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Chapter 5 review Questions: Question: Define risk management and the concepts of risk/benefit. Answer: Firefighter practice risk management when they ask questions of risk/benefit. Why risk a team of firefighter for a building that is basically lost? Why cross over collapse-zone barrier tape just to get a better angle for a fire steam. To understand risk management and to improve firefighter safety, the firefighter needs to look at the common causes of injuries and deaths associated with firefighting. Question: List the leading causes of death and injury in the fire service. Answer: The most common firefighter deaths are Heart attacks, internal Trauma, crushing injuries and asphyxiation. Question: List the NFPA standards that affect and pertain to firefighter occupational safety. Answer: NFPA Safety Related Standards 1500 F.D Occupational safety and health program 1521 F.D Saftey officer 1561 Emergency Services incident Management system 1581 F.D. Infection Control program 1582 Comprehensive Occupational medical program for F.D 1583 Health Related fitness programs for firefighters The two –in/two-out rule is a concepts underscored in OSHA 1910.134 and NFPA 1500. In essence, the rule states that before firefighters engage in interior fire attack operation. They must have two equipped and ready firefighters who a team to make that attack. Question: List the five components that make up the accident chain and discuss the difference between mitigation and intervention. Answer: Accident Chain: The environment Human Factors Equipment The event The injury Intervention is typically a reactive action. Any strategy designed to reduce the potential of creating an accident chain is known as mitigation. Question: List and briefly describe the three key components of safety triad. Answer: Three components: Procedures: Procedures or processes are the structures from which all activity at an incident begins. Equipment: Equipment helps makes an operation more safe but is arguably the least important factor in the safety triad of procedures. Personnel: Human factors are often cited as the cause of injuries and deaths. Question: Explain the difference between formal and informal procedures. Answer: Formal procedures are written down as a SOG or SOP, informal procedures are those processes and operation that are obviously part of the routine of a given department. Question: Name the three factors that influence the equipment portion of the safety triad. Answer: Equipment Selection Equipment inspection and Maintenacne Equipment Application Question: Name the three factors that influence the personnel portion of the safety traid. Answer: Training Firefighter fitness and health Attitude Question: Name the three partners that work together to achieve firefighter safety and give examples of how the individual firefighter can contribute to firefighter safety. Answer The department The Team The individual firefighter: Reporting to duty or an incident with a physical limitation will increase everyone’s danger. Firefighter working while sick or under the influence of certain over ther counter and prescribed drugs can experience less the clear thinking as well as injury. Likewise, mental barriers and “baggage” will likely impair a firefighter’s ability to think and act.
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