puritan presentation by pengxiuhui


									The Puritans
 English II—Pre AP
      Who were the Puritans?
 They were a group of people who grew
  discontent in the Church of England and worked
  towards religious, moral and societal reforms.
 The Puritans believed that the Bible was God's
  true law, and that it provided a plan for living.
 Puritans stripped away the traditional trappings
  and formalities of Christianity which had been
  slowly building throughout the previous 1500
  years. Theirs was an attempt to "purify" the
  church and their own lives.
      Facts about Puritans cont.
• Most of the Puritans settled in
  the New England area. As they
  immigrated and formed
  individual colonies, their
  numbers rose from 17,800 in
  1640 to 106,000 in 1700.
  Religious exclusiveness was
  the foremost principle of their
  society. The spiritual beliefs
  that they held were strong.
  This strength held over to
  include community laws and
  customs. Since God was at the
  forefront of their minds, He
  was to motivate all of their
  actions. This premise worked
  both for them and against them
Travel Guide for the “PURE”
                       Puritan beliefs
   Their interpretation of scriptures
    was a harsh one. They
    emphasized a redemptive piety.
    In principle, they emphasized
    conversion and not repression.
    Conversion was a rejection of the
    "worldliness" of society and a
    strict adherence to Biblical
    principles. While repression was
    not encouraged in principle, it
    was evident in their actions. God
    could forgive anything, but
    man could forgive only by
    seeing a change in behavior.
    Actions spoke louder than words,
    so actions had to be constantly
The doctrine of predestination kept all Puritans constantly working
   to do good in this life to be chosen for the next eternal one.

                                      God had already chosen who
                                      would be in heaven or hell, and
                                      each believer had no way of
                                      knowing which group they were
                                      in. Those who were wealthy were
                                      obviously blessed by God and
                                      were in good standing with Him.
                                      The Protestant work ethic was the
                                      belief that hard work was an
                                      honor to God which would lead to
                                      a prosperous reward. Any
                                      deviations from the normal way of
                                      Puritan life met with strict
                                      disapproval and discipline. Since
                                      the church elders were also
                                      political leaders, any church
                                      infraction was also a social one.
                                      There was no margin for error.
              The great tempter…
   The devil was behind every
    evil deed. Constant watch
    needed to be kept in order
    to stay away from his
    clutches. Words of hell
    fire and brimstone flowed
    from the mouths of
    eloquent ministers as they
    warned of the
    persuasiveness of the
    devil's power.
We have school, thanks to
the Puritans.

  With the Puritans, free schooling was offered for all
   children. Puritans formed the first formal school in
   1635, called the Roxbury Latin School. Four years
   later, the first American College was established;
   Harvard in Cambridge.
Every good puritan must read!
 The motive to educate was largely religious. In
  order for Puritans to become holy, they needed
  to read the Scriptures. As the articles of faith
  of 1549 had proclaimed, “holy Scripture
  containeth all thingS neceSSary to Salvation.”
Types of Puritan
1.   Journals
2.   Sermons
3.   Narratives
4.   Poetry

All religious and
    didactic in
The VIP’s of Puritan Literature
   William Bradford
   Anne Bradstreet
   Jonathan Edwards
   Mary Rowlandson
   Cotton Mather
William bradford
           William Bradford (March 19, 1590
            – May 9, 1657) was a leader of the
            separatist settlers of the Plymouth
            Colony in Massachusetts, and was
            elected Governor of the Colony for 15
            two-year terms. He was the second
            signer and primary architect of the
            Mayflower Compact. He also wrote
            another one after the first one had
            been destroyed. His journal was
            published as Of Plymouth Plantation.
            Bradford is credited as the first to
            proclaim what popular American
            culture now views as the first
Puritan or Pilgrim? Or both?
Do you know the difference?
►   Puritan: A Puritan of 16th and 17th century
    England was any person seeking "purity" of
    worship and doctrine, especially the parties that
    rejected the Protestant Reformation of the Church
    of England.
►   Pilgrim: A pilgrim is one who undertakes a
    religious pilgrimage, literally 'far afield'. This is
    traditionally a visit to a place of some religious
    significance; often a considerable distance is
    traveled. In the United States the word "Pilgrims"
    usually refers to the first European settlers of New
    England, who celebrated the "First Thanksgiving"
    with the Native Americans in 1621.

          Puritans wore a simply cut, plain
          costume in black with white collar
          and cuffs. No lace edged.
          The ladies' tucked their hair away
          under plain caps and the gentlemen
          wore plain, high crowned hats.
          Personal adornment was against
          their religion.
Puritan Essential Beliefs
 The Puritans had two major beliefs, The Doctrine of the
  Elect and Theocracy. The Doctrine of the Elect better
  known as predestination or foreordination is the belief
  that when a person is born or at any time later in their
  life, they might be chosen by God to become one of the
  Elect, which is one of the people who would receive
  divine salvation. Those who were not among the select
  would not receive divine salvation. There is nothing that
  a person could do to be chosen, it was entirely
  predestined by God. No amount of good works,
  righteous living or moral behavior could help a person
  achieve this status. Since no one knew if they were one
  of the Elect, everyone lived a good life in order to be
  prepared for being elected when the day came.
Beliefs and Ideologies cont.
   The Puritans also believed that if God could elect
    certain people to be saved, then the Devil could
    select certain people to be bewitched. The Devil,
    to the Puritans, was an active enemy to mankind
    because they accepted the story that the Devil
    was once one of God’s angels who had fallen from
    grace, and that now the Devil’s job is to
    continually try to destroy what God has made.
    The Puritans had a strict view of sin and they
    thought that everyone was constantly tempted by
    the Devil to sin. They also believed that once
    someone did sin they must openly confess, then
    repent and finally do some sort of penance.
    Without this open confession, there would be way
    for that person to be saved.
More Puritanical thoughts…

 The Puritans second belief is that of Theocracy.
  Theocracy is the belief in a government that is
  totally controlled by the church. If a person was
  not a member of the church, they could not vote
  in elections or hold offices. The ministers were
  the main officers and administrators of the civil
  government. If a person does not know the
  beliefs or rules of the church they become a
  suspect of many things. The church was very
  powerful and held most of its authority.

  Here's to the great American bird,
Who has fettered our heart with his
'Till no Thanksgiving can seem
Without the turkey on the table

•Here's to the venturesome Puritans,
Of valiant Mayflower stock;
And here's to the good old boat that
Somewhere off Plymouth Rock.

•Then here's a health to all of you
Who're glad that you're a-living,
And may you see much cause for
To celebrate Thanksgiving.

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