July / August 2003
100 Years of Flight
Flight Instructor Seminars
Tourist Flight Operators Conference
Rules Development Update
Pearse aeroplane replica constructed by members of the South Canterbury Aviation Heritage Centre.
hroughout the world celebrations are being held this year
to mark the first 100 years of flight. In the United States
a Wright Flyer replica is touring the country, and on 17
December 2003 there will be a re-enactment of the Wright Brothers’
In New Zealand the air shows this year have also had the ‘100 years
of flight’ theme, with more emphasis on our own pioneer, Richard
Pearse. Here are just some of the celebratory activities we have observed.
Wings Over Wairarapa
The Wings Over Wairarapa airshow held at Masterton in January
celebrated the first 100 years of powered flight by including a
pageant of aircraft reflecting the developments through those years.
Lex Westoby (left) and his father Colin built the replica engine for the South Canterbury
Special features marking early flight were a Bleriot XI (1909), and Aviation Heritage Centre aeroplane.
the Swedish Tummelisa trainer (1919). Both these aircraft are
powered by rotary engines. the Waitohi residents organised a procession marking the decades
since the beginning of flight, with one of the replicas of Pearse’s
RAeS Symposium aeroplane planned to re-enact the first flight. Poor weather curtailed
The RAeS Annual Symposium held in Wellington in April was most of the flying activities planned for this event, including the
based on the theme of “New Zealand Aviation – The First 100 replica flight (cover photo). Many local schools braved the weather
Years”. Speakers covered all aspects of aviation, including military, to participate in, and watch, the procession.
agricultural, domestic and international civil aviation, the early
years, and the role of the regulator. Women in Aviation
Hugh McCarroll spoke about the early years giving due credit to The New Zealand Association of Women in Aviation held their
the experimenters who managed to become airborne, but were annual rally in Timaru this year. They held a special competition to
not considered to have achieved sustained and controlled flight. celebrate 100 years of powered flight with the aim of re-enacting a
The debate about when Richard Pearse flew will go on forever, flight from history. Entrants were expected to research, re-enact and
but Hugh put this in perspective. record an important flight that had taken place in their area. Members
also dressed as various aviation pioneers at the rally presentation
“Richard Pearse (1877-1953) was a New Zealand farmer from
Waitohi, South Canterbury who undertook significant aeronautical
experiments between 1899 and 1909. He achieved extraordinary
success, and was a gifted and clever engineer. There is a strong
RNZAC Annual Conference
probability that he got his heavier than air machine airborne on The RNZAC used the ‘100 years’ theme at their conference held
31 March 1903, but it might have been a year earlier or later. in Wellington in June. Graeme McCleary spoke about the humble
beginnings of flight in Timaru, and other speakers covered many
“I am not going to dwell on whether or not Pearse got a machine
aspects of aviation, including airlines, agriculture,Airways, engineering,
airborne before the Wright Brothers – several others got their
recreational flying, and a simulator development.
machines into the air before the Wrights as well. If the 31 March
1903 date is accepted, then Pearse was the fifth in the world to
become airborne, and certainly the first in the British Empire.That
is no small achievement in itself, and certainly warrants recognition,”
said Hugh McCarroll. Kiwi innovation was a common theme in these events. New
Zealanders are still keen to ‘find a better way’ and have a go at
Max Stevens, Deputy Director of Civil Aviation, spoke about the designing and building aircraft.
contribution of the regulator from the first Parliamentary Act to
control aviation in 1918, to the present day. CAA Sport and Recreation manager, Rex Kenny, advises people
about their projects all the time.
Richard Pearse Air Pageant “If you were Richard Pearse today, or building a replica of his aeroplane,
The South Canterbury Aviation Heritage Centre organised a it would be a Class 1 microlight and the certification and operating
“Richard Pearse Centenary of Flight Air Pageant” to increase rules can be found in Part 103.You can design and build your own
awareness of the achievements of Richard Pearse and raise funds single-seat microlight and the responsibility rests with the designer
to build a museum hangar for the heritage centre. The airshows and constructor to make sure it’s safe. It will need to be registered,
were held on 29 and 30 March, and on Monday 31 March 2003 and proof supplied to the CAA that it does comply with the Class 1
microlight specifications. We’d be looking for 3-view drawings, or
Cover photo - A modern aeroplane flys over the Richard Pearse memorial at Waitohi. photographs, and evidence that clearly demonstrates the aircraft
Note the similar features: ‘tricycle’ undercarriage, pneumatic tyres, steerable nosewheel, meets those specifications. Requirements for test flying can be found
‘tractor’ engine, horizontally opposed cylinders, direct drive propeller, wing vanes or
ailerons, elevator, vertical stabiliser, and rudder. in the operating manuals of the certificated microlight organisations.
2 July / August 2003 CAA NEWS
Years of Flight The Snark microlight designed and built by Bill Barber.
“For a two-seat microlight of original design, such as the Snark, a ensure that it was a safe aircraft, but responsibility for the construction
static wing load test and an undercarriage drop test are required. lies with the designer and builder.
Either the CAA can observe the testing, or proof must be supplied. “For experimental category aircraft a CAA-approved test pilot must
The specifications for the tests can be found in the British Civil carry out the test flying. For aircraft with a type-certified engine
Airworthiness Require-ments, BCAR Section S.A two-seat microlight and propeller combination, test flying of 25 hours are required – 40
of original design will require test flying, or endurance testing as hours for aircraft with a non type-certified engine or prop. During
it’s called, of 40 hours,” says Rex. the flight testing they’re going to be exploring the performance
Amateur built aircraft in the Experimental category, such as the and controlability of the aircraft, including confirming the centre
Shearwater, can have more than two seats, and there is no weight of gravity by ballasting the aircraft full forward and full aft.This will
and speed restriction as for microlight aircraft. Information about show that it does perform as the designer thought it would, or if
Experimental category can be found in Part 21 Subpart H. it’s a kit aircraft, that it meets the specifications of the kit.
“The CAA will do an initial inspection on the aircraft to ensure “For amateur-built aircraft kits the builder must complete 51 percent
that the regulatory requirements are being met. In general we would of the construction – the kit manufacturer can do the rest,” says
always survey the major fittings, systems, and the flight controls to Rex Kenny.
There’s something special about “I needed to shield the prop
building your own aircraft.There’s from spray and didn’t want to
something else entirely about put the engine on a pylon, so
designing it from scratch with it started to lend itself to the
the aim of producing kits V-tail idea. I drew a line on a
commercially. page and said ‘that’s the waterline’.
The Shearwater amateur built I drew another line a bit higher
amphibian project, based on the up and said ‘that’s the thrust
shores of the Mahurangi Inlet line’, and designed an aeroplane
near Warkworth, is one such between the two lines.”
project with Kiwi ingenuity at the forefront. The design is a Still, the V-tail made him nervous – there were two very definite
major step away from the ‘usual’ amphibian – it features a schools of thought on the idea.The V-tail first emerged on model
streamlined four-seat cabin, a tapered wing with down-turned six, but Bill rejected it when he learned of the complex aerodynamic
tips for floats, a pusher prop mounted unexpectedly low, calculations involved. In the end, he took something of a gamble
shielded from spray by a wide-channel hull rather than a fuselage and used a similar dihedral to the Beech.
– ending in a V-tail, all built with composite materials. The “I was amazed when it flew beautifully. There was no sign of
prototype uses brakes from another aircraft, bucket seats from directional instability at all,” he says.
someone’s car, and is road-trailerable after the wings are removed
And so the building started. With building taking place on the
seashore at Mahurangi, the Shearwater was always intended for
It all began with a trip to Oshkosh, the worldwide Mecca of salt-water operations. With amphibians’ reputation for high-
amateur aircraft constructors, in 1994. maintenance, composite materials also make it corrosion resistant.
On the way home, Martin Farrand and three others decided they Fibreglass and stainless steel is widely used. The laminar aerofoil
could do better than the kits on offer. All at once a dream, a designed by Harry Riblett has a penalty in drag, not lift, when
conspiracy, and a business venture were born. Martin thought it gets dirty.
his neighbour Bill Townson, a boat builder by trade, could build Registered as ZK-SFA, the Shearwater first flew in November
it. It was only later that Bill found out they wanted him to 2001, and in the hands of test pilot Andrew Buttle, the test flying
design the aircraft as well. With the full support of Martin and programme is now well-advanced. Although the initial test flying
Alan Coubray from that original Oshkosh trip, Martin’s brother was done from the water, the undercarriage has been strengthened
Kerry and Victor Hopwood have also been involved in the and it is hoped that the test-flying programme will progress at a
project. more rapid pace from an aerodrome.
Bill’s study of the intricacies of aerodynamics evolved into 11 Marketing of the Shearwater continues. A web site has been set
one-fifth scale models to test design concepts, with structural up, and a stand at Oshkosh 2002 attracted 600 visitors and some
input, design calculations, stress analysis, and stability checks serious enquiries. But while the marketing might ultimately pay
carried out in the United States by Dennis Haimerl of Hilander for the project, it is really an offshoot of the real reason the project
Incorporated. Back in New Zealand, Bill tried to sort out a spray ever got off the ground – the Kiwis simply thought they could
problem by towing the models behind his boat. do it better.
CAA NEWS July / August 2003 3
Tourist Flight Operators
C heck and Training was the theme of the second annual
Tourist Flight Operators New Zealand conference held in
Rotorua on 26 and 27 June 2003. Check and Training summarises
the pilot assessment and training programmes used in aviation
operations to make sure that required standards are met.
The group is committed to maximising
safety and quality across the tourist flying
sector and has voluntarily set industry
standards that are above the minimum
laid down by the Civil Aviation Rules.
This year’s conference, organised by
Volcanic Air Safaris’ Phill Barclay and
Helipro’s Mark Young, was attended by
56 operators from throughout New
Zealand, a pleasing increase on the 22
operators at the first formal conference
the group held in Nelson in 2002.
TFO chairperson Geoff Ensor, of Air
Safaris, opened the conference, saying the
group had made considerable progress in
the last year. More than 40 operators were
now financial members, and so far nine
had gained the right to use the Qualmark
tourism branding, with more expected Operators get close up with the Eurocopter EC130B4 flown to Helipro’s Rotorua base for the conference.
to soon. Geoff said the group’s new web
site, demonstrated at the conference by Wings over Whales’ John most organised group to seek Qualmark branding and had been
Macphail – also demonstrated progress and, like the Qualmark, used as an example to other tourism industry groups pursuing
was also a valuable marketing tool. use of the brand.
During the standards review which followed, the use of lifejackets
on flights over water became a topic of considerable discussion.
Representatives from manufacturers Gippsland, Cessna, and
Eurocopter gave presentations on their aircraft before discussion
of things marine continued in the afternoon with a presentation
by Denray Marine business manager John Peake on marine
survival and Helicopter Underwater Escape Training (HUET).
John also provided lifejacket samples for operators interested in
new models available for use now that Civil Aviation Rules allow
a wider range of standards in addition to the TSO (see Part 91
Dave Evans, of the Aviation Tourism,Travel and Training Organisation
briefed the conference on the ways the ATTTO was assisting the
industry and trying to counter a looming shortage of licensed
aircraft maintenance engineers. Air New Zealand had boosted
Advanced Flight’s Keith Stephens briefs an interested audience on the capabilities of the its training intake, and the Nelson Marlborough Institute of
new Apollo MX20 multifunction display.
Technology was using spare capacity at Woodbourne to run a
Andy Woods of Wanaka Flightseeing later launched the group pre-employment course. The ATTTO was also preparing CD-
logo, explaining that the final design stemmed from more than ROMs to help apprentices study for exams. He said it was up to
30 attempts, with the bulk of the work on the final design done the industry to support those trainees, and help them grow into
by Wanaka Flightseeing employee Rebecca Davies. The result the engineers the industry was beginning to cry out for.
was a logo which represented the New Zealand fern, and a Former airline pilot Ray Vuillermin, CASA Flight Operations
spinning rotor or propeller. Inspector, then addressed the conference on Check and Training.
The conference began with a review of the 27 standards the The second morning began with site visits to Helipro’s Rotorua
group had set for itself, facilitated by Qualmark project manager base at the Agrodome, and to Volcanic Air Safaris on the Rotorua
Craig Wilson, who said that Tourist Flight Operators was the lakefront.
4 July / August 2003 CAA NEWS
John Macphail gave a presentation on Green Globe 21, a member-
based ecolabel initiative based on principles endorsed by 182
heads of state at a United Nations Earth Summit in 1992. The
scheme assesses tourist businesses’ environmental impact with CAA Client
the aim of minimising it and using the proof as a marketing tool.
It has three levels – affiliate, benchmarked, and certified.
John said Wings over Whales had been an affiliate member for
some time, and he received word while at the conference that
Wings over Whales had been benchmarked – the first tourist The results of a recent client satisfaction survey by Colmar
flight operator in the world to do so. Completing the final certified Brunton were announced in May by the CAA Chairman,
stage involved a detailed audit. Rodger Fisher. Interviews were conducted with 302
The second morning concluded with a workshop on Check and clients from the New Zealand aviation community to
Training issues surrounding the employment of new pilots in find out how they viewed the CAA.
general aviation operations. Mr Fisher said that the survey showed pleasing improvement
The final afternoon of the conference saw the debating of industry compared with the last survey completed in 1998, but
issues. The Quality Index used to score operators during audits he acknowledged that there were some criticisms.
was discussed, with two operators, John Macphail and Andy In terms of overall satisfaction, 31 percent of those surveyed
Woods, to work with the CAA to develop a fairer system.There rated the CAA’s performance as excellent, and a further
was also discussion of Traffic Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS), 56 percent the rated the performance above average.
which will be reported further in the TFO magazine Contact. Thirteen percent rated the performance as poor (see
The CAA’s tamperproof Time in Service Recorder project was graph below).
also endorsed by the operators as a matter to be pursued.
The group then held an Annual General Meeting, adopting a Overall Satisfaction with the CAA
constitution and re-electing the existing committee.
Geoff said the response of operators to the conference had been
extremely positive, with a very pleasing turnout from across the 20% 54% 26%
“We are starting to function as a group.There was a strong sense
of common purpose – as well as the value and enjoyment that
comes from sharing experiences within our unique industry.”
For further information about Tourist Flight Operators New 13% 56% 31%
Zealand, see their web site: www.touristflightoperators.co.nz
N 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
RM A SHIP
AI Poor Excellent
– C FIDE
Poor (1-4) (5-7) Excellent (8-10)
Base: All CAA Customers (N=302, N=330)
E – EXP “In some areas, such as the usefulness of CAA publications,
forums, workshops and seminars, a large majority of clients
Airmanship – Confidence – Experience are the themes of rated the CAA as excellent. We acknowledge that there
ACE Days, sponsored by the CAA and Aviation News. An are still areas that could be improved, such as turnaround
ACE Day is a day-long seminar with the purpose of time, and dealing with complaints.
increasing airmanship awareness for all GA and recreational
“One of the most satisfying results was in the area of
pilots. The programme starts at 10 am, lunch is provided,
medical certification, where 72 percent of clients surveyed
and the day usually concludes about 3 pm.
viewed the systems as satisfactory, or better, with 26
The next ACE Day will be held in October percent rating it as excellent.
at Waipukurau Aerodrome “It was pleasing to see the CAA is now seen to be
professional, authoritative and approachable. Eighty percent
The date is still to be finalised – keep an eye on the web of clients, including aircraft owners, pilots, and maintenance
site below for updates. organisations, agree that the CAA works more in
The ACE Day is free to participants, but numbers are limited, consultation with them than in the past.They also thought
so booking is essential.You can book online at the Aviation the CAA was still too bureaucratic, which is probably to
News web site, www.aviationnews.co.nz/acedays be expected, given the CAA’s role as the regulator,”
Mr Fisher said.
The CAA Client survey can be viewed on the CAA web
CAA NEWS July / August 2003 5
amendments to Parts 21, 43 and 91, regarding acknowledged “pressure points” requiring
aircraft noise and engine emissions. The further CAA input, Peter says.
amendments come into effect on 28 July “The technical study group (TSG) for Part
2003, bringing our Civil Aviation Rules 61 has put a lot of valuable work into a
into line with aircraft engine noise and draft NPRM which requires further work
emission standards set out in International to complete the background and supporting
Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Annex information before it can be published. A
16 Volumes 1 and 2. The standards will plan for introduction of the Part 61 changes
apply to standard category aircraft, and in
is expected soon, once it’s been determined
the case of the emissions Rule, turbine- how the project can be split into more
powered aircraft only. manageable components.The final NPRM
Rules mandating the use of will build on the work of the TSG, and
Airborne Collision Avoidance address concerns about pilot training
Systems (ACAS) and Terrain standards raised by the industry at both
Update Avoidance Warning Systems (TAWS) for the 2001 and 2002 “Towards 2005” safety
large aeroplanes operating under Part 121 forums,” Peter says.
come into effect on 1 August 2003. Similar “Part 43 involves the review and updating
Rules for medium size aeroplanes operating of a whole range of aircraft maintenance
A significant number of Civil Aviation
Rules projects have been completed
or are nearing completion, and the transition
under Part 125 are complete and expected
to be signed shortly.
and airworthiness requirements.With any
major Rules project such as Part 43 and
Re-issue of Part 137 Agricultural Aircraft Part 61, several other Rules are affected
of the Rule-making process to that outlined and integration of the changes can be a
in the Scholtens’ report is well under Operations, which tidies up many require-
ments for agricultural operations is expected time consuming process. Part 43, for
way. example, includes various amendments to
to be signed within the next three months,
Rules Development Unit manager Peter 21 separate rule Parts. Procedures being
as well as an amendment to Part 19 regarding
Blackler says the recent completion of developed to meet the Scholtens’ Report
use of GPS distance information.
several Rules projects and the progression recommendations will provide for a more
of others to final draft or Notice of Proposed “Some of these Rules developments clearly defined focus of a project with
Rule Making (NPRM) stage is evidence have been long-standing projects. The better control of the process.
of real progress. ACAS/TAWS project was well-defined
“The transition from the existing CIRAG
and narrow in scope, but it still took two rules process to the one the CAA has
During the past year, five NPRMs have
years. In this case, there was an unprecedented accepted by adopting the recommendations
been released for public consultation and
level of industry involvement throughout made in the Scholtens’ Report is progressing
nine Rules have been signed by the Associate
the project. The Associate Minister of well,” Peter says.
Minister of Transport, Harry Duynhoven.
Transport also took a personal interest in
Four draft final Rule packages have been A project to review the requirements of
it,” Peter says.
sent to the Ministry of Transport (MOT) Part 21 regarding the certification of special
for final processing and signing. The New Parts 95 and 173 will prescribe the category aircraft was the first Rule to go
delivery to the MOT of five more – three standards for the design of visual and through a scoping study to see how the
draft NPRMs and two draft final Rules instrument procedures for IFR flight and new process might work in practice.
– is imminent. certification of organisations designing “Industry will be involved in the policy
them. Another new Rule, Part 109 Air stages to identify the issues needing to be
“There has been a lot of work on Rules
Cargo Security prescribes security require- addressed, and determining the desired
Development projects going on in the
ments for cargo carried on international regulatory outcomes. The policy outcome
background.These projects represent a lot
air transport operations. This is at draft must be confirmed before any Rule project
of hard work by unit staff and a major clear
NPRM stage. is considered,” Peter says.
out of the Rules development programme.
We’ve already made real progress, and Nearly completed is the review of crew, Progress had also been made with the
several Amendments will be published in passenger and baggage weights for Part negotiation of a fast-track Rules amend-
the remainder of 2003,” Peter says. 121, 125 and 135 operations. It is expected ment process with the MOT in recognition
“The projects vary from a complete rewrite to be processed by the MOT in the next that some Rules are more straightforward
of a Rule, such as Part 61, with consequential few months. A comprehensive survey of than others and could go through an
amendments to several other Rules, to passenger weights will be carried out in abbreviated development process. An
something like the fairly minor amendment October 2003. ‘omnibus’ Rule project has also been
to Part 19, which removes the prohibition The rewrite of Part 67 Medical Standards started to correct a number of editorial and
from using GPS-derived distance infor- and Certification, brought about by minor technical corrections to a number of
mation when making an ILS/DME or amendments to the Civil Aviation Act, is Parts.
Localiser/DME approach. The only thing an MOT project. An NPRM is now CAA Rules development information is published
that doesn’t vary is that attention to detail published, and there is a link to it on the in the Civil Aviation Rules Register Information
CAA web site. Leaflet (CARRIL) each month. The CARRIL is
is always critical. The work is technical,
available on the CAA web site www.caa.govt.nz
industry participation is paramount, and The two remaining projects – the rewrite under “Rules and more.” You can also subscribe
where necessary, we re-consult.” of Part 61 Pilot Licenses and Ratings and to receive an email notification of Rules changes
Recently completed projects include Part 43 General Maintenance Rules are and the CARRIL.
6 July / August 2003 CAA NEWS
Young Eagles News
Y oung Eagles is a programme of the
Royal New Zealand Aero Club
(RNZAC) with the goal of introducing
that Daniel would go along to the aero
club – and becoming the first Young Eagle
at Hawera Aero Club was the first step.
young New Zealanders aged from 12 to John Roberts-Thomson took Daniel for
17 to aviation. It aims to generate enthusiasm his first Young Eagles flight at Hawera in
and encourage further involvement, possibly 1995. Eventually, Daniel became involved
even a career in aviation. Providing a first with the New Plymouth Aero Club as well
flight, or first flight in a light aircraft, is as Hawera Aero Club.
one of the main activities in the programme, “In December 1999, I had my first flying
carried out with the goodwill of clubs and lessons, after completing School Certificate.
approved volunteer pilots. In April 2000 I had my first solo here in
Young Eagles’ sponsors are: the CAA, New Plymouth with instructor Wayne
Aviation Services Limited, Aviation Co- Harrison, and it was also in that year in
operating Underwriters, Air BP, Pacific June, that I won the RNZAC Ross
Wings, and Aviation Publishing. Macpherson Young Eagles Scholarship.
New Zealand Young Eagles are affiliated That really got me on my way toward my
with the Experimental Aircraft Association Private Pilot Licence. I continued to have
(EAA) Young Eagles in the United States. lessons, at Hawera and New Plymouth – that Daniel Croot
You can find out more about Young Eagles made a good mixture.”
through the RNZAC. In July 2001 he gained his Private Pilot Multi-engine Rating.“I’m currently studying
Web: www.rnzac.org.nz Licence (PPL). The following year, he hard for my C-Category Flight Instructor
Tel: 0800 I CAN FLY (0800 422 635). started a two-year Diploma in Aviation Rating which is providing good opportunities
and Management at New Plymouth Aero for me to learn about myself, as well as
National Rally Day 2003 Club. giving me new flying challenges.”
This year’s Young Eagles National Rally “As I already had my PPL under my belt The aero club is important to Daniel and
Day will be held on Sunday 7 December it meant working on my Commercial he continues to be involved in club activities
with a special challenge to fly one thousand Pilot Licence, which was interesting. – winning second place in the full panel
Young Eagles throughout New Zealand The exams were quite challenging, but I instrument flying competition at the
during the day. Clubs are being advised so managed to get through them all first time. RNZAC Nationals this year.
that they can organise volunteers well in Going from having aviation as a hobby, Daniel Croot is a young man going places
advance. If you want to be involved, contact out here on weekends, to being here every in aviation, and his involvement with
your club’s coordinator. day was great. Young Eagles gave his career a kick-start.
“About half-way through the year I began His advice to today’s Young Eagles is to be
Young Eagle Flys High working for Origin Pacific doing the patient.
Daniel Croot is one Young Eagle who has airside handling, so I really got involved, “There’s a lot of waiting around, but hang
pursued a career in aviation. Daniel was and working with the people in the industry in there, use the time to read as much as
excited by flying in airliners as a youngster, was good.” you can, and listen to the conversations – there’s
but things really started to happen when In December 2002 Daniel passed his lots to be learnt from them – and soon you’ll
both his parents took up flying. His father Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL). In April find yourself adding to those conversations
won a flying scholarship, so it was natural 2003 he gained his Instrument Rating and and being more involved.”
The State Services Commissioner has commissioned a review of certain
aspects of the Civil Aviation Authority. The reviewer, appointed pursuant
to section 25 of the State Sector Act 1988, is Douglas White QC.
Mr White seeks submissions addressed to the terms of reference for the
review, which are available on the Commission’s website at www.ssc.govt.nz
or from Andy Evans, State Services Commission, PO Box 329,Wellington
CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS (ph 04 495 6680 or fax 04 495 6701 or firstname.lastname@example.org ).
Submissions, in writing, should be sent to Andy Evans at any of the above
CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY: addresses by 4 August 2003. Persons who wish to be heard by the Reviewer
REVIEW BY THE STATE should indicate dates on which they will be available in their written
SERVICES COMMISSIONER submission.
CAA NEWS July / August 2003 7
For the wider aviation community …
… microlight, helicopter, aeroplane, glider.
O ne significant problem area identified by
the Towards 2005 Aviation Safety Forum
was “Instructional deficiencies”. Other problem
In September 2001 the Civil Aviation Authority held a safety forum called
“Towards 2005 – The Aviation Safety Plan Forum”. Its purpose was to identify
areas also referred to instruction, such as “Pilot problem areas in aviation safety, in order to achieve a reduction in accident
training is often carried out in an unstructured rates. The Forum identified 18 specific problem areas.
way”. Many were relevant to the role of flight Many of the problem areas were related to ‘culture’, and the CAA began a
instructors, such as “BFR standardisation and three-year strategy aimed at producing a ‘culture shift’ in the New Zealand
content is deficient”,“Type-rating management”, aviation community. The CAA identified problem solutions which were
and “Breaches of airmanship”. already partially in place, and has started projects to identify further solutions
To help address these problem areas the CAA, to the problem areas.
with the help of sponsors, are conducting five Another Towards 2005 Forum was held in 2002, sub-titled “Implementing
Flight Instructor Seminars in September and Solutions”.The 2002 Forum included more work-shopping in order to identify
October 2003. They are specifically targeted solutions and the practical steps to implement those solutions.
at Part 149 Instructors and Part 61 B and C-
Following the 2002 Forum there was enthusiasm for another Forum to be
held in 2003. Deputy Director, Max Stevens, says that this year rather than
The Seminars will be two days, and held in hold another Forum, it has been decided to continue with the practical
Whangarei, Hamilton, Palmerston North, implementation work.
Ashburton and Dunedin. Ian Dix, Education
“One of our major efforts this year will be the Flight Instructor Seminars
and Training Specialist with CASA, will be
which will directly address several problem areas. We’ve decided not to hold
coming to New Zealand to participate in the
another Forum this year, and use the resources to continue with our work on
seminars. He has considerable experience in
safety culture. It’s likely we’ll hold another Safety Forum in 2004, or 2005.
teaching and flight instruction, and has been
Meanwhile, there are many more initiatives in the pipeline that involve working
a driving force behind CASA’s Instructor
with the aviation community to tackle the problems identified in the first two
Seminars and aviation education programmes.
Forums,” says Max Stevens.
Linda Hutchings from Brainstorm will also
contribute to the seminars.The emphasis will
be on instructional techniques.
Learning will continue through the informal
parts of the day and evenings, and to achieve
Flight Instructor Seminars 2003
this all participants will be staying at the venues Part 61 B & C-Cat Instructors and Part 149 Instructors
for the seminars. A nominal registration fee
will be charged, and includes all accommodation Whangarei 11 and 12 October
(share twin) and meals. All participants will Hamilton 29 and 30 September
receive a copy of the CAA GAP publication
Palmerston North 2 and 3 October
Flight Instructor’s Guide (this alone normally
costs over $50), and other handout material. Ashburton 5 and 6 October
So if you’re an Instructor for a Part 149 organ- Dunedin 8 and 9 October
isation, or a Part 61 B or C-Cat Instructor,
register now for the CAA Flight Instructor Closing date for registration is 1 September 2003
Seminars. Numbers are limited, and registrations
All Part 149 Instructors and Part 61 B & C-Cat Instructors are invited to register.
close on 1 September 2003.
Places are limited, so please register early. The registration form is on the CAA
web site www.caa.govt.nz and updated information will be posted there as well.
All registrations must be accompanied by the $50 registration fee.
a Complete the form and send with the registration fee to:
Flight Instructor Seminars
Civil Aviation Authority
P O Box 31 441
8 July / August 2003 CAA NEWS
T he new Visual Navigation Charts have now been in use for
four months, and have been generally well received. There
has been a settling in period as pilots adapt to such a new product.
and Queenstown. These areas have been selected because they
represent a range of features, from mountains to built-up areas.
The Auckland trial chart will show the northern portion of the
The development and issue of the first set of charts was always North Island at 1:500 000 scale on one side, and the reverse side
seen as a starting point on which we can build.Your feedback is will be the 1:125 000 Auckland VNC.
appreciated whether positive, or negative – but most feedback
The Queenstown trial chart will show the southern portion of
received has included suggestions for improvements, and this is
the South Island at 1:500 000 scale on one side, and the reverse
side will be the 1:250 000 Queenstown VNC.
Most popular features are:
The prototypes will trial different colours, missing data will be
• improved depiction of airspace types inserted, and they will be on the same A1 size paper as the current
• aerodrome information boxes VNCs.
• new features such as mountain passes It is important to note that no firm decisions have been made
• the marking of exotic and native forested areas. about the scale.
This is a trial only, and there are many factors to consider. Perhaps
There are several issues with the charts that the production team the most significant factor is whether there will be sufficient
and Airways’ customers identified: demand to produce additional charts economically. If not, a
• the colour is too dark, and there is a lack of colour consistency compromise will need to be agreed that is going to suit the
• some information is missing, eg towns, some rivers are majority of operations.
incomplete, more spot heights are needed A chart produced at 1:500 000 scale cannot show all the references
• the grid alignment needs to be more accurate on some the new VNCs have, but would have the same topographical
charts. and cultural features as the current Visual Planning Charts
(VPCs). For example the 1:500 000 scale charts will have these
The next step is to address the issues, and incorporate the many features:
• Rail and HT lines will be shown, but features such as bridges,
golf courses, buildings, dams, tunnels, masts, etc will not be
Process for Improvement shown.
A team has been formed comprising members from the original • All hazard symbols and airspace would be shown.
charting team, two CAA Field Safety Advisers, a representative • Labelling would be incomplete in terminal areas.
from Airways Navigation Development Unit, representatives
from the printer and from the database development company. • Aerodrome and navigation aid information would be confined
This team met late in June to discuss all the issues, including to basic labels.
the most appropriate scale which has aroused significant • No visual reporting points or visual advisory track information
discussion. would be shown.
Before this project started almost two years ago, a survey indicated As progress develops with the trials we will keep you informed
that 76 percent of respondents wanted a 1:250 000 scale covering with articles in CAA News. If you would like to comment, and
the whole country. Now, after the charts have been in use for a we welcome your feedback, use the Airways’ IFIS web site,
period, we have become aware that some pilots (particularly those s.airways.co.nz.
www.ifis.airways.co.nz Go to “Publications” and use the link
flying long cross-country legs) wish to have a 1:500 000 scale. “Click here to tell us more” to email your feedback.
While many pilots are pleased with the whole country at a Or email: email@example.com
1:250 000 scale, and see this as a great improvement, others are
Fax: 0–4–569 2024
keen to look at a mix of scales – with perhaps a 1:500 000 series
covering the whole country and a 1:250 000 scale or 1:125 000 Post: Charts Feedback, Civil Aviation Authority,
scale on the reverse. P O Box 31 441, Lower Hutt
The CAA and Aviation Publishing are going to trial this concept
by forming two industry focus groups of pilots. In the North
Island the group will be lead by Warren Sattler, CFI, Ardmore Enroute Charts
Flying School, and in the South Island by Carlton Campbell, The enroute charts will be issued as scheduled, effective
CFI, Wakatipu Aero Club. Warren and Carlton will be liasing 27 November 2003. These charts will be issued using the
with experienced and senior pilots in other organisations to fly current format. It is still our intention to redevelop the
with trial prototype charts, and you may be asked to help. enroute charts in the future, but resources will be used to
Also flying with the trial charts will be the CAA Field Safety improve theVNCs, before starting a further chart development
Advisers, and RNZAF pilot and instructor, Jim Rankin. project.
Two areas have been selected to trial prototype charts, Auckland
CAA NEWS July / August 2003 9
The new medical system has been running New Medical Examiners an acceptable description of your medical
for a little over a year now and it seems circumstances. You must provide information
A number of new Medical Examiners have
to be running well. There is still a lot of about your medical circumstances and not
joined the system. Contact details can be
work to be done, but an indication of whether, or how, you might have previously
found in the medical section of the CAA
progress is that the majority of eligible provided information.
web site. Welcome aboard to:
applicants are being issued medical Not only do such reports increase the
certificates quickly and efficiently. Thank Dr David Black, ME1, Auckland
workload for your Medical Examiner, but
you to everyone who has contributed to Dr Patrick Leary, ME2, New Plymouth they are potentially misleading, and they
this progress. Dr Ravi Ramaswami, ME1, Hong Kong increase the cost of the medical certification
A recent survey of CAA client satisfaction Dr Sara Souter, ME1, Auckland. system as Medical Examiners spend time
indicates that there are positive results trying to cross-reference or validate these
from this hard work. The survey showed, Part 67 statements.
however, that even though aspects of the Part 67 is the civil aviation Rule that contains Please do not write such things in your
current medical system have been well the medical standards. This Rule has been applications for medical certificates. It is
reported, there is obviously need for more rewritten by the Ministry of Transport, and much more helpful to make simple accurate
effort in improving your understanding released for public consultation on 10 July statements, such as “Prostate surgery (benign)
of how the system works. 2003 as a Notice of Proposed Rule Making about ten years ago” and “Acid reflux, Losec
One such education effort, under way at (NPRM). Submissions are due by 8 September for 2 years, no problems now” and “Palpitations
the moment, is the plan to develop Medical 2003, and the NPRM contains details of of the heart last year. CAA notified. Saw
Information Sheets. These are one-page how to make a submission. See the CAA cardiologist. No problems now.” than to write
documents with explanatory information web site for a link to the NPRM. something that is potentially ambiguous.
about one aspect of the medical certification
system. The first two are likely to address
Honesty Required Convener Reviews
decision review options, and the Accredited When applying for a medical certificate it Amendment to the Civil Aviation Act 1990
Medical Conclusion process. They will is very important to provide correct and (the Act) provided an additional review
be available through the CAA web site, accurate advice about your medical history. process for medical certification decisions.
and the first one is there now. What is needed is “the truth, the whole truth, This convener review process is described
and nothing but the truth”. in section 27L of the Act.
A quick look back at the last year, from
1 June 2002 to 31 May 2003, provides To provide untruthful information for medical The convener is appointed by the Minister
the following (approximate) statistics: certification purposes is an offence under the of Transport and the reviews are managed
Civil Aviation Act 1990. Legal actions have by the Ministry of Transport. This review
• On 31 May 2003 there were 112
been taken against people who have provided process is independent of the CAA.
Medical Examiners working in the
grossly misleading information in their Enquiries about the convener review process
system, 96 of these were located within
medical certification applications. should be directed to the Ministry of
New Zealand, and 38 were ME1s.
If your medical history is long, or complex, Transport.
• 9000 medical certificates were issued, it might help to prepare yourself a list well
1500 of these were first-time certificate in advance and use it when filling out the AC67
holders. 1400 certificate issues involved application form. You can even download Advisory Circular 67-1 (AC67) does not
the application of flexibility and the form from the CAA web site, and fill exist. It was withdrawn on 1 April 2002
Accredited Medical Conclusion. 18 it out at home before you go and see your when the medical sections of the Civil
applications for medical certificates Medical Examiner. Keeping a copy of your Aviation Act 1990 were amended.
were denied. last application can also be helpful in
• Accredited Medical Conclusions prompting or reminding you of your details AIC 8/98
(AMC) were sought for 1400 cases. (but see “As reported before” below). Information provided recently in AIC 8/98
1400 AMCs were closed, and closure It is always better to mention something, Medical Directory, promulgated in AIRAC
occurred in an average of 9 days, even if you think it is likely to be trivial, cycle 03/7 effective 10 July 2003, is incorrect.
with 75 percent of the AMCs being than to fail to mention something that The aviation publishing department of
completed in 5, or less, days. might be important. The Medical Examiner, Airways New Zealand has been advised of
• Convener review was sought in 22 when completing the examination forms, this error, and have indicated that the matter
cases. Seven Convener reviews were will make notes to indicate that they have will be remedied.
closed, and closure occurred in an considered each condition and whether (or
average of 156 days. not) they see it as being relevant to flight CAA Medical Helpdesk:
Tel: 0-4-560 9466
Dr Dougal Watson
“As reported before” Fax: 0-4-560 9470
Principal Medical Officer
Writing “as reported before” or “see previous Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
application” and similar statements is not
10 July / August 2003 CAA NEWS
New Zealand Auto Fuel
The main difference pilots will notice in the The Civil Aviation Authority has been advised that the Environment
Aeronautical Information Publication New Efficiency and Conservation Authority will very shortly announce the
Zealand (AIP NZ), effective 4 September 2003, availability of ethanol-blended auto fuels in New Zealand. Auto fuels free
will be in Volume One. of ethanol will still be available however, and AVGAS remains unchanged.
AIP NZ is the rewrite of the existing AIP into The blend is expected to contain 10% ethanol.
the International Civil Aviation Organisation The FAA and Cessna have declared ethanol-blended fuels as inappropriate
(ICAO) format. In paper form, the AIP NZ for aircraft use.The UK CAA do not permit the use of auto fuel containing
will be provided in four volumes.Volume One alcohol.
is the equivalent of the current Planning Manual, The Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) also consider the use of
Volume Two and Volume Three (sold only as a ethanol-blended fuels inappropriate due to:
set) are the equivalent of the IFG, and Volume • Increased possibility of vapour lock at high temperatures
Four is the equivalent of the VFG.
• Slush formation at low temperatures due to the high attraction of water
AIP NZ rewrite coordinator Bill Sommer says to ethanol
the changes pilots will notice most immediately
• Material compatibility over a period of time.
are in Volume One, which will be used for
planning, rather than in the air. The Civil Aviation Authority accepts the position taken by the EAA and
the foreign authorities and will issue an Airworthiness Directive (AD) to
“ICAO has provided the skeleton for the new
ensure that aircraft operating on automotive fuels will not be fuelled with
AIP. It will be divided into three parts, various an ethanol-blended product.
sections within those parts, and a series of
The Airworthiness Directive will apply to a significant number of microlight
chapters within each section. The format is
and experimental category aircraft.
quite different from what we currently have,
although almost all of the information currently www.caa.govt.nz,
Further details will be posted on the CAA web site, www.caa.govt.nz and
available in the Planning Manual will be provided advice sent to the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Sport Aircraft
in Volume One. Following the ICAO format Association, Recreational Aircraft Association of New Zealand, and Sport
means there will be some omissions, the most Aviation Corporation.
noticeable of which is RTF phraseology. That
will be included in another document – most
likely an Advisory Circular.
“It will take a little time to get used to the new
The CAA is Moving
format. However, once pilots learn their way
around it, I’m sure they’ll find it is much easier
to find and understand the information. Each
part has a comprehensive table of contents
which makes it very easy to use,” Bill says.
“Most pilots will be using Volume Four ahead
of any other. The information provided in the
text in the front of the current VFG will be RELOCAT
provided in Volume Four, but it will be in a
different format.The information is easy to find
and read. A big difference for VFR pilots is that
Volume Four will be amendable, not a throw- As reported in the last CAA News, the CAA is relocating to Petone in August
2003. Phone numbers and postal address will remain the same. The only change
away publication like the current VFG.”
is our new location at Aviation House, 10 Hutt Road, Petone. It is just off the
As the new AIP has been developed, it has Hutt motorway, next to the Home Ideas centre.
become obvious that it is much easier to learn
Last day of business at Market Grove will be Friday 29 August 2003, first day of
and understand the new format when using a
business at Hutt Road will be Monday 1 September 2003.
paper document, rather than in electronic format
on a screen. For that reason, release of AIP NZ
on the internet will be delayed until November Location: Postal: Communication:
2003. Aviation House P O Box 31 441 Tel: +64–4–560 9400
10 Hutt Road Lower Hutt Fax: +64–4–569 2024
“I’m confident that once pilots get used to the
Petone New Zealand Web: www.caa.govt.nz
new format they will find the new AIP much
New Zealand Email: email@example.com
easier to use, and it won’t take long,” Bill says.
CAA NEWS July / August 2003 11