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Re-usable launch vehicle

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Re-usable launch vehicle Powered By Docstoc
					          The USC
UNIVERSAL SPACE CRUISER
    A room with a view like never before


             Mandy Cordova
               ASTE 527
Problem:
President Obama recently extended the life
of the International Space Station to 2020,
but is only allowing one additional shuttle
flight past the original retirement date
      WHAT’S THE NEXT MOVE?
Option 1: Shuttle Modifications
PROS:                   CONS:
•Multipurpose           •Challenger and Columbia tragedies

•Multitasking           •Risks in original design
                        •Aging/obsolete technology
•People/payload Ferry
                        •Aging but developmental at the same
•Conducts experiments   time
•Repair/maintenance     •Access to space is inflexible
missions                •Versatility of shuttle makes it expensive
                        •Payload is $10K/lb
                        •Crew escape poor, too expensive to
                        make modifications
Option 2: Russian Soyuz

Pro: NASA already signed a contract, which provides for six
astronauts to launch on four Soyuz vehicles in 2013 and
return on two vehicles in 2013 and two in 2014

            "I've heard it [landing in a Soyuz capsule] described as a train
            wreck followed by a car crash followed by falling off your bike"
            – NASA astronaut Tracy Caldwell Dyson (flight engineer on Soyuz TMA-18 Expedition 23)



                           Con: Plan after 2014?, Costs 141M for transport, Limited
                           seating, dated technology, very few launching/landing sites,
                           harsh landings, massive g-forces
 Option 3: US Military X37B
General characteristics                        CON:
•Crew: None
•Length: 29 ft 3 in (8.9 m)                    •Military purpose trumps ferry usage
•Wingspan: 14 ft 11 in (4.5 m)                 •International implications regarding
•Height: 9 ft 6 in (2.9 m)                     ulterior motives
•Loaded weight: 11,000 lb (4,990 kg)
•Power: Gallium Arsenide Solar Cells with      •Budget/Time issues
lithium-Ion batteries Payload & Payload Bay:   •Dependent on president/economy/
500 lb (227 kg), 7 ft x 4 ft (2.1 m x 1.2 m)   health of the US
Performance
•Orbital speed: 17,500 mph, 28,200 km/h
•Orbit: Low Earth orbit
•Orbital time: Up to 270 days
         Privately Built
Single-Stage-To-Orbit Reusable
        Launch Vehicles


         The beginnings of the USC
                Capsule vs. Space Plane
G forces re-entry            1 1 gs            6gs
Landing sites                few               many
Landing config consistancy   poor              excellent
Persons                      1 to 3            3+
Maneuverability              poor              great
Launch                       Multiple stages   SSTO
Comfort/space                poor              great
KLIPER
         Crew Size: 6 Habitable
           Volume: 20.00 m3
              AKA: Clipper
         Gross mass: 12,500 kg
               (27,500 lb)
          Payload: 500-700 kg
             (1,100-1540 lb)
         Height: 12.00 m (39.00
                     ft)
           Diameter: 3.90 m
                 (12.70 ft)
          Span: 8.00 m (26.20
                    ft).
ONE PURPOSE: TRANSPORT PEOPLE!

•Soyuz Replacement                       •More landing sites
•Funded through at least 2015)           •Ferry to different parts of ISS
•People ferry to ISS                     during the same mission
•Increase quantity of passengers         •Improved comfort
•More efficient rescue/emergency         •Simple components
vehicle                                  •Reusable so no wastes in space.
•lower G force on re-entry               •Long lifecycle (30 to 40 years)
                •Potential for joint ventures!
Take the Kliper technology one step further…
To the Universal Space Cruiser (USC)
         Universal Space Cruiser
                     Just as you would use a tender
                     to get to a cruise ship, so would
                     you use the USC to get to the
                     ISS.

Tender
          Ship
 PEOPLE MOVER and WASTE REDUCER
•Will NOT be multitasking/multipurpose
•Smaller, lighter, more maneuverable
•Lower fuel costs
•Less complex to build and fly
•Faster turnaround time between flights
•Reusable
•Eliminates “space junk”

Land on existing global ground infrastructure!
      Launches and landings will be a
highly publicized, visible and awe-inspiring
               activity again
                   From Cruise Ports




- Many ports and many ships
- Price depends on location
- Price depends on duration
      To SPACEPORTS




- Eventually many ports and many planes
- Price depends on location
- Price depends on duration
UNIVERSAL SPACE CRUISER




                Renew faith in space
                exploration -- leading to
                increased funding for
                science and further
                discovery
The Future of Space Travel is for
EVERYONE…comfort, affordability and
accessibility is no longer optional.

              USC
Thank You
SOURCES
•NASA/SOYUZ contract: http://www.motherboard.tv/2010/4/7/nasa-signs-up-for-more-russian-space-
taxi-rides
•X37B international problem: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXrqmUAltA8
•X37B info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_X-37
•Space plane background:http://www.fas.org/irp/imint/docs/rst/Intro/spaceplane_concept.jpg
•Space Ports, space adventure ltd: http://www.bornrich.org/entry/space-adventures-announces-115-
million-spaceport-in-singapore/
•X37 picture:http://www.boingboing.net/2010/05/24/JP-SECRET-popup.jpg
•Soyuz landing photo: http://images.spaceref.com/news/2009/oo200904080001HQ.jpg
•Launch
photo:http://www.zastavki.com/pictures/1280x1024/2008/World_other_world_Rocket_launch_008483
_.jpg
•Soyuz cost to ride: http://www.thespacebuff.com/current/spacex-seeks-to-replace-soyuz/
•Soyuz LV:http://www.russianspaceweb.com/soyuz3_lv.html
•Obama leg: http://www.earthtimes.org/articles/news/348172,signs-new-space-plans.html
•Space.com shuttle:http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8960158/ns/technology_and_science-space
•x43A: http://www.nasa.gov/centers/dryden/news/FactSheets/FS-040-DFRC.html
•X33: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockheed_Martin_X-33
•Space shuttle cancellation/xplaes: http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/newshuttle/overview.php
•Buran: http://www.russianspaceweb.com/buran.html

				
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posted:8/17/2011
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