Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

Worksheet by liuqingyan

VIEWS: 103 PAGES: 154

									Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis major infection of what?      Caseous lymphadenitis in sheep, Ulcerative lymphangitis in horses
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis facultative or obligate?      Cskin commensal
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis route of infection?           Cuts in skin
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis prevention?                   Mixed bacterins with clostridia for sheep
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis immunity?                     CMI
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Complications?                In horses, nodules and ulcersw in fetlock, pectorals, ventral abdomical wall
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Fatal?                        rarely
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Treatment?                    Tetracyclines
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis major virulence factors?      phospholipase D
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Cell Features                 Small Gram Postive Rod, facultative intracellular parasite

Corynebacterium renale major infection of what?                  Bovine pyelonephritis and cystitis
Corynebacterium renale facultative or obligate?
Corynebacterium renale route of infection?                       Contact, venereal, Stress causes clinical signs
Corynebacterium renale prevention?
Corynebacterium renale immunity?                                 HMI
Corynebacterium renale Complications?                            Bulls non-clinical Carriers
Corynebacterium renale Fatal?                                    Chronic but potentially
Corynebacterium renale Treatment?                                Penicillin
Corynebacterium renale major virulence factors?                  Urease, Pili
Corynebacterium renale Cell Features

Corynebacterium pilosum causes what?                             Bovine cystitis;pyelonephritis, less commonly than renale
Corynebacterium cystitidis causes what?                          Sever cystitis;pyelonephritis, rare
Corynebacterium kutscheri causes what?                           Abcesses , and tuberculosis-type lung lesions in lungs, liver, and lymph nodes of mice and rats.
Corynebacterium minutissimum causes what?                        Docking wounds in lambs
Corynebacterium ulcerans causes what?                            Occasional bovine mastitis, also 50% chance of zoonotic

Rhodococcus Equi major infection of what?                        Suppurative bronchopneumonia in 2-4 month old foals
Rhodococcus Equi facultative or obligate?                        Soil Saprophyte
Rhodococcus Equi route of infection?
Rhodococcus Equi prevention?                                     None
Rhodococcus Equi immunity?                                       CMI, lives in phagocyte
Rhodococcus Equi Complications (foals)?                          Ulcerative enteritis and mesenteric lymphadenitis in foals
Rhodococcus Equi Complications (mares)?                          Metritis and abortion in mares
Rhodococcus Equi Complications (Swine)?                          cervical and pharyngeal lymphadenitis in swine
Rhodococcus Equi Fatal?                                          Highly
Rhodococcus Equi Treatment?
Rhodococcus Equi major virulence factors?                        WapA protein, Heavly Capsulated
Rhodococcus Equi Cell Features                                   Facultative intracellular parasite
Rhodococcus Equi diagnosis?                                      Clinical, Culturing; ELISA, PCR

Difference between S. equi and R equi in terms of age?           R. 1-4 months, S. 1-2 years
Difference between S. equi and R equi in contagion?              S. much more contagious
Difference between S. equi and R equi in terms morbidity?        S. High morbidity, R. low to high
Difference between S. equi and R equi in terms mortality?        S. Low Mortality, R. High mortality
Difference between S. equi and R equi Pneumonia??                S. Rare, R. common
Difference between S. equi and R equi internal manifestations?   R. Common, S. Rare
Listeria monocytogenes major infection of what?                Food borne pathogen; Zoonotic, Silage Disease
Listeria monocytogenes facultative or obligate?                Saphrophyte on vegetation
Listeria monocytogenes route of infection?                     Inhalation, skin, veneral, and contact infections, Non-clinical carriers exist
Listeria monocytogenes route out of cell?                      Filopods
Listeria monocytogenes prevention?                             None
Listeria monocytogenes immunity?                               Interferon gamma, CMI, can escape macrophage
Listeria monocytogenes Complications (ruminants)?              Neural listeriosis in adults and visceral listeriosis with septicemia in young
Listeria monocytogenes Complications (non-ruminants and birds)?Visceral listeriosis, Septicemic
Listeria monocytogenes Complications Females?                  Abortion in pregnant animals in many species
Listeria monocytogenes Fatal?
Listeria monocytogenes Treatment?                              Ampicillin + aminoglycoside
Listeria monocytogenes major virulence factors?                Internalin, Listeriolysin
Listeria monocytogenes Cell Features                           Motile, hemolysis, catalase postive
Listeria monocytogenes contaiminations problem?                Can multiply in fridge
Listeria monocytogenes diagnosis?                              Clinical picture and culturing, pons, medulla, liver blood

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae major infection of what?              Diamond Skin diseases; erysipelas
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae facultative or obligate?              soil saprophyte
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae route of infection?                   Ingestion, endogenous, skin, fomites
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae prevention?                           Bacterins, and MLV
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae immunity?                             Both humoral and CMI
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Complications (swine)?                Zoonotic, causes septicemia, splenomegaly, kidney hemorrhages
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Fatal(Swine)?                         High in endocarditis and arthritic causes
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Complications (turkeys)?              Septicemias in 4-8 week old turkeys, hemorrhages in muscle, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Complications (Sheep)?                Post dipping lameness
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Treatment?                            Penicillin, hyperimmune serum
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae major virulence factors?
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Cell Features                         Non-motile, non-hemolytic rod
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae resistant to what?                    Drying, Formalin, Phenol, bleach and ammonia work

Bacillus Anthracis major infection of what?                        Anthrax
Bacillus Anthracis facultative or obligate?
Bacillus Anthracis route of infection?                             Ingestion, ihalation, skin, insect bite, goes to lymph nodes
Bacillus Anthracis prevention?                                     Avirulent spore vaccine
Bacillus Anthracis Complications?                                  Septicemia-pharyngitis leading to massive edema of head, hemorrhagic enteritis
Bacillus Anthracis Fatal?                                          Yes
Bacillus Anthracis Treatment?                                      Penicillin, Doxycycline, ciprofloxacine
Bacillus Anthracis major virulence factors?                        Capsule, Exotoxin Complex(Protective antigen, edema Factor, Lethal Factor)
Bacillus Anthracis Cell Features                                   Large Gram positive capsulated, sporeforming rod
Bacillus Anthracis Toxin Mechanism?                                Edema Toxin, (EF + PA) adenyl cyclase. Causes massive edema and inhibits phagocytosis; Lethal Toxin (LF + P
Bacillus Anthracis Diagnosis?                                      Clinical, Stained smears, FA test, and Culuring, PCR
Bacillus Anthracis susceptibilty spectrum?                         Cattle and sheep, horses, humans, swine, dogs and cats.
Bacillus Anthracis human infection?                                Cutaneous 90%, pulmonary anthrax, Intestinal anthrax
Bacillus Anthracis Immunity?                                       Humoral
Bacillus Anthracis Disinfection?                                   Formalin, Cidex
Bacillus Anthracis Carcass?                                        Do not open, spores form in response to air. Burn or bury

Bacillus Cereus found where?                                       Soil Saprophyte
Bacillus Cereus implicated in what?                                Abortions in Mares, cows, and Ewes, Gangrenous mastitis in cows
What predisposes towards and Anerobic infection?                Trama to mucous membrane, vascular disturbances, Chronic diseases, immunosuppressive conditions, dental or
What is the common pathogenesis of anaerobic infections?        Most are endogenous, require low oxidation reduction potential (tissue death, mixed infections, toxins, gas produc
Clinical Signs of Anaerobic Infection?                          Necrosis/gangrene plus gas formation, internal abscesses, infection following abdominal surgery, goul smelling d
How should you collect Anaerobic specimens?                     Swab, keep at no oxygen.
What are five types of anaerobic infections?                    Dental, bone, soft tissue; pneumonia, abcesses in organs; post surgical infections abdominal inflammation; genita

Cell Features of Clostridia?                                    Large gram-positive rods, form endospores
Where is Clostridia generally found?                            Most are soil-borne, few commensals
What does Clostridia produce?                                   Potent exotoxins
Where are the Non-spore-forming anaerobes found?                Mostly commensals, endogenous infections

Clostridium Tetani major infection of what?                     Tetanus
Clostridium Tetani facultative or obligate?                     Soil saprophyte
Clostridium Tetani route of infection?                          Puncture wounds
Clostridium Tetani prevention?                                  Tetanus Toxoid
Clostridium Tetani Treatment?                                   Tetanus immunoglobulin + Penicillin
Clostridium Tetani major virulence factors?                     Tetanos pasmin
Clostridium Tetani Cell Features                                Motile, Terminal Spores, Non-invasive
Clostridium Tetani Toxin Mechanism?                             Blocks postsynaptic inhibition of spinal motor reflexes by inhibiting glycine release

Clostridium Botulinum major infection of what?                  Botulism
Clostridium Botulinum facultative or obligate?                  Soil saprophyte
Clostridium Botulinum route of infection?                       Ingestion of preformed toxin, wound botulism, toxicoinfectious botulism
Clostridium Botulinum prevention?
Clostridium Botulinum Treatment?                                Monovalent or polyvalent antitoxin and toxoid
Clostridium Botulinum major virulence factors?                  Botulin, Different Toxin types
Clostridium Botulinum Cell Features
Clostridium Botulinum Toxin Mechanism?                          Blocks transmission at neuromuscular junctions
Clostridium Botulinum Type C-alpha?                             Ducks, Geese
Clostridium Botulinum Type A,B,C-beta:?                         Mink, Cattle, Horses, (Dogs cats, and Pigs)
Clostridium Botulinum Type D?                                   Primarliy in Cattle
Clostridium Botulinum Type A, B, E, and F?                      Humans, and non-human primates


Clostridium Perfringens Diagnosis?                              Clinical, Culture
Clostridium Perfringens route of infection?
Clostridium Perfringens prevention?                             Type C and D bacterins widely used, Type B, C, and D toxoids and HI serum
Clostridium Perfringens Treatment?                              Resistance to penicillins, multiple resistance in some strains
Clostridium Perfringens immunity?                               humoral Immunity
Clostridium Perfringens Cell Features

Clostridium Perfringens is found in isolate?                    Most common anaerobic isolate from animals
Clostridium Perfringens found in which species?                 Wide host specificity and wide spectrum of infections

Clostridium Perfringes Type A is found?                          Commensal/saprophyte
                                                                 80%
Clostridium Perfringes Type A accounts for what percentage of strains? or all strains
Clostridium Perfringes Type A causes what diseases?              Gas gangrene, Gangrenous mastitis in Cattle, sheep, and goats, yellow lamb disease, human food poisoning (ent
Clostridium Perfringes Type A primary Toxin?                     Alpha toxin
Clostridium PerfringesType B causes what diseases?   Lamb Dysentery, Hemorrhagic/necrotic enteritis, Occasionally kids, calves, and foals
Clostridium PerfringesType B primary toxin?          Beta toxin causes intestinal damage

Clostridium PerfringesType C primary toxin?          Beta toxin and enterotoxin are important
Clostridium PerfringesType C causes which disease?   Hemorrhagic Necrotic enteritis in new borne calves, lambs, piglets, foals, and poultry
Clostridium PerfringesType C prevention              Vaccination against this type readily practiced

Clostridium PerfringesType D primary Toxin?          Epsilon and Kappa Toxins are important
Clostridium PerfringesType D Primary disease?        Pulpy kidney Disease
Clostridium PerfringesType D affects?                Affects weel fed weaner lambs
Clostridium PerfringesType D clinical signs?         True Toxemia with little enteritis, with prominent neurological signs

Clostridium PerfringesType E primary disease?        Hemorrhagic necrotic enteritis in calves and lambs
Clostridium PerfringesType E primary toxin?          Iota toxin

Clostridium Chauvoei major infection of what?        Black leg in cattle and sheep
Clostridium Chauvoei facultative or obligate?        Soil Saprophyte
Clostridium Chauvoei route of infection?             Ingestion, hematogenous spread to dormant in liver and muscle till stress, germinations, disease
Clostridium Chauvoei prevention?                     Mixed Bacterins of C. Chauvoei and C. septicum
Clostridium Chauvoei Complications?                  Death by toxemia from alpha toxin
Clostridium Chauvoei Treatment?                      Penicillins
Clostridium Chauvoei major virulence factors?        Alpha Toxin
Clostridium Chauvoei Cell Features
Clostridium Chauvoei immunity?                       Humoral
Clostridium Chauvoei Diagnonsis                      Exam on stained smears, Fa test, Culturing, Animal inoculation

Clostridium Septicum major infection of what?        Malignant edema, Braxy in sheep, Gangrenous dermatitis in chicken
Clostridium Septicum facultative or obligate?        Saprohpyte/GI commensal
Clostridium Septicum route of infection?             Infection via wounds
Clostridium Septicum prevention?
Clostridium Septicum Complications?                  Toxemia, Gangrenous dermatitis with S. Aureus
Clostridium Septicum Fatal?                          Yes due to toxemia
Clostridium Septicum Treatment?                      Penicillins
Clostridium Septicum major virulence factors?        Alpha Toxin
Clostridium Septicum Cell Features                   Chains of long rods
Clostridium Septicum Diagnonsis                      Exam os stained smears, Fa test, Culturing, Animal inoculation

Clostridium Haemolyticum major infection of what?    Bacillary Hemoglobinuria (red water) in Cattle
Clostridium Haemolyticum facultative or obligate?
Clostridium Haemolyticum route of infection?         Ingestion, Hematogenous spread to liver, lie dormant till fluke infestation, proliferate in infarcts, toxin production, e
Clostridium Haemolyticum prevention?                 Bacterins used, only short protection, Fluke control
Clostridium Haemolyticum Complications?              Disease is caused by Fluke infestation
Clostridium Haemolyticum Fatal?                      Yes
Clostridium Haemolyticum Treatment?                  Penicillins and tetracyclines
Clostridium Haemolyticum major virulence factors?    Lecithinase C
Clostridium Haemolyticum Cell Features
Clostridium Haemolyticum Toxin Mechanism?            Lecithinase C causes extensive hemolyis
Clostridium Haemolyticum Diagnonsis                  Clinical and Necropsuy picture, Cultrue
Clostridium Novyi Type A major infection of what?             Big Head in rams and similar gas gangrene type infections

Clostridium Novyi Type B major infection of what?             Black disease or infectious necrotic hepatitis in sheep
Clostridium Novyi Type B found where?                         Saprophyte
Clostridium Novyi Type B Complications?                       Needs fluke worm infection to thrive
Clostridium Novyi Type B Fatal?                               High Mortality
Clostridium Novyi Type B Treatment?                           None
Clostridium Novyi Type B major virulence factors?             Alpha big time, Beta toxin lesser role
Clostridium Novyi Type B Cell Features

Clostridium Novyi Type B Diagnonsis                           Clinical Signs, FA Test, Show Alpha Toxin

Clostridium difficile   major infection of what?              Pseudomembranous colitis in horses, rabbits, guine pigs, hamsters, and humans
Clostridium difficile   route of infection?                   Follows therapy with certain antibiotic
Clostridium difficile   Complications?                        pseudomembranous or hemorrhagic colitis and typhlitis; hemorrhagic necrotic enteritis in foals
Clostridium difficile   Treatment?                            Vancomycin, metronidazole
Clostridium difficile   major virulence factors?              Toxin A (enterotoxin) and B (cytotoxin)
Clostridium difficile   Diagnonsis                            Demonstration of toxins in feces or in intestianl contents. PCR. Cultruring

Clostridium colinum major infection of what?                  Ulcerative enteritis, quail enteritis
Clostridium colinum route of infection?                       Ingestion of contaminated feed
Clostridium colinum prevention?                               Bacitracin or penicillins
Clostridium colinum Complications?                            Liver lesions
Clostridium colinum Fatal?                                    100 % mortality in quail, 10% mortality in chicken, geese, and turkeys

Clostridium spiroforme major infection of what?               Enteritis Complex in rabbits
Clostridium spiroforme Fatal?                                 High Mortality
Clostridium spiroforme major virulence factors?               Iota Toxin

                                                              A
What are the Non-spore forming anaerobes that are Gram + Rods? ctinomyces;Arcanobacterium;actinobaculum
                                                              P
What are the Non-spore forming anaerobes that are Gram + Cocci? eptostreptococcus; Anaerobic Streptococcus
What are the Non-spore forming anaerobes that are Gram - Rods?Bacteroides;fusobacterium;prevotella;porphyromonas;dichelobacter; and brachyspira

Arcanobacterium pyogenes major infection of what?             Cattle acute or chronic abscessing mastitis. Suppurative pneumonia, affects swine, sheep, and goats
Arcanobacterium pyogenes facultative or obligate?             Commensal endogenous infections
Arcanobacterium pyogenes route of infection?                  Endogenous
Arcanobacterium pyogenes prevention?                          none
Arcanobacterium pyogenes Treatment?                           all, in vivo response is poor
Arcanobacterium pyogenes Cell Features                        Gram + rod, Catalase -, Anaerobes
Arcanobacterium pyogenes commonness?                          Most frequent isolate from suppurative infections of cattle sheep and swine

Actinomyces Bovis major infection of what?                    Lumpy Jaw in cattle, affects bony tissues of head and neck
Actinomyces Bovis immunity?                                   CMI
Actinomyces Bovis Complications (swine)?                      Mastitis
Actinomyces Bovis Complications (Horses)?                     Fistulous withers and poll Evil in horses
Actinomyces Bovis Treatment?                                  Penicillins
Actinomyces Bovis Cell Features                               Gram Postive Rod, Anaerobic
Actinomyces Bovis Diagnosis?                                  Clinical plus direct exam
Actinomyces Viscosus major infection of what?                    Pleuritis, peritonitis, pericarditis of cats and dogs
Actinomyces Viscosus facultative or obligate?                    Commensal in oral cavity
Actinomyces Viscosus route of infection?                         wound infections
Actinomyces Viscosus immunity?                                   CMI
Actinomyces Viscosus Complications?                              S/C and internal Abcesses
Actinomyces Viscosus Treatment?                                  Penicillin
Actinomyces Viscosus Cell Features                               Gram postive rod
Actinomyces Viscosus Diagnosis?                                  Clinical Exam plus stained smears

Actinobaculum Suis major infection of what?                      Cystitis and pyelonephritis in Sows
Actinobaculum Suis facultative or obligate?                      Not Commensal
Actinobaculum Suis Complications (swine)?                        Stress activates latent infections
Actinobaculum Suis Treatment?                                    Penicillin plus citric acid in diet
Actinobaculum Suis major virulence factors?                      Urease
Actinobaculum Suis Cell Features                                 Aerotolerant anaerobe, small gram postitive rod

Fusobacterium Necrophorum affects cows how?                    Bovine liver abscess, Calf diphtheria, Foot-rot, Interdigital dermititis
Fusobacterium Necrophorum facultative or obligate?             Commensal in mouth rumen, colon, GU Tract
Fusobacterium Necrophorum route of infection?                  Lactic acidosis in rumen, damaged rumen wall, hepatic circulation, liver infection
Fusobacterium Necrophorum Affects swine how?                   Bull Nose, swine dysentery
Fusobacterium Necrophorum affects which four species primarly? Cow, Sheep, Pig, Birds
Fusobacterium Necrophorum affects Sheep how?                   Foot Abscess, Lip and leg ulceration, foot rot
Fusobacterium Necrophorum Treatment?                           Penicillin G
Fusobacterium Necrophorum major virulence factors?             Endotoxins, Leukotoxin, and Protease
Fusobacterium Necrophorum Cell Features                        Gram-Negative anaerobic rod

Bacteroides Fragilis major infection of what?                    Abdominal Sepsis, Neonatal Diarrheas
Bacteroides Fragilis facultative or obligate?                    Major Commensal
Bacteroides Fragilis Treatment?                                  Multiple drug resistance is often seen
Bacteroides Fragilis Cell Features                               Gram negative anaerobic rods

What is the primary cause of Calf Diptheria?                     Histophilus Somni
What is the usual secondary cause of Calf Diptheria?             Fusobacterium Necrophorum
What is the clinical signs of Calf Diptheria?                    Necrotic ulcers in laryn and pharynx, Difficulty eating.

Porphyromonas asaccharolyticus major infection of what?          Oral Pleuropulmonary infections, others
Porphyromonas asaccharolyticus Cell Features                     Gram negatice obligate anaerobic rods, Black Colonies on agar

Prevotella melaninogenica major infection of what?               Abcesses across many species
Prevotella melaninogenica facultative or obligate?               Commensal in mouth and genitourinary tract in many species
Prevotella melaninogenica Treatment?                             Penicillins and others
Prevotella melaninogenica Cell Features                          small gram negative coccobacillus, significant black colored colonies
Prevotella melaninogenica resistant to what?
Prevotella melaninogenica Diagnosis?

Dichelobacter nodosus major infection of what?                   Contagious foot rot of sheep
Dichelobacter nodosus facultative or obligate?                   Obligate pathogen
Dichelobacter nodosus route of infection?
Dichelobacter nodosus prevention?                                Polyvalent bacterins and polyvalent pili vaccines
Dichelobacter nodosus immunity?                                  Serotype specific
Dichelobacter nodosus Complications (Sheep)?                     Chronic progessive necrotizing infection, high morbidity
Dichelobacter nodosus Treatment?                                 Penicillin, foot baths with zinc
Dichelobacter nodosus major virulence factors?                   Pili and proteases
Dichelobacter nodosus Cell Features                              Motile rod with beaded ends
Dichelobacter nodosus Diagnosis?                                 Clinical picture and stained smears

What are coliforms?                                              Lactose positive and red colonies on MacConkey agar plates
What are the coliform genera?                                    Escherichia, klebsiella, enterobacter

Escherichia Coli major infection of what?                        Diarrheal neonatal diseases, septicemias, genitourinary, Bovine Mastitis, Food Borne Zoonotic infections
Escherichia Coli facultative or obligate?                        Colon Commensal
Escherichia Coli immunity?                                       Humoral
Escherichia Coli Complications (swine)?
Escherichia Coli Treatment?                                      Multple drug resistance
Escherichia Coli major virulence factors?                        Endotoxin, Vir Toxin, Cytotoxin, K antigens, Hemolysins, Aerobactin, Pili

What is ETEC?                                                    Enterotoxigenic E. Coli
What are the toxins in a ETEC infection>                         LT, ST
What does the ETEC toxin LT do?                                  Heat labile and elevates cyclic amp
What does the ETEC toxin ST do?                                  Heat Stable and elevates cyclic Gmp
What is the combined effect of the Toxins in a ETEC infection?   decreased sodium absorption and Chloride excretion, hyper secretory diarrhea, no mucosal damage
What is a Major Virulence factor for ETEC?                       Pili
What species is ETEC important in?                               Piglets, Calves, Lambs, Kids, Foals

What is AEEC?                                                    Attaching Effacing E. Coli
What does the virulence factor do in AEEC?                       Actual Mucosal Damage, Malabsorbtive diarrhea



What is a Major Virulence factor for AEEC?                       Bundle Forming pilus
What species is AEEC important in?                               Calves piglets, lambs

What is EHEC?                                                    Enterohemorrhagic E. Coli
What are the toxins in a EHEC infection>                         VeroToxins SLT-1, SLT-2


What is the combined effect of the Toxins in a EHEC infection?   Mucosal Damage and hemorrhage
What is a Major Virulence factor for EHEC?
What species is EHEC important in?                               Zoonotic Human infections via contaminated food

What is EAggEC?                                                  Entero-aggregative E. Coli
What are the toxins in a EAggEC infection>                       EAST-1 present in 45% of strains


What is the combined effect of the Toxins in a EAggEC infection?
What is a Major Virulence factor for EAggEC?                     AAF, Aggregative adherence fimbriae
What species is EAggEC important in?                             Less significant cuase of Diarrheal diseases in weaned pigs and calves
What is NTEC?                                                    Necrotoxigenic E. Coli
What are the toxins in a NTEC infection>                         CNG, Cytotoxic Necrotizing Factor
What does the NTEC toxin LT do?
What does the NTEC toxin ST do?
What is the combined effect of the Toxins in a NTEC infection?
What is a Major Virulence factor for NTEC?
What species is NTEC important in?                               Start in intestinal tract and then cause generilized infection

What is a main cause of Piglet diarrrehea?                       ETEC
What is a main Cause of weaning piglet diarrehea?                ETEC
What is a major Strain in Food-borne Zoonotic Infections?        E. Coli O157:H7

When is E. Coli Masititis caused?                                Soon after calving, older cows
Is E. Coli Mastitis Morbidity or Mortality?                      High Mortalities
What vaccine is used agains E. Coli Mastitis?                    J5

What are some preventions for E. Coli Neonatal infections?       Bacterins of the F5 strains in cows, F4,5,6,41 strains in sows, Pili Vaccines

Klebsiella Pneumoniae major infection of what?                   Bovine Mastitis, Also Septicemias, and GU infections
Klebsiella Pneumoniae facultative or obligate?                   Commensal Saprophyte
Klebsiella Pneumoniae Treatment?                                 Multiple drug resistance
Klebsiella Pneumoniae major virulence factors?                   Capsule and Endotoxin

What is Enterobacter?                                            Coliform, Commensal, Multiple drug resistance, Bovine Mastitis

What is Proteus?                                                 Commensal Saprophyte, non-lactose fermenter swarms on plates
What is Proteus virulence Factors?                               Endotoxin and Urease
Major Infection of Proteus?                                      Urinary Tract infection in dogs, horses

What is Serratia?                                                Soil Saprophyte, Nosocomial pathogen in horses and small animals
What is Serratia virulence factors?                              Endotoxin
What does Serrtia cause?                                         Fatal septicemia in dogs, occasial other infections

Salmonella major infection of what?                              Septicemia in neonates, Enteritis.colitis, enteric fever, abortions, bone and eye infections
Salmonella facultative or obligate?                              Facultative intracellular pathogens
Salmonella route of infection?                                   Ingestion
Salmonella Major Stain?                                          S. typhimurium
Salmonella major virulence factors?                              Endotoxin, fimbriae, enterotoxin, cytotoxin, siderophores, and various virulence associated proteins
Salmonella Cell Features
Salmonella resistant to what?                                    Highly Tetracycline resistant

Shigella major infection of what?                                Humans and non-human primates
Shigella facultative or obligate?
Shigella route of infection?                                     oral
Shigella prevention?
Shigella immunity?
Shigella Complications?                                          Dysentery, Paralysis, Convulsions, and death
Shigella Treatment?                                              Multiple drug resistance exists
Shigella major virulence factors?                       Shigella Neurotoxin
Shigella Cell Features

Yersinia pestis major infection of what?                Plauge
Yersinia pestis route of infection?                     rat to flea to human
Yersinia pestis Treatment?                              aminogylcosides
Yersinia pestis major virulence factors?                V and W antigens
Yersinia pestis Cell Features                           non-motile, gram-negative, bipolar rod

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis major infection of what?    GI infection, tubercles in lung, liver, spleen
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis route of infection?         Ingestion
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis host spectrum?              Very Wide
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Reservoir?                  Lab animals, domestic animals
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis major virulence factors?    V and W antigens
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Cell Features               Bipolar Rod, Motile at 25

Yersinia enterocolitica major infection of what?        gastroenterocolitis
Yersinia enterocolitica has what pathogenic features?   Food-borne zoonotic pathogen
Yersinia enterocolitica reservoir?                      Pigs, birds, other domestic animals
Yersinia enterocolitica Cell Features                   Bipolar Rod, motile at 25, grows at 4

Pseudomonas aeruginosa major infection of what?         Burn and wound infections, genito-urinary, major oppurtunistic pathogen, can be implicated in dog.cat ear infectio
Pseudomonas aeruginosa facultative or obligate?         Saprophyte
Pseudomonas aeruginosa major virulence factors?         Exotoxin A, Endotoxin, and Extracellular Slime. Alkaline protease,RTX toxin, Pili and pyocyanin
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Cell Features                    Motile rod with polar flagell. Blue green pigmentation, fruity ordor. Beta hemolysis
Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistant to what?               Most, drug testing important
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Diagnosis?

Burkholderia pseudomallei major infection of what?      Meliodosis
Burkholderia pseudomallei route of infection?           Ingestion, inhalation, wound infection
Burkholderia pseudomallei acute symptoms?               High temp, pneumonia, suppurative lesions in lungs, liver, spleen
Burkholderia pseudomallei Chronic symptoms?             Abscesses in lungs, liver, spleen, lymph nodes, and s/c tissues. Joints and CNS may also be affected. High mor
Burkholderia pseudomallei Treatment?                    Tetracyclines
Burkholderia pseudomallei Diagnosis?                    Culture

Burkholderia mallei major infection of what?            Zoonotic Pathogen, highly fatal. Glanders
Burkholderia mallei facultative or obligate?            Obligate pathogen
Burkholderia mallei immunity?                           CMI
Burkholderia mallei Complications (Horses)?             Acute, septicemia, chronic caseous nodules
Burkholderia mallei Treatment?                          Aminoglycosides
Burkholderia mallei Diagnosis?                          Clinical exam, mallein test

Burkholderia cepacia facultative or obligate?           Ubiquitous soil organism. Opportunistic pathogen
Burkholderia cepacia Complications?                     Primary problem in immunocompromised individuals.
Burkholderia cepacia Treatment?                         High resistance to aminoglycosides

Stenotrophomonas maltophila major infection of what?    Important Opportunistic pathogen of humans
Stenotrophomonas maltophila Complications?              Primary problem in immunocompromised individuals.
Stenotrophomonas maltophila Treatment?                  Multiple drug resistance seen, trimethoprim and sulfa combination recommended.
Francisella Tularensis major infection of what?            Zoonotic pathogen, found in sheep and elk, wild rodents resivoirs
Francisella Tularensis route of infection?                 Tick Bites or direct contact
Francisella Tularensis prevention?                         Human avirulent vaccine in humans
Francisella Tularensis immunity?                           CMI and humoral
Francisella Tularensis Complications?                      Four Forms: Ulceroglandular Form, Oculoglandar form, pulmonary form, typhoidal form
Francisella Tularensis Fatal?                              10% in first two forms, 30% in last to forms
Francisella Tularensis Treatment?                          Aminoglycosides
Francisella Tularensis Diagnosis?                          FA test, skin test

Pasteurella Multocida major infection of what?             Major pathogen in livestock, hemorrhagic septicemia in cattle and buffaloes, Fowl Cholera
Pasteurella Multocida facultative or obligate?             Endogenous
Pasteurella Multocida route of infection?                  Endogenous, aerosols, ingestion
Pasteurella Multocida prevention?                          ALV for Bovine, fowl cholera and pasteurellosis in rabbits
Pasteurella Multocida Complications (swine)?               Swine plague, Porcine pasteurelloses, causes primary bronchopneumonia, also Atrophic Rhinitis
Pasteurella Multocida Complications (Rabbits)?             Rabbit Pasteurellosis, snuffles, pneumonia, dsepticemia. AR
Pasteurella Multocida Complications (Humans)?              Dog and Cat Bite infections
Pasteurella Multocida Treatment?                           Tilmicocin, cerftiofur, Pen G in humans
Pasteurella Multocida major virulence factors?             Sendotoxin, Capsule, dermonecrotoxin, pili, multocidin, adhesion fimbrae
Pasteurella Multocida Cell Features                        Does not grow on macConkey
Pasteurella Multocida Diagnosis?                           Clinical Picture plus bipolar rods in stained smears

Pasteurella trehalosi major infection of what?             Septicemic diseases in adult sheep. Hemorrhagic fluid in air spaces
Pasteurella trehalosi Fatal?                               Death due to endotoxic shock
Pasteurella trehalosi Treatment?                           Oxytetracycline
Pasteurella trehalosi major virulence factors?             RTX pore forming hemolysin, and leukotoxin, causese rapid lysis of leukocytes
Pasteurella trehalosi Cell Features                        Gram-negative, non-motile, Beta hemolytic rod, catalase, oxidase, and nitrate reductase positive

Pasteurella pneumotropica major infection of what?         Secondary invader in pneumonia of rats and mice, zoonotic infections in humans from cat bites
Pasteurella pneumotropica facultative or obligate?         Commensal in Nasopharynx of mice, rats, cats, and dogs
Pasteurella pneumotropica route of infection?
Pasteurella Canis?                                         Isolated from Mouth of Dogs, and in dog bite infections
Pasteurella Aerogenes?                                     Commensal in mouth of swine occasional bite infection
Pasteurella Gallinarum?                                    Mild respiratory tract infections in poultry.

Mannheimia haemolytica major infection of what?            The cause of Pasteurellosis in adult sheep and Cows, Ovine Mastitis
Mannheimia haemolytica facultative or obligate?            Commensal in cattle sheep and goats
Mannheimia haemolytica prevention?                         Bacterins, Leukotoxin toxoid surgace antigens effective
Mannheimia haemolytica Treatment?                          Enrofloxin
Mannheimia haemolytica major virulence factors?            Capsule, Keukotoxin, endotoxin
Mannheimia haemolytica Cell Features                       Hemolytic, grows on MacConkey agar

Riemerella anatipestifer major infection of what?          Infectious serositis, new duck diseases of ducklings
Riemerella anatipestifer prevention?                       Bacterin, ALV
Riemerella anatipestifer Fatal?                            Acute septicemicf disease with high mortalities
Riemerella anatipestifer Treatment?                        Lincomycin
Riemerella anatipestifer Diagnosis?                        FA Test, gelatin test

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale major infection of what?   Pathogen of turkeys and chicken, respiratory pathogen
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale prevention?                Oil bacterin used
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale Treatment?                 Resistant to aminoglycosides, chlortetracycline
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale major virulence factors?
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale Cell Features              Gram-negative rod-shaped organism
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale upon necropsy?             Hemorrhagic lungs, hemorrhagic fluid in air passages, pericarditis
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale Diagnosis?                 culturing

What are the two species of Gallibacterium?                Gallibacterium anatix, Gallibacterium genomospecies
Gallibacterium anatis?                                     Catalase, oxidase and nitrate-reductase positive, commensal of genital and upper respiratory

Bordetella Bronchiseptica major infection of what?         Kennel Cough
Bordetella Bronchiseptica facultative or obligate?         Obligate pathogen of Dogs, Pigs, Rodents
Bordetella Bronchiseptica route of infection?              Aerosol, contact, and endogenous
Bordetella Bronchiseptica prevention?                      ALV, Bacterins
Bordetella Bronchiseptica Complications (swine)?           AR, if mixed with P. Multocida irreversible
Bordetella Bronchiseptica major virulence factors?         Pili, filamentous hemagglutinin and pertactin, cytotoxin, dermonecrotoxin, and adenycyclase

Bordetella avium major infection of what?                  Turkey Coryza
Bordetella avium facultative or obligate?
Bordetella avium route of infection?                       Droplet infection
Bordetella avium prevention?                               ALV, Bacterins
Bordetella avium immunity?                                 Humoral
Bordetella avium Fatal?                                    Low Mortality, High morbidity, with mixed infections with E. Coli high mortality.
Bordetella avium Treatment?                                Erythromycin, Tetracyclines
Bordetella avium major virulence factors?                  Hemagglutinin, fimbriae, tracheal cytotoxin, dermonecrotoxin, osteotoxin

Moraxella Bovis major infection of what?                   Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis IBK
Moraxella Bovis facultative or obligate?
Moraxella Bovis route of infection?                        Carrier Animals, flies
Moraxella Bovis prevention?                                Bacerins, Pili Vaccine
Moraxella Bovis immunity?                                  Humoral
Moraxella Bovis Fatal?                                     High morbidity and low mortality
Moraxella Bovis Treatment?                                 Oxytetracycline
Moraxella Bovis major virulence factors?                   Pili, Hemolysine cytotoxin, and capsule.

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae major infection of what?   Major respiratory pathogen of feedlot swine
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae facultative or obligate?
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae route of infection?        Aerosol, direct or indirect contact, or endogenous
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae prevention?                Autogenous bacterins limited effectiveness
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae acute clinical signs?      Fibrinous necrotizing bronchopneumonia and pleuritis. Significant mortalities
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae Chronic?                   Some deaths, Poor wieght gains
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae Treatment?                 Gentamicin, Enrofloxacind
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae major virulence factors?   Capsule, Endotoxin, RTX toxin, urease, Iron -binding proteins
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae Diagnosis?                 Clinical and Necropsy picture; Stained smears culture, FA and ELISA

What is RTX toxin>?                                        Exotoxin, Toxic to leukocytes and tissue cells.
Mechansim of RTX?                                          Pore-forming toxin with hemolytic activity
Which gram state produces RTX?                             Gram Negative
Actinobacillus lignieresii major infection of what?               Oral Pathogen of Sheep and Cattle, can cause mastitis
Actinobacillus lignieresii facultative or obligate?               Oral Commensal
Actinobacillus lignieresii route of infection?                    Injury to Buccal Mucosa
Actinobacillus lignieresii immunity?                              CMI
Actinobacillus lignieresii similar to ?                           Actinomyces bovis
Actinobacillus lignieresii Treatment?                             Iodides IV/ Tetracyclines
Actinobacillus lignieresii Diagnosis?                             Clinical Picture and Examination of stained smears, sulfur granules in pus

Actinobacillus equuli ss. equuli   major infection of what?       Very Frequent equine pathogen indicated in abortions, and neonatal enteritis, Causes paddling in foals
Actinobacillus equuli ss. equuli   facultative or obligate?
Actinobacillus equuli ss. equuli   route of infection?            Transplacental, contact, endogenous
Actinobacillus equuli ss. equuli   Treatment?                     Tetracyclines
Actinobacillus equuli ss. equuli   Cell Features                  Non-hemolytic
Actinobacillus equuli ss. equuli   Diagnosis?                     Culturing

Actinobacillus equuli ss. Haemolytica                             Exclusively equine pathogen, RTX. Pneumonic infections
Actinobacillus Suis                                               RTX toxin, septicemia in piglets 1-8 weeks. Treat with Tetracycline
Actinobacillus seminis                                            Causes epididymitis in yearling rams, gangreous mastitis in ewes, and purulent polyarthritis in lambs
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans                              Epididymitis in breeding rams, mastitis in ewes
Streptobacillus actinoides                                        Suppurative pneumonia in calves, seminal vesiculitis in bulls


Histophilus somni major infection of what?                        Colonizes bovine respiratory and genital tracts stess induced, shipping disease
Histophilus somni route of infection?                             Droplets, ingestion, and coitus
Histophilus somni prevention?                                     Bacterins
Histophilus somni Clinical signs?                                 Bronchopneumonia at 2 week mark after arrival in feedlot. High Mortality.
Histophilus somni Secondary clinical signs?                       Thromboembolic meningoencephalitis, 1-2 weeks after pneumonia. Neurological signs. Hemorrhagic necrosis in
Histophilus somni Tetrary signs of infection after first signs?   Joint 10 day after, Necrotic laryngitis with F. necrophorum, A. Pyogenes
Histophilus somni Complications (Sheep)?                          Epididymitis in yearling rams
Histophilus somni Treatment?                                      Ampicllin, tetracyclin
Histophilus somni major virulence factors?                        Capsule, Cytotoxin, hemolysin, ENDOTOXIN
Histophilus somni Diagnosis?                                      Stained smears, brain specimen

Haemophilus parasuis major infection of what?                     Glasser's sDisease
Haemophilus parasuis facultative or obligate?                     Commensal in nasopharynx of normal swine
Haemophilus parasuis route of infection?                          Stress of weaning and trasport
Haemophilus parasuis prevention?                                  Autogenous bacterins
Haemophilus parasuis Complications (swine)?                       Massive inflamation, shock
Haemophilus parasuis Treatment?                                   Ampcillin, gentamicin, tetracyclines

Haemophilus Paragallinarum major infection of what?               Infectious coryza, Fowl coryza in chicken
Haemophilus Paragallinarum facultative or obligate?
Haemophilus Paragallinarum route of infection?                    Droplet infection from carrier or ill bird
Haemophilus Paragallinarum prevention?                            Bacterins
Haemophilus Paragallinarum Complications (Chickens)?              Acute respiratory infection
Haemophilus Paragallinarum Fatal?                                 Low mortality, high morbidity
Haemophilus Paragallinarum Treatment?                             Erythromycin?
Haemophilus Paragallinarum major virulence factors?               HA-L antigen
Haemophilus influenzae major infection of what?     Pneumonia, otitis media, meningitis and arthritis in Non-human primates
Haemophilus influenzae Treatment?                   Ampicllin

Taylorella equigenitalis major infection of what?   Contagious equine metritis
Taylorella equigenitalis facultative or obligate?   Obligate pathogen
Taylorella equigenitalis route of infection?        Infection via coitus and direct contact
Taylorella equigenitalis prevention?                NONE
Taylorella equigenitalis Complications (Horses)?    Vaginitis, cervicitis, metritis, abortions. PROFUSE whitish mucoid vaginal discharge
Taylorella equigenitalis Treatment?                 Ampicllin, can be used to treat sperm.
Taylorella equigenitalis Diagnosis?                 Swabs of cervix and clitoral fossa, preputial swabs
xin (LF + PA) causes shock and death
s, dental or gingival disease
gas production), inefficient phagocytosis, heparinase
smelling discharges, blood infections, after aminoglycoside therapy

ation; genital postpartum sepsis;gas gangrene; septicemias




soning (enterotoxin)
oduction, extensive heolysis, death
ns
ear infections, and cattle mastitis




. High mortality
necrosis in the brain
#REF!                                      #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                                     0
        0   Bovine pyelonephritis and cystitis
        0                                                     0
        0   Contact, venereal, Stress causes clinical signs
        0                                                     0
        0   HMI
        0   Bulls non-clinical Carriers
        0   Chronic but potentially
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
        0                                  #REF!
                                           #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE              0
1         0 Bovine pyelonephritis and cystitis
                     0
1 Corynebacterium renale major infection of what?
            Contact, venereal, Stress obligate?
1 Corynebacterium renale facultative orcauses clinical signs
0 FALSE              0
0 FALSE HMI
0 FALSE Bulls non-clinical Carriers
            Chronic but Complications?
1 Corynebacterium renalepotentially
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
1 #REF!       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
0 FALSE       #REF!
How to Use this sheet
1. The next tab contains information about the organisms in microbiology and the important features.
2. To Test your knowledge you can do the following.
           a. Click on the header of column A
           b. Once column is highlighted go to Data - Sort
           c. Make sure to select "Expand the selection"
           D. Sort ascending or descending.**
           E. Click on Quiz tab to take a random quiz of questions.
           F. Type answers into the B column.
           G. Once done Check answer sheet to compare**

                      * Ignore the fact that the random numbers might change while typing. This should not affect the sort.
                      ** This sheet is a work in progress and as such areas in the sheet may be left blank. As this class contin
                      *** I make no claim to include all relevant information. The information presented is true to the best of m
g. This should not affect the sort.
may be left blank. As this class continues this sheet will continue to update.
tion presented is true to the best of my knowledge.
15   S. Pneumoniae Histological feature?
36   What is critical for pathogenesis of Streptococci?
39   What are the routes of infection of streptococci?
33   What are the Common manifestations of infection of Staphylococci?
61   Streptococci Identification?

80   Hemolyis of Streptococci?
48   main immune response to Staphylococci
77   Staphylococci Virulence
68   Staphylococci Identification?
85   Staphylococci Common path of infection?
87   Staphylococci Commensal or obligate?

24   S. Zooepidemicus Treatment?
41   S. Zooepidemicus route of infection?
69   S. Zooepidemicus prevention?
59   S. Zooepidemicus major virulence factors?
31   S. Zooepidemicus major infection of what?
28   S. Zooepidemicus is which group?
75   S. Zooepidemicus Histological feature?
 6   S. Zooepidemicus Hemolysis?
75   S. Zooepidemicus Fatal?
69   S. Zooepidemicus facultative or obligate?
 0   S. Zooepidemicus Complications?

80   S. Suis Treatment?
15   S. Suis route of infection?
56   S. Suis prevention?
33   S. Suis major virulence factors?
52   S. Suis major infection of what?
73   S. Suis is which group?
78   S. Suis Histological feature?
82   S. Suis Hemolysis?
61   S. Suis Fatal?
73   S. Suis facultative or obligate?
17   S. Suis Complications?

87   S. porcinus Treatment?
77   S. porcinus route of infection?
 9   S. porcinus prevention?
73   S. porcinus major virulence factors?
97   S. porcinus major infection of what?
12   S. porcinus is which group?
27   S. porcinus Hemolysis?
76   S. porcinus Fatal?
67   S. porcinus facultative or obligate?

49   S. Pneumoniae Treatment?
23   S. Pneumoniae route of infection?
60   S. Pneumoniae prevention?
92   S. Pneumoniae major virulence factors?
37   S. Pneumoniae major infection of what?
21    S. Pneumoniae is which group?
14    S. Pneumoniae Hemolysis?
 1    S. Pneumoniae Fatal?
70    S. Pneumoniae facultative or obligate?
18    S. Pneumoniae Complications?

 95   S. Intermedius Treatment?
 46   S. Intermedius route of infection?
 82   S. Intermedius Predisposition?
 53   S. Intermedius major virulence factors?
 86   S. Intermedius major infection of what?
100   S. Intermedius facultative or obligate?
  4   S. Intermedius Complications?
 27   S. Intermedius Coagulase?
 46   S. Intermedius Cell Features

10    S. hyicus route of infection?
29    S. hyicus prevention?
57    S. hyicus major virulence factors?
41    S. hyicus major infection of what?
 3    S. hyicus Fatal?
 7    S. hyicus facultative or obligate?
68    S. hyicus Complications?
12    S. hyicus Coagulase?
 8    S. hyicus Cell Features

52    S. Equi Treatment?
62    S. Equi route of infection?
 2    S. Equi prevention?
 3    S. Equi major virulence factors?
83    S. Equi major infection of what?
17    S. Equi is which group?
15    S. Equi Fatal?
83    S. Equi facultative or obligate?
27    S. Equi Complications?
28    S. Epidermidis and other CNS are important in which disease?

38    S. Canis Treatment?
48    S. Canis route of infection?
16    S. Canis prevention?
67    S. Canis major virulence factors?
39    S. Canis major infection of what?
79    S. Canis is which group?
 9    S. Canis Histological feature?
 0    S. Canis Hemolysis?
95    S. Canis Fatal?
79    S. Canis facultative or obligate?
33    S. Canis Complications?

14 S. Aureus Treatment?
75 S. Aureus route of infection?
79 S. Aureus major virulence factors?
70   S. Aureus major infection of what?
70   S. Aureus Fatal?
47   S. Aureus facultative or obligate?
35   S. Aureus Complications?
 4   S. Aureus Coagulase?
32   S. Aureus Cell features?

98   S. Agalactiae route of infection?
12   S. Agalactiae prevention?
60   S. Agalactiae major infection of what?
43   S. Agalactiae is which group?
38   S. Agalactiae facultative or obligate?
     S. Agalactiae complications


76 Main cause of mastitis in Goats?
60 CNS predisposing factors

19   Enterococci Treatment?
31   Enterococci major infection of what?
63   Enterococci Histological feature?
55   Enterococci Hemolysis?
78   Enterococci facultative or obligate?
82   Enterococci Complications?
                                                    0.153882
Cells occur in pairs, Diplococcus, veryprominent capsule
Capsule and M protein                               0.364537
                                                    0.385083
Inhalation, Ingestion, Endogenous route, venereal, fomites (direct contact), Transplacental infection
                                                     0.32642
Mastitis, Skin and wound infections, abscesses, osteomyelitisInhalation, Ingestion, Endogenous route, venereal, fomites (direct
Gram positive cocci in chains, catalase negative    0.608252

all                                                    0.795321
CMI, some humoral                                      0.478153
Coagulase                                              0.773223
Gram positive cocci in Clusters, catalase postive       0.68332
Endogenous infections, localized or general            0.846019
Commensal                                              0.866865

Penicillins                                        0.244865
                                                   0.407376
None                                               0.689187
Polysaccharide capsule, M Protein                  0.587445
Major Equine pathogen, neonatal pneumonia          0.305461
C                                                  0.281317
Occurs in short chains not long                    0.747603
B                                                  0.064068
abscess in many systems                            0.753631
Commensal                                          0.687392
                                                   0.004806
Septicemias respiratory and genital, suppurative wound infections, neonatal septicemias

Penicillins, Ceftiofur, and enrofloxacin             0.802918
Ingestion or inhalation, Peracute, Acute, or subacute0.149534
Autogenous bacterins                                 0.558104
Polysaccharide capsule, suilysin                     0.331036
Weaner Pigs                                          0.517403
R, S, T                                              0.731125
Short chains, singles, pairs, Ellipse like           0.777342
Little beta hemolysis, alpha                          0.81512
losses due to death and lowered weight gains         0.607941
                                                     0.729186
Zoonotic, carriers, Septicemia, Bronchopneumonia, Meningitis, and Polyarthritis, Suppuration is common
                                                     0.169879

Penicillin                                               0.867938
                                                         0.768299
Ingestion long viabilty in soil or inhalation carriers present
mlv                                                       0.08886
M protein                                                0.734112
Swine strangles                                          0.972839
E, P, U, V                                               0.116782
Beta                                                     0.267915
High morbidity and low mortality                         0.760701
                                                         0.665119

Penicillins, Drug-resistant isolates exist   0.490895
Inhalation                                   0.229208
Immunity is serotype specific                0.604292
Antiphagocytic Polysaccharide Capsule, Pneumolysin
                                             0.921533
lab animals and primates                     0.368524
                                               0.213792
Alpha                                          0.138203
Lobar pneumonia                                0.013585
Commensal                                      0.700676
                                               0.175818
Major human pathogen: pneumonia 5-10%, menigitis, otitis media

vancomyicn, Lactamase resistant penicillin.         0.947765
Commensal                                           0.462405
                                                    0.820122
Trauma, Endocrine, immune, and metabolic disorders, ectoparasites, and dermatophytes
alpha,beta,delta hemolysins, Enterotoxins (Heat stable), Exfoliatin (A and B), Leukocidin, Toxic Shock Syndrome toxin, lipase
                                                    0.533919
                                                    0.858083
Pyoderma in Dogs, Major infections endocarditis in dogs
Facultative                                         0.998148
                                                    0.038794
Bone/joints and wound infections; GIT infections, Respiratory, genitourinary,a dn eye infections, pyuometra, endocarditis
Postive                                             0.270841
                                                    0.457851
Colonies Grayish white and smooth, double zone hemolysis

                                                    0.097394
Bite wounds, abrasions, contagious affects 1 to 3 week old pigs
Good management                                     0.293738
Protein A, Enterotoxins, exofoliatin                0.574007
Greasy Pig Exudative epidermitis                    0.412872
May be significant                                  0.029653
Commensal                                           0.065931
Exfoliatin                                          0.677376
Postive                                             0.116433
Non-hemolyitic                                      0.077992

Penicillins                                            0.51632
inhalation or contact                                 0.622876
Bacterin, MLV, M-protein vaccines                     0.021189
M-Protein, Hyaluronic acid, SePE-1                    0.033256
Strangles                                             0.829579
C                                                     0.173789
Self-limiting High morbidity-low mortality            0.148353
Obligate                                              0.827486
Bastard Strangles                                     0.269047
Bovine mastitis                                       0.276969

Penicillins                                       0.376226
Commensal on mucosal surfaces of dogs and cats 0.477004
                                                  0.163325
                                                  0.666507
Antiphagocytic M-Type protein and polysacchardie capsule
                                                  0.392811
Key streptococcal pathogen of dogs and cats, can be major mastitis pathogen in Bovine
                                                  0.794935
Shiny small cononies                              0.093191
Marked Beta                                       0.004572
                                                  0.951691
Commensal                                          0.78911
Vaginitis, cervicitis, neonatal septicemia, lymphadenitis, mastitis, pyoderma, otitis media, toxic shock syndrome, and othe
                                                  0.327903

                                                         0.136092
resistant to Penicillin, most are resistant to tetracyclines. Susceptibilty test important
Endogenous                                               0.747043
alpha,beta,gamma,delta hemolysins, Enterotoxins 0.791976 (Heat stable), Protein A, Exfoliatin (A and B), Leukocidin, Toxic Shock Syn
Humans, Primates, Birds                            0.702036
Depending on type of infection mortality can be 25%0.698676
Facultative intracellular                          0.467109
cutaneous infections, gangrenous dermatitis, suppurative wound infection, bone infections, mastitis (acute and chronic) endo
                                                   0.346609
Positive                                           0.040357
Golden/whitish colonies with double zone hemolysis, able to grow on Mannitol, Clusters on Cytology
                                                   0.323776

adheres to Mammary Epithilium                         0.980206
Bacterin                                              0.115805
Mastitis                                              0.604618
B                                                      0.42505
Obligate                                              0.382208
                                                      0.231885
Genitourinary infefctions in cats and fatal cases of neonatal and post partum sepsis in canines


S. Lentus                                          0.761769
                                                   0.596402
Breach in mucocutaneous barrier, prio exposure to antibiotics, general immujnosuppression, implanted prosthetic devices

Ampicillin, amoxicillin, need susceptibilty testing, many drug-resistant strains, vancomycin-resistant strains exist
                                                      0.193226
                                                      0
Urinary Tract infections, endocarditis, Bovine mastitis .313428
Lactose postive on Mannitol Plates                    0.628507
All                                                     0.54964
Intestinal Commensals                                 0.779861
                                                      0.816827
Zoonotic, mixed infections with S. Zooepidemicus result in acute septicemia with high mortality in poultry
S. Pneumoniae Histological feature?
What is critical for pathogenesis of Streptococci?
What are the routes of infection of streptococci?
What are the Common manifestations of infection of Staphylococci?
Streptococci Identification?
Staphylococci Virulence
Staphylococci Identification?
Staphylococci Common path of infection?
Staphylococci Commensal or obligate?
S. Zooepidemicus Treatment?
S. Zooepidemicus route of infection?
S. Zooepidemicus prevention?
S. Zooepidemicus major virulence factors?
S. Zooepidemicus major infection of what?
S. Zooepidemicus is which group?
S. Zooepidemicus Histological feature?
S. Zooepidemicus Hemolysis?
S. Zooepidemicus Fatal?
S. Zooepidemicus facultative or obligate?
S. Zooepidemicus Complications?
S. Suis Treatment?
S. Suis route of infection?
S. Suis prevention?
S. Suis major virulence factors?
S. Suis major infection of what?
S. Suis is which group?
S. Suis Histological feature?
S. Suis Hemolysis?
S. Suis Fatal?
S. Suis facultative or obligate?
S. Suis Complications?
S. porcinus Treatment?
S. porcinus route of infection?
S. porcinus prevention?
S. porcinus major virulence factors?
S. porcinus major infection of what?
S. porcinus is which group?
S. porcinus Hemolysis?
S. porcinus Fatal?
S. porcinus facultative or obligate?
S. Pneumoniae Treatment?
S. Pneumoniae route of infection?
S. Pneumoniae prevention?
S. Pneumoniae major virulence factors?
S. Pneumoniae major infection of what?
S. Pneumoniae is which group?
S. Pneumoniae Hemolysis?
S. Pneumoniae Fatal?
S. Pneumoniae facultative or obligate?
S. Pneumoniae Complications?
S. Intermedius Treatment?
S. Intermedius route of infection?
S. Intermedius Predisposition?
S. Intermedius major virulence factors?
S. Intermedius major infection of what?
S. Intermedius facultative or obligate?
S. Intermedius Complications?
S. Intermedius Coagulase?
S. Intermedius Cell Features
S. hyicus route of infection?
S. hyicus prevention?
S. hyicus major virulence factors?
S. hyicus major infection of what?
S. hyicus Fatal?
S. hyicus facultative or obligate?
S. hyicus Complications?
S. hyicus Coagulase?
S. hyicus Cell Features
S. Equi Treatment?
S. Equi route of infection?
S. Equi prevention?
S. Equi major virulence factors?
S. Equi major infection of what?
S. Equi is which group?
S. Equi Fatal?
S. Equi facultative or obligate?
S. Equi Complications?
S. Epidermidis and other CNS are important in which disease?
S. Canis Treatment?
S. Canis route of infection?
S. Canis prevention?
S. Canis major virulence factors?
S. Canis major infection of what?
S. Canis is which group?
S. Canis Histological feature?
S. Canis Hemolysis?
S. Canis Fatal?
S. Canis facultative or obligate?
S. Canis Complications?
S. Aureus Treatment?
S. Aureus route of infection?
S. Aureus major virulence factors?
S. Aureus major infection of what?
S. Aureus Fatal?
S. Aureus facultative or obligate?
S. Aureus Complications?
S. Aureus Coagulase?
S. Aureus Cell features?
S. Agalactiae route of infection?
S. Agalactiae prevention?
S. Agalactiae major infection of what?
S. Agalactiae is which group?
S. Agalactiae facultative or obligate?
S. Agalactiae complications
main immune response to Staphylococci
Main cause of mastitis in Goats?
Hemolyis of Streptococci?
Enterococci Treatment?
Enterococci major infection of what?
Enterococci Histological feature?
Enterococci Hemolysis?
Enterococci facultative or obligate?
Enterococci Complications?
CNS predisposing factors
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
                                        0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0   Cells occur in pairs, Diplococcus, veryprominent capsule
0   Capsule and M protein
0   Inhalation, Ingestion, Endogenous route, venereal, fomites (direct
0   Mastitis, Skin and wound infections, abscesses, osteomyelitisInha
0   Gram positive cocci in chains, catalase negative
0   Coagulase
0   Gram positive cocci in Clusters, catalase postive
0   Endogenous infections, localized or general
0   Commensal
0   Penicillins
0              0
0   None
0   Polysaccharide capsule, M Protein
0   Major Equine pathogen, neonatal pneumonia
0   C
0   Occurs in short chains not long
0   B
0   abscess in many systems
0   Commensal
0   Septicemias respiratory and genital, suppurative wound infections
0   Penicillins, Ceftiofur, and enrofloxacin
0   Ingestion or inhalation, Peracute, Acute, or subacute
0   Autogenous bacterins
0   Polysaccharide capsule, suilysin
0   Weaner Pigs
0   R, S, T
0   Short chains, singles, pairs, Ellipse like
0   Little beta hemolysis, alpha
0   losses due to death and lowered weight gains
0              0
0   Zoonotic, carriers, Septicemia, Bronchopneumonia, Meningitis, an
0   Penicillin
0   Ingestion long viabilty in soil or inhalation carriers present
0   mlv
0   M protein
0   Swine strangles
0   E, P, U, V
0   Beta
0   High morbidity and low mortality
0              0
0   Penicillins, Drug-resistant isolates exist
0   Inhalation
0   Immunity is serotype specific
0   Antiphagocytic Polysaccharide Capsule, Pneumolysin
0   lab animals and primates
0              0
0   Alpha
0   Lobar pneumonia
0   Commensal
0   Major human pathogen: pneumonia 5-10%, menigitis, otitis media
0   vancomyicn, Lactamase resistant penicillin.
0   Commensal
0   Trauma, Endocrine, immune, and metabolic disorders, ectoparas
0   alpha,beta,delta hemolysins, Enterotoxins (Heat stable), Exfoliatin
0   Pyoderma in Dogs, Major infections endocarditis in dogs
0   Facultative
0   Bone/joints and wound infections; GIT infections, Respiratory, ge
0   Postive
0   Colonies Grayish white and smooth, double zone hemolysis
0   Bite wounds, abrasions, contagious affects 1 to 3 week old pigs
0   Good management
0   Protein A, Enterotoxins, exofoliatin
0   Greasy Pig Exudative epidermitis
0   May be significant
0   Commensal
0   Exfoliatin
0   Postive
0   Non-hemolyitic
0   Penicillins
0   inhalation or contact
0   Bacterin, MLV, M-protein vaccines
0   M-Protein, Hyaluronic acid, SePE-1
0   Strangles
0   C
0   Self-limiting High morbidity-low mortality
0   Obligate
0   Bastard Strangles
0   Bovine mastitis
0   Penicillins
0   Commensal on mucosal surfaces of dogs and cats
0              0
0   Antiphagocytic M-Type protein and polysacchardie capsule
0   Key streptococcal pathogen of dogs and cats, can be major mast
0              0
0   Shiny small cononies
0   Marked Beta
0              0
0   Commensal
0   Vaginitis, cervicitis, neonatal septicemia, lymphadenitis, mastitis,
0   resistant to Penicillin, most are resistant to tetracyclines. Suscept
0   Endogenous
0   alpha,beta,gamma,delta hemolysins, Enterotoxins (Heat stable),
0   Humans, Primates, Birds
0   Depending on type of infection mortality can be 25%
0   Facultative intracellular
0   cutaneous infections, gangrenous dermatitis, suppurative wound
0   Positive
0   Golden/whitish colonies with double zone hemolysis, able to grow
0   adheres to Mammary Epithilium
0   Bacterin
0   Mastitis
0   B
0   Obligate
0   Genitourinary infefctions in cats and fatal cases of neonatal and p
0   CMI, some humoral
0   S. Lentus
0   all
0   Ampicillin, amoxicillin, need susceptibilty testing, many drug-resis
0   Urinary Tract infections, endocarditis, Bovine mastitis
0   Lactose postive on Mannitol Plates
0   All
0   Intestinal Commensals
0   Zoonotic, mixed infections with S. Zooepidemicus result in acute
0   Breach in mucocutaneous barrier, prio exposure to antibiotics, ge
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
0              0
, veryprominent capsule

s route, venereal, fomites (direct contact), Transplacental infection
ns, abscesses, osteomyelitisInhalation, Ingestion, Endogenous route, venereal, fomites (direct contact), Transplacental infection
talase negative

catalase postive




tal, suppurative wound infections, neonatal septicemias

 Acute, or subacute




weight gains

ronchopneumonia, Meningitis, and Polyarthritis, Suppuration is common

halation carriers present




apsule, Pneumolysin




nia 5-10%, menigitis, otitis media
 d metabolic disorders, ectoparasites, and dermatophytes
erotoxins (Heat stable), Exfoliatin (A and B), Leukocidin, Toxic Shock Syndrome toxin, lipase, capsule coagulase, hyaluronidase
ons endocarditis in dogs

 ; GIT infections, Respiratory, genitourinary,a dn eye infections, pyuometra, endocarditis

oth, double zone hemolysis
ous affects 1 to 3 week old pigs




s of dogs and cats

nd polysacchardie capsule
ogs and cats, can be major mastitis pathogen in Bovine




ticemia, lymphadenitis, mastitis, pyoderma, otitis media, toxic shock syndrome, and other infections
esistant to tetracyclines. Susceptibilty test important

sins, Enterotoxins (Heat stable), Protein A, Exfoliatin (A and B), Leukocidin, Toxic Shock Syndrome toxin, lipase, capsule coagulase, hyaluro

 ortality can be 25%

s dermatitis, suppurative wound infection, bone infections, mastitis (acute and chronic) endocarditis, pneumonia, septicemia, tick pyemia

ble zone hemolysis, able to grow on Mannitol, Clusters on Cytology




and fatal cases of neonatal and post partum sepsis in canines
eptibilty testing, many drug-resistant strains, vancomycin-resistant strains exist
ditis, Bovine mastitis



. Zooepidemicus result in acute septicemia with high mortality in poultry
r, prio exposure to antibiotics, general immujnosuppression, implanted prosthetic devices
Transplacental infection
oagulase, hyaluronidase




n, lipase, capsule coagulase, hyaluronidase



eumonia, septicemia, tick pyemia
Streptococcal Mastitis
S. Agalactiae                          Obligate pathogen
                                       Camp Positive
                                       Can be eradicated from a herd
                                       Bacterin us used in prophylaxis

S. Dysgalactiae                        Commensal
                                       Camp-Negitive

S. Uberis (viridans group)             Oral Commensal
                                       Camp Variable
                                       Difficult to eradicate from herd
                                       Accociated with Bacterial Endocarditis
Occasional                             Enterococci and Group g streptococcius

streptococcal Septicemia in Neonates

Infection of Neonates?                 Infection via umbilicus
S. Zooepidemicus                       Foals
                                       Piglets
                                       Calves
                                       Lambs

S. Equisimilis                         Piglets
S. Suis                                Piglets
S. Canis                               Puppys, kittens
Group B Streptococci                   Puppys, kittens

								
To top