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Leadership Styles.ppt

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					LEADERSHIP STYLES
                    TOTALITARIANISM
CHARACTERISTICS   WHEN EFFECTIVE   WHEN INEFFECTIVE   EXAMPLES
                              TOTALITARIANISM
CHARACTERISTICS             WHEN EFFECTIVE             WHEN INEFFECTIVE             EXAMPLES



-absolute control by a      -when a goal must be       -if citizens / members       -countries belonging
political party             accomplished by a set      do not agree to the          to the former Soviet
                            time                       rules or policies            Union, China, Cuba,
-a theory or system         -when all citizens /       -if leaders do not           North Korea
where all economic          members agree to the       follow the same rules
activity is controlled by   policies set by the        as expected by their
a political party           leaders                    citizens / members
                            -if leaders abide by the   -if there is no time limit   -Germany in the
-leadership by a            same rules set for their   for a goal                   1930’s-40’s
dictator who has            citizens
complete power. They
are usually aggressive
and or racist
                        AUTOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS   WHEN EFFECTIVE   WHEN INEFFECTIVE   EXAMPLES
                                  AUTOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS            WHEN EFFECTIVE             WHEN INEFFECTIVE          EXAMPLES



-tells others what to do   -time is limited in        -developing a strong      -developing a strong
-limits discussion on      decision making            sense of team is a goal   sense of team is a
ideas                      -individuals/ group lack   -group members or         goal
-can be elected into       still and knowledge        citizens have some        -group members or
power and is a less        -group members /           degree of skill           citizens have some
extreme form of            citizens do not get        /knowledge                degree of skill
totalitarianism            along or are unable to                               /knowledge
                           co-operate
-decisions are made by
a king or queen
(monarch)
                        DEMOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS   WHEN EFFECTIVE   WHEN INEFFECTIVE   EXAMPLES
                                    DEMOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS            WHEN EFFECTIVE            WHEN INEFFECTIVE         EXAMPLES



-decisions are made by     -high degree of skill     -low sense of team       -Canada, U.S
the majority               and motivation among      /interdependence
                           group members             -members have low
                           -a sense of team exists   degree of skill /
                           -routines are familiar    knowledge
                           to participants           -group expects what to
-power rests in the                                  be told what to do
body of citizens and the
head of government is
not a king or queen
(monarch)
                     LAISSEZ-FAIRE
CHARACTERISTICS   WHEN EFFECTIVE   WHEN INEFFECTIVE   EXAMPLES
                              LAISSEZ-FAIRE
CHARACTERISTICS           WHEN EFFECTIVE            WHEN INEFFECTIVE           EXAMPLES



-no group leader or       -time is available        -group is unmotivated      -Somalia
recognized system of      -group is motivated and   -members have little
government                /or a sense of team       skill or knowledge
                          exists                    -high degree of conflict
                          -members of the group     is present
                          have some degree of
-a state of social        skill/knowledge
disorder due to lack of
government
*Often results in
Anarchy
                       THEOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS   WHEN EFFECTIVE   WHEN INEFFECTIVE   EXAMPLES
                           THEOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS      WHEN EFFECTIVE            WHEN INEFFECTIVE           EXAMPLES



-leadership by the   -if all members           -if religious rules and    -Ayatollah Khomeini
religion             possess the same          regulations are            of Iran (1979-1989)
                     understanding of the      interpreted differently
                     religion                  among citizens /
                     -values / morals and      members
                     ethics are the same for   -if values / morals and
                     all members involved      ethics are different for
                                               citizens / members
                        ARISTOCRACY
CHARACTERISTICS   WHEN EFFECTIVE   WHEN INEFFECTIVE   EXAMPLES
                                ARISTOCRACY
CHARACTERISTICS         WHEN EFFECTIVE           WHEN INEFFECTIVE          EXAMPLES



-decisions made by      - when the aristocracy   - when the aristocracy    - France - Estates
those who are           is interested in the     becomes self interested   System
considered to be        welfare of the people    in maintaining the
superior through wealth                          “status quo”
or education

				
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posted:8/16/2011
language:English
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