Dear Friends Fall 2008a.indd by dfgh4bnmu


									                                          A Publication of the Elmira College Center for Mark Twain Studies
                                                       An Occasional Newsletter for its Friends

                            Dear Friends
                        Fall 2008

           Mark Twain Archive Receives Association Text:
       Tent Life in the Holy Land Contains Clemens’ Marginalia

On a perfect Friday evening in October, scholars and                                  the basis for The Innocents Abroad, lists Tent Life in the
friends of the Center for Mark Twain Studies celebrated                               Holy Land by William Cowper Prime among the titles
three important events. At the opening session of the                                 that passengers were instructed to bring with them
Centennial Symposium on “The Mysterious Stranger,”                                    on the Quaker City excursion. That Prime’s book in-
sixty guests gathered in Elmira College’s historic Hamil-                             fluenced the composition of The Innocents Abroad has
ton Hall to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the estab-                              always been clear. In addition to direct references to
lishment of the Center for Mark Twain Studies and to                                  the title, Clemens minimally disguised the author as
witness Irene Langdon’s gift of William C. Prime’s Tent                               “Wm. C. Grimes” in those places in which he is being
Life in the Holy Land to the Mark Twain Archive. Irene                                particularly critical of Prime within Innocents Abroad.
Langdon had discovered this important text in the per-                                Now the emergence of Clemens’ traveling companion
sonal library of her late husband, Jervis Langdon, Jr., and                           Charles Langdon’s copy of Tent Life in the Holy Land
upon verifying its significance, Mrs Langdon presented                                with its many pages of marginal notes and markings by
the valuable text to the Center for Mark Twain Studies.                               Clemens makes it possible for the first time to examine
Irene Langdon gave her gift in the name of Jervis Lang-                               Clemens’ immediate reactions as a reader to a text that
don, Jr. in recognition of the fine work of the Center for                            is intertwined with his own first full length and highly
                                                                                      successful work.
                                                                                               When Irene Langdon first examined Prime’s
                                                                                      book in her husband’s library, she noticed the promi-
                                                                                      nent signature of C.J. Langdon on the inside front
                                                                                      cover with the date “1867.” She also noted the phrase

                                                                                      Inside this issue...
                                                                                      The Mysterious Stranger Symposium ......................................................4

                                                                                      Olivia Langdon Clemens Returns to Elmira.College...............................6

                                                                                      Clemens Letter Confirms Olivia’s Attendance at
                                                                                              Elmira College...........................................................................7

                                                                                      “Taking Stock” of Mark Twain’s Mysterious Stranger:
                                                                                               Guest Essay by Dr. Chad Rohman............................................8

Thomas Meier, Elmira College President, accepts William C. Prime’s Tent Life in the   Fall Lecture Series Marks Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Center for
Holy Land from Irene Langdon.                                                                   Mark Twain Studies.................................................................10

                                                                                      Fourth Annual Summer Teachers’ Institute...........................................11
Mark Twain Studies in fulfilling the specific mission for
the use of Quarry Farm.                                                               Literacy Project: 3500 Books Distributed...............................................11
        Mrs. Langdon’s discovery of Prime’s text is of
great value to Twain scholars. Mark Twain, in one of                                                   INSERT: Call for Papers for Elmira 2009
                                                                                                                Panel Chairs for Elmira 2009
the letters to the Alta California that eventually formed
Fall 2008                                                                  Dear Friends                                                                          Page 2

“left Elmira 4:38 pm June 5th 1867.” Mrs. Langdon                                                In order to confirm the handwriting and esti-
quickly and correctly deduced that this book had been                                   mate the value of the book, Mark shared copies of the
with Charlie when he was on the Quaker City steamer.                                    pages, in confidence, with Dr. Alan Gribben of Auburn
Turning the pages, Irene further noticed the markings in                                University at Montgomery, a noted expert in identifying
the margins.                                                                            the handwriting of Clemens. Dr. Gribben’s response to
                                                                                        Mark’s initial email was an astonished, “My God!” After
                                                                                        later viewing a small sampling of pages, Alan Gribben’s
                                                                                        next email stated, “I never thought I would see a copy of
                                                                                        this book with Twain’s marginalia. I’ll say it again: My

David Pennock, great-great-grand-nephew of Olivia Langdon Clemens and co-donor, joins
Irene Langdon at the podium.

        “I read the notes in the margins,” she said, “and
I thought the humor was just too sophisticated for a sev-
        A visit with Mark Woodhouse magnified Irene’s
sense of the book. Mark confirmed that William C.
Prime’s Tent Life in the Holy Land had been with Charlie
on the Quaker City and that the book had been assigned
reading for its passengers. Mark also judged that the co-
pious and revealing marginal notes were those of thirty-
two-year-old Samuel Clemens.
                                                                                        Mark Woodhouse, Head of Technical Services and Mark Twain Archivist for Elmira Col-
                                                                                        lege, places William C. Prime’s Tent Life in the Holy Land in a temporary viewing case.

                                                                                                After discussions with her nephew, co-donor
                                                                                        Mr. David Pennock, Esq., great-great-grand-nephew of
                                                                                        Olivia Langdon Clemens, and with Barbara Snedecor,
                                                                                        Director of the Center for Mark Twain Studies, Irene
                                                                                        Langdon and David Pennock concluded that there was
                                                                                        no better place for the priceless book to be preserved
                                                                                        than in the Mark Twain Archive at Elmira College.
Alan Gribben, Michael Kiskis, Mark Woodhouse, Thomas Meier, David Pennock, and
                                                                                                “Charlie was an Elmira boy,” Irene Langdon
Irene Langdon at the gift presentation.                                                 stated. “He left from Elmira to begin his journey on
                                                                                        the Quaker City, and he returned here and remained
Fall 2008                                                     Dear Friends                                                   Page 3
                                                                                                  in Elmira for the rest of his life.
                                                                                                  His book belongs in Elmira -- pre-
                                                                                                  served and cared for and available
                                                                                                  to scholars for research here.”
                                                                                                           Irene’s generosity follows a
                                                                                                  pattern of giving established gen-
                                                                                                  erations earlier by the first Jervis
                                                                                                  Langdon, father of Charles Lang-
                                                                                                  don and eventual father-in-law of
                                                                                                  Mark Twain. Mr. Langdon sup-
                                                                                                  ported the founding of the new
                                                                                                  women’s college in Elmira, and
                                                                                                  he eventually gave his daughter’s
                                                                                                  hand in marriage to Samuel Cle-
                                                                                                  mens. Many years later, in 1952,
                                                                                                  Jervis Langdon II gave the Study to
                                                                                                  the College. In 1982, Jervis Lang-
                                                                                                  don, Jr., with Irene, gave Quarry
                                                                                                  Farm to Elmira College, and their
                                                                                                  gift established the home of the
                                                                                                  Center for Mark Twain Studies.
                                                                                                           “It’s a joy to have this
                                                                                                  important text preserved here
                                                                                                  in Elmira,” commented Barbara
                                                                                                  Snedecor. “We owe Mark Twain’s
                                                                                                  interest in Elmira to Charlie Lang-
                                                                                                  don. The events connected with
                                                                                                  this very text, as a matter of fact,
                                                                                                  mark the beginning of the story.”
                                                                                                           The marginalia in Prime’s
                                                                                                  book is representative of Clem-
                                                                                                  ens’ thinking in the early period
                                                                                                  of his development. Clemens
                                                                                                  first used his pen name in 1863
                                                                                                  and by 1867 had published some
                                                                                                  short pieces including, most nota-
                                                                                                  bly, “Jim Smiley and His Jumping
                                                                                                  Frog.” The marginalia in Prime’s
                                                                                                  text is revelatory in that it exhib-
                                                                                                  its Clemens’ early natural gift of
   MARGINALIA SAMPLE:                                                                             humor and his innate abhorrence
                                                                                                  at injustice and unkindness before
   In response to Prime’s account of how he and his company of travelers “surmounted the ridge,
   and passing among, and, I am afraid I must say, over some Muslim tombs,...” Clemens com-
                                                                                                  he began to achieve his status as
   ments: “They were the tombs of somebody’s fathers & mothers -- would he have desecrated        an esteemed American writer and
   them if they had been his own?”                                                                thinker.

   In response to Prime’s statement that “we made a terrible scattering among a group of Greek
   women” Clemens writes in the left margin, “This terrible hero!”
Fall 2008                                                Dear Friends                                                Page 4

            Mark Twain’s “The Mysterious Stranger” Symposium:
               Scholars and Friends Gather for October Event
One hundred years after its writing, forty scholars and                     After an opening gala dinner that included the
educators gathered at Elmira College to enjoy a weekend             gift presentation of William C. Prime’s Tent Life in the
symposium focused on No 44: The Mysterious Stranger.                Holy Land by Irene Langdon and David Pennock (see
The weekend symposium, organized by Joseph Csicsila,                cover story in this issue), Alan Gribben of Auburn Uni-
Associate Professor of English at Eastern Michigan Uni-             versity at Montgomery delivered the Keynote Address,
versity, and Chad Rohman, Professor of English at Do-               “Mark Twain’s Post-Modern Tale Found in a Jug.” Dr.
minican University in River Forest, Illinois, coincided             Gribben presented a complete review of scholarship re-
with the upcoming publication of their jointly edited               lated to No. 44.
text to be available by the University of Missouri Press
in the Spring of 2009. The text, Centenary Reflections on
Mark Twain’s No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger, includes full-
length versions of the twelve papers featured at the week-
end symposium.
         No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger, is Mark Twain’s
last significant full-length work of fiction and is also one
of his most deeply philosophical works on the nature
of truth and the human condition. Twain’s manu-
script was unfinished at the time of his death and, over
time, has gained a reputation as an experimental text.                                                            Alan Gribben
No. 44 is still controversial even half a century after the                                                       delivers
groundbreaking scholarship of the 1960s, and the larger                                                           Address.
story of its composition and publication is as unwieldly
as it is problematic (University of Missouri Press, 2009
Spring/Summer Catalog). During the weekend sympo-                           On Saturday, the following papers were shared in
sium, scholars from Germany and from all regions of the             four sessions:
United States gathered to read versions of their essays
that will appear in the upcoming University of Missouri             Chamisso’s Peter Schlemihl and Mark Twain’s Mysteri-
Press volume.                                                       ous Stranger: German Literature and the Composition
                                                                    of the Mysterious Stranger Manuscripts; Horst Kruse,
                                                                    University of Münster

                                                                    The Prophetic Imagination, the Liberal Self, and the
                                                                    Ending of No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger; Harold K.
                                                                    Bush, St. Louis University

                                                                    Mark Twain and the Accusing Angel: “The Chronicle of
                                                                    Young Satan” and Samuel Clemens’ Argument with the
                                                                    Inscrutable; Michael J. Kiskis, Elmira College
                                               Kathy Solometo,
                                               Secretary for the
                                               Center for Mark      “I ain’ no dread being”: The Minstrel Mask as Alter Ego;
                                               Twain Studies, and
                                               Gretchen Sharlow,    Sharon McCoy, University of Georgia
                                               Director Emerita,
                                               greet attendees.
                                                                    Mark Twain’s Last Cakewalk: Racialized Performance
                                                                    in No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger; Henry B. Wonham,
                                                                    University of Oregon
Fall 2008                                               Dear Friends                                             Page 5
No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger as Literary Comedy; David           Another attendee stated, “The big quadrennial
E.E. Sloane, University of New Haven                        conferences are wonderful, of course, but there’s great
                                                            value in a smaller event: more intimate -- with better op-
Transcendental Hedonism?: Sex, Song, Food and Drink         portunities for discussion and exchange.”
in No. 44,The Mysterious Stranger and “My Platonic Sweet-           Based on the success of the event, plans are al-
heart”; Gregg Camfield; University of California, Merced    ready underway for another weekend symposium to be
                                                            held in the Fall of 2010 focused at least partly on Follow-
“Silly creations of an imagination that is not conscious of ing the Equator (1897). More information will be forth-
its freaks”: Multiple Selves, Wordless Communication, coming.
and the Psychology of Mark Twain’s No. 44, The Mysteri-
ous Stranger; Randall Knoper; University of Massachusetts,

Mark Twain’s Mysterious Strangers and the Motions of
the Mind; Bruce Michelson, University of Illinois

 No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger: The Final Soliloquy of a
“Littery Man”; James S. Leonard, The Citadel

Samuel Clemens, Duality, and Time Travel; David L.
Smith, Williams College
                                                                     Ann Ryan and Randall Knoper
Dreams and Metaphors in No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger;
John Bird, Winthrop University

The Symposium concluded with an early evening gather-
ing on the porch at Quarry Farm followed by dinner in
the Barn.

                                                                                                            Terry Oggel and
                                                                                                            David Sloane

                                            “On the porch of the
                                            farm-house on the
                                            summit of the hill...”

        “This was a terrific opportunity to share ideas
with fellow Twain scholars on a complex and fascinat-
ing manuscript series,” commented one attendee. “The
chance to exchange ideas ‘live’ with others can’t be rep-
licated any other way. I’m thinking about the Stranger
manuscripts in new ways and got a number of ideas for
                                                                              Dinner in the Barn
future research.”                                                             at Quarry Farm
Fall 2008                                                                      Dear Friends                                                    Page 6

                           Olivia Langdon Clemens Returns to Elmira College
Elmira College’s long tradition of giving was enhanced                                        velously in capturing both Livy’s compassion and beau-
once again with the recent arrival of the Gift of Class                                       ty,” said Barb Snedecor. Gary Weisman also sculpted
the 2008. A bronze statue of Olivia Langdon Clemens,                                          the nearby statue of Mark Twain, a Gift of the Class of
the creation of sculptor Gary Weisman, now stands on                                          1934.
the lawn at the junction between Kolker and Watson
Halls. From her gaze, Olivia observes the statue of

 Sculptor Gary Weisman stands in his studio with Olivia and with Irene Langdon, wife of
 Jervis Langdon, Jr., great-grand-nephew of Mark Twain. “She is lifelike,” Irene said. “You
 want to reach out and hold her hand.”

her husband, Mark Twain, to her left. Olivia can also
see the Study across the Puddle and up the hillside to-
wards Cowles Hall. In a gesture of movement, with
her left arm outstretched, Olivia is clad in one of her
beautiful evening gowns that is preserved in the nearby
Chemung Valley History Museum.
        “It’s a pleasure to welcome the statue of Olivia
Langdon Clemens to the Elmira College campus,” Bar-                                           Olivia arrives on campus in June.

bara Snedecor, Director of the Center for Mark Twain
Studies, stated. “Livy has been a work-in-progress for                                                 Olivia’s relationship with Elmira College be-
four years -- since the then entering Class of 2008 voted                                     gan in 1853, when her father, Jervis Langdon, offered
her as their Class Gift -- and it’s been a magical experi-                                    financial and professional support to the developing
ence to see her change from clay to wax to bronze -- and                                      women’s College, two years before the doors to the Col-
now to life.”                                                                                 lege opened. A believer in education for women, Mr.
        In preparation for his project, sculptor Gary                                         Langdon made sure to enroll Olivia at Elmira College,
Weisman visited Quarry Farm and took much time                                                and the record of her studies qualifies her as a member
learning about Olivia. After reading and talking with                                         of the Elmira College Class of 1864. At the time of her
Barbara Snedecor and viewing photos of Livy and                                               death in 1904, Olivia belonged to the Elmira College
seeing dresses that she wore, Gary determined that                                            Club of New York City.
he wanted most “to capture Livy’s compassion.” His                                                     Mark Twain scholars and biographers agree that
sculpture presents Livy as a woman in mid-life after her                                      Olivia Langdon had great influence on her husband. In
four children have been born. “Gary succeeded mar-                                            a letter to his boyhood friend, Will Bowen, written just
Fall 2008                                            Dear Friends                                                                          Page 7

four days after marrying Olivia, newlywed Samuel Cle-
mens writes: “I am 34 & she is 24; I am young & very
                                                                Clemens Letter Confirms Olivia’s
handsome (I make this statement with the fullest con-             Attendance at Elmira College
fidence, for I got it from her,) & she is much the most
                                                                      Elmira College’s recognition that Olivia Lang-
beautiful girl I ever saw (I said that before she was any-
                                                              don Clemens attended the College and was a member
thing to me, & so it is worthy of all belief) & she is the
                                                              of the Class of 1864 comes from two historical docu-
best girl, & the sweetest, & the gentlest, & the daintiest,
                                                              ments. One is the record of the Elmira College Office
& the most modest & unpretentious, & the wisest in all
                                                              of the Registrar listing Olivia Langdon’s enrollment and
things she should be wise in & the most ignorant in all
                                                              record of studies in the Class of 1864. The second docu-
                                                              ment indicates her membership in the Elmira College
                                                              Club of New York City. Barbara Snedecor, Director of
                                                              the Center for Mark Twain Studies, found a third docu-
                                                              ment confirming Olivia’s attendance at Elmira College.
                                                              While exploring a database at The Mark Twain Papers
                                                              at the University of California, Berkeley, Barbara came
                                                              across a letter written by Samuel Clemens to Rudolph
                                                              Lindau. In the letter, Clemens specifically confirms that
                                                              Olivia “was a student at Elmira College.”
                                                                      The recently discovered letter is undated. How-
                                                              ever, Rudolph Lindau, a German writer of fiction, is
                                                              referred to in another letter written by Clemens dated
                                                              24 April 1901; it is possible that the undated letter was
                                                              written in the same time period. In his three-page letter
                                                              to Lindau, Clemens compares a short story written by
                                                              Lindau to his own life story. Lindau’s tale, “The Philoso-
                                                              pher’s Pendulum,” is set in Elmira and presents a touch-
                                                              ing account of unrequited love. In the letter, Clemens
                                                              comments on the uncanny parallels between some of the
                                                              characters and events in Lindau’s story with Clemens’
                                                              own experiences in Elmira courting Olivia.
                                                                      Clemens states:
                                                                      “The town is right -- ‘Elmira.’ My wife, Olivia
                                                              Langdon, was born & reared there.
                                                                      “The College is right -- she was a student at ‘Elmi-
                                                              ra College.’”
 Olivia Langdon Clemens, Class of 1864
                                                                      This confirmation, in Clemens’ own hand, pro-
                                                              vides additional evidence that Olivia was, indeed, a stu-
                                                              dent at Elmira College.
matters it would not grace her to know, & she is sensible
& quick, & loving & faithful, forgiving, full of charity….
She is the most perfect gem of womankind that ever I
saw in my life -- ”
         The bronze of Olivia stands on a four-sided base
whose faces show: Olivia Langdon Clemens, Class of
1864, Wife of Mark Twain; a picture of the Study; a pic-
ture of the house at Quarry Farm; and Gift of the Class
of 2008. Wayne Ferree of Ferree Studios did the artwork
and carvings on the elegant base.                              These two sentences, written by Samuel Clemens, confirm Olivia’s attendance at Elmira
                                                               College. (MS: ViU, #08961) The original letter resides at the University of Virginia.
Fall 2008                                             Dear Friends                                                    Page 8
Closing Remarks from A Centennial Symposium on “The Mysterious Stranger”

            “Taking Stock” of Mark Twain’s Mysterious Stranger
                             Chad Rohman, Dominican University

When I recently told a new neighbor that I was a               criticisms. And let’s not assume that recent and ongoing
Twain scholar, he replied, “But hasn’t everything there        efforts to publicly display his versatility -- symposiums like
is to say about Mark Twain already been said?” Instead         this one, quadrennial and semiannual international pro-
of replying, “Probably” -- which would have been the           fessional conferences, or even more decidedly popular
most efficient way to move us on to talking about our          media efforts like Ken Burns’ PBS documentary or best-
daughter’s soccer teams -- I didn’t say anything, but I        sellers like Ron Powers’ Mark Twain: A Life have made
should have. What I should have said was, “Who bet-            Twain once again a household name. Although the
ter than Twain, one of America’s preeminent cultural           slogan from a box of Mark Twain cigars reads “Known
critics, to lead us intellectually into the challenges of      to everyone -- liked by all,” the precarious financial posi-
the 21st century?”                                             tion of the Hartford House and Twain’s regular appear-
                                                               ance on banned book lists across America tell a different
                                                                        But might it be that the times need Twain more
                                                               than ever? Imagine what Twain, one of his age’s greatest
                                                               speculators, might have to say about our recent excur-
                                                               sions in science, technology, economic speculation, and
                                                               space exploration. What side would Twain take in the
                                                               so-called “blue” or “red” states culture wars debate? What
                                      Gordon and Chad Rohman
                                                               would he have to say about modern warfare, religion, ter-
                                                               rorism, the upcoming presidential election, and the state
         Larry Berkove suggests in his final president’s       of American diplomacy and the American democratic
letter in this past spring’s Mark Twain Circular that          experiment?
Twain studies is experiencing a “boom-time.” If we
consider Larry to be a reliable source -- and I do -- then
our mission to keep Twain’s thoughts and words at the
forefront is working, perhaps even making a difference.
Despite the dismal news that greets us at the gas pump
and in our nation’s headlines, the Twain “economy”
is in very good shape, and his stock is indeed up. We
didn’t need Time magazine to remind us in its August
edition of Mark Twain’s enduring popularity or rele-
vance, what the magazine editors called his “dangerous
mind.” We know that Twain’s cultural legacy remains                                                          Horst and Ursula Kruse
powerful and purposeful -- and it remains to trouble
us. For example, stories out of the newly imagined                      If more people had been reading the late Jim
Hannibal Boyhood Home and Museum are positive                  Zwick’s work on Twain and anti-imperialism, they would
signals that Twain’s legacy lives, sans whitewashing.          have an inkling. In fact, we hope that, as Shelly Fisher
         However, we are all too wary of the serious fi-       Fishkin mentions in her memorial to Jim in the April
nancial predicament that now surrounds the Hartford            2008 Circular, Jim’s seminal work, Mark Twain’s Weapons
Home, perhaps strong evidence that the general public          of Satire: Anti-Imperialist Writings on the Philippine-Ameri-
still knows too little or does not care enough about           can War (1992) might be back in print soon, as Jim had
Twain’s relevance, his legacy, or his enduring cultural        hoped.
Fall 2008                                                 Dear Friends                                                      Page 9

         I’ll end my closing remarks with a story from ten                In Tuckey’s folders -- which at the time were still
years ago. I had the great fortune of living and working         in boxes -- were many intriguing working notes, excerpts
at Quarry Farm in the spring of 1998 as a Quarry Farm            of which Joe and I have included in the introduction to
fellow. While at the Farm I finished my doctoral disser-         Centenary Reflections. For example we think Tuckey got it
tation, slept in the hammock out front, walked the back          right when he writes, “We have to shift levels, and think
hills with my family, and celebrated my oldest daughter’s        in other dimensions, in order to know what Mark Twain
third birthday in the front dining room.                         is doing -- [and not doing, and] why he continues to hold
                                                                 the interest of a world readership after so much pedantry
                                                                 and patronizing.”
                                                                          But what holds my attention today, ten years re-
                                                                 moved from that experience, is a note I found stuffed
                                                                 among Tuckey’s folders. On the back of a faded piece of
                                                                 notebook paper Tuckey had written in hand the follow-
                                                                 ing phrase: “Taking Stock.”
                                                                          Written below that phrase was Tuckey’s laundry
                                                                 list: of things done, of things to do, of things to think
                                                                 about further both professionally and personally. As a
                                                 John Bird and
                                                 Hal Bush

        During that stay I met Mark Woodhouse and
spent time in the archives. Four years before my arrival,
Howard Baetzhold and his wife had deposited in the
archives the notes and papers of their deceased friend                                                   Joe Csicsila, Barb Snedecor,
                                                                                                         and Chad Rohman
and colleague, John Tuckey. For over two decades Pro-
fessor Tuckey had been working on a massive life’s work,                                                 (Photos by Irene Wong)

titled, Mark Twain: An Interpretation, which remained            young scholar and graduate student I was struck by the
unfinished at his death in 1987. Mark Woodhouse has              note and remain moved by its apparent significance:
                                                                 Tuckey was asking, How is a life lived? What does a life
                                                                 of study total? Is what I’m doing purposeful and fulfill-
                                                                 ing -- does it matter? Even, do I need to replace my aging
                                                                 sump pump? (I can relate.) In a way, Tuckey was answer-
                                                                 ing my neighbor’s sarcastic question with a resounding
                                                                          If Professor Tuckey were here tonight he would
                                                                 be pleased that as a group we are “taking stock” of the
                                                                 state of Mark Twain’s Mysterious Stranger in the 21st
                                                                 century, and that we are picking up where his seminal
                                                                 monograph, Mark Twain and Little Satan: The Writing of
                                        Bruce Michelson          the Mysterious Stranger, left off.
                                        and David Smith                   Tuckey begins Mark Twain and Little Satan with
                                                                 this sentence:
wonderfully captured the details of Tuckey’s massive un-                  “The Mysterious Stranger has become recognized as
dertaking in his recent Mark Twain Annual article (2007,         the most important work of Mark Twain’s later writings”
issue 5), “In the Bloodstream of God: John Tuckey’s Un-          (9).
finished Interpretative Study of Mark Twain.”                             Tonight, we agree.
Fall 2008                                           Dear Friends                                                     Page 10

                          Fall Lecture Series Marks Twenty-fifth Anniversary
                                 of the Center for Mark Twain Studies
        For three consecutive weeks in September and         that “he heard ‘Der Fremersburg’ performed outdoors
October, The Trouble Begins at Eight lecture series com-     in Baden-Baden during the summer of 1878” (Driscoll).
memorated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the establish-     In preparation for the lecture series event, Mr. Laux ini-
ment of the Center for Mark Twain Studies.                   tiated a correspondence with Kiril Nikolow and Arndt
        The first event of the series departed from the      Joosten of the Baden-Baden Philharmonie. They pro-
usual scholarly format to instead offer attendees an         vided him with the score to “Der Fremersburg” and also
evening of musical performance. Local Elmira vocalist        photos of the orchestra at Baden-Baden. The piece, ar-
Franc Laux, inspired by Dr. Kerry Driscoll’s essay, “Mark    ranged for a quartet, was the first piece on the evening’s
Twain’s Music Box: Livy, Cosmopolitanism and the             program. The rest of the music for the program included
Commodity Aesthetic,” organized the evening’s success-       a piece by Franz Schubert and several songs by Stephen
ful program.                                                 Foster. While these two composers were not on the list
        In her essay, Dr. Driscoll relates Livy’s purchase   of possible inclusion in the music box, their music had
of “an elegant music box of ‘handsome walnut root’           some association with Mark Twain.
(MTP)” and the ensuing difficulties that Mark Twain                        Preceding the musical performance, hors
experienced in selecting music to include in the elegant     d’oeuvres and punch were served on the porch of the
box. “What should have been a relatively simple process      farmhouse. Over one hundred people attended the eve-
of choosing the music box’s ten airs instead vexed and                                             ning’s program.
eluded Clemens for close to six months,” writes Driscoll.                                                The second event
Since the present location of Mark Twain’s music box is                                            of the series included
unknown, there is no sure way to know what he even-                                                an anniversary lecture
tually decided to include on its playlist of ten songs.                                            by Jeffrey Steinbrink of
However, based on Clemens’ letters, notes, and journal                                             Franklin & Marshall
entries, Dr. Driscoll identifies the pieces that were con-                                         College. Dr. Steinbrink
sidered by Mark Twain.                                                                             was one of the very first
        Drawing from Dr. Driscoll’s research, Franc Laux                                           scholars to stay at Quar-
organized an evening of music based on the premise of                                              ry Farm, and his biog-
Mark Twain choosing songs for inclusion in his music                                               raphy, Becoming Mark
box. One known piece that Mark Twain considered                                                    Twain, was the eventual
                                                              Jeffrey Steinbrink
was Miloslaw Konnemann’s 1853 composition, “Der                                                   result of his early fellow-
Fremersburg.” Mark Twain reports in A Tramp Abroad           ship at the Farm. Dr. Steinbrink’s return to speak on
                                                             the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Center was both cel-
                                                             ebratory of the present and future and
                                                             reminiscent of the past.
                                                                           The concluding speaker of the
                                                             Fall series was Dr. Alan Gribben of
                                                             Auburn University at Montgomery,
                                                             a devoted and longtime supporter of
                                                             the Center for Mark Twain Studies
                                                             at Quarry Farm. Dr. Gribben’s early
                                                             work at the Farm included exploring
                                                             the contents of its library and identi-
                                                             fying Clemens’ marginalia.
The Baden-Baden Philharmonie, circa 1880
                                                                                                          Alan Gribben
Fall 2008                                                                        Dear Friends                                                                               Page 11
             Fourth Annual                                                                            Mark Twain Literacy Project
       Summer Teachers’ Institute                                                                     Continues to Serve Students:
           Focuses on Letters,                                                                          3500 Books Distributed
      Biography, and Autobiography                                                                   In the Fall of 2005, area television station WENY
                                                                                             Newschannel 36 initiated its Mark Twain Literacy Proj-
        At the end of June and the beginning of July, area                                   ect with the Elmira College Center for Mark Twain
educators from primary and secondary schools gathered                                        Studies. The generous support of station owner Brian
for three days at Elmira College to study Mark Twain.                                        Lilly for the Center for Mark Twain Studies has allowed
By attendee request, this summer’s 2008 Institute fo-
cused specifically on the life of Mark Twain. Michael
Kiskis and Ann Ryan, Summer Institute scholars-in-resi-
dence, used letters and biographical and autobiographi-
cal records to create a picture of the life of Samuel Lang-
horne Clemens. In addition, attendees enjoyed a ride
on the History Trolley sponsored each summer by the
Chemung County Tourism Bureau and also visited the
Woodlawn Cemetery. Some of the classes were held at
Quarry Farm.
        Of the three-day Institute, one teacher comment-
ed, “The presenters were wonderful! Wonderful infor-
mation was shared and great discussions, too. I could
                                                                                             On the front porch of the house at Quarry Farm, students show off their copies of the Dover
                                                                                             Press edition of The Wit and Wisdom of Mark Twain.

                                                                                        thousands of books written by Mark Twain to be placed
                                                                                        into the hands of students in New York and Pennsylva-
                                                                                        nia. Since the creation of this program, participation
                                                                                        and enthusisam for the Project has been steady. As of
                                                                                        September, 2008, the Project has distributed 3500 books
                                                                                        and has also accomodated many thousands of students
                                                                                        and their teachers with programming at Elmira College
                                                                                        and at the Mark Twain sites.
                                                                                                       Expressing her sense of the Project, a local ele-
                                                                                        mentary school teacher commented, “As I reflect on the
                                                                                        special learning for this school year, visiting Quarry Farm
                                                                                        with you was heads above the rest. On behalf of the chil-
Dr. Ann Ryan, Le Moyne College, and Dr. Michael Kiskis, Elmira College, gather together dren I wish to share my deepest appreciation for all that
at the statue of Mark Twain with the students of the 2008 Mark Twain Summer Teachers’                                                                   you did to make
                                                                                                                                                        the day one of
almost picture what Elmira was like having Sam Clem-                                                                                                    the most memo-
ens as a resident.” Another enthusiastic attendee stated,                                                                                               rable of my teach-
“The content was inspiring -- every effort was made to                                                                                                  ing career. You
make it relevant to our classroom work without watering                                                                                                 are truly a gift to
it down.”                                                                                                                                               education.”
             The Mark Twain Summer Teachers’ Institute is
made possible by the generous support of Jenny Dean,
Director, Schuyler-Chemung-Tioga-Corning Teacher
                                                                                        The Mark Twain Study is a favorite spot for a spontaneous class picture during Literacy Project
Center.                                                                                 field trips to Elmira College.
           Elmira 2009                                                                                                                          Participants
                                                                                                                        Bruce Michelson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
The Sixth International Conference                                                                                      Michael J. Kiskis, Elmira College
on the State of Mark Twain Studies                                                                                                              Planning Commitee
                                                                                                                        Lawrence I. Berkove, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Emeritus
                                                                                                                        Joseph Csicsila, Eastern Michigan University
                                                                                                                        Kerry Driscoll, Saint Joseph College
                                                                                                                        Ann Ryan, Le Moyne College
                                                                                                                        Mark Woodhouse, Elmira College
                                                                                                                        Barbara Snedecor, Elmira College

                                                                                                                                                     Panel Chairs
                                                                                                                        James E. Caron, University of Hawai‘i
                                                                                                                        Shelley Fisher Fishkin, Stanford University
                                                                                                                        Alan Gribben, Auburn University at Montgomery
                                                                                                                        Susan Harris, University of Kansas
                                                                                                                        Lawrence Howe, Roosevelt University
                                                                                                                        Holger Kersten, Universität Magdeburg
                                             Mark Twain Papers, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
                                                                                                                        Judith Yaross Lee, Ohio University
                                                                                                                        James Leonard, The Citadel
                                                                                                                        Sharon McCoy, University of Georgia
                                                                                                                        Jeffrey Melton, Auburn University at Montgomery
                                                                                                                        Linda Morris, University of California-Davis, Emeritus
                                                                                                                        Tom Quirk, University of Missouri-Columbia
                                                                                                                        Laura Skandera Trombley, Pitzer College

                                                                                                                                                   Editing Session
                                                                                                                        Robert H. Hirst, University of California, Berkeley

                                                                                                                                            Discussion Group Leaders
                                                                                                                        Cameron Nickels, James Madison University, Emeritus
                                                                                                                        David E.E. Sloane, University of New Haven
                                                                                                                        Jeffrey Steinbrink, Franklin and Marshall College
                                                                                                                        Henry Wonham, University of Oregon

                                                                                                                                                Closing Roundtable
                                                                                                                        Louis J. Budd, Duke University, Emeritus
                                                                                                                        Alan Gribben, Auburn University at Montgomery
        “Rumors of My Death”                                                                                            Robert H. Hirst, University of California, Berkeley
                                                                                                                        Tom Quirk, University of Missouri-Columbia
     Have Been Greatly Exaggerated                                                                                      Ann Ryan, Le Moyne College
                                                                                                                        Gary Scharnhorst, University of New Mexico

  Observing the Centennial of the Death of                                                                                                        Keynote Speaker
        Samuel Langhorne Clemens                                                                                        Russell Banks
                                                                                                                        A prolific writer of fiction, Russell Banks’ titles include The Darling,
                                                                                                                        The Sweet Hereafter, Cloudsplitter, Rule of the Bone, Affliction, Success
                                                                                                                        Stories, Continental Drift, Searching for Survivors, Trailerpark, The Book
The Worlds of Mark Twain                                                                                                of Jamaica, The New World, and Hamilton Stark. The Angel on the Roof
                                                                                                                        is a collection of thirty years of Banks’ short fiction. His meditation
                                                                                                                        on American history, entitled Amérique: Notre Histoire (translated by
             August 6 - 8, 2009                                                                                         Pierre Furlan) was recently published in France. Banks has contrib-
                                                                                                                        uted poems, stories, and essays to The Boston Globe Magazine, Vanity
Elmira College Center for Mark Twain Studies                                                                            Fair, The New York Times Book Review, Esquire, Harper’s and numerous
                                                                                                                        others. His most recent novel, The Reserve, is set in the Adirondacks
                                                                                                                        in 1936-37, at the height of the Great Depression.
                                      Call for Papers
As we approach the 100th anniversary of Mark Twain’s death, we invite papers related to any
aspect of Mark Twain’s legacy. We have a special interest in papers on the following topics:

Mark Twain and Money
Mark Twain and Politics: Then and Now
Mark Twain and other 19th and 20th-century Authors
Mark Twain and Law
Mark Twain as Cultural Icon: Use and Abuse
Mark Twain and Modernism
Mark Twain as Cultural Icon: Use and Abuse
Mark Twain and Modernism
Mark Twain, Realism, and Alternate Realities   Please provide a developed abstract of 700
Mark Twain and the Americas                           words.
Mark Twain and the Child
Mark Twain and the Art of Irreverence          Developed abstracts will be due Monday,
Mark Twain and Modern Asian Cultures                  February 2nd, 2009.
Mark Twain, Clothes, and Costumes
Mark Twain and Gendered Identities             Final papers must be suitable for a
Mark Twain and Regional Identity                      20-minute presentation.
Mark Twain and Europe
Mark Twain and Africa                          Please send your attached abstract,
Mark Twain and Talk                                    via eletronic submission, to
Mark Twain and Skin                         
Mark Twain and Spirituality
Mark Twain and the Business of Writing         Provide your name, mailing address, and
Mark Twain and the Image                              email address.
Mark Twain and Technology
Mark Twain and the State of New York           Papers will be reviewed anonymously by
Mark Twain and Science                                selected panel chairs.
Mark Twain and the Politics of Race
Mark Twain and the Grave                       Papers submitted to this Conference may
Mark Twain, Cures and Quackery                 be reviewed for publication by the Center
Mark Twain’s Comic Legacy                      for Mark Twain Studies or in the 2010
Mark Twain and History                         Mark Twain Annual.
Taboo Twain

Full Conference information is available at
      demics/distinctive_programs/twain_center/Conference09.pdf -- or google Elmira 2009.
Permit No. 355
 Elmira, NY                                                                        Elmira, N.Y. 14901
    PAID                                                                           One Park Place
 U.S. Postage                                                                      Elmira College
Non-Profit Org.                                                                     Center for Mark Twain Studies
                      Center for Mark Twain Studies
                 Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Barbara Snedecor
                 Secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kathy Solometo
                 Quarry Farm Caretaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tim Morgan

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