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Technology Livelihood Education Lesson Plan - PDF

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Technology Livelihood Education Lesson Plan - PDF Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                              2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                 Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                        Livelihood Education
                                                                                        AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I


Quarter 3: Poultry Production           Topic: Meat and Egg Production         Time Frame: 38 days

                                                   STAGE 1
Content Standard:                                      Performance Standard:
The learner demonstrates understanding of Personal     The learner:
Entrepreneurial Competencies (PECs) and market         • Prepares, based on PECs a plan of action addressing
relative to poultry production as career choice.         one’s development areas and improving further one’s
                                                         areas of strength
The learner demonstrates understanding of the process • formulates a business idea based on the analysis of
and delivery in poultry production.                      environment and market for poultry production
                                                       • selects a suitable entrepreneurial undertaking in
                                                         poultry production that would satisfy the needs and
                                                         wants of customers
                                                       • applies/follows the 4 Ms of production in determining
                                                         the resources needed to produce a marketable
                                                         product.

                                                            Essential Question/s:
Essential Understanding:                                    How does one ensure success in a chosen career?
Successful entrepreneurs continuously develop and
improve their PECs.
                                                            How do PECs and the environment and market help
PECs and environment and market are essential               determine one’s choice of entrepreneurial undertaking?
elements in determining one’s choice of business
undertaking.                                                How does one select an entrepreneurial activity to be
                                                            pursued?
One’s choice of entrepreneurial activity is influenced by
the needs and wants of consumers.                           How can one respond effectively to a business
                                                            opportunity?
Seeking and responding effectively to a business

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                                                                              2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                 Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                        Livelihood Education
                                                                                        AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

opportunity are basis for starting and maintaining
successful business ventures.                              When can one say that 4 Ms of production are efficiently
                                                           used?
An efficient application of the 4 Ms of production helps
one create/produce a marketable product or service.        How does one come up with a marketable product or
                                                           service?
A good marketing strategy helps position a
product/service in the market and differentiates them
from competitors.                                          When can one say that a business undertaking is doing
                                                           well?
A sound record-keeping helps communicate the results
of business operations.                                    How does one ensure the production of a marketable
                                                           product and/or render quality service in poultry
                                                           production?
Adherence to the correct process flow helps maintain
the quality of poultry products and services.              How does one maintain the quality, marketability and
                                                           profitability of products/services in poultry production?

Learners will know:                                        Learners will be able to:
• Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies (PECs)             • Assess their PECs vis-à-vis:
   Characteristics                                           Characteristics
   Attributes                                                Attributes
   Lifestyles                                                Lifestyles
   Skills                                                    Skills
   Traits                                                    Traits
• PECs interpretation by cluster:                          • Compare their PECs with practitioners
   Achievement                                            • Analyze and interpret PECs by cluster
   Planning                                                  Achievement
   Power                                                     Planning
                                                              Power

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                                                                               2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                  Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                         Livelihood Education
                                                                                         AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I


•   Environment and Market
     Consumers needs and wants                            • Conduct SWOT analysis
     Industry that relates with a career choice           • Seek and seize business opportunity
     Product/service that satisfies the needs and wants
      of customers

•   Process and Delivery
     Legal form of business ownership                     • Estimating the start-up capital
     Legal requirements and regulations                   • Choosing the right business location
     Start-up capital                                     • Designing a store layout
     Business location
     Store layout                                         • Composing/designing advertisement/promotion
     4 Ms of production                                   • Computing the selling price, mark-up, mark-down,
                                                             and break-even-selling price
     Marketing strategy
      - Product
      - Price
      - Promotion
      - Distribution
                                                           •   Performing a simple record keeping
     Record keeping
                                                           •   Bookkeeping and accounting day-to-day transactions
     Bookkeeping and other financial procedures
                                                    STAGE 2
                                                                 Evidence at   the level of
    Product or Performance Task:
                                                  Understanding                           Performance
Plan of action that addresses          The learners should be able to          Assessment of the plan of action
personal --                            demonstrate understanding covering      based on the following criteria:
 areas of development based on        the six (6) facets of understanding     • Comprehensiveness of personal
  one’s PECs, and                      by:                                       plan on areas of development;
 strengths needing further                                                      appropriateness of strategies in
  improvement                          Describing your PECs focusing on          terms of addressing personal areas

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                                         2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                            Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                   Livelihood Education
                                                   AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

strengths and developmental areas          of development based on one’s
                                           PECs and improving further one’s
Criteria:                                  areas of strength
•     Comprehensiveness (Should          • doability
  include Characteristics, Attributes,
  etc)
• Clarity
• Conciseness

Comparing your PECs with those of
a successful practitioner
Criteria:
•     Objectivity
• Details/focus
•     Conclusiveness
•     Illustration

Applying one’s PECs in pursuing a
chosen entrepreneurial activity
Criteria:
• Efficiency/effectiveness
• Level of competence
• Level of confidence
• Attitude behavior

Expressing your thoughts from the
viewpoint of a seasoned
entrepreneur the importance of PECs
Criteria:
• Validity

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                                                                               2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                  Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                         Livelihood Education
                                                                                         AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

                                       •   Relevance
                                       •   Critical
                                       •   Depth
                                       •   Plausibility
                                       •   Sensitivity

                                        Expressing your feelings if you are
                                        an entrepreneur who finds difficulty
                                        in coping with the PECs of a chosen
                                        career
                                        Criteria:
                                        •     Openness
Formulation of a business idea based    •     Objectivity                      Assessment of the formulated
on the analysis of the immediate        •     Sensitivity                      business idea based on the following
environment and market                                                         criteria:
                                        Assessing, based on the results of     • profitability/feasibility
                                        PECs, their level of confidence as a
                                                                               • practicality
                                        prospective letter artist.
                                                                               • responsiveness to consumer needs
                                        Criteria:
                                                                               • innovativeness
                                         • Reflective/Insightful
Report on the SWOT Analysis              • Depth
reflective of the product or service to • Objectivity                          Assessment of the paper report on
offer and/or an entrepreneurial                                                the SWOT Analysis shall be based on
undertaking to be pursued               Explaining the importance of the       the following criteria:
                                        immediate environment and market
                                                                               • completeness/thoroughness of the
                                        in identifying a business
                                                                                 analysis
                                        opportunities
                                                                               • practicality and relevance to the
                                        Criteria:
                                                                                 needs
                                        • Comprehensiveness
                                        • Clarity

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                                       2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                          Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                 Livelihood Education
                                                 AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

• Conciseness


Interpreting the data gathered
from the immediate environment
and market in identifying business
opportunities
Criteria:
 • Reliability
 • Accuracy
 • Objectivity
 • Relevance
 • Validity

Generating a business idea from
data analysis
Criteria:
• Appropriateness
• Innovativeness
• Practicality

Expressing from the point of view
of a business owner the importance
of scanning the environment and
market in generating business ideas.
Criteria:
• Validity
• Relevance
 • Insightfulness


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                                                                             2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                       Livelihood Education
                                                                                       AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

                                      Expressing their feelings when
                                      entrepreneurs offer the same type of
                                      business in a certain locality.
                                      Criteria:
                                      • Objectivity
                                      •      Tactfulness
                                       • Persuasiveness
                                       • Sensitivity
                                       • Open-mindedness

                                      Self-assessing their levels of
                                      confidence in formulating business
                                      ideas
Production plan that adheres to the   Criteria:
“4 Ms of production” required to                                             Assessment for the production plan
                                       • Reflective
render a service                                                             shall be based on the following
                                       • Insightful                          criteria:
                                       • Objective                           • Adherence to the principles of 4
                                                                                Ms of production
                                      Explaining the importance of
                                                                             • Completeness/thoroughness of the
                                      adhering to the 4 M’s of production
                                                                                analysis
                                      Criteria:
                                                                             • Practicality and profitability of the
                                      • Comprehensiveness
                                                                                product/service
                                      • Clarity
                                      • Conciseness

                                      Interpreting the implications when
                                      a technician deviates from the
                                      process flow
                                      Criteria:
                                       • Insightfulness

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                                      2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                         Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                Livelihood Education
                                                AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

• Significance
• Objectivity

Designing new ways in maximizing
effectiveness and efficiency in the
production process
Criteria:
• Appropriateness
• Efficiency/effectiveness
• Practicality

Expressing their views of the
production process, if they are the
owners of a big manufacturing
business
Criteria:
• Relevance
 • Critical
 • Sensitivity

Expressing their imagination of
workers who deviate from the
process flow
Criteria:
• Responsiveness
•     Objectiveness
•     Persuasiveness

Self-assessing the importance of
buying a product/service of good

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                                                                            2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                               Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                      Livelihood Education
                                                                                      AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

                                     quality
                                     Criteria:
                                     • Appropriateness
                                     • Depth
                                     • Objectivity
                                                   STAGE 3
Teaching/Learning sequence:

Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies (PECs)
Individual possess different Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies (PECs). These PECs include characteristics,
attributes, lifestyles, skills, or traits that make a person different from others. When one possesses these
competencies, he/she may become ready to face the challenges of starting a business. Hence, the learners shall:

1. EXPLORE
    Ask learners to name people in the community who are successful in their business
     • Why are they successful?
     • Do you wish to be like them?
    Explain to learners the importance of assessing their PECs
    Guide learners in assessing their PECs on the following:
     • Character
     • Attribute
     • Lifestyle
     • Skills
     • Traits
     (Note: Refer to Appendix A for a copy of the PECs. This could be reproduced according to the number of
     students in class).

        Assist learners in analyzing and interpreting the results of the assessment of their PECs. Refer to
    Appendix B on how to interpret the results of PECs
        Ask EQ to draw out the initial understanding of learners about how entrepreneurs succeed in their

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                                                                             2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                       Livelihood Education
                                                                                       AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

     chosen career. Teacher may distribute meta cards for students to write their answers. These may be posted
     on the wall and revisited during the Firming-up.


2. FIRM-UP
        In order to firm up their understanding, learners may be asked to work individually or in groups in
     collecting information about how entrepreneurs succeed in their chosen careers. Some suggested activities:
     interview with successful entrepreneurs, inviting successful entrepreneurs as resource persons in class, video
     documentaries of successful entrepreneurs, web searching, etc.
        Have learners analyze (in the form of a chart, Venn Diagram or Comparison Alley, etc.) the similarities and
     differences among successful entrepreneurs in the following aspects: characteristics, traits, attributes,
     lifestyles, skills
        Have learners reflect/rethink their understanding of how entrepreneurs succeed in their chosen field.
     Refer learners to their answers posted on the wall.
        Process learner’s learning and check it against EU.
        Check learner’s understanding against the content standard.

3. DEEPEN
    Have learners align their PECs with those of a successful entrepreneur of their choice.
    Have learners reflect on their development areas as well as their areas of strength. Ask what they plan to do
     with them.
    Ask learners to express the EU.
    Assess learners at the level of understanding. (Refer to the assessment in Stage 2 using the 6 FUs)

4. TRANSFER
    Have learners prepare a plan of action that addresses their areas of development and strength based on
     their PECs.
    Assess learners’ plan of action based on the criteria provided in Stage 2 (assessment at the level of
     performance)



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                                                                                    2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                       Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                              Livelihood Education
                                                                                              AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

Environment and Market
Entrepreneurs who want to take advantage of business opportunities need to explore the economic, cultural, and
social conditions prevailing in the community. Needs and wants of people in a certain community that are not met
by existing business establishments may be considered as business opportunities. Identifying the needs of the
community, its resources, available local specialized skills, appropriate technology can help a new entrepreneur in
seizing a business opportunity. Hence, the learners shall:

1. EXPLORE
    Guide learners in assessing their prior knowledge on environment and market as an entrepreneurial lens in
     generating business idea/s through a diagnostic test, K-W-L and other appropriate teaching and learning
     tools.
    Have learners assess their immediate environment and market to determine the existing industries, needs
     and wants of target market with the use of the following:
     • Survey questionnaire;
     • Interview guide;
     • Checklist, etc.
     • SWOT analysis
    Ask EQs to draw out their understanding of environment and market in generating business ideas. Consider
     learner responses as tentative EU’s that they need to explore further.

2. FIRM-UP
    Lead learners in analyzing the assessment conducted on the environment and market in the immediate locality.
    Assist learners in conducting a community mapping to identify business establishments or industries in the immediate
     locality.
    Guide learners in making a graphical presentation of the information revealed as a result of the data-gathering activity
     such as: interview, survey, community mapping, etc.,
    Help learners in presenting the result of the data gathering activity reflective of the needs and wants of the target
     market
    Ask learners to do supplementary reading and other compensatory activity to support the information presented.



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                                                                                  2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                     Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                            Livelihood Education
                                                                                            AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

3. DEEPEN
    Ask learners to conduct interview with a seasoned entrepreneur to gather salient information as regards the manner
     he/she was able to seize a business opportunity.
    Compare whether the information collected during the interview will complement/harmonize with their skill in
     formulating business ideas.
    Assess the learners’ level of understanding, refer to the assessment in Stage 2.


4. TRANSFER
    Ask learners to formulate business ideas as a result of the SWOT analysis of environment and market
    Assess learners’ business ideas based on criteria provided in Stage 2 ( Assessment at the Level of Performance)




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                                                                         2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                            Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                   Livelihood Education
                                                                                   AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I


Quarter 3: Poultry Production          Topic: Meat and Egg Production    Time Frame: 38 days

                                                   STAGE 1
Content Standard:                                      Performance Standard:
The Learners demonstrated understanding of the         The learners produces and market poultry (meat and
concepts in producing and marketing poultry products   eggs) demonstrating successful production and
(meat and eggs)                                        marketing indices

Essential Understanding(s):                            Essential Question(s):
Applying updated technological and entrepreneurial      1.   To what extent do technology and
approaches in producing and marketing poultry (meat        entrepreneurship influence success in producing and
and eggs) simplifies poultry work and reduces              marketing poultry meat and eggs?
production cost.                                        2.   How can one become a successful poultry raiser?
                                                        3.   How does the application of updated technological
                                                           and entrepreneurial approaches in producing and
                                                           marketing poultry products (meat and eggs) simplify
                                                           poultry works and reduce production costs.

Learners will know:                                    Learners will be able to:
• 4Ms of poultry production                            • List down the 4Ms needed in the production and
• Computing costs of production                          marketing process
• Basic steps in starting a business                   • Compute the cost of production
• Start up capital                                     • Source-out business capital
• Selecting breeds to raise                            • Choose the breeds to raise
• Providing housing and other facilities               • Provide the housing and other facilities
• Raising poultry (meat and eggs)                      • Raise poultry (meat and eggs)
• Feeds and feeding                                    • Perform feed density and feeding
• Health and sanitation                                • Calculate prices of poultry products
• Pricing methods of poultry products                  • Sell poultry products

                                                                                                            32
                                                                              2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                 Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                        Livelihood Education
                                                                                        AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

•   Marketing poultry products
                                                    Stage 2
                                                                Evidence at   the level of
    Product or Performance Task
                                                 Understanding                           Performance
Marketable poultry products           Learners should be able to              Assessment of poultry products
(Product)                             demonstrate understanding through       produces using the following criteria:
                                      the six(6) facets of understanding:     • size and weight
Production and marketing of poultry                                           • production efficiency
products (Performance)                Explanation: Explain the activities     • quality
                                      in raising and marketing poultry
                                      products                                Tools:
                                      Criteria                                Rubrics/checklist for assessment of
                                       • accurate                             poultry products produced
                                       • in-depth
                                       • insightful
                                       • complete
                                                                              Assessment of the production of
                                      Interpretation: Evaluate the cost       poultry products using the following
                                      and return of raising poultry           criteria:
                                      Criteria                                •       completeness of the task
                                       •    meaningful                        •       use of materials and
                                       •    illustrative                         equipment
                                       •    significant                       •       workmanship
                                       •    relevant                          •       time management
                                                                              •       attitude in the workplace
                                       Application
                                       •    Produce and market poultry        Tools:
                                          products                            Rubrics/checklist for assessment of
                                      Criteria                                production processes.
                                       •    logical

                                                                                                                 33
                                        2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                           Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                  Livelihood Education
                                                  AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

 •    efficient
 •    effective
 •    profitable
                                        Assessment for marketing poultry
 Perspective: Analyze the feed          products using the following criteria:
 conversion efficiency of               •     marketability
 broiler/layer                          •     product pricing
 Criteria:                              •     product packaging
 •     informative                      •     demand
 •     informative revealing credible   •     record keeping
    accurate
                                        Tools:
 Empathy: Imagine how it feels to       Rubrics, checklist for assessment in
 be like to walk in poultry raiser’s    marketing poultry products
 shoes who falls short of production
 standards
 Criteria:
 •     responsive
 •     tactful
 •     open
 •     persistent

Self-knowledge: Self-assess your
decision-making abilities in poultry
raising




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                                                                               2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                  Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                         Livelihood Education
                                                                                         AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I




                                                       Stage 3

1.       EXPLORE
        Guide the learners in assessing their prior knowledge and understanding in poultry production and marketing
         using:
         • Formal assessment checks
             - oral language
             - writing
             - test
             - questions
             - rubric (combination of checklist and rating scales,
         • Informal assessment checks
             - analogy prompt
             - web/concept map
             - misconception check
             - think and draw
        Guide learners in understanding the learning standards (content and performance standards), tools and
         criteria in poultry production.
        Have the learners clarify their expectations and how their learning shall be assessed.
        Have the learners view pictures/video presentations on the poultry production.
        Stimulate learners’ interests and elicit their understanding of the pictures/videos presented.
        Process learners understanding of the pictures and video presentation and relating it with their prior
         knowledge in producing poultry products.
        Guide learners in gaining initial understanding of the concepts and principles of poultry production.
        Encourage learners to ask probing questions: assess their understanding and welcome tentative responses
         as guide to further exploration.




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                                                                                    2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                                       Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                              Livelihood Education
                                                                                              AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

2. FIRM-UP
       Have learners gather essential information related to broiler/egg production from sources like:
     - successful poultry raisers
     - web-based resources
     - reading materials (books, bulletins, etc.)
       Guide learners to think of an activity where this essential information related to broiler/egg production can
     be presented and analyzed.
       Assist the learners in making generalizations/abstractions from the analysis of essential information.
       Have the learners correlate the generalizations/abstractions with the essential questions (EQ) probing
     questions and tentative responses raised during the Exploration phase.
       Encourage learners to reflect, revise and rethink their understanding in consideration of the processed
     information/learning in poultry raising.
       Have the learners self-assess their understanding of the concepts of raising broiler/eggs and check it
     against the content standard.
3. DEEPEN
    Guide the learners in making a web or concept map on the different production process and marketing
     strategies in raising broiler/eggs.
    Engage learners into a guided discussion on the factors that may affect the different cultural practices and
     marketing strategies.
    Process guided discussion and the result of which as basis for learners in preparing a production/ marketing
     plan for poultry of their choice.
    Encourage learners to validate their production/ marketing plan by experts or successful practitioners in
     raising and marketing broiler/eggs.
    Encourage learners to reflect, revise and re-think their understanding.
    Have the learners express their understanding and check their mastery of the essential understanding (EU)
     and content standards (CS).
4. TRANSFER
    Have the learners raise quality and marketable broiler/eggs that are raised in the locality applying new trends in
     poultry raising technology.
    Compute cost of production to determine the profitability of the livelihood activity.


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                                                                            2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                                               Career Pathways in Technology and
                                                                                      Livelihood Education
                                                                                      AGRI-FISHERY ARTS I

 Assess learners’ level of performance using appropriate tools/criteria.
 Apply procedures in raising broiler/eggs to other species of poultry.




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Description: Technology Livelihood Education Lesson Plan document sample