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Different types of Massage

Most of us experience stress in varying levels on a day-to-day basis. Stress is
not good for the health because it makes our muscles tense and bunch up,
causing pain. Also, it makes the organs of our body function under duress. That
is never good.

Massage is meant to alleviate pain and enhance the body's health.

Massage is the practice of soft tissue manipulation with physical (anatomical),
functional (physiological), and in some cases psychological purposes and goals.[1]
The word comes from the French massage "friction of kneading", or from Arabic
massa meaning "to touch, feel or handle" or from Latin massa meaning "mass,
dough".[2][3] An older etymology may even have been the Hebrew me-sakj "to
anoint with oil". In distinction the ancient Greek word for massage was
anatripsis,[4] and the Latin was frictio.

Massage involves acting on and manipulating the body with pressure –
structured, unstructured, stationary, or moving – tension, motion, or vibration,
done manually or with mechanical aids. Target tissues may include muscles,
tendons, ligaments, skin, joints, or other connective tissue, as well as lymphatic
vessels, or organs of the gastrointestinal system. Massage can be applied with
the hands, fingers, elbows, knees, forearm, and feet. There are over eighty
different recognized massage modalities.[5] The most cited reasons for
introducing massage as therapy have been client demand and perceived clinical

In professional settings massage involves the client being treated while lying on
a massage table, sitting in a massage chair, or lying on a mat on the floor. The
massage subject may be fully or partly unclothed. Parts of the body may be
covered with towels or sheets.


Drawings of accupressure points on Sen lines at Wat Pho temple in Thailand.

[edit] Ancient and medieval times

Writings on massage have been found in many ancient civilizations including
Rome, Greece, India, Japan, China, Egypt and Mesopotamia. A biblical reference
from c.493 BC documents daily massage with olive oil and myrrh as a part of the
beauty regimen of the wives of Xerxes (Esther, 2:9-12).[5] Hippocrates wrote in
460 BC that "The physician must be experienced in many things, but assuredly in

The ancient Chinese book called Huangdi Neijing by the Yellow Emperor
recommended "massage of skin and flesh".[8] The technique of massage abortion,
involving the application of pressure to the pregnant abdomen, has been
practiced in Southeast Asia for centuries. One of the bas reliefs decorating the
temple of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, dated circa 1150, depicts a demon
performing such an abortion upon a woman who has been sent to the underworld.
This is believed to be the oldest known visual representation of abortion.[9]

In Romania some illnesses were treated by a massage in which the client was
trodden on by a tame bear.[10]

Modern times

China: In modern times, massage in China has developed by absorbing western
ideas into the traditional framework. It is widely practiced and taught in
hospital and medical schools and is an essential part of primary healthcare.[11]

United States: Massage started to become popular in the United States in the
middle part of the 1800s[5] and was introduced by two New York physicians
based on Per Henrik Ling's techniques developed in Sweden.[7]

During the 1930s and 1940s massage's influence decreased as a result of
medical advancements of the time, while in the 1970s massage's influence grew
once again with a notable rise among athletes.[5] Massage was used up until the
1960s and 1970s by nurses to help ease patients‘ pain and help them sleep.[12]

Because it is illegal to advertise or offer sexual services in much of the United
States, such services are sometimes advertised as "massage," hence the rise of
the term "massage therapy" in an attempt to provide a distinction between
sexual and non-sexual services.

United Kingdom: Massage is popular in the United Kingdom today and gaining in
popularity. There are many private practitioners working from their own
premises as well as those who operate from commercial venues.

Massage in sports, business and organizations: The 1996 Summer Olympics in
Atlanta was the first time that massage was offered as a core medical
service.[8] Massage has been employed by businesses and organizations such as
the U.S. Department of Justice, Boeing and Reebok.[13]


Tables and chairs

Specialized massage tables and chairs are used to position clients during
massages. A typical commercial massage table has an easily cleaned, heavily
padded surface, and a horseshoe-shaped head support that allows the client to
breathe easily while lying face down and can be stationary or portable. An
orthopedic pillow or bolster can be used to correct body positioning.

Ergonomic chairs serve a similar function as a massage table. Chairs may be
either stationary or portable models. Massage chairs are easier for the
practitioner to transport than massage tables, and clients do not need to
disrobe to receive a chair massage. Due to these two factors, chair massage is
often performed in settings such as corporate offices, outdoor festivals,
shopping malls, and other public locations.


Many different types of oils can be used including fractionated coconut oil,
grape seed oil, macadamia oil, sesame oil, pecan oil, and mustard oil.
Aromatherapy oils such as neroli oil and pine oil can also be mixed with carrier
oils. Salts are also used in association with oils to remove dry skin.

Massage methods

Practitioners of massage include massage therapists, athletic trainers and
physical therapists. Massage practitioners work in a variety of medical and
recreational settings and may travel to private residences or businesses.[5]
Contraindications to massage include deep vein thrombosis, bleeding disorders or
taking blood thinners such as Warfarin, damaged blood vessels, weakened bones
from cancer, osteoporosis, or fractures, and fever.[5]


Acupressure (a blend of "acupuncture" and "pressure") is a traditional Chinese
medicine (TCM) technique derived from acupuncture. In acupressure physical
pressure is applied to acupuncture points by the hand, elbow, or with various

Acupressure Massage Techniques

   Several different kinds of acupressure are
currently practiced, although the same ancient
trigger points are used in all of them. Varying
rhythms, pressures, and techniques create
different styles of acupressure, just as
different forms of music use the same notes
but combine them in distinctive ways. Shiatsu,
for instance, the most well-known style of
acupressure, can be quite vigorous, with firm
pressure applied to each point for only three to
five seconds. Another kind of acupressure
gently holds each point for a minute or more.
Pressing with an intermittent, fast beat is
stimulating; a slower pressure creates a deeply
relaxing effect on the body.
Firm pressure is the most fundamental
technique. Use thumbs, fingers, palms, the side
of the hand, or knuckles to apply steady,
stationary pressure. To relax an area or relieve pain, apply pressure gradually
and hold without any movement for several minutes at a time. One minute of
steady pressure (when applied gradually) calms and relaxes the nervous system,
promoting greater healing. To stimulate the area, apply pressure for only four or
five seconds.

Slow motion kneading uses the thumbs and fingers along with the heels of the
hands to squeeze large muscle groups firmly The motion is similar to that of
kneading a large mass of dough. Simply lean the weight of your upper body into
the muscle as you press to make it soft and pliable. This relieves general
stiffness, shoulder and neck tension, constipation, and spasms in the calf

Brisk rubbing uses friction to stimulate the blood and lymph. Rub the skin lightly
to relieve chilling, swelling, and numbness by increasing circulation, as well as to
benefit the nerves and tone of the skin.

Quick tapping with fingertips stimulates muscles on unprotected, tender areas
of the body such as the face. For larger areas of the body, such as the back or
buttocks, use a loose fist. This can improve the functioning of nerves and
sluggish muscles in the area.

About Acupressure

Acupressure is an ancient Chinese healing method that involves applying pressure to certain
meridian points on the body to relieve pain. The human body has fourteen "meridians" that carry
energy throughout the body. These meridians start at the fingertips, connect to the brain, and then
connect to the organ associated with the specific meridian.

Acupuncture and Acupressure use the same points, but acupuncture uses needles, while
Acupressure uses the gentle but firm pressure of hands. There is a massive amount of scientific
data that demonstrates why and how acupuncture is effective.

Acupressure is the most effective method for self-treatment of tension-related ailments by using
the power and sensitivity of the human hand. Acupressure deals with all the aspects of a person as
a whole: body, emotions, mind, and spirit as one, not as separate parts. It relaxes muscular
tension and balances the vital life forces of the body.

Common Benefits:
• Relieve stress and tension
• Relax mind and body
• Increase blood circulation
• Aid in the removal of toxic wastes
• Provide relief from head, neck and shoulder aches
• Promote the healing of injuries
• Increase energy levels
• Increase overall feeling of well-being
• Decreasing labor pains

Acupressure uses the fingers to press key points on the surface of the skin to stimulate the body's
natural self-curative abilities. When these points are pressed, they release muscular tension and
promote the circulation of blood and the body's life force to aid healing.

Acupressure can be effective in helping relieve headaches, eyestrain, sinus problems, neck pain,
backaches, arthritis, muscle aches, and tension due to stress. There are also great advantages to
using Acupressure as a way to balance the body and maintain good health. The healing touch of
acupressure reduces tension, increases circulation, and enables the body to relax deeply. By
relieving stress, acupressure strengthens resistance to disease and promotes wellness.

Acupressure focuses on relieving pain and discomfort as well as on responding to tension before it
develops into a "disease," that is, before the constrictions and imbalances can do further damage.
By using a combination of self-help methods, you can improve your condition as well as feel more
alive, healthy, and in harmony with your life.

This treatment involves stimulating the vital-energy points along the meridians on our body to
effect maximum energy flow.

According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, there are over 800 vital energy points along the
meridians that run from the head down to the heels, especially along either side of the spinal
column. (The meridians connect the interior and exterior of the body). Every point has specific
therapeutic effects on the related organ. By massaging these points, the corresponding body area
receives specific therapeutic treatment. It can be used to treat internal organ diseases, relieve
internal discomfort, and relax yourself; or to promote overall well-being of the body.

Western scientists have shown that many of these points are located at key crossways of the
autonomic nervous system. This may explain in part why they can affect pain that the patient
experiences in a part of the body far from where the pressure is applied.

It's important to drink plenty of warm water after the massage, to help clear away toxic substances
in our body.

Caution: If you have a serious illness, or life-threatening illness such as heart disease, or cancer,
please consult with your physician before practicing Acupressure.


Anma is a traditional Japanese massage involving kneading and deep tissue work.

Ayurvedic massage

Ayurveda is a natural health care system originating in India that incorporates
massage, yoga, meditation and herbal remedies. Ayurvedic massage, also known
as Abhyanga is usually performed by one or two therapists using a heated blend
of herbal oils based on the ayurvedic system of humors.

Balinese massage

Balinese massage techniques are gentle which makes the patient feel relaxed
and calm throughout. The techniques include skin rolling, kneading, stroking, etc.
The massage therapist applies aromatheraphy oil throughout the massage. A
patient's blood, oxygen and energy flow is said to increase as a result of the
treatment.[citation needed] Balinese hot stones are an option.

Barefoot Deep Tissue

Barefoot Deep Tissue also known as Barefoot Compressive Deep Tissue, or
Barefoot Sports Massage, is a blend of Eastern barefoot techniques, such as
Barefoot Shiatsu Massage, coupled with Western manual medicine, encompassing
Deep Tissue, Myofascial Release, Trigger Point Therapy, transverse friction,
compression, tension, shear, PNF, stretching, as well as parasympathetic
response, on clothed clients using no oil. Dara Torres, 41-year old olympian,
received barefoot compression massage on a daily basis in her training

This modality typically uses the heel, sesamoid, arch and/or whole plantar
surface of foot, and offers large compression, tension and shear forces with
less pressure than elbow or thumb, and is ideal for large muscles, such as in
thigh, or for long-duration upper trapezius compressions.[15] The unclothed
cousins of this modality are Keralite, Yumeiho, Barefoot Lomi Lomi, Fijian
Barefoot, Chavutti Thirummal.

Ashiatsu Oriental Bar Therapy, which is a form of barefoot effleurage,
combines western science and contemporary American ingenuity, for therapists
who specialize in deep tissue work using Swedish techniques performed by the
massage therapists feet.[16]

Bowen therapy

Bowen technique involves a rolling movement over fascia, muscles, ligaments,
tendons and joints. It is said not to involve deep or prolonged contact with
muscle tissues as in most kinds of massage, but claims to relieve muscle tensions
and strains and to restore normal lymphatic flow. It is based on practices
developed by Australian Tom Bowen.[17]


Breema bodywork is performed on the floor with the recipient fully clothed. It
consists of rhythmical and gentle leans and stretches.


Champissage is a massage technique focusing on the head, neck and face that is
believed to balance the chakras.

What is the purpose of Deep Tissue Massage?

The purpose is to "unstick" the fibers of a muscle Deep Tissue Massage

Deep Tissue massage is designed to relieve severe tension in the muscle and the
connective tissue or fascia. This type of massage focuses on the muscles located
below the surface of the top muscles. Deep tissue massage is often
recommended for individuals who experience consistent pain, are involved in
heavy physical activity, such as athletes, and patients who have sustained
physical injury. It is also not uncommon for receivers of Deep Tissue Massage to
become sore or even bruised over the next few days, though there should be no
pain to the client during a session if the therapist is doing the work correctly.

Deep tissue massage is a type of massage aimed at the deeper tissue structures
of the muscle and fascia, also called connective tissue. Deep tissue massage uses
many of the same movements and techniques as Swedish massage, but the
pressure will generally be more intense. It is also a more focused type of
massage, as the therapist works to release chronic muscle tension or knots (also
known as "adhesions.")

Will A Deep Tissue Massage Hurt?

At certain points during the massage, most people find there is usually some
discomfort and pain. It shouldn't hurt, but it's likely to be a bit more

uncomfortable than a classic Swedish massage. You should always feel free to
speak up if the pressure is too much for you. It is important to tell the massage
therapist when things hurt and if any soreness or pain you ecperience is outside
your comfort range. There is usually some stiffness or pain after a deep tissue
massage, but it should subside within a day or so. The massage therapist may
recommend applying ice to the area after the massage.

How Fast Will I Get Results With A Deep Tissue Massage?

It's important to be realistic about what one massage can achieve. Many people
ask for more pressure, thinking that if the therapist just pushes hard enough,
they can get rid of all their knots in an hour. This just won't happen. In fact,
undoing chronic knots and tension built up over a lifetime is best achieved with
an integrated program that includes exercise, work on your posture and ways of
moving, relaxation techniques and a regular program of massage.

Finally, while deep tissue is certainly valuable, you should be aware that gentle
styles of massage like craniosacral therapy can also produce profound release
and realignment in the body.

What is deep tissue massage?

Deep tissue massage is a type of massage therapy that focuses on realigning
deeper layers of muscles and connective tissue. It is especially helpful for
chronically tense and contracted areas such as stiff necks, low back tightness,
and sore shoulders. Some of the same strokes are used as classic massage
therapy, but the movement is slower and the pressure is deeper and
concentrated on areas of tension and pain.

Deep Tissue Massage is a massage technique that focuses on the deeper layers
of muscle tissue. It aims to release the chronic patterns of tension in the body
through slow strokes and deep finger pressure on the contracted areas, either
following or going across the fiber's of the muscles, tendons and fascia.

Deep tissue massage is used to release chronic muscle tension through slower
strokes and more direct deep pressure or friction applied across the grain of
the muscles not with the grain. Deep tissue massage helps to break up and
eliminate scar tissue. Deep tissue massage usually focuses on more specific
areas and may cause some soreness during or right after the massage. However,
if the massage is done correctly you should feel better than ever within a day or

    How does deep tissue massage work?

When there is chronic muscle tension or injury, there are usually adhesions
(bands of painful, rigid tissue) in muscles, tendons, and ligaments.

Adhesions can block circulation and cause pain, limited movement, and

Deep tissue massage works by physically breaking down these adhesions to
relieve pain and restore normal movement. To do this, the massage therapist
often uses direct deep pressure or friction applied across the grain of the

What conditions is deep tissue massage used for?

Unlike classic massage therapy, which is used for relaxation, deep tissue
massage usually focuses on a specific problem, such as:

    Chronic pain
    Limited mobility
    Recovery from injuries (e.g. whiplash, falls, sports injury)
    Repetitive strain injury, such as carpal tunnel syndrome
    Postural problems
    Ostearthritis pain
    Fibromyalgia
    Muscle tension or spasm

According to the August 2005 issue of Consumer Reports magazine, 34,000
people ranked deep tissue massage more effective in relieving osteoarthritis
pain than physical therapy, exercise, prescription medications, chiropractic,
acupuncture, diet, glucosamine and over-the-counter drugs.

Deep tissue massage also received a top ranking for fibromyalgia pain.

People often notice improved range of motion immediately after a deep tissue

What can I expect during my visit?

Massage therapists may use fingertips, knuckles, hands, elbows, and forearms
during the deep tissue massage. You may be asked to breathe deeply as the

massage therapist works on certain tense areas. It is important to drink plenty
of water as you can after the massage to flush metabolic waste from the


Massage is not recommended for certain people:

    infectious skin disease, rash, or open wounds
    immediately after surgery
    immediately after chemotherapy or radiation, unless recommended by your
    people with osteoporosis should consult their doctor before getting a massage
    prone to blood clots. There is a risk of blood clots being dislodged. If you
     have heart disease, check with your doctor before having a massage
    pregnant women should check with their doctor first if they are considering
     getting a massage. Massage in pregnant women should be done by massage
     therapists who are certified in pregnancy massage.
    massage should not be done directly over bruises, inflamed skin, unhealed
     wounds, tumors, abdominal hernia, or areas of recent fractures.

Additional tips

     don‘t eat a heavy meal before the massage

     if it's your first time at the clinic or spa, arrive at least 10 minutes early to
complete the necessary forms. Otherwise, arrive 5 minutes early so you can have
a few minutes to rest and relax before starting the massage.

Why get a Deep Tissue Massage?

It feels good and it is beneficial to your health. When muscles are stressed,
they block oxygen and nutrients, leading to inflammation that builds up toxins in
the muscle tissue. A deep-tissue massage helps loosen muscle tissues, release
toxins from muscles and get blood and oxygen circulating properly. Because many
toxins are released, it's important to drink plenty of water after a deep-tissue
swhile releasing deeply-held patterns of tension, removing toxins, while relaxing
and soothing the muscle. It is both corrective and therapeutic.

Esalen Massage

Esalen Massage was developed by Charlotte Selver and works with gentle rocking
of the body, passive joint exercises and deep structural work on the muscles and
joints, together with an energetic balancing of the body.

The sound of the waves provides a soothing background for any massage session
at Esalen Institute, Big Sur, California. This sound, coupled with the cliffside
natural hot springs and the educational community dedicated to exploring the
"far reaches of human potentiality", inspires a unique approach to bodywork
known worldwide as Esalen® Massage.

The ocean provides a slow-moving rhythm very much akin to the internal rhythms
of the body. The receiver rests on the massage table, draped, and the
practitioner's hands begin quietly, with presence, attending to breath, allowing
the receiver to drop inward. The long, slow, t'ai chi-like strokes awaken
awareness, and as the tissues open to the warm of touch, the contact deepens,
nudging bound-up muscles, drawing forth expanded movement. A relaxing sigh
resounds through the body, and the practitioner responds with integration
strokes into related areas. The massage continues, seamlessly, wrapping the
torso arms, legs, hands, feet, neck, and spirit into a united whole.

The practitioner brings a knowledge of strokes (many have roots in Swedish
Massage), of muscles and bones, of movement, of listening to the body as well as
the words. Prior to the session, he/she pays attention to his own physical
comfort, and quiets down internal chatter to welcome inner guidance, or
intuition. As he massages, the practitioner responds to the signs of relaxation:
deepened breath, enhanced circulation, a sigh, perhaps flutters of the eyelids.
Each session is unique, tailored by personal requests, comfort level, physical
tension and release, the felt sense of intuition.

The effects of this intentional touch, loosely categorized as "wellness/stress
management massage", range widely. For some, it brings a renewed sense of
health and vigor, others may regain a sense of safety with regard to touch.
Often old tension patterns break free and old emotions are released. It signals
a return to one's nature, a switch from everyday consciousness into a calmer,
more colorful space less inhabited by the constraints of time and place. An out-
of-ordinary reality.

The sources of this rich work are endless: it was informed by sensory
awareness, Swedish massage, oriental medicine, meditation, gestalt practice.
The influence of deeper work borrowed from Ida Rolf's teachings, Moshe
Feldenkrais' sense of neural co-ordinates, Milton Trager's passive movement to
awaken the mind, yoga stretches, somatic mind-body psychology, and more

energetically based polarity massage and cranial-sacral work continue to "grow"
the work. Each practitioner translates this into his/her personal art form.

At the heart of the session is a sense of empowering each individual to regain a
sense of harmony, reverence, and balance, and to awaken inner resources for
healing. It is not unusual to hear, "That was the most amazing massage I've ever

Esalen Massage vs. Swedish Massage
While the strokes are similar, the philosophy and intent are quite different.
Swedish massage was developed as part of gymnastics, Esalen as part of Gestalt

Swedish seeks to affect specific muscles, joints and organ and relieve pain and
increase mobility. Esalen does this but also seeks to help the person live more
comfortably in his or her own body and integrate body, mind and spirit into a
more harmonious whole person.

The strokes and manipulations of Swedish massage are for a specific
therapeutic benefit. Esalen massage is set apart us a unique style because it also
reflects an attitude about touching, caring, energy awareness and emotional,
spiritual healing besides just physical manipulation.

Part of the attitude of Esalen is that touching is a basic need, as essential as
air, food or water: that caring about others is natural; that getting in touch with
one's own body leads to a more effective way of loving and relating to others,
and that healing comes from within as well as from the outside.

In Esalen massage the social differences between the giver and receiver is
reduced. No white uniform as a symbol of authority. Esalen massage is often
practiced as an exchange - alternating between who gives and receives - and is
traditionally done in the nude. However when done by professional therapists,
this of course, is not done. At the hot spring baths in California where it
originated, getting dressed when it was your turn to give massage seemed not
only superfluous but downright silly.

In public practice Esalen practitioners usually dress very informally and the
client is usually covered with a towel or sheet, but since one of the aims of
Esalen style massage is to tie the parts of the body together, coverings are
moved aside to permit long flowing "connecting" strokes that are among its
hallmarks. In exchange groups and retreats for massagers, clothing is usually
optional for everyone. Having options places responsibility on each individual
rather than on some external authority, and that's what holistic health care is
all about.

A massager who has a nervous preoccupation with keeping certain parts of the
body covered conveys the nonverbal message that not all of the body is
acceptable. Conversely, a receiver who cannot confidently and with trust put his
or her body in the hands of a massager is unlikely to benefit from Esalen
massage. One who is afraid to be seen nude will communicate tension to the giver
and both will find relaxation difficult. People who are not comfortable around
the body should not be in bodywork, just as people who don't like children should
not teach kindergarten.

There is also a difference in conception of what therapy is. Sometimes it is said
that Esalen "only" makes one feel good, as if that were a frivolous self-
indulgence, whereas Swedish is more "therapeutic". But Esalen is intended to
feel good; its creators believed in the wisdom that feeling good is good for you
in body as well as emotions and spirit. Esalen massagers believe that pleasure
itself is therapeutic.

Few Esalen massagers practice 100% pure Esalen but use a blend of strokes and
techniques for maximum physical as well as relational touch and good feelings.

Within the profession there is great diversity which provides a choice for
clients. The largest massage organization, the AMTA, is very nurse and physical
manipulation oriented. Emphasis in workshops is often proper draping of the
body and the importance of the clean white uniform. More holistic therapists
believe this is very cold and impersonal.

"Holistic" comes from the Greek "holos", meaning "whole". When applied to
health it means "the belief that an organic or integrated whole has reality
independent of and greater than the sum of its parts. In bodywork that means
viewing health as a balance of physical, mental, and spiritual aspects. It does not
mean treating only muscles and ignoring feelings.

Emotional Relating
-An act of physical caring expressing trust, empathy and respect.
-Unique way of communicating inner love and God's Spirit even to a stranger,
without words, beyond touching and hugging.
-Nurturing touch makes people more whole, more fully ourselves and each
person's hands have the power to give this joy to another.

Our Sexual "Hang-ups" And Touch
Massage has an undeserved bad reputation since it has been improperly used as
a cover up for sex and prostitution. Therefore we are often hungup over
massage and touching.

Touch has been shown to be a very basic human need. Skin hunger is as real as

stomach hunger, yet it is so restricted by our society and equated with sex, that
Americans have lost the ability to nurture through touch.

Wouldn't it be wonderful if we could openly touch and show affection without
our hang-ups? Most of us were taught to express such intimacy only in sexual
relationships. But intimacy doesn't necessarily include sex, any more than sex
necessarily involves intimacy.

God designed our bodies for sensual enjoyment through touch but we often
confuse wonderful sensual feelings with sexual acts.

Esalen massage breaks the barriers to touch and allows us to grow in a new
awareness of the feeling, caring, and pleasure our bodies were meant to express
to one another.

Unfortunately I do not have any contacts with Esalen therapists to refer anyone
too (other than myself!). It is very popular in California and can be found in
other areas. You might also check in New Age or alternative newspapers where
therapists may advertise their Esalen specialty. The name Esalen Massage has
now been trademarked and only those certified as Esalen therapists may use the

Not To Be Confused With Tantric or Sexual Massage
Some book writers have mixed Esalen style massage (often without proper
credit) with sexual massage. Sometimes the properly name Esalen techniques but
then don't make it clear when they shift to non-Esalen sexual techniques such as
Tantra etc. With it being trademarked, hopefully people will be more careful
with the use of the use of the term Esalen.


Hilot is a traditional healing technique from the Philippines that also includes
massage techniques. Most Hilot in the Philippines are either learned from
relatives, through hands on practice, or inherited from their forfeathers,
passing the arts from one generation to the next. The massage techniques relax
stressed muscles. Hilot also includes joint manipulations to help relax stressed

Hilot encompasses a wide variety of techniques beyond the treatment of
stressed muscles. Hilot is used to reset dislocated and sprained joints, diagnose
and treat musculoligamentous and musculoskeletal ailments, and even to aid in
giving birth and to induce abortion.

Hilot, the Filipino healing arts, are the oldest and the most secret arts in the
Philippines. Due of the secrecy of the arts, very rarely do Hilot Masters teach
this art in the general public. Most Hilot in the Philippines are either learned
from relatives, through hands on practice, or inherited from their forfeathers,
passing the arts from one generation to the next. Anywhere you visit in the
Philippines, most Filipinos are exposed to the curative value of Hilot. The art
survives through family interation, relatives, and friends. Hilot apprenticeship is
taken seriously by the young "hilot" to absorb as much of the knowledge as
possible from his/her "Hilot Priestess."

Hilot records date back to the first civilization of the Philippines (approximately
5th century). Due to the fact that there is no written history of this art,
numerous new generation Hilot masters failed to document the origins, dates,
facts, where the arts originated and who developed these effective and
intriguing healing arts. There is no doubt that Hilot was practiced in the
Philippines to varying degress or levels, nationwide, but now it is found in many
parts of the world, carried by the Filipino Hilot.

Hoffman Massage

Hoffman massage is a system of intuitive massage and bodywork developed by
Bronson Bertschinger. The main idea behind the Hoffman system of massage and
bodywork is based on the facts that humans are very complex and consist of
material, emotional, subtle and spiritual energy. We are too complex to fit into a

routine style of treatment that many massage schools and styles teach. Hoffman
massage uses techniques that are aimed to affect and balance many systems of
the body in the treatment. Techniques vary from deep touch to very subtle
energetic healing.

Hot Stone massage

A hot stone massage is a therapy that has numerous benefits. It is a type of
massage that uses a heated massage rock and a Swedish massage to heal and
relax the body. Many people avail of this massage because of its many
therapeutic effects. It is not only a form of relaxation but also an effective
solution to aches and pains of the body. Here are some beneficial effects of this
type of massage other than calming the body.

• It puts the mind in a meditative state and therefore is good for people
experiencing insomnia and difficulty of sleep because of stress.
• It releases tension on the muscles. It is very good for muscles that are
injured, weak and tight.
• It enhances the lymphatic system decreasing the body's susceptibility to
• It has a consoling and soothing effect and has been proven to treat depression.
• It is considered as one form of pain management and recommended for people
with back pains and arthritis.

People these days are so prone to stress that there is no doubt physical and
mental fatigue will eventually set in. In order to relieve some of the tension
from the body, you often find other ways on how to feel relaxed and a hot stone
massage therapy is one of the popular choices. It is the perfect way of
alleviating pain and promoting overall health of an individual.

You already know the beneficial effects it provides but sometimes you ask
yourself on how many times is it really ideal to get a hot stone massage. There
really is no actual limitation on how many times you should have a stone massage
therapy but the average occurrence to a massage client is approximately once a
month. But this number is really dependent on the person and his lifestyle. For
instance, one person may engage in a job that requires him to seat on a chair for
more than 8 hours. This type of job will usually bear a strain on the muscles and
it is recommended to take the massage twice a month.

A two hour treatment of a hot stone massage therapy will take you in a deeper
sense of relaxation. The tension and muscle spasms in your body will simply melt
away as the massage rock and Swedish massage create the perfect massage
atmosphere. The heat and the massage will gradually open up the energy centers
of the body and will leave you feeling rejuvenated in no time.

Getting a hot stone massage therapy is good for the body. It may be a little
more expensive than a regular massage but the effects can be remarkable. You
cannot reverse the aging process of the body but at least you can slow it down
with the proper diet, regular exercise and a massage once in awhile. So invest in
a hot stone massage to boost your energy levels and live a healthier happier

Massage has been around for thousands of years and it's impossible to fully
appreciate the full value of massage and effects that touch has on each and
every one of us. Hot stone massage is a specialty massage that uses smooth,
heated stones. They are often basalt, a black volcanic rock that absorbs and
retains heat well, but they can be other types. The heat is both deeply relaxing
and helps tight muscles release.

Stone massage is a unique connection we experience with nature, offering a
sense of profoundness and sacredness that we too often forget. It's a deep
healing and unique moment that enhances our awareness and brings us closer to
our true essence. It is the perfect treatment that is as enjoyable and healing
for the client as it is for the practitioner.

Stone massage involves the application
of water-heated basalt stones of
varying sizes to key points on the body,
giving a deep massage and creating
sensations of comfort and warmth. The
direct heat relaxes muscles, allowing
manipulation of a greater intensity than
with regular massage.

In cases of muscular injury and
inflammation, frozen, cooling marble
stones are used. This creates a type of
thermotherapeutic 'vascular
gymnastics' in the circulatory system to
help the body detoxify and heal. The
warmer stones expand the blood
vessels, pushing blood and unwanted
waste materials through the body. This
has a sedative effect on the nervous
system. The cold stones cause the blood
vessels to constrict, stimulating the
nervous system and drawing blood and
waste products along the body.

This ensures that every cell in the body

receives more oxygen and nutrients
while at the same time waste material is
removed more effectively through the
corresponding increase in lymph flow.
Not unlike changing the old oil and filter
in your car for a newer filter with clean
oil—a service for the body.

It is quite an experience to feel the deeply relaxing, penetrating heat from the
basalt stones alternating with the toning and refreshing coolness of the marble
stones. The use of extremes of temperature has long been scientifically and
medically proven to be of benefit to the body. Those who wish to relax and tone
their muscles with a minimum of effort see this in the use of ice packs for
muscle trauma and the use of saunas.

Stone massage makes you feel deeply relaxed, allowing you to let go of all the
stress that is held within your body. It is really an amazing experience to offer
to the ones you love!

Those experiencing a hot stone massage will notice a healing improvement of the
following symptoms:

              Muscular aches, pains, sprains, and strains
              Poor circulation
              Rheumatic and arthritic conditions
              Fibromyalgia
              MS
              Back pain
              Stress, anxiety and tension
              Insomnia
              Depression


    The use of stones and gemstones for healing purposes dates back thousands
    of years.

    Verbal and written history confirms that the Chinese used heated stones
    over two thousand years ago as a means of improving the function of internal
    organs. Stones were used for healing work in Native America, South
    America, Africa, Europe, Egypt & India. These traditions included laying
    stones in patterns on the body, carrying or wearing stones for health and
    protection, using stones in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and
    ceremonial uses, such as in sweat lodges and medicine wheels. The healing
    practices of "curanderas" and other women caregivers often included dealing

    with disease as well as pregnancy and childbirth. These Native folk healers
    used heated stones to diminish the discomfort of menstruation, and the
    application of cold stones to slow bleeding after labor. Some sources cite
    instances of cultures in which women believed that holding stones during
    labor added to their strength and endurance.

    Ancient Greek and Roman cultures have a long recorded history of many
    forms of massage and bodywork. The Roman Empire, which dates from 27
    BCE to 476 CE, is noted for its creation of the Roman baths. That tradition
    is still with us today in the form of modern hydrotherapy practices. The
    Romans used stones in saunas and combined the effects of hot immersion
    baths with the cooling effects of marble stone and cold pools.

    Benefits and Indications

    As practicing massage therapists, we are all familiar with the plethora of the
    potential physical, body-mind, and energetic influences of massage on our
    clients. There is an ever-growing body of research that confirms the positive
    effects of massage on the cardiovascular, lymphatic, lymphoid (immune),
    integumentary (including fascia), musculoskeletal, endocrine, nervous and
    digestive systems.

    Hydrotherapy and the application of heat and cold to the body to produce
    therapeutic effects can be traced to ancient times. Incorporating stones
    into a massage protocol adds a medium for the application of heat and/or
    cold to the body. The client experiences the added benefit of heat without
    the therapist having to provide a separate treatment from their normal
    massage protocol.

    The body strives to maintain a normal body temperature of 98.6° F. The
    application of heat and cold causes predictable physiological changes In the
    body that can have powerful, positive therapeutic effects. The application of
    heat and cold may be general or local, of short or prolonged duration. The
    stones can be used hot, cold or in an alternating combination.

    The Effects of Heat and Cold

    The application of heat acts as a vasodilator, increasing circulation;
    increasing metabolism; increasing the inflammatory response (including a rise
    in leukocyte migration to the area); decreasing pain; decreasing muscle
    spasm; softening the tissues; and raising the body temperature.

    The application of cold acts as a vasoconstrictor. The immediate short-term
    effect of cold is stimulating. The prolonged use of cold decreases
    metabolism; decreases inflammation; decreases pain; decreases muscle
    spasm; increases muscle tone; and has an analgesic effect. Cold applications

    can increase or decrease circulation depending upon the specific
    temperature: the colder the temperature, the greater the decrease in

    Contrasting heat and cold causes the blood vessels to alternate between
    dilation and constriction. The overall effect is a dramatic increase in
    circulation. The stones can be used for a full body massage or for spot work
    in certain areas of the body. The combination of the heat from the stones,
    the essential oils, and the energetic effects of both the stones and the oils,
    produces a deep and penetrating state of relaxation and well-being.

    Working with the stones also benefits the therapist. As bodyworkers we are
    always concerned about wear and tear on our wrists, hands, fingers and
    thumbs. This method of massaging with heated stones produces less stress
    on the wrists and hands of the therapist because she is sharing the work
    with the stones. Because of the heat, weight and density of the stones, the
    therapist does not have to work as hard as she normally would in order to
    have a deep penetrating effect on the tissues. Holding the stones
    throughout the massage, the therapist experiences the therapeutic effects
    of a heat application. The constant submersion of your hands in the water to
    retrieve the stones acts a hydrotherapy treatment. And to top it off, the
    therapist can also enjoy the energetic effects of the stones and essential
    oils. The use of hot stones has been recorded in history from a long time
    ago. By looking at ancient cultures and civilizations we can see that as
    humans we have used hot stones for eons. For heating our homes to sacred

    Ancient cultures searched for stones to build temples and pyramids. We can
    see these mysterious structures from Egypt to South America, from Easter
    Island to our own Native Americans.

    Smaller stones have been part of ritual and ceremony for just as long. They
    are used to make homes, and have been made into weapons or used to
    sharpen them. We can clearly see how popular quartz crystals have been and
    even the non-believer or skeptical wears a birth stone ring as a symbol of
    good luck.

    Our Native Americans from ancient times have used hot stones as part of a
    hot stone massage treatment in their sweat lodge ceremonies. This is how I
    first came across hot stone massage almost twelve years ago. And hence I
    started getting the understanding of their use. Not so much as to the
    application of stones to the body, but the respect of the grandfather‘s
    stones as they are called.

    In the sweat lodge ceremony, the use of the four elements fire, water, air

    and earth in the heating preparation of the stones for the ritual is a very
    important part of it. From time to time grandmother Barrett Eagle Bear
    would pass a perfectly round hot stone around the circle for us to rub
    anywhere we would have pain or discomfort.

    This is the age of evolution, and we have an opportunity to take and use some
    of the ancient rituals in our modern day practice. We should do it with
    respect and reverence to the stones and to the people.

    Massage dates back thousands of years and is the technique of manipulating
    soft tissue and muscle through pressure. There are references to as far
    back as biblical times (c. 400 BC) of using hot stones to massage the body
    with olive oil.

    In the early 1990s, an American massage therapist name Mary Nelson
    combined the use of hot stones with her massage therapy and treatment.
    She created a technique of using 54 hot stones, 18 frozen stones, and 1
    stone at room temperature and named it the LaStone Therapy. Incorporating
    the chakras, or force centers, Nelson created a unique massage experience
    and is considered responsible for bringing the idea of hot stone massage to
    the United State and popular culture.

    In the United States, hot stone massages are not as popular as traditional
    ones, mainly because a lot of people simply don't know about it.

    And even if they did, it might be difficult trying to find a massage therapist
    that knows how to do the technique properly. However, this does not mean
    that the hot stone massage is worthless. In fact, there is actually a lot of
    history behind the technique, especially in ancient Native American culture.

    With them, hot stone massages were used during sweat lodge ceremonies.
    Basically, as the people were sweating out their physical and spiritual
    impurities, hot stones were used for added relaxation. They worked so
    effectively, they became known as "grandfather stones." In Hawaii, hot
    stone massages were used for similar purposes. But the manner of stone was
    different, since Hawaiians had access to pohaku, (or lava stones).

    Hence, in their culture, the hot stone massage became known as 'pohaku' a
    term that applies even today. The hot stone massage was also prevalent in
    Asia, though it was used more for therapeutic reasons. Still, it offered an
    excellent way to put the physical body at ease... something that is especially
    important when a person is ailing.

    It's unfortunate that once acupuncture and other therapies became
    discovered, hot stone massages lost some of their prevalence. As far as the

    United States, the hot stone massage came into being around 1993, when it
    became popular by Mary Hannigan, a renowned massage therapist. She had
    even developed a new technique called the "LaStone Therapy."

    It utilizes a variety of Native American and Zen philosophies and techniques.
    In conclusion, even though hot stone massages are relatively new in the
    United States, their history extends thousands of years for a variety of
    cultures. Hopefully, it can continue for an even longer period of time, as
    more people discover how powerful they are.

    Massage is perhaps the oldest form of hands-on-healing known to humans,
    easily pre-dating written records. For millennia, people from virtually every
    culture have used a combination of touch, heat (thermotherapy) and stones
    as therapeutic tools. The three main cultures which have heavily influced
    how modern-day Hot Stone Massage/Stone Therapy has evolved are the
    Chinese, the Native Americans and the Hawaiians (although Egyptian,
    Ayurvedic and many other traditional healing arts are also said to have used
    stones and/or heat).

    One of the first recorded uses of stones for healing was by Ancient Chinese
    medical practitioners who regularly used various shaped/sharpened stones
    (Bian Stones) to treat disease. The use of Moxabustion (buring of the herb
    mugwort) helped to add heat to these treatments.

    Native Americans are well known for their Sweat Lodges, which are similar
    to modern-day Saunas. The use of heated stones on the lower abdomen to
    relieve cramps was another common Native American practice.

    Most therapists who incorporate hot stones into their massage routine agree
    that the Hawaiians had a major part to play in how this form of massage is
    applied today. This is particularly true for Hahana Stone Massage.
    Customary uses included wrapping hot stones in leaves with certain
    therapeutic properties (ti leaves) and placing on sore muscles to reduce pain
    – like using a heat pack or poultice. Hot stones were also placed in shallow
    pits and covered with these same leaves, with the patient then laying on top
    of the leaves to allow the healing properties to infuse into the body. Volcanic
    stones are also said to have been rubbed over the body after a traditional
    Hawaiian Kahuna/Lomi-Lomi massage – perhaps less of a massage technique
    and more of an exfoliation, due to the coarseness of the volcanic stones
    used. The Hawaiians are still one of the most closely linked cultures to
    modern-day Hot Stone Massage and Stone Therapy.

    Modern-day Hot Stone Massage/Stone Therapy, a truly unique style of
    massage, has been gaining popularity through-out the world after being ‗re-
    discovered‘ in the United States in 1993. The story is that a massage

    therapist, named Mary Nelson, who was suffering from repetitive use
    injuries in the shoulders/wrists, was having a sauna with her niece and was
    ‗called‘ to the stones. Mary picked up some of the hot stones and started
    massaging her niece with them – it felt great (for the client as well as the
    therapist) and thus Stone Therapy‘s reawakening occurred. The first style
    of modern-day Hot Stone Massage/Stone Therapy was/is called ‗LaStone

    Practically every Spa in Europe and America offers Hot Stone Massage or
    Stone Therapy on their menu, with Australia quickly following suit. The
    number of different styles however, is almost as varied as the stones

    A modern-day Hot Stone Massage (also sometimes called Hot Rocks
    Massage) will usually consist of the therapist placing heated stones (usually
    basalt) of various shapes/sizes onto the client‘s body (for safety, most of
    the time these ‗placement‘ stones won‘t be in direct contact with the skin,
    instead they will be placed onto a towel to buffer the heat). These stones
    are placed onto different points (chakras, energy points, sore muscles, etc),
    depending on the style of Hot Stone Massage or Stone Therapy.

    Whilst these placement stones are warming and activating specific areas,
    the therapist will take several other heated stones and begin massaging a
    different area of the body. The heat from the stones is released deep into
    the muscles, greatly enhancing the massage. It is said that one stroke with a
    heated stone is equivalent to ten normal massage strokes! Some therapists
    will also incorporate cold stones (usually marble) into their treatment which,
    although not quite as relaxing as the heated stones, do have a part to play
    for many conditions. A typical Hot Stone Massage will take 60 to 90 minutes.

    Most people who have a Hot Stone Massage will be ‗blown away‘ by the level
    of relaxation that is achieved. Some clients will have vivid dreams or even
    ‗out-of-body‘ experiences. It is usually a very grounding, relaxing and healing
    experience. Apart form the deep level of relaxation, Hot Stone Massage is
    also great to incorporate into Remedial or Deep Tissue massage. Not only
    does the client receive the benefits, but when practiced correctly, the
    therapist will reduce the strain placed on their hands and wrists.

    As with all forms of massage, it is important that therapists undertake
    professional Hot Stone Massage training. Check with the Spa, Salon or
    therapist before your treatment to ensure you are getting the best massage
    from the most qualified therapist.

    If you have been feeling out of sorts or experiencing major tension in your
    muscles than probably the last thing that you want to do is pile rocks on your

    back. However, that just might be the solution. Hot stone massage, while it
    sounds heavy and painful, is a highly specialized form of massage that uses
    smooth, heated stones to sooth and relax your body and your mind. This type
    of massage is particularly popular when people are on vacation and interested
    in trying out a new indulgence that they might not normally experiment with.

    The secret to hot stone massage is in the types of stones used. Most of the
    time they are made out of basalt, a black volcanic rock that absorbs and
    retains heat well. Massaging with black volcanic stones is a soothing,
    relaxing form of massage. It helps to release tightened muscles and sooth
    aching pain. These stones rubbed on the tense spots of your body will help
    calm and relax you after a long or stressful day – something that most of us
    experience at least one day on vacation when we have trekked all over an
    amusement park or shopped, lounged and laid out longer than we intended.
    Hot stone massages can take as little as half an hour or as long as two hours,
    and can be customized to fit your needs and budget.

    Hot stone massages can be rather expensive, but they tend to be slightly
    less pricey in resort areas, which is unusual since services like this generally
    run higher in exclusive environments. In most cases, they run about one
    hundred and fifty dollars for one session. However, these sessions are often
    longer than conventional massages and highly customized. In a session, a
    therapist will uses many stones of different shapes and sizes. Technique is
    very important. Therapists encourage patients to speak up if a stone
    massage is uncomfortable so that adjustments can be made. Now is the
    perfect time to get a deal on a hot stone massage that is totally customized
    to your needs because many spas are running specials to encourage people to
    try out new relaxation techniques.

    Native Americans used hot stones warmed by fire to make themselves feel
    better. Mary Neslon, a native of Tucson, Arizona, is generally credited with
    the revival of the hot stone massage in 1993. Mary Nelson received visions
    and verbal guidance from her Native American Spirit guide, San Jaunette.
    Mary Nelson trademarked her style, calling it LaStone Therapy. LaStone
    Therapy is a form of massage that users both hot and cold stones. It is a
    trademarked style of massage that can only be preformed by someone who is
    certified to be a LaStone Therapist. Most spas have there own versions of
    hot stone massage therapy that are as highly researched and tailored to
    client‘s needs as this original treatment.

    Since the stones used in hot stone massages are also good for natural
    healing, you may want to speak to your therapist about combining heated and
    cool stones during your massage. If you want a healing massage then your
    therapist may use hot or cold stones depending on your injury. When
    massaged on an injured muscle or area of great tension, the stones can bring
    temporary relief and speed healing.

    A stone massage uses cold or water-heated stones to apply pressure and
    heat to the body. Stones coated in oil can also be used by the therapist
    delivering various massaging strokes. The hot stones used are commonly river
    stones which over time, have become extremely polished and smooth. As the
    stones are placed along the recipient's back, they help to retain heat which
    then deeply penetrates into the muscles, releasing tension.

Lomi Lomi and indigenous massage of Oceania

Lomilomi is the traditional massage of Hawaii. As an indigenous practice, it varies
by island and by family. The word lomilomi also is used for massage in Samoa and
East Futuna. In Samoa, it is also known as lolomi and milimili. In East Futuna, it is
also called milimili, fakasolosolo, amoamo, lusilusi, kinikini, fai‘ua. The Maori call it
roromi and mirimiri. In Tonga massage is fotofota, tolotolo, and amoamo. In
Tahiti it is rumirumi. On Nanumea in Tuvalu, massage is known as popo, pressure
application is kukumi, and heat application is tutu. Massage has also been
documented in Tikopia in the Solomon Islands, in Rarotonga and in Pukapuka in
Western Samoa.[18]

Medical massage

Massage used in the medical field includes decongestive therapy used for
lymphedema[5] which can be used in conjunction with the treatment of breast

cancer. Carotid sinus massage is used to diagnose carotid sinus syncope and is
sometimes useful for differentiating supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) from
ventricular tachycardia. It, like the valsalva maneuver, is a therapy for SVT.[19]
However, it is less effective than management of SVT with medications.[20]


In Meso-America as in other areas of the world an indigenous form of soft
tissue and structural massage has developed. Today this art survives thanks to
the many Sobadoras/es or Hueseros/as that have handed-down these
techniques via oral tradition.

Myofascial release

Myofascial release refers to the manual massage technique for stretching the
fascia and releasing bonds between fascia, integument, and muscles with the goal
of eliminating pain, increasing range of motion and equilibrioception. Myofascial
release usually involves applying shear compression or tension in various
directions, or by skin rolling.

Postural Integration (PI)

Postural Integration (PI) is a process-oriented bodywork combining deep tissue
massage with breathwork, body movement and awareness as well as emotional

Raynor Massage

Raynor Massage has a goal of finding any tension in the muscles and any blockage
in the flow of chi and getting rid of it. Usually it is a very deep tissue form of
massage with an emphasis on deep abdominal massage and "emotional releases".

Reflexology massage

Reflexology is based on the principle that there are reflexes in the hands and
feet that relate to every organ, gland, and system of the body.

Russian Massage

Russian Massage has three phases. The first phase is gentle, slow and mild. The
second phase is hard, deep and fast. The third phase is similar to the first
phase which is slow and gentle. The massage therapist applies honey.

Russian massage is a system of therapeutic and sports massage developed in the
former Soviet Union. It uses a variety of manipulations of the body's soft
tissues to achieve benefits, including stress reduction and relief from muscle

Massage was not studied or used scientifically in Russia until 1860. Treatment
methods were developed further after World War II when pharmaceuticals
were in short supply. The Soviet Union employed physiatrists--medical doctors
with Ph.D. degrees in physical therapy--to research the benefits of using natural
healing modalities. They developed a form of petrissage to reverse atrophy in
muscles and help stimulate new growth. Russian physiologists found all
movements of massage function on the basis of neurohormone and
neuroendocrine reflexes. Unlike other massage therapies, Russian massage is
based on the physiology of a dysfunction rather than on anatomy as the principal
guideline for treatment.

Practitioners say that Russian massage is useful for a wide range of
musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological, gynecological,
internal disorders, and in post-surgical situations. In Russia, massage therapists
are regarded as medical professionals. The massage therapy department is
often the largest in Russian hospitals and clinics because it is crucial to
rehabilitation. Patients describe it as "waking up" both body and mind. It has
been used to increase circulation of blood and lymphatic flow, to stimulate
production of endorphins, control physical and mental stress, and to increase
range of movement. Ailments said to benefit from massage therapy include
asthma, insomnia, arthritis, bursitis, carpal tunnel syndrome , hip sprains and
strains, rotator cuff injuries, myofascial pain, temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
problems, headache, spastic colon, colic, constipation, and immune function
disorders. Because of its gentle, non-invasive nature, Russian massage is
considered especially suitable for seniors.

Russian massage integrates sports massage with the relaxing techniques of
therapeutic massage. It offers a number of benefits because the style of the
treatment depends on the physical makeup of an injury, rather than the person‘s
body as a whole.

The massage therapy can be received for those suffering from an injury, have
an illness, or just want to promote general well-being.


Shiatsu (指圧) ("shi" meaning finger and "atsu" meaning pressure.) is an eastern
(oriental) born therapy that uses pressure applied with thumbs, fingers and
palms to the same energy meridians as acupressure and incorporates stretching.
It also uses techniques such as rolling, brushing, vibrating, grasping and in one
particular technique developed by Suzuki Yamamoto, pressure is applied with the
feet on the persons back, legs and feet (special set up is required for the "foot"

Structural Integration

Structural Integration's aim is to unwind the strain patterns residing in your
body's myofascial system, restoring it to its natural balance, alignment, length,
and ease. This is accomplished by deep, slow, fascial and myofascial manipulation,
coupled with movement re-education. Various brands of Structural Integration
are Kinesis Myofascial Integration and rolfing.

Thai massage

Known in Thailand as นวดแผนโบราณ (Nuat phaen boran, IPA: [nuɑt pʰɛn boraːn][missing
    ), meaning "ancient/traditional massage", Thai massage originated in India
and is based on ayurveda and yoga. The technique combines massage with yoga-
like positions during the course of the massage; the northern style emphasizes
stretching while the southern style emphasizes acupressure.

Traditional Chinese massage

Two types of traditional Chinese massage exist - Tui na (推拿) which focuses on
pushing, stretching and kneading the muscle and Zhi Ya (指壓) which focuses on
pinching and pressing at acupressure points. Both are based on principles from
Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Trager App

The Trager approach combines movement, massage and education.

Trigger point therapy

Sometimes confused with pressure point massage,[5] this involves deactivating
trigger points that may cause local pain or refer pain and other sensations, such
as headaches, in other parts of the body. Manual pressure, vibration, injection,

or other treatment is applied to these points to relieve myofascial pain. Trigger
points were first discovered and mapped by Janet G. Travell (president
Kennedy's physician) and David Simons. Trigger points have been
photomicrographed and measured electrically.[24] and in 2007 a paper was
presented showing images of Trigger Points using MRI.[25] These points relate to
dysfunction in the myoneural junction, also called neuromuscular junction (NMJ),
in muscle, and therefore this modality is different from reflexology,
acupressure and pressure point massage.

[edit] Visceral manipulation

One form is Mayan abdominal massage which is practiced in many countries in
Latin America. This type of massage was developed by Elijio Panti of Belize and
brought to the United States by Rosita Arvigo. Even though Panti was a
respected and well known user of Mayan massage, he did not develop this
modality. "Mayan Massage" techniques have been used since before the Spanish
conquest and is still practiced today by many Sobadores or Hueseros.

[edit] Watsu

Main article: Watsu

Watsu is the combination of hydrotherapy and shiatsu developed by Harold Dull.
The work is done in skin temperature water with both the therapist and
practitioner in the water, usually a pool which is between 3.5 ft to 4 ft (100–
120 cm) deep. The work entails much movement in the water and practitioners
believe that it incorporates the activation of the energy lines derived from

[edit] Associated methods

Many types of practices are associated with massage and include bodywork,
manual therapy, energy medicine, and breathwork. Other names for massage and
related practices include hands-on work, body/somatic therapy, and somatic
movement education. Body-mind integration techniques stress self-awareness
and movement over physical manipulations by a practitioner. Therapies related to
movement awareness/education are closer to Dance and movement therapies.
Massage can also have connections with the New Age movement and alternative
medicine as well as being used by mainstream medical practitioners.

Beneficial effects

Le massage: scène au Hammam by Edouard Debat-Ponsan (1883)

Peer-reviewed medical research has shown that the benefits of massage include
pain relief, reduced trait anxiety and depression, and temporarily reduced blood

pressure, heart rate, and state anxiety.[26] Theories behind what massage might
do include blocking nociception (gate control theory), activating the
parasympathetic nervous system which may stimulate the release of endorphins
and serotonin, preventing fibrosis or scar tissue, increasing the flow of lymph,
and improving sleep[5] but such effects are yet to be supported by well designed
clinical studies.

Massage is hindered from reaching the gold standard of scientific research
which includes placebo-controlled and double blind clinical trials.[27][28]
Developing a "sham" manual therapy for massage would be difficult since even
light touch massage could not be assumed to be completely devoid of effects on
the subject.[27] It would also be difficult to find a subject that would not notice
that they were getting less of a massage and it would be impossible to blind the
therapist.[27] Massage can employ randomized controlled trials which are
published in peer reviewed medical journals.[27] This type of study could increase
the credibility of the profession because it displays that purported therapeutic
effects are reproducible.[28]

Single dose effects

Mechanical massage chairs at VivoCity in Singapore.

              Pain relief: Relief from pain due to musculoskeletal injuries and other
               causes is cited as a major benefit of massage.[5] In one study, cancer
               patients self-reported symptomatic relief of pain.[29][30] This study,
               however, did not include a placebo control group so these effects may be
               due to the placebo effect or regression towards the mean. Acupressure
               or pressure point massage may be more beneficial than classic Swedish
               massage in relieving back pain.[31] However, a meta-study conducted by
               scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign failed to find
               a statistically significant reduction in pain immediately following
              State anxiety: Massage has been shown to reduce state anxiety, a
               transient measure of anxiety in a given situation.[26]
              Blood pressure and heart rate: Massage has been shown to reduce blood
               pressure and heart rate as temporary effects.[26]
              Attention: After massage, EEG patterns indicate enhanced performance
               and alertness on mathematical computations, with the effects perhaps
               being mediated by decreased stress hormones.
              Other: Massage also stimulates the immune system[32] by increasing
               peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). However, this immune system effect
               is only observed in aromatherapy massage, which includes sweet almond
               oil, lavender oil, cypress oil, and sweet marjoram oil. It is unclear whether
               this effect persists over the long term.

               Multiple dose effects

              Pain relief: When combined with education and exercises, massage might
               help sub-acute, chronic, non-specific low back pain.[33] Furthermore,
               massage has been shown to reduce pain experienced in the days or weeks
               after treatment.[26]
              Trait anxiety: Massage has been shown to reduce trait anxiety; a
               person's general susceptibility to anxiety.[26]
              Depression: Massage has been shown to reduce subclinical depression.[26]
              Diseases: Massage, involving stretching, has been shown to help with
               spastic diplegia resulting from Cerebral palsy in a small pilot study.[34] The
               researchers warn that these results should "be viewed with caution until a
               double-blind controlled trial can be conducted". Massage has been used in
               an effort to improve symptoms, disease progression, and quality of life in
               HIV patients, however, this treatment is not scientifically supported.[35]

Swedish Massage

The term "Swedish Massage" refers to a variety of techniques specifically
designed to relax muscles by applying pressure to them against deeper muscles
and bones, and rubbing in the same direction as the flow of blood returning to
the heart.

The development of Swedish massage is credited to a Swedish doctor named Per
Henrik Ling in 1812, though the Dutch practitioner Johan Georg Mezger adopted
the French names to denote the basic strokes. It was introduced to the U.S. in
1858 as "The Swedish Movement Cure."The term "Swedish" massage is not really
known in the country of Sweden, where it is called "classic massage". Swedish
massage is considered to be among the most basic methods of massage and is
among the first styles of massage that new masseurs get to study.

Swedish massage is the most commonly offered and best-known type of
massage. If it's you're first time at the spa, Swedish massage is the perfect
place to start. Swedish massage is the foundation for other types of Western
massage, including sports massage, deep tissue massage and aromatherapy

During Swedish massage, massage therapists use massage oils to facilitate
smooth, gliding strokes called effleurage. Other classic Swedish massage moves
include kneading, friction, stretching and (sometimes) tapping. Swedish massage
uses firm but gentle pressure to promote relaxation, ease muscle tension and
create other health benefits.

Generally during Swedish massage you're nude underneath a towel or sheet. The
therapist uncovers only the part of the body he/she is working on, a technique
called "draping". You can keep your underwear on during Swedish massage, and
many newcomers do. Feel free to state your preference for pressure during
Swedish massage. It can range from light to firm. Swedish massage usually
includes some deeper work on areas of specific muscle tension. If you want more
intensive work and firmer pressure, get a deep tissue massage.

Purpose of Swedish Massage

The main purpose of Swedish massage is to increase the oxygen flow in the
blood and release toxins from the muscles.

Swedish massage shortens recovery time from muscular strain by flushing the
tissues of lactic acid, uric acid, and other metabolic wastes. It increases

circulation without increasing heart load. It stretches the ligaments and tendons
keeping them supple and pliable. Swedish massage also stimulates the skin and
nervous system and soothes the nerves themselves at the same time. It reduces
stress, both emotional and physical, and is suggested in a regular program for
stress management. It also has many specific medical uses.

Swedish Massage Techniques

Swedish massage uses five styles of long, flowing strokes to massage. The
techniques include: long strokes, kneading, friction, tapping, percussion,
vibration, effleurage, and shaking motions. The usually sequence of techniques

        1. Effleurage (sliding or gliding). Effleurage is the technique most people
           associate with massage in general and Swedish massage in particular. In
           doing effleurage, the masseuse makes use of long and sweeping strokes
           that cover more than just one area of the body with gliding strokes with
           the palms, thumbs and/or fingertips. Though it makes the client feel like
           his muscles are being broken down, the purpose of effleurage is actually
           to connect one part of the body to the others.

        2. Petrissage (kneading): Petrissage is the act of kneading and squeezing
           the muscles of the body. Petrissage does not target or focus on any
           particular part of the body, but the process of kneading the body‘s
           muscles allows for deeper and more penetrating effects of massage.
           Kneading movements with the hands, thumbs and/or fingers.

        3. Friction (cross fiber): Heat makes the muscles relax and friction is used
           to make the area to be treated warm up. A masseuse would make use of
           the friction technique by rubbing the palms of her hands vigorously on
           the surface of the client‘s skin. She can also do this by rubbing her palms
           together and then laying them on the skin of the client. Circular
           pressures with the palms of hands, thumbs and/or fingers.

        4. Vibration: The vibration technique is used by the masseuse to shake up
           the area of the client‘s body that she is treating. This is done by moving
           the heel of the hand, or sometimes the side of the hand, or even the
           fingertips, forward and backward across the skin to loosen the muscles

                of that particular area. An oscillatory movement that shake or vibrate
                the body.

        5. Percussion (tapotment): Brisk hacking or tapping. Tapottement are
           strokes that aim to energize the area of the body that the masseuse is
           treating. This is done by chopping the area with the sides of the hands.
           It can also be done by hitting the area being treated rhythmically with
           cupped or fisted hands. Tapottement is aimed towards energizing the
           area being treated, yet at the same time making it loosened and relaxed.

        6. Passive and active movement (traction): Bending and stretching.
           Traction involves pulling at the arms and legs of the client, and sometimes
           also the head. The act of pulling stretches the muscles of the client.
           Traction is always done as part of the last portion of the massage routine
           because pulling needs to have the muscles relaxed; otherwise, it would

Benefits of Swedish Massage

Swedish massage feels good, is relaxing and invigorating. It affects the nerves,
muscles, glands, and circulation, while promoting health and well being. Swedish
massage has shown to be helpful in reducing pain, joint stiffness, and improving
function in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee over a period of eight weeks.
It has also been shown to be helpful in individuals with poor circulation. Swedish
massage is particularly to allow the body to absorb more oxygen, thereby
rejuvenating the body. Swedish massage is also geared towards detoxification
by increasing the speed by which the cells of the body eliminate their waste
materials. But more than these, Swedish massage brings to the receiver an
immense feeling of satisfaction and relaxation.

Thai massage is a type of massage in Thai style that involves stretching and
deep tender massage. This form of bodywork is usually performed in bed, and
the client wears little to no clothes to allow for movement. No oils are used in
Thai massage. It is known in Thailand as "nuat phaen boran" (Thai: นวดแผนโบราณ,
IPA: [nuɑ t pʰ ɛ n boraːn]), literally, the ancient-manner massage.



              1 Current Practice
              2 History
              3 Other translations
              4 Theory and Practice
              5 External links

  [edit] Current Practice

In Thailand, Thai massage is one of the branches of Traditional Thai Medicine
(TTM), now recognized and regulated by the government, and is widely
considered to be a medical discipline used for the treatment of a wide variety of
ailments. On the other hand, Thai massage is also practiced and taught by a
number of non-medical massage technicians in the spa and tourism industries. In
North America and Europe, an increasing number of practitioners and teachers
of Thai massage have emerged since the 1990s. In Europe, the United States,
Thai massage is a growing modality among clients of massage clinics and massage
therapists seeking continuing education.

[edit] History

The founder of Thai massage and medicine is said to have been Shivago
Komarpaj (Jīvaka Komarabhācca), who is said in the Pāli Buddhist Canon to have
been the Buddha's physician over 2500 years ago. In fact, the history Thai
massage is more complex than this legend of a single founder would suggest.
Thai massage, like Traditional Thai Medicine more generally, is a combination of
influences from Indian, Chinese, Southeast Asian cultural spheres and traditions
of medicine. The art as it is practiced today is likely to be the product of a 19th
century synthesis of various healing traditions from all over the kingdom. Even
today, there is considerable variation from region to region across Thailand, and
no single routine or theoretical framework that is universally accepted among

[edit] Other translations

"Nuat boran" is the Thai name for a type of body work native to Thailand (nuat =
pressure, boran = ancient). Thai massage is also known as northern-style Thai
massage, Buntautuk style, Old Medicine Hospital Style, traditional Thai massage,
Traditional Thai Medical Massage, Ancient Massage, Thai Yoga, Thai Yoga
Massage, Yoga Massage, Thai Classical Massage, Thai Bodywork, Passive Yoga,
Assisted Yoga, and Ancient Siamese Bodywork.

[edit] Theory and Practice

         Generally speaking, practitioners of modern Thai massage operate on the theory
         that the body is permeated with "lom," or "air," which is inhaled into the lungs
         and which subsequently travels throughout the body along 72,000 pathways
         called "sen," or "vessels." Typically, massage therapists manipulate a handful of
         major sen lines by pressing certain points along the lines. In most models, the
         sen originate at the navel and spread throughout the body to terminate at the
         orifices. A significant part of the practice of Thai massage practitioner also
         includes yoga-like stretches which are intended to stimulate the gonads and
         move lom through the patient's body via a pumping action coupled with deep

         The theory of sen and lom is often translated into English as "meridians" and
         "energy." While there are some superficial similarities to Chinese meridian
         theory, the Thai system is markedly different as the sen are unconnected from
         the internal organs.

         What is Thai massage?

         Thai massage is believed to have been developed by Jivaka Kumar Bhaccha,
         physician to Buddha, more than 2,500 years ago in India.

         It made its way to Thailand, where the Ayurvedic techniques and principles
         gradually became influenced by traditional Chinese medicine.

         For centuries, Thai massage was performed by monks as one component of Thai

Thai Massage Europe
TME provides basic and advanced traditional Thai massage therapy courses to students from around
the world. The school is located in Spain and Germany. Understand the advantages and benefits of
traditional Thai massage and be able to prepare a good Thai massage.

The Garden Chiang Mai
The Garden in Chiang Mai offers foot massage, traditional Thai massage and oil massage. There is a
fully licenced bar and reasonably priced Thai food available. Also rooms for rent. Located in the
center of the old town and set in a beautiful garden.

Blue Garden - Thai Massage and Yoga Training Center
At Blue Garden you can study Thai Massage (beginners and advanced), abdominal detox massage
directly from a highly skilled teacher. Furthermore we have daily Yoga classes, a yoga introduction
course, Yoga Ball, partner Yoga and body awareness sessions. Blue Garden is in the old center of
Chiang Mai.

Bangkok Spa Academy
Bangkok Spa Academy offers diploma courses for spa therapists and spa businesspersons. Courses
include : traditional Thai massage, reflexology, aroma therapy, body care, facial care, spa business

TTC Spa School
The TTC Spa School is a government accredited Thai massage school situated in Chiang Mai. It
offers several Thai massage courses on completion of which students receive a certificate from the
Ministry of Education of Thailand.

Lek Chaiya Nerve-Touch Massage, Chiang Mai
Chaiya Lek Nerve–Touch Massage offers traditional Thai massage with medicinal herb packs. Also
Nerve–Touch training courses.

Center for Traditional Thai Massage
Here you find some of Bangkoks finest massage places for traditional thai massage, foot massage,
oil massage, body massage.

Thai Massage School of Chiang Mai
We provide hands–on skills in Thai Massage and Thai Foot Reflexology. We offer foundation–level
skills to the general public.

Jasmine Massage, Pattaya
Massage Parlor provides personalized, friendly service for oil massages, Thai traditional massage
and foot massage. Located on Soi Chaiyapoon, across from Crazy Dave's and Canterbury Tales Cafe,
near intersection of Soi Bukhauo and Soi Diana.

Oriental de Phuket
Oriental de Phuket offers a variety of massages : Thai massage, oil massage, foot massage, sports
massage. Also nail spa, manicures and pedicures.

Remedial Massage Thailand, Sukhumvit Road, Bangkok
Remedial Massage Thailand attempts to treat the cause of the disorder, providing both immediate
and long term relief from acute and chronic physical pain. A remedial massage therapist studies
anatomy, physiology, related pathology and a variety of massage modalities (Bowen therapy, trigger
point release, Swedish massage etc.). Located Sukhumvit Soi 23.

Namo Chiang Mai
Beginners and advanced Thai massage courses. Foot reflexology. Daily yoga classes and yoga
introduction courses. Experienced and fluent English speaking teachers.

Health Land Spa and Massage, Bangkok
Health Land Spa and Massage has branches at Srinakarin, Sathorn and Pinklao. It offers traditional
Thai massage, Ayuravedic massage, foot reflexology, body polish, facial treatments, Thai herbal
compresses, a tourmaline sauna, spa and jacuzzi. All at modest prices.

Indara Massage, Rajadamri Road, Bangkok
Indara Massage is situated in the heart of Bangkok. Just only 5 minutes walk from Central World
Plaza, you will find a trendy massage shop, contemporary Thai designed, just one block off Rajdamri
Road. Services : traditional Thai massage, aromatherapy body massage, facial pampering, body scrub,
foot massage, Thai herbal massage.

Suan Nanachaat Massage and Lifestyle, Kanchanaburi
Let us do the work while you forget your worries in a most peaceful and beautiful setting. Let us
provide you with a still point in a rapidly changing world. Relax with your choice from body massage,
reflexology, foot massage, back and neck massage, facial massage, hot herbal treatments and steam
room with traditional Thai herbs.

Traditionelle Thai Massage in Dresden
We provide traditional Thai massage, oil massage and foot massage in Dresden, Germany at the
Buergerstrasse 37. All therapists are Thai people and certified by well known massage schools in
Thailand. Website in German language only. [Deutsche Sprache]

Jongrak's Thai Massage Academy, Miami, USA
In a calm and relaxed atmosphere, I will take you on a comprehensive journey involving touching,
stretching, and rolling motions designed to relax and detoxify the body. Learn more about the
exciting courses we offer! Located at Mandarin Oriental

Thonglor Massage
Thai traditional massage, oil massage, aromatherapy oil massage, foot reflexology. Picture gallery of
the girls that provide oil massage. Located Thonglor, Sukhumvit Road.

International Training Massage - Chiang Mai
If you enjoy Thai Massage and would like to do it, we offer courses in English, taught by Chongkol
Setthakorn. He will teach you to maximum you can learn in a very consistent, structured manner.

The School of Massage for Health
A certified school of Thai massage in Chiang Mai. Offering proper training for Thai and foreign

The Sunshine Network, New Zealand
Academy of Pranic Healing, Thai and Ayurvedic Massage, located in Rotorua, New Zealand. Owned
and operated by Asokananda.

Namaste Namaskar - Thai Yoga Therapy
Traditional Thai Massage (also called Thailand medical massage or Thai Yoga massage) is an ancient
and sacred system of healing with roots in Yoga, Ayurvedic Medicine and Buddhist spiritual practice. - Massage
Lists various massage venues in Pattaya : traditional massage, body massage, and massage venues
with male masseurs.

International Training Massage - Chiang Mai
If you enjoy Thai Massage and would like to do it, we offer courses in English, taught by Chongkol
Setthakorn. He will teach you to maximum you can learn in a very consistent, structured manner.

Thai Massage,Thai Massage resource center providing classes, workshops, practitioner and
instructor directories, club services and more.

Rajdamri Spa
Rajdamri Spa, executive club, is located in the Pratunam area. Our spa treatment has its own unique
style and combination of services.

Phussapa Thai Massage School
Get the certificate authorized by Thai Ministry of Education. You will be able to get the basic
knowledge and technique of Thai traditional massage and Foot massage.

Bangkok2Night-Massage parlours in Bangkok
Extensive list of the various massage parlours in Bangkok with listing of estimated prices.

         Watsu Massage

         What Is Watsu®?

Watsu is a gentle form of body therapy performed in warm water, (around
35°C.) It combines elements of massage, joint mobilisation, shiatsu, muscle
stretching and dance. The receiver is continuously supported while being
floated, cradled, rocked and stretched. The deeply relaxing effects of warm
water and nurturing support, combine with Watsu's movements, stretches,
massage and point work, to create a bodywork with a range of therapeutic
benefits and potential healing on many levels.

Moments of stillness alternate with rhythmical flowing movements, which free
the body in ways impossible on land. The warm water relaxes the muscles and
supports the spine. With this support and without the weight of the body, the
spine, joints and muscles can be manipulated and freed in a way unique to water
work. The effects include a very gentle, yet deep stretching and a release of
muscular and joint restrictions, along with a state of deep relaxation, which
encourages the release of stress and tensions.

Worldwide Watsu is currently provided in many international health and wellness
spas as well as in aquatic physiotherapy programmes. It is finding countless
applications in therapy, aiding recovery from injury, relieving muscular and joint
pain and encouraging movement and flexibility. In addition many are enjoying
sharing Watsu's simpler moves with family and friends. At practitioner level it
can stand alone as a therapy or be used as a wonderful complement to
therapeutic work on land.

What Does Watsu® Do?

Many clients will come with a specific focus (e.g. pain syndromes, post injury or
post surgery, specific movement restrictions)...while others seek Watsu for the
experience of relaxation, blissful letting go, time-out, and quiet meditative
stillness it can induce.

Imagine, the warmth and sense of weightlessness induced by water,... your eyes
closed, so there is just the play of light across your eyelids, your ears are under
the water so the sound of the world is muffled. The world starts to disappear,
leaving just yourself and your experience of body and being in the water, nothing
to do, nowhere to go, just receiving and letting go, into the graceful movement,
rocking cradling and gentle rhythm. It is no wonder people speak of states of
bliss and levels of relaxation never before imagined.

Specific therapeutic effects noted by receivers, include increased mobility and
flexibility, muscle relaxation, fuller deeper breathing, reduction in anxiety and
stress levels, decreased pain, improved sleep and digestion and a general sense
of wellbeing.

Each person's experience is unique and varied, for many the focus will be on the
physical effects of letting go, relaxing, the gentle full body stretches, freeing
the spine and joints. Others might experience emotions, new personal insights
and/or resurfacing of old memories. Many receivers will remark on the deep
sense of beauty, or lightness, ease and grace experienced during their Watsu; or
a sense of nurturing, safety, relaxation, maybe at a level never felt before or
remembered from 'long ago'. The way Watsu is experienced is as varied as
individuals themselves and so there is no right or wrong way to receive,
practitioners do not 'push' any particular aspect, but simply listen and allow and
support whatever the receivers experience is in any particular session.

Watsu is a very soothing type of massage that takes place in warm, waist-deep
water. It was developed by Harold Dull back in 1980, when he started applying
Zen Shiatsu stretches to students floating in the warm pool at Harbin Hot
Springs in California. Its name comes from a combination of the words ―water‖
and ―shiatsu.‖

What Happens During a Watsu Treatment?

A spa has to have a special Watsu pool heated to the exact same temperature as
your body. It should be private and quiet, like any other treatment room. Some
spas have outdoors Watsu pools surrounded by walls, with cloth panels overhead
to create a combination of sunlight and shade.

You and the massage therapist both wear bathing suits. You enter the water and
while you sit on a step, he/she puts floats around your ankles. This helps your
buoyancy. During Watsu the therapist literally cradles your body, with one arm
supporting your knees, the other your back. One of your arms is wrapped around
the therapist‘s back, the other floats free.

The therapist then twirls you through in the water, first one way then another,
taking your body through a series of passive stretches and twists. Being held in
the warm water is deeply relaxing.

The Benefits of Watsu

Watsu‘s gentle stretches have a therapeutic effect on the body. The buoyancy
and support of the water allow the spinal column to be moved in ways that aren't
possible on land. Many people also find it works on an emotional level as well,
promoting trust and connection.

Some people find that the first session is all about learning to trust the fact
that someone is there to support you. Others are trying to overcome a fear of
water. (If this is you, be sure to tell your therapist.) Others are able to fully
relax and find it deeply soothing from the very first session.

Where Can I Get Watsu?

Because of the special pool, it‘s still a relatively unusual service. It is easiest to
find in California and at resort spas. Here‘s a list of major places to get a Watsu

Watsu in California: Spas in California that offer Watsu include Miramonte
Resort Spa in Palm Springs; Two Bunch Palms Resort & Spa in Desert Hot
Springs; Sea Spa at Loews Coronado Bay Resort and Spa in Coronado; and
Fairmont Sonoma Mission Inn and Spa and Raindance Spa at The Lodge at
Sonoma, both in Sonoma.

Watsu in Arizona:Spas in Arizona that offer Watsu include Canyon Ranch
Tucson, Mii Amo at Enchantment Resort in Sedona; Golden Door Spa at The
Boulders Resort in Carefree; The Sanctuary Spa at Camelback Mountain and
Alvadora Spa at Royal Palms Resort and Spa, both in Phoenix.

Watsu in New Mexico:: In New Mexico, you can get Watsu at SháNah Spa and
Wellness Center at Bishops Lodge Resort & Spa in Santa Fe.

Watsu in Florida: Spas in Florida that offer Watsu include Marco Island
Marriott Resort, Golf Club & Spa on Marco Island, Florida; The Ritz-Carlton in
Naples; and Amelia Island Plantation Spa in Amelia Island, Florida.

Watsu in Texas: Spas in Texas that offer Watsu include The Crossings in
Austin and the Greenhouse in Arlington.

Watsu in Las Vegas: Spas in Las Vegas that offer Watsu include Aquae Sulis
Spa at JW Marriott Las Vegas; Canyon Ranch SpaClub at The Venetian Hotel;
and Spa Bellagio at The Bellagio.

Watsu in New York City: New York City recently got its first Watsu facility at
the Cornelia Day Resort in Manhattan.

Watsu in Scotland: One Spa and Health Club at the Sheraton Grand Hotel &
Spa in Edinburgh, Scotland, offers Watsu.

Shiatsu Massage

Shiatsu, also known as acupressure, is a finger pressure massage technique that
is sometimes confused with acupuncture. Shiatsu massage therapy and
acupuncture are founded on the Chinese meridian system. The therapist applies
pressure with his thumbs, finger, and palms to specific areas of the client's
body that have been determined during an assessment period prior to the
massage session. There are no needle pokes involved with Shiatsu. Massage
techniques like tapping, squeezing, rubbing, and applied pressure are applied
along the meridians to unblock energy blockages and reintroduce the optimal
flow of ki.

     Deep Muscle And Tissue Pelaxation
     Stress Reduction And Management
     Releases Toxins From The Body
     Dis-ease Preventative
     Increased Flexibility
     Improved Blood Circulations
     Reduces Blood Pressure
     Reduces Mental Anxieties
     Balances Ki (Chi)
     Calms Nervousness

     Increases Mental And Spiritual Awareness
     It Feels Good!