Brunei Brunei Darussalam Jawi by hayanimrsm

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									Brunei Darussalam (Jawi: ‫ )وڬارا برووي دارالسالم‬is a small country rich in oil and is located in the northern
island of Borneo. Brunei surrounded by Malaysia and Brunei are separated in two parts by the Malaysian
mainland.

Borneo's name is taken on the name of the country. This is because in the past, Brunei has a strong
influence and power on the island of Borneo.

History
Brunei was once under the influence of the Srivijaya Empire

Some historians have believed that there was a government before the establishment of the Sultanate
of Brunei today, dubbed the Chinese as Po-ni. Note the Chinese and the Arabs showed that this ancient
trading kingdom existed at the mouth of the Brunei River as early as the 7th century or the eighth. This
early government had conquered Srivijaya empire based in Sumatra in the early ninth century AD and
then dominate the North Borneo and the Philippines archipelago. This government has also colonized
the Majapahit Empire based in Java, but managed to free himself and returned as an important state.

Empire Brunei's heyday in the 15th century to the 17th century, when it was extending its authority
throughout the islands of Borneo and the Philippines in the north.

Brunei achieve the zenith of its power during the reign of the fifth sultan, Sultan Bolkiah (1485 - 1524),
which is famous due to his sea adventures, and even briefly captured Manila and in the reign of the
tenth sultan, Sultan Muhammad Hasan (‫ ( )سلطان محمد حسه‬TM 1582 - 1598), who develop custom layout
of the government and the palace, which remains to this day.

After the time of Sultan Hassan, Brunei entered the decline was due to internal unrest due to power
struggle between the royal heir, and also because the incidence of the influence of European colonial
powers in the region here has the traditional trading patterns, destroying the economic foundation of
the sultanate of Brunei and other Southeast Asia.

In 1839, the English traveler named James Brooke arrived in Borneo and helped the Sultan subdue a
rebellion.

In return, he became governor and later "Figure" Sarawak (‫ )سراوق‬in northwestern Borneo, expanded
the territory under his rule.

At the same time, British North Borneo Company (SBUB) is expanding its share in northeastern Borneo.
In 1888, Brunei became a state under the protection of the British government to maintain the
sovereignty of the country, but foreign affairs under British control. In 1906, Brunei accepted a further
step extension of British control when executive power is transferred to a British resident who advised
the Sultan on all matters except those concerned with local custom and religion.
In 1959, the Brunei government to declare powerful new rule except in the issue of external relations,
security and defense, where these issues are the responsibility of the British. Attempts to form a
legislature in 1962 had forgotten because of the rebellion by the opposition People's Party of Brunei and
with the help of the British, the uprising was successfully eradicated. Whereas at the end of 1950 and
early 1960, the Brunei government also resisted proposals (although initially expressed interest) to
merge with Singapore, Sabah, Sarawak and Malaya to form Malaysia and finally federal Sultan of Brunei,
then decided to form an independent nation.

In 1967, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin down from the throne and appointed his eldest son, Hassanal
Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei to the 29. He was also the Defense Minister after Brunei achieved full
independence with the title Paduka Seri Begawan Sultan. In 1970, the central state government or
Brunei Town Brunei Town was renamed Bandar Seri Begawan to him fondly. He died in 1986.

On January 4, 1979, Brunei and the United Kingdom have signed a Cooperation and Friendship Treaty.
On January 1, 1984, Brunei Darussalam has achieved complete independence.

								
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