BIOLOGY – Cells, Tissue, Organs, Organ Systems
Cell Organ system Benign tumour
Cell theory organ Malignant tumour
Prokaryotes tissue Metastasis
Eukaryotes Stem cells
Cell specialization tumour
1. ______________A theory that states that all Living things are made up of one or more cells and their products
2. ______________simple single cell organism which does not have a nucleus or other membrane bound
3. Plant, animal cells are example of _____________ cell which have complex internal organization including
bound organelles and nucleus.
4. _____________is a basic unit of life
5. ____________ Collection of similar cells that perform a particular, but limited, function
6. _____________ is a collection of organs and structures that work together to perform a major vital body
7. _____________A structure composed of different tissues working together to perform a complex body function
8. ____________ a process that leads cells to perform particular function in the body
9. Unspecialized cells are called _________________________.
10. ___________________is a mass of disfunctional cells that have a grown from mutant parents
11. _________________ harmless tumour
12. ________________ Parts of these tumours can break off and spread throughout your body depositing new
tumours, perhaps in vital organs.
Chloroplast ___________Organelle that controls directs the functions within the cell and contains DNA.
Nucleus ___________Organelle that breaks down materials and releases energy into the cell.
Cytoplasm ___________Organelle made of gel-like material that contains water and nutrients for the cell.
Golgi Bodies ___________Organelle that forms the boundary of the cell and controls what comes in and goes out of
Lysosomes the cell. Composed of double layer of phospholipids.
ribosomes ___________Organelle found in cells that contain chlorophyll and use light energy to make food for
Centrioles the cell.
Cell membrane ____________ site of protein synthesis
Mitochondria ___________ series of canals and tubules that carry substances (proteins) from one part of cell
Cell wall to another
ER ___________ Modifies and packages proteins and that are sent to it from the rough ER.
___________ Digest worn-out or non usable proteins, structures, and foreign substances
__________ very important during mitosis
__________ is a rigid structure around the cell that provides strengths, protection and support.
__________ organelle that store nutrients, waste and other substances used by the cell.
Mitosis: Use complete sentences along with a diagram to explain each of these terms. Be very specific and include
example where it is appropriate.
Sister chromatids G1 phase of the interphase
Chromosomes S phase of the interphase
DNA G2 phase of the interphase
Cell cycle apoptosis
Stages of Mitosis
Epithelial tissue Muscle tissue
Connective tissue Nervous tissue
Above words can be sued more than once for the
_______ Act as protective linings and coverings. In some locales, absorption and secretion are important functions of
____________ is a tissue with unique capability to contract or shorten. Allows movement.
_________ serve as the complex telecommunications network of the body. These tissues act in a sensory capacity, to
receive, disseminate, and store information collected from receptors.
___________Provides support and protective structures
Skin is an example of _____________________tissue
Lining of kidneys is an example of ______________ tissue
Blood is an example of ___________________ tissue
Heart has this type of tissue _________________________
Brain has this type of tissue ____________________________
1. State two similarities and two differences between plant and animal cells.
2. Identify the type of cell shown below.
a. Name all the numbered parts
b. Describe the function of parts 2, 3, 6 and 10.
3. Explain why the cells can be considered to be the “building block” of life.
4. What are the two main functions of cells?
5. Explain the importance of DNA/chromosome replication during the synthesis phase of interphase.
6. Compare and contrast normal cell vs. cancerous cell.
Normal Cell Cancer Cell
Number of divisions during life
Cell to cell adhesion
Cell to cell interaction
7. List three factors that cause cancerous mutations
8. Explain what does angiogenesis mean?
9. List three common cancer treatments.
10. Describe the events in the cell cycle.
11. What stages of mitosis do you see in the following photo? Explain your thinking.
12. Describe the meaning of the term apoptosis and state its importance
13. Define the term “stem cell.”
14. Compare and contrast embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells
15. Explain the role of cell specialization in the development of tissue.
16. Fill the table below
Organ System Organs Involved Basic Function
17. Explain how the respiratory, circulatory and nervous systems maintain homeostasis (balance) while you
are playing outside on a sunny day.
18. The Male Reproductive System:
A. Testes _____ Secretion of a fluid rich in carbohydrates
B. Epididymis _____ Secretion of a fluid to neutralize traces of urine
C. Vas deferens _____ Storage of sperm
D. Seminal vescicles _____ Secretion of a lubricant
E. Prostate gland _____ Production of sperm
F. Cowper’s gland _____ Transport of sperm from their place of storage
in anticipation of ejaculation
19. The Female Reproductive System:
A. Ovaries _____ Birth canal and repository for sperm
B. Fallopian tubes _____ Opening between vagina and uterus
C. Uterus _____ Lining of the place where the fertilized egg gets
D. Cervix _____ Production of eggs
E. Vagina _____ Carries the egg to the place of implantation.
Fertilization of the egg takes place here.
F. Endometrium _____ Place where a fertilized egg develops
20. The reproductive hormones
A. Testosterone ______ It is secreted as the follicle develops
B. FSH ______ Found in both males and females, but it is 60X
more in males than in females
C. LH ______ Its concentration is high during pregnancy
D. Estrogen ______ It stimulates ovulation
E. Progesterone ______ It stimulates the follicle to develop
21. Use the following terms to describe the menstrual cycle.
Ovary Follicle FSH Estrogen Pituitary gland
Egg Corpus luteum LH Progesterone Menses
Follicular phase Luteal phase Unfertilized Endometrium Thickening
Ovulation Fallopian tube Implantation Shedding
22. Define the following terms:
f. Secondary sex characteristics