.4              -. 1
Servkes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .....    35.0      35.3             .3      2:$         25.0         .3      47.3        ’472                -. 1
   Private trouaeholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           .....       .9        .8           ..1         2                    -. 1      1.8           1.6              -2
   Other service indu~ies . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .....    34.1      34.s             .4      24.5        24:;         .4      4s.5         45.?                 2
     EducafionaI Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .....     7.9       8.3             .3       4.7         52          .5      11.8         lla                  D
Pubkadminlswation              ..................                    .....     4.8       4.5            -. 4      5.1         4.8        -.3       4.5           4.1              -. 4.


   t These d-ibubons                dtier alighily from previorrdy mrbfiahed 1993                       a The-   dii~e~s             e
                                                                                                                              may ISOt oualthe reitrlte &Mnsd*om               $OmDSr-
averagesbecause of the aatrm&n                     procedura used.’                                  krg tho values shown in &e lsbb beoauaeof         Independent roundbrg.


extremely        sample on which earning2 data from the
                   mnall                                                                             The breakdown of raapondenta’ preferences m reporting
psm!lel attrvey are baaed, these data are subject to even                                             tSllliDg6 wSS:
graater variabiii~ than other data from the padlel
m.
   In the new qu~tie           respondents are aaked to                                                                     Hourly              38.4 paroent
        t
2’6pOrtheir ear@s in the time frame that is easiest for                                                                     Annually            21.8
thaln, rather than fotig ti~ to reports weekkyamount                                                                        weekly              21.3
                                                                                                                            Biweekly             7-4                      .,
ss had been the ~.    ~lti   from the parallel survey indi-
                                                                                                                            Monthly              .6.4
cate &a& wh~ @veIIa choice, only a relatively small pro                                                                     Twice a month        2.4
portion of r~pondents cbo~ to report on a weekly basis                                                                      Other                2.3




                                                                                                 5-16
   For minimum wage studies, information is also col-                  new prccedurrs. The mean duration in the parallel survey
lected on the number end wage rate of persons who are                  was 19.7 weeks, compared with 18.1 weekainthe CPS, and
paid at hourly rates. In the revised questionnaire, individu-          the median duration was 9 weeks, compared with 8 weeks.
als who choose to report their earnings on a basis other                  saved changes were msde to the unemployment dura-
than hourly are asked directly whether they were paidat                tion measure, including one which allowed respondents to
an hourly rate. If so, they are asked what their hourly rate           report duration in weeks, months, or years, as they prefer,
of pay is. In the parallelsurvey, 61 percent of workrs re-             rather than only in weekq as in the former questionnaire.
~d      being paid by the hour, somewhat higher than the               This change was designed to make it easier for the longer-
59 percent reported in the CPS?                                        term unemployed to report their leagth of pbeearch, and,
                                                                       in fack the parallel survey obtained relatively snore reports
Characteristics of the unemployed
                                                                       of longer-term @blassncas.
   The new questionmim had a greater incidemceofunem-
                                                                          bother change involved dependent interviewing. k
ploymmlt ov~      with a@lib@ly higher rates for cer-
                                                                       mentioned iu the section on computexiraticq dtuation of
tain worker groups. This section e.xphxes the dfect of the
                                                                       reemployment is automatically updated by either 4 or 5
new procedures on selected cbaracterktics of tie tmem.
                                                                       weeks each mcmth (depding a the number d weeks
ployed, including persona on layoff, and ~         for and
                                                                       betweensurveys)as longaaa pemoncontinues to beunem-
duration of unemployment.
                                                                       ployed.
 On @uff. As describedearlier, the serieson workera on                 Reasonsfor unem~oyment. The unemployed are-led
layoff was revamped to obtain more accurate information,               by their activi~ immediately prior to becoming unem-
 particularly relating to the expectation of recall. As mta-           ployed. These “reasons for-unemployment” include hav-
sured in the parallel survey, the percentage & the unem-               ing lost a job (including personaon lay@, having left a pb
ployed accounted for by persona on kyoff was UU per-                   to seek a new one or being either new entran= or reen-
cent, essentially the same es the 12.5 percent obtained                trant to the labor fcmce.Several changes to the ques@n-
from the CPS. (Seetable 8.)                                            naire –both definitional end operational-resulted in dti-
   The proportion of unemployed men who were on layoff                 ferances in the way the unemployed era distributed among
was not statistically s@ifkant between surveya. On the                 these Categties.
other hand, the proportion of unemployed womrm who                        There was a higher proportim d the unemployed
were on layoff was higher in the parsilel survey compared              counted as reentmnta in the pamllel survey (32.7 percent)
with the CPS. For meq there appeared to have heea                      compared with the CPS (24.6 percent) and a smaller pm
several offsetting eihcta. In the pmnllel sumey, people                portion of new entmnti (6.7 vemus 10.2 petwant). These
were asked a direct question- “LAST WEEl& were you                     estimates were affac@d by tha increase in the ovqall nutn-
on layoff from a job?”-and more wereinitidiy reported                  barof unemployed, some d whom were coming fmm out-
to be on layoff. But when the questions cmaxptationa of                side the labor fore and incrdng the mnks of reentrant,
recall werk posed, some did not meet these criteria. As a              Also, the seemingly minor modifkation to the defiition &
result, the number d men on layoff ended up to be about                entranta, which was brcadened to take into account any
the same under the old and new questionnaima.                          type of job, and not @at a fuktime pb of at least 2 weeks
   For women, these offsetting effects are also presen~ but            duration, affected the estimates of new entrenta and reeD-
in addition it is suspected thet other changes to the ques-            trsnts.
tionnaire, such as the eliminaticmof the initial labor force
question, the specifla~ of the work for pay question and               Table 7. Median weekly q  wnings ot full- wtd part-time wage
                                                                       and salary workers by sex aslng 1980 censse-bseed
the direct lsyoff question, prompted more women to                     poprrlatlon estimates from the CPS qrd the parallel sawey,
report labor market activities. Greater reporting d such                1993 qnnrasl aversges
activities by women could contribute to the bigher propor-             Jin current dohrs)
tion of unemployed women on Iayoffin the parallel survey.
   Those who are illitidy reported to be a layoff, but dO
not meet the expectation of recall, m asked the series of
                                                                              FulHime         workers
questions oII@baearch,end most era fcmndto have looked
for work within the @a4-week period. If so, theyarestill                    Tota    l..., . . . . . . . . . .     S4So              $12
                                                                               Marl . . . . . . . . . . . . .            S2a         20
counted as unemployed, but as “@seekers,” rather tbao                          Wemeal . . . . . . . . . .         400
persona on layoff.                                                            Psr’&the        workers

Durofion of urumpbyment. Measures of both mean end                          lots! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    130   133           3
                                                                               Men . . . . . . . . . . . . .       120   127           7
median duration were little different between the old and                      Women . . . . . . . . . . .         me    13s          -1

  7 These eatimatea ~ining    to hourly paid mrksra me bsaedon the        t These qstimates difter slighUyIrom previously published 1S93 sv-
average of the 6 monthi from September 1992 LOFebruary 1993.           erages becsuse of the estimation procedures used.




                                                                     5–17
Table 8. Unemployed      rsorta by reason for qnd durathn                                   of qnemployment          ssing 19S0 census+ssed     Popoiatiorr estimates           trom
the CPS qnd the paral r I survey, 1993 qnnual qverages


                                                                                                   Thousends    of persons                      Percent        distribution

                             Reason and duration                                                         Parallel                                     Parallel
                                                                                            CPS’         Slxvey          Mfererwez     CPS’           survey             Dtierence2


                                       REASON                                                                                                             ..

       Totsl kmempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              a714          9S56               644        100.0             100.0
Job bsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4,731         3,830             -911        54.3               40.8               -13.5
  On Lsyoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1.091                            111         125               12.8                   .3
  other pb bM4S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           3.640         :%              -1,022        41.8               28.0               -13.8
Persons who oompbted temporuy ~                             . . .. . .. . . . .. . . .         (a)                             ?)         ?)               10.5                 ?)
Job isavers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  m                  -s8       10.8                92                 -1.7
Raentants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   ZU3           3@84               821        24.6               =7                   8.1
New entiartts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    m                -al          102                6.7                -3.5


                                     DURATfON


Leas then5 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .......... ..           a13e          ml                437         36.0               29.9                -6.1
5t014 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       ............                                             405        29.4               31.7                 22
15 weeks and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         . . .. . . .. . . . .   3,015                            575        34.6               36.4                 3.8
   15 to 28 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .. .. ..... . ..        1250                             =          14.3               15.8                 1.5
  27 weeks and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           ............            1.765         ;E                 W9         30.3               26                   3.3
     27 k 51 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .. ....... ...            747                            152         8.6                9.6                 1.0
     52 weeks qnd over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            . ........ ...          1.018            1215            197        11.7               13.0                 1.3

Average (mean) duration, inweeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       16.1             19.7            1.6
Median duration, in weeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 8.0              S.o            1.0


   1These qstimates ddfer sSgh~ tiom previously pubSsftad l=  q v-                                      in the values shown kr the *Ms        baoauee of independent rounding.
srages beoauee of the qstimation procedwe used.                                                           % Not svskbb.
  2 Thase d~e~s      maynotequeftberearrfts obtained from aoapar-

   “Complated temporary @b” was added as a major ~-                                                       The question on whether a person looked a pb dur-
                                                                                                                                                 for
son for unemployment category, based on a *       qu~
tioxl posed -to jobaaekers who Wme wor~      More they                                                  cept of pbsearch activity (see exhibit A), end followup
tilm~fm~k=Md~lma@@tp&m                                                                                  questions were added toobtein a full accounting of thepb-
was it a temporary @b thatended?” Undtr the old ~                                                       aearch methods used. The parallel_        yielded a Some
tiorma@ most people who becsme unemployed when                                                          what higher proportion of individuals who gave ~ve
their tempormy pb ended ware clsssKed as ‘pb 10IMSS.”                                                   reasons only-4.4 versus S2 percent ofaveryonereceiving
Under the new proced~        pmzcmswho compkt.ad tem-                                                   the pb2e3rcb question,
P=’Y Pbs a~ti           for ahcmt 11 percentOfau unem-
ployed. The pb loser proportion was lowered by close to                                                 Labor   force
this magnitude.                                                                                           The labor force participation ratq that is, the percenk
                                                                                                        age of the population that is either employed or unem-
Other changes. As &cussed in the section on major qu~                                                   ployed, was higher in the paralkl survey than in the CPS.
tiolmsire -e%      the distinction between active and pas-                                              For all workq the laborforceparticipationrate uehtgthe
eivepbssarch methods isacrctcisd on~and, in thenew                                                      nevrqueatifms was 66.6 percen~ compared with 664?per-
queatiormak+ rqonse mtegories were reorked anda-                                                        cent in the CPS. (See tables 1 and 2.)
pended for greater accurm.y in classifjiog ~         TWO                                                   Women’spertiapation rate was 69.1 percent in the par-
passive methods- ‘looked at ti         smd “attended pb                                                 ellelavmey, compared with 57.9 percent in the CPS. Teen-
-         progmmshotnzae”. wmaddedtothe~as                                                              agers and  older wakers also had higher participation rates
was a category celled %tber passive.’ In the *      inter-                                              m the parallel sumythan in the CPS. The Iaborforca per-
viewers were instructed to code passive jabsearch methods                                               tiapation mte for men, however, was somewhat lower in
as ‘nothing’ and other active methods as ‘other,” but                                                   the pamllal smwey- 74.8 versus 75.2 percent.
there was etid~~ ~t ~me passive methods were being                                                         To explain the difkences in participation rates among
miscoded as “other.” ALso,it is quite possible that some                                                certain demographic groups, the arguments used to ex-
active jobsaarch~ were miscoded as “nothing.”                                                           plain variations in employment and unemployment apply.




                                                                                                      5-18
That is, the new questionnaire generally obtains more la-        quent months, through dependent mtemewing,                 they are
bor force activity, espe&lly for those worker groups             asked if they did any work in the last week. If not, it is veri-
which have traditionally had more part-time or irregular        fied that they are still retired and do not want a pb. Nearly
participation.                                                  all of the people who were identifkd as retired in previous
                                                                months verify that they are still refired in the subsequent
Not In the labor force                                          month.
   Given the greater proportion of labor force psrtiapants         Similar cbangea ware made to reduce the burden for
in the parallel survey compared with the CPS, it follows        thwe who volunteer that they are disgbled or unable to
that the percentage of the population tht was out of the        work. (The latter category is intended to cover pimple with
labor force was lower in the parallel survey, 33.4 percent      a temporaryillnesa or in@rywho might not perceive them-
compared with 33.8 percent. The “not in the labor force”        selves es disabled, a term which may have a more perma-
group is large end div~       including retirees, homemak-      mt connotation.) Individd           who ~ rePoti       aS dis-
ers, studenti, the fl] and diaebi~ end d others WhO     ~       abled or tmable to work are askeda followup question to
neither working nor looking for work                            determine if they will be able to do any gainful work in the
                                                                next 6 months. lf they won’%the interview is ended. In
Discouraged iadter~. Within the “all dhers” cakgcxyis a         sukquent months, they are asked if they worked in the
group of prtidar inter~ed “                 workers. These      priorwdK. If no&theyaresaked to simply verify their p=
are people who want jobs but havenot searchedfor work           vious month’s status as disabled or unable to work.
in the prior month becausethey believethere are no @s to           It ishnportanttoheaware of the fact that the “shortcut”
be found or none for which they could qualify.                  offered to oldes smwy participants did not reduce the
   Aa discumedin the section on definitionalchanges,the         count d older persona who are active in the labor market.
definition of discoumged wakers was made mme restric-           On the contrary, the psdlel survey obtaineda larger labor
tive by requiring somesearch activity within the priaryear      ftmca among the older population than did the CPS. As
and availabilityto work.These two new aiter@ especially         explained in the sections cm employment and unemploy-
the former, contributed to a substantially reducednumber        men~ the new questions appeared to capture more
of discouraged workers in the parallel survey.compared          part-time and irreguk wor~aa wdl as more pbaearch
with the CPS. (Seetable 9.)                                     for these ~      of work resulting in higher estimatea of
   Mc@ but ncd~ of the reduction in dkouxagement is             labor force activity for several groupg including older
due to the change in defiiti~       but other chengb in the     workers.
questionnaire played a role also. “Even when estimates             It should also be noted that the response categories of
hased on the former definition were compared, thepsmllel        retired and disabled were intended merely to reduce the
survey estimates remained lower than those from the CPS.        burden af psrtiapeting in the survey, not to provide a
    Dab on a larger group of persons outaide the labor          complete countofretired disabled persona. Such clasai-
                                                                                              or
for% cq that includes discouraged workers as well as
P-ti       who desire work but give Otk?r~           for not
                                                                 Table 9. Discouraged workers by sex snd qge sslng 19a0
searching (such as child-care proble~ family respmsibi-          census-based rxrrsulation estimates from the CPS qnd the
I.ities,school, or transportation problems) may also be reh+     parallel suweyi li93 annual q vertges
vant for analysis. Tbia group is made up of persons who
                                                                 Jln thousands)
want a job, am -b]e       to wor~ and have looked work
                                                   for
within the past year. They constitute 2.1 peroent of the                      Category                    CPS’    Persnel   )ience2
not-in-th~lshor-force group in the parallel survey. There                                                         Swvay

is no comparable figure for the CPS, since the old question-
naire did not ask about recency of johaa.rch for those not       Not in labor force, tofal . .           65,447   64565        m
in the labor force.
                                                                   Discowaged workers
                                                                     Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1,127      424       -703
                                                                       Man . . . . . . . . . . . .          S23      2?1       -302
Rctr”re.dand disabled persons. One of the most frequent
                                                                       Women . . . . . . . . .                       204       -400
complaint from respondents and interviewers about the
                                                                         16t024yesrs       ....             Z2       *I4       -106
former questionnaire was the burden itplaced on retired
                                                                           Mea . . . . . . . . . .,         120       67         -s3
and disabled peopl~ who evmy month wece asked a des                        Women . . . . . . . .            102        47        -s3
of questions on labor fomeactivi~ which had nt)relevamx
                                                                         25 yesrs and over                  90s      311       -694
to their sitneticm. In the new quastionna@ several                         Men . . . . . . . . . .          404      154       -2s0
changes were made to q  ddresa tbia problem. In the case of                Women . . . . . . . .            502      1S7       -345
retirees 50 Y-    and over, “thefti month they volunteer
that they are retired they are skipped to a question asking        ‘ Theaa  estimetes &tier ti}ghtiy from previously published 1993
                                                                 averages because of the estimation procedure .uaed.
whether they currently want a job (either full or part time).      2 These differences may not q   qual the results obtained from corn.
If they do not want a pb, the intmiew    is ended. In subse-     paring the values shown in the tebk because of independent rounding.



                                                                5–19
iicaticms in the survey depend strictly on individuals’ vol-       pariaons only. The ofiicial unemployment mte estimates
unteering the information. No attempt is made to deter-            will continue to be derived from the 60,000 household
mine if thoee who asy they are retired ever worked at a pay-      sample that, as of January1994, ia administered with the
ing @b or met any other spedc           criteria. Moreover,       new automated questionnaire. Given i~ small sample size,
persons active in the labor force market who are alaore-          estimatee from the second parallel survey will have a great
tired from previoue careers or disabled are ciamifled as          deal of variability and thus R!dUCSd reliability. Specifkal-
employed or unemployed rather then es not in the labor            ly, the ata.adarderror on a 3-month mtional unemploy-
force (retired or disabled).                                      ment xati from the 1~000 household second parallel sur-
                                                                  veywillh emomtha ntwicea. elargeastheatandard error
             Historical Comparability                             from the 60,000 household sample. To put this in perapec-
                                                                  tiv~ data from the eeumd pamllel aurYeywould have to be
    The new questionnaire end mode of data collection will        %@’e@ted@@=f~            m~~ay==toobti               alevel
 result in changes for moat estimates. Examination of the         ofvariabilityse small as thatobtained for 1 month of CPS
 @al      survey data baahelped quantify the magnitude of         data collected from the 60,000 household sample.
these differancae and idenli& tti     poaaibl@”&uaea.   BQ3
 will no~ however, uae the paraUeI~          data to miaaue
 tikial estimates. Instead, BIS will @de      estimates end             Introduction of 1990 Census-Based
 auggedma in theform of reaemhfisnd            rrdicationa,
                                               =—.–
                                                                                 Population Controls
 in-&der to aid individual who examine CPS date histori-
 *.
    Some of the techniques being investigated for use m the
                                                                  Derivation of 1S90 census-based population
 construction of historical reeeamh ae&ainclude the impe
                                                                  controls, with adjustment for net census
 aition of old defiima   on the data collected bghming in
                                                                  undercoverage
 January 1994, construction of new ddjnitiona with date
                                                                     Be@nningwith the CPS estimates for January 1994, the
collected prior to January 1994,the use d mmaurement
                                                                  independent national population controls used for the age+
error models to exphme the atmchmd relationship be-
                                                                  aex-raoagroups in the second-stage estimation procedure
twsenthe CPS andthepaxallel aumeydstain orderto~
 diet what the CPS estimates would have been had the new          ~ ~       _       &pro$ctingforward the resident pop
                                                                  uhttion se enumerated on April 1,1990. Also, for the fii
procedures been used prior to January 1994,the explora-
                                                                  dm~ eatimatea d the decmmial cmaua undercoun~ ob
tion of geographic variation to gain insight into the effects
                                                                  tainedfrom the Post Enumeration SurYey(PES),are being
of the new qneetionnaireand procedures at different levels
                                                                  added to the population controls.
oftmempl~en~        and the tmckingdthe CPSand parallel
                                                                     Currentmonth CPS estimateaof the population are ad-
-       tia With Otherconcurrent measures of economic
activity.                                                         @td     to agree with independent population controls.
                                                                  These controls are developed km a variety of source+ aa
    Considerable analyaia of the aggregate unemployment
                                                                                    h
                                                                  described bSIOW. th            d-a@ge estimation p-
rate has already been compkted and is available from BIS
                                                                  d-    the CPS sample weigh, are adjuated to ensure that
                                                                                         T
UPCRI  mqueat. Work on other hbor market aeriee@ be
                                                                  sample-baaed eatimatea of population match the indepen-
COming over the next 12 to 18 months!
          Out
                                                                  dent controls. The CPS population estimates are conaia-
   Alaofor comparability, BI.J3 and the Bureau&the Cen-
                                                                  t.emtwith three aetadcontrcdafw
sus fl,    for a period, continue to conduct the “old
CPS” -that ia, with the old questionnaire end paper and
                                                                         1) 60 States and the District of Columbia
pencil procedure+ using the 1~000 houaebold ample in
the 1992-93 parallel survey. Current phma call for data                 2) 14 Hispanic and 6 non-l!fiapanic age-am groups
from this aeccmd parallel survey to be made wailable in
                                                                        3) 66 Whi@ 42 black, and 10 other race-ag-aez
July 1994 after the efkte c4 awitchingrespondente and rn-
                                                                           groups
terviewera from the automated survey to the paper smwey
                         It
have been iItVSStigStSd. ie immt          for data ~     and      The f- set cf controls is restricted to the civilian nonin-
the public b know that data from the second peraUel aur-          stitutional population (16 years and over) and the remain-
veysrebeing collected forthepurpea         cfhiatoricalcom-       ing controls are developed for the civilb nonimstitmtiond
                                                                  population plus nab&uth&         . edchildrsn lSyearaand
                                                                  under.
                                                                     *      the eon          ~trcda are dsrived pridy
                                                                  fiumnon-~~               theysreaaaumed      to containno
                                                                  =mphng emor end thus domt contribute to the variance
                                                                  of the survey estimates. The aecoztd-stagenkio adjustment
                                                                  reduces the variability of those CPS estimatea which are




                                                                5-20
 correlated with the population —particularly estimates of         are used to track refugee movements) Esumates of net Un
 employment and civilian labor force. At the same timg the         documented immigration and permanent emigration of
 adjustment partially corrects for CPS underccwemge of             legal United Shtea mddents are modeled using the 1980
 certain demogmphic groups, most notably H&panics.                 CeUSUS data from surveys and earlier censuses. The net
                                                                          and
    The 1990-based independent population controls are             movement of United States atizena from OV~      to the
Wgrqa= of more detailed population projections and are             United Mates ia estimated based on da~ provided by the
 developed in a manner similar to earlier controls. Decen-         Department of Defense and the OfTiceof Personnel Man-
nial census data and a variety ofadministm tive and survey         agement (for military and civilian Federal Government
information are used to. “age forward” eatima~ d the               pmaonneland their dependents). Other net migration is
 population to the current month, adjust for bii          and      assumed to be zero (e.g., movement ffforeign students end
 deaths, account for net migrati~ and theu subtaact the            civiliana not affii@d with the Fedend Government).
 counti of Armed Forces and institutionalized persons.             Mostofthe       da~arecharacterized       asad mmstmtivq
                                                                                                                      ..
The population figures derived in this manner are pro@-            although some data for recent months must be pro&ted.
tions based on adminhtretive estimatea, in contrast to the         Thus, whiletbe datearenotsubject to sampling error, they
survey-based astimatu of population ohtaimd fr~. the               may eozkain mmaampling errors and bias.
CPS. A description of the method used to make tbe                     The “inf’iationdeflation= method uses data from all
 1990-based pro~ons       is given here                            these sourcaatogenerate the current month’s national (not
   The base figures for the resident population are derived        Stita) projecticmaaf the resident population by eg~ sax,
from the 1990 decennial census, wl&k has an offii ref-             xace, and dnicity. The intlation-ddlation method is a
erence date of April 1, 1990. (The resident populatirmin-          variant of the standard cohort-component method in
cludes all persona living in the United States, regmvks of         which a population is aged forward a number &years tak-
age, institutional statua, or Armed Forces membership.)            ing into account -        deab and net migration by age.
The age distributions modifkl to corractforlagabetween             The cohort-component method is improved by factoring
the census date end the actual date of interview. The awe          inestimatee of thedecemial census undercounLusingthe
distribution is modified to be ccm&tent with OMB Direc-            method of inflstion-deflation.
tive 15, which stipulates that persona of unspaded ~                  The basic procedure may be described as follows. For
mostly persona of Hispanic orig&~aUocsted            tooneof       each ag-rac~        @ the 1990 ceasus population count ia
four race categties (Whi@ bla+ Amerhn h-                 &&i-      divided by the comsponding estimate of the resident pop
mo, and AAa@ Asian and Pacific Islander). As a result of           ulation made by demographic andyaia. The rramltingin-
these changes, the base f-differ       m age and race distri-      flation-deflation factors are estimates d cmsus ~e
bution from f~es     published by the Bureauof the Census          rates. The factors are assumed to be tinminvarirmt w   and
in decmmial census re~.       For details, ~ U.S. Bureuuw          aociated with a ~lc       age range. At the April 1 census
the Cenmt, Publieatzon CPH-L74, Age, Sez, Race, and                da~ the reciprocals of the factors are viewed aa inflating
Hi.rponic Origin Znformdion fiorn the 1990 Census: a               the census f-           up to the demogmphic smalysia
Compunhn of Cenms Results with Ruuh where Age and                  f-       (although these are not always larger). The demo-
Race haoe been Modified. The B-u          of the Census also       graphic analyais population estimate is aged forward
develops tites       of the April 1, 1990 population ind+          to the current time. Eatimatea of b~       and net migration
pendent of the 1990 census, using methods of demogrepb-            are added to each aged demographic analysis cell value,
ic analysis. These estimates are also used in developing the       and estimates c# deatha are subtracted. Eech cell value is
population controls for CPS.                                       then multiplied by the inflation-deflation factor d its new
   A mfid of data-sources are tapped to measure post-              age to deflate the value. While not comdingfor net census
censal change in the resident population due to b~,                undercount (which is both added and subtracted), the in-
dea~ end net migration. The Naticmel Centerfor Health              flation-deflation procedure preaerveathe age pattern cifthe
Statistics (NCHS) provid~ the Cenaua Bureau with data              amdercount. For maw information on date ~                  and
on births by aez, rsc~ and J-,ic       -        although data      methods, see CaurentPopuWon Reports, Series P-25, Ib
for the lateat month must be projzcted. Desthe by age, sez,         ports 1045 and 1095, U.S. Bureau cf the Census.
and race are also obtained from NCHS, althmgh the latest              Let us consider an example.The 1990factor ofapprozi-
6 months must be projected from a life teble based on               mately0.98for white male lS-~-olda        qmeaenta a 2-per-
NCHS and social Security Adminia&ation data. (The en-              cent undercount in the ~         tbefktor d 1.02 for White
tire aeriea of deaths for the ~             “ - population is      male 17-year-olds reprsrda an overcountof2             percent.
projected.) Dats on legal rntemational i~                  are     The demogmpbic analyaia population estimate is agedfor-
obtained from the Immigratkm and Natumiidion Ser-                   ward to the current time. Each aged demogmphic analysis
vic~ the OffIce of Refugee ReaeMemen$ and the Puerto                cell value ia adjusted for births, dee~       and migration.
Rican Planning Board (mostly projected between the lat-             Each cell value is then multiplied by the inflation-defle-
est July 1 to the current month, although preliminarydata           tmn factor for ita new age to deflate the cell value to corre




                                                                 5-21
  spend to the decennial census base. If the cunent reference         Effect of 1990 census-based population
  date is April 1994, the 13-y~-old white male cell value for         controls on national estimates
  the census is inflated by dividing by 0.98 and aged forward           CPS estimates of major labor force cbamcteristics for
  to 17 years of age. Deaths are subtracted, and net migM-           the annual average of 1993, using both the 1980 census-
  tion figures are added. The cell value is theII multiplied by      based and adjusted 1990 census-baaed population con-
  the 1.02 factor for the 17-year- old group, effectively            trols, are presented in table 10. An undercount ad@t-
  giving the new cell timate          a census overcount of 2        men~ based on results from the Census Bu.rmI’s Post
  percent.                                                           Enumeration Survey (PES), ia applied to the 1990-based
     To obkin the avilian noninstitutional population,               controls. These averages are baaed on monthly CPS e&i-
  which ia the universe for the CPS, the resident population         mates using the final weights computed after second-stage
  estimates for those 16years of age and over are reduced by         estimation, which are neither compoaited nor seasonally
  subtracting both Armed Forces personnel residing in the            adjumad.Under the new controls, the annual average esti-
  United States and civilians living in inatitxtiona. The num-       mate of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 yeara of
  ber of resident Mined Forces personnel is estimated using          age and over increased by about 1.3 million or 0.7 perceng
  data from the Department of Def~              The 199Lld-          the*         Uorforcerncreaaed by about 1.1 million or
 graphic census data on theinstituticmal ~leticmare          up.     0.9-$         and the kvel of unemployed increased by 0.2
 dated annually through a cmvaaa of group quarters facili-           mihn or 2.8 percent. The estimated totals using the 1990
 ties. The estimates of the resident population for those un-        population controls are considered to be more accumte,
 der 16 years of age are also reduced by subtracting the in-         since tke controls are projxted from the April 1990
 stitutional population.                                             decannhd census estimates and adjusted for undercount,
     As a last step, corrections for net census undercount are       whereas the 1980-baaed controls are projected from the
 applied. The level of the 1990 decennial census under-              1980 decennial c4naua Sstimstea.
 count is calculated from the PES by aex-m~aty                for       Under the new contik the estimate of the annual aver-
 each year of age. The level of undercount is assumed to be          age unemployment rats increased by 0.1 percentage point,
 invtit      over time, arid a matrix ~ ~dercm           ~ added     primarily because of the large upward population ad@-
 to the population projections. The overall level of the prcP        ment for JHiapanics(see below), who have an unemploy-
 jections is raised by the addition of this constant mati,           ment rate higher than the overall labor force. The labor
 but month-~month         changes in the population are unaf-        force participation rate increased by 0.2 percentage poin$
fected. See U.S. Bureau of the_             Asessmeni of Aceu-       and the eRlpklyIIL~&~p&itioII TStiO increased by 0.1
 racy of Ad&ted versus Unadjusted 1990 Census Bose for               percentage point.
 use in Intercensal Estimates: Report of the C!ommitieeon               Levels increased for the civilim nminstitutionsl popula-
 Adjustment of Posicensal Eda”matu. The uridercoun t ad-             tion and all labor force categories in all demographic
-         pro~tio~     = q%M@M to obtain the national                groups shown in table 10. The moat notable increases oc-
age-sex-ethnici~ and age-aex-mce population controls                 curred for Hispanics. The change from the 1980- to
used in s&ond-stage ratio adjMment.                                  1990-baaedestimates of the population for this group was
     State pro*ons      of the civilian noninstitutional popula-     app=imaMy        11 percent with amilar percentage in-
tion age 16 and-over are developed using simiiar proce-              creasesin employed aud unemployed levels. The difference
 dures. Population estimates for States are produced by age          Mw-       the 1980- ~d 1990-baaed estimates of tie ~em-
and sex only (not mce or Hispanic origin),end only the 16            ployment rate forallgroupq except teenagers, was near the
and over totals are used in computing independent con-               national avemge of 0.1 percentage ping for teenagers,
trols. Information from tax returns is used to estimate mi-          there was negligible change in the unempbyrnent rate.
gration between States. For each State, the population 16               Differences in labor force participation rates for adult
yeara end over is calculated for each July. The two most             mq blacks, and Hispanics were above the national aver-
recent July figures give the Mast estimate of year-tqear             age of 04! percentage poin~ while the differences for adult
change. For the current mon~ a straight-line extrapola-              womq teemgers, and whites were below the national
tion of the change is madq with a new base series for the            avemge. Differences in employment-population mtios also
projection inatituti       each January. Counts of tident            exceeded the national average of 0.1 percentage point
Armed Forces and the institutional population 16 years               for adult men, blacks, and Hispanics, while there werevir-
and older are subtracted to yield the civilian noninstitu-           tually no difTeren~ for adult women, teensgem, end
tional population. A pro rata ad&stment ensures the addi-            whites.
tivity of the State pro~ti~           to the projection for the
national civilian noninstitutional population. For more               Total effects due to changes In methods and
information, see Current Population Reports, Series P-25,             population controls
Reports 957 and 1010, Buraiu of the Census.                             Diierencesin Iabor force estimates using the old end




                                                                    5-22
new questio~~        and data collection procedures were            Table 11 also shows that for the unemployment rate the
presented in the section on the redesign. These differences      effects from new population controls are about 0.1 per-
W= calculated from 1993 annual avexage CPS and para.             cenage point all deepbic
                                                                                 for                   groups except teenag-
llel survey estimates based on 1980 population controls          ers. The total eff~     vary from 0.3 percentage point for
and represent ckges that can be attributed to the red~           adult men to 1.6 percentage points for teenagers. The d-
~.    Chng= in 1993 CPS estimates attributed to the new          fects from population controls are fairly stable over time
population controls were dkussed in the previous section.        so the annusl average ia similar to the population control
 This section presentsa brief dixuasion of the combinedef-       tied for a giv~ montiq however, as the redesign effects
fects of the new questionnaire and controls by comparing         vary from month to month, especially for Hispanics and
labor force estimates from the 1993 CPS, ad@ted to               -era,       the annual average redesign effect may not be a
 1980-besedcontrols, with estimateefrom the parallelsur-         good indicator of difference for a single month.
vey, ad-        to 1990-baaedcmtrola.                               The total change for labor fcme participation rates in
   Table 10shows annual averageestimates of mapr labor           table 11 varies from -0.2 percentage point for adult men to
force chamcteristics for b 1993 CPS {i980-based)and              2.3 percentage points for teenagers   and Hispanics. The ef-
the parallel survey (1990-based)and the difference k             fect due to population controls is largest for blacks. For the
tween these estimates. The sdfed from the new methods            employment-population ratiq the total changes are larger
and population controls are seeentially additive. Fm ex-         for teenagere (about 1 Perceatsge poing all attributed to
ample, the estimate of civilian labor force increased by 2       the redesign) and Hiapanica (0.8 percentage point from the
milli~ an increaseof 1.1 millionis due @the new popula-          redesign and 0.3 percentage point due to populatiomcon-
tion controls as reported in the previous aecti~ and the         trols). Again, the estimates of the redesign efkta for teen-
remainder (0.9 million) ia atkibuted to the survey reb           agera and Hispani= have a high degree d month-t&
sign. Similarly, edmated total employment increased by           month variability, prhariiy due to small sample sises. For
1.1 million under the new methods and population con-            adult men and blacks, the total effect on the e~ploymemt-
trols. Of this amo~ about 0.9 *OD is due to the new              population ratio ia a decline of about om+half of one per-
contrcdaand 0.2 million is contributed by the new ques-          centage point.
tionnaire. Total unemployment increased by 0.9 million,
of which 0.7 million is attributed to the redesign and 0.2       Effect on State and Area Estimates
million is due to the new population controls.                      Be@ming with dmates for +muary 1994, State and
   The Sum due to the population controls and the redesign       area labor market atatistica produce@by BE in coopers-
may not equal the to&defhctin table 10, prkarilybeceuae          tion with Stste Employinent Security Agrmaee also rdlect
the new population controls affect CPS and padlel aunwy          a number of important changes. Cmaiatent with changea
estima~ differently. For axamplE+the pamllel survey              sff~g     the national date, these include:
yields a larger estimate of the number of unemployed; con-         q   implementation of the CPS red-           and
sequently, the effect due to the population controls would         q introduction of 1990 fmsus-basd       population m-
be slightly larger for that survey estimate. In addition,        trols (adjusted for the estimated population undercoun t).
there are minor differences in the CPS and parallel survey
                                                                   In addition, the Stite and area labor market estimatee
second-stage estimation algorithms.
                                                                 are affected by.
   The breakdown of the total effect on various rates and
mtioa is giveD in table 11. The in~       in the annual aver-      . improved time-series models for the smaller Statee,
age unemplo~ent      rate ia 0.6 percentage poing since the      and
difference due to population oontrola is 0.1 percentage            q   incorporation of selected 1990 c&ua data in the
@n& the contribution from the sedaaign is 0.5 percentage         geographic definition of labor market ~   and in local
point. The labor force participation rate increased by a to      area labor force estimation.
tal of 0.6 percentage poin$ with 0.2 percdage point due
                                                                   Each of these topics will be explained in a detailed
to population controls. The total change in the emp]oy-
                                                                 article which will appear in the March 1994 iaaue of this
ment-population ratio is 0.2 percentage point. The change
                                                                 publication.
attributed to the red-is      about half this amoung or 0.1
percentage point. Note that the ti       efkt ia not always      Further Information
the sum of two positive effects. For example, the&d ef-            Additional information is available on all of the sub-
fect for adult men’s employm~t-population ratio ia -0.4          revered in this article. Requests should be sent ti U.S.
_@ge         point. The effect from population controls is       Bureau M Labor Statistics, Room 4676,2 Maaaachus@ta
0.3 _tage        poing and the questionnaire dfect ie -0.7       Avenue NE., Washington, DC 20212-0001. The tdephone
percen~ge point.                                                 number is (202) 606-6378; Fax (202) 606-6426.




                                                                5–23
 Table 10. Total effeti          of the qdjusted 1990 censushased                      popnlat~neon~olsqnd the redesign       on selected      labor force groups, tS93
 qnnual qverages

JNumbers in thousands)

                                                                                      CPS                Paralkl survey                           Effec#


                                                                                       Adjusted                   Adjusted                         Popu.
             Empbyment status and group                                      1960        1990          1960         1990          Total            Iabon        Iedeeign
                                                                            census-    censu=        sarrsua-     oansua-                         conwols
                                                                            basedl      based         baaad        baaad          (4-1)            (2-1 )        (31)

                                                                               (1)          (2)         (3)          (4)           (5)               (6)          (7)



                         TOTAL

 Civitiin noninstitutional population . . . .                 . ...        193,560      194,605      193,650       194,805                          1255              o
   Cwilkm labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         Peroarrt ofpoprdation . . . . . . . . .
                                                              ....
                                                              . ...
                                                                           126,103
                                                                              862
                                                                                        129240
                                                                                           88.3
                                                                                                     128,965
                                                                                                        86.6
                                                                                                                   130,103
                                                                                                                      88.6
                                                                                                                                  l“   .6
                                                                                                                                                    1,137
                                                                                                                                                        2
                                                                                                                                                                  862

      Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         . .. .       119.389      120,323      119,806       120,511         1,112                          2;:
         Empbyment-population rado . . .                      .. ..           61.7         61.8         61.8           61.8            2               .1           .1
       Unemptoyect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        ....           8,714        8.917        9=            9,592           678             203          845
         Unempbyment rate . . . . . . . . . .                 ....              6.8          69          .7.3           7.4            .6              .1           .5

              Men, 20 years qnd over

Cwilian noninstitutional population .             .   ..      .   ...       85,908      86290         65,650        86238            329             384           -58
  Cwilian labor force . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   ..      .   ...       66,0n       66,880                      66,197           120             604         -478
       Parcent ofpopulafion . . . . . .           .   ..      .   ...         76.9                      76.4           76.6           -2               .4           -.5
     Employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   ..      .   ...       61,884      fJzd          61~           61.788           -97             519         -801
       Empbyment-population ratio                 .   ..      .   ...         72.0                      71.4           71.7             4              .3             6
     Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   ..      .   ...        4,193          4,278      4316          4,410           2;8              85          l-k
       Unempbyment rate . . . . . . .             .   ..      .   ...           6.4            6.4        6.8           6.7            .3              .1            2

         Women,        20 years qnd over

CMiin noninstitutional population . .                 ..      .   .   ..    94,369      94s           94,361        94,590           201             209          -28
 Civiliarr labor loose . . . . . . . . . . . . .      ..      .   .   ..    55,164      55,379        58,162        56,363         1,178             195          978
       Percent of population . . . . . . .            ..      .   .   ..      58.5                                                    1.1              .1
    Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       ..      .   .   ..    51H         5Z?1O         52%l&5        52?%             769             144          :
       Empbyment.populetiorr ratio .                  ..      .   .   ..      55.1        55.1          55.6          55.8             .7              .0             .7
    Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         ..      .   .   ..     3,218       3,270         3,559         3,627                            51
       Unempbyment rate . . . . . . . .               ..      .   .   ..        5.8         5.9           6.3           6.4               .6           .1             .5

         Both saxes, 16 to 19 years

C&ifiannoninatitutbnal population . . . . . . . .                           13254       13,916        13.336        13.979           725             662            84
   Civiliintsborforce   .... . .......            .   ..      .   .   ..     6,842       7.160         7203          7,s3            701             338          361
         Parcent of population . . . . . .        .   ..      .   .   ..      51.6        51.6          54.0           54.0           2.3              .0          2.4
     Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   ..      .   .   ..     5,540       5,812         5,719         5,969           449             272          179
         Empbyment.population ratio               .   ..      .   .   ..      41.8        41.6          42.9          426             1.1              .0          1.1
     Unemployed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   ..      .   .   ..     1,302       1,369         1,485         1,554           2s2              86          182
         Unampbyment rate . . . . . . .           .   ..      .   .   ..      19.0        19.1          20.6          20.6            1.6              .0          1.6

                       White

CMiin noninstitution~ population .                .   ..      .   .   ..   163,821     164288        163,921       164288            347             847
 Civfian labor force . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   ..      .   .   ..   109,407     109,736       110209        110,550         1,143             a            80!
      Perwntof population . . . . . .             .   ..      .   .   ..      66.7        66.8          672            67.3            .6                           .5
    Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   ..      .   .   ..   10Z691      103,114       103267        103,482           592             A            376
      Empbyment-population rati                   .   ..      .   .   ..      =.8         828           63.0                           2                .0          2
    Unempbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   ..      .   .   ..     6,516       6,822         6,942         7:&”            551              lM          426
      Unampbyment reta . . . . . . .              .   ..      .   .   ..        6.0         6.0           6.3           6.4            .4               .1          3


                        Black

Ciuiiiin noninstitutional populatin .             .   .   .   .   .   ..                22=           ZH29          22$&             176              176             0
  Ctiin    labor force . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .   ..    13,957      14,224        13,806        14,171           214                           -49
        Parsant ofpopuietion . . . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   ..      825         832           82.3           63.0              .5                .7       -2
      Empbyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   .   .   .   ..    12148       12,370        11,923        12,133            -14            m           -225
        Empbyment-population ratio                .   .   .   .   .   ..      54.4        55.0          53.4           53.9            ..5              .6        -1.0
      Unemployed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .   ..     1,809       1,655         1,985         2,038           229               45          176
        Unempbymenl rate . . . . . . .            .   .   .   .   .   ..      13.0        13.0           14.3          14.4            1.4              .1          1.3




                                                                                             5–24
    Table       10. Total      •ff~t         Of   the   #djus@d     1990      census.b~eed          population conwok            qnd the redesign      on selected    labOr fOrCe groups, 1993
    qllflllai    qverages - continued

    jNumbers in thousends)

                                                                                                  CPS                       Perstbl   survey                              Eflec?

                                                                               t
                                                                                                     Adjusted                            Adjusted                           Popu-
                  Empbyment status and group                                        1980               1990               1880             1880            Total            lation          Redesign
                                                                                   censu-            census-             ceneus-         censu-                           coneok
                                                                                   baeedl             based              based            based            (4-1)            (2-1)             (3-1)
                                                                                                                                                                          .
                                                                                          (1)              (2)             (3)             (4)              (5)                (6)             (7)


                             Hispanic origin
                                                                              I
    Cwiiisn noninstitutional population . . . . . ~..                              15,753              17,%              15,753           17W               1,752             1.752              0
     Civilisniebor force . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . .                     IQ385               t l,6tl           10,668           11=               1s548             1226             281
                                                                                                           66.3             67.7            662               2.3                 .4            1.8
                                                                                                       10,370              9,412          Ioz               1s43              1,085            127
                                                                                                           5s2              69.7            60.1               12                 .3             .8
                                                                                                         1241             .I=              1.405              w                 141            155
                                                                                                           10.7             11.8            11.6               12                 .1            12
~                                                                                     ~
   1 Theee estimates d~  slightly from previously published 1893 ever.                                                  qgree due to efight dlffererrcee in osdmatig          procedures.
ages because of the estimatin procedure used.
  2 Chengee hr coiumn 5 minus those in coiumn 6 do not ~h                                                                                                               o
                                                                                                                        NOTE Deteii40r the above race and Hiscmnio-orioin rotmswill not
equal those in column 7 primarily becesrsa the popuistbn comWa qf-                                                  eum to btde bacersae d-          for the ‘other rao&s- group u~not&esented
Iectad the CPS and the perafial qrvery aa6metea difkwerrdy.Moreover,                                                and Hispertbeueinciuded          in both the whha qnd black population groups.
population as6mates obtsined from the two etnvays do tit ehvays

    Tsble 11.
            Totai effect of                       qdjuated
                                                         1990           certasa.baeed            popeistion aemrols        srtd tise tedeefgn      on eeiected Idsor force rstloe qnd rstea,           “
    1993qnnusl qverages.
    (Percent)
                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                    Efiec?
                                       Category
                                                                                                  CPs 1980              Perelai Smrey,
                                                                                                tarsus-basadt           qdjusted 19W                                Population
                                                                                                                        censu+eed                 Total                                Radeeign
                                                                                                                                                                     Oorrboie


                     Labor force ptticipation                     rates

    Total, 16yeers and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             862                      66.8                   0.6                 02                   0.4
     Men,20yesrs          andover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...”..                            76.9                     76.8                   -2                   .4                    5
     Women, 20yesrs and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                    58.5                     59.6                                        .1                  ;1
     Both eexes,16to 19years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                  51.6                     54.0                   &                    .0                  24
     White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                66.7                     67.3                    .6                  .1                   .5
     Bieck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                625                      63.0                    .5                  .7                  -2
     H~anio origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        65.9                     682                    23                   .4                  1.8

                     Etnployrnem-population ratios

    Total, 16yesrs wrdcnw . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   .......    .               61.7                      61.8                    2                   .1
     Men,20yaars           andover . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .......    .               720                       71.7                   -. 4                 .3                  -.
     Women,20years               andovar . . . . . . . . . .            .......    .               55.1                      65.8                    .7                  .0                   .;
     Botheexes, 16t019yaars                     .. ..... ... .          .......    .               41.8                                             1.1                  .0                  1.1
     Whii                                                                                          628                       63.0                                        .0                   2
             .”.-””.”.”.””...””””””””””.””””””””..
     Blrsck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   ........                   54.4                                             -;                   .6                 -1.0
     H~anb       origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       ........                   58.9                      60.1                   12                   .3                   .8
                             Unernpioyrnent rates

    Total, 16years and over . . . . . .                   ........      ...   .....                  6.8                      7.4                    .6                  .1                   .5
     Men,20yeersatiovaf                    .....          ........      ...   .....                  6.4                      6.7                    .3                  .1                   2
     Women,20yesrs              andovar . .               ........      ...   .....                  5.8                      6.4                    .6                  .1                   .5
     Botlteaxes, 16t019 years . . .                       ........      ...   .....                 19.0                     20.6                   1.6                  .0                  1.6
     White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      ........      ...   .....                  6.0                      6.4                    .4                  .1                   .3
     Biack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      ........      ...   .....                 13.0                     14.4                   1.4                  .1                  1.3
     Hispanic origin . . . . . . . . . . . . .            ........      ...   .....                 10.6                     11.8                   12                   .1                  12


       1 These estimates differ digh~bornrovio@ published 1883 q v-
                                          p                                                                         LThe sum of the diftarence dw to population conwois and the redesign
    erages because of the estimation procedure used.                                                                may not equal the total difference primarily due to rounding.



                                                                                                                  5-25
 Bureau of Labor Statistics
 Regional Offices




           .0
                    Q-
                ma”..


                         7?



Region 1                        Regton IV                       Regions VUand VIII
  1 Congress Street 10thFloor      1371PeachtreeStreeL N.E.       911 Walnut Street
  Boston, MA 02114-2023                   G
                                   A~lanta, A30367-2302           Kansas c~, MO 64106-2009
  Phone: (617) 565-2327            Phone:(404)347-4416            Phorw (816) 426-2481

Region II                       Region V                        Regions IX and X
  Rcmm808                         9th Floor                       71 Stevenson Street
  201 Varick Street               FederalCMice Building            P.O. 80X 193766
  New York, NY 10014-4811         230 S. DearbornStreet           San Franciam, CA 84119-3766
  Phone: (212) 337-2400           Ch-go, IL 60604-1595            Phone (415) 744-6600
                                  Phone:(312)353-1880
Region U
  3535 Market Street            Region Vt
  P.O. Box 13309                  FederalBuilding
  Philadelphia, PA 19101-3309     525 GriftinStreet. Room 221
  Phone: (215) 596-1154           Dallas,TX 75202-5028
                                  Phone:(214)767-6970


                                            5–26
                                             ATTACHMENT 6

                                  HOW TO USE THE RECORD LAYOUT


Data users familiar with the CPS data files in prior years will see many similarities between the format of
this file and those files released before January 1994. As in the past, there are numeric locations on the file
which correspond to each variable. There is only one record layout which contains the variables for
children, adults, and armed forces members. In prior years, each type of person had a separate record
layout.

Item Naming Conventions

+     The first character of each variable name is one of the following:

     H - Household item
     G - Geography item
    *P - Person item (includes adult items, child items, and armed forces items)

      * There is no need to distinguish adult, child, and armed forces items in the variable names in the
         new system. The recode PRPERTYP (located in positions 161-162) tells you what category the
         person is in.

+     The second character of each variable name is one of the following

      E -   Edited item
      U -   Unedited item
      X -   Allocation flag (see Attachment 17 for more information)
      W-    Weight
      R -   Recode

+     The remaining characters describe the variable.

+     For multiple entry items, the file contains a separate variable for each possible response. Each item
      has the same descriptive name but a number is added as the last digit. For example, Question 22A
      allows separate entries for up to 6 job search methods. The item names are PELKM1 (this item is
      edited), PULKM2, (this item is unedited), PULKM3, etc. These items are located in positions 296-
      307 of the record layout.




                                                        6-1
                                               ATTACHMENT 7

             CHANGES TO CPS PUBLI C USE FILES EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 1995


Effective September 1995, a number of revisions were made to the CPS public use files. Most were related to
the recent phase-in of a new sample based on the results of the 1990 Census. This phase-in was completed in
June 1995. Part of this changeover was the use of new metropolitan area definitions based on the results of the
1990 Decennial Census in selecting the new sample. As such, beginning in September 1995, metropolitan area
definitions effective June 30, 1993 will be identified subject to confidentiality restrictions on the CPS public use
files. The new variables and their locations are given below.

Concurrent with this revision, several other changes were made to the CPS public use files. The most important
of these was the creation of a new set of household identification numbers for the September forward files.
Bureau of the Census confidentiality restrictions require that we preclude the possibility of matching any
households from data files before and after the September 1995 date. In conjunction with this, the Bureau revised
its sample household numbering scheme. These two considerations resulted in the creation of a 15 character
household identification number. The location of this number is now in characters 1-15 (previously 1-12) of all
non-March files and characters 344-358 (previously 320-331) on the March files.

Also, on non-March files, the following variables changed locations:

                                                         Location
                        Name                     Old                      New

                        HUINTTYP                 13-14                    16-17
                        HULENSEC                 15-19                    109-113
The other change involves the suppression of several 3-digit occupation codes. Specifically, Codes 003 and 016
(legislators and postmasters, respectively) are collapsed into Code 022, (managers and administrators, N.E.C.)
Also, Code 179, (judges) was collapsed into Code 178, (lawyers). None of the changes affected any of the
occupation recodes.




                                                         7-1
                              NON-MARCH LOCATIONS                       MARCH LOCATIONS

 Geographic Variable   Prior to September 1995     September 1995   Prior to         March 1996
                                                   and Forward      September 1995   and Forward

 MSA/PMSA FIPS                  96-99                  97-1oo           44-47            44-47
 CODE

 CMSA FIPS CODE                 94-95                  95-96            53-54*           53-54

 METROPOLITAN/                 107-108                 105               57               57
 NON-
 METROPOLITAN
 STATUS

 CENTML                        111-112                 104               58               58
 CITY/BALANCE
 STATUS

 MSAIPMSA SIZE                  NIA                     107              56*               56

 CMSA/MSA SIZE                 103-104                  108              55*               55

 INDIVIDUAL                    109-110                 106              285               285
 CENTRAL CITY
 CODE

 FIPS COUNTY                    NIA                    101-103          N/A              50-52
 CODE

*NOT ON THE MARCH 1995 FILE




                                                 7-2
                                               A’TTACHMEHT              8


                             Basic Current     Population      Survey       Record   Layout


STARTING SEPTEMBER 1995


NAME           SIZE             DESCRIPTION                                                    LOCATION



   AMitems, except those with one character, also can have values of -1, -2, or-3 even if such values are
   not listed in the documentation. The meanings of these values areas fallows:

               -1 = Blank or not in universe
               -2 = Don’t know
               -3 = Refused

   Most edited items (E or R) in the second character of the item name also can be blank. This means
   that the record was not in universe for that item.


                          Al. HOUSEHOLD INFORMATION

HRHHID          15      HOUSEHOLD IDENTIFIER                                                         1-15

                        EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

HUNITYP          2     TYPE OF INTERVIEW                                                            16-17

                       VALID ENTRIES

                          O = Noninterview or indeterminate
                          1 = Personal
                          2 = Telephone

FILLER           2                                                                                  18-19

HUPRSCNT         2      NUMBER OF ACTUAL AND AllEMPTED                                              20-21
                        PERSONAL CONTACTS

                        VALID ENTRIES

                          1 = Min Value
                          9 = Max Value

HURESPLI         2      LINE NUMBER OF THE CURRENT RESPONDENT                                       22-23

                        VAUD ENTRIES

                         o = Min Value
                        99 = Max Value




                                                         8-1
NAME         SIZE             DESCRIPTION                                         LOCATiON

HUFINAL       3     FINAL OUTCOME CODE                                               24-26

                    Outcome Codes Between 001 And 200 Are For CATI.
                    AHOther Outcome Codes Are For CAPI.

                    VALID ENTRIES

                    000   =   New Interview - Not Contacted
                    001   =   Fully Complete CATI Interview
                    002   =   Partially Completed CATI Intewiew
                    005   =   kbor Force Complete, Supplement Incomplete - CATI
                    024   =   HH Occupied Entirely By Armed Forces Members
                    115   =   Partial Interview With Caflback Planned - CATI
                    200   =   New Interview - Contacted
                    201   =   CAPI Compiete
                    202   =   Caflback Needed
                    203   =   Stilcient Pattial - Precloseout
                    204   =   Stilcient Partial -At Closeout
                    205   =   labor Force Complete, - Suppl. Incomplete - CAPI
                    210   =   CAPI Complete Reintewiew
                    216   =   No One Home
                    217   =   Temporarily Absent
                    218   =   Refused
                    219   =   Other Occupied - Specify
                    224   =   Armed Forces Occupied Or Under Age 14
                    225   =   Temp. Occupied W/persons W~h Ure
                    226   =   Vacant Regular
                    227   =   Vacant - Storage Of Hhld Furniture
                    228   =   Unfti, To Be Demolished
                    229   =   Under Construction, Not Ready
                    230   =   Converted To Temp Business Or Storage
                    231   =   Unoccupied Tent Or Trailer Site
                    232   =   Permit Granted - Construction Not Started
                    233   =   Other - Specify
                    240   =   Demolished
                    241   =   House Or Trailer Moved
                    242   =   Outside Segment
                    243   =   Converted To Perm. Business Or Storage
                    244   =   Merged
                    245   =   Condemned
                    246   =   Built After April 1, 1980
                    247   =   Unused Serial No./listing Sheet Line
                    248   =   Other - Specify

HUSPNISI-I    2     IS SPANISH THE ONLY LANGUAGE SPOKEN                              27-28
                    BY ALL MEMBERS OF THIS HOUSEHOLD
                    WHO ARE 15 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER?

                    VALID ENTRIES

                      1 = Spanish Only language Spoken




                                                    8-2
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                                             LOCATION

HETENURE    2     ARE YOUR LIVING QUARTERS...                                         29-30
                  (READ ANSWER CATEGORIES)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: HRINTSTA = 1 OR HUTYPB = 1-3

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Owned Or Being Bought By A HH Member
                   2 = Rented For Cash
                   3 = Occupied Wtihout Payment Of Cash Rent

HEHOUSUT    2     TYPE OF HOUSING UNIT                                                31-32

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   o   =   Other Unit
                   1   =   House, Apartment, Flat
                   2   =   Hu In Nontmnsient Hotel, Motel, Etc.
                   3   =   Hu Permanent In Transient Hotel, Motel
                   4   =   Hu in Rooming House
                   5   =   Mobile Home Or Trailer W/no Perm. Room Added
                   6   =   Mobile Home Or Trailer W/l Or More Perrn. Rooms Added
                   7   =   Hu Not Specified Above
                   8   =   Quarters Not Hu In Rooming Or Brding Hs
                   9   =   Unit Not Penn. In Transient Hotl, Motl
                  10   =   Unoccupied Tent Site Or Trlr Site
                  11   =   Student Quarters In College Dorm
                  12   =   Other Unit Not Specified Above


HETELHHD    2     IS THERE A TELEPHONE IN THIS                                        33-34
                  HOUSE/APARTMENT?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: HRINTSTA = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

H~ELAVL     2     IS THERE A TELEPHONE ELSEWHERE ON                                   35-36
                  WHICH PEOPLE IN THIS HOUSEHOLD CAN
                  BE CONTACTED?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: HETELHHD = 2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No




                                                8-3
NAME       SIZE              DESCRIPTfON                              LOCATION

HEPHONEO    2     ISA TELEPHONE INTERVIEW ACCEPTABLE?                    37-38

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: HETELHHD = 1 OR H=EIJAVL = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

HUFAMINC    2     FAMILY INCOME (COMBINED INCOME OF ALL FAMILY           39-40
                  MEMBERS DURING THE LAST 12 MONTHS. INCLUDES
                  MONEY FROM JOBS, NH INCOME FROM BUSINESS, FARM
                  OR RENT, PENSIONS, DIVIDENDS, INTEREST, SOCIAL
                  SECURITY PAYMENTS AND ANY OTHER MONEY INCOME
                  RECEIVED BY FAMILY MEMBERS WHO ARE 15 YEARS OF
                  AGE OR OLDER.)

                  VAUD ENTRIES1

                    1=       Less Than $5,000
                    2        5,000 to 7,499
                    3:       7,500 to 9,999
                    4=       10,000 to 12,499
                    5=       12,500 to 14,999
                    6        15,000 to 19,999
                    7:       20,000 to 24,999
                    a=       25,000 to 29,999
                    9=       30,000 to 34,999
                   10    =   35,000 to 39,999
                   11    =   40,000 to 49,999
                   12    =   50,000 to 59,999
                   13    =   60,000 to 74,999
                   14    =   75,000 or More

HUIYPEA     2     TYPE A NONINTERVIEW REASON                             41-42

                  VALID ENTRIES

                    1    =   No One Home (Nob)
                    2    =   Temporarily Absent pa)
                    3    =   Refused (Ref)
                    4    =   Other Occupied - Specify

HUTYPB      2     ~PE    B NON-INTERVIEW REASON                          43-44

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1    =   Vacant Regular
                    2    =   Temporarily Occupied By Persons W/ Ure
                    3    =   Vacant-storage Of Hhld Furniture
                    4    =   Unfit Or To Be Demolished
                    5    =   Under Construction, Not Ready
                    6    =   Converted To Temp Business Or Storage
                    7    =   Unoccupied Tent Site Or Trailer Siie
                    8    =   Permit Granted Construction Not Sta~ed
                    9    =   Other Type B - Specify



                                                    8-4
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                                 LOCATION

HUTYPC      2     lYPE C NON-INTERVIEW REASON                             45-46

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Demolished
                   2   =   House Or Tmiler Moved
                   3   =   Outside Segment
                   4   =   Converted To Perm. Business Or Stomge
                   5   =   Merged
                   6   =   Condemned
                   8   =   Unused Line Of Listing Sheet
                   9   =   Other - Specify

HWHHWGT    10     HOUSEHOLD WEIGHT                                        47-56
                  (4 IMPUED DECIMAL PUtCES)
                  USED FOR TALLYING HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: HRINTSTA = 1

HRINTSTA    2     INTERVIEW STATUS                                        57-58

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Intetview
                   2 = Type A Non-lntewiew
                   3 = Type B Non-Interview
                   4 = Type C Non-lntewiew

HRNUMHOU    2     TOTAL NUMBER OF PERSONS UVING                           59-60
                  IN THE HOUSEHOLD (HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS).

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   O = Min Value
                  16 = Max Value

HRHTYPE     2     HOUSEHOLD TYPE                                          61-62

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    o=     Non-lnte~iew Household
                    1=     Husband/Wiife Primary Family (Neither AF)
                    2 =    Hush/Wiie Prim. Family (Either/Both AF)
                    3 =    Unmarried Cwiiian Male-Prim. Fam Hhlder
                    4=     Unmarried Civ. Female-Prim Fam Hhlder
                    5=     Primaty Family Hhlder-Rp In AF, Unmar.
                    6=     Cwilian Male Primary Individual
                    7 =    Civilian Female Primary Individual
                    8 =    Primary Individual Hhld-Rp In AF
                    9 =    Group Quarters Wtih Family
                   10 =    Group Quarters W~hout Family


                                                  8-5
NAME       SIZE           DESCRIPTION                       LOCATION

HRMIS       2     MONTH-IN-SAMPLE                              63-64

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1 = Min Value
                    8 = Max Value

HRMONTH     2     MONTH OF INTERVIEW                           65-66

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                  01 = Min Value
                  12 = Max Value

HRYEAR      2     YEAR OF INTERVIEW                            67-68

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   O = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value

HRLONGLK    2     LONGITUDINAL UNK INDICATOR                   69-70

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHt_DsIN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    O = Mis 1 or Replacement HH (No Link)
                    2 = Mis 2-4 or Mis 6-8
                    3 = Mis5

HRSAMPLE    4     SAMPLE IDENTIFIER                            71-74

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                  1st Digit - A-Z
                  Digits 24-000-989

HRSERSUF    2     SERIAL SUFFIX                                75-76
                  IDENTIFIES EXTRA UNITS

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLDs IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                  A-Z
NAME      SIZE          DESCRIPTION                       LOCATION

HUHHNUM    2     Household Number                            77-78

                 The Initial Household Receives A
                 Value Of 1, And Subsequent Replacement
                 Households Increase The Value By 1.

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                 01 = Min Value
                 08 = Max Value

HUBUS      2     DOES ANYONE IN THIS HOUSEHOLD               79-80
                 HAVE A BUSINESS OR A FARM?

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = Yes
                  2 = No

HUBUSL1    2     ENTER UNE NUMBER                            81-82
                 FOR HUBUS = 1

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                 01 = Min Value
                 99 = Max Value

HUBUS12    2     See BUSL1                                   83-84

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = Min Value
                 99 = Max Value

HUBUSL3    2     See BUSL1                                   85-88

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  I = Min Value
                 99 = Min Value

HUBUSL4    2     See BUSL1                                   87-88

                 VAUD ENTRiES

                  1 = Min Value
                 99 = Max Value




                                              8-7
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                        LOCATION

                    A2. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

GEREG       2     REGION                                          89-90

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1    =   Northeast
                   2    =   Midwest (Formeriy North central)
                   3    =   South
                   4    =   West

GESTCEN     2     CENSUS STATE CODE                               91-92

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                  11 = ME         51 = DE          85= NM
                  12 = NH         52 =MD           86=AZ
                  13 =VT          53 = DC          87= UT
                  14 = MA         54 = VA          88= NV
                  15 = RI         55 =Wv           91= WA
                  16=CT           56 = NC          92= OR
                  21 = NY         57 = Sc          93= CA
                  22 = NJ         58 = GA          94= AK
                  23 = PA         59 = FL          95= HI
                  31 = OH         61=KY
                  32 = IN         62 = TN
                  33 = IL         63 =AL
                  34 = Ml         64=MS
                  35 = WI         71 = AR
                  41 = MN         72=   IA
                  42 = IA         73 = OK
                  43=M0           74=TX
                  44 = ND         81 = MT
                  45 = SD         82 = ID
                  46 = NE         83=WY
                  47 = KS         84 = CO

GESTFIPS    2     FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING                 93-94
                  STANDARDS (FIPS) STATE CODE

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                  01    =AL     12     = FL
                  02    =AK13=GA
                  04=     AZ15=HI
                  05    = AR    16     = ID
                  06    = CA    17     = IL
                  08=     C018=IN
                  09    =CT19=          IA
                  10    = DE    20    = KS
                  11    =DC21=KY


                                                   8-8
NAME     SIZE                                                        LOCATION

                22=     LA     39 = OH
                23 =    ME     40 = OK
                24 =    MD     41 = OR
                25 =    MA     42 = PA
                26 =    Ml     44 = RI
                27 =    MN     45 = Sc
                28 =    MS     46=SD
                29 =    MO     47 = TN
                30 =    MT     48 =Tx
                31 =    NE     49=UT
                32 =    NV     50 =VT
                33=     NH     51 = VA
                34 =    NJ     53 = WA
                35 =    NM     54 =Wv
                36 =    NY     55 = WI
                37 =    NC     56=WY
                38 =    ND

GECMSA    2     CMSA FIPS CODE                                          95-96

                EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                VALID ENTRIES

                00 = Not ldent~ed Or Nonmetro@~n
                07 = Min Value
                97 = Max Value

                SPECIFIC CMSA CODE (SEE AllACHMENT       13)

GEMSA     4     MSA/PMSA FIPS CODE                                     97-1oo

                EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                VALID ENTRIES

                0000 Identified Or Nonmetropoiitan
                0080 Min Value
                9360 Max Value

                SPECIFIC MSA/PMSA CODE (SEE AllACHMENT         13)

GECO      3     FIPS COUNTY CODE                                      101-103

                EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                VALID ENTRIES

                000 = Not Identified
                001-810 = Specific County Code (See Attachment 13)
                Note: This Code Must Be Used In Combination
                WRh A Sate Code (Gestfips or Gestcen) In
                Order To Uniquely Identify A County.
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                         LOCATION

GEMSAST     1     CENTRAL CIWIBALANCE STATUS                    104-104

                  EDtTED UNIVERSE: ALL HH~’s       IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = central Cq
                   2 = Balance
                   3 = Nonmetropdttan
                   4 = Not Identified

GEMER3TA    1     M=ROPOUTAN        STATUS                      105-105

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Metropolitan
                   2 = Nonmetropoiitan
                   3 = Not Identified

GEINDVCC    1     INDIVIDUAL CENTRAL CllY                       106-106

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLf)’s IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   O = Not Identified, Nonmetropolitan,
                       or Not A Central City
                  14 = Specific Central Ciiy Code
                       (See Attachment 13) Note:
                       Whenever Possible This Code
                       Identifies Specific Central Cities
                       In An MSA/PMSA That Have Multiple
                       Central Ctiies. This Code Must Be
                       Used In Combination Wtih The
                       MSA/PMSA Fips Code (Gemsa) In Order
                       To Uniquely Identify A Specific City.

GEMSASZ     1     CMSA/PMSA SIZE                                107-107

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: AU HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   O   =   Not Identified Or Nonmetropditan
                   2   =   100,000-249,999
                   3   =   250,000-499,999
                   4   =   500,000-999,999
                   5   =   1,000,000-2,499,999
                   6   =   2,500,000-4,999,999
                   7   =   5,000,000+




                                                  6-10
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                              LOCATION

GECMSASZ    1     CMSA/MSASIZE                                       108-108

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   o   =   Not Identified Or Nonmetropolitan
                   2   =   100,000-249,999
                   3   =   250,000-499,999
                   4   =   500,000-999,999
                   5   =   1,000,000-2,499,999
                   6   =   2,500,000-4,999,999
                   7   =   5,000,000+

HULENSEC    5     CUMULATIVE INTERVIEWTIME IN SECONDS                109-113

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: ALL HHLD’s IN SAMPLE

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  00000    Min Value
                  99999    Max Value

                    A3. PERSONS INFORMATION DEMOGRAPHIC fTEMS

PROLDRRP    2     RELATIONSHIP TO REFERENCE                          114-115
                  PERSON (RECODE)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR 3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  01   =   Ref Pers W~h Other Relatives In HH
                  02   =   Ref Pers With No Other Relatives In HH
                  03   =   Spouse
                  04   =   Child
                  05   =   Grandchild
                  06   =   Parent
                  07   =   Brother/Sister
                  08   =   Other Relative
                  09   =   Foster Child
                  10   =   Non-Rel Of Ref Per W/Own Rels In HH
                  11   =   Partner/roommate
                  12   =   Non-Rel Of Ref Per W/No Own Rels In HH

                  SEE LOCATION 118-119 FOR
                  AN UNCOLLAPSED VERSION

PUPEIJG     2     INTERVIEW STATUS OF EACH PERSON                    116-117
                  IN THE HOUSEHOLD

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1   =   Eligible For Interview
                   2   =   Labor Force Fully Complete
                   3   =   Missing Labor Force Data For Person
                   4   =   (Not Used)


                                                  8-11
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                        LOCATION

                   5   =   Ass@ned If Age Is Blank
                   6   =   Armed Forces Member
                   7   =   Under 15 Years Old
                   8   =   Not a HH Member
                   9   =   Deleted
                  10   =   Deceased
                  11   =   End Of List
                  12   =   After End Of List

PERRP       2     RELATIONSHIP TO REFERENCE                    118-119
                  PERSON

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR 3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  EXPANDED RELATIONSHIP CATEGORIES

                  01   =   Reference Person W/Reis.
                  02   =   Reference Person W/O Rels.
                  03   =   Spouse
                  04   =   Child
                  05   =   Grandchild
                  06   =   Parent
                  07   =   Brother/Sister
                  08   =   Other Rel. Or Ref. Person
                  09   =   Foster Child
                  10   =   Nonrel. Of Ref. Person W/Rels.
                  11   =   Not Used
                  12   =   Nonrel. Of Ref. Person W/O Rels.
                  13   =   Unmarried Pafiner W/Rels.
                  14   =   Unmarried Partner W/Out Rels.
                  15   =   Housemate/Roommate W/Rels.
                  16   =   Housemate/Roommate W/Out Rels.
                  17   =   Roomer/Boarder W/Rels.
                  18   =   Roomer/Boarder W/Out Rels.

                  SEE LOCATION 114-115 FOR THE
                  COLLAPSED VERSION

PEPARENT    2     LINE NUMBER OF PARENT                        120-121

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: EVERY PERSON

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                  -1 = No Parent
                  01 = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value




                                                     8-12
NAME          SIZE               DESCRIPTION                  LOCATION

PEAGE          2       PERSONS AGE AS OF THE                   122-123
                       END OF SURVEYWEEK

                       EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                       VALID ENTRIES

                        o = Min Value
                       90 = Max Value

PTAGE          1       TOP CODE FOR AGE                        124-124

                       VAUD ENTRIES

                        o = No Top Code
                        1 = Top Coded Value For Age

BEGINS IN APRIL 1996

PEMARITL       2       MARITAL STATUS                          125-126

                       EDITED UNIVERSE: PEAGE > = 15

                       VAUD ENTRIES

                        1    =   Marned - Spouse Present
                        2    =   Married - Spouse Absent
                        3    =   Widowed
                        4    =   Divorced
                        5    =   Separated
                        6    =   Never Married

PESPOUSE       2       UNE NUMBER OF SPOUSE                    127-128

                       EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMARITL = 1

                       VAUD ENTRIES

                        -1 = No Spouse
                       01 = Min Value
                       99 = Max Value

PESEX          2       SEX                                     129-130

                       EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                       VAUD ENTRIES

                        1 = Male
                        2 = Female




                                                      8-13
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                                  LOCATION

PUAFEVER    2     DID YOU EVER SERVE ON ACTIVE                            131-132
                  DUTY IN THE U.S. ARMED FORCES?

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PEAFWHEN    2     WHEN DID YOU SERVE?                                     133-134

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1    =   Vietnam Era (8/644/75)
                   2    =   Korean War (6/50-1/55)
                   3    =   World War II (9/40-7/47)
                   4    =   Wotld War I (4/17-1 1/18)
                   5    =   Other Sewice (All Other Periods)
                   6    =   Nonveteran

PEAFNOW     2     ARE YOU NOW IN THE ARMED FORCES                         135-136

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 2 OR3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PEEDUCA     2     HIGHEST LEVEL OF SCHOOL                                  137-138
                  COMPLETED OR DEGREE RECEIVED

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 2 OR3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   31   =   Less Than 1st Grade
                   32   =   1st, 2nd, 3rd Or 4th Grade
                   33   =   5th Or 6th Grade
                   34   =   7th Or 8th Grade
                   35   =   9th Grade
                   36   =   loth Grade
                   37   =   1lth Grade
                   38   =   12th Grade No Diploma
                   39   =   High Schml Grad-Diploma Or Equiv (Ged)
                   40   =   Some College But No Degree
                   41   =   Associate Degree-Occupational/Vocational
                   42   =   Associate Degree-Academic Program
                   43   =   Bachelor’s Degree (Ex: Ba, Ab, 6s)
                   44   =   Master’s Degree (& Ma, Ms, Meng, Mad, Msw)
                   45   =   Professional School Deg (Ex Md, Dds, Dvm)
                   46   =   Doctorate Degree (Ex: Phd, Edd)




                                                    8-14
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                             LOCATION

PERACE      2     RACE                                              139-140

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1   =   White
                   2   =   Black
                   3   =   American Indian, Aleut, Eskimo
                   4   =   Asiin Or Pacific Islander
                   5   =   Other - Specify (Delete January 1986)

PRORIGIN    2     ORIGIN OR DESCENT                                 141-142

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  01   =   Mexican American
                  02   =   Chicano
                  03   =   Mexican (Mexicano)
                  04   =   Puerto Rican
                  05   =   Cuban
                  06   =   Central Or South American
                  07   =   Other Spanish
                  08   =   Al Other
                  09   =   Don’t Know
                  10   =   NA

PUCHINHH    2     CHANGE IN HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION                   143-144

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1   =   Person Added
                   2   =   Person Added - Ure
                   3   =   Person Lhdeleted
                   4   =   Person Died
                   5   =   Deleted For Reason Other Than Death
                   6   =   Person Joined Armed Forces
                   7   =   Person No Longer In AF
                   9   =   Change In Demographic Information

PURELFLG    2     FIAG FOR REIATIONSHIP TO THE                      145-146
                  OWNER OF A BUSINESS.

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   O = Not Owner Or Related To Owner
                   1 = Owner Of Bus Or Related To Owner Of Bus

PUUNENO     2     PERSON’S UNE NUMBER                               147-148

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                  01 = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value



                                                  8-15
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                              LOCATION

FILLER      2                                                         149-150

PRFAMNUM    2     FAMILY NUMBER RECODE                                151-152

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  00    =   Not A Family Member
                  01    =   Primary Family Member Only
                  02    =   Subfamily No. 2 Member
                  03    =   Subfamily No. 3 Member
                  04=       Subfamily No. 4 Member
                  05    =   Subfamily No. 5 Member
                  06    =   Subfamily No. 6 Member
                  07    =   Subfamily No. 7 Member
                  08    =   Subfamily No. 8 Member
                  09    =   Subfamily No. 9 Member
                  10    =   Subfamily No. 10 Member
                  11    =   Subfamily No. 11 Member
                  12    =   Subfamily No. 12 Member
                  13    =   Subfamily No. 13 Member
                  14    =   Subfamily No. 14 Member
                  15    =   Subfamily No. 15 Member
                  16    =   Subfamily No. 16 Member
                  17    =   Subfamily No. 17 Member
                  18    =   Subfamily No. 18 Member
                  19    =   Subfamily No. 19 Member

PRFAMREL    2     FAMILY RELATIONSHIP RECODE                          153-154

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERIYP = 1,2, OR3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   O    =   Not A Family Member
                   1    =   Reference Person
                   2    =   Spouse
                   3    =   Child
                   4    =   Other Relative (Primary Family& Unrel)

PRFAMTYP    2     FAMILY TYPE RECODE                                   155-156

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1    =   Primary Family
                   2    =   Primary Individual
                   3    =   Related Subfamily
                   4    =   Unrelated Subfamily
                   5    =   Secondary Individual




                                                   8-16
NAME           SIZE              DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PRHSPNON            2   HISPANIC OR NON-HISPANIC                            157-158

                        EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                        VALID ENTRIES

                         1 = Hispanic
                         2 = Non-Hipsanic

PRMARSTA            2   MARITAL STATUS BASED ON                             159-160
                        ARMED FORCES PARTICIPATION

                        EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERIW = 2 OR3

                        VALID ENTRIES

                          1 = Married, Cwiiian Spouse Present
                         2   =   Married, Armed Forces Spouse Present
                         3   =   Married, Spouse Absent (Exe. Separated)
                         4   =   Widowed
                         5   =   Divorced
                         6   =   Separated
                         7   =   Never Married

PRPERVP             2   TYPE OF PERSON RECORD RECODE                        161-162

                        EDiTED UNIVERSE: ALL HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS

                        VALID ENTRiES

                         1 = Chiid Househoid Member
                         2 = Adult Cwiiian Household Member
                         3 = Adult Armed Forces Household Member

PENATVTY *          3   COUNTRY OF BIRTH                                    163-165

                        EDiTED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                        VALID ENTRiES

                        057 = United States
                        072 = Puerto Rico
                        096 = U.S. Outlying Area
                        100-554 = Foreign Country Or At Sea
                        555 = Abroad, County Not Known

PEMNTVTY *          3   MOTHER’S COUNTRY OF BIRTH                           166-168

                        EDITED UNiVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                        VALID ENTRIES

                        057 = United States
                        072 = Puerto Rico
                        096 = U.S. Outlying Area

* See User Note 1


                                                       8-17
                 - .——              -— ---   .— -..
NAME             SIZE               DESCFllPTlON                                             LOCATION

                          100-554 = Foreign Country Or At Sea
                          555 = Abroad, Country Not Known

PEFNTVTY q            3   FATHER’S COUNTRY OF BIRTH                                           169-171

                          EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                          VAUD ENTRIES

                          057 = United States
                          072 = Puerto Rico
                          096 = U.S. OutJying Area
                          100-554 = Foreign County Or At Sea
                          555 = Abroad, Country Not Known

PRCITSHP              2   CITIZENSHIP STATUS                                                  172-173

                          EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                          VAUD ENTRIES

                            1   =   Native, Born In The United States
                            2   =   Native, Born In Puerto Rico or U.S. Outlying Area
                            3   =   Native, Born Abroad Of American Parent Or Parents
                            4   =   Foreign Born, U.S. Citiien By Naturalization
                            5   =   Foreign Born, Not A Ctiizen Of The United States

PRCITFLG              2   CITIZENSHIP ALLOCATION FLAG                                         174-175

                          EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1,2, OR3

                          (See Allocation Flags Attachment for values of Allocation Flags)
                          Placed in this position because naming convention is
                          different from all other allocation flags.

PRINUSYR              2   IMMIGRANT’S YEAR OF ENTRY                                           176-177

                          EDITED UNIVERSE: PRCITSHP = 2,3,4,         OR 5

                          VALID ENTRIES

                          -1    =   Not In Universe (Born In U.S.)
                          00    =   Not Foreign Born
                          01    =   Before 1950
                          02    =   1950-1959
                          03    =   1960-1964
                          04    =   1965-1969
                          05    =   1970-1974
                          06    =   1975-1979
                          07    =   1980-1981
                          08    =   1982-1983
                          09    =   1984-1985
                          10    =   1986-1987
                          11    =   1988-1989
                          12    =   1990-1991
                          13    =   1992-1995
q   See User Note 1


                                                            8-18
NAME        SIZE             DESCRIPTION                            LOCATION

STARTING JANUARY 1996

                   13 = 1992-1993
                   14 = 1994-1996

STARTING JANUARY 1997

                   14 = 1994-1997

STARTING JANUARY 1998

                   14 = 1994-1995
                   15 = 1986-1998

                        A4. PERSONS INFORMATION LABOR FORCE fTEMS

PUSLFPRX      2    LABOR FORCE INFORMATION COLLECTED                 178-179
                   BY SELF OR PROXY RESPONSE

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    1 = Self
                    2 = Proxy
                    3 = Both Self And Proxy          “

PEMLR         2    MONTHLY LABOR FORCE RECODE                        180-181
                   EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 2

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    1 = Employed-At Work
                    2    =   Employed-Absent
                    3    =   Unemployed-On IAyoff
                    4    =   Unemployed-Looking
                    5    =   Not In Labor Force-Retired
                    6    =   Not In Labor Force-Disabled
                    7    =   Not In Labor Force-Other

PUWK          2    IJ4STWEEK, DID YOU DO ANY WORK                    182-183
                   FOR (EITHER) PAY (OR PROFIT)?

                   VAUD ENTRIES

                    1    =   Yes
                    2    =   No
                    3    =   Retired
                    4    =   Dissbkd
                    5    =   Unable To Work

PUBUS1        2    IAST WEEK, DID YOU DO ANY                         184-185
                   UNPAID WORK IN THE FAMILY
                   BUSINESS OR FARM?

                   VAUD ENTRIES

                    1 = Yes
                    2 = No


                                                    8-19
NAME       SIZE           DESCRIPTION                          LOCATION

PUBUS20T    2     DO YOU RECEIVEANY PAYMENTS                    188-187
                  OR PROFITS FROM THE BUSINESS?

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1 = Yes
                    2 = No

PUBUSCK1    2     CHECK ITEM 1                                  188-189
                  FILTER FOR QUESTIONS ON UNPAID WORK

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Goto PUBUS1
                   2 = Goto PURETCK1

PUBUSCK2    2     CHECK iTEM 2                                  190-191
                  Skips owners of family business who did
                  not work last week

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Goto PUHRUSL1
                   2 = Goto PUBUS2

PUBUSCK3    2     CHECK ITEM 3                                  192-193

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Goto PUABSRSN
                   2 = Goto PUIAY

PUBUSCK4    2     CHECK ITEM 4                                  194-195

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Goto PUHURSL1
                   2 = Goto PUABSPD

PURETOT     2     REHREMENT STATUS                              196-197
                  (iAST MONTH YOU WERE REPORTED TO BE
                  R13’IRED,ARE YOU STILL REHRED THIS MONTH?)

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No
                   3 = Was Not Retired Last Month




                                                8-20
NAME      SIZE           DESCRIPTION                             LOCATION

PUDIS      2     DISABIIJW STATUS                                 198-199
                 (bV3T MONTH YOU WERE REPORTEDTO
                 HAVE A DISABILITY.) DOES YOUR DISABIUTY
                 CONTINUE TO PREVENTYOU FROM DOING ANY KIND
                 OF WORK FOR THE NEXT 6 MONTHS?

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = Yes
                  2=N0
                  3 = Did Not Have Disability bst Month

PERET1     2     DO YOU CURRENTLY WANT A JOB, EITHER              200-201
                 FUU OR PART-TIME?

                 EDITED UNIVERSE PEMLR = 5 AND (PURETOT = 1 OR
                 (PUWK = 3 AND PEAGE > = 50) OR
                 (PUABS = 3 AND PEAGE > = 50) OR
                 (PUUY = 3 AND PEAGE > = 50))

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = Yes
                  2 = No
                  3 = Has A Job

PUDIS1     2     DOES YOUR DISABILITY PREVENTYOU FROM             202-203
                 ACCEPTING ANY KIND OF WORK DURING
                 THE NEXT SIX MONTHS?

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = Yes
                  2 = No

PUDIS2     2     DO YOU HAVE A DISABILITY THAT PREVENTS           204-205
                 YOU FROM ACCEPTING ANY KIND OF WORK DURING
                 THE NEXT SIX MONTHS?

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = Yes
                  2=N0

PUABSOT    2     IAST WEEK DID YOU HAVE A JOB                     206-207
                 EITHER FUU OR PART-TIME?

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1    = Yes
                  2    = No
                  3    = Retired
                  4=     Disabled
                  5    = Unable To Work




                                            8-21
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                           LOCATION

PUIAY       2     MST WEEK WERE YOU ON lAYOFF                     208-209
                  FROM A JOB?

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0
                   3 = Retired
                   4 = Disabled
                   5 = Unable To Work

PEABSRSN    2     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON YOU                     210-211
                  WERE ABSENT FROM WORK LAST WEEK?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = On Layoff
                   2   =   Slack Work/Business Conditions
                   3   =   Waiting For A New Job To Begin
                   4   =   Vacation/Personal Days
                   5   =   Own lilness/lnjuty/Medical Problems
                   6   =   Child Care Problems
                   7   =   Other Family/Personal Obligation
                   8   =   Matemity/Patemity Leave
                   9   =   Labor Dispute
                  10   =   Weather Affected Job
                  11   =   School/Training
                  12   =   Ciiic/Military Duty
                  13   =   Does Not Work In The Business
                  14   =   Other (Specify)

PEABSPDO    2     ARE YOU BEING PAID BY YOUR                      212-213
                  EMPLOYER FOR ANY OF THE
                  TIME OFF LAST WEEK?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE:      PEABSRSN = 4-12, 14

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PEMJOT      2     DO YOU HAVE MORE THAN ONE JOB?                  214-215

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1,2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No




                                                 8-22
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION                                     LOCATION

PEMJNUM     2     ALTOGETHER,HOW MANYJOBS                                216-217
                  DID YOU HAVE?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMJOT = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   2 = 2 Jobs
                   3 = 3 Jobs
                   4 = 4 Or More Jobs

PEHRUSL1    2     HOW MANY HOURS PER WEEK DO YOU                         218-219
                  USUAUY WORK AT YOUR MAIN JOB?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMJOT = 1 OR 2 AND PEMLR = 1 OR 2

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -4 = Hours Vary
                   o = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value

PEHRUSU     2     HOW MANY HOURS PER WEEK DO YOU                         220-221
                  USUAUY WORK AT YOUR OTHER (JOB/JOBS)?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMJOT = 1 AND PEMLR = 1 OR 2

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  4 = Hours Vary
                   o = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value

PEHR~PT     2     DO YOU USUAUY WORK 35 HOURS OR                         222-223
                  MORE PER WEEK?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEHRUSL1 = 4 OR PEHRUSL2 = -4

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No
                   3 = Hours Vary

PEHRUSLT    3     SUM OF HRUSL1 AND HRUS12.                              224-226

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1 OR 2

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   4 = Varies
                    o = Min Value
                  198 = Max Value




                                            8-23
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                                 LOCATION

PEHRWANT    2     DO YOU WANT TO WORK A FULL-TIME                        227-228
                  WORKWEEK OF 35 HOURS OR MORE PER WEEK?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEHRUSLT = O-34

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No
                   3 = Regular Hours Are Full-time

PEHRRSN1    2     WHAT IS YOUR MAIN REASON FOR                           229-230
                  WORKING PART-TIME?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEHRWANT = 1
                  PEMLR = 1 AND PEHRUSLT < 35)

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1=  Slack Work/Business Conditions
                   2=  Could Only Find Part-Time Work
                   3   Seasonal Work
                   4:  Child Care Problems
                   5=  Other Family/Personal Obligations
                   6=  Health/Medical Limitations
                   7   Schoolflraining
                   %:  Retired/Social Security Limit On Earnings
                   9=  Full-Time Workweek Is Less Than 35 Hrs
                  10 = Other - Specify

PEHRRSN2    2     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON YOU DO NOT                     231-232
                  WANT TO WORK FUU-TIME?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEHRWANT = 2
                  PEMLR = 1 AND PEHRUSLT c 35)

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1    =   Child Care Problems
                   2    =   Other Family/Personal Obligations
                   3    =   Health/Medical Limitations
                   4    =   School/Training
                   5    =   Retired/Social Security Limit On Earnings
                   6    =   Full-Time Workweek Less Than 35 Hours
                   7    =   Other - Specify

PEHRRSN3    2     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON YOU WORKED                     233-234
                  LESS THAN 35 HOURS LAST WEEK?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEHRACll = 1-34 AND PUHRCK7 NE 1,2
                  (PEMLR = 1 AND PEHRUSLT = 35+)

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Slack Work/Business Conditions
                   2 = Seasonal Work
                   3 = Job Staned Or Ended During Week


                                                   8-24
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                              LOCATION

                   4       Vacation/Personal Day
                   5:      Own llIness/injury/Medical Appointment
                   6=      Holiday (Legal Or Religious)
                   7 =     Child Care Problems
                   8 =     Other Family/Personal Obligations
                   9   =   kbor Dispute
                  10   =   Weather Affected Job
                  11   =   School/Training
                  12   =   Ctic/Military Duty
                  13   =   Other Reason

PUHROFF1    2     LAST WEEK, DID YOU LOSE OR TAKE                    235-236
                  OFF ANY HOURS FROM YOUR JOB, FOR
                  ANY REASON SUCH AS ILLNESS, SLACK WORK,
                  VACATION, OR HOUDAY?

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PUHROFF2    2     HOW MANY HOURS DID YOU TAKE OFF?                   237-238

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   o = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value

PUHROTI     2     IAST WEEK, DID YOU WORK ANY                        239-240
                  OVERTIME OR ~RA    HOURS (AT YOUR MAIN JOB)
                  THAT YOU DO NOT USUALLY WORK?

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PUHROT2     2     HOW MANY ADDITIONAL HOURS                          241-242
                  DID YOU WORK?

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   o = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value

PEHRACT1    2     LAST WEEK, HOW MANY HOURS DID YOU                  243-244
                  ACTUALLY WORK AT YOUR JOB?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   o = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value




                                                 8-25
NAME       SIZE           DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PEHRACT2    2     LAST WEEK HOW MANY HOURS DID                       245-246
                  YOU ACTUALLY WORK AT YOUR OTHER (JOB/JOBS)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1 AND PEMJOT = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    O = Min Value
                   99 = Max Value

PEHRACTT    3     SUM OF PEHRACT1 AND PEHRACT2.                      247-249

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                    O = Min Value
                  198 = Max Value

PEHRAVL     2     MST WEEK, COULD YOU HAVE WORKED                    250-251
                  FUU-TIME IF THE HOURS HAD BEEN AVAILABLE?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEHRACll = 1-34 (PEMLR = 1 AND
                  PEHRUSLT <35 AND PEHRRSN1 = 1,2,3)

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PULBHSEC    5     TOTAL SECONDS TO COMPIHE      lABOR                252-256
                  FORCE ITEMS.

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                  00000   Min Value
                  99999   Max Value

PUHRCK1    2      CHECK ITEM 1                                       257-258

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Goto PUHRUSL2
                   2 = Goto PUHRUSLT

PUHRCK2    2      CHECK ITEM 2                                      259-260
                  SKIPS PERSONS RESPONDING YES TO
                  HRITPT OUT OF PT SERIES

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = If entry of 1 in MJ and
                       entry of D, R OR V in HRUSL1
                       and entry of D, R, V or O-34
                       in HRUS12 goto HRFWT




                                             8-26
NAME      SIZE          DESCRIP’IION                                   LOCATION

                  2 = If entry of 1 in MJ and entry
                      of D, R or V in HRUSf2 and
                      entry of D, R V or O-34in
                      HRUSL1 goto HRFIPT
                  3 = lfentry of2, Dor Rin MJ
                      and entry of D, R or V in HRUSL1
                      goto HR~PT
                  4 = If entry of 1 in BUS1 and entry
                      of D, R or V in HRUSL1 then
                      goto HRITPT
                  5 = Al others goto HRCK3-C

PUHRCK3    2     CHECK fTEM 3                                           261-262

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = If entry of 1 in Absot or
                      (entry or 2 in ABSOT and
                      entry of 1 in BUS and CURRENT
                      R_P EQUALS BUSLST) then goto HRCK8
                  2 = If entry of 3 in R=l Goto HRCK8
                  3 = If entry in HRUSLT is O-34 hours goto HRCK4-C
                  4 = if entry in HRUSLT is 35+ goto HROFF1
                  5 = All others goto HRCK4-C
                  6 = Goto PUHRCK4

PUHRCK4    2     CHECK ITEM 4                                           263-264

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = lfentryofl,    D, Ror V
                      in HRFTPT then goto HRACT1
                  2 = If entry of 2, D or R in BUS2 then goto HROFF1
                  3 = If HRUSLT is O-34then goto HRWANT
                  4 = If entry of 2 in HR~PT then goto HRWANT
                  5 = Afl others goto HRACT1

PUHRCK5    2     CHECK ITEM 5                                           265-266

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = If entry of 1 in MJOT goto HRACT2
                  2 = All others goto HRCK6-C

PUHRCK6    2     CHECK ITEM 6                                           267-268

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = If HRACT1 and HRACT2 EQ Oand
                      entry of 2, D, R in BUS2 then goto LK
                  2 = If HRACT1 and HRACT2 EQ Othen
                      store 1 in ABSOT and goto ABSRSN
                  3 = All others goto HRAC1l-C




                                              8-27
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTfON                                       LOCATION

PUHRCK7     2     CHECK fTEM 7                                                269-270

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1   =   (If entry of 2, D or R in BUS2) and
                           (HRACT1 less then 15 or D) goto HRCK8
                   2 =     (If entry of 2, D or R in BUS2) and
                           (HRACTI is 15+) goto HRCK8
                   3 =     (ff HRUSLT is 35+ or Hentry of 1 in HRITPT)
                           and (HRACll c 35) and entry in HRACT1 or HRACT2
                           isn’t D or R then goto HRRSN3
                   4 =     If entry of 1 in HRWANT and HRACll c 35
                           and (entry of 1,2,3 in HRRSN1) goto HRAVL
                   5 =     Afl others goto HRCK8

PUHRCK12    2     CHECK fTEM 12                                               271-272

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = If entry of 2, D or R in BUS2 and
                       HRACll is less than 15 or D goto LK
                   2 = All others goto IOCK1

PULAYDT     2     HAS YOUR EMPLOYER GIVEN YOU A DATE                          273-274
                  TO R~URN TO WORK?

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PULAY6M     2     HAVE YOU BEEN GIVEN ANY INDICATION                          275-276
                  THAT YOU WILL BE RECALLED TO WORK WITHIN
                  THE NEXT 6 MONTHS?

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PEIAYAVL    2     COULD YOU HAVE RETURNED TO WORK                             277-278
                  IAST WEEK IF YOU HAD BEEN RECALLED?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 3

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PULAYAVR    2     WHY IS THAT?                                                279-280

                  VAUD ENl131ES

                   1 = Own Tempora~ Illness
                   2 = Going To School
                   3 = Other


                                               %28
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION                        LOCATION

PELAYLK     2     EVEN THOUGH YOU ARE TO BE CALLED BACK     281-282
                  TO WORK HAVE YOU BEEN LOOKING FOR WORK
                  DURING THE lAST 4 WEEKS.

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PELAYAVL= 1,2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PEIAYDUR    3     DURATION OF LAYOFF                        283-285

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEIAYLK = 1,2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1 = Min Value
                  260 = Max Value

                  lT/PT STATUS OF JOB FROM WHICH            286-287
                  SAMPLE PERSON WAS ON LAYOFF FROM

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PELAYDUR = 0-120

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PULAYCK1    2     CHECK ITEM 1                              288-289

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Goto PUIAYCK3
                   2 = Goto PUIAYFT
                   3 = Goto PUIAYDR

PULAYCK2    2     CHECK ITEM 2                              290-291
                  SCREEN FOR DEPENDENT LAYOFF

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Goto PULAYDR3
                   2 = Goto PUIAY~

PulAYcK3    2     CHECK ITEM 3                              292-293
                  FILTER FOR DEPENDENT I & O

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = MISCK = 5 goto IOIINT
                   2 = MCR = 1 or l-OCR = 1, goto IOIINT
                   3 = All others goto SCHCK




                                             8-29
NAME     SIZE             DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PULK      2     HAVE YOU BEEN DOING ANYtHING TO flND                 294-295
                WORK DURING THE IAST 4 WEEKS?

                VAUD ENTRIES

                 1 = Yes
                 2    =   No
                 3    =   Retired
                 4    =   Disabled
                 !5   =   Unable To Work

PELKM1    2     WHAT ARE ALL OF THE THINGS YOU HAVE DONE TO FIND     296-297
                WORK DURING THE lAST 4 WEEKS? (FIRST ANSWER)

                EDITED UNIVERSE PEMLR = 4

                VAUD ENTRIES

                 1=       Contacted Employer Directly/Interview
                 2        Contacted Public Employment Agency
                 3:       Contacted Private Employment Agency
                 4=       Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                 5=       Contacted School/University Empl Center
                 6    .   Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                 7    =   Checked Union/Professional Registers
                 8        Placed Or Answered Ads
                 9:       Other Active
                10    =   Looked At AdS
                11    =   Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                12    =   Nothing
                13    =   Other Passive

PULKM2    2     ANYTHING ELSE? (SECOND ANSWER)                       298-299

                VAUD ENTRIES

                 1=       Contacted Employer Dkectly/lntewiew
                 2=       Contacted Public Employment Agency
                 3=       Contacted Private Employment Agency
                 4=       Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                 5=       Contacted School/University Empl Center
                 6=       Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                 7=       Checked Union/Professional Registers
                 8=       Placed Or Answered Ads
                 9 =      Other Active
                10 =      Looked At Ads
                11 =      Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                13 =      Other Passive




                                                8-30
NAME     SIZE              DESCRIPTION                               LOCATfON

PULKM3    2     SAME AS PULKM2 (THIRD ANSWER)                         300-301

                VALiD ENTRIES

                 1 = Contacted Employer Directly/Interview
                 2   Contacted Public Employment Agency
                       =
                 3   Contacted Private Employment Agency
                       =
                 4   Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                       =
                 5   Contacted School/University Empl Center
                       =
                 6   Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                       =
                 7   Checked Union/Professional Registers
                       =
                 8   Placed Or Answered Ads
                       =
                 9   Other Active
                       =
                10 = Looked At AdS
                11 = Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                13 = Other Passive

PULKM4    2     SAME AS PULKM2 (FOURTH ANSWER)                        302-303

                VALID ENTRIES

                 1 = Contacted Employer Directly/Interview
                 2 = Contacted Public Employment Agency
                 3 = Contacted Private Employment Agency
                 4 = Contacted Friends Or Reiatives
                 5 = Contacted School/University Empl Center
                 6 = Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                 7 = Checked Union/Professional Registers
                 8 = Placed Or Answered Ads
                 9 = Other Active
                10 = Looked At Ads
                11 = Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                13 = Other Passive

PULKM5    2     SAME AS PULKM2 (Fl~H ANSWER)                          304-305

                VAUD ENTRIES

                  1        Contacted Employer DirecUy/lntetview
                  2:       Contacted Public Employment Agency
                  3=       Contacted Private Employment Agency
                  4        Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                  5:       Contacted School/university Empl Center
                  6=       Sent Out Resumes/filled Out Application
                  7    =   Checked Union/professional Registers
                  8        Placed Or Answered Ads
                  9:       Other Active
                 10    =   Looked At Ads
                 11    =   Attended Job Training Programs/courses
                 13    =   Other Passive




                                                 8-31
NAME      SIZE             DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PULKM6     2     SAME AS PULKM2 (Sl~H ANSWER)                         306-307

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = Contacted Employer Directly/Interview
                  2    =   Contacted Pulbic Employment Agency
                  3    =   Contacted Private Employment Agency
                  4    =   Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                  5    =   Contacted School/University Empl Center
                  6    =   Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                  7    =   Checked Union/Professional Registers
                  8    =   Placed Or Answered Ads
                  9    =   Other Active
                 10    =   Looked At AdS
                 11    =   Attended Job Tmining Progmms/Courses
                 13    =   Other Passive

PULKDK1    2     YOU SAID YOU HAVE BEEN TRYING TO FIND WORK.          308-309
                 HOW DID YOU GO ABOUT LOOKING? (FIRST ANSWER)

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1=  Contacted Employer Directly/lntewiew
                  2=  Contacted Public Employment Agency
                  3=  Contacted Priiate Employment Agency
                  4=  Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                  5   Contacted School/University Empl Center
                  6:  Sent Out Resumes/Ftiled Out Application
                  7=  Checked Union/Professional Registers
                  8=  Placed Or Answered Ads
                  9=  Other Active
                 10 = Looked At Ads
                 11 = Attended Job Tmining Programs/Courses
                 12 = Nothing
                 13 = Other Passive

PULKDK2    2     ANWHING ELSE? (SECOND ANSWER)                        310-311

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                   1   Contacted Employer Directly/Interview
                       =
                   2   Contacted Public Employment Agency
                       =
                   3   Contacted Private Employment Agency
                       =
                   4   Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                       =
                   5   Contacted School/University Empl Center
                       =
                   6   Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                       =
                   7   Checked Union/Professional Registers
                       =
                   8   Placed Or Answered Ads
                       =
                   9   Other Active
                       =
                  10   Looked At AdS
                       =
                  11 = Attended Job Tmining Progmms/Courses
                  13 = Other Passive




                                                 8-32
NAME      SIZE             DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PULKDK3    2     SAME AS PULKDK2 (THIRD ANSWER)                       312-313

                 VALJDENTRIES

                  1    =   Contacted Employer Dhectly/lntetview
                  2    =   Contacted Public Employment Agency
                  3    =   Contacted Private Employment Agency
                  4    =   Contacted Friends Or Refatives
                  5    =   Contacted School/University Empl Center
                  6    =   Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                  7    =   Checked Union/Professional Registers
                  8    =   Placed Or Answered Ads
                  9    =   Other Active
                 10    =   Looked At AdS
                 11    =   Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                 13    =   Other Passive

PULKDK4    2     SAME AS PULKDK2 (FOURTH ANSWER)                      314-315

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1    =   Contacted Employer Directly/Interview
                  2    =   Contacted Public Employment Agency
                  3    =   Contacted Private Employment Agency
                  4    =   Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                  5    =   Contacted School/University Empl Center
                  6    =   Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                  7    =   Checked Union/professional Registers
                  8    =   Placed Or Answered Ads
                  9    =   Other Active
                 10    =   Looked At Ads
                 11    =   Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                 13    =   Other Passive

PULKDK5    2     SAME AS PULKDK2 (Fl~H ANSWER)                        316-317

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  1        Contacted Employer DirectIy/interview
                  2:       Contacted Pubiic Employment Agency
                  3=       Contacted Private Employment Agency
                  4=       Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                  5        Contacted School/University Empl Center
                  61       Sent Out Resumes/Ftiled Out Applkation
                  7    =   Checked Union/Professional Registers
                  8    =   Placed Or Answered Ads
                  9        Other Active
                 10    :   Looked At Ads
                 11    =   Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                 13    =   Other Passive




                                                 6-33
NAME      SIZE             DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PULKDK6    2     SAME AS PULKDK2 (SIXTH ANSWER)                       318-319

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  1   Contacted Employer DirecUy/lntewiew
                       =
                  2   Contacted Public Employment Agency
                       =
                  3   Contacted Private Employment Agency
                       =
                  4   Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                       =
                  5   Contacted Schooi/University Empi Center
                       =
                  6   Sent Out Resumes/Fiiled Out Application
                       =
                  7   Checked Union/Professional Registers
                       =
                  8   Placed Or Answered Ads
                       =
                  9   Other Active
                       =
                 10 = Looked At AdS
                 11 = Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                 13 = Other Passive

PULKPS1    2     CAN YOU TELL ME MORE ABOUT WHAT YOU                  320-321
                 DID TO SEARCH FOR WORK? (FIRST ANSWER)

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  1=       Contacted Employer Directly/interview
                  2=       Contacted Public Employment Agency
                  3        Contacted Priite Employment Agency
                  4:       Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                  5=       Contacted School/Univers”~ Empl Center
                  6=       Sent Out Resumes/Fiiled Out Application
                  7    =   Checked Union/Professionai Registers
                  8        Piaced Or Answered Ads
                  9:       Other Active
                 10    =   Looked At ACh
                 11    =   Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                 12    =   Nothing
                 13    =   Other Passive

PULKPS2    2     ANYTHING ELSE? (SECOND ANSWER)                       322-323

                 VALiD ENTRIES

                   1 = Contacted Empioyer Directiy/interview
                   2 = Contacted Pubiic Employment Agency
                   3 = Contacted Private Employment Agency
                   4 = Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                   5 = Contacted School/University Empl Center
                   6 = Sent Out Resumes/Fiiied Out Application
                   7 = Checked Union/Professional Registers
                   8 = Piaced Or Answered Ads
                   9 = Other Active
                  10 = Looked At Ads
                  11 = Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                  13 = Other Passive




                                                 8-34
NAME      SIZE             DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PULKPS3    2     SAME AS PULKPS2 (THIRD ANSWER)                       324-325

                 VALiD ENTRIES

                  I    = Contacted Employer Directiy/interview
                  2    = Contacted Pubiic Employment Agency
                  3    = Contacted Private Employment Agency
                  4=     Contacted Friends Or Reiatives
                  5    = Contacted Schooi/lJniversity Empl Center
                  6    = Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Application
                  7    = Checked Union/Professional Registers
                  8    = Piaced Or Answered Ads
                  9    = Other Active
                 10    = Looked At Ads
                 11    = Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                 13    = Other Passive

PULKPS4    2     SAME AS PULKPS2 (FOURTH ANSWER)                      326-327

                 VAUD ENTRiES

                  1=       Contacted Empioyer Directiy/intefview
                  2=       Contacted Pubiic Employment Agency
                  3    =   Contacted Private Employment Agency
                  4        Contacted Friends Or Reiatives
                  5:       Contacted Schooi/University Empi Center
                  6=       Sent Out Resumes/Fiiied Out Application
                  7=       Checked Union/Professionai Registers
                  8=       Piaced Or Answered Ads
                  9=       Other Active
                 10    =   Looked At Ads
                 11    =   Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                 13    =   Other Passive

PULKPS5    2     SAME AS PULKPS2 (FiHH ANSWER)                        328-329

                 VAUD ENTRiES

                  1=       Contacted Empioyer Directiy/interview
                  2        Contacted Pubiic Employment Agency
                  3:       Contacted Private Employment Agency
                  4 =      Contacted Friends Or Reiat”~es
                  5 =      Contacted Schooi/University Empi Center
                  6 =      Sent Out Resumes/Fiiied Out Application
                  7        Checked Union/Professional Registers
                  81       Piaced Or Answered Ads
                  9=       Other Active
                 10 =      Looked At Ads
                 11 =      Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                 13 =      Other Passive




                                                 %35
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                              LOCATION

PULKPS6     2     SAME AS PULKPS2 (SIXTH ANSWER)                     330-331

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1   =   Contacted Employer Directly/Interview
                   2   =   Contacted Public Employment Agency
                   3   =   Contacted Private Employment Agency
                   4   =   Contacted Friends Or Relatives
                   5   =   Contacted Schoot/University Em@ Center
                   6   =   Sent Out Resumes/Filled Out Appikation
                   7   =   Checked Union/Professional Registers
                   8   =   Placed Or Answered Ads
                   9   =   Other Active
                  10   =   Looked At Ads
                  11   =   Attended Job Training Programs/Courses
                  13   =   Other Passive

PELKAVL     2     iAST WEEK, COULD YOU HAVE STARTED                  332-333
                  A JOB IF ONE HAD BEEN OFFERED?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PELKM1 = 1-13

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PULKAVR     2     WHY IS THAT?                                       334-335

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1   =   Waiting For New Job To Begin
                   2   =   Own Temporary Illness
                   3   =   Going To Schooi
                   4   =   Other - Specify

PELKLL1O    2     BEFORE YOU STARTED LOOKING FOR WORK,               336-337
                  WHAT WERE YOU DOING: WORKING, GOING
                  TO SCHOOL OR SOMUHING ELSE?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PELKAVL = 1-2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Working
                   2 = School
                   3 = Left Military Setvice
                   4 = Something Else




                                                6-36
NAh4E      SIZE            DESCRIPTION                       LOCATION

PELKLL20    2     DID YOU LOSE OR QUIT THAT JOB, OR WAS IT    338-339
                  A TEMPORARY JOB THAT ENDED?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PELKLL1O = 1 OR 3

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1 = Lost Job
                    2 = Quit Job
                    3 = Temporary Job Ended

PELKLWO     2     WHEN IAST WORKED                            340-341
                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PELKLL1O = 1-4

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = WRhin The last 12 Months
                   2 = More Than 12 Months Ago
                   3 = Never Worked

PELKDUR     3     DURATION OF JOB SEEKING                     342-344

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PELKLWO = 1-3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                    O = Min Value
                  999 = Max Value

PELK~O      2     i7/PT STATUS OF JOBSEEKER                   345-346

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PELKDUR = 0-120

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0
                   3 = Doesn’t Matter

PEDWWNTO   2      DO YOU CURRENTLY WANT A JOB,                347-348
                  EITHER FULL OR PARTTIME?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PUDWCK1 = 3,4, -1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1   =   Yes, Or Maybe, It Depends
                   2   =   No
                   3   =   Retired
                   4   =   Disabled
                   5   =   Unable




                                                 8-37
NAME      SIZE         DESCRIPTION                                       LOCATION

PEDWRSN    2     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON YOU WERE NOT                     349-350
                 LOOKING FOR WORK DURING THE lAST 4 WEEKS?

                 EDITED UNIVERSE: PUDWCK4 = 4,-1

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                       Believes No Work Available In Area Of Expertise
                       Couldn’t Find Any Work
                       lacks Necessary Schooling/Training
                       Employers Think Too Young Or Tm Old
                       Other Types Of Discrimination
                       Can’t Arrange Child Care
                       Family Responsibilities
                       in School Or Other Training
                       Ill-Health, Physical Disability
                       Transportation Problems
                       Other - Specify

PEDWLKO    2     DID YOU LOOK FOR WORK AT ANY TIME                        351-352
                 IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS

                 EDITED UNIVERSE: (PUDWCK4 = 1-3) or (PEDWRSN = 1-11)

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  1 = Yes
                  2 = No

PEDWWK     2     DID YOU ACTUALLY WORK AT A JOB OR                        353-354
                 BUSINESS DURING THE LAST 12 MONTHS?

                 EDITED UNIVERSE: PEDWLKO = 1

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  1 = Yes
                  2 = No

PEDW4WK    2     DID YOU DO ANY OF THIS WORK DURING                       355-356
                 THE LAST 4 WEEKS?

                 EDITED UNIVERSE: PEDWWK = 1

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  1 = Yes
                  2 = No




                                              6-38
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PEDWLKWK    2     SINCE YOU LEFT THAT JOB OR                          357-358
                  BUSINESS HAVE YOU LOOKED FOR WORK?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEDW4WK = 2

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PEDWAVL     2     LAST WEEK, COULD YOU HAVE STARTED                   359-360
                  A JOB IF ONE HAD BEEN OFFERED?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: (PEDWWK = 2) or (PEDWLKWK = 1)

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PEDWAVR     2     WHY IS THAT?                                        361-362

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEDWAVL = 2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Own Tempora~ Illness
                   2 = Going To School
                   3 = Other

PUDWCK1     2     SCREEN FOR DISCOURAGED WORKERS                      363-364

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = If Entry Of 2 In BUS2 Goto PUSCHCK
                   2 = If Entry Of 3 On ABSRSN Goto PUNLFCK1
                   3 = If Entry Of 1 In RDT1, Store 1 In
                       DWWNTO And Goto PUDWCK4
                   4 = All Others Goto PUDVWVNT

PUDWCK2     2     SCREEN FOR DISABLED                                 365-366

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1   =   If Entry In DIS1 Or DIS2 Goto PUJHCK1-C
                   2   =   If Entry Of 4 In DWWNT Goto PUDIS1
                   3   =   If Entry Of 5 In DWWNT Goto PUDIS2
                   4   =   All Others Goto PUDWCK4

PUDWCK3     2     FILTER FOR RETIRED                                  367-366

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = If AGERNG Equals 1+ Or 9 Goto PUDWCK4
                   2 = All Others Goto PUNLFCK2




                                                6-39
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                                         LOCATION

PUDWCK4     2     FILTER FOR PASSIVEJOB SEEKERS                                 369-370

                  VALfD ENTRIES

                   1 = If entryof10and/or11     and/or 13 only
                       in LKM1-LKM3 goto PUDWCK5
                   2 = If entry of 10 and/or 11 and/or 13 only
                       in LKDK1-LKDK3 goto PUDWCK5
                   3 = If entry of 10 and/or 11 and/or 13 only
                       in LKPSI -LKPS3 goto PUDWCK5
                   4 = All others goto PUDWRSN

PUDWCK5     2     FILTER FOR PASSIVE JOB SEEKERS                                371-372

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = If entry of 1 in LK then store 1
                       in DWLKO and goto PUDVVWK
                   2 = All others goto PUDWLK

PEJHWKO     2     HAVE YOU WORKED AT A JOB OR BUSINESS                          373-374
                  AT ANY TIME DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: HRMIS = 4 or 8 AND PEMLR = 5,6, AND 7

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PUJHDP1O    2     DID YOU DO ANY OF THIS WORK IN                                375-376
                  THE LAST 4 WEEKS?

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PEJHRSN     2     WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON YOU LE~                               377-378
                  YOUR IAST JOB?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEJHWKO = I

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Personal/Family (Including Pregnancy)
                   2   =   Return To School
                   3   =   Health
                   4   =   Retirement Or Old Age
                   5   =   Temp, Seasonal Or Intermittent Job Complete
                   6   =   Slack Work/Business Conditions
                   7   =   Unsatisfactory Work Arrangements (Hrs, Pay, Etc.)
                   8   =   Other- Specify
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                                   LOCATION

PEJHWANT    2     DO YOU INTEND TO LOOK FOR WORK DURING                    379-380
                  THE NM 12 MONTHS?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: (PEJHWKO = 2) or (PEJHRSN = 1*)

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes, Or It Depends
                   2 = No

PUJHCK1     2     FILTER FOR OUTGOING ROTATIONS                            381-382

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = IF PUR~l     = 1,-2, or -3
                       then goto NLFCK2
                   2 = IF MISCK equals 4 or8
                       then goto PUJHCK2
                   3 = II others goto PUNLFCK1

PUJHCK2     2     FILTER FOR PERSONS GOING THROUGH THE                     383-384
                  I AND O SERIES

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = If entry of 1 in DWWK and I-MLR= 3,4
                       Then store 1 in JHWKO, store
                       DW4WK in JHDP1O and goto PUJHRSN
                   2 = If entry of 2, D or R in DWWK then store DWWK in
                       JHWKO and goto PUJHWANT
                   3 = All others goto PUJHWK

PRABSREA    2     REASON NOT AT WORK AND PAY STATUS                        385-386

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1   =   Ft Paid-Vacation
                    2   =   Ft Paid-Own Illness
                    3   =   Ft Paid-Child Care Problems
                    4   =   Ft Paid-Other Family/Personal Oblig.
                    5   =   Ft Paid-Maternity/Paternity Leave
                    6   =   Ft Paid-~bor Dispute
                    7   =   Ft Paid-Weather Affected Job
                    8   =   Ft Paid-School/Training
                    9   =   Ft Paid-Civic/Milttary Duty
                   10   =   Ft Paid-Other
                   11   =   Ft Unpaid-Vacation
                   12   =   Ft Unpaid-Own Illness
                   13   =   Ft Unpaid-Child Care Problems
                   14   =   Ft Unpaid-Other Fare/Personal Obligation
                   15   =   Ft Unpaid-Matemity/Patemity Leave
                   16   =   Ft Unpaid-Labor Dispute
                   17   =   Ft Unpaid-Weather Affected Job
                   18   =   Ft Unpaid-School/Training
                   19   =   Ft Unpaid-Cwic/Military Duty


                                                  8-41
           SIZE             DESCRIPTION                                LOCATION
NAME

                  20    =   Ft Unpaid-Other
                  22    =   Pt Paid-Own Illness
                  23    =   Pt Paid-Child Care Problems
                  24    =   Pt Paid-Other Famiiy/Personal Oblig.
                  25    =   Pt Paid-Matemtty/Patemity Leave
                  26    =   Pt Paid-1abor Dispute
                  27    =   Pt Paid-Weather Affected Job
                  28    =   Pt Paid-School/Training
                  29    =   Pt Paid-Civic/Military Duty
                  30    =   Pt Paid-Other
                  31    =   Pt Unpaid-Vacation
                  32    =   Pt Unpaid-Own Illness
                  33    =   Pt Unpaid-Child Care Problems
                  34    =   Pt Unpaid-Other Fare/Personal Obligation
                  35    =   Pt Unpaid-Matemity/Patemhy Leave
                  36    =   Pt Unpaid-labor Dispute
                  37    =   Pt Unpaid-Weather Affected Job
                  38    =   Pt Unpaid-School/Training
                  39    =   Pt Unpaid-Cwic/Military Duty
                  40    =   Pt Unpaid-Other

PRCIVLF     2     CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                  387-388

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-7

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   I = In Cwilian Labor Force
                   2 = Not In Civilian Labor Force

PRDISC      2     DISCOURAGED WORKER RECODE                             389-390

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRJOBSEA = 1-4

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Discouraged Worker
                   2 = Conditionally Interested
                   3 = Not Available

PREMPHRS     2    REASON NOT AT WORK OR HOURS AT WORK                   391-392

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-7

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    o   =   Unemployed And Nilf
                    1   =   W/Job, Not At Work-lllnes
                    2   =   W/Job, Not At Work-Vacation
                    3   =   W/Job, Not At Work-Weather Affected Job
                    4   =   W/Job, Not At Work-lAor Dispute
                    5   =   W/Jo& Not At Work-Child Care Problems
                    6   =   W/Job, Not At Work-Fam/Pers Obligation
                    7   =   W/Job, Not At Work-Matemity/Patemity
                    8   =   W/Job, Not At Work-School/Training
                    9   =   W/Job, Not At Work-Chdc/Militaty Duty
                   10   =   W/Job, Not At Work-Does Not Work In Bus


                                                   8-42
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                        LOCATION

                  11 = W/Job, Not At Work-Other
                  12 = At Work- 1-4 Hrs
                  13 = At work- 5-14 Hrs
                  14 = At work- 15-21 Hrs
                  15 = At work- 22-29 Hrs
                  16 = At Work- 30434Hrs
                  17 = At work- 35-39 Hrs
                  18 = At Work-40 Hrs
                  19 = At Work-41-47 Hrs
                  20 = At Work-48 Hrs
                  21 = At Work- 49-59 Hrs
                  22 = At Work-60 Hrs Or More

PREMPNOT    2     MLR - EMPLOYED, UNEMPLOYED, OR NILF          393-394

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-7

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Employed
                   2 = Unemployed
                   3 = Not In bbor Force (Nilf)-Discouraged
                   4 = Not In kbor Force (Nilf)-Other


PREXPLF     2     EXPERIENCED LABOR FORCE EMPLOYMENT           395-396

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 14 AND
                  PELKLWO ne 3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Employed
                   2 = Unemployed

PRITLF      2     FULL TIME IABOR FORCE                        397-398

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 14

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Full Time hbor Force
                   2 = Part Time bbor Force

PRHRUSL     2     USUAL HOURS WORKED WEEKLY                    399-400

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-2

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = 0-20 Hrs
                   2   =   21-34Hrs
                   3   =   35-39 Hrs
                   4   =   40Hrs
                   5   =   4149 Hrs
                   6   =   50 Or More Hrs
                   7   =   Varies-Full Time
                   8   =   Varies-Part Time
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                                       LOCATiON

PRJOBSEA    2     JOB SEARCH RECODE                                           401-402

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRWNTJOB = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1   =   Looked bst 4 Weeks - Not Worked
                   2   =   Looked kt 4 Weeks - Worked
                   3   =   Looked last 4 Weeks - kyoff
                   4   =   Unavailable Job Seekers
                   5   =   No Recent Job Search

PRPTHRS     2     AT WORK 1-34 BY HOURS AT WORK                               403-404

                  EDiTED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1 AND
                  PEHRACll = 1-34

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   O   =   Usuaiy Ft, Pt For Noneconomic Reasons
                   1   =   Usu.Ft, Pt Econ Reasons; 1-4 Hrs
                   2   =   Usu.Ft, Pt Econ Reasons; 5-14 Hrs
                   3   =   Usu.Ft, Pt Econ Reasons; 15-29 Hrs
                   4   =   Usu.Ft, Pt Econ Reasons; 30-34 Hrs
                   5   =   Usu.Pt, Econ Reasons; 14 Hrs
                   6   =   Usu.Pt, Econ Reasons; 5-14 Hrs
                   7   =   Usu.Pt, Econ Reasons 15-29 Hrs
                   8   =   Usu.Pt, Econ Reasons; 30-34 Hrs
                   9   =   Usu.Pt, Non-Econ Reasons; 14 Hrs
                  10   =   Usu.Pt, Non-Econ Reasons; 5-14 Hrs
                  11   =   Usu.Pt, Non-Econ Reasons; 15-29 Hrs
                  12   =   Usu.Pt, Non-Econ Reasons; 30-34 Hrs

PRPTREA     2     Di3AlLED REASON FOR PART-TIME                               405-406

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1 AND
                  (PEHRUSLT = O-34 OR PEHRACIT = 1-34)

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1   =   Usu. Ft-Slack Work/Business Conditions
                   2   =   Usu. Ft-Seasoml Work
                   3   =   Usu. Ft-Job Started/Ended During Week
                   4   =   Usu. Ft-Vacation/Personal Day
                   5   =   Usu. Ft-Own illness/lnjuy/Medical   Appointment
                   6   =   Usu. Ft-Holiday (Religious Or Legal)
                   7   =   Usu. Ft-Child Care Problems
                   8   =   Usu. Ft-Other Fam/Pers Obligations
                   9   =   Usu. Ft-hbor Dispute
                  10 =     Usu. Ft-Weather Affected Job
                  11   =   Usu. Ft-Schoot/Training
                  12   =   Usu. Ft-Ciiic/Military Duty
                  13   =   Usu. Ft-Other Reason
                  14   =   Usu. Pt-Slack Work/Business Conditions
                  15   =   Usu. Pt-Could Only Find Pt Work
                  16   =   Usu. Pt-Seasonal Work
                  17   =   Usu. Pt-Child Care Problems
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                              LOCATION

                  18   =   Usu. Pt-Other Fam/Pers Obligations
                  19   =   Usu. Pt-Health/Medical Limitations
                  20   =   Usu. Pt-Schoolflraining
                  21   =   Usu. Pt-Retired/S.S. Limit On Earnings
                  22   =   (.)SU. Pt-Workweek <35 Hours
                  23   =   Usu. Pt-Other Reason

PRUNEDUR    3     DURATION OF UNEMPLOYMENT FOR                       407-409
                  LAYOFF AND LOOKING RECORDS

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 3-4

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    o = Min Value
                  999=  Max Value

PRUSITPT    2     USUAL FULLTIME/PARITIME STATUS                     410-411

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Full Time
                   2 = Part Time
                   3 = Status Unknown

PRUNTYPE    2     REASON FOR UNEMPLOYMENT                            412-413

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 34

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1   =   Job Loser/On Layoff
                   2   =   Other Job Loser
                   3   =   Temporary Job Ended
                   4   =   Job Leaver
                   5   =   Re-Entrant
                   6   =   New-Entrant

PRWKSCH     2     IABOR FORCE BY TIME                                414-415
                  WORKED OR LOST

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-7

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   O   =   Not In Labor Force
                   1   =   At Work
                   2   =   Wfih Job, Not At Work
                   3   =   Unemployed, Seeks Ft
                   4   =   Unemployed, Seeks Pt




                                                   8-45
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                                   LOCATION

PRWKSTAT    2     FUU/PART-TIME WORK STATUS                               416-417

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-7

                  VALJDENTRIES

                   1 = Not In Labor Force
                   2   =   Ft Hours (35+), Uslldiy Ft
                   3   =   Pt For Economic Reasons, Usuafly Ft
                   4   =   Pt For Non-Economic Reasons, Usually Ft
                   5   =   Not At Work, Usua!ly Ft
                   6   =   Pt Hrs, Usually Pt For Economic Reasons
                   7   =   Pt Hrs, Usually Pt For Non-Economic Reasons
                   8   =   Ft Hours, Usually Pt For Economic Reasons
                   9   =   Ft Hours, Usually Pt For Non-Economic
                  10   =   Not At Work, Usuafly Part-Time
                  11   =   Unemployed Ft
                  12   =   Unemployed Pt

PRWNTJOB    2     NILF RECODE - WANT A JOB OR OTHER NILF                  418-419

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 5-7

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Want A Job
                   2 = Other Not In labor Force

PUJHCK3     2     JOB HISTORY CHECK ITEM                                  420-421

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = If I-MI-R EQ 3 or 4 then goto PUJHDP1
                   2 = All others goto PUJHRSN

PUJHCK4     2     SCREEN FOR DEPENDENT NILF                               422-423

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = If entry of 2, D or R in PUDW4WK or in PUJHDP1O
                       then goto PUJHCK5
                   2 = If entry of 1 in PUDW4WK or in PUJHDP1O
                       then goto PUIO1INT
                   3 = If I-MLR equals 1 or 2 and entry in
                       PUJHRSN then goto PUJHCK5
                   4 = If entry in PUJHRSN then goto PUIO1INT
                   5 = AMothers goto PUNLFCK1

PUJHCK5     2     SCREEN FOR DEPENDENT NILF                               424-425

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = if I-IOIICR equals 1 or I-101OCR
                       equals 1 then goto PUIO1MT
                   2 = All others goto PUIOCK5




                                                 846
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION                                  LOCATION

PUIODP1     2     IAST MONTH, IT WAS REPORTEDTHAT YOU                 426-427
                  WORKED FOR (EMPLOYER’S NAME). DO
                  STILL WORK FOR (EMPLOYER’S NAME)
                  (AT YOUR MAIN JOB)?

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PUIODP2     2     HAVE THE USUAL ACTIVITIES AND DUTIES                428-429
                  OF YOUR JOB CHANGED SINCE LAST MONTH?

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PUIODP3     2     LAST MONTH YOU WERE REPORTED AS (A/AN)              430-431
                  (OCCUPATION) AND YOUR USUAL ACTIVITIES WERE
                  (DESCRIPTION). IS THIS AN ACCURATE
                  DESCRIPTION OF YOUR CURRENT JOB?

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PEIOICOW    2     INDIVIDUAL CiASS OF WORKER CODE                     432-433
                  ON FIRST JOB

                  NOTE: A PEIO1COW CODE CAN BE ASSIGNED
                  EVEN IF AN INDIVIDUAL IS NOT CURRENTLY
                  EMPLOYED.

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: (PEMLR = 1-3) OR (PEMLR = 4 AND
                  PELKLWO = 1-2) OR (PEMLR = 5 AND (PENLFJH = 1 OR
                  PEJHWKO = 1) OR (PEMLR = 6 AND PENLFJH = 1) OR
                  (PEMLR = 7 AND PEJHWKO = 1)

                  VALID ENTRIES

                        Government - Federal
                        Government - State
                        Government - Local
                        Private, For Profii
                        Private, Nonprofit
                        Self-Employed, Incorporated
                        Self-Employed, Unincorporated
                        Wnhout Pay




                                              8-47
NAME        SIZE            DESCRIPTION                              LOCATION

PUIO1MFG     2     IS THIS BUSINESS OR ORGANIZATION MAINLY            434-435
                   MANUFACTURING, RETAIL TRADE,
                   WHOLESALE TRADE, OR SOM~HING ELSE?

                   VAUD ENTRIES

                    1   =   Manufacturing
                    2   =   Retail Trade
                    3   =   Whdesaie Trade
                    4   =   Something Else

PEIOI ICD    3     INDUSTRY CODE FOR PRIMARY JOB                      436-438

                   EDITED UNIVERSE: (PEMLR = 1-3)
                   OR (PEMLR = 4 AND PELKLWO = 1-2)
                   OR (PEMLR = 5 AND (PENLFJH = 1 OR PEJHWKO = 1))
                   OR (PEMLR = 6 AND PENLFJH = 1)
                   OR (PEMLR = 7 AND PEJHWKO= 1)

                   VALID ENTRIES

                     o = Min Value
                   999 = Max Value

PEIO1OCD     3     OCCUPATION CODE FOR PRIMARY JOB.                   439-441

                   EDITED UNIVERSE: (PEMLR = 1-3)
                   OR (PEMLR = 4 AND PELKLWO = 1-2)
                   OR (PEMLR = 5 AND (PENLFJH = 1 OR PEJHWKO = 1))
                   OR (PEMLR = 6 AND PENLFJH = 1)
                   OR (PEMLR = 7 AND PEJHWKO = 1)

                   VAUD ENTRIES

                     O = Min Value
                   999=  Max Value

PEI02COW     2     INDIVIDUAL CUSS OF WORKER ON SECOND JOB.           442-443


                   NOTE: FOR THOSE SELF-EMPLOYED UNINCORPORATED
                   ON THEIR FIRST JOB, THIS SHOULD HAVE A RESPONSE
                   EVERY MONTH. FOR AU OTHERS, THIS SHOULD ONLY
                   HAVE A VALUE IN OUT-GOING ROTATIONS.

                   EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMJOT = 1 AND (HRMIS = 4,8 OR
                   PEIO1COW = 7,8)

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    1 = Government - Faderal
                    2   =   Government - State
                    3   =   Government - Local
                    4   =   Private, For Profn
                    5   =   Private, Nonprofti
                    6   =   Self-Employed, Incorporated
                    7   =   Self-Employed, Unincorporated
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                                       LOCATION

                   8   =   Without Pay
                   9   =   Unknown
                  10   =   Government, Level Unknown
                  11   =   Self-Employed, Incorp. Status Unknovvn

PUI02MFG    2     IS THIS BUSINESS OR ORGANIZATION MAINLY                     444-445
                  MANUFACTURING, R~AIL TRADE, WHOLESALE TRADE,
                  OR SOM13HING ELSE?

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Manufacturing
                   2 = Retail Trade
                   3 = Wholesale Trade
                   4 = Something Else

PEI021CD    3     INDUSTRY CODE FOR SECOND JOB.                               446-448

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMJOT = 1 AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    o = Min Value
                  999 = Max Value

PEI020CD    3     OCCUPATION CODE FOR SECOND JOB.                             449-451

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMJOT = 1 AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    o = Min Value
                  999 = Max Value

PUIOCK1     2     1& O CHECK fTEM 1                                           452-453
                  SCREEN FOR DEPENDENT I AND O

                  VALID ENTRIES

                           If {MISCK EQ 1 or 5)
                           or MISCK EQ 24, 6-8 and I-MLR EQ 3-7)
                           and entry of 1 in ABS} then goto PUIO1MT
                           If (MISCK EQ 1 or 5)
                           or {(MISCK EQ 2-4,6-8 and I-MLR EQ 3-7)
                           and (entry of 1 in WK or HRCK7-C is blank, 1-3)
                           goto Puiol INT
                           If 1-101NAM is D, R or blank then goto PUIO1INT
                           All others goto PUIODP1

PUIOCK2     2     i & O CHECK ITEM 2                                          454-455
                  SCREEN FOR PREVIOUS MONTHS I AND O CASES

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = if i-101ICR EQ 1 then goto PUIO1IND
                   2 = If 1-101OCR EQ 1 then goto PUIO1OCC
                   3 = All others goto PUIODP2


                                                  8-49
NAME      SIZE             DESCRIPTION                                      LOCATION


PUIOCK3    2     1&   O CHECK ITEM 3                                         456-457


                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = If 1-101OCC equals D, R or blank then goto PUIO1OCC
                  2 = If 1-101DT1 is D, R or blank then goto PUIO1OCC
                  3 = All others goto PUIODP3

PRIOELG    2     INDUSTRY AND OCCUPATION                                     458-459
                 EUGIBIUTY FIAG

                 EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-3,
                 OR (PEMLR = 4 AND PELKLWO = 1 OR 2)
                 OR (PEMLR = 5 AND (PEJHWKO = 1 OR PENLFJH= 1),
                 OR (PEMLR = 6 AND PENLFJH = 1),
                 OR PEMLR = 7 AND PEJHWKO = 1)

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not Eligible For Edit
                  1 = Eligible For Edit

PRAGNA     2     AGRICULTURE/                                                464)-461
                 NON-AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY

                 EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1 = Agricultural
                  2 = Non-Agricultural

PRCOW1     2     CIASS OF WORKER                                             462-463
                 RECODE - JOB 1

                 EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1

                 VAUD ENTRIES

                  1    =   Federal Govt
                  2    =   State Govt
                  3    =   Local Govt
                  4    =   Private (Incl. Self-Employed Incorp.)
                  5    =   Seif-EmPloyed, Unincorp.
                  6    =   Wfihout Pay

PRCOW2     2     CLASS OF WORKER                                             464-465
                 RRECODE - JOB 2

                 EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1 AND PEMJOT = 1 AND
                 HRMIS = 4 OR 8

                 VALID ENTRIES

                  1 = Federal Govt
                  2 = State Govt


                                                   S-50
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                             LOCATION

                   3    =   Local Govt
                   4    =   Private (Incl. Seif-Empioyed Incorp.)
                   5    =   Self-Employed, Unincorp.
                   6    =   Without Pay

PRCOWPG     2     COW - PRIVATEOR GOVERNMENT                         466-467


                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEIO1COW = 1-5

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Private
                   2 = Government

PRDTCOW1    2     DETAILED CIASS OF WORKER RECODE - JOB 1            468-469

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Agri., Wage& Salary, Private
                   2    =   Agri., Wage& Salary, Government
                   3    =   Agri., Self-Employed
                   4    =   Agri., Unpaid
                   5    =   Nonag, Ws, Private, Private Hhids
                   6    =   Nonag, Ws, Private, Other Private
                   7    =   Nonag, Ws, Govt, Federal
                   8=       Nonag, Ws, Govt, State
                   9    =   Nonag, Ws, Govt, Local
                  10    =   Nonag, Self-Employed
                  11    =   Nonag, Unpaid

PRDTCOW2    2     DETAILED CLASS OF WORKER RECODE - JOB 2            470-471

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1 AND PEMJOT = 1 AND
                  HRMIS = 4 OR 8

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Agri., Wage& Salary, Private
                   2 = Agri., Wage& Salary, Government
                   3 = Agri., Self-Employed
                   4 = Agri., Unpaid
                   5 = Nonag, Ws, Private, Private Hhlds
                   6 = Nonag, Ws, Private, Other Priiate
                   7 = Nonag, Ws, Govt, Federal
                   8 = Nonag, Ws, Govt, State
                   9 = Nonag, Ws, Govt, l-cd
                  10 = Nonag, Self-Employed
                  11 = Nonag, Unpaid




                                                     8-51
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                               LOCATION

PRDTIND1    2     D=AfLED INDUSTRY RECODE - JOB 1                      472-473

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1=       Goods Producing-Agricultural Services
                   2 =      Goods Producing-Other Agricultuml
                   3        Mining
                   4:       Construction
                   5        Mfg-Lumber & Wood Prods, Ex Furniture
                   6:       Mfg-Fumiture & Fixtures
                   7=       Mfg-Stone, Ciay, Concrete, Glass Prods
                   8=       Mfg-Primary Metals
                   9 =      MfgFabricated Metals
                  10 =      Mfg-Not Specified Metal Industries
                  11 =      MfgMachinery, Ex Electrical
                  12    =   MfgElectrical Machinery, Equip Supplies
                  13    =   Mfg-Motor Vehicles& Equip
                  14    =   Mfg-Aircraft & Parts
                  15    =   Mfg-Other Transportation Equipment
                  16    =   Mfg-Professional & Photo Equip, Watches
                  17    =   MfgToys, Amusement& Sporting Goods
                  18    =   Mfg-Mist & Nec Mfg industries
                  19    =   Mfg-Food & Kindred Prods
                  20    =   Mfg-Tobacco Prods
                  21    =   MfgTextile Mill Prods
                  22=       Mfg-Apparel & Other Finished Textile Pr
                  23    =   Mfg-Paper & Allied Products
                  24    =   Mfg-Printing, Publishing& Allied Inds
                  25    =   Mfg-Chemicais & Allied Prods
                  26    =   Mfg-Petroleum & Coal Prods
                  27    =   Mfg-Rubber & Mist Plastic Prods
                  28    =   Mfg-Leather & Leather Prods
                  29    =   Transportation
                  30    =   Communications
                  31    =   Utilities & Sanitary Semites
                  32    =   Wholesale Trade
                  33    =   Eating And Drinking Places
                  34=       Other Retail Trade
                  35    =   Banking And Other Finance
                  36    =   Insurance And Real Estate
                  37    =   Private Household Services
                  38    =   Business Services
                  39    =   Automobile And Repair Services
                  40    =   Personal Serv Exc Private Households
                  41    =   Entertainment & Recreation Services
                  42    =   Hospitals
                  43=       Health Services, Exe. Hospitals
                  44=       Educational Sewices
                  45    =   Social Services
                  46    =   Other Professional Services
                  47    =   Forestry & Fisheries
                  48    =   Justice, Public Order & Safety
                  49    =   Admin Of Human Resource Programs




                                                  8-52
NAME       SIZE            DESCRIPTION                                LOCATION

                  50 = Natioml Sec@ty & Internal AffsJrs
                  51 . Other Public Administration
                  52 = Armed Forces

PRDTIND2    2     D~AiLED INDUSTRY RECODE - JOB 2                      474-   47!5


                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1 AND PEMJOT = 1 AND
                  HRMIS = 4 OR 8

                  VALJDENTRIES

                   1 = Goods Producing-Agricultural Services
                   2   =   Goods Producing-Other Agricultural
                   3   =   Mining
                   4   =   Construction
                   5   =   Mfg-~mber & Wood Prods, Ex Furniture
                   6   =   Mfg-Fumiture & Fmures
                   7   =   Mfg-Stone, Cfay, Concrete, Glass Prods
                   8   =   Mfg-Primary Metals
                   9   =   Mfg-Fabricated Metals
                  10 =     Mfg-Not Specified Metal Industries
                  11 =     Mfg-Machinery, Ex Electrical
                  12 =     Mfg-Electrical Machinery, Equip Supplies
                  13 =     Mfg-Motor Vehicles& Equip
                  14 =     Mfg-Aircdt & Parts
                  15 =     Mfg-Other Transportation Equipment
                  16 =     Mfg-Professional & Photo Equip, Watches
                  17 =     Mfg-Toys, Amusement& Sporting Goods
                  18 =     Mfg-Mist & Nec Mfg Industries
                  19 =     Mfg-Food & Kindred Prods
                  20 =     Mfg-Tobacco Prods
                  21 =     Mfg-Textile Mill Prods
                  22=      Mfg-Apparel & Other Finished Textile Pr
                  23 =     Mfg-Paper & Allied Products
                  24 =     Mfg-Printing, Publishing&Allied Inds
                  25 =     Mfg-Chemicals & Allied Prods
                  26 =     Mfg-Petroleum & Coal Prods
                  27 =     Mfg-Rubber & Mist Plastic Prods
                  28 =     Mfg-Leather & Leather Prods
                  29 =     Transportation
                  30 =     Communications
                  31 =     Utilities & Santtary Services
                  32 =     Wholesale Trade
                  33 =     Eating And Drinking Places
                  34 =     Other Retail Trade
                  35 =     Banking And Other Finance
                  36 =     Insurance And Real Estate
                  37 =     Priiate Household Services
                  38 =     Business Sewices
                  39 =     Automobile And Repair Sewices
                  40.      Personal Sew Exc Private Households
                  41 =     Entertainment & Recreation Services
                  42 =     Hospitals
                  43=      Health Services, Exe. Hospitals
                  44=      Educational Se~ices
                  45 =     Social Services
                  46 =     Other Professional Services


                                                  8-53
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                                            LOCATION

                  47   Forestry & Fisheries
                        =
                  48=  Justice, Public Order & Safety
                  49 = Admin Of Human Resource Progmrns
                  50 = National Security & Internal Affaks
                  51 = Other Public Administration
                  52 = Armed Forces

PRDTOCC1    2     D=AILED OCCUPATION RECODE - JOB 1                                 476-477

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = CMcials & Administrators, Public Admin.
                   2        Other Executive, Admin. & Managerial
                   3:       Management Related Occupations
                   4    =   Engineers
                   5    =   Mathematical And Computer Scientists
                   6    =   Natural Scientists
                   7    =   Health Diagnosing Occupations
                   8    =   Health Assessment And Treatment Occupations
                   9    =   Teachers, College And University
                  10    =   Teachers, Except College And University
                  11    =   Lawyers And Judges
                  12    =   Other Professional Specialty Occupations
                  13    =   Health Technologists And Technicians
                  14    =   Engineering And Science Technicians
                  15    =   Technicians, Except Health, Engineering, And Science
                  16    =   Supervisors And Proprietors, Sales Occupations
                  17    =   Sales Reps, Finance And Business Sewices
                  18    =   Sales Reps, Commodities, Except Retail
                  19    =   Sales Workers, Retail & Personal Services
                  20    =   Sales Related Occupations
                  21    =   Supervisors, Administrative Support
                  22=       Computer Equipment Operators
                  23    =   Secretaries, Stenographers, And Typists
                  24    =   Financial Records Processing
                  25    =   Mail And Message Distribution
                  26    =   Other Admin. Suppott, Including Clerical
                  27    =   Priite Household Service Occupations
                  28    =   Protective SeNice
                  29    =   Food Service
                  30    =   Health Service
                  31    =   Cleaning And Building Service
                  32    =   Personal Service
                  33    =   Mechanics And Repairers
                  34    =   Construction Trades
                  35    =   Other Precision Production, Craft, And Repair
                  36    =   Machine Operators, And Tenders, Except Precision
                  37    =   Fabricators, Assemblers, Inspectors, Samplers
                  38    =   Motot Vehicle Operators
                  39    =   Other Transportation And Material Moving Occupations
                  40=       Construction bborers
                  41    =   Freight, Stock, & Materials Handlers
                  42    =   Other Handlers, Equipt. Cleaners, Helpers, Laborers
                  43=       Farm Operators And Managers
                  44=       Farm Workers And Related Occupations


                                                  8-54
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION                                           LOCATION

                  45 = Forestry And Fishing Occupations
                  46 = Armed Forces

PRDTOCC2    2     DETAILED OCCUPATION RECODE                                   478-479

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRIOELG = 1 AND PEMJOT = 1 AND
                  HRMIS = 4 OR 8

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = OMcials & Administrators, Public Admin.
                   2 = Other Executive, Admin. & Managerial
                   3 = Management Related Occupations
                   4=  Engineers
                   5 = Mathematical And Computer Scientists
                   6 = Natural Scientists
                   7 = Health Diagnosing Occupations
                   8=  Haatth Assessment And Treatment Occupations
                   9=  Teachers, College And University
                  10 = Teachers, Except College And University
                  11 = Lawyers And Judges
                  12 = Other Professional Speciality Occupations
                  13 = Health Technologists And Technicians
                  14 = Engineering And Science Technicians
                  15 = Technicians, Except Health, Engineering, And Science
                  16 = Supervisors And Proprietors, Sales Occupations
                  17 = Sales Reps, Finance And Business Services
                  18 = Sales Reps, Commodities, Except Retail
                  19 = Sales Workers, Retail & Personal Services
                  20 = Sales Related Occupations
                  21 = Supe~isors, Administrative Support
                  22=  Computer Equipment Operators
                  23 = Secretaries, Stenographers, And Typists
                  24 = Financial Records Processing
                  25 = Mail And Message Distribution
                  26 = Other Admin. Support, Including Clerical
                  27 = Private Household Service Occupations
                  28 = Protective Service
                  29 = Food Service
                  30 = Health Service
                  31 = Cleaning And Building Se~ice
                  32 = Personal Setvice
                  33 = Mechanics And Repairers
                  34=  Construction Trades
                  35 = Other Precision Production, Craft, And Repair
                  36 = Machine Operators, And Tenders, Except Precision
                  37 = Fabricators, Assemblers, Inspectors, Samplers
                  38 = Motot Vehicle Operators
                  39 = Other Transportation And Material Moving Occupations
                  40 = Construction Laborers
                  41 = Freight, Stock, & Materials Handlers
                  42 = Other Handlers, Equipt. Cieaners, Helpers, Laborers
                  43=  Farm Operators And Managers
                  44=  Farm Workers And Related Occupations
                  45 = Forestry And Fishing Occupations
                  46 = Armed Forces



                                              8+5
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTfON                            LOCATION

PREMP       2     EMPLOYED PERSONS (NON-FARM                        480-481
                  & NON-PRIVATE HHLD) RECODE

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1 OR 2
                  AND PEIO1OCD ne 403-407,473484

                  VAUD ENTRY

                   1 Employed Persons (Exc. Farm & Priv HH)

PRMJINDI    2     MAJOR INDUSTRY RECODE - JOB 1                     482-483

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRDTIND1 = 1-51

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Agriculture
                    2   =   Mining
                    3   =   Construction
                    4   =   Manufacturing - Durable Goods
                    5   =   Manufacturing - Non-Durable Goods
                    6   =   Transportation
                    7   =   Communications
                    8   =   Utilities And Sanitary Services
                    9   =   Wholesale Trade
                   10   =   Retail Trade
                   11   =   Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate
                   12   =   Private Households
                   13   =   Business, Auto And Repair Sewices
                   14   =   Personal Services, Exe. P~te Hhlds
                   15   =   Entertainment And Recreation Seflces
                   16   =   Hospitals
                   17   =   Medical Services, Exe. Hospitals
                   18   =   Educational SeNices
                   19   =   Social Services
                   20   =   Other Professional Services
                   21   =   Forest~ And Fisheries
                   22   =   Public Administration
                   23   =   Armed Forces

PRMJIND2     2    MAJOR INDUSTRY RECODE - JOB 2                      484-485

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRDTIND2 = 1-51

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1 = Agriculture
                    2   =   Mining
                    3   =   Construction
                    4   =   Manufacturing - Durable Goods
                    5   =   Manufacturing - Non-Durable Goods
                    6   =   Transportation
                    7   =   Communications
                    8   =   Utilities And Sanitary Services
                    9   =   Wholesale Trade
                   10   =   Retail Trade
                   11   =   Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate


                                                   8-56
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIP’IION                                           LOCATION

                  12    =   Private Households
                  13    =   Business, Auto And Repair Services
                  14    =   Personal Services, Exe. Private Hhlds
                  15    =   Entertainment And Recreation Services
                  16    =   HosPitals
                  17    =   Medical Services, Exe. Hospitals
                  18    =   Educational Services
                  19    =   Social Services
                  20    =   Other Professional Services
                  21    =   Forestry And Fsheries
                  22    =   Public Administration
                  23    =   Armed Forces

PRMJOCC1    2     MAJOR OCCUPATION RECODE                                           466-487
                  - JOB 1

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRDTOCC1 = 146

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Executive, Administrative, & Managerial Occupations
                   2 = Professional Specialty Occupations
                   3 = Technicians And Related Support Occupations
                   4 = Sales Occupations
                   5 = Administrative Support Occupations, Including Clerical
                   6 = Private Household Occupations
                   7 = Protective Service Occupations
                   8 = Sewice Occupations, Except Protective& Hhld
                   9 = Precision Production, Craft& Repair Occupations
                  10 = Machine Operators, Assemblers& Inspectors
                  11 = Transportation And Material Moving Occupations
                  12 = Handlers, Equip Cleaners, Helpers, Mmrers
                  13 = Farming, Forestry And Fishing Occupations
                  14 = Armed Forces

PRMJOCC2    2     MAJOR OCCUPATION RECODE                                           488-489
                  - JOB 2

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRDTOCC2 = 1-46

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Executive, Administrative, & Managerial Occupations
                   2    = Professional Specialty Occupations
                   3    = Technicians And Related Support Occupations
                   4    = Sales Occupations
                   5      Administrative Suppott Occupations, Including Clerical
                   6:     Priite Household Occupations
                   7=     Protective Service Occupations
                   8    = Service Occupations, Except Protective & Hhld
                   9=     Precision Production, Craft & Repair Occupations
                  10    = Machine Operators, Assemblers & Inspectors
                  11    = Transportation And Material Moving Occupations
                  12    = Handlers, Equip Cleaners, Helpers, Laborers
                  13    = Farming, Forest~ And Fishing Occupations
                  14    = Armed Forces



                                                  8-57
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION                                 LOCATION

PRMJOCGR    2     MAJOR OCCUPATION CATEGORIES                        480-491

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRMJOCC = 1-13

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Managerail & Professional, Technical,
                       Sales & Support Occupations
                   2 = Sewice Occupations
                   3 = Production, Craft, Repair, Operators
                   4 = Farming, Forestry& Fishing Occupations

PRNAGPWS    2     NON-AGRICULTURE, PRIVATE                           492-493
                  WAGE AND SAIARY WORKERS RECODE

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRCOWI = 1 AND PEIO1ICD ne 761
                  OR 010-030

                  VALID ENTRY

                   1 Non-ag Priv Wage & Salaty (Ex Priv HH)

PRNAGWS     2     NON-AGRICULTURE WAGE AND                           494-495
                  SAIARY WORKERS RECODE

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 14
                  AND PRCOW = 14 AND PEIO1ICD ne 010-030

                  VALID ENTRY

                   1 Non-ag Wage And Salary Wockers

PRSJMJ      2     SINGLE/MULTIPLE JOBHOLDER                          496-497

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1 OR 2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Single Jobholder
                   2 = Multiple Jobholder

PRERELG     2     EARNINGS EUGIBIUTY FIAG                            498-499

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEMLR = 1-2 AND HRMIS = 4 OR 8

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   O = Not Eligible For Edft
                   1 = Eligible For Edit




                                               8-58
NAME       SIZE             DESCRIPTION                        LOCATION

PEERNUOT    2     DO YOU USUALLY RECEIVE OVERTIME PAY,          500-501
                  TIPS, OR COMMISSIONS AT YOUR JOB?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRERELG = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1 = Yes
                    2 = No

PEERNPER    2     PERIODICITY                                   502-503

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRERELG = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1   =   Hourly
                    2   =   Weekly
                    3   =   Bi-Weekly
                    4   =   Twice Monthly
                    5   =   Monthly
                    6   =   Annually
                    7   =   Other- Specify

PEERNRT     2     (EVEN THOUGH YOU TOLD ME IT IS EASIER         504-505
                  TO REPORT YOUR EARNINGS (PERIODICITY); ARE
                  YOU PAID AT AN HOURLY RATE ON
                  YOUR (MAINflHIS) JOB?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNPER = 2-7

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PEERNHRY    2     HOURLY/NONHOURLY STATUS                       506-507

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRERELG = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Hourly Worker
                   2 = Nonhouriy Worker

PUERNHIC   4      WHAT IS YOUR HOURLY RATE OF PAY ON            506-511
                  THIS JOB, EXCLUDING OVERTIME PAY, TIPS OR
                  COMMISSION?
                  DOUAR AMOUNT -2 IMPUED DECIMALS

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    O = Min Value
                  9999 = Max Value




                                             6-59
NAME       SIZE          DESCRIPTION                             LOCATION

PEERNH2     4     (EXCLUDING OVERTIME PAY, TIPS AND               512-515
                  COMMISSIONS) WHAT IS YOUR HOURLY RATE
                  OF PAY ON YOUR (MAINflHIS) JOB?
                  DOUAR AMOUNT -2 IMPUED DECIMALS

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNRT = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    o = Min Value
                  9999 = Max Value

PEERNH1O    4     OUT VARIABLE FOR HOURLY                         516-519
                  RATE OF PAY (2 IMPUED DECIMALS)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNPER = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                    o = Min Value
                  9999 = Max Value

PRERNHLY    4     RECODE FOR HOURLY RATE                          520-523
                  2 IMPUED DECIMALS

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNPER = 1 OR PEERNRT = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    o = Min Value
                  9999 = Max Value

PTHR        1     HOURLY PAY - TOP CODE                           524-524

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   o = Not TOf3C0ded
                   1 = Topcoded


PEERNHRO    2     USUAL HOURS                                     525-526

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNH1O = ENTRY

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   o = Min Value
                  99 = Max Value

PRERNWA     8     WEEKLY EARNINGS RECODE                          527-534
                  2 IMPUED DECIMALS

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRERELG = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                    o = Min Value
                  1923 = Max Value
NAME       SIZE          DESCRIPTION                                 LOCATION

PIWK        1     WEEKLY EARNINGS -TOP CODE                           535-535

                    O = Not TopcOded
                    1 = Topcoded

PEERNVR1    2     I HAVE ESTIMATED YOUR USUAL WEEKLY                  536-537
                  EARNINGS (FOR YOUR MAIN JOB) AS ( ) BEFORE TAXES
                  OR OTHER DEDUCTIONS. DOES THAT SOUND CORRECT?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNHRO = ENTRY

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    1 = Yes
                    2 = No

PEERNVR3    2     I HAVE ESTIMATED YOUR TOTAL WEEKLY                  538-539
                  EARNINGS (FOR YOUR MAIN JOB) AS ( ) BEFORE
                  TAXES OR OTHER DEDUCTIONS. DOES THAT SOUND
                  CORRECT?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNVR1 = -2 OR 2
                  ~HIS IS AN APPROXIMATE UNIVERSE AS THE
                  VARIABLES WHICH COMPRISE THE UNIVERSE ARE
                  NOT INCLUDED ON THIS FILE)

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PEERN       8     CALCULATED WEEKLY OVERTIME AMOUNT                   540-547
                  2 IMPUED DECIMALS

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNUOT = 1 AND PEERNPER = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                    O = Min Value
                  99999999 = Max Value

PUERN2      8     CALCULATED WEEKLY                                   548-555
                  OVERTIME AMOUNT
                  2 IMPUED DECIMALS


                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   O = Min Value
                  W999999 = Max Value

PTOT        1     WEEKLY OVERTIME AMOUNT - TOP CODE                   556-556

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   o = Not TOpCoded
                   1 = Topcoded



                                          8-61
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION                                  LOCATION

PUERNVR4    2     I HAVE RECORDED YOUR TOTAL EARNINGS                 557-558
                  (FOR YOUR MAIN JOB) AS ( ) BEFORE TAXES
                  OR OTHER DEDUCTIONS. IS THAT CORRECT?

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PEERNWKP    2     HOW MANY WEEKS A YEAR DO YOU                        559-560
                  GET PAID FOR?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEERNPER = 6

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  01 = Min Value
                  52 = Max Value

PEERNIAB    2     ON THIS JOB, ARE YOU A MEMBER OF A                  561-562
                  LABOR UNION OR OF AN EMPLOYEE ASSOCIATION
                  SIMILAR TO A UNION?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: (PEIOICOW = 1-5 AND PEMLR = 1-2
                  AND HRMIS = 4,8)

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PEERNCOV    2     ON THIS JOB ARE YOU COVERED BY A UNION              563-564
                  OR EMPLOYEE ASSOCIATION CONTRACT’?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: (PEIO1COW = 1-5 AND PEMLR = 1-2
                  AND HRMIS = 4,8)

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2=N0

PENLFJH     2     WHEN DID YOU IAST WORK AT A JOB                     565-566
                  OR BUSINESS?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: HRMIS = 4 OR 8 AND PEMLR = 3-7

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1=   Within The Last 12 Months
                   2    More Than 12 Months Ago
                   3:   Never Worked




                                              8-62
NAME       SIZE          DESCRIPTION                                  LOCATION

PENLFR~     2     ARE YOU R~lRED FROM A JOB                            567-568
                  OR BUSINESS?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PEAGE = 50+ AND PEMLR = 3-7

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No

PENLFACT    2     WHAT BEST DESCRIBES YOUR SITUATION AT                569-570
                  THIS TIME? FOR EXAMPLE, ARE YOU DISABLED,
                  IU IN SCHOOL TAKING CARE OF HOUSE OR
                  FAMILY, OR SOM~HING ELSE?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: (PEAGE = 14-49) or (PENLFRH = 2)

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Disabled
                   2   = Ill
                   3   = In School
                   4 = Taking Care Of House Or Family
                   5 = In Retirement
                   6 = Something Else/Other

PUNLFCK1    2     NOT IN LABOR FORCE                                   571-572
                  CHECK ITEM -1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                   1 = If AGERNG Equals 1-4 or 9
                       Then Goto NlfACT
                   2 = All Others Goto NIFRET

PUNLFCK2    2     NOT IN IABOR FORCE                                   573-574
                  CHECK ITEM -2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = If MISCL Equals 4 or 8 Then Goto NIFJH
                   2 = All Others Goto LBFR-END

PESCHENR    2     lAST WEEK, WERE YOU ENROLLED IN A                    575-576
                  HIGH SCHOOL, COLLEGE, OR UNIVERSITY?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERIYP = 2 and PEAGE = 16-24

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Yes
                   2 = No
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION                                   LOCATION

PESCHt7     2     ARE YOU ENROLLED IN SCHOOL AS A                      577-578
                  FUU-TIME OR PART-TIME STUDENT?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PESCHLVL = 1,2

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = Full-Time
                   2 = Part-Time

PESCHLVL    2     WOULD THAT BE HIGH SCHOOL COLLEGE,                   579-580
                  OR UNIVERSllY?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PESCHENR = 1

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = High School
                   2 = College or University

PRNLFSCH    2     NLF ACTIVITY -IN SCHOOL OR                           581-582
                  NOT IN SCHOOL

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PENLFACT = -1 OR 1-6 AND
                  PEAGE = 16-24

                  VAUD ENTRIES

                   1 = In School
                   2 = Not in School

                  PERSON’S WEIGHTS

PWFMWGT    10     FAMILY WEIGHT                                        583-592
                  (4 IMPLIED DECIMALS)
                  ONLY USED FOR TAUYING FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS.

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1-3

PWLGWGT    10     LONGITUDINAL WEIGHT                                  593-602
                  (4 IMPUED DECIMALS)
                  ONLY FOUND ON ADULT RECORDS MATCHED FROM
                  MONTH TO MONTH.
                  (USED FOR GROSS FLOWS ANALYSIS)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 2

PWORWGT    10     OUTGOING ROTATION WEIGHT                             603-612
                  (4 IMPUED DECIMALS)
                  USED FOR TALLYING INFORMATION COLLECTED ONLY IN
                  OUTGOING ROTATIONS (i.e., EARNINGS, 2nd JOB I &O,
                  D13AILED NILF)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 2




                                               8-64
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION                                      LOCATION

PWSSWGT    10     FINAL WEIGHT                                            613-622
                  (4 IMPUED DECIMAL PUCES)
                  USED FOR MOST TABULATIONS, CONTROLLED TO
                  INDEPENDENT ESTIMATES FOR 1) STATES; 2) ORIGIN,
                  SEX, AND AGE; AND 3) AGE, RACE, AND SEX.

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 1-3

PWVETWGT   10     VETERANS WEIGHT                                         623-632
                  4 IMPUED DECIMALS)
                  USED FOR TALLYING VETERAN’S DATA ONLY, CONTROLLED TO
                  ESTIMATES OF V~ERANS SUPPUED BY VA.

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRPERTYP = 2

FILLER      6                                                             633-638


                  AUOCATION FIAGS


PRWERNAL    2     AUOCATION FIAG                                          639-640

                  WEEKLY EARNINGS RECODE (PRERNWA)
                  ALLOCATION FLAG

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRERELG = 1

                  00=  NO ALLOCATION
                  01 = ONE OR MORE COMPONENTS OF THE RECODE ARE
                       ALLOCATED

PRHERNAL    2     AUOCATION FIAG                                          641-642

                  HOURLY EARNINGS RECODE (PRERNHLY)
                  ALLOCATION FL4G

                  EDITED UNIVERSE: PRERNHRY = 1

                  00 = NO ALLOCATION
                  01 = ONE OR MORE COMPONENT OF THE RECODE ARE
                       ALLOCATED (See the allocation flags attachment
                       for a description of allocation values)

H~ENURE     2     ALLOCATION FIAG                                         643-644

HXHOUSUT    2     AUOCATION FIAG                                          645-646

HXTELHHD    2     ALLOCATION FIAG                                         647-648

HXTEIAVL    2     AUOCATION FIAG                                          649-650

HXPHONEO    2              FUG
                  ALLOCATION                                              B51 - B52

PXINUSYR    2     AUOCATION FIAG                                          653-654

PXRRP       2     AUOCATION FMG                                           655-656


                                            8-65
NAME       SIZE          DESCRIPTION          LOCATION

PXPARENT       2   AUOCATION FIAG              657-658

PXAGE          2   ALLOCATION FIAG             659-660

PXMARITL       2   ALLOCATION FIAG             661-662

PXSPOUSE    2      ALLOCATION FLAG             663-664

PXSEX       2      ALLOCATION FIAG             665-666

PXAFWHEN    2      ALLOCATION FLAG             667-668

PXAFNOW     2      AUOCATION FIAG              669-670

PXEDUCA     2      AUOCATION FIAG              671-672

PXRACE      2      AUOCATION FLAG              673-674

PXNATWY     2      AUOCATION FLAG              675-676

PXMNIWY     2      AUOCATION FIAG              677-678

PXFNTWY     2      AUOCATION FLAG              794-680

FILLER      2                                  681-682

PXORIGIN    2      AUOCATION FIAG              683-684

PXMLR       2      AUOCATION FLAG              685-686

PXRETI      2      AUOCATION FLAG              687-688

PXABSRSN   2       AUOCATION FIAG              689-690

PXABSPDO   2       AUOCATION FLAG              691-692

PXMJOT     2       AUOCATION FLAG              693-694

PXMJNUM    2       AUOCATION FLAG              695-696

PXHRUSL1   2       AUOCATION FIAG              697-698

PXHRUSL2   2       AUOCATION FUG              699-700

PXHRHPT    2       AUOCATION FLAG             701-702

PXHRUSLT   2       AUOCATION FLAG             703-704

PXHRWANT   2       AUOCATION FIAG             705-706

PXHRRSN1   2       AUOCATION FIAG             707-708

PXHRRSN2   2       AUOCATION FIAG             709-710

PXHRACTI   2       AUOCATION FIAG             711-712

PXHRACT2   2       AUOCATION FLAG             713-714


                                       8-66
NAME        SIZE         DESCRIPTION         LOCATION

PXHRACTT     2     ALLOCATION FLAG            715-716

PXHRRSN3     2     ALLOCATION FIAG            717-718

PXHRAVL      2     ALLOCATION FUG             719-720

PXIAYAVL     2     ALLOCATION FLAG            721-722

PXIAYLK      2     ALLOCATION FLAG            723-724

PXLAYDUR     2     ALLOCATION FLAG            725-726

PxlAYFro     2     ALLOCATION FIAG            727-728

PXLKM1       2     ALLOCATION FLAG            729-730

PXLKAVL      2     ALLOCATION FLAG            731-732

PXLKLL1O     2     ALLOCATION FUG             733-734

PXLKLL20     2     ALLOCATION FIAG            735-736

PXLKLWO      2     AUOCATION FLAG             737-738

PXLKDUR      2     AUOCATION FLAG             739-740

PXLKFTO      2     AUOCATION FIAG             741-742

PXDWWNTO     2     AUOCATION FLAG             743-744

PXDWRSN      2     AUOCATION FIAG             745-746

PXDWLKO      2     AUOCATION FIAG             747-748

PXDWWK       2     AUOCATION FIAG             749-750

PXDW4WK      2     ALLOCATION FIAG            751-752

PXDWLKWK     2     ALLOCATION FLAG            753-754

PXDWAVL      2     AUOCATION FIAG             755-756

PXDWAVR      2     ALLOCATION FIAG            757-758

PXJHWKO      2     AUOCATION FUG              759-760

PXJHRSN     2      AUOCATION FIAG             761-762

PXJHWANT    2      AUOCATION FLAG             763-764

Pxlol cow   2      AUOCATION FIAG             765-766

PXIO1ICD    2      ALLOCATION FLAG            767-768

PXIO1OCD    2      AUOCATION FLAG             768-770

PXI02COW    2      AUOCATION FIAG             771-772


                                       8+7
NAME       SIZE         DESCRIPTION   LOCATION

PXI021CD    2     AUOCATION FLAG       n3 -774

PXI020CD    2     ALLOCATION FIAG      775-776

PXERNUOT    2     ALLOCATION FIAG      m-778

PXERNPER    2     ALLOCATION FLAG      779-780

PXERNHIO    2     ALLOCATION FLAG      781-782

PXERNHRO    2     AUOCATION FLAG       783-784

PXERN       2     AUOCATION FUG        785-786

PXERNVR1    2     AUOCATION FLAG       787-788

PXERNVR3    2     AUOCATION FLAG       789-790

PXERNWKP    2     AUOCATION FIAG       791-792

PXERNRT     2     ALLOCATION FLAG      793-794

PXERNHRY    2     AUOCATION FLAG       795-796

PXERNH2     2     AUOCATION FIAG       797-798

PXERNLAB    2     ALLOCATiON FIAG      799-800

PXERNCOV    2     ALLOCATION FIAG      801-802

PXNLFJH     2     AUOCATION FIAG       803-804

PXNLFRET    2     AUOCATION FLAG       805-806

PXNLFACT    2     AUOCATION FLAG       807-808

PXSCHENR    2     ALLOCATION FLAG      809-810

PXSCHFr     2     ALLOCATION FUG       811-812

PXSCHLVL    2     ALLOCATION FIAG      813-814
                                               ATTACHMENT        9

                                    SUPPLEMENT        RECORD      LAYOUT

                    October       1995 School Enrollment    Supplement   - Adult’s Items


NAME       SIZE     DESCIUFITON                                                            LOCAITON

PESCHOOL     2      Is ... attending or enrolled in regular school?                           815-816

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PRPERTYP          = 2

                    VALID ENTRIES

                    01 = Yes (Ask PEPUBLIC)
                    02 = No (Skip to PEVOCA)

PEPUIWC      2      1s ... enroIled in public or private                                      817-818
                    school?

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PESCHOOL          = 1

                    VALID ENTRIES

                    -1 = Out of universe
                    01 = Public
                    02 = Private

PEGRADE      2      What grade or year is ... attending?                                      819-820

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PRPERTYP          = 2

                    VALID ENTRIES

                     -1   =   Out of universe
                  01-08   =   Elementary (Skip to PEI.AMTYR)
                  09-12   =   High School (Skip to PELASTYR)
                     13   =   1st year of college (freshman)
                     14   =   2nd year of college (sophomore)
                     15   =   3rd year of college (junior)
                     16   =   4th year of college (senior)
                     17   =   1st year of graduate school
                     18   =   2nd year or higher of graduate school




                                                    9-1
NAME       SIZE   DESCFUPTTON                                                       LOCATION


PEFULL       2    Is ... attending college full-time or part-time?                     821-822

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEGRADE       = 13-18

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = Full-time
                  02 = Part-time

PETYPE       2    Is this a 2-year or a 4-year coIlege or university?                  823-824

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEGIU.DE      = 13-18

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = 2-year college (community or junior college)
                  02 = 4-year college or university

PEVOCA       2    Excluding (regular college courses and) on-the-jobtraining,          825-826
                  is ... taking any business, vocational, technical, secretarial,
                  trade, or correspondence     courses?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PESCHOOL        = 2 OR PEGRADE          = 13-18

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = Yes
                  02 = No

PELASTYR     2    Was ... attending or enrolled in a regular                           827-828
                  school or college in October 1993, that is,
                  October of last year?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PRPERTYP       = 2

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  01 = Yes    (Ask PELASTGD)
                  02 = No     (Skip to Internal CheckItem A)




                                                  9-2
NAME        SIZE     DESCIUP’IION                                                LOCATION


PELASTGD      2      What grade or year was ... attending                           829-830
                     last year?

                     EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PELASTYR          = 1

                     VALID ENTRIES

                      -1   =   Out of universe
                   01-08   =   Elementaq
                   09-12   =   High School
                      13   =   1st year of college (freshman)
                      14   =   2nd year of college (sophomore)
                      15   =   3rd year of college (junior)
                      16   =   4th year of college (senior)
                      17   =   1st year of graduate school
                      18   =   2nd year or higher of graduate school

INTERNAL CHECK ITEM A
GIWDE = 1-12 (Skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM B)
All others
PEAGE = 15-29
College Graduate (PEEDUCA = 41-46) Skip to YRDEG
High school Graduate (PEEDUCA = 39-40) Skip to YRDIP
Not High school graduate (PEEDUCA <39) Ask YRATT
PEAGE = 30+ (Skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM D)

PEYRATT       2      In what calendar year did ... last attend regular school?      831-832

                     EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PEAGE = 15-29 AND PEEDUCA                <39

                     VALID ENTRIES

                      -1 =     Out of universe
                      01 =     1995
                      02 =     1994 or before
                      03 =     Never attended
             (In all cases,    Skip to PEGED)

PEYRDEG       2      In what calendar year did ... receive                           833-834
                     his/her most recent degree?

                     EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PEAGE = 15-29b AND PEEDUCA                = 41-46

                     VALID ENTRIES

                     -1 = Out of universe
                     01 = 1995
                     02 = 1994 or before



                                                      9-3
NAME       SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                                      LOCATION


PEYKDIP      2    In what calendar year did ... complete high school?                 835-836

                  EDITED UNTVERSE

                  PEAGE = 15-29 AND PEEDUCA              = 39-40
                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = 1995
                  02 = 1994 or before

PEGED        2    Did ... complete high school by means                               837-838
                  of an equivalency test, such as the GED?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEAGE = 15-29 AND (Entry in PEYIU4Tl” OR PEYRDIP)

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9=    N/A
                  -3 =   Refusal
                  -2 =   Don’t know
                  -1 =   Out of universe
                  01 =   Yes
                  02 =   No

LNTERNAL CHECK ITEM B
     PEAGE = 15-24 (Ask S42a)
     PEAGE = 25-29 (Skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM D)

PES42A       2    Since starting school, has ... ever repeated a grade?               839-840

                  EDJTED UNIVERSE

                  PEAGE = 15-24 AND PEGRADE              = 1-12

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9=    N/A
                  -3 =   Refusal
                  -2 =   Don’t know
                  -1 =   Out of universe
                  01 =   Yes (Ask S42B)
                  02 =   No (Skip to S43)

PES42B 1    2     Which year did ... repeat?   Any others? (Fill all that apply)      841-842

                  EDITED UNIVERSE:          PES42A = 1

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9= N/A
                  -3 = Refusal



                                                9-4
NAME      SIZE     DESCRIP’TTON                                                     LOCATION


                    -2   = Don’t know
                    -1   = Out of universe
                    01   = Kindergarten
                 02-13   = Grades 1 through 12 ‘Elementary through high school

PES42B2     2      Which year did ... repeat?   Any others? (Fill all that apply)      843-844

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES42A = 1 AND PES42B1 = 1-13

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    -9=    N/A
                    -3 =   Refusal
                    -2 =   Don’t know
                    -1 =   Out of universe
                    01 =   Kindergarten
                 02-13 =   Grades 1 through 12- Elementary through high school

PES42B3     2      Which year did ... repeat?   Any others? (Fill all that apply)      845-846

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES42A = 1 AND PES42B2 = 1-13

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    -9=    N/A
                    -3 =   Refusal
                    -2 =   Don’t know
                    -1 =   Out of universe
                    01 =   Kindergarten
                 02-13 =   Grades 1 through 12- Elementa~     through high school

PES42B4     2      Which year did ... repeat?   Any others? (Fill all that apply)      847-848

                   EDITED UNTVERSE

                   PES42A = 1 AND PES42B3 = 1-13

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    -9=    N/A
                    -3 =   Refusal
                    -2 =   Don’t know
                    -1 =   Out of universe
                    01 =   Kindergarten
                 02-13 =   Grades 1 through 12- Elementary through high school




                                                 9-5
NAME      SIZE     DESCRIP’IION                                                    LOCATION


PES42B5     2      Which year did ... repeat?   Ay others? (Fill all that apply)      849-850

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES42A = 1 AND PES42B4 = 1-13

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    -9=    N/A
                    -3 =   Refusal
                    -2 =   Don’t know
                    -1 =   Out of universe
                    01 =   Kindergarten
                 02-13 =   Grades 1 through 12- Elementary through high school

PES43       2      Does ... speak a language other than English at home?              851-852

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES42B1-5 = 1-13

                   VALID ENTRIES

                   -9=     N/A
                   -3 =    Refusal
                   -2 =    Don’t know
                   -1 =    Out of universe
                   01 =    Yes
                   02 =    No - Speaks only English

PES44       2      What is this language?                                              853-854

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES43 = 1

                   VALID ENTRIES

                   -9=     N/A
                   -3 =    Refusal
                   -2 =    Don’t know
                   -1 =    Out of universe
                   01 =    Spanish
                   02 =    Asian (e.g. Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese
                   03 =    Other European (e.g. French, German, Polish)
                   04 =    Other




                                                  9-6
NAME     SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                   LOCATION


PES45A     2    How well does ... speak English?                 855-856

                EDITED UNIVERSE

                Entry in PES44

                VALID ENTRIES

                -9=    N/A
                -3 =   Refusal
                -2 =   Don’t know
                -1 =   Out of universe
                01 =   Very well
                02 =   well
                03 =   Not well
                04=    Notat all

PES45B    2     Has... ever taken a course to learn how to       857-858
                read or write English as a second language?

                EDITED UNIVERSE

                Entry in PES45A

                VALID ENTRIES

                -9=    N/A
                -3 =   Refusal
                -2 =   Don’t know
                -1 =   Out of universe
                01 =   Yes
                02 =   No

PES45C    2     Did ... complete this course?                    859-860

                EDITED UNIVERSE

                PES45B = 1

                VALID ENTRIES

                -9=    N/A
                -3 =   Refusal
                -2 =   Don’t know
                -1 =   Out of universe
                01 =   Yes
                02 =   No




                                                9-7
NAME         SIZE   DESCIUPT’ION                                                      LOCATION


INTERNAL CHECK ITEM B1
      PESCEIOOL = 1 (Enrolled in scimo~ Ask S46a)
      PESCHOOL = 2 (Not Enrolled in school, Ask S46b)

PES46A1        2    Does ... have any of the following disabling                         861-862
                    conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PESCHOOL        = 1

                     VALID ENTRIES

                     -9=     N/A
                     -3 =    Refusal
                     -2 =    Don’t know
                     -1 =    Out of universe
                     01 =    Blindness
                     02 =    Other vision impairment
                     03 =    Deafness
                     04 =    Other hearing impairment
                     05 =    Orthopedic impairment
                     06 =    Serious emotional disturbance
                     07 =    Speech impairment
                     08 =    specific    karning disability
                     09 =    Mental retardation
                     11 =    Other health impairment or serious illness
                                   (lasting 6 months or more)
                       12 = None of the above
       (If <1-11> filled, ask S47a; if e 12> filled, skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM D)

PES46A2        2     Does ... have any of the following disabling                        863-864
                     conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)



                     PESCHOOL       = 1 AND PES46A1 = 1-11

                     VALID ENTRIES

                     -9=    N/A
                     -3 =   Refusal
                     -2 =   Don’t know
                     -1 =   Out of universe
                     01 =   Blindness
                     02 =   Other vision impairment
                     03 =   Deafness
                     04 =   Other hearing impairment
                     05 =   Orthopedic impairment
                     06 =   Serious emotional disturbance
                     07 =   Speech impairment
                     08 =   Specific learning disability
                     09 =   Mental retardation




                                                  9-8
NAME         SIZE    DESCRII?ITON                                                      LOCATION


                        11 = Other health impairment or serious illness
                             (lasting 6 months or more)
                        12 = None of the above
       (If c 1-11> filled, ask S47a; if e 12> filled, skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM D)

PES46A3        2     Does ... have any of the following disabling                         865-866
                     conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                     EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PESCHOOL       = 1 AND PES46A2 = 1-11

                     VALID ENTRIES

                       -9= N/A
                       -3 = Refusal
                       -2 = Don’t know
                       -1 = Out of universe
                       01 = Blindness
                       02 = Other vision impairment
                       03 = Deafness
                       04 = Other hearing impairment
                       05 = Orthopedic impairment
                       06 = Serious emotional disturbance
                       07 = Speech impairment
                       08 = Specific learning disability
                       09 = Mental retardation
                       11 = Other health impairment or serious
                            illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                       12 = None of the above
       (If <1-11> filled, ask S47a; if c 12> fled, skip to INTERNAL   CHECK ITEM D)

PES46A4        2     Does ... have any of the following disabling                          867-868
                     conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                     EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PESCHOOL       = 1 AND PES46A3 = 1-11

                     VALID ENTRIES

                     -9=    N/A
                     -3 =   Refusal
                     -2 =   Don’t know
                     -1 =   Out of universe
                     01 =   Blindness
                     02 =   Other vision impairment
                     03 =   Deafness
                     04 =   Other hearing impairment
                     05 =   Orthopedic impairment
                     06 =   Serious emotional disturbance
                     07 =   Speech impairment
                     08 =   Specific learning disability
                     09 =   Mental retardation



                                                   9-9
NAME         SIZE     DESCIUPT’ION                                                      LOCATION


                       11 = Other health impairment or serious
                            illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                       12 = None of the above
       (If <1-11> iilled, ask S47a; if <12> filled, skip to INTERNAL    CHECK ITEM D)

PES46A5        2     Does ... have any of the following disabling                          869-870
                     conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                      EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PESCHOOL        = 1 AND PES46A4 = 1-11

                      VALID ENTRIES

                      -9=    N/A
                      -3 =   Refusal
                      -2 =   Don’t know
                      -1 =   Out of universe
                      01 =   Blindness
                      02 =   Other vision impairment
                      03 =   Deafiess
                      04 =   Other hearing impairment
                      05 =   Orthopedic impairment
                      06 =   Serious emotional disturbance
                      07 =   Speech impairment
                      08 =   Specific learning disability
                      09 =   Mental retardation
                      11 =   Other health impairment or serious illness
                                 (lasting 6 months or more)
                       12 = None of the above
       (If <1-11> filled, ask S47a; if <12> ~ed, skip to XNTERNAL CHECK ITEM D)

PES46B1        2      Does ... have any of the following disabling conditions?             871-872
                      (Read and Fill all that apply)

                      EDITED UNIVERSE

                      PESCHOOL       = 2

                      VALID ENTRIES

                      -9=    N/A
                      -3 =   Refusal
                      -2 =   Don’t know
                      -1 =   Out of universe
                      01 =   Blindness
                      02 =   Other vision impairment
                      03 =   Deafness
                      04 =   Other hearing impairment
                      05 =   Orthopedic impairment
                      06 =   Serious emotional disturbance
                      07 =   Speech impairment
                      08 =   Specific learning disability
                      09 =   Mental retardation



                                                   9-1o
NAME         SIZE    DESCRIPTION                                                       LOCATION


                     10 = Mental illness
                       11 = Other health impairment or serious illness
                                (lasting 6 months or more)
                       12 = None of the above
       (If <1-11> filled, ask PES47a; if c12> fill~ skip to INTERNAL       CHECKJTEM   D)

PES46B2        2     Does ... have any of the following disabling conditions?               873-874
                     (Read and Fill all that apply)

                     EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PESCHOOL        = 2 AND PES46B1 = 1-11

                     VALID ENTRIES

                     -9=     N/A
                     -3 =    Refusal
                     -2 =    Don’t know
                     -1 =    Out of universe
                     01 =   Blindness
                     02 =    Other vision impairment
                     03 =    Deafness
                     04 =    Other hearing impairment
                     05 =    Orthopedic impairment
                     06 =    Serious emotional disturbance
                     07 =    Speech impairment
                     08 =    Specific learning disability
                     09 =    Mental retardation
                     10 =    Mental illness
                      11 =   Other health impairment or serious illness
                                  (lasting 6 months or more)
                       12 = None of the above
       (If <1-11> filled, ask PES47a; if <12> filled, skip to INTERNAL      CHECK ITEM D)

PES46B3         2     Does ... have any of the following disabling conditions?              875-876
                      (Read and Fill all that apply)

                      EDITED UNIVERSE

                      PESCHOOL       = 2 AND PES46B2 = 1-11

                      VALID ENTRIES

                      -9=    N/A
                      -3 =   Refusal
                      -2 =   Don’t know
                      -1 =   Out of universe
                      01 =   Blindness
                      02 =   Other vision impairment
                      03 =   Deafness
                      04 =   Other hearing impairment
                      05 =   Orthopedic impairment
                      06 =   Serious emotional disturbance
                      07 =   Speech impairment



                                                   9-11
NAME      SIZE   DESCRIP’llON                                               LOCAYX’ION


                 08   Specific learning disability
                      =
                 09   Ment~ ret~dation
                      =
                 10   Mental illness
                      =
                 11   Other health impairment or serious illness
                      =
                          (lasting 6 months or more)
                 12 = None of the above

PES46B4     2    Does ... have any of the following disabling conditions?      877-878
                 (Read and Fill all that apply)

                 EDITED UNIVERSE

                 PESCHOOL         = 2 AND PES46B3 = 1-11

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9=      N/A
                 “3=      Refusal
                 -2=      Don’t know
                 -l”=     Out of universe
                 01 =     Blindness
                 02   =   Other vision impairment
                 03   =   Deafness
                 04   =   Other hearing impairment
                 05   =   Orthopedic impairment
                 06   =   Serious emotional disturbance
                 07   =   Speech impairment
                 08   =   Specific learning disability
                 09   =   Mental retardation
                 10   =   Mental illness
                 11   =   Other health impairment or serious illness
                               (lasting 6 months or more)
                 12 =     None of the above

PES46B5     2    Does ... have any of the following disabling conditions?       879-880
                 (Read and Fill all that apply)

                 EDITED UNIVERSE

                 PESCHOOL         = 2 AND PES46B4 = 1-11

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9=      N\A
                 -3=      Refusal
                 “2=      Don’t know
                 -1=      Out of universe
                 01 =     Blindness
                 02 =     Other vision impairment
                 03 =     Deafhess
                 04=      Other hearing impairment
                 05 =     Orthopedic impairment
                 06 =     Serious emotional disturbance
                 07 =     Speech impairment



                                                9-12
NAME        SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                                      LOCATION


                   08   Specific learning disability
                        =
                   09   Mental retardation
                        =
                   10   Mental dlness
                        =
                   11   Other health impairment or serious illness
                        =
                            (lasting 6 months or more)
                   12 = None of the above

PES47a        2    (Does this disability/Do these disabilities)                        881-882
                   adversely affect ...’s ability to learn?

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES46A1 = 1-11 OR PES46B1 = 1-11

                   VALID ENTRIES

                   -9=      N/A
                   -3 =     Refusal
                   -2 =     Don’t know
                   -1 =     Out of universe
                   01 =     Yes (Ask PES47b)
                   02 =     No (Ask PES47b)

PES47b        2    (Does this disabilitv)Do these disabilities) seriouslv              883-884
                   kit ...’s mobility, ~ommunication, self-ca~e, or ind~pendence?

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   Entry in PES47A

                   VALID ENTRIES

                   -9=      N/A
                   -3 =     Refusal
                   -2 =     Don’t know
                   -1 =     Out of universe
                   01 =     Yes
                   02 =     No

INTERNAL CHECK ITEM C
GRADE = 1-12 (Go to PES48a)
GRADE = 13+ (Go to PES48b)
SCHOOL = 2 (Go to PES49a)

PES48A1       2    (Check: Enrolled below college) Is ... receiving semices            885-886
                   for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following sources?
                   (Read and Fill all that apply)

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PEGRADE         = 1-12




                                                9-13
NAME      SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                                       LOCATION


                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9=    N/A
                  -3 =   Refusal
                  -2 =   Don’t know
                  -1 =   Out of universe
                  01 =   His/her school or school district
                  02 =   Doctor or clinic
                  03 =   Some other source
                  04 =   Not receiving semices

PES48A2     2     (Check: Enrolled below college) Is ... receiving senkes             887-888
                  for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following sources?
                  (Read and Fill all that apply)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEGRADE       = 1-12 AND PES48A1 = 1-3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9= N/A
                  -3 = Refusal
                  -2 = Don’t know
                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = His/her school or school district
                  02 = Doctor or clinic
                  03 = Some other source
                  04 = Not receiving services
            (Skip to Internal Check Item D)

PES48A3     2     (Check Enrolled below college) Is ... receiving services             889-890
                  for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following sources?
                  (Read and Fill all that apply)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEGRADE        = 1-12 AND PES48A2 = 1-3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9 = ,N/A
                  -3 = Refusal
                  -2 = Don’t know
                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = His/her school or school district
                  02 = Doctor or clinic
                  03 = Some other source
                  04 = Not receiving services
            (Skip to Internal Check Item D)




                                                9-14
NAME      SIZE    DESCRIPTION                                                      LOCATION


PES48A4     2     (Check Enrolled below college) Is ... receiving services            891-892
                  for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following sources?
                  (Read and Fill all that apply)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEGRADE       = 1-12 AND PES48A3 = 1-3

                  VALID EN’lTUES

                  -O= N/A
                  -3 = Refusal
                  -2 = Don’t know
                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = His/her school or school district
                  02 = Doctor or clinic
                  03 = Some other source
                  04 = Not receiving semices
            (Skip to Internal Check Item D)

PES48B1     2     (Check: Enrolled in college) Is ... receiving semices               893-894
                  for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following
                  sources? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEGRADE       = 13+

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9= N/A
                  -3 = Refusal
                  -2 = Don’t know
                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = His/her college or university
                  02 = Doctor or clinic
                  03 = Some other source
                  04 = Not receiving services
            (Skip to Internal Check Item D)

PES48B2     2     (Check: Enrolled in college) Is ... receiving services              895-896
                  for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following
                  sources? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEGRADE       = 13+ AND PES48B1 = 1-3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9=    N/A
                  -3 =   Refusal
                  -2 =   Don’t know
                  -1 =   Out of universe



                                               9-15
NAME      SIZE    DESCRIPTION                                              LOCA~ON


                  01 = His/her college or university
                  02 = Doctor or clinic
                  03 = Some other source
                  04 = Not receiving senices
            (Skip to Internal Check Item D)

PES48B3     2     (Check: Enrolled in college) Is ... receiving services      897-898
                  for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following
                  sources? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PEGRADE      = 13+ AND PES48B2 = 1-3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9= N/A
                  -3 = Refusal
                  -2 = Don’t know
                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = His/her college or university
                  02 = Doctor or clinic
                  03 = Some other source
                  04 = Not receiving services
            (Skip to Internal Check Item D)

PES48B4     2     (Check: Enrolled in college) Is ... receiving services      899-900
                  for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following
                  sources? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                  EDITED UNTVERSE

                  PEGRADE      = 13+ AND PES48B3 = 1-3

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  -9= N/A
                  -3 = Refusal
                  -2 = Don’t know
                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = His/her college or university
                  02 = Doctor or clinic
                  03 = Some other source
                  04 = Not receiving services
            (Skip to Internal Check Item D)

PES49a      2     Has ... received any vocational rehabilitation              901-902
                  services from any source?

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PESCHOOL       = 2




                                               9-16
NAME      SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                                 LOCATION


                 VALID ENTRIES
                 -9= N/A
                 -3 = Retisal
                 -2 = Don’t know
                 -1 = Out of universe
                 01 = Yes (Ask PES49b)
                 02 = No (Skip to Internal Check Item D)

PES49B1     2    Has ... received vocational rehabilitation semices             903-904
                 from any of the following? (Read and fill all that apply)

                 ED3T’ED UNXVERSE

                 PES49A = 1

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9=    N/A
                 -3 =   Refusal
                 -2 =   Don’t know
                 -1 =   Out of universe
                 01 =   Feder~ State, or local government agency
                 02 =   Private agency
                 03 =   Other

PES49B2     2    Has ... received vocational rehabilitation semices             905-906
                 from any of the following? (Read and fill all that apply)

                 EDITED UNIVERSE

                 PES49A = 1 AND PES49B1 = 1-3

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9=    N/A
                 -3 =   Refusal
                 -2 =   Don’t know
                 -1 =   Out of universe
                 01 =   Federal, State, or local government agency
                 02 =   Private agency
                 03 =   Other

PES49B3     2    Has ... received vocational rehabilitation services             907-908
                 from any of the following? (Read and fill all that apply)

                 EDIT’ED UNIVERSE

                 PES49A = 1 AND PES49B2 = 1

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9= N/A
                 -3 = Refusal
                 -2 = Don’t know



                                              9-17
NAME         SIZE      DESCRIPTION                                                         LOCATION


                       -1   =   Out of universe
                       01   =   Feder4 State, or local government agency
                       02   =   Private agenq
                       03   =   Other

INTERNAL CHECK ITEM D
Born  in U.S. (Skip to PES51
Foreign born, not enrolled (Ask PES50a)
Foreign born, enrolled (Skip to PES50C)

PES50a         2       Has ... attended school in the United States,                          909-910
                       that is in the 50 States or th~ District of Columbia?

                       EDITED UNIVERSE

                       PENATVTY        doe NOT=     57 AND PESCHOOL        = 2,-2, OR -3

                       VALID ENTRIES

                      -9=       N/A
                      -3 =      Refusal
                      -2 =      Don’t know
                      -1 =      Out of universe
                      01 =      Yes
                      02 =      No (Skip to PES51

PES50b         2      For how many years did ... attend school in                             911-912
                      the United States (50 States or the District of Columbia)?

                      EDITED UNIVERSE

                      PES50 A = 1, -2,-3

                      VALID ENTRIES

                       -9=      N/A
                       -3=      Refusal
                       -2=      Don’t know
                       -1=      Out of universe
                    01-99 =     Years (Skip to PES51

PES50C         2      For how many years has ... attended school in                           913-914
                      the United States (50 States or the District of Columbia)?

                      EDITED UNIVERSE

                      PENATVTY         does NOT = 57 AND PESCHOOL              = 1

                      VALID ENT’RIIX

                      -9= N/A
                      -3 = Refusal
                      -2 = Don’t know




                                                       9-18
NAME       SIZE     DESCRIPTION                          LOCATION


                     -1 = Out of universe
                  01-99 = Years

PES51        2      Who reported for this person?           915-916

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PENATVTY = 57 OR PES50A = 2
                    ENTRY IN PES50B OR ENTRY IN PES50C

                    VALID ENTTUES

                  -9= N/A
                  -3 = Refusal
                  -2 = Don’t know
                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = Self
                  02 = Parent
                  03 = Spouse
                  04 = Other relative
                  05 = Nonrelative
           (Go to next person)

PESUSFPX     2      Who reported for this person?           917-918

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PRPERTYP       = 2

                    VALID ENTRIES

                    -9=    N/A
                    -3 =   Refusal
                    -2 =   Don’t know
                    -1 =   Out of universe
                    01 =   Self
                    02 =   Parent
                    03 =   Spouse
                    04 =   Other relative
                    05 =   Nonrelative

           (Go to next person)




                                               9-19
                         ALLOCATION      FLAGS FOR ADULT RECORDS


NAME       SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                      LOCATION

PXSCHOOL     2    Allocation flag for PESCHOOL                        919-920

                  VALID ENTRIEs

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXPUBLIC    2     Allocation flag for PEPUBLIC                        921-922

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXGRADE     2     Allocation flag for PEGRADE                         923-924
                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXFULL      2     Allocation flag for PEFULL                          925-926
                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXTYPE      2     Allocation flag for PETYPE                          927-928

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXVOCA      2     Allocation flag for PEVOCA                          929-930
                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXLASTYR    2     Allocation flag for PELASTYR                        931-932
                  VALID ENTRIEs

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated




                                               9-20
NAME       SIZE   DESCRIPTION                      LOCATION


PXLASTGD     2    Allocation flag for PELASTGD        933-934

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXYRDEG      2    Allocation flag for PEYRDEG         935-936

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PxYRATr      2    Allocation flag for PEYRATI’        937-938

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXYRDIP     2     Allocation flag for PEYRDIP         939-940

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated




                                            9-21
                                 October 1995 Current Population Survey
                             School Enrollment Supplement - Children’s Items


NAME        SIZE    DESCRIPTION                                                  LOCATION

INTERNAL CHECK ITEM E
PEAGE:
O-2 = O (Go to next child)
3-5 = O (Ask PESCH35
6-14 = O (Skip to PESCH614

PESCH35       2    Is ... attending or enrolled in nursery                          941-942
                   schoo~ kindergarten or elementary school?

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PRPERTYP       = 1 AND PEAGE = 3-5

                   VALID ENTRIES

                   -1 = Out of universe
                   01 = Yes (Skip to PECHPUB)
                   02 = No (Skip to Internal Check Item F)

PESCH614      2    Is ... attending or enrolled in regular school?   (Regular       943-944
                   school includes nursery school, kindergarten, elementary
                   school and schooling which leads to a high school diploma.)

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PRPERTYP       = 1 AND PEAGE = 6-14

                   VALID ENTRIES

                   -1 = Out of universe
                   01 = Yes (Ask PECHP~)
                   02 = No (Skip to Internal Check Item F)

PECHPUB       2    Is ... enrolled in public or private school?                     945-946
                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PESCH35     = 1 OR PESCH614          = 1

                   VALID ENTRIES

                   -1 = Out of universe
                   01 = Public
                   02 = Private




                                                 9-22
           SIZE     DESCRIPTION                                              LOCXI’ION
NAME


                    What grade or year is ... attending?                       947-948 )
PECHGRDE     2
                    (If nursery school or kindergarten,
                    ask if full-day or part-day)

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PESCH35 = 10R PESCH614 = 1

                    VALID ENTRIES

                    -1 = Out of universe
                    01 = Nursery (pre-schoo~ prekindergarten) full-day
                    02 = Nurse~ (pre-schoo~ prekindergarten) part-day
                    03 = Kindergarten full-day
                    04 = Kindergarten part-day
                 05-16 = Grades 1 through 12- elementary - high school
            (Skip to PES72

PES56        2      Was ... attending or enrolled in a regular                   949-950
                    school in October 1994, that is, October of last year?

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    ENTRY IN CHGRDE

                    VALID ENTRIES

                    -9=    N/A
                    -3 =   Refusal
                    -2 =   Don’t know
                    -1 =   Out of universe
                    01 =   Yes (Ask S57
                    02 =   No (Skip to S58a)

PES57        2      What grade was ... attending last year?                      951-952

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PES56 = 1

                    VALID ENTRIES

                     -9= N/A
                     -3 = Refusal
                     -2 = Don’t know
                     -1 = Out of universe
                     01 = Nursery school (pre-school, prekindergarten)
                     02 = Kindergarten
                     03-10 = Grades 1 through 8- Elementary
                  11-14 = Grades 9 through 12- High school




                                                  9-23
NAME      SIZE     DEXRIPTION                                                        LOCATION


PES58a      2      Since starting schoo~ has ... ever repeated a grade?                 953-954

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES56 = 2,-2, -3 OR ENTRY IN PES57

                   VALID ENTRXES

                   -9=     N/A
                   -3 =    Refusal
                   -2 =    Don’t know
                   -1 =    Out of universe
                   01 =    Yes (Ask S58b)
                   02 =    No (Skip to Internal Check Item F)

PES58B1     2      Which year did ... repeat?   Any others? (Fill all that apply)       955-956

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES58A = 1

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    -9=     N/A
                    -3 =    Refusal
                    -2 =    Don’t know
                    -1 =    Out of universe
                    01 =    Kindenzarten
                 02-13 =    Grades-l through 12- Elementary
                           through high school

PES58B2     2      Which year did ... repeat?   hy   others? (Fill all that apply)       957-958

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES58A = 1 AND PES58B1 = 1-13

                   VALID ENTRIES

                    -9=    N/A
                    -3 =   Refusal
                    -2 =   Don’t know
                    -1 =   Out of universe
                    01 =   Kindergarten
                 02-13 =   Grades 1 through 12- Elementary
                                through high school

PES58B3     2      Which year did ... repeat?   Any others? (Fill all that apply)        959-960

                   EDITED UNIVERSE

                   PES58A = 1 AND PES58B2 = 1-13

                   VALID ENTRIES



                                                 9-24
NAME       SIZE      DESCRIPTION                                                      LOCATION


                     -9=    N/A
                     -3=    Refusal
                     -2 =   Don’t know
                     -1 =   Out of universe
                     01 =   Kindergarten
                  02-13 =   Grades 1 through 12- Elementary
                                 through high school

PES58B4     2        Which year did ... repeat?   Any others? (Fill all that apply)      961-962

                     EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PES58A = 1 AND PES58B3 = 1-13

                     VALID ENTRIES

                     -9=    N/A
                     -3 =   Refusal
                     -2 =   Don’t know
                     01 =   Out of universe
                     01 =   Kindergarten
                  02-13 =   Grades 1 through 12- Elementary
                                 through high school

PES58B5     2        Which year did ... repeat?   Any others? (Fill all that apply)      963-964

                     EDITED UNIVERSE

                     PES58A = 1 AND PES58B4 = 1-13

                     VALID ENTRIES

                     -9= N/A
                     -3 = Refusal
                     -2 = Don’t know
                     -1 = Out of universe
                     01 = Kindergarten
                  2-13 = Grades 1 through 12- Elementary
                               through high school

INTERNAL CHECK ITEM F
Age Oto 4 (Skip to S63
Age 5+     (Ask S59

PES59       2       Does ... speak a language other than English at home?                965-966

                    EDITED UNIVERSE

                    PEAGE = 5+

                    VALID ENTRIES
                    -9= N/A
                    -3 = Refusal
                    -2 = Don’t know



                                                  9-25
NAME    SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                           LOCATION


               -1 = Out of universe
               01 = Yes
               02 = No - Speaks only English (Skip to S63

PES60     2    What is this language?                                   967-968

               EDITED UNIVERSE

               PES59 = 1

               VALID ENTRIES

               -9=    N/A
               -3=    Refusal
               -2 =   Don’t know
               -1 =   Out of universe
               01 =   Spanish
               02 =   Asian (e.g. Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese
               03 =   Other European (e.g. French, German, Polish)
               04 =   Other

PES61     2    How well does ... speak English?                         969-970

               EDITED UNIVERSE

               ENTRY IN PES60

               VALID ENTRIES

               -9=    N/A
               -3 =   Refusal
               -2 =   Don’t know
               -1 =   Out of universe
               01 =   Very well
               02 =   Well
               03 =   Not well
               04 =   Not at all

PES62     2    Has ... ever taken a course to learn how to               971-972
               read or write English as a second language?

               EDITED UNIVERSE

               ENTRY IN PES61

               VALID ENTRIES

               -9=    N/A
               -3 =   Refusal
               -2 =   Don’t know
               -1 =   Out of universe
               01 =   Yes
               02 =   No




                                           9-26
NAME     SIZE    DESCRIPTION                                                 LOCATTON


PES63A     2     Does ... have any of the following disabling                   973-974
                 conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                 EDITED UNIVERSE

                 PEAGE = O+ AND PES59 = 2,-2, -3 OR ENTRY IN PES62

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9=   N/A
                 -3 =  Refusal
                 -2 =  Don’t know
                 -1 =  Out of universe
                 01 =  Blindness
                 02 =  Other vision impairment
                 03 =  Deafness
                 04 =  Other hearing impairment
                 05 =  Orthopedic impairment
                 06 =  Serious emotional disturbance
                 07 =  Speech impairment
                 08 =  Specific learning disability
                 09 =  Mental retardation
                 11 =  Other health impairment or serious
                           illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                  12 = None of the above
           (If <1-11> filled, ask S64; if <12> filled, skip to next child)

PES63B     2     Does ... have any of the following disabling                   975-976
                 conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                 EDITED UNIVERSE

                 PES63A = 1-11

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9=    N/A
                 -3 =   Refusal
                 -2 =   Don’t know
                 -1 =   Out of universe
                 01 =   Blindness
                 02 =   Other vision impairment
                 03 =   Deafness
                 04 =   Other hearing impairment
                 05 =   Orthopedic impairment
                 06 =   Serious emotional disturbance
                 07 =   Speech impairment
                 08 =   SpecKIc learning disability
                 09 =   Mental retardation




                                               9-27
NAME     SIZE    DESCIUP7’ION                                                    LOCATION


                  11 = Other health impairment or serious
                           illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                  12 = None of the above
           (If <1-11> ffled, ask S64; if <12> filled, skip to next child)

PES63C     2     Does ... have any of the following disabling                       977-978
                 conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                 EDITED UNIVERSE

                 PES63B = 1-11

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9=      N/A
                 -3=      Refusal
                 -2=      Don’t know
                 -1=      Out of universe
                 01 =     Blindness
                 02 =     Other vision impairment
                 03 =     Deafness
                 04   =   Other hearing impairment
                 05   =   Orthopedic impairment
                 06   =   Serious emotional disturbance
                 07   =   Speech impairment
                 08   =   Specific learning disability
                 09   =   Mental retardation
                 11 =     Other health impairment or serious
                               illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                12 =      None of the above
           @ <1-11>       filled, ask S64; if <12> illled, skip to next child)

PES63D     2     Does ... have any of the following disabling                        979-980
                 conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                 EDITED UNIVERSE

                 PES63C = 1-11

                 VALID ENTRIES

                 -9=  NIA
                 -3=  Refusal
                 -2=  Don’t know
                 -1=  Out of universe
                 01 = Biindness
                 02 = Other vision impairment
                 03 = Deafness
                 04= Other hearing impairment
                 05 = Orthopedic impairment
                 06 = Serious emotional disturbance
                 07 = Speech impairment
                    = Specific learning disability
                 K    Mental retardation



                                                  9-28
                                                                                        LOCATION
NAME     SIZE   DESCRIPTION


                11 = Other health impairment or serious
                         illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                12 = None of the above
                        (If c 1-11> filled, ask S64; if <12> filled, skip to next child)
                                                                                             981-982
PES63E     2    Does ... have any of the following disabling
                conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)


                EDITED UNIVERSE

                PES63D = 1-11

                VALID ENTRIES

                -9=  N/A
                -3 = Refusal
                -2 = Don’t know
                -1 = Out of universe
                01 = Blindness
                02 = Other vision impairment
                03 = Deafness
                04 = Other hearing impairment
                05 = Orthopedic impairment
                06 = Serious emotional disturbance
                07 = Speech impairment
                08 = Specific learning disability
                09 = Mental retardation
                 11 =Other health impairment or serious
                    illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                12 = None of the above
                          (If e 1-11> filled, ask S64; if <12> filled, skip to next child)

           2    (Does this &ability/Do these disabilities)                                   983-984
PES64
                adversely affect ...’s ability to learn?

                EDITED UNIVERSE

                PES63 = 1-11

                VALID ENTRIES

                -9=     N/A
                -3=     Refusal
                -2 =    Don’t know
                -1 =    Out of universe
                01 =    Yes (Ask S65
                02 =    NO   (Ask S65




                                              9-29
NAME     SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                              LOCATION


PES65A     2    Is ... receiving services for his/her disability(ies)       985-986
                from any of the following sources?
                (Read and Fill all that apply)

                EDITED UNIVERSE

                PEM4=1OR2

                VALID ENTRIES

                -9=    N/A
                -3 =   Refusal
                -2 =   Don’t know
                -1 =   Out of universe
                01 =   His/her school or school district
                02 =   Doctor or clinic
                03 =   Some other source
                04 =   Not receiving services
                           (Go to next child)

PES65B     2    Is ... receiving services for his/her disability(ies)       987-988
                from any of the following sources?
                (Read and Fill all that apply)

                EDITED UNIVERSE

                PES65A = 1-3

                VALID ENTRIES

                -9=    N/A
                -3 =   Refusal
                -2 =   Don’t know
                -1 =   Out of universe
                01 =   His/her school or school district
                02 =   Doctor or clinic
                03 =   Some other source
                04 =   Not receiving services
                           (Go to next child)

PES65C     2    Is ... receiving services for his/her disabi.lity(ies)      989-990
                from any of the following sources?
                (Read and Fill all that apply)

                EDITED UNIVERSE

                PES65B = 1-3

                VALID ENTRIES

                -9=    N/A
                -3 =   Refusal
                -2 =   Don’t know
                -1 =   Out of universe



                                               9-30
NAME       SIZE   DESCRIPTION                                                       LOCATION


                  01   =   His/her school or school district
                  02   =   Doctor or clinic
                  03   =   Some other source
                  04   =   Not receiving services
                               (Go to next child)

PES65D      2     Is ... receiving services for his/her disability(ies)                991-992
                  from any of the foliowing sources?
                  (Read and Fill all that apply)

                  EDITED UNIVERSE

                  PES65C = 1-3

                  VALID ENTRIEs

                  -9= N/A
                  -3= Refusal
                  -2 = Don’t know
                  -1 = Out of universe
                  01 = His/her school or school district
                  02 = Doctor or clinic
                  03 = Some other source
                  04 = Not receiving services
                      (Go to next child)


                       ALLOCATION         FLAGS FOR CHILDRENS             RECORDS

PXSCH35     2     Allocation flag for PESCH35                                          993-994

                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXSCH614    2     Allocation flag for PESCH614                                         995-996
                  VALID ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated

PXCHPU13    2     Allocation flag for PECHPUB                                          997-998
                  VALKD ENTRIES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated




                                                 9-31
NAME       SIZE   DESCIUP’I’ION                  LOCATION


PXCHGRDE     2    Allocation flag for PECHGRDE     999-1000

                  VALID EN’ITUES

                  O = Not allocated
                  1 = Allocated




                                          9-32
~.
                                                                     Attachment       IOA

                                                                      QUESTIONNAIRE
                                                                                                                     February   4,   1994




     ..        ... . ..-.
                     . ..    .4QM9ARISON   OF   .OLD   AND       REVISED    CURRENT   POPULATION    SURVEY   QUESTIONNAIRES


                                    Population Sumey [CPS] was implemented in Uanuary 1994 which
          A redesign :,of..the.current
          introduced,a,,rev~sedCPS questionnaire and an automated data-collection environment.
          To enable data users tc compare past and present versions of the questionnaire, the two
          instruments have been consolidated-into this (updated) composite questionnaire package.
          [This document contains slight modifications to the revised CPS questionnaire that were
          made after the last version of the compos~.tequestionnaire was issued (March 1993)1.

          Each page is organized using the following format:
                            LEFT SIDE:                                                      RIGHT    SIDE:
                            Questions from the old                                          Questions from the       revfsed
                            CPS questionnaire                                               CPS questionnaire

          Please note.that-the page sequencing for the composite questionnaire is based on the page
          and question sequencing of the revised CPS questionnaire. As a result, the questions from
          the old CPS questionnaire [referred to as CPS-1] are not in their natural order.

          Attached to this document, for reference purposes, are the following materials:
          1.   A one-page copy of the old CPS questionnaire;
          2.                 i
               A Sable suxmnarzing differences between the old and the revised CPS questionnaires;
               and,
          3.   A questionnaire item comparison table that juxtaposes item numbers (and labels)
               for the old and the revised questionnaires.
          Requests.for additional information on the revised CPS questionnaire may be addressed to
          the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Labor Force Statistics (Postal Square
          Building, Room 4675, 2 Massachusetts Ave., N.E., Washington, DC, 20212; 202-606-6378),


                                                             .
                                                                                   m
          q     0..       .   .      .     .    .   .   .     .   .   .   “.
          q     .*.       q   ..*.                  .   q           q        .
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                                               m
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.
St




                                                                                                        Last rovlssd     t~2/94

                                  on        cm     Qot2TIomsNnx
                                                  [CPS-1]
                                                                                                        019       1 u     oing to ask a row questIons &ut  wrk-rolatod
                                                                                                        tA26U     activ ! ties lASl MEEK. Oy last wek 1 mm the uoek bsplnnlng
                                                                                                                  on Sunday, January 12, q qnd nd!ng qn Saturday, January 18,
                                                                                                        .-. ——------         —-.—....——                        .. . ... ......... ...
                                                                                                        Nom       This ltoa .1s mkod only onto, a=phlct                fOr houwhold   hm
                                                                                                                  twin asked.
                                                                                                        QIQA.     Ooos onyono in this kkhold      WC 8 buslnm      or c farm?
                                                                                                        liii -
                                                                                                                    Y.s,. eoo, ee,, ooo Q n.>       ~o$. ~$~nos~     --   ltno     no.               2usLI
                                                                                                                    MO. . . . . . . . . . . . . o
                                                                                                                     .                              or farm 1s W     --   Ilno     IIP.              BUSL2
                                                                                                          bltnd     Oon’t knou,.. o.. O                              --   If no    no.               2USL3
                                                                                                        IIbl M            ......... o
                                                                                                                    Rofusod                                          -- IIIlnc     no.             BUS14

                                                  at   nou                                                                        AT      ROUK



                                                                                                        tic,
     019.   mat tmo . .          q   doiq        w-t of Lks         Wsmc -                                              yw. oo.. o.,.,,..            O Skl to Q2M
                WorMn~                                                                                                  MO . . . . . . . . . . . . . o
                                                                                                                            .                          so ! o Q20-CK
                Kooping houm                                                                                            Rctlrod . . . . . . . . . O    60 tO Q20-CK
                Ooing to q  hool                                                                                        Olsabl@d... o.o.. O            so to Q20-2K
                qr qmothlng    q1s07                                                                                    Umblo to work.. O II to Q20-CK Co
                                                                                                          blhd          Oon’t knoue,... o O            Skip to Q202+
            tIorkin~ (skip to 020AI . . . . . . . . . .IIR                . . .0                        IIbltnd         AofMsod                      O Skipto t1202-a 1
            With q job but not qt work . . . . . ..J                      . . .0                        --------------------             ——-—-—-.——...-                            . . . . . . -----
            Looking focuock ................u                             . . .0                        $2;;.           CHECK ITEM
            Kooplng  houso . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o. .H          . . .0                                               019A ts ‘yo$c..o.e . . ..o.. o        Ask 020-1
            ColtIg to school . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..s          . . .0                                              Q19Ais “lb’ ‘W or “R’... ISkip to Q 1O-(X2)
            thlOb10  tO   UOZk      (Skip       to    024) . . . . .U     . . .0                        ..--—.——                       ———-——                                             --------
            Rotirod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..R   . . .0                        020-1.      L&UEEt,                           work la th~ fsmil~
                                                                                                                                  dld you do any onpald                             bssfnost           or
            Other   (Spociryl       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..w     . . .0                        WI
     .—                      -—                    ----—      ---    ------.---------------


                                                                                                        -.—------ l-la
            Did . . . do qy wrk mt q11 LksT WESK, not counting

                                                                                                                           .....-----
                                                                                                                     .———--——
     020.                                                       work                                     bllnd
            qound    th. hou.o? (Mto: If farm O= businow
            In EN, qsk about unpsid work. )
                                                           operator                                     II
                                                                                                         bllnd     iiiiiiiiiii!

                                                                                                        020-2.     (If 019A is “yes” and 919A 1 lM ndwr            EQ pwson      n@or,        then
            Yos . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                                             2US2       p~~ 020-2 “yW%d     skip to q20E-A.)
            Mo . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o     (co too22)
                                                                                                                   00 you rocolvo      any p~nts       or   @M     fros bu$hoss?
                                                                                                                                                                       the
     ————.—-                                      —---        —------------------             --
                                                                                                                   YOS .........0 Skipto Q20E-A)
                                                                                                                   HO   . . . . . . ...0  00 to fJ20E-A
                                                                                                         blhd      Oon’t know ..0         Co to Q20E-A
                                                                                                   II    bllnd                            so
                                                                                                                   Rcfusod . . . . . . o 11 to Q20E-A
.t




                                    Al             UORU                    (conthllod)          rovlssd   2/26/93

            CK2
     RETCH        “ HIS-CK                and (Prev oonth lab fora
                                 1s 2-4 or 6-8)                        status MM q      NlLF-
                  Iiotlred-)     (Ag@ 1s SO+) md (Q20 Is “rethed”) . . . . . ..(Plw
                                    ml                                                   020-RET
                                                                ‘Ymc md Skip ti Q20-nm)
                  (tllS-CK Is 2-4 or 6-8) and’ (Prev month lab forco status was “NlLF-
                  Retlred”)  and (Me Is SO+) md (Q20 1s NOT %etlrod”).,           (Ask Q20-RET)

                  (MIS-CK  Is 2-4 or 6-8 snd (frw                           month lab fore. statu$ WM
                                                 ‘M I“tLF-Dtsabled/Unable’)                    . . . . . . Skl to 020-01S)
      If Q20 Is ‘Oisablod” . 0....0........0,0,.0..,,,,.0,.,                                         q *. CO     O Q20A-1
      If 020 tS ‘UnabloO , ..0,,0.00..,,.,                       ,, . 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oo to Q20A-2
      All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II60 to Q20-RE -CKl)
                                                                                                                     -..—.
     Q20-RET.   last month ou uoro roportodto bo rotlrod.
     us         Aro you $tl{ 1 S’ettrod?

                     Yos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o         skiP tO a20-mt)
                     No q *,..*..,.***.***                 ....... . O               Skipto Q20-RET-CK1
                     Was not rotlrod             last     mnth...          O       I Skipto 020-RET-cKI I
      :: :lj         Oon’t knou. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O Skip to 020-RET-CKI
     II              Refasod.......................o I $ktrto 920-RET-CK1                 1
     020-01s. If 020 fs ‘no”Won fill              first psronthot
                                                                Icsl.)
     01s               if QIYA ts “yes” then ftll second pwentbetlcal. )
                      last month you two reported to hwo a dtssbtllty.         Ooos your
                     1 lsabll Ity continue to prevent you ho doh       any k nd of uork
                     for tho next 6 months (, lnclodlng work in t Iiq fmlly    business or
                     ram)?

                     Yes., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .:   (Skip   to Q27-CK)
                         ..............................0..0.
                     ~d oot havo dtssbll fty lsst month.. .0
       blind         Oon’t know. q . . . . . . . ...*.. ., . . . . . ...0. o
     IIblhd          ttofasod . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
     -------—--—--                                              -- ——--—.-.
     fp~n-clcl.    CwK iiiii--
                   020 IS retfrod. . . . . . So to Q20-R2T-CK2)
                   All others . . . . . . . . . . [ Skipto Q206+
     -.----                                                      .—-——                                              ------
     Q20-AEFCK2*       CHECK ITm
     RETCKS            Pmoa    Is 60+ yrs. old . . . . . .   Ask Q20-nu@
                       Person It andor 60 WS. old.         I Skfp to 020 1 -~)
     —..          - ———...                                                     . . . . . . . ..-                                  ,
     02hU@.         0s you carrontly  uxnt a job, otthor foil or part time?
     RET]
                    g      or Bxybo, ft dcpMds..O                           Skipto 022)
                       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0       $ktpto Q2?-CK
                    ttSS a ob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O             Skip tO 4206-1 I
        blind       Oon’t i nou,, . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O               Skip to 422
      IIblind       Rofuse4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O          ISk~p tO 422 I
$1




                                A T       It O R t          (contlnuod)

     mm 1
     01s1- “    &k     ~#l~~l~j~~                  ~~~tfi           t~m   qcceptlng   q RIM ,t
                                                                                       ny



       bllnd
     IIbllnd    Em!%!
     ..——       -                                                                         -—.      .
     ft20A-2.   ~ YOU hm   a dhablllty                   thst pmvcnts yes frm         ICCOpttll$
     DIS2       any khd of wrk during                  tlm next 81x months?

                Ycs . . . . . . . .   0    (Skip     to Q2MK)
                no ,.....,.           0
                                      o
     II
      bl M
      bl M
                Don’t know..
                Rofusod. ,...         0

     yok:-cx     Cmlt   fun
                 Q23 is ‘dlsablsd”       or %nsbltg . . . . . Sk{pto 024-2S
                 Q22 i$ “dlsablod” Or “anoth’ . . . . . Skipto 023-tX        I)
                 (J202-b “d{sablod” or %mblo’..
                         Is                                   $ktp to 022
                 0202-0 1s “dlsablod” or %nablc”,.            Skip to Q20 L b)
                 All othws . . . . . ..o.o...oo . . . ..o... I to WOO+)
                                                              So
‘\                                                                                                                                                            .




                                                                        .                                                                                                                                 4

                                                                                                                           UtTlt            A     JO,
                                                               -..
     921.          (If’ # In Q19, cki,@. g21i)
                                        to           ‘
                  Did . . . h@VO q job OK business     frca which hdsha                wao   AM                                                                   .-
                  temporarily    absent or on layoff     LAST WEEK?                                         tqwrarlly          sbs.nt.

                  Yoo . . . . ..o                                                                                                  Sktpto       Q20B-lj
                  No. . . . . ..o   (Co to 022)                                                             No


     .----—       —---—-                               --------      --—------   -----.---
                                                                                               bl M
                                                                                             IIbllnd
                                                                                             ..----—-—--          —-—-                                                         .—.—          ------
                                                                                             Q&m2C-CK.      CH2CK lT2n
              .      .                                                                                      If 019A is yo$ snd Q19-lM                      equal L-no . . . . $kfp to 020B-1
                                                                                                            All othsrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o . . . . [ Sktp to Q2011-bI
                                                           .                                 -..                                                                             .—
                                                                                             Q20B-MK2   Clt2CK lT2tt
                                        ,..
                                                                                             mm        Entry in Q20A-I or 20A-2 . . . . . . Skl to Q202-b
                                                                                                       Entry in Q20M       1s ! tsablod.. . . . I 8U t to Q20A-1 I                            ‘-----
                                                                                                       Entry III Q20S+ Is onablo.., . . . . Back to Q20A-2
                                                                                             .-..—.—————                                                                                 -. —-.
                                                                                             p&wKI          amK    IT2H
                                                                                                            Porsoa U SO+ yrs, old . . . . . . . . . . Oack to Q20nm)
                                                                                                            Pmon     1s 18ss tbos SO yrs. .14. [ Ask Q20S-b)
                                        ..                                                   .—                                                                                          —..
                                        .             .                                      (/2;B-b. UST WK.      UOrO yOO on lsyoff from 8 job?

                                                                                                           Yes . . . . . . .   0
                                                                                                           h   .......
                                                                                                           Rctlrod. o..        :                            .CK2)
                                                                                                           Dfmblod..     .     0
                                                                                                           Umblo . . . .       0
                                                                                              bl M         Ooa’t klw.          o
                                                                                              bllnd
                                                                                             [1            R, fussd. . . .     0
                                                                                             -——..                                                                           -——-
                                                                                             Q20B-b-CK     CH2CK    1T2N
                                                                                             01SCK2        Entry    tn Q20A-1 or Q20A-2 . . . . . . Skt to 922
                                                                                                           Eatry    In Q20B-b1s Olmblod..o..        ( 8~Ct to 02d-,,
                                                                                                           Entry    h Q20B-b 1s Unable . . . . . . . Backto Q20A-2
                                                  .                                          —.                                        —-.—                            ---.......———
                                                      1.
                                                                                             Q200-R2T-CK2          CH2CU lT21t
                                              .
                                                                                             R2TCKS                Porson 1s sot m,    old.. . . . . . . . . . IMekto 020nd
                                                                                                                   Person Is loss then 50 yr. old...          I SktS to 922)
                                                                                             ——                                                                       —--—--------
                                                                                                                                       MITH            A      too           (tont{nuod)
                                1122’O A =             (eontinud)

                                                                                                             1  ff 020B-a 1s %09M0

                                                                                                              [~~TEop
                                                                                                                                       (Q19Ala ‘yos” mdQIv-llst
                                                                                                                I$play th~ ffrst thrsc rosponssoptlons.]
                                                                                                                          Mm. catsportcs
                                                                                                                                                                   qualst -no)  thm do not

                                                                                                                                            should not appmr If first condltton h Q20B-a-CK


02SA.    9hy     was    . . . absent-         fraa work’ LA3T            WEEK?                               0200-1. MlNt uas thomtnroason                        youuoroabmnt               froo uork LAST M2[K?
                                                                                                             AmsN
         Olm     i] lnom . . . . . . . . . ..e.o                                                                       Onlsyoff tsqorwyo rlndeftntto)...,...,..
         On V-C Ition . . . . . . .. o... .0                                                                           Sltckuo 4 bostntss condttlons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         Bad , uc Ithor
                     ............ .0                                                                                   Ualtlnpfornsu              obtobqtn               ................
         LAboc Iispoto..:  . . . . . . ..o                                                                             Vacation/persona days.., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                                                i
         New ja r to bogim                                                                                             Own lllnws/i           ury/osdtcal             pmblou . . . . . . . . . .
           with      !n 30 days ........0                  l$klp to 022B               qnd Q22c2)                      Child cwo ?mY Is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            :
         TMpoz       my layorf                                                                                         Other fsmtly/por$onal                obligation . . . . . . . . . . . . .       0   (Goto     Q201HCK)
            (Und     tr 30 &yC)         . . . . ...0       (Skip       to 022C3)                                       Matomlty      or patamlty              lowc . . . ..o . . . . . . . ..o.        o
         Indall     Ilto layorr                                                                                        Lcbor dlsputo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   0
               (30  lays or mro or                                                                                     Moathor affoctod job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          0
               no d If. ZCCS1l  tit.].             .0      [skip       to 022C3)                                       Sctwol/traln{np...         o. . . . . ..o . . . ..o . . . . . . . . . . . .     0
         other       [Specify     ) . . . . . . . ..o                                                                  Clvtc/nllttwydut               ........ .. ................                     0
                                                                                                                       Ooos not work in t i q buslncss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 O    Sklpto Q22
                                                                                                             Mm        Other     Spwlfy) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   O    Go to Q20B-I CK
                                                                                                              bltnd    Oon’t In w . .,, **.,**,... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           o    co to Q2011-lCK
                                                                                                              bllnd
                                                                                                             II        Kdusod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o.. o.oo... *...*.             O    Ss
                                                                                                                                                                                                           II to 020B-lCK
                                                                                                             . . . . . .. —-——.——---                    —.        ——.-—                 ——.-.-.                    .........
                                                                                                             92WICL         cHEcK mm

                                                                                                             ‘m        jIfalYa     fs”yes”  ad Q19-ltst @~als LM)8d Q2ti-a\s
                                                                                                                         no”... (Plup Q2O2-2 ‘y@s”, 0202 “no”, aiid skip to Q20E-A. ]

                                                                                                                       All    othors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..(Ask   Q20B-2)
                                                                                                             —-.—                                                                                              ..—-..
                                          .
                                                                                                             Q20B4.    ~~k~bl~pafd                     by~w~lo~r                    fora~ofthotlm                off lwt
Q21sk.   ID . . . rocoi?lng           US90D or •al~ry    Irca                     hidhar          qaployor   MSPO
         for  qny ot tho           tim    off LAST !IEU7
                                                                                                                       Yes . . . . . . . .    $
         Yos . . . . ..o                                                                                               No . . . ...*.
         no. . . . . . . 0.                                                                                   blhd     Oon’t kklou.           o
                                                                                                              bl
                                                                                                             II fnd    Koftisod . . . .       o
.—                            —--—.                              -x          ------------------              ——.                  .                                                         -—-—
                                                                                                             020B-2CKCHECKmm
021C.    Dooo . . . usually            uork      3S hours          or mm.           q waek qt this           MSCK1
         job?                                                                                                          fitOtil   actual hours (0201-1               sndQ201-2)
                                                                                                                          Oqmls Zwo... o. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...*.*.. g\fio2-*-cK,
         Taa . . . . ..o                                                                                               All othmt   . .......... ........ ......... .... ..
         210. . . . ..O
           .                                                                                                 —-                                                                     --—-----------

         (Skip     to   023 -d         qntoc      job     tmld        last     Mock)
.*




                                                                                                                8
                                      llULTIPlt                    40BS       rwlsodlt/8/9t

          RUTE          business” shoulfJ be dt
     .,   Q20C:    &T     UCEK, dldyouhavo   m;g:~n&yjob
                                                  ‘id                     “f’’’gA’ (or bu~tn&]; 8
                                                                                        -           tncludtng
          W        part-the,    wenlngor   moekehduork?

                   Yes, . . . . . .. O. . . . . . . . . . ..O
                   H%oo.. oo. . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O         Sklptol120E-A

          II
           bllnd
           bllnd
                   Oon’t know . . . . . . . . . . ...0
                   Aefusod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                  Sklptoq20E-A
                                                                I Skip to Q20E-A I
                                                                 .—         ---      —---------
          ii%      “or buslnessos” should be d~splayed only If 19A 1S yes.
          Q200.    Altogether,  IWUIIYJOM    (or businesses) dl ! you have?

                   2..........00                (00
                   3 . . . . . . . . . . ..
                                                 To
            bllnd :ii”iwo
          IIbllnd Refused         . ...0       Q20E-A]
          .——.——c                               --—.——.——...-.
,9

                                                                                                                          ,



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1

                                                                                                                                              USUAL                   Houns                                         Rcvlstd      t/23/92

                                              V8W    moou                                                                        If           1           th fill       th tl    1“ i“
                                                                                                              Q20E-A.          ~w $?$         &irfio;     U& do Yo!%&l!Y      ~rk ~ ~o;! (uIn) job?
                                                                                                              IIAUSL1          (If Q20C       1s ‘y@s”) ‘By msln job w man tho onc st tilch you usually
                                                                                                                               work th~       most Isours. q

                                                                                                                                                          (MAIN)      JOB

                                                                                                                               Ndsr        of hours--->          --

                                                                                                                               Hours my
                                                                                                                 blhd          ~on:dnom                                 :
                                                                                                               IIbllnd                                                  o
                                                                                                              . . . . . . . . . . ..- ------------------------------------                         ----------------------
                                                                                                              Q20E-CK.            CHECK ITEM
                                                                                                              HACK1               If Q20C fs “yes . . . . . . . (Ask Q20E-B)
                                                                                                                                  All others . . . . . . . . . . ..(ti      to Q20E-CK2)
                                                                                                              . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..-
                                                                                                              a20E-B.                                                    , then fill      srenthetlcal              for jobs. )
                                                                                                              lutUsLZ             ~       ~:m hours per wek do you USUA [ LY uork at your othor job(s)?
                                                                                                                                              ny Is .3. or .4+.

                                                                                                                                                          OTHER JOB(S)

                                                                                                                               It*r        of hours--->          --

                                                                                                                             Hours vary                             o
                                                                                                                 bllnd        Oon’ t know
                                                                                                               IIblind        Refused                               :
                                                                                                               .------—-.----——-.—                                                                        -.-—       --------------
                                                                                                               Q20E-CK2 CHECK ITEM
                                                                                                              HACK2
                                                                                                                              If 0202 Is q es” and ((Q20E-A ts 0, R, or hours vary                                         ~nd
                                                                                                                                 Q20E-B 1s , R, hours vary                      or o-34 hours) )... (Oo / o Q20E-1)
                                                                                                                              I 1: Q20C 1S g Cs= and ((Q20E-f                   Is 0, R or hours vary                      md
                                                                                                                                 Q20E-A \s    , R, hours vary or 0-34 ~ours)). . . . (2o I o Q20E-I
                                                                                                                              I \ Q20C fs no, O, or R sad Q20E-A 1s hours vary, O &r R.(Ask I 20E-1)
                                                                                                                              If Q20-1 fs ‘yes” and Q20E-A ts hoers vwy, O, or R. .(Ask Q20E-1
                                                                                                                             All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..(Sktp tO Q20E-2 A )
      -——                                 ——.                                      -.-—     --—------                                                                                                                         -------
                                                                                                              mEl               W Gll your jobs codlssd                       should bt filled                  If 0200 has m entry. )
     . 020C.   Does     . . . OSOASU           uork 35                               q mask qt                    ,,
                                                            tIOUX;     0=    mro                                                “in the fsdly      bssslMss” should be filled                             tf 920-1 Is yes.)
               tMs      job?                                                                                  f#2Mi:.        L YOO USUALLY wrk 3S hours or BOre por wek (at your job) (at tll
                                                                                                                             your jobs codned]              (ln the fsdly                baslness or fare)?

               T*m . . . . . . . . . . ..o      —>                   what 10 tho          reason   ...                        Yes . . . . . . . . .   O
                                                                     wrked     leso than 3S                                   No . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                               .                      o
                                                                     hours    LnsT SsEER?                                     tburs VW..              O
                                                                                                               bllnd          Oon’t knw..             0
               SSO. . . . . . . . . . . ..D     —>                   What 1s the reasoo            ...         bl
                                                                                                              II fssd         Rinsed. . . . .         o
                                                                     USUALLY uorks less            than       —.                                                                                        .——                   ------
                                                                     3S hour. q week?

      --—                                                   ——.               -.—--------




                                                                                                          1                                                                                                                                       ,
                                                           q




                                                                                                                      8
  ..            .USUA             L         H     o    u       n   s             MA
                                                                        (contlnlIo4)                     2/11/92
                                                                                                         —..
$222-U.                       IT2N
                          CH2CK
                                fs
         020wa Is “y,s”OA (0200-a W’                                   md Qlsa1s “yar cd
                               ql~-lt St WIWIS L-RO).OO.O.                                        Skip to Q20K-2K
         Q20-na 1S “has t Jobg 00.00000..........0.0,,.,,.,                                       Sktp tc Q20K-CK I
         020-2 tS “W= ‘O’ or ‘R-,,., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Skip to 0201-]]
                                  .
         Q20f total h 0-34 210W$. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Skfpto 920f-3-CK)
         Q20E total
              II    ts 3s+ boars . . . . . . . . . . . . ..0 . . . . . . . . Skfp to 0200)
         All   othors       ..... .................................                           I
                                                                                                  Go to Q20C-3-CK)
                                                                                                    ——--—
&i3-a.                   KI12CK ITKH

      Q20E-I 1s “yosg, O, R, or boars vary . . . . . . . . . . .                            Skip    to Q201-1)
      Q20-2 has entry “no”, ‘0= or “R” . . . . . . . . . . . .
                            of                                                              $k!p    to Q20G)
      Q20E totsl)


-----—-      .——
                      fl 0-34 boar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      WOE- [ Is “no” q .*..***....***.                  q . . *. *. . . . . . . . . . .

      All otbws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   II
                                                                                            Skip
                                                                                            Skip
                                                                                            Skip
                                                                                                    to Q20F-1
                                                                                                    to Q20F-1
                                                                                                    to 9201-1
                                                                                                       -----  —.-
           ..

      ‘,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9
                                                           --C                   ?Am     T2m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ecoaolltc                         PA    RTl!ttc
                                                                 .    .   .               ..                                                             . .
                                                                                                      .     ,.                                          -e.-””           ‘“:


                    Q20C.       .Doos     . . . DSDALLT
                                                                     . .. . ..
                                                                     uqrk        35 bo&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                       WY“’” ‘o wrk                       a full-tins          uorkuo~t       or 3s hourt or mro           par

                                 job?                                                     ,,,                                                                                                          w    ,..,,,.,,.,,,,,,,.,.,.,                      o
                                                                                                                                                    .                .                                 ttO ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   O    Sktp to      Q20F-S)
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Regslor hm oro foil tin..                         O    Skipto       Q20c
                                Yos . . . . . . . . . . ..o           —>


                                                                     ,.
                                                                                                 “What la tho roaoon
                                                                                                  uorkad
                                                                                                  boura      LAS?
                                                                                                                 10M     than 35
                                                                                                                       SIXSJC?
                                                                                                                                       ...

                                                                                                                                                                               .
                                                                                                                                                                                       bllnd
                                                                                                                                                                                     IIbllnd
                                                                                                                                                                                     .-
                                                                                                                                                                                     ..-.       —.-.
                                                                                                                                                                                     Q20F-2. “’‘Sw
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Oon’t knob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Rofusod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                          —
                                                                                                                                                                                                      poo It work parktfn bomu$o theycannot find full-tlw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         -.   II
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Sktp to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SMp to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Q202
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ——------
                                Uo . . . . . . . . . . .   ..o        ~                     .            th,
                                                                                                  Slbat’ls muon                        . . .
                            .   . .                                                                                                                                                  Il!?ASNl   work or ~awc        bwlnoss  1s poor.    Othom work Pwt tho bocausc
                                                                                       .. . .     U30AUY         UOZkO       100a than                  ..           .
...                                                                                               M       kooca m M*?
                                                                                                                                                                                                of f oat ly obl igat tons or ot bor porsosol reasons.  Mhot ts your
                                                                                                                                                                                                MAIN rooson for uorklng part thot
                                                                                                ... .       ..         .                ..     ..              .,.                   .      .
                                                                                                                                                                                                  - (PAM         IF IIECESSAAY: Mbat 1$ your Mill reason                               for wrklns     ?AAT TIHE
                                Slack       reck...................                           ...0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                lnstoad of ML TIME?)
                                Slatori     11 qhortago . . . . . . . . . . .               . ...0
                                ?lmlt   m m9chino repair                          . . . . . . . ..O                                                                                                Slack uork/baslnws              conditions . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                Maw ja  t qtartod      during w~ek. , . ..0                                                                                                                        Could only find pmt-tlmo                    nork.., . . . . . . . . ..O
                                Job ta tinmtod duzlng weak. . . ...0                                                                                                                               Seasonal work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . q ...,....0..,..                   .0         (SKIP
                                Could   !lnd only put-tima                 work. .0                                                                                                                CMld CWO probloos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                I!olid# r (Logol     or religious)             . ...0                                                                                                              Other foatly/        orsosol obl lgattoas.., . . . . . ..0
                                fAbor   Ilqmto . . . ..o . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                                                                                                 Health/modlc~ ? ltsftatlons                  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O            TO
                                Bad W, Ithor. e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0                                                                                                                School/tralnlM         . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                Own M ,namm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0
                                               .                                                                                                                                                   Rottmd/Soc$ol          Socor{t           1 Mt os owslngs..0
                                on Wac Ition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0                                                                                                              Full-tlm     wrkwook 1s i oss thos 3S hrs . . ...0                                      (WM
                                Too be IY vlth     bousouork. school.                                                                                                               IIRSK1         Other.. (spoclfy) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                   porsold    kus.,      q nto . . . . . . . . . . -0 .                                                                                               bl Ind       Ooa’t knou . . . . . . ..o. o.o . . . . ..o . . . . . ..o . . . ..o
                                Did not want full-t          h       uork . . ...0                                                                                                 J bl fnd I      Rofusod . . . . . . ..* . . . . . . . ..o..o . . . . . . . . ..*...o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ..-———
                                ~ull-tk     uork wok unda
                                   3s boorD . . . . . . . . . . ..y . . . . . . . ..o                                                                                               Q20F-3.        Uhot      ts tho DOIS rows                 yes do not usnt to work full                        the?
                                Othu   ZOSSOII    {sPsOify)        . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Child cwo probloms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                (Skip     to     023 and qntar                   job    uorkod qt          lastweak)                                                                               Other foally/         rmml          obllgathns . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Health/modlco r ltmttotlons..                   o. . . . . . . . . . . . ..o
                                                                                                                                                                                                   SchooljtraWng.oo..,           oo. . . . . . . . . . . ..o..o...o
                    —-
                                    ,     .._.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Rotlrod/Sotlal        Socsrtt           ltntt os oomhqs.. O
                                                                                 —“—--_-_-__                               --_:”----
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Full-tlm      uorkuook 1s { oss than 3S hrs . . ...0
                                                                                                                                                                                    HASPC2         Other. o...(spoctfyoe,...               Oe, . . . . ..o . . . . . . . ..O
                                                                                                                                                                                      bltnd        Oon’t knw . . . . . . . . . . . 00. . . 000 .0.......              q *,*.

                                                                                                                                                                                    IIbltnd        Rofosod . . . . ..o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o . . . . .:
                                                                                                                                                                                    -—.     —                                                                                        —-—--------




                .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     10
                                                                   Acxmt        moxs                                                                                               ACTUAL                  HOURS
                                                                                    .-.
                                                                                                                                                     ~                        1-                                                       osxacn               ro
                                                                                                                                                                                   bows yoo uorked MST WK.)
             “-.          0200:-    -    Did    . . . 10SO 8nf.t@o        or t8ki q  ny ttmd off 2X$7 UE2K                                . .        0206.      MSTWK,             dfd     ou low      or tako off my hours frcm (work) (your
                                    -    for My        mason       suoh da i21ness,.   hokloy or 61ack work?                                         lofoFFl    ItRlll ~b). for k                 mason such w Illness,  slack uork, vamt,w,
                                                                                      .
                                                                                     ..
                                                                                                                                                                or ho ldoy?
                                         Xos . . . . ..o      —>                       SOW     Mlly     hours     did    ...
                                                                                  -    tako      Off?                                                           VW., . . . . . . . O        Ask Q20S-1
.’                                                                                                                                                              HO . . . . . . . . O
                                                                                                                                                                 ..                         $kfp to 92 h
     . . . ..               ... .        l~rcaot           920A M loot ~t~                 not” &2roady doduetodl                                     bltnd     Oon’t knou. o O             $klp to 920H
     .             ...,                   M    020A        xodooad bolew M.                corxaot   02011 qnd 2111             QiOC. ]               bl
                                                                                                                                                     II M       Rofawd. . ...0              $klp to Q20JI
                                                                                                                                                                                           II
                                                                                                                                                    ----                                                                                                  --.—-
                                        mo . . . . . ..o                                                                                            q20C-].     HOW DOW hours            dtd YOU taka off?
                                                                                                                                                    tlRofF2
                          —                                                                    ——...                       —___                                 -r      of hours->                --
                                                                          . .     .                                                                   bllnd     O@t    knw   ~
                      020E.             Did    . . . uork in>- wbrt60                  w     qt more thmn on.            job
                                                                                                                                                    IIbl lnd    Refuwd
                                        Lk2Tluu?              .                                                                                     --—                                                                                              .-—--.-
                                                                                                                                                               MST WK.    dld YW uork an ovortlm                          qr S2TRR hwrs           (at ywr MJIJ
                                        Xom. . ..o.o         —>                        @OW    Nlty     qXtrS     hOUZO
                                                                                                                     dld . . .                      %Yi        job) that yw do not USUAt [ Y work?
                                                                                       work?
                                                                                                                                                                Yw . . . . . . ...0     Ask Q20W
                                        lCorrwt        020A q  od 020xJ q qocoswry
                                                                         B           if                      qxtra      hours     not
                                                                                                                                                                kO q . . . . . . . . O Skip to Q2 1 1-1
                                         qlromdy       inclodod   qnd skip to 023. J
                                                                                                                                                      blhd      Ow’t   knm. ..0         $klp to Q201-1
                                        Ico. . . . . ..o                                                                                            IIbllnd     ROfOWd q . . q .0       Sktp CO Q201-1
                                                                                                                                                                                       II
                                                                                                                                                               .———-—                                                                    ... ..... .. ... ....
                                                                    ,.                                                                              Q20H-1.    How BSIIY ROOITIONRL               hours dld you work?
                                                                                                                                                    HROT2
                                                                         (Skip to 23)                                                                           N*r      of hours--->  --
                                                                                                                                                      bllnd     Ow’t    know   O
                     .-------       ——                                                —-         —------.__--------                                 IIbl lnd    Rofuwd         O
                                                                                                                                                    ---..-—--.-—             ——-——                           -----------------------
                     020A.                                                                                                                          q201-1.       if ‘yOS- la Q20C, fill    weed     pwenthatlcd        ulth “RAIN”.)
                                        Eeu mony boors            &’d    . . . work        MST       U22K   St   qll    jobs?                       JJRRCT1       If tJ200 has m entry    fill   ftrst pwenthet Iccl.
                                                                                                                                                                  SO, for) MST MEEK, h       mony hours dld you ACNIL LV wrk at your
                     --—-                                                  ——                         ___        —----           ----                           I MIM) job?



                                                                                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                                                                  , ~~ &
                                                                                                                                                                                         (HRlll
                                                                                                                                                                                    ::~:’mo.      I     JOB?
                                                                                                                                                                                                       hen rmpe of 00-99)
                                                                                                                                                                                                         or qR., ~on rsngO Of 01-99)


                                                                                                                                                               Nmbor      of hours--->            --
                                                                                      ..
                                                                                                                                                                 bltnd      Oon’t knou             O
                                                                                                                                                               IIbllnd      Rofuwd                 O

                                                                                                                                                    q201-KK    CHECK lTf.Jt
                                                                                                                                                    JIRCKS
                                                                                                                                                               If Q20C 1s “yw” . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0 q . . . . . .0...0..0                   Ask Q201-2)
                                                                                                                                                               All othorm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I CO to Q201-CKI
                                                                                                                                                    --—-----                                              ———                                     -------------




                                                                                                                                                .                                                                                                                    ,


         .
. .



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               11
                              ACXOAL WON             (cent inuod~
                                                                                                                         ACTUAL                                        (Contbuod]
                                                                                                                                                                     W o       u    aROVM 82/10/0$
                                                                                                               .—.-—                                                        —..—-
                                                                                                                              (If 0200 Is 3 or 4+, fill pwontbcttcal   vlth “ ohs”.]
                                                                                                               ~~.            LAST MEEK, hou msny hours dld You KTUMIY     w i d your other (job)?


                                                                                                                                                       &!J%NL9)                    $

                                                                                                                              Nt&or       of hours--+          --

                                                                                                                                bllnd  Oon’t W                   O
                                                                                                               _l               bl M I Aofuwd                    O

                                                                                                               q20MK      CHECK ITEM
                                                                                                               tlKCK6      If total wtwl’            bows uorkod (q201-1 md q201-2 CWSIS zero, md
      .——                                                     —-—           ----------------                                      q20-2 - “00’, “O” or ‘R’.                                                        I
                                                                                                                           lf total actoal boars wrkod (q201-1 wd q20 -2 equals zero,
      Q20C.    *S       . . . DSDALLY uork            3S ~ors                                                                   1   q206-A ‘~S9              q ..0....0.,....0...04.0
                                                                                                                                                                                 ““’””e””””o””~’sk(         sac to q2011-1]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ‘o ’22’
               job?                                                                                                       Al! %ws        . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , so to q201-cK2
                                                                                                                  ——.————-..-..
               Xom. . . . . . . . . . . . o~                                                                   &oI-cKS*      IYIT2KV1EUER CHECK Ilm
                                                                                                               ltRcK7
                                                                         bomro Luz     URx?                       q20-2 1s ‘no “D” or “R” q *,*0. .* O*. O*... . .,....0.00,.,..                                         (Ski    to q20K-CK]
                                                                                                                  (q20E (totall     it 33+ ho. or q20E-1 is ‘yes”) Ml (0201 (tots ! ) 1$
               Wo. . . . . . . . . . . ..o      —>                       What is tho xwoon . . .                      loss thw 3S brs) AM q2M-1 or q201-2 sot oqssl D or R)... .(Ask q2W)
                                                                         USUALLY worko 100a         thw           q20F-1 t, q S“ ~            q201 1s ~S brs M
                                                                         3S hours q wook?                  \                     X q  tthar ‘slack mork/bsstsoss                          wndlthns-               OK
                                                                                                                      !%20nly                                     w
                                                                                                                                      ftnd part-tlmsork=or %oasoml uork”)...ii~S~!~fi,./,
               (Mark                   r
                         th, sppropriatoowon)                                                                     All otbm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                               —--—.             --..--.—
              Slack work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                           F&l.       What 1S the msfn maws you uorksd 16ss thsn 3S hours MST MEEK?
              $!atorial ,horta~        . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o
              qlant or         mtchiao         xopair . . . . . . . ..O                                                      Slack uwk/buslnoss                cond(tlons.,            . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
              $law job        qtwtod    dorlnq        wok . . ...0                                                           Swsowl      W’k.....oo..o.,               o. . . ..eo . . . . . . . . . ..o.. o
               Job tomlnatad          during        wwk ......0                                                              Job stwtod or MM dsrhg pk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
               Could rind q     nly put-t-                  work. .0                                                         Vacatfon/pcrwnal              day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O     (SKIP
              “Eoliday    (tigal      OZ r01i9ious)             . ...0                                                       Own tllnws/h@ry/mdtcal                          oppt . . . ..o..o... o.o O
               Labor disputo      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                                      Molfdey (1sss1 or rollglws)                       .... .............. O
               Bad uwthw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                                           Child CWO probes..................,.......,                                           O
               Own illnos9    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O                                                      Other fsdl        /personal           ob119attons . . . . . . . . . . . . . O               TO
              On v8cation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O                                                          Lsbor dlspu { & . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
               Too buoy With       lmuwuork,              q chool,                                                           Wther     q ffcctod job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
                 pwsoooi  but.,   q . . . . . . . . . . ..o
                                   to                                                                                        School tr-tnlng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
              Did not want full-t$ma     work . . ...0                                                                       CfVic h flttwy         duty.., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
              ~oll-tin   work wook undu                                                                                      Other rmson           .,., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..(spsclfy).               O    q20K-CK)
                  3s ?lOum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                            blind       Ow’t    knew..; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
              Ot)loc roaoon       [s#ocify)         . . . . . . . ...0                                         IIblhd        Refused . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
                                                                                                               ----...    -.- . . ..-.. ---—.               ——.              -—--                                   ———-------------
               [skip     to    023 qnd qntor            job   uorkod      q laat
                                                                           t          uoek)
      ---—                                                                  ------       -—------     --




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    *
                                                                                             ,
      . .



...
                                ECOttORIC         PART                               Tfllt                  Msod    0/23/02
            -. —..0-------           ——                                                               ——.          —......4
                        LAST tls2K, could you haw wrkod                           full     tlos       If tho hours
            Mi          had boon offorod?

                          Yes . . ...0..,         :    (SKKP

             blhd         $%~”~~::            O
            II
             blhd         Rofusod . . . . . . O        ~-ctt)

                                                       ——-—...-..
            ~wticK mm
                 CHECK
                      Llnc nmbor of cmnt                   person quds
                          1 ho a-r         of carront hoasohold rosponht . . . . Sk! to Q20K-CK4)
                                                                                                              GO o Q20K-CKI)
                      All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1!
            ----.-.———                                                               ———.---                       .... .. ..
            020K-CK1 CHECK IT214
            HRCKS      •tcot~   ~     Rm To ~S~Oa~*O

                          Otd . . . provfdo           myof       tho hours        Inforutlon           you just     colloctod?

                         YM.,..O                 Skl to Q20K-CK4)
                         No..,. oo               00 OWOK-CK2)
                                                1!
            -------                                        —.                                           —---          . . . . . . ..-
            ~2iK2CH2CK1Tut                            —
                           -~~m               ~    R~   To RfS~~~M~

                          Oldmyonoothwttmn        (ftll   household rospondant’s                               mm)       provldo         any
                          of tho hours infomstlon      you just collected?

                             yM...o       00t0g2M-m
                             Ro . . ..O I Sktpto  Q2W -Cl 4]
            . . . ..-. ---—.   -.--.    — ————                                                   ——-       ... ... ... .......
            Q20K-CK2 CHECK 1TU4
            klACKll           SM*SW ~T RW TO ~S~M~M

                          who was      that?
                          (Olsploy       household        rostgr        so pwson         ams      d     1 Ina n-r        appmrs)

                          Kntcr 1 ho nmbor --                   (Skfp     to Q20K-2K4)
                                                                                                                            —      ---
            jhi:K4. IRT2RWU2R                  CHECK 1T2H

                Q20-2 Is “no”, O or R) MO (Q201-1 1s <1S hrs p? O or R)... Sktp to 022)
              1 11 oth@m . . . . . ..e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ISkfp to q2S-~)
                                            a    LMCW                                                                                          on        LAYOFF

                                                                                                               021         Has your       ~loyor          glvon you a data to rotum                  to Uork?
                                                                                                               IAY6T
                                                                                                                        Ycs ., . . . . . . 0 (Skfp to Q21A-1)
                                                                                                                        No ,......,        0
                                                                                                                bllnd   Oon’t know. O
                                                                                                             ,1 bllnd I Rofumd . . . . . O
                                                                                                                .- ——----------            —.---——.           ——--—                                          . . . . . . ..-. -...
                                                                                                               Q21A.    Havo you baon glvsn my Indtcstion       that YOU will                               bs racallad
                                                                                                               LAY6M    to uork ulthtn tho next 6 months?

                                                                                                                           YES.......*.           o
                                                                                                                           no . . . . . . . . . . o
     ------   ————                                    —---      —.—--—-.-----------                              blhd      Oon’t knw.. O
                                                                                                               IIbllnd     Rofussd . . . . . O
                                                                                                                                             l%%                                                ~
                                                                                                               .-—.                           .-—-                    ————---
..   Q22C.    Could    . . . Smv.           ~koa      8 job     LkS?      SSEER 11 on.   had boon        -     921A-1.     Could YOU havo roturnod                to uork LASY MUX lf you had boon
              Orforod?                                                                                         LAYAVL      rocsllsd?

              Yoo ......o                                                                                                  Yes    q   ......        ~   (Skl~   to Q211Y)
              Ilo . . . . . ..o        —>                  why not?
                                                                                                                bllnd      &*i”~                    O     skl~ to Q21B
                       A2coodyhao               q job . . . . . . . ..O                                         bl
                                                                                                               II Ind      Rofwad        ...        O   I Sktp to Q2111I
                       Tqrary             ~llnoss...      . . . ...0                                           —--.        —                                       -.                                             ------
                       Coh~       to     qcbool . . . . . . . . . . . 0                                        y~~         my     1s   that?
                       Other          (Specify in notoo) ..0
                                                                                                                           W tsqorwy lllnoas . . . ..O
                                                                                                                                               .
                                                                                                                           6otng to School . . . . . . . . ..O
     —-—                                           -———                    -— —- —----------        --                     -Other.spsctfy) . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                                                                                                blhd       Oon*t Lou . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                                bllnd
                                                                                                               II          Rsfo$Od.., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                                                                                               ---------                                 ——--.—---—----—                   -----
                                                                                                               Q21B.       fven though yoo q        xpsct to bs called back to work, havo you baen
                                                                                                               LAYLK       looklng for wrk durtng ths lsst 4 woks?
                                                                                                                                                                                        .
                                                                                                                           Yos . . . ..o..      o

                                                                                                                 bllnd     &s;;*&       !
                                                                                                               IIbllnd     Rsfussd.,,.  O
                                                                                                               ..--—--p-.--.——                                  ——-—-—                                  --------------
                             .    .                                                                            021-WCK.      tiECK ITEM
                                                                                                               UYCKI
                                                                                                                           Provteus month’s             labor     forw status was ‘layoff’..                            (Sktp to Q21-0KK2.
                                                                                                                                                                     apdtto prsvloos oonth’s duration of layoff;
                                                                                                                                                                     Caq          fomard cn tryto Q21O frw last
                                                                                                                                                                     mnt . Noto: tht Updating and carrytng
                                                                                                                                                                      forward should only bo dono lf tho input
                                                                                                                                                                     values am not “O”, “R” or ‘blank”
                                                                                                                       All       others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Ask Q21C I
                                                                                                               —----.———                                                                                                 . . . . . . . ..-
.,.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   14
                                                                                                                                                        lAYorr     (Conthuodj                     8/23/92
                                                                                                                                                                                            rovtsod
                        .            CU ZMO@F
                                             .      {conthuodl
              ..                                                                                                      —. ——-—..
                                                                                                                   ..-.                    —.-.——.-..-..
                                                 ..                                                      ... . .   pm-, As Of tho Old Of tASl UEtt(, how longbd                      YOE bSOll     On hyoff?

                                                                                                                                         kudw--                      Ikeks ,.....0
                                                                                                                                                                     llonths ..... O
                                                                                                                                                                         ....
                                                                                                                                                                     Yom .... O                      tAYOR2
                                                                                                                    bl M             O
                                                                                                                          Oon’tknew,. Skfpto 9210
                                                                                                                   II
                                                                                                                    bllnd R8fasod....0 ISktp to 0210
                                                                                                                                                   I
                                                                                                                   (Rmgo chock- q                        1s
                                                                                                                                 ood rang.chockso durat(wi notgrater thsn2 yore,                                              or
                                                                                                                                24 months, 99 noks.)
                                                                                                                                          or
                                                                                                                   -—                                                                          ——...
                                                                                                                                1T2M
                                                                                                                   021c-clL CHECK
                                                                                                                   .—_— —
                                                                                                                   tAYcK2

      -——-—                           ---.   -—-—.          --———              ------------------
                                                                                                                             ~atry ta 02)c {s 1 -4 mnths. . . . . . Ask Q21C-1
                                                                                                                            All q
                                                                                                                   .-....~-—.z
                                                                                                                                  thors........o
                                                                                                                                       .         ............... Skfpto Q2O) I
                                                                                                                                                               -. ——------------------
                                                                                                                                                                                             1
                                                                                                                            uoald likoto hm
                                                                                                                   Q21C-1. W@                                thatInwo@ks, pmlblo. Snctly howq
                                                                                                                                                                        If                   y
      Q22C.        1) sow many wooko I&                 ... boon         looklng   for   work?                     tAY0R3     uoeks h-d YOU hen            on layoff?
                   2)       SW     many wookm qgo did           . . . qtmrt    looking for       work?                                Ni4mr of uooks_
                   3)       ao9D9Dynoko           *W-           . . .   lsldorft

      ---—                                       -——u----—--.------------                                               :::%
                                                                                                                   —-—-——--
                                                                                                                            II          W!R::$ Wwl                      —.                       —-...       —---------
                                                                                                                   0210.         h thojob fromuMch YOU wo on lsyoff full-th$jobof
                                                                                                                                                                   t
      Q22Q.        Iho ... boo          look.tnq or
                                               f          for       full-timaor       pmzt-tka                     IAYFT         3S hoursor moropor uuk?
                   work?
                                                                                                                              e........ Skfpto Q2S c
                                                                                                                          Yes..         Q
                   roll...............o                                                                                                    Skfpto 02S c
                                                                                                                              #0 . . . . . . . . ...0
                   Put ...............Q                                                                             bllod Ooo’tknow.... O skt~ to Q2S C

      --                                          —--              —     -------------------
                                                                                                                   II
                                                                                                                    bllnd Rcfasod
                                                                                                                   .-——
                                                                                                                                ....... O ISkip toQ2S[11
                                                                                                                                                      C
                                                                                                                                                            ——-—                                     -------------

                                                                                                                   I/n.W#2.           ml
                                                                                                                                  CHECK
                                                                                                                                      PMVIOUSmonth’sIndustryr
                                                                                                                                                           o            occapatlon      cod.     was rofwrod..           .(W
                                                                                                                                                                                                              to 02s (c))
                                                                                     .                                                                                           W
                                                                                                                                      All othws...................... (Skip Q23MX/ ry
                                                                                                                                                                     .     to                                        fOti~d
                              ..                                                                                                                                                 Drovlous    Donth       s m
                                                                                                                                  .
‘.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1s




                                                                                                                                                 ......0/’(
                                                                                                                                                            LO OKt N@                       mls.d      1114191
                                                                  .     .              _.
                                                                                        . ..-                                    6?2         Hav9you Es dotng mythlng
                                                                                                                                                      m                              to rf nd work during      tllo last     4 Woks?
           022.             (If         LX in 019,   Skip        to 022A]
                                                                                                                                 -.-
                                                                                                                                 lK “
     . .          .   .    sas          . . . MOO looking         for       uork       dvlng      tho past       4 woaks?                              O
                                                                                                                                             Yes...,,.,,.            Skipto 422A




                                                                                                                                                     I
                                                                                                                                             No                      Sktp to Q23- 1
                           Y08 ......O                                                                                                       Rttlmd     . ...0       Skl to q22-cK2 1
                                                                                                                                             Dlsablsd . . . . O      so 10 Q22-CKI
                           MO . . . . ..*O          @otoo   24)
                                                                                                                                             Unable . . . . . . O    so to 022-c2U
                                                                                                                                  blhd       O#t     knw.. O         Sktp to Q23- c1 1
                                                                                                                                 [1 tnd
                                                                                                                                  bl         Rsfussd.. . ..0         Skfpto Q23-CK1    I
                                                                                                                                 .-—                                  —.—
                                                                                                                                 t/?&KL CHECKlull
                                                                                                                                            R:%::::R:%J:%::::::::::~:lt~–
                                                                                                                                            Entry in t122 1s Umblo . . . . . . . . . . . . Backto I120A-2
                                                                                                                                ...—-.       ———                                            ——.         ——-.
                                                                                                                                f;~~.       CHECKITEM
                                                                                                                                           ?orson 1s SO+ yrs, old . . . . . . . . . . . Skip to Q2MK
       ----------                               -—-------                                         —-------            .------              Pmsoo is loss than 50 yrs. old,. I Ski? to Q23-CK 1)
                                                                                                                                . .. —----        —--—-.---        —-------                 ——     --------------
       022A.              What MS             . . . boon doing          in       tho     last 4       uoaks to   find           922A.      Ill@ w. all of ths things you hwo don~ to find work during
                              work?           Oluk ~        aothods              uscdt     do not road            J
                                                                                                              list.             LtOll      th~ last 4 useks?

                          Checked          with-                                                                                            H        ::h?:!*#:iY&!J*dJ::::]
                             Pub.          ~1.y.       qgmcy . . . ...0
                                  P-.      Wploy.      Sgcocy.        . . ...0                                                                 ACTIVE.                                                      M3S1VE
                                  wloyor   directly ........0                                                                   Contsctsd;
                                  friends or rolatiwos. . ...0                                                                    71OYW      dlrsctl{/lntswfsu                              Looksd at tds, . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o
                                                                                                                                  pu lIc smplo~n          asmcy...o . . . . . . . . .   !
                          ?lacod or q     noworod q . . . ...0
                                                            ds                                                                    prlvato mplo p           wency. . .““”””*’”*”. 0
                                                                                                                                                                        . . . . . . . .     ‘tt’?#?JX*;X                   . . ..o...o
                          Mothlng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O              (Skip   to    024)                       friends or m Mivos . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0
                          Other (Spoolfy          in notos.                                                                       school/anlverslty       ~loywnt         ctr . . . ...0    ‘th’r   ‘W&#’W””’”””
                            qu  JiP& Gnioa or piog.                                                                                                                                                (Sktp to Q22A-OK1)
                            roqioter. qto . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                                                Smt   out rmmest. . ,
                                                                                                                                       flllsd    out applications...           o.......o    Ytothhp...... o,.. o..o.., . . . ..o
      ——                                ———                           —--—--—                                 .—---               Ctmcksd tmlon/profosstonal                $sgMors..0               (Skip to Q22A-OK)
                                                                                                                                  Piacsd or mtsusrsd ads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                                                                                                                  Other actfvo . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..(sp@clfy)..O     LMPS1 - LKWS6
                                                                                                                                            (Skip TO Q22B)


                                                                                                                                 bllnd     Oon’t knw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
                                                                                                                                II
                                                                                                                                 blM       Rafussd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                                                MOTE: Responsos of “Oon’t know” and ‘Nothf q
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ask Q22A-OK)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  I $~\P tt Q23-CK1
                                                                                                                                                                                                        :hould only ~ allousd $S the
                                                                                                                                first entq.      Tho sktp lnstructton                    for “pass vc appl IOS only W thwt     Is not
                                                                                                                                an “actfvo    mthod also msntlonsd.
                                                            ,                                                       10
                                     LOo       KfkI@(conthusdj                     twlssd       1/16/s4

        UK       Tou midyou        nava Mon trying              to find MorR. Sloudfdyougo                Shout
%%!i         “   lookt~t

               ACTIVE                                                               PASSIVE
Contacted;
      loyordlrectl           /lntwvWs.,...,’..,.O                   Looked at ads . . . . . .. O. . . . . . ..O
  ~ile~lo~n{                   tgmcy.o . . . . . . . . . ..O        Mtmdedjobtratnlng
  prtvatc ~lo~t                 sgmty.o . . . . . . . . . . O            progrsu/courses        . . . . . ...0
  fr~endsorrcativcs                . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0   Other PMSIVO.. (specl fy)...,.0
  whool/anWcrslty              ~lo~nt             ctr . . . . ..O
                                                                              (Skip     t, Q23-CKI)
  Sent out rwmos/
       filled  out, appltccttons            ...........o            Ilotrllngo...ooo,   . . . . . . . . . . . ...o
  Checked union/professional                registers..O                      (Skip to Q23-CKI)
  Placsd or mswsmd           sds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
  Other ecttvt . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..(spsctfy)..O
              (SkipTO 0220)


~1”
  blfnd
  bltnd
            Oon”tknost...oo.. oO..., . . . . . ..O
            Refased . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
   TEz Responsmef           Won’t tnou” md ‘Itothlng” shod 8L only
                                                                      Sktpto
                                                                    I Sklpto
                                                                             Q23-CKl
                                                                              23-CM
                                                                                             allond       aS th@
first   entry.

                                    Bs mom abwt WI

                  ACTIVE                                                              PASSIVE
Contected:
       loywdlrectl   /intwvisu..........O                           Looksd at ads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o
  z{ lIC sloymn        agancy . . . . . . . . . ..o. o
    rfvatcmlo~t         m-..o           . . . . . . . ..o           ‘tt%9~W~~~0.COOO*O0
  \rtwdso rmatWes...O         . . . . . . . . . . ..O               Otbwpmtvc..(spsclf            y)o. o.o O              .
  school/mlvorslty     e@oymnt            ctr . . . . . O
                                                                              tSktD to 923-CK11
                                                                              .-
  Smt     oat rosmes/
       ftllodoota          ltcstloosooo         . . . . . . ..o     ltotblw   . . . . . ..oo.oo . . . . ..oo. oo
                       T
  Checked mnlon/promlond                    reglstors..O                           to
                                                                              (Skip fJ23-CKl)
  ~iaC@d or Msuered 8ds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
  Other sctlvc . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..(speclfy)..O             b..   *...* .,..* . . . . . . . . ..*. *..o
              @                                                               fSklo to a2HKl)
                                                                              .–.          -
              (Skip 10 fJ22B)

 bllnd    Oon’tknou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O   Skipto Q23-CKl
 blind
~1        Refused . . . ..o... o. . . . . . . . . . . . . . O I Skfpto  23-CKI
   TE: Responses of Won’t know” ad “Hothtng- tboul !L only                     olloued                    es the
f~rst entry.                                                                                                         ,.
                       -              (continued]
                                                                                                                            L 00 K i B 8 (contlnud)
                                                                                                . ..-------—.                        .--—.—                  -.--—     -----
                                                                                                y:;          MST MK2K, could YOU hwo 8tartsd a job lf on~ had bsm offwed?
Q22E.    Could . . . havo          tak.n        q job    W?      WEZR it   onc had been         ------
         otforsd?

         Xom......o                                                                              blhd
                                                                                                                 k::::::: pJJpJ-:g
                                                                                                                       :                    Skip to Q2 -W2K
                                                                                                                                                                                           ~                            ‘
         Sco......o —>
           .                                      Whynot 7                                      II
                                                                                                 bl lnd
                                                                                                ..--.      -.-
                                                                                                                 Oon’t knou. O
                                                                                                                 Refussd
                                                                                                                   ——.-—-..                                      —.      ——--—                               —-....
                A2zeadybaa           8 job.,     . . . . . ..O                                  Q&~~l .          W      1S that?
                ?qrary            Mlnoss . . . . . . ...0
                oolnqto         retool . . . . . . . . ..oo                                                      Ualtlng   for MU ob to bsgln . . . . . .                     O   ‘
                Other   (Spcoif        y   in    not 9s ) ..0                                                    M t~rwy               il I nws. . . . ..oo . . . . .         O
                                                                                                                 601w to school . . . . ..o . . . . . . . . . . . .           O   Skfpto Q24-2K
.—                                                                                              LKAVS            Other   spaclfy in not~s) . . . . . . . . . .                O   Skip to 024-CK
                                                  —-------          --------—----    -----.       bllnd          Ooa’t L OF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   O    Skipto 924-CK
                                                                                                IIbl hd          hfti$$d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . q ****....*.         O    $k!p to Q24-2K
                                                                                                                                                                                  II
                                                                                                -—--..——                                                                              -. —--...           —....-
                                                                                                022-ORK.CH2CK
                                                                                                            ITKN
                                                                                                iKCKY
                                                                                                          HIS-2,       3, or 4, sdC~on              UJS anaploysd     (lookhg)                    ‘tst   month
                                                                                                                                                  over PIWOU$     wntb’s    rcspa                 ISQSto Q22C-1and
                                                                                                                                          V!222- . If previous wntb’s      entry                  :04220 WSS %tthln
                                                                                                                                          last 12 months’, thm          lto 0220                  ly capsrlng
                                                                                                                                          prevtoas Bonth’s Ontry T 00220-11                       ) tho current month
                                                                                                                                                                                                  1! ‘wtthln last It
                                                                                                                                          ZW       ‘X%W!%!v!:!%:i                                       .
                                                                                                                                          Hot.: updating md cmrylng            over I Xlwy%s%
                                                                                                                                          lf tho input values of tho spprop! lat. ttems cr. not
                                                                                                                                          q                                                    To
                                                                                                                                           0-0 ‘Rg, or ‘blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(SKIP 022F-CK*)

                                                -- —- —----------            --_--------                All othws . . ..oe . . . . . . ..o..o . . . ..oo..o . . . . . . . . . . . (Skip to Q22C-1)
                                                                                                .-. -—-        ——.—                             —              --—-——----...--.--———.————
0228.   At tho t$cu ... stortod                    looking       Kor work, was it             . ~:::il.    BEFORf YOU stwtsd           lwklog     for work, tht wm YOUdol~;                   uorklm,
        bocmmo   S@obo lost   or                  quit   a    job or  was thcr.   sow                      go~ng to school, or sonst tng clsot
        othox XO~SOO?
                                                                                                                 Uorkfng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     O
        bst    job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                                       School   ...............                  0
        Wit    job....................o                                                                          Left qtl ttary s9rvtco. q                 o                               in Q22C-2 and
        Loft Sohool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o
        Namtod tqrary                work. . . . ...0                                                            Sonth!ng    qlse (spcclfy)                O
                                                                                                 bllnd           hn’t    knom . . . . . . . . . . . .      0
        Chango io be
           rosponsibllit
        Loft military
                                qr fcmtly
                                 ids . . . . . . . . . .0
                               SOrvico. q . . ...0
                                                                                                II
                                                                                                bllnd
                                                                                               -— —
                                                                                                                 Rsfused      ,,.,...O . . . .             0

        Otbor (sPocify          in Iaotos) . ...0                                              f~22;2.           Old YOO lost          or qalt       thatjob,         or was      lta t~orwy             Job thst     qdedt

                                                                                                                 Lost job       . . . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                                 Qdt job        . . . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                                 Tmporary        job q      &2..       O
                                                                                                 bl{nd           pf;:dnou           . . . ...0...0
                                                                                                II
                                                                                                 bl !nd                             . ....... .. 0




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              18
                                                                                                                         .&.-...     -:: —__________                                    --.    ———-.          -—.--           .... ...
                                                        (continuod)                                                                                                    LO OK IMa(contlnued)                  rovtsed       6/23/92
                                                      ..
                                                                                                                         Ai.—-.._...—..—                                       ——--—..—-.-.-.-                             .. ... ......
                                                                                                                                       “If Q22C-2 has M entry, then fill parenthcttcal                              utth   “that”.)
    ,..
              Qzzr.        Uhon
                           lasting
                                     did    . . . last
                                           2 consocutiv.
                                                         work q q full-tb
                                                               t
                                                             uooka or mom?
                                                                                                ;ob   or Lmginos;        02200
                                                                                                                         Irlu
                                                                                                                         -..
                                                                                                                                      h  cn dld YOU last work at (I) Job or buslnoss?

.                                                                           -.   -.!
                                                                                                                                      Mltbla last @oaths . . . . . . . O
                                                                                                                                                   11
                          Within       Zoot     12 =nthe             (Specify )........         -o                                    Horc than 12 aontha ape . . . . . O $klp’                    to   Q22E
                                                                     Olonth) :                                                        Itevor worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 Skip           to   Q22E
                                                                                                                           bllnd      Oon’t know    . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0      Skfp         to   Q22E
                          On. te. flw  yoarm q .............. ....O
                                                go                                                                         bl
                                                                                                                         11 !nd       kfU$Pd        . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0    IISkip         to   Q22E
                          HOC, tba! 5 yearo q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                                go                                                                       --——--                                                                           -—-..—.                     . ..-
                          Movor uorkod full-tin     2 wk.. or -ra. .O                                                             (A5K lF NECESSMY                           OIHERMISE VERIFY)
                          Noverworkodat     q11 ....................o                                                    ~&220T1. Mhat WaS th@ mon~                          end year that You last       uorked?

                           .lSktpto  023. If layoff qntered in 021A, qntmr job,                                                       Month                            Yew
                           qithor fa23 or port the, froa uhlch laid off.   cl-o
                           sitar Isot full tln job lasting  2 woks or mm.,    or                                          bl M       k%~~.           . . . .?~O
                           ‘novor      uockod. - ]                                                                        bllnd      Rcfusad . . . . . . . . . . . . ... ..O
                                                                                                                         U         Includ@ ranw checkto accept entry                             of SUrwy mnth        on, yw      ago. )
              ..-—                                                          -—                   ——      _____           -.————                                                                          —------------
                                                                                                         .,.
                                                                                                                         Q22E.        M of tho cod of LAST MEEK, hou long had You been looklng                                   for wrk?
              022C.       1)      Zowuoy*                      ku     . . . baa        1-         forvork?               LMUR1
                                                                                                                                      llmber       --    Weeks. ..0
                          2)      80U many wooko               q90    dld   ...        startlooking      for   work?                                     Iteatbs. .0
                                                                                                                                                         vows. q .0
                                                                                                                          blind   Oo#t knou . . . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                               ...   ,    blhsd
                                                                                                                         ~1       Rcf@std . . . . . . . . . . ..o...O
              _________                                                   —---                —_____                      mua chrck - Entry cennot be meatar                              then P9 ueeks or 24 months or 2 years.
                                                                                                                         ---                                                                                           —---
                                                                                                                         022E-CIL    CHECK ITEM
                                                                                                                         LKCK4
                                                                                                                                Entry In Q22E 1S 1-4               aaths . . . . Ask Q22E-1
                                                                                                                                                                                          $ktt to 02 I F]
                                                                                                                                AU others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I.-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               .—-.
                                                                            ,.                                           &-=wuld               llko to II*W that                       la ueeks, tf posslblc.          Esactly   hw BSnY
                                                                                                                         LKDUR2       weeks had you been Iooktng                       for work?

                                                                                                                                           lhdrr           of weeks _                  OUR
              .—                                                                                       —-—-----                  bll~          Oon’t knou . . ..O
                                                                                                                            ., IIbllnd         R@fused . . . . . ..O
          ,   0220.’      BaO . . . ho          “looklng            for   for      full-ttm     or part-tire             ---—--—                                                                              —.—-----
                          work7
                                                                                                                         tt22F. Nav.         You bwn              1ookhg        for   full-t   lme workof 3S hours or mro
                                                                                                                                                                                                    .
                                                                                                                         Lff T      per     nek?
                          run . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o
                          Part . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o                                                                          Y@s .0,.0 . ...0.0
              --------—                —-—--—                                                                                         Ho .,0..0, . ...0
                                                                                                 —---—----                            Omn”t utter. O
                                                                                                                           bllnd               .
                                                                                                                                      Oon’t know. . . O
                                                                                                                         IIbllnd      Refused           . . . . ...0




                                                                                                                     t
                                                                                                                     i

                .
                                                                 I

. .




                          LO      OK!klt(contlnuod)
      ---—.-..——                                                                    ——-            .. ....
      Q22F-CK CHECK IT2N
      tKcKs     022D 1s “novw uorkod”... . ... . . . . . . Skl to 920-cK
                If unemployed lsst month . . . . . . . . . . Co ! o Q22f-W
                [f ooploycd last month . . . . . . . . . . . Go to Q22F-CK2
               All Others, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IISk\p to Q2S(d)

      022F-CK2. CilfCKITEM
      LKCK6
      PMVIOUSmonth’s Industry or occapatlon                    was mforrod...(Sktp              to q2S (d ~
      All othws.........................,.........(Cwry                      ovor           rovtous mnt     s
                                                                           1/0ands(11P to a20-cK.




                                                                                                                I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20

                                                                                                                                           BISCOUBASEU                                WORKER

                                                                                                                ~     CK1     ~
                                                                                                                Dllciil       WD-2 1s ‘nom ..oo Q*#o*. .o, ,oc q O*,,*,***.***                                Skipto Q28-CK
                                                                                                                              q20tl-1 t$ ‘Wtlng             for nsu job to begla..,.                          Skipto q2~-CK
                                                                                                                              Q2D-nu   18 “YCS’ or “uytw,...                        (Plug q23 “yes            ‘A:~q;:;p                )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             to q2 -CK4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
--———                                     ——---                   --------             --—-----        ------                          .
                                                                                                                              All Otilm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                . ..--——            —-—--——-..—                         --------                              ..-—-.       .-...   -.
Q24C.   Doss . . . want q regular                          job   now,    .lther         full-     or   part-                  Do YOUcurrently           want t job, dthw                      fall or p       Irt ttm?
        tlmo?                                                                                                   Mi17
                                                                                                                         Yes, or q     sybs, {t dcponds ..0 (Skip to q23-Cll ‘)                                  “
        Y09 .......................O                              (co    toQ2~D)                                         ttot;a    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O Skipto f/24-2S




                                                                                                                                                                                 I
        S4ayb, - St dopands                                                                                                        . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0   Skipto Q23-C.S  1’
           {sPco~fY in n0t6D) . . . ...0                          (Co to Q24DI                                           Dlsablsd    ....................0 Skip to q23-211
        ttO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..m..o         jsklp       toozdc)                                     Unablo . . . .. O. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O Sktp to q23-CK !1
        Don at know . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0               lSklp       to024EJ                              bltnd  Don’t know . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0        $klp to Q24-Cll
                                                                                                                IIblhd   R@fussd . . . . . . . . . ..e . . . . . . . ..O Skip to q24-2K
---——             ——                             --        — ----------                  ---------       ----   .-. --. —__-.       -—--          ——--——-.                                    ..                          ........ ..
                                                                                                                Q23-CK2.  CttECK lTE14
                                                                                                                DMCK2    Entry fn q2DA-1 or Q20A-2 . . . . Ski to q24-CK
                                                                                                                         Entry in Q23 ts Dlsablsd . . . . . Sac ! to Q2DA-1
                                                                                                                         Entry in q23 1$ Un8bl& . . . . . . Back to q20A-2
                                                                                                                         All .
                                                                                                                         ... . others. e,.,. o.. eo,,,., o,. II              Sk\D to Q23-cK )
                                                                                                                ...-.----.—..----                   —--L--                                        .—-.-—...---...
                                                                                                                4J23-W*       CHCCK nut
                                                                                                                              Person *S SW . . . . . . . . . . . $klp to q27-CK
                                                                                                                              . ---- 1s 1.ss than 20.. I Skfo to Q23-CK 1 1
                                                                                                                              ~F*on
                                                                                                                . . --------------------------                -----------------------
                                                                                                                       CH2CKITEM
                                                                                                                Q23-CK4.
                                                                                                                DMCK4
                                                                                                                        (Q22A-4Jk fs only “Lwk.d at ads,’ ‘Attendsd job tralntng, ” and/or ‘Other
                                                                                                                        passtvo~ OR (Q22A-dkl 1s only ‘Looksd St ods,” ‘Attwdsd   job tralnln9, ”
                                                                                                                        red/or    Other pwslvs’) or (q22A 1s “looksd at ads,’ attmdad Job
                                                                                                                        tralnlng”    ret/or                             to
                                                                                                                                            %thw passlva”) . . . . .(Sklp q232-CK)

                                                                                                                        All    othor$ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Ask q23A)
                                                                                                                -..---.—          ———-.———                                              --------------
.
a
        y?    qqqqqqooooo
         .
         . . . ..0...: .
         . . 0 .0 ..0...- . . . . .
                      .
                                       :::
                                           . .
         . .
                          q      q             q
         . . ?# .. . . . ...*.
         . . . O.......*. . . . . . . . . ..
           .
         . .
            iw::::w:
         . *-L....*..
         ..--........ ..
         . .-
         . .-
    u
    m                                                         qqoo
    m                                                              . .
                                                               . . . .    . . . .
                                                                          . . . .
    *
                                                              .. .
                                                              ..
                                                               . . . .
                                                                          ..
                                                                          .. .
                                                                          . . . .
                                                                          . .
                                                              ::.1 .      ... .
                                                                          .. .
                                                               . .   .
                                                              . .**z      . .1
                                                                          .
                                                                            “:
    o                                                         . ..
                                                                q
                                                                               .dg
                                                                          .    . .
    v
    a
    n
                                                              Edi        ;aa
                                                                                     ---
           00       0    00000000
            . .      .    . . . . .    .   .   .
            . .      .    . . . . .    .   .   .
            . .      .    . . . . ..   .   .   .
            . .      .    . . . . .    .   .   .
            . .      .    . . . . .    .   .   .
            . ..     .    q . . . .    .   .   .
            . .      .    . . . . .    .   .   .
            . .    ...    . . . . .    .   .   .
                                                   ,   “.
                                                            1OA-23
                                                                                                      tt
                DISC    OUR   A~EB                    UORKCRS           (conthued)
—.—e                     .—..———                                                      . ....... ...
~;2           ~sfnc@you      LE~that                joberhstncss        have you looked foruorkt

                          o
              Yoso..,..,,,,,
            No. o. . . . . . . ..O      Sk@to,Q24-CK
  bllnd     Oon’t know . . . . O Sklpto           Q24-CK
IIblind     ROfUScd . . . ...0
. . . .. —-—.-.
                                      I Sktpto
                                      —.
                                                  Q24-CK I
                                                —.-     — —-..           —..-.    .-.. -...
Q23C.       MSIUEEK,=~yoo                   havostartcd    a job lf onotmdbeenofforod?
OUAVL
            Yes... o..... o. 0[SklDto”024-CK)
            tto . . . . . . . . . ..o -     ‘      -     -
IIblhd
  bllnd
            Oo#t knw . . . . O Sktpto
            Rofusod         . . ...0  I Skl~to
                                                  Q24-CK
                                                  Q24-CK I

Q23C-I.       my     h   that?
OUAVR
            Own t~orwy            Illness . . . . . . O
            Sdny to school . . . . . . . . . . . . O
            Other (spoclfy          In wtos)...             O             ,
  blhd      Oon’tknou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
IIbllnd     Rofusod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
-.--—-------—-.—                                                              ——-----------




                                                                   .,

                                                                    .
                                                                   .,
          6*

“   .-
                                                                                                                                                                                    !


                                                                                                                      ..
                                                                                                                                                                      .,                                                               SOs           W18    TORY                                     Whd        1/27/94
                                       . ..-                ..-.                . .. . . .. .              .                         .         . .          ..             ------                                                                                                                          -
                                                                            .       .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    q           Skf to 02LCK)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 If Q20-nw 18 ‘YSS”. O” or ‘R’...

                                                                                                                                                                                                    —-.——-—
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Outgoing Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                              All Othsr Rotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               IRt%:a,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           —.----—        -----------
                                                            ..                    .-                                                                                                                Q24-CK1. CHICK ITEM
                                                                                                   . .                                                                     ..                       “JWK2    .Q23B-1 1s V.S . . . . . . . . . . ..(Plug Q24A “yss’.           If prsvlous oonth’s labor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                forco ststo8 ua$ stnsoploysd or ‘on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         .      lsyoff “. pl      4J2&DfP utth VSIUC
                                                                                                                                                                           .-.                                                                                  tn a23B-2 a3 sklo to. Q24s:
                                                                                                                                                                            .._                                                                                 othisulss,    skip to 0240.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              023S-1 1S no, O, or R.... Plug 024A “no’, “O” or “R= - Sk 1p to Q24C)
                                                            —-                              ——--—-—                                      ---------------                                                      All othws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Ask Q24A)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ——                                                      ---      —-—            —-... . . . . . . . . . . .
                   mm.            Nh08 dtd ... h9t                               uotk fOZ ~~y qt                      q          X9@SZ                 job        Or                                Q24A.     Havo ou uorksd at a Job or buslnoss at sny tlmsdurtng ths
                                  budsws,   qitbar                              fU1l-       Or Part-timo7                                                                                           JtNK      past i2 konthst                         -                  .

                                  Uitblm         pact 12 ~ntho                          . ...0           (co     to        0249)                                                                                 Y@s ..,...,.000
                                  1 Up      tO    a YaU8 q gO. .                        . . ..O          (CO     to        Q24BI
                                  2 Up      tO    ~ Y08r0 890 . .                       . ...0           (CO     to        Q24B)
                                  s UP      tO    4 YWZO q 90..                         ~...0:           [Go     to        924B)                                                                      blhd
                                                                                                                                                                                                    II‘“A        Aofossd . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ‘“’i*&:”:::, . . ...0           !::~K$:::l Q24C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sktp to
                                  4 up      to    s yoaxo q . .
                                                           90                           . . ..o          (co to 024s)”                                 .-                                                                                                                                                      ——
                                  S    0=   mro         YOU8                qgO.;       . . ..0          (Skiv to Q24cI                                                                             ijiigix           CHECKITS34
                                  m~VU         woxkod... ..........0                                     [Skip to Q24c)
                                                                                                                                                                                                           . .        PrPvlow oootb’s labor fore. statas was
                   —                                                                ——.                                                                ------                                                         ~lo-         (lso~fi          or lwff}             . . . . . . . . ..o.      ~k Q2~-~p
                                                                                                                                                                                               .-
                                            .,,                                                                                                                                                                       All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ Sktp to 024 1 )
                                                                                        .
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ~24-02P. 014 yoo do ‘inyof 2Ms uork during tho lsst 4 woks?
                                                                                                                                                                                                    J140P1
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Vos,..........o
                                                                                                                                                                                                              .
                                                                                                                                                                                                             NO ..........*O
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Oon’t know.o..o
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Rsfsssd.o.....o
               .                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        .
                                                                                 .,..                                                                                                               0240.        Mhat     ts tho tits HMWI                 yos loft your last job?
                   W4B.           Slby dia        q   . .    lsavi               tbot       jOiii                “               :       ““                                                                       ..
                                                                                                                           . .                                        ..
                          .   .                                                                                                                                                                                  WSoml,         fodl        , (fuel. prognsnty). OOO... o...o
                                  ?U90A2,               mdky                    Wlci.         -,               :..     - ,,                                       .                     . .                      R4tm      to Xhoo f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..’.. O.......O
                                       prognosloy) q bool.  .;. ... . .. . ...0
                                                                 or                                                                                                                                              Hoaltb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o
                                  Hoaltb.;                     .
                                           .....................-. O       T..                                                                                                                                   R4tlrasnt        or old sgooo.o . . . . ..oo . . . . . . ..o . . ..O
         .-                       Rotiraoat,or qld OSo....e...o        .....o ....                                                                          --                                                   Tmrsry           somnsl           or lntod             ttont
                                  aom80nol job qlotat      ............o ,-                                                                                                                                                     Ob Coqllot,d                . . . . . . . ..a . . . ..o . . . . . ...o
                                  Slaok uork OS bwtnoos          . ‘. .-                                                                 , ,     .:.        .,:                                                  SlsckUP or bastams
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       “d                                 csadltloss . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                                                                        . . . . ..~ .. . . . ...0_...                      . ~-.              . ..                                               Wssttsfsetorp uork arrsngsosnts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        q
                                       eoadttiotmg               ..;.....
                                  vmza~      Oonso-ooak                                                                                                                                                                       (boors         psy,         tc.) . . . . . ..o . . . . . . ..o...
                                  “’. job WOw      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... ..o                                                                                                              JlmSt        Other                                      .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (Spsclfyl q 0000000 . . . ...0 . 0.. . 000..0...
                                  ms~tistmtory                        uork.                                                                                                                        bllnd         Ooa’t bOw . . . . ..i . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . ..*.o
                                    urm~                              (Soo@,                pay,         qtt) ..0                                                                               .
                                                                                                                                                                                              .,11 bllod         Asfowd................                  o...o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o
                                  mu        . . . . . . ..i . . . . . . . ..o. o . . . . . . ..o                                 “


                                                                                                                                                                             . .


                                                                                                                                                                                                     . .

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            *

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ,
            ,,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       C4
                                                                       =        228-           (continuod)
-.   . . .. . .   . . . ..         ..   .. .               .    !                                                                                                                  to,         lkts      To RY(conthusd)                       ?Whd     l/2#/9~
                                                                                                                                                                               q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   q

                                                                                       , ...
                                                                                                                                                        Q24C.       Oo YOU fatmd to look for wrk durl~                           the next 12 mnths?
           .’.    .          ~2,=e          .   ~..
                                                      Dooo . . . intaod             to       iook
                                                                                                for        bmrk     of    qy    kind   in   tho
                                                                                                                                                        JHNAUf      Yes, q lt dopmds..,
                                                                                                                                                                          r            ...........o
                                                      nut  12 -test
                                                                                                                                                                    10..............................0
                                                                                                                                                         bllad      Oon”t knou.o,,.OOO,.oooo........O
                                                      X**. =.. =. . . . . . . . .. F.... ...........0                                                    blind      Mfuscd .............o...........O
                                                      It dopoado            Opooify          io Ootos} q . ...0                                         II
                                                      llo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..d. . . . . . . . . . . ...0
                                                      Doo*t kmu ........................o
                               .        .                                                                                                                           Q24-DEP ts ‘no” D,or R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Co to i124C-2K2
                                                                                                                                                                    Q24-02P {s q St . . ..0.. . . . . . . . . . . . . .*...*.*.                Skl~ to QM [d ~
                                                      ,.                                                                                                            If a@oy2d b           aaSk ted Wry                     in Q2400.. SRl? to Q24C-C )
                                                                                                   ,.,                                                              Wry    In Q24B . . . . . ..o...OOO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Skt@ to Q2S d
                                                                           ..                                   ——...                                    .   .
                                                                                                                                                                    All otkwx..........        . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Sktp to W -&I]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ------
                                                                                  .. . .. ,.                                                            Q24C-CK2.    CHECK ITSH
                                                                                                                                                                     If p$WtOUS mntk’s ‘1/0 uxs rofwrcd....                                 Skip to Q2S (d )
                                                                                                                                                                     All WIWX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..oo . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                          .                                                               I Skip to Q2SC- Cl md
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ‘es- ovw 1/0 frm             .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            prov ous oontb)



                                                                                                                                                  .,,




                                                                                        ,.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      q




                                                                                                                               ,.
                                                                                                                                   ts
                       tWOttSTRY/Occupation                                              (ltEPEMIEH7)             I{trtu
     ~ CK
     Iocil
     ((HIS-lor          S) or (HIS-2 3,4, 6 lor8snd                                        provlous month~slaborforc@
        status uas un~l.                lsyo}f        ertlll~))          ANOQ206+ 1s “yas” . . ..($klp to Q2S(b))
     (MS-      1 orS)      OR (HIS-2,3,4                6,7, or Omdprov.w.                           Iaborforw         statuguas
             IIILF or uno@.              AJIO ((~20-yes)               OR (Q201-CK2-wndtt\ ons                      1 2,3,
,.           or blank) ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     I-coaptnynsms          I sRor         Dorl-nuo                 ls blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p!%:::fll
     Allothers.     i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Ask Q2SDEP- )

                            Frn thfrd         paronthot Ical IP-U20C1J
      _                    Last month         tt was roportod that ;o;                  tirksd for (f-company            mm).
                           Oo you sttil        uork for (1-coopmynm)                       (atyourmstnjob)?

                    Yes . . . . . . . ..O    6oto Q2SOEP-CK)
                    #0 . . . . . . . . ..O   Sktpto       Q2S-1
                    Oon’t knou..O            Sklpto       Q2S-1
                    Rofasod . . ...0         Sklpto
                                            II            Q2S-1
     .-- . . . . ..-. ---. --———.-.——                                                      -----------------
     Q2SOEP-CK.          CHECK ITEM
     I02K2.          If industry umrofwmdl                   astmnth . . . .. SklptoQ                   1)6-l)



     :2Jy2P-2.
                    lftic~atlm


                           Mavo tho usual
                                           uasmfctilastwth...


                                                   actlvltlos        onddvtlos
                                                                                        II Sktpto
                    All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ask 02SDEP-2

                                                                                        ofyourjobchmwd
                                                                                                        Q2S2


                                                                                                                      slnco
                           last mnth?

                      Yo$ . . . . . . ..O     (Skfpto        Q2SC)
                      MO. . . . . ..*.O
                      Ooa’t knou.o
                      Rofasod . . ..O
                                                                ————                                        —--
     WOPCK1.                CHECK ITEM
     IOCK3
                                          OA                        .
               If (1-OCCts 0. R, or blonk) (If I-WI 1S 0. R or bl’snk...
                                                                    ~k ;2!/% 3)
              All otkrs............................................I ~)
                  -.
     =“3”               . Ltst tits   ~    uoro ropor’    (1                                  tlon) and your
                  .       usual actlv Clw two (l+ty;~       l%~m                                  mcurato
                          doscrlptlon   of your camnt  Job?
     ,.               Yos.......e... o.o . . . . ..e . . . . . O            Skipto Q2SE-2K)

                               .                  0 $k!pto Q2SE-CK
                      RX”ti%::::::::::::::::::” $ktpto WC)
                                                  O
                            ...................... Iskipto Q25E-CK
                      Rofusod                                    I
     --——                                                    ------
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ?6
                      A
              2ssou8Tmx m OcwsaTxa                                    (Imd+ondontl                                                        E N O U S T R Y/ O C C U P A T 10 II                               [Wopsndmt)                  (Rwfmd     t/11/t2j

                                                                                                                                 5          liw     Ih wc     a fox qtmstions about q [uin~ job -
                                                                                                                                                                                  th
                                                                                                                             olim             ~     at uhtcb   ou uorktd MST WK.
                                                                                                                                              b     from nhtc i you uoro sbsont MS 1 M22K,)
                                                                                                                                              C     f-   uhlch YoU am o!l hyoff,)
                                                                                                                            p                 d
                                                                                                                                             111    St uhlch YOU last uorksd.)

                                                                                                                                            (If 02SOW1 Is %og, D or R than fltl ‘MST U22K, was” In first
                                                                                                                                            pwxnthotlcal.  )
.——.—
                                                     !.

                                                                                                                                            (If Q19A 1s ‘YW’   thm fill second pwxntboticsl.   Comspondlny
                                                                                                                                                       Optha s&oaldonlybx dlsplsyxd tf QIYA = YOS)
                                                              ----           —-—-------—                           ------

                                                                                                                                            rXSpOllSO
QZ3C.   WM this           poroon:
                                                                                                                             2S-1.          (Uas) ,.. ~loyod b govwnosnt, by a prlvsto
        An 00@0yOO     Of 8 tR2VAT8@3.,
                                                                                                                            ?~
                                                                                                                             OIINT          c    my, a nox-proftorgsnlxstlon, was ... selfs9Ployod
                                                                                                                                                              [             or                   (or
           bus ., or lodiwidual
                                                                                                                                            w       lno in a f=lly bsstnws)?
         . IOX UagOO, . qlq      or .cdOm.                                . . .F           . ..0     m     to     023r)
                                             ,,                                                                                      :, 'So&ment..o...,., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o . . . . . . . . . ..O    AskQ2S-2
        A SSDSSAL   gOT*t ~lOyGO.         .. ..                           . ..r            . ..0     V% tO 023r)                         Prlvato  forpmftt COSPSAY                  ........................O I          Skipto 01SW
        A STATS   govct qloyoo      .. . .. . .                           . ..s            .*.O      (co to 023r)                                      o
                                                                                                                                         Non-profttrgwlxattoa                   lnclotssox            qt
        A m       gov~t 020     YC. . . ..0..                             <0. L            . ..0     {00   to 023r}                                           sndckaritablo                orgsnlxa         10IIS......O Skipto 02U-1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     .
                                                                                                                                . .“.~ ~lf.'6@10yod,.,., .........o...............o......O $klpto Q2S-3
                                                                                                                                   .
        self-uDl.
          praotioa,
                              h
                               or
                                     Ous buo. , Smor.
                                      farp
                            1s tbo bomlngsa incorporated?
                                                          -                                                                  bllnd
                                                                                                                            II
                                                                                                                             bllnd
                                                                                                                                            MO*1
                                                                                                                                            Don’t
                                                                                                                                            hfusW
                                                                                                                                                    %0!s in fatly           bxshlOsl.. oo.o . . . . . . . . . ..o . . . . ..o
                                                                                                                                                             q 00..0.00.0.000.               . 000 ,0 . ,00..0... .. *****. O
                                                                                                                                                       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o . . . ..O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             II
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Sktp to 025-3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Skip to 02SA-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Skip to Q25A-t I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             -— . . -----
                        Y@s ..................I ,...0                                          {Skip to 026)
                           .
                        SIO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..SE .:.0                            (Skipto 026)                 i2s-2.          Uoald    that     6X :t@ fodxral,               st~to, or lxtal                 wvwmsntt
                                                                                                                            Iolm
        Workhp U2T~      tAY in                                                                                                             Fxdoral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O       Skip to 02SA-2
          fare. buo. OX from........                                 NS       . ..0            {Skip     to 026)                     ,,     State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O Sk!pto fJ22A-2
                                                                                                                                            Local (eosnty,           elty,, tsmsh~p). . . ...0                    I Skipto Q22A-2  I

        $muxa~                      . . . . . . . . . . . ..SEV               . ..0            (Skip     t6026)              bllnd          Oon’t knou . . . . . . . . ..O Skfpto Q2SA-2
                                                                                                                             blhd
                                                                                                                            II              Axfusxd . . . . . . . . . . . ..O ISkfpto Q2SA-2
                                                                                                                                                                                           I
                                                                                                                            .—.——                                 -—.-----------            —----
                                                              ----                     —---        —-------------                         (c
                                                                                                                                    If f12S or Q2S d) lead-la MM usxd fill “Mm’ In pwontktlcal.
                                                                                                                            Q2S-3. 11s1thts6sshIxsstncorpsratsd?
                                                                                                                            IOIIHC           - -
                                                                                                                                            YQS.........O (Skitto Q2SA-31
                                                                                                                                            BO.....*....O             -      -
                                                                                                                             bltnd   Oox’t knas..O
                                                                                                                            II
                                                                                                                             bllnd
                                                                                                                            .—---—.-
                                                                                                                                     Rofusod. . ...0
                                                                                                                                                                                                  .-                                     .— . . . . ..—-------




                    ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1?

        xmworu   am      OUXI?ATI~        (Iad.poII&nt-cent       lnued)                                            ! H O U S T R Y/O C C U P A T t O It                (lndo@ont        - conthuod)               kOV. 2/1)/02

                                .    .       . ..                                               .
                                                                                      .
                                                                                                                             * (lf                            0201-118 1S+,,. NM
                                                                                                                                      020-2~s.-no”, D or R) AWO
                                                                           ,.              .             .. .                                                         ?2S-4 m! Sk? ‘~” ‘n
                                                                                                                               Ii, Q19A-llst         not oqul   to L-no m      020-     1$ “yes”
                                                                                                                                                                                             ,, A.j\:;             :s#*li;,
                                                                                           ,.                                                                                                                       ------. - ,
 .“                                                                                                                    lf Q19A-llst    not aqml to L-no,                   ask 02S-4)           - ‘--     -‘-
                                                                                                                       Othenslsc,    sk~pto Q25A-3)
                                                                                                                .——.—-——                                                                                ... . ......... .
                                                                                                                ~:fi$  Was . . . uorklng for psy?

                                                                                                                               Y,s . . . . . . . . ..O    Sktp to Q25A-3
                                                                                 ,. -”””                                       Ro,.,ocoeoc,.o            ISk@ tO Q25A-3 I
                                                                                                                               Oon’tknou...O Skipto Q25A-3
                                                                                                                II
                                                                                                                —-—-
                                                                                                                    bl Ind
                                                                                                                    bllnd      Rofwod.o...
                                                                                                                                     —--
                                                                                                                                           .0 ISktpto Q2SA-3 I
                                                                                                                                                                c-—-—                                      -----------
                                                                                                                               (lf..Q2S-l   1S “non-pmflt  o anfmtionm,     thtn fill   second
                                                                                                                               pamnthttlcal,     othwulst,  f
                                                                                                                                                            ‘? 11 first psrsnth~ttcal.1
                                                                                                                               (If 925 (c) or Q2S (d) load-in ws used, then fill          wrkod”                         in third
                                                                                                                               parenthetical.
                                                                                                                               (If Q20C 1s “Yes” ffll “at your/hts/hor      ?lsIn job” h fourth

Q22A.      rox uba    dtd   . . ~ uork?       (nom.. of ccqmny,      bodnoss,                                   922A-1.             tho nsoo of ths (c-an   ) (non-prof It otymlmt     Ion) for
           OSgMiS~tiOO      OX otbor      qlOYOZ     .}                                                         *o*& ““”~::ytl’’l”)
                                                                                                                                 ... (uorks) (at year/hls/ is IWn job)?
                                                                                                                                                             r
                                                                                                                        (nsao of company, bcslness, orgmlzstlon        or othw ooployw)
                                                                                                                                                                       {Skip to I)2S0-1)
                                                    .— ----- -— —---- --------
                                                                                                                                                            Skipto 025S-1
                                                                                                                II  bllnd
                                                                                                                    bllnd
                                                                                                                               Ooa’t know . ...0
                                                                                                                               Rofusod. . . . . ...0       ISkip to Q2SB-1 I
                                                                                                                                                         —.—                                  ———----------------
                                                                                                                .              (If025 c) q 02S (d) load-in
                                                                                                                                          r                               was wed,      then ftll         %orkod”        in   ffrst
                                                                                                                               pwontho [ teal.
                                                                                                                               Ilf 0202 Is “Pos” fill           ‘M   wur/hls/hor      Plsln    job”      in swond

                                                                                                                p-w.           k!%%%o
                                                                                                                                (at
                                                                                                                                    qf     your/hh/hor
                                                                                                                                                            tho govh&t
                                                                                                                                                            RAM job?)
                                                                                                                                                                               ;goncy    for    ihlch . . . (works)
                                                                                                                                                                                        (Skip Q2SB-1)
                                                                                                                                                                                             to

                                                                                                                 bl tnd        Ooa’t knou . . ...0          Skip to 02SS-1
                                                                                                                II
                                                                                                                 bllnd
                                                                                                                .——-.
                                                                                                                               Aofwod . . . . . . ..O      ISktp to 025S-1 1
                                                                                                                                                                 —.            . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . .. .

                                                                                ,.-                 ..      . ,,                 If 019-11S3 doos notequal L no, then dls lsY oltomatlvo            quostlon.)
                                                                                                                               I If 02S c) or Q2S (d) losd-lii was wed, t K an fill   ‘wrkod”        fn second
                                                                                                                                 wontho [ teal.)
                                                                                                                02SA-3.        b     18 tho nsn of ...’sbustnoss? (Mhtt 1s tlto IISOS tho IOIMS
                                                                                                                                                                                            of
                                                                                                                101ISU!        buslnoss for uhlch . . . (wrks)?


                                                                                                                    bltnd      Oon’t knou . . ..O
                                                                                                                II  bltnd      Aofosod . . . . . ..O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tt
        XMDOSXWX   &     ~-~~a                 (Im~md.nt--continu@d)                           ! # D U S T R Y         /    O C C U P A T 10            N    (lndoponhnt       - tont!nuod)            (1/13/94)

                                                                                                           (IT 925 [c) or qz5 [a~m=fn      w   ua~hwrmrwrrmrm                                               mcmd
                                                                                                           ~thattcal~
                                                                                               02s2-1.           kind of          q
                                                                                                                          slness or tndustry 1s thlst        ‘
023B.       UMb kind of businom oc Uidustry                      i.   thla?                    101m        READ IF KECESSARYt(llh*t do they mko or do uhwo you (work)?)
            (ror qR   10 I W q    nd r.dlo ~Cg.,                 rotall     qho@ qcoro,                                                                                 (A-kQ2SB-i)
             Sl@to M%  8 DaPt . J

                                                                                                   bllnd   ~f;:dnai          O   $kl~to 92S2
—                                        —.-          ------::        -—------      ..------   II  bllnd                      O ISktt to Q2SC I
                                                                                                                                                                                              .. —..     --—
                                                                                               &rw2.         ASK IF IISCWARY)
                                                                                               I01MF8      [ s tblsbwlnosa or organ(zatkwi   ulnly   ssnufacturlng,
                                                                                                           rottll  trade, mholosal, trade, or somthlng    ~1 m?

                                                                                                           IIznufcctarlng            O
                                                                                                           Rotall Trxdo              O
                                                                                                           tlholesalo Trado          O
                                                                                                           Sooothlng OISO            O
                                                                                                   blind   Oon’t knw                 O
                                                                                               II
                                                                                               7--—
                                                                                                   bllnd   Rofasod                   o
                                                                                                                                                                                .—-—.-—
--.--———                                       -—--. —— ---------------------                              (If Q2S c) or Q25 (d) lood-in                    ms   mod    fill   “dId-    h     first
                                                                                                           pwontho [ teal)
                                                                                                           (If Q2S c) or !2S (d) lod-tn                     MM mod      fill   ‘was’    in second
023C.      l$h~ kind         OK work was . . . doing?             (roe q xampla:                           pam:bahcal)
           Clerical           qnginoor, stock clark,             typist,   farmer.     )       02$2.            hd Of wrk                  (do)      u do, that t$, ~at        (h)     your occupttlon?
                                                                                               IOIKC       (For    •x~lo!         pltir,          r yplst, farmr)
—-—                                      -—-     —— ----------             --------------        bl Ind    DD’tknou           9
                                                                                               IIbl tnd
                                                                                               -.——
                                                                                                           Ihkd              o
                                                                                                                                                                               —--------------
                                                                                                           (lf    q25 (c) or Q2S (d) Imd-tn                 UM used fll;       %cro”        In first
023D.      -       ~rO       . . . ‘O   moot &tmt           qdutlos qt
                                                             ctivities      or                                    (we) Your usual acttvttfcs   or duttos at thts job?
           thiW job? . (roe. qW1O:   .t ypoo,. keopo qccount booko,                            W@.         ~t~tlc’1)                --
                                                                                               101OT       (For OXO@Q:       typing, koophg cccount bwks, ftl Ing, SO1l W                                csrs,
           ti$bo, 0.220 cars, oporatos printing     press, finlshos                                        opwatin$    prfntlng    press,lsyhgbrick)
           Cotioto.      }                                                                                                                            Iointl
                                                                                                                                                      ------
                                                                                                                                                                       101012
                                                —       --------------------                    blid
                             ,                                                                  bl
                                                                                               I tnd .— ~!OSed
                                                                                                     v’”-”                   O
                                                                                                                             g                                         ——--------------
                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                    29
                         lUOUSTR                 Y/     OCCU?ATIO#(S                                  job)    rovhdl/26/94
    .>

                        Entry la kJ20C=;Yo4 y                     (Q22-3 Is ‘no’) on (                                           1s 0,
                            R, or                         A       -7 or a)] . . . . . . . . . .                      IZ5F)
                        tntry 111      c. ... ... .. .. .............. ......                                        ‘?5E-CK2)
                                   --- - -- ---‘~..:: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        u2sa-cK)
                        !%     1: Q24B 1s “mtho- . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . .                        Io Uuulmis) -
                        Entry la Q24B ts ‘not rxttrxd                                               o.
                                                                          .........o... Skip to Q27-CKI)
                        Entry In 027-10 .0 . . . . . . ..0 . . . . . . . . . . . ...0...                  EKO fiUESllOfIS)
.                                  Q21A-2 Is “school/othW,
                                  .-                                                  O or R...           Sktp to Q2JII
                        W&l       as. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Skip to Q20- 1K)
         ..—.                                                                              -.-—.                     --------
         y5&cK2.           EHECK fun
                        Q20c Is “YW” snd WIS-2K -4 or 8.. Skipto Q2SF)
                        All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Skipto q2SQ-CK)
         -.———-                                                             ——------------
                        #J ~2:,:;SJr                      .4+9, then dlsplxy pwcnthat teal. )
         Q2S-F.                               stlons about ovr sscond Job.
         IOPAO1         (MAO lF HECESSA#       B sscond Jo 1 mm the onc that you work
                        the S8COlld BOSt h!rt. {i

                            Entw +      to promxd -
         ..-   —.-.      --—----      ——.——.                                         ...... .. . ....
                        (1F Q19A IS “yes” thxn f 111 psroathctlcal.          Corrcspondlng
                                S0 OpttM S~OISld Xdy b@ dlsplsysd       if Q19A = yCS)
         02s4.          &~UEEK      at . ..’$ second job, was . . . s@o sd by govwmsnt,
         1021~          by a prtwtc     c~ny,    a non-proftt   organtzst!on,     or was . . . self
                        ~loysd     (or uor Ing la s fsdly     bastn~ss)?

                 Sovwmxat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O            AskfJ2S-tl
                 Wvato       for profit cswmy., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O                       ISk~p to O 1S-K-CK)
                 Iton-profit     o Xnlzatlon . tsxOXsqt    lncl
                                 a~ charltsblo                orgmfxttlons               . . . . . . . ..O     Skip to 02S-K-CK)



                                                                                                              I
                 Self e@oyed . . . ..o . . . . . . . . . . ..o . . ..o . . ..*.. o...o                         Skip to 02s-[
                 Uorktn      In fmlly          ba$lnws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O             Skip to Q2S-I I
           blind Oon’t L       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0    Skipto Q2S-K-CK
         IIbllnd Refused . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O     Skip to Q25-K-CK I



         ----- .
                       Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..g      (S\:P
                       Stato . 0., ..,.....,         . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*.
                       Local (county, city,                tomshtp) . . ...0               Q2S-K-CK)
           blind       Oon’t knou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0           Skip to Q2S-K-CK
         IIbllnd       Refused . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O   I Skip to Q2S-K-CK 1
                                                                                                                              30

                           lHOUSTR            Y/    OCCUPATXOU                       (*d         job-contfnuod)

     ml            1       t his business      lncorporatod7
     !02;ti            s
                   Y9S.*.*.. **.O
                   HO.,,. . . ..*.O
     II
      blind
      bllnd
     .—-.. —-—
                   Oon’t knou..O
                   Rafused . . . ..O
                                                             -———-—---------------------

..
     ysi~.cw
              ‘j \         atm    ma
                 MS-4 or 8 Ind Q2S-1 ts ‘Yes” . . . . . . . . . . . . . Skl to 02S-H)
                 HIS-4 or O md Q2S-I is “no” ‘O” or “R*... 16010 Q2W2,
                 11 others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Skip to Q2SQ-CK
     .-. --.. -.-—--.———                                                           ——--..        —----------------
     f&2s~;cK2.     CHECK ITEN
                    lf Q19A-llst      not q al to L-no, q Q25-J)               sk
                Otherulso. . skh . to 02 r -1!)
                                             .         .
     ....       . . . . . . -..  — —--—--—-—---------------                                                -----------
     f::~,          W . . . wrkfng for psy?
                       ........O
                   Ves,,                      Skipto Q2S-H
                   Mo .....o....oo           ISkipto Q25-H I
       bl lnd Oon’tknow..0 Skip to 02S-11
     IIblind  Refused. . . ...0 I Skipto Q2S-NI
     -.-..-—-—..——                  .—.—-——————— ——            ........-...--------
     ~~2S-CK. CHECKITEM
               HIS-4or 8 Qnd 02SG IS ‘government” . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Skip to 02S-1)
              IHIS-4or 81 and 02S8 1s “prlvateg, “nm-profit”,


     .—-.
                                                                                                                        6
                    1)1( or Refusal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . So te Q2S-K
                   All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Skipto Q25 -W)
                                                                                   -.——----—                 ------
                   {If Q2SS Is ‘non-roftto aolzattono”   then fill   second
                   pwenthottctl,     wwlso f 11 first pwenthectlcal. )
                                 ot !~

     02S-K. Mat {S tho Rwo of tho (c-any       (~,proflt                                     or@zttlon)              for uhlsb
     102MP  . . . aorks at (bls/ber/yew) SEC A
                   (0s90 q c~eny,
                          f                     baslnoss,orgsnlzatW                or other      o@oyor)

                           9                                                              to
                                                                                     (Sktp Q2C-H)
      bllnd        Ooa’t knew . ...0               $kfp to Q2S-B                    .
     II
      bllnd        Refused. . . . . ...0        I  $klp to Q2S-N 1
                                                                                  ——------
     &-L.          Ulnt      ts tba noms O? tho overmnt                    egon’q for ahlcb            *.. Mrk$
     Io-                   at (hts/ber/your) SE&O   job?
                                                                                     (Sktp    to Q2$+

      blfnd            knou . . ..O
                   Oon’t   .                      $klp to 02$W
      bl
     II fnd        Refused . . . . . ...0       [ Skipto Q2S-NI
“.




                                                                                                                    al
         INDUSTRY/OCCUPATION                                  (S-job           -cwttwti)            (l/13/94)


                (If Q19-LIsT dots not equal 1 no, then dtspl~y sltwnstlvc   question.)
         925-H. What 1S the nem of ,..’s busTnasst    (Mhat Is the nsne of tho 102?S!S
         I021HS buslnoss for uhtch . . . works?)

           blind        Oen’t knou . . ..O
         IIbl hi        Rofased...,.       ..0
         ..—.—-—.-—                                        ..- —-—.    —---——             ----------
         a2s-N.         What kind of buslnass” or hdustry             1s thlst
         lo21ffl
                        REM IF HECESSAUYI               (What do they mko or do mhwe you vorkt)
                                                                              (Ask Q2S-0)       .
           bllnd                             u
         [ bl Ind Ib’tm Refused ~. ::0
         ---------------------------------------------------
         ,OW~
         025-0          (ASK IF NECESSARY)
                             1s this bustness or orgardzstlon           melnly msnufacturlng,        retatl
                        trade, uholcsslc           tredo, or sonthfog    q lset

                    Hanufacturlng     O
                    Ret811 Trade
                    Uholosala Trad9 ~
                    Saethlng    q lS@ ,:
           bllnd    Oon’t know
         II lnd
           bl       Refused           o
         .-—     —-.     —--..          —   .. ——-..    ——--—        ---------------
         ~;;~t      Uhat kind of uork do YOO do at your SECOtS2 job that 1s, nhht
                        ts your occupat ~ont (For cxuplw  pltir,   i yplst,     fwmr. )
     .

           blhd     Oon’t know      O
         IIbl hd    Rafased         O
         ------—--—----.—                    —-——.--.             ..- . . . . -----------------
         f;:;f.     Mhat am your usual actlvltfes         or dut~es at this job?
                    (For exeqloi      typhg,   keepl ~ ccco~t -k s, fllin9, ‘ sell{nz                       cars,
                     operating   prlntlng    prws,   f nlshlng concrete. )
         I020T1
         102012        q                                      (Skip to Q2S9-CK)

          bltnd      Oon’t knom  O    Skfp to 02 S0-CK
         II
          bl tnd
         ———.
                     Refused     O I Skip to 925WCK I
                            ———-----—-—                                                    -----------
“.




                                                                                                                       “   u
                   lNDUSTR             Y/OCCUPATION                          (Conthluod)

     Q2S@CK        CHftK1T214

             Lln@ nuder of curroat person equals
                 llnsntirof            current houmholdr ospondmt.,..                                   $kl to Q26-CK
             All othws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [! 0Q251J-CK1 I
                                                                                                        Co
     .—.-——.——                                                                                       .——-.      ... ..



                   Old . . . rovldo my            q tha tndostry
                                                   f                    md occupat lbn lnfomst              ton You
                   just al 1’ectod?

                       Y@s. . ..O       Sktp to Q2S-CS
                       HO . . ..*O    I 00 to Q2SQ-CK2 I
     .--. -..-—.        ------—-.        --—        ----- ..---.          ---.   ---—        - . . . ..- . . ..--...



                   Old myon~ othor than (f tll household respondent’s   naw   provtdo                                  any
                   of the industry and occapatlon tnforutlon   you just CO1 Iqctcd?

                      Yes. ..0    co to Q2Sq-CX3
                      #o .,..0  I Skipto Q2S-CK I
     -----——.          -----—--—-—.                                       —-—-------------
     fi~i~          UECK 11~
                       q ***COO ml ~      10 ~s~[~***a*



                   (OlsplaY     household      mstor      so person     nsm      md 1 Inc n-r            sppesrs]

                   Entw    1 lnc nuder       --
     —----                                                                         C—.                 —-------
                                                                                                                                                                                    n

                                                                                             EARtttttCS                                               rwflod      12/1/92
.. .   . . . .. .                                             . ...
                             ..          ....t... .,.
                                       -L-..                                          Outgoing rotatloll Snd Q20-1 Is “yes”oeoo,..                        oo..(ti..      (ti to Q26-2K)
                                            ,,-,                                      titgoln @otatlon   and (( Entiy la Q20Csnd026-31s “no” OR
                                                                                       (W50E?-1-1   ad WWloas          mnth”s CW MM ? or 0))..                            Sk p to Q21k-cK)
                                                                                      Outgoing              .
                                                                                                RotMtoa..,............................. [0 !IB Q26~@-CK)
                                                                                      All othor Rotattoss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ISkip to Q
                             .     .                                   .-.——.                                                                                            -—----
                                                                       Q26.           This month 1 havo a fsu qssstlons                 about @amlngs.
                                                                       ERM?
                                                                       -------------------------------------------------------                                         -----
                          .                                                     (If    0202 ts “ .s” then fill paronthotlcal.)
                    .:   . ... .       .,                              a26A.          For {hour ( Ml job, nhst Is tho oaslost way for ou to report your
                                                                      ‘ mm            tots   oamlnm   BEFORE taxts or othsr dsduct tons: i ourly, snokly,
                                                                                      annually,  or-on SON othor basis?

                                                                                             IF NECESSAA?: Uo us, this lnfomst Ion to comparo tho mount
                                                                                      [~~psoplo    awn ‘n dlffmont    typos of jobs.)

                                                                                      Hwrly.., . . . . . . ..o
                                                                                      Ucokly . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                      B1-wokly..       . . . . q .0
                                                                                      Twtcc mnthly. . ..0
                                                                                      Ilonthl    , . . . . . ...0
                                                                                      Annual { Y . . . . . . . ..O
                                                                      mns             Other (spoclfy).           .0

                                                                        bllnd         Oon’t knw . . . ...0
                                                                                      I
                                                        .,.
                                                                      IIbllnd
                                                                      -.——
                                                                                      I
                                                                                      Rofassd.. o.......O              fSklDto 0261)
                                                                                                                       . .     . .
                                                                                                                                 .———-—                             -----
                                                                                      (If Q20C Is “yes”, ftll              pwonthsttcslo)
                                                                      ~2&00           Yes usually        Socolva      ovorttns pxy, tips,     or crnlsslons
                                                                                         (at your        NMtt job)?

                                                                                      Yas   ,,,.,.,.0
                                                                                      Ho ,.......0
                                                                       bllnd          Oon’t knw.. O
                                                                      II
                                                                       bllnd          Aofussd . . . . . O
                                                                                        ,.
                   ~S         (continuad}



                                                                                .
                                                                        626A    ts   hourly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ask Q26C
                                                                        Q26A    1$   usckl{     othar m CU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Skip to 1 260-2
                                                                        Q26A    1s   btvce iYo**s*oce**oc, *ea. e**.. *c... *.otoo.. Skip to 0260-S
                                                                        QZSA    fs   wnthl      or tulco monthly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Skipto 0260-3
                                                                        Q26A    1s   snnaal z y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IISkiptoQ260-4

—————                    . -—----      —----------------     —------                                 t               u       m
                                                                                                                            ft rst parmtbatfcal.   }
                                                                                       If Q20C i:         ‘~;-:      th~    second pwonthettcal
                                                                                                                             fill                    ulth “your tUIH”. ]
                                                                        0262.          EXCLWIMS          OVCrtlBS DU. tlssand Coalsslons)        What 1s your hourly
                                                                        EMT           h    Of Pw          011 (thts] job? -
Q2SC.   l!ou-cb   doos ... qarn por ~our?
                                                                                      [ntw      dollar     mount--=+          ..-              ---            (Skfp 026C-1)
                                                                                                                                                                   to
—-———-.——               ---------    -—--- —---- —-------   ---------    bl tnd  Oon’t know            O   Sktp to Q26C-OX)
                                                                        ~1
                                                                         bl hd   Rcfusod
                                                                         angc check S1.00 to 30.00
                                                                                                   - 0 I Skip to 0261
                                                                                                    (If ftlls  rmgo od I t, go to 026C-A21C)

                                                                        #6C~K.          Mhat ts your         boat .stlmst@               of your hourly            rate    of psy?

                                                                                           Enter Oollar           omant->               ---           ---      (Skip Q26C-1)
                                                                                                                                                                    to

                                                                          bl Ind        ~f;~dwu        O   Skip to 9261
                                                                        ~1blind
                                                                          mgc check $1.00 to 30.00
                                                                                                       O I Skip to 9261 1
                                                                                                            (If ftlls  rmgo Odtt, go to Q2K-RlfC)
                                                                        .-. - . . ..-----—-——————                               ——-------------------
                                                                        Q26C-ANG AWE CHECtt
                                                                        EMRGi          (If Q26c-OX has ent~ thee f,,, pwmthattcal        ulth Q26C-DK.
                                                                                         Othatwls@, fill wlt    Q26C.)



                                                                                       Hourly     earnings        rocordod     as:            (fill         Q26C) hourlY
                                                                                       1s THIS Em? CmAEcl?
                                                                                           Yes. . . . So to Q26C-1
                                                                                           no . . . . I so to Q26C- A
                                                                                            .                                       )
                                                                        .-——                                                                           .———                    --------




                                                                          .
                                                                                                                                                                                                           M
                       -~              (continued]
                                                                                               E A     R    N  1    N  C    S                     (conttnued)           rWl$Sd 12/1/92
                                                                                    -------    .-.————                                                                  -—---.—.—
                                                                                    026C-RHG2.     CHECK ITEM
                                                                                    faNHco               (If Q26C-OU has retry                    than f Ill       parmthottcal         Mtth Q26C-OK,




                                                                                                 INCORRECT ENTRY WAS KEC-O                      AS:    (FILL      Q26C) hourly

                                                                                                     CORRECT ENTRY IS:
                                                                                                             .->[N]   $ --            .
.--—                             —. —-— —-----            -———— ------------        .—.—.                                                  ——
                                                                                                                                           --
                                                                                                                                                             . —.——              --.--.—.--
                                                                                    ~2&l.        How msny hours do YOU usually wrk                      wr       ueok at this     rat.?
                                                                                    -------
925A.   II&   many hours    POX wotk     doa    . . . USUALLY work qt this   job?                                        q hours
                                                                                                 Enter         ntubcr     f           --      (6o to Q26C-CK)
                                                                                              bllnd     Oon’t know...0                         Co to Q26C-ICK
---—--—-                    ———           —————-— —-- —--------------
                                                                                                 II
                                                                                              bl tnd
                                                                                    (RJIIOOcheck 01-99)
                                                                                                        RQf8SSd0.. . ...0                    [ CO to Q26C-lCK I


                                                                                    f~K:CK.           CHECKITEN
                                                                                                          lf Q20E-@ Is D, V, or R . . . . . . . . . . . Skip to Q260-2
                                                                                                          All others., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Plug Q26C-1 WI 1h Q20E-a and
                                                                                                                                                                     “Skip to Q26C-CK)
                                                                                    .. ——-—-                                              —-.-——...                -—     ------------------
                                                                                    Q26C-CK. CHECK ITEM
                                                                                    EMCK5    Q2611 t$ “yQS9... Ask Q260-1
                                                                                             All othws . . . . . . ISkip to Q2 k lVER)
                                                                                    -.--—-.———                     ——---—--...—--.                                        - . . . . . . . ..--.   -—
                                                                                    ~~w,~    (If Q20C Is ‘Y@.         f 111 pwenthctlcal.                    )

                                                                                                (At your ltRItt job ) Hou wch do you usually rscatva duST fa owrttm
                                                                                                PSYO tiPs or Co-isslons,    b@for6 tsscs or other deductions?

                                                                                                Entar          Oollar    mount--->                    pcr hour . ...0      Skip to Q26&la
                                                                                                                                      ‘---            per dsy....O Skfp to Q26H
                                                                                                                                                                O
                                                                                                                                                      per sink.                   ‘1
                                                                                                                                                              ...0 Skip to Q260-lVE
                                                                                                                                                      pw mnth. ..0         Sktp to Q260-lVER
                                                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                      #                                               !%#:::::            I%!;      K     l=%

                                                                                     blhd       Oon’t knom              O     Skip to Q260-lIX)
                                                                                    II
                                                                                     bl lnd     Refund                  O   I Skip to !J261)

                                                                                    (Ranw     Edit        If   entry    Is per hour -$1 to $30$
                                                                                                        If     entry    ts pw dsy -$1 to $240i
                                                                                                        If     entry    1s per wek - S1 to $15001
                                                                                                        If     entry    Is per month -$1 to $bOO;
                                                                                                        If     entry    fs p8r year -$1 to $72,000)
                                                                                    (If ftfls        rang.      ~dtt,     skip to IJ260-I-RNO)
                                                                                    -..—                                         —.       —       c—------------
                                                            EARlt                              IqGs(emtlnuod)                            rwlsod      Itjllst

                            :&);OK.                        What 1s your best esthxtc   of hou web you usually                                            earn MEEKLY,
              ,..   ;. .                                   JUST in ovwtlm   psy, tips, or coalsslons,  boforo                                            taxes or othor
                                                           d,duct lens?

                                                            Enter           Oollar             mount--->-           ---            to
                                                                                                                              (Sktp Q260-lVIR)
                              bllnd                Ooo”tknou O                                   Sktp to 0261
                            IIbl lnd               Rofosod                               O     I Skip to Q261 I

                           Ring@ Edit                    ($ 1 to 1500)                          (If     foils     rmgo     sdtt, go to Q26B-I-AMO)
                           -...+ .—                                                                                       ——.-.—              ----------
.. . .                     f260-;-lU16                 RANGE CHECK
                                                              6O-1OK has ontryo thm fill                                        first pwanthetfcal    ulth
  .,.    ,.                                            ~lf ~;y~       .~ SOC~    psnnthotlcal                                      utth Q?SO-lU.)
                                                    Oth%iso,      fill   ftrst pwonth~tlcal                                     utth pwhdlclty     spcclftsd  in
                                                   1 260-1 snd SOcond pwonthctlcal       with                                   mount spcclflcd    In Q260-1. )



                                                   Usual   Ucckly  oard    s tn ovwths                                         p~,    tips     or eomlsslons    recorded
                                                   as:   !1,11 Q210-1 or%O-llX)
                                                   Is Tll s ENTRY CORRECT?

                                                           Yes..., co to q260-lMK
                                                            .                       1)
                                                           no ..... [60 to 0260-lRtto
                                                                    .      .–
                           .-&-------------------------------------------------------------

                           0260-1=2.                               I
                                                              EIIECKTEM
                           moco                        ([f Q260-lK has entry     thgn fill                                       pwonthotlc~l       with Q26O-1OK.
                                                   Othomlso   fill ulth Q260-S.)
                                                   q**00              ~T                -M


                                                   INCORRECT ENTRY WAS RE~O                                           AS:    (FILL   Q260-1)

                                                                Is:
                                                     CORMCT ERTRY
                                                           . ..>[N]                 $
                                                                                        ----
                           ------------------------------------------------------

                           026D-laCK.                   oCHEEK ITEM
                           miKi
                                                  Entry in Q260-I 1s ‘per hour” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AskQ260-la
                                                  All othors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Skip to 026 L IVER)

                           --------.                               --.--..                     -----.           --------.      -..`--------------------------
           .
                                                      .,                  f      A      R      H    1     R   6   S   (conttnusd)        S’ovfmd     12/1/92
 ..-
 ?...    ,.              -..-”,
                                       ,,        .,        ~2&la.    Ilou uny          hours do you usually             wrk   por uwk     at tbls     into?
     -
  .-,.
                                                                                       Enter       ntir       q hours --
                                                                                                               f                (Skip   to 0260-lvER)

                                                                                 Oon’t ksmt.,, .0
                                                                              bl Ind                    Ask tJ260-]b
    ..
 ,, .,.,            ,,.
                                                           -.
                                                                          II  bllnd
                                                                                 Raftssod. . . . ...0
                                                                                     ——
                                                                                                      I Skip to Q26 I )
                                                                                                                      .             ..  ... ...
                                                           02fWlb.   Ml@ 1s your best @stlmt@ of tho n-r             of boars por nok you
                                                           WUIHS     usually usrk q this rate?
                                                                                   t

                                                                                       Enter       iuubor     of boars --       (Ask q24D-IVER)
              .,-                           ,.                      blind
                                                                   II
                                                                    bltod                 I Ooo’t knou...O.O
                                                           ..--------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            ROfMSOd . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                                         Skip to Q261
                                                                                                                       I Skip to Q261
“---                                                       ~&260R~VER. Calculato            by wlt
                                                                                             uookl    q
                                                                                                    oaml  s varhblo (tluKAN)                              \pl Ing tr
                                                                       in Q26C-I             by on{% tn 862 w Q26C-OK) -                    M&          lsI t~O OntrY 10
                                                                         Q260-1or Q260-1 ).
                                                                         llDTE: Conversion   to “wokly= o$tfsstes    wo noccsswy for dl f fwent
                                                                         porlodlcttlos    In Q260-10 Q260-lM(.   Also   for persons rospondln
                                                                         as “per boar”: tho entry wst bo usltfpl iod by Q260-la or q26D- ? b.
                                  ,.                                     The q ntry of por wnth” should bs dlvldod by ‘4” and tho retry of
                                                                         “per year” should bs dlvldod by 9S2=.

                                                                     (Fill parontbotIcal 1f 0202-1.)

                    .,                                               1 hwo osthotsd                  your usual       UEERLV mmtngs        for      our uln    job)   as
                                                                     $ HllKRN boforo                                       ~s
                                                                                                    tons or otbordoducttons.                     ~batsoundcorroct?

                                                                     Yes..........e.....O $kl to Q261
                                                                     Ho..........o                   !
                                                                                  ....o.o I !0 q260-1 ER2)
                                                                                           60                                                           .

                                                           II
                                                           bllnd
                                                           bllnd
                                                                     Oon’t knoa . . . . . . . ..O
                                                                     Rafusod . . . . . . . . ..o.O
                                                                                                                Ask Q240-1VER2)
                                                                                                              I Sktp to Q261)




                                                                                                                        *
     . .

“.




                                                                                           w
                                 EARllltlt     S kontimmd)                .–, .
                                                                 rwfsod 12/1/92
                     ln*3.0boloufllls~codptmnth,tletl
           /~26DJVER2.                                        wlthp~rldlefty        sp~elfld
                              or
                     in 0260-1 Q260-lIIK.
           I WC    rccordodr
                                     )
                   Fill026Cor Q26C-OR M yourhourly   rataof psy.
           ::                  as
                   Fill0262-1) th~n-r      of hoursyou usuallywrked at thisrat~,
           3.                           a
                  IFillQ26D-1or 9260-ltK) s the swunt YOU usuallY           -. I
                                                                 oamod (ueckly) n
                  owrtlrn ayo ttpssndctitsslons. -
           4.     (Ffll                 M
                        a2&la or ~260-lb) th~nubs? of hoursporwck YOU aswlly                   .
                  work at thisrate.
           8.                           doesnot seemto be comet?
                  NMeh pfoa of Infomstlon
           00 ml REAOI Entertir       comspondtng to lM   rsqdrlngcomctton

                         All lnfomstla 1s comet.           !?”to proceed)
                                                      (tntor
                           -->
            bllnd Don’tknow..:...
           II
            bltnd Rafwod.........(Sktp Q261)
                                     to

           ([f ‘1.’ thendtsplsy:
                               ‘tlht1s yourhourly rstcof payon thtsjob,oxcludlq
                                 owrtlm psy, ttpsor comlsslons?”)
           (If“2.”thm dtsplsy: “tbumsnytvours you q
                                             do     swlly wrk pcrweekat tho
                               ratoof (fIllQ26C)?“)
           (If ‘3.9thendlsplsy: “Hmssuchdo you usually
                                                     own MEEKLYjust h owrtloe
                               psYOtfpsor coatsshns?”)
                                                            wrk poruvokat tho
           (If “4.”thatdtsplsy: “Houq8ny hours do you osually
                                ratoof (ftll a2m-l)t=)
                         t          Then,(lncludl ovortloo ay,tlp$M
           (ff “P”or ‘tN(9hendlsplsyt                     p
                                                #at w~ yourusualMEEKLY
                                    mmlo s
                                    :~t~:”l 00 this)job,bsforotaxm or othw


                      * correct entry ----
                                     h               2RNUKI


           ubltnd Don’t know. . . . . $kfpto a261
            blhd Refused
           tuJTE:11OUmy of the fourptece$ 10 corrected.
                 New entryshould
                 dtfforent
                             .
                          .........ISkipto 0261
                                              to
                                 not ovomrltsorl In*?entry. 3toronw entrYwith
                          wrible non. ReMculs f@ ueckly  e~mlngs (butdo not
                 ovmsrlteorfgtnal    uwkly mmlngs) es MNKtW2
           ———--—                            ---—.        -—-—       ------------
     ..

“.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    M
                             ~~            (contlnuod]
                                                                                                                             E      A     R      tt     f         tt     t          S       (conthusd)           rdsd             1/2S/S4
                                                                                                                ~26#VEAY.
                                            ...                                                                                                                         U
                                                                                                                                                        (Hll paronttwtteal Q20C-1.)
                                                            ..                                                               I hwo @stlmstsdwr total      q
                                                                                                                                                    MEEKLY aml s (, for ourqfn job
                                                                                                                             $ (flliWKRI12)
                                                                                                                                          l&KIV bsforo         %
                                                                                                                                                      tams qr ot r dsducIons. 000sM’
                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                                             soundcomet?
                                                                                                                             VOS..............................O Sktpto Q261
                                                                                                                             NO (Imconcllablo   dlfforsnco). ..0 ISkip to Q26[ I

                                                                                                                -—---—-.-——                                                                                 —- —. —-----------
                                                                                                                :2&2.                 1$
                                                                                                                              If tJ261t “yOS”,                   thss ftll              fhst  pwsothottcal            ,)
          ——--—         .    .    . --    —.-=<-            4----------------:             —------                           [lf 0202 Is ‘yes-o                  thsn fill              second psronthoticsl               ulth    “your ItMll”.)

          02SD.   80W muoh doc8 . . . WSON+LYqarn pcr wook                       qt thIo    job                             (Includlng    ovorttm  pay, tips md comlsslons)   Mhat oro your usual
                  BCSVU, deductions?    Includo qny ovortin                       pay,                                      usokly q   smlngs on (this)  job, boforo taxes or othor d~ductlons?
                  ctisalono,    or tips usually  cacoivad.
                                                                                                                            Enter       001 Iw     ret--->              ----                    (Skip      to Q260-2VER)
          .--—     --   ——        -----           ——        -----------------------
                                                                                                                 blind      ~u:dlw                 o  Sktpto q260-2otc)
                                                                                                                [1
                                                                                                                 blhd                              O ISkipto Q260)
                                                                                                                Rango Cdtt       ~$ 1 to )S00)              of     falls           ranga edit,             skip to Q200-2RHC)

                                                                                                                0260-20K.        Mhst Is your bsst ostlmsto                             of ywr          MSUS1 wokly         osrnlngs     bofors
                                                                                                                ERJ8W            txms or othsr dsductlons?

                                                                                                                                 Entw      Oollai       uosst=-=>              ----                (Sklp     to Q260-2VER]

                                                                                                                 bllnd   Don’t know O  Skipto WW
                                                                                                                 bl M               0  Skt to Q266  I
                                                                                                                HI IIg@ lt~fi?o 1600) 1 If ;s11sr~O                                             odlt,      skipto Q260+RMC)
                                                                                                            .                                                            ——
                                                                                                                                   C
                                                                                                                   Giixiiiiiii RAR6E HECK
                                                                                                     ., . . . .. . ONRSY.._ (H Q260-20K entry
                                                                                                                                         ba$ ttw WI psronthot tcsl utth Q260-2ML
                                                                                                                             Othmtlso,           fill    with          Q260-2.)
                                                                                                                                 q ml -M
                                                                                                                            Uookly      qmtWs     rocordod                   sst        (fIll       Q260-2)     uookly
                                                       ..                                                                   1s ntls       ENTRY CORRECI?

                                                                                                                                 Yes.. ,, 60 to Q260-2VER
                                                                                                                                  .
                                                                                                                                 No . . . . I 60 to Q260-2RMC 1 )
                                                                                                                -———                           ——.-—.-.--——                                                                         . . ..-. -—.
                                                                                                                                                                                  40
                                                                         E      A        R       M       I      N     8      S      (continued)        r.vised  12/1/32
                                                        .—.——                                                                           ———                ..-..-—..--..—
            .“.   .“. .”
                                                        yw2wG;M62.               CIIECK ml I
          :’..
                                                                                 If Q260-2U K has mtrv than . ffll. . mranthat{c.1
                                                                                                       . . ..         ~--------------                          ulth
                                                                                                                                                               -.      02s&zM,
                                              .,                               4 ttiQN!M fill With-@60-2. )
                                                                        q-W           ml        W***

                                .
                                                                         IlltORRECT          EMYRY NAS RE2WE0                 AS:       (FILL    Q2S0-2)    uackly

                                                                            COAKECT EHYRY 1s:

                                                                              . ..>[MJ $
                                                                                                  ----

                                                                                  ~--l                                              J
                                                       .
                                                       ~ .. .....
.   . .                                                                 1 hwc recorded your total mrntngs    (for your matn job) as
                                        ,,.        -                    $ (f tll Q260-2 or Q260-20K) MEEKLY before taxes or othw deduct Ions.
                                                                        Is thatcomet?

                                                                        &      . . ..o . . . . . . . . . ..O         Skl to Q260-2VER-CK)
                                                                             . . . . ..00 . . . . . . ...0           co o 0260-2VEK2]
                                                                                                                    [?

                                                            bl {nd      Oon”t
                                                                            knou .........0 Skipto Q260-2VER-2K
                                                       II   bllnd       kfawd.           . . . . . . . . ...0
                                                                                                    I                Skip to Q260-2VER-CK
                                                                                                                                  I
                                                       --------- . . . . . . . . . . . . . —-------------------------------------------
                                                       0260-2VER-CLCHECK ITEM
                                                       ERNCK9
                                                            Q2SA1s ‘hourly       ................. Sktpto Q26i
                                                            All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [Skipto Q266 I
                           ..                          --- —-———--—-—-—-..                                        .----                                          ..............
                                                       ~~26#VER2.
                                                                    If Q26B is “yes”, then fill    f Irst pwenthotlcal.                                          )
                                                                  I Fill second pmnthatleal     If 0202-1)

                                                                     (Ilt2LtS11K2 ovwtlme   ~sf ttps and comlsshns)  Uhat we your usual
                                                                     smkly    oamlngs   on ( b ~) job, Mfom texts or othor dsdactlom?

                                                                        Enter
                                                                          *
                                                                                    Oollar       Mt.=->              -----                 [~     ;:~%lk-m)
             .,      .
                                              .
                                                        bltnd
                                                       II
                                                        bllnd
                                                                      Oon’t knw . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                                                      Refused . . . . . . . . . . . . ..o           ISkipto
                                                                                                                     Skip       0266
                                                                                                                             to 9266 I
                                                                                                                                                —..        —--------
                                    .   ,.             iij’6&m2-cK2                  CHEW ITEN
                                                                 Q26A is %ourly”; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Skip to 0261
                                                                 All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ Sktp to Q266 I
                                                       ..     —-      . . . ..——.             ———-—-.                                    .. ........... .......
‘.




                  0260-3.       If Q2611 1s ‘yes”, then fill                  ftrst pwenthsttcsl
                  WUUIN        IIf Q2K Is “YOS”, then fill                    mcond pwsnthottca ‘1 with                ‘your   MM”,}

                              (Includtng    ovortk  PC~ ttps   md r.odsslons, ) What  sr~ your ususl
                              mnthly     qamlngs on (t !s) job, befara taxes or othor deductlonst

                               Entw    Oollar mount--->          ----               (Sktp     to Q260-3VER)

                    bl Ind    Oon’t know        O       Skip to Q260-30K)
                  IIbllnd     Rafused           O      1Skipto Q26C)

                  Rang@ Edit       ($ 1 to 6000)        (If    fatls     rmg~       odlt,     skip to 0260-3RNG)

     -,   .   .   :26D-31K.        Uhat 1s your bsst estfmta                   of your usual monthly             mmlngs        bsforo
                                   tsxm or othw doductlons?

                                   Mar      001lar omount--->----                        (Skip to     11260-3V[R)

                   bllnd       ~f;:enw    Skfpto Q260
                                                  O
                   blhd
                  Hmga  dlt ($ 1 to 6000) If fallsrmgo odtt,skipto q260-3RNG)
                  .-----—-———
                                          Skfpto q26G I
                                                  O
                                                        I      —..     —
                                                                     -. ----------
                  ~~~       WE    EWCK
                                                                     s
                             (Ifq260-3W has ent~hon ftllparmthttlcaldthq260-30K.
                          Othoruisc, ll?Wtth q2 3.)
                                      f


                              Honthly oasal    s recorded               as:     (fill       q260-3)    monthly
                              Is YttIs EImtY”&laAEcl?

                                   VW. ,.60 to q260-3vER
                                   MO [ co to q260-3
                                    . ...*          R?tOl,
                  ——                                                                         c.                  —-.      ..... . .
                  f~26G;RNc2. CJtuK[TEN
                                    (If q26&31X has entry then ftll                      pwenthcttcal        ulth      q260-3M.
                                     Otherdse,  ftll u!th Q260-3.)



                               MCORRECT ENTRY W               RE-EO           AS:       (FILL W60-3)      -W

                               CURRECY ENTRY 1S:

                                   ->[22]     $ ----
                  —-—.                                                                            —--------------------




                                                                                                                                        ,
         .,

    ‘,




                                                                                         41
                      ~ A R M 1 N 8 S                       t      1/26/94
                                                  (contlnuod] ’OVIStd
              ... ..—-——-0------ ——-—-—.                   . .... ..............
              ~&$~VERO (Fill wonthotfcal tf Q202-1.I

                        I hwo rocordcd our total q
                                      y           mdn s (for your qfn job M
                        $ (fill      or           N
                               0260-3 Q260-3DK)ONTH!Y   boforo tsxosor ot or deductions,
                                                                         I
                        1s thatcorroct?
.                       VOs..O...........o.O Skt to 0266
                        No......oo.........o I          I
                                              60100260-3 02)
               bl{nd Oon’tknou
                             .........O
              II——..—. —--—-. O ISkipto 026C——-..--.--
               bl~nd
              ..
                     ROfaMd............ Skipto 026G
                                                  1
                                                                           ....... ..
              02~3VER20
              mms               (IfQ26B1S ‘ .SO, theefill first              )
                                                                  pwonthotlcal.
                           (Hll SecondparentL tlcd tf 9202-1)
                    (IKLUOING worth  pa~ ttpsandcoAsstons) fiataro your usua,
                    mnthly qomlngs w (t Is)job,bofom tosos or othor doducttons?”
                        2ntorOollarmount--> -----          Oo rmgo check)
                                                          ISktpto 0266)
               blhd Oon’tknou
              II
               bllnd Rofusod
                 --.
                              ...........0 Skipto Q26G
                           ..............0ISktpto Q260
              .-. ---.—-.—. —----------—
                                                     I
                                                             -------------------------
              0260-4. If Q26B Is “yes”,thoafillftrst poronthottcal.)
              ERMAMN IIf Q20C 1s ‘yes-,thenftllsecond pwonthotlcal  with ‘your MAIN*.)

                        (fncludtng ovortho pcy,tipsmd c~lsstons) Vhat aro your usual
                        mnual oamtngs en (this) job, boforo tues or othor doductlons?

                        EnterOollaromtmt-.=>
                                           ------             to
                                                         (Skip Q260-4VER)
               bllnd Oo#t knom O Skipto Q260-4~)
               blM    Rofusod     O Ski to Q2U)
              Hangt dlt ($ 1 to 72,~ If ( f fallsrmgo odft,Sktp    to Q26&hNO)
                                                                   —.-.--..  —-- . . ..—.—
              i#m#JK.                             of
                          Ilht is your bestQ8tlmsto yoorusualonnutloamfngsboforo
                         .tuoa or othordodoctfons?

                          EnterOollarmount--+ ------             to
                                                            (Skip 4260-4VER)
              bllnd Oom*tknou O Sktp to 0266
              H
              blfnd Rofasod      O [Skipto 9260 I
              mgo dtt [S I to 72.000) (If fallsrmoo od;t,sklDto Q260-4RH6]
             E       A     R      It      1        U    Q         $         kontlnusd)       twtsod     12/1/32
. . ..—--------                  ——-—                                                  -———...
                                                                                         -              . . .. ........
~fl~:~           W6E       CHECK
                  (If Q26D-4 or Q260-40K                     1s gmatw              than $?2,000,      then fill   first
                  parmthot teal. )

                 f Q26D-41X has             ontr then f111 Mcond paronthat teal WI th Q2611-40R.
             $!hwu,sq            f,,,.dtb           &o-4.)




             (“”*’REPORTED             EMN1H6S ME             KREATER YWt              $72,0w***)

             Annual aamlngs   rocordsd                      as:        (fill     q2ti4j     mnu811y
             IS YltIS ENTRV CORRECT?

             Y@s.... So to Q260-4VER)
             No.....ISo to 4J260-4RMC2)
---...--. —------ .--—           -.------—        —-------------------------
Q260-4RN62. CHECK lTEN
                   4DK has entry then fill pmnthctlcal   with Q260-41X.
‘-p      $:[~%      ,,,, wtth ,260-4.)



             INCORRECT ENYRV W                     RE~ED              AS:      (FILL   Q26&4)    snnually

               CORRECT ENYRY 1S:

                  ->[n]          $ ----
.--—-—                                                                                    —. —---------------
0260-4VER.        fFlll   mronthotlcal   tf Q2a-1.l
ERNVR4            -       -
             1 hwc rscordsd your total wnl          s (for your uln job *S
             $ fill     Q260-4 or Q26&4DK) snnmi lY bsfors tsms or o / hw
             d s! uctlons.     1s that corroct?        q



             Yw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O          $kl to Q26E-CK
             no . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0       I So !0 Q260-4Y d )

 blhd        Ooo’tknou . . . . . . . ..O Skipto Q26E-CK
II
 bllnd
-—
                   .
             R@fused...........O ISkfpto Q26E-CK
                                           __         I
                                                                                             -------------------
“.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      44

                                                                                                   . . .. —... ---—..                                          ---      ---~..—.L.                            L.-.
                                                                                                   Q260-4VER2,
                                                                                                   Mttm                 If Q260 Is ‘yes”, thsn fill    f Irst  srsnthct Icsl. )
                                                                             .. .
                                                                                                                      I Ftll SOcond psrsnthctlcsl   lf Q20C- ! )
                                                      :.,                                                     (lllCWOINO  ovwttos  psy,              ttps snd codsslons)    Ubst sro your usual
                                                                                                             “snnusl osrnlngs on (this)                Job, bxforo taxas or othor daductlons?
                                                                                              ,,
                                                                                                                Entw 001lar owuntm>                    -----                     lb rsngo chock)
                                                                                                                                                                               I Skipto Q26E-cK)


                                                                                          .        II
                                                                                                    bllnd
                                                                                                    bll~
                                                                                                               Ooa’t knou . . . . . . . . . ..O Stdp to 0266
                                                                                                               Rsfus~d . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O I Skip to Q26C I

               .,, ., .*.-” . ..-            . .            .   .                   -. . . ..-. . p-!&
     .,
          -.
                                                                                                                I If 0260 1s “yes”,
                                                                                                                  If Q20C 18 “yes-,
                                                                                                                                               tkso f 111 first pwonthstlcol.)
                                                                                                                                               then ftll mcond pwonthottcsl                     ulth   “yourIUIN”.)
                                                        .                                                       (Incladtng        ovwttos          psy tl s snd c09fssi0ns)                MM     m    your   usual
                                                                                                                bl-usokly        osratngs      on (~hls\        job, bsforo        tsxcs   or othor    doductfons?
                                                                     ... . .
                                                                                                                Enter       Oollar   ooount-=-> ----                   ($kIp    to Q260-SVER)


                                                                                                   IIlid
                                                                                                    bl
                                                                                                    bl lnd
                                                                                                                ~,;~dnou             O
                                                                                                                                     0
                                                                                                                                           Skfp to Q260-SOK)
                                                                                                                                          1Skip to Q26G)
                                                                                                   Rango Edit       ($ 1 to 3,000]           (If     fatls     rsngs        skip to Q260-SPNS)
                                                                                                                                                                        sdlt,
                                                                                                   -------      ---             ——.---—                    ———------------------
                                                                                                   y61#K.             Uliat is yoor best ostlmsto of yoor OSUS1 bl-wakly     eamlngs                           b~foro
                                                                                                                      tsms or othw dsductlons?

                                                                                                                      Enter Oollar uosnt--->
                                                                                                                                           ----                          (Skipto Q260-SVER)

                                                                                                    bl {nd      ~f;~~nou       O             Skipto Q266
                                   ..
                                        .’     - --
                                                                                                   11
                                                                                                    bl tnd
                                                                                                   J~@
                                                                                                                               O
                                                                                                           , dlt (~-! to, 3,000)
                                                                                                                                            I Skfp to Q26S I
                                                                                                                                              (If falls rings           sdtt,    skip to    Q260-SRMO)
                                                                                                                                                                                               --.. —-.- . . ..-.
                               .                                                        ,___ Q260-SRNE              WE      CHECK
                                                                                                   ERBRW          If 0260-SOK has ootry tbsa fill                      psrmthotlcsl        with Q260-SK.
                                                                                                                4 tbolniso,    fill Ultll QUO-s.)


                                                                ..
                                                                         .     .                                B1-usekl         Oamt      S rocordsd0S: (fIll                  Q260-S)    bt-uwkly
                                                      ,.                                                        Is THts htv             Cam?
                                                                                                                      h,.     ,.60      to Q2S0-SVER)
                                                                                                                   NO* . q , q [ 60 to Q2S&sltltc2)
                                                                                                   -..---—-..-...—.-—-—-                                                              .      .. ............ ....
     . . .

“.



                                                                                                                                                                4#
                                                 tARNllk                 @S(conthusd)        rwlsod 12/1/92
                       ..               .
                                                  C
                                        f~z6DG:MG2. HUR   ITEN
                                                    If Q260-SIX sntry then ftll pwonthet teal utth Q260-51X.
                                                                has
                                                  8 thowlso fill uftb q260-S.)
             ..                                      6-            MT      -m

                                                     M20RRECT EHYRY MS RE~                              ASI   (FILL   Q260-S)   bl-umkly

                                                         CORRECT ENTRY 1s1

                                                          --=>[NJ         s ----
                                       ~~260n~VUt.         (Fill        pwonthottcal          {f @OC-1 .)
                                        --------
                  ..                                 1 havo rocordod your total tamlngs   (for ywr ssln                            Job) M
                                                     $ ftll q260-5 or Q260-SIIU) bt-wckly    boforo tsms                           or othor           “
                            .                        dmcthns.      ,S that COWWt?

                                                     Yes . . . . . . . ..o . . . . ..O         $kt to q266
                                                     Ho . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0     I so !0 qt$lks 1 ER2)
                                         bltnd       Oon’t knw., . . . . . ..O                 $klp to q26C
                                       IIblind       Rofusod . . . . . . . . . . ..O         I Skip to q26S 1
                                       ..--—                                                                                           —-------
                                       ~2M&VER2.
                                                            Xf q268 ts “YOS’,  tbeaftllftrst wonthotical.                          )
                                                           IFill second pwonthctlcal  lf q20C- ! )

                                                 (fHCtUOINO    overths    pay, t tps ond codsslons)                       Mhat wo your usual              bt-
                                                 wckly    osmlngs    on (thts)  job, boforo tsxos                      or othor dsductlonst

                                                     Enter Dollar nount---> -----                                Oorango chock)
                                                                                                               [ Skfp to q26S)

                                       II
                                        blind
                                        blhd
                                                   Ooo’t knw ..,..., . ...0               Skip to Q260
                                                   RcfIIsod . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O I $kls to 0266 1

                                       026E-CK.       CHECK ITEM
                                ..,
                                      . ——-—.                                                                 .—                 —---------
                                       q26F.       HW many umks             a yw           do Yoo gtt     paid for?
                                       ERNW
                                                    -r             of tmaks --




                                       .-—.-—-——
                                                     u
                                                 bl{nd
                                                 blfnd
                                        Rawt check 01-2
                                                                     Oon’tknw .....O
                                                                     Rofu8td . . . . . . ..O
                                                                                                              —..——.—                      --------
      ‘..




 ,.
                                                     8SSX2MW           tcontinuod]                                                                 EAatt!ll                            Qs(conthuod)                rovhod l/lt/04
. .         .   .   ...                                                                                                                                            ——-—                                          -----   .........
                                                                                                                                               1fQ26Ats   -Otharoor   WC’                   thmdon’t fill ffrst partnthotlcsl.~
                                                                                                                                             I If Q20C 18 ‘y@sm, thmftl{                    second paronthctlcal  ulth “your MIN .)
                                                               -.
                                                                                                                                 q266.       (Evmthough   youtoldmlt       tsoaslwtor~                         rt ourownlns(flll
                          Q2SB.    Is ... psid by the Rour on this                        job?                                   WIAl        wtth Q26A WS~SO)),      woyos   PAIO ATM                      Y61&Y hTE on (th!s)          job?

  .                                Y-. c... e....o             w       to    Wsc}                                                            ..-
                                                                                                                                             Yms                       e
                                   Mo .....o .....O            {Skip        to    02501
                                                                                                                                   bllnd     !&tot knom
                                                                                          -.- —---              --------------
                                                                                                                                 IIbl lnd
                                                                                                                                 ---——
                                                                                                                                             Sofusod                   II!%!!
                                                                                                                                                                                    -——            —---y          —-------     ...........
                                                                                                                                 Q260-CK CttECK ITEM
                                                                                                                                             If Q260-2                      Q260-321K,
                                                                                                                                                            Q260-20K, Q260-3,              Q260-4,                   0
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Q260-41X,260-S, or
                                                                                                                                                           &m401C Is , ““f”Sal” . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..($klp to Q261)
                                                                                                                                                                               .
                                                                                                                                             IF Q260-20K0 Q260-3DK, Q260-40K or
                                                                                                                                                       Q260-60K 11 q ‘don’t knoug............($klp Q261)  .                          to
                                                                                                                                             All othors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..@sk Q26H)

                                                                                                                                              If Q260 1s ‘YCS”, then fill   f Irst psronthotlcsl.)

                          Q25C.   slow moh      doss      . . . .irn        per   hour?                                          q26H.
                                                                                                                                 EA16U
                                                                                                                                             Ilf Q20C 1s ‘YOSs, then fill
                                                                                                                                              EXCLWINE ovwtho
                                                                                                                                                                            second pmnth@kal Mtth ‘your MAIN”.)
                                                                                                                                                                   ay, tips and comtsslons) Uhst !s your hourly
                                                                                                                                             rato of PSY on (this ! job?
                                  (Ask   Q2SDJ                                                                                               Enter dollar        omount=-;>         -----
                                                                                                                                  bl lnd     Oon’t knom
                                                                                                                                 ~1
                                                                                                                                  bl Ind     Rofussd
                                                                                                                                  lnpo Odtt $1 to $30.00
                                                                                                                                                                                o
                                                                                                                                 ---——.      —-—                                    —-.        .--- ......—
                                                                                                                                 Q26i. 01 this ob, or.YOO a msdor of a laborsnlonor of sn mloyec
                          Q2SE.   On this       job, 1s . . . q aanbor                of q labor union                or of q    EAt(tM msoclat f on Sldlsr             to t union?
                                  oaployoo       qsaocistion   qimllar                to q union?                                         YQS . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ (Skipto Q26J-2K)
                                                                                                                                          Ho q 0..0.0.0...
                                  XOO . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O
                                      .                                  (Skip to 026)                                            bllnd Ooo’tknow         ...... O
                                  Eo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O      (Ack 02SFJ                                               blhd
                                                                                                                                 II       Rofussd. . . . . . . . . O
                                                                                                                                                                                         —.. . . . .. . . . . . ..
                          ——                                    —“---—                    -------------------                    iii.        On this job, arc yes covorod by a onhn or sqloyw assoclstlon
                                                                                                                                 EIWCOV contract?
                          Q25r.   On this       job,    is  . . . covorod           by q union           or     qloyoo
                                  qssooistion          contract?                                                                             YES... *....**..              o
                                                                                                                                            “NO.......... *..              o
                                                                                                                                  blhd       Ooa’t know . . . . .          O
                                  Yoo ...............O
                                  Mo ................o
                                                                        {Oo tO 026)
                                                                        (00 to 026)                                              II
                                                                                                                                 —
                                                                                                                                  bllnd      Aofussd . . . . . . . .       O
                                                                                                                                                                                                    —-—                        ------




                                                                                                                                                                                               .
‘.




                                                                                                                                                41
                      .,
                                             CA           Rllltit                       S(contfnued)                rovhd         12/1/9t
                                                                                             .—.—--—-                         . . . . ----
                           W&iiiK                  IT2H
                                    Llno nudwof         current pwsoncquals
                     ,,,                lln~ntirofcurwnt                      hous~hold respondent . . . . Skip to Q2E-CK
                                    All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I GO to QZ6J-CKI I
                           -.-——--.——                                            ——                                        ----------------
                           ~2&K1    CHECK 1T21t
                                          q****W ml ~               To RE$-***0*

                                        Old ... provtda w                of tha wrntngs Infomat Ion you just colIectcd?
                                             Y@s. ..0
                                                  .     Skl to Q28-CK
                                             no ...0.0 I6010 Q26J-CK2I

                           02S3-CK2CltEa mm
                           ERNCKK               q6*6*00~~ Rw             10 n~s~npaaac

                                        Old anyon~ othar then (ftll                householdrespondmtcsrime) provldo                         sny
                                        of ths mmtngs   lnfometlon                 you just      collected?

                                             Y8S.. .0        so to Q26J-CKY
                 .                           Ho . ...0     I SktD to Q20-[IC I




                                        (Otspley        household    roster     so person nsme end 1 he             n-r        appears)

                                        Snter     llm     ntir      --     (Co to Q22-CK)
                                                                                ———                                       . . ..-. --—----




     .   .   .
                                                                                                                                                                                                     40

x                                                                             .,.,..
                                                                                -.
                                                                                                .
                                                                                       . . . . . -.
                                                                                                      I,\,
                                                                                                                            lllLF/A2TlA20/Milt STATUS                            Rwlsod   2/10/93
    --
                                   .   ..
                                 ./- - .,--- ..                                                         TMS         rson     11:
         :. ...,,                       -., ,         . ,.                                                      ~-49 yowt q SW.;.
                                                                                                                             f         Skl to Q27B)
                                                  ,                                                             sot                    W
                                                                                                                   .................. [f O Q21A)
                                              .              ., .-. . ..___
                        .
                                                                               W-SK. CM2CKIT211
                                                                               HLFCK2
                                                                                                        outwt~    rotattoa. . . . ...0                    Ask 027-1
                                                              :.                                        All othor Votatlons     . . ...0                I Skip to Q 1“
                                                                                                                                                                     8-W)
                                                                   .. .


                                                                                                        Hors
                                                                   ,.          Q21 1
                                                                               “i~h., UhoIIld you lsst
                                                                                          d                                            workM o Job or IHISIMSS?
              .                                                                ,.-. . ..
                                                                                                        Mtthtnlast12 WSIthS. . . . . . . ..O 00 TO Q2S d )


                                                                                                                                                                 II
                             .     .    ..                         . ..                                     than 12 Bonthsago..,,,. .0 20 to Q2e- K   I
                                                                                                        Nwr uorkod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..O            Co to Q28-CK
                                                                                 blind                  Oon’t     knou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0     CO to Q20-CK
                                                                               IIbl Ind                 Aofusod     .0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...0..0      so tc a28-cK


                                                                               Q21A.                    Aro you rothodFAOH A MO OA SOSINESSt
                                                                               MLFRET
                                                                                                        Ycs . . . . . . .     0     (Knd quostlons]                       ‘
                                                                                         no q .*,,.*  o
                                                                                 bllnd   Oon’t know. O
                                                                               IIbllnd   Rafusod.,..  O
                                                                               ..-. -—-——--——.-—-..-—                                                           ... . . ....... ........ .. ......
                            ., . ...-                                          Q21Bi - ‘ Mhat best dwcrlboi                              your sltuatloa at tbls tlm? For ,x ~18, ore
                    .   .     . ,.                                             MfACT”                  YOU dlsablod.              111.. h school, tak!no cwo of houso or fsmlY, or
                                                                                                       iooothlng qISC? -
                                                                                                              ......................... O
                                                                                                       f;;xblod
                                                                                                                         q .............
                                                                                                          ...0.0..00.0.0.0
                                                                                                       In school . . . ..e.o . . . . . . . . ..e . . . . . :
                                                                                                       Takt    Car@ of ISOMSO Or fmtly. ..0
                                                                                                            ?
                                                                                                       In ro hownt...........           o........               o
                                                                                                       Somthlng   clso/othor..            .(spodfy).            O
                                                                                 blind                 Oon’t knob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
                                                                               IIblind                       ......................o...
                                                                                                       Aofusod                        O
                                                                               —-                                                                                                ——------

                                                                                             .
                                                                                                                                                                      .
.. .




 ..-.        .                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            49
                                                             scamL      xllao ~                       :..                                                                                SCHOOL             EHROL IRENT
                 .                                            -.       --     . . . ..
                                                                                            :.
                                                                                                  . .. ..—.                          . ..    ..   .-   .,..
                                                                                             .                                                                02scKamrmn—
                     026.     cmx
                                                                                                                                                              s&   “
                                        ITSSS.                                                                                                                       TIIIs person 1s:
                                                     rroa control
                              (Trmwcrlba
                            . . This WZS08 188                16-24 -yaa;k
                                                                              cord ,iiw.”iii
                                                                                    ‘Ok
                                                                                          ... .
                                                                                           age      .:...       0
                                                                                                                              -;

                                                                                                                      (Ask.26i)
                                                                                                                                    ..
                                                                                                                                                          --.—
                                                                                                                                                                         i!i’:tw:!.x::                 IH’$%ns,
                                                                                                                                                                                                             ——...
                                                              Ml      othocs                 .       . .. . 0         (Skip   tO    26C\                      Q2SA.      LASTMUK, wmyoamrollsd                        in thfgh   school,    C011600, or
                                                                                                                                                              SCHEltK    unlverslty?
                     —--                                      -—            —— --- ----------------------                                   -.
                                                                                                                                                                  .: -                        o
                                                                                                                                                                         (Hark‘Yes”ff currentlyn bolldsyorsrasonal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 wcatlon.
                     Q26A.    (If   -school=’            Sn 19,     Vorlfy)                                 .                                                             Hsrk.No.       for    Smrvacatlon.)
                              LAS? SIS2X waa . . . attandlng    or qnrollod in q high school,                                                                            Yes.., . . . . . . o
                             collogo,  or mivorsity?        (Hark “YeS= it currently on holiday
        .-                   or samoeml vacation.        Hark ‘No- fox qomor vacation)   .

                                                                                                                                                              IIw5$!FwNU!!51                                                                         ‘
                             Xas    . . .    0           Mlgh School                       ..... 0                  (R#k 26si -                               ..---—   -----------        —..      —-..         --.   —.     —-—-----            —--------
                                                         Colloqo or Univ.                  ..... 0                  (Aok 26S1

                             NO     ...      0       (Skip     to     26CI

                     .—-       —-           —---------—                                   -------------------------                                                        ?“
                                                                                                                                                                         tit b SchM1 . ..o . . . . . . . . . . O
                                                                                                                                                                                   .
                                                                                                                                                                         Co 1698 orsntversityo
                                                                                                                                                                         Oon’t knols...o
                                                                                                                                                                                                 .... O
                                                                                                                                                                                         ....o.....o. o
                                                                                                                                                                         tifasd ... .. .............. o
                                                                                                                                                              —..—                                                                 .. . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . .. ..-
                                                                                                                                                              yll&       Arsyocawol16d            lamhool        m s full-tlss      orpwt-tlmstudmt?
                                                                                                                                                              --- .
                                                                                                                                                                         Full-ttn o               m
                             run     t’m         ... 0        Will      26CI                                                                                             ?art-ttss O             k STIOHS)
                             Put     th          ... ‘O       frill26c)                                                                                         blhd     Ooa’t kmw ;
                                                                                                                                                              IIblfnd    tif0S6d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ----------------
                                                                                                                                                              —                          --
                                                                              —-----—                           -----------------                                                                                                                .

                                            -. .. .. .       .. . .




                                                                                                                                                  .       .
      .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      t-
  .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CPS-1
                                                                                ,. -                                                                                                                  fLumtM8,..b088aJh,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     hr,b
                          ..              ..                                                                                                                                                                44mwtiP14m#
                                      .                                                                                                                                                                     ~nd,AalndMJ
  -.                                                                   .                                                                                                                                   -~PA-dw.aD8w                         o
                               .-.                .                                                                                                                                                         --’ua9@9wM                    o                                                                        CPS-1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         W6hmula,ullv, o                   s
                               .-                                                                                                                                                                                 ~W...                   G



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1
                                                                                                                                                                       Om-...,,               o                   qti”19H9a,.             o              llOm?mm...    c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Zuesmv...              L #a9Ju
                                                                                                                                                                                                           w--ad         . ...... o
                                                                                                                                                                       09nn.n          ....   o                                                          av*$m-...              c1
                                                                      +                                                                                                                                    ---20           . . . .. . . . 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                  s        OvO ITS-:2-.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4MDmovua-.        .,   b
                        ,.. -                                                                                                                                          M- N,.,..              o                                  A                                                                                 CPS-1
,.,                                                                                                                                                                                                              -,-i          ......... o               k---:.            :;‘; :-&
                                                                      .,.                                                                                                                     o
                                                                                               -Rr,”;; “““0’
                                                                                                        “                                                                                             m. Atti*
                                                                                                                                                                                                         ti--.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  . ----
                                                                                                                                                                                                                =-b--
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IA Vmva..,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h-v#. biu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Imoll*

                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ww,llabw-ti                                        &L-,)9e.                    .,,,     :
                                                                                                                                                                                              0          ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          *      ...................... G
           . . .                                                                                                                                                                                       q la m ........... .... o
          . ...          . . .. ..                                                            4----:           --------------                                                                 0        q.   . ... ........... , 0                         R1l-ww                m.........      o
                                                                                               -. ..-                                                                                                  q la m     ............ o
                   -:,+... ., ...-.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          umOwbloc               . . . . . . . .. G
           -.,             . ...                                           .,-                ,- .      ..-”               .   .                                                                       •~-,v-.                  0
                                                      ,..’ -                        -.                                                                                                                 •o-w~-                                             tiwwaa-~                              o
                                                                                              Ori*...wLvax                                                                                    o          -ti~                               o             ?—
                                                                                                  !vvnY.T.@--=-m
                                                                                                                                                                                              0
                                                                                                                                                                                                       q    la~m...,..                      o                 -bbubui...                        o
                                                                                                                                                                                                       q    Wvm+aw...                       o
                                                                                              - Vai’z       w$ibemml                                                                                                                                          m~-mnJ                            o
                                                                                                  ..—. . ..-tiam                                                                                      zcllbmuv9A9                       ~o                     .......................          0
                                                                                                   .      -=-VAWVWCI
           ,.                                         .
                                                       .          . .
                                                               ...4                              .... ...                                                                                              s      :27’”                     ::
                                ...        .”.,                             .   .        .
                                                                                                   lb .: -bsm
                                                           .                                  ... . ..-_     ~. WMuv                      A
                                                                                                      .. hwnti
                                                                                                         qdt                                        mo        -
                                                                                                                                                                           v-      o
                                                                                                iVmmr~4                                                                    rno
                                                                                              J--- ..- .-                                           Lw.,.ll=ta?anm
                                                                                              ~.+       ................                       2     -mm*al-
                                                                                              Ummllm: ..........                               c     MSI Wcm

                                                                                              vu9r RNlue .......                               :
                                                                                              -*-**-..                                         :                           ?.      o
                                                                                              +’9aAd . AiiqUlL..                               5                           m3
                                                                                              WW*W-H                                           :
                                                                                              -(I*        --        ....                        :
                                                                                              .     .                .............. .
                                                                                              Au-m .               ..............              :
                                                      -..
                                                                                              Om-=w
                                                                                               .                   ............... .
                                                                                                                         ...  .
                                                                                              VJMOu.,.:..:<....... ‘.
                                                                                                    . . .
                                                                                              IArw901mm9Dt.                                              . . .                                        -MI1-       *W..                       .
                                                                                                duil--u.
                                                                                              M.uv-ul-----
                                                                                               S*U
                                                                                             -. .esw
                                                                                                               a      d
                                                                                                                                   ou..        .
                                                                                                                                               .

                                                                                                                           . . . . . . . . . . ..
                                                                                                                                                         ., * ..:
                                                                                                                                                         Ji.               113
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ommnwmovh .
                                                                                                                                                                                                      *Omswsap
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k—81_                /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           . . . . . . ... . o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             . . . . . . ..o.o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    q hma*a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          . ........
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    .tilhm-. .......3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d        ..........




                                                                                             .oum-l~                           . . . . . . . . .,                                                     %s7!,.-......,                     o
                                                                                                                       \                                                   ,’ ,“ ..
                                                                                                                                                                                                      -Ntdmm..,                ......... Q
                                                                                                                                                                                                      IAwAcYl&#~lB                   X4
                                                                                                                                                         :,
                                                                                              -----. .. ... .. . ..- .. ..-
                                                                                              . ..                                                  Ad   ..          84?.
                                                                                                                                                                          ,.
                                                                                                                                                                          (,
                                                                                                                                                                                   ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ~~~+..ae           --9
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           --ziF%E#gi&
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -R-J
“.




                          2/25/93             ,*

                                               O
                                        ‘SUHHARYF CHANGES TO ME REUSEO          CPS QUESTIONNAIRE
     . ,. ,.
                      ‘    CHANGES                                   REASOH/EXPUNATION
                           &M!Q!!K                                   I!!L!!W
                           (Q19A) A household quest{on tnquires      Directly     tdentlfles     household
                           dtrectly   about the ex{stenceof    a     businesses      andprov{des       buts    for
                           busfness In the household,     This       asking    about unpaid      fanllyuorkers
                           questfon Is asked once for each           and receipt of proftts.
                           household.
                          Iqzu} Kcvlsea ques~lonworalng      ana     Revised wording discourages the
                          expanded res onse categories.              reporting of non-work activit~es,
                          ‘Profita  fil ! included Iftherels     8   such as volunteer work and work
                          business or farm In the household.         around the house. Expanded response
                                                                     categories allow for responses of
                                                                     “retfred,   q  ‘disabled,”  and ‘unab?e to
                                                                     work”.     in conjunction with
                                                                     subsequent skip patterns, these            “
                                                                     categories may reduce repWnse burden
                                                                     for soae speclfted individuals,
                                                                     (Expanded response categories are
                                                                     also   at each of the key labor force
                                                                     classtflcatlon      items.)
                          (020-1) If a family busfness qxtsts        Dfrectly    Identifies      unpaid fadly
                          and persons repart notwrk{ng,    then      wrkers.
                          a direct question regarding unpaid
                          work 1s asked.
                          (Q20-2) If persons report doing            Direct quest ton Identi f fes persons
                          unpitd work, then a d{rect question        rece{vlng payments or profits     froa          a
                          on recelvlng  payments or roffts from      bus{ness.   Such persons are not
               ,,,.
                                                     R
                          the business is asked. T fs questton
                          is nat asked of theowner of the
                                                                     unpatd family workers.     They are
                                                                     considered employe~ wage and salary
                          business because  It Is assumed that       workers.
                          the awner does recetve payments or
                          profits.
                          (Q20-RET) If. a person ts not reported     Reduces questionnaire response burden
                          to beworklng,       anddurfng   the        for retired persons by skipping them
                          previous month was reported to be          over the labor force Items.
                          retired,      there ts a dependent
                          question asking.if      the person is
                          stfll    retired.

                          (020 -01S) If a Derson is not reported     Reduces questionnaire burden for
                          to beworklng,    ind durfng the -          disabled persons by sklpplng them
                          previous mcnth.was reported to be          over the labor force items.
                          disabled,   there Is a dependent
                          question asking If theperson     !s
                          still  dtsabled.

                                                                           .
“.




                                                                                                                                                                        2

                          . ‘,                                                ., CNANGE5                                    REASON/EXPl.ANATION
                                                                                IKM!!M           WT.)                        K!!Q!!K (CONT.)
                                        . . .             .           .         (Q20-NW) hcludes      a d{rect questfon      Question on desire for a job !s
                              .’-”                                ,..           about the desire to work for persons         Included to {nsure that persons with
                                  .-.
                                                         ?..                   “uho are reported tobe retlredand50           some attachment to the labor forca
                                                                                Years of age or older.       If persons      are not excluded from the opportunity
                                             .,.                   -.           report they do not desire to work,           tobe uneatployed oradtscouraged
                                                                               the rernalntng   labor  force   questions     worker.   This question fs only asked
                                                 .. . . . .                     8re        skipped      over.,,   . ,.       the fhstatonthan      Individual fs
                                                                                       .                                    reported   as retired.
            .:.-                                                                Q20A-1, ”Q20A-2) Includes quest Ions        D{rect    uestlon on abll {ty to accept
     .-   ..                                        ..                          ! or ersons who are reported to be          anyktn ! of work Is asked to
                          .,            .,...                                  dlia K led to deterafne If,they are          detesmtne lf ersons reported to be
                                        . .. .                                 unable to accept,any”kfnd     of work for                    !
                                                                                                                            dfsabled/unabeawet      thecriterta    as
                    .-,                     ,., ,                              next 6 months,, ,     .     “                specified inthequestlon        (unable to
                                                                                   .
                                                                                   .    .   .   ,.,,                        accept work for next 6 months).
                                        .                                      ~lTNAJOQ                    ‘                WH   A JUl
                                                   .,                          (Q206-a9 Q20B:b). CPS-1 ftea Q21 was         PrQvi ous research indicated that tho
                   ,.                                                          revised.to.include      separate questions   quest~on was too coatplex and
                                                                               to.ldentify     persons wlth.a job, hot      awkwardl worded and that respondents
                               ,..                                             at work; +nd persons on 1*%                           {
                                            .-. . ,,,                          Theie quest{on$ include spec
                                                                                                                            heard  onypart    of the question.
                                                                  .
                                                                               response categories      of ‘Retired,’
                                                                               Dtsabled,’     and “Unable.g
                                                                               (We-l)     Revised question wording to       Determines persons’   a ‘ reason for
                          .                 . . ..            .                detenatne,persons’   nain  reason for        not working last wee!+ s nce only one
                        ;..      .,..’                                    .    being absent from work.                      response is allowed.
                                                                               (Q2W:t~  R@sed     question wording to       Slqllf{edwordfng   to Improve
                                                                               detendne   if periotis temporarily           measurement of concept.
                                                                               absent were paid for thetr ttme off
                                                                               last week.                                                         .
                                                                                                                                                                            ,.
                                                ....-.                         WLT IPLE JOBS (NEW SERIES)                   W=TIPIE   J(XIS (NUI SERIES)
                                                         ,.                    (fJ20C, 0200) Includes specific              Provfdes monthly estimates of
                                                                               W8StfOnS    to Identify persons who          multiple jobholders.     Helps to
                                                                               have more than one job and the number        improve measurement of usual and
                                                                               of,jobs  they have.                          actual hours worked by asking about
                                                                                                                            ‘malng and ‘other’   jobs separately
                                                                                                                            for persons identtffed    as multlple
                                                                                                                            Jobholders.
“.




                                                                                                        3

           CHANGES                                         REAsON/EXPl.ANATiOM
           USUAL HOURS (NEU SERIES]                        USUAL NOUR$ (NEU SERIES)
           (Q20E-A. Q20E-B) Includes an open.              Provfdes frame of reference for
           ended question asking for the number            actual hours worked questions using
           of hours per week persons usually               an anchor and recall estimation
           work; a response category of ‘hours             strate y. Improves estimation of
     . .   vary- Is availtble.  This questton {s           usual { ours by askhtg about themaln
           asked”of persons at work and persons            nnd other jobs sepatatel       for
           absent from work (excluding persons             multiple jobholders.     Al { ows usual
           on layoff).                                     FT/PT classification    of all employed
                                                           persons.    Obtains ,a usual hours
                                                           measure for all employed individuals,
                                                           not just those who actually worked
                                                           less than 35hours    or those in
                                                           outgoing rotations.
           (Q20f-1) New question to determine    Serves as a follow-up pr@e to
                                                      If
           persons usually work 35 hours or      clarify   usual hours worked_
           more; Includes an additional response information    for persons whose hours
           category of “hours vary.”             vary or for res ondents who don’t
                                                 know the usual [ ours worked.
           ~CONONIC PART-TIFi~                             JCONONIC
                                                                  +ART-TIH~
             Q20F-1)   Includes a questfon to              Oeslreto     work full-the    ts an
           J eterdne    If   ersons usually work{ng        additional     requirement for the
           less than    35 [ ours desira to work a         classtflcation      of economic part-time.
           full-tfme    schedule.
             fj20F-2) Revised question wordfng to          Revised quest{on wording provfdes
           ! eteradne persons ‘ ‘matn- reason for          respondents with a consnon frame of
           usually working less than 35 hours              reference bygivlng    both economfc and
           for those who want to work full time.           ~ie~m~lc      qxamples for networking
           Addttlonal   response categories  ~re                      .
           also included.       “
           (Q20F-3) For persons who indicate               Reduces field codin errors because
           they do not want to work full time,         a   separate question a! lows only non-
           sepirate question is included to                economic reasons for not working full
           identify  the reason why persons do             time to be listed.
           not want to work a full-time
           workweek.
             Q20J) Revised question wording to             Separate questions for personsnho
           r!etermine persons’ ‘main” reason for           usually work < 35 hours (Q20F-2,
           working less than 35 hours last wee~,           q20F-3) vs. those who usually work
           Additional   response categories are            > 35 hours but actually worked c 3S
           also included.                                  hours last week (q20J) allow for
                                                           tailored  response categories to
                                                           reduce field coding errors.
                                                                                                                                                 CHANGES                                    REASON/EXPLANATION

                                                                                                                                                 ~CONOlilC PART-TIH~    (~ONT. )      ~            PA
                                                                                                                                                                                            ~ONOMIC” RT-TIM~ (CONT. )
                                .            ...,, .... ..
                               ....                                                                                                              (Q20K Includes a questfon to               Avallabllfty     to work full t~me is an
                                          .:-+ ’5+-.       ‘                       .          .-.         , -.
                                                                                              ,..                                          -     estab 1 ish whether persons (part the      additional     requirement for the
-i                                   . . ... . . ... :, ...-                                             -.-,
                                                                                                                                                 for” etMIOmiC reaSons) are available       classlflcatlon      of economfc part t!me.
                                                                                                                                               , to work full -tlma hours.
                                                                                                                                                 flCTUAL HOUR$                              #CIUAL HOUR$
                     .
                   -.. . ....’...-.                               .         .. .               .         --            .. .
                                                                                                                                                  The order of the questions in the         This question sequencing allows
         .,                                                                                              ,,                   ..       .          hours seqies Is revfsed, asking about     respondents to use an anchor and
               .,.                                 ,,-                                                                                         ‘-usual   hours f~r$t, hours taken off,      recall estimation  stratey to improve
                                                                                                                                                  extra boors worked, and then actual       the measurement ofactua ! hours
                                                                                                                                                  hours.                                    worked.

                   .,.                             . ,,. .-,.                                                 .                                  j)Q20G Rev~sed questlonwordtng     for     Provides trans{tlon   from usual hours
                                                       .-                                                                          .               etemtnlngwhether    persons lost or      worked to actual hours worked. Gtves
                                                      .~,-.                        .
                                                                                                                                                 took off hoursfromwork.                    examples of reasons why t7iie dght be
                                                                                                                                                                                            taken offto   atd respondent’s recall.
                                                                                                                                                                                            X roles measurement since It is
                                                                                                                                                                                             “Y
                                                                                                                                                                                            as edof all those workfng.
                                                   .. . .                                                         ,.
                                                                                                                                                $) 20H Revtsed questfotiwordlng
                                                                                                                                                 Q                                for       Improves q easurement of hours data
                                    ,-.                                                                                                          etemtnlngwhether   persons worked          since tt Is asked of all those
                                                       . .                                                                                      overtime or extra hours. (Questions         workfng.
                                                                                                                                                about multfple jobs are asked
                                                                                                                                                earlier).
                              .7.                  :        ,,>       .,;                           ,.                                            l120H-1) Revised question wordln   to     Improves   measurement of hours data.
                                                                                                                                                [ dentlfy  the number of additiona !
                                      .. . . .
                   :.
                                                                                                                                                hours worked.
                   -—.._ .
                      ,..                                   ___
                                                              ;. .                     ..
                                                                                       --...
                                                                                                                                                (q201-1,. q201-2) “Revised question”        Collects hours worked formafn’     and
                                                       .-”                                                                                      wordln    to detemlne   actual hours;       other jobs separately.
                                                                                                                                                formu ? tiple jobholders,    actual hours
                                                       .:, -’.          .- .-.
                                                                                                                                                are obta!ned separately     for main job
               .        . .         . .       .. .
                                                                                                                                                and other jobs.                                                  .
                                    -.71
                                                                                                                                               ‘~(NEUSERIES)                                ON LAYOFF (NEH SERIES)
                                                                       ..
              ,,              -a.         .    .       ..    ..              . . .      . .
                                                                                                                                                A separate series’of     ”questions   Is    The use of automated {nterviewlng
                                                                                                                                                 Included for persons    on layoff.         allowed separate serfes for persons
                                                                                                                                                                                            reported to be on layoff so uestions
                                                                                                                                                                                            could be appropriately  worde ! to
                                                                                                                                                                                            reflect  layoff status.

     q
                         L
                                                  .
                                         0!
                                      -=      q
                                      m-m
                                      m.xa
                                      Cuoa
                                      Ooal
                                      --    s
                                  .
                             ,’
                    .,
          !.,
          .         :
1,
,1    -
,,              ;
.,,   ,
                                         1OA-57
      CHANGES                                      REASON/EXPLANATION
      100K1NG (REoROEREO SERIES)                   l-$      (REORDERED SERIES)
      (Q22) Revl sed quest ton word{ng for         Intention was to have less
      determtntng whether persons wera             restrictive  wordtng and have
      looktng for work last week.                  Inellg{ble  job search acttv{t{es
                                                   screened out In quastton Q22A.
       q22A) Revtsed questton wordfng on           Expanded response categories reduce
      ~ob search methods.   Response               coding errors and identify persons
      categories  have been expanded to            us{ng only passive job search methods
      Include additional  active andpasslve        who are then asked NILF questions.
      methods.
      (Q22A-DK) Includes a follow-up probe         Clarlftes  Inltlal job search question
      for persons who report ‘Nothing’   In        and provides a second o portun{tj      for
      (J22A, and for persons who respond           persons who report ‘not I tngm or
      ‘Oon’t Know’.                                “don’t knowa to report an active
                                                   uethod (and, therefore,   be-classtfled
                                                   as unemployed).
      (f122A-DKl) Includes a follou-up robe        Clarifles  Initial job search question
      for persons who only give an “ot Ker         and provfdes q second opportunity    for
      passfve” method in lJ22A.                    persons who report only passive job
                                                   search methods to report an,actfve
                                                   method (and, therefore,  be class{fted
                                                   as unemployed).
      $)
       t)22B  Revised question wording     to      Questton revfsed to more accurately
       etermine persons’ avatlabll~ty      to    , reflect  If a person could have “
      work.                                         tart    a job, not just have accepted
                                                   ao.
                                                   %+
         !28-1) Revised quest{on wording to        Persons not meeting availability
---      :emtne persons’ reasons for being         cr~r:a   are sktpped to job hfstory
         watlable  to work. New skip
         ;terns.
         !2C 1, (J22C2) Includes revtsed           Splits question fnto twb S8p8rtt8
         !stTons to ~etennlne persons’             questions soobjectfveof      uestlons
         Itus just prior to In{tlatlng     job     would be clearer to respon 1 ents.
         Irch.   Purpose ofquestlon     fs to
         mtlfy job losers/job     leavers.
                                                   less restrtctlve    que$tfthi Werdlng so
                                                   all prev~ously emplOy@d persons wI1l
                                                   be Identffted.     Is no longer
                                                   restricted   to persons worktng full
                                                   time for 2 consecuttvewetkt      or more.
     ..’


“.




                                                               CNANGE$                                    REASON/EXPIANAIIOM
                                                               MMIM      (CONT. )                         LDDKINQ (CONT.)
                                                               (q2?D-1) New question asks the             improves re ortlng of duration by
                   ,.       .-,-   ., ...,
                                                               specific month and year persons last       verifyln    R
                                                                                                                    t at the reported duration
                                                               worked If they worked within the last      ofunemp ?oyment does not extend
                                                               12 months.                                 beyond the month/year in whfch
                                                                                                          persons last worked.
                                                               (t122E) Revlidd duration questton          Improves measurement by allowln
                                                               allows responses, of ‘weeks,’”             respondents to report h period 1 city
                                                               “tinths,m or ‘years.’                      most convenient for them.
           .                                                   (fJ22E-1) New questfon isks the number     Avofds clustering    of answers around
                                                 .,                                                       whole months.
                                                               of weeks persons have been looking
                                                               for work if they report 1=4 months in
                                                               Q22E.
                                                               (1122-DPCK) Utll Izes dependent            Reduces respondent burden-~nd
                                                               updating of duration for persons           tmproves consistency in reporting
                                                 1             reported tobe    looking for work for.     duratfonoflooklng    for persons who
                                                               two consecutive months.      Previous      are unemployed In consecutive months.
                                                               month’s duration of looking 1s.
                                                               updated without re-asking the
                                                               duratton question;    and other relevant
                                                               data from the previous month Is
                                                               carrted over.
                                                               (q22F) Revjsed question wordfn             Revised word{n     rov{des BLS
                                                               asking whether persons are 100 f ing       definition   of ?! l-time work within
                                                                                                                           u
                                                               for full-tlma  or part-tiata work.         the question.    Respondents can also
                                                                                                          report that they are looking for
                                                                                                          either full- or part-ttme work.
                                                               (q22F-CK2   Previous month’s 1/0 of        Reduces respondent   ~urden.
                                                               last job I eld is carried ever
                                        -.                     (withiut  r&~skingj   lf person is
                        .              .:
                                                               unemployed h two consecutive months.
               .
                                                               ~                      ‘REO”EREO           ~                            ~
                                                                                                                                 ‘REOmERE
                                                          ..    Dlscour$ged worker series asked in        This revlsfon was based on levitan
                                                                all months-in-sample.  (In current        recommendation.   Itpemfts   estimates
                                                               “CPS, the discouraged worker series is     of discouraged workers to be produc?d
                                                                asked only In-outgoing   rotations.)      monthly Instead of only quarterly,   *S
                                                                                                          provided under the current des{gn.
                    .         .,      ----- .,
                                                                (q23). Reidied quest {on to deteradne     SImpl i f led word~ng reduces amblgu{ty
                              ..        . .                                                               of uestlon.      Reducestrespondent
                                                                tf persons want a job; allows
               -.-.-.:.                               .                                                   bur ! en for persons reported as
                                                                responses of ‘retlred,a   ‘dlsabledc’
                                                               “and ‘unable.’                             retired ordtsabled     by skfpp{ng them
                                                                                                          to job hfstory series.
., .

                                                                                                                                                                  8

                                                                        CHANGE                                       REASON/2XPWT10N
                                                                        PISCOURAGEO UORKERS (CONT. )                 ~ISCOURAGEO UORKER$ (CONT. )
                                                                        (Q23A) Revtsed question wording to           Reduces ambiguity   ofprevfous
                                                                        deteradne the ‘main- reason for not          categories,
           . . ..        .                                              lookfng for work; revised response
        .-...                                                           categories.
                  :. .                                                   (0239) New quest Ion (per Levttan           Attachment to the labor force Is new
                                                                        Commdssfon) to determine If ersons           crtterfon   for d~scouraged worker
                                                                        have looked “for work In the 1’  ast 12     ,definttlon.
                                                                        months.    Note that the Levitan    ,.
                                                                        Conmdssion reconsaended 6-month
                                                                          erlod.   Twleve months was used
                                                                        I ecause It was an easier reference
                                                                        period and was a reasonable period
                                                                        for respondents with attachment to
                                                                        the labor force to have looked for
                                                                  “     work (Hamel, t4arch 1979, ~).

                                                                          Q23D-I, Q23B-2) New questfons to           Havhw looked stnce last working is a
       ,.          ..-                                            .!      etermine tf-those who have looked          crfte~{on  for discouraged worke;s.
                                                                         for work tn the last 32 months have         These questions and Q23B-3 check to
                         . .         .,                                  worked.during   the, last 12 months         see tf persons hava looked since they
                                                                       . and/or the last 4 weeks.                    last worked.
                             ., ,.   .         .>,    .-.             ,. (Q230-3) Newquestjon    to deteratie    if “ Havtng looked sfnce person last
                                                                         those.persons  who. have looked and          worked is a criter{on for dt,scouraged
                                                                        worked In the last 12 eonths have             workers.
        .’                                                               looked forworkstnco     leavhgthelr”
             ..                                                          last job.
                                            ,-, . .                     (Q23C) .New questton,. (pet? Levltan         This ts an addttfonal requirement      for
                                          . . .. .                     .Consdssion)  to.detene{ne    persons’        classtftcation  as adtscouraged
                                                                        qvallablllty  to work.                       worker,
                                          ..   . .                - (WC-I) New questlon,to           deterdnc        To deterdne  {f person was avatlablc
                                                                    persons’ reasonsforbeing                         to take a job last week.
                                                                    unavailable  to work.
                                                                       $OB HISTORY                                  ~011 HISTOR~
                                                ..                . . (Q24A) Revl sed quest Ion to deteralne        Shortens recall period.    Revised
                                                                       when persons last worked.                    question directly   asks tboutuork
                                                             .’-”                  ..                               ‘during past 12 months’ since 12
                                                                                         .-                         months is a bettet tfme frame for
             .                                                     -. -           -’ ..-                            estimating  the potenttal  labor forc~.
                                                            . .... .. ..- ,. .+..     .-.                           Reduces respondent burden since
                                                                       . .                  .’. .. -                recall pertod IS 12 months Instead of
                                                                                                                    S years,
                                               ...                     (Q24B)    Revised question to determine      Improves questfonwordlng.         Asks for
                                                                       reason    for leavtng last job.               qmafn reason-.
              CHANGE                                                  REASON/EXPLANATION
              ~011 HI STORY (CONT. )
                                                                      ilWWM         (CONT.)
              (Q24C) Revised question to detwdne Shplifled                         question   wording,
              persons’ intentions  to look for work,


              (Q24-OEp) New question to establish                     Deterdnes    if Indu$try and occupation
              whether persons who worked In the                       date provided In the prevtous month
              last 12 months (and were unemployed                     can be carried over h the current
              In the prevfous month , dfd any work                    month.
              durfng     the   last   4 wee I s.

.-,   . . .   ~NOUSTRY     AND    OCCUPATION       (REOROEREO         jNOUSTRY   ANO OCCUPATION   (REOROERtfl”
              SERIES)                                                 SERIES)

               Q250EP-1 , Q250EP-2,
              1 Information from Q250EP-3)carrying
               ncludes dependent questions
              over                  the previous
                                                                      Reduces respondent burden.
                                                                      consistency q
                                                                                                   Improves
                                                                                    stimates of occupation
                                                                      and Industry change.
              month regarding         company name and
              usual ac~lvttles         or dut{es.
               fj25-1     Revfsed question serfes               for   Class of worker questions are asked
              !{
               aterm     ning class of worker.                        at begtnnlngofserles.
                                                                      interviewers
                                                                                                   Previously
                                                                                     often verl f led the
                                                                      information   based on answers to 1/0
                                                                      questions.    Location of class of
                                                                      worker question at be inning of
                                                                      sertes allows for tal ! orlng of
                                                                      Industry questions. o
      ,...    (q25-2) Revtsed quest ton to determine                  M rect question    used to obtain    level
              the type of government worker.                          of govertisent..
              (q25-4) Revised   uestlon to deteimtne                  Direct quest Ion on whether work done
              class of worker ? or workers In a.                      In famfly bustness was for pay.
              family business.   o
              (q25A-1) Revised        quest{on ttordtng for           hcrea ies respondent comprehension
              company name.                                           throug I tatlored questtons depending
                                                                      on whe ,hera person works for a ,
                                                                      privat I company or non-profft
                                                                      organ! :ation.   Revtsed wording
                                                                      clarif  es question’s   fntent (i.e.
                                                                      compan‘ name). References “main job’
                                                                      for mu tlple jobholders.
              (q25A-2, q25A-3) Separate questfonk                     Increa es respondent comprehension
              asktng for government agency name and                   throug I tailored questfons for
              self-employed  persons’ or family’s                     person ~ working In government agency
              business name.                                          or sel employed,
                                                                                                                         8




                                                                                                             10

                  cMNGE                                           REASON/EXPl.ANATIOH
                  JNDUSTRY ANO OCCUPATION (CONT. )                JNOUSTRY ANO OCCUPATION (CONT. )
                  (025B-2) Oirect question regardfng              Improves   {ndustrycodlng.
                  type of Industry:  manufacturing,
                  reta{l  trade, or wholesale trade.
                  (Q25C, Q2W Revised questions         to         Uordlng spec{fies ‘occupatlong for             \
                  determine type of occupation.                   Q25C and ‘usual- duties for Q2S0.
                  (Q25F-025Q)   Includes series of                Collects   additional   data on second
                  questions   in out going rotations        for   job.
                  second Jobs.

                   (Q25F-Q251) Persons who are reported           Thfs will peradt fdentlfjcatfon        of
                  to be self employed In unfncorporat,ed          persons that are self-employed        {n two
                  businesses   and aresiultlple                   unincorporated    businesses.     Persons
                  jobholders   are asked the class of             who are self-       loyed in two
                  worker questions for their second job           unincorporated 7 ustnesses are not
                  in all rotations.                               mltiple    jobholders    accorlltn to BLS
                                                                  definttton                        !
                                                                                of multiple jobhoders.
                  fARNINGS                                        -
                  (Q26A) Includes s question asking for           Reduces reporting dlff fculty for
                  the ‘easiest  way- (perlodtcfty) to             ~ersons not patd weekly.    References
                  report total earntngso                           qatn job. for multfple jobholder?.
                  (Q26G)” Includes a question to                  QuestIon ts needed to determine
                  determine If persons arepald    at an           measures for hourly wage workers.
                  hourly rate, g{ven that persons
                  reported In Q26A that it Is easier to
          .       report thefr earntngs in some other
                  way.
                   Q26B Includes a questfon to                    hprovesmeasuroment     ofearnlngs.
                  Vetermlne”lf  persons receive overtlma          Persons who recefve overthe      PaY,
.   ..-           pay, tips, orconmdssions.                       tips, orcodsstons      areprotitedto
                                                                  Include (or exclude 1f reporting
                                                                  hourlywa   e) th~ income from these
                                                                  sources wi en report!ng earnings.                  ~
                  (Q26C, f426H) Revised questions askfng          these que’st{ons specifically   instruct
                  for persons’ hourly rate of pay.                persons who recetve overttme pay,
                                                                  tlpc, orconsalssfont   to exclude those
                                                                  monies from the{r report of their
                                                                  hourly rate of pay.
                  (Q26C-1) Incllldes a question askfng            Improves estimtt~ Of weekly earnfngs
                  hourly workert the numberof    hours            for hourly workors b obta~nlng
                  usually worked at the specified   rate          number of hours usus f ly worked at the
                  of pay.                                         spetlfled  rate of pay,
                                                                                    .
              I
           M
                                                      .
            ‘!                              .’,
    1!                                                      ,.
    I                                                       .’
            .,             ,,                          ,
                                       ;.       ,“,   :..
                                            P
                                .,.,
                       ,        ,.
                                 ,          .
                  ,,
.
         10A-63
                                                                                                                                                                                                     12

                                                                                                             CNANGE                                      REASOtI/MIIl.ANAUON
                                                                                                            ~ARNINGS   (CONT.)                           &M!!U!M
                                                                                                                                                               (CONTO)
                            .#- #..                                                 ,..
                                                                                     <                      (Q260*1VER) Includes a verification            Decreases 1 Ikel I hood of coding errors
                            ... . .. . .?, :-<’-.                                                           of weekly earnfngs for hourly                  and gfves respondent a chance to
                                                                                                            workers.                                       verify weekly earnings esttmate based
                                                                                                                                                       ... on various pteces of tnformatlon
                                                                                                                                                           collected  for hourly respondents.
                                                                                                              (Q260-1VER2,   26D-1VER3) For hourly       Respondents csn change any of the
                            . .                           .
                                              . .. -,. .....
                                                   .                                    . .- ...,            workers” that ! o not verify 8s correct
                                                              ,’                                                                                         lnfomation     used to calculate weekly
                                   . ..
                                                                                                             thetrweekly    earnings, a question fs      earnings.     if any of the pieces
    ----       ..              .                                                                              Included that conf!mseachpteceof           ch?nge, a newwaekl        eardngs amount
                                                        .- ...                                       . .   “--lnformtlon   used to calculate weekly      Is calculated    and t i en verlfled. If
                                                                                                             earnings.                                   none of the pieces of information
                                                                                                                                                         changes, the respondent ts asked what ‘
                                                                                                                                                         thewaekly    eamtngs amount 1s.
                                                              ...”                                                                                       Verlf Icatlon reduces the -1.ikel I hood
                                                                                                            (0260-2VER~ Q26D-3VER, Q260-4VER,
                                                                                                            Q260-SVER) Includes questtons to             of field coding errors.
                                                                                                            verify weekly, biweekly, monthly, or
                                                                                                            qnnual,earnlngs  mounts dependln   on
                                                        . . .. .                    .                       how the respondent indfcates it ? s “
                                                    .      .                                                easiest to report earnings.
                                                                                                           “(Q260-2VER2,Q260-3VER2,Q260-4VER2, Allows respondents             to correct
                                                                                                            Q260-SVER2) For persons who report           eamtngs data    that was inaccurately
                                                                                                            that their earntn s are not correct,         recorded.
                                                                                                            a follow-up   quest i’on asks the usual
                                                                                                            weekly, biweekly, mnthly,      or annual
                                                                                                            etrnings   amount.
                                                                                                            NoT JN lAOOR FORCE/RETIREO (NEW ,           !W JN LABOR FORC[tRETJRQ        (NEU
                                                                                                            SERIES)                   .    .            SERIES)
                                               .            .                                                027-1   Includes a new questton to         If mt{red     persons worked fn the 1xt
                                                        -----                               .,              Petermlne when rettred persons last
                                                                                                            worked at 8 job.
                                                                                                                                                        12 months, Industry end occu ation
                                                                                                                                                        fnfomatton     regarding thetr 1’  ast job
                                                                                                                                                        Is obtained.      RedVces respondent
                                                                                                               .                                        burden because question refers to                 .
                                                                                                                                 .:
                                                                                                                                                        last 12 months instead of last 5
                                                                                                                                                        years,    Thfs fs only asked {n the
                                                                                                                                                        outgotng.rotations      md f.f person ts
                                                                                                                       ..-                              reported to be retired ordtsabled
                                                                                                                                                        earlter   In the quest{ennaire.
                     .
                . . ,:.t”..                                                         ..-:.
                                                                                .
                                                                                                 A
                                                                                                           (Q27A) Includes a new quest{on for           Incorporates  19!J6 QDTf reconsnendat ton
                    -----              -.,.     -             . .         .-
                                                                                                           persons who areNILF    and at least SO       to tnclude direct quest(on on
                                   .          . .         .
                                                                                                           years old or older whtch dJrectly            retirement.
           .
                                                              ,.    . .   . .   .
                                                                                                           asks about retirement.
                                                    .




b
    “.




                                                                                                                                   13
                                       .
                                              CHANGE                                     REASON/EXllMATION
                                                 T IN LABOR FORCE/RCTIREO   (CONT. )     NOT   IN   LABOR FORCE/RETIREO (CONT. )
                                           “~) 0278 Includes a new question to           Incor orates 1986 QDTF recommendation
                                               etermlne the stafn status of persons      toco ! lect additional information
                                              who are N1!.F.                             about persons MILF.

                       .
         .   .   -                            &CHOOL ENROLLMEN1                          SCHW1 ENROLLMENT
                                              (Q28A) Revfsed question word{ng            More lnclus~vewordlng,
                                              regarding  school enrollment.
                                              W F/PROXY $TATUSOF     RESPONDENT”         SCIF/ PROXY STATUS OF RESPONDENT
                 ,-   ..,. . . .   .
                                               (Q20K-CK1, Q20K-CK2, Q20K-CK3, Q25q-      Deterdnes   self/proxy   status for key
                                              CK1 , Q25@CK2 (J25Q-CK3, Q26H-CK1          labor force items.     Th!s wfll enable
                                              Q26H-CK2 q26H-CK3) For cases {n which      separate analysts of data for
                                              the speciffed    person.snd the            selected labor force ~tems by salf
s
>                                             respondent are not the ssme,               vs. proxy respondents.
                                              questfons to the interviewer     (these”
t!!                                           are not read to the respondent)
                                              asked regarding whether the specified
                                                                                   are

                                              person or some other person beside
                                              the respondent answered any of the
                                              questfons   In the series.   Self/proxy
                                              status  of the respondent {s collected
                                              for-the   hours, 1/0, and earnf ngs
                                              series.
                                           m
                                           &
                                           z
                                     <Mv
                             -----
                             WCUNCUN               ,
                                               .
        .,
             .,,
                                                       i
                                                       ..
                   ‘:,
                         ;
    .
.
                                10A+6
                                                                                                  2
                  lTEH                       CPS-1    “       REVISED
                                                                CPS               &
                  ACT UAL HoUR$

                  Los: hrs.                   20D1              20G               HROFFI
                                              2002              20G-1             HROFF2
                  Extgahrs,                   20EI              20H               HROT1
                                              20E2              20H-1             HROT2
                 Actual       hrs.            20A               201-1             HRACT1
                                                                201-2             HRACT2


                 Date to return                .
                                              .                                    LAYDT
                 Expectations   “                               ::A              “ LAY61i
                 Avail:billty                 22E1              21 A-1   “         LAYAVL
                                              22E2              21 A-2             LAYAVR
                Lookfng                       .                 21B                LAYLK
                ihIrat!on-~s/wk          s    -                 21C
                          -w s                                                     LAYOR1,MYDR2
                                              22C3              21C-1              LAYDR3
                Ftlpt                         220               21D               LAYFT
                J!M?K!M
                Looking
                Hethods                      #A                ::A
                Fol:ow-upptethods            22A-dk                               Hill
                                                               22A-DK             LKOK2
                                             .                 22A-DK1            LKPS1
                Reason                       229               22C-1,22C-2        LKLL1 ,LKLL2
          ..
               Duratloh-mos/wks              .                 22E
                       -wks                                                      LKWR1,LKWR2
                                             22C1
                                                -.             22E-I         .   LKWR3
               F~/pt           “.            22[D              22F               LKFT
               A~ailability                                    221i
                                       *                                         LKAVL
                                       22[;                    22ii-1            LKAVR
               lt~t     worked         22F                     220               LKLU
                         q  within     -                       220-1             LKDAT
                              12 months
                                                                                         .
               J)ISCWRAGED           IIORKERS (new - all   rotations~

               Looked-12mos                   .               23B
    ,--                                                                          WLK
               Norked-12mos    #              .               23B-1
               Uorked-4 weeks .               .               23B-2              !~K
               Look since wked               .                23B-3              DHLKUK
               Reason not lk.                240              23A
               Want job
                                                                                 DURSN
                                             24C                                 DUHNT
               Availability                  .                ;:C
                                             .                                   DllAVL
                                                              23C-1              DUAVR




:
     ..-

“*




                                     lTEH                         CPS-1                   REVISED
                                                                                            CPS       %1

                                    lIISCOURAGiD         W       KER$     (o1   d - ads   4/81
              .                     Uant job now                       24C                  .          .
               /.,                  Reason not lk.                                          .          .
                                                                       240

                                    JOB HISTORY          (Inls     4/8~

                                    Last        uorked                 24A                  24A       JHUK
                                    Reason left     .                  24B                  24B       JHRSN
                     ,.=
                                    Intentions                         24E                  24C       JHUANT
                                    Dep. job. hist.                    -                    24-DEP    JHOPI
                     -.
                                    JNDU$TRYIDCCUPAT ID~

                                    Lead.in                                                           101 INT
                                    Industry                        ;3A             o       ::A-l     IOINHP
                                                                                            25A-2     IOINHG
                                                                                            25A-3     IOINNB
                                           q
                                                                    23B                     25B 1     101 m
                                           q
                                                                                            25B-2     IOIHFG
                ,, <,,              OccuDatlon                      i3c                     25c-      Iolocc
                .,                         q“     ‘
           .. .. . .. .       .4.
                                                                    230                     250       101OTI, I01DT2
                                    Class       ofUkr               23E                     25-1      IO1lNT
                     ‘   ..
                                                                                            252       101GVT
                                    Inc. Business                   23E                     25-3      !01 INC
                                    ilorklng for pay                -                       25-4      10IUP
                                    Lead-in 2ndjob                  -                       25:F      10PRO1
                                    COU-2nd job                     -                       25-G      I021NT
                                                                                            25-H      pm;~
                                    Inc. Bus-2nd job     -                                  25:1 “
                                    Ilk forpay-2nd  job-                                    25-J      Io21iP
                                    Dep~ndent 1/0        -                                  250EP-1   IOOP1
                                                         .                                  25DEP-2   IODP2
                                                                                            250EP-3   IOOP3

                                    MNJSTRYIOCCUPATION                   (second .lob; Ie{s-4/B~

                                    Lead-in                        .                       25F        101
                                                                                                        )Rfjl

                                    In$stry                        .                       25K        lfx!Nffp
                                                                   .                       25-L       10i !~G
                                      q
                                                                   .                       25-H       102!NHB
                                                                   .                                  Ioi !lND
                                      q
                                                                                           25-N
                                      9                            .                       25-O       102!flFG
                                    Occupation                     -                       25-P       102!Occ
                                      q 
           ----
                                                                                          2sq        102!OT1,1020T2
                                    Class       of Uorker          -                       25%        102!INT
                                                                   .                       25-H       102!GVT
                                          i                        .                       25-1       102‘lNC
                                          m                        .                                  102 HP
                                                                                           25-J
          i!%
          “s
                    10*
                    m
                                            .
                                        .
                                   .,
.’              .
      .
     .
                          10A-69
                                                 .




    ITEN               CPS-1   REVISW
                                 CPS        L%
    NILF/RETIREO

    Last worked         q       27-i        M.FJH
    Retired             .       27A         NLFRET
    Main status         .       270         NLFACT

    SCHOOL ENROllMEN~

    Enrolled            26A]    28A         SCHENR
    Level-school        26A2    28A:1   “   SCHLVL
    Ft/pt               260     288         SCHFT
.




                   I
                                      ATTACHMENT 10B

                            SUPPLEMENT         QUESTIONNAIRE

                       October 1995 Current Population Survey
                     School Enrollment Supplement - Adult’s Items

SCHOOL       is ... attending or enrolled in regular school?
             (Regular school includes elementary school, high school
             and schoolingthat leads to a college or professionalschool degree)

                    <H> Definitionof regular school

                    <1>     Yes (Ask PUBLIC)
                    <2>     No (Skip to VOCA)


PUBLIC       Is ... enrolled in public or private school?

                    <1>     Public
                    <2>     Private


GRADE        What grade or year is ... attending?

                    Cl-1 2> Grades 1 through 12- Elementary
                            through High School
                          (Skip to LASTYR)
                    <21> 1st year of college (freshman)
                    c22> 2nd year of college (sophomore)
                    c23>   3rd year of college (junior)
                    c24>   4th year of college (senior)
                    <25>   1st year of graduate school
                    c26>   2nd year or higher of graduate school

                    c30> College, no year reported

(If entry in SCHFT, SKIP TO PETYPE,     OTHERWISE,      ASK FULL)




                                             100-1
FULL        Is ... attending college full-time or part-time?

                    <q>     Full-time
                    <2>     Part-time

TYPE        Is this a 2-year or a 4-year college or university?

                    <1>     2-year college (communityor junior college)
                    <2>     4-year college or university


VOCA        (NOT SHOWN ON SCREEN: For persons enroiled in college (PEGRADE = 21-
            27), include parenthetical phrase.)

            Excluding (regular college courses and) on-the-job training, is ... taking any
            business, vocational, technical, secretarial, trade, or correspondence courses?

                    <1>     Yes
                    <2>     No


LASTYR      Was ... attending or enrolled in a regular school or college in October 1994, that
            is, October of last year?

                    <1> yes (Ask LASTGD)
                    <2> No (Skip to INTERNAL         CHECK ITEM A)


LASTGD      What grade or year was ... attending last year?

                    <1-12> Grades 1 through 12-
                           Elementa~ through High School
                    c21 > 1st year of college (freshman)
                    c22> 2nd year of college (sophomore)
                    <23> 3rd year of college (junior)
                    <24> 4th year of college (senior)
                    <25> 1st year of graduate school
                    c26> 2nd year or higher of graduate school

                    c30>    College, no year reported

INTERNAL CHECK ITEM A
      GRADE = ‘I-12        (Skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM B)
      All others
              PEAGE = 15-29
                    College Graduate (PEEDUCA = 41 -46) Skip to YRDEG
                    High school Graduate (PEEDUCA = 3940) Skip to YRDIP
                    Not High school graduate (PEEDUCA c39) Ask YRATT
              PEAGE = 30+ (Skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM D)




                                             10B-2
YRAIT          In what calendar year did ... last attend regular school?

                      <1> 1995
                      <2> 1994 or before
                      <3> Never attended
                      (In all cases, Skip to GED)


YRDEG          In what calendar year did ... receive his/her most recent degree?

                      <1> 1995
                      <2> 1994 or before


YRDIP          In what calendar year did ... complete high school?

                      <q> 1995
                      <2> 1994 or before


GED            Did ... complete high school by means of an equivalency test, such as the GED?

                      <1> Yes
                      <2> No


INTERNAL CHECK ITEM B
      PEAGE = 15-24 (Ask S42a)
      PEAGE = 25-29 (Skip to INTERNAL         CHECK ITEM D)


S42a. Since starting school, has ... ever repeated a grade?

                      <1> Yes (Ask S42b)
                      <2> No (Skip to S43)


S42b. Which year did ... repeat? Any others? (Fill all that apply)
                    <K>       Kindergarten
                    C1 -12> Grades 1 through 12- Elementary
                             through high school


S43.    Does ... speak a language other than English at home?

                      cl> yes
                      c2> No - Speaks only English (Skip to Internal
                          Check Item B1)




                                              100-3
S44.    What is this language?

                      <1>   Spanish
                      <2>   Asian (e.g. Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese
                      c+    other European (e.g. French, German, Polish)
                      ~>    other

S45a. How well does ... speak English?

                      c1 > very well
                      C2> well
                      <3> Not well
                      @> Not at all



S45b. Has ... ever taken a course to learn how to read or write
      English as a second language?

                      <1> yes
                      <2> No      (Skip INTERNAL CHECK ITEM B1)


S45C.   Did ... complete this course?

                      cl> yes
                      <2> Nc)


INTERNAL    CHECK ITEM BI
              PESCHOOL   = 1 (Enrolled in school, Ask S46a)
              PESCHOOL    = 2 (Not Enrolled in school, Ask S46b)


S46a. Does ... have any of the followingdisabling
      conditions? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                      <1>  Blindness
                      <2> Other vision impairment
                      <3> Deafness
                      <4> Other hearing impairment
                      <!5> Orthopedic impairment
                      <6> Sefious emotional disturbance
                      c7> Speech impairment
                      <8> Specific learning disability
                      <9> Mental retardation
                      <11> Other health impairment or serious
                            illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                      <12> None of the above

(If <1-11> filled, ask S47a; if c~2> filled, skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM D)




                                             1OB-4
S46b. Does ... have any of the followingdisabling conditions?
      (Read and Fill all that apply)

                       <q> Blindness
                       <2> Other vision impairment
                       <3> Deafness
                       <4> Other hearing impairment
                       <5> Orthopedic impairment
                       <6> Serious emotional disturbance
                       <7> Speech impairment
                       <8> Specific learning disability
                       <9> Mental retardation
                       <1@ Mental illness
                       <11> Other health impairment or serious
                            illness (lasting 6 months or more)
                       <12> None of the above

       (If <1-11> filled, ask S47a; if <12> filled,
       skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM D)


S47a. (Does this disability/Dothese disabilities)adversely
      affect ...’s ability to learn?

                       c1 > Yes (Ask S47b)
                       <2> No (Ask S47b)


S47b. (Does this disability/Dothese disabilities)seriously
      limit ...’s mobility,communication,self-care, or independence?

                       <I> Yes
                       <2> No


INTERNAL CHECK ITEM C

   GRADE = 1-12        (Go to S48a)
   GRADE = 13+         (Go to S48b)
   SCHOOL = 2          (Go to S49a)

S48a. (Check: Enrolled below college) Is ... receiving
      services for his/her disabilitv(ies)from any of the
      followingsources? (Read and Fill all tha~apply)

                       <q>   His/her school or school district
                       <2>   Doctor or clinic
                       <3>   Some other source
                       4>    Not receiving services

               (Skip to Internal Check Item D)




                                                10B–5
     S48b. (Check: Enrolled in college) Is ... receiving services
           for his/her disability(ies) from any of the following
           sources? (Read and Fill all that apply)

                           <1>   His/her college or university
                           c2>   Doctor or clinic
                           <3>   Some other source
                           <4>   Not receiving sewices

                    (Skip to internal Check Item D)

     S49a. Has ... received any vocational rehabilitationservices
           from any source?

                           <1> yes     (Ask Sdgb)
                           <2> No     (Skip to Internal Check Item D)


     S49b. Has ... received vocational rehabilitationsewices from
           any of the following? (Read and fill all that apply)

                           Cl> Federal, State, or local government agency
                           c2> private agency
                           <3> Other


     INTERNAL    CHECK ITEM D

        Born in U.S. (Skip to S51)
        Foreign born, not enrolled (Ask S50a)
        Foreign born, enrolled (Skip to S50C)


     S50a. Has ... attended school in the United States, that is in
           the 50 States or the Districtof Columbia?

                           <~> yes
                           c2> No (Skip to S51 )


     S50b. For how many years did ... attend school in the United
           States (50 States or the Districtof Columbia)?

                                 (skip to S51)




t
,-




                                                   1OH
S50C. Forhowmany years has... attended school in the United States (50 States
      or the Districtof Columbia)?




S51.   Who reported for this person?

                     <1> Self
                     <2> parent
                     <3> Spouse
                     <4> ~her relative
                     <5> Nonrelative

       (Go to next person)




                                         1OB-7
                      October 1995 Current Population Survey
                   School EnrollmentSupplement - Children’s Items

INTERNAL CHECK ITEM E
      PEAGE:
          o-2             (Go to next child)
          3-5             (Ask SCH35)
          6-14            (Skip to SCH614)


SCH35     Is ... attending or enrolled in nursery school,
          kindergarten or elementary school?

                 <q>      Yes            (Skip to CHPUB)
                 <2>      No             (Skip to INTERNAL CHECK ITEM F)


SCH614    Is ... attending or enrolled in regular school?
          (Regular school includes nursery school, kindergarten,
          elementary school and schoolingwhich leads to a high
          school di