Docstoc

Bootstrapping Ubicomp (PowerPoint download)

Document Sample
Bootstrapping Ubicomp (PowerPoint download) Powered By Docstoc
					SMART
HOMES
 What is a Smart Home?

Smart homes are where a single
button controls lighting, heating,
security, music, memory clocks
and voice prompts
 - in fact, everything digital
POSSIBLE FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
  • Imagine a home in which films and TV programmes can
    be played on any screen in the house without wires
    trailing across floors; a home in which smart video
    recorders copy your favourite shows without being pre-
    programmed, to playback whenever you wish.

  • Imagine all your families' music stored on one device, but
    available wherever there are speakers in the house.

  • With rising broadband speeds and connections, the rise
    of wireless networks, and cheaper more powerful
    machines in homes, it is getting easier to realise the
    smart home dream.
POSSIBLE FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
 • Homes that are smart are not just about being able to send
   pictures and video to different rooms.

 • They are also about the more mundane technologies in life, such as
   heating and lighting, and security technologies.

 • In the future, you may never have to worry about forgetting to switch
   off the lights or locking the front door when you leave home. Central
   locking for homes, for example, could be all controlled through key
   fobs in the near future, for instance, or even through biometrics


 • If you had an unexpected visitor at home while you were at work, the
   system would contact you via e-mail, text message or by calling you.
             Common Network
• In the past, different devices used different formats and
  standards, which made it difficult to unite all your devices
  on a common network to share information.

• But all that changed when the newly-formed Digital
  Living Network Alliance (DLNA) set down a list of
  common principles.

• The umbrella group of more than 145 firms, including
  Microsoft, Intel and Sony, is working to ensure that
  everything from your pocket computer to your PC and hi-
  fi will be able to interact.

• That can only happen when the devices communicate
  over a network using common standards.
               Helping The Elderly
• By 2050, according to UN estimates, about 20% of people will
  be aged 60 or over. In developed nations, the figure could climb
  as high as 33%

• Here are some of the things being developed to help the elderly:
   – Persuasive mirrors: this manipulates images of a person in real time
     depending on what they have been doing all day.
   – Connective tables: this uses video-conferencing and projectors to let
     people play games such as draughts or chess even though they were in
     different locations.
   – Shared scrap books: this lets individual family members contribute
     images, messages and video to a single electronic journal that anyone
     could look at and flick through.
   – Interactive pictures
   – Activity monitoring
        Helping the Elderly cont…
• The first "Smart" house for the elderly in south Norfolk
  has opened.

• Features in the new smart home at Diss, South Norfolk,
  are designed for older people with memory or mental
  health problems to help them stay independent.

• County council social services aim to help people stay
  independent in their own homes rather than move into
  care.

• All the equipment and communications technology has
  been funded by the European Union.
                The Smart Pot
• The days of withered and dying houseplants could be
  numbered as British researchers come up with a self-
  watering plant pot.

•    The smart pot, which monitors moisture and
    temperature levels, has won a Best Invention Award
    from the BBC programme Tomorrow's World.

• The computer-controlled smart plant pot is wired up to
  the telephone line and alerts its owner them via a bleep,
  alarm or even a song if readings are too low.

• Worried plant owners can check on their precious green
  friends from anywhere in the world and can programme
  watering via their telephone keypad.
 COST OF LIVING DIGITALLY
• According to research by US digital home
  consultants, The Diffusion Group (TDG), more
  than half of US households are interested in
  some sort of home control system, if the price
  tag is less than $200.

• TDG also found that global home networking is
  set to grow from 35 million households in 2004
  to more than 162 million by 2010.
Smart Homes Aren’t Just
 About the House!




                                 Jason I. Hong

           Human-Computer Interaction Institute
                  School of Computer Science
When Smart Homes Go Bad
A Cautionary Tale
“Remove a quart of milk. There’s a Chernobyl-like
chain reaction. The fridge scans the bar code as the
carton leaves. It e-mails the grocery dot-com and a
delivery service. The broken coffee maker,
misinterpreting a burst of e-mail, jumps into action with a
vague burning stench.”
                                - Bruce Sterling
My Position on Smart Homes
Smart homes aren’t just about the house!

•   #1 – We need to focus less on the tech, and
    more supporting existing activities and concerns
    – Child care: getting kids to school, caring for babies
    – Home maintenance: lights, termites, bills
    – Family coordination: kids, grandparents, friends

•   #2 – We need to remember that houses are part
    of a bigger picture
    – Part of the local neighborhood and community
    – Part of the local environment
Talk Overview

•   What are smart homes good for?
    – How smart homes can support key activities
    – How smart homes can be part of larger community


•   How to make it happen?
    – What are the R&D issues in making smart homes happen?
What are Smart Homes Good For?

•   Some Key Activities and Concerns
    –   Home security
    –   Entertainment
    –   Family Coordination
    –   Personal Health
    –   The Truly Boring that Should Stay Boring

•   Larger community
    – Environmentally “green” houses
    – Connecting with neighbors
What are Smart Homes Good For?
Home Security
•   Value proposition: safety for you and your family
•   Safety from intruders already well-established
•   Sensor-based systems enable new areas:
    – “Is the gas leaking?”
    – “What’s in the water?”
    – “Is the oven off?”
What are Smart Homes Good For?
Entertainment
•   Value proposition: great fun
•   Again, well-established market
    – Smart toys, Home theaters, Video games
•   New twists:
    – How about make it easier to find neighbors and compete?
    – Games where you learn something “useful”?
What are Smart Homes Good For?
Connection with friends, family, and neighbors
•    Value proposition: stay in touch, know your neighbors
•    Carpooling
•    Always on connection with close friends
•    WiFi NeighborNode
•    “How much is our community recycling?”

    I’m leaving now
What are Smart Homes Good For?
Personal Health
•   Value proposition: stay in better health
•   Suite of mobile and fixed wireless devices
•   “Great weather outside, how about walking today?”
•   Intel Research Seattle – Group coordination
•   Smart toilets
What are Smart Homes Good For?
The Truly Boring that Should Stay Boring
•   Value proposition: We’ll warn you before it’s too late
•   “Are (ants / termites / roaches) invading?”
•   “Are my sewer pipes okay?” (Yuk!)
•   “Your plants need water…”
    What are Smart Homes Good For?
    “Green” Houses
•    Value proposition: save energy and money
•    Add “smarts” that also encourage sustainable behavior
     – “Are my windows leaking warm air in winter?”
     – “Did you know you can save water if…”
     – “Opening up the windows could increase sunlight.”
Some R&D Issues with Smart Homes

•   Computer Security
•   Unified Interaction Experience
•   Deployability
Research Issues with Smart Homes
Computer Security
•   Problem:
    – Few people can make their home wifi networks secure
    – Security will only get worse as more devices and homes
      are wirelessly networked


•   Some ideas:
    – Better user interfaces for configuration
    – Simpler and understandable security models
       • Ex. physically limited channels



•   Prognostication:
    – Will remain very messy for a long time
    – Huge risks in accidentally sabotaging the market
Research Issues with Smart Homes
Unified Interaction Experience
•   Problem:
    – #1 – “How do I get my home to…”
       • Some houses so complex, have to hire           someone
         to set temperature
    – #2 – “Why did my house do that?”
       • Complexity, emergent behavior, ex. temperature oscillates

•   Some ideas:
    – Design patterns for the home, ex. power cycle
    – Simplicity: tech-heavy features favored by engineers,
      again focus on key activities

•   Prognostication:
    – De facto standards (Microsoft, Sony, Krupps, etc)
    – Will remain ugly for a long time as contenders fight
Research Issues with Smart Homes
Deployability
•   Problem:
    – How to move from research concept to real homes?
•   Some ideas:
    –   Incremental deployment, can add new toaster, just works
    –   Managing power, can’t replace hundreds of batteries a day
    –   Maintenance, needs to just work
    –   Marketing
          • People don’t want to be green, they want to save money



•   Prognostication:
    – Insurance companies will advocate (ex. the Club or Lojack)
    – Bundled with entertainment (XBox) and media (Apple)
Closing Thoughts
•   Lots of new technologies and capabilities coming…
    – Computation and communication in all form factor


•   Don’t just focus on the technology
•   Don’t just focus on the physical house
•   Focus on key activities as well as community goals
    – Stronger family interactions
    – Strong vibrant communities
    – Environmentally “green” houses


•   Lots of challenges, lots of opportunities
Other Half-baked Thoughts
•   “The interior of your own walls is less known to you
    than the far side of the moon – because you could
    summon up a detailed picture of the Jules Verne
    Crater on a Web site, pronto.”
                                 -- Bruce Sterling

•   Every appliance will have WiFi in it in 10 years
    – Implications? Network security? New interactions?
•   All data will come in via IP
    – Implications of Voice over IP? TV over IP?
    – New services? Programmability? End-user innovation?
What are Smart Homes Good For?
And some not so good ideas…
•   “Everything from opening curtains to turning on
    lights or the air conditioner can be controlled from the
    plasma-display television in the living room using a
    single remote control.”

•   “The house never runs out of beer. When there are
    only three cans of beer left in the refrigerator, an e-
    mail order for more will be sent to a store.”

•   “Get off the lawn, you’re drunk again!”
?
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   Broadband communications: 50% of people
    in European households using broadband
    by 2005 (IDC)

•   Electrolux‟s „Screenfridge‟:
     – Household members communicate via
       video-mail or email
     – Users can surf the web
     – Food management: recipes, how to handle
       foods, food storage
     – TV, radio and connections for surveillance
       cameras
     – Digital cookbook
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

                  •   LG‟s „Internet Washing Machine‟
                      – “Combines white goods with
                        information and communications
                        in response to the increasing
                        popularity of home network
                        products”
                      – Download washing cycles from
                        the „Turbodrum‟ website
     Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•    Role of convergence

    "In information technology, convergence is a term for the combining of
        personal computers, telecommunication, and television into a user
                    experience that is accessible to everyone“

                                www.whatis.com


    “Every decade has a word that defines it. In the 80‟s it was the PC. In
      the 90‟s it was the internet. This decade the key word is convergence”

                           Steve Case, AOL Time Warner
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   General public need to be convinced of benefits of buying
    multifunctional devices

    “Talking with your family through the refrigerator? That just sounds
        creepy. I suppose people will have to stop using the fridge while
    talking to their family…People will have to enter information about food
      and expiry dates manually…Isn't technology supposed to make our
                                 lives easier?”

                         Madhu Menon, Internet consultant


•   Compromise in design – designers need to successfully integrate two
    or more devices with restricted
    dimensions at a reasonable price

•   Jack of all trades, master of none?
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   Uniform view that the home will be intelligent, connected and wireless
    although the way this will be achieved, and how the home will be
    networked, differs drastically

•   Television-centric:
     – Used for entertainment,
       email, online shopping
       and as the main interface
     – Regarded as a communal
       device, clashes over usage
     – Difficult to upgrade


•   PC-centric:
     – Problems of stability:
       consumer level PCs prone
       to crashing, potentially
       bringing down the entire network
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   Post „PC‟ world
     – Personal computing moving from the PC into a
       range of devices
     – Wearable PCs
     – „Smart computing‟: single board interfaces will
       use a PC processor‟s power, reducing size and
       cost
     – Change in interface from WIMP (Windows,
       Icons, Mouse and Pull-down menus) to speech
       and, eventually, physical gestures


            “If technology is to be more accepted in the home, it
                 must change to better suit this environment. A
                  number of researchers have argued that this
                 change will take the form of a „post PC world‟.”

                      A.T. Brown, Hewlett Packard Labs, Bristol, UK
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   Manufacturers need to convince consumers to embrace the
    „Intelligent home‟

•   Sceptics claim manufacturers have lost touch with the
    consumer‟s need and appliance design is being driven by
    what is technologically possible

•   The resulting products are complicated to use and intimidate
    consumers who don‟t understand their function
  Progression Towards the Intelligent Home


“Technology offers the potential to make life easier and more enjoyable;
    each new technology provides increased benefits. At the same time
     added complexities arise to increase our difficulty and frustration.”

                  Donald A. Norman, „The Design of Everyday Things‟



 “Human beings are visually oriented, hands on and curious by nature.
   We may want to keep tangible interfaces to the real world and retain
        at least the impression that we know what is going on.”

                           Ian Pearson, BT Futurologist
     Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•    The house of the future has engineered confines, presuming a digital
     lifestyle

    “With the notable exception of the television, which is profoundly home
     grown, most new domestic technologies embody notions of efficiency –
            designed to deliver better time and resource management”

             Genevieve Bell, Intel Corporation, and Joseph Kaye, MIT Media Lab
              „Designing Technology for Domestic Spaces: A Kitchen Manifesto‟


•    The kitchen is a social hub with a distinct cultural
     history that is to be understood before imposing
     technology on its inhabitants
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   The development of an intelligent
    home is not restricted to a
    connected, automated domestic
    environment

•   Philips „Ambient project‟ (right)

•   Ambient Intelligence as being an “exciting new paradigm in
    information technology, in which people are empowered through a
    digital environment that is aware of their presence and context, and is
    sensitive, adaptive, and responsive to their needs, habits, gestures
    and
    emotions”, merging the concepts of “ubiquitous
    computing" and "social user interfaces” to improve
    the quality of life
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   The project aims to create a future home
    resembling the house of the past and
    eradicating all the black boxes that
    feature in our homes today

•   Example of contents:
     – Bathroom mirror (right): reflects your
       image, the news or weather
     – Nebula: an interactive projector
       determined by movement
     – Audio system: trigger a song by
       humming the tune
  Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

"Technology in our homes will evolve to the point that it we don't have to
   'work' to experience it. Rather, it will understand us and react to our
                      needs, making our lives easier."




                       "In a true Ambient Intelligence environment,
                           all electronic features and functions are
                            integrated into people's backgrounds."

                                      Spokesman for Philips
       Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   Aware home, Georgia Tech

•   The Aware Home venture is concerned
    with “addressing the fundamental
    technical, design, and social challenges”
    of the creation of a home environment
    that is aware of its occupants and their
    activities

•   The home is a network of sensors and computers monitoring the
    movements and actions of the household members

•   It contains a vast array of gadgets, designed to
    enhance the quality of life, with special emphasis
    on the elderly
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   Example of contents:
     –   „Digital family portrait‟ (right):
       reconnects geographically distant extended
       family members.
     – Designed to resemble a portrait, the border
       changes daily reflecting the person‟s life,
       providing peace of mind for family
       members




         ‘Gesture Pendant‟: a necklace with a
         small camera inside that allows the user to control devices
         within their environment through gestures



         ‘What am I cooking?‟ (next): vision sensors capture
         information and displays them as visual cues
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

 "It's not enough just to solve these problems in the abstract. To really
     understand the problems and challenges of ubiquitous computing, you have
     to build actual environments. You have to take [aware technology] and
     apply it to the body…the home."

                 Dr. Gregory Abowd, Aware Home project leader
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   Domestic Robots:
     – Assistance for the disabled
     – Entertainment - Sony‟s AIBO that
       can learn through experience, as well
       as read emails and take photographs
       with its onboard camera)
     – Household maintenance - Dyson
       (DC06 – still on home trial - below),
       Electrolux („Trilobite‟ - below), iRobot
       („Roomba‟ - below) and Probotics
       („Cye‟ - next)
    Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

•   Challenges:
     – household environment is a complex mass of
       wires (resolved by wireless network), confined
       spaces and uneven floors
     – Uncontrolled environment with humans
       interacting in the space
     – A safe, powerful, portable power supply is needed
     – Robots with AI or other behavioural complexities
       still have technical difficulties
     – Economic concerns mean that design,
       functionality and materials can be compromised
 Aware Home




佐治亞理工學院
一個跨學科的努力旨在解決了基本的技
術,設計和社會挑戰的人在家裡設置,
使房子自己可以會自覺意識到訊息。



1991年建屋完成。
  Aware Home

你還要住在了無生趣的房
子裡嗎?


一般來說,人們花費的時間量好家執行日常
活動



健 生
  康,   活方式,以及   福祉
            Aware Home

The Aware Home主要是應用現今的
感應技術,以人性與人際關係為主題,
達到使用者對環境內涵構感知的程度,進一
步提供協助。尤其特別著重於對     老
                人生活環
境的感知與協助,例如:提供老人與家人聯
繫之互動系統,使老人家不至與社會和家庭
脫節。由於老人家記性差,系統亦提供幫助
記憶的裝置的貼心裝置。
              Aware Home


3f, 5040平方米            →兩個獨立單元
                        共用空間在地
                        下室,娛樂場
                        所與控制室

                       →兩臥室
                        兩浴室
                        一間office
                        廚房
                        飯廳
                        洗衣房
                 Aware Home

[一個接近實際的房子]

1   .技術層面
        電腦的運用
位置跟蹤超聲波傳感器、射頻技術、視頻
.人文中心協助老人與弱勢的人兒
2

3.普遍未來使用,造福人群
                           Aware Home
[優越的線路主張] PowerLine Positioning

.
1 位置記錄與追蹤
2.目前的解決方案需要插裝 5230
    多個傳感器,價格昂貴,難以配置。
                       Aware Home
[優越的線路主張]
1.利用既有的電路線在兩個頂端加入
   模塊,每塊模塊會發出中頻訊號

2.模塊-標籤-訊號
  (近模塊1m) 。
3.掌握東西的位置
  ex.找不到的鑰匙、未來機械人的行動
                        Aware Home
[PLP的運用]
1.輪椅者的研究
   通過跟踪輪椅者活動的軌跡和人民科學家的研究探索,流動性
問題 關於輪椅使用者的需求。研究結果將用於確定家裡流動性問題。


2.   方法
  \\利用PLP去計算出目標位置的數據去幫助推算出未來
 \\\即時訪談的位置數據
                     Aware Home
[智慧地磚] Smart Floor
利用地板發展成可互動的裝置,創造
環境與人之間自然的感知介面。它能
使建築環境在不透過額外侵入性設備
或攜帶裝置的情況下,對人的行為進
行辨識。該系統的設計能

辨識使用者腳步資訊

,利用壓力感測器的偵測與
運算分析能夠精準辨識出使用者的位
置。該研究後續期望利用地板系統蒐
集資訊的能力,運用在另一個系統上
發展控制的可能。
                          Aware Home
[長遠的關懷管理] Chronic Care Management

1.許多忙碌的成年人夾在老年和年輕一代的關係,依賴於他們的關
懷。許多嬰兒潮一代負起責任,幫助父母老化保留一個獨立的生活
在他或她自己的家,而不是要搬到一個機構設施。

2.這些技術有可能大大降低醫療成本,允許人們獨立生活在自己家
裡,而不是被迫住院設施。
。
           Aware Home
[家庭健康監測]
Aware Home




[ 聾耳族~help ]
                         Aware Home
當時的解決之道 1.TTY 2. SMS


◎TTY




         Mobile phone


                                     →攜帶不方便
                        TTY[電傳打字機]    且要破費購買
                       Aware Home
當時的解決之道 1.TTY 2. SMS


◎SMS
                                →沒有辦法確定
                                 方位
                                →911中心沒支
                                 援
                        Aware Home
AWARE HOME’S SOLUTION


 ◎deaf 911

  文字輸入法是最適合他們的
  與911中心是互通的
  另一方面它也支援TTY
                        Aware Home
AWARE HOME’S SOLUTION


 ◎deaf 911

  文字輸入法是最適合他們的
  與911中心是互通的
  另一方面它也支援TTY
 Aware Home




佐治亞理工學院
一個跨學科的努力旨在解決了基本的技
術,設計和社會挑戰的人在家裡設置,
使房子自己可以會自覺意識到訊息。



1991年建屋完成。
  Aware Home

你還要住在了無生趣的房
子裡嗎?


一般來說,人們花費的時間量好家執行日常
活動



健 生
  康,   活方式,以及   福祉
            Aware Home

The Aware Home主要是應用現今的
感應技術,以人性與人際關係為主題,
達到使用者對環境內涵構感知的程度,進一
步提供協助。尤其特別著重於對     老
                人生活環
境的感知與協助,例如:提供老人與家人聯
繫之互動系統,使老人家不至與社會和家庭
脫節。由於老人家記性差,系統亦提供幫助
記憶的裝置的貼心裝置。
              Aware Home


3f, 5040平方米            →兩個獨立單元
                        共用空間在地
                        下室,娛樂場
                        所與控制室

                       →兩臥室
                        兩浴室
                        一間office
                        廚房
                        飯廳
                        洗衣房
                 Aware Home

[一個接近實際的房子]

1   .技術層面
        電腦的運用
位置跟蹤超聲波傳感器、射頻技術、視頻
.人文中心協助老人與弱勢的人兒
2

3.普遍未來使用,造福人群
                           Aware Home
[優越的線路主張] PowerLine Positioning

.
1 位置記錄與追蹤
2.目前的解決方案需要插裝 5230
    多個傳感器,價格昂貴,難以配置。
                       Aware Home
[優越的線路主張]
1.利用既有的電路線在兩個頂端加入
   模塊,每塊模塊會發出中頻訊號

2.模塊-標籤-訊號
  (近模塊1m) 。
3.掌握東西的位置
  ex.找不到的鑰匙、未來機械人的行動
                        Aware Home
[PLP的運用]
1.輪椅者的研究
   通過跟踪輪椅者活動的軌跡和人民科學家的研究探索,流動性
問題 關於輪椅使用者的需求。研究結果將用於確定家裡流動性問題。


2.   方法
  \\利用PLP去計算出目標位置的數據去幫助推算出未來
 \\\即時訪談的位置數據
                     Aware Home
[智慧地磚] Smart Floor
利用地板發展成可互動的裝置,創造
環境與人之間自然的感知介面。它能
使建築環境在不透過額外侵入性設備
或攜帶裝置的情況下,對人的行為進
行辨識。該系統的設計能

辨識使用者腳步資訊

,利用壓力感測器的偵測與
運算分析能夠精準辨識出使用者的位
置。該研究後續期望利用地板系統蒐
集資訊的能力,運用在另一個系統上
發展控制的可能。
                          Aware Home
[長遠的關懷管理] Chronic Care Management

1.許多忙碌的成年人夾在老年和年輕一代的關係,依賴於他們的關
懷。許多嬰兒潮一代負起責任,幫助父母老化保留一個獨立的生活
在他或她自己的家,而不是要搬到一個機構設施。

2.這些技術有可能大大降低醫療成本,允許人們獨立生活在自己家
裡,而不是被迫住院設施。
。
           Aware Home
[家庭健康監測]
Aware Home




[ 聾耳族~help ]
                         Aware Home
當時的解決之道 1.TTY 2. SMS


◎TTY




         Mobile phone


                                     →攜帶不方便
                        TTY[電傳打字機]    且要破費購買
                       Aware Home
當時的解決之道 1.TTY 2. SMS


◎SMS
                                →沒有辦法確定
                                 方位
                                →911中心沒支
                                 援
                        Aware Home
AWARE HOME’S SOLUTION


 ◎deaf 911

  文字輸入法是最適合他們的
  與911中心是互通的
  另一方面它也支援TTY
                        Aware Home
AWARE HOME’S SOLUTION


 ◎deaf 911

  文字輸入法是最適合他們的
  與911中心是互通的
  另一方面它也支援TTY

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:24
posted:8/20/2011
language:English
pages:77