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Chapter 5 review Questions by hedongchenchen

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									                                   Chapter 5 review Questions:
Question:

Define risk management and the concepts of risk/benefit.

Answer:

Firefighter practice risk management when they ask questions of risk/benefit. Why risk a team of
firefighter for a building that is basically lost? Why cross over collapse-zone barrier tape just to get a
better angle for a fire steam. To understand risk management and to improve firefighter safety, the
firefighter needs to look at the common causes of injuries and deaths associated with firefighting.

Question:

List the leading causes of death and injury in the fire service.

Answer:

The most common firefighter deaths are Heart attacks, internal Trauma, crushing injuries and
asphyxiation.

Question:

List the NFPA standards that affect and pertain to firefighter occupational safety.

Answer:

NFPA Safety Related Standards

1500 F.D Occupational safety and health program

1521 F.D Saftey officer

1561 Emergency Services incident Management system

1581 F.D. Infection Control program

1582 Comprehensive Occupational medical program for F.D

1583 Health Related fitness programs for firefighters

The two –in/two-out rule is a concepts underscored in OSHA 1910.134 and NFPA 1500. In essence, the
rule states that before firefighters engage in interior fire attack operation. They must have two
equipped and ready firefighters who a team to make that attack.
Question:

List the five components that make up the accident chain and discuss the difference between mitigation
and intervention.

Answer:

Accident Chain:

The environment

Human Factors

Equipment

The event

The injury

Intervention is typically a reactive action. Any strategy designed to reduce the potential of creating an
accident chain is known as mitigation.

Question:

List and briefly describe the three key components of safety triad.

Answer:

Three components:

Procedures: Procedures or processes are the structures from which all activity at an incident begins.

Equipment: Equipment helps makes an operation more safe but is arguably the least important factor in
the safety triad of procedures.

Personnel: Human factors are often cited as the cause of injuries and deaths.

Question:

Explain the difference between formal and informal procedures.

Answer:

Formal procedures are written down as a SOG or SOP, informal procedures are those processes and
operation that are obviously part of the routine of a given department.
Question:

Name the three factors that influence the equipment portion of the safety triad.

Answer:

Equipment Selection

Equipment inspection and Maintenacne

Equipment Application



Question:

Name the three factors that influence the personnel portion of the safety traid.

Answer:

Training

Firefighter fitness and health

Attitude

Question:

Name the three partners that work together to achieve firefighter safety and give examples of how the
individual firefighter can contribute to firefighter safety.



Answer

The department

The Team

The individual firefighter: Reporting to duty or an incident with a physical limitation will increase
everyone’s danger. Firefighter working while sick or under the influence of certain over ther counter and
prescribed drugs can experience less the clear thinking as well as injury. Likewise, mental barriers and
“baggage” will likely impair a firefighter’s ability to think and act.

								
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