Lexus LFA by hedongchenchen

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									Lexus LFA




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Lexus LFA                                                                                                                  1



   Lexus LFA




                            Manufacturer     Lexus

                            Also called      Lexus LF-A (concept)

                            Production       Dec 2010 planned (planned, 500 total, 20 monthly)

                            Assembly         Motomachi, Toyota City, Japan

                            Class            Sports car
                                             Grand tourer
                                             Racing car

                            Body style(s)    2-door coupé
                                             2-door roadster

                            Layout           Front-mid-engine, rear-mid-transaxle, rear-wheel drive

                            Engine(s)        4.8 L 1LR-GUE V10

                            Transmission(s) 6-speed Automated Sequential Gearbox

                            Wheelbase        2605 mm (102.6 in)

                            Length           4505 mm (177.4 in)

                            Width            1895 mm (74.6 in)

                            Height           1220 mm (48 in)

                            Curb weight      1480–1580 kg (3263–3483 lb)

                            Designer         Haruhiko Tanahashi

   The Lexus LFA is a two-seat exotic sports coupe produced by Lexus as a concept car, "halo" vehicle, racing
   prototype, and production model.[1] It is the second model in the F marque line of performance vehicles from Lexus,
   following the IS F. Three concept versions have been shown, each debuting at the North American International
   Auto Show with the LF-A designation as part of the LF Series concept line. The first LF-A concept premiered in
   2005, followed in 2007 by a second LF-A with a more completely furnished interior and exterior. The third version
   of the LF-A, a roadster model, premiered in 2008. The production model, trademarked LFA,[2] was shown at the
   Tokyo Motor Show in October 2009.[3]
   The production Lexus LFA features a new V10 engine and a carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) body. CFRP
   materials account for 65 percent of the LFA's body composition by mass.[4] The LFA is scheduled to go into
   production in late 2010, with a projected run of 500 vehicles at the base price of US$375,000.[5] [6] A circuit-tuned
   variant is scheduled for 2012.[7]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                    2


   Development

   2000–2004
   In February 2000 the LF-A began development as a supercar project codenamed P280, which was intended to
   showcase the performance capabilities of Toyota Motor Corporation and its Lexus marque.[8] [9] The first prototype
   was completed during June 2003. Prototypes of the LF-A were spotted regularly undergoing testing at Nürburgring,
   the famous motorsport race track in Nürburg, Germany,[10] since October 2004.[11] Numerous test vehicles had been
   equipped with automatic retractable rear wings, and carbon ceramic brake discs.[12]


                                                 2005–2006
                                                    In January 2005, the first LF-A concept premiered at the North
                                                    American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan as a design
                                                    study with no plans for production. The first LF-A concept had an
                                                    overall length of 173.2 inches (4400 mm), five inches shorter than the
                                                    Porsche 911 Turbo (996) while its wheelbase measured 101.6 inches
             The first Lexus LF-A concept
                                                    (2580 mm), or about nine inches longer.[13] The concept was nearly
                                                    48 inches (1200 mm) in height about equal to the Ferrari F430 with a
                                     [13]
   width of 73.2 in (1859 mm).            The concept name referred to Lexus Future-Advance.[14] The first LF-A concept
   featured a glass roof and side cameras mounted in the side mirrors. Twin rear radiators were installed behind the rear
   wheels, and visible behind large screens. The rear bumper featured a triple exhaust placed in an inverted triangle
   formation. The wheels were shaped like turbines, and air-scoops were placed on the C-pilllars.[13] Following
   enthusiastic public reaction for the LF-A concept on the autoshow circuit, development continued with a greater
   emphasis on a possible production model.[15] Concurrently, Lexus was preparing for the launch of its long-rumored
   F marque series of performance vehicles, with a production LF-A being a possible future member of this lineup.
   Reports in 2006 suggested that the LF-A concept car had received the green-light for production,[16] however these
   reports were not officially confirmed.[17]


   2007–2008
   Following the original LF-A concept, development time was
   lengthened by the switch from an aluminum frame to a carbon fibre
   tub, the result of engineering efforts aimed at improving the LF-A's
   power-to-weight ratio.[8] The LF-A was reported to draw engineering
   resources from Toyota's Formula One team.[9] In January 2007, a
   restyled LF-A concept car premiered alongside the first production F              The second Lexus LF-A concept

   marque vehicle, the IS F sports sedan. The second LF-A concept
   featured a more aerodynamic exterior, a near-production interior, and F marque emblems. Later that year, Lexus GB
   director Steve Settle indicated plans for a V10 and hybrid version of the LF-A.[18] The hybrid version, combining a
   petrol engine with electric motors, would likely feature a V8 powertrain similar to that designed for the Lexus LS
   600h L. LF-A test mules continued to be spotted at the Nürburgring, including early models with a large, fixed rear
   wing.[15] In December 2007, Auto Express reported that the LF-A had set an unofficial 7:24 lap record at the
   Nürburgring.[19] [20]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                    3


                                              In January 2008, Lexus displayed a roadster version of the LF-A
                                              concept car designated LF-A Roadster or LF-AR at the North
                                              American International Auto Show. Initial specifications for the
                                              roadster were a V10 engine under 5.0 L with over 500 hp (373 kW)
                                              and a top speed of over 200 mph (320 km/h).[21] Automotive
                                              photographers capturing the LF-A in various test guises had
                                              photographed a disguised drop-top test model, dubbed LF-A Spyder,
           The Lexus LF-A Roadster concept
                                              on the Nürburgring as early as October 2005.[22] After its debut at the
                                              2008 North American International Auto Show, the LF-A Roadster
   was also shown at the 2008 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, the 2008 Geneva Motor Show, the United States
   Open Championship tournament, and at Lexus exhibits in Japan. A single LF-A racing prototype was also entered
   into Veranstaltergemeinschaft Langstreckenpokal Nürburgring endurance races at the Nürburgring in May 2008,
   competing in the SP8 class of VLN events.[23] Media reports uncovered a LFA trademark filing with the United
   States Patent and Trademark Office in December 2008, with the concept LF-A name dropping its hyphen to become
   LFA for a possible production model.[2]

   The second LF-A concepts had an overall length of 175.6 inches (4460
   mm), and a wheelbase of 102.3 inches (2600 mm); height remained the
   same as the prior concept, while width grew to 74.6 inches (1890
   mm).[24] While the original LF-A had been strictly a concept model,
   the second concept's design reflecting engineering analysis for possible
   production.[25] The exterior design had been restyled to take advantage
                                                                                  The LF-A concept at the 2007 Tokyo Motor
   of the flexibility offered by carbon fiber construction,[26] with
                                                                                                   Show
   improved aerodynamics and surface features aimed at improving the
   coupe's overall top speed.[25] The reshaped exterior featured smoother
   lines with additional detailing, and more curved surfaces. The aft radiator cooling vents were retained, but integrated
   into the rear fascia, and the lower side and front air intakes were restyled, along with the forward fascia and
   headlamps.[15] Designers reportedly drew inspiration from the 1965 Toyota 2000GT sports coupe, which was also
   produced in a front-engine, rear-wheel drive layout, and represented the combination of Japanese technology and
   design ethics in an supercar.[26] However, no design features on the LF-A were directly derived from the
   2000GT.[26] The second LF-A concept and accompanying LF-A Roadster were also equipped with a retractable rear
   wing for improved handling at speed and a two-seat interior with a two-tone color scheme.


                                                 2009
                                               On August 5, 2009, Toyota's new CEO, Akio Toyoda, publicly
                                               confirmed production of the LF-A in his speech at a conference held at
                                               the Center for Automotive Research in the United States.[27] The
                                               production vehicles were expected to carry V10 engines,[28] [29] putting
                                               the car in market competition with the Lamborghini Gallardo, Ferrari
         Aft view of the LF-A Roadster concept
                                               F430, the Porsche 911 (997), and the Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1.
                                               Pricing was estimated at over US$225,000,[30] and close to
   US$400,000.[31] In the same month, reports surfaced that coupe would be released as the LF-L to signify its
   appearances at Le Mans and to draw on its pre-production racing development.[32] Two LF-A prototypes had also
   competed at Nürburgring VLN endurance races in mid 2009. Other possible names floated in the automotive press
   included the Lexus GT-F,[33] and Lexus SS550.[34] In September 2009, reports in Japanese automotive magazines
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                            4


   indicated that the 4.8 L V10 engine for the LF-A would carry a 1LR designation.[35] A report in Evo in 2009 also
   indicated that the LF-A V10 engine was being considered for use in the upcoming Lotus Esprit.[36] A subsequent
   television ad for the Japanese market showed the pre-production LFA testing at the F marque's namesake Fuji
   Speedway.[37]
   On October 21, 2009, the production Lexus LFA was unveiled on the
   first press day of the 41st biennial Tokyo Motor Show.[6] The vehicle
   was introduced by Akio Toyoda at a press conference, in which it was
   disclosed that the vehicle would be limited to 500 production copies.
   The vehicle carried the same designation as the concepts, LFA, but
   without the hyphen. The production designation reportedly stood for
   Lexus F-Series Apex.[38] The LFA was shown as the final vehicle of                   The production Lexus LFA at the 2009 Tokyo
   the press conference, following the LF-Ch hybrid concept. Pricing                                    Motor Show

   details at the show was estimated at US$375,000.[6]

   The production announcement for the LFA supercar marked the 20th anniversary of the launch of Lexus.[39] Given
   the high cost of construction and limited production, analysts do not expect LFA sales to be profitable.[6] However,
   the coupe is intended to serve as a testbed for new car technologies, including carbon fiber mass-production, and
   related performance vehicle development.[40] At its debut, a circuit-ready model was also indicated for 2012
   release.[41]


   Production
   Lexus began taking orders for the LFA supercar on October 23, 2009. Buyers will be selectively chosen by Lexus in
   the second quarter of 2010.[42] Production will begin in December 2010 as a 2011 model. Only 500 total LFA
   models will be made worldwide, with only 20 produced each month. Each car will be custom ordered to the
   customer's specifications, and will cost an estimated US$375,000, depending on options and customization.[43]
                                                        Following the LFA's release at the Tokyo Motor Show, Lexus unveiled
                                                        a website with a 'LFA configurator' which allowed users to select
                                                        exterior and interior colors, brake caliper colors, seats, steering wheel
                                                        leather, and other interior designs.[44] [45] In total, there are over 30
                                                        billion possible configurations.[45] Each LFA will be hand-built by a
                                                        dedicated production team of engineers and specialists at Toyota's
                                                        Motomatchi plant in Aichi, Japan.[46]

                                                  In the North American market 150 LFAs will be initially sold through
      The LFA, to be built in 500 units, at Park Lane
                                                  a two year lease program much like the Ferrari F50. This is to prevent
              Lexus in London's Mayfair
                                                  owners from reselling the vehicle for a profit.[43] Racing driver Scott
                                                  Pruett was hired to give test drives to interested buyers, demonstrating
   the vehicle's capabilities at Auto Club Speedway. The Lexus division of Toyota Motor USA will stop taking orders
   at the end of 2009, in which they will talk about a purchase plan for the lessees. In the European market buyers order
   their LFA through a single Lexus dealer located in Park Lane, London where it is purchased outright.[47]

   During LFA production, each vehicle will receive a plaque which is individually numbered, indicating the unit's
   place in the production run. Each LFA V10 engine will also bear the signature of the specialist who assembled it.[46]
   With 20 units produced monthly, production of the entire LFA run will last for 25 months, from December 2010 to
   December 2012.
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                    5


   Overview

   Engine
   The Lexus LFA is powered by a 72-degree bank angle 4.8-liter V10
   engine equipped with dual VVT-i carrying the 1LR-GUE designation
   with a maximum output of 560 PS (412 kW) delivered at 8,700 rpm.
   Its maximum torque output of 354 lb·ft (480 N·m) arrives at 6,800 rpm,
   90 percent of which is available from 3,700 rpm. The engine redlines
   at 9,000 rpm, but with a fuel cutoff set at 9,500 rpm,[48] and is
   constructed using forged aluminum pistons, forged titanium connecting
   rods, and solid titanium valves. The V angle of the LFA's V-10 engine
   is set to 72-degrees (as opposed to the 90-degree V angle present in a
   Dodge Viper's V-10) to fully balance the firing force from the pistons.
                                                                                     LFA 1LR-GUE V10 display model
   This 72-degree angle allows for even firing from the pistons without
   the use of a split-journal crankshaft, thus improving engine efficiency
   as well as lowering overall weight. Dry sump lubrication prevents engine oil starvation through high speed corners
   and lowers the engine's center of mass. Air is fed directly from beneath the hood through a visible slit passing into a
   dual stage variable intake manifold and then into ten individual throttle bodies before finally exiting from a dual
   stage titanium muffler.

                                                  The LFA's engineers selected a V10 engine over an equivalent
                                                  displacement V8 engine for its higher revs,[42] and over a V12 for its
                                                  lower reciprocating mass,[10] [42] allowing for more rapid engine
                                                  response. Lexus claims their engine can rev from idle to its redline in
                                                  0.6 seconds and an analog tachometer needle could not accurately track
                                                  the LFA's changes in engine speeds. This necessitated the use of a
                                                  digital tachometer which can instantly display engine speed.[49] The
                                                  engine reportedly weighs less than the manufacturer's own 3.5-liter
               Lexus LFA engine bay
                                                  2GR-FE V6 engine. Engineers attempted to make the engine sound
                                                  like that of a Formula One car with high revs, while at the same time
   maintaining reliability and vibration control. Along with other manufacturers such as Ferrari, Toyota had produced
   their own F1 engines and chassis designs.[9] The exhaust note has been described by Toyota engineers as the "roar of
   an angel",[50] and a US television spot later used the engine sound to shatter a champagne glass via resonance
   frequency.[51]

   The powerplant gives the LFA a power-to-weight ratio of 5.9 lb/hp and enables it to reach a top speed of around
   202 mph (325 km/h).[52] Like the IS F Yamaha co-developed the engine cylinder heads. The engine exceeds Euro V
   emissions. The engine is installed with a front mid-engine placement.[53] According to Chief Engineer Haruhiko
   Tanahashi a front engine layout was selected instead of a mid engine layout as it is inherently more forgiving
   dynamically, affording less experienced drivers a wider safety net.[54]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                     6



                                                  Transmission
                                                     The gearbox itself is a six-speed Automated Sequential Gearbox
                                                     (electrohydraulic transmission) operated with paddle-shifters
                                                     developed and constructed in-house by Toyota. The driver can select
                                                     from four settings: auto, normal, sport, and wet. The manufacturer
      The LFA front counter gearbox, torque tube and quotes minimum up-shift times of 200 ms in the sport mode.
                        transaxle                    According to Tanahashi a dual-clutch transmission was tested but the
                                                     design team felt gear changes were overly smooth, resembling that of a
   traditional automatic and they preferred more abrupt and mechanically engaging shifts. This shifting experience was
   also favored despite Lexus vehicles' typical emphasis on smooth operation.[55] The auto mode and low speed
   performance suffer as a result.[56] A Torsen limited slip differential is also applied on the LFA,[3] and a launch
   control system is available.[45] An offset gear mounted to the crank (a world first [40] ) sends power via a torque tube
   to the transmission. The carbon-fiber torque tube system was developed because of the rear placement of the
   transmission and low engine layout.[40] The transmission gear ratios are as follows:[57]




                        - LFA speedometer TFT                          - Rev indicator menu
                                Gear    1     2     3     4     5     6     Reverse Final Drive

                                Ratio 3.231 2.188 1.609 1.233 0.970 0.795    3.587     3.417



   Chassis
   The Lexus LFA's frame is made from an in-house designed and manufactured carbon fiber-reinforced polymer
   (CFRP) center monocoque with aluminum front and rear subframes. The subframes, which can be removed and
   replaced minimizing potential repair costs, are joined to the monocoque using a newly developed aluminum flanged
   collar designed to create a stronger joint.[3] According to the manufacturer, the quality of the CRFP material matches
   that of aeronautical grades and is woven by a laser monitored circular loom, one of only two in the world.[40] Overall
   65% of the vehicle's total body mass is CFRP material while the remaining 35% is aluminum.[4] Manufacturer data
   indicates that the use of CFRP saves 100 kg (220 lbs) over equivalent aluminum materials.
                                             An electric power steering rack with a 14.3:1 gear ratio is used. The
                                             front suspension utilizes a double-wishbone arrangement and there is a
                                             multi-link arrangement at the rear with coil-over dampers at all wheels.
                                             The dampers are a monotube design, each with a remote fluid reservoir
                                             that includes an expanding and contracting bellows: a purely
                                             mechanical system. The LFA further features six-piston front and
                                             four-piston rear Brembo monobloc brake calipers with 390 mm (15.4
                                             in) front and 360 mm (14.2 in) rear carbon ceramic discs controlled by
           LFA chassis cutaway display       Toyota's Electronically Controlled Brake brake-by-wire system.
                                             Forged 20-inch BBS wheels fitted with 265 mm (10.4 in) front and
   305 mm (12.0 in) rear Bridgestone next-generation Pontenza tires are standard.[53] The LFA is equipped with a
   3-mode Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM) stability control system with Sport setting.[45]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                        7


   To maintain a near ideal weight distribution, a rear transaxle is used, in
   addition to the mounting of the fuel tank ahead of the rear axle and the
   radiators at the rear. The windshield washer fluid reservoir is mounted
   in the center next to the fuel tank to improve further the center of
   weight. Overall 48% of the LFA's mass is distributed along the front
   wheels with 52% at the rear.[58] The 73 liter fuel tank itself saddles the
   exhaust system keeping weight centered along the left-right axis. The
   engine is connected to the transaxle via a rigid carbon-fiber torque tube       Side view of matte black Lexus LFA, showing
   which the exhaust system runs directly below.[3] This stacked                              carbon ceramic brakes

   driveshaft and exhaust arrangement decreases the width of the center
   tunnel allowing for centrally located seating.


   Exterior
   The production Lexus LFA has an overall length of 177.4 inches (4510 mm), while its wheelbase measures
   102.6 inches (2610 mm), with a height of 48 inches (1200 mm) and width of 74.6 in (1895 mm).[57] Compared to the
   prior 2007–2008 concepts, the production model is nearly 2 inches (51 mm) longer, with identical width, height, and
   nearly same wheelbase dimensions.[24] [57] The exterior design of the LF-A concepts and the final production model
   was the work of car stylists led by Lexus Design general manager Kengo Matsumoto.[9] [26] The overall design ethos
   was based on the principle of form follows function, with aesthetics secondary to aerodynamics and operation.[59]
                                                   The LFA body features sharp edges and cutoffs for improved
                                                   aerodynamic performance, made possible by the carbon fiber body.[42]
                                                   The body was designed with an emphasis on downforce. There are air
                                                   scoops located over the rear fenders which feed the aft-mounted
                                                   radiators and help cool the brakes.[40] A horizontal hood gap also feeds
                                                   air to the engine.[40] Two small aft vents expel air that is collected by
                                                   an underbody air scoop and used to cool the titanium exhaust pipes.[40]
      Overhead view of the Lexus LFA with carbon
                                                   Dual hood ducts serve to move hot air away from the exhaust
                       fiber roof
                                                   manifold.[40]


   The LFA's speed-sensitive rear wing incorporates a Gurney flap and deploys at speeds over 50 mph.[42] With the
   wing retracted the LFA's body has a drag coefficient of Cd 0.31.[42] The LFA body is offered with a choice of 28
   standard exterior colors,[40] along with 3 wheel colors and a matte black option. Additional "special colors" are
   available to order.[44] The front and rear fenders, doors, roof rails, and rocker panels are made out of blast fiber
   reinforced sheet panels, while the tail lamps are light-emitting diode (LED) lights.[40]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                          8



   Interior
   The LFA interior incorporates carbon fiber, leather, alcantara, and metallic surfaces.
   There are two bucket seats, and Lexus' Remote Touch controller interface. The interior
   design uses bespoke materials and colors.[45] The instrument display is a digital
   thin-film transistor (TFT) speedometer with color-changing background, size-changing
   numbers, and side-appearing submenus.[42]




                                                                                                      The two-seat LFA cockpit




                                                     In operation the TFT display shows small digits in automatic mode;
                                                     larger and bolder numbers in normal mode; inverted colors, moved
                                                     redline, and stark numbers in sport mode, along with a programmable
                                                     redline warning color change.[45] The tachometer display also features
                                                     an electric movable metal ring with layer acrylic plastic to create a 3D
                                                     effect. The LFA further features a new driver and passenger seat-belt
                                                     airbag design[42] increases similar to the S-Class ESF safety concept
                                                     car.
      The production LFA interior, customizable to
                  owner specification
                                                    The steering wheel features a right-mounted start button and alloy
                                                    paddle-shifters.[42] To activate the vehicle the driver must insert the
   key beside the steering wheel then press the start button.[60] Two octaves of engine sound are channeled into the
   cabin via twin ducts which connect the firewall with intake manifold, with the sound tuned in the manner of an
   Ovation guitar.[45] A 12-speaker Mark Levinson sound system with compact lightweight components was also
   developed for the interior.[61] Custom-made Tumi suitcases are designed for the LFA interior, with a two-piece set
   made from carbon-fiber style materials and inscribed by VIN number; a smaller "concourse" case is for track days
   and short trips, while a larger "coastal" case is for longer trips.[62]


   Nürburgring Edition
   On March 15, 2010, Lexus detailed the circuit-tuned variant of the
   LFA, plans for which were first disclosed at the LFA official press
   launch the previous October.[7] The variant is officially known as the
   LFA Special Edition or LFA Nürburgring Edition, the latter in
   reference to the similar setup employed on the LFA race vehicles at the
   24 Hours Nürburgring.[63] [64]

   The model features an extra 10 horsepower from its V10 engine,
   bringing total horsepower to 562, a re-calibrated transmission with
                                                                                   The Nürburgring Edition Lexus LFA is based on
   gear shifts made faster by 0.05 seconds, a front splitter, stiffer and           the VLN racing model, shown here at the 2009
   more adjustable suspension, lightweight alloy wheels coated in track                         Tokyo Motor Show
   rubber, aerodynamic canards at the sides of the front bumper, and a
   large fixed rear wing.[63] [65]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                     9


   The special edition is a competition-focused variant, and will be available in four exterior colors, namely glossy
   black, matte black, orange, and whitest white.[65] The production totals are to be included in the 500-unit total LFA
   planned build cycle,[7] and will be limited to a 50-unit run.[64] At a base price of US$445,000, buyers will receive
   training sessions at the Nordschleife, accompanied by Nürburgring chief instructors, a one-night stay at the Lindner
   Congress and Motorsport Hotel Nürburgring, admission to the ring°werk leisure park, a Nürburgring branded jacket,
   and a one-year pass to the circuit.[64] [66]


   Specifications

   Manufacturer
   Official specifications and performance figures for the Lexus LFA are as follows:[57]

      Engine type       1LR-GUE 72° V10                                   Valvetrain       DOHC 4-valves/cylinder, dual
                                                                                           VVT-i
     Displacement       4805 cc (293.2 cu in)                            Bore x Stroke     88 × 79 mm (3.5 × 3.1 in)
   Compression Ratio 12.0:1                                                Redline         9000 rpm (rev limiter 9500 rpm)


     Transmission       6-speed ASG                                   Minimum shift times 200 ms or 150 ms


          Power         560 PS (412 kW; 552 hp) @ 8700 rpm                  Torque         480 N·m (354 ft·lbf) @ 6800 rpm
      Curb weight       1480 kg (3263 lb)                              Power-to-weight     5.9 lb/hp
         Weight         49.8:50.2 (front:rear)                            Top speed        326 km/h (203 mph)
      distribution
      0-60 mph (97      3.6 sec.
                                [39]
                                      (official, w/o launch           0-100 km/h (62 mph) 3.7 sec.
         km/h)          control)
                                 [45]




   Performance
   Tested performance specifications for the Lexus LFA from Car and Driver†, Motor Trend‡, and Road & Track†† are
   as follows:

   0-60 mph (97 km/h) 3.6 secs (w/ launch control.) [67] †                 0-120 mph (190 km/h)        10.8 sec.
                                                                                                                [67] †

     0-100 mph (160      7.6 sec.
                                 [67] †                                    0-130 mph (210 km/h)        12.7 sec.
                                                                                                                [67] †
         km/h)
     0-110 mph (180      9.2 sec.
                                 [67] †                                    0-150 mph (240 km/h)        18.3 sec.
                                                                                                                [67] †
         km/h)
      1
       ⁄4 mi (400 m)     11.7 sec.
                                     [67]
                                            (@ 125 mph (201 km/h))†               Slalom               74.2 mph (119.4
                                                                                                             [68] ††
                                                                                                       km/h)
   Lateral acceleration 1.00 G[60] (200 feet (61 m) skidpad)†; 1.05        Braking (70 mph (110        156 ft (48 m)
                                                                                                                     [60] †

                        G
                          [69] ‡                                                km/h)-0)


   Car and Driver track-tested the LFA in November 2010 while conducting a comparo versus Ferrari 599 HGTE. The
   test was conducted in Wales and recorded 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) time of 3.6 seconds with launch control system
   and a quarter mile of 11.7 seconds at 125 mph. Car and Driver noted that these acceleration numbers were quicker
   than those of Ferrari 599 HGTE.[67] Motor Trend recorded a stopping distance from 60-0 mph in less than 94 ft (28.7
   m), and pulled 1.05 g on their skidpad.[70] Road and Track tested the LFA at 74.2 mph through the slalom and 1.04 g
   on the skidpad.[68]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                       10


   Lap times
   Chief Engineer Haruhiko Tanahashi mentioned during the world's
   press at the Nürburgring in Germany that the LFA has lapped the
   Nürburgring Nordschleife in "better than 7 minutes 20 seconds",
   although no further specifics were given to the record lap.[71] The LFA
   appeared on Top Gear in January 2010, where its power lap of
   1.22.8[72] was the quickest wet test lap ever recorded on the Top Gear
   test track; it was 3 seconds faster than the nearest wet lap which was
   the all-wheel-drive Lamborghini Gallardo.[72] AutoWeek on the                 Pre-production Lexus LFA model on display at
   Goodwood race track in an LFA, independently clocked a fastest lap                       Long Beach, California

   time of 1:24.8 making it the fastest ever recorded lap on the race track
   so far and quicker than the third fastest recorded lap by 3 seconds in Nissan GTR of 1:27.7. The 2nd fastest recorded
   lap is also in a Lexus LFA of 1:27.65.[73] PistonHeads on the Goodwood race track in an LFA clocked a fastest lap
   time of 1:27.65.[73]

   Sport Auto[74] in the September 2010 edition conducted an LFA supertest with a red LFA that had been used in
   several other tests in Europe and Horst Von Saurma conducted a hot lap the LFA around Nurburgring. The LFA
   clocked the Nurburgring in 7:38. The LFA was wearing temporary Bridgestone S001 street tires since the LFA spec
   tires are still under development. Although the LFA lap time is slower than the chief engineer's "better than 7:20"
   claim, Sport Auto cited LFA ran exactly the same lap time with the same driver that other major competitors like
   Ferrari 458 Italia, Corvette ZR1 with Michelin Pilot Sport 2 (PS2) tires and 2 seconds faster than Mercedes SLS
   AMG, 2 seconds faster than the Porsche 997.2 GT3 911, 4 seconds faster than Lamborghini LP-670 SV, 10 seconds
   faster than Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 and 9 seconds faster than Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano. All with the same
   driver Horst Von Saurma.
   Auto Zeitung Germany[75] in the August 2010 edition conducted a comparison between Lexus LFA and
   Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG. Around Contidrom race track, LFA turned a faster lap time by 1.8 seconds of 1:35.66 as
   compared to 1:37.50 of the SLS AMG. Although, the start sector both cars hit 204 – 208 km/h, LFA continuously hit
   higher speeds in the high speed sector, dynamic sector where agility and spontaneous reactions are measured
   eventually turning in faster lap. AutoZeitung raved about LFA's handling, chassis control and race car-like reflexes
   and response.
                                                     Auto Bild Germany[76] in the September edition of 2010 in part 1 of the
                                                     comparison conducted a head-to-head Nurburgring Supercomparo
                                                     (longer 20.8 km version of the track)" versus Nissan GT-R,
                                                     Lamborghini Gallardo LP570-4 Superleggera and Wiesmann GT MF5.
                                                     Lexus LFA turned in the fastest Nurburgring lap time (7:38,85), which
                                                     was faster by nearly 2 seconds than the Gallardo LP570-4
                                                     Superleggera (7:40,76) and almost 5 seconds faster than the GT-R
                                                     (7:43,65), 6 seconds faster than the SLS AMG and almost 12 seconds
      The LFA racing on the Nürburgring track near   faster than the Wiesmann. The Nurburgring 20.8 km test driver Sascha
            the village of Nürburg, Germany
                                                     Bert stated "LFA was built for the Nurburgring race track."


   Battle of the Supercars[77] did a head-to-head comparison of Audi R8 V10 with the Lexus LFA with Tanner Foust
   driving the LFA and Paul Tracy driving the R8 V10. LFA comprehensively was declared the winner by the presenter
   where LFA lapped the short 1-mile track 1 full second faster than the R8 V10 with a lap time of 48.9 for the LFA
   versus 49.9 R8 despite Tanner having difficulties launching the Lexus LFA in the 1-mile road course lap and also the
   standing mile drag race where LFA won despite a delayed launch (no launch control used for these runs). This test
   also saw LFA using launch control for the first time in the 0 - 100 - 0 mph, which led to LFA accelerating from 0 -
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                      11


   100 mph much faster from 0 - 100 mph than the R8 V10. The R8 V10 steel brakes brought the car to a stop to 0 mph
   quicker than the LFA's ceramic carbon brakes. However, in the behind the scenes footage, it was shown the LFA's
   carbon brakes meant for hardcore track usage were not warmed up properly, which is essential for carbon brakes to
   perform at their best. In the successive run, R8 V10 brakes suffered massive brake fade increasing the distance 17
   feet while LFA carbon brakes were consistently getting better braking shorter in every successive run. In every 0 -
   100 mph sprint shown in the behind the scenes footage, LFA out-launched and out-accelerated the R8 V10. In the
   top speed, rolling start run on the 2-mile runway, LFA hit a speed of 184.1 mph while the R8 V10 hit a speed of
   185 mph. Tanner Foust explained there was no way to retract the LFA wing spoiler (deploys automatically at
   50 mph) at high speeds increasing drag substantially, which had cost him 4 - 6 mph.


   Reception
   The LFA appeared on Top Gear in January 2010, when Richard Hammond drove the car and had rave reviews of it,
   and setting a record for the quickest wet test lap ever recorded on the Top Gear test track, faster than the
   Lamborghini Gallardo. However, it was noted that the LFA cost 3 times more than the Gallardo, and is £130,000
   more than the Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano but not faster than it; Jeremy Clarkson also noted that the 202 mph LFA
   costs 6 times more than the 193 mph Nissan GT-R but is not 6 times faster.[78] In response, Evo's review of the LFA
   pointed out that the performance of "a Bugatti Veyron is not 12 times more than the GT-R",[79] with reviewer Chris
   Harris observing that no cars are 6 times more than a GT-R either.[79] [80]
   Car and Driver concluded in its review of the LFA and its
   performance that the carbon-fiber supercar rated as a "bargain"
   compared to the more expensive Enzo Ferrari and Mercedes-Benz SLR
   McLaren.[42] In May 2010, Motor Trend ran the LFA through several
   track tests and praised its driving dynamics and performance.[69] The
   LFA was often criticized for taking far too long to reach production,
   considering from development, to concept, to production was nearly a
                                                                                The LFA at the 2010 San Francisco Auto Show.
   decade. The LFA has also been criticized for being sold at a price
   much higher than comparable super-cars.[78] Many Toyota and Lexus
   enthusiasts were disappointed when Toyota announced the car would be limited to just 500 units and only sold to
   selected buyers chosen by Lexus. Though, Lexus has been criticized for LFAs steep pricing despite being sold-out, a
   very limited 500 units production run and very exotic and technological construction, it has been extremely well
   received by journalists where mostly track tests have yielded rave reviews by media and journalists.

   The LFA appeared on Fifth Gear with presenter Tiff Needell driving the car around the race track performing
   hotlaps, powerslides and power oversteers. Needell described in detail the high-tech engineering used in the car and
   highly praised the 4.8 Liter V10's power and sound as well. Tiff declared "people who purchased the LFA would be
   very happy when they get their cars". At the conclusion of the review, He concluded "for a weekend race track car,
   LFA is worth every penny".[81]
   In Top Gear's comparison of the LFA with the Porsche GT3 RS, Lamborghini Superleggera, Ferrari 458 Italia and
   SLS AM, the Stig praised the Lexus LFA and was quoted as saying it is an "Amazing track weapon, super-stiff
   chassis makes it extremely sensitive to inputs...V10 engine has power everywhere and delivery to make the most of
   that...brakes powerful but don't interfere...lots of grip in slow and fast corners..full balance into...through, out of
   corners. What's Lexus? Does it also make fridges?"[82]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                    12


                                                Car and Driver[67] in November 2010 did a comparison test between
                                                Lexus LFA and Ferrari 599 GTB HGTE with the $30,000 additional
                                                handling package. The Lexus LFA won the comparison and was
                                                featured in full in the November 2010 magazine edition. Lexus LFA
                                                was generally favored in the review as the more hardcore sports car
                                                while the 599 GTB was viewed as the GT car. LFA out-accelerated the
          Euro-spec LFA with left hand drive.   599 HGTE from 0 - 60 mph and the 1/4 mile with times of 3.6 seconds
                                                and 11.7@125 mph respectively while the 599 HGTE recorded a 0 -
   60 mph in 3.8 seconds and 1/4 mile in 11.8@125 mph. Both cars were tested using their full launch control systems.
   The reviewers praised the Lexus engine, technology, luxury, chassis and suspension calling it a 'rocketship'. Their
   comments on LFA were "The Lexus feels more athletic than the Ferrari, and its performance is more accessible,
   more immediately. The engine is remarkable. Austin noted: “They figured out the engine. It’s really strong, and then
   you hit about 6500 rpm and your eyes get all big as the power hits another level.” The only street-car engine that
   matches this one for smoothness, ecstatic noise, and power delivery is the 458 Italia’s". The reviewers praised the
   Lexus engine, technology, luxury, chassis and suspension calling it a 'rocketship'. The conclusion of Car and Driver
   was "if Lexus puts this much passion in everyone of its cars, it will simply be unbeatable."

   Evo UK compiled a Car of the year for the year 2010 with "Best of the best" top 10 cars chosen including Ferrari 458
   Italia, Porsche GT3 RS, Porsche GT2 RS, Lexus LFA, Lamborghini LP570-4, SLS AMG, Audi R8 V10, Lotus
   Evora, updated 2012 R35.2 Nissan GTR, Audi R8 V10. Lexus LFA was highly praised and placed in the top 4 with
   the Porsche GT3 RS, Ferrari 458 Italia and Porsche GT2 RS. Evo UK called LFA a "very very special car" and
   praised the engine as "extraordinarily stunning V10 that is only comparable to the V10 in Porsche Carrera GT". The
   SLS AMG was placed 5h and updated 2012 R35.2 Nissan GTR was placed 8th while Lamborghini LP570-4 was
   placed 9th. Lexus LFA was placed in the top 4th despite not completing the track tests as Evo UK had to return the
   LFA to Lexus because it had to be flown elsewhere.
   Overall, all the testers at Evo UK overwhelmingly commented positvely about the Lexus LFA particularly its 4.8
   Liter V10. Some of the notes in the article about the LFA were "There is nothing in the world like the Lexus LFA. It
   is more special and intriguing than the 458 and demonstrates an extraordinary level of passion and commitment.
   Bespoke and limited edition, it is also a genuine supercar that can scare the pants off you. This is mainly thanks to
   it's extraordinary 552bhp 4.8-litre V10 that does everything a Carrera GT's does and then goes completely mad as it
   closes in on 9500rpm. Its uncompromising ride adds to the challenge, and it was generally agreed that it would have
   been a bit of a handful up on the moors, but we were beguiled. "It's a beautiful thing, all the details, and it has the
   integrity and functionality of a Lexus. Feels like a step up from everything else here," said Meaden. "Very, very
   special," said Metcalfe. Thank you, Lexus." Chris Harris also noted "there is nothing else out there that has ever felt
   this special since the Macca F1".[83]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                      13


   Motorsport

   2008
   A Lexus LF-A prototype was entered on 10 May 2008 on the
   Nürburgring 4 hour VLN endurance race. Despite being lapped 5 times
   and finishing 77th[84] overall among over 200 teams, it surprisingly
   won the over 4000cc class SP8,[23] as all other five class entrants,
   including a Porsche 997 Turbo and Aston Martin Vantage, failed to
   finish. The best lap time of the Lexus, on the 24.4 km version used in
   VLN, was 9:06[23] in 3rd[85] of 23 laps, on par with old Porsche 996
   GT3 Cup (class Cup3A), while the fastest SP8 cars managed 8:20s.
                                                                                     The Lexus LF-A prototype, #92 at the
   Lexus also took part in the 24 Hours Nürburgring[86] on 24/25 May                      Nürburgring in 2008
   2008, with four Japanese drivers including Akira Iida leading the team.
   The LF-A was involved in a crash just prior to the race and was hurriedly repaired in two hours to make the race.[87]
   As car #14,[88] it qualified 27th[89] among 223 cars, and finished 7th in the SP8 class of 11 entrants, and 121st
   overall, with a best lap average speed of 163 km/h (101 mph), compared to 175 km/h (109 mph) of the fastest cars.


   2009
   On 4 April 2009, a LF-A and a Lexus IS F entered by Gazoo Racing (which had already raced smaller cars in 2007
   and 2008) finished 1st and 2nd in the SP8 class[90] in the ADAC-Westfalenfahrt VLN 4h endurance race, as all three
   other class entrants, a Gallardo, a Corvette and an Audi R8, failed to complete the race. In winning its second VLN
   4h event, the LF-A improved its fastest lap time, with one driver completing 8:41 laps both in practice and in the
   race;[91] by comparison, the fastest overall race laps were 8:27 by a Dodge Viper and a Porsche 997 Cup S, both of
   the new SP9 class, which is close to FIA-GT3.
                                                   The LF-A was subsequently entered into the 24 Hours Nürburgring
                                                   race for the manufacturer stated purpose of obtaining feedback for
                                                   fine-tuning production versions[92] along with training of support
                                                   technicians.[93] Gazoo registered two LF-As and a single IS F in the
                                                   SP8 class (4000cc to 6200cc), as the LF-A racecars were powered by a
                                                   4.8-liter (4805cc) V10 engine with a 9000 rpm redline.[94] [95] At the
                                                   2009 24 Hours of Nürburgring endurance race held on May 23/24, the
                                                   #15 LF-A[96] driven by Jochen Krumbach, Armin Hahne, Andre
        The 2009 24h Nürburgring race car #15 in   Lotterer, and Hiromu Naruse achieved sub-9min laps and a best time
                      Goodwood
                                                   of 8:50.458, which was the fastest time in the SP8 class,[97] with a best
                                                   lap speed of 172 km/h (107 mph);.[97] The fastest times by the race
   leaders (SP9 class) were in the 8:40 range with a best lap speed of 176 km/h (109 mph).[97] About 90 minutes from
   race completion, the #15 LF-A experienced a separated driveshaft and a fire which poured white smoke from the
   vehicle's rear section.[98] The #14 LF-A completed the race and was ranked 4th in its class and 87th overall,[97] [99]
   behind the 3rd ranked #16 IS F[100] During the early portions of the race the #14 LF-A recorded its peak position of
   14th overall.[101] [102] One of the drivers of the #14 car was Toyota's new CEO Akio Toyoda, who also met Aston
   Martin's President and fellow race entrant Ulrich Bez at the race before deciding to build the Aston Martin Cygnet
   together.[103]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                         14


   2010
   Lexus/Gazoo again entered two cars in the 2010 24 Hours of
   Nürburgring, in the SP8 class over 4000cc. The “Balance of
   Performance” [104] required a minimum weight of 1500 kg, a restrictor
   diameter of 34.2 mm, and a fuel tank size of 120 liter. The #50 car won
   its class, and finished 18th[105] overall with 142 laps, 12 laps down.
   The #50 car, with 4 Japanese drivers, did a fastest lap of 8:55.934
   (average of 170.470 km/h [106] ), which was over 20 seconds slower             SP8 class winner at the 2010 24h Nürburgring,
   than the top 10 challengers, and slower than last year's performance.                          LFA car #50

   The Chief Test Driver/Engineer Hiromu Naruse, who coached the
   2010 LFA race team, died in a tragic accident on June 23, 2010 testing the Nurburgring Edition of the Lexus LFA on
   the roads local to the Nordschleife in Germany.[107] [108] According to police reports, the traffic accident occurred
   when his LFA Nürburgring Edition test prototype veered into oncoming traffic, colliding head-on[109] with a BMW 3
   series near the Nürburgring, at Boos.[110] The BMW was also a test vehicle,[111] both occupants were injured, one
   severely; both were expected to survive.[112] All three test drivers wore helmets.[113]


   Sculpture models
                                                   In April 2005, Lexus presented a sculptural model of the original LF-A
                                                   concept at that year's Milan Design Week exhibition in Milan, Italy.
                                                   Part of the marque's introductory display of its L-finesse design theme,
                                                   the full-size LF-A model was presented next to a production Lexus GS
                                                   model, in a design space produced by painter Hiroshi Senju, designer
                                                   Junya Ishigami, and architect Kazuyo Sejima.[114] The sculpted LF-A
     Lexus LF-A Salone Milano 2005 concept model   model followed the first introduction of the LF-A concept at the North
            at the Teatro dell'Arte in Milan
                                                   American International Auto Show in January of that year. In contrast
                                                   with the production GS sedan it shared the display space with, the
   LF-A model did not have interior access.

   In April 2009, Lexus presented an acrylic glass sculpture LFA model,
   called 'Crystallised Wind', at that year's Milan Design Week exhibition
   at the Museo della Permanente art gallery in Milan. Commissioned in
   partnership with architect Sou Fujimoto, the full-sized LFA crystal
   sculpture had a transparent appearance, allowing viewers to see the
   engine, chassis, interior, and other internal components.[115] Although
   closely resembling the 2007 coupe concept, design elements on the          Lexus LFA Crystallised Wind at the 2009 Tokyo
   LFA Crystallised Wind model differed from previous iterations of the                       Motor Show
   coupe, with five-spoke wheels, different headlamp shapes, and other
   separate details. The vehicle was presented along with a collection of accessories, gadgets, and styling products all
   produced from the same acrylic materials used in the Crystallised Wind model.[116]
Lexus LFA                                                                                                                                         15


   Awards
   In October 2009, the debut of the Lexus LFA was named among Road & Track's Best of the 2009 Tokyo Auto
   Show.[117] For his role in leading its development project, Top Gear awarded Lexus LFA chief engineer Haruhiko
   Tanahashi as one of its Men of the Year for 2009 along with Sébastien Loeb, Jenson Button, Barack Obama, and
   others.[118] In April 2010, the LFA topped the Stiff Magazine list of the Top 5 V10 Road Cars.[119] In its 2010 test of
   the LFA, Car gave the vehicle the magazine's maximum rating of five stars.[120] The LFA was also named to the Top
   Gear 100 Sexiest Supercars of All Time list in 2010.[121] Top Gear magazine in its September 2010 edition picked
   "5 greatest supercars of the year" and the LFA was honored as one of the greatest supercars of the year along with
   Porsche GT3 RS, Lamborghini Superleggera, Ferrari 458 Italia and SLS AMG. All 5 cars were featured in the
   magazine in a side by side comparison and LFA was picked as the "Stig's most favorite supercar".[82] [82]
   Evo UK in its January 2011 edition held a "best engine of the year" selection. Lexus LFA's 4.8 Liter V10 was
   selected as the "best engine of the year" over SLS AMG's V8, 458 Italia's V8, GTR's V6, LP570-4 and R8's V10,
   Porsche GT2 RS and GT3 RS flat-6, Evora's V6 and Focuse RS500's inline-5 engines. Some of the comments
   regarding the Lexus LFA's V10 were "A mix of road and racing engines: Lexus LFA's utterly intoxicating 4.8 Liter
   V10.", "There is the noise it makes, for a start, a dense shriek like a V10 F1 car's", "Then there's the wall of torque
   from 5000 rpm to 9000 rpm and a strong thrust even before that", "Lighter than an average V6 and it even meets the
   Euro 5 emission standards", "It is hard to imagine that such an engine's career will be over when all the LFAs are
   built, given the love that has gone into it. We certainly hope not".[122]
   The LF-A Roadster concept received an iF product design award from the International Forum Design organization
   in 2008,[123] and the first LF-A concept was a recipient of an IDEA award from the Industrial Designers Society of
   America in the Design Explorations category of 2005's International Design Excellence Awards.[124] [125] Gayot.com
   [126]
         has ranked the LFA among the Top 10 Exotic Sport Cars category. The LFA was also a finalist in the 2009 Car
   Design of the Year[127] and the Festival Automobile International's "most beautiful supercar of the year” awards.[128]


   Gaming
   In late 2010, Polyphony Digital, game developers for Sony Computer Entertainment announced that the Lexus LFA
   would make an appearance in Gran Turismo 5 on the Playstation 3 game console. The Lexus LFA will be one of
   over 1,000 cars featured in the game.[129] This car also become a downloadable vehicle in Forza Motorsport 3.


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Lexus LFA                                                                                                                                             16

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Lexus LFA                                                                                                                                                17

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Lexus LFA                                                                                                                                               18

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Lexus LFA                                                                                                                                                19

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Lexus LFA                                                                                           20


   External links
   • Lexus-LFA.com (http://www.lexus-lfa.com) Global Website
   • Lexus LFA (http://www.lexus.co.uk/range/lfa/index.aspx) UK Website
   • Lexus.com LF-A (http://www.lexus.com/fcv/lf_a.html)
   • Lexus.eu LF-A (http://www.lexus.eu/about/concept-cars/view-cars/lf-a-minisite/index.aspx?WT.
     ac=spotlight_Discover_the_LF-A)
   • Lexus LFA 2010 Test Drive Video & Pictures (http://www.mojoflyer.info/2010/01/30/lexus-lfa/)
Article Sources and Contributors                                                                                                                                                              21



    Article Sources and Contributors
    Lexus LFA  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=410760368  Contributors: Adi4094, Alanraywiki, Analoguedragon, Ben 28920, Biker Biker, Bjelleklang, Blhsing, Bobblewik, CJ
    DUB, CZmarlin, Computer2010, Cs-wolves, Cyde, DSFERG, Dabbaman, Diego440, DonIncognito, Donnie Park, Dufunk85, Edvvc, Gilesy133, Giraffedata, IBPhillip, Japanesevehicles100, John
    of Reading, KayLFA, LG4761, Lfaporsche2424, Lfasucks2424, LilHelpa, MTan355, Matthead, Matty, Mentin, Minna Sora no Shita, Nicholas-is, Nono64, OSX, R'n'B, RJFJR, Rogwulff, Ronz,
    Ru40342, Ruleke, Russ3Z, SEWalk, Sabracadabra, Sesameball, Sesesdeqa, Sevummer, Shin Kairi, Skysmurf, Smellsofbikes, Specsheetez, SpeedyGonsales, Stepho-wrs, Sushiya, T3h 1337 b0y,
    Tbhotch, ThaWhistle, The Helper S, Trablomore, Typ932, Vespristiano, Williamsburgland, Wine Guy, Zachlipton, 天然ガス, 霧木諒二, 134 anonymous edits




    Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
    File:Lexus LFA 001.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Lexus_LFA_001.JPG  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:天然ガス
    File:Lexus LF-A I LA Auto Show 08.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Lexus_LF-A_I_LA_Auto_Show_08.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Altair78
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    File:Lexus LF-A Roadster Geneva Salon 2008.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Lexus_LF-A_Roadster_Geneva_Salon_2008.jpg  License: Creative Commons
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