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					              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Hamilton
QUARTERLY REVIEW
    SEPTEMBER 2003




               1
                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Contents...
                                                                                                                          Page
Trends this quarter... .....................................................................................................3
Feature Article: Housing Profiles .................................................................................6
Hamilton City in Brief ................................................................................................10
Population Census ......................................................................................................11
Population Estimates ..................................................................................................12
Population Projections ................................................................................................13
Births and Deaths ........................................................................................................14
External Migration ......................................................................................................15
Hospital Discharges ....................................................................................................16
Crime ..........................................................................................................................17
Education ....................................................................................................................18
Labour Force ...............................................................................................................19
Average Hourly Earnings ...........................................................................................20
Average Weekly Income.............................................................................................21
Full-Time Equivalents ................................................................................................22
Business Locations .....................................................................................................23
Economic Indicators ...................................................................................................24
Net GST Indicator .......................................................................................................25
Consumers Price Index ...............................................................................................26
Retail Trade ................................................................................................................27
Car Registrations ........................................................................................................28
Household Expenditure ..............................................................................................29
Residential Building Consents ....................................................................................30
Non-Residential Building Consents ...........................................................................31
Real Estate Sales .........................................................................................................32
Accommodation Survey .............................................................................................33
Technical Notes... .......................................................................................................34




                                                                2
                                                   HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Trends this quarter...
        Population                               Births                               Deaths
        Estimates
         30 June 2003                   September 2003 quarter                September 2003 quarter
          Hamilton City                      Hamilton City                         Hamilton City


            125,000                                 480                                   208
        + 2.5% (+ 3,000)                        - 1.0% (- 5)                          - 2.8% (- 6)

       from 30 June 2002               from September 2002 quarter           from September 2002 quarter



  Permanent & Long-                    Permanent & Long-                           Hospital
     Term Arrivals                      Term Departures                          Discharges
   September 2003 quarter               September 2003 quarter              Year ended December 2002
        Hamilton City                        Hamilton City                         Hamilton City


               634                                  404                                  28,566
          + 7.5% (+ 44)                        - 7.3% (- 32)                        - 4.6% (- 1,372)

 from September 2002 quarter *        from September 2002 quarter *        from year ended December 2001



       Employment                        Unemployment                              Recorded
                                                Rate                                 Crime
   September 2003 quarter               September 2003 quarter              Year ended December 2002
        Waikato Region                       Waikato Region                    Waikato Police District


            180,341                               3.2%                                  32,947
        + 2.8% (+ 4,876)                down 2.2 percentage points                  + 2.4% (+ 759)

  from September 2002 quarter          from September 2002 quarter         from year ended December 2001



       Education                          Education                                  Crime
   (Primary School)                   (Secondary School)                      Resolution Rate
         July 2003                         March 2003                       Year ended December 2002
        Hamilton City                      Hamilton City                       Waikato Police District

     20.3 pupils per FTTE **              17.2 pupils per FTTE **                       42.3%
         + 5.1% (+ 1.0)                       + 3.5% (+ 0.6)                  down 2.2 percentage points

         from July 2002                      from March 2002               from year ended December 2001


* External migration data excludes the movement of people from one area to another within New Zealand.
** Full-time teacher equivalent.


                                                     3
                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Trends this quarter continued…
    Average Hourly                   Average Weekly                      Consumers Price
       Earnings                          Income                                  Index
      September 2003                  June 2003 quarter                  September 2003 quarter
        Hamilton City                   Waikato Region                     Hamilton Urban Area


            $19.98                            $509                                  1101
       + 6.5% (+ $1.23)                   + 1.8% (+ $9)                         + 1.2% (+ 13)

     from September 2002              from June 2002 quarter            from September 2002 quarter



       Full-Time                          Business                              Retail
      Equivalents                        Locations                              Sales
       February 2003                     February 2003                   September 2003 quarter
        Hamilton City                     Hamilton City                       Waikato Region


            56,240                             9,483                             $1,211.3m
       + 4.3% (+ 2,320)                   + 3.6% (+ 333)                     + 4.2% (+ $48.3m)

      from February 2002               from February 2002               from September 2002 quarter



    Number of New                  Floor Area of New                     Value of Non-
Residential Consents             Residential Consents                Residential Consents
 Year ended September 2003        Year ended September 2003           Year ended September 2003
        Hamilton City                    Hamilton City                       Hamilton City


            1,146                     213,917 square metres                        $88.8m
       + 52.8% (+ 396)           + 62.3% (+ 82,076 square metres)             + 8.0% (+ $6.6m)

from year ended September 2002   from year ended September 2002       from year ended September 2002




                                                4
                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Trends this quarter continued...
      Dwelling                Average Dwelling                               Car
        Sales                     Sale Price                          Registrations
 September 2003 quarter       September 2003 quarter                September 2003 quarter
  Waikato REINZ Region         Waikato REINZ Region                  Hamilton Postal District


           2,486                       $182,200                               4,143
      + 43.3% (+ 751)              + 4.2% (+ $7,300)                     + 21.2% (+ 724)

from September 2002 quarter   from September 2002 quarter          from September 2002 quarter



    Total Guest                Occupancy Rate                         Guest Arrivals
       Nights
 September 2003 quarter        September 2003 quarter               September 2003 quarter
      Hamilton City                 Hamilton City                        Hamilton City


         128,223                        47.9%                                 73,677
    + 11.1% (+ 12,839)        down 1.4 percentage points                + 16.4% (+ 10,393)

from September 2002 quarter   from September 2002 quarter          from September 2002 quarter



          GST                           GST                                  Net
         Sales                      Purchases                                GST
    June 2003 quarter             June 2003 quarter                    June 2003 quarter
      Waikato Region                Waikato Region                       Waikato Region


         $7,664.6m                     $5,526.6m                            $2,138.0m
    - 9.1% (- $763.3m)            - 13.4% (- $856.2m)                   + 4.5% (+ $92.8m)

  from June 2002 quarter        from June 2002 quarter                from June 2002 quarter




                                           5
                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Feature Article: Housing Profiles
Introduction
Statistics New Zealand (SNZ) is developing its range of housing statistics to respond
to the need for better and wide-ranging statistics on housing. Basic information from
the 2001 Census of Population and Dwellings (2001 Census) is widely released in an
extensive series of Topic Based Reports, which includes a Housing Topic Report.
These are available free on the SNZ website. The Housing Profiles Project
complements and expands on these housing related publications.

The Housing Profiles Project
The Housing Profiles Project, as part of the Housing Statistics Strategy, creates
profiles of the housing situations of various sub-populations in New Zealand at sub-
national level. Profiles contain key statistics and indicators with brief commentary
and analysis via tables and/or graphs to highlight areas of interest at sub-national
level. There is also a focus on time series data from 1991 to 2001 (three censuses) to
build a picture of New Zealand housing trends. The data for these tables comes from
the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses.

The second component of the profiles, the data tables, are available as table builder
tables on the SNZ website. They support the information in the written part of the
profiles and provide additional information. These tables comprise of three or four-
way cross-tabulations. More tables will become available by the end of 2003. The
data tables are available at regional council, territorial authority, and area unit level,
subject to confidentiality rules.
The housing profiles and tables can be accessed via the SNZ website at the following
address:
http://www.stats.govt.nz/domino/external/web/prod_serv.nsf/htmldocs/Housing+Stat
istics+Programme/#Evaluation

For more information on the Housing Statistics Strategy see the SNZ website:
http://www.stats.govt.nz/domino/external/web/prod_serv.nsf/htmldocs/Housing+Stat
istics+Programme#Strategy

Progressive Release of Profiles
The first profile, "Renting Households", has been released on the web.
Characteristics of Renting Households have been analysed over the last three
censuses, 1991-2001. Characteristics include ethnicity in households, household
composition, household income, sector of landlord and sources of income support.

Two further profiles will be published on the website by the end of 2003. These will
be for Owner Occupied Households and for Households with People of Mäori
ethnicity. These two sub-populations will be cross-tabulated with a selection of
variables, as for the Renting Households profile.



                                            6
                                                    HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003


Extracts from the Renting Households Profile

Ethnicity in Households: National Trend
The national trend over the two census years, 1991 and 2001, shows a gradual
increase, both in the number and proportion, of renting households for all five ethnic
groups ('European', 'Mäori', 'Pacific Peoples', 'Asian' and 'Other'). The highest
percentage of renters was observed among households with people of Pacific
ethnicity over the 10 year period, followed by households with people of Mäori
ethnicity. The percentage of renting households with people of Pacific ethnicity was
more than double the percentage of renting households with people of European
ethnicity in both census years. Overall, there is a significant difference in the
percentage of renting households among different ethnic groups.

Figure 1: Rented Households1 by Ethnic Group2, 1991 and 2001
    Year         European         Mäori       Pacific       Asian         Other       Total3
    1991          244,053         67,977      24,345        12,348        1,464      301,167
    2001          325,533        102,114      40,641        32,253        6,003      412,197
1 Includes 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual Resident(s), Who Make Rent Payments', 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual
Resident(s), Who Do Not Make Rent Payments' and 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual Resident(s), Rental
Arrangements Not Further Defined'.
2 Households with at least one person of a particular ethnic group.
3 A person may specify more than one ethnic group, therefore totals may add to more than the total number of
households.

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 1991 and 2001


Ethnicity in Households: Regional Trend
Across all the regions, the percentage of renting households was significantly higher
for households with people of Mäori and Pacific ethnicity, compared to the
households with people of European and Asian ethnicity. In 1991, Wellington
Region had the highest percentage of renting households with people of Mäori
ethnicity (50 percent) and Pacific ethnicity (58 percent). In 2001, the highest
percentage of renting households with people of Pacific ethnicity (66.4 percent) was
observed in Gisborne Region, and the highest percentage of renting households with
people of Mäori ethnicity (59.6 percent) in Nelson Region. The sheer number of
renting households, however, was significantly larger for the households with people
of European ethnicity for all regions.

The magnitude of the percentage change in the number of the renting households
between 1991 and 2001 varied significantly between households with people of
different ethnic groups.

The largest percentage increase in renting households with people of European
ethnicity was just over 60 percent; 61.9 percent in Bay of Plenty Region, followed by
Nelson Region with 54.8 percent. For households with people of Mäori ethnicity, the
percentage changes in renting households were slightly higher than those for
households with people of European ethnicity: Nelson Region had 117.6 percent
increase, followed by 90.9 percent in Tasman Region and 72.6 percent in Bay of
Plenty Region.



                                                      7
                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003


Figure 2: Number of Renting Households1 by Ethnic Group2 and Region, 2001
                          Region
             Northland


             Auckland


               Waikato


          Bay of Plenty


              Gisborne


          Hawke's Bay


              Taranaki


    Manawatu-Wanganui


            Wellington


               Tasman


                Nelson


          Marlborough
                                                                                        European
           West Coast
                                                                                        Mäori
            Canterbury                                                                  Pacific
                                                                                        Asian
                Otago


             Southland



                          0   10   20        30    40         50    60       70      80       90      100

                                            Number of Households (000)


1 Includes 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual Resident(s), Who Make Rent Payments', 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual
Resident(s), Who Do Not Make Rent Payments' and 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual Resident(s), Rental
Arrangements Not Further Defined'.
2 Households with at least one person of a particular ethnic group.

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 2001


Ethnicity in Households: Territorial Authority Trend
                                        1
Relatively high percentages of renting households for all ethnicities, over the 10 year
period between 1991 and 2001, were observed in large cities such as Hamilton,
Auckland, Wellington, and Palmerston North, as well as in Queenstown-Lakes
District. A consistently high percentage of renting households were prominent among
households with people of both Mäori and Pacific ethnicities.

For households with people of European ethnicity, the largest increase in the
proportion of renting households between 1991 and 2001 was found in Tauranga
District with an increase of 11.1 percentage points. Another territorial authority with
a percentage point change above 10 was Waitakere City, with an increase of 10.3
percentage points.
1
  Territorial Authorities with less than 50 households in each of the five ethnic groups have been excluded from the
ranking.


A change in the percentage of renting households with people of Mäori ethnicity was
                                                               1
also observed in Tauranga District with the highest increase of 16.5 percentage
points, followed by Waitakere City (16.3 percentage points). There were 15 territorial
authorities where renting households increased more than 10 percentage points for
households with people of Mäori ethnicity between 1991 and 2001.


                                                          8
                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003


A significant increase in the percentage of renting households with people of Pacific
                                                                      1
ethnicity was seen in some territorial authorities. The highest change was found in
Tauranga District with a 23.2 percentage point increase, followed by Waitakere City
with 19.6 percentage points. Tauranga District showed the largest increase in the
                                                                        2
percentage points of renting households with people of Asian ethnicity , followed by
North Shore City (12.2 percentage points).

In some areas a dramatic rise in the number of renting households of particular ethnic
groups has occurred, reflecting the increasing diversity of New Zealand society
between 1991 and 2001. In North Shore City for example, the number of renting
households with at least one Asian member increased from 471 in 1991 to 2,694 in
2001, an increase of almost 500 percent.
1
  Territorial Authorities with less than 50 households in each of the five ethnic groups have been excluded from the
ranking.
2
  Percentage may be distorting reality due to the relatively small population of households with people of Asian
ethnicity.

                                                                        1
Figure 3: Percentage of Rented Households for Selected Territorial
Authorities, by Ethnic Group2, 2001

                  Percent                 European             Mäori            Pacific          Asian
             80



             70



             60



             50



             40



             30



             20



             10



              0
                   Auckland City   Hamilton City     Palmerston North   Wellington City   Queenstown-Lakes
                                                           City                                District

                                                   Territorial Authority


1 Includes 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual Resident(s), Who Make Rent Payments', 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual
Resident(s), Who Do Not Make Rent Payments' and 'Dwelling Not Owned by Usual Resident(s), Rental
Arrangements Not Further Defined'.
2 Households with at least one person of a particular ethnic group.

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 2001



Feedback
Statistics New Zealand welcomes any feedback on the housing profiles. If you have
any comments, please contact Julie Hammersley by phone (03) 964 8746 or email
julie.hammersley@stats.govt.nz



                                                                9
                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Hamilton City in Brief

The People(1)                                                     Housing(1)
 3.1 percent of the New Zealand census usually                    61.1 percent of households own their
  resident population count                                         dwelling, below the national average of
 above average population density (1,250.8                         67.8 percent
  people per square kilometre compared with 14.1                   38.9 percent of households do not own
  nationally)                                                       their dwelling, above the national average
 median age of 30.8 years, lower than the                          of 32.2 percent
  national median age of 34.8 years                                the median weekly rent was $180, above
 19.1 percent identify with the Mäori ethnic                       the national median weekly rent of $160
  group, compared to 14.7 percent nationally


Industry(2)
 14.8 percent of full-time equivalents are in the                 12.9 percent are employed in retail trade
  manufacturing industry                                           9.0 percent are in education
 a further 13.5 percent are employed in health                    8.0 percent are employed in the
  and community services                                            construction industry
 13.4 percent are in property and business
  services




Tourism                                                           Local Government
     Waikato Museum of Art and History                            less than 0.1 percent of the total New
     National Agricultural Heritage Museum                         Zealand land area
     Hamilton Gardens                                             Hamilton City Council
     Hamilton Zoo                                                 West Ward
                                                                   East Ward
                                                                   South Ward


Urban Centre
     Hamilton Zone


(1)    Based on data from the 2001 Census of Population and Dwellings.
(2)    Based on Business Demography data as at February 2003.




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                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Population Census
                   Census Usually Resident Population Count
                                                  Hamilton City
                                                   As at March
              Population (000)
       140


       120


       100


        80

        60


        40


        20


         0
                     1986                   1991                     1996             2001
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings


The census usually resident population count for Hamilton City totalled 114,921 as at March
2001. At that time, Hamilton City contained 3.1 percent of the census usually resident
population of New Zealand. Since the 1996 Census, the population usually resident in the
city has increased by 6,495 people or 6.0 percent compared with a rise of 3.3 percent for the
New Zealand usually resident population during the same period. As at March 2001, there
were an estimated 1,250.8 people per square kilometre compared with the New Zealand
average of 14.1 people per square kilometre.

                   Census Usually Resident Population Count
                                                   As at March
                                                 Census Usually Resident              Population Change
Area                                                Population Count                     1996-2001
                                                                2001                Number         Percent
Hamilton City                                                114,921                  6,495              6.0
North Shore City                                             184,821                 12,657              7.4
Waitakere City                                               168,750                 13,185              8.5
Auckland City                                                367,734                 21,966              6.4
Manukau City                                                 283,200                 28,923             11.4
Waikato District                                              39,855                    717              1.8
Waipa District                                                40,293                  1,440              3.7
Taupo District                                                31,521                    831              2.7
Wellington City                                              163,824                  6,105              3.9
Christchurch City                                            316,227                  7,200              2.3
Dunedin City                                                 114,342                 -3,801             -3.2
Waikato Region                                               357,726                  7,614              2.2
New Zealand                                                3,737,277                118,974              3.3
Note: All figures have been randomly rounded to base 3.



                                                           11
                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Population Estimates
               Estimated Annual Percentage Population Change
                                                   As at 30 June
          Population change (percent)                                   Hamilton City              New Zealand
  3.0



  2.5



  2.0



  1.5



  1.0



  0.5



  0.0
                 1999                   2000                  2001                 2002                 2003


Source: Statistics New Zealand, Population Estimates


The estimated population of Hamilton City was 125,000 at 30 June 2003, an increase of
3,000 people since 30 June 2002. This represents an increase of 2.5 percent, compared with
a national increase of 1.8 percent over the same period.

                    Estimated Population Change 2002 - 2003
                                                   As at 30 June
                                                                                          Population Change
        (1)                                            Estimated Population
Area                                                                                         2002-2003
                                                  2002                  2003              Number        Percent
Hamilton City                                    122,000               125,000              3,000              2.5
North Shore City                                 198,900               205,000              6,100              3.1
Waitakere City                                   180,700               185,600              4,900              2.7
Auckland City                                    401,500               415,200             13,700              3.4
Manukau City                                     307,300               317,500             10,200              3.3
Waikato District                                  41,700                42,100                400              1.0
Waipa District                                    41,800                42,400                600              1.4
Taupo District                                    32,800                33,300                500              1.5
Wellington City                                  174,600               179,100              4,500              2.6
Christchurch City                                332,000               338,800              6,800              2.0
Dunedin City                                     120,300               121,100                800              0.7
Waikato Region                                   373,300               377,900              4,600              1.2
New Zealand                                    3,939,100             4,009,200             70,100              1.8
(1) Estimates for territorial authorities and regions are based on the 2001 boundaries.




                                                             12
                                                          HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Population Projections
                                Projected Resident Population
                                                 Hamilton City
                                               2001(base) – 2021
          Population (000)                                             High              Medium           Low
   180

   160

   140

   120

   100

    80

    60

    40

    20

       0
       2001                     2006                       2011                         2016                    2021

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Subnational Population Projections, 2001(Base) - 2021


According to the medium projection series, the resident population of Hamilton City is
projected to increase by around 30,500, from 119,500 in 2001 to 150,000 in 2021. This is a
25.5 percent increase and compares with a projected national increase of 16.1 percent during
the same period. In 2001 Hamilton City represented 3.1 percent of New Zealand‟s resident
population. In 2021 the city is projected to represent 3.3 percent of New Zealand‟s resident
population.

                      Projected Population Change 2001-2021
                                                   As at 30 June
                                                    Projected Population                        Change 2001-2021
Area
                                                   2001             2021                       Number       Percent
Hamilton City                                    119,500              150,000                   30,500           25.5
North Shore City                                 194,200              255,100                   60,900           31.4
Waitakere City                                   176,200              237,100                   60,900           34.6
Auckland City                                    388,800              530,600                  141,900           36.5
Manukau City                                     298,200              409,700                  111,500           37.4
Waikato District                                  41,300               44,200                    2,900            7.0
Waipa District                                    41,400               47,100                    5,600           13.8
Taupo District                                    32,500               35,100                    2,500            8.0
Wellington City                                  171,100              193,300                   22,100           13.0
Christchurch City                                327,200              358,800                   31,500            9.7
Dunedin City                                     119,300              124,400                    5,100            4.3
Waikato Region                                   369,800              409,700                   39,900           10.8
New Zealand                                    3,880,500            4,505,900                  625,400           16.1
Note: Derived figures are calculated using data of greater precision than published.




                                                            13
                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Births and Deaths
                                           Live Resident Births
                                                     Hamilton City
              Births
      600


      500


      400


      300


      200


      100


          0
               Sep-01 Dec-01 Mar-02                 Jun-02   Sep-02 Dec-02 Mar-03           Jun-03    Sep-03
                                                             Quarter

The number of live resident births in Hamilton City increased between the June 2003
quarter and the September 2003 quarter to 480. For the year ended September 2003, a total
of 1,822 live resident births were registered in the city compared with 1,837 for the previous
September year, a fall of 0.8 percent. The city registered 3.3 percent of all live resident
births in New Zealand during the year ended September 2003.

The number of resident deaths in Hamilton City totalled 208 during the September 2003
quarter. For the year ended September 2003, a total of 699 resident deaths were registered in
the city compared with 732 for the previous September year, a fall of 4.5 percent.

                                                   Resident Deaths
                                                     Hamilton City
              Deaths
      250


      200


      150


      100


        50


          0
               Sep-01 Dec-01 Mar-02                 Jun-02    Sep-02 Dec-02 Mar-03           Jun-03    Sep-03
                                                              Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Vital Statistics




                                                              14
                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




External Migration
             Permanent and Long-term Arrivals and Departures
                                                Hamilton City
                                            Year Ended September
     Arrivals and Departures                                                     Arrivals   Departures
3,000



2,500



2,000



1,500



1,000



  500



     0
              1998             1999            2000              2001        2002           2003

Source: Statistics New Zealand, External Migration


There were 2,754 permanent and long-term arrivals in Hamilton City during the year ended
September 2003, representing 2.9 percent of all immigrants who arrived in New Zealand
during that time. This was an 8.9 percent increase in arrivals to the city from the year ended
September 2002. There was a national increase of 0.1 percent during the same period.

There were 1,756 permanent and long-term departures from Hamilton City during the year
ended September 2003. The arrival and departure of migrants during the year ended
September 2003 resulted in a net increase of 998 people to the city.

                          Permanent and Long-term Migration
                                        Year Ended September 2003
       (1)
Area                                                  Arrivals             Departures            Net Migration
Hamilton City                                          2,754                 1,756                    998
North Shore City                                       4,910                 2,595                  2,315
Waitakere City                                         2,795                 1,674                  1,121
Auckland City                                         24,200                 9,895                 14,305
Manukau City                                           5,975                 3,404                  2,571
Waikato District                                         399                   313                     86
Waipa District                                           538                   410                    128
Taupo District                                           384                   308                     76
Wellington City                                        5,041                 3,400                  1,641
Christchurch City                                      8,224                 4,431                  3,793
Dunedin City                                           2,039                 1,321                    718
Waikato Region                                         5,159                 3,795                  1,364
New Zealand                                           95,535                55,100                 40,435
(1) Territorial authorities have been grouped to approximate regions.
Note : External migration data excludes the movement of people from one area to another within New Zealand
(i.e. Internal migration).



                                                           15
                                                                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




 Hospital Discharges
               Publicly Funded Hospital Discharges by Diagnosis(1)
                                                     Hamilton City
                                               Year Ended December 2002
               Discharges
       7,000


       6,000


       5,000


       4,000


       3,000


       2,000


       1,000


           0
                01    02     03    04    05     06    07    08     09    10    11     12   13   14   15   16   17   18
                                                                  Diagnosis

 Source: New Zealand Health Information Service

 There were 28,566 publicly funded hospital discharges of Hamilton City residents in the
 year ended 31 December 2002, compared with 29,938 discharges in the same period of the
 previous year. This represents 234.1 discharges per thousand resident population in 2002
 compared with 250.5 in 2001. Of the discharges in 2002, 11.8 percent were as a result of
 Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth & the Puerperium while 9.2 percent were from
 Symptoms, Signs & Ill-Defined Conditions. This compares with discharges for New Zealand
 of 10.9 percent and 7.1 percent respectively.

               Publicly Funded Hospital Discharges by Diagnosis(1)
                                                      Hamilton City
                                                 Year Ended 31 December
Diagnosis(1)                                                                                                2001       2002
 01       Infectious & Parasitic Diseases                                                                    620        563
 02       Neoplasms                                                                                        1,688      1,781
 03       Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases & Immunity Disorders                                 442        514
 04       Diseases of Blood & Blood-Forming Organs                                                           209        229
 05       Mental Disorders                                                                                 1,101        214
 06       Diseases of the Nervous System & Sense Organs                                                    1,275      1,354
 07       Diseases of the Circulatory System                                                               1,980      1,866
 08       Diseases of the Respiratory System                                                               2,050      2,005
 09       Diseases of the Digestive System                                                                 2,050      2,100
 10       Diseases of the Genitourinary System                                                             1,459      1,357
 11       Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth & the Puerperium                                          3,540      3,376
 12       Diseases of the Skin & Subcutaneous Tissue                                                         596        635
 13       Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and Connective Tissue                                       901        850
 14       Congenital Anomalies                                                                               253        212
 15       Certain Perinatal Conditions Originating in the Perinatal Period                                   706        545
 16       Symptoms, Signs & Ill-Defined Conditions                                                         2,534      2,620
 17       Injury and Poisoning                                                                             2,682      2,537
 18       Other                                                                                            5,852      5,808
          TOTAL                                                                                           29,938     28,566
 (1)    Refer to the technical notes for a description of the diagnosis classification.



                                                                    16
                                                      HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Crime
         Resolution Rate of Recorded Crime by Offence Type
                                         Year Ended December 2002
                          Offence type                          New Zealand          Waikato Police District

         Administrative


       Property Abuse


     Property Damage


            Dishonesty


  Drugs and Anti-Social


                Sexual


              Violence


                          0     10        20     30     40       50         60      70     80       90         100
                                                       Resolution rate (percent)

Source: New Zealand Police

During the year ended 31 December 2002 there were 32,947 crimes recorded in the Waikato
Police District, an increase of 759 or 2.4 percent from the previous year. Of the recorded
crimes in 2002, 60.6 percent were for dishonesty offences, 12.7 percent were for drugs and
anti-social behaviour and 8.9 percent were for violence offences. This compares with 58.8,
12.6 and 10.2 percent respectively for New Zealand. A total of 13,927 crimes were resolved
in the district in 2002, representing 42.3 percent of reported crimes. This represents a
decrease of 2.2 percentage points from the resolution rate of 44.5 percent in 2001.

                              Recorded and Resolved Crime
                                          Year Ended 31 December
                                                 Recorded Crime                       Resolved Crime
Police District
                                                2001        2002                    2001          2002
Northland                                       16,302      17,272                   8,976         8,910
North Shore / Waitakere                         37,583      39,710                  18,340       20,037
Auckland                                        57,622      59,621                  18,903       19,462
Counties / Manukau                              45,901      49,690                  16,812       16,696
Waikato                                         32,188      32,947                  14,314       13,927
Bay of Plenty                                   40,227      40,111                  16,614       17,686
Eastern                                         24,022      25,382                  11,072       12,404
Central                                         35,812      34,934                  16,782       15,433
Wellington                                      43,349      43,717                  19,589       20,092
Tasman                                          15,907      16,726                   7,429         8,331
Canterbury                                      48,909      49,270                  17,615       17,150
Southern                                        28,704      30,749                  12,561       14,337
New Zealand                                    426,526     440,129                 179,007      184,465




                                                       17
                                                      HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Education
                     Average Number of Pupils per FTTE(1)(2)
                                    Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                                         Primary   Secondary    NZ Primary    NZ Secondary
       Average number of pupils per FTTE
  22



  20



  18



  16



  14



  12



  10
 0
                      2001                            2002                             2003
                                                      Year

Source: Ministry of Education


Primary schools in Hamilton City had 13,869 pupils according to July 2003 school rolls.
This was a 6.7 percent increase from the previous year, compared with a national increase of
5.1 percent. There were 20.3 pupils for every full-time teacher equivalent (FTTE), a 5.1
percent increase from the previous year. This pupil to teacher ratio compares with 19.7
nationally for 2003.

Based on March 2003 secondary school rolls, Hamilton City had 10,912 pupils at an average
of 17.2 pupils per FTTE. This was an 8.4 percent increase in roll numbers from the year
2002, compared with a national increase of 5.6 percent. The pupil-teacher ratio is above the
national average of 16.1 secondary pupils per FTTE for 2003.

     School Rolls and Average Number of Pupils per FTTE(1)(2)
                                                  School Rolls                 Pupils per FTTE (Average)
Area
                                             Primary      Secondary              Primary       Secondary
Hamilton City                                 13,869           10,912                20.3              17.2
North Shore City                              21,949           15,532                21.4              18.5
Waitakere City                                22,775           10,486                21.1              17.9
Auckland City                                 38,825           28,076                20.4              17.4
Manukau City                                  43,675           20,758                21.2              17.6
Waikato District                               5,244            1,920                18.8              13.6
Waipa District                                 5,172            2,569                19.6              17.3
Taupo District                                 3,876            1,881                19.4              13.2
Wellington City                               15,568           10,049                19.8              16.5
Christchurch City                             32,646           21,617                20.6              16.8
Dunedin City                                  10,367            8,759                18.8              15.9
Waikato Region                                44,359           26,676                19.0              15.6
New Zealand                                  450,313          276,540                19.7              16.1
(1) Full-time teacher equivalent (FTTE).
(2) Statistics for primary schools are based on July rolls and for secondary schools on March rolls.
Note: Owing to rounding, individual figures do not always sum to the totals shown.



                                                        18
                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Labour Force
                               Unemployment Rate (Percent)
                                   Waikato Region and New Zealand

                                                                   Waikato Region            New Zealand
           Unemployment rate (percent)
      7

      6

      5

      4

      3

      2

      1

     0
     Sep-01       Dec-01       Mar-02      Jun-02       Sep-02     Dec-02       Mar-03     Jun-03     Sep-03
                                                       Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Household Labour Force Survey

The size of the Waikato regional labour force totalled 186,255 during the September 2003
quarter. The number of people employed increased by 4,876 or 2.8 percent from the
September 2002 quarter, which was statistically significant. Unemployment in the Waikato
Region totalled 5,914 during the September 2003 quarter. The unemployment rate for the
region was 3.2 percent compared with 5.4 percent for the September 2002 quarter. The New
Zealand unemployment rate for the September 2003 quarter was 4.3 percent. These figures
have not been seasonally adjusted.

                               Unemployment Rate (Percent)
                                             September Quarter
Region                                                          2002            2003         2003 Ranking(1)
Northland                                                        8.3             8.3                12
Auckland                                                         5.0             3.4                 3
Waikato                                                          5.4             3.2                 2
Bay of Plenty                                                    7.3             5.0                 7
Gisborne/Hawke's Bay                                             4.9             5.2                 9
Taranaki                                                         5.7             5.0                 7
Manawatu-Wanganui                                                5.0             5.2                 9
Wellington                                                       4.8             4.8                 6
Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast                             2.3             3.8                 4
Canterbury                                                       5.6             4.4                 5
Otago                                                            6.6             5.9                11
Southland                                                        3.7             2.9                 1
New Zealand                                                      5.3             4.3
(1) 1 = lowest unemployment rate and 12 = highest unemployment rate.




                                                          19
                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Average Hourly Earnings
                                      Average Hourly Earnings ($)
                                        Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                                               Male   Female     NZ Male     NZ Female
        Average hourly earnings ($)
  22




  20




  18




  16




  14




  012
                Dec-2002                  Mar-2003               Jun-2003              Sep-2003
                                                      Period
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Quarterly Employment Survey

Hamilton City employees earned an average of $19.98 per hour in September 2003, $0.70 or
3.6 percent higher than in June 2003. This increase compares with a 1.2 percent increase for
the whole of New Zealand. In September 2003, males and females in Hamilton City earned
an hourly rate of $21.15 and $18.48 respectively, representing an increase of 4.4 percent for
males and an increase of 2.6 percent for females from June 2003.

                                      Average Hourly Earnings ($)
                                                September 2003
                                                      Average Hourly Earnings ($)          Sample Error (%)
Area                                                    Male            Female              Male     Female
Hamilton City                                                 21.15            18.48          3.9         2.7
North Shore City                                              21.42            18.34          4.4         3.2
Waitakere City                                                18.40            16.43          5.0         5.6
Auckland City                                                 23.76            19.72          2.6         1.9
Manukau City                                                  20.90            17.65          2.8         3.0
Waikato District                                              21.32            15.20          8.2        10.8
Waipa District                                                18.43            16.06          8.9        12.6
Taupo District                                                18.16            15.90          6.8         9.3
Wellington City                                               27.92            22.28          4.9         2.9
Christchurch City                                             19.76            17.65          2.6         2.8
Dunedin City                                                  19.78            18.44          4.4         3.3
Waikato Region                                                19.80            17.06          2.7         2.8
New Zealand                                                   21.03            17.98          1.0         0.8
Note: Territorial authorities and regions are based on the latest 2001 boundaries.
Average hourly earnings equals the gross total payout to all employees divided by the number of paid hours.
If the number of geos in a sample is less than 30, data is not considered robust.




                                                          20
                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Average Weekly Income
                                Average Weekly Income ($)
                                   Waikato Region and New Zealand
                                            June Quarter
           Average weekly income ($)                               Waikato Region            New Zealand
     600



     550



     500



     450



     400



     350



     300
     0
                  1999                 2000                 2001               2002             2003

Source: Statistics New Zealand, New Zealand Income Survey


During the June 2003 quarter, people in the Waikato Region had an average weekly income
of $509 per week, 5.6 percent lower than the national average of $539 per week. Average
weekly income for people in the Waikato Region increased by 1.8 percent between the June
2002 quarter and the June 2003 quarter.

                                Average Weekly Income ($)
                                                 June Quarter
                                                                                                Percentage
Region                                                             2002               2003
                                                                                                 Change
Northland                                                           430               459           6.7
Auckland                                                            554               588           6.1
Waikato                                                             500               509           1.8
Bay of Plenty                                                       461               502           8.9
Gisborne/Hawke's Bay                                                467               507           8.6
Taranaki                                                            496               525           5.8
Manawatu-Wanganui                                                   461               475           3.0
Wellington                                                          593               607           2.4
Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast                                477               489           2.5
Canterbury                                                          490               523           6.7
Otago                                                               426               442           3.8
Southland                                                           484               524           8.3
New Zealand                                                         513               539           5.1
Note: Average weekly income is related to cash only, pre-tax (gross) income (wherever possible) and does not
include any non-cash benefits. Income from interest and investments has been included from 2002.




                                                            21
                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




 Full-Time Equivalents
      Full-time Equivalent Persons Engaged (FTEs) by Industry
                                                    Hamilton City
                                                 As at February 2003

            Full-time equivalent persons engaged
   9,000

   8,000

   7,000

   6,000

   5,000

   4,000

   3,000

   2,000

   1,000

        0
              A     B     C     D     E      F     G     H       I    J    K     L    M       N   O    P     Q
                                                  Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)
 Source: Statistics New Zealand, Business Demographic Statistics

 A total of 56,240 full-time equivalent persons engaged (FTEs) worked in Hamilton City as
 at February 2003. This represented 3.7 percent of total FTEs in New Zealand. The largest
 industry in terms of FTEs was the manufacturing industry, which employed 14.8 percent of
 all FTEs in the city. The health and community services industry employed a further 13.5
 percent of total FTEs in the city.

              Full-time Equivalent Persons Engaged by Industry
                                                    Hamilton City
                                                 As at February 2003
Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)                                                         FTEs            Percentage of
                                                                                                      Total
 A    Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing                                                 200               0.4
 B    Mining                                                                              3               0.0
 C    Manufacturing                                                                   8,300              14.8
 D    Electricity, Gas and Water Supply                                                 300               0.5
 E    Construction                                                                    4,480               8.0
 F    Wholesale Trade                                                                 4,130               7.3
 G    Retail Trade                                                                    7,250              12.9
 H    Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants                                            2,150               3.8
 I    Transport and Storage                                                           1,140               2.0
 J    Communication Services                                                          1,320               2.3
 K    Finance and Insurance                                                           1,430               2.5
 L    Property and Business Services                                                  7,560              13.4
 M    Government Administration and Defence                                           2,120               3.8
 N    Education                                                                       5,080               9.0
 O    Health and Community Services                                                   7,590              13.5
 P    Cultural and Recreational Services                                              1,140               2.0
 Q    Personal and Other Services                                                     2,060               3.7
      TOTAL                                                                          56,240             100.0
 Note: Figures have been rounded, and discrepancies may occur between sums of component items and totals. All
 percentages and other derivations have been calculated using rounded figures.

                                                              22
                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Business Locations
                               Business Locations by Industry
                                                 Hamilton City
                                              As at February 2003
                Business locations
       3,500

       3,000

       2,500

       2,000


       1,500

       1,000

        500

            0
                 A     B     C     D     E     F      G     H     I     J   K     L   M     N    O    P     Q
                                                    Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Business Demographic Statistics

A total of 9,483 businesses were located within Hamilton City as at February 2003,
representing 2.9 percent of all the businesses in New Zealand. The principal industry within
Hamilton City was the property and business services industry, which accounted for 30.6
percent of all businesses within the city. The next most significant industry within the city
was the retail trade industry. See the previous page for the ANZSIC descriptions.

                                          Business Locations
                                              As at February 2003
                                                    Primary           Secondary       Tertiary            Total
Area
                                                   Sector(1)(2)         Sector         Sector
Hamilton City                                            66             1,832           7,585            9,483
North Shore City                                         47             3,856          15,574           19,477
Waitakere City                                           63             3,374           8,033           11,470
Auckland City                                           207             6,451          44,412           51,070
Manukau City                                            161             4,195          13,982           18,338
Waikato District                                        255               521           1,673            2,449
Waipa District                                          187               690           2,494            3,371
Taupo District                                          194               581           2,177            2,952
Wellington City                                         121             2,070          17,081           19,272
Christchurch City                                       225             4,922          20,971           26,118
Dunedin City                                            290             1,242           6,181            7,713
Waikato Region                                        1,692             5,532          21,287           28,511
New Zealand                                          13,341            59,755         250,743          323,839
(1) Refer to the technical notes for a description of the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.
(2) Excludes farming.




                                                             23
                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Economic Indicators
                                     Sales and Purchases Indicators
                                                    Waikato Region
             $(million)                                                            Sales         Purchases
  9,000

  8,000

  7,000

  6,000

  5,000

  4,000

  3,000

  2,000

  1,000

        0
        Jun-01           Sep-01      Dec-01     Mar-02     Jun-02      Sep-02     Dec-02       Mar-03     Jun-03
                                                           Quarter

The total Goods and Services Tax (GST) sales in the Waikato Region for the June 2003
quarter was $7,664.6 million, representing a decrease of $763.3 million or 9.1 percent from
the same quarter of the previous year. This compares with a national increase of 1.7 percent.
During the same period the total GST purchases decreased by $856.2 million or 13.4 percent
to $5,526.6 million, compared with a 1.5 percent increase for New Zealand.

                                          Sales Indicator by Sector
                                                    Waikato Region
            $(million)                                    Primary Sector    Secondary Sector       Tertiary Sector
5,000

4,500

4,000

3,500

3,000

2,500

2,000

1,500

1,000

  500

    0
             Jun-01         Sep-01     Dec-01    Mar-02      Jun-02    Sep-02     Dec-02     Mar-03      Jun-03
                                                            Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Economic Indicators

Note: Refer to the technical notes for a description of the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.




                                                               24
                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Net GST Indicator
                                            Net GST Indicator
                                              June 2003 Quarter
                            Regions
            Auckland

           Wellington

         Canterbury

             Waikato

        Bay of Plenty

               Otago

  Manawatu-Wanganui

            Taranaki

        Hawke's Bay

           Northland

           Southland

        Marlborough

            Gisborne

              Nelson

             Tasman

          West Coast


                        0         5    10     15         20        25        30        35        40
                                             Percentage of New Zealand

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Economic Indicators

During the June 2003 quarter the total net GST (sales - purchases) in the Waikato Region
was $2,138.0 million. This represented 7.3 percent of the total net GST in New Zealand. For
the year ended June 2003 the total net GST in the Waikato Region increased by $414.0
million or 5.2 percent from the previous year, compared with a 6.1 percent increase
nationally during the same period.

                                      Net GST Indicator $(million)
                                                   June Quarter
Region                                        2001                         2002                   2003
Northland                                      483.5                        548.6                  570.8
Auckland                                     9,890.4                     11,071.2               10,908.1
Waikato                                      1,823.9                      2,045.2                2,138.0
Bay of Plenty                                1,030.3                      1,194.0                1,350.8
Gisborne                                       203.3                        207.9                  211.3
Hawke's Bay                                    736.7                        820.7                  808.8
Taranaki                                       828.7                        832.4                  893.7
Manawatu-Wanganui                            1,042.1                      1,211.1                1,163.2
Wellington                                   5,567.9                      5,028.9                4,768.8
Tasman                                         136.4                        161.7                  174.1
Nelson                                         202.4                        244.0                  210.7
Marlborough                                    174.6                        209.5                  254.1
West Coast                                     117.6                        136.5                  132.6
Canterbury                                   2,747.3                      3,059.8                3,121.8
Otago                                          949.9                      1,023.8                1,178.5
Southland                                      561.2                        489.7                  454.6
New Zealand (1)                             26,932.7                     28,570.3               29,175.0
(1) New Zealand includes businesses with no information for the industry and/or location.




                                                           25
                                                                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Consumers Price Index
                                     Annual Percentage Change in CPI
                                                  Hamilton Urban Area
                                            From Same Quarter of Previous Year
           Change in CPI (percent)
    4



    3



    2



    1



    0
            Sep-01 Dec-01               Mar-02    Jun-02         Sep-02 Dec-02          Mar-03   Jun-03   Sep-03
                                                             Quarter
Between the June 2003 quarter and the September 2003 quarter the Consumers Price Index
for the Hamilton Urban Area increased by 0.2 percent compared with a national increase of
0.5 percent. The Hamilton Urban Area experienced an annual rise of 1.2 percent in
consumer prices from the September 2002 quarter to the September 2003 quarter compared
with a national annual rise of 1.5 percent. Prices are surveyed within the main urban areas.

                   Annual Percentage Change in CPI by Urban Area
                               From September 2002 Quarter to September 2003 Quarter
                               Urban Area
              Nelson
          Invercargill
              Timaru
    Napier-Hastings
        Christchurch
            Dunedin
     New Plymouth
           Wellington
        New Zealand
   Palmerston North
           Tauranga
             Rotorua
            Auckland
            Hamilton
           Wanganui
          Whangarei

                         0.0                0.5            1.0                    1.5            2.0             2.5
                                                                        Percent

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Consumers Price Index




                                                                   26
                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Retail Trade
                                         Value of Retail Sales
                                                  Waikato Region
             Retail sales $(million)
  1,400

  1,200

  1,000

     800

     600

     400

     200

       0
            Sep-01 Dec-01 Mar-02 Jun-02 Sep-02 Dec-02 Mar-03 Jun-03 Sep-03
                                                      Quarter

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Retail Trade Survey

Retail sales in the Waikato Region during the September 2003 quarter totalled $1,211.3
million, up $48.3 million, or 4.2 percent from the September 2002 quarter. Nationally,
actual retail sales totalled $12,887.3 million, up 5.8 percent from the September 2002
quarter.

                                       Retail Sales by Region
                                               September Quarter
                                             Retail Sales $(million)            Percentage       Sample Error
Region                                        2002            2003               Change           (percent)(1)
Northland                                       368.4          394.8                  7.2             15.0
Auckland                                      4,028.8        4,283.9                  6.3              5.9
Waikato                                       1,162.9        1,211.3                  4.2             11.7
Bay of Plenty                                   753.8          794.4                  5.4             15.4
Gisborne                                        107.2          105.1                 -2.0             24.8
Hawke's Bay                                     433.9          474.4                  9.3             22.4
Taranaki                                        330.0          329.7                 -0.1             20.7
Manawatu-Wanganui                               657.0          669.2                  1.9             22.4
Wellington                                    1,380.7        1,492.3                  8.1             12.0
Tasman                                           86.3           93.5                  8.4             29.0
Nelson                                          168.7          192.0                 13.8             29.1
Marlborough                                     110.2          114.2                  3.6             29.2
West Coast                                       62.6           68.1                  8.9             38.8
Canterbury                                    1,653.8        1,712.0                  3.5             11.6
Otago                                           564.9          620.5                  9.8             13.2
Southland                                       315.0          331.8                  5.4             17.0
New Zealand                                  12,184.1       12,887.3                  5.8              3.1
(1) Sample error is for September 2003 (middle month of the quarter).
Note: These statistics are released with this caveat due to limitations in some of the data which is of a lower
standard than published figures Statistics New Zealand releases. The Retail Trade Survey sample is selected and
weighted at the storetype and major region (Auckland, Waikato, Wellington, Rest of the North Island, Canterbury
and Rest of the South Island) level. Data released below this design level is indicative only.


                                                                27
                                                       HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




  Car Registrations
                       New and Ex-Overseas Cars Registered
                                          Hamilton Postal District
           Registrations
  4,500

  4,000

  3,500

  3,000

  2,500

  2,000

  1,500

  1,000

    500

       0
            Sep-01 Dec-01       Mar-02    Jun-02   Sep-02 Dec-02     Mar-03   Jun-03   Sep-03
                                                   Quarter
Source: Land Transport Safety Authority

The total number of new and ex-overseas car registrations for the September 2003 quarter in
the Hamilton Postal District was 4,143 compared with 3,956 for the previous quarter, an
increase of 4.7 percent. The number of new and ex-overseas car registrations increased by
724, or 21.2 percent compared with the same quarter the previous year.

       New and Ex-Overseas Cars Registered by Postal District
                                             September Quarter
Postal District                            2002                      2003                Percentage Change
Whangarei                                   1,049                     1,176                      12.1
Auckland                                   23,054                    26,956                      16.9
Hamilton                                    3,419                     4,143                      21.2
Thames                                        398                       432                        8.5
Tauranga                                    1,863                     2,464                      32.3
Rotorua                                       672                       748                      11.3
Gisborne                                      324                       364                      12.3
Napier                                      1,406                     1,689                      20.1
New Plymouth                                  928                     1,015                        9.4
Wanganui                                      352                       477                      35.5
Palmerston North                            1,430                     1,783                      24.7
Masterton                                     301                       328                        9.0
Wellington                                  4,440                     5,019                      13.0
Nelson                                        813                     1,034                      27.2
Blenheim                                      316                       421                      33.2
Greymouth                                     206                       272                      32.0
Westport                                       49                        65                      32.7
Christchurch                                6,535                     7,743                      18.5
Timaru                                        589                       684                      16.1
Oamaru                                        165                       245                      48.5
Dunedin                                     1,684                     2,148                      27.6
Invercargill                                  924                       885                       -4.2
New Zealand                                50,917                    60,091                      18.0


                                                         28
                                                            HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Household Expenditure
        Annual Household Expenditure per Expenditure Group
                                       Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                          Year Ended June 2001
                             Expenditure Group                         Hamilton City              New Zealand


                     Food

                  Housing

    Household Operation

                   Apparel

                 Transport

             Other Goods

           Other Services

                             0                 5                 10                15              20           25
                                                                       Percent
Note: Expenditure for the apparel group is not available for New Zealand or South Island areas.


During the year ended June 2001, households in Hamilton City spent an estimated average
of $788.74 per week, 5.8 percent lower than the national average of $837.74 per week.
Expenditure on housing contributed most to household expenditure in the city. On average,
households in Hamilton City spent an estimated $171.09 per week on housing compared
with the national average of $194.83 per week.

                   Average Weekly Household Expenditure ($)
                                              Year Ended June 2001




                Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Household Expenditure Estimates


                                                               29
                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Residential Building Consents
                                  New Dwellings Authorised
                                                Hamilton City
                                            Year Ended September
          Consents (000)
   1.4

   1.2

   1.0

   0.8

   0.6

   0.4

   0.2

   0.0
              1998              1999                2000          2001            2002            2003

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Building Consents


During the year ended September 2003, a total of 1,146 new dwelling units worth $176.6
million were authorised for construction within Hamilton City. This represented a rise of
52.8 percent in number and a rise of 66.8 percent in value from the previous year. Building
consents for new dwellings were issued for a total floor area of 213,917 square metres
during the year ended September 2003, an increase of 62.3 percent from the previous year.
This compares with a national increase of 21.4 percent.

                    Floor Area for New Dwellings Authorised
                                            Year Ended September
                                                         Floor Area (square metres)               Percentage
Area
                                                           2002                2003                Change
Hamilton City                                           131,841             213,917                   62.3
North Shore City                                        299,376             267,416                  -10.7
Waitakere City                                          246,974             241,198                   -2.3
Auckland City                                           506,311             539,534                    6.6
Manukau City                                            429,581             477,485                   11.2
Waikato District                                         50,318              61,812                   22.8
Waipa District                                           52,140              61,453                   17.9
Taupo District                                           60,945              73,023                   19.8
Wellington City                                         132,843             205,314                   54.6
Christchurch City                                       337,100             474,459                   40.7
Dunedin City                                             40,767              60,259                   47.8
Waikato Region                                          435,419             589,324                   35.3
New Zealand                                           4,527,998           5,497,947                   21.4




                                                            30
                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Non-Residential Building Consents
          Value of Non-Residential Building Consents by Type
                                              Hamilton City
                                        Year Ended September 2003
                    Building Type
         Hostels
          Hotels
       Hospitals
       Education
          Social
          Shops
          Offices
   Warehouses
       Factories
          Farms
 Miscellaneous

                    0               5               10                15              20               25
                                                         $(million)
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Building Consents

There were 392 building consents issued for the construction and alteration of non-
residential buildings, a rise of 8.0 percent from the year ended September 2002, compared
with a 7.8 percent decrease nationally during the same period. The value of non-residential
building consents was $88.8 million, up 8.0 percent from the previous year.


                    Value of Non-Residential Building Consents
                                            Year Ended September
                                                           Value $(million)                     Percentage
Area
                                                        2002                 2003                Change
Hamilton City                                            82.2                88.8                    8.0
North Shore City                                       111.0                123.6                   11.3
Waitakere City                                           81.1                77.2                   -4.8
Auckland City                                          571.7                455.2                  -20.4
Manukau City                                           243.7                246.3                    1.1
Waikato District                                         18.3                25.5                   39.8
Waipa District                                           20.8                23.5                   13.0
Taupo District                                           22.7                18.5                  -18.3
Wellington City                                        118.0                134.1                   13.6
Christchurch City                                      274.5                226.3                  -17.6
Dunedin City                                             47.8                74.9                   56.7
Waikato Region                                         207.0                245.8                   18.8
New Zealand                                          2,710.2              2,654.2                   -2.1




                                                          31
                                                            HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Real Estate Sales
                         Average Sale Price for Dwellings ($)
                               Waikato REINZ Region and New Zealand
        Average dwelling sale price $(000)                           Waikato Region          New Zealand
  300



  250



  200



  150



  100



   50



    0
         Sep-01      Dec-01      Mar-02       Jun-02    Sep-02      Dec-02     Mar-03     Jun-03    Sep-03
                                                        Quarter

Source: Real Estate Institute of New Zealand Incorporated

Between the September 2002 quarter and the September 2003 quarter the number of
dwelling sales recorded by the Real Estate Institute of New Zealand (REINZ) for the
Waikato REINZ Region increased by 43.3 percent. Dwelling sales increased nationwide by
30.5 percent. The average price for dwellings sold during the September 2003 quarter in the
Waikato REINZ Region was $182,200. This was lower than the national average sale price
of $262,800.

                       Residential Dwelling and Section Sales
                                             September 2003 Quarter
                                              Number of Sales                      Average Sale Price(1) ($)
REINZ Region                              Sections     Dwellings(2)                Sections     Dwellings(2)
Northland                                      212            952                   196,700        214,300
Auckland                                       746         10,765                   215,800        378,000
Waikato                                        299          2,486                    84,200        182,200
Bay of Plenty                                  354          2,468                   112,400        241,200
Gisborne                                        15            234                    74,000        139,800
Hawke's Bay                                     84          1,071                   114,100        183,900
Taranaki                                        57            695                    57,600        141,300
Manawatu-Wanganui                              108          1,684                    76,500        127,800
Wellington                                     229          3,114                   103,100        263,800
Nelson                                          76            415                   188,500        296,600
Marlborough / Kaikoura                          90            370                   133,800        216,800
Tasman                                          49            156                   141,300        265,500
West Coast                                      31            290                    36,600         86,000
Canterbury (3)                                 706          3,830                   108,800        199,000
Otago                                          338          1,674                   179,600        206,300
Southland                                       48            814                    58,900        109,400
New Zealand                                  3,442         31,018                   141,900        262,800
(1) Average Sale Price has been rounded to the nearest hundred dollars.
(2) Dwellings include Residential Investment Blocks.
(3) Canterbury does not include Kaikoura.

                                                             32
                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




Accommodation Survey
                                              Guest Nights
                                                Hamilton City
           Guest nights (000)
   140

   120


   100

    80


    60

    40


    20

       0
           Sep-01     Dec-01      Mar-02     Jun-02      Sep-02    Dec-02     Mar-03     Jun-03     Sep-03
                                                         Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Accommodation Survey


The total number of guest nights in Hamilton City for the September 2003 quarter was
128,223 compared with 115,384 for the September 2002 quarter, an increase of 11.1
percent. The occupancy rate at 47.9 percent was 1.4 percentage points lower than during the
September 2002 quarter. The national occupancy rate during the September 2003 quarter
was 31.1 percent compared with 30.4 percent during the September 2002 quarter.

                                  Occupancy Rate (Percent)
                                             September Quarter
Area                                                   2002                 2003              Annual Change
Hamilton City                                          49.3                 47.9                   -1.4
North Shore City                                       46.5                 48.3                    1.8
Waitakere City                                         27.4                 27.9                    0.5
Auckland City                                          57.4                 58.5                    1.1
Manukau City                                           54.5                 57.8                    3.3
Waikato District                                       10.6                 12.6                    2.0
Waipa District                                         22.6                 23.4                    0.8
Taupo District                                         31.3                 32.0                    0.7
Wellington City                                        62.4                 63.5                    1.1
Christchurch City                                      50.2                 45.9                   -4.3
Dunedin City                                           44.1                 48.0                    3.9
Waikato Region                                         23.6                 23.9                    0.3
New Zealand                                            30.4                 31.1                    0.7
Note: Figures have been rounded. All derivations have been calculated using rounded figures.
The Accommodation Survey is funded by the Office of Tourism and Sport.
The survey data remains in whole and in part the property of Statistics New Zealand.




                                                          33
                                                                          HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003



                                           Technical Notes...
                                                                     specifically to a single regional council or territorial
About the Quarterly Regional Review                                  authority.
The Quarterly Regional Review assembles the latest
available information on the regions and territorial                 Geographical classifications are used to reference statistics
authorities of New Zealand. Most of the data is available at         to a location in New Zealand. There are different types of
regional council or territorial authority level. The term            area codes that can be assigned to statistics. They may
“regional” refers to all levels within the standard                  define an area as small as a city block, or as large as a
geographic classification, from meshblock to region and              regional council. Data sources that are coded to different
combinations thereof, plus point specific and non-standard           geographical classifications are difficult to compare,
areas for which official statistics may be available.                simply because the land areas involved may differ in both
                                                                     location and size.
The Quarterly Regional Review is available on
subscription from any Statistics New Zealand Information             2. Sample Design
Help Desk.
                                                                     To produce reliable statistics for subnational areas from
                                                                     surveys, the subject population must be covered
Data sources                                                         adequately. This means that the geographic coverage of the
                                                                     survey must be representative for each of the subnational
The following data sources have been used to produce the             areas, and the sample size large enough to enable the
Quarterly Regional Review:                                           calculation of estimates with reasonable sample errors.

  Census of Population and Dwellings
  Population Estimates                                            3. Modelled Regional Estimates
  Population Projections                                          There are data modelling methods available for producing
  Vital Statistics                                                regional statistics when the sample design is only suited to
5.  External Migration                                               producing national statistics. One such case where these
  Hospital Discharges (NZ Health Information Service)             methods have been applied is the Regional Household
  Crime (New Zealand Police)                                      Expenditure Estimates. Estimates are produced by
  Education (Ministry of Education)                               combining census data (which has total coverage, hence all
9.  Household Labour Force Survey                                    subnational areas are included) with Household Economic
10. Quarterly Employment Survey                                      Survey (HES) data. Estimates of spending on various
11. New Zealand Income Survey                                        goods and services are modelled using household
12. Business Demographic Statistics                                  characteristics and expenditure information collected in the
13. Regional Economic Indicators                                     HES. These models are applied to census data to produce
14. Consumers Price Index                                            regional estimates of household expenditure.
15. Retail Trade Survey
16. Car Registrations (Land Transport Safety Authority)
17. Regional Household Expenditure Estimates                         Subject Matter Notes
18. Building Consents                                                Note: Data in the Quarterly Regional Review has not been
19. Real Estate Sales (Real Estate Institute of New                  seasonally adjusted.
    Zealand Incorporated)
20. Accommodation Survey
21. Overseas Cargo Statistics                                        1. Census of Population and Dwellings
                                                                     The census figures presented in the Quarterly Regional
                                                                     Review are based on the census usually resident population
Producing regional statistics                                        count. These counts refer to those people who usually live
                                                                     in a given area and are present in New Zealand on census
1. Geographical Classifications                                      night. The count excludes visitors from overseas and
Geographical classifications use boundaries as at 2001. In           excludes residents who are temporarily or permanently
some cases, due to a number of factors, data may not relate          overseas on census night. For a subnational area the count
directly to a specific regional council or territorial               also excludes visitors from elsewhere in New Zealand
authority. Refer to the subject matter notes section for             (people who do not usually live in that area), but includes
further details. For example, the Consumers Price Index is           residents of that area who are temporarily elsewhere in
collected for urban areas only and Overseas Cargo                    New Zealand on census night (people who usually live in
Statistics are collected by port only. While these statistics        that area but are absent).
are indicators of regional trends, they do not relate


                                                                34
                                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003


Residents who are away from their usual address on census            Projection assumptions are formulated after analysis of
night are allocated to the area where they usually live and          short- and long-term historical trends, recent trends shown
form part of the census usually resident population count            in other countries, government policy, information
of that area. For example, if a person usually lives in              provided by local planners and any other relevant
Christchurch but was in Wellington on census night, they             information.
will be included in the census usually resident population
count for Christchurch.                                              The cohort component method has been used to derive the
                                                                     population projections. In this method the population at a
Census counts give a snapshot of the population and are              given date is calculated by updating the size of each age-
not adjusted for net census undercount and residents who             sex cohort in the base population for births, deaths and
are temporarily overseas. All census counts are randomly             migration within each age-sex cohort according to the
rounded to base 3.                                                   specified fertility, mortality and migration assumptions.

Population density is calculated by dividing the census              These population projections are based on assumptions
usually resident population count by land area. Land area            made about future fertility, mortality and migration
as defined for the Regional Quarterly Review is all land,            patterns of the population. Although the assumptions are
including offshore islands. It excludes areas of inland              carefully formulated to represent future trends, they are
water greater than 15 hectares (i.e. lakes, reservoirs and           subject to uncertainty. Therefore, the projections should be
ponds) as identified in the Landcover Database of New                used as guidelines rather than exact forecasts. They
Zealand (administered by Terralink, under the stewardship            provide an indication of the overall trend but do not
of the Ministry for the Environment).                                attempt to project specific annual variation.

                                                                     The projections do not take into account non-demographic
2. Population Estimates                                              factors (e.g. war, catastrophes) which may invalidate the
The estimated resident population of a given area is an              projections. Demographic trends are monitored regularly,
estimate of all people who usually live in that area at a            and when it is necessary the projections will be revised to
given date. It includes all residents of that area present in        reflect new trends and to maintain their relevance and
New Zealand and counted by the census (census usually                usefulness.
resident population count), residents who are temporarily
overseas (who are not included in the census), and an
adjustment for residents missed or counted more than once            4. Vital Statistics (Births and Deaths)
by the census (net census undercount). Visitors from                 Births and deaths are based on the resident population
overseas are excluded.                                               concept, replacing the de facto population concept that was
                                                                     used before 1991. The de facto population concept refers
For a subnational area the estimate excludes visitors from           to all vital events (births and deaths) registered in New
elsewhere in New Zealand (people who do not usually live             Zealand. However, the resident population concept
in that area), but includes residents of that area who are           excludes the births to, or deaths of, people who normally
temporarily elsewhere in New Zealand on census night                 live overseas.
(people who usually live in that area but are absent).
                                                                     Live births exclude late registrations under Section 14 of
The estimated resident population of an area in New                  the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1995. Section 14
Zealand at a given date after census also includes an                births are births, which were not registered in the ordinary
update for births, deaths and net migration of residents of          way, when the birth occurred. Such registrations can occur
that area during the period between census date and the              as late as the time of application for New Zealand
given date. Subnational population estimates are produced            Superannuation.
annually (reference date at 30 June).

                                                                     5. External Migration
3. Population Projections                                            External migration statistics are compiled from individual
The base population for the population projections is the            migration forms completed by passengers arriving in and
estimated resident population of each area at 30 June 2001.          departing from New Zealand, and forwarded to Statistics
The estimated resident population of each area at 30 June            New Zealand by the New Zealand Customs Service.
2001 is based on the 2001 census usually resident
population count updated for:                                        The various classes of arrivals and departures are:
 net census undercount                                               short-term overseas visitors (involves a visit of less
 residents temporarily overseas on census night                         than 12 months)
 births, deaths and net migration between census night               short-term NZ residents (involves a trip away of less
     (6 March 2001) and 30 June 2001                                     than 12 months)
 reconciliation with demographic estimates at ages 0-9               permanent and long-term (PLT) migrants.
     years.

                                                                35
                                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
                                                                       been re-admitted for the same condition and patients who
In the preparation of migration statistics the classification          have been transferred to other hospitals or residential
of passengers is primarily determined by individual                    institutions. Thus, there may be more than one discharge
passenger responses on the arrival and departure cards to              per immediate 'episode' of illness. Hence, the data do not
the questions on intended length of stay/absence. If a                 represent counts of individuals. Discharge figures also
person's intention changes later during the trip, then they            include any patients who die in hospital after formal
may also change their migration category. For example, if              admission.
a person comes to New Zealand with the declared intention
of settling permanently, but in fact returns overseas after a          Figures presented in the Quarterly Regional Review reflect
few months, then that person is classified as a PLT migrant            the National Minimum Dataset (NMDS) at one point in
on arrival, but is later classified as a short-term visitor on         time. Data in the NMDS is subject to small changes over
departure. This is known as migration category jumping.                time as late reports about patient discharges are received.
Data users should recognise the limitations inherent in the            Hospitals are required to report the number of discharges
information supplied by travellers.                                    within 30 days of the end of each month, however they can
                                                                       make revisions to these at any time. Therefore all
PLT arrivals include overseas migrants who arrive in New               discharges data should be treated as provisional.
Zealand intending to stay for a period of 12 months or
more (or permanently), plus New Zealand residents                      Information is received on the primary diagnosis (principal
returning after an absence of 12 months or more. PLT                   condition for which the patient was admitted to hospital)
departures include New Zealand residents departing for an              and usual address of patients discharged. The primary
intended period of 12 months or more (or permanently),                 diagnosis is classified according to the Australian Version
plus overseas visitors departing from New Zealand after a              of the International Classification of Diseases and also the
stay of 12 months or more. The difference between arrivals             Australian National Coding Standards. All healthy new-
and departures is known as net migration.                              born babies are treated as admissions and are included in
                                                                       the data.
The arrival and departure cards ask travellers to give
details of their full contact or residential address in New            The following gives a description of the diagnosis
Zealand, and this information is coded to territorial                  classification:
authority (TA) area (city, district or territory). However,            01 Infectious and Parasitic Diseases: Diseases such as
PLT migration data for territorial authority and regional                   tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, polio, pertussis, measles,
                                                                            mumps, rubella, meningococcal infection and
council areas should be interpreted with caution, for the
                                                                            chickenpox
following reasons:
                                                                       02 Neoplasms: Cancers, both malignant and benign
1 It is possible that both arrivals and departures are
                                                                       03 Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases and
    overstated for the larger cities (especially those that are
                                                                            Immunity Disorders: Disorders of the thyroid and
    close to an international airport) and understated for the
                                                                            other endocrine glands, nutritional deficiencies and
    areas surrounding those cities.
                                                                            other metabolic and immunity disorders. Diabetes
2 Some passengers provide a temporary address which
                                                                            mellitus is coded into this classification
    does not reflect their usual residential address in New
                                                                       04 Diseases of the Blood and Blood-Forming Organs:
    Zealand.                                                                Anaemias and other blood conditions and diseases
3 Levels of non-response to the address question are                   05 Mental Disorders: Organic psychotic conditions,
    higher for PLT arrivals than for PLT departures                         psychoses, neurotic disorders and mental retardation
    (possibly because many immigrants do not know their                06 Diseases of the Nervous System and Sense Organs:
    future residential address at the time of their arrival in              Various diseases affecting the nervous system (e.g.
    New Zealand).                                                           epilepsy, meningitis), and the eyes (glaucoma,
4 Where regions straddle TA boundaries, the regional                        cataracts) and ears (glue ear)
    groupings used in this report consist of the territorial           07 Diseases of the Circulatory System: Heart disease,
    authority areas most closely associated with each                       strokes, rheumatic fever and other conditions of the
    region.                                                                 veins and arteries
                                                                       08 Diseases of the Respiratory System: Asthma,
                                                                            tonsillitis, laryngitis, emphysema, pneumonia and
6. Hospital Discharges
                                                                            influenza and bronchitis
The New Zealand Health Information Service provides                    09 Diseases of the Digestive System: Ulcers,
hospital discharge information. Data refer to patients                      appendicitis, hernias and other diseases of the
discharged from day patient and inpatient care in publicly                  oesophagus, stomach and intestines
funded hospitals and publicly funded patients in private               10 Diseases of the Genitourinary System: Includes
hospitals. Patient discharge details from psychiatric                       diseases of the genitals and urinary system
hospitals and licensed rest homes are excluded.                        11 Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth and the
                                                                            Puerperium: Conditions associated with pregnancy
The number of hospital discharges referred to in the
Quarterly Regional Review includes patients who have
                                                                       12 Diseases of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue:
                                                                          Various skin conditions including celulitis and corns
                                                                  36
                                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
13 Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and                        degree, especially resolutions of recorded offences.
   Connective Tissue: Arthritis, rheumatism                          Despite these differences, the trends and patterns recorded
14 Congenital Anomalies: Inherited genetic conditions                in the data are consistent.
   including spina bifida
15 Certain Perinatal Conditions Originating in the                   Police crime statistics refer to the number of offences, not
   Perinatal Period: Conditions affecting babies that                the number of individuals committing the offences. Hence,
   originate in the latter stages of the pregnancy or the            the data do not refer to distinct individuals. Data are
   first month of life                                               collected in relation to recorded offences, of which many
16 Symptoms, Signs, and Ill-Defined Conditions: General              involve multiple charges or multiple offenders.
   information where no specifics are able to code better.
   In death data, most Sudden Infant Death Syndrome                  Offences can relate to:
   (SIDs) deaths are coded into this category                         an offender apprehended on one occasion in relation to
17 Injury and Poisoning: All injuries and poisonings,                   multiple offences
   including fractures, open wounds, superficial injuries,            an offender apprehended more than once in the 12
   contusions, burns. Poisonings                                        month reporting period. This offender will appear in
18 Other: Factors influencing health status and contact                 the statistics multiple times
   with health services. This includes liveborn infants               one event or a single recorded offence which may be
   and people who are admitted for reasons such as                      resolved by apprehending multiple offenders.
   exposure to communicable diseases without knowing
   whether they‟ve been infected.                                    Offence categories include the following classifications:
                                                                      Violence: homicide, kidnapping and abduction,
From the December 2000 quarter onwards, data are based                  robbery, grievous assaults, serious assaults,
on an updated diagnosis classification. This classification             intimidation and threats and other offences against
includes a number of discharge categories that were not                 persons
previously included. As a result, there will be an increase           Sexual: sexual attacks, sexual affronts, abnormal
in the number of discharges when compared with issues of                behaviour, immoral behaviour and indecent video.
the Quarterly Regional Review prior to the December                   Drugs and Anti Social: drugs, gaming, disorder,
2000 quarter.                                                           vagrancy, family offences and liquor
                                                                      Dishonesty: burglary, car conversion, theft, receiving
7. Crime                                                                and fraud
                                                                      Property Damage: destruction of property and
The New Zealand Police provide crime data. The data
                                                                        endangering
have two aspects: firstly the incidence of criminal offences
                                                                      Property Abuse: trespass, littering, animals, postal rail
that are „recorded‟ by the Police; and secondly the number
                                                                        and fire and firearms offences
of offences that have been „resolved‟. When an offence is
                                                                      Administrative: against justice, births deaths and
first entered into the system it becomes a 'recorded
                                                                        marriages, immigration, racial, against national interest
offence'. This excludes events which, after investigation by
                                                                        and by laws.
police, are determined not to have involved any actual
offence (known as 'no offence disclosed'). Also included in
                                                                     The Quarterly Regional Review presents annual crime
this category are offences where complainants withdrew
                                                                     data, aggregated to the 12 police districts in New Zealand.
their complaints or charges and offences where there was
                                                                     These districts are: Northland, North Shore/Waitakere,
insufficient evidence for Police to proceed further with the
                                                                     Auckland, Counties/Manukau, Waikato, Bay of Plenty,
case or to charge an offender.
                                                                     Eastern, Central, Wellington, Tasman, Canterbury and
                                                                     Southern.
When an offender has been apprehended and a decision
taken on police action in respect of the offences for which
                                                                     The data refer to the police district in which the crime was
that offender is responsible, those offences are counted as
                                                                     committed, not the police district in which the crime was
'resolved'.
                                                                     reported or resolved. More information on what areas are
                                                                     covered by Police Districts is available from Statistics New
Police crime statistics are affected by variations in actual
                                                                     Zealand.
offending, by changes in reporting by victims and
complainants, by the deployment of Police resources and
by Police policies and recording practices. Police statistics        8. Education
on recorded crime represent snapshots of Police business,
                                                                     The Ministry of Education provides education data.
in the context of offending, taken at stipulated times for
                                                                     Average number of pupils per full-time teacher equivalent
purposes of direct comparability of the statistical
                                                                     (FTTE) is calculated by dividing the number of pupils
information over time.
                                                                     (according to school rolls) by the number of FTTEs. The

                                                                     calculation for FTTEs is the total number of class contact
The source information for the official statistics is dynamic        hours, divided by 25, and rounded to two decimal places.
and subject to change. This means that the statistical               Averages for primary schools are based on July rolls and
snapshots inevitably under-report information to some                averages for secondary schools are based on March rolls.
                                                                37
                                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
                                                                      The survey population is therefore slightly different from
Primary schools include:                                              the target population. Estimates are therefore based on an
  full primary schools offering education to children up             assumption that the distribution of characteristics of those
    to Year 8                                                         in non-private dwellings is similar to those in private
  contributing schools offering education to students up             dwellings.
    to the intermediate level of schooling (Year 1-6)
  intermediate schools offering education to Year 7 and              The sample comprises slightly more than 15,000 private
    8 students.                                                       households, sampled on a statistically representative basis
                                                                      from rural and urban areas throughout New Zealand.
Secondary schools include:                                            Information is obtained for each member of a sampled
 secondary from Year 7-15                                            household who falls within the scope of the survey and
 secondary from Year 9-15                                            who meets survey coverage rules. Typically, data is
                                                                      obtained for around 30,000 individuals in each quarter.
 composite schools offering education to students at
   both the primary and secondary levels (Year 1-15)
                                                                      One-eighth of sample households are rotated out of the
 restricted composite from Year 7-10
                                                                      survey each quarter and replaced by a new sample of
                                                                      households. The overlap of seven-eighths of the sample
Primary school statistics should include Year 1-8 and
                                                                      from one survey quarter to the next improves the reliability
secondary school statistics, Year 9-15. However the                   of quarterly estimates of labour force changes.
following institution types overlap across these two
categories; secondary from Year 7-15, composite and                   Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a
restricted composite. For the purpose of the Quarterly                sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error.
Regional Review these three institution types have been               Sampling error is a measure of the variability that occurs
included in the secondary school category. Therefore                  by chance because a sample rather than an entire
school rolls for secondary schools will in reality be lower           population is surveyed. In general, the sampling errors
than reported and rolls for primary school will be higher             associated with subnational estimates are larger than those
than reported.                                                        associated with national estimates. A change in an estimate
                                                                      (either between adjacent quarters or between quarters a
Special schools and correspondence schools have been                  year apart) is said to be statistically significant if it is larger
excluded because it is difficult to classify these institution        than the associated sampling error.
types as either primary or secondary.
                                                                      Non-sampling errors include errors arising from biases in
The year of schooling (i.e. Year 8) measures the number of            the patterns of response and non-response, inaccuracies in
years of schooling a student has received and provides the            reporting by respondents, and errors in the recording and
Ministry of Education with a method of counting students              coding of data. Statistics New Zealand endeavours to
for funding and staffing purposes. School rolls are a                 minimise the impact of these errors through the application
headcount of all students enrolled at either 1 March or 1             of best survey practises and monitoring of known
July and therefore may include part-time students.                    indicators (e.g. non-response).

FTTEs are not available for all schools therefore results
are estimates only.                                                   10. Quarterly Employment Survey
                                                                      Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) statistics are derived
                                                                      quarterly from approximately 19,000 surveyed business
9. Household Labour Force Survey                                      locations in a range of industries and regions throughout
The target population for the Household Labour Force                  New Zealand. Information relates to the payweek ending
Survey (HLFS) is the civilian usually resident non-                   on, or immediately before, the 20th of the middle month of
institutionalised population aged 15 years and over. This             the quarter (that is February, May, August and November).
means that the HLFS does not cover long-term residents of
homes for the elderly, hospitals and psychiatric                      Each February, a larger (analytical) sample of
institutions; inmates of penal institutions; members of the           approximately 47,500 businesses was surveyed. The
permanent armed forces; members of the non-New Zealand                analytical sample will no longer be conducted from
armed forces; overseas diplomats; overseas visitors who               February 2004, inclusive. Information from this survey is
expect to be resident in New Zealand for less than 12                 available for a more detailed regional breakdown.
months, and those aged under 15 years of age.

Non-private dwellings have been excluded from the sample
survey. In addition, New Zealand residents living


on offshore islands (except for Waiheke Island), and those
temporarily overseas are not surveyed.


                                                                 38
                                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
                                                                    quarterly release is the first based on employee count as
The QES is a panel survey. That is, all businesses are              the size indicator.
surveyed in each quarter, from when they are introduced to
the sample until they cease, stop employing staff or are            It should be noted that these improvements did not address
rotated out when the sample is reselected or redesigned. In         some key limitations inherent in the survey's conceptual
each quarter, a sample of new businesses and businesses             underpinnings. In particular, the QES average hourly
that come into the scope of the survey are introduced.              earnings statistic does not provide a reliable measure of
                                                                    wage inflation. Average hourly earnings statistics are
The survey population is all business locations in surveyed         influenced, not only by changes in employees'
industries that employ staff.                                       remuneration, wage rates, salaries and paid hours, but also
                                                                    by changes in the composition of the paid work force from
The following industries are excluded from coverage:                survey to survey.
 Agriculture
 Services to Agriculture                                           Compositional changes which may affect movements in
 Commercial Fishing                                                average earnings statistics and changes in weighted
 International Sea Transport                                       contributions include changes in the relative numbers of
 Residential Property Operators                                    employees and their paid hours. These changes occur
 Private Households Employing Staff                                between: males and females, full-timers and part-timers,
 Non-civilian Defence Staff                                        different industries or within industries, and between
 Foreign Government Representation.                                different sectors or within sectors.

In the September 1999 quarter, Statistics New Zealand               This means that the QES does not provide a good measure
introduced a number of improvements to the QES. These               of pure wage inflation, as it is not possible to isolate shifts
improvements include: the introduction of a new                     in numbers of employees and paid hours from pure wage
processing system, improvements to the sample design and            increases.
an extension in the survey's coverage.
                                                                    The QES collects total payout information for each
From the June 2001 quarter (inclusive), the QES results             business in the survey. An increase (or decrease) in total
contain a modelled component that improves the coverage             payout does not necessarily indicate that there has been an
of existing businesses that start employing staff. The              increase (or decrease) in wages. Total payout for a firm
results from the June 1999 quarter to March 2001 quarter            could have increased because: more people were
were revised to incorporate this improvement.                       employed, more hours were worked, more qualified people
                                                                    were employed, or more full-time workers were employed,
At the beginning of September 2003, the reference quarters          etc. Survey respondents are not asked to explain changes in
were renamed to bring them into line with other Statistics          total payout from period to period, therefore there is no
                                                                    way to isolate a pure wage increase.
New Zealand surveys. The February, May, August, and
November quarters became the March, June, September,
                                                                    Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a
and December quarters, respectively. The survey reference
                                                                    sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error
periods did not change, it remained the payweek ending on
                                                                    apply to QES estimates.
or immediately before the 20th of the middle month of the
quarter.
                                                                    Estimates of change from one quarter to another are
                                                                    subject to sampling error. Sampling error is a measure of
In October 2003, employee count (EC) replaced FTE as
                                                                    variability that occurs by chance because a sample of all
the business size indicator in the sample design. This was          eligible businesses, rather than an entire population, is
the result of a change in the way the business frame (BF) is        surveyed. The magnitude of the sampling error is
maintained. Monthly administrative data is now used to              controlled by the size of the sample and the use of
update the business frae rather than annual survey data.            statistically sound selection techniques.
This is more efficient and timely process, and reduces the
survey compliance burden on businesses.                             Non-sampling error is applicable to all quarters and
                                                                    includes errors arising from biases in the patterns of
Prior to October 2003, a business was included in the QES           response and non-response, inaccuracies in reporting by
population if it had at least 0.5 paid FTE. From October            respondents, and errors in the recording and coding of
2003 onwards, it must have an employee count of at least            data. Non-sample error is by definition difficult to
one. The EC size indicator is used to identify businesses           measure.
on the BF with paid employees.
                                                                    A change in an estimate (either between adjacent quarters
As a consequence of the improved coverage under the BF              or between quarters a year apart) is said to be statistically
maintenance environment, there was no need to retain the            significant if it is larger than the sampling error associated
modelled component in the QES. It also meant revising               with that change.
previously published results from the December 1999 to
June 2003 quarters (inclusive). The September 2003

                                                               39
                                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
It is sometimes said that QES average earnings seem high,           institutionalised usually resident New Zealand civilian
being boosted by those employees with very high earnings,           population aged 15 years and over.
and that median earnings measures would be more
appropriate. QES average hourly earnings are calculated             Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a
by dividing the total earnings of employees in all surveyed         sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error.
businesses by the total number of hours they are paid for.          Sampling error is a measure of the variability that occurs
A median earnings estimate would be calculated by                   by chance because a sample rather than an entire
ranking the earnings of individual employees in order from          population is surveyed. Sampling errors are available on
lowest to highest, and taking the middle one. However, it is        request.
not possible to calculate median earnings from data
collected by the QES.                                               Non-sampling errors include errors arising from biases in
                                                                    the patterns of response and non-response, inaccuracies in
                                                                    reporting by respondents, and errors in the recording and
Statistics for some areas come with a warning about one or
                                                                    coding of data. Non-sampling errors are not quantified.
more of the following:
 area has a small sample size
 area sample includes a large number of full coverage              12. Business Demographic Statistics
     units                                                          Full-time equivalent persons engaged (FTEs) and number
 area has a high level of apportionment (see                       of business locations are derived from the Statistics New
     explanation below).                                            Zealand Business Frame. The Business Frame is a database
                                                                    of New Zealand businesses and their structure. It
Industry, and particularly regional, estimates from the QES         records details such as name, location, predominant type of
are affected by apportioning. Apportioning occurs where             industrial activity performed, employment levels, and the
businesses that have many physical locations are unable to          degree of overseas ownership.
supply us with payroll data for each of those physical
locations. We then 'apportion' their lump sum of payroll            The Annual Business Frame Update Survey (AFUS) is
data over each physical location according to the number            conducted in mid-February each year to update the records
of people working in each location. Apportioning assumes            on the Business Frame. All full-time equivalent data have
people in different physical locations receive, on average,         been rounded. Percentages are calculated from rounded
the same remuneration when in reality this may not be the           figures.
case.
                                                                    Businesses are identified from the Goods and Services Tax
11. New Zealand Income Survey                                       (GST) registrations supplied by the Inland Revenue
                                                                    Department. For those businesses providing financial
The New Zealand Income Survey is run annually as a                  services and deemed to be providing 'exempt supplies'
supplement to the Household Labour Force Survey during              under the Goods and Services Tax Act 1985, the sources
the June quarter. It was run for the first time in the June         used are:
1997 quarter.                                                        association lists
                                                                     financial reports
The New Zealand Income Survey is asked of all
                                                                     list of superannuation/pension schemes from the
respondents to the Household Labour Force Survey. Data
                                                                         Government Actuary.
from proxies were accepted in the Survey only if people
were unable to answer the Survey on health or language
                                                                    FTEs are derived as the total number of full-time
grounds.
                                                                    employees and working proprietors plus half the number of
                                                                    part-time employees and working proprietors. Employees
Average weekly income is related to the respondent‟s most
                                                                    and working proprietors working 30 hours or more per
recent pay period. The data collected are cash only, pre-
                                                                    week are defined as full-time. Those working less than 30
tax (gross) income (wherever possible) and do not include
                                                                    hours per week are defined as part-time.
any non-cash fringe benefits. Interest and investment
income has only been collected from 2002. It is important
                                                                    Each separate operating unit engaged in New Zealand in
to note, therefore, that average weekly income may not
                                                                    one, or predominantly one, kind of economic activity from
represent entire income.
                                                                    a single physical location or base is known as a business
                                                                    location (or geographic unit). An enterprise is a business
The HLFS sample comprises approximately 15,000 private
                                                                    or service entity operating in New Zealand. It can be a
households, sampled on a statistically representative basis
                                                                    company, partnership, trust, estate, incorporated society,
from rural and urban areas throughout New Zealand. The
                                                                    producer board, local or central government organisation,
final New Zealand Income Survey dataset consists of
                                                                    voluntary organisation or self-employed individual.
approximately 24,000 valid person records and 4,000
imputed person records. All data in the Quarterly Regional
Review is for the non-                                              Businesses Covered
                                                                    The population for the Business Demographic Statistics

                                                                    includes only businesses that are economically significant.
                                                               40
                                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003


A business is said to be economically significant if it meets
one or more of the following criteria:                               Industry Coverage
 greater than $30,000 annual GST expenses or sales
                                                                     Since 1997, the selection criteria and standard published
 more than two full-time equivalent paid employees
                                                                     industry categories for the Business Demographic Statistics
 in a GST exempt industry (except for residential                   have been based on the Australian and New Zealand
    property leasing and rental)                                     Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).
 part of a group of enterprises
 registered for GST and involved in agriculture or                  A geographic unit is assigned to an ANZSIC category
    forestry.                                                        according to the predominant activity that it performs.
                                                                     Where a geographic unit predominantly provides services
All GST registered enterprises recorded on the Inland                to other geographic units in the same enterprise or group of
Revenue Department (IRD) client registration file are                enterprises, it will be assigned an ancillary ANZSIC.
continually monitored to determine if they meet the
'economic significance' requirements for 'birth' onto the            The ancillary ANZSIC indicates the predominant industrial
Business Frame. A buffer zone of $25,000 to $35,000 has              activity of the units to which the services are provided. For
been established to prevent enterprises switching                    example, an office serving several factory units would have
excessively between 'economically significant' and                   a primary industry reflecting the administration activity,
'economically insignificant'. For example, an economically           while the ancillary industry would reflect the factory
significant enterprise whose annual GST turnover drops to            activity. The Business Demographic Statistics in the
$27,000 would not be reclassified as economically                    Quarterly Regional Review use the ancillary industry
insignificant, but one whose annual GST turnover drops to            where one exists and the primary industry otherwise.
$23,000 would be reclassified. All non-trading and
dormant companies are excluded from these statistics.                The coverage of the Business Demographic Statistics has
                                                                     changed in recent years, as more industries have been
Business Birthing Practice for New Units                             included in the population. Historically, most of these
                                                                     industries have been excluded because they contained a
In June 2000, Statistics New Zealand introduced a new                large proportion of enterprises that were not registered for
practice that changed the method used for adding or                  GST, or a large proportion of enterprises that fell below
'birthing' units onto the Business Frame. The new practice           the threshold of economic significance.
when a unit without employees registers for GST, is to
wait until the unit's first GST return is filed and then add         The statistics presented in this release use the 1997
the unit to the Business Frame if the unit's return has              industry coverage, which excludes agriculture production
annualised turnover greater than $30,000. The old birthing           (ANZSIC subdivision A01).
practice was to automatically birth all units that were
special, compulsory or forced registrations. These would             The primary sector includes 'Agriculture, Forestry and
then be removed from the frame if the unit did not record            Fishing' and 'Mining' industries. The secondary sector
over $30,000 turnover in their GST returns at a later date.          includes 'Manufacturing', 'Electricity, Gas and Water
                                                                     Supply' and 'Construction' industries. The tertiary sector
The new birthing practice delays the birthing of new units           includes 'Wholesale Trade', 'Retail Trade',
onto the frame by up to six months. When it was                      'Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants', 'Transport and
introduced it caused a fall in of the number of enterprises          Storage', 'Communication Services', 'Finance and
in the smallest size category (0–5 full time equivalent              Insurance', 'Education', 'Property and Business Services',
persons engaged) for the business demography data                    'Government Administration and Defence', 'Health and
published for 2001 and caused a discontinuity in the                 Community Services', 'Cultural and Recreational Services'
business demography time series. A method has since been             and 'Personal and Other Services' industries.
developed to remove this discontinuity. A revised series
for the years 1997 to 2002 is now available, the                     Data Quality
Business Demographic Statistics in this release as based on
this method.                                                         All care has been used in surveying, processing, analysing
                                                                     and extracting the data for Business Demographic
The change in birthing practice means that valid                     Statistics. However, all data are subject to possible
comparisons cannot be made between 2001 and previous                 statistical uncertainty. These variations may result, for
year's data. It is still valid to use the 2001 Business              example, from uncertainty introduced during non-response
Demographic data for cross sectional analysis that does not          imputation, or from reporting difficulties for respondents,
involve comparing 2001 data to previous years.                       or mistakes made during processing survey results.

                                                                     Statistics New Zealand adopts procedures to detect and
                                                                     minimise avoidable variation and eliminate mistakes, but

                                                                     they may still occur and they are not quantifiable. At
                                                                     higher levels of aggregation, much of the individual
                                                                41
                                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
variability often cancels out. Business Demography                     purchases include the value of everything used in the
Statistics have been validated at an aggregate level by                production chain (as opposed to GDP, which deducts the
industry, institutional sector and region to identify any              value of goods produced earlier in the production chain to
remaining detectable errors and uncertainty, and these are             avoid double-counting). Comparing net GST (sales less
corrected or re-estimated, where possible. The statistics              purchases) will give a better indication of the contribution
that have been supplied may be at a finer level of detail              of each industrial sector. While net GST is similar to GDP,
than these checking procedures apply to. Accordingly,                  it excludes some critical elements of GDP. Thus, net GST
such statistics are released with a caveat because they are            for a region is no more than an indicator of regional GDP.
of a lower standard than the official statistics the Statistics
New Zealand releases. This data may be subject to revision             The results are being released as experimental series. The
in the future.                                                         series are subject to revision while in the experimental
                                                                       stage as methodologies are further refined. Only the actual
All employment data have been rounded. The sum of                      value series will be released as there are not enough data to
components in a table may therefore not add to the total               produce seasonally adjusted estimates.
shown. Percentages are calculated from the rounded
figures.                                                               Due to the time taken for GST returns to be filed and the
                                                                       data forwarded to Statistics New Zealand, Regional
There are a numbers of limitations with the Business                   Economic Indicators will not always be available for the
Demographic Statistics. These limitations include non-                 most recent quarter. In most issues of the Quarterly
coverage of 'small' enterprises that fall below the $30,000            Regional Review data will be lagged by one quarter.
turnover threshold, lags in recording businesses that have             However, due to availability of Business Frame data, the
ceased trading or their activity has dropped below the                 March quarter each year can not be published until the
$30,000 threshold, and difficulties in maintaining                     September Quarterly Regional Review.
industrial and business classifications for smaller firms.
                                                                       The primary sector includes 'Agriculture, Forestry and
An enterprise that is outside the population scope for any             Fishing' and 'Mining' industries. The secondary sector
of Statistics New Zealand's postal surveys is ceased on the            includes 'Manufacturing', 'Electricity, Gas and Water
Business Frame once it deregisters for GST or files 12-                Supply' and 'Construction' industries. The tertiary sector
months of consecutive zero GST-returns. Enterprises that               includes 'Wholesale Trade', 'Retail Trade',
are not part of a group of enterprises and have no paid                'Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants', 'Transport and
employees are not covered by the postal survey. These                  Storage', 'Communication Services', 'Finance and
enterprises do not currently have their industry and                   Insurance', 'Education', 'Property and Business Services',
business classifications updated. Company restructures                 'Government Administration and Defence', 'Health and
and changes of ownership can result in a new GST                       Community Services', 'Cultural and Recreational Services'
registration being filed, even though it pertains to an                and 'Personal and Other Services' industries.
existing business. GST registrations are birthed onto
Statistics New Zealand's Business Frame, and the business
is given a new reference number.
                                                                       14. Consumers Price Index
                                                                       The Consumers Price Index (CPI) measures the rate of
Births and deaths of businesses are identified by matching             price change of goods and services purchased by New
the business reference numbers for one year with those of              Zealand households. The CPI has an expression base of
the previous year. Our counts of births and deaths therefore           June 1999 quarter (=1000). For detailed information
include these administrative changes as well as genuine                regarding the methodology and compilation of the June
business start-ups and closures.                                       1999 quarter rebased CPI, an information paper titled
                                                                       Implementation of the 1999 Review of the Consumers
                                                                       Price Index is available.
13. Regional Economic Indicators
(Experimental)                                                         As part of a three-yearly cycle, the CPI has new weights
                                                                       effective from June 2002. New weights apply to all
The Regional Economic Indicators are model-based,
                                                                       indexes, including regional indexes and non-standard
derived by integrating IRD data with the Statistics New
                                                                       indexes, at all levels from the regimen item level and
Zealand Business Frame.
                                                                       upwards.
Due to the impossibility of taking into account any
                                                                       Prices are collected weekly, monthly, quarterly or annually
transactions between regions/territorial authorities these             depending on the expected frequency of price changes
series are not measures of the regional Gross Domestic                 exhibited by the good or service.
Product (GDP) but nevertheless they can be used as an
indicator of the economic activity within the chosen area.

                                                                       Prices are surveyed in 15 main urban areas. These are:
                                                                       Whangarei, Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Rotorua,
Caution is also required when comparing the absolute                   Napier-Hastings, New Plymouth, Wanganui, Palmerston
values of industrial sectors. Values of GST sales and                  North, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Timaru, Dunedin
                                                                  42
                                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
and Invercargill. In general, for the Quarterly Regional             Regional Household Expenditure Estimates for 2001 are
Review, the nearest or largest urban area where price                model-based and integrate data from the Household
surveys were conducted has been used to indicate price               Expenditure Survey (HES) for the year ended 30 June
movements for the area covered by the review.                        2001 and the 2001 Census.

                                                                     Estimates of spending on various goods and services are
15. Retail Trade Survey                                              modelled using household characteristics and expenditure
The Retail Trade Survey include activity units on the                information collected in the HES. These models are then
Business Frame that are classified as:                               applied to census data to produce regional estimates of
 Retail Trade (ANZSIC division G)                                   household expenditure.
 Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants (ANZSIC
   division H)                                                       The household expenditure and average household
 Personal Services (ANZSIC subdivision 5 of division                expenditure estimates are for the year ended 30 June 2001.
   Q).                                                               Household counts used to calculate average household
                                                                     expenditure are defined as occupied permanent private
The survey population is stratified according to store type          dwellings, excluding visitor only households, from the
and size (in terms of full-time equivalent employees).               2001 Census. These household counts do not correspond
Because of the contribution that large enterprises have on           to those used in the HES, which were estimated for the
sales, they are all included in the sample. In total about           four HES regions before 2001 Census data was available.
4,000 enterprises are selected in the sample. The sample is          Hence average expenditure estimates do not match with the
designed to give statistics at the 95 percent confidence             HES.
interval limit. This means, for example, that if an estimate
has a sample error of 3.3 percent, then there is a 95 percent        Household expenditure for the apparel group is not
chance that the true value of total sales for the month lies         available for New Zealand or South Island areas.
within plus or minus 3.3 percent of the published estimate.
                                                                     18. Building Consents
Sampling errors are available for the middle month of the
quarter. A change in an estimate (either between adjacent            Building Consents data provided in the Quarterly Regional
months or between months a year apart) is said to be                 Review include building consents for the construction,
statistically significant if it is larger than the associated        alterations and additions to all building types. GST is
sampling error.                                                      included in the figures collected.

                                                                     A building is classified according to its main intended
Retail Trade data are released with the following                    function. Some consents are for a building that may have
caveat due to limitations in some of the data, which                 more than one purpose (such as a retail/office building).
are of a lower standard than published, figures                      From the June 1996 month, the floor area and value of a
Statistics New Zealand releases.                                     consent for a multi-purpose building is split between each
                                                                     of the building‟s main functions. When sufficient detail
The Retail Trade Survey sample is selected and                       cannot be obtained, the building is classified according to
weighted at the storetype and major region                           the predominant function of the building.
(Auckland, Waikato, Wellington, Rest of the North
Island, Canterbury and Rest of the South Island)                     From the December 2000 quarter, the effect of consents
level. Data released below this design level are                     that would serve to subtract from the building stock (e.g. a
indicative only.                                                     demolition) is removed.

16. Car Registrations                                                19. Real Estate Institute of New Zealand
Car registrations come from a database maintained by the             The Quarterly Regional Review includes data from the
Land Transport Safety Authority. The database contains               Real Estate Institute of New Zealand (REINZ) pertaining
monthly new and ex-overseas registration counts by make,             to the number and average price of dwelling and section
country of origin, and postal district. Ex-overseas vehicles         sales recorded by real estate agents who are members of
are those that have been registered in another country               REINZ.
before entry into New Zealand.
                                                                     The data is coded to areas that have been approximated to
The Quarterly Regional Review presents total new and ex-             regional councils with the exception of Kaikoura, which is
overseas registrations per quarter, aggregated to the 22             grouped with Marlborough Region.

postal districts in New Zealand. The counts indicate the             The statistical information contained in this publication has
postal district in which the vehicle is domiciled, not the           been compiled from reports of sales made through Real
postal district in which it was registered.                          Estate Agents only. These statistics do not include sales
                                                                     made by parties who are not a member of REINZ such as
                                                                     private sales. Although the statistics have been complied
17. Regional Household Expenditure Estimates                         from the best information available, the Real Estate
                                                                43   Institute of New Zealand accepts no responsibility for the
                                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
accuracy of the information. The information should not be            processing. While every effort is made to minimise these
relied upon solely as the basis for making any decisions              errors, they will still occur. It is not possible to quantify
about a Real Estate transaction. Any person proposing to              their effect.
buy or sell property should seek professional advice as to
the value of the property with which they are concerned.
                                                                      21. Overseas Cargo Statistics (Where applicable)
                                                                      Overseas Cargo Statistics are sourced from customs entries
20. Accommodation Survey                                              that Statistics New Zealand receives from the New Zealand
The target population for the accommodation survey is all             Customs Service. Overseas Cargo Statistics record the
geographic units that are classified as short term (less than         value and gross weight of all goods loaded or unloaded at
one month) commercial accommodation providers                         New Zealand ports - both sea and air.
operating in New Zealand.
                                                                      Overseas cargo loaded/unloaded statistics exclude large
The survey frame is all commercial accommodation-                     one-off exports (and re-exports)/imports of transport
providing geographic units belonging to an economically               equipment, i.e. aircraft, shipping vessels, oil rigs etc, which
significant enterprise. Economic significance is generally            arrive in or depart from the country under their own power.
determined as being GST registered, having a turnover of
at least $30,000 per annum.                                           Overseas Cargo Statistics are provisional for three months,
                                                                      to allow for the inclusion of late data and amended
The predominant capacity provided determines the                      documentation.
accommodation type. For instance, if a business provides
both motel and campground accommodation, but the                      Cargo loaded (exports) is valued free on board (fob) and is
majority of its „stay units‟ are motel rooms, it is classified        shown in New Zealand dollars. In some cases goods are
as a motel.                                                           sent on consignment and the selling prices are not known
                                                                      until goods are disposed of at their destination. In these
New Zealand Accommodation Classification is defined as:               cases, fob values are based on prices current at the time of
 hotels: includes both hotels and resorts                            export. Statistics New Zealand converts values given in
 motels: includes motor inns, apartments and motels                  foreign currencies to New Zealand dollars using weekly
 Hosted: includes private hotels, guesthouses, bed and               exchange rates when the statistics are compiled.
  breakfasts, and holiday farm (farm-stays)
  accommodation                                                       Cargo unloaded (imports) are valued at cost including
 backpackers / hostels                                               insurance and freight (cif) and are shown in New Zealand
 caravan parks / camping grounds.                                    dollars. These values are converted from foreign currencies
                                                                      when the New Zealand Customs Service processes import
The Quarterly Regional Review aggregates establishment                documents. The New Zealand Customs Service sets the
types and provides summary data for guest nights and                  exchange rates used for conversions each fortnight.
occupancy rates at the territorial authority level.
                                                                      There have been revisions to the cargo statistics. They
A guest night is equivalent to one guest spending one night           affect only a few values in the time series for some ports,
at an establishment. For example, a motel with 15 guests              and the impacts are at most between 2-3 percent of the
spending two nights would report provision of 30 guest                previous values.
nights of accommodation. Occupancy rates are calculated
by dividing „stay unit nights occupied‟ by „stay unit nights          The revisions are due to:
available‟. A stay unit is the unit of accommodation                   efforts by the New Zealand Customs Service to
charged out to guests. If a motel has six of its ten units                improve the export documentation completed by
occupied every night in July, it has 6 x 31                               exporters
= 186 stay unit nights occupied. Its stay unit nights                  a parallel export quality assessment by Statistics New
available (capacity) is 10 x 31 = 310. So its occupancy                   Zealand
rate is 60 percent (186 / 310 x 100).

The accommodation survey aims for 100 percent coverage
of the population. However, in practice an overall response              a downward revision to butter export values to correct
rate of approximately 78 percent is achieved.                             a previously overvalued price that included the tariff
                                                                          into the United Kingdom
The remaining units are given imputed values based upon
the characteristics of similar establishments in the same or          Tables containing the revised data accompanied the March
similar regions. This procedure introduces unknown errors             2002 Quarterly Regional Review.
into the estimates, and this should be borne in mind by
users of the data. The size of these unknown errors is                From the August 1997 reference month, cargo exports are
difficult to quantify.                                                compiled by date of export. Previously, cargo exports were
                                                                      generally compiled according to the date of processing by
Other non-sampling errors occur for reasons such as                   the New Zealand Customs Service.
respondent-error, non-response, frame quality and errors in
                                                                 44
                                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003
                                                                    additional conditions may apply. Where additional
Cargo imports are generally compiled by the date of entry           conditions apply, they will be part of the documentation for
lodgement at the New Zealand Customs Service. Entries               those products and services.
are required from up to five days before, to 20 working
days after, arrivals of the goods in New Zealand.
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                                                                    Information obtained from Statistics New Zealand may be
Word Document Links                                                 freely used, reproduced, or quoted unless otherwise
Some Quarterly Regional Review users have experienced               specified. In all cases Statistics New Zealand must be
trouble with graph links within the electronic Word                 acknowledged as the source.
document. If this is you, then check that the automatic link
update property within Word is not active.
                                                                    Quality Of Statistical Data
To do this open Word, go to Tools, Options. Select the              All statistical data are subject to error, either through
General tab and check that the "Update automatic links at           incompleteness of response or by way of limitations
Open" option is NOT selected. Also avoid double clicking            imposed by the design of the survey.
on any of the graphs within the Word document because
this will cause Word to attempt to update the graph link,           Most official surveys are designed to produce national
producing an error.                                                 estimates. Where estimates are made for regions or other
                                                                    sub-populations, sampling errors may seriously limit the
                                                                    use of that information. The quality of such statistical data
Data in Spreadsheet                                                 should always be assessed before deciding on their fitness
Supporting data used to produce this bulletin is contained          for the tasks to which they are to be put.
in the spreadsheet provided.
                                                                    Timing
Further Information                                                 Timed statistical releases are delivered using postal and
Information about regional statistics produced by Statistics        electronic services provided by third parties. Delivery of
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Further information about how the different surveys are
conducted may be found in the technical notes of the Hot
Off The Press released for each of the surveys.
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Statistics New Zealand. For some products and services




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                                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W September 2003




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                   Next Quarterly Regional Review                     will be released in March 2004




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