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Ceremony

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									   Ceremony
Written by Leslie Marmon
          Silko




 Presentation by: Valerie Baehl and Laura Rowe
     “The only cure
        I know
 is a good ceremony,
that’s what she said.”   (3)
      “Ceremony”
A formal act or set acts performed as
   prescribed by ritual or custom
           A Call to Ceremony
• Upon returning from war, Tayo, a Native American,
  is sent to Betonie, a medicine man.

• After hearing Tayo’s stories of war, Betonie
  appoints Tayo to complete his ceremony.

• One stipulation is that the ceremony must change,
  as ceremonies must change throughout time to fit
  the ever-changing world.

• Betonie reintroduces Tayo to his Native American
  traditions, which allows Tayo to once again relate
  and understand his culture.
       The Scalp Ceremony in
                  Ceremony
• Purpose: To Rid Tayo of haunting war memories,
  separating him from his life in war.

• Procedure:
  – Tayo sits while Shush and Betonie chant prayers
    of Tayo.

  – Shush and Betonie cut his scalp and sing about
    his journey away and their hopes for his return.

  – Tayo is then taken into the hogan for rest and
    Indian tea.
 The Ultimate Call to Ceremony
          in Ceremony
• While the Scalp Ceremony rids Tayo of many
  haunting memories of war, he does not forget
  everything.

• In following Betonie’s advice, Tayo decides to find a
  way back to his Native American roots.

• Betonie has calls Tayo to embrace his Native
  American roots in an effort to stop the destruction
  of animals and earth by the whites.
              The Aftermath
• On his ceremonial quest, Tayo acquires a
  willingness to accept help from others, particularly
  animals, as the mountain lion came to his rescue.

• Tayo soon discovers an abandoned uranium mine,
  which he believes to be the final station in his
  ceremony, as it symbolically connects whites to the
  earth.

• As called to do, Tayo completes his night in the
  mine, completing the ceremony and repossessing
  all of the land the whites have taken from the
  Native Americans.
       The Aftermath (Con.)
• Though Tayo’s ceremony does not save all
  Native Americans, it affects those who
  fought in the war, those who were affected
  by different cultures, and those affected by
  drought.

• To complete the ceremonial journey, Tayo
  learns (as a result of his quest) to accept the
  inevitable concept of loss in his life, for he
  has come to realize that the natural
  elements of the world will always be with
  him.
Other Ceremonies
The Pipe Ceremony
            The Pipe Ceremony
•The pipe ceremony is a sacred ritual for connecting
     physical and spiritual worlds

•Tobacco is used to connect the worlds
     -the plant’s roots go deep into the earth,
     -its smoke rises high into the heavens.

•It is unthinkable for a Native American to break their word
       after smoking the pipe
       The Pipe Ceremony
• Beseeching the West power, while thinking
  about the life giving rains and the ever
  present spirit world.
• Beseeching the north power, the source of
  endurance, strength, truthfulness, and
  honesty, which are qualities needed to walk
  down a good path in life.
• Looking to the east power. The east is
  where the sun rises, and the sun brings us
  knowledge, the essence of spirituality.
• Beseeching the south power, which brings
  us bounty, medicine, and growth.
  The Pipe Ceremony (Con.)
• Next to be acknowledged is the earth spirit.
  The pipe touches the ground and they say,
  "Mother Earth, I seek to protect you."
• Since Mother Earth depends on the sun’s
  life giving energy, the pipe is then held up
  towards the sky.
• Lastly, the pipe is held straight up to the
  Great Spirit, the Great Mystery, the
  unexplainable source of all life. These
  words are then spoken: "Oh Great Spirit, I
  thank you for the six powers of the
  universe."
A Familiar Ceremony
     High School Graduation
           Ceremony
• Long robes and flat hats
• Procession of principle, teachers, and
  students to the tones of Pomp and
  Circumstance
• Speeches by Guest Speaker, Principle,
  Valedictorian and Salutatorian
• Individually handing each graduate
  their diploma and shaking their hand
      Comparisons
(For Further Discussion)
• How do all of these ceremonies differ
  in their content?

• How do they differ in purpose?

• In which ways are they the same?
           Works Cited
• http://journals.aol.com/cheyfire/Drea
  mCatchers/entries/606

								
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