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Royalty Rates for Technology 4th Edition

Description:    Royalty Rates for Technology 4th Edition reports all available compensation terms for the license
                agreements we discovered. We report fixed royalty rates, per unit royalties, scaled royalty rates,
                and license fees. For each transaction in this book we report:

                -   A description of the licensed technology
                -   Compensation terms including royalty rates and license fees
                -   Identity of the licensor and licensee
                -   For many deals, we also discuss the markets for and benefits of the licensed technology
                -   In addition to royalty rates from real deals, we provide:

                Royalty Rate Derivation Models, showing different methods for calculating appropriate royalty rates.
                Royalty Audit advice to assure compliance with license agreements and the accurate collection of
                royalty payments.

                Real Deal Royalty Rates
                This fourth edition of Royalty Rates for Technology contains more information about technology
                pricing than in any other publication. This book represents nearly two decades of research.
                Included in these pages you will find information about technology royalty rates, license fees and
                milestone payments. Also reported is information about infringement damage awards and
                settlements.

                Royalty Rates for Technology contains royalty rate information for the following industries:

                -   Aeronautics & Defense Agriculture
                -   Automotive
                -   Chemical
                -   Communications
                -   Computer Hardware
                -   Computer Software
                -   Construction
                -   Electrical & Energy Electronics
                -   Franchises
                -   Food & Beverage
                -   Entertainment
                -   Glass
                -   Household Products
                -   Internet
                -   Mechanical
                -   Medical
                -   Photography
                -   Semiconductors
                -   Sports
                -   Toys
                -   Waste Recycling

                Royalty Rate Chart
                As you review the information contained in this book it will become apparent that the most
                frequently negotiated royalty term is 5% of sales. Especially interesting is that the 5% royalty rate
                is found across a diverse number of industries including automotive, chemical, communications,
                computers, defense, energy, electronics, food, franchises, glass, household products, mechanical,
                medical, photography, sports, toys and waste treatment. The chart below summarizes royalty rates
                across all the industries covered in this book. The royalty range from 0.50% to 40% of sales, are
                grouped by rate and then graphed by the frequency of their appearance. Excluded from this chart
                are instances where royalty rates are specified on a per unit basis.

                This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information about the subject
            matter covered. All of the information in this report has been obtained from reputable and reliable
            sources and is therefore believed to be accurate. The publisher accepts no responsibility for any
            damages that any party may experience from relying on the information presented herein.



Contents:   PREFACE
            - ROYALTY RATE DERIVATION MODELS
            - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY & INTANGIBLE ASSETS DRIVE ACQUISITIONS AND DEALS
            - BUSINESS ENTERPRISE FRAMEWORK
            - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY SHARING IS VITAL
            - BEYOND COMMODITY EARNINGS
            - DRIVING FORCES BEHIND ROYALTY RATES
            - SIMPLE RULES OF THUMB
            -- The "25%" Rule
            -- Industry Norms
            -- Return on R&D Costs
            -- The 5% of Sales Method
            - INFRINGEMENT DAMAGES ANALYSIS
            -- The Analytical Approach
            -- Hypothetical Example
            -- Comparable License Transactions
            -- Comparative Analysis Summarized
            - INVESTMENT RATE OF RETURN ANALYSIS
            - DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW ANALYSIS

            ROYALTY RATE GENERAL GUIDANCE

            LICENSE TRANSACTIONS AND ROYALTY RATES

            AERONAUTICS & DEFENSE
            - AVIONICS
            - COLLISON AVOIDANCE
            - FIGHTER TECHNOLOGY
            - GUIDANCE AIRCRAFT
            - GYROPLANE
            - INSTRUMENTATION
            - JET ENGINE SOUND REDUCTION
            - NUCLEAR WEAPONS DETECTION
            - SEALANT
            - TORQUE TUBE JOINT
            - SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY
            - UNMANNED AIR VEHICLES
            - WINDOW SHADING

            AGRICULTURAL
            - BT TECHNOLOGY
            - GROWTH FACTORS
            - LETTUCE AND MELONS
            - OILSEED GENE MODIFICATIONS
            - SOYBEAN BIOTECHNOLOGY
            - TREE CLONAL MATERIALS

            AUTOMOTIVE
            - AIRBAG
            - AIR CONDITIONING
            - AUOMOBILE MODEL
            - BATTERY TERMINALS
            - BATTERY/HYDRIDE
            - BRAKE, CLUTCH AND ACCELERATOR PEDAL TECHNOLOGY
            - BRAKES
            - BRAKE FLUID
            - COLLISION AVOIDANCE – BACKING-UP
            - COLLISION AVOIDANCE -- ELECTRONIC CAR DOOR SAFETY
-   COLLISION AVOIDANCE -- LANE TRACKING SYSTEM
-   COLLISION AVOIDANCE -- OBSTACLE DETECTION AND ALARM
-   COLLISION AVOIDANCE -- OBSTACLE DETECTION AND ALARM
-   DE-ICING
-   DIESEL ENGINES
-   DIESEL ENGINE EFFICIENCY
-   DIESEL ENGINE CONVERSION
-   DIESEL ENGINE EFFICIENCY
-   ELECTRICAL PROPULSION
-   ENGINES AND TRANSAXLES
-   FUEL CONVERSION
-   FUEL INJECTION
-   JET SKI
-   MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES
-   MIRROR/ELECTROCHROMIC TECHNOLOGY
-   MIRROR OPTICS
-   REFRIGERATED RAILCARS
-   ROTAPOWER ENGINE
-   SUN VISORS – AUTOMATICALLY DIMMING
-   SOLAR POSITION SENSOR
-   STOLEN VEHICLE RECOVERY SYSTEM
-   WINDSHIELD SPRAY NOZZLES
-   UTILITY VEHICLE
-   WINDSHIELD WIPERS/INTERMITTENT
-   WRECKERS

CHEMICAL
- CAPILLARY SURFACE MATERIALS
- FIRE RETARDANT COATING
- FIRE RETARDANT AND NUCLEAR WASTE CLEANING
- FIRE RETARDANT
- FUEL ENHANCEMENT
- HYDROGEN REACTOR
- INK
- NANOMATERIALS
- OIL PROCESS
- ORGANIC FERTILIZER
- PAINT
- PHOTOSENSITIVE MATERIALS
- PLASTICS/BIODEGRADABLE
- PLASTIC INGREDIENT
- PLASTIC/POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET) CONTAINER PROCESS
- PLASTIC POLYMERS
- POLYVINYL CHLORIDE PIPE
- PETROLEUM REFINING

COMMUNICATIONS
- ACOUSTICS
- ANTENNA
- BROADBAND
- CABLE TRANSMISSION STANDARDS
- CELLULAR PHONE DOCKING STATION
- CELLULAR TELEPHONE TECHNOLOGY
- EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS
- CELLULAR 3G TECHNOLOGY
- CELLULAR CDMA TECHNOLOGY
- CELLULAR CDMA AND WCDMA TECHNOLOGY
- CELLULAR DATA TRANSMISSION
- ENCRYPTION
- E-RETAILING
- INTERNET SOFTWARE
- LONG DISTANCE CALLING FEATURES
- NETWORK ACCESS
-   NETWORK SOLUTIONS
-   SMART PHONES
-   SOFTWARE
-   SPEECH COMPRESSION STANDARDS
-   TELECOMMUNCATIONS ACCESS DEVICES
-   TELEVISION TRANSMISSION
-   TRANSCEIVER INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
-   VIDEOCONFERENCING – PORTABLE
-   VOICE MAIL
-   VONAGE – INTERNET PHONE SERVICE

COMPUTER HARDWARE
- 1394 SPECIFICATION
- 1394A SPECIFICATIONS
- ACER PERSONAL COMPUTING
- AST PERSONAL COMPUTING
- COMMUNICATIONS
- CRAY SUPERCOMPUTER ELECTRONIC CONNECTORS
- COMPACT DISKS AND DVDS
- COMPACT DISKS
- DATA STORAGE
- ENTERPRISE APPLICATION INTEGRATION MIDDLE-WARE
- GRAPHICS
- IBM PS/2
- INFORMATION SECURITY
- MACINTOSH
- MECHANICAL FANS
- MODEMS
- RECORDABLE DISKS
- SMART CONNECTOR
- SOUND
- TELESCOPES - COMPUTERIZED
- TRACKING

COMPUTER SOFTWARE
- ADAPTIVE RECOGNITION TECHNOLOGY
- APPLE – COMPUTER SCREEN SYMBOLS
- APPLE – NEWTON PDA
- APPLICATION INTEGRATION
- APPLICATION SERVICE PROVIDER
- AUTODESK'S AUTOCAD RELEASE 12
- BAR CODE
- BAR CODE APPLICATION
- CHARACTER RECOGNITION AND FRAUD PROTECTION
- COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN
- CONSTRUCTION SOFTWARE
- DATABASE
- DATABASE PROCESSING
- DEBT COLLECTION
- DECOMPRESSION TECHNOLOGY
- DIAGNOSTIC
- DISK COMPRESSION
- DISTRIBUTED MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENT (DME) 1.0 TECHNOLOGY
- DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT
- DOCTARR SOFTWARE
- DOS – OPERATING SYSTEM
- EDUCATIONAL
- FACTORY CONTROLS
- FINANCIAL – QUICKEN SOFTWARE
- FRONT END IMAGING SOFTWARE
- GAMES
- GOVERNANCE, RISK AND COMPLIANCE
- GRAPHICS INTERCHANGE FORMAT
-   IPHONE 2.0 APPLICATIONS
-   INTEGRATION
-   INTELLIGENT SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS
-   INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGY
-   MAINFRAME
-   MAC OPERATING SYSTEM AND RHAPSODY
-   MEDICAL IMAGE MANAGEMENT
-   MULTI-USER TECHNOLOGY
-   NETWORKING
-   OPERATING SOFTWARE
-   PHOENIX TECHNOLOGIES BIOS
-   PROFESSIONAL PRACTICES MANAGEMENT
-   SECURITY - FINGERPRINTS
-   SPEECH COMPRESSION
-   SPOKEN WORD AUDIO BUSINESS MODEL
-   SPREADSHEET
-   TEXT TO SPEECH TECHNOLOGY
-   THREE-DIMENSIONAL VISUALIZATION
-   TOOLS – DISTRIBUTION RIGHTS
-   UNIX OPERATING SYSTEM
-   VIRTUAL REALITY - QUICKTIME
-   YEAR 2000 SOFTWARE
-   WORD PROCESSING AND OFFICE SUITE SOFTWARE

CONSTRUCTION
- PAVEMENT TEXTURE
- PIPE REHABILITATION
- PLASTIC LUMBER

ELECTRICAL AND ENERGY
- AMORPHOUS METAL TRANSFORMERS
- BATTERY
- BATTERY CHARGER
- CABLE REHABILITATION
- CABLE - TRANSMISSION
- ELECTROCONVERSION CELL
- EPOD ELECTRICAL GRID-TIE INVERTER
- GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
- HYDRO-AIR RENEWABLE POWER SYSTEM
- LIGHTING
- NUCLEAR POWER PIPE REPAIRS
- PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR PRODUCTS
- POWER CONVERSION
- SUN TRACKING SOLAR POWER SYSTEM
- TURBINE NOISE CANCELLATION TECHNOLOGY
- ULTRA CAPACITOR TECHNOLOGY
- TURBINE NOISE CANCELLATION TECHNOLOGY
- ZINC AIR FUEL CELL

ELECTRONICS
- ADVERTISING SIGN
- AIRBORNE TV ANTENNA
- AUDIO
- BAR CODE TECHNOLOGY
- BATTERIES
- BIO-ELECTROMAGNETICS
- CAPACITOR
- CD-R TECHNOLOGY
- CONTROLS
- DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCAST TERRESTRIAL
- DVD TECHNOLOGY AND 4C POOL BACKGROUND
- DVD
- FIBER OPTICS
-   FIBER OPTIC DISPLAY
-   FIBER OPTIC SIGNS
-   FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS
-   HD OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY
-   LASERS
-   LIQUID CRYSTAL TECHNOLOGY
-   MACHINE VISION
-   NOISE CANCELLATION
-   POWER SYSTEM
-   REMOTE CONTROLS
-   REMOTE METERS
-   REMOTE MONITORING
-   SECURITY – FACE RECOGNITION
-   SECURITY – EXPLOSIVES RECOGNITION
-   SEGA GAME CONSOLE
-   SIMULATION THEATER ATTRACTIONS
-   SOLAR
-   TELEVISION/HIGH DEFINITION
-   TEST DEVICES
-   VIDEO GAME
-   VIDEO TAPE RECORDERS
-   VOLTAGE CONVERTER

ENTERTAINMENT
- 3DO ELECTRONIC GAMES
- BINGO
- COMPUTER SOFTWARE SEARCH
- FILM
- GAMBLING DEVICE
- GAMING DEVICE
- GAMING/BINGO
- NINTENDO
- SOUND TECHNOLOGY
- THEATERS
- THEATERS

FOOD & BEVERAGE
- BEVERAGES
- DIARY PRODUCTS
- EGGS
- HEALTHY FOOD
- PACKAGING – BEVERAGE CONTAINER
- PACKAGING
- TOBACCO
- VENDING FRENCH FRIES
- WATER

FRANCHISE
- BATTERY
- DINING CARD
- EDUCATION
- FOOD
- FURNITURE
- HEALTHCARE
- MUFFLER SHOP
- OIL CHANGE SERVICE
- RESTORATION – BATHROOMS AND KITCHENS
- WATER

GLASS
- ENGRAVING
- RECYCLING
- TUMBLERS AND TABLEWARE
- VARIABLE LIGHT TRANSMISSION

HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS
- BUFFET PLATE
- CHILD PROTECTION PRODUCTS
- DISPOSABLE DIAPERS
- FLASHLIGHT
- SALAD SHOOTER
- SOAP
- THAW MASTER KITCHEN UTENSIL
- WATER BEDS

INTERNET
- DOMAIN NAMES
- ENCRYPTION DOWNLOADING
- INTERNET DATA COMPRESSION
- INTERNET GAMING
- INTERNET SERVICES
- WIRELESS APPLICATION PROTOCOL

MECHANICAL
- AIR PURIFICATION
- BICYCLE
- CARBON NANOTUBE MATERIALS
- CLOSURES
- COOKING TECHNOLOGY
- COMPRESSOR TECHNOLOGY
- DESIGN - BOAT
- DRILLING TECHNOLOGY
- ELECTROMAGNETIC MOTOR
- ERGONOMIC DESIGN – CHAIR
- EMULSION SYSTEM
- FILTRATION
- FLUID FLOW METERS
- HVAC CHILLERS
- INJECTION MOLDED FANS
- OIL BURNER TECHNOLOGY
- PIPE JOINING
- RADIATION SHIELDING
- RETRACTABLE PIPING SYSTEM
- SLIDE-OUT MECHANISMS
- TANK TESTING SYSTEM

MEDICAL
- ALLERGY TESTING SYSTEM
- AMBULATORY INFUSION PRODUCTS
- ANTIMICROBIAL TECHNOLOGY
- BIRTH CONTROL
- BIOPSY SYSTEM
- BIOPTRON LAMP
- BLOOD/ARTIFICIAL
- BLOOD CLOT DETECTION
- BLOOD FREEZING
- BLOOD GLUCOSE TEST
- BLOOD COAGULATION MONITORING
- BLOOD COLLECTION
- BLOOD PROTEIN HARVESTING
- BLOOD PURIFICATION
- BLOOD SAFETY
- BLOOD SAMPLING SYSTEM
- BREAST CANCER DIAGNOSIS
- BURN TREATMENT
- CANCER DECTECTION
-   CANCER DECTECTION - CERVICAL
-   CANCER TREATMENT
-   CARDIOVASCULAR
-   CARDIAC STENTS
-   CARDIAC SEPTAL REPAIR IMPLANT
-   CARDIAC SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS
-   CASTS/FIBERGLASS
-   CATHETER
-   CATHETER
-   CELL PROCESSING
-   CONTACT LENSES
-   CYTOLOGY DEVICE
-   DENTAL
-   DENTURES
-   DENTAL IMPLANTS
-   DENTAL LIGHTING WAND
-   DERMAL
-   DIABETES MONITORING
-   DIAGNOSTIC - BACTERIA
-   DIAGNOSTIC - CARDIOVASCULAR
-   DIAGNOSTIC
-   DIAGNOSTIC TEST
-   DIALYSIS
-   DIET
-   DIGITAL SCANNER
-   DRUG ABUSE DETECTION
-   DRUG DELIVERY
-   DRUG DELIVERY TRASNDERMAL
-   ELECTRONIC IMAGINING
-   HEARING AID
-   HEARING DEVICE
-   HIV DECTECTION
-   HIV TEST
-   LASERS FOR COSMETIC SURGERY
-   LASER FOR CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME
-   LASER FOR DERMATOLOGY AND OPTHALMOLOGY
-   LASER FINGER PERFORATOR TECHNOLOGY
-   LASER HAIR REMOVAL
-   LASER SURGERY FOR VISION
-   LIPOSUCTION
-   MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
-   MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEMS CONTRAST AGENT
-   MATTRESS
-   MICROGRAVITY INSTRUMENTS
-   MONITORING
-   MRI
-   NEUROMODULATION
-   OPTHALMIC WATER JET SURGERY
-   PET SCANNING
-   PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS
-   OBESITY THEAPY
-   OPHTHALMIC THERAPY
-   OPHTHALMIC THERAPY
-   PACEMAKER SETTLEMENT OF $300 MILLION
-   PROSTATE TREATMENT
-   RADIATION THERAPY
-   SYRINGE DISPOSAL
-   SAFETY SYRINGE
-   SAFTEY SYRINGE
-   SURGICAL DEVICE
-   SURGICAL PROCEDURE
-   TISSUE GROWTH AND REPAIR
-   VASCULAR CLOSURE DEVICE
- VOIDING DYSFUNCTION THERAPY
- WOUND CLOSURE
- X RAY PRODUCT

PHOTOGRAPHY
- AUTO FOCUS
- CAMERA – FILM TO DIGITAL CONVERSION
- DIGITAL - COMPACTFLASH
- DOCUMENT SECURITY
- PHOTOCHEMICALS

SEMICONDUCTORS
- CHIP INTERFACE TECHNOLOGY
- CHIP STACKING TECHNOLOGY
- HIGH-BANDWIDTH CHIP CONNECTION TECHNOLOGY
- LASER TECHNOLOGY
- LIGHTNING RESISTANCE
- MANUFACTURING
- MANUFACTURING
- METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS
- PENTIUM II PROCESS
- POWER CONVERSION
- SUPERCONDUCTOR MATERIAL
- TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
- THIN FILM FERROELCTRIC TECHNOLOGY

SPORTS
- EXERCIZE EQUIPMENT - TREADCLIMBER
- IN-LINE SKATES
- RECREATIONAL SONAR EQUIPMENT
- TURF SPORTS SURFACES

STEEL
- ALLOY
- ALLOY OVERLAY
- GRAIN ORIENTED SILICON ELECTRIC STEEL

TOYS
- TOY INDUSTRY
- DISNEY
- GOLF TRAINING AID
- LOCKHEED MARTIN F-16 DESIGN

WASTE TREATMENT
- ALUMINUM CAN RECYCLING
- AMMONIA RECOVERY PROCESS
- ASPHALT ROOFING MATERIALS
- CHEMICAL WEAPONS
- CONTAINERS
- DIESEL FUEL RECOVERY
- OIL PROCESS
- OIL SLUDGE REMEDIATION
- ORGANIC WASTE CONVERSION
- POLLUTION SCRUBBER
- TIRE RECYCLING- TIRE INCINERATOR
- TOXIC WASTER FURNANCE
- WASTE WATER

THE MAGNITUDE AND MEANING OF ROYALTY MISREPORTING

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Description: Technology Royalty Tracking document sample