The Seminole Indians
By: Ryan and Brandon
This is a
picture of the
Seminole War History
Clothing Timeline (make sure to say YES when bar comes up)
Past & Present Home
The Seminoles lived in the Everglades, a subtropical marshland located
in the southern portion of Florida.
For much of its history, systematic
exploration of the Everglades was
prevented by the dense growth of
saw grass, a sedge with very sharp
saw toothed leaves, and up to 53
inches of rainfall a year.
The Creeks claimed them as a part of their nation, and included
them in a treaty with the United States in 1790; but the Seminoles
repudiated it and made war upon the Americans, and affiliated with
the Spaniards in 1793. They were also enemies of the United States
in the War of 1812, when they were under Spanish rule. At that
time they were divided into seven clans, and were rich in live-stock
and negro slaves. The Creek War led to trouble between the
Seminoles and the Georgians, and in 1817 they began hostilities
This is the Seminole Flag
The wigwam was a round shelter used by many different Native
American cultures in the east and the southeast. It is considered
one of the best shelters made. It was as safe and warm as the best
houses of early colonists. The wigwam has a curved surface which
can hold up against the worst weather in any region. The male of
the family was responsible for the framing of the wigwam. Young
green tree saplings, of just about any type of wood, about ten to
fifteen feet long were cut down. These tree saplings were then bent
by stretching the wood. While these saplings were being bent, a
circle was drawn into the ground. The diameter of the circle varied
from ten to sixteen feet. The bent saplings were then placed over
the drawn circle, using the tallest saplings in the middle and the
shorter ones on the outside. The saplings formed arches all in one
direction on the circle. The next set of saplings was used to wrap
around the wigwam to give the shelter support. When the two sets
of saplings were finally tied together, the sides and roof were placed
on it. The sides of the wigwam were usually bark stripped from
Seminole Clothing was made out of tree bark, animal skin, cotton
fibers, and hide. The woman's garment consisted of a very full,
The Seminole man of this period wore a simple full cut shirt. A
decorative area usually adorned the front placket. On his head, he
wore a turban made from plaid wool shawls. These two garments,
with the common addition of a belt (leather, woven yarn, or
beaded), completed the essentials of male attire.
The Seminoles used dugout canoes made from cypress trees to
travel the waterways. Seminoles traveled by dugout canoe from
their homes in the Everglades to trading posts on the coast. They
sold animal skins and feathers, and bought store goods, such as
umbrellas, hats, and coffee pots.
Each Seminole Indian born of a Seminole mother is a member of
her "Clan" - a traditional extended family unit. Husbands
traditionally went to live in the wife's clan camp. Each clan is
characterized by a non-human entity with which it shares many
traits, such as strength, courage, or endurance. There are eight
Seminole clans - Panther, Bear, Deer, Wind, Bigtown, Bird, Snake,
Seminole tribes in Oklahoma reservations started to become
The Seminole Indians ate corn, squash, beans, shellfish, berries,
nuts, rabbit, eggs, and fish. They gathered food and gardened. They
made flour for cooking from the roots of the wild canto (Seamier)
plant. They ate only when they were hungry. Throughout the day a
pot of hot soup of sofkee would be kept on the fire.
"Sweetgrass" baskets have been made by Seminole Indians for more
than 60 years. The wild sweetgrass used in these beautiful, sturdy
creations is hand-picked from high, dry areas of the Everglades basin,
washed, laid in the sun to dry, and sewn together with colored threads.
Palmetto fiber is the usual basket base material. The baskets may take
many different shapes.
The Seminole are part of the Creek Confederation of tribes. In the
1700's they moved into Florida, which was then inhabited by the
Spanish. They shared land with a group of Indians that spoke the
Mikasuki language. The two groups banded and became known as
the Seminoles, meaning "runaways". In 1763, Florida was taken by
the British. The British often caused problems between the
Seminoles and American settlers. When black slaves escaped from
their masters, they often found protection with the Seminoles.
Because of this, Americans fought against the Seminoles in the First,
Second, and Third Seminole Wars. The outcome of the First
Seminole War involved Spain giving Florida to the United States.
The Second Seminole War was one of the most costly of the United
States-Indian wars. The majority of the tribe surrendered and
moved to Oklahoma. They settled on the western area of the Creek
reservation. The Third Seminole War started from renewed efforts
to find the Seminoles remaining in Florida. This war caused little
bloodshed. However, it ended with the United States paying a
troublesome band of refugees to go West. After the wars ended,
over 3,000 Natives had been forced into the western territories of
Arkansas and Oklahoma. As few as 300 remained in Florida.
Past and Present
Today Seminole Indians live their lives much differently than they used to. Now Florida
is a major vacation place full of beaches, back then it was the home of the Seminoles.
Now the Seminoles live in reservations instead of being free.
This website is a great resource if you’re looking for data on the Seminole Wars. It
has over 15 pages of fact. You’ll get tons of information here.
This website doesn’t have much and isn’t that organized but it does tell you what
foods the Seminoles ate.
This has tons of information on everything!!!!
This website is good because, it has a fairly good timeline and it is all about the
Seminole tribes of Florida. So you can get quite a lot of info here.
I highly recommend this site to anyone that wants accurate information. This
website has given me good info in the past so it should give anyone else