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Technology Freight

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Technology Freight document sample

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									                       Intermodal Equipment.
                          Freight Technology.
               Electronic Freight Management.
       ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems).

    1. Intermodal Trailer and Container Securement Manual.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Intermodal/Intermodal%20Trailer
        %20and%20Container%20Securement%20Manual.aspx

    2. Brochure on Intermodel Shipping Environment.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/General%20Topics/Brochure%2
        0on%20Intermodel%20Shipping%20Environment.aspx A study that was
        conducted by the Association of American Railroads. Although there are basic
        inherent differences between truck and rail, the study has proven that these two
        shipping environments are quite similar.

    3. Case Goods Secured with DID Bags.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Other%20Topics/Case%20Good
        s%20Secured%20with%20DID%20Bags.aspx Demonstrates an AAR approved
        method for shipping case goods in TOFC/COFC shipments by rail. This method
        is used with stretch wrapped case goods (minimum 90 gauge) on pallets or
        slipsheets. Video highlights trailer inspection/preparation, load planning, and
        placement of materials.

    4. General Principles of Securement for Intermodal Shipping.
       http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
       0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/General%20Topics/General%20
       Principles%20of%20Securement%20for%20Intermodal%20Shipping.aspx
       Covers general guidelines for use of wood blocking, steel strapping, Ty-Gard,
       Palla-Gard, D.I.D. Bags and friction panels, and trailer end doors as explained in
       Rule 5-A, Intermodal Loading Guide. Highlights several popular intermodal
       securement systems.



    5. Intermodal Drum Loading for Rail Shipment (TOFC/COFC).
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2

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       0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Other%20Topics/Intermodal%20
       Drum%20Loading%20for%20Rail%20Shipment%20TOFCCOFC.aspx Provides
       information on loading drums of non-hazardous materials for intermodal rail
       shipment. Highlights safety, trailer inspection, trailer preparation and loading
       techniques. Features four approved drum loading configurations universally
       accepted by the railroad industry.

    6. Intermodal Ldg Guide For Prds in Cld Trailers & Cont (CD).
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Loading%20Guides%20and%20
        Publications/Intermodal%20Ldg%20Guide%20For%20Prds%20in%20Cld%20T
        railers%20%20Cont%20CD.aspx A comprehensive manual, in CD format, for
        loading of commodities in trailers and containers for shipment by rail.
        Incorporates Circular 43-D, Rules Governing the Loading, Blocking and Bracing
        of Freight in Closed Trailers and Containers for TOFC/COFC Service (Service
        II) approved loading and bracing information from Bureau of Explosives
        Pamphlet No.6C on hazardous materials , and Pamphlet No. 45 on general
        loading in closed trailers and containers. (Includes all revisions). This Portable
        Document Format (PDF) version is sold by Railinc Corp. (“Railinc”) as a single
        user product. Under the terms of sale, this PDF may only be installed on one
        computer accessible at any one time by a single user.

    7. Intermodal Loading of Lumber (Using Flr Blocking & DID Bags).
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Paper%20and%20Lumber/Inter
        modal%20Loading%20of%20Lumber%20Using%20Flr%20Blocking%20%20D
        ID%20Bags.aspx Demonstrates AAR approved procedure for loading of
        dimensional lumber in TOFC/COFC. Highlights equipment inspection,
        materials, and application of securement systems as described in the Intermodal
        Loading Guide.

    8. Intermodal Loading of Printing Paper Using Woof Blocking & S.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Paper%20and%20Lumber/Inter
        modal%20Loading%20of%20Printing%20Paper%20Using%20Woof%20Blocki
        ng%20%20S.aspx Demonstrates AAR approved procedures for damage-free
        intermodal shipment of rolled printing paper using wood blocking and steel
        strapping. Features trailer inspection and preparation, with emphasis on loading,
        blocking and bracing procedures.

    9. Intermodel Ldg Guide for Paper Prds in Cld Trailers and Cont.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Loading%20Guides%20and%20
        Publications/Intermodel%20Ldg%20Guide%20for%20Paper%20Prds%20in%20
        Cld%20Trailers%20and%20Cont.aspx A publication requested by our paper
        shippers. This guide is a comprehensive manual for loading of paper
        commodities in trailers and containers for shipment by rail. Incorporates Circular

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       43-D, Rules Governing the Loading, Blocking and Bracing of Freight in Closed
       Trailers and Containers for TOFC/COFC Service.

    10. Intermodel Loading Guide for Prds in Closed Trailers & Cont.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Loading%20Guides%20and%20
        Publications/Intermodel%20Loading%20Guide%20for%20Prds%20in%20Close
        d%20Trailers%20%20Cont.aspx A comprehensive manual for loading of
        commodities in trailers and containers for shipment by rail. Incorporates Circular
        43-D, Rules Governing the Loading, Blocking and Bracing of Freight in Closed
        Trailers and Containers for TOFC/COFC Service (Service II) approved loading
        and bracing information from Bureau of Explosives Pamphlet No.6C on
        hazardous materials , and Pamphlet No. 45 on general loading in closed trailers
        and containers. (Includes all revisions).

    11. Ldg Recommendations for Fresh Fruits & Veg in Refrigerated.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Loading%20Guides%20and%20
        Publications/Ldg%20Recommendations%20for%20Fresh%20Fruits%20%20Ve
        g%20in%20Refrigerated.aspx Containers must be loaded and braced in
        accordance with the provisions of the following general rules.

    12. Intermodal Loading of Pulp Board.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Paper%20and%20Lumber/Loadi
        ng%20Roll%20Pulpboard%20on%20Rubber%20Mats.aspx Illustrates loading
        and bracing of pulpboard rolls in TOFC/COFC. Demonstrates application of
        wood floor blocking and steel or web strapping as tested and approved for
        intermodal shipments.

    13. LTL Guide.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/Loading%20Guides%20and%20
        Publications/LTL%20Guide.aspx A guide to shippers, carriers and consignees
        for load planning, loading, blocking and bracing of intermodal LTL cargo in
        surface transport. The practices are intended to form a framework for the safe
        and effective loading of cargo in intermodal transport.

    14. Understanding the Intermodal Environment.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Loading/General%20Topics/Understandin
        g%20the%20Intermodal%20Environment.aspx Illustrates the effects of forces
        generated on freight transported in an intermodal environment. Highlights AAR
        approved securement methods, state-of-the art equipment and technology, along
        with premium intermodal services designed to reduce potential for damage.



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    15. Intermodal Loading of Printing Paper Braced with TY-Gard.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Intermodal%20Damage%20Prevention/Paper%20and%2
        0Lumber/Intermodal%20Loading%20of%20Printing%20Paper%20Braced%20w
        ith%20TY-Gard.aspx Illustrates an AAR approved intermodal loading method
        for rolled printing paper braced with Ty-Gard. Emphasizes trailer inspection,
        preparation and loading along with proper installation of Ty-Gard barriers using
        Ty-Bond and Ty-Patch adhesive strips.

    16. Tech Summary of TOFC Environment Study.
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Damage%20Prevention%20and%2
        0Loading%20Services/Research%20Reports/Tech%20Summary%20of%20TOF
        C%20Environment%20Study.aspx A final report on the Intermodal
        Environmental Study combining results of Phase I, II, and III.

    17. Section I - Intermodal Equipment Manual (2004).
        http://www.aarpublications.com/Publications/Manual%20of%20Standards%20a
        nd%20Recommended%20Practices/Section%20I.aspx

    18. RFID Tags for Freight Containers (3/31/2009)
        http://www.iso.org/iso/pressrelease.htm?refid=Ref1205 The International
        Organization for Standardization has created a new tag allowing a more efficient
        way to identify freight containers. ISO/TS 10891:2009 is the new standard which
        includes a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag that is designed to last the
        entire life of the container regardless to the environment of which the container
        is subjected to. The only information on these RFID tags will be the
        identification and description of the container. ISO/TS 10891:2009 establishes:
        data coding of the RFID tags, a system to electronically process information
        from the tags, a description of the data which is included on the tags,
        performance criteria, physical location, and features which will not allow
        tampering or deletion of data from the tags

    19. Electronic Freight Management (2/12/2009)
        http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/09janfeb/06.htm This article in the
        January/February 2009 issue of FHWA's Public Roads discusses the USDOT's
        Electronic Freight Management (EFM) research initiative. The EFM initiative is
        addressing the challenge of tracking freight accurately and in real time.
        Specifically, the EFM system focuses on developing an open, Internet-based
        system for tracking freight as it moves across borders and from mode to mode,
        without the expense of engaging proprietary shipping services.

    20. Freight Technology Assessment Tool User Guide (7/24/2007)
        http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/publications/ftat_user_guide/index.htm The
        Freight Technology Assessment Tool (FTAT) helps public and private
        organizations and individuals evaluate the effect that a technology, or group of
        technologies, has on the end-to-end business process. The technology is
        evaluated based on an array of performance measures. This information can be

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       used to prioritize future projects. Making good transportation choices is critical
       to continued economic growth. (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-06-110)

    21. The Electronic Freight Management Initiative (6/22/2006)
        http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/intermodal/efmi/index.htm The Electronic
        Freight Management (EFM) initiative is a U.S. Department of Transportation-
        sponsored research effort that partners with freight-related industries to improve
        the operating efficiency, safety, and security of goods movement. The report
        describes the project's components and discusses the benefits of using EFM
        concepts and the importance of adopting data standards to improve
        communications among supply chain partners and government agencies.
        (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-05-085)

    22. Freight Info: Electronic Freight Management (9/23/2005)
        http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/intermodal/efmmanifest/index.htm Freight
        Info: Electronic Freight Management (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-05-
        059)

    23. Freight Technology Story (7/12/2005)
        http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/intermodal/freight_tech_story/index.htm
        The Freight Technology Story provides information about the state of the art and
        the adoption of effective technologies by the freight industry and its customers.

    24. Border Information Flow Architecture Initiative Recorded Web Conference
        (1/6/2005) http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/gb.htm The
        recording of the Border Information Flow Architecture Initiative Web
        Conference is now available.

    25. Universal Electronic Freight Manifest Initiative Overview (7/15/2004)
        http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/intermodal/efm_program_plan.htm The
        Universal Electronic Freight Manifest Initiative builds on the Electronic Supply
        Chain Manifest (ESCM) project and, depending on test results and industry
        adoption, could be expanded to all modes. A universal electronic manifest is one
        of the high priority freight initiatives in the Department’s Freight Action Plan.
        This initiative works directly with the freight transportation industry to identify
        break points that will lead them to implement a Universal Electronic Freight
        Manifest, and partners with industry to conduct operational tests that provide
        quantitative data on costs and benefits associated with implementation of
        products and practices derived from the initiative.

    26. PrePass Saving Truckers Time and Money (6/17/2008)
        http://www.ksl.com/?nid=148[amp]sid=3426744 The PrePass system allows
        truck drivers using Prepass transponders to have their safety records checked,
        credentials verified and their weight confirmed without even leaving the
        highway. This brief article focuses on the use of PrePass in Utah, where officials
        report that 934,000 gallons of diesel have been saved since the introduction of


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       PrePass. PrePass also helps to cut down on emissions by reducing idling time at
       weigh stations.

    27. New Class 6 Hybrid Truck Available (3/6/2008)
        http://www.ttnews.com/articles/basetemplate.aspx?storyid=19026 A new class 6
        hybrid truck, produced by Freightliner Trucks and Eaton Corporation, recently
        went on the market. The truck has the potential to bring up to 30% fuel savings
        and an 87% reduction in idling time.

    28. Singapore Seaport Becomes First Port with Wireless Mobile Access
        (3/25/2008)
        http://www.ida.gov.sg/News%20and%20Events/20080306142631.aspx?getPaget
        ype=20 The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA), Infocomm
        Development Authority (IDA) and QMax Communications Pte Ltd (QMax) have
        jointly set up and launched the Wireless-broadband-access for Seaport, or
        WISEPORT, project. With the infrastructure in place ships can now enjoy
        wireless mobile broadband connectivity while operating in the Port of Singapore,
        up to 15km from Singapore's southern coastline. Activities that previously had to
        be done onshore, such as regulatory filings, electronic data exchanges and access
        to Internet-based applications, can now be replicated offshore. Since it was
        announced last September, shipyards and marine engineering companies,
        shipping lines, terminal operators, technology companies and government
        agencies have expressed interest to participate in the WISEPORT project.

    29. National ITS/intermodal freight program requirements (19991000)
        http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/11807.pdf This report recommends the
        development of a national intelligent transportation system (ITS) program for
        intermodal freight that will promote the application of ITS technology to
        enhance the safety, reliability, and responsiveness of the intermodal freight
        system. The report describes current applications of ITS technologies to freight
        movement and opportunities for the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) to
        accelerate the application of ITS technologies to intermodal freight movement.
        The private sector has played the primary role in developing and applying
        advanced information technology to shipment and asset management, including
        shipment tracing and information systems; inventory and stowage management
        systems; and asset location and management systems. There has been parallel
        development of ITS by the public sector for traffic and highway management,
        including traveler information systems, toll collection systems, and traffic
        management systems. Three areas of opportunity for the U.S. DOT to improve
        intermodal freight movement through the application of ITS technologies are:
        Business strategy - develop business and organizational strategies that will
        increase interaction and collaboration among the intermodal stakeholders in the
        public and private sectors; Information technology - improve intermodal freight
        operations through the development of data-exchange standards and
        interoperable freight-identification technologies; and Intermodal operations -
        improve shipment tracing and management, reduce congestion at gates and
        terminals, and improve route and fleet management through a series of

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       operational tests that apply information technology and ITS to intermodal freight
       problems.

    30. Intelligent Transportation Systems And Intermodal Freight Transportation,
        Final Report (19961200) http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/1704.pdf The
        purposes of this paper are to provide background information to the U.S.
        Department of Transportation’s Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Joint
        Program Office to support a deeper understanding of the business perspectives,
        operations, and technologies used in the intermodal freight industry, and to
        suggest courses of Federal action that will improve communications with the
        commercial intermodal freight sector and enhance the interface between the ITS
        program and industry initiatives. This paper describes the various advanced
        technologies already in use in the intermodal freight transportation industry and
        addresses the opportunity for improved communication between the public and
        private sector regarding technology applications to the freight transportation
        system that could enhance the capacity of the system as a whole. The current
        public interest in freight transportation policy creates an opportunity to develop a
        shared vision of the future needs of international intermodal freight
        transportation in the United States. The Federal government can impact this
        vision by taking action in the following areas: Provide Infrastructure Funding to
        Support Efficiency and Global Competitiveness. Support Regional and Corridor
        Efforts. Understand the Freight Sector and Develop a Shared Vision of
        Technology Benefits. Lead Transportation Technology Efforts of Federal
        Agencies. Maintain Commitment to Open ITS Architecture

    31. Intermodal Freight Identification Technology Workshop proceedings
        (19980000) http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/proceedn/10705.htm On the 9th and
        10th of June, 1998, over one-hundred and fifty representatives from the public
        and private sectors attended a by-invitation-only workshop in Reston, Virginia to
        discuss their current intermodal systems and future requirements for freight
        identification and location systems - across the modes and the international
        borders. Relevant national and international standards setting processes and
        activities were discussed.

    32. Intermodal Freight Symposium : workbook (19970000)
        http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/proceedn/5501.pdf On September 30, 1996, the
        Federal Highway Administration?s ITS Joint Program Office and the National
        Highway Institute hosted an lntermodal Freight Symposium. The symposium
        brought together public and private sector experts in fright movement and
        intelligent transportation systems to exchange information and explore emerging
        trends. The symposium covered a broad range of topics, including intermodal
        freight logistics, ITS freight applications, the federal role and key partnerships.
        Information presented at the Intermodal Freight Symposium has been collected
        in this Workbook.

    33. WSDOT intermodal data linkages : ITS field operational test evaluation
        plan (20010328) http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/13475.pdf In mid-1999,

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       the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) awarded funding for an
       Intermodal ITS Field Operational Test (FOT) to a regional consortium led by the
       Washington State DOT (WSDOT). The primary focus of this WSDOT
       Intermodal FOT is to demonstrate the use of electronic container seals on
       containers (combined with automatic vehicle identification (AVI) transponders
       attached to the truck) to track movements and monitor the security of
       containerized freight. This technology can potentially provide the information
       necessary for U.S. Customs, and other federal agencies and state governments, to
       automate the clearance and credentialing of commercial vehicles through ports
       and terminals, across international borders, and through weigh stations.
       Additionally, these technologies can potentially lead to substantial increases in
       the efficiencies involved in the movement of goods by the intermodal freight
       industry. The ltimate goal of this evaluation is to identify "lessons learned" with
       respect to implementing intermodal ITS technologies for four study areas:
       system operational processes, technology applications, institutional agreements,
       and user acceptance. These lessons learned? will provide guidance to other
       states, regions and MPOs that are contemplating implementing similar
       technologies, and will also provide guidance to the USDOT on the need and
       market for an intermodal information systems architecture and standards. The
       Evaluation Plan presented here has been developed to serve as a planning and
       guidance document from which a successful evaluation effort can be
       implemented.

    34. WSDOT intermodal data linkages: freight ITS operational test evaluation
        final report. Part 1, electronic container seals evaluation (20021200)
        http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/REPTS_TE/13770_files/13770.pdf In mid-1999, in
        response to the U.S. Department of Transportation's (USDOT) request for
        participation in the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Intermodal Freight
        Field Operational Test (FOT) Program, the Washington State Department of
        Transportation (WSDOT) entered into a partnership with public and private
        organizations to test and evaluate ITS solutions for an "Intermodal Data
        Linkages ITS Operational Test". As the main element of this test, electronic
        intermodal container seals (E-seals) were tested and evaluated in two scenarios:
        (1) to support U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) operations concerning in-
        bond shipments of containerized produce shipments being moved by truck from
        the Port of Tacoma across the international border into British Colombia, and (2)
        to support U.S. Customs (USCS) operations in tracking in-bond auto parts
        shipments via container ships from Japan to the Port of Tacoma, and then being
        moved by truck from the Port of Tacoma across the international border into
        British Colombia. SAIC served as the "Independent Evaluator" for this
        deployment. This report presents a discussion of the SAIC Evaluation Team
        findings from the deployment experience. The results of this evaluation, along
        with corresponding conclusions and recommendations, are detailed in this report.
        Several key conclusions are summarized as follows: The concept of a disposable,
        low-cost E-Seal technology was confirmed. Considering the system was the first
        prototype E-seal system tested in an operational environment within the United
        States, the system performed well. The test validated the E-seal operational
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       concept across two different intermodal freight supply chains. (1) Technology
       challenges early in the test were successfully overcome. As the FOT began, the
       original E-seal design faced challenges with broadcast speed being too slow to
       read moving trucks. Through cooperative efforts between the system integrator
       and the E-seal vendor, the system was successfully re-engineered to broadcast at
       a sufficiently increased rate to support roadway speed conditions. (2) The
       flexibility exhibited by the stakeholders was key to the test's success. USDA and
       Maersk Sealand modified the initial procedures early in the test to accommodate
       initial operational problems. Additionally, Westwood Shipping undertook
       several activities to shield its customers from any disruptions and worked with a
       new motor carrier (as did USDA and Maersk Sealand) to ensure the test would
       occur within the time constraints.

    35. Electronic intermodal supply chain manifest field operational test
        evaluation draft final report (20021200)
        http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/13769_files/13769.pdf This report presents
        the results of a 2.5 year freight ITS evaluation of an air cargo security and
        logistics system which was deployed at O?Hare and JFK international airports.
        In September 1999, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the
        Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) jointly funded a field operational test to
        develop an electronic supply chain manifest system for air cargo. The primary
        objectives of this test were to increase the security of air cargo operations, while
        providing shippers and carriers with improved efficiencies in their operations.
        Several key conclusions of this evaluation report are summarized as follows: (1)
        this FOT successfully demonstrated the use of technology to create a secure
        intermodal electronic manifest system. The secure electronic supply chain
        manifest (ESCM) was designed to be a standalone system that provided the
        secure transfer of information from manufacturer to motor carrier to airline. This
        was accomplished for multiple supply chains at two separate geographic
        locations; (2) the time savings estimates developed in this report show the
        potential for substantial industry time savings by the implementation of this
        system. These comparisons estimated that there are in fact operational time
        savings with the ESCM system. Many of these savings were estimated to come
        from replacement of manual processes with system generated processes, like
        automatic notification of load pickup or acceptance; (3) participants have
        reported overall satisfaction with the ESCM system. Some participants felt the
        ESCM system would be significantly more useful with wider deployment to
        more of their supply chain partners.

    36. Intermodal Freight Technology Working Group asset tracking and "freight
        information highway" field operational test evaluation : final report
        executive summary (20030900)
        http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/13950/13950.pdf In January 2001, the
        Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) released a solicitation requesting
        "Cost Sharing Cooperative Agreements" to conduct operational tests to improve
        efficiencies in the intermodal freight operations and to establish the foundation
        for an intermodal freight ITS architecture. In response to the solicitation, a team

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       led by American Presidents Line (APL), which included the Union Pacific
       Railroad, PAR LMS (a manufacturer and overseer of the Cargo*Mate Logistics
       Information Management System) and Transentric (software developers and
       integrators), submitted a successful cost-sharing bid to conduct an operational
       prototype deployment test that addresses both the Cargo Visibility and Freight
       Information Highway components of the USDOT solicitation.

    37. Electronic intermodal supply chain manifest ITS field operational test
        evaluation plan (20000925) http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/13474.pdf
        This document is an evaluation plan for a field operational test (FOT) that is
        based at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago and which will focus on the air
        cargo component of intermodal freight movements. The objectives of the FOT
        are to develop, install and test a universal electronic cargo manifest which uses
        smart cards and biometric technologies for the automated transfer and clearance
        of cargo moving from truck to air. Focus of the evaluation is to identify lessons
        learned regarding the implementation of intermodal ITS technologies in four
        study areas: system operational processes, technology applications, institutional
        agreements, and user acceptance. A description is first given of the electronic
        intermodal supply chain manifest ITS FOT project. This is then followed by the
        evaluation plan and a management plan.

    38. WSDOT intermodal data linkages : freight ITS operational test evaluation
        final report. Part 2, freight ITS traffic data evaluation (20030100)
        http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/13781_files/13781.pdf;
        http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/13781.html In mid-1999, in response to the
        U.S. Department of Transportation's request for participation in the Intelligent
        Transportation Systems (ITS) Intermodal Freight Field Operational Test (FOT)
        Program, the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) entered
        into a partnership with public and private organizations to test and evaluate the
        following two freight traffic data ITS projects as part of its overall "Intermodal
        Data Linkages ITS Operational Test": (1) Freight ITS Congestion Management
        System. This test included an examination of a queue detection system and
        variable message sign on I-5 approaching the Port of Tacoma, as well as an
        Internet-based camera system installed at three port terminal roadway approaches
        at the Port of Seattle to monitor gateway and access road queues. (2) Freight ITS
        Data Collection. This test looked at vehicle transponders and wireless Global
        Positioning System (GPS) devices as tools for detailed data collection of regional
        freight traffic flows. These two tests were conducted in tandem with 17 public
        and private sector participants. Science Applications International Corporation
        served as the "Independent Evaluator" for this test. Additionally, the Washington
        State Transportation Center (TRAC) served as the primary research team for the
        examination of the use of GPS devices and transponders to support freight traffic
        data collection. The results of these assessments, along with corresponding
        conclusions and recommendations, are detailed in this report. Two key
        conclusions are summarized as follows: (1) The three Port of Seattle cameras
        experienced approximately 2,000 hits on each camera in July of 2002. These
        three cameras have become an integrated component of the overall traffic

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       management system in the greater Seattle region. (2) Despite significant data
       analysis challenges, the use of real-time GPS and transponder data collected
       from trucks and state systems does show promise as a means for metropolitan
       planning organizations to collect regional freight transportation data; however,
       further research and system tests will be needed to develop appropriate methods
       and tools.

    39. Electronic Intermodal Supply Chain Manifest Freight ITS Operational Test
        Evaluation. (20021200)
        http://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/JPODOCS/REPTS_TE/13769.html;
        http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/30000/30700/30775/13769.pdf;
        http://www.its.dot.gov/EVAL/Documents/ohareevalreport.d This report presents
        the results of a 2.5 year freight Intelligent Transportation System (ITS)
        evaluation of an air cargo security and logistics system which was deployed at
        O'Hare and JFK international airports. In September 1999, the Federal Highway
        Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) jointly
        funded a field operational test to develop an electronic supply chain manifest
        system for air cargo. The primary objectives of this test were to increase the
        security of air cargo operations, while providing shippers and carriers with
        improved efficiencies in their operations. Several key conclusions of this
        evaluation report are summarized as follows: 1. This field operational test (FOT)
        successfully demonstrated the use of technology to create a secure intermodal
        electronic manifest system. The secure electronic supply chain manifest (ESCM)
        was designed to be a standalone system that provided the secure transfer of
        information from manufacturer to motor carrier to airline. This was
        accomplished for multiple supply chains at two separate geographic locations. 2.
        The time savings estimates developed in this report show the potential for
        substantial industry time savings by the implementation of this system. These
        comparisons estimated that there are in fact operational time savings with the
        ESCM system. Many of these savings were estimated to come from replacement
        of manual processes with system generated processes, like automatic notification
        of load pickup or acceptance. 3. Participants have reported overall satisfaction
        with the ESCM system. Some participants felt the ESCM system would be
        significantly more useful with wider deployment to more of their supply chain
        partners.

    40. Challenges and opportunities for an ITS/intermodal freight program : final
        report (19990200) http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/7843.pdf;
        http://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/JPODOCS/REPTS_TE/61V01!.PDF This final
        report was developed as part of the project, "ITS/Intermodal Freight Design for
        Operational Tests". The objective of the project was to develop a plan for
        conducting field operational tests to facilitate movement of intermodal freight in
        the United States. Information technology is transforming the intermodal freight
        industry by enabling it to integrate operations across the supply chain. Advanced
        communications and information systems and intelligent transportation systems
        (ITS) provide real-time information on intermodal freight operations and
        congestion on highways and rail lines. Enough of these systems are in operation

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       today to be linked in a demonstration of information flow for end-to-end
       monitoring of the intermodal movement. Sharing information about congestion
       and operations across the intermodal freight system is key to addressing the
       problems of port and terminal capacity and the reliability of highway and rail
       access to the ports and terminals. This report describes how a national ITS
       program for intermodal freight can promote the application of ITS technology to
       intermodal freight transportation. It defines eight possible operational tests that
       could link public and private information and management systems, enabling
       terminal operators, freight carriers, and state and metropolitan traffic operations
       managers to share information to optimize flows and better utilize equipment and
       facilities. These tests would provide benefits to the intermodal industry, its
       clients, and the general public that shares the use of the transportation system.
       This report identifies three major steps in building a program that will serve
       industry, local, and national needs. The U.S. Department of Transportation
       (DOT) should: 1) solicit and fund proposals for operational tests that will
       demonstrate the productivity and safety benefits of exchanging information and
       asset management systems and public sector traffic and safety management
       systems; 2) support ITS/Intermodal forums, studies, and programs to advance
       private and public sector opportunities for accelerated application of ITS
       technology to the intermodal freight system; and 3) support the evolution of data
       interchange standards where they benefit industry and government.

    41. Design and Operation of Multimode, Multiservice Logistics Systems.
        Northwestern University.
        http://www.transportation.northwestern.edu/research/abstracts/DesignandOperati
        onofMultimode.html This research introduces new design strategies and
        operational plans for multimode, multiservice networks for package delivery
        carriers where service levels are defined by the guaranteed delivery times of
        packages (i.e., overnight, two-day delivery, etc.). Such research is critical at a
        time when new technology and the global economy are revolutionizing the
        freight transportation industry. It is becoming more and more important to
        understand how companies are adapting to these changes. For example, we have
        seen transportation firms begin to offer a wider range of service levels to their
        customers in order to capture a larger share of the package delivery market and
        to utilize resources more efficiently. New network configurations and routing
        strategies are possible when one considers integrating the operation of various
        service levels and transportation modes. In this research, the costs and benefits of
        the integration strategies are quantified with a complete design methodology that
        facilitates the choice of integration level and the network design. Strategic issues
        include the number, location, and hierarchy of terminals in the network, the
        modes serving each service level, and sensitivity of solutions to changes in
        inputs. Tactical and operation decisions include the routing of vehicles and items
        within integrated networks. This research shows how integration strategies can
        reduce operating costs and demonstrates how hybrid modeling approaches can be
        used to better understand and better plan operating strategies for distribution
        companies.


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    42. The Design & Development of Information & Computer Systems for
        URITC. (2001) Project ID: 536105.
        http://www.uritc.org/media/finalreportspdf/536105.pdf Information systems are
        a crucial element in most research and development projects and it is estimated
        that 90% of all computer systems employ some form of database to manage
        persistent information. The URITC (University of Rhode Island Transportation
        Center) will carry out research involving many aspects of intermodal
        transportation to be transferred to the state of Rhode Island and to other regions
        of the nation. The researchers developing the materials, equipment, strategies,
        practices, hardware and software will need to track data on the usefulness of each
        prototype and product. This data will need to be warehoused for future use. Up-
        to-date data is needed to maintain the transportation and traffic procedures and
        prototypes that are developed and must be accessible by multiple sites. The real-
        time and database research group in the Computer Science and Statistics
        department at the University of Rhode Island propose to develop a information
        management system with data warehousing, data mining, web, and real-time
        capabilities. This system will support the real-time monitoring, concurrent
        access, and persistent storage of the data needed for the development and
        maintenance of transportation system.

    43. LeMay, S.A., Cassady, R., Withee, J., & Viator, J. Tracking and Positioning
        Software: A Market Need, Value, and Cost Analysis. NCIT Final Report.
        http://ncit.msstate.edu/publications/reports/reports_35.html Intermodal firms
        move thousands of chassis and containers around the country and around the
        world each day. This intermodal equipment goes from shipper to carrier to
        carrier to drayage to consignee, but too often none of these entities knows quite
        where it is. The equipment's owners often charge for keeping the equipment out
        of service for more than 24 or 48 hours, free time intended to allow consignees to
        unload, reload, and reposition equipment. Because current tracking systems often
        overlook equipment and none monitor the equipment in real time, equipment is
        too often held far past the time when it begins to incur demurrage and detention
        charges. The entities who operate the intermodal system in the U.S.—owners of
        containers and chassis, carriers, drayage firms, and shippers—vary in their
        incentive to make the system more efficient. While adopting leading edge
        technology would lower the long run total cost of the intermodal system, the
        short run incentives to move in that direction are often lacking.

    44. Ostlund, S., & Brown, K. (2003). Guidelines for Graphic Representation to
        Facilitate Public Involvement. NCIT Final Report.
        http://ncit.msstate.edu/publications/reports/reports_25.html The goal of this
        research is to develop a methodology for displaying and combining different
        aspects of intermodal thought so that laypersons may be able to partake in the
        discussion in a meaningful way. To meet this goal, we gathered research and
        developed step-by-step guidelines for creating and organizing a web-based
        forum (Part Two) and designed accompanying graphics to increase the levels of
        public involvement and understanding of intermodal issues in a community; in
        particular, the integration of pedestrian and bicycular paths with other modes of

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       transportation (Part One). To achieve the goal of developing the graphics, the
       City of Starkville, MS was studied, however the website and its application can
       be applied to other towns, hence it serves as a prototypical site.

    45. Surface/Air Transportation System Interface Innovation. (2006)UVA-2004-
        02. http://www.mautc.psu.edu/projects/pipubinfo.cfm?ID=UVA-2004-02 Brian
        Smith --- University of Virginia -- 434-243-8585; Lester A. Hoel --- University
        of Virginia -- 434-924-6369. Traditionally, engineers analyze different modes of
        transportation in isolation. For example, this has been a significant concern in
        regional commuting, where transit and the automobile mode are closely
        interlinked. The purpose of this project is to investigate analysis and techniques
        suited for the integrated analysis of the air and surface transportation systems.
        This project is being conducted in cooperation with UVA’s involvement in the
        National Institute of Aerospace. As the project progresses, it will include the
        involvement of researchers at the NASA Langley Research Center, as well as a
        new faculty member being recruited by UVA in the field of air transportation
        systems. Benefits: Improved ability to manage multimodal systems.

    46. IN PROGRESS: Sensor Network Design for Multimodal Freight
        Transportation Systems
        http://www.purdue.edu/dp/nextrans/UIUC_Project2.php Investigator: Yangeng
        Ouyang, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. With increasing demand for
        freight transportation infrastructure, ensuring efficiency and sustainability of
        transportation networks becomes a major challenge. This highlights the need for
        an integrated, systems-level framework that incorporates cutting-edge
        information technologies and advanced multimodal network modeling
        techniques to monitor and manage complex freight transportation systems. This
        project will (1) investigate the possibility of combining various off-the-shelf
        sensors to improve granularity and accuracy of traffic data; (2) develop an
        analytical framework to quantify the benefits and costs of deploying (multiple
        types of) sensors major freight transportation modes; and (3) develop discrete
        network optimization models to select optimal sensor locations and
        communication configuration.

    47. Empty Container Management for Container-on-Barge (COB)
        Transportation: Planning Horizon Effects on Empty Container
        Management in a Multi-Modal Transportation Network
        http://ww2.mackblackwell.org/web/research/ALL_RESEARCH_PROJECTS/20
        00s/2003-cole/mbtc2003_final_report.pdf This paper addresses the planning
        horizon problem related to the tactical management of empty containers for
        intermodal container-on-barge transportation networks. A key advantage of
        containerization is that it will enable fuller use of existing river resources and
        reduce traffic pressure on highways and railroads. Figure 1 shows a potential
        network based in the Mississippi River basin. In order for such a network to
        become a reality, the problems of empty container management must be solved.



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    48. Development of an Intermodal Container Load Status and Security
        Monitoring System: RFID Supplement (2008)
        http://www.uark.edu/rd_engr/MBTC/MBTC_-_2084S.pdf This report reviews
        the basics of radio frequency identification technology and the existing uses in
        commercial vehicle systems. The specific engineering design challenges
        associated with the metallic environments encountered in commercial
        applications are discussed. An empirical design method using a variable
        dielectric thickness is given. Experimental results for the use of RFID in the
        metallic environment encountered in a commercial vehicle demonstrate the
        validity of the design method.

    49. WebShipCost - Intermodal Transportation Linkage Cost Assessment Via
        the WWW. Project: MBTC 2024. 2005
        http://ww2.mackblackwell.org/web/research/ALL_RESEARCH_PROJECTS/20
        00s/2024-rossetti/MBTC%202024.pdf This project addresses the problem of
        Arkansas’s and other states’ underutilized waterway transportation networks.
        The underutilization of waterway transportation in the U. S. partially stems from
        a lack of understanding by shippers of the cost and time trade-offs associated
        with utilizing waterway transportation. There exists a need for easy to use and
        widely available models that can illustrate the advantages and disadvantages of
        barge transportation within the context of an intermodal transportation network.
        This project enhances prior MTBC research on intermodal transportation by
        enhancing intermodal shortest route models and demonstrating the models via a
        user-friendly, webbased application. An understanding of the intermodal
        decision process was developed through interaction with companies in and
        around the State of Arkansas.

    50. WebShipCost – Quantifying Risk in Intermodal Transportation. MBTC
        2035 (2004)
        http://ww2.mackblackwell.org/web/research/ALL_RESEARCH_PROJECTS/20
        00s/2035/MBTC2035-final.pdf The k-shortest path problem for intermodal
        transportation networks has a complex problem structure which is further
        complicated by uncertain time and cost parameters and multiple objectives. This
        report presents a risk-based multi-objective decision model for intermodal
        transportation networks which allows decision makers to make trade-offs among
        multiple objectives and incorporate the inherent uncertainty into the decision
        making process. A thorough sensitivity analysis based on experimental design
        methodology is performed to evaluate the influence of the model factors on the
        decision results within particular interest regarding waterway transportation.

    51. Integrated Analysis of Transportation and Inventory in Intermodal
        Distribution Networks (2004) Final Report for MBTC Project 2041
        http://ww2.mackblackwell.org/web/research/ALL_RESEARCH_PROJECTS/20
        00s/2041/MBTC%202041%20Final%20Report.pdf Today’s marketplace places
        a lot of importance on having the right item at the right time in inventory and
        also being able to provide the item to the customer within the desired timeframe.
        This requires the simultaneous consideration of both the inventory and

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       transportation functions of the supply chain. Inventory functions drive product
       fill rate capability, while transportation functions influence the response time
       windows set for each product. While previous research efforts typically consider
       these functions in isolation, we present a mixed integer programming model for
       integrated inventory and transportation decision making for the service parts
       logistics industry. A number of model formulations are presented that correspond
       to various static and time-dependent inventory policies. In all cases, customer
       demand is subject to pre-specified time-based service levels. The model’s
       functionality is evaluated through an extensive experimental design containing
       multiple transportation modes and product types. Experimental results suggest
       that employing a dynamic temporal modeling scheme wherein decision makers
       are allowed to update/change their decisions at the beginning of each time period
       results in significantly reduced inventory levels, order quantities, and total supply
       chain costs.

    52. Development of an Intermodal Container Load Status and Security
        Monitoring System (2008)
        http://ww2.mackblackwell.org/web/research/ALL_RESEARCH_PROJECTS/20
        00s/2084/MBTC%20-%202084.pdf One of the most important means of
        transportation of goods is inter-modal freight containers and logistic carriers
        including truckload (TL) and less-than-truckload (LTL). Electronic monitoring
        of freight containers/trailers is essential and serves two objectives: ensuring the
        security of the container and streamlining of the supply chain.

    53. Computer Assisted Cost Assessment of Intermodal MBTC-9006
        http://ww2.mackblackwell.org/web/research/ALL_RESEARCH_PROJECTS/90
        00s/9006/9006.pdf The purpose of this manual is to provide the user of the Cost
        Assessment of Intermodal Transportation Linkages (CAITL) software with a
        guide as to its use and applications. In this manual the user is provided with
        descriptions of both the CAITL and MapInfo software. The appendix contains
        serveral solved transportation example cost analysis problems. These solved
        examples are the results of software benchmark tests using actual transportation
        data.

    54. IN PROGRESS: STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING AND
        ASSESSMENT OF CRITICAL INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION
        INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENTS. January 1, 2009 – December 31, 2010
        http://ww2.mackblackwell.org/web/research/ALL_RESEARCH_PROJECTS/D
        HS/DHS-1000's/MBTC%20DHS-1104/1104.htm The following research
        questions are addressed: 1. What instrumentation components / packages are
        currently available to monitor the physical condition of critical transportation
        infrastructure elements? 2. What techniques/instruments/equipment are available
        for rapid, remote, near-real-time assessment of the physical condition of critical
        transportation infrastructure elements post-incident (man-made and/or natural)?
        3. Can a single solution be developed to satisfy both Questions 1 and 2? 4. How
        can instrumentation components / packages best be deployed to provide real-time
        condition assessments of critical transportation infrastructure elements,

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       considering site characteristics, economics, and other factors? What are the
       physical / communications /operating conditions related limitations of such
       deployments? How can these limitations be overcome, or at least ameliorated?




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