A year in the life of St Patrick’s Cathedral Armagh
Issue 1 | Spring 2008
It is with much pleasure that I which enable the Cathedral in all its this issue together. Particular thanks
commend this new production. On aspects to function. Along with this to the Friends’ Committee and
the Hill of Armagh we have a rich magazine, it is intended to enclose
to First Trust Bank, Armagh for
heritage and tapestry of events, a list of the Friends of Armagh
activities and comings and goings Cathedral and also contact details sponsoring the project and enabling
to celebrate. So congratulations to for those who might be encouraged us to produce this record of a year in
the Committee of the Friends for to join! the life of St Patrick’s Cathedral.
deciding to acknowledge some of
these and in particular the highlights I thank the Editor and Secretary
of 2007 and share them with a wider of the Friends, Tom Duncan and the Patrick W Rooke
audience. I trust those who pick small Group responsible for putting Dean
up this ﬁrst issue of ‘Cathedra’ and
peruse its pages will ﬁnd the contents
The Friends of the Cathedral
is that group of people who, from
the wider community, wish to
demonstrate in a practical way their
association with the life and witness
of the Cathedral. Thus they pay a
fee to belong, support Cathedral
events, attend worship when and
if possible, pray for its work and
witness and generally take an interest
in all that goes on. St Patrick’s has
‘Friends’ from all over the world
– living stones, parts of the body
ongratulations to C athedr al member M r N or man
Mawhinney on reaching his 100th birthday in
August 2007. He is pictured with the Mayor of
Armagh, Councillor Charlie Rolloston and the Dean.
Mr Mawhinney joined the staﬀ of Allisons Studios in
Scotch Street as a trainee photographer in 1922 where he
worked for the next ﬁfty years. As the local photographer,
Norman was responsible for taking many of the pictures
which now form the ‘Allison Collection’ housed in the
Public Record Ofﬁce, Belfast. During his working life he
became a well known and popular resident of Armagh,
serving both sections of the community equally and
recording their most cherished moments on ﬁlm.
2 | Cathedra
The Friends of the Cathedral
Annual Outing again and we travelled on to the
American Folk Park.
Decisions as to where the Outing
should be held are becoming more We were scheduled to arrive in
difﬁcult to make because over the time to see a wedding ceremony as
16 years the Friends have roamed far it was carried out by the pioneering
and wide to such places as Aras an settlers in America. The inclement
Uactarain,Ulster History Park, King’s weather made conditions underfoot
House in Boyle, Downpatrick,Hill unpleasant but the tour of the Folk
of Tara, Clonmacnoise, Newgrange Park,the Wedding Ceremony and
etc. So after some deliberations the shop made for a most enjoyable
the decision was taken to go in the afternoon.
direction of County Fermanagh.
Once again time to board the
The party set oﬀ on Saturday 16th bus for the short drive to the Mellon
June 2007 for the Share Centre in Country Inn where an excellent meal
Lisnaskea. The weather was very poor was enjoyed by everyone.
but spirits were high. On arrival the
party boarded the ‘Lady of the Lake’ This is a venture that more of the
cruiser and set sail for Crom Castle. Friends should try and take part in,
A very welcome cup of coﬀee and because not only is it an opportunity
scones were served on the boat during to see places that might not always
the journey. It was very unfortunate be open to individuals, but it helps to
that the beauty of Lough Erne could build up friendships.
not be seen in all its glory because of
the rain. However,all arrived safely at The thanks of all of the Friends are
Crom and disembarked to visit the due to Flo Lawson and Pat Harrison
Heritage Centre and have lunch. for the excellent arrangements.
After lunch all aboard the bus So, see you all next year
This was held at the Cathedral on Thursday 22nd
November 2007. About 70 Friends came along to this
very excellent evening which was organised to raise
funds for the Friends.
We met in the Library for an initial reception. We
were then divided into teams for the Murder Mystery.
The event and mystery were portrayed inside the
Cathedral by the Armagh Living History characters
in their Georgian costumes as they told their story of
The teams then returned to the Deanery to enjoy Wine
and Cheese and to decide on the guilty party.
An event which was great fun and raised some money for the
Friends. Many thanks to the Dean and Mrs Rooke, Pat Harrison
and our sponsors Joyce Estate Agents
Cathedra | 3
Archbishop and Mrs Harper
Archbishop with Mrs Harper Archbishop Harper with President McAleese and
and his mother Mrs Harper Senior the Duke of Edinburgh
Bishop Alan Harper became Archbishop of Armagh on the 2nd February 2007. Previously he had spent ﬁ ve years
as Bishop of Connor. Elected by his colleagues on the bench of bishops, the new Archbishop is a man of wide
experience and expertise.
Archbishop Harper was enthroned in the Cathedral on the eve of St Patrick’s Day. It was a memorable occasion
and the service was attended by, among others, the Duke of Edinburgh and the President of Ireland.
The Archbishop and Mrs Harper are now settled in their temporary residence at 5 Beresford Row on the Mall.
The plans for the new See House are currently with the planners but it will probably be another couple of years
before it is built on the site of the old See House beside St Patrick’s Cathedral.
In welcoming the Archbishop and Mrs Harper to Armagh we wish them every happiness for the coming years in
the Primatial City.
A while ago the Archbishop was enthroned, although I expect it’s gone very quickly for him in his new job.
What I remember most about it was that we were joined by the boys of St George’s Belfast and it was nice
to be part of such a big choir. The choirmaster from St George’s was quite tough with us, but was good.
The boys were nice and it would be quite good to do something with them again. I knew a few of them from
Charles Wood Summer School. The security was very tight because such important people were coming to the
I saw Prince Philip there, I didn’t even know who he was. President Mary McAleese came. She has been at the
Cathedral before – at least I knew who she was! I liked it when the Archbishop knocked on the door because it
looked as if they had locked him out. I didn’t really realise what was happening until I saw it on the television
the next day.
I’ve taken part in a few big services now but this was very special. I hope the Archbishop enjoyed it too. We
had a great tea afterwards at the Royal School! I liked the spring rolls!
Patrick Ballantine – Chorister
4 | Cathedra
Foreword a long Line
Archbishop Harper is the latest of a long line of Archbishops of Armagh. A plaque at the back of the Cathedral lists
the names dating back to 444 when Patrick was the ﬁrst Bishop. This list is reproduced below together with thumbnail
versions of the paintings of Archbishops dating back to Henry Ussher in 1595. Until 1106 the incumbent held the title
of Bishop or Abbot thereafter Archbishop.
444 Patrick 883 Maerobartach 1216 Netterville 1471 Foxalls 1724 Boulter
467 Benignus 893 Mochta 1227 O’Fibabra 1476 Connesburgh 1742 Hoadly
481 Jarlath 900 Maelciarain 1240 Albert 1478 Octavian de Palatio 1747 Stone
497 Cormac 903 Cellach 1247 Reginald 1513 Kite 1765 Robinson
513 Dubthach 915 Maelciarain 1258 O’Connellan 1521 Cromer 1795 Newcome
526 Ailill I 936 Joseph 1262 O’Scannell 1543 Dowall 1800 Stuart
536 Ailill II 936 Mael Patrick II 1272 Macmaelisa 1553 Goodacre 1822 J.G.Beresford
551 O’Faranan 936 MacDolgen 1306 Taaffe 1560 MacTeague 1862 M.G.Beresford
588 Carlaen 944 Maelmuire 1307 Walter de Jorse 1563 Loftus 1886 Knox
623 Maclaisre 1006 Airindach 1312 Roland de Jorse 1568 Lancaster 1893 Gregg
640 Macronan 1032 Maeltuile 1324 Segrave 1584 Long 1896 Alexander
688 Segeni 1032 O’Ferris 1334 Mageraghty 1590 Garvey 1911 Crozier
730 Suibhne 1096 Mael Patrick III 1348 Fitzralph 1595 Henry Ussher 1920 D’Arcy
732 Congusa 1099 O’Boyle 1362 Sweteman 1613 Hampton 1938 Day
794 Afﬁath 1106 Cellach 1383 Colton 1625 James Ussher 1939 Gregg
811 Nuadha 1134 O’Morgair 1404 Flemming 1661 Bramhall 1959 McCann
818 Artri 1137 Gelasius 1418 Swayne 1663 Margetson 1969 Simms
835 Forannan 1175 O’Caran 1430 Prene 1678 Boyle 1980 Armstrong
862 Mael Patrick I 1181 O’Connor 1444 Mey 1703 Marsh 1986 Eames
875 Fethgna 1206 McGillaweer 1457 Bole 1714 Lindsay 2007 Harper
Henry Ussher Christopher James Ussher John Bramhall James Margetson Michael Boyle Narcissus March
Thomas Lindsay Hugh Boulter John Hoadly George Stone Richard Robinson William Newcome William Stuart
Lord John George Marcus Gervais Robert Knox Robert Samuel William Alexander John Baptist Charles Frederick
Beresford Beresford Gregg Crozier d’Arcy
John Godfrey John Allen James McCann George Otto Simms John Ward Robert Henry Alan Edwin
Fitzmaurice Day Fitzgerald Gregg Armstrong Alexander Eames Thomas Harper
Cathedra | 5
In St. Patrick’s Cathedral are a number of stone carvings, including representations of persons and
animals which have been carved from a distinctive pink sandstone. The two animals (a third
was stolen some years ago) have been called bears, but seem to me more likely to
be dogs with damaged muzzles. On one the relief of what is clearly a
dog’s head can be seen between its legs. There are also a couple of
human heads, and a standing ﬁgure of very simple form whose
head appears to be surrounded by either coarse stylised hair
or the rays of the sun.
The outstanding member of this group is the statue
known as the ‘Tandragee idol’ (for a short time it was
housed at Tandragee). This statue sits on a wide solid base
and is carved ‘in the round’, so was clearly intended to
be freestanding (as were the dogs). The ﬁgure has one arm
across its chest, and in each hand there is a cylindrical object
(a thunderbolt?). It has an open mouth, and an antler-stump
on each side of its forehead. Its hands are identical to the front
feet of the dogs, wich (as well as the stone from which both are
made) links them. A recently discovered carving from near Armagh is a
combination of a human, with all the features of the ‘Tandragee idol’, and a dog.
The ﬁgures almost certainly came from the vicinity of Armagh. It has been claimed that they were found around
the cathedral when it was being rebuilt in the 1830s. They do not seem to be of Medieval date
or later, and cannot be paralleled by any carvings from Christian sites. It is therefore
likely that they belong to the pagan Iron Age (between about 400 BC and AD
400). They indicate the former existence, in or near Armagh (perhaps on the
site of the Cathedral), of a prehistoric pagan sanctuary of great importance.
Several ingenious suggestions have been made as to the identity of the
‘Tandragee idol’, especially by comparing his attributes to the various
‘heroes’ (gods) mentioned in the early Irish mythological tales. I believe it
represents a god who had the attributes of a stag and a hound, and is known
from the Continent. In Irish mythology he would equate to the main Ulster
god-hero Conall Cernach (‘Strong-hound the Horned’).
If any readers have knowledge of other stone ﬁgures, or
information regarding the discovery and history of those in the
Cathedral the Dean would be very happy to pass this on to the
6 | Cathedra
Cathedral comings and goings
Director of Celtic Spirituality
The Reverend Grace Clunie, Rector of St Nicholas, Belfast, joined the Cathedral staff in
September 2007 as the Director of Celtic Spirituality. Grace returns to her native County
Armagh and brings with her a wealth of knowledge gained during more than twelve
years in the ordained ministry. Already she is developing this new initiative which it is
hoped will bring an extra dimension to the life and witness of the Cathedral.
At the end of 2007 the Board’s Honorary Treasurer, Mr Jack Moore, stepped down
after thirteen years in post. Previously Mr Moore had been the Board’s Honorary
Secretary – a position he was
appointed to in June 1978. A
member of the Board for thirty two years Mr Moore has
served as Secretary or Treasurer for almost thirty years – a
remarkable achievement, not least in that he was largely
responsible for overseeing, with the Dean, the 2003
Appointed in Mr Moore’s place is Mr Eric Marshall,
a native of Markethill and an experienced Honorary
Treasurer who has served in that capacity at Mullabrack
Parish for many years.
Jack Moore Eric Marshall
Mr Michael Cairns resigned as Dean’s Verger having served for more than seven years in this position. Highly organised
and hard working, Michael had done a magniﬁcent job
in maintaining the Cathedral and its grounds in such
excellent order. The Cathedral Board acknowledged his
contribution at a reception in June. In the Autumn, Mr
David Bingham took up the post of Dean’s Verger and has
already begun to make his mark. Quietly and pleasantly
he gets on with the job and we are fortunate to have
secured his services. He is currently assisted by Mr Lee
Vage, Mr Sean McCabe and Mr John Fulton.
Michael Cairns David Bingham
In 2007 we bade farewell to the Reverend Mike Roemmele (now Rector of Macosquin,
Diocese of Derry) and the Reverend Mervyn Kingston (retired). In thanking them for
their contribution as Clerical Vicars Choral we welcome the Reverend Dr Eric Culbertson
(Tullanisken & Clonoe), the Reverend Joyce Moore (Drogheda & Kilsarin) and the
Reverend John McClenaghan (St Columba’s, Portadown). Mr Bill Lauder’s service to
the Choir over more than ﬁfty years was acknowledged through his appointment by the
Archbishop and the Dean as Lay Vicar Choral.
Gentlemen of the Choir Bill Lauder
We acknowledge the contribution to the Choir made by David Wilson and Matthew Marshall. Welcome to Brian
Jeffers who joined the Choir in 2007.
In 2007 we said farewell to Liam Crangle who was appointed Organ Scholar at St George’s, Belfast. Liam had
previously served as Head Chorister. Tom Chadwick also left during the year. We welcome new choristers Orly
Watson, Tom Creaney, Calum Weir, Matthew Gray and Daire Fitzmaurice.
Cathedra | 7
In September 2007, the Revd Grace Clunie was appointed to a part-time post at the Cathedral as Director of the
Centre for Celtic Spirituality. Previously, she served in St. Mark’s in Newtownards, Seagoe in Portadown, and St.
Nicholas’s in Belfast. Her vision for this new Centre is outlined below.
Since arriving in Armagh, the three most often-asked questions about the Centre for Celtic Spirituality are:
1. What is Celtic Spirituality?
2. Why have a Centre for Celtic Spirituality at Armagh Cathedral?
3. What will the Centre for Celtic Spirituality do?
So here are some answers to these very helpful and insightful questions.
What is Celtic Spirituality ? Why have a Centre of Celtic Spirituality
at Armagh Cathedral ?
Celtic Spirituality looks back to the very ﬁrst
Christians in these islands, and gains inspiration Armagh is a very ancient place. In fact its heritage
for today’s church from the practices of those ﬁrst reaches back into the mists of pre-history, and the site
Christians. of Navan Fort, dating back to Neolithic settlers around
4,500 BC, is a wonderful reminder of the intricacies of
The period of history is from the middle of the 5th pre-Christian community and ritual.
century right up to the Council of Whitby in 664A.D
- an era when the Church here was still relatively It is a fact of history that St. Patrick, and those who
independent and full of the zeal of the Spirit in its ﬁrst introduced the Christian faith to Ireland, somehow
liturgy, art, community life and practices. enabled a virtually seamless transition to the Christian
understanding of God and the Universe.
Speaks to our Age...
According to the Book of Armagh, in 447 St. Patrick
Celtic Spirituality also speaks directly to the issues of ordained that Armagh should have pre-eminence over
the age in which we live - environmental destruction and all the churches of Ireland. So it is to this day, as both
global warming, materialism, secularism, community Archbishops reside in Armagh, and it is known as the
isolation, fragmentation of the Church etc. etc. Ecclesiastical Capital of Ireland.
Celtic Spirituality offers us inspiration and hope The Cathedral Choir traces its origins back to the
because it speaks of the Divine presence in all of God’s legacy of the Culdees – Celi De (Lit: Vassals of God), an
ancient Monastic Celtic Christian order.
creation; of respect for the whole earth in the way we
live; of living a simple lifestyle; of acknowledging God’s On this hill also lies the body of Brian Boru, High King
presence in every person, place and event; of a church of All Ireland, laid to rest after the Battle of Clontarf in
based upon small, hospitable and caring communities 1014.
and of a faith that expressed itself in a balance between
head and heart in its poetry, liturgy, and calligraphic art. In 1771 Archbishop Robinson founded Armagh Public
It is impossible to say completely what Celtic Spirituality Library on the hill, a treasure-house for those interested in
is in these few words, but I hope this ‘ﬂavour’ draws ancient and valuable writings and manuscripts, and a wide
you to ﬁnd out more, and to realise that it is as much an variety of other writings, too many and varied to list here.
experience, as an intellectual discipline. Above the entrance door is an inscription in Greek which
in translation is: ‘The Healing Place of the Soul’.
Thus, the special nature and heritage of this ancient
place – the hill of Armagh – is a treasure to be both valued
8 | Cathedra
What will the centre for Celtic Spirituality
The Centre will be a resource both for the City of
Armagh and for a much wider user group.
The Centre has already brought together a group
of people, from all church denominations, interested in
Celtic Spirituality. There are bi-monthly talks on aspects
of Celtic Spirituality, a weekly Holy Communion Service
(Wednesdays 12.30pm), Christian Aid Lunches on the ﬁrst
Wednesday of each month at 1pm, an annual Conference
(23rd -25th May 2008), and an annual Pilgrimage to other
ancient Celtic sites.
The Centre will also reach out to local schools, inviting
classes of children to the Cathedral and Library, to learn
about the Christian faith and the legacy of St. Patrick, and
also to value their local historical heritage.
The Centre for Celtic Spirituality will be based at 8,
Vicars’ Hill, which will, hopefully, in time, be converted
to a place of retreat and hospitality for anyone wishing
to spend time on the ancient hill of Armagh. The Centre
will also be available to larger groups (ie. day retreats for
parishes or youth groups), will offer Spiritual Direction
and will facilitate the use of the local special library
collections for study. Those who visit the Centre will also
be able to link in with the Sunday and daily Cathedral
At a time in our history when there are solid signs of
a more stable and hopeful future for Northern Ireland,
this is a vision for celebrating the heritage we have and
for promoting it by welcoming all from home or abroad
who wish to share in this ancient and sacred place. It is
our hope that, in the words of the inscription above the
Library, the Centre for Celtic Spirituality may fulﬁl the
vision described there as The Healing Place of the Soul.
Rev. Grace Clunie can be contacted on 02838870667
Cathedra | 9
The Rookes of Vicars’ Hill
On Sunday evenings last April, the
BBC broadcast the four-part series ‘The
Rookes of Vicars’ Hill’. John Nicholson,
a member of the Cathedral congregation
and co-producer of the series reﬂects......
The ﬁrst question that any
commissioning editor will ask us is,
‘what is the story or what is the new
idea’? So it was with ‘The Rookes of
Vicars’Hill’; here was a very human
story about a family having to, ‘up
sticks’ and move to a new home and
take on the challenges of a new role
in the Church at the same time as
Archbishop Robin Eames announced
his retirement from his long ministry
and mission for peace as Primate of Dean Rooke on Portstewart Strand with Susanna, Nicholas, Mrs Alison Rooke and Emily.
all Ireland. These two interesting and Early in 2006, the decision to invite question – what is the proper role of
newsworthy stories would become the Archdeacon Patrick Rooke to become the Church? Is it about looking after
narrative spine of our documentary Dean of Armagh was probably the last people or is it about preserving old
series but the process of telling them major appointment made by his boss, buildings? When viewed against all
would also allow us to shine a light Lord Eames, Archbishop of Armagh the poverty and need that exists in the
on the whole Church and to look at and Primate of all Ireland, before World, then the saving of souls will
its role in society in the twenty ﬁrst he announced his own intention to always win out over saving stones – or
century. Questions on the role of retire at the end of that year. It was
religion in what is now known as maybe – a case can be made for both.
to be a momentous year and the new
the secular age; questions on falling
Dean’s job was to make sure it all went For me as one of the producers of
Church congregations and questions on
smoothly. ‘The Rookes of Vicars’ Hill’, the
what the Church was doing to tackle
sectarianism in Northern Ireland could most memorable feature of the whole
Throughout the ﬁlming of the TV series series was the Enthronement Service
all be posed and hopefully answered.
Dean Rooke highlighted some of the for Alan Harper, the new Archbishop
challenges facing him in his new role in of Armagh. In an atmosphere of
For anyone who has ever moved house
Armagh and how he and his colleagues
or changed their job or taken over highly charged political and religious
might tackle them. Certainly, inspired
a challenging new role in life then symbolism where practically every
by all of those grand old buildings,
the story of Patrick Rooke, his wife shade of belief and conviction in
Alison and their three children, Emily, visitor numbers are increasing in
Britain and Ireland was represented,
Nicholas and Susanna will resonate Armagh. The plan to persuade other
old foes had come together to make
strongly. Having just moved into a parishes to visit the Cathedral one
Sunday a month has also boosted the peace. Here was the true essence of
brand new rectory in their old parish Christianity – Peace, Forgiveness and
in Portstewart they were now faced congregation and given many more
people a sense of ownership of their Reconciliation on display for the whole
with the prospect of moving to an old World to see. Could it have happened
Georgian home. They were leaving Cathedral. Reaching out the hand
of friendship to other denominations anywhere else? The answer is – it
old friends and didn’t! These ancient and sacred stones
having to make along with the ongoing work of the
Hard Gospel Committee is all helping to of St.Patrick had hosted a revival of
new ones in
break down the old barriers, to combat hope and the dawning of a new era of
sectarianism and the more recent threat peace and prosperity in the history of
environment; of racism. One of the main features this troubled island.
how would they of the television programmes was the
be accepted – scenery; those striking views of Armagh
and how long from almost every angle, including So perhaps the old buildings of needs
before they from the sky, which highlighted all must be preserved, not least to remind
could call the of that magniﬁcent architectural everyone of the constancy of the
Deanery their heritage. However, those same images Church - the enduring nature of its
home? also highlight a major dilemma for message, that it is we, who will always
the Church of Ireland which begs the need renewing.
10 | Cathedra
The Tercentenary of Archbishop Richard Robinson’s
Birth: Why Now?
Armagh Heritage We have followed the Robinson family and their
days organized in principal descendants from roots in Strowan in Perthshire,
2007 by the Armagh through Kendal in the old county of Westmoreland, to
Visitor Education Rokeby and Cundall in Yorkshire, and ﬁnally to St. Mary
Committee AVEC (see the Virgin, in Merton Park, Surrey. We have discovered
http://scholars.arm. that Richard Robinson was baptized at Merton on 13th
ac.uk/avec/) raised July 1708 and was probably born (we conclude) between
the question: ``When April and July 1708. His tercentenary is 2008.
Richard Robinson Many people, particularly those in the counties of
born, and when Durham, Surrey and Yorkshire record ofﬁces, and in St.
should we celebrate Mary’s Church, Merton, and our own cathedral, have
his tercentenary?’’ The assisted our research. It is notable, however, that nearly
overwhelming majority all the required material is directly available within the
of sources say that City of Armagh or on the Internet, and is directly within
the primate, Baron the resources and expertise of staff in the Armagh Public
Rokeby of Armagh, Library, the Armagh City Library, the Irish and Local
Studies Library, the Armagh County Museum and the
was born in 1709, but
Armagh Observatory. Considering Robinson’s “dream”
the inscription on his tomb and on the memorial in the
to establish a university in the Armagh, it’s as if it is here
Cathedral both say that he died on 10th October 1794,
aged 86 years. So he must have been born sometime
between 11th October 1707 and 10th October 1708,
It is timely that the question of his date of birth should
and not 1709.
have been solved in 2008, and most appropriate that
the work was done with the support of the research and
Our research into the matter makes a fascinating education institutions that have arguably sprung from
detective story. Many of the standard sources are wrong seeds sown during his period of ofﬁce. Robinson’s vision
or inconsistent; and even the authoritative 2004 Oxford for Armagh is worth celebrating and — like Robinson
Dictionary of National Biography gives no new clues. — with an eye on the future.
Instead, it gives an even greater range of dates: 1707 to
1711. Mark E. Bailey Armagh Observatory
Carol Conlin Armagh Public Library
Transcription, and the original, of the Merton Baptism Registers 1708 and 1709.
Cathedra | 11
Archbishop and Lady Eames
All at the Cathedral were sorry to
be saying farewell at Evensong on
Sunday 31st December 2006 to
Archbishop and Lady Eames who
had resided in the Cathedral Close
for more than twenty years.
Lord Eames of Armagh, as he is
now known, distinguished himself
in so many ways and will surely
go down in history as one of the
‘great’ Archbishops of Armagh. He
is currently co-chair of the Eames/
Bradley Group commissioned with
the task of enabling the people of
Northern Ireland to move forward
and in some way draw a line under
It was with great delight to the
people of Armagh that the former
Archbishop was awarded the
distinguished Order of Merit by the
Queen in July and that he and Lady
Eames were made Freemen of the
City of Armagh in September. As yet
they have not been seen grazing their
sheep on the Mall.
Archbishop Brady created a Cardinal
On 17th October 2007 Pope In congratulating Cardinal
Benedict XVI announced that Brady, Northern Ireland Secretary,
Archbishop Sean Brady would be Sean Woodward described him as ‘a
one of 24 new Cardinals created at man of great integrity and spiritual
a special consistory in Rome on 24th strength’ and stated that ‘ his
November 2007. This means that elevation to the College of Cardinals
Archbishop Brady joins Cardinal will be a matter of much rejoicing
Cahal Daly and Cardinal Desmond
Connell in the College of Cardinals
and that Ireland has 3 Cardinals for Since his arrival in Armagh,
the ﬁrst time in its History. Cardinal Brady has held out the hand
Cardinal Brady,a native of County of friendship to all communities and
Cavan , was elected as Coadjutor has consistently delivered a message
Archbishop of Armagh in February of peace and reconciliation.
1995 and became Archbishop of
Armagh and Primate of All Ireland All those associated with our
on 3rd November 1996. Prior to his own Cathedral on ‘ the other hill
appointment , Cardinal Brady was in Armagh’ congratulate Cardinal
Rector of the Irish College in Rome Brady on his appointment and look
from 1987 until 1993 when he was forward to many years of continuing
appointed parish priest of Castletara, friendship and co –operation between
Ballyhaise , County Cavan. the 2 hills.
12 | Cathedra
The Cathedral Board is the body of clergy and laity charged with the ‘regulation and management’ of the Cathedral
Church of Saint Patrick of Armagh by an act of the General Synod in 1972.
Chaired by the Dean of Armagh, the Board comprises the members of the Cathedral Chapter (8), a Senior Clerical
Vicar Choral, six laypersons elected triennially from the registered vestry members of the Cathedral congregation and
four laypersons elected by the lay members of the Armagh Diocesan Council.
This body of twenty persons is responsible for the preservation, restoration and repair of the fabric of the Cathedral
and all permanent structures within including the lighting, heating and cleaning of the building.
Meetings of the Cathedral Board are held quarterly, usually in March, June, September and December.
Cathedral Restoration Appeal
In the spring of 2002 the Cathedral
Restoration Appeal was launched
to raise the funds necessary to carry
out essential repair work on the
Cathedral windows, interior plaster
and stone work, and refurbishment
of the Robing Room. Our target
was to raise £500,000 towards a
total estimated cost of £1,000,000.
However as work on the building
progressed it became evident that both
the electrical and heating installations
Garden of Rest
also required urgent repair and so
To facilitate the burial of ashes, the a second phase of restoration was
Board has agreed to a Garden of undertaken in October 2003 and
Rest to be sited opposite the Chapter
completed in April 2004. Since 1980
Room door. At present the Cathedral
architect is drawing up detailed plans repairs and renovation have cost in
for this area. excess of £1,500,000.
In order to improve the experience of visitors
who come to the Cathedral, the Board has
agreed to appoint a steward on a trial basis from In the near future it is
hoped to restore and
April to September 2008.
re-hang the Cathedral
Some 10,000 people visit the Cathedral bells, enabling them
to be change rung for
annually and a small contribution for entrance the ﬁrst time since 1886.
will enable the Board to employ this steward Four of the bells were made in
to act as a Cathedral guide and assist in the Gloucester in 1721, two in London in
1842 and the others in Loughborough
Cathedral shop. in 1885.
Cathedra | 13
In the nineteenth century the Government
caused the whole of Ireland to be surveyed
county by county and mapped on a scale
of 6 inches to the mile. The work was
meticulously carried out by men of the
Royal Engineers and the scale was large
enough for many details to be recorded.
The results were published in handsomely
bound County volumes of hand coloured
maps each sheet measuring 24 inches by
36 inches (61cms by 91.5cms) and signed
by the responsible army surveyor. Armagh
being a small county was covered on thirty
two pages but larger counties like Antrim
and Tyrone required over ﬁfty.
In Armagh City which is delineated on
sheet 12 there is recorded a pound a feature
also to be seen in the other towns and villages
in the county. In Armagh the pound was and
indeed still is situated behind the gaol and is
a rectangular enclosure within a stone wall
accessed by a gate in the centre of the façade. The interior orientation had not by then been established. In one corner
corners are rounded presumably to prevent animals getting there is a larger scale plan of Newry, then a major port and
jammed in them for its purpose was to conﬁne or impound at the top right hand corner one of Armagh.
stray cattle and other domestic animals left wandering in the
streets and becoming a public nuisance. In the days when Rocque in this detailed plan names the principal streets,
Armagh, like other towns, was a centre for markets the Commons, the churches and other public buildings. St
and fairs and when many inhabitants kept pigs, cows and Patrick’s Cathedral set in its churchyard is approached by
horses escapes from sty, byre and stable were common. Any Abbey Street and almost encircled by Castle and Callan
such wanderers were rounded up by the civil authorities Streets. The top of Market Street however is build up with
and taken to the pound where they could be reclaimed on only room for a ﬂight of steps to the East gate. The road
payment of a ﬁne. A simple precursor of today’s traﬃc known as The Close does not exist and access to the top of
wardens and the removal of oﬀending motor vehicles. Abbey Street is by a narrow twisted passage named Church
In 1806 the pound was moved to its present location at
South end of the Commons (now the Mall) which had been To the West of the Cathedral a road runs close to the
leased in 1795 to the Corporation by the Archbishop for churchyard wall. It is a continuation of Irish Street and is
the building of a gaol and a “manor pound”. In 1760 John designated Pound Hill and where it bends to skirt the wall a
Rocque, a professional cartographer, published his Map of simple square represents the actual pound. The four houses
County Armagh as a single monochrome sheet some 17 shown at its junction with Abbey Street are the dwellings
inches by 22 inches (43cms by 56cms). It is printed with built by A r chbishop B oulter for cler gy widows in 1724.
the West at the top of the page for the convention of North There are two more houses nearer the pound but it is likely
that they were demolished when the present terrace was
built between 1776 and 1780 although number 11 at the
end of the row is later dating from 1794.
Irish Street thus continued into Pound Hill as a through
but steep road for the wall, railings and steps had not then
been built to convert it to a pedestrian way and compel
trafﬁc to turn into either Callan or Castle Street. On
Livingstone’s map of 1766 the road is now called Church
Street although in a Census of the city in 1770 it is still
given as Pound Hill. Later this became known as Vicars’
Hill from the 18th century houses most of which were
occupied by paid Cathedral’s choir men or lay vicars as they
Vicars’ Hill houses from the Churchyard. D.R.M. Weatherup
14 | Cathedra
Signs & Seals
The Cathedral Seal as worn by the Dean and The Dean’s medal presented by the Friends of the
Chapter on their clerical scarves. Cathedral. (See Page 2)
The Royal School Armagh will celebrate 400 years of History in 2008. The School is one of the 5 Royal Schools of
Ulster founded in 1608 by King James 1 as part of his scheme for the Plantation of Ulster. The other schools are in
Cavan,Dungannon ,Enniskillen and Raphoe.
The 5 schools have joined together in a ‘Year of Celebration ‘ in 2008. A book outlining the histories of the
Schools was published at the end of 2007 and in 2008 there will be major exhibitions of the histories of the schools in
each of the 5 locations. The celebrations also include a major service at the Cathedral involving all 5 schools in March
All associated with the Cathedral congratulate the Royal School Armagh and the 4 other 1608 schools on 400
years of continuous existence and wish them well in their ‘Year of Celebration’ and for the future.
Royal School Armagh Royal School Cavan Royal School Dungannon Potora Royal School Royal and Prior
Cathedra | 15
First Trust Bank
English Street, Armagh,