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Carnegie_ Andrew

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									Carnegie, Andrew (b Dunfermline, Scotland, 25 Nov 1835; d Lenox, MA, 11 Aug
1919). Philanthropist and arts patron. Born in poverty, he immigrated to Allegheny,
Pennsylvania, in 1848 and rose, in one of the most successful careers in American
business history, to become the dominant figure in the international steel industry. He
came to believe that the accumulator of a fortune had a duty to spend it for the good of
mankind, and he devoted much energy during his last 40 years to benefactions. These
centered on educational projects and the promotion of world peace, for which he
endowed various foundations. He also supported some musical activities. He contributed
about $6,000,000 to the building of organs for churches in the USA and the British
Empire. Although he believed that concert organizations should be self-supporting, he
lent his name and some of his time and money to several. These included the New York
Oratorio Society and the New York SO, both of which were conducted by Walter
Damrosch (son-in-law of Carnegie’s good friend, the politician James G. Blaine) and for
both of which Carnegie served as president briefly from 1888; he also supported the New
York Philharmonic Society and was its president from 1901 until 1909. Apparently at
Damrosch’s urging, Carnegie contributed most of the construction costs of the New York
Music Hall, which was opened in 1891 and was renamed Carnegie Hall in 1898, though
not at his instigation. From about 1903 he gave an annual $5000 birthday gift to
Damrosch.
    After Carnegie’s death, the Carnegie Corporation of New York (established by
Carnegie in 1911) awarded various small grants for musical projects. It also gave over
$750,000 between 1933 and 1943 to distribute, as a gift to universities, colleges, and
secondary schools in the USA and the British Commonwealth, a phonograph and a set of
classical recordings chosen, under the corporation’s sponsorship, to represent the central
tradition of Western art music.
See also PITTSBURGH, §§1, 2, and 4.

                                         BIBLIOGRAPHY
B. J. Hendrick: “Carnegie, Andrew,” DAB
W. Damrosch: My Musical Life (New York, 1930), 90ff
G. Martin: The Damrosch Dynasty (Boston, 1983), 94ff, 110ff, 187f
                                                                    RICHARD CRAWFORD

								
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