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Bodmin Moor Livestock Initiative - Cornwall Agricultural Council

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					BMLI                                                                                              Spring Newsletter 2011


Bodmin Moor Livestock
Initiative
        The Balloon goes up
I remember a dog owner bringing his pet to the
surgery years ago. The dog had a huge growth on
his belly, rubbing on the ground; the skin was raw and
bleeding. There was nothing to be done but put his pet
down. I asked why he hadn’t brought his dog in earlier and
he told me that whenever he brought a dog to the vet it was always
put down. He didn’t want to lose his pet so he tried not to visit the vet and of course I
just confirmed his fears. I go to farms like this, always called in too late.
Now picture a brightly coloured helium balloon on the end of a long piece of string.
It is in a room with a high ceiling. In the same room is a big old table and the string
is stretched along the table, held down by a series of little pebbles. The balloon is
bobbing around a few inches above the table. There is writing on the balloon which
says “FARM PERFORMANCE”. As we take the first pebble off the string the balloon rises
a foot – the pebble says “Trace element deficiencies”. The next pebble says “BVD”, the
next “Bull infertility”, the next “Johne’s disease, the next “wormer resistance”, the next
“Leptospirosis” and there is a pebble with “toxoplasma and enzootic abortion” written
on it. The more pebbles we remove the higher the balloon can fly.
The Bodmin Moor Livestock Initiative (BMLI) gives us a chance to work together:
farmers and vets, and improve farm performance. We have chosen to target certain
issues because resources are limited and we think we will have the greatest benefit by
addressing these production limiting diseases and problems. The initiative also funds
time with your vet to work out a farm health plan. We have to maximise production
efficiency to keep in business and we can do this by tackling problems head on.
Trace elements are often limiting production on poor agricultural land. BVD will cause
abortion, infertility and make calf pneumonia and scours worse. About 1 in 5 of the bulls
we semen test are of poor fertility and cows will take much longer to get in calf when
running with these guys. Johne’s disease will shorten the productive life of suckled
cows and has become increasingly common. Sheep with internal worms resistant to
common wormers are increasingly common in all flocks – the result is poorer and
poorer growth rates when these less and less effective wormers are used. Leptospirosis
will cause infertility and abortion in cattle. Enzootic abortion and Toxoplasma are the
two commonest diagnosed causes of abortion and weakly lambs in sheep.
So don’t call us in too late, make use of the BMLI and trust your vet to work with you
in flying your balloon high.
An endorsement from Tim Bebbington MRCVS
    Castle Veterinary Group, Launceston


                                                   European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development:
         The Bodmin Moor Healthy Livestock Project
The BMLI are still recruiting producers       practice will work with you to best act
under its Healthy Livestock Initiative        upon their findings. Vaccinations are not
which is funded from the Rural                included in this programme of support.
Development Programme for England             The activity outlined below would be
(RDPE) to deliver activity under the          the maximum package that would be
South West Healthy Livestock Initiative       available in the first year of activity. In
(SWHLI). It will provide a wide range         the second and third year of activity
of farm support aimed at improving            there would be 2 hours FREE with a vet
general health and fertility on 100           to discuss the merits of the health plan
Bodmin Moor Beef and Sheep Farms.             and plan for the forthcoming season
Once registered you will qualify for a        and to discuss the benefits of structured
free detailed veterinary consultation to      health planning. Only producers
establish the farms main areas of focus       registered with the BMLI can participate
using tools listed below.                     in the healthy livestock initiative and
BMLI have enrolled 66 beef and sheep          will be able to access the support, there
producers under the initiative and a          is no retrospective funding available for
further 6 in the process of registration.     work, which has commenced prior to
This initiative is a specific programme       registration with us.
of support for the Beef and Sheep             •	 Initial blood screening for BVD,
producers that farm in one of the 17             Leptospirosis, IBR and Johne’s
parishes that make up Bodmin Moor.               disease in suckled herds.
The programme of support is based             •	 Up to 3 Bulls tested for Fertility,
on each producer that is interested,          •	 Up to 6 Blood samples tested for
enrolling with BMLI. This is carried             mineral deficiency in cattle.
out by the BMLI co-ordinator visiting         •	 Up to 6 Blood samples tested for
the farm to enrol you onto the scheme            mineral deficiency in sheep.
and explain how the package of support
                                              •	 Veterinary input to advise on
will work in practice. You can then
                                                 Blood Testing against Enzootic/
choose which veterinary practice you
                                                 Toxoplasmosis abortion in Breeding
wish to work with and they will deliver
                                                 Ewes.
the agreed package of support to you.
                      From the results        •	 Dung sample analysis for Lambs tested
                            identified, the      against anthelmintic resistance.
                               veterinary     •	 Up to 3 hours on farm advice about
                                                 herd/flock health planning with a
                                                 veterinarian.
                                              •	 A full Animal Health Plan
                                              All of the above are included in the
                                              package of support and are delivered at
                                              no cost to the farmer.
                                              *For further information regarding
                                              eligibility please call the BMLI team
                                              and we will discuss you’re application
                                              and get you registered.
  News from the Bodmin Moor
    Commoners Council
In 2009, the Bodmin Moor Commoners
Council were one of the three areas in the
country given the opportunity to participate
in a pilot project looking at statutory
Commons Council and the benefits they
could bring.
Now the commoners have the prospect to do
it for real. If there is substantial support from
commoners and common landowners, an
application can be made to the Secretary of State
to establish a statutory Bodmin Moor Commons
Council. The council will give commoners the
opportunity to make rules to protect the commons
and the commoners and give the commoners a voice in
determining their own futures. The council will be run by
commoners for commoners.
The consultation is underway. If you are a commoner and have not yet been in contact
with the Commoners Council, please contact the Commons Council Secretary Julie
Dowton by phone or email on 01840 261351 or juliedowton@btinternet.com.
Following on from those points BMLI have been in contact with Verderers of the New
Forest, to potentially arrange a fact finding trip to the New Forest to view the hot
branding of the New Forest ponies and share in their experiences of clearly identifying
their equine livestock. If you are interested in pursuing this issues further, please
contact BMLI and we can coordinate the trip.


         Natural England Report by Richard Glasson
Natural England has reorganised itself internally in order to focus their delivery to
you, the customer. Customers on Bodmin Moor will see some new faces. George
Brew is leaving Natural England to pursue other challenges. Some of you will have
already met the new faces to your area; they are Richard Glasson and Clare Fitzgibbon.
Richard and Clare have worked within Bodmin Moor area for the past 12 months and
will now focus on delivery and management of the moor jointly with you all. A team
has been set up to focus on the Upland areas of Exmoor, Dartmoor and Bodmin
Moor. Natural England will be able to provide a consistent approach to upland areas
and will be able to share knowledge of activities and best practice for those who
require advice regarding the Agri-Environment Schemes and Sites of Special Scientific
Interest (SSSI).
Existing Countryside Stewardship agreement holders will be allocated an adviser,
Richard or Clare. Any concerns or current management considerations within your
current Environmental Stewardship agreements or applications should contact either
Richard on 0300 060 2553 or Clare on 0300 060 2883 in the first instance.
                   Report on the Tax Planning and
                   Succession Management Event
  BMLI in conjunction with Business Link held a very successful meeting on the
  Monday 21st March at Trethorne Golf Club. There were 45 participants listening
  intently to the professionals give very interesting presentations. The speakers
  were Robert Cowie & John Endacott of WinterRule, Chartered Accountants
  business from Truro and Max Nicholls, Jonathan Riley & Philip Wolfgang of
  Michelmores Solicitors from Exeter, they explored the many issues such as.
  •	 Inheritance tax, property reliefs, Will Planning, Capital Gains Tax, Stamp
     Duty Land Tax and Asset Protection.
  •	 Planning for succession - passing on your farming business and other assets
     to the next generation.
  •	 Planning for retirement, Trust application and arrangements.
  •	 Partnership agreements and tenancy.
                   If anyone would like the presentations sent to
                        them, they be can forwarded direct.

                               From Duchy College
                     SKILLS Programme 2011
The Rural Business School has secured funding to help support a range of training
requirements for people within farming and forestry. Courses are available cover a
diverse range of training needs, including butchery and added value, welding, poultry
husbandry, and rural tourism through to Bee keeping to BASIS agronomy training.
Any training farmers or farm staff requires and which is directly linked to agriculture
and its related industries, is available at a rate of 50% funded.
An important legal requirement is that if there are any drivers that have taken their
                            tests since January 1997 they are required to take a further
                                 test if they are pulling heavy trailers behind Land
                                     Rovers or other 4x4’s, this licence is classified as
                                        driving a vehicle with trailer DVLA category B+E,
                                          there are other areas covered from leadership
                                           to agri business management.
                                             We are also working with the British Wool
                                             Marketing Board and have courses through
                                              the summer in Shearing.
                                                          Details can be found at
                                                   www.ruralbusinessschool.org.uk
                                                    or for more information contact
                                                        the Rural Business School
                                                  at Duchy College on 0845 4587485
                                              or contact Kath Strang on 07814 226383
                                                 for your local skills coordinator.
                    Livestock Handling Workshop
BMLI held a Livestock Handling Demonstration/Workshop event on the Friday 1st April
at Hallworthy Market. The event was well attended by farmers from the surrounding
area with six different handling equipment suppliers attended the event. They were
Batemans, IAE, Ritchey, Kyser Livestock Equipment, Modulamb and Bridgmans. BMLI
invited Miriam Parker a livestock handling specialist to come and interact with farmers
that are planning a new handling system. She also gave a short presentation after the
main sale of stock, on the primary issues when handling livestock.
If there was anyone who would like to follow up any thing they saw at the event, then
please get in contact with the BMLI team and they will assist you with your enquiry.




               Securing the Future of Farming
 The Business Link Rural Team is pleased to invite you to spend an informative
 morning considering the future challenges facing the farming sector, what they
 might mean for you and your business and the options available to move forward,
 develop and adapt to change.
 The event will cover:
 •	 Securing future income for your farm through diversification- a case study
    presented by Adam Henson of BBC TV Countryfile & Director of the Cotswold
    Farm Park
 •	 An update on the support available from Business Link’s Rural Team and the
    RDPE funding available in Cornwall from Marilyn Pryor, Rural Business Advisor
 •	 A debate on the challenges and opportunities for the future of farming with
    Adam Henson and a panel of industry experts including our Chairman, John
    Lee, farmer and David Hynd Head of Rural Services
 •	 Questions will be welcomed from the floor, so come along and join the debate.
                                    5 May 2011
                          St Mellion International Resort
                                 Saltash PL12 6SD
                  Tea & Coffee at 10 am • Event 10.30 – 13.00
                            With buffet lunch provided
                This RDPE event is FREE to attend but specifically for
                      trading farming businesses in Cornwall.
        Places are limited to two delegates per business. To book your place:
   Phone 0845 600 9966 or on line at www.businesslink.gov.uk/southwest/rural
    Select Sires that deliver Improvements in Returns
The choice of a new terminal sire is a hotly debated topic among suckled calf
producers. Most out there have their preferences and can justify allegiance to
a chosen breed, but all breeds have made significant improvements in growth
rates over the last 20 years.
Animal breeding and genetic improvement is by no means a new approach, and that
the huge number of different livestock breeds in the UK can be attributed to both
natural selection and deliberate animal breeding: There are four key steps that must
be taken in creating a breeding plan for your own farm:
   1) Define your own farming system and your expectations for the future - consider
      the constraints of your own situation including land, labour, forage availability
      etc. and also think about the market you are targeting as this will affect what type
      of animal you should produce.
   2) Set your breeding goals – are you breeding replacement stock, slaughter stock or
      both? Do you want a milkier dam, better carcasses, improved longevity or better
      temperament?
   3) Think about your breeding strategy – what breeds are you interested in using? Are
      you going to crossbreed? Are you going to base your decisions on EBV figures?
   4) Implement your strategy - and most importantly monitor the changes so you can
      see whether or not they are profitable decisions.
Breed Efficiency
Breed variation will affect the biological efficiency of an animal – smaller breeds such as
Aberdeen Angus are more efficient at lower forage intakes whereas larger breeds such
as the Charolais show greater biological efficiency at higher DM intakes. This should
be taken in to account when deciding which breed is most suitable for your farm and
the type and quantity of forage you have available – it does not make sense to have
large Continental breeds on a hill farm and expect them to do well on poor quality
low forage intakes. In this system a smaller breed would be much more suitable and
biologically efficient. By matching your feed availability with the right type of cattle it
is possible to reduce costs by utilising feed more effectively.
                     Hybrid Vigour
                           The benefits from crossbreeding and hybrid vigour on stock
                             performance can be a major influence on performance.
                               Hybrid vigour is defined as being ‘the extra performance
                                 of a crossbred animal over and above the average
                                  performance of its parents.’ The number of breeds
                                   which are introduced into the rotation will
                                   determine the level of performance improvement,
                                    which can be expected, with the crossing of a half
                                    bred dam and terminal sire showing the greatest
                                   benefit. The effect of hybrid vigour on various traits
                                   differs, with reproduction, health and longevity all
                                  being the most positively impacted upon.
Visual Assessment of Stock - appearances can be deceptive
More often than not the breeding potential of an animal is assessed visually by a
potential buyer, but this takes no account of the conditions that the animal was reared
under, the farm it has come from, and the quality of its offspring or its performance
in relation to its contemporaries.
The bull which commands the top price in the auction could well have been intensively
fed and kept in a clean comfortable straw bedded area all its life hence why it looks
so favourable compared to all the others in the sale ring. However, when you take it
to your own farm and expect it to perform on a grass-based diet and live on a cold
hillside it will soon start to look a lot different! Performance cannot be judged by eye
alone.
The performance of each individual is attributable to a combination of its genes and
the environment it is kept in. It is only the genes which are passed onto the offspring;
however the environment must be suitable for an animal to be able to express its full
genetic potential.
Producers must identify the traits that will have the greatest economic impact in their
herd and select sires with the appropriate Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs).
Analysing Estimated Breeding Values
EBVs can be calculated for a number of traits such as 200 day growth rates, 400
day growth rates, muscle depth, maternal calving ease provided that the relevant
measurements are taken. Some traits are closely linked to others e.g. a greater scrotal
circumference measurement for a bull indicates that its offspring will reach puberty
earlier, which is beneficial for those breeders wanting to calve heifers earlier.
Some data such as 400 day weight and age at calving can be measured physically
where as to collect information such as muscle and fat depth it is necessary to scan
the animal at various intervals throughout its life and also to take measurements from
the carcass at slaughter.
Accuracy
Accuracy is expressed as a % value and indicates the amount of data that was collected
to calculate the EBV – the greater the accuracy the more information has been collected
and the more accurate the EBV   .
Lower accuracy values indicate that EBVs are more likely to change.
Financial Benefits
For cattle the extra financial benefit which could realistically be expected from
purchasing a high EBV bull would be £4800 over the lifetime of the bull. A worthwhile
investment!
Interpretation of EBVs
Potential buyers can use EBVs to assess a bull’s strengths and weaknesses. Only then
can they decide whether it has the right breeding attributes for their herd. It can be
compared to the scenario when you are purchasing a new tractor, a farmer will always
look at the performance rather than the look and assess its suitability for the job they
want it to perform so why not the same for making breeding decisions?
Conclusion
1) EBVs cannot be compared between breeds, only within breeds.
2) Once you have decided on your farm’s breeding objectives use the relevant EBV
   figures to improve the traits of greatest importance.
3) It is often a good idea to buy breeding stock directly off the farm of the breeder as
   you can see the environment in which the animal has been bred and often have
   more choice than at an auction.
4) Performance of an animal cannot be judged by eye alone – EBVs give a more
   accurate guide to how the animal’s offspring are likely to perform.
An extract from the Farmers Weekly on the 25th March indicated that the beef industry
must move forward and use the science of EBVs to enable breed improvement to
progress. It is a long term issue with high feed prices, it even more imperative for
suckled herds to produce well bred cattle sired by bulls with high indexes. In a recent
trail at Harper Adams dairy bred calves by Limousin Bulls – that were either in the top
1% or bottom 1% on Beef Value – were intensively finished. The results found calves
sired by the bull with the top 1% index smashed the EBLEX target for slaughter weight
of continental cross dairy bred bulls with a weight of 585kg at 13.3 months, compared
to the target of 570kg at 14 months old.
The faster finishing and increased slaughter weight, as well as the improved carcass
grade of the calves from the top 1% bull, is worth a phenomenal £116.24 a head at
today’s beef and cereal price. So, if each bull sires 200 calves it equates to a suckled
calf producer being able to pay £23,248 more for the top 1% Index Bull.
Table 1. Performance of progeny from Top1% and Bottom 1%

                                          Top 1% Bull       Bottom 1% Bull
         Calving ease score (1-5)             1.54                1.46
         Slaughter Weight (kg)                585                  574
         Age at slaughter (months)            13.3                14.1
         DLWG (kg)                            1.32                1.23
         Carcass Weight (kg)                  330                  312
         Killing Out %                        56.4                54.4
         Carcase daily gain (kg)              0.76                0.67
         Conformation score(1-7)              3.92                3.54
                                                           Source Harper Adams 2008
         Upland Farmers welcome change in attitude
The government’s uplands policy review is a welcome endorsement of the
importance of hill farming to the national livestock industry, the NFU has
said.
Defra Secretary of State Caroline Spelman announced a £26million package of measures
aimed at supporting England’s hill farmers. Critically, the report also recognises that
hill farmers are central to the vitality and identity of English uplands.
NFU uplands spokesman Will Cockbain said: “The NFU is pleased that the government
is now using the term hill farmers again and that it recognises hill farming is an
important contributor to the national livestock industry and not just a niche sector.
“It is positive that there will be a specific uplands strand to RDPE and that they wish to
ensure that Natural England works actively with hill farmers for better partnership. The
NFU uplands group has long been pushing for a better balance between productive
farming and environmental management to ensure optimal land use and effective
delivery of both.
“We welcome the fact the government is prepared to make available enough resource
for up to 100% participation in Uplands Entry Level Stewardships including an early
review to identify barriers to uptake, particularly on commons or problems faced by
tenant farmers.
“Likewise, the report recognises that smaller numbers of sheep threaten the hefting
system so vital to proper management of large tracts of unfenced land.
“We agree that new markets for clean water and carbon storage and other ecosystem
services and public benefits can have a positive financial impact in the uplands.
However, we remain concerned that tenant farmers, who are in the majority in the
uplands, are also able to access these potential new markets effectively.
“It is disappointing, though, that the report fails to address the tensions that remain
between tenants and landlords, something that the NFU will be pressing the Secretary
of State to intervene in.
The uplands contain 44% of England’s sheep flock, as well as 30% of its beef cattle and
a sixth of its dairy herd.
The five headlines from the Secretary of State report on the
Wednesday 11th March were as follows:
•	 A guarantee that 100% of hill farmers eligible to
   enter Uplands Entry Level Stewardship (UELS)
   - the key environmental management scheme
   for hill farmers - will be able to do so, which
   would be worth up to an extra £6m a year from
   within the Rural Development Programme for
   England (RDPE).
•	 Creation of an “Uplands Theme” in the new
   delivery arrangements for the socio-economic
   elements of RDPE to target support to hill
   farmers, details of which will be announced
   later in the year: areas being considered include grants for small scale capital
   investments, help with business and other skills, apprenticeships, knowledge
   transfer and demonstration farms.
•	 A commitment to reduce the burden of unnecessary red tape on hill farmers in the
   light of the forthcoming report of the Task Force on Farming Regulation: issues of
   particular relevance which the Task Force is examining include livestock movement,
   regulation of small abattoirs and farm inspections.
•	 A new Rural Community Broadband Fund, expected to be worth up to £20million,
   to allow rural communities - including those in the uplands – to apply for help with
   small scale broadband projects: an innovative way of enabling people in rural areas,
   including hill farmers, to access the digital services and business opportunities
   most of us take for granted.
•	 A process of consultation on whether the legislation for National Parks needs
   to better reflect their role in facilitating sustainable development, but without
   compromising the integrity of our National Parks.


                 RDPE Budget secured until 2013?
Following months of speculation, Defra have now released details on the future of
the RDPE, including its delivery and budget for 2011/12.
The key message as far as budget is concerned, is that Defra are able to make a
commitment to continue funding all elements (Axes) under the RDPE for the
remainder of the Programme. However, as they have had to reduce budgets in
some areas due to cuts in public spending, funding for the Programme will be
under pressure for the rest of the Programme period to 2013 in most of the South
West Region. However, Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly have retained its existing
budget of £55 million so there is still scope for new projects to be supported. As all
projects must be completed by the end of 2013 this brings challenges of its own so
if you do have a project idea now is the time to start discussing whether the RDPE
can help. If you do have an idea please contact Marilyn Pryor at Business Link on
0845 600 9966.
From this summer, the programme will move towards national delivery arrangements
to ensure a nationally consistent approach to delivery of RDPE. It is understandable
that this may raise concerns regarding ongoing access to support available while
this takes place, but Defra and the RDA are doing everything they can to minimise
disruption and address any concerns that people may have.
Full details of the budget, the transitional arrangements and the future of the
RDPE in the South West can be found in the RDA’s March 2011 newsletter Rural
Development Gateway - Reduced RDPE to continue.
On another note, there will be a Rural Development Pavilion at this year’s Royal
Cornwall Show on 9th, 10th and 11th June (adjacent to the Member’s Pavilion); so
be sure to come along to the stand for the latest update on RDPE or any information,
advice and guidance on the support available to farms and food businesses in
Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly.
                     Catchment Sensitive Farming
                      River Camel and tributaries
The Catchment Sensitive Farming programme was introduced in 2006 by Defra, in
partnership with Natural England and the Environment Agency to provide advice to
farmers to help them implement changes in farming that reduce the risk of water
pollution, and reduce the risk of regulation being applied to farming to achieve
required water quality standards.
A capital grant scheme has been offered annually since 2007 providing grant aid
towards the improvement or installation of facilities that would benefit water quality
by reducing diffuse pollution from agriculture (2011 scheme funded by the Rural
Development Programme for England (RDPE) closes 30th April 2011) is targeted to
specific areas. These target areas have been selected for several reasons.
2010 - 2011 Target Areas in River Camel and tributaries
The River Camel Valley and tributaries SAC and SSSI (riverine) is in an unfavourable
condition due to sediment. There is concern regarding the faecal contamination of the
shellfish water in the Camel Estuary. There is also local evidence and water quality data
(WFD) indicating issues of nutrient and sediment loss in the St Lawrence and Lanivet
streams. The shaded area
on the map represents
the target area.
The      advice     offered
may be as workshops,
farm       demonstrations
and one to one farm
visits covering a range
of topics: soil analysis
and nutrient planning
and using PLANET; soil
structure and husbandry;
farm infrastructure and
farm tracks; forage maize.
The advice is aimed at
farms within the target
area but is open to all
and fully funded through
Catchment         Sensitive
Farming.
For further information
and advice, please contact
your Catchment Sensitive
Farming Officer:
 Kate Allingham, Mobile: 07929 050436 (kate.allingham@naturalengland.org.uk)
   BMLI Fact Finding Mission to North West England
BMLI are investigating taking 6 producers to North West England. The visit would
include meeting 2 beef and sheep producers, who promote best practise in feeding,
support strong herd health planning, innovate in enhancing breeding methods
and manage their businesses so that sustainability is central to all objectives on
their farms.
There will be time to experience Longtown Auction Mart, the largest livestock
auction mart in the UK, with a throughput of 12,000 head of stock a day.
The purpose of the visit will be to raise the profile of how other Upland Farmers are
finding the pressures of remaining competitive in a very difficult environment.; to
learn about the challenges that face the Upland producers and how that compares
with the South West; share experiences of other RDPE activity taking place in
Upland parts of North West England; share best practise methods of other uplands
farmers from a different part of the country.
The 3 day visit will be by rail, hiring a car whilst in the North West, and staying in
close proximity to the areas being visited.
   If you are interesting being part of the group and would like further details
                      please contact BMLI on 01208 892803.


                               Reseeding Day
     Duchy College, Stoke Climsland, Callington, PL17 8PB
                     Thursday May 5th 2011
             To arrive between 10am and 12.30pm

 Join EBLEX, Dairy Co, British Grassland Society, NIAB-TAG and BSPB at an
 open day focussing on reseeding, and the launch of the recommended Grass
 and Clover Lists 2011.
 Delegates are invited to arrive between 10.00am and 12.30pm to move in
 rotating groups through the following four workshops:
     •	 Getting the most from soils and nutrients – Martin Yeates, Kingshay
     •	 Choosing the best reseeding method – Chris Duller, Dairy Co
     •	 The right species and varieties for you – Charlie Morgan, EBLEX
     •	 Why choose Recommended Grass and Clovers – Don Pendergrast,
        NIAB-TAG
 The afternoon allows plenty of opportunity to discuss anything relating to the
 subject with a host of industry professionals.

       To book your FREE place ring Hellen or Sandra on 0870 609 1840
                      or email: brevents@eblex.org.uk
          Update from the
        Soils for Profit Team
Good soil, nutrient and manure management
is crucial to every farming business. Where
this is done well, the results can be reduced
costs, increased profit, and a number of
environmental benefits.
Launched in October 2009, Soils for
Profit is a project helping farmers and
landowners across the South West improve
the management of their soils, nutrients and
manures. The project recently delivered its
1000th on-farm advisory visit in the South West.
These free visits provide farmers with practical advice
about soils, nutrients and manures and an action plan
written specifically for their landholding. This plan includes
a set of recommended practical actions, some of which may be eligible for support
through a small capital grant scheme funded by the South West Regional Development
Agency (SWRDA).
Steve Marston, Natural England lead for Soils for Profit, said; “We’ve had a lot of
interest in the project to date. The 1,000 on-farm advisory visits have been to farmers
across the South West who is managing in excess of 200,000 hectares of land. Roughly
half of the visits were provided by our in-house staff and the other half by external
contractors. Feedback from the farmers on the quality and value of these visits has
been extremely positive.”
The Soils for Profit Project is managed by Natural England funded by the SWRDA and
working in partnership with the Environment Agency and Business Link. The project
has a budget of £3.4m and is scheduled to run until the end of 2013. While the
project covers the whole of the South West Region a quarter of the funds are targeted
specifically to Cornwall. Soils for Profit is one element of the South West Agricultural
Resource Management (SWARM) initiative which is designed to help farmers become
more profitable by managing their resources more efficiently whilst reducing the
impact of their activities on the environment.
One Soils for Profit beneficiary is David Coles who operates a dairy farm and
agricultural contracting business near Camelford in Cornwall. He took up the offer of
a free visit from a Soils for Profit advisor and an action plan drawn up following the
visit contained a number of recommendations. These included the use of a shallow
injection slurry applicator, a slurry flow meter and a slurry nitrogen test kit. Mr Coles
subsequently made a successful small capital grant scheme application to the SWRDA
which resulted in a grant of over £13,000.
David Coles said: “The whole process went smoothly, from registering for a one to
one farm visit to receiving the grant offer letter. The on-farm advice was very beneficial
and made us think more about the integrated approach between soil, nutrient and
manure management. The grant application was straight forward to complete with
guidance from the Soils for Profit adviser. We were informed within 12 weeks that our
application was successful, so we were able to order the equipment which has since
been delivered. The recent changes to the grant scheme, such as allowing multiple
applications, is advantageous should wish to apply for other items in the future.”
 Those interested in registering for a free Soils for Profit advisory visit or to attend a
   training event or workshop should contact Natural England on 0300 060 1244,
                     email: soils4profit@naturalengland.org.uk or
           visit the Natural England website at www.naturalengland.org.uk

                        Could You Be Next
                 Shepherd Of The Future?
      Entries are sought for the Shepherd of the Future
     Competition, to be held at the Sheep South West 2011
    on June 14 at Stantor Barton, Marldon, near Paignton. The
  competition aims to encourage young people into the sheep
   sector and is open to young people aged 26 and under, giving
  them a chance to demonstrate their skills in various sheep-
       related tasks. There is a total prize fund of £1000.

                   Shepherd of the Future
      The highest placed 20 – 25 year entrant will represent
     England at the World finals in New Zealand in November.
             Travel costs to and from New Zealand are
                   being generously met by EBLEX.
      Travel costs and accommodation for the duration of
     the event are paid for by the New Zealand hosts. This
     really is a wonderful opportunity for young shepherds.
  More details and entry forms can be obtained from
           the event organiser, Sue Martyn,
   of the National Sheep Association South West Region, on

                              01409 271385
     Controlling Worm                           Controlling Parasites
    Resistance in Lambs                              in Cattle
Worms are a major threat to the             Internal parasites (worms and fluke)
health and performance of lambs and         pose a significant threat to animal health
anthelmintics (wormers) are an essential    and performance. So far, resistance in
part of good worm control. However,         cattle worms is relatively uncommon,
over recent years the sheep industry        however cattle producers should not be
in the UK has become increasingly           lulled into thinking that this is something
dependent on these relatively cheap         they can ignore, as there are signs that it
products, and their frequent use (and       could become a problem.
sometimes misuse) has led to the            Control of Worms Sustainably (COWS)
development of resistance in the worm       is the cattle industry’s response to the
population.                                 resistance threat. By following the
Anthelmintic resistance is now a serious    guidelines set out in the manual beef
threat to sheep production. The sheep       farmers will gain good control of the
sector cannot just sit back and expect      parasite problem, but will not encourage
new anthelmintic groups to solve this       resistance. This will keep the current
problem. Unless there is a change in the    range of worming products working for
way these products are used, it would       as long as possible.
only take a short while to render even a    Cattle are most at risk from gut and
new anthelmintic group ineffective.         lungworms in their first and second
SCOPS (Sustainable Control of Parasites     year at grazing, so treat them in spring
in Sheep) was formed to develop             according to the estimated worm burden
strategies for parasite control in sheep.   of the pasture. Older cattle develop
The latest SCOPS guidelines are:            immunity to worms (not fluke) so are
Quarantine treatments – yard, treat         safe to leave untreated.
(drench with monepantel and use             Cattle wormers will only work effectively
injectable moxidectin), quarantine          if used according to manufacturers’
for three weeks on pasture which has        recommendations. Weigh cattle and
already had sheep on this year              apply the correct dose
•	 Always administer drenches correctly     for the heaviest in
   and at the right dose rate               the group.
•	 Test for resistance                      To download
•	 Look at your control strategy            the EBLEX
•	 Reduce dependence on anthelmintics       Beef BRP
   where possible                           Manual
                                            o        n
•	 Try to use anthelmintics only when
                                            worming
   necessary
                                            cattle.
•	 Select     the    most     appropriate   Visit the
   anthelmintic                             EBLEX
•	 Preserve susceptible worms               website.
BMLI Events for May
      Bull Fertility                                            Uplands Suckled Cow/Calf
  Demonstration Workshop                                           Workshop/Seminar
   With a local vet Tim Bebbington                                 On the Thursday 5th May
   leading the five stage process to                                   at 7.30-8.00pm on
   test for Bull Fertility / Choosing                           ‘Enhanced Nutrition will lead
     Bulls to breed for Improved                               to improved returns for Upland
                Returns                                            Suckled Calf Production’
             Seminar led by                                    The seminar will be led by led by
  Sam Boon, Signet Breeding Manager                              Lachie MacLachlan from MVF
   At Higher Trefrew Fm, Camelford                                 with Charlie Morgan from
     On the Tuesday 24th May 2011                                          GrassWatch.
       Commencing at 12.00noon                                    Two excellent speakers will be
      Free event with a Pasty lunch                            followed by a light supper with Teas
          with Teas and coffee                                               and Coffee
        By kind permission of Mr                               At Coldrenick Farm Meeting Rooms,
          and Mrs M Coombes                                               Helland, Bodmin
  Please book your place by contacting                           All participants will need to book
       BMLI by the 23rd May 2011                                their place at the event by 3/5/2011


         Just to remind all Steering Group members that the next meeting
            will be taking place on the Wednesday 11th May at 7.00pm
                        at Coldrenick Farm Meeting Rooms.

                                Please contact the team at:
                                                  BMLI
          Unit 4, Coldrenick Farm Offices, Helland,
                Bodmin, Cornwall, PL30 4QE
        Tel: 01208 892803 / Mobile: 07528 983441 or
Email: edward.nancekivell@cornwalldevelopmentcompany.co.uk
                Website: www.cornwallac.org
Disclaimer: This Newsletter only aims to provide some general information up to date as at the date of publication.
Whilst every care has been taken to ensure accuracy, the Newsletter is not intended to be a definitive statement
of the law or policy. The Bodmin Moor Livestock Initiative cannot accept any responsibility for information
that is found to be inaccurate, misleading, or out of date; nor for any loss or damage arising from the use of
information in this Newsletter.




                                                                  European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development:

				
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