The Seminole Indians

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					The Seminole Indians

    By: Ryan and Brandon

                           This is a
                           picture of the
Seminole War     History
Arts             Transport
Clothing         Timeline (make sure to say YES when bar comes up)
Diet             Location
Shelters         Tradition
Past & Present   Home

   The Seminoles lived in the Everglades, a subtropical marshland located
   in the southern portion of Florida.
   For much of its history, systematic
   exploration of the Everglades was
   prevented by the dense growth of
   saw grass, a sedge with very sharp
   saw toothed leaves, and up to 53
   inches of rainfall a year.

       The Creeks claimed them as a part of their nation, and included
       them in a treaty with the United States in 1790; but the Seminoles
       repudiated it and made war upon the Americans, and affiliated with
       the Spaniards in 1793. They were also enemies of the United States
       in the War of 1812, when they were under Spanish rule. At that
       time they were divided into seven clans, and were rich in live-stock
       and negro slaves. The Creek War led to trouble between the
       Seminoles and the Georgians, and in 1817 they began hostilities

        This is the Seminole Flag

       The wigwam was a round shelter used by many different Native
       American cultures in the east and the southeast. It is considered
       one of the best shelters made. It was as safe and warm as the best
       houses of early colonists. The wigwam has a curved surface which
       can hold up against the worst weather in any region. The male of
       the family was responsible for the framing of the wigwam. Young
       green tree saplings, of just about any type of wood, about ten to
       fifteen feet long were cut down. These tree saplings were then bent
       by stretching the wood. While these saplings were being bent, a
       circle was drawn into the ground. The diameter of the circle varied
       from ten to sixteen feet. The bent saplings were then placed over
       the drawn circle, using the tallest saplings in the middle and the
       shorter ones on the outside. The saplings formed arches all in one
       direction on the circle. The next set of saplings was used to wrap
       around the wigwam to give the shelter support. When the two sets
       of saplings were finally tied together, the sides and roof were placed
       on it. The sides of the wigwam were usually bark stripped from

       Seminole Clothing was made out of tree bark, animal skin, cotton
       fibers, and hide. The woman's garment consisted of a very full,
       floor-length skirt.
       The Seminole man of this period wore a simple full cut shirt. A
       decorative area usually adorned the front placket. On his head, he
       wore a turban made from plaid wool shawls. These two garments,
       with the common addition of a belt (leather, woven yarn, or
       beaded), completed the essentials of male attire.

       The Seminoles used dugout canoes made from cypress trees to
       travel the waterways. Seminoles traveled by dugout canoe from
       their homes in the Everglades to trading posts on the coast. They
       sold animal skins and feathers, and bought store goods, such as
       umbrellas, hats, and coffee pots.

       Each Seminole Indian born of a Seminole mother is a member of
       her "Clan" - a traditional extended family unit. Husbands
       traditionally went to live in the wife's clan camp. Each clan is
       characterized by a non-human entity with which it shares many
       traits, such as strength, courage, or endurance. There are eight
       Seminole clans - Panther, Bear, Deer, Wind, Bigtown, Bird, Snake,
       and Otter.
       Seminole tribes in Oklahoma reservations started to become

       The Seminole Indians ate corn, squash, beans, shellfish, berries,
       nuts, rabbit, eggs, and fish. They gathered food and gardened. They
       made flour for cooking from the roots of the wild canto (Seamier)
       plant. They ate only when they were hungry. Throughout the day a
       pot of hot soup of sofkee would be kept on the fire.

   "Sweetgrass" baskets have been made by Seminole Indians for more
   than 60 years. The wild sweetgrass used in these beautiful, sturdy
   creations is hand-picked from high, dry areas of the Everglades basin,
   washed, laid in the sun to dry, and sewn together with colored threads.
   Palmetto fiber is the usual basket base material. The baskets may take
   many different shapes.

                        Seminole War
       The Seminole are part of the Creek Confederation of tribes. In the
       1700's they moved into Florida, which was then inhabited by the
       Spanish. They shared land with a group of Indians that spoke the
       Mikasuki language. The two groups banded and became known as
       the Seminoles, meaning "runaways". In 1763, Florida was taken by
       the British. The British often caused problems between the
       Seminoles and American settlers. When black slaves escaped from
       their masters, they often found protection with the Seminoles.
       Because of this, Americans fought against the Seminoles in the First,
       Second, and Third Seminole Wars. The outcome of the First
       Seminole War involved Spain giving Florida to the United States.
       The Second Seminole War was one of the most costly of the United
       States-Indian wars. The majority of the tribe surrendered and
       moved to Oklahoma. They settled on the western area of the Creek
       reservation. The Third Seminole War started from renewed efforts
       to find the Seminoles remaining in Florida. This war caused little
       bloodshed. However, it ended with the United States paying a
       troublesome band of refugees to go West. After the wars ended,
       over 3,000 Natives had been forced into the western territories of
       Arkansas and Oklahoma. As few as 300 remained in Florida.

                       Past and Present
Today Seminole Indians live their lives much differently than they used to. Now Florida
is a major vacation place full of beaches, back then it was the home of the Seminoles.
Now the Seminoles live in reservations instead of being free.

                Annotated Bibliography
 This website is a great resource if you’re looking for data on the Seminole Wars. It
    has over 15 pages of fact. You’ll get tons of information here.
 This website doesn’t have much and isn’t that organized but it does tell you what
    foods the Seminoles ate.
 This has tons of information on everything!!!!
 This website is good because, it has a fairly good timeline and it is all about the
    Seminole tribes of Florida. So you can get quite a lot of info here.

 I highly recommend this site to anyone that wants accurate information. This
     website has given me good info in the past so it should give anyone else
           good information.

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