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					General Bone Compact vs.                Bone Growth     General
                         Articulations & Ossification
  Features Cancellous                                   Anatomy


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 A rope like protein
    found in the
extracellular matrix
 of bone, cartilage,
    tendons, and
     ligaments
What is collagen?
The main shaft of
  the long bone
What is the
Diaphysis?
Four types of bones
 characterized by
    their shape
  What are Long
bones, short bones,
  flat bones, and
 irregular bones?
  Calcium phosphate
crystals that make up
most of the mineral in
        bone.
    What is
hydroxyapatite?
 In adults, the
 “growth plate”
becomes what is
  known as the
  What is the
epiphyseal line?
This forms most of
  the diaphysis of
long bones and the
   thinner, outer
   surfaces of all
    other bones.
What is Compact
    bone?
Most of the lamellae of
  compact bone are in
    concentric rings
 surrounding a central
  canal (that contains
blood vessels), termed
          this.
  What is the
Haversian Canal?
Bone is formed in
 thin sheets of
  extracellular
matrix called this
What are Lamellae?
 In cancellous bone,
    the delicate
interconnecting rods
and or plates of bone
      are called
 What are
trabeculae?
    In both compact and
 cancellous bone, nutrients
  gain access to bone cells
(either through the central
  canal or through spaces
   within trabeculae) via a
      process known as
What is diffusion?
      Sutures,
  syndesmoses and
gomphoses are types
         of
What are fibrous
    joints?
   A freely movable
  joint, the knee and
hip joint are two good
 examples, are known
           as
What are synovial
    joints?
 The main purpose of
 synovial fluid found
   within the joint
capsule of all synovial
        joints
What is to provide
lubrication/reduce
     friction?
  Found at the tips
 (outermost portion)
of each bone meeting
  in a synovial joint
What is articular
  cartilage?
EC – What type of cartilage is
     articular cartilage?
Structure that
 produces the
 synovial fluid
    What is the
synovial membrane?
 The process of
bone formation by
   osteoblasts
  What is
ossification?
Primarily occurring in
the skull, this process
     results from
osteoblasts producing
bone from connective
  tissue membranes.
     What is
intramembranous
   ossification?
Most of the bones of
  the body develop
 from this type of
 ossification where
  osteoblasts build
bone from cartilage
       models.
  What is
endochondral
ossification?
These are cartilage
       cells
  What are
chondrocytes?
As chondrocytes lay
 hyaline cartilage in
 layers during bone
growth, hypertrophy
and death occurs to
chondrocytes on this
  side of the bone
  What is the
diaphyseal side?
    The skull, the
vertebral column and
the thoracic cage are
considered to be the
What is the axial
  skeleton?
  The central axis
 extending from the
 base of the skull to
the end of the pelvis
   is known as the
   What is the
vertebral column?
 The many crevices
and cavernous areas
  found within the
 nasal cavities are
     known as
What are the
 sinuses?
   The cone-shaped
 depressions found in
 the face, which hold
 what some would call
 the structures that
 provide the “window
to the soul” are called
What are the
  orbits?
 Any hole in a bone,
 especially where a
nerve or blood vessel
may pass through, is
     known as a
What is a foramen?
 EC – What is the name of the
 hole at the base of the skull
where the spinal cord meets the
          brainstem?

				
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posted:8/19/2011
language:English
pages:51