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					              “FITNESS FOR LIFE: THE NEW HIGH SCHOOL STANDARD”




                                          Submitted by
                                          Rene Garcia
                                       rrg5035@psu.edu
                                   Professor Cynthia Mazzant
                                         English 202A
                                             8/19/10




                                            ABSTRACT
    One of the problems America is facing today is obesity. Obesity can be the cause of many
 different factors such as human genetics, the environment, nutrition, and for my research paper,
  fitness. For the last couple of weeks I’ve been researching the effects decreased fitness has on
  high school students and how decreased fitness is affecting students at the national, state, and
 local levels. What I discovered from my research is that all three levels are seeing a decrease in
   youth fitness and an increase in obesity. That is why I propose the “Fitness for Life: The new
 high school standard” program for high schools in the areas surrounding Penn State University,
specifically Centre County and the State College Area School district. I feel that an issue such as
  obesity must first be resolved one step a time, beginning with the local level and concluding at
      the national level. As a Penn State University student interested in fitness, I will not let
 America’s youth fall into the hands of obesity knowing that with the right fitness programs and
                  education, fitness can become the new fun with benefits for life.




                            Dates: August 31, 2010- August 31, 2011


                                         Cost: $9,800.00
                                Table of Contents



Proposal:

       Executive Summary ………………………………………………………                      2
       Introduction ……………………………………………………………....                     4
       Statement of Need ………………………………………………………..                    5
       Fitness for Life: The New High School Standard ………………………..   7
       Closing thoughts ………………………………………………………….                     10
       Works Cited ………………………………………………………………                         11


Appendices:

       Personal Profile …………………………………………………………...                   14
       Budget Spreadsheet ……………………………………………………….                    15
       Visual Timeline ……………………………………………………………                      16
                                                                                                  Garcia 2



                                                      The Problem

                                                                     Decreased fitness has been on
                                                      the rise during the last few decades. In the
                                                      article “Youth Fitness”, Robert Worsnop
                                                      states that American youth are in worse
                                                      physical shape than earlier generations
                                                      (Worsnop, 1997). According to the U.S.
                                                      Surgeon General, only about half of
                                                      America’s youth gets regular physical
                                                      exercise, while one-fourth does not participate
                                                      in physical activity at all. In the 2010 Shape
                                                      of the Nation Report, the National
                                                      Association for sport and physical education
                                                      (NASPE) and the American Heart
                                                      Association (AHA) reported that 65 percent
                                                      of high school students did not meet the
                                                      recommended levels of physical activity.


For more information on how              Fitness is defined as physical activity that increases the
increasing fitness levels can decrease   heart rate and leads to breathing hard for at least 60 minutes
overweight or obesity, visit             per day.
www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity
                                      34     percent    of          Decrease fitness can result in:
 adolescents and teens ages 12-19 are overweight, and
                                                                  High blood pressure
 even more concerning, 17.6 percent are considered obese
 (Shape of the Nation, 2010). The statistics are there and        Diabetes II- the body requires
 they are not appealing. High school physical education is
                                                                  more insulin levels when inactive
 no longer enough to maintain America’s teenagers
 healthy, and out of obesity’s reach.                             Obesity- BMI greater than 30
 Locally                                                          Overweight- BMI greater than 25
                                                                  and less than 30
 As far away as the problem may seem from Centre
 County, Pennsylvania, it is actually closer than we all          High levels of triglycerides- fat
 think. In an article that appeared in the Centre Daily
                                                                  cells, which are linked to
 Times, Scott Mincemoyer states that “the statistics we
 hear about in the national news hold just as true here in        coronary artery disease
 Centre County (Mincemoyer, 2008).” Twelve percent of
                                                                  Low levels of HDL- The “good”
 the population that belongs to Centre County is
 overweight, which means having a BMI between twenty-             cholesterol the body needs to
 five and thirty (Pennsylvania, 2010). Keep in mind that          prevent coronary artery disease
 the population of Centre County is 144, 212 (U.S., 2010).
                                                                  Source: The American Heart
                                                                  Association
                                                                                              Garcia 3



The program

        We can change the trend of decreased fitness and its relationship with obesity among
high school students starting here in State College. Nationwide there are many programs being
implemented such as Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move!” campaign. This nationwide program is
geared towards families, schools, communities, and the Nation as a whole. Another program is
the “President’s challenge,” which is simple but motivating. This program has each individual
create an account and log their physical activity completed. Once your designated goal is
completed, a new goal is set (Pfohl, 2010). My proposal is more focused on attacking decreased
fitness at the local level. It is a combination of a program that is currently being implemented in
Maryville, Tennessee. It is a fitness period added to the daily schedule of the local high schools
in the State College Area School District. Furthermore, I would like to expand State College
High School’s fitness center program so every high school in the district has the same
opportunities. Fliers, pamphlets, community support, and educating both teachers and students
will be part of the process of implementing my program, “Fitness for Life: The new high school
standard.”



 Current State Initiatives                           This program can be easily implemented,
                                                     but it will require a lot of debate among the
 Pennsylvania Nutrition and Physical
 Activity Plan to Prevent Obesity and                State College Area School District
 Related Chronic Diseases- statewide program         Executive Board. The reason for this is
 to improve nutrition and physical activity          because I am proposing a change in the
                                                     daily schedule of the high schools in the
 Growth screening program- enables school            district in order to accommodate the “fitness
 health professionals to monitor growth and          period.” I contacted the athletic director of
 development patterns of students
                                                     Heritage High School in Tennessee and he
 Keystone Kids Go! - focuses on improving            mentioned that the addition of such “fitness
 young children’s nutrition and physical activity    period” did not affect academics in any
                                                     way. My hope is to be able to implement a
 Keystone Healthy Zone – makes schools a             similar program in the State College Area
 healthy place across the state by promoting         School District because fitness is very
 healthy eating and physical activity                important, and if we want to end obesity
 Governor’s Fitness Challenge – Governor             nationwide, we have to first end it locally. I
 Rendell’s program to promote physical activity      am requesting that the school district
                                                     include the fitness period without
 Balance Media Campaign – teaches                    interfering with academics, and in addition,
 communities about the importance of energy          I would like to provide the opportunity for
 balance and physical activity                       students to earn certification to use the local
                                                     fitness center during out-of-school hours.
 Rendell, 2010
                                                                                              Garcia 4



Introduction

               Obesity is a national issue that affects
the entire population, both directly and indirectly.    32 percent of American children are
According to Sandra Hassink, Director of the            considered overweight or obese
Childhood and Adolescent Weight Management
Clinic, 64 percent of adults are overweight or obese (Hassink, 2008). This is very concerning
because even though obesity is not “contagious,” it is being passed along from parents to
children at a very fast rate. So fast that 32 percent of American children are considered
overweight or obese according to the pediatric obesity management study done by Sandra
Hassink (Hassink, 2008).


  34 percent of adolescents and               What is the cause of obesity?
  teens ages 12-19 are overweight             Why is obesity increasing among high school
                                         students?
                                              What can decreased fitness lead to?
                                              What are the reasons for decreased fitness?


The answer is complicated. The important issue to realize is that obesity is the result of many
different factors, which include nutrition, fitness, genetics, and the environment to name a few of
the most common ones. My focus is on the fitness aspect of the obesity issue and why fitness is
decreasing in high schools, which could potentially be one of the causes of obesity among high
school students. Throughout my proposal I mention that obesity can lead to many different
complications such as diabetes II, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and death at a
young age. These are only some of the problems that obesity can lead to. The reason for
decreased fitness can be a factor of many different situations such as physical activity decreasing
in schools from budget cuts, lack of educating physical education teachers, repetitive physical
exercises, and lack of education towards students, among others.


                              Results of decreased fitness
                             Obesity
                             High blood pressure
                             Diabetes II
                             Coronary artery disease
                             death


       According to Lance C. Dalleck and Len Kravitz, professors and fitness researchers at the
University of New Mexico, society has forgotten about fitness and is now more focused on
wealth, prosperity and self entertainment, all which have resulted in a major decrease in fitness.
                                                                                               Garcia 5

The need

        On a national level, obesity has dramatically increased during the last twenty years.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), only Colorado and the
District of Columbia had a prevalence of obesity less than 20 percent (CDC, 2010). On a national
level, Pennsylvania is at 30 percent for obesity rates. Along with the obesity rates, diabetes II has
increased on a national level as well. According to the Center for Disease Control and
Prevention, the Southeast has among the highest rates for obesity and diabetes, Pennsylvania
being one of the states highlighted on the website (CDC, 2010). In terms of my specific focus,
fitness, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that adolescents do sixty
minutes or more of physical activity a day (CDC, 2010). The problem is that the U.S. General
Surgeon states that half of the teenage population in the United States does not exercise
regularly, and that one fourth of the same population does not exercise at all (Worsnop, 1997).
This is why I decided to focus on physical fitness, because it is one of the important keys to end
obesity, yet it increases nationally every year.

        On the state level, Pennsylvania has also experienced an increase in youth obesity. On the
Pennsylvania Youth Nutrition and Fitness High School Fact Sheet I found that about eighteen
percent of the youth in Pennsylvania are obese (Rendell, 2010). However, Pennsylvania has been
given an “A” for its legislative and policy work to control obesity. Governor Edward G. Rendell
and his executive board have proposed many different programs and initiatives for the state as a
whole to combat obesity. Some of the programs are:
    - Pennsylvania Nutrition and Physical Activity Plan to Prevent Obesity and Related
        Chronic Diseases
    - Growth Screening program
    - Keystone Kids Go!
    - Keystone Healthy Zone
    - Governor’s Fitness Challenge
    - Balance Media Campaign
As you can see, the state of Pennsylvania is working hard to end obesity, but that still does not
solve the issue of decrease fitness in high schools. This is why I will focus the remainder of my
time by researching Centre County and the high schools in that area. Obesity is an epidemic that
must be stopped in small portions before it can be destroyed as a whole.

        As far away as the problem may seem from Centre County, Pennsylvania, it is actually
closer than we all think. In an article that appeared in the Centre Daily Times, Scott Mincemoyer
states that “the statistics we hear about in the national news hold just as true here in Centre
County (Mincemoyer, 2008).” Unfortunately, the issue becomes more personal; it is not a
stranger that is suffering from diabetes II, it is a friend, a family member, and even you. In order
to demonstrate how decrease obesity may be affecting Centre County, I will provide statistics
about some of the issues highlighted in the Behavioral Health Risks of Centre County report. The
report is a team effort from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and from the
Pennsylvania Department of Health to raise awareness of how Centre County compares to the
state of Pennsylvania in health related issues, such as obesity. According to the report, 10 percent
of people in Centre County are obese, which means a BMI greater than thirty (Pennsylvania,
2010). 12 percent of the population that belongs to Centre County is overweight, which means
                                                                                                Garcia 6


having a BMI between twenty-five and thirty (Pennsylvania, 2010). Keep in mind that the
population of Centre County is 144, 212 (U.S., 2010). The numbers I provided are from the 2007
Behavioral and Risks Report. The last report that was published lists Centre County as being 23
percent obese in comparison to Pennsylvania’s obesity percentage, which is 28 (Pennsylvania,
2010). No county or state wants to be known as the “obese” county or state in the United States.
It is a negative result that may come from decrease fitness.

                                   12 percent of the Centre County
                                       population is overweight

The news is always stating how obesity rates are increasing among adolescents and I hear often
about high schools cutting physical education programs because of budget cuts and lack of
interest. However, all these cuts are affecting high school students in a downward slope that will
ultimately leads to death. As the statistics mentioned above demonstrate, obesity has increased at
the national level, the state level, and even in Centre County. In an article published in the Centre
Daily Times by Stephanie Koons, Centre County resident, Heather Holleman, describes her
experiences about decrease fitness and its effects on the youth in her neighborhood. Heather
Holleman “had noticed that children in her neighborhood were spending most of their free time
indoors, watching TV and playing electronic games (Koon, 2010).” As a result, Heather
Holleman took an initiative and began organizing “fitness” nights, which included jump rope,
hula hoops, sit-ups, and dances. Holleman goes on to state that many of the youth in her
neighborhood did not know how to ride a bike prior to her “fitness” nights (Koon, 2010).

Education, Awareness, and attitudes in the State College Area School District

         After being repeated and statistically supported many times, it is clear that obesity is
rising in all age groups, and specifically it is increasing among high school students. As
mentioned previously, obesity has many negative results in a high school student’s life, low self-
esteem being one of those negative results. I believe that decreased fitness in high schools is one
of the causes for obesity to continue increasing in high schools. I say this because of the many
programs that the State College Area District is offering to improve fitness for its high school
students, a step that shows concern about the current fitness levels. One of the programs is very
simple and can be found on the high school lunch menu. The lunch menu is designed cartoon
style with many “thought” bubbles and pictures that give advice to high school students about
not skipping lunch and how to stay healthy during the day. On the last page of the lunch menu,
there is a section with bolded letters that says “Fit Fat, Wanna Stay Fit? Fight the Fat!” Under
that title there is a brief explanation about what foods to avoid, but I see one major problem. The
lunch menu is not healthy at all. French Fries, Sloppy Joes, Chicken or Cheese Quesadillas and
baked cookies are among the items being served at the cafeteria. The lunch menu is contradicting
itself by providing unhealthy food and healthy tips. On the fitness side, the only tip was about
team practice, but in the cartoon, the student would have to skip practice because she did not eat
lunch, which once again falls under the category of decreased fitness (High school, 2010).

        One of the biggest fitness initiatives in the State College Area District is the Fitness Club.
On the school website I found the summer schedule for the school’s fitness center. Currently, for
the entire month of July, the fitness club is offered Monday through Friday. The Fitness club
                                                                                                   Garcia 7


usually begins at 8 AM as stated in the calendar for the summer. Along with the fitness club,
football training and a Pylometrics class, designed to improve performance in sports, are offered
(Cognitore, 2010). The program is fairly new so statistics are not available to support the
program, but I believe the program will work and will motivate students to continue exercising

Where to go from here

        Besides the two efforts mentioned above, the State College Area School District is in
need of a fitness campaign. Varsity sports are offered like most high schools in the country, but
not everyone plays a varsity sport. This is why I decided to research fitness in high schools, and I
know that Penn State University is willing to help because in an article by Nick Malawskey from
the Centre Daily Times, the state of Pennsylvania, for the next two years, will be working on a
program that will affect all public schools in the lunch line (Malawskey, 2010). The article states
that every school in Pennsylvania will provide thirty minutes of exercise a day for every student,
something similar to the program I will be proposing. Furthermore, Secretary of Health, Everette
James, states that it is “improper for schools to teach students about good nutrition, only to offer
foods high in fat, sugar and calories.” This supports my analysis on the school menu that I found
on the State College Area School District website. As you can see, a lot of work has to be done
to improve fitness and destroy obesity.

“Fitness for Life: The new high school standard”

         “Fitness for Life: the new high school
                                                         “This is the single greatest tragedy
standard” (FFL) is a service program that I hope to
start in the State College Area School District, but     facing our society today” – Bill Clinton
more specifically in the high schools that are found
in such district. The purpose of the program is to increase fitness levels by making fitness
entertaining, mandatory, but not forceful, and it can even be used as a study break. In addition to
the “fitness period,” students who participate in the fitness period, which will hopefully be part
of the bell schedule, will have the opportunity to be certified in the already existing fitness center
in the district. The FFL proposal would be proposed this year, in late August 2010, where I
would set up a meeting with the State College Area School District Board and present my
program. At the same time, I would be promoting the program to the community by putting up
fliers about the program and my contact information for further support on the program.
According to the Behavioral Health Risks of Centre County report, 10 percent of people in
Centre County are obese, which means a BMI greater than thirty (Pennsylvania, 2010). 12
percent of the population that belongs to Centre County is overweight, which means having a
BMI between twenty-five and thirty (Pennsylvania, 2010). Keep in mind that the population of
Centre County is 144, 212 (U.S., 2010). As the statistics show, Centre County is increasing in
obesity, which can be a result of the decreased fitness levels of the county. From my research I
did notice that the community is willing to improve their fitness levels, which is why fliers
around the county would be beneficial in implementing my program. My proposal is quite a
reach because it will require adjusting the daily schedule in high schools around the area, but it
was able to work at Heritage High School in Tennessee. I do not see a reason why it would not
work in the State College area. In addition to the new schedule, students would be able to be
certified for use of the fitness center, instead of only being bound to the two current ways of
                                                                                                   Garcia 8


reaching certification, which include getting through a class in ninth grade physical education,
and getting through a class in tenth grade physical education.
Goals, Tasks, Objectives

        The overall goal of this program is to increase fitness in high schools, beginning with the
high schools in the State College Area District. Increased fitness in high schools may decrease
obesity and overweight levels among high school students, thus preventing them from future
health problems as adults. We would accomplish this through 2 main objectives.

Objective 1

        The first objective, and probably the most important is getting the district board of
advisors to see the purpose of having a “fitness period” added to the bell schedule without
interfering with academic time. The difference with this program in comparison to summer
school or after school programs is that my program will be implemented during class. How the
program would work is that the days will be in block periods. This means that there will be four
classes per day that are about 90 minutes long. The fitness period is about 23 minutes per day
and will be taken by adjusting passing time and rearranging homeroom and break times. The
program is very simple to implement if enough time is put into it, and I believe that it will
motivate students to be healthy and it will serve as a small break instead of sitting in class all
day. While I was determining the time line, I have myself an entire year from August 31st, 2010-
August of 2011 to launch this program. The reason for this is because the schedule must be
approved, an exercise manual must be created, and teachers must be trained to use it correctly.
Furthermore, the equipment would need to be ordered and the students and parents would need
to be notified of the changes.

                                         Objective 2
              Sample Schedule
                                         The second objective is to enhance the already existing
   MONDAY – THURSDAY                     fitness center program in the State College Area School
                                         District. Currently, the program is offered to high school
   7:00-Early Bird                       students who complete the two certification classes,
   8:20-Ten minute warning bell          which are offered in ninth and tenth grade. I want to be
   8:30-1st block begins                 able to use the fitness period as part of the certification
   9:52-FITNESS PERIOD                   process for high school students to earn the right to use
   begins                                the fitness center. This part of the program is very
   10:15-Break                           simple. Students are only allowed to miss three fitness
   10:27-2nd block begins                periods, and they must be excused. If more than three
   11:50-2nd block ends/1st lunch        fitness period are missed, then the high school student
   begins                                cannot enter the fitness center. However, the student
   11:57-3rd block begins                would have to go through ninth grade and tenth grade
   1:56-3rd block ends                   physical education, which would ultimately lead to
   2:03-4th block begins                 fitness center certification, if the student passes physical
   3:30-4th block ends                   education class.
                                                                                               Garcia 9


Resources and Feasibility

In order to make this program work I will need the cooperation of the State College Area School
District, but I will also need community involvement. While I was researching I found articles in
the Collegian about local neighborhoods taking initiatives to increase fitness. Therefore, if I
could get neighbors to sponsor the fliers that will be promoting the program, that would be very
beneficial. The equipment is somewhat expensive, so if I could have local athletic stores
sponsoring the athletic bands, I could focus on the program itself. Besides those expenses, there
really is not a lot to spend money on. The most important part is getting the bell schedule
changed and getting it approved by the district. In terms of feasibility, this program is very
feasible because it has been done before at Heritage High School in Tennessee.

Evaluation and Assessment

Once the program gets passed and it is implemented in the high schools of the State College
Area School District, the evaluation of the program would take place at the end of every school
year. For the first couple of years I would have a meeting with the district board and analyze the
attendance numbers during “fitness period.” I would also have surveys going around the school
to get the opinion of the students on the “fitness period.” Once the program is well established, it
would be each school’s responsibility to analyze the program and its results. For the first couple
of years, if more than half of the students attend “fitness period,” then I would know that the
program is at least attracting students. The entire purpose of the program is to make exercise
entertaining. In conclusion, success would be defined by seeing a general increase in physical
activity, and a decrease in obesity among high school students.

Sustainability

This program is very sustainable because implementing it will not be too costly. According to
my budget sheet, I have the program costing about $9800.00, but that is assuming that no one
sponsors the program. However, Centre County is working on initiatives to improve fitness in
the area, which makes me believe that Centre County would be willing to lend a hand for my
program. The only difficult part about the program is getting it passed by the district, but with
enough evidence from the program that was established in Tennessee, I believe that my program
could get passed. The second part of the program is access to the fitness center, which is already
running. The only difference is that attending the “fitness period” would also lead to fitness
center certification.

Benefits

The benefits of my program are very simple. If fitness is increased, eventually obesity will begin
to decrease. Obesity is a complicated issue because there are many factors that come into play
such as genetics, the environment, nutrition, and exercise. However, increasing one of those
factors, exercise, will most likely result in changing the other factors such as the environment
and perhaps nutrition. With exercise increasing, obesity will have to fight harder to continue
harming the teenager population. Furthermore, I plan on making “fitness period” entertaining for
                                                                                            Garcia 10



all students to educated high school students in the importance of exercise, how exercise can be
fun, and how exercise can save a life.

Conclusion

The State College Area School District is in need of a fitness campaign. Varsity sports are
offered like most high schools in the country, but not everyone plays a varsity sport. This is why
I decided to research fitness in high schools, and I know that Penn State University is willing to
help because in an article by Nick Malawskey from the Centre Daily Times, the state of
Pennsylvania, for the next two years, will be working on a program that will affect all public
schools in the lunch line (Malawskey, 2010). The article states that every school in Pennsylvania
will provide thirty minutes of exercise a day for every student, something similar to the program
I am proposing. I believe that my program is something different that the State College Area
School District has not seen, but that I can work. I encourage everyone who reads this proposal
to really put thought into it because it is not hard to implement, and I believe it has all the
characteristics of working in high schools.
                                                                                         Garcia 11



                                         Works Cited

Cognitore, Patrick. "State College Area High School | Fitness Center." State College Area School

       District. July-Aug. 2010. Web. 02 Aug. 2010.

       <http://www.scasd.org/24974011179194/blank/browse.asp?A=383&BMDRN=2000&BC

       OB=0&C=66235>.


Garrigan, Jill. "The Only Way to Get Fit Is to Quit Using Excuses." The Daily Collegian Online

       - Published Independently by Students at Penn State. 1 Nov. 2005. Web. 02 Aug. 2010.

       <http://www.collegian.psu.edu/archive/2005/11/11-01-05tdc/11-01-05dscihealth-column-

       03.asp>.


Grasso, Brian. Youth Fitness Solution. Web. 22 July 2010.

       <http://theyouthobesitysolution.com/?hop=nhb92405>.

Hassink, Sandra G. "Pediatric Obesity Management." Commonwealth Enterprise Portal. July

       2008. Web. 10 Aug. 2010. <http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt>.

"High School Menu." State College School Area District. July-Aug. 2010. Web. 12 Aug. 2010.

Koon, Stephanie. "Fitness Begins at Home." Centre Daily Times - State College, PA | Penn

       State, Nittany Lions, Weather, News, Jobs, Homes, Apartments, Real Estate. 19 Feb.

       2010. Web. 12 Aug. 2010. <http://www.centredaily.com/>.


Malawskey, Nick. "PSU Gets Grant to Study School Lunches." Centre Daily Times - State

       College, PA | Penn State, Nittany Lions, Weather, News, Jobs, Homes, Apartments, Real

       Estate. 12 May 2010. Web. 12 Aug. 2010. <http://www.centredaily.com/>.
                                                                                         Garcia 12



Mincemoyer, Scott, and Sue Trainor. "It's Time for a New Approach."

       Http://www.centredaily.com/ The Centre Daily Times. 16 Nov. 2008. Web. 12 Aug.

       2010.

Obama, Michelle. "Learn the Facts | Let's Move | The Epidemic of Childhood Obesity." Let's

       Move. 9 Feb. 2010. Web. 02 Aug. 2010. <http://www.letsmove.gov/learnthefacts.php>.


Pennsylvania Department of Health. "Behavioral Health Risks for Centre County."

       Pennsylvania's Entreprise Portal. 3 Aug. 2010. Web. 12 Aug. 2010.

       <http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt>.

Pfohl, Shellie. "The Challenge." The President's Challenge. Web. 02 Aug. 2010.

       <http://presidentschallenge.org/the_challenge/index.aspx>.


"Physical Activity for Everyone: Guidelines: Children | DNPAO | CDC." Center for Disease

       Control and Prevention. 10 May 2010. Web. 11 Aug. 2010.

       <http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/everyone/guidelines/children.html>.

Rendell, Edward G. "Schools." Pennsylvania Department of Health. 2010. Web. 11 Aug. 2010.

       <http://www.portal.health.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/schools/14130/statistics

       /556702>.


U.S. Census Bureau. "Centre County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau." State and County

       QuickFacts. 2010. Web. 12 Aug. 2010.

       <http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/42/42027.html>.


Webb, Tim. "Coordinated School Health - TDOE." Home - TN.gov. Web. 02 Aug. 2010.

       <http://www.tn.gov/education/schoolhealth/physed/>.
                                                                                       Garcia 13



Worsnop, R. L. (1997, September 26). Youth fitness. CQ Researcher, 7, 841-864. Retrieved July

       20, 2010, from CQ Researcher Online,

       http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre1997092600

"2010 Shape of the Nation." American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and

       Dance - AAHPERD. NASPE and AHA, 2 June 2010. Web. 21 July 2010.

       <http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/Shapeofthenation.cfm?cid=00007>.
                                                                                          Garcia 14



Appendices

1. Personal Profile:
             Rene Garcia is a junior at Penn State University majoring in Forensic Science and
possibly double majoring in Kinesiology. Since his first year at Penn State, Rene has been
interested in fitness and nutrition and decided to make a change in his lifestyle. Even though he
was thin, he wanted more muscles and a more defined body. He began working out regularly and
eating healthy. Fitness quickly became a part of Rene Garcia’s daily routine. Through the “Get
Fit” program at Penn State, Rene was able to work with the personal trainers, free of charge, and
learn about different work-outs and the proper way to use the equipment. Educating Rene on
how to properly work-out was quick and simple, and now he tries the work-outs on his own and
with friends. Furthermore, TV shows such as the “Biggest Loser” and “Losing it with Jillian
Michaels” have inspired Rene to help people who are overweight or obese. Rene still remembers
his high school years and how he wished he would have started exercising in high schools. Rene
wants to be able to give that opportunity to high school students now, to be fit and healthy as
they mature to adulthood.
                                                                                         Garcia 15


2. Budget Spreadsheet

Personnel               Description                                               Cost
Administrative
Board of Directors      Principals and curriculum directors across the district                    $0
Teachers                Current staff in the schools                                               $0
Personal Trainers       Fitness Center Staff                                                       $0
Total Personnel                                                                                    $0

Space:
Fitness Period          The classroom students are in at the time of the period                    $0
Total Space                                                                                        $0



Fitness Center          The school's fitness center                                                $0
Fitness Certification   Part of the physical education curriculum                                  $0
Work-out programs       Included with the certification                                            $0

Supplies & Materials
Centre Daily Times      Publish a Story about the new "fitness period"                             $0
                        1000 fliers about the "fitness period" and fitness
Fliers                  information                                               $50 (.05/copy)
Total Supplies &
Materials                                                                                          $50

Equipment
                                                                                  $8750
Resistance Bands        Used in each classroom for certain exercises              (17.50/band)
                                                                                  $1000
Exercise manual         Teachers will use the manual to instruct the exercises    (2.00/manual)
Total Equipment                                                                              $9,750
Total Cost                                                                                   $9,800
                                                                                               Garcia 16



    3. Visual Timeline

August 2010   September 2010      October 2010- May 2011        June 2011   July 2011         August
                                    April 2011                                                 2011
  Classes     Propose program     Meet with the Create the       Buy the    Finalize the      Classes
   begin         to the State     school district  universal      fitness       bell        begin with
                College Area        monthly to      fitness     equipment    schedule      the new bell
               School District      discuss the   manual that                                schedule
                                     new bell        each
                                   schedule and teacher will
                                  fitness center    have in
                                   certification     their
                                                  classroom


    Figure 1: Timeline of Goals, Tasks, Objectives

				
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