Proverbs by xiangpeng

VIEWS: 67 PAGES: 104


                                 Chapter 1
                         By: Pastor J. B. Hall
Verse 1
   A. The writer of these proverbs is plainly introduced as Solomon the son of
        David, who was the king of Israel.

Verses 2 – 4
   A. These verses give us his purpose, his reasons, for writing these proverbs.
   B. There are 3 words he uses often; and that are almost interchangeable.
   C. Let‟s look at definitions to each:
           (1) wisdom - The right use or exercise of knowledge;
           (2) knowledge -1. A clear and certain perception of that which exists, or
               of truth and fact; Learning; illumination of mind. Information;
           (3) instruction - The act of teaching or informing the understanding in
               that of which it was before ignorant; information.             Precepts
               conveying knowledge.
           (4) understanding - The faculty of the human mind by which it
               apprehends the real state of things presented to it, or by which it
               receives or comprehends the ideas which others express and intend to
               communicate. exact comprehension.
   D. Solomon‟s reasons for presenting these proverbs are
           (1) So that we might know wisdom and instruction
           (2) So that we might perceive the words of understanding
           (3) To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and
           (4) To give subtilty (Refinement; extreme acuteness.) to the simple.
           (5) To give to the young man knowledge and discretion (Prudence, or
               knowledge and prudence; that discernment which enables a person to
               judge critically of what is correct and proper, united with caution;)

Verses 5 & 6
   A. A wise man will gain an advantage over other men who are unwilling to
       receive wisdom.
   B. There are a number of ways his willingness to receive wisdom will profit
          (1) He will hear – he will be willing to listen to someone who is
              presenting wisdom. He does not think he knows everything; or try to
              present himself as someone who does. His humility will allow him to
              listen instead of trying to teach, when there is something to be

          (2) He will increase learning – he accumulates a body of knowledge by
              his willing to learn.
          (3) He will attain to wise counsels: To understand a proverb, and the
              interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings. In
              other words, he will become wise enough to comprehend not only
              what the proverb says, but also what it means. Also, he can
              understand things that are difficult for others to understand because
              he is teachable.

Verse 7
   A. Right up front the writer gives us what it takes to begin a life of knowledge –
       It takes the fear of the Lord.
   B. Since we all will be held accountable to God for the way we live, all
       knowledge apart from that truth being forefront in our thinking, is useless.
   C. Right up front also, he gives us the way of fools.
   D. He says that fools despise wisdom and instruction.
   E. Their pride just will not allow them to humble themselves and accept
       instruction from someone else.
   F. Also, their pride drives them to choose to do what they want regardless of
       how unwise their course of action may be. Therefore they often meet with
       disaster because they refused to listen to good advice.

Verses 8 & 9
   A. Here, we are instructed to receive the instruction given by our parents.
   B. Regardless of how old fashioned they are, they have lived longer than we
       have and have accumulated some knowledge and understanding that we
       would be wise to take advantage of.
   C. Listening and heeding what your parents say will add grace (favor beyond
       what we deserve) to our lives. This will serve to decorate our lives with the
       ornament of grace.

Verses 10 – 19
   A. Sinners will entice us.
   B. They will appeal to something in us that will be drawn to go with them.
   C. Here, however, we are instructed to resist the urge to be drawn into their
   D. They will be willing to do unspeakable violence to innocent people in order to
       take the spoil of what does not belong to them.
   E. These hard core offenders care little for the damage they inflict on others in
       getting what they want.
   F. We are commanded to NOT consent to their attempts to get us involved in
       their schemes.
   G. We are informed that they are laying their own net and will be taken in it.
   H. We are informed that they do not realize the Scriptural principle in
       Galatians 6:7 – “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man
       soweth, that shall he also reap.”

   I. As sinners lay wait for the innocent to spoil them, they in fact are laying in
      wait for their own blood, and do not even realize it.
   J. They think themselves to be smarter than their innocent victims, but are in
      fact playing the fool.
   K. Only after their calamity has come, and cannot be reversed, do they realize
      the error of their way.
   L. Again, we are warned sternly to NOT participate in their evil plans.

Verses 20 & 21
   A. Foolish people think they are in control of their destinies.
   B. Therefore, they do not fear to violate the clear commands of God in violating
       the personhood of others, as we have seen in the previous verses.
   C. However, their foolishness is unwarranted; there is no excuse for their
   D. In these 2 verses, we are informed that wisdom crieth without; she uttereth
       her voice in the streets: She crieth in the chief places of concourse (meeting
   E. In other words, wisdom is not some secret, hidden virtue that only a few have
       access to.
   F. It is openly shown and crieth (loudly makes itself known).

Verses 22 & 23
   A. In light of the fact that wisdom is so readily accessible, the question is asked
       “How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity (Weakness of intellect;
       silliness.)? and the scorners (A scoffer; a derider; in Scripture, one who
       scoffs at religion, its ordinances and teachers, and who makes a mock of sin
       and the judgments and threatenings of God against sinners.) delight in their
       scorning (scoffing), and fools hate knowledge?
   B. The instruction in Verse 23a is to turn at God‟s reproof (Blame expressed to
       the face; censure for a fault;).
   C. Those who are willing to turn when God reproves them are promised that He
       will pour out His Spirit unto them and make His words of wisdom known
       unto them.

Verses 24 – 27
   A. Sadly, many refuse the call when God calls; they do not regard (observe and
       consider) when He stretches out His hand to offer His assistance to them;
       they treat His counsel as if it was nothing; and they will have nothing to do
       when He reproves, or corrects, them.
   B. Because they have rejected God‟s offer to forgive, assist, and turn them from
       their evil, they as natural brute beasts go on and are punished.
   C. Proverbs 22:3 says, “A prudent man (one who is – Cautious; circumspect;
       practically wise; careful of the consequences of enterprises, measures or
       actions; cautious not to act when the end is of doubtful utility, or probably
       impracticable.) foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself: but the simple (silly;
       weak in intellect) pass on, and are punished.”

   D. You see, God has put a law in place that “…whatsoever a man soweth, that
      shall he also reap.” (Galatians 6:7); and the man who ignores this law, does
      so to his own peril.
   E. Verse 26 tells us that God will then laugh at their calamity, because they
      have scorned His offer of forgiveness, help, and wisdom.
   F. He will mock at their fear when it comes, because they have mocked at His
   G. In Verse 27 we see that it is not a matter of if it will come; but a matter of
      when it will come.
   H. When it does come, it will be devastating and none can turn it back once it
      has arrived.
   I. One can only suffer the punishment of their foolish arrogance that caused
      them to refuse to heed God‟s clear warnings; and His offer to help.

Verses 28 – 31
   A. There is a time to pray when God will hear and answer.
   B. When once that time has passed and judgment draws on, God will not
       answer no matter how sincere or urgent the prayer is that is offered.
   C. The person who has gotten to this point has crossed the invisible line that
       exists between the mercy of God and the judgment of God.
   D. They have cast away mercy, and like the rich man who was in hell looking at
       Lazarus, must suffer the consequences for their choice.
   E. In Verses 29 & 30 God reminds them that He had tried to interrupt their
       madness and evil; but that they had refused to heed His warnings, or accept
       His reproof.
   F. Thus, in Verse 31, they are left to eat of the resulting consequences of their
       foolish refusal to listen to God.

Verse 32
   A. The turning away of the simple (one who is silly; weak in intellect) shall slay
       (kill) them.
   B. Again, those who scoff and mock at God‟s words of wisdom, do so to their
       own harm; but in their arrogance, they think they will not have to account
       for their wickedness.
   C. Also, the prosperity of the wise will be used to invest in eternity‟s kingdom;
       but the prosperity of fools shall destroy them; for they think that prosperity
       is the goal, when in fact, God has given prosperity as a means to achieve His
       goal of furthering His kingdom in this world.

Verse 33
   A. Here we see the contrast between those who hearken (who listen; who lend
       the ear; to attend to what is uttered, with eagerness or curiosity.) and those
       who have resisted God‟s interference in their lives.
   B. Those who have listened shall dwell safely.
   C. They will not even fear evil; for they rest quietly in the confidence that God
       will honor their faithfulness to His instructions and wisdom.

                                   Chapter 2
Verses 1
   A. Wisdom, knowledge, and understanding originate with the Word of God.
   B. Receiving (receive) and retaining (hide with thee) God‟s words are key to
       building a body of wisdom, and internalizing wisdom by which we can
       operate our lives.

Verse 2 – Just hearing wisdom is not enough.
   C. One must be predisposed to listening for wisdom‟s words; and then willing
       to do the heart‟s work of understanding it – making practical application of
       it to your particular life and situations.

Verse 3
   A. If we really want to make wisdom the guiding principles by which we live
        our lives, we must develop an active pursuit of her.
   B. Just waiting to see if wisdom develops in front of us is not enough to build a
        strong guidance system of wisdom in our lives.
   C. We must actively, sometimes verbally, pursue her.

Verse 4
   A. Some wisdom as we have learned in Chapter 1 is readily available; even
   B. A life-track that is to be laid out and dictated by wisdom requires deeper
         levels of wisdom than just the superficial wisdom that is available to even
         the superficial observer.
   C. Thus, we must determine within ourselves we are going to be treasure
   D. We must settle in ourselves that we will seek out the deeper things of God in
       order that we might have the depth of wisdom that is required to build a
       formidable life, protected and guided by wisdom.
Verse 5
   A. When we hear the Word of God, develop a predisposition for receiving and
        retaining it, listen carefully for it, study to make practical applications of its
        good sense in our lives, actively pursue it, and determine to hunt for it as if it
        were hidden treasure, THEN we will understand the fear of the Lord and its
        benefits; and discover the experiential knowledge of God.

Verse 6
   A. Wisdom comes as a gift from God; not from the art of exercising yourself
        intellectually in study and evaluation.
   B. James 1:5 says, “If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth
        to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.”

   C.   Since wisdom is a gift from God and not the result of our own intellectual
        prowess, we may only receive it when we ask in faith; for, according to
        Hebrews 11:6a “…without faith it is impossible to please him…”
   D.   James 1:6 & 7 say, “But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that
        wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.” For let
        not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.”
   E.   It is out of God‟s mouth that knowledge (information) and understanding
        (the comprehension of the information).

Verse 7
   A. Here we learn 2 things about God‟s provision for those who choose a path of
       uprightness (Honesty; integrity in principle or practice).
   B. First, He lays up (to store something for future use) wisdom for them.
   C. Second, He is a buckler (defense) to them.
   D. Buckler – def. A kind of shield, or piece of defensive armor, anciently used
       in war. It was composed of wood, or wickers woven together, covered with
       skin or leather, fortified with plates of brass or other metal, and worn on the
       left arm. On the middle was an umbo, boss or prominence, very useful in
       causing stones and darts to glance off. The buckler often was four feet long,
       and covered the whole body.
   E. There are 2 ways those who choose to walk uprightly will be blessed.
   F. First – By living wisely one can keep himself from many foolish and hurtful
       problems that happen as a result of foolish decisions and actions.
   G. These are naturally occurring protections and provisions.
   H. Second, though – The Lord will give super-natural divine protection and
       prosperity to those who choose to walk according to the commandments He
       sets forth in His word.
   I. These are supernaturally occurring protections and provisions.
   J. These are clearly spelled out in Deuteronomy 28:1 – 14 (Read).
   K. Those who choose rather, to walk contrary to the clearly specified commands
       and principles of His Word, will experience 2 kinds of negative results.
   L. First – they will experience the naturally occurring negative results of foolish
       decisions and actions.
   M. Second – they will experience supernatural divinely imposed sanctions of
       cursing on them because of their rebellion against God‟s specified will for
   N. These are supernaturally occurring sanctions, or curses.
   O. These are clearly spelled out in Deuteronomy 28:15 – 48 (Read).

Verse 8
   A. God Personally assumes responsibility for providing guidance of right
        judgment for His saints.
   B. He also preserves the road of their lives.

Verse 9
   A. When we pursue wisdom and determine we will guide our words, attitudes,
       and actions by its code of ethics, it is then that we will understand (recognize
       and comprehend) righteousness (just what righteousness is compared to
       unrighteousness; we will have discernment to distinguish between good and
       evil practices), judgment (prudence; carefully thought through choices and
       observations), and equity (Justice; right. In practice, equity is the impartial
       distribution of justice, or the doing that to another which the laws of God
       and man, and of reason, give him a right to claim. It is the treating of a
       person according to justice and reason); and no good path (direction to take)
       will be hidden or withheld from us.

Verses 10 – 11
   A. Here we have 4 words that we need to examine:
           (1) Wisdom – The right use or exercise of knowledge
           (2) Knowledge – 1. A clear and certain perception of that which exists, or
               of truth and fact; Learning; illumination of mind. Information;
           (3) Discretion - Prudence, or knowledge and prudence; that discernment
               which enables a person to judge critically of what is correct and
               proper, united with caution;
           (4) understanding - The faculty of the human mind by which it
               apprehends the real state of things presented to it, or by which it
               receives or comprehends the ideas which others express and intend to
               communicate. Exact comprehension.
   B. We are informed that when wisdom entereth into thine heart that it will
       provide security for us.
   C. In saying it that way, we are made to understand that the darkness of our
       heart must be penetrated by wisdom before it becomes useful to us.
   D. You see, it‟s not just the darkness of misunderstanding or ignorance that
       causes us problems; it is the darkness of the heart; indicating it is a spiritual
       problem, not an intellectual one.
   E. Thus, explanation alone will not provide sufficient power to effect this kind
       of penetration.
   F. In other words, teaching, relying on the intellectual approach alone, will
       never be enough to impart spiritual wisdom.
   G. Therefore, it takes the approach of proclamation – preaching the gospel; and
       preaching the word of God.
   H. Psalm 119:130 says, “The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth
       understanding to the simple.”
   I. Hebrews 4:12 says, “For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and
       sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of
       soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the
       thoughts and intents of the heart.”
   J. So, the living, powerful, sharp, piercing word of God is able to penetrate the
       darkest of sin-darkened hearts with the light of truth and understanding; to

   turn the light of comprehension on inside the one who seems to be devoid of
K. Mark 16:15 says, “…Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every
L. Preaching is proclamation.
M. 1 Corinthians 1:18 says, “For the preaching of the cross is to them that
   perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.”
N. Verse 21 of that same chapter says, “For after that in the wisdom of God the
   world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of
   preaching to save them that believe.”
O. Ephesians 4:17 says, “And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the
   Spirit, which is the word of God:”
P. In the preaching of the gospel there is a mysterious impartation of wisdom
   that transpires as the penetration of the Word of God wielded by the Spirit of
   God infuses truth into a heart that has been darkened by sin; thus giving that
   person the opportunity to repent and turn to the Savior for cleansing and
Q. We call this the work of conviction.
R. Romans 1:21 says, “Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him
   not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations,
   and their foolish heart was darkened.”
S. The turning away from God that is called sin, darkens the understanding of
   the heart (notice the focus on the heart instead of the mind), indicating again,
   this is a spiritual problem, not just an intellectual one.
T. But 2 Corinthians 4:6 turns the tables on sin as it says this, “For God, who
   commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to
   give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus
U. Also, the preaching of the word of God to those who are saved provides the
   same infusion of light necessary to protect them from straying from sound
V. In 2 Timothy 4:1 – 4 Paul instructs young Timothy to preach the word, and to
   be instant in season, out of season.
W. The reason given is that “…the time will come when they will not endure
   sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves
   teachers, having itching ears.”
X. The plumb line, the true standard, must be held up so that the false doctrines
   will not have advantage because of the lack of the option to choose truth.
Y. 2 Timothy 3:16 & 17 teach us that the scripture is what is profitable in
   spiritual matters; thus only the preaching of the word can provide the
   powerful truth that is able to exhort those who accept the truth; and to
   convince the gainsayers (the contradictors; those who oppose in words).
Z. Thus, God could say in Proverbs 2:10 “When wisdom entereth into thine
AA.         But it also says when knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul.

   BB.         Often, we have acquired knowledge, but it is not something we
       entertain because it is not pleasant to our soul.
   CC.         We prefer rather to ignore it and do what we want, instead.
   DD.         But, when wisdom enters our heart, and we accept knowledge as a
       pleasing resource of the soul, Verse 11 tells us that then discretion shall
       preserve us and understanding shall keep us.
   EE.         Remember our definition of discretion - that discernment which
       enables a person to judge critically of what is correct and proper, united with
   FF. Wisdom produces discretion – discerning, critical judgment, accompanied
       with caution.
   GG.         We are told that this discretion shall preserve us.
   HH.         It will cause us to evaluate, and then act cautiously which will protect
       us against subtle dangers that lurk on every hand.
   II. We‟ll see some of them just a little later.
   JJ. It also says that understanding shall keep us.
   KK.         To keep means to maintain in good order; much like one would keep
       house, or keep their flower garden; so that one can say, “that garden is well
   LL.         Understanding will help us maintain a consistent level of good
       decision making that will serve to keep us steady in the will of God.

Verses 12 – 15
   A. First, discretion and understanding will deliver you from the way of the evil
   B. This evil man‟s ways are described in the remainder of Verse 12 through
       Verse 15.
   C. Froward – def. Perverse, not willing to yield or comply with what is
       required; unyielding; ungovernable;
   D. Review ways in Verses 12b – 15.
   E. Verse 14 – Ref. Romans 1:28 – 32, especially Verse 32. “...not only do the
       same, but have pleasure in them that do them.”

Verses 16 - 19
   A. Second, discretion and understanding will deliver you from the strange
   B. She is described in Verses 16b – 19 (Review quickly)

Verse 20
   A. We will be delivered from the way of the evil man and from the strange
       woman; but we will be delivered unto the way of good men.
   B. We are delivered from some things; but also delivered unto others.
   C. You see, as with being saved, there is no middle ground; either you are
       walking in evil ways, or you are walking in the ways of good men.
   D. The good men are described as them “…that keep the paths of the

   E. Reference Proverbs 4:18 – “But the path of the just is as the shining light,
      that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.”
   F. The path of the righteous just continues to increase in light and brightness
      until we are changed at the Lord‟s return.
   G. In other words, these are those who consistently live righteously.

Verses 21
   A. Why is it important to walk righteously, not just to be able to say you are
       saved and then wait for the Lord to perfect you when He returns?
   B. Because He desires our length of life; and occupation of the place He has
       provided for us.
   C. When we refuse to follow His prescribed code of ethics He is forced by our
       conduct to judge us by removing us from the earth; taking us out!
   D. In Leviticus 18:26 – 28 (Read) God warns Israel to keep His statutes and not
       get involved in the abominable behavior of the gentile nations whose
       property God confiscated and gave to the children of Israel.
   E. He warned them that if they did begin to practice these abominations, they
       too would be spued out of the land.
   F. Also, 1 Corinthians 11:30 – 32, 1 John 5:16, and Proverbs 29:1 speak of a sin
       unto death; meaning there is a personal standard that God holds individuals
       to; and if they refuse to follow His principles and commands, there will come
       a time when His chastisement of individuals will rise to the level of removal
       from the earth.
   G. So, there is corporate accountability, and also personal accountability.
   H. God warns us to live uprightly so that these drastic measures will not have to
       be taken against us – corporately, or individually.

Verse 22
   A. James Dobson of Focus on the Family once made a statement that I hadn‟t
       really though of that I would like to share with you.
   B. In essence he said that he wanted to be on the side of right because that side
       always wins in the end; not meaning in the end of time; but when a matter is
   C. As I thought on that I initially said no.
   D. But think about it – Hitler is dead, and there is no Third Reich; Stalin is dead
       and Communism is all but eliminated; Sadaam and his 2 evil sons Uday and
       Qusay are dead, and his regime that was to become rebuilt Babylon is no
   E. Though their reigns of terror continued a long time with great damage along
       the way, their end came and the desire of those wicked men died with them.
   F. The wicked shall be cut off from the earth; but the upright shall dwell in the

                                Chapter 3
Verses 1
   A. Law – def. Moral law, a law which prescribes to men their religious and
       social duties, in other words, their duties to God and to each other. The
       moral law is summarily contained in the decalogue or ten commandments,
       written by the finger of God on two tables of stone, and delivered to Moses
       on mount Sinai.
   B. Just having heard and understood the law of God – God‟s rules of operation
       for us – is not enough.
   C. James 1:22 says, “But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only,
       deceiving your own selves.”
   D. Those who think that just hearing the Word of God is beneficial to them,
       without having to respond to it by obeying what has been heard, are self-
       deceived individuals.
   E. The Word of God having been heard, demands a response.
   F. To delay or postpone a response is a response of rejection; of disobedience;
       for the Word of God demands immediate obedience, without delay or
   G. For the Word of God to benefit you, you must respond by obeying the
       challenge it presents to you.
   H. Hearing then, and forgetting, serves only to make us more accountable; and
       never benefits or enhances our lives.
   I. Thus, we are commanded not to forget God‟s law, or His Word.
   J. Additionally, we are commanded to let our hearts keep God‟s
   K. It is in the heart that choices are made, courses of action are formulated,
       and execution of the will is determined.
   L. So, we might say the heart is the seat of calculation, formulation, and
   M. In Matthew 12:35 Jesus said, “A good man out of the good treasure of the
       heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure
       bringeth forth evil things.”
   N. So, if we allow God‟s law, His moral prescription for us, to penetrate our
       hearts and become part of our being, we will naturally respond according to
       its instructions in all situations.
   O. If however, we attempt to just pick and choose the laws of God that fit our
       lifestyles, our heart will develop a self-centered approach to responding to
       our surroundings.

Verse 2
   A. Remembering God‟s law and keeping His commandments from our hearts
        will add 3 things to our lives:
           (1) length of days – a long life on this earth.

         (2) Long life – not only a long life on this earth, but eternal life; for it is
             in submitting our hearts to the Lordship of Christ that we are born
             again and given the ability to keep God‟s moral law from the heart.
         (3) Peace – ease of living without threat or fear.
   B. See 1 Peter 3:10 – 12 – It is the blessing of God and His answers to our
      prayers that provide the health, safety, and ease of living we all pursue.

Verses 3 & 4
   A. Here we are commanded to cling to, and not let go, 2 critical elements of
       living: mercy and truth.
   B. Mercy is something each of us needs; not only for salvation as I preached
       today, but from time to time throughout our lifetimes.
   C. It is something we need from God, and from one another.
   D. We are imperfect people living in an imperfect world; and without mercy
       being extended by God and others from time to time, we would become
       locked into defeat by some sin; or we would be defeated by some situation or
       circumstance that besets us (surrounds; encloses; hems in; to besieges; us).
   E. Also, truth is essential for living in reality.
   F. Falsehood causes us to live a lie; often bringing pain and damage to our lives
       because God instituted His world to operate in the realm of truth and
       reality; not fantasy.
   G. Verse 4 informs us that if we will assimilate mercy and truth into our being,
       we will find favour and good understanding in the sight of God and man.
   H. These 2 critical elements provide crucial components of our relationship
       with God; and our relationships with people.

Verses 5 & 6
   A. Sin and limited perception prohibits us from seeing the complete picture of
       any issue.
   B. God, on the other hand, has all knowledge and an unlimited view of the
       outcomes of any course of action we should choose.
   C. Therefore, He alone is qualified to lead us in the way that is most
       appropriate, and that is the safest.
   D. If instead of trusting our own judgment, we lean completely upon the
       judgment of God, He promises to Personally take the responsibility of
       directing our paths, or guiding our lives.

Verses 7 & 8
   A. Evil is a danger and a trap.
   B. If we think we can limit it, control it, or manage it, we are deceived.
   C. The safest way to deal with evil, is to depart from it because we trust that the
       Lord‟s Word is true and that if the evil itself does not damage us, the
       judgment of the Lord concerning it will.
   D. Thus, fearing the Lord and running away from evil is the only safe course of
       action to follow.

   E. Verse 8 informs us that fearing the Lord and departing from evil will be 2
          (1) health to our navel – the navel is the port through which the
              complete body was nourished when we were in the formative stage of
              our body; thus, health to the navel would provide health to the entire
              body, or being.
          (2) Marrow to the bones – the marrow provides the moisture that is
              necessary for life, pliability, and vitality; thus, being marrow to our
              bones speaks of being the moisture that provides refreshing life,
              pliability so that we bend but do not break, and vitality that makes
              life zestful.

Verses 9 & 10
   A. Here we are commanded to honour the Lord with our substance, and with the
       firstfruits of all our increase.
   B. Again, this is a command, not a suggestion.
   C. First, we are told to honour the Lord with our substance: that is, with all
       that we possess.
   D. We often think that if we have given our tithe, we have performed our duty
       to the Lord; but He expects us to honour Him with all we possess.
   E. This means spending our money, using our tangible assets, wearing clothing
       that honours Him, giving of our resources to the need of others, and
       generally utilizing all our assets in a way that exalts Jesus name in the minds
       of those who know we belong to Him.
   F. But, we are also commanded to honour Him with the firstfruits of all our
   G. This simply means that we are to give the Lord the first tenth or more of our
   H. We are told that if we will, our barns shall be filled with plenty and thy
       presses shall burst out with new wine.
   I. In other words, God will bless and multiply the fruits of our labours so that
       we will lack nothing.
   J. It is in the withholding of God‟s portion that we often run into budget
   K. If you are having financial problems, the first place to investigate to see if
       you are following Biblical guidelines is to evaluate your giving to God and to
   L. If those areas life up with Scripture, then look further.
   M. If they do not, then first get those areas right; then begin to evaluate other
       areas of your financial life.
   N. Malachi 3:8 – 12 describe the cursing and blessing associated with the
       adherence or non-adherence to this Biblical principle.
   O. But, you say, what about the New Testament; is tithing taught in the New
   P. Hebrews 7:1 – 10 is a New Testament expose on Biblical tithing for the

   Q. Verse 8 of that chapter says, “And here men that die receive tithes; but there
      he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth.”
   R. Yes, tithing, or giving our firstfruits to the Lord, is a New Testament Biblical
      practice expected of us.

Verses 11 & 12
   A. The chastisement of God is the evidence of His love for you – “For whom the
       Lord loveth he correcteth…” (Verse 12a).
   B. Therefore, you are commanded to not despise His chastening; and to not
       grow weary of His correction.
   C. Chastisement and correction are intended for your good; not for your
       damage or destruction.
   D. God has your ultimate good in mind.
   E. Thus, He chastises you to correct an area where you are acting in a way that
       will be damaging to you in some way.
   F. The chastisement He brings into your life is intended solely to correct that
       which is awry in you.
   G. Hebrews 12:5 – 13 expands upon this principle, adding greater detail.
   H. Let‟s take a look at this passage of Scripture to better understand what is
       involved in chastisement; and what the desired outcome is.
   I. Verse 12 of Proverbs Chapter 3 explains that the Lord corrects those He
       loves in the same way a father does the son in whom he delights.
   J. God‟s chastisement should never be misconstrued as being cruel, or arising
       out of His lack of concern or care.
   K. It is always born of His loving delight in us; and His desire to see us have the
       very best that is possible in our lives.

Verses 13 & 14
   A. We all search for happiness.
   B. The things we purchase, the places we go, the activities we get involved in, all
       are ways of trying to produce happiness for ourselves.
   C. Here, we are told that finding wisdom and getting understanding will
       produce the happiness that so seems to allude us.
   D. Merchandise – def. The objects of commerce; wares, goods, commodities,
       whatever is usually bought or sold in trade.
   E. The merchandise, or commercial worth, of wisdom and understanding
       (which are sisters) is better than the commercial value of silver.
   F. The gain, or profit, of wisdom and understanding is better than the profit of

Verse 15
   A. Wisdom is said to be more precious than rubies; meaning it is more rare and
       valuable than high-quality, rare gems.
   B. As a matter of fact, possessing wisdom is incomparable.
   C. All things we can desire, if we could wrap them all into one bundle, will not
       compare to possessing the one commodity, wisdom.

   D. So, we have seen that wisdom is rare, it is valuable, it is profitable, and it is
      absolutely incomparable.

Verses 16 – 18
   A. Here we are given a list of benefits that wisdom provides.
   B. These benefits reveal the reason wisdom is so rare and valuable.
   C. First – Wisdom will lengthen your days. Can a man shorten his days?
   D. Ecclesiastes 7:17 says, “Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish:
       why shouldest thou die before thy time?”
   E. In this verse we learn that there are 2 ways to shorten our lives – by excess
       wickedness, and by foolishness.
   F. Wisdom though, buffers us against both of these dangers and allows us to
       live longer.
   G. Second – Wisdom provides riches and honour.
   H. Riches can be measured by net worth, but also by depth of faith.
   I. James 2:5 says, “…Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith,
       and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?”
   J. Operating our financial lives by the principles of the Word of God will help
       us to stay financial solvent when others are experiencing difficulty because
       they have disregarded Biblical financial principles.
   K. But also, operating our lives by faith will help us develop a depth of faith that
       one who pursues his own way will never know.
   L. Either way, possessing wisdom and operating our lives by it will provide a
       richness that others who do not walk wisely will never have.
   M. Also, honour comes by walking in wisdom.
   N. Foolish people disregard the principles of the Word of God and get to
       themselves damage that could have, and would have been avoided had they
       followed Biblical guidelines.
   O. Third – Wisdom‟s ways are ways of pleasantness.
   P. People often find themselves in difficult positions, labouring under pressure
       that they could have avoided had they acted according to wisdom.
   Q. Thus, wisdom can make your days and your ways pleasant, when you are
       willing to conduct yourself according to wisdom‟s principles.
   R. Wisdom‟s paths are peace.
   S. Have you ever done or said something you know you should not have done or
   T. Remember the inner turmoil and unrest that accompanied that word or act?
   U. Peace accompanies conduct and words that are consistent with the will and
       Word of God.
   V. Therefore, wisdom teaches us to conduct ourselves according to the dictates
       of the Word of God which always expresses the will of God.
   W. Fourth – Wisdom is a tree of life to them that grasp her.
   X. „A tree of life‟ signifies an established, or fixed, source that continually
       produces life.
   Y. Wisdom is a constant source of life each time you turn to it for its fruit.

   Z. Wisdom also provides a constant flow of happiness for those who not only get
      it, but who retain, or keep it.
   AA.        Letting wisdom slip at any given time opens us up to damage that
      comes as a result of acting apart from wisdom; and brings with it the unrest
      and turmoil that accompanies foolish acts.

Verses 19 & 20
   A. Wisdom and understanding were companions and instructors when He
        established the earth and the heavens.
   B. Verse 20 lets us know that God broke up the deep so that water evaporates,
        allowing the earth to be watered by rain falling from the condensation of
        water droplets called clouds.
   C. These marvels were not some random act of forces of nature.
   D. The process of water evaporation and condensation, resulting in subsequent
        raindrops falling to gently provide life-giving refreshment to plants,
        animals, fowls, and man, was no accident!
   E. God, by His wisdom, acted to make it so.

Verses 21 & 22
   A. Wisdom, when kept, will be life unto thy soul.
   B. Proverbs 4:23 says, “Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the
       issues of life.”
   C. Remember the first part of Proverbs 2:10 which said, “When wisdom
       entereth into thine heart…”?
   D. Wisdom pierces beyond the intellect to plant itself in the heart, the seat of
       decision-making and behavior-crafting.
   E. If wisdom rules the heart, and out of the heart proceed the issues of life, then
       wisdom will produce life in the issuances of the heart.
   F. But, will also be grace to thy neck.
   G. Grace – def. That in manner, deportment or language which renders it
       appropriate and agreeable; suitableness; elegance with appropriate dignity.
       We say, a speaker delivers his address with grace; a man performs his part
       with grace.
   H. Wisdom will not give us life; it will give it to us with elegance and
       appropriate dignity that those who do not possess wisdom can only envy.

Verse 23
   A. To sum up the advantages of wisdom, we find that it provides 2 primary
       benefits: safety and stability.
   B. We have covered the safety aspect of wisdom rather thoroughly; but let‟s
       examine the stability aspect.
   C. James 1:8 says, “A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.”
   D. Instability in the way we think makes us unstable, or volatile, in every area
       of our lives.
   E. This instability produces an inconsistency in how we approach issues and
       circumstances; and in how we speak or conduct ourselves at any given time.

   F. Thus, instability wrecks our ability to move forward in a consistent upward
      trend; for we are no sooner advanced, until we do something foolish that
      negates the gains we have made in our lives.
   G. Wisdom though, provides the stability we need to have a consistent growth
      pattern in every area of our lives,
   H. It allows us to progress at a steady pace, with every area advancing in
      conjunction with the other areas, instead of one area detracting from the
      progress being made by some other area.
   I. Wisdom‟s advantages provide 2 primary benefits: safety and stability.

Verse 24
   A. Remember, the 2 virtues that provide this comfort and security in your sleep
       are understanding and wisdom (ref. Verse 19).
   B. We might say that understanding is comprehension; and wisdom is
   C. When understanding and wisdom are actively present in our lives we can lie
       down in peace, and our sleep will not be restless, but sweet and restful.

Verses 25 & 26
   A. Here, we are instructed to NOT be afraid of sudden fear.
   B. The fear of fear that is unknown but that could possibly surface
       unexpectedly is tormenting; and is usually experienced by those who are not
       people of faith; or, people whose faith is very weak.
   C. Also, the fear of being taken in the destruction that often comes upon those
       who are involved in wickedness is very disruptive to our peace.
   D. Verse 26 gives us the antidote for these tormenting fears.
   E. It says that confidence in the Lord will relieve us of each of these fears.
   F. Confidence in God‟s promise here, that He will keep thy foot from being
       taken, will cause us to rest comfortably, even in the face of threats known
       and unknown.

Verses 27 & 28
   A. We discussed these 2 verses in this morning‟s message.
   B. First, we are not to withhold resources from those who are in need if we have
       them available to give.
   C. Second, we are not to manipulate those in need by requiring they return at a
       later time when we have the resource to meet their need when they first ask.
   D. Withholding needed resources when you have them available to meet the
       need is selfish greed.
   E. Manipulating those who are in need by requiring more of them than is
       necessary before you are willing to meet their need when you have the
       resources available to meet their need is pride being exercised.
   F. You are just enjoying displaying your advantage over them in an arrogant,
       self-promoting way.
   G. Being sensitive and helpful to those who are in need is a direct command
       from God Almighty.

   H. Remember, according to 2 Corinthians 8:14, your current abundance is
      simply a supply for someone else‟s need; thus, when they have an abundance,
      it is simply intended to supply the resource to meet your need.
   I. Thus, God intends each of us to treat one another with equality; the same
      way we want to be treated; for the time will come when we will have the need
      and someone else will have the advantage over us.

Verse 29
   A. Here, we are reminded of treachery devised behind someone‟s back.
   B. God is all about dealing privately with offenses; and then having secured
       repentance from the one who has offended, forgiving him/her and moving on.
   C. He absolutely forbids devising (To invent; to contrive; to form in the mind by
       new combinations of ideas, new applications of principles, or new
       arrangement of parts… to plan; to scheme;) evil contrivances behind our
       neighbour‟s back; in other words, scheming his harm when he is

Verse 30
   A. Here, we are forbidden to take up a conflict with someone when they have
       not done anything to you to provoke such a conflict.
   B. Too often, people make other people‟s business their own, when it does not
       affect them.
   C. They then take up a cause, often against someone with whom they have no
       conflict, because of „sticking their nose where it doesn‟t belong‟.
   D. We usually have enough difficulty to deal with without getting involved in
       business not belonging to us.
   E. We need to trust God to deal with other people‟s business when it is not an
       area specified in Scripture as involving us.
   F. Proverbs 26:17 puts it like this, “He that passeth by, and meddleth with
       strife belonging not to him , is like one that taketh a dog by the ears.”
   G. This would include taking up the anthem of someone who has taken it upon
       themselves to spread gossip.
   H. Proverbs 26:20 & 22 say it like this, “Where no wood is, there the fire goeth
       out: so where there is no talebearer, the strife ceaseth.” “The words of a
       talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the

Verse 31
   A. We are not to envy those who oppress those who are in a position of
        disadvantage, for these oppressors reproach God and to envy them is to
        take up their cause against God.
   B. Proverbs 14:31 says, “He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker:
        but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.”
   C. To oppress someone and to envy those who do are both equally reproachful
        to the God Who made him.

Verse 32
   A. forward – def. Perverse, that is, turning from, with aversion or reluctance;
       not willing to yield or comply with what is required;
   B. Those who are unwilling to yield to God‟s directions for living are an
       abomination to Him.
   C. Those who comply with His instructions are given secret knowledge;
       knowledge that is hidden from those who do not operate their lives
       according to the wisdom God gives.
   D. 1 Corinthians 2:9 & 10 (Read) – God has reserved certain knowledge that
       can only be recognized and comprehended by the enlightenment of the Holy
       Spirit; the only One Who fully knows God, and the only One Who is capable
       of fully divulging the knowledge of God‟s amazing provision to man.
   E. Thus, those who are resting in the righteousness of God are privileged to
       know deep things, hidden things, that others who do not conform to God‟s
       standards, cannot know because they operate in the flesh.
   F. 1 Corinthians 2:14 says, “But the natural man receiveth not the things of the
       Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them,
       because they are spiritually discerned.”

Verse 33
   A. This is very plain; very clearly stated.
   B. God does not just leave the wicked or the righteous to themselves.
   C. He imposes curses on the house, or life, of the wicked; but He confers
       blessings upon the lives of those who choose Him and His way.

Verse 34
   A. scorner – def. A scoffer; a derider; in Scripture, one who scoffs at religion, its
       ordinances and teachers, and who makes a mock of sin and the judgments
       and threatenings of God against sinners.
   B. Scorn – def. To think scorn, to disdain; to despise.
   C. God disdains, despises, those who make a mock of sin and His warnings.
   D. But, those who are humble, the lowly, have God‟s grace extended to them.

Verse 35
   A. Here we are reminded that there is a conclusion to every man‟s life where he
       will be rewarded according to the lifestyle he has chosen.
   B. Each will be rewarded justly.
   C. The fool who mocked or ignored God‟s standards and chose rather to
       conduct his life according to the impulses of his flesh, will be promoted to
   D. The wise, on the other hand, who choose to submit to the authority of God
       and His Word, will inherit a place and a state of glory.
   E. There could be no greater contrast to the ends of these two types of

F. Thank God, He informed us up front what the end of each type will be, so
   that we have adequate information to make an informed decision of which
   life we will choose.

                                 Chapter 6
Verses 1 – 5
   A. Here, you are warned that if you are surety for your friend, or strike your
       hand with a stranger, the result is the same.
   B. You are snared (trapped) with the words of your mouth.
   C. Surety – def. In law, one that is bound with and for another; one who enters
       into a bond or recognizance to answer for another's appearance in court, or
       for his payment of a debt or for the performance of some act, and who, in
       case of the principal debtor's failure, is compellable to pay the debt or
       damages; a bondsman; a bail.
   D. Stricken hands – def. slap (the hands together), by implication, to become
       bondsman by handclasping, suretiship.
   E. The equivalent today would be to co-sign for someone.
   F. Your instruction if you find yourself in such a case, is to try to deliver
       yourself from your pledge.
   G. This is best accomplished by entreaty, by humility, not by arrogance or
   H. Humble yourself to the creditor and seek release from the pledge; and
       humble yourself to your friend and urge him to quickly pay of the debt, or
       give you indemnity from the bond.
   I. The best advice is found in Proverbs 22:26 & 27, “Be not thou one of them
       that strike hands, or of them that are sureties for debts.” “If thou hast
       nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee?”
   J. In other words, don‟t make the mistake of standing good for someone else‟s
       word or debt.
   K. If you avoid the risk to begin with, you will not find yourself entrapped by
       your foolish pledge.

Verses 6 – 11
   A. Sluggard – def. A person habitually lazy, idle and inactive; Sluggish; lazy.
   B. This instruction is given to one who is lazy.
   C. You are instructed to go to the ant and consider her ways.
   D. If you are willing to give consideration to the ways of the ant, it will give you
   E. The ways you are encouraged to consider are described in Verses 7 & 8.
   F. Although the ant has no guide, overseer, or ruler, she provides her meat in
       the summer; in other words, she takes advantage of the opportunity to
       prepare for future as well as for current needs.
   G. 2 steps are required to insure continued solvency, continued sufficiency:
       preparation and harvesting.
   H. If one fails to prepare for the harvest, there will be nothing to harvest even if
       he has the initiative to do so when it is time.

   I. If one prepares, but fails to harvest what he has provided in preparation, he
      will be equally deficient in substance.
   J. Both steps must be attended to if one is going to have consistent sufficient
      resources for himself and those he loves.
   K. Verses 9 – 11 teach us that these steps of provision can only be taken if one is
      willing to rouse himself from his laziness, and get up and get about working
      to provide for himself.
   L. Verse 9 asks the pointed questions: How long will you sleep; and, when will
      you arise out of sleep?
   M. Verses 10 & 11 explain that sleep, or slumber; in other words, laziness, will
      bring poverty to you.
   N. The Lord will always provide a way for you to live, but it will be through the
      efforts of your own hands.
   O. 2 Thessalonians 3:10 says, “For even when we were with you, this we
      commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.”
   P. This command is to those who will not work; not those who cannot work.
   Q. 1 Thessalonians 4:11 & 12 say, “And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your
      own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you;”
      “That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and that ye may
      have lack of nothing.”
   R. There are 2 reasons given to work here:
          (1) That you may walk honestly toward them that are without; in other
               words, so you do not default on payments, or provide for yourself by
               deceit or at someone else‟s expense.
          (2) So that you may have everything you need for yourself.
   S. Laziness will deny you the means to be honest, and will deny you basic
      necessities for yourself.

Verses 12 – 15
   A. Here you‟re enlightened as to the lifestyle of a naughty person; and to the
       consequences of such a lifestyle.
   B. Naughty – def. Wicked; corrupt.
   C. There are 7 distinctives that characterize the lifestyle of a naughty, or wicked
          (1) Walketh with a forward mouth – His mouth is ungovernable,
          (2) Winketh with his eye – A gesture of sneering, or mockery, and deceit
               about what he has in mind, or what he is doing or about to do.
          (3) Speaketh with his feet – The actions of the feet speak: in the
               direction they take, the stomping or kicking in anger, the quiet
               sneaking of one who is up to no good, or the shaking or patting of
               them as of one who has something mischievous up his sleeve.
          (4) Teacheth with his fingers – As the fingers used for stealing, illicit
               contact with a member of the opposite gender, secret gestures
               signaling what he is about to do to someone who is unawares, or the

                 gestures of perverted mockery toward another (flipping someone
            (5) Frowardness is in his heart – Perverse things, evil habits, and all
                 manner of evil he imagines to do.
            (6) He deviseth mischief continually – His entire thought life is given to
                 inventing and planning evil acts.
            (7) He soweth discord – He delights in controversy. He loves nothing
                 more than to have 2 people going at one another, and works
                 tirelessly to make it happen.
   D.   Verse 15 gives us the resulting consequence that can be expected of one
        whose life is given to these types of distinctives.
   E.   He will meet with calamity.
   F.   His calamity will be sudden, and without remedy; there will be no rescue for
        what happens to him.
   G.   Proverbs 29:1 that we often quote, is almost a verbatim quote from this
   H.   It says, “He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be
        destroyed, and that without remedy.”

Verses 16 – 19
   A. Here, you‟re give 7 things the Lord hates; 7 things that are an abomination
       to Him.
           (1) A proud look
           (2) A lying tongue – A tongue that speaks deceitfully and deceptively
           (3) Hands that shed innocent blood – If you vote for a man, or woman,
               who is an abortionist candidate, you have underwritten, co-signed,
               the death warrant for all the babies murdered under their watch.
           (4) An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations
           (5) Feet that be swift in running to mischief
           (6) A false witness – One who speaks falsehood about his neighbor to his
               harm, when truth or even nothing at all should be spoken.
           (7) He that soweth discord among the brethren
   B. Please notice this list covers our heart condition, our attitude, our speech, our
       actions, our tendencies, and our involvement in stirring up conflict among

Verses 20 – 22
   A. The way to avoid having these abominations be a part of your life is to take
       great care to keep (continue in) the law of your father, and to not forsake
       (turn away from) the law of your mother.
   B. Verse 21 tells you to bind them continually upon thine heart – In other
       words, to not only hold them in your mind, but let them become a part of
       your very being; let them become your default setting so that when you are
       required to think, speak, or act, these laws will be the guiding instruction you
       will follow in doing so.
   C. Verse 22 tells you 3 things these laws will do for you:

          (1) When you go, these laws will lead you
          (2) When you sleep, these laws will keep you
          (3) When you awake, these laws will talk to you, or instruct you and be
              your constant meditation
   C. Avoiding becoming abominable to the Lord is accomplished by making the
      teachings of Scripture an active part of the very fabric of your life.

Verse 22
   A. Here we‟re told that three things:
         (1) The commandment is a lamp – it lights your path so that you will
             know what steps and what direction to take.
         (2) The law is light – it illuminates the darkness of your understanding so
             that your understanding will be acute.
         (3) Reproofs of instruction are the way of life – When you listen to the
             reproofs of the Word of God and heed what they say, they will guard
             you from death and protect your life.

Verses 24 & 25
   A. The commandment, the law, and reproofs will keep or save you from the evil
   B. Her allures are 3-fold:
          (1) She flatters with her tongue
          (2) She flaunts her beauty
          (3) She flirts with her eyes

   C. Here, we are warned to not be taken in by any of these; and that the way to
      protect ourselves from these seductions is by saturating our minds with the
      Word of God.

Verse 26
   A. First, this kind of woman will stripped of his substance and his worth so that
       a piece of bread is his worth and his only possession.
   B. Second, the adulteress hunts not just for a man‟s possessions; she is not
       content to rob him of his substance; she must have his person; she will go for
       his very soul.
   C. This is indicative of the spirit of antichrist: see Revelation 18:2 – 3a & 13
   D. By this we can see that this kind of woman is in league with Satan himself to
       take down the precious life.
   E. Also, the precious life could mean not just any old guy, but one who is a child
       of God.
   F. Please note how that those who are ministers are especially targeted by this
       kind of woman.

Verses 27 – 29
   A. Just like one cannot expect to handle fire or live coals and not get burned, so
       one cannot expect to become involved with this kind of woman and not suffer
       for it.

Verses 31 – 33
   A. Though men are understanding with a thief who is only stealing because he is
       hungry, if he is caught, he will still have to pay.
   B. But, those who commit adultery are not only in danger of physical harm,
       they are committing a spiritual act.
   C. An adulterous relationship is not just a physical act; it is also a spiritual one.
   D. 1 Corinthians 6:18 says, “Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is
       without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own
       body.” “What? Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost
       which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?”
   E. 1 Corinthians 3:17 says, “If any man defile the temple of God, his shall God
       destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.”
   F. So, the act of adultery is not just a physical act; but an act against the temple
       of God!
   G. Verse 33 informs us that adultery will bring a wound; dishonour; and that
       the reproach will not be wiped away; a man will carry the shame of that act
       the rest of his natural life.

Verses 34 – 35
   A. Concerning the jealousy of a husband whose wife has committed adultery
       against him, the Word of God says that this jealousy will enrage him.
   B. It also says that a man who has been cheated on will not accept any payment
       or gift that will assuage his anger.
   C. He will not rest until justice has been served to the adulterer who has defiled
       his wife.
   D. So, in all these verses we see the natural and spiritual danger of the act of
       adultery and the damage that can occur spiritually as well as physically
       from this sin.

                                 Chapter 10
Verse 1
   A. First, we are informed who wrote these proverbs: it was Solomon, son of
   B. His first issue to deal with is the wisdom or foolishness of a son.
   C. He says that a wise son maketh a glad father.
   D. Fathers are prone to boast of the accomplishments of their sons; to
        appreciate and communicate the wisdom with which they have handled
        some situation or themselves.
   E. Mothers, on the other hand, being women, are more emotional creatures,
        and tend to experience the pain of the foolish choices and subsequent
        consequences of a foolish son.
   F. Either though, father or mother, would appreciate being able to boast of
        their son‟s wisdom rather than having to explain the reason for their foolish
        choices, actions, or words.

Verse 2
   A. Treasures; by the very term it indicates something very valuable and much
       sought after.
   B. However, here we are told that regardless of the apparent value or the
       ostensible rarity, treasures that have been obtained by wicked means are
       able to retain no intrinsic profit.
   C. In other words, though they appear rare and valuable, they provide no real
       benefit or gain to the procurer of them.
   D. The opposite side of the same issue is that righteousness, though it appears to
       have no intrinsic value, is in essence of greater value than evil gotten gains,
       for righteousness is able to do something that wickedly acquired treasure
       cannot do. It can deliver you from death.
   E. Although the practical application of this truth seems so vague, when we
       begin to look at examples, it becomes crystal clear as to the validity of this
   F. First, Proverbs 10:9 (Read) - Here we learn that there is confidence in being
       right. If we live our lives uprightly, or in the right way, we have no fear of our
       actions being exposed. However, God has established a law that causes perversions
       of righteousness to surface, exposing the one who is perverting what is right. Those
       who live wickedly are always on guard; are always looking over their shoulder.
   G. Second, God provides supernatural, divine protection to those who live
   H. Thus, righteousness in itself is greater treasure than treasures gotten by
      wicked means.

Verse 3
   A. Here, we see that God Himself gets involved in the material or financial lives
       of people.
   B. Not only do people incur naturally occurring benefits or consequences of the
       choices they make in how they acquire their material goods; God Himself
       also intervenes with divinely imposed measures to cause each of them to be
       rewarded according to the principles by which they operate their lives.
   C. The righteous who lack, will be fed by God.
   D. The wicked who appear to have an abundance, will suffer His divinely
       imposed sanctions, causing their ill-gotten gains to be diminished by things
       beyond their control.
   E. A good example is found in Proverbs 13:11; it says, “Wealth gotten by vanity
       shall be diminished: but he that gathereth by labour shall increase.”
   F. Here we see plainly the futility of vainly pursuing get-rich-quick schemes.
   G. Even if we win the lottery, God will impose divine sanctions that eat away the
   H. On the other hand, if we choose to provide for our needs according to God‟s
       method of doing so, by working, He will oversee the investment strategy of
       the labor we have bestowed to insure we receive increase.
   I. Doesn‟t this sound like a sure investment? Just do things the right way so
       that God will bless and increase our efforts instead of trying to shortcut the
       system and increase our net worth more quickly by unethical practices?

Verse 4
   A. Here we find another way that we can determine our own financial future.
   B. And here again, we see the sharp contrast between those who choose a way
       contrary to God‟s prescribed way of work, and those who choose to follow
       God‟s prescription.
   C. Slack – def. not using due diligence; not earnest or eager;
   D. Those who are not diligent, hard working, ambitious, will not prosper in
       their endeavors.
   E. Those who are diligent though, are on a natural track to success.
   F. Diligent – def. industrious;
   G. So, from Verses 3 & 4 we see that there are naturally occurring benefits or
       consequences, depending upon the way we handle our business; but we see
       that there are also divinely imposed benefits or consequences, as well.

Verse 5
   A. Here we see the contrast between the wise actions of a son, and the kind of
       actions that simply bring shame.
   B. When the fruits or vegetables are ripe, it is time to gather them in.
   C. How foolish it is though to spend all the time necessary to have a bountiful
       harvest, and then be too lazy to harvest it when it is ready to be harvested.
   D. Such is the way with the harvest of souls.
   E. Proverbs 30b says, “…the that winneth souls is wise.”

   F. We here at PCBC have spent incredible amounts of money and effort
      preparing to take in a harvest of lost souls.
   G. We have prepared our building and properties.
   H. We have modernized our technology in order to be able to reach further
      with less money and effort.
   I. We have put a ministry organizational structure in place that only needs
      additional staffing to be a viable Christian growth factory.
   J. How foolish it would be if we chose to invest all these funds and work to
      prepare for a large influx of people, only to quit before the harvest comes in.
   K. Let‟s be a wise son instead; understanding that our preparation goals up
      until this present time were only that, preparation; and that preparation is
      only the prelude to the harvest.
   L. As the Lord provides the final resources to prepare us for the harvest, let us
      then go on to take in the harvest the Lord has equipped us to take in.

Verses 6 & 7
   A. Here we see the difference in the way God deals with the just and the wicked.
   B. Verse 6 teaches us that there are current blessings, or violence to be epected
       depending upon whether you are just or wicked.
   C. Verse 7 teaches us that there are also future blessings or rottenness that we
       can anticipate, depending upon whether you are just or wicked.
   D. So, from the previous several verses we find the contrasts between what is to
       be expected by the righteous, and what is to be expected by the wicked.
   E. There are naturally occurring benefits or consequences; there are divinely
       impose benefits or consequences; there are current benefits or consequences;
       and there are future benefits or consequences.
   F. It is important we understand the wide ranging benefits for choosing and
       acting justly, righteously, wisely.
   G. But, it is equally important we understand the wide ranging consequences
       for choosing and acting unjustly, unrighteously, wickedly, and foolishly.
   H. This way we have good information available to us to help us to make the
       right decisions; but also to understand the consequences we can expect if we
       choose foolishly, so that we are not surprised when they come.

Verse 8
   A. This verse informs us of the importance of listening and heeding the
        commandments of God.
   B. It says that the wise in heart will receive them; in other words, will listen
        and follow them.
   C. But, it also tells us that the prating fool (one who talks too much on a
        trifling subject; who talks idly) will fall.
   D. If we listen more to the commands of God we will be wiser.
   E. But, when we talk too much and fail to listen, we inform everyone else of
        everything we know, but fail to learn new information that will help us in
        our lives.

   F.   We have 2 ears and 1 mouth. Reckon God did that by mistake; or, do you
        think perhaps He was trying to tell us something.
   G.   The moral of this story is to talk less and listen more, especially to God‟s

Verse 9
   A. Again, confidence comes from being right; not being perceived to be right,
       but actually being right.
   B. Perverting righteousness though, will be found out.
   C. There are 2 Scriptures that apply here, and help to give clarity to this
   D. Numbers 32:23b says, “…be sure your sin will find you out.”
   E. Galatians 6:7 says, “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a
       man soweth, that shall he also reap.”
   F. Some things we need to remember about the law of sowing and reaping are
          (1) We reap later, larger, and longer than we sow.
          (2) We reap what we sow.
          (3) We reap how we sow (sparingly or bountifully).
   G. Sowing the right things into our lives then, gives us the calm confidence that
       whatever people perceive us to be, we will eventually reap the harvest.
   H. But, sowing the wrong things into our lives will cause us to always be wary,
       just waiting for that unexpected turn of events that will expose our sin.

Verse 10
   A. Winking with the eye means deception and treachery are afoot.
   B. Therefore, winking causes sorrow; because someone is about to be done
   C. Again here we are warned that a prating fool (a mouthy person who is
       always talking idly and too much) will fall.
   D. His mouth will inevitably get him into trouble.
   E. What‟s the moral of the story? Keep your mouth shut!

Verse 11
   A. The mouth of a righteous man is a well of life; giving hope and help to all
       who hear his words.
   B. He encourages; he instructs; he warns; he comforts; he accepts; he aids; he
   C. The mouth of a wicked man though, brings violence to himself and to those
       who heed his words.
   D. He discourages; he perverts truth; he deceives; he adds to grief and sorrow;
       he destroys; he spreads hate; he stirs up strife.

Verse 12
   A. Strife, contention, controversy – all are stirred up, or initiated by hatred in
       someone‟s heart.

   B. Bitterness and hatred cause many an argument and much damage to
      individuals and relationships.
   C. Love‟s very nature though, is comforting, forgiving, accepting, and healing.
   D. Let‟s read 1 Corinthians 13:4 – 7 – Here we see the nature of charity, or
      active love.
   E. It responds to circumstances and people in a way that naturally provides an
      atmosphere where healing and acceptance occur.
   F. It naturally takes the hits so that the one loved does not have to.
   G. Romans 13:10 summarizes love‟s nature and character.
   H. It says, “Love worketh no ill to his neighbout: therefore love is the fulfilling
      of the law.”
   I. Hatred or love; we all have a choice; and it is a choice, not just the natural
      response to a given circumstance or situation.

Verse 13
   A. Here we learn that a lack of understanding can bring the rod of correction to
       a foolish person.
   B. It is therefore critically important that we take great care to understand
       what the Word of God says and what it means to us personally.
   C. Taking the Word of God flippantly, or without due seriousness can bring the
       rod of God‟s corrective chastisement into our lives.
   D. On the other hand, understanding automatically results in wisdom.
   E. You will never understand application until you comprehend your acquired
   F. To avoid God‟s corrective rod, please take the time and effort necessary to
       understand what it is that He expects, yea demands of you.

Verse 14
   A. Those who are wise lay up, or store up, knowledge.
   B. This means they build a storehouse of knowledge which is available in
       abundance for future use.
   C. In contrast, the mouth of those who are foolish is near destruction for it,
       without forethought or caution, utters things that bring swift and sudden
   D. While boasting of knowledge, its uncontrolled, unguarded utterances reveal
       its real lack of understanding.

Verse 15
   A. Here we learn that the rich man‟s wealth is his fortress; his means of
        protecting himself; not only against the ravages of want, but also against
        other enemies, by providing him a means of obtaining aid not afforded
        those who have little.
   B. Proverbs 18:11 & 12 shed more light on this apparent advantage he
        supposes to have over those who are less fortunate.
   C. Let‟s read Proverbs 18:11 & 12:
   D. The rich man‟s wealth is his fortress „in his own conceit‟.

   E.   However, Verse 12 informs us, “Before destruction the heart of man is
        haughty; and before honour is humility.”
   F.   So, the advantage the wealthy appears to possess can become the means of
        his own destruction when he places his trust in his wealth more than in God.
   G.   So, an apparent advantage of wealth is not always a true statement of a
        man‟s security.
   H.   Psalms 52:1 – 7 (Read) teach us very clearly that protection by wealth
        instead of by God that causes one to confidently lead a wicked life, is no
        protection at all.
   I.   It in fact gives one a false sense of security, which will be stripped away
        leaving no security against the destruction that will come upon him.
   J.   The poor man‟s poverty is often his destruction; not because of his lack of
        means to defend and provide for himself; but because of the insecurity this
        lack builds into him, so that he is fearful to venture out to do things that
        would strengthen his position and financial status.
   K.   His perception of disadvantage often is the most destructive force that
        poverty brings to his life.
   L.   I often see kids who have tremendous natural advantages, but who most
        likely will never realize what those advantages can do for them, and will
        never be encouraged to develop their God-given gifts because their families
        are poverty-stricken.
   M.   How profoundly sad to see someone who is a prince walking while a servant
        is riding comfortably.
   N.   Ecclesiastes 10:7 (Read) describes this sad phenomenon.

Verse 16
   A. The labour of righteous people always moves him in the direction of life and
   B. His intentions, his plans, his ideas, his actions, all lead him down a path of
       life and fruitfulness.
   C. The fruit (that which falls to a wicked man – whether by labour,
       inheritance, or vain gain) is utilized in a way that moves him toward a life of
       sinful purposes; of pride, luxury, and wantonness; things that lead to death
       and damage.

Verse 17
   A. Instruction (knowledge gained and passed on to someone else) is a means of
       protection, as the one being instructed learns from the acquired information
       of someone else: this way he can shortcut the process by which he must
       acquire knowledge himself.
   B. Listening to instruction and following it can protect you from having to learn
       lessons the hard way; by trial and error.
   C. By following instruction one can be successful the first time; without having
       to make mistakes, learn by them, and then go on to success.
   D. Sure makes life easier to listen to instruction.
   E. The opposite is true for one who refuses to be corrected.

   F. Reproof – def. Blame expressed to the face; censure for a fault;
   G. When one refuses to listen to someone who is trying to call his attention to a
      fault and guide him through correcting it, he is headed for error.
   H. When one will not be corrected, he will inevitably err in his plans and
   I. Proverbs 16:18 explains that those who are prideful are setting themselves
      up for a fall. It says, “Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit
      before a fall.”
   J. Pride will cause us to refuse to listen to those who know more than we do;
      causing us to act in ignorance and fail miserably, bringing humiliation upon
      ourselves for our failure.
   K. It‟s much wiser to humbly heed instruction; than, in pride, to act in
      ignorance because you don‟t want anyone to think they have an advantage
      over you by knowing something you don‟t.

Verse 18
   A. We now transition to some verses that deal with our words.
   B. Here in this verse, we are told that regardless of whether one hides his hatred
       by deceit, or expresses it openly by verbal attack on the character or person
       of the one hated, his words will expose him for the fool he is.
   C. First, to hide hatred with lying lips is to be a fool.
   D. Matthew Henry says, “Lying lips are bad enough of themselves, but have a
       peculiar malignity in them when they are made a cloak of maliciousness.”
   E. Proverbs 12:22a says, “Lying lips are abomination to the Lord…”
   F. The abomination of lying lips is exacerbated when they are used to hide
       hatred, for hatred is often accompanied by deceptive words.
   G. Proverbs 26:24 – 26 (Read) – Here we are told that “He that hateth
       dissembleth with his lips…”
   H. Dissemble – def. To hide under a false appearance; to conceal; to disguise; to
       pretend that not to be which really is;
   I. So, hatred is often accompanied by words that conceal the fact it exists.
   J. We are told in Proverbs 26:25 to not believe those who speak with fair words
       when it is evident there is hatred underneath their words.
   K. We are also told in Verse 26 that his wickedness (his hatred and his lies) will
       be exposed before the entire congregation.
   L. God has a way of exposing the fraud, the fake.
   M. But second, in Verse 18 of Proverbs Chapter 10, we also learn that the one
       who utters a slander is a fool, also.
   N. Slander – def. A false tale or report maliciously uttered. and tending to
       injure the reputation of another by lessening him in the esteem of his fellow
   O. Treacherous deceit is the work of fools; whether by lies to conceal hatred, or
       by lies to try to defame someone.
   P. To assassinate someone‟s name or character by lies is to be the fool just as
       much as to conceal hatred by deceptive flattery.

   Q. Both express disdain for someone made in the image of God, who also God
      will avenge by exposing the wickedness of the deceiver publicly, so that his
      deceit is rewarded by revealing him for the treacherous fool he is.

Verse 19
   A. Here, we find that those who talk too much always sin in the process.
   B. James 3:6 – 8a explain why this is so.
   C. They say, “And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so it the tongue
       among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the
       course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.” “For every kind of beasts, and
       of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been
       tamed of mankind:” “But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil,
       full of deadly poison.”
   D. Here we learn a number of things:
           (1) The tongue is a fire – it burns to express itself
           (2) It is a world of iniquity – it is filled with iniquity; that when given an
                opportunity to express itself, will inevitably sin.
           (3) It defiles the whole body – the sin of the tongue defiles the entire
           (4) It sets on fire the course of nature – it not only sins itself, it also incites
                sinful thoughts that lead to sinful actions by others.
           (5) It is set on fire of hell – Satan exploits our tongue in order to bring
                damage to our own lives; but also to the lives of others.
           (6) It is untamable – Though wild beasts can be tamed, our tongue seems
                to have a mind of its own; when it is set free to express the ideas it has
                stored up, it will always move in a negative, damaging direction.
           (7) It is full of deadly poison – No matter how tactful we try to be in our
                speech, our tongues will reveal the true nature of our hearts.
                Jeremiah 17:9 says, “The heart is deceitful above all things, and
                desperately wicked: who can know it?”
           (8) While we think to know our heart, and feel confident to allow our
                tongue to express the contents of it, it will in fact deceive us and the
                tongue will reveal the true wickedness that deceptively exists there.
   E. Conversely, the withholding of the tongue, not allowing it to express itself, is
   F. Keeping oneself under control is the work of wisdom, especially as it relates
       to the use of words.
   G. Proverbs 16:32 says, “He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and
       he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city.”
   H. So, self-control is the virtue of wise men.
   I. It is in this self control of the tongue that protection from trouble is found.
   J. Proverbs 21:23 says, “Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue keepeth his
       soul from troubles.”
   K. Proverbs 17:28a says, “Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted

Verse 20
   A. First, the tongue of the just is as choice silver.
   B. Proverbs 25:11 says, “A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in pictures of
   C. This means that those who are just, choose their words carefully, and use
       them sparingly.
   D. They carefully choose out the words that are most appropriate for the
       moment and the occasion.
   E. Additionally, they use only those words that build and heal; never words that
       do damage, or destroy.
   F. 1 Thessalonians 5:14 gives us an example of choosing the right words for the
       right occasion.
   G. This verse says, “Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly,
       comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.”
   H. Proverbs 15:23b says, “…a word spoken in due season, how good is it!”
   I. The tongue, expressing the content of the heart of a just person, always
       ministers grace to the hearer.
   J. Ephesians 4:29 says, “Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your
       mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister
       grace to the hearers.”
   K. Corrupt communication consists not only of expletives, or dirty jokes;
       corrupt communication can also be that communication which degrades,
       debases, or damages the hearers in some way.
   L. Our words should be like choice silver; always adding value to those who
       hear them.
   M. Second, in the last part of Proverbs 10:20 we learn that the heart of the
       wicked is little worth.
   N. The heart of wicked people rarely intends good to those with whom it has to
   O. It is usually devising deceit and/or damage, and the tongue of the wicked only
       expresses what already exists in the heart.

Verse 21
   A. The lips of the righteous feed many; meaning they provide sustenance and
       valuable spiritual and emotional nutrition to a wide array of people.
   B. The lips of the righteous always tend to aid; and this aid is not confined to a
       few select individuals.
   C. The words of the righteous always abound with grace and goodness
       regardless of who they are directed toward.
   D. Think how many times in a day you speak to someone – the bank teller, the
       grocery store clerk, the phone operator, your family members, your brothers
       and sisters in the Lord, etc.
   E. The righteous always leave behind them a trail of encouragement, comfort,
       and wisdom, spread prolifically by their words of grace.
   F. Fools, on the other hand, by the wickedness of their hearts and words, are
       consumed by their wickedness.

   G. Whether by the consumption of their own sin, or by the destruction brought
      upon themselves by the expression of their wickedness, they perish.
   H. Don‟t you like to be fed by the lips of the righteous?

Verse 22
   A. Unlike wealth accumulated by treacherous or deceptive ways, that which
       comes as a blessing from the Lord, whether material or immaterial, makes
   B. Proverbs 13:11 says, “Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished: but he
       that gathereth by labour shall increase.”
   C. When we use vain (empty) means to accumulate wealth, we invite the
       imposition of God into our lives.
   D. God is actively involved in our lives, especially as it relates to the way we
       obtain money or goods.
   E. When we defraud others, or use un-Biblical ways of accumulating our
       things, God gets involved in diminishing our gains.
   F. If, however, we work for what we get, He protects our gains from the
       ravages of things that would cause them to be diminished.
   G. So, the blessing of the Lord, whether it is material or immaterial, tangible or
       intangible, increases our economy to the point we can be included in the
       class of the wealthy.
   H. Another benefit in possessing the blessing of the Lord is that He adds no
       sorrow with it.
   I. When one benefits at the expense of others; or at the expense of
       righteousness, he must always guard his treasure to keep it from being
       confiscated because of his indiscretions.
   J. When one benefits by violating God‟s laws or principles, he is guilt ridden
       and therefore finds it difficult to enjoy his increase.
   K. But when one increases as a result of doing things God‟s way; and then God
       blesses him because he has, there is no unrest, fear, or repercussions that
       come as a result; and he can enjoy the blessings of God without guilt or fear.

Verse 23
   A. Fools view mischief, wickedness, as sport.
   B. Wickedness, sin, is a joke to fools; a matter to laugh about.
   C. Proverbs 14:7 – 9a say, “Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou
       perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge.” “The wisdom of the prudent is
       to understand his way: but the folly of fools is deceit.” Fools make a mock at
   D. Fools not only enjoy their own wickedness, they also enjoy and revel in the
       wickedness of others.
   E. Romans 1:28 – 31 describe the wicked that have been given over to their
   F. Verse 32 says about them, “Who knowing the judgment of God, that they
       which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but
       have pleasure in them that do them.”

   G. So, fools view mischief, wickedness, as sport, as a joke, as a laughing matter.
   H. Though they understand that the judgment of God has been pronounced
      against those who commit such acts, they revel in their wickedness and in so
      doing go as an ox to the slaughter.
   I. Proverbs 7:22, describing the young man taken in by the evil seductress,
      says, “He goeth after her straightway as an ox goeth to the slaughter, or as a
      fool to the correction of the stocks;”
   J. Proverbs 19:29 says, “Judgments are prepared for scorners, and stripes for
      the back of fools.”
   K. Ignoring the judgment of God and laughing at mischief as if that judgment
      will not be imposed in his life, is the mark of a fool; for he proceeds with his
      sin until the judgment of God falls and his sin is no longer laughable.
   L. The man of understanding, on the other hand, has wisdom.
   M. Proverbs 14:7, again, says, “The wisdom of the prudent is to understand his
   N. Wise people choose their steps, their words, and their actions carefully; for
      they know that everything they do has resulting benefits or consequences,
      depending upon the choices they make.

Verse 24
   A. Here again, we see the contrast between the wicked and the righteous.
   B. The fear of the wicked shall come upon him.
   C. Our verse in Romans, Chapter 1 taught us that fools proceed with their
       wickedness even though they know the judgment of God has been appointed
       for those who commit the things they are committing.
   D. Thus, they can expect nothing else but that that judgment will come to them
       just as they fear it will; and it will!
   E. The righteous though, are careful to act in righteousness, regardless of
       whether or not they will be compensated.
   F. They have a desire that they will be appropriately recompensed for their
       right choices.
   G. God then works things out so that their desires will be realized; regardless of
       how impossible the realization of those desires may appear to be.

Verse 25
   A. Here we see the contrast between the legacy of the wicked and that of the
   B. The life and legacy of the wicked, it says, passes as quickly as a whirlwind
       and is gone forever.
   C. The righteousness of the righteous, on the other hand, has built a foundation
       upon which others will build; thereby leaving a foundational and influential
       legacy that will last long after their lifetimes have expired.
   D. Your epitaph (an inscription on a tombstone or monument commemorating
       the person buried there) is written after you die; but your legacy is written
       while you live.
   E. What kind of legacy are you writing? What kind of legacy will you leave?

Verse 26
   A. Here the sin of laziness is addressed.
   B. We are told that as vinegar irritates the teeth, and as smoke irritates the eyes,
       so the sluggard (lazy person) irritates them that send him to do a task.
   C. The Scriptures teach us to be resourceful; to have initiative; to have
       ambition; to be creative; to do everything we do with our whole heart, not
   D. Colossians 3:23 says, “And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord,
       and not unto men;”
   E. As a matter of fact, the Bible is so adamant that we not be lazy, but assume
       responsibility to work, it says in 2 Thessalonians 3:10 “For even when we wee
       with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should
       he eat.”
   F. What if the preacher applied that principle to those who want to eat at the
       Lord‟s spiritual table, but are unwilling to assume any responsibility to work
       in his vineyard?
   G. He wouldn‟t have very many to preach to would he?
   H. The sluggard (lazy person) can always find and excuse to not get involved in
   I. Sometimes the excuse seems a little lame; but it is his excuse nonetheless, and
       he is sticking to it.
   J. Proverbs 22:13 says, “The slothful man (lazy man) saith, There is a lion
       without, I shall be slain in the streets.”
   K. A little lame to think a lion is roaming the city streets, huh? But any excuse
       is better than none he thinks, and so what if it is a little lame; he still is not
       going to rise from his couch and do any work.
   L. I‟m reminded of the commercial that has a man standing in the doorway of
       his boss‟s office, clad in full golf attire, including the glove, explaining to his
       boss that his daughter is sick and he has to go pick her up.
   M. I often say that ignorance is curable; but laziness is fatal.
   N. Lazy people rarely recover from their laziness; they only become an irritant
       to all who depend upon them for anything.

Verse 27
   A. Again we see a contrast; between the length of life of those who fear the
       Lord, and the life of those who disregard Him and His commandments.
   B. First, the fear of the Lord prolongeth days in a couple of ways –
         (1) The fear of the Lord will motivate one to be cautious in the way he
              approaches his choices and actions, thereby providing natural
              protection against damaging forces that could take their lives.
         (2) The fear of the Lord will attract the supernatural protection of God
              upon their lives, so that they are protected from unseen, unavoidable
              dangers that could destroy them.
   C. Second, the years of the wicked shall be shortened –

          (1)    There is a natural danger in wickedness, for God has set up
                 boundaries to protect us; not to confine us.
           (2) There is also the reality that God imposes judgment upon
                 unrepentant sin, so that those who persist in their sin, refusing to
                 repent and turn from it, will incur the destruction of God‟s
                     (a) A verse we often use to illustrate this point is Proverbs 29:1,
                         “He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall
                         suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.”
   D.   The surest way to protect yourself from the danger of natural repercussions,
        or from divinely imposed repercussions from sin, is to choose to operate
        your life according to the principles of the Word of God.
   E.   Then, when you do fail and commit a transgression, repent (turn from it)
        and confess it (acknowledge it to be the sin it is) and God will graciously
        forgive it and restore you to full fellowship with him.
   F.   Proverbs 28:13 says, “He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso
        confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.”
   G.   1 John 1:9 says, “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us
        our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”

Verse 28
   A. Hope is laying hold of something that is not presently being experienced, but
       that is desired, and expected to be experienced in the future.
   B. Here, the Word of God says that the hope of the righteous is not just a desire
       for gladness; not just an expectation of gladness; but that that hope will be
       realized; that one day the hope will end in the gladness that has been hoped
   C. Psalm 16:11 says, “Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is
       fullness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore.”
   D. The righteous are willing to forego unlawful pleasures now, because he has
       laid hold of an expectation of future lawful pleasures that will be allowed and
       that will never end as the sinful pleasures of the present will.
   E. In doing so, the wicked view him as being foolish to let such opportunity for
       present pleasure slip away for something he cannot see and cannot
       immediately enjoy.
   F. Here, the Word of God gives assurance though, that this hope of future
       gladness will not go disappointed; it will be worth the wait for it will be given
   G. The expectation of the wicked though, being built upon a false foundation,
       will perish; for his expectation is based in fantasy, not reality.
   H. I‟ve preached much here lately that for faith [the trust of future reward from
       God] to lend value to your life; for its reward to be assured, it must be built
       upon truth.
   I. To build your expectation upon falsehood, no matter how great a dream it is,
       and no matter how much you believe it will happen, is to be disappointed in
       the end, for only that expectation which is based in truth will be realized.

Verse 29
   A. We human beings are frail, weak creatures.
   B. Though we think ourselves to be strong, we are pretty much at the mercy of
       the forces that come to bear in our lives.
   C. In order to survive and thrive, not only physically, but also spiritually, we
       must rely upon a strength and power that is greater than our own.
   D. God has designed into his eco-system that strength can and will be derived
       from simply choosing to conduct ourselves in the way He has specified in His
   E. God‟s Word is where we can learn the way of the Lord.
   F. You see, the Lord has a way; not just ways.
   G. His way is His perspective, His approach, His pattern of behavior, His
   H. When we assume His way, we take upon ourselves His perspective, His
       approach to situations and people, His pattern of behavior [our default
       behavioral pattern], His posture in every situation and before every person.
   I. This assuming His way is the channel through which He infuses His strength
       into us.
   J. First, His way yields peace because sin generates guilt, fear, and unrest.
   K. Second, His way attracts His blessing which supersedes negative influences
       and forces and causes us to be strong enough to withstand their opposition,
       and to advance and expand even as they stand to challenge us.
   L. To the contrary, the workers of iniquity shall not have the strength to
       withstand opposition or difficulty, and will be destroyed by them.

Verse 30
   A. The righteous shall not be moved, not because they are more special than the
       wicked, but because they have built their lives upon a firm foundation that is
   B. True righteousness is that righteousness which is imputed, not that which is
   C. Imputed – def. Charged to the account of; attributed; ascribed.
   D. Romans 4:8 says, “Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.”
   E. Romans 4:11 speaking of Abraham, says, “And he received the sign of
       circumcision, a seal of righteousness of the faith which he had yet being
       uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though
       they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them
   F. So, imputed righteousness is that righteousness of the Lord Jesus that is
       charged to our account; attributed to us; ascribed to us; given to us so that
       we might be able to stand in the presence of the Lord.
   G. Our righteousness, according to Isaiah 64:6, is as filthy rags.
   H. 2 Corinthians 5:21 though, says, “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who
       knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”

   I. This is Jesus‟ righteousness that is imputed to us, given to us, that we might
      have sufficient righteousness to enter God‟s presence.
   J. This righteousness then, forms a solid foundation, that when built upon,
      provides an invincible base which will allow the righteous to stand unmoved
      regardless of what stands to assault them.
   K. Here, we learn that there will come a time when the wicked will be weeded
      out from among the righteous; and though it seems they have reigned
      unchecked in this world, will be removed to never offend the congregation of
      the saints again.
   L. Revelation 20:14 & 15 (Read) give the account of the final removal of the
      wicked to the place of the damned where they will never again be allowed to
      assert their wickedness in the presence of the righteous.
   M. Revelation 21:27 describes the eternal city, New Jerusalem, that will be
      capital city of the saints for all eternity like this, “And there shall in no wise
      enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh
      abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb‟s book
      of life.”
   N. Though the wicked seem to have the upper hand now, the time will come
      when the righteous will stand; even as the wicked are being destroyed
   O. The wicked then, will not inhabit the earth; but the new eternal earth,
      described in Revelation 21:1 – 8, will only be inhabited by those who have
      overcome by the blood of the Lamb; along with the Lamb Who saved them.

Verse 31
   A. Again, we move back to the speech of the just contrasted with the speech of
       the forward [perverse; not willing to yield or comply with what is required;
       unyielding; ungovernable;].
   B. Being just [righteous] is a state, or condition of the character.
   C. Notice, it is from the state, or condition of being just that wise speech
   D. Matthew 12:34b says, “…for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth
   E. The tongue that speaks from the condition of a forward [perverse] heart, on
       the other hand, will be removed from its place, so that it is not able to spew
       out its venom any more.
   F. Eventually every thing will be made right, though it has been ungovernable

Verse 32
   A. Again, the lips of those who speak from a state, or condition of a righteous
       heart, know what is acceptable.
   B. The heart that knows God also knows what is acceptable to Him.
   C. Thus, the lips of such a person speak from the position of being accepted of
       God; therefore they speak those things that are acceptable to Him, for they
       know what is acceptable.

D. The mouth that speaks from a state, or condition of a wicked heart, can only
   speak forwardness [perverseness]; for what resides in the heart will
   inevitably be expressed through the mouth.

                                Chapter 11
Verse 1
   A. In ancient times measurements of quantities or weights were made using the
       weights and balance system.
   B. Business and commerce are important elements in all cultures; for all men
       must buy, sell, trade, and either make a profit, or feed their families.
   C. God is a tenacious guardian of honesty when it comes to our dealings with
       one another in the world of commerce and business.
   D. Therefore, He demands there be no deception when making business
   E. In ancient times, one could use a false weight or balance; giving the
       appearance he was dealing uprightly when in fact, the one with whom he was
       conducting a transaction was being cheated.
   F. Here, God declares this kind of deceptive treachery to be an abomination to
       Him Who is truth.
   G. In the same way, today we can fail to disclose all the negative aspects of an
       automobile or home when attempting to sell either one to someone.
   H. We can cheat our boss or company out of time worked, if you are working by
       the hour.
   I. We can sell something for more than it is worth to an unsuspecting buyer.
   J. There are many ways we can be dishonest in our business dealings.
   K. All, like the false balance, are abominations to God.
   L. Proverbs 22:22 & 23 make it clear that the Lord will be the evener of scores
       for those who take advantage of those who are in a position of disadvantage.
   M. They says, “Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the
       afflicted in the gate:” “For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul
       of those that spoiled them.”
   N. So, God Himself is the Guardian of those who stand to be defrauded because
       of their position of disadvantage.
   O. On the other hand, a just weight, an honest business deal, is not just a
       transaction that does not draw His attention.
   P. Rather, it is a transaction that generates an active delight in Him Who is
   Q. The child of God should be so passionate about pleasing the Lord, he is
       willing to take a loss in business in order to please the Lord with Whom he
       has to do.

Verse 2
   A. The world‟s perspective says that with pride comes honor.
   B. Here, however, God makes it clear that pride is the prelude to shame.
   C. Why is that? How does that play out in real life?

   D. Jesus gives an example of how pride can produce shame in someone‟s life
      when he acts on his pride, in Luke 14:7 – 11 (Read).
   E. Jesus‟ conclusion in Verse 11 of that chapter is this, “For whosoever exalteth
      himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.”
   F. Abased – def. pp. Reduced to a low state, humbled, degraded.
   G. The words „shall be abased‟ and „shall be exalted‟ indicate that Someone or
      something outside the control or influence of the one who is either exalting
      himself or humbling himself, is causing the abasing or exalting.
   H. We know He meant that God would be the One Who assumed the role of
      overseeing the way a person conducts himself, and then rewarding him
      according to the motivation for his actions.
   I. He can do this by either of two ways:
          (1) The law of sowing and reaping He has instituted – Galatians 6:7
                says, “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man
                soweth, that shall he also reap.”
          (2) God‟s direct intervention to correct the error.
   J. The lowly exercise wisdom, for they do not present themselves as more
      important than they are.
   K. Therefore, they do not have to keep up the façade of pretense that the one
      who wants people to think of himself more highly than he deserves does.
   L. The lowly are wise because they can speak and act in a way that is genuine,
      without having to worry about being found out.
   M. They are wise also in that they do not have to worry about God intervening
      in their charade and humiliating them unexpectedly.
   N. Falsehood (and that‟s what pride is – thinking of one‟s self more highly than
      he deserves) generates discomfort and danger; while lowliness, humility,
      generates peace and confidence.

Verse 3
   A. We have talked at length about establishing our default settings.
   B. Integrity is a default setting – a state of character and heart that we return
        to in confusing times or times of crisis.
   C. If we choose integrity as the foundation on which we build our lives, when in
        confusing or pressure situations, we do not have to evaluate the
        circumstances to determine the level of consequences for various types of
        responses before making our decisions about how we will respond to the
   D. When we are in situations where the outcome is unsure, we simply will
        choose the course that will demonstrate the highest degree of integrity,
        regardless of the consequences that may ensue.
   E. So, in this way, integrity will always be our guide, regardless of the situations
        or circumstances, and regardless of the consequences we stand to face
        because of choosing the right course of action.
   F. Perverseness – def. n. pervers'ness. Disposition to cross or vex;
        untractableness; crossness of temper; a disposition uncomplying,

      unaccommodating or acting in opposition to what is proper or what is
      desired by others.
   G. The non-compliant disposition of those who are transgressors will lead them
      into destructive patterns of behavior that will eventually destroy them.
   H. God has designed that His world only work properly and safely when we
      comply with the laws of operation He has established for life to work by.
   I. When someone is non-compliant, rebellious, perverse, he will inevitably
      violate one of God‟s laws; the result of which will spell disaster for him.
   J. Isn‟t in much better to be guided by integrity, compliance with the principles
      and laws of God, than to be guided by perverseness, displayed by
      transgression, which will eventually do the transgressor in?

Verse 4
   A. Riches in this world provide an advantage to the owners thereof; but when it
       comes to God‟s wrath, that advantage is lost.
   B. Tangible riches, while profitable in this life as a means of obtaining goods,
       recognition, and privilege, can do nothing to satisfy the righteous justice of
   C. The wrath of God then, cannot be appeased by monetary offering.
   D. Since “…the wages of sin is death…), the only offering that can be made to
       appease God‟s wrath is death.
   E. Riches hold no advantage whatsoever when it comes to the matter of the
       spiritual sin debt we owe to God.
   F. This payment can only be satisfied by faith in the payment made on our
       behalf by the Lord Jesus Christ when He died to satisfy God‟s justice, and
       then rose from the dead to justify us.
   G. Romans 3:21 & 22a put it like this: “But now the righteousness of God
       without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;”
       “Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ, unto all and
       upon all them that believe…”
   H. So, deliverance from God‟s wrath can only come through faith; and can
       never be obtained by tangible wealth.
   I. The last part of the verse concludes that it is righteousness that delivereth
       from death.
   J. In Romans 3:22 that we just read, we see that the righteousness of God that
       can deliver us from death is only found by faith in Jesus Christ; but that it is
       found in Him…God not excluding anyone, but imparting His righteousness
       “…unto all and upon all them that believe…”
   K. So, in summary, riches, while providing certain advantages in this world, lose
       their advantage when it comes to appeasing the wrath of God; the only
       means of obtaining the righteousness necessary to deliver us from death is
       obtained by faith in Jesus Christ.

Verse 5 & 6
   A. These 2 verses communicate corresponding truths.

   B. The righteousness of the perfect, he whom Jesus has perfected, and the
      righteousness of the upright (same thought) will direct his way and deliver
   C. The wicked, however, will be taken in his naughtiness and will fall by his own
   D. In other words, righteousness has the ability to guide the words and actions
      of those who live by it in such a way that they will move in the direction of
      safety; but those who choose rebellion, will be destroyed by the very
      wickedness they have chosen as the expression of their wills.

Verse 7
   A. Here, we find 2 things that perish along with them, when wicked, unjust men
       die: their expectation, and their hope.
   B. Hope and expectation are similar and usually come together.
   C. When we have hope of something, we expect that we will receive it.
   D. This scripture teaches us a very important truth.
   E. The „hoping‟ of hope is not what lends it its substance, or its value; rather, it
       is the subject, or object of that hope that lends it its worth.
   F. Hope and expectation are important benefits derived from faith.
   G. But, like hope and expectation, the faith itself is not what holds us up; it is
       the object of our faith that lends viability to the hope and expectation that
       faith generates.
   H. For example: if there were 2 chairs; one weak, one strong; and 2 people
       decided to sit on them, one on one, and the other person on the other.
   I. If each had equal faith, yet one chair collapsed, and one chair held the other
       person up; then it was not the strength of their faith that decided the
       outcome; but the strength of the object of their faith that decided their fate.
   J. Just believing something is true, or is sufficient to perform what we desire it
       to, is not enough to make it so.
   K. The subject, or object, that we are placing our faith in must be sufficiently
       strong to perform our expectation of that object, or our faith is in vain.
   L. This brings us back to our scripture; the hope and expectation of a wicked,
       unjust man is based upon faith that is placed in a weak subject; therefore, his
       hope and expectation, no matter how firmly he believes they will come to
       fruition, sadly, will perish when he dies; for he has placed his faith in
       something too weak to perform what he hoped and expected it to accomplish.

Verse 8
   A. Here, we see that deliverance of the righteous, those who perform the will of
       God, comes from an outside Source.
   B. „Is delivered‟ is a term that signifies that an outside Force is at work
       performing the deliverance.
   C. It doesn‟t say he delivers himself by his righteousness; or that his
       righteousness delivers him; rather, it says that he is delivered – meaning
       Someone or something is acting outside his influence, and on his behalf, and
       performing the deliverance for him.

   D. We know that that Someone is God Himself.
   E. He works on behalf of those who submit to His will to intervene in otherwise
      hopeless situations and to deliver them when it seems there is no way out.
   F. The wicked, on the other hand, are left to fall by the same situations that the
      righteous have been delivered out of.

Verse 9
   A. The tongue is a powerful weapon, or instrument of good; it all depends upon
       the way it is wielded, they way it is used.
   B. Here, we find that the hypocrite with his mouth destroys his neighbor.
   C. There are many ways the hypocrite employs his mouth as a weapon of
       destruction in people‟s lives.
   D. First, by deceptive flatteries and lies he draws him into destructive schemes
       and practices.
   E. Second, they lie in wait to deceive the immature child of God.
   F. Ephesians 4:14 puts it like this, “That we henceforth be no more children,
       tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the
       sleight of me, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;”
   G. By deceiving the naïve, the hypocrite confuses them with false doctrine and
       disrupts their peace, their confidence, and their spiritual growth; and can
       even destroy their faith so that they become unfruitful and God has to
       chastise them for their unfruitfulness.
   H. Third, they will, by hypocritical deceptions, convince the lost neighbor that
       salvation is by some other means than by faith in Jesus Christ, and in so
       doing, destroy him eternally.
   I. Paul gives a strong warning concerning these hypocritical deceivers in
       Galatians 1:8 & 9.
   J. He says that if anyone preaches any other gospel than that they have
       preached, or than that which you have received, “…let him be accursed.”
   K. Pretending your good and laying a trap; or pretending to be an authority
       and presenting a false gospel, is the work of hypocrites.
   L. The last part of the verse explains how we can be involved in our own
       deliverance from the deceptions of hypocrites.
   M. It says that “…through knowledge the just shall be delivered.”
   N. Knowledge will allow you to detect the hypocrisy and deceptions and avoid
       their traps.
   O. This kind of knowledge is derived from: knowing the word of God, the
       Spirit‟s application of that word, and experientially relying upon the Word
       of God.
   P. This kind of experiential knowledge is gained not only by studying and
       learning the word, but also by exercising ourselves in utilizing the word so
       that our spiritual senses are strengthened and made keen to distinguish
       between good and evil, and to detect deception.
   Q. Hebrews 5:14 puts it like this, “But strong meat belongeth to them that are of
       full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to
       discern both good and evil.”

Verse 10
   A. The righteous, by the blessing of the Lord upon him, and the blessing of the
       Lord through him to all around him, is well spoken of and is a source of
       rejoicing when the blessing begins to be witnessed or experienced.
   B. Though wicked people who resist God and rebel against his ambassadors
       hate the righteous, generally speaking, people rejoice at the presence of the
       righteous and the blessing he brings to the city, or state, or nation.
   C. The wicked, though, are a source of oppression and fear, of economic misery,
       of social instability, and generally of those things that do not make life safer
       or more pleasant for those around them.
   D. Therefore, the wicked are only cheered as they make their exit.
   E. The application for each of us is clear.
   F. Matthew Henry says, “Let a sense of honour therefore keep us in the paths of
       virtue, that we may lived desired and die lamented, and not be hissed off the

Verse 11
   A. This verse explains why the righteous, or upright, are sources of rejoicing for
       the city of people.
   B. The city is exalted, as I said concerning Verse 10, by the blessing of the Lord
       upon him, and the blessing of the Lord through him to those around him.
   C. Exalted – def. pp. Raised to a lofty highth; elevated; honored with office or
       rank; extolled; magnified; refined; dignified; sublime.
   D. The upright, good men, are not only blessed; they are a blessing: they not
       only experience God‟s blessing upon their lives; they are a public blessing.
   E. The wicked, instead of being a public blessing, are instead a public plague.
   F. Their mouths corrupt the morality of the people, pervert justice, and direct
       in ways that bring the judgment of God down upon a city.
   G. So, by his mouth, by his words, the wicked can cause the city to be
       overthrown; either by the enemies of the city due to his foolish words spoken
       inappropriately; or by the judgment of God because of his foolish words that
       have corrupted the people and lead them into sin, inviting the judgment of

Verses 12 & 13
   A. Here, both of these verses speak to the wisdom and faithfulness
         (trustworthiness) of someone who holds his peace and conceals damaging
         information or information that has been entrusted to his confidence.
   B.    Verse 12 says that someone who is void of wisdom despises his neighbour.
   C. In other words, one who just speaks whatever is on his mind, regardless of
         the damage it may cause, is the same as someone who intends damage by
         his words; his loose tongue reflects his contempt for his neighbour.
   D. Verse 13 explains that a talebearer is not just one who spins false yarns
         about someone; nor just someone who spreads all the information that is
         buzzing on the gossip lines.

   E.    The talebearer is also one who reveals secrets; one who cannot be trusted
         to keep something in confidence when it is entrusted to him.
   F.    Verses 12 & 13 make it clear that a person of understanding, one who is of
         a faithful (trustworthy) spirit protects secrets entrusted to him; or secrets,
         that if revealed, would cause damage to someone or to some relationship.
   G.    Proverbs 18:21a says, “Death and life are in the power of the tongue…”
   H.    Sometimes the wisest use of the tongue is silence.
   I.    We are to speak the truth when we speak; but we must not speak
         everything we know or think, even if it is the truth.
   J.    A talebearer, one who tells everything he knows, one who reveals
         damaging secrets is a danger to those around him.
   K.    Proverbs 18:8 says, “The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go
         down into the innermost parts of the belly.”
   L.    Think before you speak; make sure what you say will be with grace and
         will add value to the one to whom it is directed, the one it is spoken about,
         and those that will be affected by your words.
   M.    Colossians 4:6a says, “Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with
   N.    Because you think you know something, does not mean you have to
         verbalize it.
   O.    Proverbs 29:11 says, “A fool uttereth all his mind: but a wise man keepeth
         it in till afterwards.”

Verse 14
   A. No man is capable of knowing every variable and every facet of a thing.
   B. The wise man will surround himself with wise, trusted counselors.
   C. Each person brings a unique perspective to a given issue.
   D. This way, the one who bears the responsibility of making decisions can have
       the advantage of information he may not have had access to, personally.
   E. With the contribution of good counselors, each counselor‟s perspective can
       add clarification to a particular facet of the issue that must be taken into
       consideration, and a better decision can be made when many factors have
       been clarified and considered.
   F. But, where no counsel is available, or where no counsel is sought, we often
       make damaging mistakes in judgment, so much so that it can bring a fall to
       the people around us.
   G. We must seek wise, trusted counselors to lend their counsel, though.
   H. A foolish or false counselor can be just as damaging, or even more damaging,
       than no counselor at all.

Verse 15
  A. Surety – def. Security against loss or damage; security for payment.
  B. Suretiship – def. n. from surety. The state of being surety; the obligation of a
      person to answer for another, and make good any debt or loss which may
      occur from another's delinquency.

   C. To stand good for the debt or word of someone you are not sure will come
      through with their promise is asking for trouble, and you will surely have it.
   D. Proverbs 22:26 plainly commands us not to stand good for another‟s debt;
      not to co-sign a loan for someone.
   E. It says, “Be not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are
      sureties for debts.”
   F. But what if I have already co-signed; what if I have already placed myself in
      legal financial jeopardy?
   G. Proverbs 6:1 – 5 (Read) – Here, we‟re told that if we have placed ourselves in
      suretiship for a friend or a stranger, we are snared (trapped) with the words
      of our mouth.
   H. The instruction then, is to deliver yourself from this pledge; to “Give not sleep
      to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids.” until you have gotten yourself out
      of your pledge.
   I. The last part of Proverbs 11:15 makes it clear that the only surety we should
      stand for is to hate suretiship.

Verse 16
   A. There are 3 focus words in the first part of this verse: gracious, retaineth,
   B. Just as the strong man in the latter part of the verse guards and defends his
       riches so that he may retain, or keep, them; so the gracious woman, one who
       has the grace of God as her guide and defense, tenaciously guards and
       defends her honour.
   C. She is not willing to let her guard down for one weak moment and allow
       words or conduct that would diminish her honour.
   D. She will not allow any one to charm or beguile her into participating in
       activities that would diminish her honour.
   E. She is at once hated and admired by the women around her for the
       unyielding tenacity with which she guards and defends her chastity and
   F. Though some hate her; and though some admire her, she is not moved by
       either, for she knows where the source of her virtue arises, and is loyal to the
       One Who imparts His honour to her.
   G. Other women mistake arrogance or a cold business like deportment for
       honour; but the true woman of honour is gracious, kind, and humble in her
   H. The 3 focus words indicate: gracious – her tenacity in protecting her honour
       does not translate into hardness of heart; retaineth – though some women
       obtain honour, the price of retaining it is eternal vigilance, and the
       honourable woman is determined to maintain her honour; honour – def.
       Dignity; exalted rank or place; distinction. The woman of honour has
       distinguished herself by her virtue from other women of perhaps greater
       means, greater recognition, or greater position.
   I. The strong man, the man of strong moral fiber, is able by his wisdom and
       nobleness to retain true riches.

Verse 17
   A. In the sermon on the mount in Matthew 5:7, Jesus said, “Blessed are the
       merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.”
   B. The law of sowing and reaping applies here.
   C. If we sow mercy, we will reap a harvest of good.
   D. If through mercy, one shares his resources with those who are in need, it will
       be given to him again: as Luke 6:38 puts it, “…good measure, pressed down,
       and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For
       with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you
   E. I believe this is one of the reasons this church has prospered so much
   F. We have showed mercy to those who minister, always giving them a worthy
       reward for their ministry to us.
   G. We have institutionalized giving to those who are in need of emergency relief
       by establishing our Hands of Hope Ministries.
   H. We have shared our abundance in funding special missions projects.
   I. We have given as individuals to fund special ministry needs the church has.
   J. And because of our mercy and graciousness, I believe God has blessed us
       beyond our means.
   K. Here, in Proverbs 11:17 we find that mercy is never wasted; for it will be
       rewarded by the natural law of sowing and reaping, but also by the
       supernatural blessing of God.
   L. In the same way that mercy comes back to bless one, cruelty is rewarded to
       those who are cruel.
   M. James 2:13a says, “For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath
       shewed no mercy…”
   N. God‟s law of sowing and reaping, and His commitment to render to every
       man according to his works, both favour the merciful, but stand as an
       ominous reminder to the cruel that his cruelty will be met with like

Verse 18
   A. The wicked are always planning and plotting behind the scenes; they conceal
       their true intentions until they are confident that their trap is layed; and that
       they have sufficient resources and opportunity to enact their evil plot.
   B. They work a deceitful work.
   C. They pretend your good, while plotting your damage.
   D. Often they are very adept at concealing their intentions until you have
       already fallen for their deception.
   E. Those who soweth righteousness, will reap a reward of like kind.
   F. Remember the law of sowing and reaping; if we sow righteousness we can
       reap no other harvest but one of expected good.
   G. We have discussed much the law of sowing and reaping in these last few

   H. This is a law that God uses to reveal the future to us.
   I. While we may not know exactly what will happen in our future, we can
      assure ourselves of a positive future by understanding that what we sow, we
      will also reap.
   J. This will also keep us encouraged during times of circumstantial reversals
      and setbacks.
   K. While things may look bleak in the immediate, we can be assured that if we
      remain faithful to God and His will for us, we will eventually reap the reward
      of our faithfulness and righteousness.
   L. The same holds true for the deceitful worker of wickedness.
   M. While he may seem to have gained an advantage by his deceptions and
      wickedness, he can be assured that when the harvest comes in (and it will
      surely come in), he will receive the harvest of what he has sown.

Verse 19
   A. First, we‟re told that righteousness tendeth to life – this means that those who
       choose righteousness follow a path that leads to life.
   B. How then do we know what righteousness is so that we may follow it?
   C. True righteousness begins with receiving Jesus Christ as your personal
   D. Isaiah 64:6a says, “But we all are as an unclean thing, and all our
       righteousnesses are as filthy rags…”
   E. So, if we begin with our own righteousness as a base from which to work, we
       begin with a filthy foundation for our lives.
   F. But II Corinthians 5:21 says, “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who
       knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”
   G. So, if we begin by receiving Jesus Christ as our personal Savior, we begin
       with perfect righteousness as our base, or foundation from which to work.
   H. I Corinthians 3:11 & 12a say, “For other foundation can no man lay than
       that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.” “Now if any man build upon this
   I. Once the foundation of righteousness has been laid by receiving Jesus Christ
       as your Savior, He fits you, He equips you, with the necessary abilities to
       pursue a life of righteous living.
   J. First, He removes the sin that had you in bondage and had clouded your
       perception of reality.
   K. Then, He gives you an instruction manual that teaches you what to do and
       what not to do, so that you might live out practical righteousness on an every
       day basis.
   L. Lastly, by the presence of His Spirit inside you, He illuminates your
       understanding so that you can clearly understand what His word says, what
       it means, and how it applies to you in your particular situations.
   M. By laying the proper foundation for righteousness, and then by pursuing the
       new lifestyle of righteousness you have received along with your salvation,
       your life will „tend‟ toward, or incline toward life.
   N. The opposite is true, however, for those who pursue evil.

   O. Pursuing evil is a short-sighted and foolish approach to life.
   P. Evil, sin, can produce immediate, short-term pleasure; but never lasting
   Q. Hebrews 11:124 & 25 say, “By faith Moses, when he was come to years,
      refused to be called the son of Pharaoh‟s daughter;” “Choosing rather to
      suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for
      a season;”
   R. So we see that sin produces an immediate, temporary season of pleasure.
   S. But, this pleasure is short-lived, and then the consequences of disobedience
   T. Ephesians 5:6 says, “Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of
      these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.”
   U. The momentary pleasures of sin cannot be compared to the long-term,
      intense wrath that transgressing the law of God will bring to you.
   V. Often, because God does not immediately judge one‟s sin, he deceives himself
      into thinking he is in the clear from any consequences he feared.
   W. This, however, is self-deception.
   X. God is not a man that He would forget or let your sin slide.
   Y. Ecclesiastes 8:11 says, “Because sentence against an evil work is not executed
      speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.”
   Z. Just as pursuing a life of righteousness leads one down a road that ends in
      life, pursuing a life of evil will inevitably cost one his life.
   AA.        A good example of this is the drug addict or drunkard who has
      abused his body for many years, thinking he can continue his wickedness
      without having to meet the consequences of his error; only to die of an
      overdose or a failed body organ such as the heart, because of the
      accumulation of abuse he has inflicted upon himself.

Verse 20
   A. To understand this verse, we must understand just what the word „froward‟
   B. Froward – def. Perverse, that is, turning from, with aversion or
       reluctance; not willing to yield or comply with what is required;
       unyielding; ungovernable;
   C. A forward heart is one that is unwilling to comply to God‟s word.
   D. A person with a forward heart is one who is ungovernable; he is rebellious
       and disobedient, and refuses to submit to the authority of God and His word.
   E. This type of person is an abomination to the Lord.
   F. Conversely, those who are upright in their way, meaning his method or plan
       of life and conduct, are not only acceptable to God, they are His delight!

Verse 21
   A. Though those who pursue wickedness join in league with one another as a
       defense against the attacks of virtue and justice, this league is neither strong
       enough to fend off God‟s judgment, nor obscuring enough to conceal the
       whereabouts of any one person from Him.

   B. The seed of the righteous, those who have followed after righteousness, will
      be delivered.
   C. This informs us that those who live righteously will not escape all trouble, as
      some teach.
   D. Psalm 34:19 says, “Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but the Lord
      delivereth him out of them all.”
   E. Psalm 34:17 says, “The righteous cry, and the Lord heareth, and delivereth
      them out of all their troubles.”
   F. In both cases, the afflictions and the troubles of the righteous, the Lord will
      deliver them out of them all!
   G. Those are strong words that give us a sure promise we can depend upon.
   H. The key to having 100% deliverance is to be a righteous person.
   I. This is the key to having your prayers answered, also.
   J. James 5:16b says, “…The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man
      availeth much.”

Verse 22
   A. Here we shift gears to a different subject.
   B. Discretion – def. 1. Prudence, or knowledge and prudence; that
       discernment which enables a person to judge critically of what is
       correct and proper, united with caution;
   C. Just as a precious golden jewel is out of place in the snout of a pig, so is a
       beautiful (fair) woman who is improper in her speech or conduct.
   D. Haven‟t you witnessed the speech or conduct of someone who otherwise looks
       sophisticated or classy, but whose speech or conduct dramatically dishonors
   E. As we talked about in the message on Womanhood, true beauty entails more
       than just nicely arranged physical features, or sophisticated attire; it also
       takes into account her speech, conduct, and demeanor.
   F. Ladies, please understand that inner beauty, that beauty of a meek and quiet
       spirit that pursues the Lord, is just as important as external physical beauty
       if you want to be a genuinely classy lady.
   G. I had a young man tell me one time – there are girls, there are women, and
       there are ladies.
   H. Elegance and sophistication cannot be achieved unless a woman concentrates
       as much on her character and manner as she does on her looks.

Verse 23
   A. Here we see the contrasting wishes of the righteous and the wicked.
   B. The righteous ONLY want good – to everyone and everything around them.
   C. The wicked though, look forward with eager anticipation to the day of wrath
       when their wrathful passions will be gratified upon their adversaries, or
       those they think to be their adversaries.
   D. Brother Roger spoke of sand castles this morning; how that some build kids
       them, and some kids crush them.

   E. Here we see the differing perspectives of the righteous and the wicked.
   F. The righteous person does not wish evil on anyone; he is not looking forward
      with anticipation to the day someone will „get what they deserve‟.
   G. He understands that everyone needs mercy.
   H. Just as he himself needs the mercy of God, those who offend him need his
      mercy, and he is willing to offer it to his offender.
   I. The wicked though, see things quite differently.
   J. He just can‟t wait until his offender gets what‟s coming to him; disregarding
      the fact that he too, needs mercy from God and others.
   K. He has 2 sets of rules: one for himself, and one for others.
   L. He fails to see his own shortcomings, but is quick to point out the
      shortcomings of others, and quick to judge that if someone has sinned and is
      suffering the consequences, he is only getting what he deserves.
   M. The righteous are God‟s lights, lighting the way for those who have fallen to
      the way to recover; lighting the way for those who have fallen on hard times
      to the way to rise above them; and lighting the way for the lost to find the
      Hope of eternal life.

Verses 24, 25 & 28
   A. These 2 verses speak of God‟s law of sewing and reaping, and how it plays
       out in the lives of people.
   B. Verse 24 explains that one who scattereth, seeming to diminish his store of
       reserves, actually increaseth; contrary to what would appear to happen.
   C. On the other hand, one who withholdeth more than is meet (fit, suitable,
       proper), greedily thinking to increase his store of reserves; actually
       experiences the opposite affect; he withholds too much, and by doing so, ends
       up in poverty.
   D. How can these things be?
   E. Don‟t common sense dictate that the more one keeps, the more he will have;
       and the more one scatters, or disperses, the less he will have?
   F. From a mere human perspective that would appear to be the case.
   G. But, God, unwilling to be disregarded by man, has set up a law that produces
       just the opposite affect.
   H. God, being a generous giver, designs that we also be generous givers.
   I. He knows that man left to his sinful nature, will never be willing to sacrifice
       and give unless there is a built in „show and tell‟ principle that teaches him
       that giving pays off, and greed costs.
   J. Thus, God has instituted the law of sowing and reaping.
   K. Let‟s look at it: II Corinthians 9:6 says, “But this I say, He which soweth
       sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall
       reap also bountifully.”
   L. Galatians 6:7 says, “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a
       man soweth, that shall he also reap.”
   M. This law of sowing and reaping forces man to acknowledge that truly God is
       in charge of the affairs of man; for the law of sowing sparingly and reaping

        sparingly, and sowing bountifully and reaping bountifully, is only
        administered by God.
   N.   Therefore we must conclude, that God is involved in the affairs of our day to
        day business, and rewards us according to our generosity, or lack thereof.
   O.   Verse 25 concludes this teaching by focusing on the positive.
   P.   It says that the liberal soul shall be made fat; meaning that God Himself will
        personally be the cause of the generous person being made to increase.
   Q.   God will be the One Who waters those who water others.
   R.   Verse 28 summarizes this spiritual principle.
   S.   But isn‟t this a hard financial principle?
   T.   No! God is interested in developing a generous, sacrificial disposition in us.
   U.   By utilizing something as common as money; and something as tangible as
        our material and financial resources, He makes His will simple to
        understand and easy to follow.
   V.   Verse 28 lets us know that those who are greedily clinging to more than they
        should are trusting in their riches more than in God; and will suffer the
        consequences of that misplaced trust.
   W.   The reverse of the one who trusts in his riches, is one who is righteous;
        informing us that trusting in one‟s wealth, exhibited by greed, is in essence
        wickedness that will be met with the chastisement or judgment of God.

Verse 26
   A. Here we learn that greed also generates ill will from those who are being
       defrauded by the greedy one.
   B. Conversely, those who conduct their business dealings with honor and
       equity will be blessed by the people around them; they will have benefit
       desired, intended, and spoken over them by those with whom they have to

Verse 27
   A. Diligently – def. adv. With steady application and care;
   B. Those who steadily apply themselves with great care to determining what is
       good and doing it, procure (get, gain, obtain) favour – from God and from
       those around them.
   C. Those who give themselves to cultivating mischief in their lives, shall have
       that same mischief they have determined against God and those around
       them, returned to them.

Verse 29
   A. How would you like to gather with the other descendants of a wealthy
        relative; anxiously awaiting as the will is read, to see just what part of his
        wealth has been left to you.
   B. As you sit expectantly, dreaming of the nice things you will be able to
        purchase with your new found windfall, your name is read and these words
        are heard, “John Doe, to you I bequeath only the wind that cooled my face.”
   C. Your time attending the reading would have been a total waste.

   D. What good is something you cannot see, hold, sell, or even control?
   E. This is the inheritance of someone who troubles his own house.
   F. Someone who by his words, disposition, or conduct, troubles his own family,
      will eventually lose that family, and be left with only the wind that cooled
      their faces.
   G. Proverbs 14:1, speaking specifically of the woman, though our scripture in
      Chapter 11 would include male or female, says, “Every wise woman
      buildeth her house: but the foolish plucketh it down with her hands.”
   H. So, lady, or sir, are you building your home; are you blessing and increasing
      the welfare of your family by your words, your attitude, and your actions;
      or, are you destroying your family by your own choices and actions?
   I. The fool who thinks himself smarter than everyone else; especially those
      who faithfully warn him concerning his errors; will one day serve those who
      he considered fools, but who were in reality, wise of heart.

Verse 30
   A. The fruit of the righteous, which which his life and efforts produces, is a tree
       of life: a tree that just continues to produce life…on, and on, and on.
   B. The only eternal tangible thing you can take with you into heaven, is another
   C. Here, we‟re told that “…he that winneth souls is wise.”
   D. We here at PCBC want to be wise individuals; we want to be a wise church.
   E. I like what Brother Roger said this morning about Hands of Hope
       Ministries: though this ministry is a ministry established to meet the tangible
       needs of individuals, our great concern, regardless of the nature of the
       ministry we are involved in, must always be the eternal salvation of men and
       women, boys and girls.
   F. Nothing rises to the level of importance of winning souls: this is the great and
       most pressing goal of this church.
   G. Everything else takes second place to this endeavor.
   H. Everything a Christian does in life; whether at work, at school, in his family,
       in his neighborhood, in his social activities, should be viewed as an
       opportunity to make an impression on someone concerning their eternity.
   I. May we at PCBC ever be alert to opportunities to talk to someone about
       their eternal soul.

Verse 31
   A. In this verse we learn that God recompenses the righteous while they are still
       in this present world.
   B. Certainly, our greatest recompense, or reward, will be when we enter
       eternity and the glorious place Jesus is preparing for us.
   C. But, while we are here in this present world, we can expect to be rewarded
       for our faithfulness to Him and to His word.
   D. We‟re told though, that just as the righteous are rewarded here, the wicked
       and the sinner will be rewarded here much more.

E. In other words, the wicked and the sinner will be rewarded here even more
   so than the righteous are.
F. Righteousness not only pays off in eternity, it pays off here, as well.
G. Likewise, wickedness and sin will not only reap a devastating reward in
   eternity, it will also be rewarded before you reach eternity.
H. So, if you are considering just enjoying yourself until you reach eternity,
   living in sin and wickedness, think again.
I. It won‟t even pay off here!
J. The words ‘shall be recompensed’ indicate it is God Who is doing the
   recompensing, or rewarding; to the righteous, but also to the wicked and the
K. This reward doesn‟t only come as naturally resulting benefits of
   righteousness, or naturally resulting consequences for wickedness and sin; it
   comes as a direct imposition of God.

                                Chapter 12
Verse 1
   A. Here we‟re told that the one loving instruction loveth knowledge.
   B. This means the acquisition of knowledge comes through instruction (1. The
       act of teaching or informing the understanding in that of which it
       was before ignorant; information.).
   C. Instruction includes informing the understanding with information relating
       to the character, attitude, and conduct of the one being instructed.
   D. Instruction provides information that imparts and/or increases knowledge;
       but the purpose of instruction is to impart knowledge that will shape the
       character, attitude, and conduct.
   E. Instruction is not just imparting information for knowledge‟s sake alone; but
       so that the additional knowledge gained will equip the one being instructed to
       do what he is being instructed to do.
   F. Instruction then, would include information and urging particular changes
       or adjustments in lifestyle; which means that reproof would be included.
   G. Instruction teaches what is acceptable to God and what must be done to
       rectify what has been discovered to be in conflict with the will of God.
   H. Therefore, those who hate the reproof that instruction brings, are brutish (a.
       Like a brute or beast; as a brutish form.

       1. Insensible; stupid; as brutish men.

       2. Unfeeling; savage; ferocious; brutal.

       3. Gross; carnal; bestial.

       4. Ignorant; uncivilized; untaught.)

   I. It is by instruction that we learn how to make the necessary corrections and
      adjustments required to realign our lives with the will of God; and that
      improvements and progress in our spiritual growth occurs.
   J. In the great commission in Matthew 28:20, Jesus said that after one is saved
      and baptized, we are to teach “…them to observe all thing whatsoever I have
      commanded you…”
   K. This is what we call the discipling process.
   L. We teach by our verbal instruction; but also by our non-verbal instruction –
      our character, attitudes, and actions being modeled before the new disciple.
   M. This modeling is called mentoring; and is an important communication
      method in the discipling process.

   N. New converts need to know intellectually what the word of God says is
      acceptable, and what it says is unacceptable; but they also need to see it
      demonstrated in practical every day experiences of life.
   O. This way, they are taught by show and tell.

Verse 2
   A. A simple principle is stated here: if you want the Lord‟s favor on you, your
       life, and your work, obey His word.
   B. If you refuse to obey His word, do not expect His favor, for you will not be
       accepted on the basis of your personhood or status.
   C. God‟s acceptance or condemnation of the individual is based solely upon that
       individual‟s willingness to obey the word of God concerning his particular
       situation, i.e. – if he is lost or saved.

Verse 3
   A. Those who think to be established (pp. Set; fixed firmly; founded;) by
       their wicked choices and actions will be disappointed; it will not happen.
   B. Just when they appear to have solidified themselves in the position or thing
       they have wickedly acquired or accomplished, they are uprooted by
       something they usually had never foreseen would occur; something they had
       never counted on happening.
   C. The righteous, though, shall not be moved regardless of what assaults their
   D. The reason for their unmoveableness is the strong, deep root system of
       righteousness that holds them in place even when the storms of life rage hard
       against them.
   E. A strong, tall tree is designed and built by God to withstand incredible gusts
       of wind; yet, it, too, can only stand if it has a strong, deep root system to
       anchor it in place in the midst of stormy winds.
   F. Often, after a tornado or some strong wind, we see footage on TV of trees
       that have not been broken, but that have been uprooted; indicating the
       design of the tree was not the problem, but the weak, shallow root system had
       cost the tree its life.
   G. It is much the same way with people.
   H. Those who dig deep and anchor their root system on the perfect
       righteousness of Jesus Christ need never fear being uprooted by any storm
       that comes.
   I. Ephesians 3:16 – 19 (Read) – How can one be strengthened with might by his
       Spirit in the inner man?
   J. By being rooted and grounded in love.
   K. Verse 19 – How can one know something that passeth, or exceedeth, or is
       beyond knowledge?
   L. One can only know something that is beyond knowledge by experience;
       giving him experiential knowledge, though there is not enough
       comprehension capability in man‟s intellect to wrap his understanding
       around this kind of divine knowledge.

   M. This kind of knowledge is obtained only by being rooted and grounded in
      love, thereby imparting to him, by experience, the knowledge of the love of
      Christ which surpasses his capability to comprehend it with his mind.
   N. By this rooting and grounding in the love of Christ one is made to be filled
      with all the fullness of God.
   O. This is the way the fruit of the Spirit begins to be evident in his life.

Verse 4
   A. Here we transition to the subject of virtuous womanhood.
   B. We‟re told that a virtuous woman is a crown to her husband; she adds 4.
       Honor; splendor; dignity. to him.
   C. The wife that makes ashamed, embarrasses or disgraces her husband, is just
       like cancer of the bones.
   D. The marrow of the bones is the inner part of the bones which form 2. The
       essence; the best part.
   E. So, the wife that makes her husband ashamed, or dishonors him, is like
       rottenness or cancer that eats away and destroys the best part of that man.

Verse 5
   A. The thought life is where the attitudes and actions are formulated.
   B. Those with a righteous heart, a heart that is aligned with the will and word of
       God, always formulates right, good, virtuous attitudes and actions.
   C. The counsels (5. In a bad sense, evil advice or designs; art;
       machination.) of the wicked are deceit; designs of deception, with the
       intent of treachery.

Verse 6
   A. Just as the counsels, or designs, of the wicked are for deception, so the words
       of the wicked are to do harm to the innocent by setting an unsuspected
       ambush for him.
   B. The mouth of the upright will often counteract the determinations of the
       wicked by exposing their evil plots; thereby, effectively defeating their
       diabolical schemes.

Verse 7
   A. Again, we see that the wickedness of the wicked will not bring him success;
       but will instead, bring him ruin.
   B. Also, again we see that the foundation of the righteous will cause him to

Verse 8
   A. Certainly we know that God distinguishes between the wicked and the
        righteous when issuing commendations or expressing His disapproval.
   B. But, men do the same.
   C. Those who act in wisdom will advance; will be promoted, and move higher.

   D.   Those who are perverse, while being extolled by others who are wicked, will
        be despised by those who seek the good of the community of people.

Verse 9
   A. In this verse we find that popularity is not the most important prize.
   B. Popularity ebbs and flows; and those who honor themselves find little virtue
       and benefit from their self-serving promotion of themselves.
   C. It is better to pursue things that are not so fleeting or so volatile as
       popularity; things that provide real benefit, regardless of whether we are
       popular or despised.
   D. There is no greater example of this principle than what we talked about last
   E. We said that our goal should not be to be liked; but to be right, whether we
       are liked for it or not.

Verse 10
   A. What does the word of God say concerning animal rights?
   B. Well, we know how extreme the animal rights activists can be.
   C. However, the word of God does address this important issue.
   D. Here, it says that a righteous man regardeth the life of his beast.
   E. In other words, he considers the feelings and welfare of his animal; being
       careful to treat that animal with kindness and understanding.
   F. To think an animal is capable of understanding more that it is, is to become
       cruel when it does not obey a command one thinks it should.
   G. We must be careful to treat our animals with gentle consideration;
       remembering their limited ability to understand and follow directions.
   H. We must understand how dependent they are on our provision and our
       protection as well.
   I. Wicked people, on the other hand, have little mercy to extend to their
   J. Their tender mercies, it says, are cruel; how much more are their anger and
       hostility cruel.
   K. God carefully regards the way we treat our animals, remembering and
       rewarding us according to the type of treatment we render unto them.

Verse 11
   A. Here we see 2 contrasting approaches to generating income.
   B. On the one hand, we see an industrious person; on who tilleth his land.
   C. This is one who takes advantage of the opportunities God has afforded him
       to generate income for himself and his family.
   D. On the other hand, we see one who approaches generating income by
       attempting to circumvent the system; following vain persons, thinking he can
       get around having to work for his living; thinking rather that he can find a
       way to generate income in a quicker, easier way.
   E. Get rich quick schemes are plentiful.

   F. These usually end up costing those who attempt to generate income by them,
      instead of producing the quick, easy income they think they will.
   G. Proverbs 28:22 says, “He that hasteth to be rich hath an evil eye, and
      considereth not that poverty shall come upon him.”
   H. Review “Gambling” treatise to gain an in-depth understanding of the error
      of gambling.

Verse 12
   A. The wicked desire to be equipped with all the tools, devices, and deceptions
       that evil men use to entrap, to ensnare unsuspecting, unguarded, and
       vulnerable people who they feel can be taken advantage of.
   B. They focus their energy and activities on procuring these tools of their trade
       in order that they might exploit people by them; rather than acquiring skills
       and tools that they might use in investing in people to enhance their lives.
   C. The root of the righteous, on the other hand, provides the means for them to
       absorb character building nutrients that will inevitably result in righteous
       fruit in their lives.
   D. The difference in the wicked and the righteous is what they choose to sink
       the roots of their lives in, and what they invest their time and focus doing.

Verse 13
   A. The wicked thinks to be the master of his own destiny; considering himself to
       be wiser than his victims, and thinking to have covered all the bases to
       protect himself from resulting consequences.
   B. The one thing he fails to take into account though is that God rules in the
       affairs of men.
   C. In Daniel, Chapter 4 King Nebuchadnezzar has dreamed a dream and is
       telling it to Daniel, who he has renamed Belteshazzar, a Babylonian name.
   D. In Verse 17 as he describes his dream, he says this, “This matter is by the
       decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the
       intent that the living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of
   E. So, having overlooked this detail, he miscalculates his ability to control all
       the variables associated with his wicked words, and cluelessly finds himself
       trapped by his own words as God gets actively involved in exposing him and
       turning the tables on him.
   F. The just, on the other hand, will be holpen by the help that God will send his
       way because he has remained faithful, and God will not leave him to fall into
       traps laid by the wicked.
   G. Psalm 112:4a says, “Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness…”

Verse 14
   A. Here we find the Old Testament principle of the New Testament law of
       sowing and reaping.
   B. Galatians 6:7 says, “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a
       man soweth, that shall he also reap.”

   C. This law of sowing and reaping stated in the New Testament is not a new
   D. The same law, though stated just a little differently, was in force in the Old
      Testament as we see in this verse.
   E. Hebrews 13:8 says, “Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, and to day, and for
   F. The Lord has not changed, and as we see here concerning this law of like
      recompense for a man‟s words or actions, neither has his laws and
      principles of living for man.

Verse 15
   A. A fool is unwilling to listen to alternative views or advice; especially if they
       contradict his intentions.
   B. He is always right; regardless of what any one says to the contrary.
   C. A fool can never be corrected, for his pride will not allow him to admit error.
   D. Those who are willing, and even eager, to receive counsel that they might
       have more information so they can have a clearer perspective, are the
       antithesis of fools.
   E. They are wise; for no one knows everything, or can see from every
   F. Thus, any additional light someone else may be able to share on the issue
       being considered adds to the wise man‟s knowledge and provides an
       enhanced volume of information that will aid him in possibly making a
       better decision.

Verse 16
   A. A fool is quickly angered, and immediately reacts in rage without waiting to
       see if he has complete and accurate information.
   B. Therefore, his wrath is presently known.
   C. He is marked as a fool because he reacts so quickly; but also because he is
       unable to control his anger and wrath.
   D. A prudent man keeps himself under control; even in antagonistic situations
       that have produced unwarranted shame, pain, or difficulty.
   E. Therefore, his shame is not exposed for public scrutiny.
   F. Prudent – def. Cautious; circumspect; practically wise; careful of
       the consequences of enterprises, measures or actions;
   G. Prudent, or cautious people look before they leap, so to speak.
   H. They consider the consequences before taking action; which allows them to
       avoid unnecessary negative consequences experienced by those who are
       quick to react.

Verse 17
   A. Here, we are told that he that speaks truth sheweth forth righteousness; in
       other words, reveals the core nature of the one speaking, which is that his
       nature is righteous.

   B. The liar, the false witness, though, reveals the deceit within the core nature
      of the one speaking the lie.
   C. In other words, one‟s words expose the content of his heart.
   D. In Matthew 12:24 Jesus said, “O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil,
      speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth

Verse 18
   A. Here we see the danger of a cruel tongue; and the healing power of the
       tongue of a wise man.
   B. Proverbs 18:21a says, “”Death and life are in the power of the tongue…”
   C. Our tongues can be used as weapons or medicine; we make the choice of
       which one it will be.

Verse 19
   A. Here we see the power of truth; and the durability of the lip that speaks it.
   B. We also see the expendability of falsehood and the tongue that perpetrates it.

Verse 20
   A. Evil imaginations protrude from deceptive hearts.
   B. Imagination – def. 1. Conception; image in the mind; idea. 2.
       Contrivance; scheme formed in the mind; device. 3. Conceit; an
       unsolid or fanciful opinion.
   C. In Genesis, Chapter 6, the condition of human character had deteriorated so
       completely, that God decided to destroy man with a great flood.
   D. In Verse 5, the word of God describes man‟s condition at that time like this,
       “And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that
       every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.”
   E. Evil imaginations, or images of the mind, are formed in the heart of man.
   F. Sadly, the heart is a deceptive place; even to those who think they know their
       own heart.
   G. Jeremiah 17:9 says, “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately
       wicked: who can know it?”
   H. The ability of the heart to deceive is remarkable; and is only revealed by the
       imaginations of wickedness it produces.
   I. Those who choose to counsel peace, or to offer words that make or lend
       peace, find that offering them produces personal peace.
   J. The reason is that God has designed life to only yield peace to man when it is
       lived as He designed it to be.
   K. When we use our minds to devise evil, imagining evil because we allow our
       hearts to be filled with it, we find no peace; for hostility only generates more
       and greater hostility.
   L. But, when we choose, by the act of our will, to become a peacemaker, the
       automatic built-in result will be that that practice will yield peace to the
       peacemaker, as well as to the one, or ones, he has spoken peace to.

   M. Isaiah 57:20 & 21 state it plainly, “But the wicked are like the troubled sea,
      when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.” “There is no peace,
      saith my God, to the wicked.”

Verse 21
   A. Evil has about 3 meanings – the commission of sin, difficulty, and penal evil
   B. This verse does not mean that the just, or righteous, will not experience
       difficulty; for in John 16:33 Jesus said, “These things I have spoken unto
       you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation:
       but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.”
   C. Neither does it mean the just will never sin again after he is saved, for I John
       1:8 & 9, speaking to the Christian, say, “If we say we have no sin, we deceive
       ourselves, and the truth is not in us.” “If we confess our sins, he is faithful
       and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”
   D. The evil spoken of here is penal evil, punishment; meaning that the just,
       those who have been justified from their sin, will not experience punishment
       for their sin, for their punishment was inflicted upon Christ Who withstood
       their punishment for them.
   E. Isaiah 53:5 says, “But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was
       bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and
       with his stripes we are healed.”
   F. This brings us to another issue – the distinction between chastisement and
   G. Here is the distinction:
           (1) Punishment – Any pain or suffering inflicted upon a person for a
               crime or offense for the sole purpose of retribution.
           (2) Chastisement – Any pain or suffering inflicted upon a person for the
               purpose of correcting the continuing error; or preventing another
               error from occurring.
   H. Children of God will never experience penal evil, punishment; but all
       children of God will experience the pain of chastisement.
   I. Hebrews 12:6 says, “For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth
       every son whom he receiveth.”
   J. Verse 8 of Hebrews, Chapter 12 says, “But if ye be without chastisement,
       whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons.”
   K. What we often call punishment from God, for the child of God, is in reality
       not punishment, but chastisement; for it is intended not as a payback, but as
       a corrective measure.
   L. I Corinthians 11:31 & 32 clarify what I‟ve just said, that the lost who die lost
       will experience everlasting punishment; but the child of God will experience
       chastisement, so as not to have to be numbered among those who will
       experience eternal punishment.
   M. They say this, “For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.”
       “But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not
       be condemned with the world.”

   N. So, simply stated, the just, the saved, will never experience penal evil,
   O. They will however, experience chastisement.
   P. Punishment is eternal; but chastisement is confined to this present life.
   Q. Punishment will never end; but chastisement will end when we exit this
      present life, either by rapture or death; if it does not end prior to that.
   R. The wicked, though, will be filled with the mischief he imagined, designed,
      and perpetrated.
   S. This mischief will follow him into eternity where he will experience the
      horror of eternal punishment that can never be escaped.

Verse 22
   A. Our words are important, and God takes note of all of them.
   B. Our words can justify us before God; or, they can condemn us before Him.
   C. In Matthew 12:37 Jesus said, “For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and
       by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
   D. In Matthew 12:34 – 36 Jesus explains the reason words carry so much
       weight, before He gives his concluding statement in Verse 37 that we just
   E. Matthew 12:34 – 36 say this, “O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil,
       speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth
       speaketh.” “A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth
       good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil
       things.” “But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak,
       they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.”
   F. You see, it is from the reservoir of the heart that words emerge.
   G. Thus, we can understand why Jesus said in Verse 37, “For by thy words
       thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.”
   H. Because our words reveal the content of the heart, lying words reveal deceit
       in the heart; and are therefore an abomination to God, because God loves
   I. Likewise, true words reveal an affinity to truth in the heart of those who are
       careful to make sure their words are true; and are therefore a delight to the
       Lord who loves truth.

Verse 23
   A. Is it wrong to reveal the knowledge you have?
   B. Not at the proper time, in the proper way, and for the proper reasons.
   C. A prudent man doesn‟t have to make sure everyone knows he knows all he
   D. In other words, he doesn‟t weigh in on every issue, as if he had to set
       everyone straight on every issue discussed.
   E. He contains his knowledge until there is a need for it to be contributed.
   F. Because one has knowledge does not mean he has to express it continually.

   G. Usually those who utter all their mind, seek to present themselves as superior
      because of their supposed superior level of knowledge; when in fact, they
      expose themselves for the chattering fools they really are.
   H. The hear of fools speak whatever is on their minds.
   I. They, thinking they must have an opinion and that it must be expressed on
      every topic discussed, usually contribute fragmented, incomplete, incoherent,
      and unconnected ideas.
   J. Thinking they are impressing people with their vast body of knowledge, they
      reveal themselves to be the blabbering fools they are.

Verse 24
   A. Prudent – def. Steady in application to business; constant in effort
       or exertion to accomplish what is undertaken; attentive;
       industrious; not idle or negligent;
   B. A prudent man, one who is industrious and faithful to his assigned duties,
       will always increase and be promoted to higher levels.
   C. He takes great care to perform his duties, exercising the highest standards he
       is capable of producing.
   D. Often, when he is excelling, those around him, because of their willful
       negligence in their duties, despise him and criticize or harass him.
   E. But, even in the midst of their persecution for his diligence, he faithfully
       carries our his responsibilities.
   F. He proves through time and tests he is dependable and skillful; and because
       of his superior character, often finds promotions being offered to him.
   G. This infuriates his critics even more; but does not deter him from accepting
       promotions that present him with greater responsibilities, and allow him
       greater opportunities to impact more lives positively.
   H. The slothful, the lazy, on the other hand, while ridiculing and persecuting the
       diligent, find themselves slipping farther and farther down the ladder of
       success, and often end up under the authority of those they have persecuted.

Verse 25
   A. Here we see the importance of offering encouraging and uplifting words.
   B. Heaviness, often caused by negative circumstances, makes a persons heart to
       stoop – to bend low; to hang down, as a weeping willow.
   C. But, when a good word is introduced to the stooping heart, a remarkable
       transformation takes place.
   D. The stooping heart immediately makes a 180* turn; and becomes glad, as the
       heaviness seems to just dissipate with the power of a positive comment.
   E. Haven‟t you been having a bad day, with everything seeming to go wrong,
       when out of nowhere someone speaks a cheerful positive word into your
       discouragement; and an immediate change occurs?
   F. You are then lifted above the circumstances that seem to be dragging you
       down into them.
   G. A good word at a bad time is like a healing balm applied to a putrid sore.

Verse 26
   A. The righteous, being more excellent than his neighbor, is able to rise above
       the opposing or irritating efforts of his neighbor to discourage him.
   B. When his neighbor strikes out at him, with words, ideas, actions, court
       actions, treachery, or just out of frustration because things are going bad for
       him; the righteous is able to rise above these things and not respond in kind.
   C. Instead, he treats him with the same consistent, positive manner he usually
   D. In doing so, his neighbor can see that what drives him, is far different than
       the natural passions that seem to control him, and that are usually driven by
       the circumstances of the moment.
   E. In seeing the difference, often the Spiritually righteous find an opportunity
       to witness about the righteousness they have received from the Lord, and
       offer their neighbor the opportunity to receive it as well.
   F. The wicked though, instead of providing a hopeful model for their neighbor,
       look for ways to seduce them into becoming involved in the same wickedness
       they are involved in.
   G. Instead of becoming a blessing to their neighbor, they become an instrument
       of destruction to him.

Verse 27
   A. Do you notice how lazy people never have anything; or never maintain
        anything in good order.
   B. You could give a slothful or lazy person a Rolls Royce and in a short period
        of time it would look like a dilapidated old rusted out Chevy.
   C. Why?
   D. Because they have no initiative to take care of anything they have,
        regardless of how expensive or important it is.
   E. They have no initiative to better themselves; and when someone feels sorry
        for them and tries to help them to rise above their circumstances, they don‟t
        have enough initiative to seize the opportunity offered them.
   F. They don‟t appreciate what they have, or try to maintain it in good order.
   G. The diligent man though, appreciates what he has, and is careful to take
        good care of it.
   H. A diligent man can take far less than a slothful man, and appear to be much
        more prosperous because of how he carefully maintains it.
   I. An item far inferior and less expensive than what a slothful man may own,
        will last the diligent man far longer, for he takes good care of it.
   J. It all has to do with the state of the heart concerning the substance a person
        is blessed with.
   K. Does one appreciate what he has been blessed with; or, is he unappreciative
        of his material blessings?
   L. The answer will determine whether he is diligent or slothful; and the result
        will be blessing or poverty.

Verse 28
   A. Death is a result of sin.
   B. Death comes to many things and people.
   C. Marriages die; relationships die; businesses die; ministries die; opportunities
       die; privileges die; countries die; people die; all because of unrighteousness.
   D. But, where righteousness reigns, there is no death; only prosperity and
   E. The contrast is stark; and the benefits or consequences clear.
   F. We have many choices in life.
   G. When we choose righteousness as the way we will approach an opportunity,
       we will find that it will always end in life and blessing.
   H. If we choose unrighteousness as the way we will approach an opportunity, we
       can always expect the death of something or someone.
   I. We must be careful to weigh the options when we are presented with a choice
       concerning any given issue.
   J. Once we have considered the options available to us, if we wish life and
       blessing, we must choose righteousness, regardless of how unpopular or
       boring the choice may appear.

                                Chapter 13
Verse 1
   A. God has established the father as the primary trainer of his family, as I have
       preached before.
   B. Ephesians 6:4 says, “And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath:
       but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.”
   C. Our verse here in Proverbs assumes the father is fulfilling that role; that he
       is teaching and training his son according to the principles of scripture.
   D. The wise son, it says, heareth his father‟s instruction; meaning he not only
       listens with his ears, but that he also heeds the instruction given.
   E. The wise son hears with his heart; listening to his father‟s instruction
       intently, desiring to learn what is being taught, to the end he might obey it
       and put it to use in his life.
   F. Scorner – def. A scoffer; a derider; in Scripture, one who scoffs at
       religion, its ordinances and teachers, and who makes a mock of
       sin and the judgments and threatenings of God against sinners.
   G. The scorner, the scoffer, the one who mocks at serious matters, refuses to
       hear, or heed, rebuke.
   H. Proverbs 9:8 says, “Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise
       man, and he will love thee.”
   I. You see, a scorner is often a know-it-all who refuses to listen to good advice,
       especially if it contradicts his actions or intentions.
   J. A wise man is one given to wisdom, and appreciates any wisdom he can
       garner, even if it means he must be corrected.
   K. The quality that determines if one will become wise or foolish, is his
       willingness to accept instruction and rebuke.

Verse 2
   A. Proverbs 10:21a says, “The lips of the righteous feed many…”
   B. In other words, as we have learned in Matthew 12:34, “…out of the
       abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.”
   C. Thus, the righteous man that feeds others with his mouth out of the good
       treasure he has laid up in his heart, will by the same words eat good himself.
   D. Luke 6:38 says, “Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed
       down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your
       bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured
       to you again.”
   E. So, God repays us according to the way we distribute our resources.
   F. The same is true with our words.

   G. The soul of the transgressors shall receive, or eat, the violence they intend
      and perpetrate upon others; for, again, it is returned to them like the good
      words are repaid to those who issue them.

Verse 3
   A. The principle stated in this verse applies in many ways.
   B. One who cannot keep his mouth shut will inevitably set a trap for himself
       and be caught in it.
   C. He can generate destruction for himself by starting something he cannot stop
       or clean up.
   D. James 3:5 & 6 say, “Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great
       things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!” “And the tongue is
       a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it
       defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set
       on fire of hell.”
   E. Another way to set yourself a trap with your mouth is to promise something
       out of haste that will entrap you and bring damage to you.
   F. Proverbs 6:1 & 2 say, “My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, if thou has
       stricken thy hand with a stranger,” “Thou art snared with the words of thy
       mouth, thou art taken with the words of thy mouth.”
   G. Ecclesiastes 5:4 & 5 say, “When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to
       pay it; for he hath no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed.”
       “Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and
       not pay.”
   H. Another way to bring damage to yourself is to disclose private information
       you have been entrusted with.
   I. Proverbs 11:13 says, “A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a
       faithful spirit concealeth the matter.”
   J. Proverbs 20:19 says, “He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets:
       therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips.”
   K. Proverbs 18:8 says, “The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go
       down into the innermost parts of the belly.”
   L. A talebearer‟s wounds are deep wounds indeed.
   M. So, as you can see, there are many ways a person can let his mouth get him
       into trouble; and many ways he can cause trouble for others with his mouth.
   N. The wise person will learn to keep his mouth shut; and open it only when it is
       helpful to do so.

Verse 4
   A. The sluggard, one who is lazy and sluggish, has the same desires that others
       have; but their desires go unfulfilled because they are unwilling to do
       anything to produce the resources necessary to meet their desires.
   B. They are consumers, but rarely, or never, producers.
   C. Those who are diligent, on the other hand, work hard and have the blessing
       of God added to their work, so that they are able to procure their needs and
       desires because of their efforts and God‟s blessings.

   D. The sluggard, the lazy person, always finds an excuse not to do what he
      knows he is responsible to do; no matter how lame that excuse may be.
   E. Proverbs 22:13 lists one of these lame excuses. It says, “The slothful man
      saith, There is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.”
   F. Proverbs 21:25 & 26a say, “The desire of the slothful killeth him; for his
      hands refuse to labour.” “He coveteth greedily all the day long…”
   G. The pronounced contrast between the sluggard, or lazy man, and the diligent
      man is clearly portrayed here.

Verse 5
   A. Here, we see the difference between the nature of the righteous man and the
       wicked man.
   B. The very nature of a righteous man is to despise falsehood; but the nature of
       the wicked man is loathsome (disgusting, detestable), and will bring him to
       open shame; shame that others will witness; all because of the wicked nature
       that guides his life.

Verse 6
   A. Here we see that righteousness, a commitment to right living, living a
        principled life directed by the precepts laid out in scripture, acts as a guide
        to steer us and keep us in the way.
   B. The word of God is that steering wheel; which, if a man commit to following
        its prescriptions, will keep him in the way.
   C. II Timothy 3:16, that I often quote, describes the steering mechanism of the
        word of God, “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable
        for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.”
   D. Righteousness then, a commitment to following these guidelines, allows us
        to be steered, whether we are going the correct way or are turning aside, so
        that we always safely end up moving in the right direction, on the right
   E. Wickedness, though, is a prescription for disaster; for it will overthrow the
   F. It will be his downfall; for sin must be supported on all sides in order to
        prop up a dishonest way, and when it is exposed and reaches its conclusion,
        that conclusion is always damage and destruction.

Verse 7
   A. Remember Luke 6:38, “Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure,
       pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into
       your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be
       measured to you again.”
   B. Making ourselves rich at the expense of others, or at the expense of violating
       the principles of scripture, is a sure prescription for financial ruin.
   C. God oversees our personal economies.
   D. When we operate according to the principles of scripture, his blessing is
       added to our acts.

   E. But, when we operate our financial lives by violating scripture, he makes
      sure what we do will not prosper.
   F. He is the overseer of our financial lives, and when we think ourselves to be
      the masters of our own destinies concerning our finances, we fool ourselves
      and bring financial poverty upon ourselves.
   G. Proverbs 11:24 says, “There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and there
      is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty.”
   H. Proverbs 11:25 says, “The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that
      watereth shall be watered also himself.”
   I. Here, again, we see the hand of God intervening to impose His will in our
      financial lives.
   J. This is the problem with gambling; 3 problems that play into this scenario:
          (1) The difference between investment and scheme
          (2) The difference between trusting God and trusting luck or our own
          (3) The difference between profiting with others and profiting from others
   K. Much is said in scripture about money and the way we handle it.
   L. God is generous by nature, and expects those who name His name to be the
   M. When we operate by the principle of generosity, and putting others before
      ourselves, He blesses our finances.
   N. This doesn‟t mean we will not experience financial difficulties; but it does
      mean God will work in our difficulties to make a way for us.
   O. Psalm 112:4a says, “Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness…”
   P. So, though the generous person experiences financial difficulties, these
      difficulties are not his financial undoing; for God will cause a way to emerge
      in the midst of his difficulties.
   Q. The covetous hoarder though, will not be delivered from the financial
      reversals he encounters.
   R. God will use his deficits to teach him the importance of ministering to those
      in need; for he will experience acute need himself, and will be able to relate
      to their plight.

Verse 8
   A. “The ransom of a man‟s life are his riches…” has a number of implications.
   B. First, the apparent indication is that, naturally speaking, those of wealth
       have means to redeem themselves when threatened with harm by man, by
       hunger, or by ill health.
   C. Another indication is that riches attract the attention of thieves and robbers,
       and one‟s riches serve only to redeem, or purchase, his life from destruction.
   D. The counter to this indication is that had he not had riches, he would not
       have been a target of robbers to begin with.
   E. “…the poor heareth not rebuke.” Also has a couple of implications.
   F. First, the poor are poor and remain so because they refuse to heed rebuke
       when the rebuke would alert them to the cause of their poverty, affording
       them an opportunity to escape it.

   G. But also, there is the implication that because of their poverty, the poor will
      not experience the rebuke of those who target wealthier individuals for
      exploitation to steal their wealth.
   H. The poor will not hear this type of rebuke.
   I. Neither will the poor in spirit hear the rebuke that often accompanies great
      natural wealth, for that wealth causes me often to err from the way of
      righteousness and invites the rebuke of God for doing so.
   J. Neither will the poor is spirit hear the rebuke of God in eternity, for instead
      of material goods, he has made his God his strong tower and source of

Verse 9
   A. A light is fueled by its source.
   B. The light of the righteous, fueled by righteousness that remains and cannot
       be extinguished, has an eternal source of power that will not allow the light of
       the righteous to ever be extinguished; but will instead be an eternal source of
   C. Hebrews 12:11, talking about chastening, says that it does not seem to be
       joyous in the present, but that “…afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of
   D. In John 15:16, Jesus said, “Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you,
       and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit
       should remain…”
   E. So, the fruit of righteousness is the kind of fruit the life produces that
       remains forever, and is a constant, never-ending source of light that brings
       continual rejoicing to those whose lives produce it.
   F. The lamp of the wicked is altogether different; for it will be put out,
   G. Remember, a light is fueled by its source; so the lamp producing the light of
       the wicked is wickedness; and wickedness will have an end.
   H. Therefore, the lamp of the wicked will experience an end; it will be

Verse 10
   A. ONLY by pride cometh contention…
   B. This is a very clear and direct statement concerning the source of contention.
   C. Contention – def. 1. Strife; struggle; 2. Strife in words or debate; quarrel; angry
       contest; controversy.
   D. The source of ALL contention (strife, struggle, quarrel) is pride.
   E. It is ALWAYS someone‟s pride that refuses to be appeased; or that causes
       him to be unwilling to relent; and because of this, contention is spawned.
   F. Proverbs 22:10 says, “Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea,
       strife and reproach shall cease.”
   G. The way, then, to eliminate contention is to remove the source of that
       contention, the scorner with the prideful heart.

   H. Until he is removed, the contention and strife and reproach will continue; for
      it is his pride that generates the scorning that fuels the contention.
   I. Pride prevents the prideful from accepting advice or reproof; for no one is
      going to tell him what to do.
   J. But, those who are wise, are well advised; are willing to accept advice,
      reproof, correction, and instruction.
   K. Therefore, their willingness to hear advise, especially from scripture,
      develops them into wise individuals who are willing to submit, to relent, to
      accept what is right, even if it means acquiescing to someone else‟s idea or
   L. Thus, those who receive advice are well advised, and have wisdom.

Verse 11
   A. Wealth acquired by vanity (n. L. vanitas, from vanus, vain. 1.
        Emptiness;) shall be diminished.
   B. The words „shall be diminished‟ indicate there will be an outside force
        acting to assure that wealth obtained by vain means will be reduced.
   C. Wealth gotten by vanity would include:
          (1) by illegal or immoral means – such as theft, drug sales, or
          (2) by circumventing God‟s plan of working for money – such as
          (3) such as by excessive borrowing
          (4) such as withholding the tithe from God to increase your personal net
          (5) such as using the ministry as a means of gaining excessive wealth
          (6) such as gaining wealth by consulting evil spirits
          (7) Do you have others?
   D. Let‟s read Proverbs 20:21.
   E. Here, we find that trying to get money more quickly than just working to
        produce a consistent stream of income, may seem to have allowed us to
        circumvent God‟s system; but when all is said and done, we will have in
        reality done so to our own loss.
   F. The opposite side of this coin states that “…he that gathereth by labour
        shall increase.”
   G. When we simply follow God‟s prescription of generating income, we will
        find that He will prosper our efforts.

Verse 12
   A. Here we find that when we hope for something, and the realization of that
       hope is delayed, it serves to sicken our hearts; to make us disappointed,
       discouraged, and depressed.
   B. But, when the hope is finally realized, it serves to resurrect the life that was
       sapped by the unfulfilled desire.
   C. There are many ways we could approach this issue; but the one I‟d like to
       explore is this:

   D. When someone lacks the resources, knowledge, or opportunity to realize his
      life‟s dream; and someone comes along who will take interest in that person,
      and help him by providing the resources or training; or by helping connect
      him to the opportunity necessary to fulfill his dream; that person becomes
      an instrument to infuse life and rejoicing into a life where there once only
      existed hopelessness.
   E. You and I have that privilege; to become difference makers, life givers,
      rejoicing infusers, to people who have no hope otherwise of fulfilling their
      life‟s calling.
   F. You and I have seen how God can take a little mountain church that, to the
      rest of the world, is a non issue; and provide the resources and opportunity
      that makes that tiny church a major player on the world scene.
   G. He can do the same in the life of an individual.
   H. But, just like the little church, He uses individuals who envision a greater
      purpose for that individual than just to help them survive to another day;
      individuals that pursue that vision to the degree they invest themselves in
      being God‟s instruments to fulfill it.
   I. When we take such interest in someone‟s life; someone who would otherwise
      end up being a nobody; we can become the difference maker that God uses
      to connect him to the means necessary for him to fulfill his God-given
      calling; and we can be the instrument that launches him higher than even he
      would ever have dreamed he could go.
   J. Don‟t you want to become someone‟s launcher; to launch an otherwise
      forgotten, and insignificant life into a realm larger than life?
   K. Hope deferred is a heart-sickening experience; but when someone comes
      along that is the instrument of hope, life revives, and, like the growth of a
      tree, expansion occurs!

Verse 13
   A. In this verse we see the importance of God‟s word to our survival.
   B. First, from a practical perspective, God specifies what will keep us safe, give
       us a sure path, and cause us to prosper along our way.
   C. He also warns of what will cause damage to us; and what will even destroy
   D. Those who heed the word, have a sure guide to protect and prosper them.
   E. Those however, who refuse the instruction of scripture, have chosen a path of
       foolish and reckless living that will eventually end in destruction; because
       they have disregarded the advice of the One Who knows how to do life.
   F. Second, God honors His word by blessing those who honor it as well.
   G. Those who dishonor and disregard His word, will feel the sting of His
       judgment for doing so.
   H. So, as in many other things, there is a natural and a spiritual protection
       afforded those who regard the word of God; but there is a natural and a
       spiritual danger for those who disregard it.

Verse 14

   A. Let me give you a sister verse in the New Testament.
   B. Romans 8:2 says, “For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made
      me free from the law of sin and death.”
   C. The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus, to those who are wise enough to
      receive it by receiving Jesus Christ into their lives, “…shall be in him a well
      of water springing up into everlasting life.” (John 4:14b)
   D. He then, shall not taste death, “…but is passed from death unto life.” (John

Verse 15
   A. A good understanding in natural and civil matters gives a man favour among
       men; and a good understanding in divine and spiritual matters gives a man
       favour in the sight of God.
   B. Convexly, those who practice transgression walk a hard way among men; for
       no man trusts or favours them; and they also walk a hard way before God,
       for His chastisement is upon them, as well as the guilt of their transgressions
       that pursue them, and are ever there to remind them of the judgment of God
       that looms over them.

Verse 16
   A. Prudent - Cautious; circumspect; practically wise; careful of the
       consequences of enterprises, measures or actions;
   B. One who is cautious, or practically wise, deals with knowledge; or according
       to the appropriate manner given the circumstances that exist.
   C. He is cautious, acting carefully, considering the consequences of his actions
       before proceeding.
   D. Therefore, he makes wise, well thought through decisions, and in so doing,
       protects himself from foolish and dangerous choices and actions.
   E. One who is a fool, on the other hand, throws caution to the wind, and acts
       according to present impulses, not giving adequate consideration to the
       consequences of his actions.
   F. Consequently, he often makes very foolish and damaging decisions; and
       takes unnecessary risks, exposing himself to avoidable damage.
   G. Prudence is the way of safety; impulse is the way of regret.

Verse 17
   A. A wicked messenger can be so in a number of ways:
           (1) By the message he carries – carrying messages or tales of false
               accusation, or of discouragement
           (2) By falsifying the message – by lying to the one he takes the message to
           (3) By giving a true message, but one that he knows will damage the one
               to whom the message is given, or the one the message is about
   B. Wicked messengers think themselves to be crafty and sneaky; and to be
       beyond the reach of the consequences of their actions; often even justifying
       their wickedness by thinking or saying the damaged party deserved the
       damage they have inflicted, because of his/her actions.

   C. These wicked messengers forget that there is a God in Heaven that holds
      them accountable for their actions and words.
   D. He it is Who will allow them to fall into the pit they have digged for someone
   E. A faithful representative, though, is health to the one who sends him; and to
      the one to whom he is sent; for he will deliver the correct message for the
      right purpose.
   F. In doing so, his message will bless the life of the one to whom it is sent, even if
      it is a message of reproof; for the good purpose of repentance will be his
   G. Also, he will bless the life of the one who sent him, for he will be faithful to
      deliver the message as given, without adding to, or subtracting from it; and
      will present it in the way and for the means purposed, so that the sender of
      the message will be appropriately represented in the communicating of his
   H. What kind of messenger are you?

Verse 18
   A. There are 2 areas where danger lurks for those who refuse instruction –
       economic and social.
   B. The know-it-alls expose themselves to economic damage.
   C. Refusing to listen to Biblical advice, they surge on ahead with their self-
       devised plans, often driven by selfish, greedy, covetous motives, ignoring
       sound Biblical guidelines, and reap for themselves the consequences of
       violating scriptural principles.
   D. Thinking themselves to be more crafty than those who patiently wait for the
       Lord‟s supply, and than those who give generously from the Lord‟s supply,
       their covetous, greedy practices generate the negative consequences scripture
       tries to warn them about.
   E. The know-it-alls also expose themselves to social rejection.
   F. Attempting to circumvent scripture‟s instructions to gain the respect of
       others, they fail to take into account that God‟s plans always work, and that
       His warnings are given to protect from damaging consequences.
   G. The choices they have made and the actions they have taken to bring honor
       to themselves, when everything plays out, instead, brings the shame they
       thought they could avoid.
   H. Godly, reproof, if followed, is invaluable; for it redirects the erring one from
       the way that will result in his damage; and steers him onto the course that
       will lead to his enlargement and success.
   I. Many offer reproof; but only those who offer Biblically accurate reproof are
       to be regarded.
   J. For example, people will continually find reasons to reprove you; usually
       because they think themselves to be wiser than you.
   K. Sometimes they have good intentions, but are simply wrong in their
       evaluation or their advice.

   L. Sometimes, though, they simply want to feel or appear superior to you, and
      so offer reproof for impure motives.
   M. All reproof should be considered upon its merits, examining it in the light of
      rightly divided scripture.
   N. If it is not scripturally sound, it should be disregarded.
   O. If it is scripturally sound, regardless of the motive for it being offered, it
      should be regarded.
   P. It is the reproof that needs to be evaluated; not the motive.
   Q. Even when the motive is wrong, if the reproof is Biblically sound, you would
      be wise to heed it.

Verse 19
   A. Regardless of what your desire is, when it is realized, there is a sweet sense of
   B. Many desires though, can only be accomplished by relinquishing your sin so
       God can get involved in your situation and bring your desire to pass.
   C. Fools desire the same things wise people desire – peace, joy, pleasure, a sense
       of purpose, a sense of accomplishment, love, belonging, etc.
   D. The problem with fools though, is that they love their sin so much they refuse
       to give it up, even when it costs them the achievement of their goals.
   E. They foolishly and wickedly cling to their sin, searching desperately to find a
       way to accomplish their desire without having to surrender their sin.
   F. They never listen to sound advice, or learn lessons from their persistent
   G. The definition of a fool is someone who keeps doing the same thing but
       expects different results.
   H. Fools keep failing to achieve their goals because of their sin; but never learn,
       or accept the fact that accomplishing what they want to accomplish will only
       be possible when they abandon their sin.

Verse 20
   A. Here is one of the most important life lessons you can teach your kids; a
       lesson that hopefully will last their entire life.
   B. The friends we choose; the associations we get involved in; determine our
       success or failure in life.
   C. The power of influence is great.
   D. We are often influenced even when we don‟t realize we are; and often even
       when we think we are refusing to be.
   E. Influence is subtle; it makes its mark; often unnoticed.
   F. The mark of influence is often not recognized until it is too late for someone
       who has been influenced by the wrong inspiration.
   G. The mark of influence often goes unnoticed in the life of the one who has
       been rightly influenced, until his advancement can be linked to his former
   H. This truth underscores the importance of learning to differentiate between
       wise men and foolish men.

   I.   How do we distinguish between a wise companion and a foolish one?
   J.   Some of what we have already learned helps us in making this
   K.   Fools disregard scripture, advice, and reproof.
   L.   In short, they are prideful, arrogant, and think they know more than
        everyone else.
   M.   One who is humble, meek, obedient to scripture, careful in decision making,
        and who fears God is a good choice for a friend.
   N.   The choice of our associations also speak loudly of the nature of our
        character; for one who is wise will select wise people to associate with; while
        those who are foolish will select those of their own persuasion to link
        themselves to.
   O.   Again, the lesson – the friends we choose; the associations we get involved in;
        determine our success or failure in life.
   P.   Let us everyone be careful to walk with wise men.

Verse 21
   A. Those who pursue the evil of sin shall themselves be pursued by the evil of
   B. Though they think themselves to be beyond the reach of sin‟s consequences,
       they shall find out soon enough that sin‟s conclusion cannot be avoided.
   C. Other scriptures support this fact.
   D. Numbers 32:23b says, “…be sure your sin will find you out.”
   E. Galatians 6:7 says, “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a
       man soweth, that shall he also reap.”
   F. God has instituted a system, a law of cause and effect.
   G. Simply stated, it is the law of sowing and reaping that we have talked about
       so often.
   H. The problem man often runs into is that he expects to reap immediately after
       he has sinned.
   I. When he does not, he then is emboldened to sin yet the more; and often
       continues to do so until the consequences, the harvest of his sin, is reaped.
   J. This reality is clearly stated in Ecclesiastes 8:11, “Because sentence against
       an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men
       is fully set in them to do evil.”
   K. The same law of sowing and reaping that yields a harvest of punishment to
       the sinner, works in the same way to the righteous.
   L. The fruits of his righteousness pursue him, and will eventually overtake him.
   M. While the benefits of righteousness, or the consequences of sin may come
       immediately, more often than not they follow at a distance; but each will
       overtake the one who practices either sin or righteousness in due time.
   N. I Timothy 5:24 & 25 put it like this, “Some men‟s sins are open beforehand,
       going before to judgment, and some men they follow after.” “Likewise also
       the good works of some are manifest beforehand, and they that are otherwise
       cannot be hid.”

Verse 22
   A. A good man‟s inheritance cannot be measured only in dollars and cents, in
       houses and lands, or in businesses and kingdoms.
   B. For these all are subject to theft or losses of other kinds; or the foolish
       choices of the children; possibly not leaving anything to the man‟s
   C. Psalm 39:6 says, “Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are
       disquieted in vain: he heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather
   D. Ecclesiastes 2:18 – 19 say, “Yea, I hated all my labour which I ahd taken
       under the sun: because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.”
       “And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall he
       have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured, and wherein I have
       shewed myself wise under the sun. This is also vanity.”
   E. But those treasures that are those of character and wisdom, and the
       treasures of the word of God taught; are so firmly implanted in the lives of
       his children, that they can but pass them on to their posterity, also.
   F. Thus, a good man it is said, and not a rich man, “…leaveth an inheritance to
       his children‟s children…”
   G. A seemingly unconnected principle in the latter part of the verse, but one
       that God has in fact connected, is that those who accumulate their wealth by
       wicked devices, do so for the benefit of the posterity of those just men they
       have defrauded.
   H. God makes this happen; so that those who seem to profit from wickedness
       really only serve those they have stolen from.

Verse 23
   A. Even a poor man who properly and timely prepares his land, sows his seed,
       cultivates his plants, and harvests his crops when it is time, provides
       plentifully for his family; for their present food needs and seed to plant next
       year‟s crops.
   B. Wisdom and diligence with what we have been given can make a man
       prosperous; even in what appears to be poverty stricken conditions.
   C. But, even when one owns much property, has many resources with which to
       grow his crops, has many servants to do his work, and has revenue to pay his
       hired help; if he is foolish, lazy, defrauding those employed by him, or
       untimely in his plans, he can be impoverished despite his abundance of
       available resources.

Verse 24
   A. Here is an extremely important principle of child rearing.
   B. Sparing the rod, thinking to be kind and understanding, when a child is
       rebelling, is the folly of wicked parents.
   C. The parent who refuses to discipline his child, who is stubborn and
       rebellious, in fact, hates his child; for he is teaching him by his refusal to
       discipline him that his actions produce no consequences.

   D. Consequentially, the child will eventually destroy himself, thinking he will
      not be subject to consequences for his actions because of his parent‟s refusal
      to accept responsibility to discipline him.
   E. The young rebel all too soon grows into an adult rebel; and the life of a
      stubborn rebel is a downward spiral to destruction.
   F. Early intervention will spare a child this fate.
   G. If you love your child, you will chasten him betimes (early).
   H. Proverbs 19:18 warns us to chasten our son while there is hope; informing us
      that there is only a window of time when chastening will be effective in your
      child‟s life.
   I. Most of us have seen children who have not been chastened, and who have
      become teenage delinquents as a result of his parent‟s negligence.
   J. Proverbs 29:15 says, “The rod and reproof give wisdom: but a child left to
      himself bringeth his mother to shame.”
   K. How often do we see a mother crying out “Why have you done this to me,
   L. Too often, it is because she left him to himself instead of correcting him while
      there was still hope.
   M. Consequently, the window of opportunity to shape his character and his life
      has closed; leaving an undisciplined, uncontrollable son (or daughter) whose
      lot in life seems to be to find ways to break his mother‟s heart.
   N. Sad to say, too often acts of rebellion and disrespect are dismissed,
      overlooked, or simply neglected.
   O. Some parents even support their children when their children are in the
      wrong, instead of correcting and disciplining them.
   P. These parents then are surprised when their child begins to wreck havoc on a
      much larges scale when he grows up.
   Q. When a child shows disrespect for his parents, or for other people, discipline
      should come swift and stiff.
   R. Things are much different, though, for the parent who recognizes his child‟s
      rebellion and sets himself (or herself) to rid the little guy of it.
   S. Proverbs 29:17 says, “Correct thy son, and he shall give thee rest; yea, he
      shall give delight unto thy soul.”
   T. Proverbs 23:13 & 14 say, “Withhold not correction from the child: for if thou
      beatest him with the rod, he shall not die.” “Thou shalt beat him with the
      rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell.”
   U. A stinging behind may prevent an eternity in hell.
   V. Is chastisement worth it? The choice is yours‟ parents.

Verse 25
   A. The righteous eats and is satisfied because he eats in peace.
   B. The belly of the wicked cannot be satisfied, for he has no peace.
   C. Ecclesiastes 5:12 says, “The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat
       little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.”
   D. Notice what our verse in Proverbs says; the righteous eateth to the satisfying
       of his soul; not his stomach.

E. The emphasis of the righteous is on thankfulness for what he has been given;
   whether it is little or much.
F. But the abundance of the rich who covet all the day long will not allow him to
   relax; he has to be on guard at all times to insure the security of his
G. We can conclude then, that satisfaction in eating, or in anything else for that
   matter, is derived from the disposition of the heart; not from the amount of
   food in the stomach.

                               Chapter 14
Verse 1
   A. Notice the word every.
   B. This indicates that there is not one wise woman who does not build her
   C. Every single woman who is wise builds her house.
   D. She is wise because she follows God‟s prescribed principles and methods in
       dealing with her children and her husband; and in handling her business.
   E. That is, she enhances, increases, improves, and enables those of her
       household, including her husband and children.
   F. A wise woman can make a mediocre man much better than anyone would
       ever have expected him to be by her encouragement, assistance, and support.
   G. She raises her kids according to the principles and guidelines in the word of
   H. She conducts her business according to Biblical principles.
   I. She is kind to strangers, and discreet with her words; so that all who are the
       subject of her words are made better, and none who are the subject of her
       words are diminished.
   J. She is a comfort to her family inside her home; and a credit to her family
       outside her home.
   K. A foolish woman, on the other hand, is just the opposite.
   L. She is a discomfort inside her home; and a discredit outside her home.
   M. She is big-mouthed, often quarrelsome, dissatisfied, self-centered, prideful,
       craving attention, a waster; some are lazy, disorganized, expecting that her
       husband, her children, and others around her attend to her.
   N. She is one who in many and varied ways is a drag on her husband, a
       discomfort to her children, and an embarrassment to her family and friends.
   O. It is as if she is bent on destroying anything and everything her husband,
       children, or friends attempt to build.
   P. Sadly, but justly, she will reap the reward of her own wicked ways; and who
       will come to her aid when she falls?
   Q. She has isolated her husband, distanced her children, and offended her
       friends and neighbors.
   R. The wise woman, though, will have her children rise up and call her blessed.
   S. Review the qualities of a Godly woman in Proverbs 31:10 – 31.

Verse 2
   A. If we fear the Lord, that fear is demonstrated by walking uprightly –
        morally, decently, honestly, respectably.
   B. But, we can identify those who despise the Lord by their perverseness.
   C. Perverse means – wicked, vicious, stubborn, headstrong, willful,
        disobedient, rebellious, unreasonable, difficult.

   D. Our walk, meaning our manner of life, exhibits our attitude toward God.

Verse 3
   A. A rod or stick or branch grows from a root.
   B. Here the rod is pride; therefore, the root from which it has sprung up is
   C. This rod of pride most often expresses and exposes itself by our words; for
       the foolish display their foolish pride through their mouth.
   D. Another application of this truth is that a rod or stick of pride causes the
       foolish to smite with their words at will; without discretion and without
   E. He/she enjoys the damaging blows to others, thinking these blows of words
       make him/her a larger person in the eyes of those being spoken to.
   F. Soon enough, though, the rod that smote the innocent, becomes a rod that
       smites back; building a trap that entraps the one who wields it.
   G. “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that
       shall he also reap.”
   H. The lips of the wise preserve them; for they are discreet in their mutterings;
       not laying for themselves a trap as does the foolish one who smites with the
       rod, unwittingly setting himself/herself up for an embarrassing confrontation
       of the foolish words they have unleashed.

Verse 4
   A. The ox is the labourer that labors tirelessly and unrelentingly in the course of
       his duties.
   B. It is by the hard labour of the oxen that fields are plowed, sowed, cultivated,
       and reaped.
   C. The ox cannot make the crops grow; he cannot make the rains come to water
       the crops; he cannot keep drought away.
   D. But he can work the fields in the way ascribed to him; and then must depend
       upon the Master of the fields to produce the increase.
   E. See I Corinthians 9:7 – 11, & 14.
   F. In these verses, especially verse 9, Paul compares oxen to ministers of the
   G. So, with this comparison, we see that where there are no ministers of the
       gospel, the crib (the church) is empty.
   H. While those who share the gospel cannot save anyone; while they cannot
       cause the word of God to be effectual; while they cannot force an affirmative
       response in the heart of one into whom the gospel has been sowed; they can
       and must work the field they have been given to work, in the way God has
       called them to.
   I. Then, depending upon the word of God accomplishing what it has promised,
       and God to give the increase, they bring in the harvest as God adds to the
       church such as should be saved.
   J. The last part of Proverbs 14:4 says, “…but much increase is by the strength
       of the ox.”

   K. Using the comparison of the ox and the minister, here we see that when
      ministers of the gospel labour in the field in which they are placed, God is
      faithful to add His blessing to the field, and much fruit is produced by their
   L. In Matthew 9:37 Jesus said, “…The harvest truly is plenteous, but the
      laboureres are few;”

Verse 5
   A. Here we see the difference between the faithful witness and the false witness.
   B. The difference is simply their commitment, or lack of it, to truth.
   C. A faithful witness will not lie; even when he is under pressure to mislead, a
       faithful witness can still be counted on to speak truth.
   D. Truth is often not popular because it is not what an offender wants to hear;
       but regardless of its popularity, or lack thereof, a faithful witness is
       committed to speaking truly.
   E. A false witness, one who is not trustworthy, will adjust his story to
       accommodate the circumstances.
   F. When looking for someone who can be entrusted with responsibility, one of
       the most important traits to look for is faithfulness, or truthfulness.
   G. Because if someone will lie for you, they will lie against you.
   H. If they will lie to you, they will lie about you.
   I. Honesty builds credibility; and credibility builds confidence.
   J. A man with less skill but who has credibility is more likely to be entrusted
       with resources, responsibility, and respect, than one who is more skilled, but
       whose credibility is suspect.

Verse 6
   A. Scorner – def. A scoffer; a derider; in Scripture, one who scoffs at
       religion, its ordinances and teachers, and who makes a mock of
       sin and the judgments and threatenings of God against sinners.
   B. Here, we learn that one who scoffs and mocks, even when he seeks wisdom, is
       unable to grasp it.
   C. The depravity in the heart of a scorner prevents him from comprehending
       wisdom when it is well within his reach.
   D. Good judgment comes with welcoming God‟s judgment.
   E. When one rejects the judgment of God, meaning the word of God, even to
       the point of mocking and scoffing at it, this establishes a barrier that keeps
       him from God‟s wisdom.
   F. Therefore, a scorner will often appear to be a fool when wisdom is all around
       him, for he is detached from it because of his rejection of God and His truth.
   G. But, one who accepts and appreciates God‟s righteous judgments, found in
       His Holy word, will have no problem understanding the knowledge that is so
       apparent and accessible to him.

Verse 7
   A. This is a simple directive, a command.

   B. When we perceive that a man is foolish, and that he speaks foolishness,
      falsehood, or detrimental words, we are simply to get away from him.
   C. You‟ve heard me say that there are some people I don‟t like being around
      and that I avoid.
   D. Here is scripture for that.
   E. If someone is always negative, always having something bad to say, you just
      need to avoid having conversations with them.
   F. If someone is trying to garner support for something that is out of the will of
      God, just get away from them
   G. If someone acts as an authority on something that he knows nothing about,
      get away from him.
   H. If someone never wants to talk seriously about serious things, avoid him.
   I. If we will follow this simple, straight up command, we will avoid getting
      involved in many foolish and hurtful situations.

Verse 8
   A. Prudent – def. Cautious; circumspect; practically wise; careful of
        the consequences of enterprises, measures or actions;
   B. A person who is prudent, is wise because he takes time and effort to
        understand his way before proceeding.
   C. He is cautious and practical; so that he avoids taking foolish chances that
        could bring him damage.
   D. His caution, his care, his foresight, is his wisdom; for they preserve him from
        subtle or hidden danger.
   E. Folly – def. Weakness of intellect; imbecility of mind. want of
   F. A fool‟s weakness of mind is deceit.
   G. The fool uses deceit to manipulate others into following his wishes.
   H. The fool, however, deceives himself, too.
   I. His folly is not only his deception of others; but also his self-deception.
   J. He thinks he is not subject to the laws and principles of God.
   K. He thinks that if he violates God‟s plain commands, he will not suffer the
        consequences; but is deceived because all men are subject to the laws of God.
   L. “…for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.” (Galatians 6:7b)
   M. The fool deceives himself into thinking that he can achieve his goals without
        having to operate according to the will of God.
   N. Thus, what he had intended to avoid, he suffers; and what he had intended
        to accomplish, he fails in.

Verse 9
   A. People who make a mock at sin are fools.
   B. They act as if sin is sport.
   C. Proverbs 10:23a says, “It is as sport to a fool to do mischief…”
   D. They do not take sin seriously, and therefore are bold in their disobedience,
       until the repercussions catch up to them, and they fall by their own foolish

   E. Fools enjoy the damage they perpetrate upon others.
   F. Therefore, they are hated because of their cold disregard for the welfare of
      others; and avoided because of the danger they pose.
   G. The righteous, though, never mock at sin as if it is a light thing.
   H. They never boldly violate others as if it was sport.
   I. Instead, they are bent toward doing good to others; and so are found in
      favour with man and with God.
   J. Instead of avoiding the righteous, people seek them out because they feel
      secure with them; they know these kinds of people will have their best
      interest at heart.

Verse 10
  A. The experience and content of the heart are exclusive to each of us.
  B. No one can know the full extent of the bitterness that resides in our hearts.
  C. Some may see a little of that bitterness by one‟s countenance, words, or
      gestures; but no one knows the full extent of that bitterness; only the one
      experiencing it is able to grasp its full impact.
  D. This is important to remember, because sometimes one‟s erratic,
      unexplainable behavior may be an expression of bitterness in his heart.
  E. Bitterness has different sources.
  F. It can come as a result of one having been violated or offended, of deep loss,
      or of personal sin.
  G. In either case, the bitterness that results is often overwhelming until he finds
      healing or forgiveness.
  H. In the same way that no one knows the full extent of bitterness in another‟s
      heart, he can not be a participant in another‟s joy.
  I. While he can rejoice to a certain degree with him, the one experiencing the
      joy alone knows the full extent of the joy he is experiencing.
  J. Thus, the experience of the heart is exclusive to each of us; leaving us alone
      before God to process our bitterness or joy, though there be others all around

Verse 11
   A. Notice the terminology used: house of the wicked; tabernacle of the upright.
   B. Each statement denotes the involvement of God in one‟s life; giving to each
       according to his works.
   C. The house of the wicked indicates he is building for himself a place of
   D. However, it being overthrown means that God is at work in his life, though
       he thinks he is avoiding God and His involvement.
   E. God Himself will personally overthrow the dwelling place of the one who
       builds his home by wicked devices.
   F. Thus, though he thinks and attempts to avoid God‟s hand in his matters, in
       the end it is the hand of God that brings down his wicked construction.
   G. But notice the term used for the upright‟s dwelling: his tabernacle.

   H. You see, the upright has included God in his plans, and has built his life as if
      God was the building and he just inhabits it.
   I. The tabernacle is the house of God; and the upright dwell in the house of
   J. The tabernacle was a mobile tent that could be taken down and moved to a
      different location as the need arose.
   K. One who is upright is not so settled in his life that he is resistant when God
      chooses to move him, or change his surroundings.
   L. People set in their ways and in their comfortable lifestyles are not upright,
      because they are not mobile; meaning they are unwilling to uproot
      themselves or their routines in order to do the will of God if God decides to
      do something new with them.
   M. Those who are upright though, are ready to be taken down and moved as
      God sees the need and directs them to do so.
   N. Question is, how settled are you in your life? How willing to adapt to God-
      sent change?
   O. Do you dwell in a house; or in a tabernacle?

Verse 12
   A. Here, we see the necessity of depending upon the judgment of God instead of
       our own judgment, when it comes to our decision-making and actions.
   B. We are not capable of seeing all the variables that may come into play in a
       decision or a course of action we are considering.
   C. Likewise, we are not capable of seeing all the resulting affects of a decided
       course of action.
   D. Only God is capable of taking every possible variable and result into account,
       and giving us the absolute best course to choose.
   E. We, seeing things from a limited perspective, think a way to be the right way,
       when in fact, it is often the wrong way.
   F. If we are wise, we will always seek God‟s guidance in making our decisions,
       and in choosing the course we will follow.
   G. We can most often find directions in His word, either by command or by
   H. If we cannot find the principle we are looking for, then we need to just pray
       that God will make the right choice clear to us in a way we can understand.
   I. When we follow God‟s prescription we will always achieve the right results.
   J. God always has our best interest in mind, and will always instruct us in ways
       that will make our choices and paths successful.

Verse 13
   A. Laughter, when one is enjoying himself in his sin, cannot erase the sorrow,
       and grief caused by the guilt that accompanies a breaking of the law of God.
   B. Laughter can be a means of one attempting to rid himself of his guilt; it can
       be a cover for his guilt; or it can be a way of trying to convince someone else
       of the enjoyment of sin without disclosing the misery that accompanies it.

   C. Mirth - Social merriment; hilarity; high excitement of pleasurable
      feelings in company; noisy gayety; jollity.
   D. After the laughter and mirth of sinful activity or sinful jest, there remains
      nothing but the heaviness of realization that the sinner stands guilty of
      breaking the law of God.
   E. Sinful pleasure never yields lasting enjoyment; only present pleasure that is
      accompanied by guilty sorrow, with a great heaviness left as a residual
      consequence of one‟s sin.

Verse 14
   A. Notice the way a backslider in heart differs in his future from the good man.
   B. The backslider is called so in heart.
   C. It is in the heart that gravitation away from God originates.
   D. It is in the heart that one begins to stray from what he knows is the will of
   E. Once this heart determination begins to demonstrate itself in action, this
       backsliding produces a cache of negative results that will be suffered on
       beyond this present world; it will accompany him into eternity and will dwell
       with him during his eternal punishment.
   F. Imagine knowing the will of God; knowing you need to be saved; and sliding
       back from the knowledge of your impending judgment so that you can fill
       your life with your own pursuits.
   G. Then, when you least expect it, you slip out of time into eternity, having
       never returned to receive the deliverance available to you.
   H. Having filled yourself with your own desires and cravings, your eternity will
       now be filled with the same; only they will never be satisfied; you will endure
       the same desires and cravings throughout all eternity without having any
       way to have them satisfied.
   I. The one who sees the will of God and seizes it has a far different fate, though.
   J. His satisfaction will be from the right choice he made to forego sinful
       pleasure pursue the will of God instead.
   K. He, too, will experience the fruit of his decision throughout eternity.

Verse 15
   A. The simple, those who are weak in intellect, are easily deceived; they are
       prone to believe anything anyone says; especially if that person speaks with
       an air of authority or convince ability.
   B. Sadly, Americans have become simpletons.
   C. Any politician that comes along and makes ridiculous promises that anyone
       with even a small measure of common sense knows he will not keep, will get
       the ear and attention of simple thinkers, who beg to be duped.
   D. Sadder still, there are simpletons in the church; who believe any wind of
       doctrine that is presented to them in a convincing way.
   E. The prudent, though, take time to examine what is being presented to them;
       considering more than just the personality of the one speaking; and make an
       informed decision of whether or not to believe something.

   F. As we studied in Sunday School this morning, I Thessalonians 5:21 says,
      “Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.”
   G. Also, I John 4:1 says, “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits
      whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the
   H. Prudence, caution or practical wisdom, demands we carefully consider ideas
      to determine if they are consistent with scripture.
   I. If they are, we are to hold fast to them; if they are not, we are to reject them.

Verse 16
   A. Here we see the folly of misplaced confidence.
   B. Confidence is essential for boldness and courage to press forward
       aggressively with your calling and ministry.
   C. But, confidence is only beneficial when it is placed in truth.
   D. Here we find that the fool is foolishly confident.
   E. He rages in his sin as if he is untouchable by God and His judgment, or by
       the consequences of his choices and actions.
   F. Foolishly he boldly continues his evil pursuits until the consequences take
       him down.
   G. Also, we learn that fear performs a very important function in the life of
   H. Healthy fear is fear of danger; in this case the danger of the consequences of
   I. This fear dissuades one who heeds its from committing the sin that would
       generate the damaging consequence the fear warns is imiment.
   J. Unlike the foolish man, the wise man heeds fear‟s threat and chooses another
       course of action.
   K. Thus, confidence is only beneficial when it is placed in truth; it is damaging
       when it is placed in a lie.

Verse 17
   A. One who is quick tempered often does foolish things as a reactionary.
   B. He does not think through his response before responding; he simply strikes
       back because of a real or apparent violation of his personhood.
   C. How many are the times you have responded without thought and done or
       said something that made you look more foolish than the offense you
       responded to?
   D. Proverbs 22:24 & 25 say, “Make no friendship with an angry man; and with
       a furious man thou shalt not go;” “Lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare
       to thy soul.”
   E. Proverbs 19:2b says, “…he that hasteth with his feet sinneth.”
   F. Self-control and patience will serve us good; for they will enable us to wait
       until we can respond in a well thought through way.
   G. Proverbs 29:11 says, “A fool uttereth all his mind: but a wise man keepeth it
       in till afterwards.”

   H. The last part of the verse reminds us that someone who wickedly spouts off at
      the mouth, or foolishly strikes back at someone who has offended him, is not
      respected, but rather hated.

Verse 18
   A. Here, we‟re reminded that the simple (weak minded) inherit folly
       (foolishness, madness, silliness, recklessness).
   B. We need to graduate from simple mindedness; we need to “Study to shew
       thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed,
       rightly dividing the word of truth.” (II Timothy 2:15)
   C. The prudent, those who are careful to ascertain the truth or validity of a
       matter before responding or accepting it, are rewarded with knowledge; for
       they spend time making a realistic determination concerning the matter in
       question, and in so doing develop their knowledge in that area.

Verse 19
   A. This is often a present reality; but will be fulfilled completely in the future.
   B. Now, often those who have pursued evil to the disregard of Biblical advice,
       come to the righteous for help.
   C. Think of the drunkard or drug addict that must seek the assistance of
       Christian individuals or agencies because they have dug themselves a hole of
       sin they are unable to escape on their own.
   D. Many are the times people who have destroyed their bodies, families, or lives
       ask the child of God to pray for them because they are hopeless unless God
       steps in and does something on their behalf.
   E. How sad that people who are so bold in their sin, soon find that their
       boldness and foolishness have brought them to ruin; and that the only hope
       for them rests with the wise who can still call on God and be heard.
   F. But, it is also a wonderful time for children of God to demonstrate the grace
       of God in praying for them, and in offering help when it‟s needed most.
   G. This is not a time to take a “he made his bed now let him lie in it” approach.
   H. It‟s not a time to take a „holier than thou‟ approach.
   I. God not only extended grace to you when you didn‟t deserve it at your
       salvation, He extends it every day to you because you still don‟t deserve it.
   J. I‟m not saying you shouldn‟t take proper precautions to protect yourself and
       your family from someone who is dangerous or just trying to take advantage
       of you.
   K. And, I‟m not saying you can force a person whose life is being destroyed by
       some sin to give it up and accept help.
   L. But, if someone genuinely wants help, what a wonderful time for a child of
       God to be the agent of deliverance Jesus uses to deliver one who was on their
       way to destruction; but who has decided they want help.

Verse 20
   A. Here is a sad but true observation.

   B. From the world‟s perspective, a person‟s worth is often judged by his
      financial status.
   C. If he has little of this world‟s goods, he deemed to be of little value; and is all
      too often brushed aside or treated with contempt.
   D. On the other hand, if someone has an abundance of money, he is all too often
      treated with respect and valued, even when he is undeserving of the honor.
   E. Thank God, though, for James 2:5, “Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath
      not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom
      which he hath promised to them that love him?”
   F. Verses 6 & 7 of James, Chapter 2 explain the absurdity of giving preferential
      treatment to those who are wealthy.
   G. Verse 6b asks, “…Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the
      judgment seats?”
   H. You see, oppression comes most often at the hands of rich powerful people
      who think themselves to be brighter and more valuable than those they
   I. Thus, for the child of God who knows these things, it is an absurdity: first of
      all, that he thinks he is more important than someone less fortunate than
      himself; and second of all, because he understands that that is precisely this
      type of individual that causes him the most grief.
   J. James 2:9 explains that God holds one who takes this approach to others in
      violation of His royal law, “But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin,
      and are convinced of the law as transgressors.”
   K. True, the world shows partiality; but the child of God should never even
      entertain the thought, much less act upon it.

Verse 21
   A. The first part of the verse is very blatant and very true!
   B. To think yourself better than your neighbor, regardless of how low your
       neighbor is sinking into sin, is nothing more than the sin you were
       supposedly delivered from.
   C. Sadly, you, who were no better than they are, needed the same forgiveness
       and deliverance they do now.
   D. Yet, some seem to think themselves to be above others because of present
   E. How sad to witness a sinning saint who thinks more highly of himself/herself
       than he/she ought.
   F. Romans 12:3 says, “For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man
       among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to
       think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of
   G. The last part of the verse, though, reminds us of the happiness that comes to
       us in meeting the needs of people instead of using their need as an
       opportunity to assert our superiority to them.
   H. It‟s clear, here, that often our condemnation or happiness is dependent on
       the way we treat those in need around us.

Verse 22
   A. Here, we are taught the error of devising (inventing, contriving) evil.
   B. Where is evil devised, or invented?
   C. Genesis 6:5 says, “And God say that the wickedness of man was great in the
       earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil
   D. It is in the heart that wickedness, error, is contrived.
   E. Jeremiah 17:9 says, “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately
       wicked: who can know it?”
   F. We‟re often told to „just follow your heart‟.
   G. The fallacy of this notion when it comes to doing the right thing, is that you
       will be deceived by doing so.
   H. Man‟s heart is deceitful, and desperately wicked; and to follow your heart
       thinking it will lead you in the right path is just wrong.
   I. It is in the heart that evil imaginations give birth to erroneous ideas and
       sinful plans.
   J. But, when one receives Jesus Christ into his life, he now has the ability to
       devise good.
   K. It is not in man to devise good; that is not in his flesh; for in his flesh dwelleth
       no good thing.
   L. In Romans 7:18 Paul said, “For I know that in me (that is in my flesh,)
       dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform
       that which is good I find not.”
   M. What is the answer to forcing your thoughts in a direction that devises good
   N. Philippians 2:5 says, “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ
   O. I Corinthians 2:16b says, “…But we have the mind of Christ.”
   P. We who are children of God must strive to allow Jesus to think His thoughts
       through us.
   Q. What part do we play in our processing our thoughts and developing Biblical
       though patterns.
   R. Philippians 4:8 says, “Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true,
       whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things
       are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report;
       if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.”
   S. Truth is, we have more control over our thought life than we give ourselves
       credit for.
   T. We need to discard thoughts that are sinful, negative, disrespectful, and
       unholy; and instead force your thoughts to dwell on the things listed in
       Philippians 4:8.
   U. This way, Christ can lead our thoughts into conformance to His will; and we
       will begin to devise good things rather than things of error.

Verse 23
   A. Penury – def. n. L. penuria, from Gr. needy. Want of property;
       indigence; extreme poverty.
   B. Here we find that there is profit in all labor.
   C. In America we have an illegal alien problem due in large part to the fact that
       Americans think themselves above doing certain jobs.
   D. Therefore, they hire Mexican illegals to do the jobs they feel they are too
       good to do.
   E. Here, though, the Bible contradicts this arrogant perspective.
   F. It says that all labor is profitable.
   G. The only labor that is not profitable is the labor that was never done.
   H. You and I who are children of God must learn to look at things from God‟s
       perspective, not from the distorted perspective of the world.
   I. Anyone who is performing honest, honorable work is producing profit for
       himself and for the world God has placed him in; and should never be looked
       down on because of the type or pay level of the work he is doing.
   J. Conversely, simply talking to the exclusion of putting your hands and feet
       where your mouth is sets you on a course to abject poverty.
   K. Anyone can talk a good talk; but talk is cheap; it gets nothing accomplished.
   L. I told all of you when I first came here I have little interest in talk; I‟m
       interested in action.
   M. Here, the Bible confirms the validity of this approach to one‟s business;
       whether it is his business of making a living or his business of ministry.

Verse 24
   A. Crown – def. 3. Honorary distinction; reward.
   B. One, who by wisdom has built a substantial net worth for himself, has his
       riches as an honorary distinction, testifying to the wisdom he has employed
       in acquiring his wealth.
   C. There is a wealth though, that is most often not recognized or honored in this
       world; the wealth of spiritual richness.
   D. As a matter of fact, God warned us about acquiring material wealth to the
       neglect of acquiring spiritual wealth.
   E. In Luke 12:16 – 21 Jesus told a parable about a rich man who had had a
       bumper crop one year.
   F. He quickly made plans to tear down his barns and build larger ones that
       would hold all he had grown.
   G. Then, he planned to live many years enjoying a life of luxury supplied by his
       good agricultural success.
   H. There was nothing inherently wrong with enjoying the fruit of his labor; but
       where he went wrong was, he neglected to build spiritual wealth toward God,
       and God called him a fool, informing him he would die that very night.
   I. Thus, all his worldly wealth that was a crown to him in the eyes of men, only
       served to be his downfall because of his neglect of richness toward God.
   J. Verse 21 sums up the principle of what Jesus was teaching, “So is he that
       layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.”

   K. The true crown of the wise, then, is made of the spiritual riches he has
      accumulated while walking with God.
   L. The second part of the verse explains that the folly of fools is foolishness.
   M. Folly – def. A weak or absurd act not highly criminal; an act which
      is inconsistent with the dictates of reason, or with the ordinary
      rules of prudence.
   N. A fool is known or recognized by the foolishness of his actions or words.
   O. Too many words are also an identifying mark of a fool.
   P. Ecclesiastes 5:3b says, “…a fool‟s voice is known by multitude of words.”
   Q. Proverbs 10:19 says, “In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he
      that refraineth his lips is wise.”
   R. So, foolish talk, foolish actions, and too much talk are the marks of a fool, for
      all of these are inconsistent with the dictates of reason.

Verse 25
   A. There are many approaches we could take to this statement; but the
       approach I would like to explore is the importance of truth in delivering
       souls – in people getting saved.
   B. In John 17:17 Jesus prayed, “Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is
   C. So here we see that the word of God is truth.
   D. I Peter 1:23 says, “Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of
       incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.”
   E. So, the seed of truth that gives birth to our salvation is the word of God
       planted in our lives.
   F. We can all be a part of planting the seed of truth, the word of God, in the
       lives of others.
   G. We can do this personally by personally witnessing to others; and we can do
       it corporately by supporting the distribution of the gospel through the
       ministries of our church.
   H. We can do this by physically distributing tracts, Visitor Information Guides,
       CDs, etc.; or by giving and praying as the word of God is distributed via the
       media outlets that we are using, i.e. internet and radio; and by giving and
       praying for the hard resources being distributed.
   I. But, we must strive to be Biblically accurate in the way we give out the word
       of God.
   J. Only the witness of truth is capable of delivering a soul.
   K. We have many false witnesses in our area and in our nation.
   L. Some call themselves by legitimate church names, but preach a confusing
       message of falsehood that can never deliver a soul from hell.
   M. “…a deceitful witness speaketh lies.”
   N. We must study to show ourselves approved unto God, workmen that needeth
       not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. (II Timothy 2:15)
   O. We must be careful to accurately present the word of God, so that it can do
       the work God has sent it to do.

Verse 26
   A. Matthew Henry says, “The fear of the Lord is here put for all
       gracious principles, producing gracious practices.”
   B. The fear of the Lord enables us to hold fast to both our purity and our peace
   C. Sometimes to hold fast to purity will cost you your external comfort.
   D. Sometimes to hold fast to external peace will cost you your purity.
   E. But, the fear of the Lord enables us to hold fast to purity though we must
       sacrifice external comfort for peace is not derived from external comfort but
       from internal and external purity.
   F. The fear of the Lord instructs us that regardless of the cost of our purity, we
       will be rewarded generously in time to come; and that to relinquish our
       purity for temporary comfort, is to forfeit eternal reward and procure for
       ourselves harsh consequences.
   G. The children of those who fear the Lord will have set before them a sure
       place of refuge; having witnessed the fear of the Lord in their parents and
       recognizing the safety it provides from future, and even eternal, damage.

Verse 27
   A. The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life because it warns and motivates to
       depart from the snares, or traps, that would destroy us.
   B. Remember Psalm 19:11a from this morning‟s message? “Moreover by them
       is thy servant warned…”
   C. Life is treacherous; a spiritual minefield with many a hidden mine just
       waiting to explode, destroying our lives.
   D. The fear of the Lord causes us to search the word of God to see what to
       avoid; and then the fear of the Lord provides the motivation that moves us to
       avoid those things that would damage us.

Verse 28
   A. The king, or ruler, of a people is honored when his people are numerous.
   B. Thus it behooves him to establish policies which promote and encourage
       trade and profit for all; and to rule by a mild and gentle government, seeking
       the benefit of all his people; not just his own or the benefit of a few elites in
       the governing body.
   C. By seeking the benefit and welfare of all his subjects, the wise ruler
       encourages his kingdom to grow and prosper, which in turn makes him a
       great and prosperous ruler.
   D. On the other hand, if a ruler rules with harshness and severity; or if a ruler
       sets in place policies that discourage individual profit, he forces those who
       wish to live in personal peace and to generate personal profit to go elsewhere;
       causing his population to shrink, and thereby weakening his power to the
       point he is susceptible to conquest by his enemies.
   E. Think of how America, by its legalization and promotion of abortion, has
       decreased its population by over 50,000,000 citizens, and by the offspring of
       those 50,000,000.

   F. This has weakened America economically because we have fewer people to
      produce the goods and services that make life more comfortable for us all.
   G. It has also decreased the tax base of our nation by millions of hard working,
      tax paying citizens.
   H. Because of this serious error by the leadership of America, she has been
      dramatically weakened as a world power.
   I. Now, policies are being adopted that work against the average citizen,
      increasing the tax load on him; but are designed to benefit those in power by
      allowing them to fund their pet radical projects.
   J. Little do they know that what is detrimental to the average citizen will
      ultimately come back to destroy the leadership.
   K. Sadaam Hussein was a man who ruled for his own profit and honor, and
      cared little for his citizenry.
   L. Foolishly, this approach to leadership ultimately cost him his life.
   M. God has set government in place for the benefit of all involved; the citizens
      under its jurisdiction and those who hold the positions of leadership.
   N. Ultimately and always what is good for one long term, is good for the other;
      and what is bad for one long term, is bad for the other.

Verse 29
   A. A quick temper will usually cause damage to others and embarrassment to
       the one who is quick-tempered.
   B. Those who are quick to get angry and respond in anger often miss the cause
       of the incident that made them angry.
   C. Being slow to wrath, taking the time to learn all the elements of why
       something has been said or done, displays wisdom.
   D. How many times have you responded quickly, only to learn that what you
       thought was happening was really not, and that something entirely different
       than what you thought was taking place?
   E. Wasn‟t it embarrassing to learn that you responded wrongly to something
       you had misjudged?
   F. Also, when you respond in haste, you often create animosity in others toward
       you that cannot be rectified.
   G. James 1:19 says, “Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to
       hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath.”

Verse 30
   A. This morning we examined the state of the heart and how it affected the rest
       of the life; especially as it relates to the health of the body.
   B. Proverbs 17:22a says, “A merry heart doeth good like a medicine…”
   C. The condition of the heart, here called a sound heart, determines the health,
       or lack thereof, of the body.
   D. Envy, though, literally destroys the bones.
   E. Envy - to fret or grieve one's self at the real or supposed
       superiority of another, and to hate him on that account.
   F. To grieve over someone‟s superiority or success is detrimental to your health.

   G. It is a negative emotion and disposition that literally takes a toll on the health
      of your body.

Verse 31
   A. When someone takes advantage of someone because of their lack of
       resources, or abuses them by words or deeds; it is as they are abusing, or
       reproaching, God.
   B. Jesus said in Matthew 25:40, “And the King shall answer and say unto them,
       Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of
       these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.”
   C. But, one who honors God, extends mercy to those who are having financial
   D. Mercilessness toward someone in need reveals a heart that opposes God.
   E. Mercy shown to someone in need reveals a heart that honors God.
   F. James 2:9 says, “But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are
       convinced of the law as transgressors.”
   G. James 2:6 & 7 show the absurdity of showing preference to the rich over the
       poor, “But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and
       draw you before the judgment seats?” “Do not they blaspheme that worthy
       name by the which ye are called?”
   H. It‟s the rich that cause you problems; yet will you prefer them and look down
       on those who are poor in this world‟s goods but rich toward God?
   I. James 1:5 says, “Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the
       poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath
       promised to them that love him?”
   J. We should do likewise.

Verse 32
   A. Here we see the contrast of the lives of the wicked and the righteous.
   B. God Himself opposes the wicked and intervenes in his wickedness to drive
       him away.
   C. A wicked man clings to his sin as if nothing can drive him from it.
   D. But, in his death, his life is taken; he is literally driven from his sin that he
       loves so much; and the consequences of his taste for sin accompany him into
       eternity; into a lake of fire.
   E. But, even death has no power to separate the righteous from his
       righteousness; for he has as his righteousness, the righteousness of Christ;
       from which he can never be separated.
   F. Even death has no power to destroy the righteous; for his righteousness
       remains even beyond the grave; just as the wicked man‟s sin remains beyond
       the grave.

Verse 33
   A. A man with understanding has a reservoir of wisdom dwelling in his heart;
       from which he can draw out and distribute to those who have need of its

   B. Though his wisdom be distributed to many, yet there remains a full reservoir
      of wisdom for himself, from which he can draw out as the need arises.
   C. A fools reservoir of foolishness, on the other hand, will be exposed.
   D. His foolishness is often revealed by his words, actions, and decisions.
   E. But, God Himself will be the Exposer of the folly of a man filled with
      foolishness, if he does not expose himself.
   F. Just as wisdom is revealed from the storehouse of a man of understanding; so
      the foolishness is revealed from the storehouse of a fool.

Verse 34
   A. It is not a great economy, a great military, or an educated people that exalt a
   B. These advantages result from the one virtue that will exalt a nation –
   C. Proverbs 16:7 says, “When a man‟s ways please the Lord, he maketh even
       his enemies to be at peace with him.”
   D. Such is the case with a nation, as well.
   E. Righteousness causes a nation to rise; but, on the other hand, sin is a
       reproach (4. That which is the cause of shame or disgrace. ) to any
   F. No people, or nation, is exempt from this reality.
   G. If a people choose to exalt sin in their midst, the people will diminish in terms
       of power, honor, and wealth.
   H. If, however, a people exalt righteousness, the people will increase in terms of
       power, honor, and wealth.
   I. When a people choose wicked leaders, they increase the proliferation of
       wickedness within their borders; and allow the wickedness of wicked men in
       their midst to bring that people to ruin.
   J. Psalm 12:8 says, “The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest men are
   K. We see this truth in action by the dramatic rise in activity of vile people
       within our own borders, emboldened and empowered by those wicked people
       we have elected to our federal government.

Verse 35
   A. Here, we see the earthly example of a heavenly reality.
   B. The king, picturing the King of kings, shows favor to a servant that
       demonstrates wisdom.
   C. But, the king, picturing again the King of kings, shows his wrath to a servant
       that causes him shame.
   D. It is the same with the King of kings: Jesus extends favor to wise servants
       who honor Him; but, He reveals His wrath against the wicked servant who
       causes Him shame.
   E. Romans 1:18 supports this truth, “For the wrath of God is revealed from
       heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the
       truth in unrighteousness.”

                                    Chapter 14
Verse 1
   A. Here is a simple but profound observation.
   B. A soft answer, or response, even to a cruel comment, is the means of
       quenching the progression of hostility.
   C. The last part of the verse gives us the alternative: to respond with grievous
   D. If we do, this will only continue to fuel the flames of anger and hostility.
   E. The more we respond in kind to antagonistic rhetoric, the more aggressive
       the rhetoric becomes.
   F. James 3:6 says, “And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue
       among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the
       course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.”
   G. Our words, improperly used, can kindle a fire of hostility, or can fuel the fire
       that has already started.
   H. A soft answer, though; or a response of kindness, can quench the fire of
       nature‟s fury, and give peace an opportunity to develop.
   I. Here is a perfect example of what Romans 12:19 & 21 are talking about: 19.
       Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for
       it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.” 21. Be not
       overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.”
   J. The way to destroy aggression is to let it not be met with aggression; let it
       play itself out with on opposition.
   K. One cannot argue or fight with someone who is kind.
   L. Thus, hostility and aggression end in kindness; one has overcome evil with

Verse 2
   A. Knowledge, properly used, is a wellspring of wealth to the one who possesses
   B. Knowledge can be used to speak truth in such a way it blesses the life of the
   C. But, knowledge improperly used, can be very destructive.
   D. The wise person knows how to use knowledge in a constructive way when he
   E. But, a fool pours forth information, correct or incorrect, that neither
       improves nor protects the one he/she is speaking to.
   F. Fools delight in causing damage to unsuspecting victims with their words.
   G. They destroy reputations; they discredit ministries; they damage testimonies;
       they ruin churches; and they feed their fool‟s heart in doing so.
   H. Proverbs 10:23 says, “It is as sport to a fool to do mischief: but a man of
       understanding hath wisdom.”

   I. Knowledge wielded in the tongue of the wise is a healing balm, and an
      inspiring encouragement.
   J. But the mouth of fools gusheth out thoughtlessness.

Verse 3
   A. Though sin and internal iniquity be hidden to men‟s eyes, God sees
   B. Likewise, though one‟s good deeds and right attitudes seem to receive no
       recognition or notice, God sees and will reward them in due time.
   C. In either case, we can be assured that what is hidden to man‟s eyes, good or
       evil, is always seen by God Whose eyes always behold our works, words, and

Verse 4
   A. Here we see the importance of being wholesome speech (2. Sound;
       contributing to the health of the mind; favorable to morals,) with
       our tongue.
   B. Not only should we dispense words of knowledge wisely, we must also be
       clean and moral in our speech.
   C. Ephesians 4:29 says, “Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your
       mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying (Building up in
       christian knowledge; instructing; improving the mind.), that it may
       minister grace unto the hearers.”
   D. Perverseness of speech (1. Perversion.), on the other hand, is a rupture, a
       break, a gap in the spirit; not only of the hearers, but also of the one who
       speaks perversely.
   E. It‟s like creating a wound, or an open cut, in the spirit of the one who uses
       perverse language; but also in the spirits of those abused by the perverted

Verse 5
   A. A wise father‟s instruction is given as a guide to aid the child in negotiating
       the treacherous paths of life.
   B. The prudent (Cautious; circumspect; practically wise;) child regards,
       or gives heed to the instruction his father provides.
   C. Conversely, a fool disregards his father‟s instructions and goes straightway
       into many foolish and harmful indulgences that he could have avoided should
       he have only listened and heeded them.

Verse 6
   A. Wealth, obtained by righteous means is kept and enjoyed by those who have
       earned their treasure.
   B. Wealth acquired by wicked devices, though, comes with trouble attached.
   C. Let‟s look at some examples: the drug dealer, though he makes more money
       than many of us, is always on guard, keeping an eye out for law

      enforcement, knowing that he is subject to arrest and imprisonment at any
   D. Though he has plenty of money, he knows he is only a door-knock away from
      losing his money and his freedom.
   E. The bank robber, the crooked politician, and the embezzling employee is
      subject to the same trouble as the drug dealer.
   F. So, the moral of the story is that treasure, whether great or small, can only be
      enjoyed by those who obtain it by righteous means.

Verse 7
   A. The lips of the wise disperse, or give out, knowledge – information that is a
       blessing and benefit to those it is dispersed to.
   B. But the heart of the foolish will not allow them to disperse beneficial
   C. They either disperse foolishness or folly; or, keep beneficial knowledge
       concealed so that those who need it are allowed to have it.
   D. Either way, the foolish disregard the welfare of others, somehow thinking
       this advances them in some way.

Verse 8
   A. We discussed this very truth in Sunday School this morning.
   B. The sacrifice of the wicked, though they present their offering strictly by the
       code of technique specified in scripture, is considered by God to be an
   C. So, by this that God will not accept form without substance.
   D. Though we worship by the methods presented in scripture, if it is born of a
       heart of wickedness, one‟s worship is an abomination to God; because it is a
   E. But, when those who are obedient to His word pray, God delights in them
       and in their prayer.
   F. This is the problem Jesus had with the Pharisees.
   G. Outwardly they were faithful religious men.
   H. But, inwardly, they were vile; making their outward worship and religion
       abominable to Him.
   I. Matthew 23:25 & 26 say, “Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
       For ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they
       are full of extortion and excess.” “Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that
       which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean
   J. So, inward iniquity always equals outward abomination; regardless of the
       appearance of scriptural integrity.

Verse 9
   A. Here we see that God is not only interested in the inward condition of the
       heart; but that He also is concerned about the outward working of what lies
       in the heart.

B. He cares about the way we conduct ourselves.
C. In verse 8 we saw that correct outward expression without inward cleanliness
   is unacceptable to God.
D. Here, though, we see that he also demands outward cleanliness as well as
   inward cleanliness.
E. Saying that God is not interested in the outward appearance or expression;
   that He only looks on the heart is false.
F. God does look on the heart; considering it to be the wellspring from which
   our outward appearance and expression arises.
G. However, sometimes we mask the iniquity of the heart by feigned, or
   pretentious, conduct; pretending we are righteous individuals by our works
H. But, God not only looks on, and demands heart adhesion to His will; He also
   considers our outward actions a part of the complete expression of our
   submission to His will.
I. God‟s gospel affects the entire person; inward attitude, and outward words
   and actions.
J. If any of these are missing from our Christian experience, then something is
   very wrong.
K. We need to examine ourselves to see if we be in the faith.

To top