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Cerebral Palsy

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Cerebral Palsy Powered By Docstoc
					Neurological Disease for AHS I
                       Meningitis

   Infection or inflammation of
    the meninges
   Caused by both bacteria and
    viral infections
   Symptoms – severe
    headache and stiff neck with
    pain
   Need to seek immediate
    medical attention
Meningitis
          Inflammation of
           cranial meninges
           spreads to spinal
           meninges, which
           leads to excess
           production of CSF,
           causing HA,
           reduced pulse, slow
           breathing, and
           partial or total
           unconsciousness
                Lumbar Puncture
   AKA Spinal Tap is a
    diagnostic test for        
    examination of CSF
   Removal of 5 to 20 ml of
    CSF from spinal canal
   Needle puncture is between
    the 3rd and 4th lumbar
                               
    vertebrae
   CSF is examined for color,
    blood cells, bacteria,
    malignant cells, and glucose
    Epilepsy
          Seizure disorder of the

           brain, characterized by
           recurring and excessive
           discharge from neurons
          Seizures believed to be a
           result of spontaneous

           uncontrolled electrical
           activity of neurons
          Cause – Uncertain
          Diagnosed with EEG
           (electroencephalogram)
                       Epilepsy
   Victims may have
    hallucinations and seizures
    Two types of seizures
   1. Grand Mal – severe,
    convulsive seizure.
   2. Petit Mal – milder
    (sometimes like someone
    is just staring)
   Treatment is
    anticonvulsant medications
             Alzheimer’s Disease
   Progressive disease that
    begins with problems
    remembering
   Nerve endings in cortex of
    brain degenerate and block
    signals that pass between
    nerve cells
   Abnormal fibers build up
    creating tangles
   Cause is unknown
    Alzheimer’s Disease
          First Stage (2-4 years)
           Confusion
           Short Term Memory Loss
           Anxiety

             Poor Judgement
           Alzheimer’s Disease
   2nd Stage (2-10 years)      3rd Stage (1-3 years)
   Increase in memory          Inability to recognize
    loss                         oneself
   Difficulty recognizing      Weight loss
    people                      Seizures
   Motor problems              Mood swings
   Logic problems              Aphasia
   Loss of social skills
Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA)
   Stroke or CVA
   Interruption of blood
    and oxygen to the
    brain
   Tissue death occurs
   Third leading cause of
    death in the USA
Cerebral Vascular Accident
          (CVA)
                Risk Factors:
                  Smoking
                  Hypertension
                  Heart Disease
                  Family History
Causes of CVA’s
    90% caused by blood      
     clots in the brain or
     the carotid arteries
    Clots lodge in carotid
     arteries, blocking the
     flow of blood to the
     brain                    

    10% caused by
     ruptured blood vessels
     in the brain
             Symptoms of CVA
Hemiplegia on opposite side
  of the body
 Sudden severe headache
 Dizziness
 Sudden loss of vision in
  one eye
 Aphasia
 Dysphasia
 Coma
 Possible Death
Treatment of CVA
           1. Get to the hospital
            immediately!
           2. CAT scan done to
            determine etilology
           3. If a clot, treatment
            aimed at dissolving the
            clot – usually use TPA.
Prevention of CVAs
          If TIAs – one asprin a
           day
          Stop smoking
          Exercise and lose
           weight
          Control hypertension
               Types of Paralysis
   Paralysis – Loss of power of motion or sensation

   Hemiplegia – paralysis on one side of body –
    usually seen with strokes

   Quadriplegia – paralysis of all four extremtities

   Paraplegia – paralysis of lower extremities only.

				
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posted:8/18/2011
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