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					                Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination


              Advanced Supplementary Level Liberal Studies
                            Project Report



Year of Examination: 2009

School Reference Number: 1080

Candidate Number:198455

Module Chosen for Project: Environmental Studies (B3)




Project Title: Should we feel happy when we are celebrating the festivals from the

environmental perspective?

Title Explanation:

   – An investigation on how people celebrate festivals like Christmas and Lunar

       New Year worsens the environment; ask the public about their habits of

       celebrating festivals, to compare and analyze how the respondents‟

       background will affect their habits. In addition, to interview some families

       and ask them about the „greener festivals campaign‟, obtain their opinions on

       the green practices suggested by the environmental groups.
                                 Content Page
                                 Content        Page

Content Page                                            2

List of illustration (Figures)                         3-4

Chapter One – Introduction                              5

Chapter Two – Methodology                              6-7

Chapter Three – Literature Review                  8-9

Chapter Four – Data Analysis                      10-40

Chapter Five – Conclusion                         41-42

Chapter Six – Bibliography                        43-45

Appendices                                        46-82




                                                        2
List of Illustration (Figures)
                                                                         Page
Figure 1     Pie chart showing respondents‟ education level              21
Figure 2a    Pie chart showing the attitude towards celebrating          22
             festivals of the respondents‟ family
              (Junior students)
Figure 2b    Pie chart showing the attitude towards celebrating          22
             festivals of the respondents‟ family
              (Senior students)
Figure 3a    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family monthly           23
             income contribution(Junior students)
Figure 3b    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family monthly           23
             income contribution(Senior students)
Figure 4a    Pie chart showing the attitude towards protecting the       24
             environment of the respondents‟ family
             (Junior students)
Figure 4b    Pie chart showing the attitude towards protecting the       24
             environment of the respondents‟ family
             (Senior students)
Figure 5     Bar chart showing the education level of the respondents‟   25
             parents
Figure 6a    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of not      26
             wrapping gifts(Junior students)
Figure 6b    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of not      26
             wrapping gifts(Senior students)
Figure 7a    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of using    27
             old newspaper or magazine pages as wrapping
             paper(Junior student)
Figure 7b    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of using    27
             old newspaper or magazine pages as wrapping
             paper(Senior students)
Figure 8a    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of          28
             minimizing wrapping of gifts (Junior students)
Figure 8b    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of          28
             minimizing wrapping of gifts (Senior students)
Figure 9a    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of          29
             buying gifts that are not individually packaged or over-
             packaged (Junior students)
Figure 9b    Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of          29
             buying gifts that are not individually packaged or over-
             packaged (Senior students)
Figure 10a   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of          30
             sending electronic cards instead of paper cards (Junior


                                                                                3
             students)
Figure 10b   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        30
             sending electronic cards instead of paper cards (Senior
             students)
Figure 11a   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        32
             reducing or do not use household decorations (Junior
             students)
Figure 11b   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        32
             reducing or do not use household decorations (Senior
             students)
Figure 12a   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        34
             avoiding buying unnecessary household decorations
             (Junior students)
Figure 12b   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        34
             avoiding buying unnecessary household decorations
             (Senior students)
Figure 13a   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        35
             keeping he household decorations (Junior students)
Figure 13b   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        35
             keeping he household decorations (Senior students)
Figure 14a   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family will receive    37
             the fold-in type red packets(Junior students)
Figure 14b   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family will receive    37
             the fold-in type red packets(Senior students)
Figure 15a   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        39
             rejecting free red pocket envelopes given by shops
             (Junior students)
Figure 15b   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        39
             rejecting free red pocket envelopes given by shops
             (Senior students)
Figure 16a   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        40
             ordering or preparing suitable amounts of food for
             celebrating festivals (Junior students)
Figure 16b   Pie chart showing the respondents‟ family habit of        40
             ordering or preparing suitable amounts of food for
             celebrating festivals (Senior students)




                                                                            4
Chapter 1 — Introduction
      Recently, „Greener festivals campaign‟ is being promoted in Hong Kong and there

are environmental groups suggesting some green practices of celebrating festivals.

Nevertheless, the public awareness of „Greener festivals campaign‟ is not as high as

expected. Citizens do not know that they are having bad celebrating habits and the

consequences.



      In this project, the author aims to investigate whether people are doing something

that worsens our precious planet. There are three main objectives in this project. For the

fist objective, the author will conduct a case study on how a family in Hong Kong

celebrates the festivals. Based on the research on the green practices and advices from the

environmental groups, the author will analyze how the celebrating habits in the

interviewed family affect the environment and evaluate those habits.



      For the second objective, the author will ask the public‟s opinions towards their

habits of celebrating festivals by doing questionnaires. The data collected will be used to

compare and analyze how the respondents‟ background will affect their celebrating

behaviors.



      Moreover, the author will interview some families, asking them about the „Greener

festival campaign‟ and ask for opinions on the green practices suggested by the

environmental groups. The author will interview three families asking them about the

campaign and opinions on the green practices suggested by the green groups.


                                                                                         5
Chapter 2 — Methodology
2.1 Data collection methods

      The data for this report were collected by means of case study, questionnaire and

interview of samples of four families and students from three secondary schools in Hong

Kong. The case study is mainly about how a family in Hong Kong celebrates the

festivals like Christmas and Lunar New Year. On the other hand, the questionnaire of

which its content can be divided into two main sections: personal information and habits

of celebrating festivals. Besides questionnaires, in-depth interviews were also conducted

with three families in Hong Kong.



2.2 Case Study

     An investigation was being held during Christmas in 2007 and during Lunar New

Year in 2008. The investigation was about how a family in Hong Kong celebrated

festivals. Based on the research on the green practices and advices from the

environmental groups like the Green Power, the author analyzed how the habits of the

investigated family affect the environment and having evaluation.




                                                                                       6
2.3 Quantitative survey: Questionnaires

         The questionnaire1 was sent to 120 secondary school students randomly from three

secondary schools in mid-September 2008. By mid-October 2008, 120 questionnaires had

been returned, with 114 valid questionnaires analyzed.

         The questionnaire consisted of 16 questions, the author could derive conclusion

and implications from the respondents‟ answers. Besides, the author might see how

respondents‟ background would affect their habits of celebrating from the respondents‟

responses.

2.4 Qualitative survey: Interviews

         Face-to-face interviews were conducted with three different families in Hong Kong.

Interviewees‟ permissions were asked in recording the interviews for the author‟s

reference.

         The interview questions2 were divided into three parts: personal information about

celebrating festivals, whether they had heard about „Greener festivals campaign‟ and

opinions on the green practices suggested by the environmental groups. Concerning the

green practices suggested, the author asked the interviewees whether they thought these

were feasible. Besides, interviewees were being asked about their habits of celebrating

festivals. Moreover, regarding each suggestion, they were asked about the possible

reasons why some people did or did not develop that particular habit. On the other hand,

interviewees were being asked extended questions of some celebrating habits, such as

which choice would they prefer.




1
    Appendix 1: Questionnaire sample in English version
2
    Appendix 2A: List of Interview questions in Chinese Version


                                                                                              7
Chapter 3 — Literature Review
      In recent years, there has been an increased awareness of Hong Kong citizens

concerning about environmental protection. At the same time, there were more activities

promoting environmental protection held by the environmental groups such as the Green

Power, Friends of the Earth and the Green Sense. The activities include „Clean up the

World in Hong Kong‟ and „Greener Festivals campaign‟ held by the Green Power in the

past three years; „Moon-Kick Action‟ and „Environmental e-card design competition

(Green Christmas 2007)‟3 held by the Friends of the Earth.

      Environmental groups always focus on, including Mid-Autumn Festival, Christmas

and Lunar New Year three main festivals Hong Kong citizens celebrated. According to

one editorial on Sing Tao 4 , after the celebration of Mid-Autumn festival, the rubbish

collected has decreased when compared with 2006. This implies that there is increased

civic mindedness and eco-awareness of Hong Kong citizens. Besides, it is found that „to

simplify the packages and reuse the cake-boxes‟ is gaining acceptance as the

environmental groups always encourage the producers and consumers to do so. However,

it is doubt that whether citizens are doing something good to the environment when

celebrating the other two main festivals in Hong Kong.

      According to two other newspaper articles found in South China Morning Post and

Sing Tao5, about 90% of citizens claim that they do not mind receiving gifts wrapped in

recyclable paper or no wrapping at all. Yet, according to the research of the


3
  Appendix 3: Poster of the environmental e-card design competition of Green Christmas 2007
4
  Appendix 4: Sing Tao, „環保過佳節 新氣象可喜‟ , September 27, 2007
5
  Appendix 5: South China Morning Post, „ Green group lists gifts to be avoided‟ and Sing Tao, „市民接受
無包裝聖誕禮物‟ , December 10, 2007


                                                                                                  8
environmental group Green Sense, Hong Kong citizens will not reject the free packaging

offered by the shops although their eco-awareness has increased. Besides, according to

the research done by Friends of the Earth in January 2007, about 60% of citizens claim

they will wrap the gifts before giving.6 Thus, the author have a question that whether

citizens know how to protect the environment through developing „green celebrating

habits‟. Action is better than words. However, how many people will actually take

concrete action to protect the environment?

     Furthermore, the „Clean up the World in Hong Kong‟ activity which held by the

Green Power actively promoted the importance of reducing wastes, aiming to tell the

citizens about impacts of the festival waste and how to enjoy greener festival. According

to one press release of the Green Power7, people‟s habits of celebrating the Lunar New

Year brought many negative impacts on the environment. Therefore, Green Power

cooperated with Hong Kong Electric to call on citizens to kick the bad habits away when

celebrating Lunar New Year.

     Combined with the press releases and the news clippings, the author is eager to

know what the public‟s behaviors of celebrating festivals are. Besides, the author wants

to know the reasons behind their behavior in celebrating the festivals and to evaluate

those behaviors.




6
 Appendix 6: „愛環境 積善福 少用包裝賀新歲‟, February 8,2007
7
 Appendix 7: Press release of Green Power, „綠色力量與港燈呼籲市民 摒除四種傷害環境的過年習
慣’, February 10,2007


                                                                                       9
Chapter 4— Data Analysis
         This chapter will be divided into two parts: the data analysis of the case study and

the questionnaire result.

         In the first part, the author will show the result of the investigation and evaluate

the habits of the interviewed family.

         In the second part, the author will analysis the result obtained from the

questionnaire 8 . This set of questionnaire consisted of 16 questions which are about

personal information and habits of celebrating festivals. The questionnaire was sent to

students randomly from three secondary schools, including the Sacred Heart Canossian

College, the St. Stephen‟s Girls‟ College and the United Christian College (Kowloon

East). 120 questionnaires had been returned, with 114 valid questionnaires analyzed.

         Regarding the part of personal information, the respondents were asked for some

background information in first five questions. The background information collected

included the respondents‟ education level, family‟s attitude towards celebrating festivals,

family‟s monthly income distribution, family‟s attitude towards protecting the

environment and the education level of the respondents‟ parents.

         The respondents‟ family habits of celebrating festivals like Christmas and Lunar

New Year were asked in the later part of the questionnaire.

         The content of the interviews 9 , which is about the attitude of the interviewees

towards greener festivals, will be incorporated into the analysis of the questionnaire.




8
    Appendix 1: Questionnaire sample in English version
9
    Appendix 2A: List of Interview questions and Appendix 2B: Transcripts of three interviews


                                                                                                10
Part 1: Investigation: Case Study of a family in Hong
      Kong—Ng‟s Family
         The investigation was carried out during the Christmas in 2007 and Lunar New

Year in year 2008. The purpose of the investigation was to analysis and evaluate whether

the habits of celebrating festivals of the investigated family were good to the environment.



Christmas in 2007:

         Based on the research on the green practices and advices on ways to celebrate from

the environmental groups in Hong Kong, the author analyzed the collected data according

to the list of advices given by the Green Power--„Green Festival Consumer List‟10. As the

Green Power is one of the reliable environmental organizations in Hong Kong, it is better

to refer to this list rather than referring to the author‟s own set of advice. Concerning the

celebrating habits of the investigated family during Christmas, the author only focused on

some advices belonged to the categories of „Gifts‟ and „Items‟ provided by the Green

Power. The advices included „Don‟t wrap gifts‟, „Buy gifts that are not individually

packaged or over-packaged‟, „Send electronic cards instead of Christmas cards‟, „Reduce

or do not use household decorations‟.




10
     Appendix 8: Green Festival Consumer List from the Green Power


                                                                                          11
Advice 1: „Don‟t wrap gifts‟

The habit of Ng‟s family: Prefer not to wrap the gifts

Examples:




      The possible reason that Ng‟s family choose not to wrap gifts is they think the

package design of products or the packaging shops offered are already very attractive and

respectable.

     Based on the research on information of festivals wastes, excess packaging wastes

paper and accelerates forest logging. If every family has this habit like Ng‟s family, then

it will be good news to the environmental groups as it can help reducing wastage of paper

and eventually slow down the rate of deforestation in the world.




                                                                                        12
Advice 2: „Buy gifts that are not individually packaged or over-packaged‟

The habit of Ng‟s family: Some of the gifts are individually packaged and others may

have whole packaging

Example:




      Ng‟s family chooses to buy gifts that are individually packaged may because of

hygienic concern. Besides, if the family wants to buy some biscuits as presents, it is

better to buy individually packaged products. Then, it can avoid the biscuits being flaccid

and may eventually disposed and become waste.

       In fact, most of the time citizens will only know they have brought gifts that are

individually packaged after buying them. Customers are forced to buy those gifts because

it is the product design.

      Still, it is not a good habit of buying products with excess packaging. Based on the

research by the Green Power, the packaging materials will become waste once the gift

box is opened. Packaging materials will indirectly accelerate deforestation and depletion

of oil resources.




                                                                                        13
Advice 3: „Send electronic cards instead of Christmas cards‟

The habit of Ng‟s family: Prefer sending paper cards than electronic cards to relatives and

friends

Example:




      Ng‟s family chooses to send paper cards because some of the family members do

not know how to use computer, not to mention to send electronic cards. Even for family

member who knows how to use computer, as she is a student, she prefers writing cards so

she can exchange with friends and classmates.

      Writing on paper cards certainly is a bad celebrating habit. It will bring harm to the

environment with reference to the information provided by Green Power. Based on the

research, countless trees have been destructed to produce the cards. If every family in

Hong Kong were to give three Christmas cards, 1,300 trees would be cut down.




                                                                                         14
Advice 4: „Reduce or do not use household decorations‟

The habit of Ng‟s family: Will buy household decorations every year and they will not

keep nor reuse the decorations

Examples:




      The possible reason that Ng‟s family buys and will not keep the household

decorations is because they want to have new household decorations for decorating their

homes each year. Besides, it is believed that as Hong Kong is only a small island and

most families living in small flat, it is quite difficult for people to keep household

decorations over years.

     Ng‟s habit of not keeping or reusing the household decorations certainly produces

much undesirable waste. As many household decorations are durable and reusable, the

decorations should not be thrown away.




                                                                                    15
Lunar New Year in 2008:

         Similarly, the author analyzed the collected data according to the „Green Festival

Consumer List‟11 provide by the Green Power. Concerning the celebrating habits of the

investigated family during Lunar New Year, the author focused on some advices

belonged to certain cetegories.

         The advices in the category „Items‟ included „Use the fold-in type of red packets,

which are reusable‟. Moreover, the advices in the category „Food‟ included „Purchase

appropriate amounts of Chinese New Year food‟, „Order suitable amount of foods for

meals during family gatherings‟ and „Avoid eating black moss‟. Regarding the advices in

the category of „Gifts‟, the advices included „Minimize wrapping of Chinese New Year

gifts‟ .




11
     Appendix 8: Green Festival Consumer List from the Green Power


                                                                                        16
Advice 1: „Use the fold-in type of red packets, which are reusable‟

The habit of Ng‟s family: Using both traditional red packets which need to use glue and

fold-in type red packets

Examples:




      As there is an increasing trend of using fold-in type red packets in the society, and

Ng‟s family still has stock of the traditional red packets, so it is possible for them to use

both types of red packet envelopes during Lunar New Year.

      Although using fold-in type red packet envelopes is an environmentally friendly

way, it is still not a good habit as seldom do people reuse the red packets envelopes.

Besides, based on the research, using red packets envelopes certainly harms the

environment. Particularly those red packets printed with different designs are difficult to

reuse and leads to serious wastage. Yet, giving red packets to children is a tradition and

custom of the Chinese. It is very difficult to ask people not to use red packet envelopes.




                                                                                             17
Advice 2: „Purchase appropriate amounts of Chinese New Year food‟

Advice 3: „Order suitable amount of foods for meals during family gatherings ‟

The habit of Ng‟s family: To buy Chinese New Year food or foods for meal more than

they actually need

Examples:




      From the author‟s view, Ng‟s family always prepare and order food more than they

need because of the Chinese culture and traditions. As Chinese culture always emphasize

on family union during Lunar New Year, so families need to prepare more food to eat

and family members can eat to the heart‟s content.

      This celebrating habit certainly harms the environment as there usually has wastage

being produced. This will eventually increase the burden of the landfills and require more

space for disposing of the waste.



                                                                                       18
Advice 4: „Avoid eating black moss‟

The habit of Ng‟s family: Prepare black moss for family members to eat

Example:




      „Fat Choy‟ in Chinese tradition means an individual can become rich. There is a

common belief that after individual ate fat choy, he is more likely to become rich man in

future. Therefore, it is one possible reason why Ng‟s family still consumes black moss

during Lunar New Year.

      Based on the survey done by the Green Power, many kinds of food are consumed

due to tradition and habit. As the demand for fat choy increased in recent years, people

are over-digging out of black moss. According to The Conservancy Association, over-

digging out of fat choy will eventually lead to desertification. Besides, according to the

opinions of some experts, when we eat only a mouthful of black moss, we seems have

eaten a piece of land in a basketball court size. This certainly worsens our environment

and there is a risk that we will have no black moss to eat anymore.




                                                                                       19
Advice 5: „Minimize wrapping of Chinese New Year gifts‟

The habit of Ng‟s family: Wrap the gifts before giving others or buy gifts that have

individual packaging

Examples:




      The Chinese perceive Lunar New Year a very important festival all the times.

During Lunar New Year, not only will couples give red packets to children, but families

also will give presents to other family members to show respect and blessings. Thus, it is

not surprising to see Ng‟s family will wrap the gifts before giving to others.

      Similar to the celebrating habit of Christmas, it is not a good habit. Based on the

research by the Green Power, the packaging materials will become a waste once the gift

box is opened. Besides, wrapping materials are not necessary, overuse of them will lead

to increasing rate of deforestation and worsening the ecological system in the world.




                                                                                        20
Part 2: Analysis of the questionnaire
                  Figure 1. Respondents' education level



                                                       Junior Students
          50%                           50%
                                                       Senior Students




      Among the 112 respondents who have finished the questionnaire, 50% of them are

junior students and another 50% is senior students. The setting of this question is in the

hope to find out whether students from different education level will have any difference

in their habits of celebrating festivals. The distribution among the junior and senior

students is evenly distributed for easy comparison.




                                                                                       21
          Figure 2a. The attitude towards celebrating festivals of
                the respondents' family (Junior Students)

                                      7%

                                                   Like           Dislike

           93%

        Figure 2b. The attitude towards celebrating festivals
            of the respondents' family (Senior Students)
                              11%


                                                        Like           Dislike


           89%

      The original intention of setting this question is that the author wants to know

whether the family‟s attitude towards celebrating festivals have positive relationship to

family‟s bad celebrating habits. The author expects that most of the respondents‟ families

like celebrating festivals and the result proved the hypothesis. 93% of junior students‟

families and 89% of the families of senior students like celebrating festivals like

Christmas and Lunar New Year. One of the possible reasons for that is the financial

status of the families supports them to celebrate the festivals. It is possible that the more

higher the income level of the family, the more likely the family likes to celebrate

festivals. Besides, from the interview the author had carried out, another possible reason

is that people perceive the purpose of festivals is for people to celebrate. They feel happy

when celebrating with family and friends.




                                                                                          22
            Figure 3a. Respondents' family monthly income
                     contribution (Junior Students)
                              2%
                                   2%         Below $5000
            73%                               $5001-$7000
                                  5%
                                              $7001-$10000
                                              $10001-$15000
                                              Above $15000
                                 18%


            Figure 3b. Respondents' family monthly income
                     contribution (Senior Students)
                                      5%                   Below $5000
              66%
                                             2%            $5001-$7000
                                                           $7001-$10000
                                           9%              $10001-$15000
                                                           Above $15000

                                     18%


     The intention of setting this question is to see whether there are any relationships

between the income level and the respondents‟ family attitude towards celebrating

festivals. It is found that 73% of junior students and 66% of senior students having

income above $15000. It is consistent with the finding that most of the families of both

junior and senior students like celebrating festivals. As reflected from this, the author can

be quite confident to conclude there is a positive relationship between the income level

and the respondents‟ family attitude towards celebrating festivals.




                                                                                          23
             Figure 4a. The attitude towards protecting the
                environment of the respondents' family
                          (Junior Students)
                                        5%


                                                       Agree         Disagree



                  95%

             Figure 4b. The attitude towards protecting the
                environment of the respondents' family
                          (Senior Students)
                                11%



                                                       Agree         Disagree



                    89%


      As shown in two pie charts, nearly all of the junior students and nearly 90% of

senior students respond that their family members agree to protect the environment.

Nowadays, the government put more emphasizes on protecting the environment and there

are more environmental groups in Hong Kong. Thus, it is believed that promotion of

environmental protection in society is one of the possible reasons explaining that most of

the families agree to protect the environment.




                                                                                       24
         Figure 5. The education level of the respondents' parents
       Number of response
                30
                25                                                                                                               Junior Students
                20
                15
                10                                                                                                               Senior Students
                  5
                  0                                                                                            Education Level
                                                                                         University or above




                                                                                     and University or above
                                                                                     Secondary and Tertiary
                                                                                     Primary and Secondary
                      Primary education


                                                                Tertiary education
                                          Secondary education




                                                                                      Tertiary education and
                                                                                      Secondary education


                                                                                        University or above
                                                                                            education
                                                                                            education




      The intention of setting this question is to see whether the education level of the

respondents‟ parents will have any relationships with the attitude of the respondents‟

families towards protecting the environment. It was found that most of the junior

students‟ parents have the education level of university or above and most of the parents

of the senior students‟ finished secondary education. As reflected in figure 4, there is a

higher percentage of junior students‟ parents agree to protect the environment. It shows

that the higher the education level, the more parents agree on protecting the environment.




                                                                                                                                                   25
              Figure 6a. The respondents' family habit of not
                     wrapping gifts (Junior Students)

                         53%

                                                                 Yes        No




                                    47%
             Figure 6b. The respondents' family habit of not
                    wrapping gifts (Senior Students)

                        54%

                                                                Yes       No




                                            46%


      Before collecting the data, the author expects that there will be a greater percentage

of respondents‟ having the habit of wrapping gifts. The result obtained is similar to the

author‟s expectation. From the data collected, there are 53% of junior respondents and

54% of senior students having the habit of wrapping the gifts. Both groups of respondents

show higher percentage of wrapping gifts, this implies that most of the people have this

habit. Although there is a large proportion of respondents claims that their family

members agree to protect the environment as reflected in figure 4, there is still over 50%

of both groups of respondents choose to wrap the gifts. The interviewees comment that

the possible reason is the traditions and cultural influence.




                                                                                         26
           Figure 7a. The respondents' family habit of using
            old newspaper or magazine pages as wrapping
                       paper (Junior Students)


                                                13%
                                                                   Yes     No



                     87%


             Figure 7b. The respondents' family habit of using
              old newspaper or magazine pages as wrapping
                         paper (Senior Students)



                                                                    Yes      No
                                                  23%
                     77%



      Refer to Figure 4a and Figure 4b again, most of the families agree on the view that

to protect the environment. However, from the data collected in fig 7a and 7b, it shows

that actions do not necessarily suit the words. Using old newspaper or magazine pages as

wrapping paper certainly is a behavior protecting the environment. However, among

those respondents saying they will wrap the gifts, 87% of junior students and 77% of

senior students say that they will not use newspaper and magazine papers as wrapping

paper. The possible reasons are those papers do not have aesthetic feeling at all, using

those papers to wrap gifts may shows no respect to the receiver.




                                                                                      27
               Figure 8a. The respondents' family habit of
               minimizng wrapping of gifts(Junior Students)


                                                 30%
                                                                    Yes        No




                      70%


                 Figure 8b. The respondents' family habit of
                 minimizng wrapping of gifts(Senior Students)



                                                    23%
                                                                      Yes        No


                       77%


      From the result shown in figure 6a and 6b, the author can infer that both groups of

respondents prefer wrapping the gifts before giving. However, as shown in the fig 8a and

8b, both groups agree to minimize wrapping of gifts. It seems that as people are now

putting more emphasis on environmental protection, even they are having undesirable

celebrating behavior, such as to wrap the gifts, they also learn to try their best to protect

the environment, just like to minimize wrapping.




                                                                                          28
          Figure 9a. The respondents' family habit of buying
            gifts that are not individually packaged or over-
                       packaged(Junior Students)

                     30%
                                                                 Yes       No




                                              70%

          Figure 9b. The respondents' family habit of buying
            gifts that are not individually packaged or over-
                       packaged(Senior Students)



                                                                 Yes       No
                                                44%
                   56%


      As shown in the charts, the percentage of junior students having habit of not

buying gifts that are individually packaged or over-packaged is higher than the one of

senior students. They are 70% and 44% respectively. With reference back to the figure

5.1, a large proportion of junior respondents‟ parents have education level of university

of above whereas in figure 5.2, a large proportion of senior respondents‟ parents have

education level of secondary education. It is believed that the parents having higher

education level may understand more the importance of protecting the environment and

so may buy gifts that are not individually packaged or over-packaged in order to reduce

the wastage.




                                                                                      29
               Figure 10a. The respondents' family habit of
                 sending electronic cards instead of paper
                          cards(Junior Students)


                     35%
                                                                      Yes    No



                                                 65%


               Figure 10b. The respondents' family habit of
                 sending electronic cards instead of paper
                          cards(Senior Students)

                                                28%
                                                                      Yes    No




                       72%

      Regarding the junior students, 65% of them will send electronic cards and only

28% of senior students will do so. Comparatively, junior students seem to be more

environmental friendly. One of the possible explanations is because of the respondents‟

background. In the past, there were no computers, and it was impossible to have

electronic cards sending to friends. Thus, people in the past would write on paper cards

and give them to relatives and friends. They have developed the habit which is difficult to

change. Therefore, it is believed that the older the age of the respondents‟ parents, the

more likely they will teach their children to write on paper cards.




                                                                                        30
      Besides, from the interviewees‟ points of view, there are several reasons why

people are still using paper cards. First of all, the reason is because there are many elderly

do not know how to use computer and they will choose to stick on the habit of writing on

paper cards. Besides, they may think those cards are special in value and you can keep

these printed or paper cards in your life.

      Regarding the junior respondents, they have lower percentage of sending electronic

cards instead of paper cards. From the author‟s perspective, it is students themselves

having this habit. They may think it is convenient to use the computer and can save their

pocket money.




                                                                                           31
             Figure 11a. The respondents' family habit of
            reducing or do not use household decorations
                          (Junior Students)
                    16%

                                                              Yes        No




                                        84%


              Figure 11b. The respondents' family habit of
             reducing or do not use household decorations
                           (Senior Students)

                     30%
                                                                Yes       No




                                             70%



   Both groups, having 84% and 70% respectively agree that to reduce or not to use

household decorations. There are two reasons to explain this. One reason is that the

family wants to celebrate and protect the environment at the same time. Thus, they agree

on reducing household decorations. They only buy as less decorations as they can for

some particular festivals, such as Lunar New Year. Another reason is the traditions and




                                                                                     32
Chinese culture, so it is less likely for old people to celebrate some Western festivals such

as Christmas.

      Yet, there is still 30% of junior respondents saying that their families have the habit

of using household decorations. It is believed that parents always want to make their

children happy and they may buy many household decorations to decorate their homes.




                                                                                          33
              Figure 12a. The respondents' family habit of
                 avoiding buying unnecessary household
                      decorations (Junior Students)
                     18%

                                                               Yes        No




                                          82%

              Figure 12b. The respondents' family habit of
                 avoiding buying unnecessary household
                      decorations (Senior Students)
                      14%

                                                               Yes        No




                                         86%


      Similar to figure 11a and 11b, there is 82% and 86% of students respectively

saying that they will avoid buying unnecessary household decorations. In author‟s

opinion, the reason is many household decorations can be reused and so families may not

always buy new decorations. Thus, it is feasible for them to avoid buying unnecessary

household decorations.




                                                                                    34
              Figure 13a. The respondents' family habit of
                  keeping the household decorations
                           (Junior Students)
                        19%

                                                                  Yes       No




                                             81%
                Figure 13b. The respondents' family habit of
                    keeping the household decorations
                             (Senior Students)
                       18%

                                                                    Yes       No




                                             82%
      As reflected in the charts, both groups of respondents nearly have the same

percentage on saying their families will keep the household decorations. The „Yes‟

response for junior and senior respondents are 81% and 82% respectively. People may

think that the household decorations will not outdate and can be reused, so they will keep

the decorations in home. Besides, many kinds of household decorations are durable and

it is more likely for people keeping them.

      However, there are 19% of junior respondents and 18% of senior respondents say

their families will not keep the decorations at all. The reasons are as following: it is




                                                                                       35
convenient to buy new decorations; some household decorations become outdated items

very soon. In addition, one of the interviewees explains that the Hong Kong culture also

has influence on this habit. As Hong Kong is only a small island and most families living

in small flat, it is quite difficult for people to keep these decorations.




                                                                                      36
            Figure 14a. The respondents' family will receive
              the fold-in type red packets(Junior Students)



                     33%
                                                                  Yes        No




                                                67%

              Figure 14b. The respondents' family will receive
                the fold-in type red packets(Senior Students)



                      35%
                                                                    Yes        No



                                                  65%


      With reference to figure 14a and 14b, about 67% and 65% of junior and senior

students respectively saying they will receive the fold-in type red packets during Lunar

New Year. From the author‟s point of view, the possible reasons are because there are

more fold-in type red packets introduce to the market and attract citizens to buy. Besides,

as more people nowadays aware of the environmental protection, they will use more fold-

in type red packets because they think using these are more environmentally friendly than

using the traditional ones. It is also an increasing trend of using the fold-in type red

packets.




                                                                                        37
      However, still there are 33% and 35% from both groups of respondents saying they

did not receive the fold-in type red packets. It is believed that there is still stock of

traditional red packets in citizens‟ home, so they will choose using those first before

using the fold-in type red packets.




                                                                                      38
              Figure 15a. The respondents' family habit of
              rejecting free red pocket envelopes given by
                          shops (Junior Students)



                   40%                                        Yes       No


                                             60%


             Figure 15b. The respondents' family habit of
             rejecting free red packet envelopes given by
                        shops (Senior Students)


                                             33%
                                                              Yes       No



                    67%


      Concerning junior respondents‟ families, there is 60% of them will reject free red

packet envelopes given by shops. However, there is only 33% of senior respondents‟

families will reject free red packet envelopes. They will reject the free red packet

envelopes when they think the packets are not beautiful or still have stock of red packet

envelopes in their homes.

       Concerning respondents will not reject the free red packet envelopes, there are

40% and 67% from both groups of respondents respectively. Interviewee being surveyed

explains that red packets will never be outdated items and they will be used up eventually,

so people may not reject the free red packets.




                                                                                       39
              Figure 16a. The respondents' family habit of
            ordering or preparing suitable amounts of food for
                   celebrating festivals(Junior Students)
                          12%


                                                                  Yes       No




                                          88%

             Figure 16b. The respondents' family habit of
           ordering or preparing suitable amounts of food for
                 celebrating festivals(Senior Students)
                                   7%


                                                                Yes       No




                        93%
        From the data collected, about 88% of junior respondents and 93% of senior

respondents will order and prepare suitable amount of food for celebrating festivals. The

amount of food prepared actually also depends on the financial status of the respondents‟

families. Concerning respondents saying they will not prepare suitable amounts of food,

probably they will prepare excess amount of food. It is believed it is the Chinese culture

that to prepare more food is better, so people may prepare food more than they actually

need.




                                                                                       40
Chapter 5— Conclusion
      The objectives and aims of doing this project are to find out whether we are doing

something bad to our environment. Should we feel happy when celebrating festival?

      In the interviews, the author finds that the public awareness of activities or

campaigns organized by the environmental groups is not as high as expected. Besides,

some of the interviewees‟ habits of celebrating festivals help protecting the environment.

Yet, they develop those habits because of their own benefits, such as to save time and

money, but not mainly because they want to be environmentally friendly.

      In the analysis of the case study and the questionnaires‟ results, the author finds

that most respondents like to celebrate festivals. At the same time, they agree to protect

the environment. However, said is always easier than done. The data analysis indicates

that most families are having bad celebrating habits and these behaviors certainly worsen

the environment. It is believed that respondents and their family members probably do

not know the consequences of such bad habits. For instance, they do not notice that using

wrapping papers indirectly lead to deforestation that is more serious and producing more

waste. In fact, avoid generating waste is the most important thing we should bear in mind.

Besides, the author finds no big difference and strong correlation that respondents‟

background will greatly affect the celebrating habits of the public. No matter high or low-

income families, they like to celebrate festivals and most of them have undesirable

celebrating behaviors.

      Thus, it is necessary to encourage citizens to enjoy greener festivals and develop

good celebrating habits. From the author‟s point of view, the environmental groups can

have more promotions on their activities and campaigns held. Apart from just


                                                                                        41
establishing Green Consumer List on websites, environmental organization can promote

these green tips to citizens more actively. For instance, the green groups can have

advertisements on newspapers or television that can have contact with a larger proportion

of people in general public. Besides, if the environmental group has financial support, it

should organize a large-scale function, such as the bazaar organized by the Green Sense

in December 2008, to attract more people to come. Most importantly, the green groups

probably can have school visits regularly to educate the students. The more students

understand the importance of protecting the environment, the more likely they will take

action to save the planet they are living on.

      In addition, the author would like to suggest the government could provide more

subsidies for the self-financing environmental groups. The promotion of environmental

protection activities always are restricted by insufficient of capital. Furthermore, the

government can design different kinds of official leaflets about the green tips in

celebrating festivals and the consequences of having bad habits. It will probably raise

most citizens‟ awareness and teach them how to protect the planet.

      After doing the project, the author understands more about the bad celebrating

habits and the consequences. The author sincerely hopes that in a few years, most citizens

in Hong Kong will not just claiming that they are protecting the environment without

taking concrete actions.




                                                                Total words: 5027 words




                                                                                       42
Chapter 6— Bibliography
Web-sites:

1) Press Release of HK Electric --Giving Up Bad Habits for a Greener Chinese New

Year12

(Last date of access: 18/1/2009)

http://www.hec.com.hk/hehWeb/MediaCentre/PressRelease/Year2007/10022007_zh.htm



2) Press Release of HK Electric-- A Greener Mid-Autumn Festival Urged13

(Last date of access: 18/1/2009)

http://www.heh.com/hehWeb/MediaCentre/PressRelease/Year2007/26092007_en.htm



3) The website of all the press releases of Green Power

(Last date of access: 18/1/2009)

http://www.greenpower.org.hk/gp/pressrelease/pressrelease_main.asp



4) Green Power—Greener Festivals

(Last date of access: 18/1/2009)

http://www.greenpower.org.hk/new/cuw/index.html



5) The website of the Friends of the Earth

(Last date of access: 18/1/2009)

http://www.foe.org.hk/welcome/geten.asp

12
     Appendix 7
13
     Appendix 9


                                                                                   43
6) The website of the Green Sense

(Last date of access: 18/1/2009)

http://www.greensense.org.hk/



7) The website of the Environment Protection Department

(Last date of access: 18/1/2009)

http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/links/local/link_local.html



8) 齊齊拆解包裝廢物—Friends of the Earth

(Last date of access: 18/1/2009)

http://www.foe.org.hk/overpackaging/index.html



Newspaper Clippings:

       1) Sing Tao, “環保過佳節 新氣象可喜”14

       Date: 27/9/2007



       2) South China Morning Post, “Green group lists gifts to be avoided” 15

       Date: 10/12/2007




14
     Appendix 4: Sing Tao, „環保過佳節 新氣象可喜‟ , September 27,2007
15
     Appendix 5: South China Morning Post, „ Green group lists gifts to be avoided‟, December 10, 2007


                                                                                                         44
     3) Sing Tao, “環保團體籲減少使用包裝紙 市民接受無包裝聖誕禮物”16

     Date: 10/12/2007



     4) Sing Tao, “支持環保 綠色節日不包裝”17

     Date: 17/12/2007



     5) Sing Tao, “聖誕節無非交換垃圾”18

     Date: 17/12/2007




16
   Appendix 5: Sing Tao, „環保團體籲減少使用包裝紙 市民接受無包裝聖誕禮物‟ , December 10, 2007
17
   Appendix 10: Sing Tao, „支持環保 綠色節日不包裝’, December 17, 2007
18
   Appendix 11: Sing Tao , „聖誕節無非交換垃圾‟ , December 17, 2007



                                                                     45
                                                                              Appendix 2B

                                                                   Interview Transcripts
Interview with Mrs. Bin on 2-9-2008
( As the interview is conducted in Cantonese, so the transcript is translated in English)

Interviewer: I
Interviewee: B

   I: Hello, Mrs. Bin. I am going to ask you some questions about celebrating festivals.

   B: Okay.

   I: Do you like celebrating festivals?

   B: Of course.

   I: Why?

   B: Well, I feel happy when I celebrate festivals with my family and friends. Moreover, if
      no one celebrates festivals, the festivals will eventually disappear.

   I: Yes, that may be true! So, do you think you are living in a family that concerns about
      environmentally friendly?

   B: No.

   I: Have you ever heard of the „Greener Festivals Campaign‟ organized by the
      environmental group „Green Power‟?

   B: Yes.

   I: Then, do you know the purposes of launching this campaign?

   B: Well, I am not sure. However, I think the group may wants to promote the importance of
       protecting the environment through launching the campaign.

   I: So, have you ever pay attention to the activities organized by other environmental
      groups in Hong Kong and why?

   B: I will not pay special attention to them. Yet, sometimes I can see the advertisements on
       newspapers but I think there is only little promotion. There are little ways I can obtain
       information from the environmental groups.
       Besides, I seldom have time to surf the internet for the websites of the environmental
       groups.




                                                                                                   46
                                                                  Interview Transcripts
I: In fact, more environmental groups put emphasize on the celebration of greener festivals.
    They emphasize that we need to be environmental friendly when celebrating.
    Therefore, the Green Power offers many suggestions and gives some advices to the
    citizens.

    I am going to tell eight advices that offered by the Green Power, and I want to ask
    whether you think they are feasible and will you take the advices.

    The first advice is not to wrap gifts. Do you think this is a feasible suggestion?

B: Yes. I also have this habit.

I: Then, what is your usual practice?

B: For example, I will not wrap gifts in Lunar New Year.
   This is not necessary to wrap the presents. I usually put the presents in recycle bag and
   give it to people.

I: What are the reasons for that?

B: First of all, I think the products‟ designs are already very attractive to me. If I use
  wrapping paper to wrap the gifts, it seems that I waste the designers‟ products designs.
  Besides, when I use wrapping papers, even I myself cannot distinguish the gifts. Besides,
  not only do the recycle bags are environmental friendly, but also beautiful.

I: Then, do you know why some people are still wrapping gifts?

B: I think one of the reasons is because of the traditional practices and culture. Moreover,
   may be many shops often provide wrapping services to citizens. Another reason is that,
   may be people buy some gifts that are quite cheap and they do not want others to see that.
   Thus, they may choose to wrap the gifts. In addition, I know some people like the feeling
   of unwrapping the gifts because they can have surprise.

I: The second advice is use newspaper or magazines paper to wrap the gifts if it is necessary.

B: I think this is not feasible and I will not follow this practice. I think these papers do not
   have aesthetic feeling at all.

I: So, what will you use if you really need to wrap the gifts?

B: If this is necessary to wrap the gifts, I will choose using the wrapping paper provided by
   the shops.



                                                                                                   47
                                                                  Interview Transcripts
I: Would you mind receiving gifts wrapped in newspaper or magazines paper?

B: It is okay and I will know that he/she has spent time on wrapping gifts to me.

I: The third suggested practice is not to buy the gifts that are not individually packaged or
    over-packaged. Do you think this is feasible?

B: In fact, I think it is quite difficult to follow this practice. Sometimes, you will realize the
gifts are individually packaged or over-packaged only after you have brought them.

I: Then, what is your habit?

B: If I need to buy food products, I will prefer individual packages because of the hygienic
    concerns.

I: The next practice suggested by the Green Power is „If you send cards to friends, send
    electronic cards instead of paper cards.‟

B: That is a feasible suggestion and I will follow it. In fact, I also have this practice.

    Sending e-cards is very convenient, just click a button then you can send a blessing to
    others. Besides, you can also save money because you no longer need to spend money to
     buy those paper cards

I: Do you know the reasons behind why people still using paper cards?

B: In recent years, there was a trend that people using e-cards. If people receive paper cards,
   they may think this is special.

I: The next practice suggested by the Green Power is reducing or even do not buy household
   decorations. Will you buy household decorations?

B: Only when celebrating Lunar New Year. Yet, I think this suggestion is feasible.

I: Next, Green Power suggests keeping the household decorations until next year.

B: Well, I will not keep the decorations. Thus, I think this is not feasible at all. In Hong Kong,
    I think not many people will keep for one year just because want to be environmentally
   friendly. Instead, I prefer not buying house decorations.

I: Do you think the household decorations are outdated so people will not keep them at home?

B: One of the reasons I think. Moreover, people usually do not have this habit even for
    durable household decorations.



                                                                                                 48
                                                                    Interview Transcripts
 I: During Lunar New Year, as a parent, you may distribute the fold-in type red packets that are
    reusable (the red packets that do not require people to use glue). Do you think this
   suggestion is feasible?
   Which one do you prefer?

 B: This is feasible and I like to use those fold-in type red packets. They are more
     environmental friendly and there are more people using this type of red packets.

 I: Do you think there are too many free red packets distributed by shops?

B: Yes, I will only accept the red packets if they are beautiful.

 I: Okay. The last practice suggested by the Green Power is to use old banknotes rather than
    new banknotes when people putting them in red-packets. Do you agree? Which one do
     you prefer?

B: I think it is feasible to follow this practice. My usual practice is to use both types of
    banknotes. You will use the banknotes to buy things, so what is the matter of using or
    receiving old ones. It is okay for me to use old banknotes unless the banknote cannot be
    used.

I: I have finished all the questions. Thank you for your precious time.




                                                                                               49
                                                                    Interview Transcripts
Interview with Mr. Kwok on 16-11-2008
( As the interview is conducted in Cantonese, so the transcript is translated in English)

Interviewer: I
Interviewee: K

   I: Hello, Mr.Kwok. I am going to ask you some questions about celebrating festivals.

   I: Do you like celebrating festivals?

   K: Not really.

   I: Why?

   K: Well, if the festivals are not my own business, why do I bother to celebrate?

   I: Okay. Do you think you are living in a family that concerns about
      environmentally friendly?

   K: Yes.

   I: Have you ever heard of the „Greener Festivals Campaign‟ organized by the
      environmental group „Green Power‟?

   K: I have heard about Green Power but not the Greener Festivals Campaign.

   I: Then, have you ever pay attention to the activities organized by other environmental
      groups in Hong Kong and why?

   K: Sometimes. There is so little promotion on the activities and I will not know there are
      such kinds of activities or campaigns.

   I: In fact, more environmental groups put emphasize on the celebration of greener festivals.
       They emphasize that we need to be environmental friendly when celebrating.
       Therefore, the Green Power offers many suggestions and gives some advices to the
       citizens.

       I am going to tell eight advices that offered by the Green Power, and I want to ask
       whether you think they are feasible and will you take the advices.

       The first advice is not to wrap gifts. Do you think this is a feasible suggestion?

   K: Probably not.

   I: Then, what is your usual practice?



                                                                                                50
                                                                    Interview Transcripts
K: Depends on the occasions that I need to give presents to others. In fact, I will always wrap
   the gifts to show respect for others.

I: What are the reasons for that?

K: I think the suggestion is not feasible because of the traditional practices and culture. The
   usual practice in society is to wrap the gifts before giving others.

I: Then, do you know why some people are still wrapping gifts?

K: Traditions and culture influence again.

I: The second advice is use newspaper or magazines paper to wrap the gifts if it is necessary.

K: Certainly not feasible. If I need to choose between using newspaper or magazine paper to
   wrap the gifts and not to wrap the gifts, I prefer the latter.

I: So, what will you use if you really need to wrap the gifts?

K: I will use recycle paper.

I: Would u mind receiving gifts wrapped in newspaper or magazines paper?

K: I do mind because I think the giver does not respect me at all. If they really want to give
  me presents, I think it is necessary to use better wrapping papers.

I: The third suggested practice is not to buy the gifts that are not individually packaged or
   over-packaged. Do you think this is feasible?

K: Yes. Besides, my habit is to buy the products that have whole packaging.

I: The next practice suggested by the Green Power is „If you send cards to friends, send
    electronic cards instead of paper cards.‟

K: That is a feasible suggestion and I will follow it. In fact, I also have this practice. I never
    write on paper cards to friends.

I: Do you know the reasons behind why people still using paper cards?

K: May be because of the demands from the society or because many people especially the
   elderly still do not know to use the computer

I: The next practice suggested by the Green Power is reducing or even do not buy household
  decorations. Will you buy household decorations?




                                                                                                51
                                                                   Interview Transcripts
 K: I think this suggestion is feasible to a small extent. It is because many families in society
     still like to decorate their homes. I will buy household decorations because my family
     members like to decorate.

  I: Next, Green Power suggests keeping the household decorations until next year.

  K: Yes, it is feasible. I will also keep the decorations in order to save money, then I do not
     need to buy next year.

  I: Do you think the household decorations are outdated so people will not keep them at home?

 K: I think this depends on how you reorganize the decorations and renew them. Household
      decorations seldom outdated.

 I: During Lunar New Year, as you have married, you may distribute the fold-in type red
    packets that are reusable (the red packets that do not require people to use glue). Do you
    think this suggestion is feasible?
   Which one do you prefer?

 K: This is feasible and I like to use those fold-in type red packets.

 I: Do you think there are too many free red packets distributed by shops?

K: No. You finally will use up all the red packets received, right? Red-packets will never be
     outdated items.

 I: Okay. The last practice suggested by the Green Power is to use old banknotes rather than
    new banknotes when people putting them in red-packets. Do you agree? Which one do
     you prefer?

K: I think it is feasible to follow this practice. My usual practice is to use both types of
    banknotes. Using old or new banknotes actually depends on your financial status.

I: I have finished all the questions. Thank you for your precious time.




                                                                                                    52
                                                                    Interview Transcripts
Interview with Ms. Yuen on 13-10-2008
( As the interview is conducted in Cantonese, so the transcript is translated in English)

Interviewer: I
Interviewee: Y

   I: Hello, Mrs. Bin. I am going to ask you some questions about celebrating festivals. Do you
   like celebrating festivals?

   Y: Yes. I like celebrate festivals with my family. That is so happy and wonderful.

   I: So, do you think you are living in a family that concerns to be environmentally friendly?

   Y: Quite.

   I: Have you ever heard of the „Greener Festivals Campaign‟ organized by the
      environmental group „Green Power‟?

   Y: No.

   I: So, have you ever pay attention to the activities organized by other environmental
      groups in Hong Kong and why?

   Y: Sometimes I can read from newspapers. Yet, I will not pay special attention on this.

   I: In fact, more environmental groups put emphasize on the celebration of greener festivals.
       They emphasize that we need to be environmental friendly when celebrating.
       Therefore, the Green Power offers many suggestions and gives some advices to the
       citizens.

       I am going to tell eight advices that offered by the Green Power, and I want to ask
       whether you think they are feasible and will you take the advices.

       The first advice is not to wrap gifts. Do you think this is a feasible suggestion?

   Y: Yes. I also have this habit.

   I: Then, what is your usual practice?

   Y: I will not wrap gifts in Lunar New Year. This is not necessary to wrap all the presents.

   I: What are the reasons for that?

   Y: First of all, the product design is already very beautiful. To be frank, sometimes I do not
      have extra time to wrap all the gifts. That is not convenient.



                                                                                                    53
                                                                 Interview Transcripts
I: Then, do you know why some people are still wrapping gifts?

Y: Traditional practices and culture influence. Every Chinese knows about this culture, don‟t
they?
I: The second advice is use newspaper or magazines paper to wrap the gifts if it is necessary.

Y: It is a nice suggestion but I think not many people will follow this.

I: So, what will you use if you really need to wrap the gifts?

Y: If this is necessary to wrap the gifts, I will choose using the wrapping paper provided by
   the shops.

I: Would u mind receiving gifts wrapped in newspaper or magazines paper?

Y: No, it‟s okay.

I: The third suggested practice is not to buy the gifts that are not individually packaged or
   over-packaged. Do you think this is feasible?

Y: Quite difficult. In fact, sometimes I do not how to identify gifts which are over-packaged.

I: Then, what is your habit?

Y: I will prefer individual packages because of the hygienic concerns.

I: The next practice suggested by the Green Power is „If you send cards to friends, send
    electronic cards instead of paper cards.‟

Y: I do not know how to use computer, so I will choose sending paper cards to my relatives
and friends.

I: Do you know the reasons behind why people still using paper cards?

Y: Probably their reason is the same as me.

I: The next practice suggested by the Green Power is reducing or even do not buy household
   decorations. Will you buy household decorations?

Y: Yes. How can you celebrate festivals without household decorations?

I: Next, Green Power suggests keeping the household decorations until next year.

Y: Well, I will keep the decorations. They are quite durable and are reusable.

I: Do you think the household decorations are outdated so people will not keep them at home?



                                                                                                54
                                                                   Interview Transcripts
 Y: One of the reasons I think.

 I: During Lunar New Year, as a parent, you may distribute the fold-in type red packets that are
    reusable (the red packets that do not require people to use glue). Do you think this
   suggestion is feasible?
   Which one do you prefer?

 Y: This is feasible and I like to use those fold-in type red packets..

 I: Do you think there are too many free red packets distributed by shops?

Y: No, sometimes I really need these.

 I: The last practice suggested by the Green Power is to use old banknotes rather than
    new banknotes when people putting them in red-packets. Do you agree? Which one do
    you prefer?

Y: I will use both types of banknotes. There is no big difference using new banknotes.

Y: I have finished all the questions. Thank you for your precious time.




                                                                                             55
                                                                                      Appendix 1
AS Liberal Studies Project Questionnaire
                                                                From Sacred Heart Canossian College

                              Questionnaire on habits of celebrating festivals

    1.   Which form are you studying?
          Junior students
          Senior students
    2.   Does your family like celebrating any of the festivals, such as Christmas and Lunar New Year?
          Yes
          No
    3.   What is your family‟s monthly income?
          Below $5000
          $5001-$7000
          $7001-$10000
          $10001-$15000
          Above $15000
    4.   Do your family members agree to protect the environment?
          Yes
          No
    5.   What is your parents‟ education level? ( You can tick more than one box)
          Primary education
          Secondary education
          Tertiary education
          University or above
The statements 6-16 below are the suggested good habits of celebrating festivals: If your family has this
habit, please tick the „Yes‟ box; if not, tick the „No‟ box.

    6.   Do not wrap gifts.
          Yes (Please go to statement 9)
          No ( Please go to statement 7)
    7.   Use old newspapers or magazine pages as wrapping paper.
          Yes(Please go to statement 8)
          No ( Please go to statement 8)
    8.   Minimize wrapping of gifts.
          Yes
          No
    9.   Buy gifts that are not individually packaged or over-packaged.
          Yes
          No


                                                                                                         56
AS Liberal Studies Project Questionnaire
                                                                 From Sacred Heart Canossian College


   10. If you send cards to friends, send electronic cards instead of paper cards.
        Yes
        No
   11. Reduce or do not use household decorations.
        Yes
        No
   12. Avoid buying unnecessary household decorations.
        Yes
        No
   13. Keep the decorations in order so to reuse next year.
        Yes
        No
   14. During Lunar New Year, you will receive the fold-in type red packets that are reusable (the red
       packets that do not require people to use glue). The example is shown below.




        Yes
        No
   15. Reject free red packet envelopes given by shops if you do not need them.
        Yes
        No
   16. Order or prepare suitable amounts of food for celebrating festivals.
        Yes
        No
********************************* Thank you very much!**********************************




                                                                                                   57
                                                                               Appendix 2A
AS Liberal Studies Project Questionnaire
                                                              From Sacred Heart Canossian College

               Questions for interviewing three families in Hong Kong (Chinese Version)


   1.   你自己喜歡慶祝節日嗎? 如喜歡, 原因是甚麼? 如不喜歡, 每逢節日家庭會否慶祝?

   2.   你覺得自己是否身處一個注重環保的家庭呢?


   3.   請問有沒有聽說過由綠色力量所主辦的「綠色節日」運動呢 ?

   (如答「有」會繼續回答第四條; 否則回答第五條)


   4.   請問知道「綠色節日」運動的目的嗎?


   5.   請問有沒有留意香港環保團體所舉辦的環保活動?請列明原因。


   6.   時下很多環保團體都特別著重強調慶祝節日時要環保,並提出多個建議讓市民參考,你認為下列的建
        議可行嗎? 你會聽從這些建議嗎? 請列明原因。 (資料來自「綠色力量」的「綠色節日」清單) 對於以
        下各項,你平時的習慣又是如何?

             不包裝禮物

                  如有這個習慣, 原因是甚麼? 認為為何會有人包裝禮物?
                  如沒有這個習慣, 原因是甚麼?

             如有需要包裝禮物,選用舊報紙或雜誌紙
                  如有這個習慣, 原因是甚麼?

                  如沒有這個習慣, 原因是甚麼?
                  如有人送給你是以舊報紙或雜誌紙包裝, 你會否介意?

             購買沒有獨立或過量包裝的禮物

             以電子賀卡代替聖誕卡
                  如有以電子賀卡代替聖誕卡的習慣, 你認為為何會有人用聖誕卡?

                  如有以電子賀卡代替聖誕卡的習慣, 原因是甚麼?

             減少或不購買佈置家居的裝飾品

             把可保留的佈置家居裝飾品儲存好,留待下年再用
                  如有這個習慣, 你認為家居裝飾品會過時嗎?

                  如有這個習慣, 你認為家居裝飾品是耐用品嗎?

             農曆新年的時候選用插口利是封,以便把利是封重用
                  選擇那一樣?
                  市面上會否太多免費利是封派發?

                  你會接受店舖派發的免費利是封嗎? 原因是甚麼?

             農曆新年的時候儘量選擇舊鈔票來封利是

                  選擇那一樣?




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