Annotations for “The Grapes of Wrath” by John Steinbeck

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					Hannah Heeter                                                                                       1

            Annotations for “The Grapes of Wrath” by John Steinbeck

Chapter 1-
(Pg. 1-4)

                In Oklahoma there is the red country and the gray country. In May, the area is green and
beautiful for growing crops. Then as the summer approaches, it becomes dry and dusty. The corn is
ripening in the late May with the last rains and looks healthy. The rain had hardened the ground and then
the dirt would be beaten up and it creates the dust. As the summer continues the dust becomes worse.
Farmers feared for their crops when the dust came because it would coat the corn and the dust would
cause it to dry out. The dust was so thick that it was almost the same ratio of air and dust floating around.
Everything had a light coat of the dust on it. The houses tried to prevent the dust from getting inside, but
it did anyways. Many farmers worried about their next move since their crops were not growing.

Plumes- noun; A feather, especially a large and showy one (Pg. 2)
Bemused- adjective; Bewildered or confused (Pg. 3)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                       2
Chapter 2-
(Pg. 5-13)

                In front of a restaurant there was a big red transport truck. Inside the truck driver was
cavorting with the waitress. Outside of the restaurant a man walking down the edge of the highway
crossed over to the truck. The man came to the truck and looked at it. On the truck it said No Riders. He
sat on the running board. The man was in his twenties and had dark brown eyes, high and wide cheek
bones, large calluses on his hands, and a rather large pair of lips. The man’s clothes were new, not
expensive though. He sat there and rolled a cigarette with tobacco and a piece of paper. The truck driver
paid his bill and made his way out to his truck. On the way out he put in a piece of gum and chewed like a
cow. The hitchhiker asked the truck driver to give him a lift. The truck driver said he could not because
of the rule of no riders with him. The hitchhiker said that a good guy would give him a lift even if a rich
guy made him carry a sticker. The driver did not want to be a bad guy and he did not want to look like he
was controlled by a rich guy. The truck driver told him he would take him. He told the hitchhiker to hold
on to the side of his truck and in a mile he would stop and let him in. The truck took off down the rode
and about a mile later the driver stopped and let the hitchhiker in.
                The Hitchhiker got in and the two started a conversation. The truck driver scanned him
over silently and then started to ask him questions about his clothing, where he was going, his job, his
father’s crops, and so on. The hitchhiker told him he would tell him anything he wanted to know. He said
his name was Tom Joad and his father’s name is Tom Joad also. They then talked about a truck driver’s
life. Joad carried around a corked bottle of whiskey. He took two sips and lightened up. Then Joad
started to laugh and he told the truck driver it took long enough for him to get it. The trucker did not
know what he was talking about. Joad said you know where I come from, but the truck driver did not
understand. The truck driver said it was none of his business, but Joad told him anyways. Tom Joad had
been in McAlester Prison for 4 years for committing homicide. He was supposed to have 7 but he was
well behaved and got 4 years with parole. Then they arrived at the destination and Joad hopped out.

Hasp- noun; A clasp for a door, lid, etc., esp. one passing over a staple and fastened by a pin or a padlock
(Pg. 5)
Hobnailed- Adjective; Rustic or loutish (Pg. 6)
Cowl- noun; A hooded garment worn by monks (Pg. 6)
Judiciously- adverb; Using or showing judgment as to action or practical expediency (Pg. 8)
Broodingly- adverb; Preoccupied with depressing, morbid, or painful memories or thoughts (Pg. 9)
Proboscis- noun; Any long flexible snout (Pg. 10)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                         3
Chapter 3-
(Pg. 14-16)

                 On the edge of the highways was dry grass. Out of the grass came a land turtle. It was
making its way from the grass to the embankment leading to the highway. He was pulling his shell with
him. The turtle struggled up the hill and was trying its hardest. Then when it reached the top, it climbed
into its shell and started across the highway. Along came a car with a forty year old women driving, she
swerved to miss the land turtle. Then as the turtle crossed the yellow mid road lines, another car came.
This time the driver swerved to hit the turtle instead of miss it. The tire hit the turtle’s shell and sent it
flying up in the air. The turtle landed on the other side of the road and started off down the dirt road it
had landed on.

Fetlocks- noun; A projection on the lower part of the leg of a horse or related animal, above and behind
the hoof (Pg. 14)
Parapet- noun; Any low protective wall or barrier at the edge of a balcony, roof, bridge, or the like (Pg.
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      4
Chapter 4-
(Pg. 17-30)

                 Joad stood and watched the truck continue on and then he walked off on the road. He
made a small trail of dust as he walked. He took off his shoes and jacket and rapped his shoes inside of it.
Ahead of him he saw a turtle walking on the road. He ran and put the turtle with his shoes inside of his
jacket. He continued on. Up ahead he spotted a tree. He was so hot, so he was going to sit in the shade of
the Willow tree. As Joad came closer he heard a man singing in the shade of the tree. Joad stopped in the
shade and the man and he began to talk. The man recognized Joad. Then Joad realized it was his
preacher, Jim Casy. He was no longer the reverend. Casy had baptized Joad when he was a kid. Joad
shared his whiskey with Casy also. Casy explained that he did not feel the same about the spirit anymore.
He said he had no where to lead his people to. Then he said that when he would baptize some, he then
would have sex with them. He said he tried not to do it, but he always ended up sleeping with the girls.
He would go and pray and pray not to do it again. The two continued about this. Joad told him he should
have gotten a wife. Then Casy asked about old Tom Joad. Then Joad explained that he had not been
home for four years because he was in jail for killing a man in a fight. During the fight, Joad’s opponent
stabbed him with a knife so Joad beat him over the head with a shovel and killed him. They then talked
about McAlester. One prison got out and then wanted back in so bad that he stole a car. Joad got ready to
leave and Casy asked if it would be alright if he came with him, there was no objection.
                 They took off down the dirt road. The house was about a mile away. They talked about
how the crops always look good until the dust comes, and then the hope for money dies. Then they talked
about how Joad’s family stole someone’s abandoned house. They drug it a mile and a quarter. They had
to cut it in half because they could not do the whole thing. When they went back for the second half, it
was missing because Wink Manley had stolen the other half. Joad told stories of his family. His uncle
John once tried to eat a whole pig by himself and would not share it. He ate so much that he could not
finish it, leaving over half of it for Joad’s family. Joad was hungry for some pork after that story. He had
only four pieces of pork the last four years, one piece every Christmas. As the two rose over the last hill,
they could see the Joad house. Joad stopped and looked at it, he said something was different, nobody’s

Zenith- noun; A highest point or state (Pg. 18)
Swale- noun; A low place in a tract of land, usually moister and often having ranker vegetation than the
adjacent higher land (Pg. 18)
Quid- noun; A portion of something, esp. tobacco that is to be chewed but not swallowed (Pg. 21)
Freshet- noun; A freshwater stream flowing into the sea (Pg. 28)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      5
Chapter 5-
(Pg. 31-39)

                 The owners of the land would come around and test the soil. The tenants that lived there
would watch as the owner would inspect, waiting for his answer. The owners would send spokesmen to
do their job and deliver the news. They would tell the men of the house that the farmland was terrible and
they should think about leaving. The bank needs money and it will continue to add taxes onto the land.
The tenant men would wonder if next year the cotton crops would be good. The wars during this time
could use cotton with their uniforms and other things. The owners then told the tenants that they have to
move out. The tenant man said they had history there at the house, but the bank did not care. The tenants
had to leave. The argument continues. The tenants did not know where to go and they had no money.
The owner told them to move west to California, where the sun always shines. The owner left. The
tenant man kneeled in the dust and thought. The wife watched with the children from the house. After a
little while, she asked what had happened. She realized he was angry and told her kids to stay away from
him so they don’t get whaled. Sometimes people who are confused, turn angry, and take it out on the
people they love the most.
                 The tractors came onto the land. They started plowing down everything, the fields, the
houses, and even the hills. The driver was part of the machine, just as mean and cynical. He did not
know the land. It meant nothing to him. The man ran over everything without feeling a thing, he was like
a machine. At noon, the driver would stop and have lunch near a tenant house. The hungry tenant
families that had not left yet watched the man eat, wishing they had his food. One day a tenant walked up
to the driver, whom he knew, and asked why he was doing this to his own people. He said it pays three
hours a day and he has a family to feed. The tenant said that with your three dollars, you put 20 people
homeless without food. The driver said he can only think about his family in these hard times. The
tenant talked about how if you own some farmland, it makes you bigger, whether you do good or bad.
The driver said that times have changed, you have to get money any way you can. The driver then told
him that he was doing straight lines and the tenant’s house was next. He said that if a family was not
moved out yet, he could “accidentally” cave it in a little and earn a few extra bucks. The tenant said if he
did that he would shoot him. The driver said your after the wrong person, the bank said do it or loose
your job. Then man calmed down and realized that he could not kill anyone. The tenant thought there
was some way to stop this from happening. The tractor left and came back to the tenant’s house, caving it
in. The tenant, rifle in hand, stood with his family watching the tractor.

Ensnared- verb; To capture in (Pg. 32)
Foundry- noun; The act or process of founding or casting metal (Pg. 36)
Phalli- noun; An image of the male reproductive organ (Pg. 38)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      6
Chapter 6-
(Pg. 40-60)

                 Casy and Joad stood on the top of the hill looking at the old Joad estate. The house was
mashed at one corner pushing it off its foundation. He ran down the hill to the deserted house. He looked
in the barn, tool shed, and the well. There was nothing left, no tools, animals, water, or anything. He
explored the house and found a few miscellaneous things such as his mom’s favorite shoes, a picture of an
Indian, and a beer opener. Casy asked if they sent him nothing at all to tell him they were leaving. Joad
said that his father wasn’t the letter writing kind of guy, he could, but it gave him the shivers. Joad felt
that something was wrong. His family gone and the house pushed in. Casy saw the ditch that he baptized
Joad in. The whole time, he remembered, Joad had a hold of a girl’s pigtail. All of the sudden, a gray cat
snuck out of the barn and slinked up on the porch behind Joad and Casy. Joad recognized the cat and
went to touch it, but it leaped out of reach. Joad knew there was something wrong. If his family just
moved away, then the cat would have gone to the neighbors, but it was hanging around in a deserted
place. He also saw that no one stole the lumber from the house or barn which was nice. If things were
right, the wood, window frames, and other stuff would have been stolen. He recalled when his neighbor
went away one Christmas, all the folk around thought he moved and stole most of his stuff. He came
home and found his house nearly empty. It took him two weeks to get all his stolen stuff back. He only
was missing one thing, a pillow with a picture of an Injun on it. Joad’s grandpa had taken it and he liked
it so much that he would not give it back. Joad let the turtle free because he did not want to carry it
                 Casy saw a strange man walking toward them from the cotton fields. They could not tell
who he was at that distance and the dust. He got closer and Joad recognized him. It was Muley Graves.
Joad asked what had happened to his family and their house. Graves said that the family had left. He was
there when Joad said he was moving. He was worried about you. Graves told him to write a letter, but did
not apparently. He said that when the tractor came to plow the house, they did not leave; grandpa had a
rifle and shot at the tractor. When the tractor knocked the house in, old Joad was not the same. They took
three trips to Joad’s uncle John’s house. They took everything they had, the stove, beds, animals,
everything. The family was there picking cotton to earn enough money to go west to California. Graves
said he had heard that they planned to leave in like 2 weeks. Then he asked Graves if he remembered
Casy. He did. Then Casy asked why they were forcing people out of the land. He explained. Graves said
that if they had not told him to get off the land, he would have been in California by now, but since they
forced them out, he was not leaving. Joad asked how his family left so easily, it was unlike them. Graves
explained that the guy that comes around is so nice and everyone takes his word for it. He says that it is a
company that is forcing them out, not a person.
                 Joad did not want to walk the eight miles to his uncle’s house, so he asked Graves if they
could go back to his house. He said it was no use. His family had gone to California. He was the only
one left, but he could not go. Joad asked how he ate. Graves said he set traps for animals, in his sack
there were 3 dead bunnies. Graves shared his dinner with Casy and Joad. They made a campfire and
cooked the kill. While the dinner was cooking, Graves told Casy and Joad about how he revisited
memorable places like the first time he slept with a girl, where his grandpa dies, where his father died, and
where Joe was born. He continued to talk about how he wanted to kill the people who wanted to take
these memories from him. They took off the meat and ate. Graves ate slowly. He got the urge to ask
Joad if he was upset that he kept talking about murder. Joad said he was not, it was in the past, and they
were drunk at a dance. He had nothing against Herb, the guy he killed. Joad could not leave the state due
to his parole. With everyone leaving, he would not know what to do. They talked about McAlester. He
said that if you were good, it was okay. If you were bad, it was hell. Joad learned to write well and to
Hannah Heeter                                                                                     7
draw. He said that his father did not like writing because every time someone wrote something, people
were taking things from him. Joad said that he was confused about one thing. They should make prison
worse to keep the prisoners from doing it again. It was almost a luxury. You got a room, food, and
clothing. Graves said that the only thing that confuses him is Willy Feeley. He drives that tractor.
Graves was the one who went up and talked to him about why he was betraying his own people. Then
they saw headlights in the sky. Graves knew that it was Willy trying to catch him. The three went and
hid in the cotton fields. The car drove up and two men got out. They searched the house and scanned the
field with lights. Then they left. Graves told them to follow him to find a place to sleep. It was a cave
that Joad and his brother had made. Graves slept in the cave while Casy and Joad on the sand outside of it.

Bolls- noun; The seed-bearing capsule of certain plants (Pg. 41
Petulant- adjective; Moved to or showing sudden, impatient irritation, esp. over some trifling annoyance
(Pg. 45)

Chapter 7-
(Pg. 61-66)

               In the towns there were many used car lots. The owners were sneaky and would sell you a
piece of crap. They would make the car look nice, but when you buy it, it would be completely different.
They would have nice shiny tires on the cars and then switch them to ugly rusty ones after the person
bought the car. They would charge as high as they could. Joe came in to buy one and the dealer
bargained with him. Joe had to give up his two mules and then pay 50 dollars. He then would pay 10
dollars a month for 4 to 5 months. The used car industry was fierce and they were cheap-skates.

Sheaf- noun; One of the bundles in which cereal plants (Pg. 61)
Jalopy- noun; A old, decrepit, or unpretentious automobile (Pg. 61)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                       8
Chapter 8-
(Pg. 67-85)

                 Joad and Casy headed off for Joad’s house. Casy hoped that Joad knew where he was
going. Joad said he remembered it like it was yesterday. Joad said that Graves woke him up and said he
was leaving and had to go some place and that they should get a move on before it gets too bright out.
Joad and Casy discussed whether Graves was crazy. They thought he was going to get crazier as he lived
like that. Graves did not want to come with them; they thought he was scared of people by now. Joad
explained that his uncle was mean and lonely with a small house. He was married once, but she died like
four months later with a burst appendix. Joad said that his uncle thought it was his fault that his wife died,
since he told her it was probably just a stomach ache. Uncle John did not like to be around people, but
kids loved him. He was always giving things away. The two came upon a group of five male dogs that
were surrounding a female dog that had died, after they sniffed her, they wetted on cotton stalks nearby.
Joad recognized one dog. It was their dog, Flash.
                 They could see the house. Joad walked faster. He saw his father and wanted to surprise
him. So he hid behind the car that his dad was working on. His father asked him what he wanted, not
realizing who it was. Then it registered! He was happy to see his boy. His father asked if he broke out of
jail. Then his father wanted to surprise his mom too. After he said hello to Casy, he led the two to the
house, just before breakfast and asked his wife if two men could eat with them. She did not mind. Joad
walked in and she realized who it was, she dropped what she had and came to see him. She asked the
same question of how he got out. Then his father went out to the barn to get his grandparents and brother.
They came running in to see him. His grandparents said there hellos and went to go sit down to eat. Then
his brother, Noah, who was silent and never angry, came in and had a very short conversation together.
Then Joad noticed that Casy was missing, he was outside thinking. His grandma heard he was a preacher
and insisted he say grace. He went on and on about how he did not know what do with his religion. Then
they dug in.
                 After breakfast the men went out to inspect the truck. Joad’s father said that Joad’s little
brother Al knew about trucks and engines. Al, a smart-aleck sixteen year old boy, was out about sleeping
with girls. Grandpa was talking about how he wanted to go to California to eat the grapes, tons and tons
of grapes. Joad asked where Uncle John, Rosasharn, Ruthie, and Winfield where. His father told him
that Uncle John took Ruthie and Winfield into town to sell stuff like farming equipment and etc.
Rosasharn got married while Joad was in jail and was living with her husband as pregnant as could be.
They then talked about how much money they had. They made 200 from the cotton picking and spent 75
on the truck. They thought they would have about 150 when they would leave for California. Then down
the road came Al. Al saw he was being watched so he threw his shoulders back and was strutting along.
He got pretty close until he noticed that it was Tommy. As soon as he realized it was him, he stopped his
strutting and tried to act like him. He knew he could not live up to his brother’s reputation of killing a
man, but it gave him street cred as the boy known as “His brother killed a man.” You could tell Al wanted
to be just like his older brother Tommy. It was like he was his idol. Al asked if he wanted to come with
him to Sallisaw to sell more equipment. Joad said that he had to help around and they would visit on the
way to California.

   Heifer- noun; A young cow over one year old that has not produced a calf (Pg. 70)
   Iridescent- adjective; Displaying a play of lustrous colors like those of the rainbow (Pg. 71)
   Lithely- adverb; Bending readily (Pg. 72)
   Corral- noun; An enclosure or pen for horses (Pg. 79)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      9
   Chapter 9-
(Pg. 86-89)

                The tenants prepared for their move west to California. They needed money so they sold
anything they could. They sold plows, carts, seeders, harnesses, jewels, and anything and everything they
could possibly get along without. The buyers would buy them cheap because they knew that the tenants
had to get rid of the stuff. The only possessions families normally took were a few pots, mattresses and
comforts, lanterns, buckets, and canvas material for tents. Then the family would bring a rifle to shoot
animals to eat. Then the children would bring a few toys to keep them busy, but then the wives would
want to take a book that was sentimental. Men would want to keep their bow and a fluffy pillow. The cars
would eventually leave the house forever on their journey west.

Gelding- noun; A castrated male animal (Pg.86)
Plaiting- noun; Anything that is braided or pleated (Pg. 87)

Chapter 10
(Pg. 90-114)

               Joad walked around the estate, remembering years back. His mother stood watching him
as she washed clothes. She thought California seemed too good to be true. Joad told her to expect the
worst and then everything would seem to be great. He told her to just take everyday and not think about
the next. Tom said he knew someone that was in jail that used to live in California. The man said that
there were a lot of people looking for work and the people who pick fruit live in trailers. He said that the
wages are low and hard to get. That’s what she wanted to do, pick fruit. Casy was walked up to Ma,
Joad, and Grandpa and asked if he could go with them to California. Ma said that if they had enough
room, they would be happy to have him along. The preacher said he wanted to go along, not preach, and
work the fields.
               The truck came back from Sallisaw with a load of people and 18 dollars. Al was driving
with Pa and Uncle John in the cab. In the bed of the truck, there was Ruthie, 12, Winfield, 10, Rosasharn,
and Connie, 19. Everyone was tired. Al had to make sure everything was working smoothly in the truck.
His eyes bolted from the road to the ammeter needle, oil gage and heat indicator. When they arrived, the
kids ran up and said hello to Tom. Then Connie Rivers came to meet Tom. The two sized each other up.
               They had a family meeting at the edge of the truck. Grandpa on the running board, the
men in the row in front of him kneeled, and the women and children behind the men standing. It was
silent. Then Pa said how much they earned and they had a total of $154. Then Al said that they needed
new tires. The reason he asked to buy that truck was because it was a popular car and parts were easy to
find. Tom said that was good thinking. Then Tom said that the preacher wanted to go along, there was
discussion, and they calculated the people to go. There was Grandpa, Grandma, Pa, Ma, Uncle John,
Noah, Tom, Al, Rosasharn, Connie, Ruthie, Winfield, two dogs, chickens, and two pigs. They decided
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      10
one more can not hurt. Tom went to get Casy since he was going. Then they discussed when to go. They
decided to get ready tonight and leave bright and early tomorrow.
                  The boys went out to the barn to butcher the two pigs. They bleed them and salted them.
They put the two pig pieces in salted barrels. They started to pack the truck. First they put the tools in to
an easy-reach place. Then they put in the boxes of clothing and boxes of kitchen utensils. They tried to
make the bottom as flat as they could. Then they put on the mattresses so that it would create a flat sitting
area for the riders in the back. They then put a tarp down on the mattresses. If it would rain they would
raise the tarp so the people riding in the back wouldn’t get wet. Meanwhile, Ma took some valuables in
an envelope and stuck it in her pocket. Grandpa woke up and did not want to go, so Tom, Pa, and Ma
drugged him with medicine that put him right out. They then loaded his sleeping body. The others got in.
Dogs were barking and up strolled Muley Graves. He said he came to bid them farewell and also if they
would see his family to tell them that he was alright and as soon as he had the money, he was coming.
The Joad’s asked him to come, but he refused. They could not fit the dogs so they gave them to Muley to
take care of as well as the chickens. Muley told Tom that if he left the state he would go back to prison
for three years and Tom ignored him. Al, Ma, and Grandma were in the cab, the others in the back. The
Joads left for the last time. They all watched as Uncle John’s house faded away in the distance.

Demure- adjective; Characterized by shyness and modesty (Pg. 95)
Sated- verb; To satisfy (any appetite or desire) fully (Pg. 96)
Tappets- noun; A lever or projecting arm that moves or is moved by contact with another part, usually to
transmit motion, as between a driving mechanism and a valve (Pg. 97)
Splayed- adjective; Spread or turned out (Pg. 101)
Titular- adjective; Existing or being such in title only (Pg. 101)
Gunny- noun; A strong, coarse material made commonly from jute, esp. for bags or sacks (Pg. 109)

Chapter 11-

              The houses that the tenants left were empty, but not for long. Boys from the town quickly
came and broke the windows with rocks. Shortly after that bats would sleep in there in the day. Mice
would build nests in drawers and corners. Weasels came in to hunt the mice, and owls came in and out.
Weeds began to grow in the house and on the porch. Cats came in and out hunting mice and weasels.
Shingles were ripped from the roof. The houses were vacant, but very much alive.

Corrugated- adjective; Wrinkled (Pg. 115)
Contemptuous- adjective; Showing or expressing contempt or disdain (Pg. 116)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                   11
Chapter 12-
(pg. 118-122)

                The road to California from Oklahoma was Highway 66. It went through Texas, New
Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and California. Many traveled the road to California. Cars would break
down and they would have to pay for new parts. The owners of auto shops raised the prices when they
saw these types of people that had to have it fixed to move on. Many would fear the road between towns
in case something would break. Auto shop dealers told movers that the police were only letting house
buyers by. Many families had hardly enough to make it there. They had to refuse the simple necessities
like water to their kids. The road to California was long and hard.

Splice- verb; To join together or unite (Pg. 119)

(Pg. 123-149)

                   The Joads were off. They stopped to go to the bathroom in the weeds and realized they
forgot the jug of water. Instantly everyone was thirsty. At the next service station, they stopped to get
water. Everyone got out and drank. The dog roamed around and near the highway. A car crushed it.
They all got back in the truck and moved on. The day was going and they decided to stop. They stopped
with other travelers. Grandpa was not feeling well. A woman that also was moving West with her
husband asked if he would like to rest in their tent. Her name was Sairy Wilson. Casy had some
experience with illnesses. Casy looked at him with Sairy. He died and Casy thought it was a stroke.
Grandma was upset. They buried him so that they would not have to pay the burial fee. They left a note
that said how and when and who he was. They fed the Wilson’s for their help. After a big night of
dealing with his death, the two families went to bed.

       Literary Elements-
When the car hit the dog, it was foreshadowing for more despair and rough times ahead. It is symbolizing
the rough road ahead.

I have a feeling that there will be many more deaths in the Joad family.

Tepid- adjective; Moderately warm (Pg. 129)
Culvert- noun; A drain or channel crossing under a road (Pg. 134)
Paupers- noun; One who is extremely poor (Pg. 139)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      12
Chapter 14-
(Pg. 150-152)

Out west, many were becoming nervous due to the people coming from the east. Families were driven off
their land and forced elsewhere. They go to California. Many more are thinking of coming, many are
there, and many are on their way, crowding the West.

      Literary Elements-
“The western land, nervous under the beginning change.” (Pg. 150)
      This is personification because land is nervous which is impossible. An inanimate object is taking
      on human characteristics.

Chapter 15-
(Pg. 153-162)

                 The travelers influenced many roadside cafés also. The waitresses flirted with the truck
drivers, to get them to come back, they hated the fancy car drivers, and despised the traveling poor folk.
The truck drivers were good customers and regulars, the fancy car drivers were rude, and the poor folk
were stealers. Many poor folks would come to buy bread and candy. The cook would sometimes give
them stuff for cheaper because they were nice.

They mention Bing Crosby who was involved in Seabiscuit quite a lot. This reminds you that this was the
same time period. Bing Crosby is mentioned as a popular person during both books and in Seabiscuit
Bing Crosby was friends with some of the characters.

Mica- noun; Any member of a group of minerals (Pg. 153)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      13
Chapter 16-
(Pg. 163-192)

                The Joads and Wilsons decided to move west together. Rosasharn told Ma about Connie’s
plans to study during the night and get a job possibly owning his own store. Something happened as Al
drove. He honked for Tom to stop ahead. They needed to fix the touring car so Al drove the others to a
camp and came back to the car where Casy and Tom were waiting. Tom and Al went to go find a junk
yard to find a part for it. They found a junk yard and a one-eyed man gave them what they needed. They
then took off back to the town car where Casy stayed. They fixed it carefully and then drove to the camp
where the others were sleeping the night. The owner of the camp would not let them in unless they paid
again. Therefore, Tom, Uncle John, and Casy moved on. Then the group of men in the camp talking asked
where the Joads were headed. As Pa told them, they were going to California, one man laughed
hysterically. He explained that he came from there and there were no jobs. Tom, Casy, and Uncle John
left and would watch for the others to come in the morning.

Lax- adjective; Not strict or severe; careless or negligent (Pg. 169)
Vagrants- noun; One who wanders from place to place without a permanent home or a means of
livelihood (Pg. 186)
Dungarees- noun; Work clothes (Pg. 188)

Chapter 17-
(Pg. 193-200)

                During the day, the travelers were on their own, but during the night, when they would
stop and rest, the families would become one. Twenty families camping in the same spot shared stories,
the same pain, and the same happiness. They slowly learned the common rules that almost everyone who
camped went by. The people in the family had particular jobs and they would do them with out being
asked to. The women would cook, the children get water and sticks, and the men would pitch the tents
and unload. The men would get together and plan and figure things. The children would curiously walk
around and make friends. They would always ask if they could stay, and never were rejected. Some would
find people that lived near their folks or had run by them in their travels. Then in the morning, they would
go on their separate ways.

Ostracism- noun; Exclusion, by general consent, from social acceptance, privileges, friendship, etc (Pg.

       Significant Quotes-
                              “children to gather wood, to carry water; men to pitch the tents and bring
                              down the beds; women to cook the supper and watch while the family fed.
                              And this was done without command.” (Pg. 195)
                                      This is significant because in the book, it is constantly making
                                    references that females, males, and children do different jobs.
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      14
Chapter 18-
(Pg. 201-230)

                They arrived in California, but there was still the desert ahead. They stopped and planned
to cross in the night so it would not be as hot. The boys went to the river that flowed near and the women
rested up to cross. Grandma was weak. In the river, they met two men that were traveling back from
California. They told how they were starving and could not get work. Then they got out of the water to
lay and rest. Noah then told Tom he was not going on. He said he would catch fish and live along the
river. Tom called after him as he walked up the river, but he eventually gave up. As Rosasharn fanned
Grandma, a woman came by and asked if they could pray with Grandma since they sensed she would die
soon. Ma told her to get. The women left and Ma could hear them pray for her in their own tent. It
apparently helped because grandma went right to sleep. Then Rosasharn and Ma rested on either side of
Grandma. A cop stopped by to tell them that should get a move on and Ma threatened to hit him with a
skillet. When Tom awoke, he went for another swim. Ma was worried Tom would kill a cop, so she had
Ruthie go find him. They then prepared for the 300-mile journey through the desert. They went to go
leave but the Wilsons said they were not going. Sairy asked Casy to pray silently for her since she was ill.
Then they were off. Then they came along a station that checked loads. The officers had to check what
the travelers had. Ma quickly got out and said they had a very sick women and they had to get her to the
hospital. The officer let them go since Grandma was so sick. Tom quickly drove to a hospital and when
they went to get her out, Ma said she was fine. Then they came into the groves of fruit and trees and they
were amazed. When they got out, Ma announced that Grandma had passed away before the check station.
They went to a coroner’s office and got her properly buried. Then they left for work.

       Significant Quotes;
             ““I dunno. He jus’ got it. Runs a few cattle. Got guards ever’place to keep folks out. Rides
                aroun’ in a bullet-proof car. I seen pitchers of him. Fat, sof’ fella with little mean eyes
                an’ a mouth like a ass-hole. Scairt he’s gonna die. Got a million acres an’ scairt of
                dyin’.”” –stranger (Pg. 206)
                             This is significant because there a million people dying because of starving,
                             and this man has all the food and money in the world, and he is more afraid
                             of dying then the ones that can’t even eat.

           When the fat man is scared of dying and the millions of starving “okies” have a better
             chance of dying is similar to the Holocaust because Hitler was scared of dying even though
             the starving people in his camps were more likely to die. Also, the fat man was very
             protective of his land and was kind of acting like Hitler because he was hurting the
             migrants and in a way killing them hogging the land and not doing anything with it.

       Literary Elements-
                      The fat man that had lots of land is ironic because here he is afraid of dying
                        with all the food in the world, and the “Okies” are starving and afraid where
                        they will live and find work.
                      The fat man is also symbolic because he symbolizes the Western people. He
                        hates the migrants, but sent for them. He has so much farm work to do, but
                        does none. He has all the money, but uses it to eat and protect himself from
                        dying. This symbolizes what most farmland owners are like in the west.
Hannah Heeter                                                                                     15
Chapter 19-
(Pg. 231-239)

               California once belonged to Mexico but Americans wanted it so badly that they took it
from them. They then built large farms on it and imported slaves. The owners did not help with the farm.
They just did the paperwork. Then there were migrants that came from the East and took low wages.
They searched for work and lived in Hoovervilles. Some would try to plant some crops in a large field
and surround it with large weeds. Most were caught. Some of them plotted against the landowners. Many
kids died from malnutrition or other diseases to do with not eating good or at all.

Scythe- noun; An agricultural implement consisting of a long, curving blade fastened at an angle to a
handle, for cutting grass, grain, etc., by hand (Pg. 232)
Nebulous- adjective; Hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused (Pg. 233)

Chapter 20-
(Pg. 240-281)

                The Joads needed a place to stay so they went to a Hooverville. They were ugly scrappy
houses. They asked a man where they could get work. The man seemed a little strange. Then they just
stopped and set up camp around the camp. They met a man named Floyd who told them about
Hoovervilles and about the strange man. He also talked about the cops and to act stupid when they are
around. Then explains why there are poor people. Al then helped Floyd with his car. Then Casy told Tom
he was going to leave. Connie disappeared. Ma made stew and she let the other kids in the camp scrape
the pot. A mother later came and told her not to brag and give her kids food. It made her look bad. Then
Floyd told them there was work north since Al helped with his car. Then a car pulled in the camp. A man
came out and asked if they wanted to go work somewhere. Then another man got out of the car and said
that Floyd had broken into a used car lot. They went to arrest him but Floyd got away by hitting him.
Then Tom tripped him and Casy knocked him out with a kick to the neck. Casy told them to go hide as
the car reared out of the camp. A few minutes later cops came and Casy said he had done it all, taking the
blame for Tom and Floyd. They arrested him and they were off. They were burning the camp that night
so they told everyone to leave. Uncle John then went to the store to get drunk. Tom went after him and
found him in a ditch. Tom had to carry him back on his shoulder after knocking him out since he did not
want to go on. Rosasharn did not want to leave without Connie who had run away. They then made their
way to the nice camp that had toilets and hot water. They were stopped by some locals. They told them
that they needed to turn around. Tom reversed and hid the truck. The people walked by to burn the camp
and they drove back to where they wanted.

       Significant Quotes-
           “The first house was nondescript. The south wall made of three sheets of rusty corrugated
              iron, the east wall a square of moldy carpet tacked between two boards, the north wall a
              strip of roofing paper and a strip of tattered canvas, and the west wall six pieces of gunny
              sacking. Over the square frame, on untrimmed willow limbs, grass had been piled, not
              thatched, but heaped up in a low mound. The entrance, on the gunny-sack side, was
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      16
               cluttered with equipment. A five-gallon kerosene can served for a stove. It was laid on its
               side, with a section of rusty stovepipe thrust in one end. A wash boiler rested on its side
               against the wall; and a collection of boxes lay about, boxes to sit on, to eat on. A Model T
               Ford sedan and a two-wheel trailer were parked beside the shack, and about the camp
               there hung a slovenly despair.” (Pg. 241)
                                       This is significant because they just realized what they were
                                       stepping into and what their life would be like.
              ““Somebody got to take the blame. I got no kids. They’ll jus’ put me in jail, an’ I ain’t
             doin’ nothin’ but set aroun’.”” –Casy (Pg. 265-266)
                                       This is significant because Casy sacrificed himself to save the Joad
                                       family. This shows true character and I think he will be back.

Slovenly- adverb; In an untidy, careless, or slipshod manner (Pg. 241)
Sardonically- adverb; In a sarcastic manner (Pg. 246)

Chapter 21-
(Pg. 282-284)

               The people who had once owned land were now kicked out and living poorer than ever.
People were hungry which lowered the prices. If a man took a job for twenty-five, then the hungrier
person took twenty cents. Farmers had made an empire because they had a winery, a cannery, and a farm,
lowering prices for themselves and keeping the goods at the same high price.

Agrarian- adjective; Relating to land, land tenure, or the division of landed property (Pg. 282)
Rachitic- adjective; Affected with, suffering from, or characteristic of rickets; (Pg. 284)

Chapter 22-
(Pg. 285-324)

                They arrived at the government camp. They learned that government camps governed
themselves and no cops were allowed unless they had a warrant. They got the last spot. They went and
camped out. The next morning Tom woke up early and ate breakfast with a family. Two men from the
family had a job and offered Tom to come along. So he went. They arrived and the owner of the house
said that he had to lower the wages due to the committee he was on. He told them that the cops were
planning a fight during the government camp’s Saturday night dances. Then the men got to work digging
ditches. Ruthie went and explored the camp with Winfield. They touched the toilets and they thought
Winfield broke it when he flushed it. Ma told them that is how it worked. The women’s committee came
and showed Ma around. A woman came around and heckled Rosasharn about dirty dancing and how she
would loose her baby. The men went out to look for work but could not find any. The kids had a croquet
court to play on. The woman came back that had heckled Rosasharn and Ma told her to get away. The
men came back with no work and Ma was disappointed.
Hannah Heeter                                                                                     17

Chapter 23-
(Pg. 325-330)

               The migrant people looked for satisfaction of any type. They started telling stories of good
times, past times, and interesting times. When there was enough money they would get drunk. They
played music with harmonicas, fiddles, etc. Preachers would even set up preaching periods for travelers.

                           The fat land owner from chapter 18 was lonely, scared, and was not living his
                            life. He had the money, the land, and everything to be generally happy, but
                            was not using it. Here these poor migrants had fun with stories, music, and
                            God. They were living more than the land owners.

Haycock- noun; A small conical pile of hay stacked in a hayfield while the hay is awaiting removal to a
barn (Pg. 329)

Chapter 24-
(Pg. 331-345)

                It was Saturday, the day of the weekly dance at the government camp. They were
preparing their best clothes and the dance floor. The men had found out about the cops’ plan to start a
fight and then shut down the government camp. They were putting men around the camp and having
them look for suspicious people. The children ran to the dance floor and got ready to play. Al looked his
best and found a pretty girl. Tom was one of the men that watched for suspicious behavior. Ma and
Rosasharn sat near the dance floor, but did not have any intent to dance. The invited families showed up
and started in and answered multiple questions about themselves and who invited them. Tom was paired
with a half-Indian. He could sense that a group of men that walked in were going to cause trouble. So
they told the committee and then they secretly and quietly got rid of them. The cops came by and said
they heard there was a riot, because they had paid those men to start one.

      Significant Quotes-
                       “They’s change a-comin’. I don’ know what. Maybe we won’t live to see her.
                          But she’s a-comin’. They’s a res’less feelin’. Fella can’t figger nothin’ out,
                          he’s so nervous.” –Pa (Pg. 345)
                                   This is significant for many reasons because it is foreshadowing a
                                   change in the people. Whether they will strike and change the
                                   wages, or the people start a riot, there is something that will happen.
Ginghams- noun; A yarn-dyed cotton fabric woven in stripes, checks, plaids, or solid colors (Pg. 331)

I think that someone from the Joad family will strike against the wages. Whether it be Tom or any of
Hannah Heeter                                                                                       18
Chapter 25-
(Pg. 346-349)

                In spring, it is beautiful with the blossoms, green hills, etc. Men are constantly trying to
experiment on the plants to make them better. If they mess up, their wine will go wrong with insecticide,
and they will loose their farm to the bank. They would burn bad coffee for fuel in ships, burn bad corn to
keep warm, and dump bad potatoes in the river and have guards to stand and not let and hungry people
have them.

       Significant Quotes-
                      “…and in the eyes of the people there is the failure; and in the eyes of the
                        hungry there is growing wrath. In the souls of the people the grapes of wrath
                        are filling and growing heavy, growing heavy for the vintage.” (Pg. 349)
                                     This is very significant because the farmers have bad crops, but
                                     instead of giving them to the hungry, they just throw them away
                                     down a river without even letting them take any. They were junk
                                     anyways. The farmers felt like they failed, but the hungry people
                                     were filling with rage.

       Literary Elements-
            The author is foreshadowing with the above quote that the migrants will do something to
              show the farmers that they are angry. I think that they will put up a strike against working
              for them.

Putrescence- noun; The quality of rotting and becoming putrid (Pg. 349)
Denunciation- noun; An accusation of crime before a public prosecutor or tribunal (Pg. 349)
Pellagra- noun; A disease caused by a deficiency of niacin in the diet, characterized by skin changes,
severe nerve dysfunction, mental symptoms, and diarrhea (Pg. 349)

The significant quote from this chapter makes it seem as if the people are angry. I think that there will be
some sort of protest against the California police or farm owners. I am thinking that the Joads will be
involved too.
Hannah Heeter                                                                                    19
Chapter 26-
(Pg. 350-405)

        The Joads had no money and planned on leaving the government camp to find work. Ma told
Tom how they needed him to work and for the family. Rosasharn was still sad about having a baby
without a husband and with no milk to drink. Al said goodbye to a girl that he had promised himself to.
Pa told the committee that he was going. Tom said goodbye to some friends and shared a smoke with
them. The next morning, Ma woke the family early to leave. They packed everything and got on their
way. They headed north retracing their steps from the Hooverville they stayed in. It was completely
rebuilt and looked the same as it had before being burned. They heard a hissing sound in the tire and
there was a giant nail in her. Al and Tom patched her. As they were fixing the tire, a man drove by and
stopped. He asked if they wanted to work and gave them the directions. So, the Joads headed for the
man’s farm. As they drove near, there were a lot of cops holding back screaming men. Tom was curious.
Cop motorcycles led them to the farm nearby. They drove up and were questioned. They were given a
small cabin. They were going to work at picking peaches. They got five cents for every box they filled
with non bruised peaches. They worked and earned over a dollar. Ma went to go buy some supper at the
farm’s grocery store. They were over priced because it was cheaper to go there and pay the raised prices
than to go into town and spend money on gas. They had dinner and afterwards Al went looking around
and Tom went to go figure out what was happening at the gate. Tom walked down the road and was
stopped by a hidden police officer. He was told to go back. Tom did, but then he slinked back down and
climbed the fence. On the other side he ran into Casy in a tent of protesters. They were striking against
the farm because they were being paid half of what the Joads were. Casy said that as soon as the cops
clear them out, the pay would go back down to two fifty. Then they heard noises and the group fled into a
tunnel. On the other side a cops saw them and pointed the flashlight on their faces. They saw the leader
of the protest, Casy, and killed him with a swing of a pick handle. Tom could not control himself and
swung and hit the man who killed Casy, and Tom suffered a blow to his face too. Tom ran to the bushes
and his face was throbbing. The cops were looking for him. He ran back to their cabin and slinked into
bed with the rest of the sleeping Joads. The next morning Tom told his family. His nose was broken and
the cops were searching for him. He had to stay hidden. The prices went down like Casy said and Ma was
planning on moving on that night. They ate and loaded. They had Tom lay between the two mattresses
that way if they were stopped, they would not see him. When they went to leave, they said that Tom was
a hitchhiker and had left that morning. They drove away. They took all back roads. They saw a sign for
cotton pickers wanted and Tom said they should stay there because they had a stream, railcar houses, and
he could hide in the woods. Tom jumped off the truck with a comforter and headed to the woods. Ma
was to leave food for him in the woods and he would come find it.

        Significant Quotes-
                        ““Seems like times is changed,” he said sarcastically. “Time was when a man
                           said what we’d do. Seems like women is tellin’ now. Seems like it’s purty near
                           time to get out a stick.”” -Pa (Pg. 352)
                                     This is significant because the roles of men and women are very
                                     different. Men would work, make money, and make the decisions.
                                     Women cleaned, cooked, and cared for the family. Ma is taking on
                                     both of the roles. She is working, cleaning, making decisions, etc.
Pall- noun; A cloth, often of velvet, for spreading over a coffin, bier, or tomb (Pg. 370)
Docilely- adverb; Easily managed or handled (Pg. 371)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                      20
Chapter 27-
(Pg. 406-408)

                Cotton was ready and pickers were needed. The bags got heavy. The workers were
basically work horses. The children carried tiny bags and emptied them into their parents’ bags. It cost a
dollar to buy a bag. There were so many working the field that it did not last long. Some came and
picked but never made weight to get paid. They were paid well though, and had money for side meat.

Placards- noun; A sign or notice for display in a public place (Pg. 406)

Chapter 28-
(Pg. 409-431)

                The Joads got one of the 12 boxcars. They shared it with another family. They were
earning enough that they ate meat everyday and got new clothes. Ruthie wanted Cracker Jack and Ma let
her get some. She ate it slowly and teased the other kids with it. One girl got in a fist-fight with Ruthie.
Ruthie said that her big brother, who killed two men, would come kill her, and he was hiding in the
bushes. Winfield told Ma and she had to go find Tom and tell him to leave. She took food with her. She
went to the area where she had always put his meals and waited. She heard a soft walk coming towards
her and then silence. It was Tom. He took her to a cave with vines covering it. It was his “home.” Tom
was going to come out as soon as his face healed. Ma told him to get away to a big city. She gave him
seven dollars. Then she left. She walked until she found the road. A man came up behind her and asked
her if she was looking for work because he had a cotton field that needed to be picked. Ma went home. Al
announced that he wanted to marry the Wainwright’s daughter Aggie. The next morning their family and
the Wainwrights, who lived in the other half of the railcar, went to the farm to pick. Rosasharn insisted
she go. They picked and got some money. As they got in their cars, the rain began. Rosasharn was very
cold and she was coming down with something.

Patina- noun; A film or incrustation, usually green, produced by oxidation on the surface of old bronze
and often esteemed as being of ornamental value (Pg. 421)
Eddies- noun; A current at variance with the main current in a stream of liquid or gas, esp. one having a
rotary or whirling motion (Pg. 423)
Mite- noun; Any of numerous small to microscopic arachnids of the subclass Acari, including species that
are parasitic on animals and plants or that feed on decaying matter and stored foods (Pg. 428)
Hannah Heeter                                                                                     21
Chapter 29-
(Pg. 432-435)

               The rain came and the ponds grew larger, the puddles formed, and the hillside created
streams. The water rose and rose filling into tents and people were constantly wet. There was no food or
money coming in for three months. Illness was all around. Pneumonia, measles, and colds were
common. Many died. Babies were born in barns to mothers with pneumonia. Then when the beginning of
the year came, the grass poked through, and the rain stopped.

       Significant Quotes-
                 “…and the break would never come as long as fear could turn to wrath.” (Pg. 435)
                           This is significant because they feared for their lives and that turned to
                           hatred against people, earth, and everything. They were scared and since
                           they were constantly scared, they were angry.

Crags- noun; A steep rugged mass of rock projecting upward or outward (Pg. 432)
Mastoids- noun; Shaped like a breast or nipple (Pg. 433)

Chapter 30-
(Pg. 436-455)

                The little creek rose and came closer to the railcar. Pa thought that if the creek came up
any further, it would flood them. Rosasharn had a fever. Al was going wherever Aggie was going.
Rosasharn started her contractions. Ma and Mrs. Wainwright helped her through the pregnancy. The
boys carried wood to the house to keep the fire going. Pa decided to build a ditch to keep the water from
flooding them. Rosasharn’s baby was born dead. She was devastated. The water continued to rise and
came into the railcar. Everyone from the Joad family, except Al, went to higher ground. They found a
barn and went in with Rosasharn. A boy and his father were inside. Ma asked if they had a blanket. The
boy said that they did. He also said his dad was very sick and needed milk. Rosasharn said she would
give him her breast milk.

       Literary Elements-
                      It is a form of irony in the story because the book starts with drought and ends
                        with floods.

Dank- adjective; Unpleasantly moist or humid (Pg. 443)

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