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Strategies for Global Community Building

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					 BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY:
           THE NEXT STEP

                             November 28-30, 1994


                               Convened at Airlie Center,
                                 Warrenton, Virginia




                                        Sponsored by:




     The American Council on                            The Stanley Foundation
International Intercultural Education
ABOUT THE CONFERENCE

                                                   viduals who made them. All participants and

T
        he American Council on International
        Intercultural Education (ACIIE) and the    observers have been given the opportunity to
        Stanley Foundation developed and con-      review the draft of the report and to provide
vened a conference to discuss “Building the        corrections of a factual nature prior to the
Global Community: The Next Step.” Twenty-          completion of the final version.
four persons, each representing a key area
within the field of international education and    In the appendices are the transcriptions of two
the federal government, participated in the        presentations which began the proceedings:
spirited, productive discussions.                  welcoming address by Richard H. Stanley,
                                                   president of the Stanley Foundation; and the
The objectives of the conference, held on          opening remarks of Ernest Boyer, president of
November 28-30, 1994, at Airlie Center in          the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement
Warrenton, Virginia, were to:                      of Teaching. While there are occasional
                                                   references to these addresses in the rapporteurs’
• Clarify community college goals in               report, it was felt that it would be valuable to
  international and intercultural education.       include a more comprehensive presentation as
                                                   well.
• Articulate a clear mission statement.
                                                   ACIIE and the Stanley Foundation encourage
• Determine strategies.                            use of this report for informational and educa-
                                                   tional purposes. Any part of the material may be
• Construct a recommended plan of action to        duplicated, with proper acknowledgement.
  implement international and intercultural
  education in all US community colleges.
                                                   Production: Amy Bakke and Bonnie Tharp
One of the significant conference outcomes was
the adoption of a mission statement:

To ensure the survival and well-being of our
communities, it is imperative that community
colleges develop a globally and multiculturally
competent citizenry.

The report which follows is the product of the
rapporteurs for the conference. They have
attempted to provide the sense of the meeting
without attributing specific points to the indi-
    “To ensure the survival and well-being of our communities, it is imperative that community
    colleges develop a globally and multiculturally competent citizenry.”



INTRODUCTION

                                                      Students need and deserve both international

I
    t is abundantly clear that community
    colleges, together with the world in which        and intercultural education. To simply focus on
    they function, have changed dramatically          the new world beyond national borders is to
over the past decade and a half. It is not so clear   miss a vital component of American society.
that public perceptions of community colleges         America is a mosaic of people from many
have kept pace with this evolution. Community         lands, justifiably proud of their heritage: cul-
colleges are the vanguard of global education in      ture, language, customs, history, rites, and
America, a fact unnoticed and underappreciated        legends. Multicultural education, which teaches
by too many US decision makers and policy             an appreciation and respect for diversity, is
shapers.                                              essential if this republic is to be truly demo-
                                                      cratic and whole. Efforts in this area must
As proactive, community-based institutions of         extend beyond the curriculum to transform the
higher learning, community colleges have long         campus environment.
been aware of global changes and their impact
on American society. Their very nature and            Another reality is that some community col-
scope have evolved due to the influx of inter-        leges are not yet involved in global education
national students, the advancement of faculty         efforts. Since these institutions (like indivi-
expertise, technological advancements, tele-          duals) are not mirror images of one another,
communications, the development of new                each one will require a different starting point
curricula, and compelling global developments.        and program design. This report offers a broad
Many community colleges recognize that the            range of approaches, strategies, and actions for
world is not out there; it is here, in the class-     their consideration.
rooms and communities they serve. Separating
domestic from international issues is no longer       Why is global education the mandate now, as
an option. This new reality has several key           we conclude the twentieth century and approach
components.                                           the twenty-first? Why should community
                                                      colleges and their governing boards embrace
International and intercultural education are the     the urgency of providing such education for
two aspects of what many educators refer to as        their constituencies? Explicitly stated or not, the
“global education.” “International education”         community college mission has always been
refers to the body of activities which engages        comprehensive, inclusive, and reflective of
Americans in contact with individuals and             community needs. In 1988, the Commission on
institutions outside US borders, and “inter-          the Future of Community Colleges acknow-
cultural (or multicultural) education” focuses on     ledged, even proclaimed, the view that com-
undertakings which deal with the rich diversity       munity colleges must not only “enhance the
of cultures within the United States. Taken to-       dignity and power of individuals,” but also
gether, the two currents form the seamless web        “strengthen common goals as individuals are
that many refer to as “global.”                       encouraged to see beyond private interests and
2                                               BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




place their own lives in a larger context.” This        actuality, the student has been shortchanged and
larger context aptly defines the world as we            ill-prepared for the world in which he/she lives.
know it and as it continues to evolve. The com-         It may sound to some like a bottom-line
mon vision which must be understood and                 orientation, but the economy speaks to all,
accepted reflects the reality, not an illusion, of a    regardless of philosophical alignment.
truly global society. We see and are affected
daily by this globalization.                            The world is giving us no choice in the matter;
                                                        the issue is one of survival. Either students
Richard H. Stanley, president of the Stanley            become globally literate and capable of com-
Foundation of Muscatine, Iowa, during his               peting internationally or their community
welcoming address (see Appendix A), stated              college, community, and nation will become
that the dissemination of information through           relatively inconsequential. Therefore, com-
increasingly sophisticated technology means             munity colleges are obligated to provide global
that we are present at events occurring around          education.
the world in a manner which changes the way
decisions are made at governmental and indi-            In practical terms, to develop this global
vidual levels. Certainly, economic activity takes       competency in their students, US community
place on an international level; much of busi-          colleges must provide an educational exper-
ness is international business. Historic trade          ience which advances knowledge and
agreements such as NAFTA and GATT are, in               understanding in five areas:
fact, the institutionalization of a reality which
has existed for some time. Production, too, has         • Global interdependence: peoples, institutions,
been globalized. National boundaries have little          and nations are linked socially, culturally,
to do with the market forces which truly deter-           economically, ecologically, and militarily.
mine where and how goods are manufactured.
Similarly, the ability of voluntary associations        • Human resources, values, and culture:
and organizations to transcend borders and deal           awareness and acknowledgement of the
with critical issues such as the environment,             diversity and the unity of humans.
population, women’s rights, and more has been
impacted. Much of this can be credited to               • Global environment and natural resources:
communications technology which enables                   respect for the assets which enable humans to
participation from every corner of the globe.             live and prosper and acknowledgement of the
                                                          effects of human actions on the quality of the
Stanley pointed out that the student who is               natural environment.
entering today’s job market must be prepared to
work effectively in this interconnected, inter-         • Global peace and conflict management:
dependent environment. If community college               determining mechanisms for settling disputes,
education has not equipped the student for this           locally and globally, through peaceful means.
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY : THE NEXT STEP        3




• Change and alternate futures: the capacity to
  envision options for the human experience
  and to devise innovative methods for realizing
  preferred results.

Ernest Boyer, president of the Carnegie
Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching,
keynoted the conference. He asserted in his
opening remarks (see Appendix B) that there
are three priorities—even obligations—for
higher education in this new world: to educate
students to understand that we are all different,
that we are all the same, and that we are all
dependent on one another.

Six target areas identified by Boyer are critical
if community colleges are to accomplish the
stated mission: educational approaches,
organizational partnerships, the technological
frontier, consultation with other nations, coor-
dination of community college efforts, and
celebration of what makes us different, of what
we share, and of our interdependence. Within
these target areas, conference participants iden-
tified key strategies for community colleges to
develop a globally competent citizenry and a
plan of action for the implementation of these
strategies.

This report challenges community colleges to
identify the critical points appropriate for their
particular institutions and to adopt and imple-
ment the action plan necessary to see these to
fruition.
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                        5



STRATEGIES

                                                   further extend their efforts toward the success

P
       articipants in Building the Global
       Community: The Next Step underscored        of this mission.
       the fact that community colleges educate
more than 50 percent of the undergraduates in     Community colleges serve the community,
American higher education. Therefore, to          broadly defined. Yet many Americans are either
establish viable programs of international and    unaware or skeptical of the need for, intent,
intercultural education will require concerted    content, and desired outcomes of global edu-
effort by community colleges on the national      cation. All too common are the misperceptions
and local levels.                                 that global education is a euphemism for travel
                                                  to exotic locales by a chosen few, or that inter-
Nationally, the community college academy         national students in US classrooms somehow
will devote adequate attention and resources      deny access to American students, or that edu-
toward the goal of implementing such programs     cational resources ought to be restricted to a
on all US community college campuses within       basic curriculum directed toward helping
the next decade. How will this be accom-          students get a good job. To educate local com-
plished? Participants in the Airlie conference    munities, therefore, strategies should focus on
suggested four avenues:                           the following key themes. Community colleges
                                                  must:
• Community colleges incorporate into their
  mission statements the imperative recognized    • Equip students to build a life, as well as to
  at the Airlie conference. That is, global         make a living.
  education is imperative if future generations
  of Americans are to flourish, to compete, to    • Infuse global education perspectives and con-
  survive.                                          tent into all courses, a vital part of that life
                                                    and that living.
• The American Association of Community
  Colleges (AACC) must be empowered and           • Help their public understand that the major
  equipped to provide the necessary leadership      imperative is economic. America is competing
  for community colleges to achieve that            in the global marketplace. Students must be
  mission.                                          introduced to and become competent for this
                                                    rapidly changing world.
• Political leaders at all levels must be
  convinced of the decisive role community        • Make communities aware of community
  colleges play in education, economic develop-     college capabilities and capacities such as
  ment, and promoting an appreciation and           their commitment to open access and to com-
  respect for societal diversity.                   munity outreach, their ability to provide
                                                    quality education at relatively low cost, their
• Those already committed to the aims of inter-     flexibility in response to changing needs, their
  national and intercultural education must
6                                             BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




 role as a training ground for businesses seek-       State and regional consortia from coast to coast
 ing to compete in the international arena. A         have recognized the value to be gained by pool-
 media strategy is essential to meet this goal.       ing resources to offer joint programs and to
                                                      cosponsor activities. In Illinois, for example, the
• Develop initiatives to help constituents, fund-     Illinois Consortium for International Studies
  ers, legislators, and businesses understand the     and Programs has been highly successful in
  vital local presence of their community             developing programs which benefit both the
  college.                                            community colleges and the several four-year
                                                      colleges and universities within its membership.
• Acknowledge the necessity for new educa-            A noteworthy illustration is an ongoing pro-
  tional programs for a variety of audiences,         gram of curriculum development workshops
  based on an understanding of local circum-          which brings together community college fac-
  stances.                                            ulty and experts from university area studies
                                                      centers to focus on a designated world region.
• Involve the community in their global educa-
  tion activities, making effective use of local      Locally, community colleges must develop an
  resource people.                                    action plan to cultivate relationships with city,
                                                      county, and state groups and organizations to
                                                      involve them in the advancement of global
Organizational Partnerships                           education. These may include trade associa-
In the national arena, it is critical that com-       tions, chambers of commerce, ethnic heritage
munity colleges strengthen existing partnerships      societies, state departments of commerce, and
and create new ones with appropriate public and       more.
private institutions. Two objectives are envi-
sioned: to enhance effectiveness of advocacy
efforts and to engage in dialogue for the coor-       The Technological Frontier
dination, planning, and implementation of             There is enormous potential for new and
global education programs. Community                  emerging technologies to promote both aware-
colleges are increasingly successful in acquiring     ness of and support for global education. The
funding through agencies such as the US               future has arrived with distance learning pro-
Department of Education, USAID, the National          grams, the ability to collaborate in the class-
Endowment for the Humanities, the East-West           room and in research via the Internet, listserves,
Center, and others, to implement programs at          and bulletin board services, for the dissemina-
home and abroad. Projects have dealt with             tion of information and for interactions among
environmental and health-related issues, lan-         faculty, students, and scholars. Already a US
guage acquisition, economic development, and          class studying British literature is engaging in
workforce training.                                   electronic discussion with literature students in
                                                      the United Kingdom and microwave networks
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                         7




like TELELINK in Iowa are bringing students         exchange programs at reasonable cost to be
in remote locations together to learn in the        shared with institutions seeking to initiate such
electronic classroom. At Glendale Community         programs. Funding sources such as the
College in Arizona, students monitored the          Fulbright programs, the National Security
Moscow Revolution via live communication            Education Program, and others are available to
updates on the Internet.                            subsidize the cost of exchange and study abroad
                                                    programs. Community colleges must claim their
The challenges will be to provide computer          rightful share of this support, encouraging
access to those who lack it, as well as to in-      participation of students, faculty members, and
crease availability and quality of training for     administrators in the broad range of programs
faculty and students to prepare them for the        open to them.
communications and research capabilities
afforded by the technology.
                                                    Coordination of Community College Efforts
In local communities, the appropriate tech-         The lack of a single voice at the national level
nology, including computers, must be made           to advocate for community colleges is a product
available to train and educate the community,       of the decentralized model of leadership which
broadly defined. Communications technology          currently exists. Many organizations direct
has unleashed the vast power of information         differing aspects of international and inter-
access. The empowerment of individuals is of        cultural education, sometimes overlapping,
enormous importance, but there must be broad-       sometimes in distinct realms. This fact does not
based discussion on campuses to ensure that         diminish the reality that much has been and is
wise decisions are made about technology’s          still being done to advance the goals of inter-
relevance to the institution and its community.     national and intercultural education in com-
                                                    munity colleges. Nonetheless, this condition
                                                    results in confusion about who really represents
Consultation With Other Nations                     the broader community college interest.
The AACC and other members of the com-
munity college academy must engage in regular       Clearly, it is vital that the AACC, in its position
dialogue with higher education officials and        as the institutional and professional member-
practitioners of other nations to share infor-      ship organization for community colleges,
mation, strategies, programming concepts, and       provide effective leadership for the academy in
research of mutual interest and benefit. This       advocacy, coordination, dialogue, planning, and
means that, at the local level, each community      implementation of global education programs.
college will need to develop a plan of action to    There has already been significant movement in
establish a comprehensive program of exchan-        the AACC toward acknowledgment of the high
ges of faculty, staff, and students with institu-   priority which needs to be given to international
tions abroad. There are models of successful        and intercultural education: The Commission
8                                             BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




on International Intercultural Services begins to     mutual respect for commonalities, values, and
function in early 1995 in an advisory capacity        cultures. Amid the formality of organizational
to the AACC board; and a staff position has           structures, institutional accountability, cur-
been authorized to work directly on inter-            riculum review, and advocacy for representation
national and intercultural matters with the           and funding, it is vital that we make time to
Director of Academic, Student, and Inter-             honor the human community and our common
national Services. With AACC leadership in            condition.
place at the national level acting in concert with
the Association of Community College Trustees         We are a local community, a nation, a world of
(ACCT) and community college international            people with common problems and fears,
and intercultural organizations, it becomes           hopes, and dreams. We each cherish life, family,
achievable to unite the efforts of the higher         and a value system that encourages morality,
education community through a carefully               stability, and peaceful relations. We are diverse,
sculpted national vision.                             yet similar. Let us celebrate this richness,
                                                      bringing together international and intercultural
It is also the case that within individual com-       education in our colleges.
munity colleges—even those that may have
quite a bit of international and/or multicultural
activity taking place—one office or department
may not know about projects taking place in
other areas of the college. Improved internal
communication and coordination will be
required to facilitate awareness of the nature
and scope of international and intercultural
education efforts on campus, as well as to
enhance participation throughout the college
community.

Celebration
American society consists of a rich, valuable,
and unique array of races, creeds, and colors.
Some rejoice in differences; others are threat-
ened by them. Unquestionably, the time has
come to celebrate national diversity while
looking for new ways to strengthen unity and
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                         9



PLAN OF ACTION

                                                     frequently exclude them from eligibility for

S
      ince no single approach or strategy can
      address all of the opportunities and           study or exchange programs.
      obstacles to global education, conference
participants suggested a variety of actions for     • It is important to excite and involve com-
implementation. Community colleges must               munities in global education. The business
decide on the basis of their local circumstances      community needs to be apprised of the exper-
where and how to become involved. Let us              tise in residence at its local community
return to each of the six strategic areas pre-        college; community college specialists in
viously defined.                                      technical training should routinely participate
                                                      in regional and state trade delegations to other
                                                      countries. One avenue for initiating such
Education                                             involvement is to secure a liaison role in trade
There are a variety of influential individuals        associations which bring together represen-
within each college and community fully               tatives of business and industry, along with
capable of advancing a vital, exciting, and           economic development and commerce
relevant global education program. Short of           officers of state and federal governments.
their endorsement and leadership, only limited        Another is to establish local international and
results can be expected.                              intercultural advisory committees to maxi-
                                                      mize access to community expertise.
• In every community college, the president and
  the trustees are the primary agents of change.    • Community college campuses should involve
  Efforts must be made to convince them of the        their students, both American and inter-
  value of an integrated global education pro-        national, in the planning and realization of
  gram on their campus. They, in turn, are well       activities to internationalize and pluralize the
  positioned to educate their citizenry about the     curriculum and promote cross-cultural
  need for and the benefits of such education.        sensitization.

• Faculty, too, are indispensable to the success-   • Present times demand accountability and
  ful design and implementation of global             measurable outcomes. It is essential to assess
  education programs. Opinion shapers in the          the cost-effectiveness and outcomes of inter-
  classroom and community, faculty must be            national and intercultural programs and to
  committed to and assured of support for their       share those assessments within the institution
  efforts to globalize the college curriculum and     and with the greater community. Follow-up
  campus environment. Special efforts need to         studies and annual reports, as well as judi-
  be directed to the professional development         cious use of the media will help to focus
  needs of adjunct faculty, who comprise a            attention on these programs. All are pro-
  significant portion of the community college        ductive means of spreading the word.
  teaching staff. Existing grant programs
10                                           BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




Organizational Partnerships                           relationships with colleges and universities
Many institutions and groups throughout               and which has provided outreach programs to
America are discovering the mutual benefits of        the schools.
cooperation. They are searching out and finding
new partners to share costs, expertise, and          • Local and state agencies involved in inter-
clerical services to advance worthwhile                national trade, economic development, and
programs.                                              education: chambers of commerce, district
                                                       offices of the US Department of Commerce,
In this time of diminishing resources, com-            state commerce agencies, private sector
munity colleges must approach local and state          international trade associations.
groups, both public and private, with new
opportunities for cooperation. These partner-
ships will allow all of us to help each other to     The Technological Frontier
reach larger and more diverse audiences and to       New technologies are progressing at a rate far
develop comprehensive projects. This gives           in excess of manageability. Hard decisions are
community colleges the opportunity to enhance        being made as to which technologies are best
their reputation as reliable professionals with      suited to support global education at any
global education expertise. Examples of such         individual institution. Other considerations
cooperation include working with:                    include costs, extent of local expertise, and
                                                     likely benefits to the organization.
• Four-year colleges and universities and
  secondary schools. Individual community            Because of this rampaging, exciting, and
  colleges have collaborated with institutions       exceedingly valuable onslaught of technology,
  such as Georgetown University to become            community colleges must lead the way. They
  involved in the Central America Scholarship        can:
  Program (CASP), the Cooperative Associa-
  tion of States for Scholarships (CASS), and        • Provide technical assistance to local busi-
  other USAID programs. In some states,                nesses by training workers on campus or in
  consortia have been formed to formalize such         the work place through seminars and demon-
  partnerships to the mutual benefit of all            strations of the latest in technology.
  parties. In the Pacific Northwest, for example,
  the Northwest International Education              • Join the Internet and participate in that
  Association brings together public and private       expanding network for communications,
  two- and four-year colleges and universities to      information access, and research.
  promote global education. The Illinois
  Consortium for International Studies and           • Through distance learning technology, make
  Programs, as mentioned earlier, is another           it possible to bring courses and programs that
  such group which has successfully developed          open new horizons for students even to
                                                       geographically remote areas.
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                     11




The ACIIE is currently developing a listserve on   • Cooperate with local Sister Cities Inter-
the Internet to facilitate communication among       national and other appropriate organizations
community colleges engaged in international          by offering cosponsored courses and
and intercultural education.                         programs.

An outcome of the Airlie conference is the         • Engage in sister college relationships with
scheduling of a national interactive telecon-        higher education institutions in other nations.
ference for fall 1995. It will reach a vast
audience of community college administrators,      • Provide the technical training and expertise to
trustees, faculty, and students concerning the       establish community colleges internationally.
goals of global education.
                                                   Local businesses are now reaching out around
                                                   the globe. These leaders and planners under-
Consultation With Other Nations                    stand the nature and prospects of a global
A growing list of nations throughout the world     economy. They are in the process of developing
has become vitally interested in the effective-    strategic plans and a workforce capable of
ness and workings of American community            competing and cooperating with a growing
colleges. These nations that are without two-      number of power centers throughout the world.
year higher education institutions now             They know that their corporate survival will
understand their immense value to societal         help determine the survivability of the local
development and prosperity: quality education,     community.
ease of access, low cost, availability of credit
and noncredit programs of study, commitment        Once again, community colleges are uniquely
to outreach and community service.                 positioned to play a major role, to lend assis-
                                                   tance, and to provide necessary expertise to
US community colleges are in a unique position     help ensure local continuity in the years ahead
to capitalize on these comparative advantages.     as they:
Thus, they should proceed to:
                                                   • Organize training and research exchanges for
• Develop exchange programs for faculty and          local business and industry.
  students.
                                                   • Conduct a variety of interdisciplinary global
• Provide a variety of study abroad oppor-           education classes for employees.
  tunities for students in all disciplines,
  including vocational and technical programs.     • Create opportunities for international students
                                                     to explain their national culture, heritage, and
• Strengthen and expand faculty and staff            practices.
  development programs for those who lack
  experience in global education.
12                                           BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




• Share knowledge and insights obtained while        • Reinforce and support the actions of com-
  faculty and students studied and worked              munity college presidents as they initiate
  abroad.                                              global education programs on their campuses.

                                                     • Provide continuing education forums on
Coordination of Efforts                                global education for presidents.
The AACC is to be commended for its recent
efforts to give new prominence and emphasis to       • Host a conference for appropriate federal
international and intercultural education at the       agencies, NGOs, and national education
national level. Conference participants, how-          bodies to articulate ways to further the
ever, call upon the AACC, in partnership with          mission of global education in community
the ACCT, to accelerate and expand such efforts        colleges.
through these actions:
                                                     A positive step has taken place at the US
• Draft and adopt a statement that global            Department of Education where the position of
  competency is at the core of education.            community college liaison has been created to
                                                     provide leadership and facilitate connections
• Forge new and/or strengthened alliances with       between community colleges and the depart-
  business, governmental, and educational            ment’s programs.
  associations such as the Department of
  Education, the Department of Labor, USAID,         Obtaining resources to fund international and
  USIA, the Federation of State Humanities           intercultural programs has traditionally been
  Councils, the US Institute of Peace, the Title     problematic. Creative ways to maximize avail-
  VI Coalition, the National Governors’              able resources and to gain access to new ones
  Conference, the National Conference of             are essential. Some community colleges have
  Mayors, and more.                                  been successful in financing their home-based
                                                     international and intercultural education pro-
• Employ senior-level international education        grams with revenues earned from international
  officers to advocate for the community             operations: fees from international students,
  college global education mandate in the            contract training programs, and more.
  offices of both the AACC and the ACCT.
                                                     Clearly, federal and state funding which is dir-
• Provide senior-level representation at a wide      ected toward postsecondary global education
  variety of national and international gather-      should be available to community colleges in
  ings to add the voice of community colleges        proportion to their share of the undergraduate
  to the proceedings of such groups; e.g., the       population.
  Alliance for International Educational and
  Cultural Exchange.
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP          13




Consortial efforts may be spurred on by
catalytic funding to set programs in motion.
When multiple parties come together with
varied responsibilities and interests, start-up
funds often are a more viable approach than
sustaining funding.


Celebration
Community colleges are ideally positioned to
provide opportunities to celebrate diversity and
heighten mutual respect for commonalities.
Whether it is an interim term between fall and
spring semesters, a week, or a few days,
colleges need to declare a timeout, during
which conversations can focus on global issues
of mutual concern. The age of specialization
has fragmented the higher education process to
the degree that students rarely have occasion to
spend time with their peers discussing topics
that will have impact on all their lives. This is a
particular necessity for community college
students who have work, family, and com-
munity commitments in addition to their
academic responsibilities.

Colleges can also convene Chautauqua-style
forums to bring together the citizens of their
communities for an exchange of ideas about
global concerns, common problems, affinities,
and new opportunities to build communities
worldwide.
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                      15



CONCLUSIONS

                                                     other influential people, in both the public and

T
        he challenge put forth by the Airlie con-
        ference to internationalize colleges         private sectors, of the need, value, and benefits
        requires the affirmation and action of all   of such education. Now it is imperative for all
American community college leaders. Certainly,       community colleges to join in addressing the
there are obstacles to be overcome. Many of          mandate to prepare students to live productively
them have been identified in these pages. At the     and with distinction in the global society. And
same time, this report acclaims the factors that     while calling on other leaders to lead, the
favor accomplishment of these goals. Students        participants in Building the Global Community:
are recognizing the nature of the world they will    The Next Step accept individual responsibility
inherit. The presence of international faculty and   to involve themselves in this vital process.
students enriches campus life. Faculty coming
up through the ranks bring an enthusiasm,
competency in technology, and the perspective
of global awareness to the classroom. In US
communities, service organizations, business
and industry, state and local development
commissions, and other educational institutions
stand ready to work with community colleges,
awaiting their contact.

The American Council on International Inter-
cultural Education, the American Association of
Community Colleges, the Association of Com-
munity College Trustees, and the Stanley
Foundation have already begun the process of
disseminating this report with the intent of
engaging the community college academy and
others involved in international and intercultural
education in purposeful discussion of these
goals and how best to achieve them.

The times call for bold leadership, judicious
risk-taking, and design of a vision to propel and
accelerate global education initiatives across
America. Global education is an economic issue,
but it has geopolitical, social, environmental,
and human urgencies/components, as well.
Influential people must educate and convince
16                                          BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




Participants

Barry Ballow, Director of Fulbright Programs,       Donald R. Matthews, Director, Resource
USIA                                                Development/ International Programs, Daytona
                                                    Beach Community College
John T. Blong, Chancellor, Eastern Iowa
Community College District                          Sherry L. Mueller, Director, Professional
                                                    Exchange Program, Institute for International
Ernest Boyer, (Keynote Speaker), President,         Education
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of
Teaching                                            Tom Norton, President, Association of
                                                    Canadian Community Colleges
Joan M. Claffey, Director, Association Liaison
Office for University Cooperation in                Vaughn Sherman, Past President/Chairperson,
Development                                         Association of Community College Trustees

Carole Cowan, President, Middlesex                  Richard H. Stanley, (Welcoming Address),
Community College                                   President, The Stanley Foundation

Betty Duvall, Community College Liaison, US         Gwendolyn W. Stephenson, Chancellor,
Department of Education                             St. Louis Community College

Paul A. Elsner, Chancellor, Maricopa County         Ray Taylor, President/CEO, Association of
Community College District                          Community College Trustees

Mathilda E. Harris, Director, Center for            Joyce S. Tsunoda, Senior Vice President and
International Development                           Chancellor for Community Colleges, University
                                                    of Hawaii Community College System
Howard Kelley, Trustee, Florida Community
College at Jacksonville                             Barbara Turlington, Director, Office of
                                                    International Education, American Council on
Maxwell C. King, Chairman, Community                Education
Colleges for International Development;
District President, Brevard Community College       Laura Walker, Director, International
                                                    Language Center, Tulsa Junior College
Lydia Ledesma, Vice President for Instruction,
Hartnell College                                    Joan Winship, Vice President, The Stanley
                                                    Foundation
James Mahoney, Director, Academic/Student/
International Services, American Association of     Earl W. Yates, Senior Vice President, Academy
Community Colleges                                  for Educational Development
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                  17




Facilitator                                     Acknowledgements
P. Michael Timpane,Vice President, Carnegie     David Pierce, (Opening Comments),
Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching      President, American Association of
                                                Community Colleges
Rapporteurs                                     Lorelei Malo, (Conference Assistant), Staff
Linda A. Korbel, Executive Director, ACIIE      Assistant, ACIIE

Jack Smith, Senior Program Officer, The         Ronald Darge, (Photographer and Exhibitor),
Stanley Foundation                              Creative Photography

Observers
James Hurley, Director,
International/Intercultural Education, Pikes
Peak Community College

Peter H. Kellams, Director, International
Education, St. Louis Community College

Zinta Konrad, Director, International
Education, College of DuPage

Esther Mackintosh, Vice President, Federation
of State Humanities Councils

Thomas TenHoeve, Chairman, ACIIE;
President, Oakton Community College

W. Scott Thompson, Member, Board of
Directors, US Institute of Peace

Dean P. VanTrease, Vice Chairman, ACIIE;
President, Tulsa Junior College
18   BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                    19




                                A Beginning Conversation...
                                The ACIIE and Stanley Foundation brought
                                together for the first time leaders of
                                community colleges, government, and
                                nongovernmental institutions to begin a
                                conversation on the role of international and
                                intercultural education in community
                                colleges.

                                Discussions led to strategies and a plan of
                                action for community colleges to take the
                                next steps toward active participation in
                                building the global community.
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                     21



Appendix A
Welcoming Address
by Richard H. Stanley, President,                     intercultural education. What works? What
The Stanley Foundation                                doesn’t work? How can we do it better?

                                                     • and finally, that we will develop some rather

I
    ’m delighted to be here and to add my
    welcome to all of you. An outstanding              concrete and specific action proposals that
    group of people is assembled, and I’m              will help to improve the ability of community
anticipating that the results of this conference       colleges to carry out this role.
will be very usable and helpful in advancing
international and intercultural education.           As we approach the twenty-first century, we
                                                     need to ask what it means to be globally
Why is the Stanley Foundation working with           competent. And to answer this, we must first
ACIIE in an event of this nature? The Stanley        understand how is the world changing? What
Foundation was formed in 1956 as a private           kind of a world is out there, and how do we
operating foundation. Throughout most of our         help people become globally competent in that
history we’ve conducted a variety of programs        world?
in policy, outreach, and communications; and
we publish the magazine World Press Review.          I earn my living as a consulting engineer and
We’ve done this to promote a secure peace with       some 25 percent of our practice is inter-
freedom and justice. Over the years we’ve            national. Over the years we have worked in
become increasingly convinced that this goal         some seventy different countries around the
requires a globally competent citizenry. As a        world, most of them developing nations. That,
former community college trustee, I’ve been          along with the work we’re doing in the
involved with the “colleges of the people”; and      foundation, offers an opportunity to observe
I am fully convinced that community colleges         major tidal changes in the world in which we
have a critically important role in developing       live. One significant development is the ending
globally competent citizens, not only through        of the Cold War. Throughout the adult lives of
the graduates of their formal programs but also      most of us here in this room, the Cold War has
through community outreach across the country.       been the organizing imperative of US foreign
So I hope:                                           policy. We developed our foreign policy in large
                                                     part on the basis of what was needed to counter
• that the deliberations of the next couple of       the threat posed by the Soviet Union. This
  days will have some very positive outcomes;        supported the rise of a small and elite foreign
                                                     policy establishment centered in Washington,
• that we will affirm the role and importance of     DC, that was presumed to have inside infor-
  international and intercultural education or, as   mation, and to know what was going on.
  I prefer to call it, global education;             Because the stakes were so high—human
                                                     survival—we followed their directions, we did
• that we will seriously explore ramifications       what they told us to do, we didn’t need to think
  and approaches to international and                for ourselves.
22                                             BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




                                                       customer had even inventoried the order. The
Thank goodness the Cold War has come to an             customer was advised of the solution before he
end. But with it has come many other changes;          knew there was a problem. This kind of use of
the pond is unfrozen. Many disputes and                technology, this information, affects the way we
conflicts that previously were kept under a            live, work, and interact. Each of you can add
pressure cooker lid are now boiling. The world         many examples of this from your own exper-
is different.                                          iences.

Information is increasingly globalized. National       Another significant change is globalization of
governments used to be able to control the             economic activity. Too often, we still think
information their citizenry obtained. That’s no        geopolitically—that trade is between nations—
longer true. We can think of the Tiananmen             that the nation-state determines economic
Square incident where faxes were moving back           activity. Today, that’s far from the truth. Some
and forth between other countries and China.           trillion dollars per day is exchanged inter-
People within China were getting information           nationally. That’s roughly one hundred times
from the outside world. Consider the Gulf War          the amount of cash flow required to finance the
and how much of the war we saw on the                  actual trade that is taking place. And it is really
television screens in our living rooms. Now,           beyond the competence of any national gov-
with modern electronic capability, people can          ernment, even the most powerful, to control or
know people around the world. People can               perhaps even be fully aware of these capital
access large amounts of undigested information         flows. Trade and commerce move across
and data. This changes the climate for national        national borders with few impediments. In the
decisions. Information technology pervades not         next couple of days, the US Congress will vote
only international affairs, and the workings of        on ratifying the GATT agreement. GATT is not
governments, it pervades our daily lives.              something new. This agreement is not really
                                                       changing what’s happening in international
I serve on the board of HON Industries, a              trade. Rather, it is more a recognition of what is
manufacturer and marketer of office furniture.         already taking place. In the Northwest, the
When HON makes deliveries, the deliverer               Pacific Northwest Economic Region, consisting
reports electronically immediately on what was         of five US states and two Canadian Provinces,
delivered. This gives rise to the kind of incident     has been formed. These states and provinces,
that happened some months ago. The delivery            acting independently of their respective national
report was relayed to the central computer and         governments, are moving to harmonize state
matched with the order. The delivery was short         and provincial law so that they look as much as
a couple of items. Soon, a phone call went to          possible like a common market area to those
the purchaser to advise of the shortage and a          with whom they trade. They focus primarily on
new delivery method and schedule for the               the Pacific Rim. They often view national
missing items. All of this took place before the       governments as more of an impediment than a
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                           23




help. David Pierce, president of AACC, referred       were effective enough to turn President Bush
to some organizational activity with Canada and       around on the question of whether or not he
Mexico. Such developments occur more and              would go to Rio. They put proposed conference
more frequently with no significant involvement       documents on Internet, making them available
of national governments. Production is also           to people around the world so that they could,
being globalized. Multinational companies are         in turn, communicate with their official national
locating production facilities on the basis of        delegates at the conference. We saw the same
markets, costs, transportation, and resources.        thing at the Conference on Human Rights in
This, too, is independent of control or direction     Vienna and the Conference on Population and
by national governments.                              Development in Cairo. And we will see it again
                                                      this fall in the Beijing conference on the role of
Market economies are on the rise throughout           women.
the world. One of the outcomes of the ending of
the Cold War is that centrally planned and            Voluntary networks and associations have
controlled economies have been eclipsed by            always been around. deToqueville wrote about
market economies. There has been a clear              them; but today’s technology makes it possible
demonstration that market forces do a better job      for these associations to collaborate, to
of allocating resources and promoting effi-           communicate, and to become transnational.
ciency. The role of the nation-state is changing.
Their competence—ability to control, ability to       Nearly twenty years ago, futurist Alvin Toffler
even know—is eroding. National borders are            was prescient in describing this new paradigm.
increasingly porous. Increasingly, the role of the    In 1975, in testimony before the US Senate
nation-state is far less dominant than in the past.   Committee on Foreign Relations, he stated:
Along with this, there has been a great
flourishing of the interactive society—civil             [W]e need to think in terms of the
society—voluntary networks and associations.             creation not of a single center, or a
David Pierce reeled off a long list of                   single world government that will
organizational acronyms. In nearly every field           someday govern the nations of the
of human endeavor, a multiplicity of                     world, but rather in terms of [a] self-
organizations is working to exchange infor-              regulatory network of transnational
mation and to collaborate on various programs            institutions.... The nation-state, far from
and activities. We’ve seen some recent                   being crucially important for solving
examples of how effective these can be. The              problems, is increasingly becoming an
UN Conference on Environment and                         obstacle. Too small to cope with
Development, which took place in Rio a couple            transnational realities, it is too big to
years ago, was an instance where non-                    deal effectively with [the] main
governmental organizations, predominantly                subnational problems.... As the super-
environmental ones, really set the agenda. They          industrial revolution advances, the high
24                                              BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




    technology nation-state begins to lose              teams—dealing with quality, safety, and
    control at both ends. In short, power               production. The company members at the plant
    moves up to transnational and down to               are drawn from four distinct racial groups and,
    subnational levels at the same time....             if one divides that further in terms of cultural
    [O]ne of our [United States] goals ought            ethnicity, many more. At least eight different
    to be to find a way to strengthen the               languages are spoken. This is the workplace of
    NGO [nongovernmental] sector of the                 today and even more so of the future.
    international system.... [T]he NGOs
    form the potential for any number of                Industry is decentralizing decision making. A
    temporary, mission-oriented consortia               lot of attention is being given to total quality
    that could be brought together, whether             management, to quality improvement, to
    they are environmental organizations or             customer satisfaction, to continuous improve-
    scientific organizations or organizations           ment in performance. And often this involves
    concerned with community development                decentralized teams of the workers who are
    or food or whatever the issues are.                 involved in the process or activity being
                                                        reviewed. They are being asked to contribute
In short, we are in an era of interconnectedness        their knowledge and their understanding to
and interdependence. We are witnessing the              improve the way things are done. Most people
globalization of nearly everything. Hierarchy is        working today are in jobs and markets where
declining in role and effectiveness. Command            there is global competition and where there is a
and control systems no longer work very well.           great deal of interaction and communication.
People no longer draw their identities from             We shortchange today’s students if we don’t
institutions like the nation-state or the church.       help them become globally competent, if
Decision making and decision implementation             they’re not prepared to work successfully in this
are increasingly becoming decentralized.                new interconnected, interdependent globalized
Interactive civil society is on the rise. And it is     environment.
in and for this kind of changed and changing
world that we must accept the responsibility of         What then, does it mean to be globally
preparing a globally competent citizen.                 competent—to be able to live and work
                                                        effectively in this new and changing era? It
These changes are occurring in the workplace            seems to me that we need citizens who are
as well as in larger society. Multiculturalism          knowledgeable about the world and who
and diversity are now commonplace. Two                  possess skills, values, and commitment appro-
weeks ago the HON Industries Board of                   priate to the support of quality, long-term
Directors met at its Southgate plant in the Los         survival of all human beings.
Angeles area. We toured the plant and were
impressed by plant workers who presented the            Drawing upon the Iowa experience in global
results of some of their work improvement               education, it seems to me that the globally
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                        25




competent citizen must have an adequate                If the citizenry has a clear awareness, under-
awareness, understanding, and a comfort level          standing, and comfort in these five areas, there
in at least five areas. The first of these is global   is a far better chance of building the kind of
interdependence—the condition of intercon-             community we seek—a community where there
nectedness that exists among people, insti-            is a secure peace with freedom and justice.
tutions, and nations. These connections are of a
social, cultural, economic, ecological, and            So I end these remarks with a great deal of
military nature. They operate to shape world           anticipation. I am eager for our discussions. I’m
events, trends, and the condition of life. Second      hoping that we will succeed in affirming the
is an understanding of human resources, values,        vital role of international and intercultural
and culture—the abilities and beliefs and social       education in developing a globally competent
systems of peoples throughout the world. This          citizenry. I hope that we will be able to explore
includes an awareness of both the diversity and        how this is done most effectively and discuss
the commonality of human beings. Third is an           what should be the role of the community
understanding of global environment and                college system. Finally, I hope that we will
natural resources issues. These are the assets         develop concrete action plans to make the goal
which shape the ability of humans to exist and         of a globally competent citizenry more of a
prosper. Recognition that human activities             reality.
affect the quality of the natural environment is
central to this theme, as is the recognition that
the environment shapes the very sweep of
human events. Understanding that the existence,
location, and utilization of natural resources is a
key element in the study of human behavior is
critical as well. The fourth element is the
concept of the value of peace and conflict
management, including the processes by which
disputes both at the local and global level can
be settled without or with a minimum of
violence. Fifth is the concept of change and
alternative futures. Globally competent citizens
must be able to envision and to choose from
among the various possibilities of human
existence. They must have the energy and
creativity to design systems and take actions to
meet desired outcomes.
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                     27



Appendix B
Opening Remarks
by Ernest L. Boyer, President,                      community colleges know the value of building
The Carnegie Foundation                             community. For it is in the classroom where
for the Advancement of Teaching                     civility, engagement, and understanding begin.
                                                    No one in this room, but all too frequently the
                                                    rest of the nation, forgets that community

T
        he year was 1988. I was out of bed at
        5 a.m. in a thatched roof hut in the        colleges educate over 40 percent of the students
        Belize jungle, where my son and his         in higher education. They are also the most
family live. I was then driven ten miles over an    energetically committed continuing education
impassible road in a pickup truck. It was then      institution in the country. Community colleges
on to a local bus—an abandoned school bus           educate America as no other institution is
held together with baling wire—for the ride to      inclined to do; and they educate for the next
the nearest village. Two hours later, I stood in    century, not the last.
an open field, waiting for a single-engine mail
plane to fly me to Belize City. Later, I caught a   Community colleges are, therefore, uniquely
flight to Houston, Texas, and then another one      positioned to help us all better understand the
to Las Vegas, Nevada, where I was to present        implications of diversity, connectedness, and
“Building Communities” at the annual                dependency.
convention of the American Association of
Community and Junior Colleges.                      Frankly, I am increasingly disturbed by a
                                                    growing parochialism, an isolationist attitude,
That was the single most culturally confused        that would move us back a century rather than
day of my life—from a tiny Mayan village to         forward to the next one. We had an inspired
Las Vegas, the heart of civilized society.          view of internationalism in the 1950s. There
                                                    was the Peace Corps, the Marshall Plan, the
I was bewildered. Had I left or approached          Truman Doctrine. These programs stirred
civilization? What were the value systems I had     higher education and moved our thinking
encountered? What commonalities did our two         beyond national borders. Then the Vietnam War
cultures share? How were we different? Why          caused us to retreat.
was that important?
                                                    America is now at the crossroads. We will either
This story raises the issue of the role for         rediscover our relationships globally or develop
community colleges in building community,           the dangerous and sometimes fatal attitude of
both local and global. Community colleges           isolationism. This country is struggling in its
themselves are fast becoming global villages        own soul as to whether we are a part of the
due to a variety of reasons: growth in numbers      larger human community. We are so big that we
of international students on campus, regular        have the illusion that we can be isolationists.
exchange programs for faculty and students,         We dare not try to live with that delusion and
local business pressures for the institution to     fail to confront the human community and its
teach global education, and the fact that           future.
28                                            BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




So today I propose six priorities that seem to        penetrates them all. None of these issues is
me to be at the heart of what I call a community      nation-specific. The challenge of the curriculum
college master plan. A plan to help them build        for the next century is to ensure that the entire
community at home and abroad.                         curriculum recognizes both the universalities of
                                                      the commonalities and the inevitability of
The first priority is educational. Building the       interdependence.
global community begins with students. And
the ultimate objective of education is to             Classrooms can also increasingly become
discover connections, to affirm our connections       laboratories for globalism. For example, the
economically, recognizing that we are all             Maricopa Community College network has 126
dependent on one another. The GATT treaty is          different countries represented in its class-
only the current headline. This morning I read        rooms. Students from other countries can be the
in the Washington Post that it was too late for       most authentic teachers about their own cultures
Congress not to approve GATT; the negotia-            and traditions. It is an effective way to help all
tions had already run way ahead of government,        students understand the nature of the world.
which is increasingly the way government is
perceived.                                            I would also like to see community colleges
                                                      occasionally declare a timeout from their
Ecological interdependence seems to me to be a        regular schedule to have a several-day, campus-
foregone conclusion. National boundaries              wide focus on global issues that confront us all,
cannot stop the impact of environmental               either in short- or long-term. It’s exciting to
degradation.                                          think about having conversations about issues
                                                      that transcend single topics and isolated
Issues concerning schooling also have become          subjects.
international. Because of the end of the Cold
War, I believe for the first time in human            In the end, educating for a global community
history, we are going to be able to engage in an      has to do with attitude—the attitude that we
educational conversation that is global. Simply       relate to one another. That attitude among
stated, we are now interdependent ecologically,       graduates will produce a more literate and
economically, and educationally.                      thoughtful population. This will not occur,
                                                      however, through special courses, but rather by
What does one do in a community college to            changing the way academics think about their
deal with these issues? I do not believe that         work.
internationalism means a new set of courses. I
think rather that it means teaching internation-      In educating for a global community, three
alism across the curriculum. Whether you are          principles must dominate: to help students
discussing science or religion, history or art,       understand that we are all different, that we are
civics or economics, the human agenda                 all the same, and that we are all dependent on
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP                                                       29




one another. Our students need to understand         • Sixth, we all engage in producing and
that a society sustains itself only to the extent      consuming. Work is universal. Wherever you
that it celebrates the uniqueness of every             are, people organize themselves to carry on
individual. And, the last thing we can abide in        their work.
an increasingly interdependent world is to
ignore the diversity that makes us what we are       • Seventh, we are all connected to nature.
and who we are. That difference has both
cultural and individual components. We must          • Eighth, we all search for meaning.
help students understand a diversity that is both
local and global.                                    Yes, we are, in fact, members of something
                                                     called the human community. This human
At the same time, while we are all different, we     community shares eight essentials that define
are also all very much alike. Students must          the nature of our humanity. There certainly is a
understand both sides of our existence, and I        shared agenda that brings us all together.
have settled on eight commonalities that I
believe are shared by all people on the planet.      Community colleges have an unusual oppor-
                                                     tunity not only to educate enrolled students but
• First, we all share the same life cycle. We        also to begin to create forums in their own
  should be much more attentive to the               neighborhoods for citizens to think about
  conditions that give rise to birth, that sustain   Century 21. Colleges could take on as their
  life, and give dignity even to death itself.       essential mission local conversations about
                                                     global education. Community colleges are, after
• Second, we all use symbols, language, to           all, the people’s colleges.
  communicate with one another. The need to
  reach out is fundamental.                          Finally, community service should also be part
                                                     of a student’s global education.The experience
• Third, we all respond to the aesthetic. There is   will move students from classroom theory to
  something deep in all of us that responds to       practice, where they will relate with other
  beauty.                                            citizens across lines of culture, economics, and
                                                     age. This, by itself, will help develop the sense
• Fourth, we all have the capacity to recall the     of global relationships even within the
  past and anticipate the future. We are the only    neighborhoods where they live. To better
  creature who has this God-given skill to place     understand our own communities is one way to
  ourselves in time and space.                       better understand the world.

• Fifth, we are all members of groups and            The second priority is collaborative. Educators
  institutions.                                      around the world should plan together, and it is
                                                     not unrealistic, I believe, to suggest that all
30                                             BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP




community colleges establish interinstitutional        their people. They also know that community
partnerships with colleges in other countries.         colleges link theory and practice, and that they
Such partnerships should include administrative        are a part of economic and community
planning, scholarly connections, and faculty           development. Community college educators
and student exchanges at all levels.                   surely need to develop a strategy to assist other
                                                       nations as they seek to provide an expanding
A third priority is technological. Today there is      and comprehensive college system.
no such thing as domestic or international
knowledge. There is only knowledge. The                The fifth priority is the urgent need for
explosive marriage of computers and                    coordination. We need a master plan for global
telecommunications now forces us to rethink            cooperation in education. The world is be-
the fundamentals of our educational philosophy.        coming a global community. It is unthinkable
We are moving quickly away from the old                that we will not have “networks of institutions”
paradigm that information could be stored,             that collaborate with each other. There is a
owned, passed on in bits, and charged for.             temptation to drift along, to not take the lead, to
Educators must be aware that it will be                not take the responsibility to develop a vision.
impossible for anyone to own knowledge.                We need leaders who have a larger view—
Harlan Cleveland says, “Knowledge has endless          leaders who think globally and can imagine a
leakage.” The consumer, not the sender, is in          better tomorrow for education, cooperation, and
charge. Peter Drucker wrote in a recent issue of       coordination. I really do believe the time has
Atlantic magazine about the “knowledge                 come to go beyond the “piecemeal” approach to
society.” Community colleges might be thinking         international cooperation. The community
about developing international colleges in             colleges should lead the way in coordinating
which students are engaged in exchanging               efforts among separate institutions—not to
information, and faculty are organized around          restrict campus efforts but to assure that the
shared ideas. For example, it will be possible         whole is greater than the separate parts.
for a student in China and a student in Illinois to
engage in conversation as easily as if they were       The sixth priority is celebrative. In the end we
sitting in a Chicago classroom. Thus, for the          should rejoice in the majesty of the human race
first time in human history, we have the               and conditions that we share together. We need
capacity to literally create a global classroom.       to take time to celebrate ourselves, to celebrate
                                                       the potential of this rich and diverse globe.
The fourth priority is consultation. The               There is something deeply spiritual about this
community college is, I am convinced, the              human community, if we could only understand
educational institution for the next century; and      the roots.
other nations are increasingly interested in these
remarkable institutions. Many foreign countries        In 1974, I took a group of students to the Soviet
know they must expand access to education for          Union. We were in the middle of the Cold War
BUILDING THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY: THE NEXT STEP       31




and yet seated with thousands of Russians at the
Bolshoi Theater, enjoying a children’s theater
group. We watched the evening production of
The Wizard of Oz. At the end of the production,
the cast came out for their curtain call. Our
students from the State University of New York
sang “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” in
Russian. It was one of those moments that
cannot be captured or even described, except to
say that everyone cried. For one fleeting
moment, the Cold War was over. I wondered
why artificial barriers cause us to feel the
absence of connections and how we might find
ways to occasionally penetrate the structures,
institutions, and politics to join together at a
fundamental human level.

Community colleges will surely help to shape
the future. It is their opportunity and respon-
sibility to educate their students about the
interdependent world in which they live, to
build interinstitutional partnerships, to
incorporate new technologies into their
schemes, to consult worldwide, to coordinate
their effort, and above all to celebrate the
humanity we share.
THE AMERICAN COUNCIL                                        ANLEY FOUNDATION
                                                      THE S T
ON INTERNATIONAL
INTERCU LTURAL EDUC ATION                             The Stanley Foundation is a private operating
                                                      foundation that conducts varied programs and
The American Council on International                 activities designed to provoke thought and
Intercultural Education (ACIIE) is the affiliate      encourage dialogue on world affairs and to
council of the American Association of                promote secure peace with freedom and justice.
Community Colleges (AACC), with member-
ship comprised of approximately one hundred           Programs engage policymakers, opinion lead-
colleges involved in international and inter-         ers, and citizens interested in solving problems
cultural education. ACIIE shares expertise and        and finding opportunities that present them-
provides information on topics such as cultural       selves in an increasingly interdependent world.
diversity, multicultural relations, foreign student   Areas of particular interest are: global security,
recruitment and exchanges, faculty exchanges,         US foreign relations, sustainable development,
professional development programs, and                human rights, the United Nations, and the
funding opportunities for international and           expansion of policy deliberations to include
intercultural activities. ACIIE helps community       wider public representation.
colleges cultivate educational partnerships and
participate in programs with organizations            Activities include:
worldwide. ACIIE pursues this mission through         • Roundtable, off-the-record conferences and
annual conferences, a bimonthly newsletter for          meetings for influential leaders and experts.
its membership, teleconferences, and other            • Congressional programs for senior staff.
programs and activities which foster the dis-         • Citizen programs for educators, young
semination of information and networking                people, churches, professional associations,
among members.                                          civic groups, and educational institutions.
                                                        These activities are often held in collaboration
Additional copies may be ordered through                with other non-profit organizations.
ACIIE:                                                • Production of Common Ground, a weekly
                                                        public radio program on world affairs.
American Council on International                     • Publication of the monthly magazine, World
Intercultural Education                                 Press Review.
Oakton Community College                              • Publication of conference reports.
1600 E. Golf Road
Des Plaines, IL 60016                                 The Stanley Foundation welcomes gifts from
Tel: (708) 635-2605                                   supportive friends. The foundation is not a
Fax: (708) 635-1764                                   grantmaking institution.
E-mail: lkorbel@oakton.edu
                                                      The Stanley Foundation
                                                      216 Sycamore Street, Suite 500
                                                      Muscatine, IA 52761-3831 USA
                                                      Telephone: (319) 264-1500
                                                      Fax: (319) 264-0864
                                                      E-mail: info@stanleyfdn.org

				
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posted:8/19/2011
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Description: Strategies for Global Community Building document sample