Medical Terms Prefixes_ Suffixes_ and Combining Form by liuqingyan

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									                               Medical Terms Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Form
                                                                                    Chapter One
                                                                             Carmelita Diallo


                                           Vocabulary

1. Abate-to lessen, decrease or cease
2. Abnormal-pertaining to away from the normal or rule
3. Abcess-a localized collection of pus which may occur in any part of the body
4. Acute-sudden, sharp, severe; a disease that has a sudden onset, severe symptoms and short
    course.
5. Adhesion-the process of being stuck together
6. Afferent-carrying impulses toward a center
7. Ambulatory-the condition of being able to walk not confined to bed
8. Antidote-a substance given to counteract poisons and their effects
9. Antipyretic-pertaining to an agent that works against fever
10. Antiseptic-pertaining to an agent that works against sepsis: putrefaction
11. Antitussive-pertaining to an agent that works against coughing
12. Apathy-a condition in which one lacks feelings and emotions and is indifferent
13. Asepsis-without decay; sterile free from all living microorganisms
14. Autoclave-an apparatus used to sterilize articles by under pressure
15. Autonomy-the condition of being self-governed; to function independently
16. Axillary-pertaining to the armpit
17. Biopsy-surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination; used to determine
    a diagnosis of cancer or other disease processes in the body
18. Cachexia-a condition of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting
19. Centigrade-having 100 steps or degrees like the Celsius temperature scale, boiling point=100°C
    and freezing point=0°C
20. Centimeter-unit of measurement in the metric system; one hundredth of a meter
21. Centrifuge-a device used in a laboratory to separate solids from liquids
22. Chemotherapy-treatment using chemical agents
23. Chronic-pertaining to time; a disease that continues over a long time showing little change in
    symptoms and course.
24. Diagnosis-determination of the cause and nature of a disease
25. Diaphoresis-to carry through sweat glands; profuse sweating
26. Disease-lack of ease; an abnormal condition o the body that presents a series of symptoms that
    sets it a part from normal or other abnormal body stats
27. Disinfectant-a chemical substance that destroys bacteria
28. Efferent-carrying impulses away from a center
29. Empathy-a state of projecting one’s own personality into the personality of another to understand
    the feelings, emotions, and behavior of the person
30. Epidemic-pertaining to among the people; the rapid, widespread occurrence of an infectious
    disease
                                   Medical Terms Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Form
                                                                                           Chapter One
                                                                                   Carmelita Diallo


 31.   Etiology-the study of the cause(s) of a disease
 32.   Excision-the process of cutting out, surgical removal
 33.   Febrile-pertaining to a fever
 34.   Gram-a unit of weight in the metric system; a cubic centimeter or a milliliter of water is equal to
       the weight of a gram
 35.   Heterogeneous-pertaining to a different formation
 36.   Illness-a state o being sick
 37.   Incision-the process of cutting into
 38.   Kilogram-unit of weight in the metric system; 1000g
 39.   Liter-a unit of volume in the metric system; equal to 33.8 fluid oz or 1.0567 qt
 40.   Macroscopic-pertaining to objects large enough to be examined by the naked eye
 41.   Malaise-a bad feeling; a condition of discomfort, uneasiness; often felt by a patient with a chronic
       disease
 42.   Malformation-the process of being badly shaped or deformed
 43.   Malignant-a bad wandering; pertaining to the spreading process of cancer from one area of the
       body to another area
 44.   Maximal-pertaining to the greatest possible quantity, number, or degree
 45.   Microgram-a unit of weight in the metric system; 0.001mg
 46.   Microorganism-small living organisms that are not visible to the naked eye
 47.   Microscope-an instrument used to view small objects
 48.   Milligram-a unit of weight in the metric system; 0.001g
 49.   Milliliter-a unit of volume in the metric system; 0.001L
 50.   Minimal-pertaining to the least possible quantity, number, or degree
 51.   Multiform-occurring in or having many shapes
 52.   Necrosis-a condition of death of a tissue
 53.   Neopathy-a new disease
 54.   Oncology-the study of tumors
 55.   Pallor-paleness a lack of color
 56.   Palmar-pertaining to the palm of the hand
 57.   Paracentesis-surgical puncture of the body cavity for fluid removal



Anesthesiology                                                        Anesthesiologist
The branch of medicine concerned with appropriate anesthesia for partial or complete loss o sensation.
AN-without     esthesio-feeling       log-study of   ist-one who specializes

Allergy/Immunology                                              Allergist/Immunologist
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases of an allergic nature.
Immuno-immune          log-study of   ist-one who specializes
                                  Medical Terms Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Form
                                                                                         Chapter One
                                                                                  Carmelita Diallo


Cardiology                                                              Cardiologist
The branch of medicine concerned with the diseases of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries.
Cardio-heart log-study of     ist-one who specializes

Dermatology                                                              Dermatologist
The branch of medicine concerned with the diseases of the skin.
Dermato-skin log-study of     ist-one who specializes

Endocrinology                                                         Endocrinologist
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases of the endocrine system.
Endo-within    crino-to secrete       log-study of     ist-one who specializes

Epidemiology                                                         Epidemiologist
The branch of medicine concerned with epidemic diseases.
Epi-upon       demio-people log-study of     ist-one who specializes

Family practice                                              Family practitioner
The branch of medicine concerned with the care of members of the family regardless of age and sex.

Gastroenterology                                                        Gastroenterologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with diseases of the stomach and intestines.
Gastro-stomach         entero-intestine        log-study of     ist-one who specializes

Gerontology                                                              Gerontologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the aspects of aging.
Geronto-old age        log-study of    ist-one who specializes

Gynecology                                                             Gynecologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the diseases of the female reproduction system.
Gyneco-female          log-study of    ist-one who specializes

Hematology                                                              Hematologist
The branch of medicine that studies the diseases of the blood and the blood forming tissues.
Hemato-blood           log-study of     ist-one who specializes

Infectious diseases
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the diseases caused by the growth of pathogenic
microorganisms within the body.

Internal medicine                                                        Internist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with diseases of internal origin those not usually treated
surgically.
Intern-within ist-one who specializes
                                 Medical Terms Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Form
                                                                                       Chapter One
                                                                                Carmelita Diallo


Nephrology                                                             Nephrologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with diseases of the kidney and urinary system.
Nephro-kidney          log-study of    ist-one who specializes

Neurology                                                              Neurologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with diseases of the nervous system.
Neuro-nerve log-study of        ist-one who specializes

Obstetrics                                                            Obstetrician
The branch of medicine concerned with treating the female during pregnancy, childbirth and the post-
partum.
OBSTESTRIX is the Latin word that means midwife

Oncology                                                               Oncologist
The branch of medicine that studies tumors.
Onco-tumor     log-study of    ist-one who specializes

Ophthalmology                                                          Ophthalmologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the diseases of the eye.
Ophthalmo-eye          log-study of    ist-one who specializes

Orthopedic                                                            Orthopedist
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases and disorders involving locomotor structures of the
body.
Ortho-straight ped-child      ist-one who specializes

Otorhinolaryngology                                                    Otorhinolaryngologist
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases of the ear, nose, and throat (larynx).
Oto-ear        rhino-nose     laryngo-larynx log-study of      ist-one who specializes

Pathology                                                               Pathologist
The branch of medicine that studies structural and functional changes in the tissues and organs caused
by disease.
Patho-disease log-study of     ist-one who specializes

Pediatrics                                                             Pediatrician
The branch of medicine that concerned with diseases of children.
Ped-child      iatr-treatment         ician-physician

Physical Medicine/Rehabilitation                                       Physiatrist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the treatment of disease by physical agents.
Phys-nature    iatr-treatment          ist-one who specializes
                                  Medical Terms Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Form
                                                                                        Chapter One
                                                                                Carmelita Diallo


Psychiatry                                                              Psychiatrist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with diseases of the mind.
Psycho-mind iatr-treatment ist-one who specializes

Pulmonary disease                                                       Pulmonologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with diseases of the lungs.
Pulmuno-lung log-study of       ist-one who specializes

Radiology                                                               Radiologist
The branch of medicine that studies radioactive substances and their relationship to prevention
diagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Radio-ray        log-study of   ist-one who specializes

Rheumatology                                                           Rheumatologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with rheumatic diseases.
Rheumato-rheumatism             log-study of   ist-one who specializes

Urology                                                                 Urologist
The branch of medicine that is concerned with diseases of the urinary system.
Uro-urine      log-study of     ist-one who specializes
               Medical Terms Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Form
                                                             Chapter One
                                                      Carmelita Diallo




                  ABBREVIATIONS
1. AB              abnormal
2. ABMS            American Board of Medical Specialties
3. ac              acute
4. ax              axillary
5. Bx              biopsy
6. C               centigrade, Celsius
7. Cm              centimeter
8. CVD             cardiovascular disease
9. CT              computerized tomography
10. D/C            discontinue
11. derm           dermatology
12. Dx             diagnosis
13. DRGs           diagnosis related groups
14. ENT            otorhinolaryngology(ear,nose,throat)
15. FACP           Fellow of the American College of Physicians
16. FACS           Fellow of the American College of Surgeons
17. FP             family practice
18. g              gram
19. GYN            gynecology
20. kg             kilogram
21. L              liter
22. mcg            microgram
23. mg             milligram
24. mL or ml       milliliter
25. OB             obstetrics
26. Peds           pediatrics
27. Psy            psychriatry or psychology
                           Medical Terms Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Form
                                                                             Chapter One
                                                                      Carmelita Diallo




                      Surgeries and their Practices
1. Cardiovascular—surgical repair and correction of cardiovascular dysfunctions
2. Colon/Rectum—surgical repair and correction of the colon and rectum dysfunction
3. C.R.P.(Cosmetic, Reconstruction and Plastic)—surgical repair, reconstruction, revision or
    the change of the texture configuration or relationship of contiguous structures of any
    part of the human body
4. General—surgical repair and correction of various body parts or organs
5. Maxillofacial—surgical treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects of the human mouth
    and dental structures
6. Neurologic—surgical repair and correction o neurologic dysfunctions
7. Orthopedic(Orthopaedic)—surgical prevention and repair of musculoskeletal
    dysfunctions
8. Thoracic—surgical repair and correction of organs within the rib cage
9. Vascular—surgical repair and correction of vascular (vessels) dysfunctions
10. Trauma-- surgical repair and correction of traumatic injuries

								
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