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Axial Appendicular Skeleton

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Axial Appendicular Skeleton Powered By Docstoc
					• Long Bones- metacarples,
  metatarsals, phelangies, humerus,
  ulna, radius, tibia, fibula
• Short Bones- carpals, tarsals
• Flat Bones- rib, scapula, skull, sternum
• Irregular Bones- vertebrae, some
  facial bones
• Sesamoid- patella
Depression & Openings:   Processes:
• Fissure                • Condyle
• Foramen                • Facet
• Fossa                  • Head
• Sulcus                 • Crest
• Meatus                 • Epicondyle
                         • Line
                         • Spinous process
                         • Trochanter
                         • Tubercle
                         • Tuberocity
  Cranium
Facial Bones




               Anterior View
  Cranium
Facial Bones




               Lateral View
Posterior View
Inferior View
                              Frontal Sinus


                              Ethmoid Sinus
                              Sphenoid Sinus


                              Maxillary Sinus



•   Warm and moisten air
•   Lighten the skull
•   Enhance voice resonance
The Vertebral Column
  Cervical Vertebrae
           (7)
  Thoracic Vertebrae
          (12)
 Lumbar Vertberae (5)
       Sacrum
       Coccyx
Fig. 07.18a
Cervical Vertebrae
The Thoracic Cage

           Sternum
           True Ribs (7)
           False Ribs (3)
           Floating Ribs (2)
Sacrum & Coccyx
Bones of the Pectoral Girdle
The Upper Limb
  (Forelimb)


  Humerus
    Ulna
   Radius
  Carpals
 Metacarpals
 Phalanges
Pelvis
          Pelvis (lateral view)
                   Ilium




                Acetabulum


                  Obturator
                  foramen

Ischium           Pubis
                                  Ischium
Male Pelvic Girdle   Female Pelvic Girdle
The Lower Limb
    (Legs)

     Femur
    Patella
      Tibia
     Fibula
    Tarsals
   Metatarsals
   Phalanges
  phelangies

 metatarsals

tarsals

          tarsals
                metatarsals
                       phelangies
Kyphosis               Lordosis

           Scoliosis
                 INQUIRY
1. What is the difference between the appendicular and
   axial skeleton?
2. What is a fontanel?
3. Weight bearing vertebrae are called?
4. Which vertebrae has transverse foramen?
5. What boned make up the orbit of the eye?
6. Which bones are the keystone to the facial bones
   and keystone to the cranial bones?
7. Where on the clavicle is the weakest spot and most
   likely to be broken?
8. List 3 functions of sinuses.

				
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posted:8/19/2011
language:English
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