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					                                                     SCBA Orientation and Refresher


                               Redmond Fire & Rescue
                              LESSON PLAN
Title

        SCBA Orientation and Refresher Training

Time Required

        2.5 Hours

Competencies/Standards

        OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard - 29 CFR 1910.134 - Respiratory
        protection requirements

Level of Instruction

        “Comprehension”, “Application”

Materials Needed

        - Towels or blankets for tables
        - Computer with network access
        - Nipple seal gasket kit
        - Regulator gaskets
        - Mask washing buckets
        - Cleaning supplies

References

        29 CFR 1910.134 Respiratory Protection Standards
        RF&R PPI 3.03.004 - Respiratory Protection
        RF&R SCBA Resource Manual
        SCOTT Operational Manual




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                                                        SCBA Orientation and Refresher


INTRODUCTION

I.     Motivation

       A. SCBA are one of the most effective and potentially hazardous pieces of
          equipment used in the fire service. They allow us to go into extremely
          hazardous situations and may give a false sense of security. It is extremely
          important to:
          1. Know their limitations and uses
          2. Understand how they operate
          3. Know how to maintain and check them
          4. Be familiar with the pack’s safety features
          5. Be able to use the pack in zero visibility environments

       B. Values and Expectations
          1. Use good judgment and promote safety at all times
          2. Obey… directives, policies and rules.
          3. Protect and care for fire department equipment . . . .
          4. Work competently
          5. Be pro-active

II.    Course Objectives – The student shall demonstrate knowledge of the following:

       A. How to recognize medical signs and symptoms that may limit or prevent the
          effective use of the respirators
       B. Why the respirator is necessary and how improper fit, usage, or maintenance
          can compromise the protective effect of the respirator.
       C. What the limitations and capabilities of the respirator are.
       D. How to inspect, put on and remove, use and check the seals of the respirator.
       E. How to use the respirator effectively in emergency situations, including
          situations in which the respirator malfunctions.
       F. What the procedures are for maintenance and storage of the respirator
          (Section III).

III.   Overview

       A. Fundamentals
          1. Regulations
          2. Respiratory Safety
          3. Pack Familiarization
          4. Inspections
          5. Cleaning / Repair and Maintenance
          6. Bottle Filling
       B. Operations




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                                                       SCBA Orientation and Refresher


FUNDAMENTALS

I.     Regulations

       A. OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard - 29 CFR 1910.134 - Respiratory
          protection requirements
       B. NFPA
          1. 1404-Standard for Fire Service Respiratory Protection Training
          2. 1852- Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Open-Circuit Self-
             Contained Breathing Apparatus

II.    Respirator Safety

       A. Hazards in IDLH Atmospheres
          1. Toxic gases
             a) CO
             b) Hydrogen cyanide
             c) Other products of combustion
          2. Heated gases
          3. Diminished Oxygen
       B. Limitations and capabilities of respirator
          1. Provides approximately 45 minutes of supplies air
          2. No protection from liquids, vapors or gases that are toxic by absorption
          3. Malfunction, misuse, or running out of air may result in severe injury or
             death
             a) Malfunctions can be reduced by proper maintenance
             b) Misuse can be avoided by insuring proper fit and by using correct
                 donning procedures
             c) Running out of air can be avoided by constant situational awareness
       C. Physical stresses
          1. Heart attack is still the NUMBER 1 killer of firefighters
          2. Using SCBA increases cardiovascular work and heat stress
          3. Sign and symptoms
             a) Shortness of breath
             b) Extreme fatigue
             c) Chest pain
             d) Light headedness
             e) Confusion
          4. Prevention
             a) Keep hydrated
             b) Keep physically fit
             c) Rehab frequently
             d) Know your limitations (work rate consumption)
             e) Quit before there is a problem




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                                                         SCBA Orientation and Refresher


III.   Pack Familiarization

       A. Identify location of operations manual on the computer
       B. Place each type of pack used by the department on table
       C. Review operation of each pack (including RIT)
          1. Cylinder valve
          2. Purge valve
          3. Straps
          4. Low air alarm - Vibra-Alert @ 1000 psi
          5. HUD display
              a) FULL cylinder is indicated by the two green lights glowing near the
                  center of the display.
              b) THREE-QUARTERS cylinder is indicated by a single green light
                  glowing.
              c) ONE-HALF cylinder is indicated by the yellow light flashing slowly at
                  one second.
              d) ONE-QUARTER cylinder end of service time indicator is indicated by
                  the red light at the far left flashing rapidly at ten times a second.
              e) LOW BATTERY indicator at the far right of the display will light for
                  twenty seconds and then begin to flash slowly at once a second. LOW
                  BATTERY indicator is circular.
          6. Hansen Connection
              a) Low pressure connection
              b) AKA “Shoulder Connection”
              c) Used receive air from hip hose (if access to hip hose for receiving air is
                  not available).
          7. Emergency Breathing Support System (EBSS)
              a) Low pressure connection
              b) AKA “Hip Hose”
              c) Used to supply or receive emergency air
          8. Universal RIT Connection
              a) High pressure
              b) Used to receive air from RIT pack
          9. RIT Pack
              a) One hour bottle
              b) Mask with regulator
              c) Multiple low pressure Hansen Connections
              d) High Pressure Universal RIT Connection
          10. Personnel Alert Safety Systems (PASS)

IV.    Inspections

       A. SCBA Resource Manual
          1. Contains all the information about our respiratory protection program
          2. One is located at each station
       B. Daily, Weekly, Monthly and After Use / in Service

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                                                       SCBA Orientation and Refresher


          1. Instructions located in resource manual & apparatus binders
          2. Daily and weekly inspections are documented on the apparatus inspection
             forms
          3. Monthly and after use/in service inspections are documented on a
             separate form located in the apparatus inspection binders
          4. It is imperative to perform and document monthly, after use/in service
             inspections. Failure to do so may lead to injury, death and/or heavy fines.
       C. Demonstration
          1. Daily
          2. Weekly
          3. Monthly

V.     Cleaning / Repair and Maintenance

       A. Cleaning
          1. Disinfectants
          2. Mask
          3. Location of cleaning supplies
       B. Maintenance - is covered in scheduled checks and by having each pack
          bench tested every two years
       C. Repair (Demonstrate)
          1. Nipple seal gaskets
          2. Replacing regulator gasket
          3. Regulator tear down for disinfection purposes
          4. Battery replacement
       D. Out of Service (OOS) Equipment
          1. Tagging procedures
          2. Location – OOS and in-service equipment must be separated

VI.    Bottle Filling

       A. SCBA resource manual Section 8 – Cascade System
       B. Tour generator, cascade system and fill station
       C. Fill Bottles

OPERATION

I.     Operation

       A. Demonstrate donning the respirators using appropriate safety procedures
          (including seal checks) within the following standards:
          1. Operational Line Personnel (personnel whose primary job function
              includes interior fire attack. ie. captains, engineers, firefighters) -
              Effectively and without hesitation don an SCBA from the jump seat of an
              engine within 1 minute and 30 seconds.



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                                                       SCBA Orientation and Refresher


          2. Operational Overhead Personnel (all staff personnel who may be
             expected to wear an SCBA during fire suppression operations. ie. DC,
             Training Officer, Chief) - Effectively and without hesitation don an SCBA
             from a box or out of a compartment without hesitation within 1 minute and
             30 seconds.
          3. Fire Inspectors or Non Suppression Personnel (all personnel who are
             required to wear an SCBA in a non suppression or non time critical
             function) - Effectively and without hesitation don an SCBA from a box or a
             compartment.

       B. Operational personnel demonstrate use of all essential safety features in zero
          visibility environment

          1.   Reopening tank
          2.   Using purge valve
          3.   Replacing dislodged mask
          4.   Doffing and re-donning SCBA while “on-air”
          5.   Hansen Connection (Hip to Shoulder Connection)
          6.   Emergency Hose Connection (Hip to Hip Connection)
          7.   Universal RIT Connection (RIT to URIT Connection)
          8.   Demonstrate doffing the respirator.




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                                                                SCBA Orientation and Refresher




             RF&R Annual SCBA Practical Stations
 NAME: __________________________                               DATE: __________________

Document the completion of specific stations on a training roster using specific
competencies; or use “102-05 ALL” if the student has completed all competencies.
Indicate the individual successfully completed the station(s) with a “P” next to their
name on the roster. Do not attach this sheet to the roster; it is for the instructor’s use
only.

               Station                               Standard                Time   Evaluator’s
                                                                                      Initials
 Nipple Seal Gasket Replacement        Demonstrate replacement of
                                                                             NA
 (102-05.01)                           nipple seal in high pressure hose
 Regulator Gasket Replacement          Demonstrate replace regulator
                                                                             NA
 (102-05.02)                           gasket
 Regulator Teardown & Cleaning         Demonstrate teardown, cleaning
                                                                             NA
 (102-05.03)                           and reassembly of regulator
 Donning Respirator                    Line
                                                                             1:30
 (102-05.04)                           Prevention (without hesitation)
 Reopening Tank                        Demonstrate reopening tank
                                                                             NA
 (102-05.05)                           without hesitation when shut off *
 Using Purge Valve                     Demonstrate using purge valve if
                                                                             NA
 (102-05.06)                           regulator fails *
 Replace Dislodged Mask                Demonstrate turning off leaking air
                                                                             NA
 (102-05.07)                           and replacing dislodged mask *
 Doff / Re-Donn SCBA                   Demonstrate removing air pack
 (102-05.08)                           and re-donning air pack with out      NA
                                       removing mask * #
 Hansen Hose Connection (Low           Make connection to team
 Pressure)                             member’s Hansen fitting with          NA
 (102-05.09)                           Hansen connection*
 Emergency Hose (EBSS)                 Make connection to team
 Connection (Low Pressure)             member’s emergency hose               NA
 (102-05.10)                           (EBSS) using emergency hose*
 Universal RIT Connection (High        Make connection to team member
                                                                             NA
 Pressure) (102-05.11)                 using universal connection*

* Must be accomplished with zero visibility!
# Not required for prevention personnel

All personnel (except prevention) must be in full structural fire fighting personal
protective gear while demonstrating competence.


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                                                            SCBA Orientation and Refresher

                                      REDMOND FIRE & RESCUE
                                     SCBA Inspection Procedures

The following procedures are to be used to complete daily, weekly, monthly, in-service and after
use inspections on the Scott AIR-PAK fifty and 4.5's. Please refer to the Scott Operating and
Maintenance Instructions manual located in the SCBA resource book section 3, pg. 10 if you
have any questions with the following inspection guidelines.

Documentation for the daily and weekly inspections will be located as a line item on the
apparatus inspection forms. In-service, after use and monthly inspections will be documented
on a separate form found in the same clip board as the apparatus inspection forms.

Out of service items are to be tagged and placed in the SCBA room for repair. Packs being
placed on an apparatus shall have an after use form completed.

Daily inspection:

1. Visually inspect pack for:
      - cleanliness
      - damage
      - extended straps
      - a secure bottle

2. Assure bottle pressure is full.

3. The pack and bottle are securely stored in the proper place and position.

4. PASS device is properly secured to the apparatus and operational.

Weekly inspection:

1. Complete a daily inspection.

2. Turn on bottle to pressurize the system and check for:
      - any air leaks
      - a matching pressure on the remote gauge
      - purge valve operation

Monthly / In-service / After use inspections:

1. Complete a daily and weekly inspection.

2. Turn on bottle to pressurize the system and check for:
      - any air leaks
      - a matching pressure on the remote gauge
      - proper regulator function
      - proper VIBRALERT (low pressure alarm) activation (as well as cricket alarm on packs
      that are equipped with them).




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