Docstoc

FAA Satellite Navigation

Document Sample
FAA Satellite Navigation Powered By Docstoc
					FAA Satellite                     Federal Aviation
                                  Administration

Navigation




Deborah Lawrence, SBAS Manager,
Federal Aviation Administration
APEC/GIT 15
June 14, 2011
Navigation Services Vision
• Provide safe and cost effective position,
  navigation, and timing services (PNT) to
  meet the operational needs of aviation
  customers.

                               Efficient, Flexible Routing
                                                        Vector-Free
                 Streamlined                             Arrivals
                Departures                                              All-Weather
                                                                        Approaches




APEC/GIT 15                                                           Federal Aviation   2
June 14, 2011                                                         Administration
Performance Based Navigation is a Key
Enabler for NextGen Services
                                      Arrivals and
                                      Departures At
                                      High Density
                                      Airports
                                      Collaborative Air
                                      Traffic Management
                                      Weather Impact
                                      Safety, Security and
                    Capabilities      Environmental
                                      Performance
                                      Facilities

                                      Flexibility In To
                                      Terminal
                                      Environment
                                      Trajectory Based
                                      Operations




APEC/GIT 15                        Federal Aviation          3
June 14, 2011                      Administration
          NextGen
                              NEXTGEN Domain
                                   Navigation Services      PNT Systems
   Operational Capabilities

     Trajectory Based                                             VOR
        Operations                Enroute Navigation

         Increased                                                DME
    Arrivals/Departures
  at High Density Airports
                                  Terminal Navigation              ILS
         Increased
      Flexibility in the
   Terminal Environment
                                                                  LAAS
  Improve Collaborative         Non-Precision Approach
  Air Traffic Management            LNAV/RNP-0.3
                                                                  WAAS

 Reduce Weather Impact
                                 Precision Approach                GPS
                                         Cat-I
Increased Safety, Security,
    and Environmental                                              RVR
       Performance
                                 Precision Approach
    Transform Facilities               Cat-II/III                  ALS


APEC/GIT 15                                              Federal Aviation   4
June 14, 2011                                            Administration
Global Positioning System (GPS)
• Why Satellite-Based
  Navigation?
      – Improved Aviation System
        Safety
      – Fewer Disruptions
      – Increased Capacity
      – Increased Fuel Savings
      – Low Operations Costs
      – Low Avionics Cost




APEC/GIT 15                        Federal Aviation   5
June 14, 2011                      Administration
Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS)
Architecture




                    38 Reference        3 Master       6 Ground
                    Stations            Stations       Earth Stations




                      3 Geostationary                2 Operational
                      Satellite Links                Control Centers


APEC/GIT 15                             Federal Aviation             6
June 14, 2011                           Administration
WAAS Phases
•    Phase I: IOC (July 2003) Completed
      – Provided LNAV/VNAV/Limited LPV Capability
•    Phase II: Full LPV (FLP) (2003 – 2008) Completed
      – Improved LPV availability in CONUS and Alaska
      – Expanded WAAS coverage to Mexico and Canada
•    Phase III: Full LPV-200 Performance (2009 – 2013)
      –   Development, modifications, and enhancements to include tech refresh
      –   Steady state operations and maintenance
      –   Transition to FAA performed 2nd level engineering support
      –   Begin GPS L5 transition activities
•    Phase IV: Dual Frequency (L1,L5) Operations (2014 – 2028)
      –   Complete GPS L5 transition
      –   Will significantly improve availability and continuity during severe solar activity
      –   Will continue to support single frequency users
      –   Steady state operations and maintenance




APEC/GIT 15                                                            Federal Aviation         7
June 14, 2011                                                          Administration
Historical WAAS Performance

                                              WAAS LPV-      WAAS LPV-
                           GPS       GPS
                                                 200            200
                         Standard    Actual
                                               Standard        Actual

       Horizontal 95%      36 m      2.74 m      16 m            1.08 m


         Vertical 95%      77 m     *3.89 m       4m             1.26 m


     * Use of GPS vertical not authorized for aviation without
     augmentation (SBAS or GBAS)




APEC/GIT 15                                              Federal Aviation   8
June 14, 2011                                            Administration
Current WAAS GEOs




APEC/GIT 15         Federal Aviation   9
June 14, 2011       Administration
Current WAAS LPV Performance




APEC/GIT 15            Federal Aviation   10
June 14, 2011          Administration
Airports with WAAS LPV/LP Instrument
Approaches




        As of June 2nd, 2011
        - 2,442 LPVs serving 1254 Airports
        - 1,526 LPVs to Non-ILS Runways
        - 916 LPVs to ILS runways
        - 997 LPVs to Non-ILS Airports
        - 13 LPs to Non-ILS Runway


  APEC/GIT 15                                Federal Aviation   11
  June 14, 2011                              Administration
    WAAS Avionics Status
•   Garmin:
     – 61,000+ WAAS LPV receivers sold
     – Currently sole GA panel mount WAAS Avionics supplier
     – New 650/750 WAAS capable units brought to market at the end of March 2011 to replace 430/530W units
•   AVIDYNE & Bendix-King:
     – 135 Avidyne release 9 units sold to date
     – SmartDeck glass panel and KSN-770 certification pending
•   Universal Avionics:
     – Full line of UNS-1FW Flight Management Systems (FMS) achieved avionics approval Technical Standards Orders
         Authorization (TSOA) in 2007/2008
     – 1700+ units sold
•   Rockwell Collins:
     – Approximately 1800 WAAS/SBAS units sold to date
•   CMC Electronics:
     – Achieved Technical Standards Orders Authorization (TSOA) certification on their 5024 and 3024 WAAS Sensors
     – Convair aircraft will have WAAS LPV capable units installed December 2011
•   Honeywell:
     – Primus Epic and Primus 2000 w/NZ 2000 & CMC 3024 TSO Approval
     – Primus 2000 FMS w/CMC 5024 TSO pending




    APEC/GIT 15                                                                    Federal Aviation             12
    June 14, 2011                                                                  Administration
Who Is Using WAAS?
      General Aviation                 Air Carrier & Cargo Aircraft




                         Helicopters


                                        Business & Regional Aircraft
Air Taxi




APEC/GIT 15                                          Federal Aviation   13
June 14, 2011                                        Administration
    Aircraft Supplemental Type Certificates (STC): Completed & In-Work
Completed:                                                     In-Work:
•   Astra 1125                                                 •Aerospatiale: SN 601 Corvette
•   ATR-42                                                     •Agusta: A-109
•   Beech: Be-400 KingAir- 200, 200GT, 200C, 200CGT,           •Airbus: A350, A400
    350, 350C, 300 (special FAA config.), C90A, C90GTi,        •Astra SPX
    Premier 1/A, BeechJet-400,                                 •Beech: Be-200, Be-300
•   Bell: 412, 429                                             •Boeing 747-200
•   Boeing-737-200 (Northern Air Cargo & Canadian              •Bombardier: Global 5000/Express,CL-300, CL-605, CRJ-
    North),737-300, 737-400, 727-200                           700/900
•   Bombardier: CL-600/601 (Universal Avionics company         •Cessna: Sovereign
    acft)
•   Bombardier Challenger 300, 601-3A, 604, 605                •Cessna Citation: I/SP501, II, 560 XL/XLS, 650, VII, X
•   Bombardier CRJ-200, 700, 900, 1000                         •C-9
•   Bombardier Q-series, Q300, Q-400                           •Dassault: 900 EASy 11
•   Cessna: Citation 501, 525, 550 Bravo Series, V 560         •Embraer NB-145, 600/650
    Series, 650, Excel & Encore +, Citation Jet CJ-1/+, 2/+,   •Falcon 900EX
    3, Caravan                                                 •Gulfstream: G-IV,
•   DeHaviland: DHC-6,7-102,8 series                           •Hawker: 125-700B, 800A
•   Eclipse VLJ 500                                            •King Air: RC-12
•   Embraer Phenom: 100, 300                                   •LEAR: C-21A
•   Falcon: 10, 20, 50, 50EX, 900B, 2000, 2000EX               •Lockheed Martin: C130J
•   Gulfstream: G-II, G-III, G-100, G-150, G-200, G-450,       •Piaggio: P-180
    G-550, G-1125
•   Hawker: 400, 400XP, 700, 750, 800, 800XP, 900
•   LEAR: 31A, 35, 35A, 40, 40XR, 45, 45XR, 55, 60
•   MD-87
•   Pilatus PC-12 NG
•   S-76, S-76B, S-76C++
•   SAAB: 340A/B
•   Sabre 65
•   Viking Twin Otter
•   Westwind 1124

     APEC/GIT 15                                                                   Federal Aviation             14
     June 14, 2011                                                                 Administration
Summary of RNAV - Minima
LNAV - Lateral Navigation
     Formerly the GPS ‘straight-in’ minima
     LNAV is a Non-Precision Approach (NPA)
     GPS or WAAS avionics

LNAV/VNAV – Lateral Navigation & Vertical Navigation
    Minima for GPS/Baro-VNAV, or WAAS avionics

LPV - Localizer Performance with Vertical Guidance
LP – Localizer Performance – New in 2011
     WAAS avionics minima




   APEC/GIT 15                                         Federal Aviation   15
   June 14, 2011                                       Administration
                  WAAS Enterprise Schedule
                                                    FY   98   99   00   01    02   03      04     05   06   07    08   09    10   11   12    13     14    15   16    17   18   19     20   21     22   23   24 25


                    IOC (Phase I)                              Development                       Operational
   Phases




                    FLP (Phase II)                                                               Development                 Operational
                                                                                                                   FOC
                    LPV-200 (Phase III)                                                                                     Technical Refresh             Operational
                                                                                                                       JRC
                    Dual Frequency (Phase IV)                                                                                                        Technical Refresh                     Operational
                                                                                                                                        JRC



                    GEO #1 – AOR                                             Operational                           Replaced by GEO #3
                                     Initial GEOs

                    GEO #2 – POR                                             Operational                           Replaced by GEO #4

                                                                                                                        CRW Powered Down
                    GEO #3 – Intelsat (CRW)                                                                      Operational        Operational
                                                                                                Launch 10/05     CRW Comm Loss         CRW Reacquired
   GEO Schedule




                    GEO #4 – TeleSat (CRE)                                                                                        Operational
                                                                                                Launch 9/05
                    Gap Filler GEO (AMR)                                                                                                    Operational
                                                                                                              Launch 09/08
                    GEO #5 – TBD                                                                                                                                          Operational
                                                                                                                                        Launch 2013
                    GEO #6 – TBD                                                                                                                                               Operational
                                                                                                                                                  Launch 2014

                    GEO #7 - TBD                                                                                                                                                    Operational
                                                                                                                                                   Launch 2015
Development
 Approach




                                                                                                                                                                    ~5,218
                                                                                                                 Currently 2453
                    WAAS Procedure
                    Development
 Expanded Networks

•WAAS
•EGNOS
•MSAS
•GAGAN
•SDCM
Combined SBAS Snapshot




APEC/GIT 15              Federal Aviation   18
June 14, 2011            Administration
     MTSAT Satellite-Based Augmentation
     System (SBAS)
     • Commissioned in 2007 for en route through
       nonprecision approach service
           – Two MTSAT satellites
           – Eight reference stations
                 • Six in Japan
                 • One in Australia
                 • One in Hawaii


     • Signal in Space usable through the Asia Pacific
       region with RAIM for LNAV and APV BaroVNAV



     APEC/GIT 15                             Federal Aviation   19
     June 14, 2011                           Administration
19
     Computer Modeling
     • Computer models estimate service availability based on
       algorithms compatible with WAAS (and MSAS)
           – Dual frequency GPS results involve additional assumptions
           – Potential effects of scintillation are not included


     • All results shown assume 2 MSAS GEOs at 140/145º E

     • Some results are shown assuming that 24 GPS satellites are
       operating and in primary slots

     • Some results are shown assuming GPS failure rates
       consistent with the 2008 SPS Performance Standard for GPS
       (21 operating slots filled 98% of the time)

     APEC/GIT 15                                              Federal Aviation   20
     June 14, 2011                                            Administration
20
Single Frequency MSAS (24 MRS)
APV Baro/VNAV
                24 GPS: No Failures
                2 GEOS: No Failures




APEC/GIT 15                           Federal Aviation   21
June 14, 2011                         Administration
Single Frequency MSAS (24 MRS)
APV Baro/VNAV
                24 GPS: SPS Outage Rate
                2 GEOS: No Failures




APEC/GIT 15                               Federal Aviation   22
June 14, 2011                             Administration
     Single Frequency MSAS LPV
     16 MRS in Australia/Islands




        7 Additional MRS in Japan and Hawaii


     APEC/GIT 15                               Federal Aviation   23
     June 14, 2011                             Administration
23
Single Frequency MSAS LPV (16 MRS)
With and Without Ionospheric Effects
                  24 GPS: No Failures
                  2 GEOS: No Failures




APEC/GIT 15                             Federal Aviation   24
June 14, 2011                           Administration
Single Frequency MSAS LPV (16 MRS)
With and Without Ionospheric Effects
                24 GPS: SPS Outage Rate
                2 GEOS: No Failures




APEC/GIT 15                               Federal Aviation   25
June 14, 2011                             Administration
     Single Frequency MSAS LPV
     30 MRS in Australia/Islands




       7 Additional MRS in Japan and Hawaii



     APEC/GIT 15                              Federal Aviation   26
     June 14, 2011                            Administration
26
Single Frequency MSAS LPV (30 MRS)
With and Without Ionospheric Effects
                 24 GPS: No Failures
                 2 GEOS: No Failures




APEC/GIT 15                            Federal Aviation   27
June 14, 2011                          Administration
Single Frequency MSAS LPV (30 MRS)
With and Without Ionospheric Effects
                24 GPS: SPS Outage Rate
                2 GEOS: No Failures




APEC/GIT 15                               Federal Aviation   28
June 14, 2011                             Administration
     Dual Frequency MSAS LPV

     • The presence of two properly-separated
       frequencies, such as L1 and L5, allows users to
       determine atmospheric corrections without having
       to rely on SBAS ionospheric corrections

     • This almost completely negates the difficulties that
       SBAS has near the magnetic equator

     • SBAS information will still likely be necessary to
       obtain high availability


     APEC/GIT 15                              Federal Aviation   29
     June 14, 2011                            Administration
29
    Dual Frequency MSAS LPV (24 MRS)
    24 MRS
24 GPS: No Failures
2 GEOS: No Failures




    APEC/GIT 15            Federal Aviation   30
    June 14, 2011          Administration
    Dual Frequency MSAS LPV (24 MRS)
    24 MRS
24 GPS: SPS Outage Rate
2 GEOS: No Failures




    APEC/GIT 15            Federal Aviation   31
    June 14, 2011          Administration
GBAS
Architecture


                •   One GBAS covers multiple runway ends
                •   GBAS eliminates ILS critical areas
                •   Supports offset landing thresholds and
                    flexible glide-path to mitigate wake
                    turbulence
                •   Contributing technology for high
                    precision navigation services for
                     •   Closely Spaced Parallel Approach
                     •   Simultaneous Independent
                         Approach
                •   Enabling precise positioning for terminal
                    area navigation RNAV and RNP



APEC/GIT 15                 Federal Aviation             32
June 14, 2011               Administration
FY 11 GBAS Activities
• NextGen Implementation Plan 2011 identifies GBAS
  as key ground infrastructure and avionics for the
  descent and approach phase
• NextGen delayed the investment decision for FY13
  and GBAS R&D was shifted to William J Hughes
  Technical Center Navigation Team
• GBAS FY 11/12 activities focus on
     –   RFI mitigation
     –   CAT II/III validation
     –   Newark and Houston implementation
     –   International coordination



APEC/GIT 15                                  Federal Aviation   33
June 14, 2011                                Administration
Why APNT?
• GPS radio frequency interference (RFI) requires
  mitigation
      – Waiting for the interference source to be turned off is unacceptable
      – Continuity of operations must be assured at high density airports
• Existing legacy navigation infrastructure does not meet
  future performance needs
      – VORs are incompatible with RNAV and RNP
      – DME/DME/IRU is not accurate enough to enable 3 nm separation
• FAA would like to avoid $1B cost to replace aging VORs




APEC/GIT 15                                            Federal Aviation   34
June 14, 2011                                          Administration
NextGen Alternate PNT (APNT) Project
  Enhanced DME         Timing         Wide Area Multi-Lateration (WAM)




                 DME/GBT Pseudolite


APEC/GIT 15                                        Federal Aviation      35
June 14, 2011                                      Administration
DME-DME Alternative

• Strengths
      – Leverage existing technology and systems
      – Least Impact on Avionics for Air Carriers
• Weaknesses
      – Significant Impact on Avionics for General Aviation
                •   General Aviation avionics are unavailable
      – DME-DME equipped aircraft without Inertial are not authorized
        to fly RNAV/RNP routes
      – DME-DME, even with Inertial, is not authorized for pubic
        approach operations less than RNAV/RNP-1.0
      – DME-DME interrogations saturate in very high traffic
        environments
      – Will require retention and capitalization of nearly half the VORs




APEC/GIT 15                                                     Federal Aviation   36
June 14, 2011                                                   Administration
MLAT Alternative
• Strengths
      – Minimal Impact on Existing Avionics
      – Accuracy Demonstrated to be within target levels
      – Compatible with existing WAM Systems
• Weaknesses
      – Throughput on 1090ES may limit ability of MLAT to meet
        availability requirements
      – Integrity monitoring and Time to Alert necessary to meet
        navigation requirements may be very challenging
      – More sites to meet requirements due to limited signal range
      – Capacity limited in high density traffic environments
      – Requires a GPS-Independent common time reference
      – Significant investment in processing facilities and terrestrial
        communications network may be required




APEC/GIT 15                                             Federal Aviation   37
June 14, 2011                                           Administration
Pseudolite Alternative
• Strengths
      –   Unlimited capacity
      –   Less complexity for ground-based system
      –   Potential for aircraft based integrity solution
      –   Potential to leverage use of existing DMEs and GBTs
      –   Potential to uplink data other navigation data to aircraft

• Weaknesses
      – Minimum of 3 sites required to compute aircraft position
      – Significant investment in processing facilities and terrestrial
        communications network may be required
      – Common GPS-independent timing reference needed
      – Greatest Impact to Aircraft Avionics
      – Least mature concept, no standards exist




APEC/GIT 15                                               Federal Aviation   38
June 14, 2011                                             Administration
The APNT Initiative within the
FAA’s Lifecycle Management
System


                 •Research and Systems Analysis


                     Concept           Initial       Final
   Service                                                        Solution           In-Service
                   Requirements     Investment    Investment
   Analysis                                                    Implementation       Management
                     Definition       Analysis      Analysis




 APEC/GIT 15                                                     Federal Aviation            39
 June 14, 2011                                                   Administration
Summary

• NextGen Operational Improvements enabled by
  performance based navigation capabilities
  increases dependence on GPS and alternate
  PNT services

• GPS vulnerability to radio frequency
  interference needs to be addressed for enroute
  and trajectory based operations at some
  locations

• Alternatives are being studied for further
  consideration

APEC/GIT 15                           Federal Aviation   40
June 14, 2011                         Administration
                Questions




APEC/GIT 15                 Federal Aviation   41
June 14, 2011               Administration
Current WAAS RNP .3 Performance




APEC/GIT 15            Federal Aviation   42
June 14, 2011          Administration
                          GNSS Enables PBN and ADS-B
                                       Navigation                               Surveillance
                                                                                                                        Positioning
                                  (> 99.0% Availability)                    (>99.9% Availability)
                              Accuracy           Containment                            NACp            NIC              GNSS PNT
                                                                    Separation
                                (95%)               (10-7)                              (95%)          (10-7)         (99.0 – 99.999%)
                                *10 nm                20 nm
                                                                                        308m           1 nm
          En Route               *4 nm                 8 nm             5 nm                                          GPS
APNT




                                                                                         (7)            (5)
                                 *2 nm                 4 nm
          Terminal               *1 nm                 2 nm                                                          DME
                                                                                        171m          0.6 nm
                                                                        3 nm                                         Only
          LNAV                  *0.3 nm               0.6 nm                             (8)            (6)
                                                                                                                     GAP
                                                                       2.5 nm           171m          0.2 nm
          RNP (AR)              *0.1 nm             **0.1 nm                                                           SBAS
                                                                        DPA              (8)            (7)
          LPV                  16m/4m               40m/50m            2.5 nm           171m          0.2 nm
          LPV-200              16m/4m               40m/35m             DPA              (8)            (7)

          GLS Cat-I            16m/4m               40m/10m            2.0 nm           121 m         0.2 nm
                                                                                                                       GBAS
          GLS Cat-III          16m/2m               40m/10m              IPA             (8)            (7)

  * Operational requirements are defined for total system accuracy, which is dominated by fight technical error.
       Position accuracy for these operations is negligible.

  ** Containment for RNP AR is specified as a total system requirement; value representative of current approvals.

   Dependent Parallel Approach (DPA)                    Surveillance Integrity Level (SIL)           Navigation Accuracy Category
   Independent Parallel Approach (IPA)                  Navigation Integrity Category (NIC)          for Position (NACp)
  Navigation Infrastructure
• GPS/GNSS supports all existing ICAO Nav Specs
    – Enroute through approach
    – U.S. SBAS (Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS)) operational since
      2003
    – U.S. GBAS (Local Area Augmentation System (LAAS)) in development
• Where allowed, DME/DME (D/D) or DME/DME/IRU (D/D/I) can support
  RNAV 1, RNAV 2, RNAV 5
• GNSS and D/D/I are approved means of navigation in U.S.
    – All U.S. RNAV and RNP implementation can be flown with GPS or WAAS
    – Almost all U.S. RNAV routes, STARs and SIDs have D/D/I authorized
    – RNAV 5 not implemented in U.S.
• VOR can be used with DME for RNAV 5
    – Usually considered for contingencies
    – Avionics and infrastructure variability pose challenges to standardization
• ILS still used for approach


  APEC/GIT 15                                                 Federal Aviation     44
  June 14, 2011                                               Administration
RFI Impact on Engineering Activities

• RFI technical work priority over CAT III work
• Major FAATC activities as result of RFI
    –   RFI investigations and RFI report
    –   SLS-4000 Block I changes (Honeywell initiative) with focus on RFI
    –   Newark (PANYNNJ), FCC, Spectrum coordination
    –   FAA Monitoring SLS 4000 performance
    –   Availability Analysis
    –   Outage prediction
    –   Upgrades of Monitors
    –   RFI considerations for CAT II/III Prototyping and Validation




APEC/GIT 15                                           Federal Aviation      45
June 14, 2011                                         Administration
Requirements Development and Validation
• CAT II/III Engineering Activities
    – ICAO standards
          • Technical validation of proposed CAT III standards (completed May
            2010)
          • Next phase "Operational Validation" (Ground/avionics prototypes
            support this)
    – Prototyping and Validation
          • Develop CAT-III prototype LGF and avionics
          • Validate implementation of the integrity design and allocations
• CAT I Engineering activities support CAT II/III
  development and validation efforts
          • Honeywell SLS-4000 Block I changes (Improve Availability,
            Maintainability)
          • CAT I Optimization of Monitors and Algorithms
          • Monitor SLS-4000 performance
                 – FAATC Monitors in Newark, Atlantic City, Memphis
                 – Planned: Houston / TBD: Boeing - Moses Lake


 APEC/GIT 15                                                      Federal Aviation   46
 June 14, 2011                                                    Administration
GBAS Implementation
• GBAS implementation at Newark
    –   Airspace Simulations for multiple scenarios
    –   Flight Inspection completed
                                                                                  GLS RWY 29
    –   Continental taking delivery of GBAS capable 737NG (30+)
    –   ISSUES
          – RFI issues on L1 – FAA Spectrum investigating
          – Enforcement Bureau, FCC launched cell and GPS jamming enforcement
            initiative in February 2011
• GBAS implementation Houston
    – NextGen funding approved for Memphis GBAS move to Houston
    – Transfer of property FAA to Houston in coordination
    – Houston implementation to validate RFI mitigation activities
• Boeing
    – GBAS installations
          – Moses Lake installed Nov 2010
          – Charleston planned for 2012
    – GBAS equipage estimates B737NG
          – 241 GBAS equipped by 2nd Quarter 2011 / Plus 497 with GBAS provisioned


 APEC/GIT 15                                                   Federal Aviation          47
 June 14, 2011                                                 Administration
International Activities
• International GBAS Working Group (IGWG)
    – IGWG consists of international service providers, FAA, Eurocontrol,
      airlines, and industry
    – IGWG objectives is to coordinate activities and exchange of information on
          –   GBAS research and development
          –   Worldwide IONO activities
          –   Future GBAS applications, CAT III CONOPS
          –   GBAS CAT I post implementation
    – Last IGWG hosted by JCAB, Japan in Osaka Feb 22-25, 2011
          – Osaka registered over 100 participants / 17 nations
    – FAA proposed hosting next IGWG in US - late 2011/early 2012 in AtlanticGermany
                                                                      Frankfurt,

      City at the FAATC
• FAA MoAs for GBAS technical support/coordination
    – Australia, Brazil, Germany, Spain, Chile
    – Brazil: Honeywell SLS-4000 installation Feb/Mar 2011/ expected operational June
      2011

 APEC/GIT 15                                                      Federal Aviation      48
 June 14, 2011                                                    Administration
Commercially Available GPS Jammer
(so called “Personal Privacy Device”)




APEC/GIT 15                             Federal Aviation   49
June 14, 2011                           Administration

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:14
posted:8/18/2011
language:English
pages:49