Brunei Darussalam (Jawi: )وڬارا برووي دارالسالمis a small country rich in oil and is located in the northern island of Borneo. Brunei surrounded by Malaysia and Brunei are separated in two parts by the Malaysian mainland. Borneo's name is taken on the name of the country. This is because in the past, Brunei has a strong influence and power on the island of Borneo. History Brunei was once under the influence of the Srivijaya Empire Some historians have believed that there was a government before the establishment of the Sultanate of Brunei today, dubbed the Chinese as Po-ni. Note the Chinese and the Arabs showed that this ancient trading kingdom existed at the mouth of the Brunei River as early as the 7th century or the eighth. This early government had conquered Srivijaya empire based in Sumatra in the early ninth century AD and then dominate the North Borneo and the Philippines archipelago. This government has also colonized the Majapahit Empire based in Java, but managed to free himself and returned as an important state. Empire Brunei's heyday in the 15th century to the 17th century, when it was extending its authority throughout the islands of Borneo and the Philippines in the north. Brunei achieve the zenith of its power during the reign of the fifth sultan, Sultan Bolkiah (1485 - 1524), which is famous due to his sea adventures, and even briefly captured Manila and in the reign of the tenth sultan, Sultan Muhammad Hasan ( ( )سلطان محمد حسهTM 1582 - 1598), who develop custom layout of the government and the palace, which remains to this day. After the time of Sultan Hassan, Brunei entered the decline was due to internal unrest due to power struggle between the royal heir, and also because the incidence of the influence of European colonial powers in the region here has the traditional trading patterns, destroying the economic foundation of the sultanate of Brunei and other Southeast Asia. In 1839, the English traveler named James Brooke arrived in Borneo and helped the Sultan subdue a rebellion. In return, he became governor and later "Figure" Sarawak ( )سراوقin northwestern Borneo, expanded the territory under his rule. At the same time, British North Borneo Company (SBUB) is expanding its share in northeastern Borneo. In 1888, Brunei became a state under the protection of the British government to maintain the sovereignty of the country, but foreign affairs under British control. In 1906, Brunei accepted a further step extension of British control when executive power is transferred to a British resident who advised the Sultan on all matters except those concerned with local custom and religion. In 1959, the Brunei government to declare powerful new rule except in the issue of external relations, security and defense, where these issues are the responsibility of the British. Attempts to form a legislature in 1962 had forgotten because of the rebellion by the opposition People's Party of Brunei and with the help of the British, the uprising was successfully eradicated. Whereas at the end of 1950 and early 1960, the Brunei government also resisted proposals (although initially expressed interest) to merge with Singapore, Sabah, Sarawak and Malaya to form Malaysia and finally federal Sultan of Brunei, then decided to form an independent nation. In 1967, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin down from the throne and appointed his eldest son, Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei to the 29. He was also the Defense Minister after Brunei achieved full independence with the title Paduka Seri Begawan Sultan. In 1970, the central state government or Brunei Town Brunei Town was renamed Bandar Seri Begawan to him fondly. He died in 1986. On January 4, 1979, Brunei and the United Kingdom have signed a Cooperation and Friendship Treaty. On January 1, 1984, Brunei Darussalam has achieved complete independence.
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