Skeletal and Integumentary Systems Test

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					           Skeletal and Integumentary Systems Test Review

1. Label the bones of the human skeleton.
                                         1. cranium        15. patella

                                         2. mandible       16. tibia

                                         3. clavicle       17. fibula

                                         4. sternum        18. tarsals

                                         5. humerus        19. metatarsals

                                         6. ribs           20. phalanges

                                         7. vertebrae

                                         8. pelvis

                                         9. radius

                                         10. ulna

                                         11. carpals

                                         12. metacarpals

                                         13. phalanges

                                         14. femur

2. Label the parts of the bone and match the description of each.

       b                      A. Periosteum-thin outer membrane of
                                 the bone that contains blood vessels to
           c                     provide nourishment for the bones
               d              B. Spongy bone-red marrow made here;
           a                     bone with wide spaces
       Blood                  C. Compact bone-area of the bone where
       vessels                   bone is strong and has small spaces
                                 for blood vessels to pass through
                              D. Bone marrow-area of the bone where
                                 yellow marrow is stored
                              E. Blood vessels-supply blood to bones
             3. What system provides the framework for movement?
             4. What system helps in movement of the skeleton? muscular
             5. How many bones does a human baby have? 300
             6. How many bones do humans have after about age 25? 206
             7. What function do the ribs, sternum, and vertebral column provide for
                internal organs? protection
             8. What bones make up the forearm? Radius; ulna
             9. What bones make up the lower leg? Tibia; fibula
            10.What is the longest bone of the human body? femur
            11.What does yellow bone marrow store? Fat
            12.The place where two bones meet is called a joint.
            13.The cranium is an example of a immovable joint.
            14.The knee and elbow are examples of hinge joints.
            15.The shoulder and hip are examples of ball and socket joints.
            16.The wrist is an example of a sliding joint.
            17.In between places where bones meet, cartilage is found to provide
            18.Ligaments attach bone to bone.
            19.Tendons attach muscle to bone.
            20.The integumentary system is composed of skin, hair, nails.
            21.You might experience the sense of touch because your skin has nerve
            endings in it that sends messages to the brain.
            22.The skin is the largest organ of the body.
            23.The skin can help control body temperature , get rid of wastes, and
            keeps water in your body.
            24.Label the three layers of the human skin and the parts of each.

Epidermal                Oil gland                           Epidermis

   Sweat gland
     capillaries                         muscle
                                                  Hair follicle
                           Nerve fiber
                                                             Fat cells

            25.Which layer of the skin is the thin outer layer? epidermis
26.Which layer of the skin is the deep, thicker layer of skin? dermis
27.Homeostasis- means to maintain equilibrium or balance of human
body systems.
28.When the body becomes too warm, sweating occurs to cool the body.
29.Oil glands surround some hair follicles.
30.Skin contains muscle fibers.
31.The skin is a complex organ made up in part by blood vessels, nerves,
glands, and muscles.

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