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The Facts about Alcohol

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					       12/16/10
 What are three health
 risks related to alcohol
use that you anticipate
learning in this lesson?
• Fact vs. Myth
   The Facts about Alcohol
  Ethanol – the type of alcohol in
alcoholic beverages, made through
    the fermentation of fruits,
       vegetables and grains

  Fermentation – the chemical
   action of yeast on sugars
         12/17/10
 How can alcohol use
      decrease your
performance in activities
     that you enjoy?
Hint: Think of the parts of the triangle!
     Immediate Effects

Influences a person’s motor skills by
 slowing reaction time and impairing
 vision.

Clouds judgment and clear thinking.
     Immediate Effects
Drinking alcohol can lead to
 intoxication.

Intoxication – the state in which
 the body is poisoned by alcohol
 or another substance and the
 person’s physical and mental
 control is reduced.
     Immediate Effects
Alcohol is a depressant, a drug that
 slows the central nervous system.

What effects have you seen in people
 drinking? List them on your notes.
Influencing Alcohol’s Effects
– Size of the person
– Gender
– Food
– Rate of intake/ amount
– Emotions
– Overall state of health
– Medicine
Who would be more effected?
A male teen weighing 135 lbs vs.
 female teen weighing 135 lbs?

A male teen weighing 140 lbs vs. a
 male teen weighing 195 lbs?

A teen who had a very exciting day
 vs. a teen who had a normal day?
               Review

• Fermentation is…?
  – – the chemical action of yeast
    on sugars

• What can influence alcohol’s effects
  on a person?
               Review
• Alcohol is what type of drug?
  –Depressant

• Which means?
  – Slows down the central nervous system
           Review

• Who would be more effected?
Who would be more effected?
A male teen weighing 135 lbs vs.
 female teen weighing 135 lbs?

A male teen weighing 140 lbs vs. a
 male teen weighing 195 lbs?

A teen who had a very exciting day
 vs. a teen who had a normal day?
Alcohol & Medicine Interactions
 Alcohol can change the effects of
   medicines.
 – Body may absorb drug or alcohol more
   slowly, increasing the time they are
   effecting the body.
 – Can decrease the effectiveness of some
   medicines & increase others.
 – Can change some medicines into
   chemicals that can damage the liver.
 Can lead to illness or death.
Short-Term Effects of Alcohol

• Changes to the Brain
 – Can damage pathways used for
   learning.
 – Memory and concentration are dulled.
 – Judgment, coordination, movement,
   speech and vision are impaired.
 – Increases the risks of stroke in
   teenagers!
Short-Term Effects of Alcohol

• Cardiovascular Changes
 – High levels of alcohol slow heart rate
   and blood pressure.
 – Body temperature drops.
• Liver and Kidney Changes
 – Toxic chemicals are released as the
   liver breaks down the alcohol
 – Cause scarring of the liver tissue.
Short-Term Effects of Alcohol
• Liver and Kidney Changes
 – Causes the kidney to increase urine
   output and cause dehydration.
• Digestive System
 – Alcohol increases stomach acid which
   causes nausea and vomiting.
• Pancreas
 – Can cause pancreatitis, which causes
   severe pain. Does not allow body to
   break down foods.
         12/20/10
   What are two
  benefits of living
  without alcohol?
¿Qué son los dos beneficios de
      vivir sin alcohol?
Long-Term Effects of Alcohol
• Addiction (Damage to families)

• Loss of Brain Function

• Permanent Brain Damage

• Reduction in Brain Size

• High Blood Pressure (can lead to
  stroke & heart attack)
  Long-Term Effects of Alcohol
• Fatty Liver (Build up of fat cells can lead to
  cell death)

• Enlarged Heart (Reduces ability to pump
  blood)

• Alcoholic Hepatitis (infection of the liver)

• Cirrhosis (tissue is replaced with scar tissue)

• Digestive Problems (damage to the lining of
  the stomach causing cancer and ulcers)
Binge Drinking – consuming five or
 more alcoholic drinks in one sitting.

  – Can lead to a fatal dose alcohol or
    alcohol poisoning.


  If you suspect that a person has
      alcohol poisoning, call 911
             immediately.
Alcohol Poisoning – severe and potentially
 fatal reaction to an alcoholic overdose.
    • Irregular heartbeat
    • Slow respiration
    • Mental confusion, coma, vomiting
      and seizures
    • Hypothermia, or low body
      temperature
    • Pale or bluish color skin
    • Severe dehydration from vomiting
         Dependence
What are the two types of
 dependence that alcohol users
 may suffer from? List them in
 your notes.


Physiological & Psychological
 Factors that Influence Use
• Peer pressure

• Family

• Media Messages
         Media Messages
• Good? Bad? Neither?
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yFfq6J-
  rKns

• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Utavg
  BymeE
     Problems with Alcohol
• The Law – Illegal to drink if you are
  under 21. Can result in being arrested
  and youth detention center.

• Violence – Fights are more likely to
  break out when alcohol is involved.
  Teen drinkers are more likely to be
  victims of violent crimes. (robbery, rape)
     Problems with Alcohol
• Sexual Activity – impairs judgment and
  lowers inhibitions. Causes teens to
  compromise their values. Twice as likely
  to contract a STD. 25% of teens use
  alcohol before engaging in sexual
  activity.
     Problems with Alcohol
• Family – 25% of all youth have alcohol
  abuse in their family as a result of
  another family member.

• School - School has a 0 tolerances
  policy, which means no alcohol is
  allowed. Using alcohol can negatively
  effect your future, activities and college.
        Being Alcohol Free
• Helps you
  – Maintain a healthy body
  – Establish healthy relationships
  – Make healthy decisions
  – Avoid risky behaviors
  – Avoid illegal activities
  – Avoid violence
  – Achieve your goals (Remember AHS)
            What’s next?
• Rider University Example

• Explain Binge Drinking Pamphlet
           12/21/10
   How can teen
alcohol use put your
   future at risk?
 ¿Cómo puede utilizar alcohol de
joven puso su futuro en el riesgo?
             Questionsssss
• How many ridges are on the rim of a
  dime?
  – 118
• What type of car was driving itself around
  this time last year?
  – (need make and model)
  – Toyota Prius
  – Driver's Frantic 911 Call
• Video
 –Weird Science
        Alcohol & Driving
• DWI (Driving while Intoxicated) or DUI
  (Driving Under the Influence) is the
  leading cause of death among teens.

• Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) –
  the amount of alcohol in a person’s
  blood, expressed as a percentage.

• Delaware’s Legal Limit = 0.08
       Alcohol & Driving
– Slows reflexes

– Effects concentration

– Underestimate dangers

– Increases risk-taking behaviors

– Vision is blurred

– Coordination is impaired
          Alcohol & Driving
• It is illegal to…
   – be Driving While Intoxicated (DWI)
   – be drinking while driving.
   – have an open container of alcohol in the
     vehicle.
   – consume alcohol if you are under 21 years
   old.
• Designated Driver
  – A person who does not drink at all so that
    they can safely drive others home.
Consequences of DWI
 •Harm to the driver and others

 •Restricted driving privileges or
     complete loss of license

•Alcohol related injuries, property
        damage and death

   •Living with regret and guilt
  Consequences of DWI
•A police record and possible lawsuits

•Arrest, jail time, court appearance,
      and a heavy fine or bail

       •Higher insurance rate

 •Loss of parental trust and respect
Buzzed Driving is Drunk Driving
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HfVJ0C
  NVnMM

• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OYCHp
  Z13l-E&feature=related
              Handouts
• Delaware DUI Laws

• Handout: BAC & Effects on the body
         Oprah’s On

• Oprah Show and Discus
       12/22/10

Why do you think some
people use alcohol even
 though they know it is
      dangerous?
           Review

• Factors that influence
  alcohol use:
 – Peer pressure
 – Family
 – Media Messages
 – Age
                      Review
– Alcohol and Driving:

– Slows reflexes
– Effects concentration
– Underestimate dangers
– Increases risk-taking behaviors
– Vision is blurred
– Coordination is impaired
                      Review
• Consequences of DUI/DWI:

• Harm to the driver and others

• Restricted driving privileges or complete loss of
  license

• Alcohol related injuries, property damage and death

• Living with regret and guilt
    Alcohol & Pregnancy
• When a pregnant female drinks,
  alcohol passes from the mother’s
  body into the bloodstream of the
  fetus.

• The fetus is not fully developed and
  body cannot process the alcohol.
    Alcohol & Pregnancy
Risk of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
 - a group of alcohol related birth
 defects that include physical and
 mental problems.
Born with:
    • Small head, deformities of the face
      hands and feet.
    • Heart, liver & kidney defects
    • Difficulty with learning, attention,
      memory.
FAS
FAS
FAS
        FAS Activity
   Pretend your neighbor is
   pregnant and you saw her
     drinking alcohol at a
   neighborhood bar-b-que.
Write a letter to her explaining
the risks of alcohol to the fetus
 and advocating against drinking
    alcohol during pregnancy.
                             25 pts
           1/3/10
 In what ways could an
alcoholic affect members
  of their family. List 3.
¿De qué manera podría afectar a un
 alcohólico miembros de su familia.
              Lista 3.
                Review
• Risks of FAS: Baby born with…
    • Small head, deformities of the
      face hands and feet.
    • Heart, liver & kidney defects
    • Difficulty with learning,
      attention, memory.
            Alcoholism
• Alcoholism is a disease in which a
  person has a physical or psychological
  dependence on alcohol.
  – Symptoms: Craving more, Loss of
    control, dependence, increased
    tolerance.
    • Person who is dependent on alcohol
      is an alcoholic.

    • Linked genetically. 4 x more likely.
  Stages of Alcoholism
Stage 1 – Abuse

Stage 2 – Dependence

Stage 3 – Addiction


Classwork: Using page 582, describe
 the differences between the 3
 stages and what each looks like.
Help for Alcoholics and Family
• Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) –
  provides help for alcohol users of
  all ages.
• Al- Anon/ Alateen – helps families and
  friends of alcoholics deal with and recover
  from the effects of living with an alcoholic.
Alcoholism cannot be cured but it can
             be treated.

After successful treatment:
   Recovery – the process of
   learning to live an alcohol free
   life.

   Sobriety – living without alcohol
     Proof vs. Percentage

• % x 2 = Proof
• Proof/2 = %
               Intervention
• Sylvia
  – http://www.aetv.com/intervention/video/?bcpid
    =53411497001&bclid=1453556960&bctid=92
    40803001
 Alcoholism @ work Activity
•Groups of 2-3
•Imagine you are responsible for
   creating a company policy about
   employees who show signs of
   alcoholism.
•How will your company handle it?
                                    35 pts
•Extra Credit – Call local businesses
and ask what their existing policies are
regarding alcoholics. 20 product pts
    Alcoholism Activity
•Groups of 3-4
•Write a skit teaching teenagers about
    alcoholism, perform in class.
•The skit can focus on a teen struggling
    with alcoholism or a group of
    friends working together to help a
    friend find help for an alcohol
    problem.
•Each skit should include at least 20
    lines of dialogue. Must be written.
•Everyone must participate in the skit.
                                    25 pts
   Intervention Activity
•Groups of 3-4
•Write a skit showing a intervention for a
     teenager who is an alcoholic, perform in
     class.
•The skit can focus on a teen struggling
     with alcoholism & the group of people
     working together to help them get help
     for their alcohol problem.
•Each skit should include at least 20 lines
of dialogue. Must be written.
•Everyone must participate in the skit.
                                          25 pts

				
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posted:8/19/2011
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