Agenda 21 Stockholm by hedongchenchen


									Green and Living Yards
   A local Agenda 21-project

Magnus Sannebro, Agenda 21 Co-ordinator
       Kungsholmen City District
   Agenda 21 Inner-city
• All Agenda 21-activities are carried out in
  cooperation with the other four City
  Districts in the inner-city of Stockholm:
• Webpage
• Main projects:
  Green and Living Yards
  Cooperation for Sustainable Transports and
Stockholm City Districts

            Stockholm inner-city
  Green and Living Yards

• A cooperation project between the five
  City Districts in the inner-city of Stockholm
• Funding by the government (50 %) and
  the City of Stockholm (50 %) 1999 - 2001
• Based upon Vision Workshops during
  1997-98 mainly with citizens: showed a
  strong engagement for the local
Vision workshops 1997-98
        Results showed that
          people wanted:

• More green areas in their neighbourhood
• More natural meeting places
• Reduced car traffic in the inner-city
Green and Living Yards
            Project aim

The aim of the project was to engage
citizens locally to improve their
neighbourhood together with other
actors, such as property owners and
local district councils.
The project was expected to encourage
a more sustainable lifestyle in the inner-
Green and Living Yards

Basic principle of starting out from the
ideas and visions of the inhabitants, and
letting them take an active and practical
part in a process of change.
  Green and Living Yards

• Focus on the very local neighbourhood =
  the yard (residential or workplace)
• Concept: through working with the yard
  people´s minds will open up towards
  increased environmental awareness and
  thereby a more sustainable lifestyle
• Participation from property owners
  important for good results
Green and Living Yards
          Target groups
Target groups were citizens living or
working in the inner city.
They also included personnel employed
by the local district councils in, for
example, schools, child day-care or old-
age care.
Property owners and local enterprises
were also involved.
 Green and Living Yards
• The five Agenda 21 coordinators in the
  inner-city formed a project board
• A project team of 5 process leaders and
  1 project leader was hired for 2,5 years
  Their backgrounds: biology, geography,
  civil engineering, teaching, health care
• Expert consultants were provided when
  extra knowledge was needed
    Green and Living Yards
     The role of the project team
• To establish processes in the yards
• Help residents find information
• Arrange seminars and guided tours
• Produce newsletters, guidelines,
  instruction documents and exhibitions
• Hire experts for consultancy, instructions
  and production of information material,
  website etc
Green and Living Yards
Four stage-method developed

•   Formulating visions
•   Acquiring knowledge
•   Planning the work
•   Implementation
 Green and Living Yards
      Different types of yards
• Residential yards, schoolyards, day-
  care centers, home for the elderly or
  disabled and local parks were included
• Residential yards included both private
  and public owners, and both rental
  appartements and condominiums
Green and Living Yards
  Environmental themes that
         were applied

• Recycling of waste
• Composting of organic waste
• Local rain-water treatment
• Energy conservation
• Car-sharing and bike keeping
• Consumtion (organic food)
• Nature education
 Green and Living Yards
• A total of 65 yards took active part in the
  project during the period 1999-2001
• The interest to take part was much larger,
  over 300 yards sent in applications
• Over 300 persons have actively worked
  with improvements of their yard, together
  with a process leader, but many more
  have participated on work-days etc
 Green and Living Yards
• The project was evaluated in several
  ways by using surveys and interviews
• Surveys with residents were carried out
  for 5 different yards, before and after
  the improvement had taken place
• In-depth interviews were carried out
  with aprox. 30 residents in order to get
  qualitative information
 Green and Living Yards
• Contacts between neighbours have
• People spend more time outdoors
• The yard looks better and is more
  useable for all ages
• Interest in gardening and cultivation has
• Recycling has increased
 Green and Living Yards
• Environmental interest and awareness
  has increased
• Biodiversity has been enhanced (choice
  of plants, installation of bird boxes etc.)
• A therapeutic garden for elderly people
  has been created
• Interest in car-sharing and energy
  conservation has grown
 Green and Living Yards
         Summary of results
• The yard improvements included both
  environmental and social aspects, as
  well as aesthetic improvements
• The property owners were pleased with
  the tenants’ interest and active part in
  the care of the yards
• The four-step method was a very
  successful tool
 Green and Living Yards
• A manual for Yard improvement was
• A number of Good exemples were also
  presented in a manual
• 7 thematic Guidelines were produced,
  one for each environmental theme
• A film was produced
• A portabel exibition was produced

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