CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Different types of Massage Most of us experience stress in varying levels on a day-to-day basis. Stress is not good for the health because it makes our muscles tense and bunch up, causing pain. Also, it makes the organs of our body function under duress. That is never good. Massage is meant to alleviate pain and enhance the body's health. Massage is the practice of soft tissue manipulation with physical (anatomical), functional (physiological), and in some cases psychological purposes and goals. The word comes from the French massage "friction of kneading", or from Arabic massa meaning "to touch, feel or handle" or from Latin massa meaning "mass, dough". An older etymology may even have been the Hebrew me-sakj "to anoint with oil". In distinction the ancient Greek word for massage was anatripsis, and the Latin was frictio. Massage involves acting on and manipulating the body with pressure – structured, unstructured, stationary, or moving – tension, motion, or vibration, done manually or with mechanical aids. Target tissues may include muscles, tendons, ligaments, skin, joints, or other connective tissue, as well as lymphatic vessels, or organs of the gastrointestinal system. Massage can be applied with the hands, fingers, elbows, knees, forearm, and feet. There are over eighty different recognized massage modalities. The most cited reasons for introducing massage as therapy have been client demand and perceived clinical effectiveness. In professional settings massage involves the client being treated while lying on a massage table, sitting in a massage chair, or lying on a mat on the floor. The massage subject may be fully or partly unclothed. Parts of the body may be covered with towels or sheets. History Drawings of accupressure points on Sen lines at Wat Pho temple in Thailand.  Ancient and medieval times CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Writings on massage have been found in many ancient civilizations including Rome, Greece, India, Japan, China, Egypt and Mesopotamia. A biblical reference from c.493 BC documents daily massage with olive oil and myrrh as a part of the beauty regimen of the wives of Xerxes (Esther, 2:9-12). Hippocrates wrote in 460 BC that "The physician must be experienced in many things, but assuredly in rubbing". The ancient Chinese book called Huangdi Neijing by the Yellow Emperor recommended "massage of skin and flesh". The technique of massage abortion, involving the application of pressure to the pregnant abdomen, has been practiced in Southeast Asia for centuries. One of the bas reliefs decorating the temple of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, dated circa 1150, depicts a demon performing such an abortion upon a woman who has been sent to the underworld. This is believed to be the oldest known visual representation of abortion. In Romania some illnesses were treated by a massage in which the client was trodden on by a tame bear. Modern times China: In modern times, massage in China has developed by absorbing western ideas into the traditional framework. It is widely practiced and taught in hospital and medical schools and is an essential part of primary healthcare. United States: Massage started to become popular in the United States in the middle part of the 1800s and was introduced by two New York physicians based on Per Henrik Ling's techniques developed in Sweden. During the 1930s and 1940s massage's influence decreased as a result of medical advancements of the time, while in the 1970s massage's influence grew once again with a notable rise among athletes. Massage was used up until the 1960s and 1970s by nurses to help ease patients‘ pain and help them sleep. Because it is illegal to advertise or offer sexual services in much of the United States, such services are sometimes advertised as "massage," hence the rise of the term "massage therapy" in an attempt to provide a distinction between sexual and non-sexual services. United Kingdom: Massage is popular in the United Kingdom today and gaining in popularity. There are many private practitioners working from their own premises as well as those who operate from commercial venues. Massage in sports, business and organizations: The 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta was the first time that massage was offered as a core medical service. Massage has been employed by businesses and organizations such as the U.S. Department of Justice, Boeing and Reebok. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Equipment Tables and chairs Specialized massage tables and chairs are used to position clients during massages. A typical commercial massage table has an easily cleaned, heavily padded surface, and a horseshoe-shaped head support that allows the client to breathe easily while lying face down and can be stationary or portable. An orthopedic pillow or bolster can be used to correct body positioning. Ergonomic chairs serve a similar function as a massage table. Chairs may be either stationary or portable models. Massage chairs are easier for the practitioner to transport than massage tables, and clients do not need to disrobe to receive a chair massage. Due to these two factors, chair massage is often performed in settings such as corporate offices, outdoor festivals, shopping malls, and other public locations. Oil Many different types of oils can be used including fractionated coconut oil, grape seed oil, macadamia oil, sesame oil, pecan oil, and mustard oil. Aromatherapy oils such as neroli oil and pine oil can also be mixed with carrier oils. Salts are also used in association with oils to remove dry skin. Massage methods Practitioners of massage include massage therapists, athletic trainers and physical therapists. Massage practitioners work in a variety of medical and recreational settings and may travel to private residences or businesses. Contraindications to massage include deep vein thrombosis, bleeding disorders or taking blood thinners such as Warfarin, damaged blood vessels, weakened bones from cancer, osteoporosis, or fractures, and fever. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Acupressure Acupressure (a blend of "acupuncture" and "pressure") is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) technique derived from acupuncture. In acupressure physical pressure is applied to acupuncture points by the hand, elbow, or with various devices. Acupressure Massage Techniques Several different kinds of acupressure are currently practiced, although the same ancient trigger points are used in all of them. Varying rhythms, pressures, and techniques create different styles of acupressure, just as different forms of music use the same notes but combine them in distinctive ways. Shiatsu, for instance, the most well-known style of acupressure, can be quite vigorous, with firm pressure applied to each point for only three to five seconds. Another kind of acupressure gently holds each point for a minute or more. Pressing with an intermittent, fast beat is stimulating; a slower pressure creates a deeply relaxing effect on the body. Firm pressure is the most fundamental technique. Use thumbs, fingers, palms, the side of the hand, or knuckles to apply steady, stationary pressure. To relax an area or relieve pain, apply pressure gradually and hold without any movement for several minutes at a time. One minute of steady pressure (when applied gradually) calms and relaxes the nervous system, promoting greater healing. To stimulate the area, apply pressure for only four or five seconds. Slow motion kneading uses the thumbs and fingers along with the heels of the hands to squeeze large muscle groups firmly The motion is similar to that of kneading a large mass of dough. Simply lean the weight of your upper body into the muscle as you press to make it soft and pliable. This relieves general stiffness, shoulder and neck tension, constipation, and spasms in the calf muscles. Brisk rubbing uses friction to stimulate the blood and lymph. Rub the skin lightly to relieve chilling, swelling, and numbness by increasing circulation, as well as to benefit the nerves and tone of the skin. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Quick tapping with fingertips stimulates muscles on unprotected, tender areas of the body such as the face. For larger areas of the body, such as the back or buttocks, use a loose fist. This can improve the functioning of nerves and sluggish muscles in the area. About Acupressure Acupressure is an ancient Chinese healing method that involves applying pressure to certain meridian points on the body to relieve pain. The human body has fourteen "meridians" that carry energy throughout the body. These meridians start at the fingertips, connect to the brain, and then connect to the organ associated with the specific meridian. Acupuncture and Acupressure use the same points, but acupuncture uses needles, while Acupressure uses the gentle but firm pressure of hands. There is a massive amount of scientific data that demonstrates why and how acupuncture is effective. Acupressure is the most effective method for self-treatment of tension-related ailments by using the power and sensitivity of the human hand. Acupressure deals with all the aspects of a person as a whole: body, emotions, mind, and spirit as one, not as separate parts. It relaxes muscular tension and balances the vital life forces of the body. Common Benefits: • Relieve stress and tension • Relax mind and body • Increase blood circulation • Aid in the removal of toxic wastes • Provide relief from head, neck and shoulder aches • Promote the healing of injuries • Increase energy levels • Increase overall feeling of well-being • Decreasing labor pains Acupressure uses the fingers to press key points on the surface of the skin to stimulate the body's natural self-curative abilities. When these points are pressed, they release muscular tension and promote the circulation of blood and the body's life force to aid healing. Acupressure can be effective in helping relieve headaches, eyestrain, sinus problems, neck pain, backaches, arthritis, muscle aches, and tension due to stress. There are also great advantages to using Acupressure as a way to balance the body and maintain good health. The healing touch of acupressure reduces tension, increases circulation, and enables the body to relax deeply. By relieving stress, acupressure strengthens resistance to disease and promotes wellness. Acupressure focuses on relieving pain and discomfort as well as on responding to tension before it develops into a "disease," that is, before the constrictions and imbalances can do further damage. By using a combination of self-help methods, you can improve your condition as well as feel more alive, healthy, and in harmony with your life. This treatment involves stimulating the vital-energy points along the meridians on our body to effect maximum energy flow. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, there are over 800 vital energy points along the meridians that run from the head down to the heels, especially along either side of the spinal column. (The meridians connect the interior and exterior of the body). Every point has specific therapeutic effects on the related organ. By massaging these points, the corresponding body area receives specific therapeutic treatment. It can be used to treat internal organ diseases, relieve internal discomfort, and relax yourself; or to promote overall well-being of the body. Western scientists have shown that many of these points are located at key crossways of the autonomic nervous system. This may explain in part why they can affect pain that the patient experiences in a part of the body far from where the pressure is applied. It's important to drink plenty of warm water after the massage, to help clear away toxic substances in our body. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Caution: If you have a serious illness, or life-threatening illness such as heart disease, or cancer, please consult with your physician before practicing Acupressure. Anma Anma is a traditional Japanese massage involving kneading and deep tissue work. Ayurvedic massage Ayurveda is a natural health care system originating in India that incorporates massage, yoga, meditation and herbal remedies. Ayurvedic massage, also known as Abhyanga is usually performed by one or two therapists using a heated blend of herbal oils based on the ayurvedic system of humors. Balinese massage Balinese massage techniques are gentle which makes the patient feel relaxed and calm throughout. The techniques include skin rolling, kneading, stroking, etc. The massage therapist applies aromatheraphy oil throughout the massage. A patient's blood, oxygen and energy flow is said to increase as a result of the treatment. Balinese hot stones are an option. Barefoot Deep Tissue Barefoot Deep Tissue also known as Barefoot Compressive Deep Tissue, or Barefoot Sports Massage, is a blend of Eastern barefoot techniques, such as Barefoot Shiatsu Massage, coupled with Western manual medicine, encompassing Deep Tissue, Myofascial Release, Trigger Point Therapy, transverse friction, compression, tension, shear, PNF, stretching, as well as parasympathetic response, on clothed clients using no oil. Dara Torres, 41-year old olympian, received barefoot compression massage on a daily basis in her training program. This modality typically uses the heel, sesamoid, arch and/or whole plantar surface of foot, and offers large compression, tension and shear forces with less pressure than elbow or thumb, and is ideal for large muscles, such as in thigh, or for long-duration upper trapezius compressions. The unclothed cousins of this modality are Keralite, Yumeiho, Barefoot Lomi Lomi, Fijian Barefoot, Chavutti Thirummal. Ashiatsu Oriental Bar Therapy, which is a form of barefoot effleurage, combines western science and contemporary American ingenuity, for therapists who specialize in deep tissue work using Swedish techniques performed by the massage therapists feet. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Bowen therapy Bowen technique involves a rolling movement over fascia, muscles, ligaments, tendons and joints. It is said not to involve deep or prolonged contact with muscle tissues as in most kinds of massage, but claims to relieve muscle tensions and strains and to restore normal lymphatic flow. It is based on practices developed by Australian Tom Bowen. Breema Breema bodywork is performed on the floor with the recipient fully clothed. It consists of rhythmical and gentle leans and stretches. Champissage Champissage is a massage technique focusing on the head, neck and face that is believed to balance the chakras. What is the purpose of Deep Tissue Massage? The purpose is to "unstick" the fibers of a muscle Deep Tissue Massage Deep Tissue massage is designed to relieve severe tension in the muscle and the connective tissue or fascia. This type of massage focuses on the muscles located below the surface of the top muscles. Deep tissue massage is often recommended for individuals who experience consistent pain, are involved in heavy physical activity, such as athletes, and patients who have sustained physical injury. It is also not uncommon for receivers of Deep Tissue Massage to become sore or even bruised over the next few days, though there should be no pain to the client during a session if the therapist is doing the work correctly. Deep tissue massage is a type of massage aimed at the deeper tissue structures of the muscle and fascia, also called connective tissue. Deep tissue massage uses many of the same movements and techniques as Swedish massage, but the pressure will generally be more intense. It is also a more focused type of massage, as the therapist works to release chronic muscle tension or knots (also known as "adhesions.") Will A Deep Tissue Massage Hurt? At certain points during the massage, most people find there is usually some discomfort and pain. It shouldn't hurt, but it's likely to be a bit more CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY uncomfortable than a classic Swedish massage. You should always feel free to speak up if the pressure is too much for you. It is important to tell the massage therapist when things hurt and if any soreness or pain you ecperience is outside your comfort range. There is usually some stiffness or pain after a deep tissue massage, but it should subside within a day or so. The massage therapist may recommend applying ice to the area after the massage. How Fast Will I Get Results With A Deep Tissue Massage? It's important to be realistic about what one massage can achieve. Many people ask for more pressure, thinking that if the therapist just pushes hard enough, they can get rid of all their knots in an hour. This just won't happen. In fact, undoing chronic knots and tension built up over a lifetime is best achieved with an integrated program that includes exercise, work on your posture and ways of moving, relaxation techniques and a regular program of massage. Finally, while deep tissue is certainly valuable, you should be aware that gentle styles of massage like craniosacral therapy can also produce profound release and realignment in the body. What is deep tissue massage? Deep tissue massage is a type of massage therapy that focuses on realigning deeper layers of muscles and connective tissue. It is especially helpful for chronically tense and contracted areas such as stiff necks, low back tightness, and sore shoulders. Some of the same strokes are used as classic massage therapy, but the movement is slower and the pressure is deeper and concentrated on areas of tension and pain. Deep Tissue Massage is a massage technique that focuses on the deeper layers of muscle tissue. It aims to release the chronic patterns of tension in the body through slow strokes and deep finger pressure on the contracted areas, either following or going across the fiber's of the muscles, tendons and fascia. Deep tissue massage is used to release chronic muscle tension through slower strokes and more direct deep pressure or friction applied across the grain of the muscles not with the grain. Deep tissue massage helps to break up and eliminate scar tissue. Deep tissue massage usually focuses on more specific areas and may cause some soreness during or right after the massage. However, if the massage is done correctly you should feel better than ever within a day or two. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY How does deep tissue massage work? When there is chronic muscle tension or injury, there are usually adhesions (bands of painful, rigid tissue) in muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Adhesions can block circulation and cause pain, limited movement, and inflammation. Deep tissue massage works by physically breaking down these adhesions to relieve pain and restore normal movement. To do this, the massage therapist often uses direct deep pressure or friction applied across the grain of the muscles. What conditions is deep tissue massage used for? Unlike classic massage therapy, which is used for relaxation, deep tissue massage usually focuses on a specific problem, such as: Chronic pain Limited mobility Recovery from injuries (e.g. whiplash, falls, sports injury) Repetitive strain injury, such as carpal tunnel syndrome Postural problems Ostearthritis pain Fibromyalgia Muscle tension or spasm According to the August 2005 issue of Consumer Reports magazine, 34,000 people ranked deep tissue massage more effective in relieving osteoarthritis pain than physical therapy, exercise, prescription medications, chiropractic, acupuncture, diet, glucosamine and over-the-counter drugs. Deep tissue massage also received a top ranking for fibromyalgia pain. People often notice improved range of motion immediately after a deep tissue massage. What can I expect during my visit? Massage therapists may use fingertips, knuckles, hands, elbows, and forearms during the deep tissue massage. You may be asked to breathe deeply as the CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY massage therapist works on certain tense areas. It is important to drink plenty of water as you can after the massage to flush metabolic waste from the tissues. Precautions Massage is not recommended for certain people: infectious skin disease, rash, or open wounds immediately after surgery immediately after chemotherapy or radiation, unless recommended by your doctor people with osteoporosis should consult their doctor before getting a massage prone to blood clots. There is a risk of blood clots being dislodged. If you have heart disease, check with your doctor before having a massage pregnant women should check with their doctor first if they are considering getting a massage. Massage in pregnant women should be done by massage therapists who are certified in pregnancy massage. massage should not be done directly over bruises, inflamed skin, unhealed wounds, tumors, abdominal hernia, or areas of recent fractures. Additional tips don‘t eat a heavy meal before the massage if it's your first time at the clinic or spa, arrive at least 10 minutes early to complete the necessary forms. Otherwise, arrive 5 minutes early so you can have a few minutes to rest and relax before starting the massage. Why get a Deep Tissue Massage? It feels good and it is beneficial to your health. When muscles are stressed, they block oxygen and nutrients, leading to inflammation that builds up toxins in the muscle tissue. A deep-tissue massage helps loosen muscle tissues, release toxins from muscles and get blood and oxygen circulating properly. Because many toxins are released, it's important to drink plenty of water after a deep-tissue swhile releasing deeply-held patterns of tension, removing toxins, while relaxing and soothing the muscle. It is both corrective and therapeutic. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Esalen Massage Esalen Massage was developed by Charlotte Selver and works with gentle rocking of the body, passive joint exercises and deep structural work on the muscles and joints, together with an energetic balancing of the body. The sound of the waves provides a soothing background for any massage session at Esalen Institute, Big Sur, California. This sound, coupled with the cliffside natural hot springs and the educational community dedicated to exploring the "far reaches of human potentiality", inspires a unique approach to bodywork known worldwide as Esalen® Massage. The ocean provides a slow-moving rhythm very much akin to the internal rhythms of the body. The receiver rests on the massage table, draped, and the practitioner's hands begin quietly, with presence, attending to breath, allowing the receiver to drop inward. The long, slow, t'ai chi-like strokes awaken awareness, and as the tissues open to the warm of touch, the contact deepens, nudging bound-up muscles, drawing forth expanded movement. A relaxing sigh resounds through the body, and the practitioner responds with integration strokes into related areas. The massage continues, seamlessly, wrapping the torso arms, legs, hands, feet, neck, and spirit into a united whole. The practitioner brings a knowledge of strokes (many have roots in Swedish Massage), of muscles and bones, of movement, of listening to the body as well as the words. Prior to the session, he/she pays attention to his own physical comfort, and quiets down internal chatter to welcome inner guidance, or intuition. As he massages, the practitioner responds to the signs of relaxation: deepened breath, enhanced circulation, a sigh, perhaps flutters of the eyelids. Each session is unique, tailored by personal requests, comfort level, physical tension and release, the felt sense of intuition. The effects of this intentional touch, loosely categorized as "wellness/stress management massage", range widely. For some, it brings a renewed sense of health and vigor, others may regain a sense of safety with regard to touch. Often old tension patterns break free and old emotions are released. It signals a return to one's nature, a switch from everyday consciousness into a calmer, more colorful space less inhabited by the constraints of time and place. An out- of-ordinary reality. The sources of this rich work are endless: it was informed by sensory awareness, Swedish massage, oriental medicine, meditation, gestalt practice. The influence of deeper work borrowed from Ida Rolf's teachings, Moshe Feldenkrais' sense of neural co-ordinates, Milton Trager's passive movement to awaken the mind, yoga stretches, somatic mind-body psychology, and more CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY energetically based polarity massage and cranial-sacral work continue to "grow" the work. Each practitioner translates this into his/her personal art form. At the heart of the session is a sense of empowering each individual to regain a sense of harmony, reverence, and balance, and to awaken inner resources for healing. It is not unusual to hear, "That was the most amazing massage I've ever received." Esalen Massage vs. Swedish Massage While the strokes are similar, the philosophy and intent are quite different. Swedish massage was developed as part of gymnastics, Esalen as part of Gestalt psychotherapy. Swedish seeks to affect specific muscles, joints and organ and relieve pain and increase mobility. Esalen does this but also seeks to help the person live more comfortably in his or her own body and integrate body, mind and spirit into a more harmonious whole person. The strokes and manipulations of Swedish massage are for a specific therapeutic benefit. Esalen massage is set apart us a unique style because it also reflects an attitude about touching, caring, energy awareness and emotional, spiritual healing besides just physical manipulation. Part of the attitude of Esalen is that touching is a basic need, as essential as air, food or water: that caring about others is natural; that getting in touch with one's own body leads to a more effective way of loving and relating to others, and that healing comes from within as well as from the outside. In Esalen massage the social differences between the giver and receiver is reduced. No white uniform as a symbol of authority. Esalen massage is often practiced as an exchange - alternating between who gives and receives - and is traditionally done in the nude. However when done by professional therapists, this of course, is not done. At the hot spring baths in California where it originated, getting dressed when it was your turn to give massage seemed not only superfluous but downright silly. In public practice Esalen practitioners usually dress very informally and the client is usually covered with a towel or sheet, but since one of the aims of Esalen style massage is to tie the parts of the body together, coverings are moved aside to permit long flowing "connecting" strokes that are among its hallmarks. In exchange groups and retreats for massagers, clothing is usually optional for everyone. Having options places responsibility on each individual rather than on some external authority, and that's what holistic health care is all about. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY A massager who has a nervous preoccupation with keeping certain parts of the body covered conveys the nonverbal message that not all of the body is acceptable. Conversely, a receiver who cannot confidently and with trust put his or her body in the hands of a massager is unlikely to benefit from Esalen massage. One who is afraid to be seen nude will communicate tension to the giver and both will find relaxation difficult. People who are not comfortable around the body should not be in bodywork, just as people who don't like children should not teach kindergarten. There is also a difference in conception of what therapy is. Sometimes it is said that Esalen "only" makes one feel good, as if that were a frivolous self- indulgence, whereas Swedish is more "therapeutic". But Esalen is intended to feel good; its creators believed in the wisdom that feeling good is good for you in body as well as emotions and spirit. Esalen massagers believe that pleasure itself is therapeutic. Few Esalen massagers practice 100% pure Esalen but use a blend of strokes and techniques for maximum physical as well as relational touch and good feelings. Within the profession there is great diversity which provides a choice for clients. The largest massage organization, the AMTA, is very nurse and physical manipulation oriented. Emphasis in workshops is often proper draping of the body and the importance of the clean white uniform. More holistic therapists believe this is very cold and impersonal. "Holistic" comes from the Greek "holos", meaning "whole". When applied to health it means "the belief that an organic or integrated whole has reality independent of and greater than the sum of its parts. In bodywork that means viewing health as a balance of physical, mental, and spiritual aspects. It does not mean treating only muscles and ignoring feelings. Emotional Relating -An act of physical caring expressing trust, empathy and respect. -Unique way of communicating inner love and God's Spirit even to a stranger, without words, beyond touching and hugging. -Nurturing touch makes people more whole, more fully ourselves and each person's hands have the power to give this joy to another. Our Sexual "Hang-ups" And Touch Massage has an undeserved bad reputation since it has been improperly used as a cover up for sex and prostitution. Therefore we are often hungup over massage and touching. Touch has been shown to be a very basic human need. Skin hunger is as real as CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY stomach hunger, yet it is so restricted by our society and equated with sex, that Americans have lost the ability to nurture through touch. Wouldn't it be wonderful if we could openly touch and show affection without our hang-ups? Most of us were taught to express such intimacy only in sexual relationships. But intimacy doesn't necessarily include sex, any more than sex necessarily involves intimacy. God designed our bodies for sensual enjoyment through touch but we often confuse wonderful sensual feelings with sexual acts. Esalen massage breaks the barriers to touch and allows us to grow in a new awareness of the feeling, caring, and pleasure our bodies were meant to express to one another. Unfortunately I do not have any contacts with Esalen therapists to refer anyone too (other than myself!). It is very popular in California and can be found in other areas. You might also check in New Age or alternative newspapers where therapists may advertise their Esalen specialty. The name Esalen Massage has now been trademarked and only those certified as Esalen therapists may use the title. Not To Be Confused With Tantric or Sexual Massage Some book writers have mixed Esalen style massage (often without proper credit) with sexual massage. Sometimes the properly name Esalen techniques but then don't make it clear when they shift to non-Esalen sexual techniques such as Tantra etc. With it being trademarked, hopefully people will be more careful with the use of the use of the term Esalen. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Hilot Hilot is a traditional healing technique from the Philippines that also includes massage techniques. Most Hilot in the Philippines are either learned from relatives, through hands on practice, or inherited from their forfeathers, passing the arts from one generation to the next. The massage techniques relax stressed muscles. Hilot also includes joint manipulations to help relax stressed muscles. Hilot encompasses a wide variety of techniques beyond the treatment of stressed muscles. Hilot is used to reset dislocated and sprained joints, diagnose and treat musculoligamentous and musculoskeletal ailments, and even to aid in giving birth and to induce abortion. Hilot, the Filipino healing arts, are the oldest and the most secret arts in the Philippines. Due of the secrecy of the arts, very rarely do Hilot Masters teach this art in the general public. Most Hilot in the Philippines are either learned from relatives, through hands on practice, or inherited from their forfeathers, passing the arts from one generation to the next. Anywhere you visit in the Philippines, most Filipinos are exposed to the curative value of Hilot. The art survives through family interation, relatives, and friends. Hilot apprenticeship is taken seriously by the young "hilot" to absorb as much of the knowledge as possible from his/her "Hilot Priestess." Hilot records date back to the first civilization of the Philippines (approximately 5th century). Due to the fact that there is no written history of this art, numerous new generation Hilot masters failed to document the origins, dates, facts, where the arts originated and who developed these effective and intriguing healing arts. There is no doubt that Hilot was practiced in the Philippines to varying degress or levels, nationwide, but now it is found in many parts of the world, carried by the Filipino Hilot. Hoffman Massage Hoffman massage is a system of intuitive massage and bodywork developed by Bronson Bertschinger. The main idea behind the Hoffman system of massage and bodywork is based on the facts that humans are very complex and consist of material, emotional, subtle and spiritual energy. We are too complex to fit into a CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY routine style of treatment that many massage schools and styles teach. Hoffman massage uses techniques that are aimed to affect and balance many systems of the body in the treatment. Techniques vary from deep touch to very subtle energetic healing. Hot Stone massage A hot stone massage is a therapy that has numerous benefits. It is a type of massage that uses a heated massage rock and a Swedish massage to heal and relax the body. Many people avail of this massage because of its many therapeutic effects. It is not only a form of relaxation but also an effective solution to aches and pains of the body. Here are some beneficial effects of this type of massage other than calming the body. • It puts the mind in a meditative state and therefore is good for people experiencing insomnia and difficulty of sleep because of stress. • It releases tension on the muscles. It is very good for muscles that are injured, weak and tight. • It enhances the lymphatic system decreasing the body's susceptibility to infection. • It has a consoling and soothing effect and has been proven to treat depression. • It is considered as one form of pain management and recommended for people with back pains and arthritis. People these days are so prone to stress that there is no doubt physical and mental fatigue will eventually set in. In order to relieve some of the tension from the body, you often find other ways on how to feel relaxed and a hot stone massage therapy is one of the popular choices. It is the perfect way of alleviating pain and promoting overall health of an individual. You already know the beneficial effects it provides but sometimes you ask yourself on how many times is it really ideal to get a hot stone massage. There really is no actual limitation on how many times you should have a stone massage therapy but the average occurrence to a massage client is approximately once a month. But this number is really dependent on the person and his lifestyle. For instance, one person may engage in a job that requires him to seat on a chair for more than 8 hours. This type of job will usually bear a strain on the muscles and it is recommended to take the massage twice a month. A two hour treatment of a hot stone massage therapy will take you in a deeper sense of relaxation. The tension and muscle spasms in your body will simply melt away as the massage rock and Swedish massage create the perfect massage atmosphere. The heat and the massage will gradually open up the energy centers of the body and will leave you feeling rejuvenated in no time. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Getting a hot stone massage therapy is good for the body. It may be a little more expensive than a regular massage but the effects can be remarkable. You cannot reverse the aging process of the body but at least you can slow it down with the proper diet, regular exercise and a massage once in awhile. So invest in a hot stone massage to boost your energy levels and live a healthier happier lifestyle. Massage has been around for thousands of years and it's impossible to fully appreciate the full value of massage and effects that touch has on each and every one of us. Hot stone massage is a specialty massage that uses smooth, heated stones. They are often basalt, a black volcanic rock that absorbs and retains heat well, but they can be other types. The heat is both deeply relaxing and helps tight muscles release. Stone massage is a unique connection we experience with nature, offering a sense of profoundness and sacredness that we too often forget. It's a deep healing and unique moment that enhances our awareness and brings us closer to our true essence. It is the perfect treatment that is as enjoyable and healing for the client as it is for the practitioner. Stone massage involves the application of water-heated basalt stones of varying sizes to key points on the body, giving a deep massage and creating sensations of comfort and warmth. The direct heat relaxes muscles, allowing manipulation of a greater intensity than with regular massage. In cases of muscular injury and inflammation, frozen, cooling marble stones are used. This creates a type of thermotherapeutic 'vascular gymnastics' in the circulatory system to help the body detoxify and heal. The warmer stones expand the blood vessels, pushing blood and unwanted waste materials through the body. This has a sedative effect on the nervous system. The cold stones cause the blood vessels to constrict, stimulating the nervous system and drawing blood and waste products along the body. This ensures that every cell in the body CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY receives more oxygen and nutrients while at the same time waste material is removed more effectively through the corresponding increase in lymph flow. Not unlike changing the old oil and filter in your car for a newer filter with clean oil—a service for the body. It is quite an experience to feel the deeply relaxing, penetrating heat from the basalt stones alternating with the toning and refreshing coolness of the marble stones. The use of extremes of temperature has long been scientifically and medically proven to be of benefit to the body. Those who wish to relax and tone their muscles with a minimum of effort see this in the use of ice packs for muscle trauma and the use of saunas. Stone massage makes you feel deeply relaxed, allowing you to let go of all the stress that is held within your body. It is really an amazing experience to offer to the ones you love! Those experiencing a hot stone massage will notice a healing improvement of the following symptoms: Muscular aches, pains, sprains, and strains Poor circulation Rheumatic and arthritic conditions Fibromyalgia MS Back pain Stress, anxiety and tension Insomnia Depression History: The use of stones and gemstones for healing purposes dates back thousands of years. Verbal and written history confirms that the Chinese used heated stones over two thousand years ago as a means of improving the function of internal organs. Stones were used for healing work in Native America, South America, Africa, Europe, Egypt & India. These traditions included laying stones in patterns on the body, carrying or wearing stones for health and protection, using stones in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and ceremonial uses, such as in sweat lodges and medicine wheels. The healing practices of "curanderas" and other women caregivers often included dealing CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY with disease as well as pregnancy and childbirth. These Native folk healers used heated stones to diminish the discomfort of menstruation, and the application of cold stones to slow bleeding after labor. Some sources cite instances of cultures in which women believed that holding stones during labor added to their strength and endurance. Ancient Greek and Roman cultures have a long recorded history of many forms of massage and bodywork. The Roman Empire, which dates from 27 BCE to 476 CE, is noted for its creation of the Roman baths. That tradition is still with us today in the form of modern hydrotherapy practices. The Romans used stones in saunas and combined the effects of hot immersion baths with the cooling effects of marble stone and cold pools. Benefits and Indications As practicing massage therapists, we are all familiar with the plethora of the potential physical, body-mind, and energetic influences of massage on our clients. There is an ever-growing body of research that confirms the positive effects of massage on the cardiovascular, lymphatic, lymphoid (immune), integumentary (including fascia), musculoskeletal, endocrine, nervous and digestive systems. Hydrotherapy and the application of heat and cold to the body to produce therapeutic effects can be traced to ancient times. Incorporating stones into a massage protocol adds a medium for the application of heat and/or cold to the body. The client experiences the added benefit of heat without the therapist having to provide a separate treatment from their normal massage protocol. The body strives to maintain a normal body temperature of 98.6° F. The application of heat and cold causes predictable physiological changes In the body that can have powerful, positive therapeutic effects. The application of heat and cold may be general or local, of short or prolonged duration. The stones can be used hot, cold or in an alternating combination. The Effects of Heat and Cold The application of heat acts as a vasodilator, increasing circulation; increasing metabolism; increasing the inflammatory response (including a rise in leukocyte migration to the area); decreasing pain; decreasing muscle spasm; softening the tissues; and raising the body temperature. The application of cold acts as a vasoconstrictor. The immediate short-term effect of cold is stimulating. The prolonged use of cold decreases metabolism; decreases inflammation; decreases pain; decreases muscle spasm; increases muscle tone; and has an analgesic effect. Cold applications CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY can increase or decrease circulation depending upon the specific temperature: the colder the temperature, the greater the decrease in circulation. Contrasting heat and cold causes the blood vessels to alternate between dilation and constriction. The overall effect is a dramatic increase in circulation. The stones can be used for a full body massage or for spot work in certain areas of the body. The combination of the heat from the stones, the essential oils, and the energetic effects of both the stones and the oils, produces a deep and penetrating state of relaxation and well-being. Working with the stones also benefits the therapist. As bodyworkers we are always concerned about wear and tear on our wrists, hands, fingers and thumbs. This method of massaging with heated stones produces less stress on the wrists and hands of the therapist because she is sharing the work with the stones. Because of the heat, weight and density of the stones, the therapist does not have to work as hard as she normally would in order to have a deep penetrating effect on the tissues. Holding the stones throughout the massage, the therapist experiences the therapeutic effects of a heat application. The constant submersion of your hands in the water to retrieve the stones acts a hydrotherapy treatment. And to top it off, the therapist can also enjoy the energetic effects of the stones and essential oils. The use of hot stones has been recorded in history from a long time ago. By looking at ancient cultures and civilizations we can see that as humans we have used hot stones for eons. For heating our homes to sacred rituals. Ancient cultures searched for stones to build temples and pyramids. We can see these mysterious structures from Egypt to South America, from Easter Island to our own Native Americans. Smaller stones have been part of ritual and ceremony for just as long. They are used to make homes, and have been made into weapons or used to sharpen them. We can clearly see how popular quartz crystals have been and even the non-believer or skeptical wears a birth stone ring as a symbol of good luck. Our Native Americans from ancient times have used hot stones as part of a hot stone massage treatment in their sweat lodge ceremonies. This is how I first came across hot stone massage almost twelve years ago. And hence I started getting the understanding of their use. Not so much as to the application of stones to the body, but the respect of the grandfather‘s stones as they are called. In the sweat lodge ceremony, the use of the four elements fire, water, air CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY and earth in the heating preparation of the stones for the ritual is a very important part of it. From time to time grandmother Barrett Eagle Bear would pass a perfectly round hot stone around the circle for us to rub anywhere we would have pain or discomfort. This is the age of evolution, and we have an opportunity to take and use some of the ancient rituals in our modern day practice. We should do it with respect and reverence to the stones and to the people. Massage dates back thousands of years and is the technique of manipulating soft tissue and muscle through pressure. There are references to as far back as biblical times (c. 400 BC) of using hot stones to massage the body with olive oil. In the early 1990s, an American massage therapist name Mary Nelson combined the use of hot stones with her massage therapy and treatment. She created a technique of using 54 hot stones, 18 frozen stones, and 1 stone at room temperature and named it the LaStone Therapy. Incorporating the chakras, or force centers, Nelson created a unique massage experience and is considered responsible for bringing the idea of hot stone massage to the United State and popular culture. In the United States, hot stone massages are not as popular as traditional ones, mainly because a lot of people simply don't know about it. And even if they did, it might be difficult trying to find a massage therapist that knows how to do the technique properly. However, this does not mean that the hot stone massage is worthless. In fact, there is actually a lot of history behind the technique, especially in ancient Native American culture. With them, hot stone massages were used during sweat lodge ceremonies. Basically, as the people were sweating out their physical and spiritual impurities, hot stones were used for added relaxation. They worked so effectively, they became known as "grandfather stones." In Hawaii, hot stone massages were used for similar purposes. But the manner of stone was different, since Hawaiians had access to pohaku, (or lava stones). Hence, in their culture, the hot stone massage became known as 'pohaku' a term that applies even today. The hot stone massage was also prevalent in Asia, though it was used more for therapeutic reasons. Still, it offered an excellent way to put the physical body at ease... something that is especially important when a person is ailing. It's unfortunate that once acupuncture and other therapies became discovered, hot stone massages lost some of their prevalence. As far as the CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY United States, the hot stone massage came into being around 1993, when it became popular by Mary Hannigan, a renowned massage therapist. She had even developed a new technique called the "LaStone Therapy." It utilizes a variety of Native American and Zen philosophies and techniques. In conclusion, even though hot stone massages are relatively new in the United States, their history extends thousands of years for a variety of cultures. Hopefully, it can continue for an even longer period of time, as more people discover how powerful they are. Massage is perhaps the oldest form of hands-on-healing known to humans, easily pre-dating written records. For millennia, people from virtually every culture have used a combination of touch, heat (thermotherapy) and stones as therapeutic tools. The three main cultures which have heavily influced how modern-day Hot Stone Massage/Stone Therapy has evolved are the Chinese, the Native Americans and the Hawaiians (although Egyptian, Ayurvedic and many other traditional healing arts are also said to have used stones and/or heat). One of the first recorded uses of stones for healing was by Ancient Chinese medical practitioners who regularly used various shaped/sharpened stones (Bian Stones) to treat disease. The use of Moxabustion (buring of the herb mugwort) helped to add heat to these treatments. Native Americans are well known for their Sweat Lodges, which are similar to modern-day Saunas. The use of heated stones on the lower abdomen to relieve cramps was another common Native American practice. Most therapists who incorporate hot stones into their massage routine agree that the Hawaiians had a major part to play in how this form of massage is applied today. This is particularly true for Hahana Stone Massage. Customary uses included wrapping hot stones in leaves with certain therapeutic properties (ti leaves) and placing on sore muscles to reduce pain – like using a heat pack or poultice. Hot stones were also placed in shallow pits and covered with these same leaves, with the patient then laying on top of the leaves to allow the healing properties to infuse into the body. Volcanic stones are also said to have been rubbed over the body after a traditional Hawaiian Kahuna/Lomi-Lomi massage – perhaps less of a massage technique and more of an exfoliation, due to the coarseness of the volcanic stones used. The Hawaiians are still one of the most closely linked cultures to modern-day Hot Stone Massage and Stone Therapy. Modern-day Hot Stone Massage/Stone Therapy, a truly unique style of massage, has been gaining popularity through-out the world after being ‗re- discovered‘ in the United States in 1993. The story is that a massage CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY therapist, named Mary Nelson, who was suffering from repetitive use injuries in the shoulders/wrists, was having a sauna with her niece and was ‗called‘ to the stones. Mary picked up some of the hot stones and started massaging her niece with them – it felt great (for the client as well as the therapist) and thus Stone Therapy‘s reawakening occurred. The first style of modern-day Hot Stone Massage/Stone Therapy was/is called ‗LaStone Therapy‘. Practically every Spa in Europe and America offers Hot Stone Massage or Stone Therapy on their menu, with Australia quickly following suit. The number of different styles however, is almost as varied as the stones themselves. A modern-day Hot Stone Massage (also sometimes called Hot Rocks Massage) will usually consist of the therapist placing heated stones (usually basalt) of various shapes/sizes onto the client‘s body (for safety, most of the time these ‗placement‘ stones won‘t be in direct contact with the skin, instead they will be placed onto a towel to buffer the heat). These stones are placed onto different points (chakras, energy points, sore muscles, etc), depending on the style of Hot Stone Massage or Stone Therapy. Whilst these placement stones are warming and activating specific areas, the therapist will take several other heated stones and begin massaging a different area of the body. The heat from the stones is released deep into the muscles, greatly enhancing the massage. It is said that one stroke with a heated stone is equivalent to ten normal massage strokes! Some therapists will also incorporate cold stones (usually marble) into their treatment which, although not quite as relaxing as the heated stones, do have a part to play for many conditions. A typical Hot Stone Massage will take 60 to 90 minutes. Most people who have a Hot Stone Massage will be ‗blown away‘ by the level of relaxation that is achieved. Some clients will have vivid dreams or even ‗out-of-body‘ experiences. It is usually a very grounding, relaxing and healing experience. Apart form the deep level of relaxation, Hot Stone Massage is also great to incorporate into Remedial or Deep Tissue massage. Not only does the client receive the benefits, but when practiced correctly, the therapist will reduce the strain placed on their hands and wrists. As with all forms of massage, it is important that therapists undertake professional Hot Stone Massage training. Check with the Spa, Salon or therapist before your treatment to ensure you are getting the best massage from the most qualified therapist. If you have been feeling out of sorts or experiencing major tension in your muscles than probably the last thing that you want to do is pile rocks on your CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY back. However, that just might be the solution. Hot stone massage, while it sounds heavy and painful, is a highly specialized form of massage that uses smooth, heated stones to sooth and relax your body and your mind. This type of massage is particularly popular when people are on vacation and interested in trying out a new indulgence that they might not normally experiment with. The secret to hot stone massage is in the types of stones used. Most of the time they are made out of basalt, a black volcanic rock that absorbs and retains heat well. Massaging with black volcanic stones is a soothing, relaxing form of massage. It helps to release tightened muscles and sooth aching pain. These stones rubbed on the tense spots of your body will help calm and relax you after a long or stressful day – something that most of us experience at least one day on vacation when we have trekked all over an amusement park or shopped, lounged and laid out longer than we intended. Hot stone massages can take as little as half an hour or as long as two hours, and can be customized to fit your needs and budget. Hot stone massages can be rather expensive, but they tend to be slightly less pricey in resort areas, which is unusual since services like this generally run higher in exclusive environments. In most cases, they run about one hundred and fifty dollars for one session. However, these sessions are often longer than conventional massages and highly customized. In a session, a therapist will uses many stones of different shapes and sizes. Technique is very important. Therapists encourage patients to speak up if a stone massage is uncomfortable so that adjustments can be made. Now is the perfect time to get a deal on a hot stone massage that is totally customized to your needs because many spas are running specials to encourage people to try out new relaxation techniques. Native Americans used hot stones warmed by fire to make themselves feel better. Mary Neslon, a native of Tucson, Arizona, is generally credited with the revival of the hot stone massage in 1993. Mary Nelson received visions and verbal guidance from her Native American Spirit guide, San Jaunette. Mary Nelson trademarked her style, calling it LaStone Therapy. LaStone Therapy is a form of massage that users both hot and cold stones. It is a trademarked style of massage that can only be preformed by someone who is certified to be a LaStone Therapist. Most spas have there own versions of hot stone massage therapy that are as highly researched and tailored to client‘s needs as this original treatment. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Since the stones used in hot stone massages are also good for natural healing, you may want to speak to your therapist about combining heated and cool stones during your massage. If you want a healing massage then your therapist may use hot or cold stones depending on your injury. When massaged on an injured muscle or area of great tension, the stones can bring temporary relief and speed healing. A stone massage uses cold or water-heated stones to apply pressure and heat to the body. Stones coated in oil can also be used by the therapist delivering various massaging strokes. The hot stones used are commonly river stones which over time, have become extremely polished and smooth. As the stones are placed along the recipient's back, they help to retain heat which then deeply penetrates into the muscles, releasing tension. Lomi Lomi and indigenous massage of Oceania Lomilomi is the traditional massage of Hawaii. As an indigenous practice, it varies by island and by family. The word lomilomi also is used for massage in Samoa and East Futuna. In Samoa, it is also known as lolomi and milimili. In East Futuna, it is also called milimili, fakasolosolo, amoamo, lusilusi, kinikini, fai‘ua. The Maori call it roromi and mirimiri. In Tonga massage is fotofota, tolotolo, and amoamo. In Tahiti it is rumirumi. On Nanumea in Tuvalu, massage is known as popo, pressure application is kukumi, and heat application is tutu. Massage has also been documented in Tikopia in the Solomon Islands, in Rarotonga and in Pukapuka in Western Samoa. Medical massage Massage used in the medical field includes decongestive therapy used for lymphedema which can be used in conjunction with the treatment of breast CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY cancer. Carotid sinus massage is used to diagnose carotid sinus syncope and is sometimes useful for differentiating supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) from ventricular tachycardia. It, like the valsalva maneuver, is a therapy for SVT. However, it is less effective than management of SVT with medications. Meso-American In Meso-America as in other areas of the world an indigenous form of soft tissue and structural massage has developed. Today this art survives thanks to the many Sobadoras/es or Hueseros/as that have handed-down these techniques via oral tradition. Myofascial release Myofascial release refers to the manual massage technique for stretching the fascia and releasing bonds between fascia, integument, and muscles with the goal of eliminating pain, increasing range of motion and equilibrioception. Myofascial release usually involves applying shear compression or tension in various directions, or by skin rolling. Postural Integration (PI) Postural Integration (PI) is a process-oriented bodywork combining deep tissue massage with breathwork, body movement and awareness as well as emotional expression. Raynor Massage Raynor Massage has a goal of finding any tension in the muscles and any blockage in the flow of chi and getting rid of it. Usually it is a very deep tissue form of massage with an emphasis on deep abdominal massage and "emotional releases". Reflexology massage Reflexology is based on the principle that there are reflexes in the hands and feet that relate to every organ, gland, and system of the body. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Russian Massage Russian Massage has three phases. The first phase is gentle, slow and mild. The second phase is hard, deep and fast. The third phase is similar to the first phase which is slow and gentle. The massage therapist applies honey. Russian massage is a system of therapeutic and sports massage developed in the former Soviet Union. It uses a variety of manipulations of the body's soft tissues to achieve benefits, including stress reduction and relief from muscle aches. Massage was not studied or used scientifically in Russia until 1860. Treatment methods were developed further after World War II when pharmaceuticals were in short supply. The Soviet Union employed physiatrists--medical doctors with Ph.D. degrees in physical therapy--to research the benefits of using natural healing modalities. They developed a form of petrissage to reverse atrophy in muscles and help stimulate new growth. Russian physiologists found all movements of massage function on the basis of neurohormone and neuroendocrine reflexes. Unlike other massage therapies, Russian massage is based on the physiology of a dysfunction rather than on anatomy as the principal guideline for treatment. Practitioners say that Russian massage is useful for a wide range of musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological, gynecological, internal disorders, and in post-surgical situations. In Russia, massage therapists are regarded as medical professionals. The massage therapy department is often the largest in Russian hospitals and clinics because it is crucial to rehabilitation. Patients describe it as "waking up" both body and mind. It has been used to increase circulation of blood and lymphatic flow, to stimulate production of endorphins, control physical and mental stress, and to increase range of movement. Ailments said to benefit from massage therapy include asthma, insomnia, arthritis, bursitis, carpal tunnel syndrome , hip sprains and strains, rotator cuff injuries, myofascial pain, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems, headache, spastic colon, colic, constipation, and immune function disorders. Because of its gentle, non-invasive nature, Russian massage is considered especially suitable for seniors. Russian massage integrates sports massage with the relaxing techniques of therapeutic massage. It offers a number of benefits because the style of the treatment depends on the physical makeup of an injury, rather than the person‘s body as a whole. The massage therapy can be received for those suffering from an injury, have an illness, or just want to promote general well-being. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Shiatsu Shiatsu (指圧) ("shi" meaning finger and "atsu" meaning pressure.) is an eastern (oriental) born therapy that uses pressure applied with thumbs, fingers and palms to the same energy meridians as acupressure and incorporates stretching. It also uses techniques such as rolling, brushing, vibrating, grasping and in one particular technique developed by Suzuki Yamamoto, pressure is applied with the feet on the persons back, legs and feet (special set up is required for the "foot" shiatsu). Structural Integration Structural Integration's aim is to unwind the strain patterns residing in your body's myofascial system, restoring it to its natural balance, alignment, length, and ease. This is accomplished by deep, slow, fascial and myofascial manipulation, coupled with movement re-education. Various brands of Structural Integration are Kinesis Myofascial Integration and rolfing. Thai massage Known in Thailand as นวดแผนโบราณ (Nuat phaen boran, IPA: [nuɑt pʰɛn boraːn][missing tone] ), meaning "ancient/traditional massage", Thai massage originated in India and is based on ayurveda and yoga. The technique combines massage with yoga- like positions during the course of the massage; the northern style emphasizes stretching while the southern style emphasizes acupressure. Traditional Chinese massage Two types of traditional Chinese massage exist - Tui na (推拿) which focuses on pushing, stretching and kneading the muscle and Zhi Ya (指壓) which focuses on pinching and pressing at acupressure points. Both are based on principles from Traditional Chinese Medicine. Trager App The Trager approach combines movement, massage and education. Trigger point therapy Sometimes confused with pressure point massage, this involves deactivating trigger points that may cause local pain or refer pain and other sensations, such as headaches, in other parts of the body. Manual pressure, vibration, injection, CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY or other treatment is applied to these points to relieve myofascial pain. Trigger points were first discovered and mapped by Janet G. Travell (president Kennedy's physician) and David Simons. Trigger points have been photomicrographed and measured electrically. and in 2007 a paper was presented showing images of Trigger Points using MRI. These points relate to dysfunction in the myoneural junction, also called neuromuscular junction (NMJ), in muscle, and therefore this modality is different from reflexology, acupressure and pressure point massage.  Visceral manipulation One form is Mayan abdominal massage which is practiced in many countries in Latin America. This type of massage was developed by Elijio Panti of Belize and brought to the United States by Rosita Arvigo. Even though Panti was a respected and well known user of Mayan massage, he did not develop this modality. "Mayan Massage" techniques have been used since before the Spanish conquest and is still practiced today by many Sobadores or Hueseros.  Watsu Main article: Watsu Watsu is the combination of hydrotherapy and shiatsu developed by Harold Dull. The work is done in skin temperature water with both the therapist and practitioner in the water, usually a pool which is between 3.5 ft to 4 ft (100– 120 cm) deep. The work entails much movement in the water and practitioners believe that it incorporates the activation of the energy lines derived from shiatsu.  Associated methods Many types of practices are associated with massage and include bodywork, manual therapy, energy medicine, and breathwork. Other names for massage and related practices include hands-on work, body/somatic therapy, and somatic movement education. Body-mind integration techniques stress self-awareness and movement over physical manipulations by a practitioner. Therapies related to movement awareness/education are closer to Dance and movement therapies. Massage can also have connections with the New Age movement and alternative medicine as well as being used by mainstream medical practitioners. Beneficial effects Le massage: scène au Hammam by Edouard Debat-Ponsan (1883) Peer-reviewed medical research has shown that the benefits of massage include pain relief, reduced trait anxiety and depression, and temporarily reduced blood CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY pressure, heart rate, and state anxiety. Theories behind what massage might do include blocking nociception (gate control theory), activating the parasympathetic nervous system which may stimulate the release of endorphins and serotonin, preventing fibrosis or scar tissue, increasing the flow of lymph, and improving sleep but such effects are yet to be supported by well designed clinical studies. Massage is hindered from reaching the gold standard of scientific research which includes placebo-controlled and double blind clinical trials. Developing a "sham" manual therapy for massage would be difficult since even light touch massage could not be assumed to be completely devoid of effects on the subject. It would also be difficult to find a subject that would not notice that they were getting less of a massage and it would be impossible to blind the therapist. Massage can employ randomized controlled trials which are published in peer reviewed medical journals. This type of study could increase the credibility of the profession because it displays that purported therapeutic effects are reproducible. Single dose effects Mechanical massage chairs at VivoCity in Singapore. Pain relief: Relief from pain due to musculoskeletal injuries and other causes is cited as a major benefit of massage. In one study, cancer patients self-reported symptomatic relief of pain. This study, however, did not include a placebo control group so these effects may be due to the placebo effect or regression towards the mean. Acupressure or pressure point massage may be more beneficial than classic Swedish massage in relieving back pain. However, a meta-study conducted by scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign failed to find a statistically significant reduction in pain immediately following treatment. State anxiety: Massage has been shown to reduce state anxiety, a transient measure of anxiety in a given situation. Blood pressure and heart rate: Massage has been shown to reduce blood pressure and heart rate as temporary effects. Attention: After massage, EEG patterns indicate enhanced performance and alertness on mathematical computations, with the effects perhaps being mediated by decreased stress hormones. Other: Massage also stimulates the immune system by increasing peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). However, this immune system effect is only observed in aromatherapy massage, which includes sweet almond oil, lavender oil, cypress oil, and sweet marjoram oil. It is unclear whether this effect persists over the long term. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Multiple dose effects Pain relief: When combined with education and exercises, massage might help sub-acute, chronic, non-specific low back pain. Furthermore, massage has been shown to reduce pain experienced in the days or weeks after treatment. Trait anxiety: Massage has been shown to reduce trait anxiety; a person's general susceptibility to anxiety. Depression: Massage has been shown to reduce subclinical depression. Diseases: Massage, involving stretching, has been shown to help with spastic diplegia resulting from Cerebral palsy in a small pilot study. The researchers warn that these results should "be viewed with caution until a double-blind controlled trial can be conducted". Massage has been used in an effort to improve symptoms, disease progression, and quality of life in HIV patients, however, this treatment is not scientifically supported. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Swedish Massage The term "Swedish Massage" refers to a variety of techniques specifically designed to relax muscles by applying pressure to them against deeper muscles and bones, and rubbing in the same direction as the flow of blood returning to the heart. The development of Swedish massage is credited to a Swedish doctor named Per Henrik Ling in 1812, though the Dutch practitioner Johan Georg Mezger adopted the French names to denote the basic strokes. It was introduced to the U.S. in 1858 as "The Swedish Movement Cure."The term "Swedish" massage is not really known in the country of Sweden, where it is called "classic massage". Swedish massage is considered to be among the most basic methods of massage and is among the first styles of massage that new masseurs get to study. Swedish massage is the most commonly offered and best-known type of massage. If it's you're first time at the spa, Swedish massage is the perfect place to start. Swedish massage is the foundation for other types of Western massage, including sports massage, deep tissue massage and aromatherapy massage. During Swedish massage, massage therapists use massage oils to facilitate smooth, gliding strokes called effleurage. Other classic Swedish massage moves include kneading, friction, stretching and (sometimes) tapping. Swedish massage uses firm but gentle pressure to promote relaxation, ease muscle tension and create other health benefits. Generally during Swedish massage you're nude underneath a towel or sheet. The therapist uncovers only the part of the body he/she is working on, a technique called "draping". You can keep your underwear on during Swedish massage, and many newcomers do. Feel free to state your preference for pressure during Swedish massage. It can range from light to firm. Swedish massage usually includes some deeper work on areas of specific muscle tension. If you want more intensive work and firmer pressure, get a deep tissue massage. Purpose of Swedish Massage The main purpose of Swedish massage is to increase the oxygen flow in the blood and release toxins from the muscles. Swedish massage shortens recovery time from muscular strain by flushing the tissues of lactic acid, uric acid, and other metabolic wastes. It increases CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY circulation without increasing heart load. It stretches the ligaments and tendons keeping them supple and pliable. Swedish massage also stimulates the skin and nervous system and soothes the nerves themselves at the same time. It reduces stress, both emotional and physical, and is suggested in a regular program for stress management. It also has many specific medical uses. Swedish Massage Techniques Swedish massage uses five styles of long, flowing strokes to massage. The techniques include: long strokes, kneading, friction, tapping, percussion, vibration, effleurage, and shaking motions. The usually sequence of techniques are: 1. Effleurage (sliding or gliding). Effleurage is the technique most people associate with massage in general and Swedish massage in particular. In doing effleurage, the masseuse makes use of long and sweeping strokes that cover more than just one area of the body with gliding strokes with the palms, thumbs and/or fingertips. Though it makes the client feel like his muscles are being broken down, the purpose of effleurage is actually to connect one part of the body to the others. 2. Petrissage (kneading): Petrissage is the act of kneading and squeezing the muscles of the body. Petrissage does not target or focus on any particular part of the body, but the process of kneading the body‘s muscles allows for deeper and more penetrating effects of massage. Kneading movements with the hands, thumbs and/or fingers. 3. Friction (cross fiber): Heat makes the muscles relax and friction is used to make the area to be treated warm up. A masseuse would make use of the friction technique by rubbing the palms of her hands vigorously on the surface of the client‘s skin. She can also do this by rubbing her palms together and then laying them on the skin of the client. Circular pressures with the palms of hands, thumbs and/or fingers. 4. Vibration: The vibration technique is used by the masseuse to shake up the area of the client‘s body that she is treating. This is done by moving the heel of the hand, or sometimes the side of the hand, or even the fingertips, forward and backward across the skin to loosen the muscles CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY of that particular area. An oscillatory movement that shake or vibrate the body. 5. Percussion (tapotment): Brisk hacking or tapping. Tapottement are strokes that aim to energize the area of the body that the masseuse is treating. This is done by chopping the area with the sides of the hands. It can also be done by hitting the area being treated rhythmically with cupped or fisted hands. Tapottement is aimed towards energizing the area being treated, yet at the same time making it loosened and relaxed. 6. Passive and active movement (traction): Bending and stretching. Traction involves pulling at the arms and legs of the client, and sometimes also the head. The act of pulling stretches the muscles of the client. Traction is always done as part of the last portion of the massage routine because pulling needs to have the muscles relaxed; otherwise, it would hurt. Benefits of Swedish Massage Swedish massage feels good, is relaxing and invigorating. It affects the nerves, muscles, glands, and circulation, while promoting health and well being. Swedish massage has shown to be helpful in reducing pain, joint stiffness, and improving function in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee over a period of eight weeks. It has also been shown to be helpful in individuals with poor circulation. Swedish massage is particularly to allow the body to absorb more oxygen, thereby rejuvenating the body. Swedish massage is also geared towards detoxification by increasing the speed by which the cells of the body eliminate their waste materials. But more than these, Swedish massage brings to the receiver an immense feeling of satisfaction and relaxation. Thai massage is a type of massage in Thai style that involves stretching and deep tender massage. This form of bodywork is usually performed in bed, and the client wears little to no clothes to allow for movement. No oils are used in Thai massage. It is known in Thailand as "nuat phaen boran" (Thai: นวดแผนโบราณ, IPA: [nuɑ t pʰ ɛ n boraːn]), literally, the ancient-manner massage. Contents CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY [hide] 1 Current Practice 2 History 3 Other translations 4 Theory and Practice 5 External links  Current Practice In Thailand, Thai massage is one of the branches of Traditional Thai Medicine (TTM), now recognized and regulated by the government, and is widely considered to be a medical discipline used for the treatment of a wide variety of ailments. On the other hand, Thai massage is also practiced and taught by a number of non-medical massage technicians in the spa and tourism industries. In North America and Europe, an increasing number of practitioners and teachers of Thai massage have emerged since the 1990s. In Europe, the United States, Thai massage is a growing modality among clients of massage clinics and massage therapists seeking continuing education.  History The founder of Thai massage and medicine is said to have been Shivago Komarpaj (Jīvaka Komarabhācca), who is said in the Pāli Buddhist Canon to have been the Buddha's physician over 2500 years ago. In fact, the history Thai massage is more complex than this legend of a single founder would suggest. Thai massage, like Traditional Thai Medicine more generally, is a combination of influences from Indian, Chinese, Southeast Asian cultural spheres and traditions of medicine. The art as it is practiced today is likely to be the product of a 19th century synthesis of various healing traditions from all over the kingdom. Even today, there is considerable variation from region to region across Thailand, and no single routine or theoretical framework that is universally accepted among healers.  Other translations "Nuat boran" is the Thai name for a type of body work native to Thailand (nuat = pressure, boran = ancient). Thai massage is also known as northern-style Thai massage, Buntautuk style, Old Medicine Hospital Style, traditional Thai massage, Traditional Thai Medical Massage, Ancient Massage, Thai Yoga, Thai Yoga Massage, Yoga Massage, Thai Classical Massage, Thai Bodywork, Passive Yoga, Assisted Yoga, and Ancient Siamese Bodywork.  Theory and Practice CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Generally speaking, practitioners of modern Thai massage operate on the theory that the body is permeated with "lom," or "air," which is inhaled into the lungs and which subsequently travels throughout the body along 72,000 pathways called "sen," or "vessels." Typically, massage therapists manipulate a handful of major sen lines by pressing certain points along the lines. In most models, the sen originate at the navel and spread throughout the body to terminate at the orifices. A significant part of the practice of Thai massage practitioner also includes yoga-like stretches which are intended to stimulate the gonads and move lom through the patient's body via a pumping action coupled with deep breathing. The theory of sen and lom is often translated into English as "meridians" and "energy." While there are some superficial similarities to Chinese meridian theory, the Thai system is markedly different as the sen are unconnected from the internal organs. What is Thai massage? Thai massage is believed to have been developed by Jivaka Kumar Bhaccha, physician to Buddha, more than 2,500 years ago in India. It made its way to Thailand, where the Ayurvedic techniques and principles gradually became influenced by traditional Chinese medicine. For centuries, Thai massage was performed by monks as one component of Thai medicine. Thai Massage Europe TME provides basic and advanced traditional Thai massage therapy courses to students from around the world. The school is located in Spain and Germany. Understand the advantages and benefits of traditional Thai massage and be able to prepare a good Thai massage. http://www.thaimassage-europe.com/ The Garden Chiang Mai The Garden in Chiang Mai offers foot massage, traditional Thai massage and oil massage. There is a fully licenced bar and reasonably priced Thai food available. Also rooms for rent. Located in the center of the old town and set in a beautiful garden. http://www.thegardenchiangmai.com/ Blue Garden - Thai Massage and Yoga Training Center At Blue Garden you can study Thai Massage (beginners and advanced), abdominal detox massage directly from a highly skilled teacher. Furthermore we have daily Yoga classes, a yoga introduction course, Yoga Ball, partner Yoga and body awareness sessions. Blue Garden is in the old center of Chiang Mai. http://www.thaimassagechiangmai.com/ CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Bangkok Spa Academy Bangkok Spa Academy offers diploma courses for spa therapists and spa businesspersons. Courses include : traditional Thai massage, reflexology, aroma therapy, body care, facial care, spa business administration. http://www.bangkokspaacademy.com/ TTC Spa School The TTC Spa School is a government accredited Thai massage school situated in Chiang Mai. It offers several Thai massage courses on completion of which students receive a certificate from the Ministry of Education of Thailand. http://www.ttcspaschool.com/ Lek Chaiya Nerve-Touch Massage, Chiang Mai Chaiya Lek Nerve–Touch Massage offers traditional Thai massage with medicinal herb packs. Also Nerve–Touch training courses. http://www.nervetouch.com/ Center for Traditional Thai Massage Here you find some of Bangkoks finest massage places for traditional thai massage, foot massage, oil massage, body massage. http://www.bkkmassage.com Thai Massage School of Chiang Mai We provide hands–on skills in Thai Massage and Thai Foot Reflexology. We offer foundation–level skills to the general public. http://www.tmcschool.com/ Jasmine Massage, Pattaya Massage Parlor provides personalized, friendly service for oil massages, Thai traditional massage and foot massage. Located on Soi Chaiyapoon, across from Crazy Dave's and Canterbury Tales Cafe, near intersection of Soi Bukhauo and Soi Diana. http://www.jasminemassagepattaya.com/ Oriental de Phuket Oriental de Phuket offers a variety of massages : Thai massage, oil massage, foot massage, sports massage. Also nail spa, manicures and pedicures. http://www.orientaldephuket.com/ Remedial Massage Thailand, Sukhumvit Road, Bangkok Remedial Massage Thailand attempts to treat the cause of the disorder, providing both immediate and long term relief from acute and chronic physical pain. A remedial massage therapist studies anatomy, physiology, related pathology and a variety of massage modalities (Bowen therapy, trigger point release, Swedish massage etc.). Located Sukhumvit Soi 23. http://www.remedialmassagethailand.com/ Namo Chiang Mai Beginners and advanced Thai massage courses. Foot reflexology. Daily yoga classes and yoga introduction courses. Experienced and fluent English speaking teachers. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY http://www.namochiangmai.com/ Health Land Spa and Massage, Bangkok Health Land Spa and Massage has branches at Srinakarin, Sathorn and Pinklao. It offers traditional Thai massage, Ayuravedic massage, foot reflexology, body polish, facial treatments, Thai herbal compresses, a tourmaline sauna, spa and jacuzzi. All at modest prices. http://www.healthlandspa.com/ Indara Massage, Rajadamri Road, Bangkok Indara Massage is situated in the heart of Bangkok. Just only 5 minutes walk from Central World Plaza, you will find a trendy massage shop, contemporary Thai designed, just one block off Rajdamri Road. Services : traditional Thai massage, aromatherapy body massage, facial pampering, body scrub, foot massage, Thai herbal massage. http://www.indaramassage.com/ Suan Nanachaat Massage and Lifestyle, Kanchanaburi Let us do the work while you forget your worries in a most peaceful and beautiful setting. Let us provide you with a still point in a rapidly changing world. Relax with your choice from body massage, reflexology, foot massage, back and neck massage, facial massage, hot herbal treatments and steam room with traditional Thai herbs. http://www.suan-nanachaat.com/ Traditionelle Thai Massage in Dresden We provide traditional Thai massage, oil massage and foot massage in Dresden, Germany at the Buergerstrasse 37. All therapists are Thai people and certified by well known massage schools in Thailand. Website in German language only. [Deutsche Sprache] http://www.thaimassage-dresden.de/ Jongrak's Thai Massage Academy, Miami, USA In a calm and relaxed atmosphere, I will take you on a comprehensive journey involving touching, stretching, and rolling motions designed to relax and detoxify the body. Learn more about the exciting courses we offer! Located at Mandarin Oriental http://www.jongrakthaimassage.com Thonglor Massage Thai traditional massage, oil massage, aromatherapy oil massage, foot reflexology. Picture gallery of the girls that provide oil massage. Located Thonglor, Sukhumvit Road. http://www.thonglormassage.com/ International Training Massage - Chiang Mai If you enjoy Thai Massage and would like to do it, we offer courses in English, taught by Chongkol Setthakorn. He will teach you to maximum you can learn in a very consistent, structured manner. http://www.itmthaimassage.com/ The School of Massage for Health A certified school of Thai massage in Chiang Mai. Offering proper training for Thai and foreign students. http://www.northernthailand.com/thai-massage/ CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY The Sunshine Network, New Zealand Academy of Pranic Healing, Thai and Ayurvedic Massage, located in Rotorua, New Zealand. Owned and operated by Asokananda. http://www.asokananda.com/ Namaste Namaskar - Thai Yoga Therapy Traditional Thai Massage (also called Thailand medical massage or Thai Yoga massage) is an ancient and sacred system of healing with roots in Yoga, Ayurvedic Medicine and Buddhist spiritual practice. http://www.thaiyoga.com/ PattayaNet.com - Massage Lists various massage venues in Pattaya : traditional massage, body massage, and massage venues with male masseurs. http://www.pattayanet.com/Pattayas%20Massage/massageindex.htm International Training Massage - Chiang Mai If you enjoy Thai Massage and would like to do it, we offer courses in English, taught by Chongkol Setthakorn. He will teach you to maximum you can learn in a very consistent, structured manner. http://www.itmthaimassage.com/ Thai Massage ThaiMassage.com,Thai Massage resource center providing classes, workshops, practitioner and instructor directories, club services and more. http://www.thaimassage.com/itta/ittaindex.html Rajdamri Spa Rajdamri Spa, executive club, is located in the Pratunam area. Our spa treatment has its own unique style and combination of services. http://bkk2000.com/rspa/ Phussapa Thai Massage School Get the certificate authorized by Thai Ministry of Education. You will be able to get the basic knowledge and technique of Thai traditional massage and Foot massage. http://www.thaimassage-bangkok.com/nuat1_egl.htm Bangkok2Night-Massage parlours in Bangkok Extensive list of the various massage parlours in Bangkok with listing of estimated prices. http://bangkok2night.com/massage/ Watsu Massage What Is Watsu®? CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Watsu is a gentle form of body therapy performed in warm water, (around 35°C.) It combines elements of massage, joint mobilisation, shiatsu, muscle stretching and dance. The receiver is continuously supported while being floated, cradled, rocked and stretched. The deeply relaxing effects of warm water and nurturing support, combine with Watsu's movements, stretches, massage and point work, to create a bodywork with a range of therapeutic benefits and potential healing on many levels. Moments of stillness alternate with rhythmical flowing movements, which free the body in ways impossible on land. The warm water relaxes the muscles and supports the spine. With this support and without the weight of the body, the spine, joints and muscles can be manipulated and freed in a way unique to water work. The effects include a very gentle, yet deep stretching and a release of muscular and joint restrictions, along with a state of deep relaxation, which encourages the release of stress and tensions. Worldwide Watsu is currently provided in many international health and wellness spas as well as in aquatic physiotherapy programmes. It is finding countless applications in therapy, aiding recovery from injury, relieving muscular and joint pain and encouraging movement and flexibility. In addition many are enjoying sharing Watsu's simpler moves with family and friends. At practitioner level it can stand alone as a therapy or be used as a wonderful complement to therapeutic work on land. What Does Watsu® Do? Many clients will come with a specific focus (e.g. pain syndromes, post injury or post surgery, specific movement restrictions)...while others seek Watsu for the experience of relaxation, blissful letting go, time-out, and quiet meditative stillness it can induce. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Imagine, the warmth and sense of weightlessness induced by water,... your eyes closed, so there is just the play of light across your eyelids, your ears are under the water so the sound of the world is muffled. The world starts to disappear, leaving just yourself and your experience of body and being in the water, nothing to do, nowhere to go, just receiving and letting go, into the graceful movement, rocking cradling and gentle rhythm. It is no wonder people speak of states of bliss and levels of relaxation never before imagined. Specific therapeutic effects noted by receivers, include increased mobility and flexibility, muscle relaxation, fuller deeper breathing, reduction in anxiety and stress levels, decreased pain, improved sleep and digestion and a general sense of wellbeing. Each person's experience is unique and varied, for many the focus will be on the physical effects of letting go, relaxing, the gentle full body stretches, freeing the spine and joints. Others might experience emotions, new personal insights and/or resurfacing of old memories. Many receivers will remark on the deep sense of beauty, or lightness, ease and grace experienced during their Watsu; or a sense of nurturing, safety, relaxation, maybe at a level never felt before or remembered from 'long ago'. The way Watsu is experienced is as varied as individuals themselves and so there is no right or wrong way to receive, practitioners do not 'push' any particular aspect, but simply listen and allow and support whatever the receivers experience is in any particular session. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EWNLI9pHd-U&feature=related Watsu is a very soothing type of massage that takes place in warm, waist-deep water. It was developed by Harold Dull back in 1980, when he started applying Zen Shiatsu stretches to students floating in the warm pool at Harbin Hot Springs in California. Its name comes from a combination of the words ―water‖ and ―shiatsu.‖ What Happens During a Watsu Treatment? A spa has to have a special Watsu pool heated to the exact same temperature as your body. It should be private and quiet, like any other treatment room. Some spas have outdoors Watsu pools surrounded by walls, with cloth panels overhead to create a combination of sunlight and shade. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY You and the massage therapist both wear bathing suits. You enter the water and while you sit on a step, he/she puts floats around your ankles. This helps your buoyancy. During Watsu the therapist literally cradles your body, with one arm supporting your knees, the other your back. One of your arms is wrapped around the therapist‘s back, the other floats free. The therapist then twirls you through in the water, first one way then another, taking your body through a series of passive stretches and twists. Being held in the warm water is deeply relaxing. The Benefits of Watsu Watsu‘s gentle stretches have a therapeutic effect on the body. The buoyancy and support of the water allow the spinal column to be moved in ways that aren't possible on land. Many people also find it works on an emotional level as well, promoting trust and connection. Some people find that the first session is all about learning to trust the fact that someone is there to support you. Others are trying to overcome a fear of water. (If this is you, be sure to tell your therapist.) Others are able to fully relax and find it deeply soothing from the very first session. Where Can I Get Watsu? Because of the special pool, it‘s still a relatively unusual service. It is easiest to find in California and at resort spas. Here‘s a list of major places to get a Watsu treatment. Watsu in California: Spas in California that offer Watsu include Miramonte Resort Spa in Palm Springs; Two Bunch Palms Resort & Spa in Desert Hot Springs; Sea Spa at Loews Coronado Bay Resort and Spa in Coronado; and Fairmont Sonoma Mission Inn and Spa and Raindance Spa at The Lodge at Sonoma, both in Sonoma. Watsu in Arizona:Spas in Arizona that offer Watsu include Canyon Ranch Tucson, Mii Amo at Enchantment Resort in Sedona; Golden Door Spa at The Boulders Resort in Carefree; The Sanctuary Spa at Camelback Mountain and Alvadora Spa at Royal Palms Resort and Spa, both in Phoenix. Watsu in New Mexico:: In New Mexico, you can get Watsu at SháNah Spa and Wellness Center at Bishops Lodge Resort & Spa in Santa Fe. CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Watsu in Florida: Spas in Florida that offer Watsu include Marco Island Marriott Resort, Golf Club & Spa on Marco Island, Florida; The Ritz-Carlton in Naples; and Amelia Island Plantation Spa in Amelia Island, Florida. Watsu in Texas: Spas in Texas that offer Watsu include The Crossings in Austin and the Greenhouse in Arlington. Watsu in Las Vegas: Spas in Las Vegas that offer Watsu include Aquae Sulis Spa at JW Marriott Las Vegas; Canyon Ranch SpaClub at The Venetian Hotel; and Spa Bellagio at The Bellagio. Watsu in New York City: New York City recently got its first Watsu facility at the Cornelia Day Resort in Manhattan. Watsu in Scotland: One Spa and Health Club at the Sheraton Grand Hotel & Spa in Edinburgh, Scotland, offers Watsu. Shiatsu Massage Shiatsu, also known as acupressure, is a finger pressure massage technique that is sometimes confused with acupuncture. Shiatsu massage therapy and acupuncture are founded on the Chinese meridian system. The therapist applies pressure with his thumbs, finger, and palms to specific areas of the client's body that have been determined during an assessment period prior to the massage session. There are no needle pokes involved with Shiatsu. Massage techniques like tapping, squeezing, rubbing, and applied pressure are applied along the meridians to unblock energy blockages and reintroduce the optimal flow of ki. Deep Muscle And Tissue Pelaxation Stress Reduction And Management Releases Toxins From The Body Dis-ease Preventative Increased Flexibility Improved Blood Circulations Reduces Blood Pressure Reduces Mental Anxieties Balances Ki (Chi) Calms Nervousness CMM MONITA HAIR & BEAUTY ACADEMY Increases Mental And Spiritual Awareness It Feels Good!