BRONZE MEDALLION

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					        BRONZE MEDALLION
      Certificate II in Public Safety (Aquatic Rescue)
                          PUA21004




               Candidate Workbook


Name ……………………………………………………… Club ……………………………………………………..
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CONTENTS

Course Introduction                           Page 3
Induction                                     Page 5
Chapter 1 – Safety and Wellbeing              Page 8
Chapter 2 – Surf Awareness and Skills         Page 12
Chapter 3 – The Human Body                    Page 15
Chapter 4 – Resuscitation                     Page 18
Chapter 5 – Defibrillation and Basic Oxygen   Page 20
Chapter 6 – First Aid                         Page 22
Chapter 7 – Radio Operations                  Page 30
Chapter 8 – Communications                    Page 32
Chapter 9 – Rescue Techniques                 Page 37
Chapter 10 – Carries and Supports             Page 42
Chapter 11 – Patrols                          Page 43




Page 2                                                  Introduction
                                                                        Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


Course Introduction
The purpose of this course is to give you the skills and knowledge to save the lives of people in
difficulty at the beach


Course Outcomes
By the end of this course you should be able to
         contribute to participative arrangements for the management of occupational health
          and safety (OH&S)
         describe surfing and environmental conditions and hazards
         recognise an appropriate beach and zone for surf bathing in key locations
         demonstrate surf skills
         explain the functions of body systems
         demonstrate resuscitation techniques
         describe the use of a defibrillator
         perform oxygen-aided resuscitation and oxygen therapy
         identify patient management techniques
         perform basic patient management techniques
         perform radio communication practices using approved SLSA radios
         communicate in the workplace
         perform patient approaches, supports and escapes aided by equipment on a conscious
          and an unconscious patient
         identify people in distress in an aquatic environment
         perform patient retrieval and support unaided by equipment
         set up a patrol and describe your role on patrol
         demonstrate standard patrol practices
         work as part of a team

You will also develop knowledge and skills to enable you to demonstrate competency in the
nationally recognised qualification:
          Certificate II in Public Safety (Aquatic Safety) - PUA 21004


Prerequisites
To commence training for the Bronze Medallion (Certificate II in Public Safety – Aquatic Rescue)
you must meet the following course prerequisites:

              be at least 14 years of age to commence training
              be at least 15 years of age on the date of final assessment
              be able to swim 400 metres in nine (9) minutes




Introduction                                                                                          Page 3
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


What if you already have the skills?
If you feel confident you already have some or all of the competencies delivered in this course, ask
your trainer what to do next. Your prior learning is recognised when you can successfully
demonstrate that you are competent.


What you need to complete this course
        33rd edition, Public Safety and Aquatic Rescue Training Manual
        Training and Assessment Guide to the Bronze Medallion
        Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook
        Swimming attire (bathers, etc)




Page 4                                                                                     Introduction
                                                                        Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


INDUCTION
The answers to these questions would have been given to you during your Bronze medallion
induction session.

1 Administration

  a)         In what year was your club founded?

  b)         Name two committees at your club




  c)         What is the name of your state body?

  d)         Who is your club president?

  e)         Which of these are actual national
             committees within Surf Lifesaving Australia?
                                                          National Education Committee                 ��
             (Tick all that apply)                        Board of Corrections                         ��
                                                            Board of Lifesaving                        ��
                                                            Board of Surf Sports                       ��
                                                            Board of Rescues and Patrols               ��
                                                            Australia Council                          ��
  f)        Where in your club can you find a copy of the
            member Code of Conduct (or similar)?

  g)        Name three national policies that you can
            view or download from the SLSA national
            website (www.slsa.asn.au)




  h)        Where can you access your state’s policies?



  i)        Who do you talk to at your club if you have a
            problem or complaint?




Induction                                                                                             Page 5
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


2 Occupational Health and Safety

  a)     Name two SLSA policies (available on
         www.slsa.asn.au) related to OH&S



  b)     Describe your club’s process for reporting
         OH&S issues




  c)     Describe your club’s process for reporting
         injuries




  d)     Name three items of personal protective
         equipment (PPE) available at your club




  e)     Describe the location of two fire
         extinguishers at your club




Page 6                                                Induction
                                                           Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


3 Training

  a)        Name two awards (other than the Bronze
            Medallion) that you can achieve through
            Surf Lifesaving



  b)        What is the name of the national
            qualification you may be eligible for if you
            achieve the Bronze Medallion?

  c)        What is your trainer’s name (or the name of
            one of your trainers)?




Induction                                                                                Page 7
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 1 – SAFETY AND WELLBEING
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 1 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 Personal care and hygiene

  a)     Name two of SLSA’s responsibilities to you




  b)     Name two of your responsibilities to SLSA




  c)     Name three items that should be in your
         personal hygiene kit (bum bag)




2 Occupational Health and Safety

  a)     What is the name of the federal law
         (legislation) that ensures that employers
         provide a safe and healthy workplace for
         their employees?


  b)     What is your duty of care?


  c)     Name three hazards that are specific to
         your club




3 Lifting and carrying

  a)     What is the minimum number of people
         required for lifting an unladen IRB?

  b)     Name two items that should be carried to
         and from the beach on a trolley or similar




Page 8                                                                     Chapter 1 - Safety and Wellbeing
                                                                        Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


4 Personal Injury

  a)        List the three steps in reporting personal
            injuries                                        1



                                                            2




                                                            3




  b)        There has been a major incident at your club. A competitor from your club was run over
            by an IRB during a swim race, and received lacerations to the arm, and a suspected
            broken leg.

            Fill out the incident report log on the following page to record this incident. Be sure to fill
            in all the boxes.




Chapter 1 – Safety and Wellbeing                                                                      Page 9
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook




Page 10                               Chapter 1 – Safety and Wellbeing
                                                            Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


5 Physical health and fitness

  a)        True or false: Lifesavers don’t need to
            maintain their personal fitness levels
            outside of patrol season

  b)        Describe some of the reasons why people
            become overweight




  c)        How long do blood alcohol levels remain
            high after drinking?

  d)        True or false: Surf lifesavers are allowed to
            smoke while on patrol

  e)        List three ways of helping to prevent
            personal sun damage




Chapter 1 – Safety and Wellbeing                                                         Page 11
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 2 – SURF AWARENESS AND SKILLS
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 2 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 Waves

  a)      Name these three wave types




1 _______________________ 2 ________________________              3 _______________________


  b)      What three factors influence the size
          of waves?
                                                    1

                                                    2

                                                    3




Page 12                                                                 Chapter 2 – Surf Awareness and Skills
                                                                       Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


2 Rip currents

  a)        List three of the five common signs of a rip
            current




  b)        Name the four types of rip currents




3 Beach types and hazard ratings

  a)        Examine the beach at your club’s location

            a) Identify its type and list the features that led you to that answer




            b) Based on the beach type and features, what is its hazard rating?




Chapter 2 – Surf Awareness and Skills                                                               Page 13
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


4 Self-survival skills

  a)      To keep your body in a buoyant position
          when floating on your back, what do you do
          with your hands?


  b)      Name the two recommended methods of
          release and escape




5 Rescue board paddling

  a)      When paddling a board in a prone position,
          you should use your arms in a similar way to
          which swimming stroke?

  b)      What is the main benefit of paddling on
          your knees over paddling in the prone
          position?



  c)      What is the main benefit of catching a wave
          on a paddle board?



  d)      In what position should both patient and
          rescuer be in on a rescue board?




Page 14                                                  Chapter 2 – Surf Awareness and Skills
                                                                Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 3 – THE HUMAN BODY
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 3 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 The circulatory system

  a)       What are the main components of the
           circulatory system?



  b)       What is the name of the vessel that takes
           oxygenated blood out of the heart to the
           rest of the body?

  c)       What is the name given to the tiny vessels
           that link the ends of the smallest arteries
           with the smallest veins?

  d)       How long does it take before brain damage
           begins due to lack of oxygen?

  e)       Which vessels carry the blood back to the
           heart after the oxygen has been used?




Chapter 3 – The Human Body                                                                   Page 15
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


2 The skeletal system

  a)      Identify and label the indicated components of the skeletal system




Page 16                                                                        Chapter 3 - The Human Body
                                                         Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


3 The respiratory system

  a)       What are the two common names for the
           upper and lower sections of the respiratory
           system?


  b)       What is the name of the large muscle below
           the lungs that assists in breathing?

  c)       How much (as a %) of the air we breathe is
           oxygen?




4 The nervous system


  a)       What are the two main components of the
           central nervous system?



  b)       What happens if the breathing control
           centre does not have a good supply of
           oxygen?



  c)       What are the three main components of the
           peripheral nervous system?




Chapter 3 – The Human Body                                                            Page 17
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 4 – RESUSCITATION

The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 4 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 The Chain of Survival

  a)      Name the four stages of the “Chain of
          Survival”                                     1

                                                        2

                                                        3

                                                        4


  b)      The acronym DRABCD is often used as a
          handy reminder of the steps in providing
          resuscitation. What do the six letters each   D
          stand for?
                                                        R

                                                        A

                                                        B

                                                        C

                                                        D

  c)      What are some of the ways you might assess
          the consciousness of a patient?




  d)      What is the “key” to successful
          resuscitation?




Page 18                                                                         Chapter 4 - Resuscitation
                                                                       Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  e)        How does a lifesaver maintain an open
            airway for a patient positioned on their
            back?



  f)        What are the three words to remember to
            assist you when checking for breathing?       L

                                                          L

                                                          F

  g)        Name three of the five occasions on which
            you may decide to use mouth-to-nose
            rescue breathing                              1



                                                          2



                                                          3



  h)        In CPR, how many compressions should you
            perform in each cycle?

  i)        Give two reasons why an infant’s airway
            may be more likely to be blocked than an
            adult’s



  j)         Following the Australian Resuscitation Council Guidelines, complete the table below

                                   Baby/Infant                  Child                 Teenager/Adult
          Age Range
                               Newborn to 12 months       One to eight years        Nine years and above

       Compress with                 2 fingers                                            2 hands

    How far to compress          1/3 depth of chest       1/3 depth of chest         1/3 depth of chest

  How fast to compress            100 per minute
 How many compressions
                                                                30:2
       to breaths
           Head tilt
                                                              Backward                   Backward




Chapter 4 - Resuscitation                                                                            Page 19
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 5 - DEFIBRILLATION AND BASIC OXYGEN
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 5 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 Defibrillation

  a)      What does the acronym AED stand for?
                                                         A

                                                         E

                                                         D

  b)      As a first preference, who should perform
          defibrillation?




  c)      What is the survival rate of patients who
          receive defibrillation within two minutes of
          sudden cardiac arrest?

  d)      Can you perform defibrillation on a patient
          who is breathing and responsive?

  e)      Why should you not operate an AED in an
          unstable environment (eg, car or boat)?




2 Oxygen

  a)      Name four conditions that might benefit
          from the provision of oxygen




Page 20                                                             Chapter 5 – Defibrillation and Basic Oxygen
                                                            Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  b)        In what position should an unconscious
            patient be when given oxygen?

  c)        How should oxygen bottles be stored?




  d)        Is it acceptable to allow a conscious patient
            to hold the oxygen mask themselves?




Chapter 5 – Defibrillation and Basic Oxygen                                              Page 21
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 6 – FIRST AID
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 6 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 Introduction

  a)      What are the five aims of first aid?            P

                                                          P

                                                          P

                                                          P

                                                          P

  b)      What is meant by the term “implied
          consent”?




  c)      True or false? Australian law says that
          everyone has a duty of care to provide
          assistance to someone in need

  d)      Why is it essential that all incidents and
          patients are documented?


  e)      When should first aid supplies in a first aid
          kit be restocked?

  f)      In what position should an unconscious but
          breathing patient be carried?



  g)      Give two examples of patients who SHOULD
          be sent to hospital as soon as possible




Page 22                                                                            Chapter 6 – First Aid
                                                          Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  h)         What is the item of personal protective
             equipment that SLSA recommends you
             wear for every first aid case?




2 Vital signs and body check

  a)         What is the normal heart rate range for a
             well perfused adult?

  b)         Name three things a rescuer is looking for
             when doing a body check (secondary
             assessment)




Chapter 6 – First Aid                                                                  Page 23
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


3 Bleeding, cuts and abrasions, shock

  a)      Complete this sentence: “The best control method for bleeding is applying … “




  b)      Should a bleeding limb be raised or
          lowered?

  c)      If a dressed wound continues to bleed,
          what is the correct procedure?




  d)      How would you clean a cut or abrasion?




  e)      True or false: To treat a nosebleed, have the
          patient lie down with their head tilted back

  f)      How long would you allow a nosebleed to
          continue bleeding before seeking medical
          assistance?

  g)      Name three causes of shock




  h)      Name three signs or symptoms of shock




Page 24                                                                              Chapter 6 – First Aid
                                                           Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


4 Breathing / respiration

  a)         When assessing respiratory emergencies,
             there are two things to be assessed. One is
             the rate of breathing. What is the other?


  b)         Name four possible triggers for asthma




  c)         What is the ratio of inhaler puffs to
             breaths?




5 Heart / cardiovascular

  a)         Angina refers to the chest pain and
             associated symptoms felt when there is a
             decrease in what?



  b)         Regardless of the cause of cardiac arrest,
             what is the result?




  c)         Name three signs and symptoms of chest
             pain




  d)         What are the two things to do as the first
             step in management of chest pain?




Chapter 6 – First Aid                                                                   Page 25
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


6 Altered state of consciousness

  a)      Give three examples of causes of altered
          consciousness




  b)      Give three examples of things that might be
          associated with fainting




  c)      When managing a patient who has fainted,
          how should you position their head?



  d)      If recovery from fainting does not occur in
          just a few minutes, what is the first aider’s
          next course of action?




7 Spinal injuries

  a)      Why should an injury to the spinal column
          be viewed as serious?




  b)      What are the two mechanisms responsible
          for most neck injuries in the water?



  c)      Which of these two [from b) above] is
          responsible for most neck injuries?




Page 26                                                   Chapter 6 – First Aid
                                                                  Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  d)         When someone is found floating in shallow
             water, you should manage them as a
             suspected spinal injury case. This means
             that as you remove their face from the
             water, what else must you do at the same
             time?




8 Temperature-related illnesses

  a)         Complete this sentence: Hypothermia occurs when the body’s core temperature …




  b)         What is the first step in managing a
             conscious hypothermia patient?




  c)         What is the most severe heat-induced
             illness?

  d)         Name at least two signs of possible heat
             stroke




  e)         Where should cold packs or ice be applied
             when managing a heat stroke patient?




Chapter 6 – First Aid                                                                          Page 27
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


9 Burns

  a)       The best way to cool a burn is by running
           tap water over the area for how long?


  b)       True or false: Do not apply any type of
           butter, cream or greasy substance to a burn

  c)       When treating a chemical burn, for how
           long should you rinse the exposed area with
           running water?

  d)       List the four signs and symptoms of sunburn




10 Hard and soft tissue injuries

  a)      Provide a short definition for each of these hard
          tissue injuries

                                   Fracture

                                   Dislocation

  b)       Which is the more common – an open
           fracture or a closed fracture?

  c)       True or false: You should attempt to
           position a dislocated joint

  d)       Give a short definition of a strain




Page 28                                                       Chapter 6 – First Aid
                                                              Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  e)         Give a short definition of a sprain




  f)      The acronym RICER is often used to recall the
          correct management of soft tissue injuries.     R
          What does each of the letters stand for?
                                                          I

                                                          C

                                                          E

                                                          R

11 Marine envenomation

  a)         Some venoms can be prevented from being
             absorbed into the blood by using what sort
             of bandaging?

  b)         Tropical jellyfish stings should be doused
             with what, and for how long?



  c)         What benefit does applying a cold pack
             provide for jellyfish stings?



  d)         For the majority of penetrating spine
             injuries, what is the recommended method
             for relieving pain?




  e)         Name three creatures for whose stings the
             Pressure Immobilisation Technique (PIT) is
             recommended




Chapter 6 – First Aid                                                                      Page 29
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 7 – RADIO OPERATIONS
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 7 of the 33 rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 Radio equipment and channels

 a)       What is a repeater?




 b)       What are the names of two main types of
          radio networks used in surf lifesaving?



 c)       Explain the difference between simplex and
          duplex radio communication




2 Radio technique

   a)      How should you begin your initial call?
           What should you say?



   b)      What is the one word that no call sign
           should include as part of its name?




Page 30                                                                       Chapter 7 – Radio Operations
                                                                 Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


   c)         What does the proword “break” mean
              when used during a transmission?




   d)         Radio checks are the quickest way to check
              what?




   e)         What are the four main roles of Surfcom?




3 Procedures and maintenance

   a)         For any incident you should use the four P’s
              to pass on accurate information. What do       P
              the four P’s stand for?
                                                             P

                                                             P

                                                             P

   b)         What is the emergency call for SLSA?


   c)         Name four tasks that you might perform
              during regular radio maintenance




Chapter 7 – Radio Operations                                                                  Page 31
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 8 – COMMUNICATIONS
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 8 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 Effective communication

  a)      To communicate effectively we have to
          match our language to the situation. What
          are the three things we need to clearly work
          out?



  b)      Explain what is meant by each of these five
          “skills” to ensure effective communication”

                                       Pay attention -



                                            Observe -



                                               Listen -



                                         Summarise -



                                            Respond -



2 Verbal communication

  a)      List three ways that we can help to avoid
          barriers to good communication




Page 32                                                                       Chapter 8 - Communications
                                                                    Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  b)       You also need good listening skills. Explain
           the three levels of listening
                                         Non-hearing -



                                                      Hearing -



                                    Listening and thinking -



3 Non-verbal communication

  a)       One study looked at the influence of words, voice and gestures.
           What percentage of a message did it find is conveyed by words?

  b)       List four forms of non-verbal
           communication that can be ‘read’




4 Graphic communication

 a)        State the function or purpose of each of the following shapes

                         Sign Function                                     Shape




 Sign warning of a hazard or condition, or that an activity
 is not advised




 Sign giving information about water safety features, that
 a particular activity is permitted




 Sign containing instructions. Failure to follow is either
 an offence of law or breach of safety




Chapter 8 – Communications                                                                       Page 33
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  b)      What does each of these Australian Standard symbols mean?




   1                                         2




   3                                         4




   5                                         6




Page 34                                                               Chapter 8 - Communications
                                                                      Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


5 Selecting a communications tool

  a)       Explain four points that should be considered to assist in selecting the most effective
           communication channel

           1




           2




           3




           4




6 Signals

  a)       True or false: It is essential for every
           lifesaver to know the standard SLSA signals


  b)       In addition to hand signals, beach to water
           signals can also involve the use of what?

  c)       Why is it important that members of the
           beach patrol are waiting at the water’s edge
           when a boat returns with a patient?




Chapter 8 – Communications                                                                           Page 35
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


7 Hand signals
    What do these standard SLSA signals mean?




1                              2                    3




4                              5                    6




7                                               8




Page 36                                                 Chapter 8 - Communications
                                                                    Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 9 – RESCUE TECHNIQUES

The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 9 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.


1 Introduction

a)     SLSA has developed four important concepts of lifesaving practice. Give a brief definition of
       each

       PREVENTION




       RECOGNITION




       RESCUE




       RECOVERY




2 Recognising the patient

a)     Give three examples of high risk groups




Chapter 9 – Rescue Techniques                                                                    Page 37
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


b)        Give four examples of signs of a distressed
          person




c)        Give four examples of classic behaviour
          exhibited by drowning patients




3 Alerting the patrol captain

a)        List three ways that you can inform the patrol
          captain that you have identified a person
          who may require assistance




b)        It is important to inform a second ‘party’,
          because a simple rescue can become
          complex. Give two reasons why this can
          happen




4 Deciding on a course of action

 a)        What are the four factors that will influence
           your course of action in a rescue situation?




Page 38                                                    Chapter 9 – Rescue Techniques
                                                                 Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


 b)      How could you use a rip to your advantage in a
         rescue situation?




 c) Using the chart on page 127 of the 33rd edition manual, rate the risk associated with
    each of the rescue equipment items below by placing an X on the risk grading next to it

                                                          LOW            MED                  HIGH
                            No floating aid
                            Rescue tube
                            Rescue board
                            IRB/JRB/ORB/RWC
                            Helicopter rescue

  d)     What are the two main advantages of a
         rescue board?




  e)     What are the two main disadvantages of a
         rescue tube?




5 Retrieving the patient

  a)       What might a panicking patient do as a
           rescuer approaches?



  b)       Bubbles may give some indications of a
           submerged patient’s location, but what else
           needs to be considered?




Chapter 9 – Rescue Techniques                                                                 Page 39
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  c)      After raising a submerged patient to the
          surface, what are the three things you
          should do?




6 Rescue methods

 a)       True or false? Floating items such as
          bodyboards can be considered as rescue
          aids when no standard rescue equipment is
          available

 b)       Performing rescues without equipment
          increases the risk to whom?


 c)       The defensive position will help prevent you 1
          being attacked by a drowning patient. This
          involves approaching the patient in what
          way?


                                                       2




 d)       Name the two recommended methods for
          returning a patient to shore without
          equipment



 e)       At what point during a tube rescue would
          you put on your swim fins?


 f)       At what distance should you stop from a
          conscious patient and push the tube toward
          them?




Page 40                                                    Chapter 9 – Rescue Techniques
                                                                 Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


 g)        When rescuing an unconscious patient,
           what should you do if they are not
           breathing?




 h)        What do you need to check for when
           entering the surf zone while returning a
           patient to the shore?




 i)        After reaching an unconscious, breathing or
           exhausted patient and maintaining patient
           support, what SLSA signal should you then
           use?



 j)        What is an effective method for returning a
           heavy patient to shore, or in situations such
           as strong current or rough surf?

 k)        When approaching a patient using a rescue
           board, on what side of the patient should
           you aim to keep the rescue board?

 l)        Complete this sentence: Deep water rescue breathing should only be performed …




 m)        What is the signal for a mass rescue alert?



 n)        What do you do if you hear the mass rescue
           alarm sound?




Chapter 9 – Rescue Techniques                                                                 Page 41
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 10 – CARRIES AND SUPPORTS
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 10 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 Picking up, carrying and lowering a patient

  a)      In the two-person carry, one lifesaver will
          provide support with the patient’s back
          against his/her chest. What does that
          lifesaver then do with their hands?



  b)      What is the major hazard when lifting a
          patient out of an IRB?




  c)      What carry is suitable for use for a stinger-
          affected patient?

  d)      Why should a stinger patient be restrained
          from running around?




2 Spinal injuries

  a)      A non-witnessed person found floating face
          down should be managed as a suspected
          spinal injury. In such a case, what is the
          first thing to do upon reaching the patient?



  b)      If attempts to place the patient’s neck in
          the neutral position produce pain, what
          should you do?



  c)      The five-person carry should only be used
          when?



Page 42                                                                   Chapter 10 – Carries and Supports
                                                                Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


CHAPTER 11 – PATROLS
The answers to these questions appear in Chapter 11 of the 33rd edition Bronze Manual, “Public
Safety and Aquatic Rescue”.

1 Roles and responsibilities

  a)        What is a lifesaver’s primary function on
            patrol?

  b)        What is a Patrol Captain’s first task when
            duty starts?

  c)        Where on a beach should rescue equipment
            be placed?



  d)        Who is responsible for recording
            information in the Patrol Log Book?




2 Starting patrols

  a)        At what time should you arrive for your
            rostered patrol?

  b)        List four items that will be included in a
            patrol briefing                              1



                                                         2



                                                         3



                                                         4




Chapter 11 - Patrols                                                                         Page 43
Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


  c)      What should you be looking for when
          checking rescue tubes prior to a patrol?




3 Patrolling

  a)      What names are given to the three
          patrolling methods?                        1

                                                     2

                                                     3

  b)      What is “scanning”?




  c)      Name at least three methods of scanning




  d)      Name at least three scanning strategies




Page 44                                                  Chapter 11 - Patrols
                                                            Bronze Medallion Candidate Workbook


4 Emergency services

  a)        What does each of these acronyms stand for?

                                                      IRB



                                                      RWC



                                                      ORB



                                                      JRB



  b)        What three things should Bronze Medallion
            holders know to be able to assist in
            launching and retrieving an IRB?




  b)        What is the minimum roped-off area
            required for helicopter beach landings?



  c)        What signal do you use to ask permission
            from the pilot to approach a helicopter (to
            proceed under the rotor disc)?




Chapter 11 - Patrols                                                                     Page 45

				
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