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					                                      July / August 2003

100 Years of Flight
Flight Instructor Seminars
Tourist Flight Operators Conference
Rules Development Update
                                                                    Celebrating 100
                                                                  Pearse aeroplane replica constructed by members of the South Canterbury Aviation Heritage Centre.

               hroughout the world celebrations are being held this year
               to mark the first 100 years of flight. In the United States
               a Wright Flyer replica is touring the country, and on 17
    December 2003 there will be a re-enactment of the Wright Brothers’
    first flights.
    In New Zealand the air shows this year have also had the ‘100 years
    of flight’ theme, with more emphasis on our own pioneer, Richard
    Pearse. Here are just some of the celebratory activities we have observed.

    Wings Over Wairarapa
    The Wings Over Wairarapa airshow held at Masterton in January
    celebrated the first 100 years of powered flight by including a
    pageant of aircraft reflecting the developments through those years.
                                                                                                    Lex Westoby (left) and his father Colin built the replica engine for the South Canterbury
    Special features marking early flight were a Bleriot XI (1909), and                             Aviation Heritage Centre aeroplane.
    the Swedish Tummelisa trainer (1919). Both these aircraft are
    powered by rotary engines.                                                                      the Waitohi residents organised a procession marking the decades
                                                                                                    since the beginning of flight, with one of the replicas of Pearse’s
    RAeS Symposium                                                                                  aeroplane planned to re-enact the first flight. Poor weather curtailed
    The RAeS Annual Symposium held in Wellington in April was                                       most of the flying activities planned for this event, including the
    based on the theme of “New Zealand Aviation – The First 100                                     replica flight (cover photo). Many local schools braved the weather
    Years”. Speakers covered all aspects of aviation, including military,                           to participate in, and watch, the procession.
    agricultural, domestic and international civil aviation, the early
    years, and the role of the regulator.                                                           Women in Aviation
    Hugh McCarroll spoke about the early years giving due credit to                                 The New Zealand Association of Women in Aviation held their
    the experimenters who managed to become airborne, but were                                      annual rally in Timaru this year. They held a special competition to
    not considered to have achieved sustained and controlled flight.                                celebrate 100 years of powered flight with the aim of re-enacting a
    The debate about when Richard Pearse flew will go on forever,                                   flight from history. Entrants were expected to research, re-enact and
    but Hugh put this in perspective.                                                               record an important flight that had taken place in their area. Members
                                                                                                    also dressed as various aviation pioneers at the rally presentation
    “Richard Pearse (1877-1953) was a New Zealand farmer from
    Waitohi, South Canterbury who undertook significant aeronautical
    experiments between 1899 and 1909. He achieved extraordinary
    success, and was a gifted and clever engineer. There is a strong
                                                                                                    RNZAC Annual Conference
    probability that he got his heavier than air machine airborne on                                The RNZAC used the ‘100 years’ theme at their conference held
    31 March 1903, but it might have been a year earlier or later.                                  in Wellington in June. Graeme McCleary spoke about the humble
                                                                                                    beginnings of flight in Timaru, and other speakers covered many
    “I am not going to dwell on whether or not Pearse got a machine
                                                                                                    aspects of aviation, including airlines, agriculture,Airways, engineering,
    airborne before the Wright Brothers – several others got their
                                                                                                    recreational flying, and a simulator development.
    machines into the air before the Wrights as well. If the 31 March
    1903 date is accepted, then Pearse was the fifth in the world to
    become airborne, and certainly the first in the British Empire.That
    is no small achievement in itself, and certainly warrants recognition,”
    said Hugh McCarroll.                                                                            Kiwi innovation was a common theme in these events. New
                                                                                                    Zealanders are still keen to ‘find a better way’ and have a go at
    Max Stevens, Deputy Director of Civil Aviation, spoke about the                                 designing and building aircraft.
    contribution of the regulator from the first Parliamentary Act to
    control aviation in 1918, to the present day.                                                   CAA Sport and Recreation manager, Rex Kenny, advises people
                                                                                                    about their projects all the time.
    Richard Pearse Air Pageant                                                                      “If you were Richard Pearse today, or building a replica of his aeroplane,
    The South Canterbury Aviation Heritage Centre organised a                                       it would be a Class 1 microlight and the certification and operating
    “Richard Pearse Centenary of Flight Air Pageant” to increase                                    rules can be found in Part 103.You can design and build your own
    awareness of the achievements of Richard Pearse and raise funds                                 single-seat microlight and the responsibility rests with the designer
    to build a museum hangar for the heritage centre. The airshows                                  and constructor to make sure it’s safe. It will need to be registered,
    were held on 29 and 30 March, and on Monday 31 March 2003                                       and proof supplied to the CAA that it does comply with the Class 1
                                                                                                    microlight specifications. We’d be looking for 3-view drawings, or
    Cover photo - A modern aeroplane flys over the Richard Pearse memorial at Waitohi.              photographs, and evidence that clearly demonstrates the aircraft
    Note the similar features: ‘tricycle’ undercarriage, pneumatic tyres, steerable nosewheel,      meets those specifications. Requirements for test flying can be found
    ‘tractor’ engine, horizontally opposed cylinders, direct drive propeller, wing vanes or
    ailerons, elevator, vertical stabiliser, and rudder.                                            in the operating manuals of the certificated microlight organisations.

2                                       July / August 2003                                                                               CAA NEWS
Years of Flight                                            The Snark microlight designed and built by Bill Barber.

“For a two-seat microlight of original design, such as the Snark, a         ensure that it was a safe aircraft, but responsibility for the construction
static wing load test and an undercarriage drop test are required.          lies with the designer and builder.
Either the CAA can observe the testing, or proof must be supplied.          “For experimental category aircraft a CAA-approved test pilot must
The specifications for the tests can be found in the British Civil          carry out the test flying. For aircraft with a type-certified engine
Airworthiness Require-ments, BCAR Section S.A two-seat microlight           and propeller combination, test flying of 25 hours are required – 40
of original design will require test flying, or endurance testing as        hours for aircraft with a non type-certified engine or prop. During
it’s called, of 40 hours,” says Rex.                                        the flight testing they’re going to be exploring the performance
Amateur built aircraft in the Experimental category, such as the            and controlability of the aircraft, including confirming the centre
Shearwater, can have more than two seats, and there is no weight            of gravity by ballasting the aircraft full forward and full aft.This will
and speed restriction as for microlight aircraft. Information about         show that it does perform as the designer thought it would, or if
Experimental category can be found in Part 21 Subpart H.                    it’s a kit aircraft, that it meets the specifications of the kit.
“The CAA will do an initial inspection on the aircraft to ensure            “For amateur-built aircraft kits the builder must complete 51 percent
that the regulatory requirements are being met. In general we would         of the construction – the kit manufacturer can do the rest,” says
always survey the major fittings, systems, and the flight controls to       Rex Kenny.

  There’s something special about                                                                                  “I needed to shield the prop
  building your own aircraft.There’s                                                                               from spray and didn’t want to
  something else entirely about                                                                                    put the engine on a pylon, so
  designing it from scratch with                                                                                   it started to lend itself to the
  the aim of producing kits                                                                                        V-tail idea. I drew a line on a
  commercially.                                                                                                    page and said ‘that’s the waterline’.
  The Shearwater amateur built                                                                                     I drew another line a bit higher
  amphibian project, based on the                                                                                  up and said ‘that’s the thrust
  shores of the Mahurangi Inlet                                                                                    line’, and designed an aeroplane
  near Warkworth, is one such                                                                                      between the two lines.”
  project with Kiwi ingenuity at the forefront. The design is a             Still, the V-tail made him nervous – there were two very definite
  major step away from the ‘usual’ amphibian – it features a                schools of thought on the idea.The V-tail first emerged on model
  streamlined four-seat cabin, a tapered wing with down-turned              six, but Bill rejected it when he learned of the complex aerodynamic
  tips for floats, a pusher prop mounted unexpectedly low,                  calculations involved. In the end, he took something of a gamble
  shielded from spray by a wide-channel hull rather than a fuselage         and used a similar dihedral to the Beech.
  – ending in a V-tail, all built with composite materials. The             “I was amazed when it flew beautifully. There was no sign of
  prototype uses brakes from another aircraft, bucket seats from            directional instability at all,” he says.
  someone’s car, and is road-trailerable after the wings are removed
                                                                            And so the building started. With building taking place on the
                                                                            seashore at Mahurangi, the Shearwater was always intended for
  It all began with a trip to Oshkosh, the worldwide Mecca of               salt-water operations. With amphibians’ reputation for high-
  amateur aircraft constructors, in 1994.                                   maintenance, composite materials also make it corrosion resistant.
  On the way home, Martin Farrand and three others decided they             Fibreglass and stainless steel is widely used. The laminar aerofoil
  could do better than the kits on offer. All at once a dream, a            designed by Harry Riblett has a penalty in drag, not lift, when
  conspiracy, and a business venture were born. Martin thought              it gets dirty.
  his neighbour Bill Townson, a boat builder by trade, could build          Registered as ZK-SFA, the Shearwater first flew in November
  it. It was only later that Bill found out they wanted him to              2001, and in the hands of test pilot Andrew Buttle, the test flying
  design the aircraft as well. With the full support of Martin and          programme is now well-advanced. Although the initial test flying
  Alan Coubray from that original Oshkosh trip, Martin’s brother            was done from the water, the undercarriage has been strengthened
  Kerry and Victor Hopwood have also been involved in the                   and it is hoped that the test-flying programme will progress at a
  project.                                                                  more rapid pace from an aerodrome.
  Bill’s study of the intricacies of aerodynamics evolved into 11           Marketing of the Shearwater continues. A web site has been set
  one-fifth scale models to test design concepts, with structural           up, and a stand at Oshkosh 2002 attracted 600 visitors and some
  input, design calculations, stress analysis, and stability checks         serious enquiries. But while the marketing might ultimately pay
  carried out in the United States by Dennis Haimerl of Hilander            for the project, it is really an offshoot of the real reason the project
  Incorporated. Back in New Zealand, Bill tried to sort out a spray         ever got off the ground – the Kiwis simply thought they could
  problem by towing the models behind his boat.                             do it better.

                              CAA NEWS                                                                       July / August 2003                            3
                       Tourist Flight Operators
    C     heck and Training was the theme of the second annual
          Tourist Flight Operators New Zealand conference held in
    Rotorua on 26 and 27 June 2003. Check and Training summarises
    the pilot assessment and training programmes used in aviation
    operations to make sure that required standards are met.
    The group is committed to maximising
    safety and quality across the tourist flying
    sector and has voluntarily set industry
    standards that are above the minimum
    laid down by the Civil Aviation Rules.
    This year’s conference, organised by
    Volcanic Air Safaris’ Phill Barclay and
    Helipro’s Mark Young, was attended by
    56 operators from throughout New
    Zealand, a pleasing increase on the 22
    operators at the first formal conference
    the group held in Nelson in 2002.
    TFO chairperson Geoff Ensor, of Air
    Safaris, opened the conference, saying the
    group had made considerable progress in
    the last year. More than 40 operators were
    now financial members, and so far nine
    had gained the right to use the Qualmark
    tourism branding, with more expected Operators get close up with the Eurocopter EC130B4 flown to Helipro’s Rotorua base for the conference.
    to soon. Geoff said the group’s new web
    site, demonstrated at the conference by Wings over Whales’ John most organised group to seek Qualmark branding and had been
    Macphail – also demonstrated progress and, like the Qualmark, used as an example to other tourism industry groups pursuing
    was also a valuable marketing tool.                                                       use of the brand.
                                                                                              During the standards review which followed, the use of lifejackets
                                                                                              on flights over water became a topic of considerable discussion.
                                                                                              Representatives from manufacturers Gippsland, Cessna, and
                                                                                              Eurocopter gave presentations on their aircraft before discussion
                                                                                              of things marine continued in the afternoon with a presentation
                                                                                              by Denray Marine business manager John Peake on marine
                                                                                              survival and Helicopter Underwater Escape Training (HUET).
                                                                                              John also provided lifejacket samples for operators interested in
                                                                                              new models available for use now that Civil Aviation Rules allow
                                                                                              a wider range of standards in addition to the TSO (see Part 91
                                                                                              Appendix A.14).
                                                                                              Dave Evans, of the Aviation Tourism,Travel and Training Organisation
                                                                                              briefed the conference on the ways the ATTTO was assisting the
                                                                                              industry and trying to counter a looming shortage of licensed
                                                                                              aircraft maintenance engineers. Air New Zealand had boosted
    Advanced Flight’s Keith Stephens briefs an interested audience on the capabilities of the its training intake, and the Nelson Marlborough Institute of
    new Apollo MX20 multifunction display.
                                                                                              Technology was using spare capacity at Woodbourne to run a
    Andy Woods of Wanaka Flightseeing later launched the group pre-employment course. The ATTTO was also preparing CD-
    logo, explaining that the final design stemmed from more than ROMs to help apprentices study for exams. He said it was up to
    30 attempts, with the bulk of the work on the final design done the industry to support those trainees, and help them grow into
    by Wanaka Flightseeing employee Rebecca Davies. The result the engineers the industry was beginning to cry out for.
    was a logo which represented the New Zealand fern, and a Former airline pilot Ray Vuillermin, CASA Flight Operations
    spinning rotor or propeller.                                                              Inspector, then addressed the conference on Check and Training.
    The conference began with a review of the 27 standards the The second morning began with site visits to Helipro’s Rotorua
    group had set for itself, facilitated by Qualmark project manager base at the Agrodome, and to Volcanic Air Safaris on the Rotorua
    Craig Wilson, who said that Tourist Flight Operators was the lakefront.

4                              July / August 2003                                                                   CAA NEWS
John Macphail gave a presentation on Green Globe 21, a member-
based ecolabel initiative based on principles endorsed by 182
heads of state at a United Nations Earth Summit in 1992. The
scheme assesses tourist businesses’ environmental impact with                    CAA Client
the aim of minimising it and using the proof as a marketing tool.
It has three levels – affiliate, benchmarked, and certified.
John said Wings over Whales had been an affiliate member for
some time, and he received word while at the conference that
Wings over Whales had been benchmarked – the first tourist                The results of a recent client satisfaction survey by Colmar
flight operator in the world to do so. Completing the final certified     Brunton were announced in May by the CAA Chairman,
stage involved a detailed audit.                                          Rodger Fisher. Interviews were conducted with 302
The second morning concluded with a workshop on Check and                 clients from the New Zealand aviation community to
Training issues surrounding the employment of new pilots in               find out how they viewed the CAA.
general aviation operations.                                              Mr Fisher said that the survey showed pleasing improvement
The final afternoon of the conference saw the debating of industry        compared with the last survey completed in 1998, but
issues. The Quality Index used to score operators during audits           he acknowledged that there were some criticisms.
was discussed, with two operators, John Macphail and Andy                 In terms of overall satisfaction, 31 percent of those surveyed
Woods, to work with the CAA to develop a fairer system.There              rated the CAA’s performance as excellent, and a further
was also discussion of Traffic Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS),        56 percent the rated the performance above average.
which will be reported further in the TFO magazine Contact.               Thirteen percent rated the performance as poor (see
The CAA’s tamperproof Time in Service Recorder project was                graph below).
also endorsed by the operators as a matter to be pursued.
The group then held an Annual General Meeting, adopting a                               Overall Satisfaction with the CAA
constitution and re-electing the existing committee.
Geoff said the response of operators to the conference had been

extremely positive, with a very pleasing turnout from across the                 20%                         54%                              26%
“We are starting to function as a group.There was a strong sense
of common purpose – as well as the value and enjoyment that
comes from sharing experiences within our unique industry.”

For further information about Tourist Flight Operators New                     13%                      56%                               31%
Zealand, see their web site:

                               N                                          0%           20%             40%             60%              80%        100%
                           RM A SHIP
                      AI                                                  Poor                                                                  Excellent

                                      – C FIDE
            IENCE –

                                                                                  Poor (1-4)                (5-7)                 Excellent (8-10)

                                                                                               Base: All CAA Customers (N=302, N=330)

                       E – EXP                                            “In some areas, such as the usefulness of CAA publications,
                                                                          forums, workshops and seminars, a large majority of clients
  Airmanship – Confidence – Experience are the themes of                  rated the CAA as excellent. We acknowledge that there
  ACE Days, sponsored by the CAA and Aviation News. An                    are still areas that could be improved, such as turnaround
  ACE Day is a day-long seminar with the purpose of                       time, and dealing with complaints.
  increasing airmanship awareness for all GA and recreational
                                                                          “One of the most satisfying results was in the area of
  pilots. The programme starts at 10 am, lunch is provided,
                                                                          medical certification, where 72 percent of clients surveyed
  and the day usually concludes about 3 pm.
                                                                          viewed the systems as satisfactory, or better, with 26
   The next ACE Day will be held in October                               percent rating it as excellent.
          at Waipukurau Aerodrome                                         “It was pleasing to see the CAA is now seen to be
                                                                          professional, authoritative and approachable. Eighty percent
  The date is still to be finalised – keep an eye on the web              of clients, including aircraft owners, pilots, and maintenance
  site below for updates.                                                 organisations, agree that the CAA works more in
  The ACE Day is free to participants, but numbers are limited,           consultation with them than in the past.They also thought
  so booking is essential.You can book online at the Aviation             the CAA was still too bureaucratic, which is probably to
  News web site,                           be expected, given the CAA’s role as the regulator,”
                                                                          Mr Fisher said.
                                                                          The CAA Client survey can be viewed on the CAA web

                                 CAA NEWS                                                           July / August 2003                                      5
                                                     amendments to Parts 21, 43 and 91, regarding      acknowledged “pressure points” requiring
                                                     aircraft noise and engine emissions. The          further CAA input, Peter says.
                                                     amendments come into effect on 28 July            “The technical study group (TSG) for Part
                                                     2003, bringing our Civil Aviation Rules           61 has put a lot of valuable work into a
                                                     into line with aircraft engine noise and          draft NPRM which requires further work
                                                     emission standards set out in International       to complete the background and supporting
                                                     Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Annex          information before it can be published. A
                                                     16 Volumes 1 and 2. The standards will            plan for introduction of the Part 61 changes
                                                     apply to standard category aircraft, and in

                                                                                                       is expected soon, once it’s been determined
                                                     the case of the emissions Rule, turbine-          how the project can be split into more
                                                     powered aircraft only.                            manageable components.The final NPRM

                                                                    Rules mandating the use of         will build on the work of the TSG, and
                                                                   Airborne Collision Avoidance        address concerns about pilot training
                                                                    Systems (ACAS) and Terrain         standards raised by the industry at both

    Update                                           Avoidance Warning Systems (TAWS) for              the 2001 and 2002 “Towards 2005” safety
                                                     large aeroplanes operating under Part 121         forums,” Peter says.
                                                     come into effect on 1 August 2003. Similar        “Part 43 involves the review and updating
                                                     Rules for medium size aeroplanes operating        of a whole range of aircraft maintenance

    A     significant number of Civil Aviation
          Rules projects have been completed
    or are nearing completion, and the transition
                                                     under Part 125 are complete and expected
                                                     to be signed shortly.
                                                                                                       and airworthiness requirements.With any
                                                                                                       major Rules project such as Part 43 and
                                                     Re-issue of Part 137 Agricultural Aircraft        Part 61, several other Rules are affected
    of the Rule-making process to that outlined                                                        and integration of the changes can be a
    in the Scholtens’ report is well under           Operations, which tidies up many require-
                                                     ments for agricultural operations is expected     time consuming process. Part 43, for
    way.                                                                                               example, includes various amendments to
                                                     to be signed within the next three months,
    Rules Development Unit manager Peter                                                               21 separate rule Parts. Procedures being
                                                     as well as an amendment to Part 19 regarding
    Blackler says the recent completion of                                                             developed to meet the Scholtens’ Report
                                                     use of GPS distance information.
    several Rules projects and the progression                                                         recommendations will provide for a more
    of others to final draft or Notice of Proposed   “Some of these Rules developments                 clearly defined focus of a project with
    Rule Making (NPRM) stage is evidence             have been long-standing projects. The             better control of the process.
    of real progress.                                ACAS/TAWS project was well-defined
                                                                                                       “The transition from the existing CIRAG
                                                     and narrow in scope, but it still took two        rules process to the one the CAA has
    During the past year, five NPRMs have
                                                     years. In this case, there was an unprecedented   accepted by adopting the recommendations
    been released for public consultation and
                                                     level of industry involvement throughout          made in the Scholtens’ Report is progressing
    nine Rules have been signed by the Associate
                                                     the project. The Associate Minister of            well,” Peter says.
    Minister of Transport, Harry Duynhoven.
                                                     Transport also took a personal interest in
    Four draft final Rule packages have been                                                           A project to review the requirements of
                                                     it,” Peter says.
    sent to the Ministry of Transport (MOT)                                                            Part 21 regarding the certification of special
    for final processing and signing. The            New Parts 95 and 173 will prescribe the           category aircraft was the first Rule to go
    delivery to the MOT of five more – three         standards for the design of visual and            through a scoping study to see how the
    draft NPRMs and two draft final Rules            instrument procedures for IFR flight and          new process might work in practice.
    – is imminent.                                   certification of organisations designing          “Industry will be involved in the policy
                                                     them. Another new Rule, Part 109 Air              stages to identify the issues needing to be
    “There has been a lot of work on Rules
                                                     Cargo Security prescribes security require-       addressed, and determining the desired
    Development projects going on in the
                                                     ments for cargo carried on international          regulatory outcomes. The policy outcome
    background.These projects represent a lot
                                                     air transport operations. This is at draft        must be confirmed before any Rule project
    of hard work by unit staff and a major clear
                                                     NPRM stage.                                       is considered,” Peter says.
    out of the Rules development programme.
    We’ve already made real progress, and            Nearly completed is the review of crew,           Progress had also been made with the
    several Amendments will be published in          passenger and baggage weights for Part            negotiation of a fast-track Rules amend-
    the remainder of 2003,” Peter says.              121, 125 and 135 operations. It is expected       ment process with the MOT in recognition
    “The projects vary from a complete rewrite       to be processed by the MOT in the next            that some Rules are more straightforward
    of a Rule, such as Part 61, with consequential   few months. A comprehensive survey of             than others and could go through an
    amendments to several other Rules, to            passenger weights will be carried out in          abbreviated development process. An
    something like the fairly minor amendment        October 2003.                                     ‘omnibus’ Rule project has also been
    to Part 19, which removes the prohibition        The rewrite of Part 67 Medical Standards          started to correct a number of editorial and
    from using GPS-derived distance infor-           and Certification, brought about by               minor technical corrections to a number of
    mation when making an ILS/DME or                 amendments to the Civil Aviation Act, is          Parts.
    Localiser/DME approach. The only thing           an MOT project. An NPRM is now                     CAA Rules development information is published
    that doesn’t vary is that attention to detail    published, and there is a link to it on the        in the Civil Aviation Rules Register Information
                                                     CAA web site.                                      Leaflet (CARRIL) each month. The CARRIL is
    is always critical. The work is technical,
                                                                                                        available on the CAA web site
    industry participation is paramount, and         The two remaining projects – the rewrite           under “Rules and more.” You can also subscribe
    where necessary, we re-consult.”                 of Part 61 Pilot Licenses and Ratings and          to receive an email notification of Rules changes
    Recently completed projects include              Part 43 General Maintenance Rules are              and the CARRIL.

6                            July / August 2003                                                            CAA NEWS
               Young Eagles News
Y    oung Eagles is a programme of the
     Royal New Zealand Aero Club
(RNZAC) with the goal of introducing
                                                  that Daniel would go along to the aero
                                                  club – and becoming the first Young Eagle
                                                  at Hawera Aero Club was the first step.
young New Zealanders aged from 12 to              John Roberts-Thomson took Daniel for
17 to aviation. It aims to generate enthusiasm    his first Young Eagles flight at Hawera in
and encourage further involvement, possibly       1995. Eventually, Daniel became involved
even a career in aviation. Providing a first      with the New Plymouth Aero Club as well
flight, or first flight in a light aircraft, is   as Hawera Aero Club.
one of the main activities in the programme,      “In December 1999, I had my first flying
carried out with the goodwill of clubs and        lessons, after completing School Certificate.
approved volunteer pilots.                        In April 2000 I had my first solo here in
Young Eagles’ sponsors are: the CAA,              New Plymouth with instructor Wayne
Aviation Services Limited, Aviation Co-           Harrison, and it was also in that year in
operating Underwriters, Air BP, Pacific           June, that I won the RNZAC Ross
Wings, and Aviation Publishing.                   Macpherson Young Eagles Scholarship.
New Zealand Young Eagles are affiliated           That really got me on my way toward my
with the Experimental Aircraft Association        Private Pilot Licence. I continued to have
(EAA) Young Eagles in the United States.          lessons, at Hawera and New Plymouth – that       Daniel Croot
You can find out more about Young Eagles          made a good mixture.”
through the RNZAC.                                In July 2001 he gained his Private Pilot        Multi-engine Rating.“I’m currently studying
Web:                             Licence (PPL). The following year, he           hard for my C-Category Flight Instructor
Tel: 0800 I CAN FLY (0800 422 635).               started a two-year Diploma in Aviation          Rating which is providing good opportunities
                                                  and Management at New Plymouth Aero             for me to learn about myself, as well as
National Rally Day 2003                           Club.                                           giving me new flying challenges.”
This year’s Young Eagles National Rally           “As I already had my PPL under my belt          The aero club is important to Daniel and
Day will be held on Sunday 7 December             it meant working on my Commercial               he continues to be involved in club activities
with a special challenge to fly one thousand      Pilot Licence, which was interesting.           – winning second place in the full panel
Young Eagles throughout New Zealand               The exams were quite challenging, but I         instrument flying competition at the
during the day. Clubs are being advised so        managed to get through them all first time.     RNZAC Nationals this year.
that they can organise volunteers well in         Going from having aviation as a hobby,          Daniel Croot is a young man going places
advance. If you want to be involved, contact      out here on weekends, to being here every       in aviation, and his involvement with
your club’s coordinator.                          day was great.                                  Young Eagles gave his career a kick-start.
                                                  “About half-way through the year I began        His advice to today’s Young Eagles is to be
Young Eagle Flys High                             working for Origin Pacific doing the            patient.
Daniel Croot is one Young Eagle who has           airside handling, so I really got involved,     “There’s a lot of waiting around, but hang
pursued a career in aviation. Daniel was          and working with the people in the industry     in there, use the time to read as much as
excited by flying in airliners as a youngster,    was good.”                                      you can, and listen to the conversations – there’s
but things really started to happen when          In December 2002 Daniel passed his              lots to be learnt from them – and soon you’ll
both his parents took up flying. His father       Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL). In April        find yourself adding to those conversations
won a flying scholarship, so it was natural       2003 he gained his Instrument Rating and        and being more involved.”

                                                                 The State Services Commissioner has commissioned a review of certain
                                                                 aspects of the Civil Aviation Authority. The reviewer, appointed pursuant
                                                                 to section 25 of the State Sector Act 1988, is Douglas White QC.
                                                                 Mr White seeks submissions addressed to the terms of reference for the
                                                                 review, which are available on the Commission’s website at
                                                                 or from Andy Evans, State Services Commission, PO Box 329,Wellington
      CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS                                       (ph 04 495 6680 or fax 04 495 6701 or ).
                                                                 Submissions, in writing, should be sent to Andy Evans at any of the above
 CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY:                                       addresses by 4 August 2003. Persons who wish to be heard by the Reviewer
    REVIEW BY THE STATE                                          should indicate dates on which they will be available in their written
  SERVICES COMMISSIONER                                          submission.

                             CAA NEWS                                                              July / August 2003                                  7
              Flight Instructor
                For the wider aviation community …
              … microlight, helicopter, aeroplane, glider.

    O      ne significant problem area identified by
           the Towards 2005 Aviation Safety Forum
    was “Instructional deficiencies”. Other problem
                                                          In September 2001 the Civil Aviation Authority held a safety forum called
                                                          “Towards 2005 – The Aviation Safety Plan Forum”. Its purpose was to identify
    areas also referred to instruction, such as “Pilot    problem areas in aviation safety, in order to achieve a reduction in accident
    training is often carried out in an unstructured      rates. The Forum identified 18 specific problem areas.
    way”. Many were relevant to the role of flight        Many of the problem areas were related to ‘culture’, and the CAA began a
    instructors, such as “BFR standardisation and         three-year strategy aimed at producing a ‘culture shift’ in the New Zealand
    content is deficient”,“Type-rating management”,       aviation community. The CAA identified problem solutions which were
    and “Breaches of airmanship”.                         already partially in place, and has started projects to identify further solutions
    To help address these problem areas the CAA,          to the problem areas.
    with the help of sponsors, are conducting five        Another Towards 2005 Forum was held in 2002, sub-titled “Implementing
    Flight Instructor Seminars in September and           Solutions”.The 2002 Forum included more work-shopping in order to identify
    October 2003. They are specifically targeted          solutions and the practical steps to implement those solutions.
    at Part 149 Instructors and Part 61 B and C-
                                                          Following the 2002 Forum there was enthusiasm for another Forum to be
    Cat Instructors.
                                                          held in 2003. Deputy Director, Max Stevens, says that this year rather than
    The Seminars will be two days, and held in            hold another Forum, it has been decided to continue with the practical
    Whangarei, Hamilton, Palmerston North,                implementation work.
    Ashburton and Dunedin. Ian Dix, Education
                                                          “One of our major efforts this year will be the Flight Instructor Seminars
    and Training Specialist with CASA, will be
                                                          which will directly address several problem areas. We’ve decided not to hold
    coming to New Zealand to participate in the
                                                          another Forum this year, and use the resources to continue with our work on
    seminars. He has considerable experience in
                                                          safety culture. It’s likely we’ll hold another Safety Forum in 2004, or 2005.
    teaching and flight instruction, and has been
                                                          Meanwhile, there are many more initiatives in the pipeline that involve working
    a driving force behind CASA’s Instructor
                                                          with the aviation community to tackle the problems identified in the first two
    Seminars and aviation education programmes.
                                                          Forums,” says Max Stevens.
    Linda Hutchings from Brainstorm will also
    contribute to the seminars.The emphasis will
    be on instructional techniques.
    Learning will continue through the informal
    parts of the day and evenings, and to achieve
                                                          Flight Instructor Seminars 2003
    this all participants will be staying at the venues   Part 61 B & C-Cat Instructors and Part 149 Instructors
    for the seminars. A nominal registration fee
    will be charged, and includes all accommodation                Whangarei                    11 and 12 October
    (share twin) and meals. All participants will                  Hamilton                     29 and 30 September
    receive a copy of the CAA GAP publication
                                                                   Palmerston North             2 and 3 October
    Flight Instructor’s Guide (this alone normally
    costs over $50), and other handout material.                   Ashburton                    5 and 6 October
    So if you’re an Instructor for a Part 149 organ-               Dunedin                      8 and 9 October
    isation, or a Part 61 B or C-Cat Instructor,
    register now for the CAA Flight Instructor            Closing date for registration is 1 September 2003
    Seminars. Numbers are limited, and registrations
                                                          All Part 149 Instructors and Part 61 B & C-Cat Instructors are invited to register.
    close on 1 September 2003.
                                                          Places are limited, so please register early. The registration form is on the CAA
                                                          web site and updated information will be posted there as well.
                                                          All registrations must be accompanied by the $50 registration fee.
              a                                           Complete the form and send with the registration fee to:
                                                                 Flight Instructor Seminars
                                                                 Civil Aviation Authority
                                                                 P O Box 31 441
                                                                 Lower Hutt

8                             July / August 2003                                                      CAA NEWS
                    Aeronautical Charts
T   he new Visual Navigation Charts have now been in use for
    four months, and have been generally well received. There
has been a settling in period as pilots adapt to such a new product.
                                                                       and Queenstown. These areas have been selected because they
                                                                       represent a range of features, from mountains to built-up areas.
                                                                       The Auckland trial chart will show the northern portion of the
The development and issue of the first set of charts was always        North Island at 1:500 000 scale on one side, and the reverse side
seen as a starting point on which we can build.Your feedback is        will be the 1:125 000 Auckland VNC.
appreciated whether positive, or negative – but most feedback
                                                                       The Queenstown trial chart will show the southern portion of
received has included suggestions for improvements, and this is
                                                                       the South Island at 1:500 000 scale on one side, and the reverse
                                                                       side will be the 1:250 000 Queenstown VNC.
Most popular features are:
                                                                       The prototypes will trial different colours, missing data will be
• improved depiction of airspace types                                 inserted, and they will be on the same A1 size paper as the current
• aerodrome information boxes                                          VNCs.
• new features such as mountain passes                                 It is important to note that no firm decisions have been made
• the marking of exotic and native forested areas.                     about the scale.
                                                                       This is a trial only, and there are many factors to consider. Perhaps
There are several issues with the charts that the production team      the most significant factor is whether there will be sufficient
and Airways’ customers identified:                                     demand to produce additional charts economically. If not, a
• the colour is too dark, and there is a lack of colour consistency    compromise will need to be agreed that is going to suit the
• some information is missing, eg towns, some rivers are               majority of operations.
  incomplete, more spot heights are needed                             A chart produced at 1:500 000 scale cannot show all the references
• the grid alignment needs to be more accurate on some                 the new VNCs have, but would have the same topographical
  charts.                                                              and cultural features as the current Visual Planning Charts
                                                                       (VPCs). For example the 1:500 000 scale charts will have these
The next step is to address the issues, and incorporate the many       features:
suggestions received.
                                                                       • Rail and HT lines will be shown, but features such as bridges,
                                                                           golf courses, buildings, dams, tunnels, masts, etc will not be
Process for Improvement                                                    shown.
A team has been formed comprising members from the original            • All hazard symbols and airspace would be shown.
charting team, two CAA Field Safety Advisers, a representative         • Labelling would be incomplete in terminal areas.
from Airways Navigation Development Unit, representatives
from the printer and from the database development company.            • Aerodrome and navigation aid information would be confined
This team met late in June to discuss all the issues, including            to basic labels.
the most appropriate scale which has aroused significant               • No visual reporting points or visual advisory track information
discussion.                                                                would be shown.
Before this project started almost two years ago, a survey indicated   As progress develops with the trials we will keep you informed
that 76 percent of respondents wanted a 1:250 000 scale covering       with articles in CAA News. If you would like to comment, and
the whole country. Now, after the charts have been in use for a        we welcome your feedback, use the Airways’ IFIS web site,
period, we have become aware that some pilots (particularly those    
                                                              Go to “Publications” and use the link
flying long cross-country legs) wish to have a 1:500 000 scale.        “Click here to tell us more” to email your feedback.
While many pilots are pleased with the whole country at a              Or email:
1:250 000 scale, and see this as a great improvement, others are
                                                                       Fax: 0–4–569 2024
keen to look at a mix of scales – with perhaps a 1:500 000 series
covering the whole country and a 1:250 000 scale or 1:125 000          Post: Charts Feedback, Civil Aviation Authority,
scale on the reverse.                                                  P O Box 31 441, Lower Hutt
The CAA and Aviation Publishing are going to trial this concept
by forming two industry focus groups of pilots. In the North
Island the group will be lead by Warren Sattler, CFI, Ardmore             Enroute Charts
Flying School, and in the South Island by Carlton Campbell,               The enroute charts will be issued as scheduled, effective
CFI, Wakatipu Aero Club. Warren and Carlton will be liasing               27 November 2003. These charts will be issued using the
with experienced and senior pilots in other organisations to fly          current format. It is still our intention to redevelop the
with trial prototype charts, and you may be asked to help.                enroute charts in the future, but resources will be used to
Also flying with the trial charts will be the CAA Field Safety            improve theVNCs, before starting a further chart development
Advisers, and RNZAF pilot and instructor, Jim Rankin.                     project.
Two areas have been selected to trial prototype charts, Auckland

                            CAA NEWS                                                            July / August 2003                             9
                        MEDICAL MATTERS
 The new medical system has been running             New Medical Examiners                              an acceptable description of your medical
 for a little over a year now and it seems                                                              circumstances. You must provide information
                                                     A number of new Medical Examiners have
 to be running well. There is still a lot of                                                            about your medical circumstances and not
                                                     joined the system. Contact details can be
 work to be done, but an indication of                                                                  whether, or how, you might have previously
                                                     found in the medical section of the CAA
 progress is that the majority of eligible                                                              provided information.
                                                     web site. Welcome aboard to:
 applicants are being issued medical                                                                    Not only do such reports increase the
 certificates quickly and efficiently. Thank         Dr David Black, ME1, Auckland
                                                                                                        workload for your Medical Examiner, but
 you to everyone who has contributed to              Dr Patrick Leary, ME2, New Plymouth                they are potentially misleading, and they
 this progress.                                      Dr Ravi Ramaswami, ME1, Hong Kong                  increase the cost of the medical certification
 A recent survey of CAA client satisfaction          Dr Sara Souter, ME1, Auckland.                     system as Medical Examiners spend time
 indicates that there are positive results                                                              trying to cross-reference or validate these
 from this hard work. The survey showed,             Part 67                                            statements.
 however, that even though aspects of the            Part 67 is the civil aviation Rule that contains   Please do not write such things in your
 current medical system have been well               the medical standards. This Rule has been          applications for medical certificates. It is
 reported, there is obviously need for more          rewritten by the Ministry of Transport, and        much more helpful to make simple accurate
 effort in improving your understanding              released for public consultation on 10 July        statements, such as “Prostate surgery (benign)
 of how the system works.                            2003 as a Notice of Proposed Rule Making           about ten years ago” and “Acid reflux, Losec
 One such education effort, under way at             (NPRM). Submissions are due by 8 September         for 2 years, no problems now” and “Palpitations
 the moment, is the plan to develop Medical          2003, and the NPRM contains details of             of the heart last year. CAA notified. Saw
 Information Sheets. These are one-page              how to make a submission. See the CAA              cardiologist. No problems now.” than to write
 documents with explanatory information              web site for a link to the NPRM.                   something that is potentially ambiguous.
 about one aspect of the medical certification
 system. The first two are likely to address
                                                     Honesty Required                                   Convener Reviews
 decision review options, and the Accredited         When applying for a medical certificate it         Amendment to the Civil Aviation Act 1990
 Medical Conclusion process. They will               is very important to provide correct and           (the Act) provided an additional review
 be available through the CAA web site,              accurate advice about your medical history.        process for medical certification decisions.
 and the first one is there now.                     What is needed is “the truth, the whole truth,     This convener review process is described
                                                     and nothing but the truth”.                        in section 27L of the Act.
 A quick look back at the last year, from
 1 June 2002 to 31 May 2003, provides                To provide untruthful information for medical      The convener is appointed by the Minister
 the following (approximate) statistics:             certification purposes is an offence under the     of Transport and the reviews are managed
                                                     Civil Aviation Act 1990. Legal actions have        by the Ministry of Transport. This review
 • On 31 May 2003 there were 112
                                                     been taken against people who have provided        process is independent of the CAA.
    Medical Examiners working in the
                                                     grossly misleading information in their            Enquiries about the convener review process
    system, 96 of these were located within
                                                     medical certification applications.                should be directed to the Ministry of
    New Zealand, and 38 were ME1s.
                                                     If your medical history is long, or complex,       Transport.
 • 9000 medical certificates were issued,            it might help to prepare yourself a list well
    1500 of these were first-time certificate        in advance and use it when filling out the         AC67
    holders. 1400 certificate issues involved        application form. You can even download            Advisory Circular 67-1 (AC67) does not
    the application of flexibility and               the form from the CAA web site, and fill           exist. It was withdrawn on 1 April 2002
    Accredited Medical Conclusion. 18                it out at home before you go and see your          when the medical sections of the Civil
    applications for medical certificates            Medical Examiner. Keeping a copy of your           Aviation Act 1990 were amended.
    were denied.                                     last application can also be helpful in
 • Accredited Medical Conclusions                    prompting or reminding you of your details         AIC 8/98
    (AMC) were sought for 1400 cases.                (but see “As reported before” below).              Information provided recently in AIC 8/98
    1400 AMCs were closed, and closure               It is always better to mention something,          Medical Directory, promulgated in AIRAC
    occurred in an average of 9 days,                even if you think it is likely to be trivial,      cycle 03/7 effective 10 July 2003, is incorrect.
    with 75 percent of the AMCs being                than to fail to mention something that             The aviation publishing department of
    completed in 5, or less, days.                   might be important. The Medical Examiner,          Airways New Zealand has been advised of
 • Convener review was sought in 22                  when completing the examination forms,             this error, and have indicated that the matter
    cases. Seven Convener reviews were               will make notes to indicate that they have         will be remedied.
    closed, and closure occurred in an               considered each condition and whether (or
    average of 156 days.                             not) they see it as being relevant to flight             CAA Medical Helpdesk:
                                                                                                                Tel: 0-4-560 9466
 Dr Dougal Watson
                                                     “As reported before”                                      Fax: 0-4-560 9470
 Principal Medical Officer
                                                     Writing “as reported before” or “see previous           Email:
                                                     application” and similar statements is not

10                              July / August 2003                                                           CAA NEWS
                AIP                                              Ethanol-blended
New Zealand                                                         Auto Fuel
The main difference pilots will notice in the           The Civil Aviation Authority has been advised that the Environment
Aeronautical Information Publication New                Efficiency and Conservation Authority will very shortly announce the
Zealand (AIP NZ), effective 4 September 2003,           availability of ethanol-blended auto fuels in New Zealand. Auto fuels free
will be in Volume One.                                  of ethanol will still be available however, and AVGAS remains unchanged.
AIP NZ is the rewrite of the existing AIP into          The blend is expected to contain 10% ethanol.
the International Civil Aviation Organisation           The FAA and Cessna have declared ethanol-blended fuels as inappropriate
(ICAO) format. In paper form, the AIP NZ                for aircraft use.The UK CAA do not permit the use of auto fuel containing
will be provided in four volumes.Volume One             alcohol.
is the equivalent of the current Planning Manual,       The Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) also consider the use of
Volume Two and Volume Three (sold only as a             ethanol-blended fuels inappropriate due to:
set) are the equivalent of the IFG, and Volume          • Increased possibility of vapour lock at high temperatures
Four is the equivalent of the VFG.
                                                        • Slush formation at low temperatures due to the high attraction of water
AIP NZ rewrite coordinator Bill Sommer says                to ethanol
the changes pilots will notice most immediately
                                                        • Material compatibility over a period of time.
are in Volume One, which will be used for
planning, rather than in the air.                       The Civil Aviation Authority accepts the position taken by the EAA and
                                                        the foreign authorities and will issue an Airworthiness Directive (AD) to
“ICAO has provided the skeleton for the new
                                                        ensure that aircraft operating on automotive fuels will not be fuelled with
AIP. It will be divided into three parts, various       an ethanol-blended product.
sections within those parts, and a series of
                                                        The Airworthiness Directive will apply to a significant number of microlight
chapters within each section. The format is
                                                        and experimental category aircraft.
quite different from what we currently have,
although almost all of the information currently                                                     ,
                                                        Further details will be posted on the CAA web site, and
available in the Planning Manual will be provided       advice sent to the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Sport Aircraft
in Volume One. Following the ICAO format                Association, Recreational Aircraft Association of New Zealand, and Sport
means there will be some omissions, the most            Aviation Corporation.
noticeable of which is RTF phraseology. That
will be included in another document – most
likely an Advisory Circular.
“It will take a little time to get used to the new
                                                          The CAA is Moving
format. However, once pilots learn their way
around it, I’m sure they’ll find it is much easier
to find and understand the information. Each
part has a comprehensive table of contents
which makes it very easy to use,” Bill says.
“Most pilots will be using Volume Four ahead
of any other. The information provided in the
text in the front of the current VFG will be                                                                      RELOCAT
provided in Volume Four, but it will be in a
different format.The information is easy to find
and read. A big difference for VFR pilots is that
Volume Four will be amendable, not a throw-          As reported in the last CAA News, the CAA is relocating to Petone in August
                                                     2003. Phone numbers and postal address will remain the same. The only change
away publication like the current VFG.”
                                                     is our new location at Aviation House, 10 Hutt Road, Petone. It is just off the
As the new AIP has been developed, it has            Hutt motorway, next to the Home Ideas centre.
become obvious that it is much easier to learn
                                                     Last day of business at Market Grove will be Friday 29 August 2003, first day of
and understand the new format when using a
                                                     business at Hutt Road will be Monday 1 September 2003.
paper document, rather than in electronic format
on a screen. For that reason, release of AIP NZ
on the internet will be delayed until November         Location:               Postal:                  Communication:
2003.                                                  Aviation House          P O Box 31 441           Tel: +64–4–560 9400
                                                       10 Hutt Road            Lower Hutt               Fax: +64–4–569 2024
“I’m confident that once pilots get used to the
                                                       Petone                  New Zealand              Web:
new format they will find the new AIP much
                                                       New Zealand                                      Email:
easier to use, and it won’t take long,” Bill says.

                                  CAA NEWS                                                   July / August 2003                         11

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