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					                           User’s Guide


                     RAPIDS
                           Version 2.0
         Regional Air Pollutant
Inventory Development System




                            By
     WINDSOR Technologies, Inc.
                               For the
              Great Lakes Commission
                               And the
                    Great Lakes States
RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                                    INDEX


OVERVIEW ..................................................................................... 1
What is RAPIDS? ......................................................................................................1
Installation .................................................................................................................2
      To install the RAPIDS client applications:..................................................................................... 2
      To install the RAPIDS SQL Anywhere Database: ......................................................................... 2
Brief Introduction to Microsoft Windows .....................................................................2
   Mouse Actions Defined...................................................................................................... 2
      Mnemonics ................................................................................................................................. 3
      Shortcut Keys ............................................................................................................................. 3
      Window Controls......................................................................................................................... 4
      Dialog Boxes .............................................................................................................................. 5
Commonly Asked Questions......................................................................................5

RAPIDS BASICS ............................................................................ 7
Starting RAPIDS ........................................................................................................7
      Log On To SQL ANYWHERE...................................................................................................... 7
      Log On To Oracle at GLNPO....................................................................................................... 7
Exiting RAPIDS .........................................................................................................8
      Using RAPIDS ............................................................................................................................ 8
      About RAPIDS............................................................................................................................ 8
The Initial RAPIDS Screens.......................................................................................9
      RAPIDS Enterprise screen .......................................................................................................... 9
      Data Model Screen ................................................................................................................... 11
Screen Features ......................................................................................................12
      The Main Menu......................................................................................................................... 12
      The RAPIDS Tool Bar Buttons................................................................................................... 12
      Context Area............................................................................................................................. 13
      General Information Area .......................................................................................................... 14
      Related Information Area........................................................................................................... 14
      Changing Focus........................................................................................................................ 15
      Hint Text Area........................................................................................................................... 15
      Moving Among Fields................................................................................................................ 15
      List Fields ................................................................................................................................. 15
      Moving Among Records ............................................................................................................ 16
      Using Filters to Locate Records................................................................................................. 16
      Modifying Records .................................................................................................................... 17
      Inserting Records...................................................................................................................... 17
      Copying and Pasting Records ................................................................................................... 17
      Deleting Records ...................................................................................................................... 17
      Freeform and Tabular Views...................................................................................................... 18

Introduction to the RAPIDS Data Model ................................... 20
Source Selector .......................................................................................................21
      Selecting Data in the Source Selector........................................................................................ 22

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RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                                INDEX

SIC/SCC Codes Tab................................................................................................25
Emission Estimator ..................................................................................................26
The RAPIDS Database and its Modules ..................................................................29
Groups.....................................................................................................................30
      Adding Group Members ............................................................................................................ 31
      Removing Group Members........................................................................................................ 31
Activity Data.............................................................................................................31
      Creating Activity Data Using Snapshot View .............................................................................. 32
Activity Data: Filling In Parameter Row Information .................................................33
      Viewing Activity Data Using Snapshot or History View................................................................ 35
      Using Snapshot View to Update Activity Data ............................................................................ 36
      Using History View.................................................................................................................... 36
      Deleting Activity Data ................................................................................................................ 37
      Smart Activity Metrics................................................................................................................ 37
      Activity Sort Order..................................................................................................................... 38
Location Coordinates...............................................................................................38
      Creating a Location Coordinate Group....................................................................................... 38
      Adding Coordinates to a Location Coordinates Group ................................................................ 38
      Viewing Location Coordinates and Coordinate Groups ............................................................... 40
      Updating Location Coordinates.................................................................................................. 40
      Deleting Location Coordinates................................................................................................... 41
Contacts ..................................................................................................................41
      Creating Contacts ..................................................................................................................... 41
      Creating Contact Types............................................................................................................. 42
      Viewing Contacts ...................................................................................................................... 43
      Updating Contacts .................................................................................................................... 44
      Deleting Contacts...................................................................................................................... 44

Geographic Module..................................................................... 46
Geographic Groups .................................................................................................48
      Adding or Removing Geographic Group Members ..................................................................... 48
Creating a Nation or Nation Group...........................................................................49
      Creating a Nation...................................................................................................................... 49
      Creating a Nation Group............................................................................................................ 49
Creating a State or State Group...............................................................................49
      Creating a State........................................................................................................................ 49
      Creating a State Group ............................................................................................................. 50
Creating a County or County Group.........................................................................50
      Creating a County ..................................................................................................................... 50
      Creating a County Group........................................................................................................... 51
Creating a City, Subcounty, City Group, or Subcounty Group ..................................51
      Creating a City or Subcounty..................................................................................................... 51
      Creating a City Group or Subcounty Group ................................................................................ 52
Viewing Geographic Data ........................................................................................52
Updating Geographic Data ......................................................................................53
Deleting Geographic Data........................................................................................54
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RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                               INDEX

Creating Geographic Location Coordinates .............................................................54
Viewing Geographic Location Coordinates ..............................................................54
Updating Geographic Location Coordinates.............................................................54
Deleting Geographic Location Coordinates..............................................................55
Creating Geographic Activity Data ...........................................................................55
Viewing Geographic Activity Data ............................................................................55
Updating Geographic Activity Data ..........................................................................56
Deleting Geographic Activity Data ...........................................................................56

Source Module ............................................................................ 57
Creating a Source or Source Group.........................................................................58
      Creating a Source ..................................................................................................................... 58
      Creating a Source Group........................................................................................................... 59
Selecting an SIC Code ............................................................................................59
Viewing a Source.....................................................................................................60
      Viewing a Source From the Geographic Module......................................................................... 60
      Viewing a Source From the Source Module................................................................................ 60
Updating a Source ...................................................................................................61
Deleting a Source ....................................................................................................61
Creating Source Location Coordinates ....................................................................61
Viewing Source Location Coordinates .....................................................................61
Updating Source Location Coordinates....................................................................62
Deleting Source Location Coordinates.....................................................................62
Creating Source Activity Data ..................................................................................62
Viewing Source Activity Data ...................................................................................63
Updating Source Activity Data .................................................................................63
Deleting Source Activity Data...................................................................................63
Source Contacts ......................................................................................................64
Viewing Source Contacts.........................................................................................64
Updating Source Contacts .......................................................................................64
Deleting Source Contacts ........................................................................................64

Device Module ............................................................................. 65
Group ......................................................................................................................66
      Creating a Device ..................................................................................................................... 66
      Creating a Device Group........................................................................................................... 67
Viewing Devices ......................................................................................................67
      Viewing Devices from the Source Module .................................................................................. 68
      Viewing Devices From the Device Module ................................................................................. 68
Updating Devices.....................................................................................................68
Deleting Devices......................................................................................................69
Creating Device Location Coordinates.....................................................................69
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RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                             INDEX

Viewing Device Location Coordinates......................................................................69
Updating Device Location Coordinates ....................................................................69
Deleting Device Location Coordinates .....................................................................70
Creating Device Activity Data...................................................................................70
Viewing Device Activity Data ...................................................................................70
Updating Device Activity Data..................................................................................71
Deleting Device Activity Data ...................................................................................71
Creating Device Contacts ........................................................................................71
Viewing Device Contacts .........................................................................................72
Updating Device Contacts .......................................................................................72
Deleting Device Contacts.........................................................................................72
Creating Device Connections ..................................................................................72
     Creating Input Device Connections............................................................................................ 74
     Creating Output Device Connections ......................................................................................... 74
Viewing Device Connections ...................................................................................74
Tracing Device Connections ....................................................................................74
Updating Device Connections..................................................................................75
Deleting Device Connections ...................................................................................75

Process Module........................................................................... 77
Creating a Process or Process Group......................................................................78
     Creating a Process ................................................................................................................... 78
     Creating a Process Group ......................................................................................................... 79
Selecting an SCC/AMS Code ..................................................................................80
Viewing a Process ...................................................................................................81
     Viewing Processes from the Device Module............................................................................... 81
     Viewing Processes From the Process Module............................................................................ 82
Updating Processes.................................................................................................82
Deleting Processes..................................................................................................82
Creating a Process Schedule ..................................................................................83
     Creating a Process Schedule .................................................................................................... 84
Viewing Process Schedules.....................................................................................85
Updating Process Schedules ...................................................................................85
Deleting Process Schedules ....................................................................................86
Creating Process Activity Data.................................................................................86
Viewing Process Activity Data..................................................................................86
Updating Process Activity Data................................................................................87
Deleting Process Activity Data .................................................................................87
Accessing Constant Factors from the Process Module ............................................87
Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module...............................88
Accessing Source-specific Speciation Factors from the Process Module.................89
Accessing Source-Specific Constant Factors from the Process Module ..................89

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RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                                INDEX

Accessing Generic Constant Factors from the Process Module...............................90
Accessing Product Profiles from the Process Module ..............................................90
Accessing Generic Emission Factors from the Process Module...............................90
Accessing Generic Speciation Factors from the Process Module ............................91
Accessing Calculation Protocols from the Process Module......................................91
Accessing SCC/AMS Code and Material Code Relationships from the Process
Module.....................................................................................................................91

Stream Module ............................................................................ 93
Creating Streams.....................................................................................................93
      Creating Input Streams ............................................................................................................. 94
      Creating Output Streams........................................................................................................... 94
Viewing Streams......................................................................................................95
      Viewing Streams from the Process Module ................................................................................ 95
      Viewing Streams From the Stream Module ................................................................................ 95
Updating Streams ....................................................................................................96
Deleting Streams .....................................................................................................96
Creating Stream Activity Data ..................................................................................96
Viewing Stream Activity Data ...................................................................................97
Updating Stream Activity Data .................................................................................97
Deleting Stream Activity Data ..................................................................................98

Emission Estimation Module ..................................................... 99
Accessing and Updating Reference Tables .............................................................99
Creating Protocol Table- Calculation Protocols and Protocol Method Metrics ........100
      Background ............................................................................................................................ 100
Creating Protocol Records.....................................................................................104
      Creating Method Metrics Records............................................................................................ 106
Viewing Protocol and Method Metrics Records......................................................107
Updating Calculation Protocols and Method Metrics ..............................................107
Deleting Protocol and Method Metrics Records .....................................................108
Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator ....................................................108
Accessing/Viewing Generic Emission Factors .......................................................112
Creating Specific Emission Factors........................................................................113
Viewing Specific Emission Factors ........................................................................114
Updating Specific Emission Factors.......................................................................114
Deleting Specific Emission Factors ........................................................................115
Accessing/Viewing Generic Speciation Factors .....................................................115
Creating Source-specific Speciation Factors..........................................................115
Viewing Source-specific Speciation Factors...........................................................116
Updating Source-specific Speciation Factors.........................................................116

Windsor Technologies, Inc.                                          v                                       RAPIDS Version 2.0
RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                             INDEX

Deleting Source-specific Speciation Factors ..........................................................117
Viewing Generic Constants (Factors).....................................................................117
Creating Generic Constants (Factors)....................................................................117
Viewing Source-specific Constants (Factors).........................................................118
Creating Source-specific Constants (Factors)........................................................118
Updating Generic and Source-specific Constants (Factors) ...................................119
Deleting Generic or Source-specific Constants (Factors).......................................119
Creating Seasonal Factors ....................................................................................120
Viewing Seasonal Factors .....................................................................................120
Updating Seasonal Factors....................................................................................120
Deleting Seasonal Factors.....................................................................................121
Creating Growth Factors........................................................................................121
Viewing Growth Factors.........................................................................................121
Updating Growth Factors .......................................................................................121
Deleting Growth Factors ........................................................................................121
Accessing Materials From the Emission Estimator.................................................122
Accessing the SCC/AMS-to-Material Relationship from the Emission Estimator ...122
Creating Emission Profile Records ........................................................................122
Creating Product Profiles .......................................................................................123
Viewing Emission and Product Profiles..................................................................124
Updating Product Profile Records..........................................................................125
Updating Emission Profile Records........................................................................125
Deleting Emission Profile Records.........................................................................125
Deleting Product Profiles .......................................................................................126
Viewing SCC/AMS Codes......................................................................................126
Creating Materials and Material Groups.................................................................127
     Creating a Material.................................................................................................................. 127
     Creating a Material Group ....................................................................................................... 127
Viewing Materials...................................................................................................128
Updating Materials.................................................................................................128
Deleting Materials ..................................................................................................128

Legal Module ............................................................................. 129
Creating Legal Entities...........................................................................................130
Viewing Legal Entities............................................................................................130
Updating Legal Entities ..........................................................................................131
Deleting Legal Entities ...........................................................................................131
Viewing Source Legal Entity Relationships from the Legal Module ........................131
Creating Source Legal Entity Relationships ...........................................................133
Viewing Source Legal Entity Relationships ............................................................133
Updating Source Legal Entity Relationships ..........................................................133

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RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                                INDEX

Deleting Source Legal Entity Relationships............................................................133
Creating Legal Entity Activity Data.........................................................................134
Viewing Legal Entity Activity Data..........................................................................134
Updating Legal Entity Activity Data ........................................................................134
Deleting Legal Entity Activity Data .........................................................................135
Creating Legal Entity Contacts...............................................................................135
Viewing Legal Entity Contacts................................................................................135
Updating Legal Entity Contacts..............................................................................135
Deleting Legal Entity Contacts ...............................................................................136

Reference Tables....................................................................... 137
Viewing Reference Tables .....................................................................................137
Creating Reference Table Records........................................................................138
Updating Reference Table Records .......................................................................139
Deleting Reference Table Records ........................................................................139

QC Checker................................................................................ 140
     QC Checker-Statistical ............................................................................................................ 140
     Completing the QC Checker Screen Parameters...................................................................... 140
     Viewing the QC Checker Output .............................................................................................. 142
     Interpreting the QC Checker Output......................................................................................... 143
     Descriptive - Long With Plots................................................................................................... 143
     Outlier Report ......................................................................................................................... 147
     QC Checker-Consistency ........................................................................................................ 148

Reports....................................................................................... 153
     Using the RAPIDS Reports screen .......................................................................................... 153

Query/Analysis .......................................................................... 155
Query Reporting Tool ............................................................................................155
GIS Tool ................................................................................................................155
Statistical Analysis .................................................................................................155

DATA IMPORT............................................................................ 156
Importing Data Into RAPIDS ..................................................................................156
Importing Mobile Emission Factor (*.mef) Data Tables ..........................................156
Importing Mobile Emission Factors (*.mef) Data Tables in Canada .......................157
+
  Importing PART5 Emission Factor (*.pef) Data Tables .........................................158
Importing PART5 Emission Factors (*.pef) Data Tables in Canada .......................159
Selecting Import Files ............................................................................................161
     Selection Options.................................................................................................................... 166

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RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                                 INDEX

Batch and Interactive Import Modes.......................................................................167
Starting the Import Process ...................................................................................167
Import Message Log ..............................................................................................168

DATA EXPORT ........................................................................... 169
     Data Export Screen Options .................................................................................................... 169
     RAPIDS Export: Data Tables................................................................................................... 170
     RAPIDS Export: Reference Tables .......................................................................................... 172
     RAPIDS Export: GLNPO Tables .............................................................................................. 173
     RAPIDS Export: GEMAP Area Sources ................................................................................... 174
     RAPIDS Export: GEMAP Point Sources................................................................................... 175

ESTIMATING EMISSIONS ......................................................... 177
ESTIMATING EMISSIONS - Background...................................................................177
Calculating Emissions From an Originating Device................................................179
     Encoded Equations and Unit Conversion ................................................................................. 180
     General Approach................................................................................................................... 180
     Specific Methods .................................................................................................................... 182
     Emission Factors .................................................................................................................... 182
     Speciation............................................................................................................................... 182
     Mass Balance ......................................................................................................................... 183
Stream Tracing ......................................................................................................183
     Conventions Applicable to Stream Tracing............................................................................... 184
     Process Level: Processes and Streams ................................................................................... 186
     Tracking Emissions Downstream- Series Flow......................................................................... 187
     Tracking Emissions Downstream- Merging and Split Flows ...................................................... 188
     Writing Emission Records ....................................................................................................... 189
Saved Groups Icon ................................................................................................190
Emissions Calculation Icon ....................................................................................190

AIRS/AFS Converter ................................................................. 191
Using the AIRS/AFS Converter..............................................................................191

Glossary of Terms..................................................................... 194

Index ........................................................................................... 200




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OVERVIEW

What is RAPIDS?
RAPIDS, the Regional Air Pollutant Inventory Development System, is a client/server system
consisting of an Oracle back-end database (version 7.3) designed using Oracle CASE tools,
and a "suite" of front-end applications developed using various software tools (primarily
PowerBuilder).
RAPIDS uses a generalized, device-based, flexible attribute data model that stores and
manages emissions data and estimates. RAPIDS can be expanded into a multimedia
environmental enterprise data model supporting, for example, permitting, compliance, and/or
fee determinations.
Although RAPIDS is being developed for Oracle7.3 and SQL Anywhere databases, it may be
adapted for any platform, in a number of different relational databases.
RAPIDS includes the following features:
•   Menu-oriented "point and click" user interface that maintains a consistent "look and feel"
    throughout the various system modules;
•   Graphical user interface (GUI) data entry and editing;
•   Facility and area source emission estimation using generic and source-specific emission
    factors, speciation and mass balance techniques;
•   Conversion of facility source emissions data and estimates into U.S. EPA's Aerometric
    Information Retrieval System (AIRS) Facility Subsystem (AFS) transaction format;
•   Quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) checks and routines on the emissions data
    and estimates, including range checks, outlier checks, acceptable value checks, missing
    value flags, distributional checks and other statistical techniques to identify suspicious or
    unacceptable data;
•   Batch and interactive import of emissions data and estimates;
•   Export of emissions data and estimates, and upload to a central repository;
•   Various emission summary reports and ad-hoc report generation and query capability;
    and
•   A records management tool, including a record navigator, to manage documents
    associated with Title V operating permits and other forms.




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Installation

To install the RAPIDS client applications:
1. Start Microsoft Windows 95, or Windows NT.
2. Insert the compact disc into the CD-ROM drive.
3 In Windows NT, from the Program Manager File menu, choose Run. In Windows 95, click
  the Start button and choose Run.
4. Type d:\app\setup, where d is the letter of your CD-ROM drive, and press ENTER.
5. Follow the instructions on the screen.



To install the RAPIDS SQL Anywhere Database:
NOTE: If you are using this compact disc to upgrade from a previous version of RAPIDS, do
NOT install the RAPIDS SQL Anywhere Database unless you want to overwrite the contents
of your existing SQL Anywhere database!!! If you wish to overwrite, you must first manually
delete the old database. Use Windows File Manager to highlight the RAPIDS.DB and
RAPIDS.LOG files in your main RAPIDS application directory (usually c:\RAPIDS). Then
press the Delete key. Because these files are read only, you will need to confirm the
deletion. Then proceed with the following installation instructions:
1. In Windows NT from the Program Manager File menu, choose RUN. In Windows 95, click
   the start button and choose Run.
2. Type d:\db\setup, where d is the letter of your CD-ROM drive, and press ENTER.
3. Follow the instructions on the screen.


Brief Introduction to Microsoft Windows
RAPIDS is a Microsoft® Windows™ compatible program. The paragraphs below are a brief
introduction to some basic Windows concepts, but are not meant to be a tutorial for a user
who is unfamiliar with the Windows environment. Such users should consult the Microsoft
Windows manual for more information.

Mouse Actions Defined

The terms listed below describe actions performed with the mouse:
         Click                Press and release the left mouse button

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         Double-click            Two rapid successive clicks of the left
                                 mouse button
         Right-click             Press and release the right mouse
                                 button
         Drag                    Press and hold the left mouse button
                                 while moving the mouse
         Point                   Place the pointer (usually an arrow)
                                 over a specific item or object

Many of the actions commonly performed with a mouse can also be accomplished with the
keyboard using mnemonics and shortcut keys.


Mnemonics
Mnemonics are keystroke combinations that access menus. A mnemonic is typically a
keystroke combination of the Alt button and a letter (Alt+E, for example), used to quickly
activate a menu item. The mnemonic letter is underlined in the title of the menu or the menu
item. Once Alt is used to activate the menu bar, the left and right arrow keys can also be
used to move to a particular menu and the up and down arrow keys can then access the
associated menu items. Items selected in this manner can be activated by pressing Enter.
However, pressing Enter is not necessary using mnemonics.
Note: An ellipsis (...) placed after a menu item indicates that there is another, related pull
down menu to follow.
Pressing Esc will close a menu or deactivate the menu bar without making a selection.


Shortcut Keys
Some actions that can be performed with the mouse can also be performed by keystrokes or
keystroke combinations. Where applicable, shortcut keystroke combinations are shown to
the right of menu items (Alt+F3, for example).
There are also shortcut keys common to most Windows applications, such as:


                           Alt                  Activates menu bar
                           Alt+F4               Quits an application
                           Ctrl+F4              Closes an application window
                           Enter                Activates the selection
                           Esc                  Cancels dialog boxes, menus
                           Alt+Esc              Cycles through open applications
                                                and icons
                           Alt+Tab              Cycles through open applications

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                         Ctrl+F6           Cycles through open windows
                         Home              Moves to beginning of line
                         End               Moves to end of line
                         F1                Displays help
                         Ctrl+Esc          Displays Task List


Window Controls
RAPIDS windows have standard Microsoft Windows controls, such as minimize and restore
buttons, scroll bars, and window exit buttons. The common window features include:
   •            
       Title barlocated at the top of a window
   •           
       Menu barlocated just below a title bar
   •                    
       Minimize buttonreduces window in size; a down arrow button located in the upper
       right-hand corner of a window
   •                    
       Maximize buttonenlarges window to fill workspace; an up arrow located in the
       upper right-hand corner of a window
   •                  
       Insertion pointcursor
   •               
       Scroll barsscroll window vertically or horizontally using up and down arrow buttons
       located at either end of the bars at the right-hand side and the bottom of a window, or
       move the scroll buttons on these bars by dragging the button with the mouse.
   •               
       Close buttona button containing a "hyphen" character in the upper left-hand
       window corner; double-clicking on the button closes the window.
   •                      
       Control Menu boxthe button in the uppermost left-hand corner of the application
       screen, displaying a "dash" character; double-clicking the button closes the
       application.
   •             
       Status Bardisplays hint text or other program information.




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Dialog Boxes
Dialog boxes appear in the workspace when RAPIDS needs more information from you.
Elements of a dialog box include:
Close button
Title bar
        
Text box you may type in text
        
List boxlists options or items that are usually activated by double-clicking
         
Check boxclicking on the check box activates or deactivates its selection option
               −
Command buttons−the button name indicates the command (action) to be activated
An ellipsis (...) placed after the command name on a button indicates that more is to follow.
Another dialog box, or perhaps a pull-down list will appear.


Commonly Asked Questions
Do I need to go through the geographic module just to select a source?
No. Display the Source screen by selecting the Source icon on the Data Model screen,
selecting Source from the Data menu, or (if a Source window has already been opened)
selecting Source from the Windows menu. Then use the procedures Moving Among Records
and Using Filters to Locate Records to view a specific source record.
How do I import geographic entities such as counties and cities?
Create the geographic entities in the format specified for the .GEO files. All file import
formats are found in the RAPIDS Systems Manual. Once you have created the .GEO file(s),
then import them along with other files as described in Importing Data Into RAPIDS .
What type of monitor and monitor configuration does RAPIDS require?
The system requires a SVGA or VGA color monitor that is configured in the Windows Setup
for standard VGA. VGA allows optimal performance and is recommended. In SVGA the
screen may at times appear too dark and much less defined.
How do I "tab back" or move to a previous field?
Press the shift and tab key together.
Where do the estimated emissions get stored?
Estimated emissions for a process are stored with its output stream activity data. To access
this information, use the procedure Viewing Activity Data Using Current or History View.


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What are the main reasons for defining groups?
There are two main reasons for defining groups:
1. Data are not available at the individual member level.
For example, you may have control efficiencies for the combination of a scrubber and fabric
filter, but not for each device separately. To associate the control efficiencies at the correct
level, they should be assigned to a stream group associated with a process group that is in
turn associated with a device group for these two devices.
2. To report emissions at the group level.
Whether or not the data are available, you may want to create a group so that emissions can
be summarized to the proper level. For example, you may want to define a region that
consists of one or more counties or parts of counties. When reporting emissions at the
region level, the system will then sum the emissions for the region's members.
What source information must be entered in order to estimate emissions?
    A. Enter the Source ID, Source Code, Source Name, and SIC of the source.
    B. Enter the Device ID, Device Code, Device Name, and SIC of any device or device
       group within the source that contributes towards the creation, partitioning, control,
       and release of emissions for emittants of interest.
    C. Enter the Process ID, Process Code, Process Name, SCC/AMS, and Primary
       Material for any process or process group that creates, partitions, controls, or
       releases emissions for emittants of interest associated with the devices in b), above.
    D. Enter the source-specific emission factors, speciation factors, or product profiles for
       each applicable process.
    E. Enter the From Device ID and To Device ID to define connections for those devices
       identified in b), above.
    F. Enter the From Device ID, From Process ID, From Stream ID, and From Stream Type
       for the input streams for those processes identified in c) above. (Note the From
       Device ID, and From Process ID can be null).
    G. Enter the To Device ID, To Process ID, To Stream ID, and To Stream Type for the
       output streams for those processes identified in c), above.
    H. Enter stream input or output activity required by the emission protocol for each
       process that creates, partitions, controls, or releases emissions.
    I.   Enter the appropriate geographic activity required by the emission protocol for
         estimating area source emissions.




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RAPIDS BASICS

Starting RAPIDS
A Windows Program Group for RAPIDS is created upon installation. To start RAPIDS,
double-click on the RAPIDS icon in the RAPIDS Program Group window. This window is
displayed after installation, but can be minimized to a Program Group icon by double-clicking
the upper-left-hand corner of the window. The RAPIDS Program Group window can be
reopened by double-clicking its icon. Starting RAPIDS displays the RAPIDS User Log On
screen.




Log On To SQL ANYWHERE
The RAPIDS User Log On screen shows a default Profile of RAPIDS SQL Anywhere that
logs on to the local RAPIDS SQL Anywhere database. To log on to SQL Anywhere, click OK
on the User Log On screen. This displays the RAPIDS Enterprise screen.


Log On To Oracle at GLNPO
To log on to the Oracle database at GLNPO, make sure the necessary TCP/IP driver is
installed along with the SQL*NET. Click on the Profile Name drop-down list box and select
RAPIDS oracle GLNPO. Then select OK on the User Log On screen. If the RAPIDS
Enterprise screen does not display, contact your system administrator for assistance to
verify that your TCP/IP connection to GLNPO is working properly and that SQL*NET has

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been installed correctly.


Exiting RAPIDS
Exit RAPIDS by selecting the File/Exit menu item or the Exit icon in the Rapids Enterprise
screen or double click on the Control Menu box, and then click OK in the Information Box
which says "This will end your RAPIDS session". To stay within RAPIDS, click Cancel.
Upon exiting RAPIDS, you will return to the Windows Program Manager.


Using RAPIDS
From the Help menu, select the Using RAPIDS option to activate the on-line help window.
You can also activate on-line help by clicking on the Help icon in the Rapids Enterprise
screen.
On-line help provides readily accessible information and instructions about RAPIDS from
within the RAPIDS application.


About RAPIDS
This option shows the title, version, and credits for the RAPIDS software.




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The Initial RAPIDS Screens
After log-on, the initial RAPIDS Enterprise screen presents a high-level, graphical view of
the main RAPIDS functions. From this screen, a second graphical screen is accessed by
clicking on the center "RAPIDS Database" icon to display the Data Model screen.
You can return to the Rapids Enterprise screen at any time by selecting the Rapids
Enterprise Option from the Help menu.


RAPIDS Enterprise screen




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The RAPIDS Enterprise screen provides a high-level, graphical view of the main RAPIDS
functions:
               RAPIDS Database (center icon)
       Data Export                    Data Import
       Reports                        Saved Groups Icon
       QC Checker                     Emissions Calculation
       Query/Analysis                 Help
       Exit


Click any of these icons to move quickly to the corresponding subsystem of RAPIDS. For
example, the Help icon quickly opens RAPIDS on-line help, the RAPIDS Database icon
displays the Data Model screen, the Data Import icon displays the Select Files to Import
dialog box, and the Exit icon enables you to leave the RAPIDS application. Select the
minimize button to reduce the System Function window to an icon; double-click the icon to
reopen the window. These RAPIDS system functions are also available from the Main Menu.




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Data Model Screen




The Data Model screen, activated by clicking the RAPIDS Database icon on the RAPIDS
Enterprise screen, depicts the overall relationships among the RAPIDS database data
modules. The RAPIDS data modules are:
       Geographic
       Source
       Device
       Process
       Stream
       Emission Estimation

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        Legal
Note the hierarchical relationships among the Geographic, Source, Device, Process, and
Stream modules.
Click any of these module icons to access the corresponding data module. Click the
minimize button to reduce the window to an icon, or the close button to close the data module
window.
To better understand the structure of the RAPIDS data model, see the Entity/Relationship
(E/R) diagrams and data dictionary in the RAPIDS Systems Manual.


Screen Features
Except for the introductory RAPIDS Enterprise and Data Model screens, the RAPIDS data
module screens have a standard Windows interface.


The Main Menu

The main menu displays the following options:




Click the above titles to display a pull down list of menu items. Descriptive "hint text" for any
menu item can be displayed at the bottom of the screen by holding down the left mouse
button while moving the cursor over the menu options. An option can then be selected by
releasing the mouse button.


The RAPIDS Tool Bar Buttons

The tool bar buttons, located directly beneath the Main Menu, are shortcuts to frequently
used RAPIDS menu items. NOTE: Not all the above buttons will appear on the screen at
any given time; many are dependent upon which module of RAPIDS is currently open.
Click a button to invoke the corresponding menu item. By default, the tool bar buttons show
small icons with no descriptive text. Move the mouse cursor over a button to display its hint
text. Hint text is displayed in both a hint box directly below the button as well as at the bottom
of the screen.

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Display larger tool bar buttons with titles by right-clicking the tool bar to display a pop-up
menuselect the Show Text option to enlarge the tool bar. You can also move the tool bar
to other parts of the screen by right-clicking the tool bar and selecting the Left, Top, Right,
Bottom, or Floating options from the pop-up menu.
The tool bar buttons are arranged into groups that correspond to the RAPIDS Main Menu.


          The first group of buttons, corresponding to the File Menu, activates the Save and
Print menu items.



                 The Edit menu buttons appear to the right of the File Menu button only when
editing functions are an option. These buttons activate the Copy Record, Paste Record,
Insert, and Delete menu items.



                                         The View Menu buttons include First Record,
Prior Record, Next Record, Last Record, Filter, Show All, Freeform View, Snapshot
View, History View, and Enlarge General Information. Snapshot View and History View
buttons only appear when an activity screen is displayed. The Enlarge General Information
button only appears when related information is displayed (see General Information Area
and Related Information Area.)
NOTE: The Freeform View button toggles between Freeform View and Tabular View,
depending on which View is currently displayed. For instance, if you are using Freeform
View, this button will show as Tabular View, and vice versa.

                                     The next button group corresponds to the Data
Menu items Geographic, Legal, Source, Device, Process, Stream, Material, Emission
Estimation, and Reference, and Help.
No buttons exist for the Report, Calculate, Query/Analysis, or Window Menu items.


Context Area
The Context Area is the top portion of a Module Screen. It helps identify "parent" information
for the records in the General Information Area, discussed below. The context information
for the different modules is listed below:
                Geographic                         none


                Source                             none



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                Device                             Source ID, Source Code, Source Name


                Process                            Source ID, Source Code, Source Name,
                                                   Device ID, Device Code, Device Name


                Stream                             Source ID, Source Code, Source Name,
                                                   Device ID, Device Code, Device Name,
                                                   Process ID, Process Code, Process Name
                 Legal                             None


                Emissions Estimation               None



In addition, you can modify the fields in the Context Area to get immediate access to
information at lower levels in the data hierarchy. For example, if you need information for a
specific device, select the Device button on the tool bar and enter the appropriate source ID.
Then select the device of interest.


General Information Area
This area, located below the Context Area, displays one or more records for a given data
module. The appearance of this area changes based on the data module. The General
Information Area always shows a count of selected records in the upper right hand corner of
the screen.


Related Information Area
The Related Information Area appears below the General Information Area. The data in this
area depend on the type of related information selected. Buttons display appropriate choices
for the current record in the General Information Area.
Related information choices for the data modules are:
                Geographic       Members, Activity, Location, Group
                Source           Device, Group, Activity, Location, Contact,
                                 Legal, Select Forms
                Device           Process, Group, Activity, Location, Contact,
                                 Legal, Connection
                Process          Group, Activity, Stream, Factor, Schedule
                Stream           Activity


                Legal            Children, Source, Activity, Contact, Form

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Changing Focus
Upon entering a data module screen, the area of focus is the General Information Area. As
you move among records using the Move to...Record buttons to insert or delete records,
these operations are applied to the area of focus. To change focus, left-click the Context or
Related Information Areas. When the focus is the Context Area, the record operations apply
to the General Information Area. When the focus is the Related Information Area, record
operations apply to that area.
Note: Edit tool bar buttons operate only in the current area of focus.


Hint Text Area
The Hint Text Area, at the bottom of the screen, contains brief descriptions of menus, menu
items, and screen features. The text changes appropriately as you move the cursor over
different parts of the screen.


Moving Among Fields
Use the Tab key or the Enter key to move the cursor to the next field. From the last field
within the record, the Tab or Enter key moves to the next record. You may also click on a
field to place your insertion point (cursor) within the field or use the mouse to highlight field
text for editing.


List Fields
Data module screens contain numerous fields that have an associated list of values
displayed in a list box. RAPIDS uses two basic list box types:
Simple pull-down list box: In this type of list box, you can click the list box Down Arrow
button, scroll through a list of values, and select a value to copy the value into the list field. If
the pull-down list box does not show the vertical scroll bar, press the Down Arrow key to shift
the list box to the left and display the scroll bar. In addition to the vertical scroll bar, the Down
Arrow and Up Arrow keys can also be used to scroll through a list of values. Some pull-down
list boxes also display a horizontal scroll bar for scrolling the columns to the left and right.
After clicking the Down Arrow to display a pull-down list box, typing into the field automatically
scrolls the list of values to highlight the nearest match. The scrolling action will continue to
occur as you type additional letters.
Press Esc or click an area outside the list box to cancel the selection.
Special dialog list box: This list of values is accessed by clicking on the button associated
with the field name. A specialized dialog box with a variety of sorting and selection options is
displayed. Selecting a value copies it into the list field. Examples of these list boxes are the
SIC and SCC list fields.

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Moving Among Records
You can move among records in three ways:
View Menu options: Select the View Menu and choose a menu item (First, Next, Prior, or
Last). The appropriate record displays within the active window.
Tool bar buttons: Select a Move to ...Record button to accomplish the same function as the
View Menu items. The Move to Prior Record and Move to Next Record buttons have left
and right arrows, respectively. The Move to First Record button shows a left arrow with a
vertical line, while the Move to Last Record button shows a right arrow with a vertical line.
Cursor control keys: The Up and Down arrow keys move to the previous and next records,
respectively, in both freeform view and tabular view. In tabular view, the PgUp and PgDn
keys move backward or forward one screen at a time.


Using Filters to Locate Records
You can restrict the records selected for a given screen using filters, as shown below:
    1. Select the View/Filter menu item or the Filter button to display the Filter Records
       dialog box, shown below.




    2. Make field entries in this dialog box that correspond to the information you are
       searching for.
    3. When you have defined the field conditions, click Select.
    4. To abandon the filter, click on Cancel.
    5. Note that the comparison operators are not case-sensitive.
    6. If you choose Select, the records that match the filter criteria are retrieved into the
       previous data module screen and the number of matching records is displayed to the

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        right.
    7. You can move among the records using the View menu, the tool bar buttons, or the
       cursor control keys.
    8. Defining and selecting additional criteria can further filter the selected set of records.
    9. To return to the set of all records prior to filtering, select the View/Show All menu
       item or the Show All button.
    10. If you choose Select and no records are found that match the filter criteria, the
        system displays a message box, "No rows match the selection criteria!" Click on the
        okay button and select the Filter button to try again.


Modifying Records
Modify one or more records by selecting the records of interest, updating the appropriate
fields, and choosing the File/Save menu item or button. The modifications are then
committed to the database. If you do not save the changes, the system will warn you and
leave the database unchanged.


Inserting Records
Select the Edit/Insert menu item or button to open a blank record and type values into the
record. When you have inserted one or more records, choose the File/Save menu item or
button. The system then commits the insertions to the database. If you do not save the
changes, the system will warn you and leave the database unchanged.


Copying and Pasting Records
To copy a record (such as a source, device, process, stream, or activity record), position the
cursor on the record to copy and click the Copy Record tool bar button or select the
Edit/Copy Record menu item. Then move the cursor to another record (either a newly
created record or one you wish to overwrite) and click the Paste Record tool bar button or
select the Edit/Paste Record menu item. If you do not save these changes, the system will
warn you and leave the database unchanged.


Deleting Records
Select the Edit/Delete menu item or button to delete the current record and any "child"
records. A dialog box will appear to confirm the delete, displaying the message: "You are
about to delete this record. Are you sure?" If you click Yes, the system will delete the record
if no child records are present. If child records are present, the system will display the
message: "Deleting this record will also delete x child records. Do you want to continue?"
Clicking Yes will delete the record and all child records. Deleting parent and associated child
records is sometimes called a Cascading Delete.
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Note: In the Geographic module, cascading deletes are not allowed. When deleting a
geographic record with child records, the message: "Can not delete the current record until
related records are first deleted. No changes made to the database." appears. The
database will remain unchanged.
When you have deleted one or more records, choose the File/Save menu item or button.
The system then commits the deletions to the database. If you do not save the changes, the
system will warn you and leave the database unchanged.


Freeform and Tabular Views
The Related Information Area can be displayed in Freeform View or Tabular View. In
Tabular View, each row in the area represents a single record; columns correspond to fields
within the record. To display a record in freeform view, click the Freeform View button or
View/Freeform menu item.




In Freeform View, the system displays all the fields for a single record in the Related
Information Area. The current and maximum record numbers are shown in the upper right-
hand corner.



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To return to tabular view, select the Tabular View button or View/Tabular menu item. While
in tabular view, you can change focus to the current record by double-clicking any field within
the record. The current record is displayed in the General Information Area, which becomes
the area of focus. In this way, you can descend through multiple levels of the data hierarchy.




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Introduction to the RAPIDS Data
Model

The RAPIDS database is based on a data model that provides maximum flexibility in the
types and volume of data that can be stored. The RAPIDS data model is:
Based Upon Conventional and Not Regulatory Principles. The core entities of the data model
are independent of regulatory definition. Entities and attributes included in a regulatory
requirements data model tend to be volatile, requiring frequent revisions in response to new
legislation. The RAPIDS data model has been defined without regard to specific regulatory
requirements and is consistent with the conventional understanding of how business and
industry are organized, how equipment is identified, and how equipment is used.
Applicable to Both Public Agencies and Private Industry. RAPIDS can be used by national,
state, regional, or local regulatory agencies, and by individual facilities to manage
environmental, process, or product data. Currently, it is difficult for industry and regulatory
agencies to exchange data. The structure and detail of industry data frequently do not
correspond to the environmental data requirements of regulatory agencies. Although the
needs of public agencies and private industry differ, the core RAPIDS data model is
applicable to both groups and can facilitate accurate, efficient, and cost-effective information
transfer and reporting.
Multimedia Support. The RAPIDS data model, while designed to store and manage
emissions data and estimates, provides a framework for managing multimedia and product-
related data at the most resolved level. RAPIDS can also store and manage any type of
monitoring data (e.g., air and water discharge, process, product monitoring) to provide full
integration of all facility information.
Logical and Physical Representation of a Facility. The RAPIDS data model allows you to
describe a facility from both a logical and a physical perspective. For example, input and
output streams for each process are physically associated with a connection at a device. An
accurate physical and logical representation of product and waste streams offers users,
particularly in industry, the ability to develop applications (e.g., process flow) that are
dependent upon the proper representation of the linkages between various device/process
combinations.
Upwardly Compatible With Existing Systems. The RAPIDS data model hierarchy is
consistent with that used by most other systems. However, the RAPIDS data model enables
data to be managed at a more resolved level (typically required by industry) than most other
models.
Flexibility. The RAPIDS data model is object-oriented and modular. For certain applications,
such as emissions inventory development, only certain entities and relationships may be

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required. As other needs develop, additional entities and relationships can be incorporated
without the need to redesign the entire data model.


Source Selector
The Source Selector is used in many of the RAPIDS modules to specify the data to be used
for running reports, importing or exporting data, and running the emission estimator. To
directly open the Source Selector, click on Calculate in the Main Menu or click on Saved
Groups on the RAPIDS Enterprise screen. The following screen will open:




There are four upper tabs that display separate pages. For more information on the Source
Selection page, click Selecting Data in the Source Selector.
The tabs SIC Codes and SCC Codes are discussed in the section SIC/SCC Codes Tab.

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To change the Data Level in the tree diagram, click on the Group Data tab. The following
window is displayed:




Click on the arrow to the right of Data Level and select the desired level. This will
automatically change the lowest possible level in the tree diagram. For example, if Source is
the selected level you cannot choose any Device or Process; you can, however, choose
County or State.


Selecting Data in the Source Selector
To navigate within the Source Selector, double click on the State name (in the following
example the State name is "Test State" In production software there might be one, two or
several State names listed underneath the United States of America).
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Double click on the County in which the desired data will originate. In this example, the name
of the County is Test County. This portion of the screen will look like the following:




To select one or more sites within the Test County, move the cursor to the desired site name
and RIGHT CLICK. You can select as many sites as desired by right clicking on the name of
the site.
When so selected, the box to the left of the site name will be grayed out, as shown below. In
addition, note that all superior sources (in this case, United States of America, Test State,
and Test County) will display half-grayed boxes. These superior boxes will only be fully
grayed if every associated lower item on the Tree Diagram was selected.




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In the above example, four sites have been selected.
To DESELECT a site, right click on the site name and the site's associated box will be
cleared.
To print a Selection Summary Report of the selected sites, click Print.




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SIC/SCC Codes Tab
Both the SIC Codes Tab and SCC Codes Tab work in the same manner. The pages list the
SIC or SCC Codes associated with the choices made in the Source Selection page. An
example is shown below.




To ensure that the displayed selections are accurate click "Refresh" to update the list. Select
which SIC or SCC Codes for analysis by right clicking on the name or box.

Upon completion of the Source Selector page click OK. You will automatically proceed to the
next step in whichever process you have chosen. For example, if you are currently working

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on an Emissions Calculation, clicking "OK" will automatically send you to the next page in the
Emissions Calculation process, which is the Emission Estimator.


Emission Estimator
The sample data analyzed in this Help section was selected in Selecting Data in the Source
Selector.
Once the data is selected the following Emission Estimator screen appears:




Note that the Source Selector box in the upper left portion of the screen shows that four items
were selected, corresponding to the four sites chosen in Selecting Data in the Source
Selector.

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To use the Emission Estimator screen, complete the following steps:
1. Calculaton Method: Select the level of priorities to be used in the calculation. Use the
   menu to select a maximum priority level of 1 to 9. If you want the Calculation to end at
   the first successful estimate, click the displayed box. Select any or all of the calculation
   methods (Emission Factor, Mass Balance, and Speciation) you wish to use. For
   information on these methods, click one of the following: Emission Factors Mass Balance
   Speciation
2. Mode: Select (by highlighting) the desired Modes for use in the Calculation. If your
   calculation will include all Modes you can use the shorthand click box titled "Use All
   Methods."
3. Calculation Period: Select appropriate Interval, Start Date, End Date, and Emission
   Factor Cutoff Date.
4. Material Groups/Emittants: Highlight the Material Groups on the left screen in which the
   Emittants to be calculated occur. If you wish to select all Groups select "All Emittants" in
   the Material Group window. Then click the Emittants button to list all the Emittants in the
   highlighted groups. Highlight the individual emittants to be analyzed. If you wish to
   analyze all emittants, click the "Add All" button.
5. Log File: Click the "Files" button to select the log file to be used in the Calculations.
   Choose the Log Level desired for the calculations; indicate whether to List Level
   Selections in the Log File. The Log File portion of the screen allows you to identify a file
   where the results of a "run" of the Emissions Estimator will be written for the Level
   selected by you. You must select a log file in order for the Emissions Estimator to
   execute. Click the small "check box" located in Log File portion of the screen. The
   Select Log File dialog box displayed below will appear as a pop-up window..
    The Select Log File dialog box enables you to navigate among drives, directories, and
    files to create and select log files. Four pull downs comprise this dialog box: File Name,
    Directories, Save File as Type, and Drives. The File Names pull down lists files for the
    current directory and drive. The files listed are filtered based on the Save File as Type
    pull down. The defaults are:
        Drive:                      C:
        Directory:                  The current working directory
        List Files of Type:         *.TXT
        File Names:                 All .TXT files within the current
                                          working directory

    To change the current drive, activate the Drives list box and select the desired drive. To
    change the current directory, scroll to and select the desired directory. To move to a
    higher level directory, select the "[..]" entry. To change the file types displayed in the list,
    activate the List Files of Type list box and select the desired entry. The current options
    for List Files of Type are:
    Log Files (*.TXT)

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   All Files (*.*)
   When you change the current drive, the Directories data window displays the directories
   for that drive. When you change the current directory, the File Names data window
   displays the files located in that directory. When you change the List of Files of Type
   entry, the File Names data window displays only files that match the file type specified.
6. Complete the "File Name" field (we recommend using a .txt file extension for the name of
   the log file) and click "OK."
7. Unit of Measure: Use the pull-down menu to select the Unit of Measure to be used in the
   Calculation.
8. Reference Code: Use the pull-down menu to select the Reference Code to be used in
   the Calculation.
9. Input Reference: Use the pull-down menu to select the Input Reference to be used in
   the Calculation.




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The RAPIDS Database and its Modules
The RAPIDS database is organized into seven Data Modules:
•                  
    Geographicdefines nations, states, counties, and cities and their relationships. In
    addition, you can define nation groups, state groups, county groups, and city groups for
    logical associations of these geographic entities. For example, a twelve county area
    could be defined as a county group. The city level is considered to consist not only of
    cities, but of townships, villages, towns, or any other designation of an area smaller than
    a county.
•          
    Sourcedefines facilities or area sources. Sources can also have location coordinates
    and contacts. Source groups enable you to logically group facilities or define area
    sources.
•         
    Devicedefines devices for a source. A source can have any number of devices.
    Devices include equipment such as boilers, as well as control devices and stacks.
    Devices can also have location coordinates, contacts, and be grouped.
•           
    Processdefines processes for a device. Devices can have any number of processes.
    Example processes for a tank include breathing and working loss. Processes can be
    grouped within a source to represent operating scenarios or other logical associations.
•            
    Streamdefines the material flow in and out of processes. The oil, wood, and refuse
    input into an incinerator are represented by three materials within separate input streams
    for the incinerator. The NOx leaving the boiler is represented by another material in an
    output stream from the incinerator.
•                          
    Emission Estimationdefines the SCC/AMS codes, SCC/AMS to Emittant relationship,
    Emission Factors, Speciation and Product Profiles, and Calculation Protocol. The data
    within this module drive the emission estimation algorithms.
•        
    Legaldefines the legal relationships concerning a facility.


The system maintains the hierarchy of geographic, source, device, process, and stream. It
also means that the emission estimation data are closely tied to the process level.
The RAPIDS user interface is organized around these data modules. You can access
information directly in any data module, or you can follow the fundamental relationships
among the modules to create, view, update, and delete data of interest.
Certain categories of useful information are common to many of the seven data modules:
      
Groupsdatabase record groups can be created within each data module.
             
Activity Datashow activity data within the geographic, source, device, process, stream, and
legal modules.
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                    
Location Coordinatescan be defined within the geographic, source, and device modules.
        
Contactscan be defined within the source, device, and legal modules.




Groups
Groups of records can be created for each RAPIDS data module. For example, you can
create geographic groups of states or cities, source groups, device groups, etc. Groups can
contain only members of the same type, that is, a county group can contain only counties and
a process group can contain only processes.
Once created, groups can be changed by adding or removing group members.
To populate a group, both the group itself and its individual members need to be created.
After creating the group and its members, the members can then be assigned to the group.
For example, to create a Device group, create a Device record representing the group, create
one or more devices, then assign the devices to the group.




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Adding Group Members
To add group members:
    1. Click Group from the applicable data module screen: Geographic, Source, Device, or
       Process.
    2. Select one or more items in the Selection List window on the left side of the screen.
       Click Add. The selected items will now appear in the Group Member List on the
       right side of the screen.
    3. Click the Save tool bar button.


Removing Group Members
To remove group members:
    1. Click Group from the applicable data module screen: Geographic, Source, Device,
       or Process.
    2. Select one or more items in the Group Member List window on the right side of the
       screen. Click Remove. The selected items will now appear in the Selection List on
       the left side of the screen.
    2. Click the Save tool bar button.




Activity Data
Various Activity Data are associated with the RAPIDS data modules. An example of
geographic activity is the population of a county. An example of source activity data is
whether the source is classified under the Clean Air Act as a major source. Tank color is an
example of device activity data. For processes, the temperature of the process is activity
data. Stream activity data can include: the volume flow of fuel oil input to a process and the
mass flow of an emittant output from a process. An example of a legal entity activity is the
total number of employees at a state agency.
Activity data for all modules include the starting and ending date and time, value, unit of
measure, measurement type, and confidentiality status.
Activity Data can be created, modified, or viewed using four different types of views:
Snapshot, History, Tabular, and Freeform:
SNAPSHOT: Displays the latest activity information. Even if emissions may have changed
over several years, Snapshot displays only the latest emissions (i.e. the last reported
emissions.)
HISTORY: Allows you to view data in a particular span of time. You can enter a From

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Date/Time and a To Date/Time. History View displays all activity records between these
dates.
TABULAR: The system displays data in tabular form; each row corresponds to a single
record and each column corresponds to fields within the record.
FREEFORM: The system displays all the fields for a single record in the Related Information
Area.
Activity data can be created and modified from within any of the modules using the
procedures outlined below:


Creating Activity Data Using Snapshot View
The method used to create activity data using Snapshot View is outlined below:
    1. Select Activity from within a Geographic, Source, Device, Process, Stream or Legal
       window. The area of focus (defined by a green border) is now in the Activity screen
       block.
    2. The system will display existing activity data using whatever view that was used the
       previous time that activity data was accessed -- the system "remembers" the most
       recently accessed view type. If you are not already in Snapshot View, click Snapshot
       in the toolbar or Select View/Snapshot from the main menu. If no activity exists, the
       message "No records present. Use Insert to create new activity data." appears in
       this block.
    3. Click Insert in the tool bar or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
The Activity screen block now displays the From Date/Time, To Date/Time, Method Type,
Reference Type, and Reference Code fields and a scrolling table with the headings
Parameter, Value Type, Value, Units, etc. Information entered into the activity definition
fields above the parameter table will automatically apply to each parameter row when you
save your work.
Each row of the parameter table corresponds to one record. Inserting activity data
automatically populates these rows with information such as:
    •   The activity level (geographic, source, device, process, stream, or legal entity);
    •   The value(s) of the current codes for the activity level (source code, device code,
        process code, and stream code); and
    •   The mapping of the particular combination of codes contained in that row to metrics
        as defined using the Metric and Metric Map screens.
Enter the following information into the fields above the parameter table:
    1. In the From Date/Time field, enter the starting date and time of the activity, which
       serves as the starting point for the parameter values.


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    2. Press Tab or Enter to move to the next field or subsequent fields.
    3. In the To Date/Time field, enter the ending date and time of the activity. The
       parameter values are valid only between the From and To dates and times. The To
       Date/Time field can be left blank to indicate that the values are valid until they are
       changed at some point in the future.
    4. In the Method Type field, enter the method used to obtain the parameter values or
       select a method from the drop-down list. This field is optional.
    5. In the Reference Type field, enter the source of the parameter information or select
       a type from the drop-down list. This field is optional.
    6. In the Reference Code field, enter the a code that will be used to group the
       parameter values, or select a code from the drop-down list. This field is optional.
Once you have entered information into these fields, you are ready to fill in the parameter row
information, as outlined in Activity Data: Filling In Parameter Row Information




Activity Data: Filling In Parameter Row
Information
Once activity data have been created, you can fill in the parameter row information using the
following procedure:
    1. Set focus to the parameter table block of the screen by clicking within the table. Click
       on a parameter row field to enter or select information. In some cases the same
       parameter may appear on more than one row but will have different Value Types.
       For example, the Stream activity parameter Volume Flow includes rows for entering a
       maximum volume flow as well as an average volume flow. Select the row for the
       parameter with the most appropriate value type. If you wish to enter data for a value
       type that is not included on this screen, use the Tabular or Freeform View instead to
       enter data.
    2. In the Value field, enter the value for the parameter, which is listed in the first
       (leftmost) field of the row. If a list of values is displayed, select one of the values.
       Note: If you leave the Value field empty, the entire parameter row (and the
       corresponding record) will not be saved to the database.
    3. Note: For quick data entry in activity records that do not require a material, fill in only
       the Value field for each parameter. The system prefills the Units, Metric Code, Who,
       and Creation Date/Time fields with values; in many cases, you can enter the value,
       then Down Arrow to the field below to enter the next value.
    4. Press Tab or Enter to move to the next field or subsequent fields, or click the field to
       position your cursor there. You can also press the Up Arrow or Down Arrow to

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       move to the row or field above or below.
   5. The Units field contains the default unit of measure for the value. To change the
      default, enter a unit code or select one from the drop-down list.
   6. The system will prefill the Material Code field when applicable. For most
      parameters, Material Code is inapplicable.
   7. The Confidential field, with a column heading of "C," is used to mark parameters
      (records) that should not be transferred to the regional database. The default setting
      is nonconfidential. To mark a parameter as Confidential, click on the field to display a
      check mark. Clicking again removes the check.
   8. The Data Code field marks parameter values with a flag. Enter a flag code or select
      one from the drop-down list.
   9. The fields Method Type, Reference Type, Reference Code, Start Date/Time, and
      End Date/Time are prefilled for all parameters after entries are made in activity
      definition fields. To override the prefilled entries, make a new entry or select one
      from the field's drop-down list.
   10. In the Comments field, supplemental information or other comments can be
       recorded. The field can contain up to 255 characters, and will scroll to display hidden
       text. Entries in this field are optional.
   11. The Metric Code, Value Type, Who, and Creation Date/Time fields are prefilled
       when the activity screen is first displayed. The Who field indicates the user who last
       changed that parameter. The Creation Date/Time field indicates the date and time
       the record was created.
   12. After making entries to the parameter table rows, your information can be saved by
       clicking the Save tool bar button.




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Viewing Activity Data Using Snapshot or History View
You can view activity data using Snapshot View or History View when examining, editing,
or updating activity information. Snapshot View displays the latest activity information. For
example, even though emissions may have changed over several years, Snapshot View
displays only the latest emissions (i.e., the last reported emissions).




The example screen above displays activity data in Snapshot view.
History View allows you to enter a From Date/Time and a To Date/Time. When you click
Select, the system selects all activity records between the From Date/Time until the To
Date/Time (inclusive). History View displays a count of records in the right-hand corner
indicating the number of history intervals found. To the left of the record count is the From
Date/Time and the To Date/Time of the history record in view. For example, to display the
downstream discharges for the years 1993, 1994, and 1995, specify a From Date/Time of
1/1/1993 and a To Date/Time of 12/31/1995. Click Select. History View will then display a

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record count "1 of 3," representing the three annual intervals. If you move among the history
records using the View menu options, the From and To dates and times change accordingly:
1/1/93 to 12/13/1993, 1/1/1994 to 12/31/1994, and 1/1/1995 to 12/31/1995.


Using Snapshot View to Update Activity Data
To access Snapshot View for activity data:
    1. Click on the Snapshot View tool bar button, or
    2. Select the Snapshot View option under the View menu.
To find information on different activities during the same time period, simply move to the
appropriate activity screenthe From Date/Time is prefilled and the data is selected.
If you change the From Date/Time and To Date/Time and save the current information, the
system automatically retains the new From and To dates and times.
The system displays the activity information in Snapshot View one row at a time. To update
information:
Highlight the parameter row that you wish to update and enter the new value into the Value
Column and press Save. NOTE: Only the value column is updateable. If other columns,
such as Units or Material Code, need to be modified, use the Tabular View to make these
changes.
Note: To change only a few parameter values, insert a new Activity record using the
Creating Activity Data procedure found in Creating Activity Data and update only those
parameter values that have changed, leaving the others null. If you do not insert a new
Activity record, the system will not create any new records, but will overwrite the
previous ones upon saving your changes. `


Using History View
History View shows changes in parameters over time. To access this view, move the
cursor to an activity data area and click on the History View tool bar button. You can also
select the View menu and select the History View option.
For example, if most of the information about a Storage Tank remained constant during the
first half of the year and the color changed in the second half of the year, clicking Select will
display the first of two records. The focus will be on the smaller window that displays the
From Date/Time, the To Date/Time, and the record count. The first record will show all the
parameters as of the beginning of the year. Move to the second record using the tool bar
buttons or View Menu options. The second record shows only the new storage tank color;
all other values are blank (unchanged).
As in Snapshot View, the system remembers the specified From Date/Time and To
Date/Time in History View to automatically perform the next selection. You can display
historical information in different parts of the system for the same time period (annual data)
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by moving to the appropriate activity screenthe From and To dates are prefilled.
Change the From Date/Time and To Date/Time by editing these fields and clicking Select.
The system remembers the new historical dates and times until you change them again.
Note: The system remembers the dates for the Snapshot View and History View separately.
In History View, you can insert and update information just as in Snapshot View.
Remember: updates correct existing information while inserts create new records and
are used to reflect changes in parameters.


Deleting Activity Data
To delete activity data:
    1. Use the procedure Viewing Activity Data Using Current or History View to display
       activity data to delete.
    2. Click the Tabular View tool bar icon.
    3. Click the Delete tool bar icon.
    4. To confirm the delete, click OK. Click Cancel to abort the operation. (con’t)
    5. Repeat step 4 to delete any number of activity records.


Smart Activity Metrics
The valid metrics associated with activity records are dependent on the geographic type,
source code, device code, process code, or stream code of the current record and the metric
map table.
For example, if the Device Code is STACK, RAPIDS looks up the Device Code in the Device
Code table and finds its Metric Map Code (in this case, STACK) associated with this Device
Code. The system then uses the Metric Map Code STACK to find matching metrics in the
Metric Map Table. The appropriate STACK metrics are displayed in the current and history
views of activity data.
In another example, if the Device Code is INCIN_1CHAMBER, RAPIDS looks up the device
code in the Device Code table and finds its Metric Map Code (in this case, INCINERATOR).
The system uses the Metric Map Code INCINERATOR to find matching metrics in the Metric
Map Table and displays the appropriate INCINERATOR metrics in the current and history
views of activity data.
This configuration allows RAPIDS to display the appropriate metric values for activity data in
any data module.




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Activity Sort Order
Activity records in the Freeform and Tabular Views are sorted by Begin Date, End Date,
Material, and Metric.


Location Coordinates
Location coordinate groups can be defined for geographic entities (from within the
Geographic module), sources (from within the Source module), or devices (from within the
Device module). The groups are described by Shape Types. For example, a single source
is described as a Point, while those associated with a railroad may best be described as a
Line. A Polygon describes a collection of points defining the location boundaries when the
points are not in a line.



Creating a Location Coordinate Group
Perform the following steps to create a location coordinate group:
    1. Activate the Location Coordinate Group block (in the middle of the screen) by
       clicking the Location button.
    2. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu..
    3. Select the Shape Type.
    4. Press Tab or Enter to move to the next field (or subsequent fields).
    5. Enter the Calculation Type or select one from the drop-down window.
    6. Enter the Datum Year.
    7. Enter the Accuracy Type or select one from the drop-down window.
    8. Enter the Accuracy Amount.
    9. Enter the Measured Description.
    10. Click the Save tool bar button.


Adding Coordinates to a Location Coordinates Group
Once you have defined a location coordinate group with a shape type of point, line, or
polygon, you are ready to add location coordinates to the group. For a point, only one
coordinate is necessary; for a line, two coordinates are needed to represent the end-points of
the line. For polygons, add a coordinate for each point on the polygon.

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The above is an example of a Location Coordinate window.
   1. Click Location.
   2. Set focus to the Location Coordinate window at the bottom of the screen.
   3. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
   4. Enter a sequence number in the Sequence field. For a point group, enter "1". For a
      line group, enter "1" and "2" for the starting and ending coordinates, respectively. For
      a polygon group, increment the sequence number of the coordinates in the order that
      they define the polygon. The system assumes that the last sequenced coordinate is
      connected to the first. Press the Tab or Enter key to move to the next field (or
      subsequent fields).
   5. In the Subtype field, type an entry or select one from the drop-down window.
   6. For subtype Lat/Long, enter values in the Latitude and Longitude fields. For
      subtype UTM, enter values in the UTM Zone, UTM Easting KM, and UTM Northing

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        KM fields. For subtype Both, enter values in the latitude and longitude AND all the
        UTM fields.
   7. To insert additional location coordinate records for a line (two) or polygon (three or
      more), repeat steps 3 through 6 until all coordinates have been added.
   8. Click the Save toolbar button.


Viewing Location Coordinates and Coordinate Groups
   1. Location coordinates can be viewed from the Geographic, Source, or Device
      Module. The location coordinate information is in the middle screen block; the top
      block contains a geographic, source, or device record, depending on the module from
      which you entered the screen.
   2. Locate the records that contain the location coordinate or coordinate groups of
      interest using the procedure Moving Among Records. As you display a location
      coordinate group, the system displays the location coordinates in the lower block.
   3. To move among location coordinates, change your focus to the lower block (by
      clicking within the block) and move among the records in that block in the same
      manner.
   4. To view additional location coordinates groups and location coordinates for the same
      geographic entity, source, or device, change focus back to the middle block and
      repeat steps 2 and 3.


Updating Location Coordinates
   1. You can find location coordinates of interest from the Geographic, Source, or
      Device Module. The top screen block contains a geographic, source, or device
      record, depending on the module from which you entered the screen. When a
      location coordinate group is displayed, the location coordinates are shown in the
      lower screen block.
   2. Locate the records that contain the location coordinate or coordinate groups of
      interest using the procedure Moving Among Records.
   3. To update location coordinates while on a location coordinate group, change focus to
      the lower block (by clicking within the block). Make appropriate entries in these fields
      to update the location coordinates.
   4.   Click the Save tool bar button.
   5. To update additional location coordinate groups and location coordinates for the
      same geographic entity, source or device, change focus back to the middle block and
      repeat steps 2 through 5.



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Deleting Location Coordinates
    1. You can find location coordinates of interest from the Geographic, Source, or
       Device Module. The top screen block contains a geographic, source, or device
       record, depending on the module from which you entered the screen. When a
       location coordinate group is displayed, the location coordinates are shown in the
       lower screen block.
    2. Locate the records that contain the location coordinate or coordinate groups you wish
       to delete using the procedure Moving Among Records.
    3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
    4. Click OK to delete the location coordinate group or location coordinate or Cancel to
       abort the operation. When you delete a location coordinate group, the system
       automatically deletes all location coordinates for the location coordinate group.
    5. To delete additional location coordinate groups and location coordinates for the same
       geographic entity, source or device, change focus back to the middle screen block
       (by clicking within the block) and repeat steps 2 through 4.




Contacts
Contacts can be created for sources, devices, and legal entities. An example of a source
contact is a representative of the agency or facility. (The contact's address may or may not
be that of the agency or facility) Each Contact can have one or more Contact Types
assigned. When creating, updating, or deleting contacts, the middle block of the screen
contains the contact fields; the top block contains the source or device information,
depending on the module from which you entered the contact screen.


Creating Contacts
    1. Click the Contact button from either the Source, Device, or legal module, then click
       Insert in the tool bar or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
    2. Enter the name of the contact in the Contact Name field. Duplicate contacts for the
       same source are not allowed.
    3. Enter the contact's title in the Title field. Example titles are "Plant Manager" and
       "Senior Engineer."
    4. Enter the first line of the contact's address in the Address field.
    5. Enter the drop box or other designation in the Mail Label Code field.
    6. Enter an optional second line of the contact's address.

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   7. Enter the city of the contact in the City field. The drop-down list box displays the
      state and nation in addition to the city. When make a selection, the State and Nation
      fields are automatically filled in. If the State and/ or Nation fields are already filled
      in, then the drop-down list will display only the cities located within the state and/or
      nation.
   8. In the State field, enter the contact's state. The drop-down list box also displays the
      nation for the state. If you change to a different Nation while there are entries in the
      City and State fields, the system automatically removes the city and state entries
      associated with the previous nation. You can then enter the new State. If the City
      and/or Nation fields are already filled in, then the drop-down list will display only the
      states associated with the city and/or nation.
   9. Enter the digits of the zip code in the ZIP Code field. You must enter the dash when
      entering a Zip Plus 4 code.
   10. Enter the contact's nation in the Nation field. If the City and/or State fields are
       already filled in, then the drop-down list will display only the nations associated with
       the city and/or state.
   11. Enter the contact's phone number in the Phone field. You must include the dashes
       and/or parentheses.
   12. Enter the contact's extension in the Ext. field.
   13. Enter the contact's fax number in the Fax field.
   14. Enter an electronic mail location in the Internet field.
   15. Repeat steps 1 through 14 for creating additional contacts for the same source or
       device.
   16. To create contacts for different sources, devices, or legal entities, change focus to
       the top screen block and use the steps in Moving Among Records to locate the
       source or device for which you wish to create contacts. Then repeat the procedure
       above to create the contacts.
   17. Click the Save tool bar button.


Creating Contact Types
   1. You can assign one or more Contact Types to a contact. To assign a contact type
      use the method outlined in Moving Among Records to locate a contact for which to
      add contact types. The contact screen block must be active to locate the contact
      records. To assign contact types:
   2. Change focus to the bottom block of the screen.
   3. Click Insert in the tool bar or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
   4. Enter (or select from the drop-down list box) a Reason Code for the contact in the

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      Contact Type field. For each contact, you can assign one or more reasons for the
      contact. Examples include Annual Report, Fees, and Compliance. The Contact
      Description field is automatically filled in.
   5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to create as many contact types as needed for the contact
      displayed in the middle block.
   6. Click the Save Tool Bar icon.




   The above is an example of a Source Contact screen.


Viewing Contacts
   1. You may view contact information from the Source, Device, or Legal Module. From
      the Source Module, use the steps in Viewing a Source to select the sources for which
      you wish to view contacts. From the Device Module, use the steps in Viewing
      Devices From the Device Module. From the Legal Module, use the steps in Viewing
      Legal Entity Contacts.
   2. Use the procedure Moving Among Records to display one or more contacts. As you
      display a contact, the system displays the contact types in the lower block.
   3. To scroll among contact types, change your focus to the lower block and move
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       among the records displayed.
   4. To view additional contacts for the same source or device, change focus back to the
      middle block (by clicking within the block) and repeat steps 2 and 3.
   5. To view contacts for different sources, devices, or legal entities, change focus to the
      top screen block and move among the records to find the sources, devices, or legal
      entities of interest. Then repeat the steps outlined above to view the associated
      contacts.


Updating Contacts
   1. You may update contact information from either the Source, Device, or Legal
      Module. From the Source Module, use the steps in Viewing a Source to select the
      sources for which you wish to update contacts. From the Device Module, use the
      steps in Viewing Devices From the Device Module. From the Legal Module, use the
      steps in Viewing Legal Entities.
   2. Use the procedure Moving Among Records to select one or more contact records to
      update.
   3. To update the Contact Type, change focus to the lower block to edit the contact type
      fields.
   4. Click the Save tool bar button.
   5. To update additional contacts for the same source, device, or legal entity, change
      focus back to the middle block and repeat steps 2 through 5.
   6. To update contacts for different sources, devices, or legal entities, change focus to
      the top screen block and locate the source, device, or legal entity record of interest.
      Then use the procedure outlined above to update contacts for that source, device, or
      legal entity.


Deleting Contacts
   1. You may delete contact information from either the Source, Device, or Legal Module.
      From the Source Module, use the steps in Viewing a Source to select the sources for
      which you wish to delete contacts. From the Device Module, use the steps in
      Viewing Devices From the Device Module. From the Legal Module, use the steps
      found in Viewing Legal Entities.
   2. Use the procedure Moving Among Records to locate a contact record to delete. To
      delete a contact type for a contact, change focus to the lower block and use the
      "Moving among Records" procedure to locate a contact type to delete.
   3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4. Click OK to delete the contact or contact type record or Cancel to abort the

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       operation. When you delete a contact, the system automatically deletes all contact
       types for the contact.
   5. To delete additional contacts and/or contact types for the same source, device, or
      legal entity, change focus back to the middle screen block (by clicking on the block)
      and repeat steps 2 through 4.
   6. To delete contacts and/or contact types for different sources, devices, or legal
      entities, change focus to the top screen block and locate the records of the source,
      device, or legal entity of interest. Then follow the steps above to delete the contact or
      contact type.




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Geographic Module

The Geographic Module represents the hierarchical relationships among Nations, States,
Counties, Cities, and Subcounty regions (user-defined regions below the county level).
This section presents instructions for creating geographic records for each of these entities,
creating geographic groups, and viewing, updating, and deleting geographic data.




The above is an example of a Geographic screen.
To change information in the Context, area, such as Nation Name, highlight the Name box
and click the right and left arrow icons on the toolbar. When you change from Canada to
United States of America the list of States in the Related Information area automatically
changes from Canadian Provinces to U.S. States. You can also use the Page Up and Page
Down keys or the up and down arrow keys to toggle the information in the Name box in the
Context area.

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The Geographic Module's related information includes:
State/City/County/Source Button: This button changes depending on the current
geographic type. For example, if the current geographic type is Nation, then the State button
is displayed, which accesses the states of the current nation.
Group Button: Accesses members of the current group. Nation, State, County, and City
groups contain members of the same type. For example, a County group is a group of
counties.
Activity Button: Accesses the activity for the given geographic location. An example of
geographic activity data is population.
Location Button: Gives the geographic location coordinates. Since most standard
geographic locations are available from geographic information systems, this may not be
necessary. However, in regions where coordinates are not available, this button brings up
the Location screen for entering the coordinates.
The following is a quick overview of navigation in the Geographic Module:
The information in the Related Information section of the Geographic screen is the next lower
level of detail of the information in the Context section of the screen. For example, if the
TYPE of information in the Context section is Nation, the Related Information will be State. If
the TYPE of information in the Context section is State, the Related Information will be
County.
To change the information in the Context section, double click on the desired Name in the
related information. For example, by double clicking on Arizona in the Related Information
section you move Arizona to the Context Name. The TYPE of Context will change to State.
In addition, a new button will appear in the lower left section of the Context area. This new
button is the TYPE of information in the next higher level of detail. In this example, the new
button will be "Nation." To return to the TYPE "Nation" click on this button. An example of
this screen is shown on the next page:




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Note that the left button above the Related Information section changed from State to County.
This button displays the current related information.
This method of moving between levels of information is used throughout the Geographic
Module.


Geographic Groups
You can create groups of Nations, States, Counties, Cities (including townships and villages)
and Subcounty Regions. Subcounty Regions are defined using the same steps as for Cities,
but are regions which can occupy any part of a county, and are not limited by city boundaries.
An example of a Subcounty Region geographic group is a watershed spanning more than
one county.


Adding or Removing Geographic Group Members
   1. Enter the Geographic Data Module by clicking the Geographic icon on the Data
      Model screen or the Geographic tool bar button.
   2. Display the group in the General Information Area by clicking in the top block of the
      screen.
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    3. Click Group.
    4. Follow the instructions for adding and removing data module group members shown
       on Adding Group Members.


Creating a Nation or Nation Group

Creating a Nation
    1. Enter the Geographic data module by clicking the Geographic icon on the Data
       Model screen or by clicking the Geographic tool bar button.
    2. Set focus on the General Information Area by clicking in the top screen block.
    3. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
    4. The word "NATION" should be displayed in the Type field .
    5. Enter the name of the nation in the Name field.
    6. Click the Save tool bar button.
Note: The name of a nation must be unique for all nations and nation groups.


Creating a Nation Group
Follow the procedures for creating a nation, but enter the name of the nation group in the
Name field.
Note: The name of a nation group must be unique for all nations and nation groups.
    1. Press the Tab or Enter key to move to the Group Type field.
    2. Select the Group Type from the drop-down box.
    3. Click the Save tool bar button.
    4. To add or remove group members, see Adding Group Members.


Creating a State or State Group
Creating a State
    1. Enter the Geographic Data Module by clicking the Geographic icon on the Data
       Model screen or by clicking the Geographic tool bar button.

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   2. Set focus to the General Information Area by clicking in the top screen block. Display
      the appropriate nation.
   3. Set focus to the Related Information Area by clicking in the bottom screen block.
   4. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
   5. The word "STATE" should be displayed in the Type field.
   6. Enter the name of the state in the Name field.
   7. Click the Save tool bar button.


Creating a State Group
Follow the procedures for creating a state, but enter the name of the state group in the Name
field.
Note: The name of a state group must be unique for all states and state groups.
   1. Press the Tab or Enter key to move to the Group Type field.
   2. Select the Group Type from the drop-down box.
   3. Click the Save tool bar button.
   4. Double-click on the record to display the newly created group in the General
      Information Area.
   5. To add or remove group members, see Adding Group Members.


Creating a County or County Group

Creating a County
   1. Enter the Geographic Data Module by clicking the Geographic icon on the Data
      Model screen or by clicking the Geographic tool bar button.
   2. Set focus to the General Information Area by clicking in the top screen block. Display
      the appropriate Nation.
   3. Set focus to the Related Information Area by clicking in the bottom screen block.
   4. Highlight the appropriate State and double click to display the State in the General
      Information Area.
   5. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
   6. The word "COUNTY" should be displayed in the Type field.
   7. Enter the name of the county in the Name field.

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   8. Click the Save tool bar button.


Creating a County Group
Follow the procedures for creating a county, but enter the name of the county group in the
Name field.
Note: The name of a county group must be unique for all counties and county groups.
   1. Press the Tab or Enter key to move to the Group Type field.
   2. Select the Group Type from the drop-down box.
   3. Click the Save tool bar button.
   4. Double-click on the record to display the newly created group in the General
      Information Area.
   5. To add or remove group members, see Adding Group Members.


Creating a City, Subcounty, City Group, or
Subcounty Group
The Geographic Type City describes any geographic entity below the county levelfrom a
city to a township or region.
A Subcounty region can occupy part of one or more counties.


Creating a City or Subcounty
   1. Enter the Geographic Data Module by clicking the Geographic icon on the Data
      Model screen or by clicking the Geographic tool bar button.
   2. Set focus to the General Information Area by clicking in the top screen block. Display
      the appropriate Nation.
   3. Set focus to the Related Information Area by clicking in the bottom screen block.
   4. Highlight the appropriate State and double click to display the State in the General
      Information Area.
   5. Highlight the appropriate county and double click to display the county in the General
      Information Area.
   6. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
   7. The word "CITY" should appear in the Type field.
   8. Enter the name of the city in the Name field.

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    9. Click the Save tool bar button.
    10. To create a Subcounty region, follow the steps shown in Step 8 for City Name.


Creating a City Group or Subcounty Group
Follow the procedures for creating a city, but enter the name of the city or subcounty group in
the Name field.
Note: The name of a city group or subcounty group must be unique for all cities,
subcounties, city groups, and subcounty groups.
    1. Press the Tab or Enter key to move to the Group Flag field.
    2. Enter Y in Group Flag field.
    3. Press Tab or Enter to move to Group Type field.
    4. Select the Group Type from the drop-down box. To create a region consisting of one
       or more counties, subcounties, or cities, enter a Group Type of Region. This group
       type enables you to enter both cities and counties in the same group.
    5. Click the Save tool bar button.
    6. Double-click on the record to display the newly created group in the General
       Information Area.
    7. To add or remove group members, see Adding Group Members.




Viewing Geographic Data
After creating geographic records for Nations, States, Counties, Cities, or geographic groups,
you may wish to view, update, or delete these records. To find data records for a specific
geographic entity:
    1. Enter the Geographic data module by clicking the Geographic icon on the Data
       Model screen, by clicking the Geographic tool bar button, or by selecting the
       Geographic option from the Data menu. If the Geographic window is already open,
       you can find it quickly by selecting Geographic from the Windows menu.
    2. Set focus to the General Information Area by clicking in the top block of the screen.
    3. If the location displayed is at a higher level (for example, Nation) than the one you
       are looking for, double-click the State field to move to the County level, the County
       field to move to the City level, and so on, until the record is located.
    4. If the location displayed is at a lower level than the one you are looking for, navigate
       upward in the geographic hierarchy by clicking on the Nation, State, or County

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       button (in the lower right-hand corner) until the record is located.
   5. To locate geographic data for cities, counties, or states that are in a different nation
      than the one displayed, you must move up to the Nation level of the hierarchy to
      change to the correct nation, then navigate downward through the levels until the
      record is located.
   6. Find specific records using the Move to...Record buttons described in The RAPIDS
      Tool Bar Buttons. You can also use Filters to locate records, as outlined in Using
      Filters to Locate Records.
   7. Set focus to the Related Information Area by clicking in the bottom screen block.
   8. To display the record in Freeform View, click the Freeform View tool bar button or
      select Freeform View from the View menu.
   9. To display the record in the General Information Area (the top block of the screen),
      double-click on the record. This is necessary if you want to view the group members
      of a geographic location group.


Updating Geographic Data
   1. Follow the procedures outlined in Viewing Geographic Data to locate the record(s) to
      update.
   2. Press Tab or Enter to move from field to field in the record, or position your cursor
      directly a field.
   3. Enter new data into the fields as needed.
   4. Click the Save tool bar button or select Save from the File menu.




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Deleting Geographic Data
   1. Follow the procedure Viewing Geographic Data to locate the record(s) to delete.
   2. Click the Delete tool bar button. Cascading deletes, in which entire hierarchies of
      records are deleted at once, are not supported for Geographic records. To delete an
      entire hierarchy, first delete the lower-level records, then delete the parent record.
   3. Click OK to delete, or Cancel to abort.
The Source Module manages information related to facilities, area sources, or mobile
sources within a geographic location. Area sources, for example, can occupy a geographic
location such as a county. Facilities can occupy a geographic location such as a city. An
example of a facility source is a nonferrous foundry; an example of an area source is a dry
cleaner.


Creating Geographic Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Geographic Data to identify geographic data for which to
      create location coordinates.
   2. Click Location.
   3. Follow the procedure Adding Coordinates to a Location Coordinates Group.


Viewing Geographic Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Geographic Data to identify geographic data for which to
      view location coordinates.
   2. Click Location.
   3. Follow the steps in Viewing Location Coordinates and Coordinate Groups.
   4. To quickly view geographic location coordinates for a different location, click within
      the top block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving Among Records to
      view another geographic location. Change focus to the middle block and repeat step
      3. Continue in this fashion to quickly view geographic location coordinates for any
      number of locations.


Updating Geographic Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Geographic Data to identify geographic locations for

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        which to update location coordinates.
    2. Click Location.
    3. Follow the procedure Updating Location Coordinates.
    4. To quickly update geographic location coordinates for a different location, change
       focus by clicking within the top block (displaying a source) and use the procedure
       Moving Among Records to view another geographic location. Change focus to the
       middle block and repeat step 3. Continue in this fashion to quickly view geographic
       location coordinates for any number of geographic locations.


Deleting Geographic Location Coordinates
    1. Use the procedure Viewing Geographic Data to identify geographic locations for
       which to delete location coordinates.
    2. Click Location.
    3. Follow the procedure Deleting Location Coordinates.
    4. To quickly delete geographic location coordinates for a different geographic location,
       change focus by clicking within the top block (displaying a source) and use the
       procedure Moving Among Records to view another geographic location. Change
       focus to the middle block and repeat step 3. Continue in this fashion to quickly delete
       geographic location coordinates for any number of geographical locations..


Creating Geographic Activity Data
Activity data can be created for any geographic location. Activity data are discussed in detail
in Activity Data. To create geographic activity data:
    1. Identify geographic locations for which to create activity data using the steps in
       Viewing Devices From the Device Module.
    2. Click Activity.
    3. Follow the procedure Creating Activity Data.


Viewing Geographic Activity Data
    1. Identify devices for which to view activity data using the steps in Viewing Geographic
       Data
    2. Click Activity.
    3. Follow the procedure Viewing Activity Data Using Current or History View.
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   4. To view geographic activity for a different location, change focus by clicking within the
      top block (displaying a device) and use the procedure Moving Among Records to
      view another location. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step 3.
      Continue in this fashion to quickly view geographic activity data for any number of
      locations.


Updating Geographic Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Geographic Data to identify locations for which to update
      geographic activity.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the steps outlined in Rewriting Activity Data: Filling In Parameter Row
      Information
   4. To update geographic activity data for a different location, change focus by clicking
      within the top block (displaying a location) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another location. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step
      3. Continue in this fashion to update geographic activity data for any number of
      locations.


Deleting Geographic Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Geographic Data to identify devices for which to delete
      geographic activity data.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the steps outlined in Deleting Activity Data.
   4. To delete geographic activity data for a different location, change focus by clicking
      within the top block (displaying a location) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another location. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step
      3. Continue in this fashion to delete geographic activity data for any number of
      locations.




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Source Module
   The Source Module manages information related to facilities, area sources, or mobile
   sources within a geographic location. Area sources, for example, can occupy a
   geographic location such as a county. Facilities can occupy a geographic location such
   as a city. An example of a facility source is a nonferrous foundry; and example of an
   area source is a dry cleaner.




The fields in the Source Screen are Agency Source ID, Agency Source Code, Agency
Source Name, Operator Source ID, Operator Source Code, Operator Source Name, Group
Flag, Group Type, Source Type, SIC Code, Begin Operation Date, End Operation Date,
Location Address, City, County, State, Zip, and Comments.
Source-Related information can be accessed using the buttons described below:
DEVICE:                Devices for the Source.
GROUP:                 Group Members of the Source group.
ACTIVITY:              Activity for the source. Examples of source activity include Number
of                               Employees and Principal Product.
LOCATION:              The coordinates of the source.

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CONTACT:                The person(s) to contact regarding the source.
LEGAL:                  Any legal information pertaining to the source, such as the owners.
SELECT FORMS:           Sets of documents, such as Title V applications, for the source.




Creating a Source or Source Group

Creating a Source
Create a Source by following these steps:
   1. Enter the Source Data Module by clicking the Source tool bar button, the Source
      icon in the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Source option from the Data
      menu. If a Source window is already open, you can move to the window quickly by
      selecting the Source option from the Windows menu.
   2. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Inset from the main menu.
   3. Enter the Agency Source ID. This ID uniquely identifies the source in the database.
   4. Press Tab or Enter to move to the next field or subsequent fields, or move directly to
      a field by clicking inside the field.
   5. Enter the Source Code (or select one from the drop-down list) to categorize the
      source.
   6. Enter the Agency Source Name.
   7. Enter Operator Source ID. This field contains the identifier for the Source which
      might be different than the Agency Source ID.
   8. Enter Operator Source Code. This field contains the code for the Source, which
      might be different than the Agency Source Code.
   9. Enter Operator Source Name. This field contains name of the Source, which might
      be different than the Agency Source Name.
   10. Select a Source Type from the drop-down list. The types listed are Area, Facility,
       and Mobile. When using the Area option, the source should be defined as a source
       group (see Creating a Source Group).
   11. In the SIC Code field, enter the value or click the SIC Code button. Follow the
       procedure Selecting an SIC Code.
   12. Enter the Begin Operation Date.
   13. Enter the End Operation Date. If the facility or area source is still in operation, leave
       this field blank.

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   14. Enter the Location Address using the two lines provided.
   15. Enter the City or select one from the drop-down list. The County and State fields
       will be prefilled. The City field is an optional field, since most area sources are not
       associated with a city.
   16. Enter the County or select one from the drop-down list if you wish to select a
       different county. If the City entry made previously is not within the county you
       selected it will be deleted to allow a new City entry.
   17. Enter the ZIP Code. The dash character must be entered for the ZIP4 extension.
   18. Entries in the Comment field are optional. This field scrolls to accommodate 255
       characters.
   19. Click the Save tool bar button.


Creating a Source Group
To create a Source Group, follow these steps:
   1. Follow the instructions outlined above for creating a source, click the Group Flag, and
      select a Group Type.
   2. To add or remove group members, see Adding Group Members.


Selecting an SIC Code
   1. Click the SIC Code button from either the Source or Device module. When you enter
      the screen, the cursor is positioned at the Find Value field (to the right of Find) for
      entering a value. The Find field default entry is Code.
   2. To find an SIC Code, enter an SIC Code in the Find Value field. As you type, the
      cursor moves to nearest SIC Code match and highlights the row. To select the
      highlighted SIC, click Select.
   3. To find an SIC based on another field of the SIC table, select the field from the Find
      drop-down list box. The system redisplays the rows in order by the Find field
      selected. Type in a value to find in the Find Value field. As you type, the system
      highlights the row with a value in the Find field that is the nearest match to the Find
      Value. For example, to find a SIC based on the Name field, select Name in the drop-
      down list box and type in the name to find in the Find Value field. To select the
      highlighted SIC, click Select.
   4. To filter using the current field (such as Code), click Filter. In the " Please enter filter
      criteria for the Field Code" dialog box, enter the filter criteria text and click OK. For
      example, if you want to find all SIC Codes with the string 01 embedded, then enter 01
      as the filter criteria. When you click OK, the system will display only those SIC

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        Codes with an embedded 01.
    5. To return to the list of all SIC Codes after performing a filter, click Unfilter.
    6. To sort the list by column, click Sort. Select a column name from the first pull-down
       list box. Check either Ascending or Descending. Do this for as many columns as
       you want to sort. For example, to sort in ascending order by first Name and then
       Code, select Name and check Ascending and then in the next row select Code and
       check Ascending. When you are finished, click OK. The rows will be sorted by the
       criteria you specified. (For Find to work properly, the list must be sorted on the same
       field as the designated Find Field.)
    7. To exit from the SIC Code Lookup screen, click Cancel.


Viewing a Source
You can view a source from either the Geographic or Source Modules.
Viewing sources from the Geographic Module allows you to display a tabular listing of
sources by State, County, or City. You can also toggle the tabular listing to display each
source in form view.
Viewing source data from the Source Module allows you to display any source within the
database in form view.


Viewing a Source From the Geographic Module
    1. Enter the Geographic Data Module by clicking the Geographic tool bar button or the
       Geographic icon on the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Geographic option
       from the Data menu. If a geographic window is already open, you can move quickly
       to that window by selecting Geographic from the Windows menu.
    2. Use the procedure outlined in Viewing Geographic Data to display location(s) of
       interest in the General Information Area in the top screen block.
    3. Click Source to display the sources within the geographic location. The sources will
       appear (in tabular view) in the Related Information Area block at the bottom of the
       screen.
    4. Find the desired source record(s). See Moving Among Records, and Using Filters to
       Locate Records.


Viewing a Source From the Source Module
    1. Enter the Source Data Module by clicking the Source tool bar button or the Source
       icon on the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Source option from the Data
       menu. If a geographic window is already open, you can move quickly to that window

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       by selecting Source from the Windows menu.
   2. The system will select all source records in the database and display the first source.
      Note: If a geographic window is open, only sources within that geographic location
      will be selected.
   3. Find the desired source record(s). See Moving Among Records and Using Filters to
      Locate Records.


Updating a Source
   1. To find the source record you wish to update, use the method outlined in Viewing a
      Source.
   2. Press Tab or Enter to move to the next field or to subsequent fields, or move directly
      to a field by clicking on the field.
   3. Enter new information in the fields as needed.
   4. Click the Save tool bar button.


Deleting a Source
   1. To find the source record(s) you wish to delete, use the method outlined in Viewing a
      Source.
   2. Click the Delete tool bar button.
   3. Click OK to delete or Cancel to abort. When you delete a source, the system
      automatically deletes all related records for the source.


Creating Source Location Coordinates
   1. To find the source record(s) for which to define location coordinates, see Viewing a
      Source.
   2. Click Location.
   3. To define location coordinates or a location coordinate group, follow the procedures
      in Location Coordinates.


Viewing Source Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify sources for

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       which to view location coordinates.
   2. Click Location.
   3. Follow the steps in Viewing Location Coordinates and Coordinate Groups.
   4. To quickly view source location coordinates for a different device, click within the top
      block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving Among Records to view
      another source. Change focus to the middle block and repeat step 3. Continue in
      this fashion to quickly view source location coordinates for any number of sources.


Updating Source Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify sources for
      which to update location coordinates.
   2. Click Location.
   3. Follow the procedure Updating Location Coordinates.
   4. To quickly update source location coordinates for a different source, change focus by
      clicking within the top block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving
      Among Records to view another source. Change focus to the middle block and
      repeat step 3. Continue in this fashion to quickly view source location coordinates for
      any number of sources.


Deleting Source Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify sources for
      which to delete location coordinates.
   2. Click Location.
   3. Follow the procedure Deleting Location Coordinates.
   4. To quickly delete source location coordinates for a different source, change focus by
      clicking within the top block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving
      Among Records to view another source. Change focus to the middle block and
      repeat step 3. Continue in this fashion to quickly delete source location coordinates
      for any number of sources.


Creating Source Activity Data
   1. To find the source record(s) for which to create source activity data, see Viewing a
      Source.


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   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the procedures for creating activity data outlined in Creating Activity Data.


Viewing Source Activity Data
   1. To find the source record(s) for which to view source activity data, see Viewing a
      Source.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the procedures for viewing activity data outlined in Viewing Activity Data Using
      Current or History View.
   4. To quickly view source activity for a different source, change focus by clicking in the
      top screen block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another source. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step
      3. Continue in this fashion to quickly view source activity data for any number of
      sources.


Updating Source Activity Data
   1. To find the source record(s) for which to update source activity data, see Viewing a
      Source.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the procedures for Using Snapshot View to Update Activity Data .
   4. To quickly update source activity for a different source, change focus by clicking in
      the top screen block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another source. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step
      3. Continue in this fashion to quickly update source activity data for any number of
      sources.


Deleting Source Activity Data
   1. To find the source record(s) for which to delete source activity data, see Viewing a
      Source.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the procedures for Deleting Activity Data.
   4. To quickly delete source activity for a different source, change focus by clicking in the
      top screen block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving Among

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       Records to view another source. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step
       3. Continue in this fashion to quickly delete source activity data for any number of
       sources.


Source Contacts
Contacts can be created for sources. A source Contact may be a representative of an
agency or facility. Contacts are discussed in more detail in Contacts.
   1. To create source contacts, first locate the source records of interest by following the
      steps in Viewing a Source.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. Follow the procedures for creating contacts outlined in Creating Contacts.


Viewing Source Contacts
   1. To view source contacts, first locate the source records of interest by following the
      steps in Viewing a Source.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. Follow the procedures for viewing contacts outlined in Viewing Contacts.


Updating Source Contacts
   1. To update source contacts, first locate the source records of interest by following the
      steps in Updating Contacts.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. Follow the procedures for updating contacts outlined in Updating Contacts.


Deleting Source Contacts
   1. To delete source contacts, first locate the source records of interest by following the
      steps in Viewing a Source.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. Follow the procedures for deleting contacts outlined in Deleting Contacts.




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Device Module
The Device Module manages the physical attributes of devices within a source. A Device is a
physical location or equipment on or within which one or more processes occur. There can
be any number of devices associated with a source. Examples of devices are boilers,
incinerators, control devices, and stacks.
The fields on the Device Screen are Agency Device ID, Agency Device Code, Agency
Device Name, Operator Device ID, Operator Device Code, Operator Device Name,
Group, Flag, Group Type, Installed Date, Dismantled Date, SIC Code, and Comments.
Device-related information can be accessed using the buttons described below:
Process: Processes for the device.
Group: Group members for the device group.
Activity: Activity for the device. Stack height is an example of device activity.
Location: The coordinates of the device.
Contacts: The person(s) who are Contacts concerning the device.
Legal: Any legal information related to the device, such as the operator.
Connections: The physical connections between these devices and other devices.




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Group

Creating a Device
   1. Enter the Device Module by clicking the Device tool bar button or the Device icon in
      the Data Model screen; or by selecting the Device option from the Data menu; or by
      clicking on the Device button from a Selected Source within the Source Module. If a
      Device window is already open, you can move to the window quickly by selecting the
      Device option from the Windows menu.
   2. (If you have not entered the Device Module from within the Source Module) enter
      (or select from the pull-down list) a source in the context area in order to view
      devices.
   3. Click the Insert tool bar button, or select Edit/Insert from the main menu..
   4. Enter the Agency Device ID. This field uniquely identifies the device within a source.
   5. Press Tab or Enter to move the next field or subsequent fields, or move directly to a

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       field by clicking inside the field.
   6. Enter the Agency Device Code (or select one from the drop-down list) to categorize
      the device.
   7. Enter the Agency Device Name.
   8. Enter the Operator Device ID. This field contains the facility's identifier for the device
      which may be different than the Agency Device ID. No uniqueness check is made
      on this field.
   9. Enter the Operator Device Code. This field contains the facility's code for the
      device, which may be different than the Agency Device Code.
   10. Enter the Operator Device Name. This field contains the facility's name for the
       device, which may be different than the Agency Device Name.
   11. Enter the Installed Date.
   12. Enter the Dismantled Date. If no date is present, the system assumes the device is
       still operating.
   13. In the SIC Code field, enter the value or click the SIC Code button. Follow the
       procedure Selecting an SIC Code.
   14. Entries in the Comment field are optional. This field scrolls to accommodate 255
       characters.
   15. Click the Save tool bar button.


Creating a Device Group
   1. Follow the instructions for creating a device, but also check the Group Flag field and
      type in (or select from the pull-down list) a Group Type.
   2. To add or remove group members, see Adding Group Members.


Viewing Devices
You can view devices from either the Source or Device Modules.
Viewing devices from the Source Module allows you to display a tabular listing of devices by
source. You can also toggle the tabular listing to display each device in freeform view.
Viewing devices from the Device Module allows you to display a device from any source in
freeform view.




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Viewing Devices from the Source Module
   1. Enter the Source Data Module by clicking the Source tool bar button or the Source
      icon on the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Source option from the Data
      menu. If a Source window is already open, select Source from the Windows menu.
   2. Use the procedures outlined in Viewing a Source and Using Filters to Locate Records
      to identify sources of interest, which will be displayed in the top block of the screen.
      The new devices will appear in tabular view in the lower block of the screen.
   3. Change focus to the bottom block (by clicking within the block) and locate the device
      records of interest. To toggle the lower block between freeform view and tabular
      view, see Freeform and Tabular Views.
   4. To quickly view devices for a different source, change focus to the top block
      (displaying a source) and repeat steps 2 and 3 for as many sources as needed.


Viewing Devices From the Device Module
   1. Enter the Device Data Module by clicking the Device tool bar button or the Device
      icon on the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Device option from the Data
      menu. If a Device window is already open, you can move quickly to that window by
      selecting Device from the Windows menu.
   2. Enter (or select from the pull-down list) a source in the context area for which to view
      devices. The devices for the source appear in the top block in form view.
   3. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      identify devices of interest in the top block of the screen.
   4. To view devices for a different source, repeat steps 2 and 3 above for additional
      sources as needed.


Updating Devices
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module or Viewing Devices
      from the Source Module to identify devices to update.
   2. Locate the records for the device(s) of interest using the instructions in Moving
      Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records. When updating devices from
      the Source Module, you can change fields in any number of devices before going to
      step 3.
   3. Click the Save tool bar button.
   4. To update other devices for the same source, repeat steps 2 and 3.

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Deleting Devices
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module or Viewing Devices
      from the Source Module to identify devices of interest to delete.
   2. Locate the device record you wish to delete using the steps for Moving Among
      Records and Using Filters to Locate Records.
   3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4. Click OK to delete the device record or Cancel to abort the operation. When you
      delete a device, the system automatically deletes all related records for the device.
   5. To delete other devices for the same source, repeat steps 2 through 4.


Creating Device Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify devices for
      which to create location coordinates.
   2. Click Location.
   3. Follow the procedure Adding Coordinates to a Location Coordinates Group.


Viewing Device Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify devices for
      which to view location coordinates.
   2. Click Location.
   3. Follow the steps in Viewing Location Coordinates and Coordinate Groups.
   4. To quickly view device location coordinates for a different device, click within the top
      block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving Among Records to view
      another device. Change focus to the middle block and repeat step 3. Continue in
      this fashion to quickly view device location coordinates for any number of devices.


Updating Device Location Coordinates
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify devices for
      which to update location coordinates.
   2. Click Location.
   3. Follow the procedure Updating Location Coordinates.

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    4. To quickly update device location coordinates for a different device, change focus by
       clicking within the top block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving
       Among Records to view another device. Change focus to the middle block and
       repeat step 3. Continue in this fashion to quickly view device location coordinates for
       any number of devices.


Deleting Device Location Coordinates
    1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify devices for
       which to delete location coordinates.
    2. Click Location.
    3. Follow the procedure Deleting Location Coordinates.
    4. To quickly delete device location coordinates for a different device, change focus by
       clicking within the top block (displaying a source) and use the procedure Moving
       Among Records to view another device. Change focus to the middle block and
       repeat step 3. Continue in this fashion to quickly delete device location coordinates
       for any number of devices.


Creating Device Activity Data
Activity data can be created for any device. Activity data are discussed in detail in Activity
Data. To create device activity data:
    1. Identify devices for which to create activity data using the steps in Viewing Devices
       From the Device Module.
    2. Click Activity.
    3. Follow the procedure Creating Activity Data Using Snapshot View


Viewing Device Activity Data
    1. Identify devices for which to view activity data using the steps in Viewing Devices
       From the Device Module.
    2. Click Activity.
    3. Follow the procedure Viewing Activity Data Using Snapshot or History View.
    4. To view device activity for a different device, change focus by clicking within the top
       block (displaying a device) and use the procedure Moving Among Records to view
       another device. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step 3. Continue in
       this fashion to quickly view device activity data for any number of devices.
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   5. To view device activity data for a device associated with a different source, use the
      same procedure as above, but first change the source context from within the Device
      Module.


Updating Device Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify devices for
      which to update device activity.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the steps outlined in Using Snapshot View to Update Activity Data to update
      selected information.
   4. To update device activity data for a different device, change focus by clicking within
      the top block (displaying a device) and use the procedure Moving Among Records to
      view another device. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step 3. Continue
      in this fashion to update device activity data for any number of devices.
   5. To update device activity data for a device associated with a different source, use the
      same procedure as above, but first change the source context from within the Device
      Module.


Deleting Device Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to identify devices for
      which to delete device activity.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the steps outlined in Deleting Activity Data.
   4. To delete device activity data for a different device, change focus by clicking within
      the top block (displaying a device) and use the procedure Moving Among Records to
      view another device. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step 3. Continue
      in this fashion to delete device activity data for any number of devices.
   5. To delete device activity data for a device associated with a different source, use the
      same procedure as above, but first change the source context from within the Device
      Module.


Creating Device Contacts
Contacts can be created for devices. A Contact is a person who can be contacted for
information about the device. Contacts are discussed in more detail in Contacts.

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   1. To create device contacts, first locate the device records of interest by following the
      steps in Viewing Devices.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. The procedures for creating contacts are outlined in Creating Contacts.


Viewing Device Contacts
   1. To view device contacts, first locate the device records of interest by following the
      steps in Viewing Devices.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. The procedures for viewing contacts are outlined in Viewing Contacts.


Updating Device Contacts
   1. To update device contacts, first locate the device records of interest by following the
      steps in Viewing Devices.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. The procedures for updating contacts are outlined in Updating Contacts.


Deleting Device Contacts
   1. To delete device contacts, first locate the device records of interest by following the
      steps in Viewing Devices.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. The procedures for deleting contacts are outlined in Deleting Contacts.


Creating Device Connections
Device connections, physical pathways for the flow of materials between devices, can be
associated with a source. Examples of device connections are piping and conveyors.




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The above is an example of a Device Connections screen.
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to find the device
      record(s) to which you want to add connections.
   2. Click Connection.
   3. The current Source ID, Source Code, Source Name, Device ID, Device Code, and
      Device Name are displayed as context. The Input Connections button is
      depressed upon entering the screen. The screen area beneath the button displays
      the connections that are upstream from the current device. That is, the connections
      are shown FROM the upstream device (identified by Device ID) TO the current
      device (identified by context Source ID and Device ID). If no input connections have
      been defined, the system displays the message: "No records present. Use Insert to
      create a new record."


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Creating Input Device Connections
   1. To connect one or more upstream devices to the current device, click Input
      Connections (if it is not already depressed).
   2. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu..
   3. Enter the Device ID or select one from the drop-down list. The system automatically
      populates the Device Code and Device Name fields.
   4. Repeat steps 5 and 6 for additional Input Connections as needed.
   5. Click the Save tool bar button.


Creating Output Device Connections
   1. To connect one or more downstream devices to the current device, click Output
      Connections.
   2. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu..
   3. Enter the Device ID or select one from the drop-down list. The system automatically
      populates the Device Code and Device Name fields.
   4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for additional Output Connections as needed.
   5. Click the Save tool bar button.


Viewing Device Connections
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to find a device for
      which to view connections.
   2. Click Connection.
   3. To view the input device connections, click Input Connections. To view the output
      device connections, click Output Connections.
   4. To quickly view connections for a different source or device, select another source
      from the source drop-down list and/or another device from the device drop-down list
      in the context area. The connections for the new source/device are displayed.


Tracing Device Connections
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to find the most
      upstream device (the originating device) for which to trace connections.
   2. Click Connection.

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   3. Click Output Connections.
   4. Activate the related information area and highlight the downstream device record. To
      go downstream, double-click the device record. The context information area
      displays the identifier for the device that you double-clicked, and the related
      information area displays the next downstream device.
   5. To continue downstream, highlight the next downstream device record and double-
      click again. When you double-click on a device (usually a stack) that is at the end of
      the chain, no device record will display in the related information area, indicating that
      you have reached the end of the trace of this connection.
   6. To trace connections in the reverse direction (i.e. upstream), start with the most
      downstream device (usually a stack) and click Input Connections. Continue to
      double-click on each upstream device that is displayed until you reach the originating
      device. Each consecutive double-click will move you upstream.


Updating Device Connections
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to find a device for
      which to update connections.
   2. Click Connection.
   3. To update the input connections, click Input Connections. Update the Device ID
      field for as many connection records as need to be updated.
   4. Click the Save tool bar button.
   5. To update the output connections, click Output Connections. Update the Device ID
      field for as many connection records as need to be updated.
   6. Click the Save tool bar button.


Deleting Device Connections
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Devices From the Device Module to find a device for
      which to delete connections.
   2. Click Connection.
   3. To delete an input (upstream) device connection, click Input Connections. Highlight
      the connection row to delete. Click the Delete tool bar button. The system prompts
      you with the message: "You are about to delete this record. Are you sure?'" To
      delete the record, click Yes. To Cancel the operation, click No. Repeat this for as
      many Input Connections as need to be deleted.
   4. To delete an output (downstream) device connection, click Output Connections.

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      Highlight the connection row to delete. Click the Delete tool bar button. The system
      prompts you with the message: "You are about to delete this record. Are you sure?'"
      To delete the record, click Yes. To Cancel the operation, click No. Repeat this for as
      many Output Connections as need to be deleted.




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Process Module
The Process Module manages the operational information for a device. There can be any
number of processes for a device.
A Process is the creation, alteration, use, consumption, movement, separation, partition, or
discharge that converts input stream materials into output stream materials. Examples
include combustion, breathing loss, and incineration.




The above is an example Process screen.
The fields on the Process Screen are: Agency Process ID, Agency Process Code, Agency
Process Name, Operator Process ID, Operator Process Code, Operator Process Name,
Group Flag, Group Type, Daily Schedule, Weekly Schedule, Yearly Schedule, Mode,
SCC/AMS Code, Primary Material Code, and Comments.
Information related to a process can be obtained using the buttons described below:
Group: Group members for the process group.
Activity: Activity data for the process. Temperature is an example of process activity.

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Streams: The streams associated with this process.
Factor: Accesses process-specific emission factors.
Schedule: The process-specific schedule.


Creating a Process or Process Group

Creating a Process
   1. Enter the Process Module by clicking the Process tool bar button or the Process
      icon in the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Process option from the Data
      menu or by clicking on the Process button from a selected device within the Device
      Module. If a Process window is already open, you can move to the window quickly
      by selecting the Process option from the Windows menu.
   2. If you have not entered the Process Module from within the Device Module enter (or
      select from the pull-down menu) a source in the context area for which to view
      processes, then enter (or select from the pull-down list) a device for that source in the
      context area.
   3. Click the Insert tool bar button.
   4. Enter the Agency Process ID. This field uniquely identifies the process.
   5. Press Tab or Enter to move the next field or subsequent fields, or move directly to a
      field by clicking inside the field.
   6. Enter the Agency Process Code (or select one from the drop-down list) to categorize
      the process.
   7. Enter the Agency Process Name.
   8. Enter the Operator Process ID. This field contains the facility's identifier for the
      process, which may be different than the Agency Process ID. No uniqueness check
      is made for this field.
   9. Enter the Operator Process Code. This field contains the facility's code for the
      process which may be different than the Agency Process Code.
   10. Enter the Operator Process Name. This field contains the facility's name for the
       process, which may be different than the Agency Process Name.
   11. Enter the Daily Schedule for the process or select one from the pull-down list. This
       field entry indicates the hours of operation per day for the process.
   12. Enter or select the Weekly Schedule for the process. This field entry indicates the
       days of operation per week for the process.
   13. Enter or select the Yearly Schedule for the process. This field entry indicates the

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       relative seasonal level (uniform activity, increased activity during summer, or
       increased activity during winter) of operation per year for the process.
   14. Enter or select the Mode for the process. Example modes are Normal, Startup, and
       Shutdown. This enables you to track information at a more refined level than just
       normal conditions.
   15. In the SCC/AMS Code field, enter the value or click the SCC/AMS Code button.
       Follow the procedure Selecting an SCC/AMS Code. Assign an SCC or AMS code
       when one of these codes fully characterizes the process.
   16. When input or output materials for a process determine the SCC or AMS code,
       assign the code "@STREAM" to the process. In either case, each output stream for
       the process should be assigned an SCC metric. Optionally, you may assign SCC
       metrics to the input streams.
   17 Enter or select the Primary Material Code. This entry represents the primary input
      material used by the process.
   18. Entries in the Comment field are optional. This field scrolls to accommodate 255
       characters.
   19. Click the Save tool bar button.


Creating a Process Group
   1. Follow the instructions outlined above for creating a process, but also check the
      Group Flag field and enter (or select from the pull-down list) a Group Type.
   2. To add or remove group members, see Adding Group Members.




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Selecting an SCC/AMS Code




       The above is an example of an SCC/AMS screen which displays a partial list of
       SCC/AMS Codes that are displayed when NO Process Code was selected
       beforehand in the Process Module Screen.
   1. Click the SCC/AMS Code button. When you enter the screen, the cursor is
      positioned at the Find Value field (to right of Find) for entering a value. The Find
      field by default is Code.
       The number of SCC/AMS Codes that are initially displayed is dependent upon
       whether you entered a Process Code in the Process Module Screen before you
       clicked on the SCC/AMS Code button. If no Process Code was entered, all of the
       codes in the SCC/AMS Code table will be retrieved. However, if a Process Code
       was entered, only the SCC/AMS Codes associated with that process code will be
       displayed.
   2. To find an SCC/AMS Code, enter a SCC/AMS Code in the Find Value field. As you
      type, the cursor moves to nearest SCC/AMS Code match and highlights the row. To
      select the highlighted SCC/AMS, click Select.


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   3. To find an SCC/AMS code based on another field of the SCC/AMS table, select the
      field from the Find drop-down list box. The system redisplays the rows in order by
      the Find field selected. Type in a value to find in the Find Value field. As you type,
      the system highlights the row with a value in the Find field that is the nearest match
      to the Find Value. For example, to find an SCC/AMS code based on the
      Description 1 field, select Description 1 in the drop-down list box and type in the
      description to find in the Find Value field. To select the highlighted SCC/AMS code,
      click Select.
   4. To filter on the current field (such as Code), click Filter. In the "Please enter filter
      criteria " dialog box, enter the text to filter and click OK. For example, if you want to
      find all SCC/AMS Codes with the string 501 embedded, then type 501 as the filter
      criteria. When you click OK, the system will display only those SCC/AMS Codes with
      an embedded 501.
   5. To sort the list by column, click Sort. Select a column name from the first pull-down
      list box. Check either Ascending or Descending. Do this for as many columns as
      you want to sort. For example, to sort in ascending order by Description 1 first and
      Code second, select Description 1 and check Ascending and then in the next row
      select Code and check Ascending. When you are finished, click OK. The rows will
      be sorted by the criteria you specified. (For Find to work properly, the list must be
      sorted on the same field as the designated find field.)
   6. To return to the list of all SCC/AMS Codes after performing a filter, click Unfilter.
   7. To exit from the Selecting an SCC/AMS screen, click Cancel.


Viewing a Process
You can view processes from either the Device or Process Modules. Viewing processes
from the Device Module displays a tabular listing of processes by device. You can also
toggle the tabular listing to display each process in freeform view.
Viewing processes from the Process Module displays processes from any device in freeform
view.


Viewing Processes from the Device Module
   1. Enter the Device Data Module by clicking the Device tool bar button or the Device
      icon on the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Device option from the Data
      menu. If a Device window is already open, you can move quickly to that window by
      selecting Device from the Windows menu.
   2. Use the procedures Using Filters to Locate Records and Viewing Devices From the
      Device Module to identify devices of interest in the top block of the screen. The new
      processes will appear in tabular view in the bottom block of the screen.

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   3. Change focus by clicking in the bottom block and use the procedures Moving Among
      Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to move between processes. To toggle
      the bottom block between freeform and tabular view, see the section Freeform and
      Tabular Views.
   4. To quickly view processes for a different device, change focus to the top block
      (displaying a device) and repeat steps 2 and 3 for any number of devices.


Viewing Processes From the Process Module
   1. Enter the Process Data Module by clicking the Process tool bar button or the
      Process icon on the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Process option from the
      Data menu. If a Process window is already open, you can move quickly to that
      window by selecting Process from the Windows menu.
   2. Enter (or select from the drop-down list) a source in the context area for which to
      view process a device for the source in the context area for which to view processes.
      The processes for the device appear in the top block in freeform view.
   3. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      identify processes of interest in the top block of the screen.
   4. To quickly view processes for a different device repeat steps 2 and 3 above for any
      number of devices.


Updating Processes
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module or Viewing
      Processes from the Device Module to identify processes to update.
   2. Locate the process records of interest using the procedures Moving Among Records
      and Using Filters to Locate Records to change fields in one process record. When
      updating processes from the Device Module, you can change fields in any number of
      processes before going to step 3.
   3. Click the Save tool bar button.
   4. To update other processes for the same device, repeat steps 2 and 3.


Deleting Processes
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module or Viewing
      Processes from the Device Module to identify processes to delete.
   2. Locate the processes you wish to delete using the procedures Moving Among
      Records and Using Filters to Locate Records.

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    3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
    4. Click OK to delete the process or Cancel to abort the operation. When you delete a
       process, the system automatically deletes all related records for the process.
    5. To delete other processes for the same device, repeat steps 2 through 4.


Creating a Process Schedule
The Process Schedule screen enables you to specify a schedule for process that can not
easily be represented by daily, weekly, or yearly schedules. You can specify (by year) the
monthly, daily, and hourly variations of a process.
For example, if the quarterly process variations were:
         Quarter                           Relative Amount
         January - March                   12
         April - June                      6
         July - September                  3
         October - December                9

prorating the quarters over twelve months (by dividing each quarterly amount by three),
would yield these process schedule values:
         Month                             Relative Amount
         January                           4
         February                          4
         March                             4
         April                             2
         May                               2
         June                              2
         July                              1
         August                            1
         September                         1
         October                           3
         November                          3
         December                          3




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Creating a Process Schedule




   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to create a schedule.
   2. Click Schedule.
   3. Click the Insert toolbar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
   4. Enter the Year (e.g. 1994).
   5. Enter the Start Month. Use 01 for January up to 12 for December.
   6. Enter the Start Day. Use 01 for the first day of the month up to 31 for the last day of
      the month.
   7. Enter the Start Hour. Use 00 for the zero hour (from midnight until 1:00 a.m.), 01 for

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       1:00 a.m. and so on, up to 23 for 11:00 p.m.
   8. Enter the End Month in the same manner as the Start Month.
   9. Enter the End Day in the same manner as the Start Day.
   10. Enter the End Hour in the same manner as the Start Hour.
   11. Enter the Relative Activity Amount. This represents the relative amount of time the
       process operates during the specified time period. Enter a number with two optional
       decimal places.
   12. Repeat steps 3 through 11 to enter additional process schedule records. Copying
       and Pasting Records options are useful when entering additional records  copy a
       similar record, and change only those fields that are different.
   13. Click the Save toolbar button.
Note: the Emission Estimator does not currently use the process schedule for prorating
emissions within a year.


Viewing Process Schedules
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to view process schedules.
   2. Click Schedule.
   3. Locate process records containing the process scheduling information of interest
      using the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records.
   4. To locate different processes, change focus by clicking in the top screen block and
      move among the records to view another process for the same source and device.
      You may also change the context to identify a different source and device, and then
      locate the desired process record. As you move among processes, the process
      schedule information for each process is displayed in the Related Information Area.


Updating Process Schedules
   1. Use “Viewing Processes From the Process Module” to identify the process schedules
      you wish to update.
   2. Modify the schedule records as needed.
   3. Click the Save toolbar button.




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Deleting Process Schedules
   1. Use Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify the process schedules
      you wish to delete.
   2. With the cursor on the record you wish to delete, click the Delete toolbar icon.
   3. The system prompts you with the message "You are about to delete this record. Are
      you sure?" To delete the record, click Yes. To cancel the operation, click No.
   4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to delete all records associated with the process schedule.


Creating Process Activity Data
Activity data can be created, edited, or deleted for a process or processes. The temperature
or pressure of a process is one example of process activity data; the AIRS Segment ID is
another. See Activity Data for a detailed discussion of activity data.
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to create activity data.
   2. Click Activity. (con’t)
   3. Follow the procedure Creating Activity Data Using Snapshot View .


Viewing Process Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to view activity data.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the procedure Viewing Activity Data Using Snapshot or History View.
   4. To quickly view process activity for a different process, change focus by clicking in
      the top screen block (displaying a process) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another process. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step
      3. Continue in this fashion to quickly view process activity data for any number of
      processes for the same source and device.
   5. To view process activity data for a process associated with a different source or
      device, use the same procedure as above, but first change the source and device
      context from within the Process Module.



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Updating Process Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to update process activity.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Update the data using the steps inUsing Snapshot View to Update Activity Data.
   4. To quickly update process activity for a different process, change focus by clicking in
      the top screen block (displaying a process) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another process. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step
      3. Continue in this fashion to quickly update process activity data for any number of
      processes for the same source and device.
   5. To update process activity data for a process associated with a different source or
      device, use the same procedure as above, but first change the source and device
      context from within the Process Module.


Deleting Process Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to delete process activity.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Delete the activity data using the steps in Deleting Activity Data.
   4. To quickly delete process activity for a different process, change focus by clicking in
      the top screen block (displaying a process) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another process. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step
      3. Continue in this fashion to quickly delete process activity data for any number of
      processes for the same source and device.
   5. To delete process activity data for a process associated with a different source or
      device, use the same procedure as above, but first change the source and device
      context from within the Process Module.


Accessing Constant Factors from the Process
Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to access constant factors.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission estimation screen is displayed.

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   3. Click the Constants, Generic icon. The screen displays all constants that relate two
      materials together.
   4. Follow the procedure Viewing Generic Constants (Factors).
   5. Return to the Process screen by closing the Generic Constant Factors and
      Emission estimation screens or by selecting Process from the Window menu.


Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the
Process Module
   1. You can access specific emission factors for use in the emission estimation process
      (see Accessing and Updating Reference Tables) from the Process module by
      following these steps:
   2. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to create specific emission factors.
   3. Click Factor. The Emission Estimation screen is displayed (below.)




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       .
   4. Click the Emission Factors Specific icon. The screen only displays those specific
      emission factors associated with the current SCC or AMS code.
   5. Follow the procedures Creating Specific Emission Factors, Viewing Specific
      Emission Factors, Updating Specific Emission Factors, or Deleting Specific Emission
      Factors
   6. Return to the Process screen by closing the Source-specific Speciation Factors
      and Emission Estimation screens or by selecting Process from the Window menu.


Accessing Source-specific Speciation Factors
from the Process Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to create source-specific speciation factors.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission Estimation screen is displayed.
   3. Click the Speciation, Source-specific icon. The screen only displays those source-
      specific speciation factors associated with the current SCC or AMS code.
   4. Follow the procedures Creating Source-specific Speciation Factors, Viewing Source-
      specific Speciation Factors, Updating Source-specific Speciation Factors, or Deleting
      Source-specific Speciation Factors.
   6. Return to the Process screen by closing the Source-specific Speciation Factors
      and Emission Estimation screens or by selecting Process from the Window menu.




Accessing Source-Specific Constant Factors
from the Process Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to access constant factors.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission estimation screen is displayed.
   3. Click the Constant, Source-Specific Factor icon. The screen displays all constants
      that relate two materials together and are associated with the current SCC or AMS
      code.
   4. Follow the procedure Viewing Generic Constants (Factors).
   5. Return to the Process screen by closing the Constant, Source Specific Factors

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       and Emission estimation screens or by selecting Process from the Window menu.


Accessing Generic Constant Factors from the
Process Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to access constant factors.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission estimation screen is displayed.
   3. Click the Constants, Generic icon. The screen displays all constants that relate two
      materials together.
   4. Follow the procedure Viewing Generic Constants (Factors).
   5. Return to the Process screen by closing the Generic Constant Factors and
      Emission estimation screens or by selecting Process from the Window menu.


Accessing Product Profiles from the Process
Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to create a product profile.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission Estimation screen is displayed.
   3. Click the Product Profile icon. The screen only displays existing product profiles
      and weight percents associated with the current primary input material.
   4. Follow the procedures Creating Product Profiles, Viewing Emission and Product
      Profiles, Updating Product Profile Records, Deleting Emission Profile Records, and
      Deleting Product Profiles.


Accessing Generic Emission Factors from the
Process Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to access generic emission factors.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission Estimation screen is displayed.
   3. Click the Emission Factor, Generic icon. The screen displays only the generic
      emission factors associated with the current SCC or AMS code.

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   4. Follow the procedure Accessing Generic Emission Factors from the Process Module.
   5. Return to the Process screen by closing the Generic Emission Factors and
      Emission Estimation screens or by selecting Process from the Window menu.


Accessing Generic Speciation Factors from the
Process Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to access generic speciation factors.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission Estimation screen is displayed.
   3. Click the Speciation Factor, Generic icon. The screen displays only the generic
      speciation factors associated with the current SCC or AMS code.
   4. Follow the procedure Accessing/Viewing Generic Speciation Factors.
   5. Return to the Process screen by closing the Speciation Factors and Emission
      Estimation screens or by selecting Process from the Window menu.


Accessing Calculation Protocols from the
Process Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to access calculation protocols.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission Estimation screen is displayed.
   3. Click the Protocol icon. The screen displays the Calculation Protocols associated
      with the Process.
   4. Return to the Process screen by closing the Calculation screen or by selecting
      Process from the Window menu.


Accessing SCC/AMS Code and Material Code
Relationships from the Process Module
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to identify
      processes for which to access SCC/AMS Code and Material Code Relationships.
   2. Click Factor. The Emission Estimation screen is displayed.
   3. Click the SCC/AMS icon. The screen displays the SCC/AMS Code Lookup window

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      for the SCC/AMS code associated with the Process.
   4. Return to the Process screen by closing the SCC/AMS screen or by selecting
      Process from the Window menu.




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Stream Module
A Stream is the flow of material into or out of a process. An output stream from one process
may be the input stream to another process. Streams can discharge into the environment.
Examples include a gas input stream, gas exhaust to an electrostatic precipitator, and stack
exhaust to the environment.




Above is an example of a Stream screen.
The Stream Module fields are: Agency Device ID, Agency Process ID, Stream ID, Stream
Code, and Stream Name. This information is displayed for Input Streams and Output
Streams.
Information related to streams is also available from the Activity button on this screen.


Creating Streams
Streams represent a flow of material into a process from the environment, between two
processes, or out of a process into the environment. Examples of streams are volume flow of

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oil input into an incinerator, mass flow of air toxics between an incinerator and a scrubber,
and release of air toxics out of a stack.


Creating Input Streams
    1. Use the procedure Viewing Processes From the Process Module to find a process for
       which to create streams.
    2. Click Stream.
    3. The current Source ID, Source Code, Source Name, Device ID, Device Code,
       Device Name, Process ID, Process Code, and Process Name are displayed as
       context. The Input Streams button is depressed upon entering the screen. The
       screen area beneath the button displays the current streams that are upstream from
       the current process. That is, the streams shown are FROM the upstream process
       (identified by Device ID and Process ID) TO the current process (identified by
       context Source ID, Device ID, and Process ID). If no input streams have been
       defined, the system displays the message, "No records present. Use Insert to create
       a new record."
    4. To create one or more streams as input to the current process, click Input Streams
       (if it is not already depressed).
    5. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
    6. Enter the Device ID or select one from the drop-down list. The system displays only
       those devices that are connected to the current device.
    7. Press Tab or Enter to move to the next field or subsequent fields. You may also
       move directly to a field by clicking on the field.
    8. Enter the Process ID or select one from the drop-down list. The system displays
       only those processes for the device just entered.
    9. Enter the Stream ID. Each stream is uniquely identified by the Stream ID.
    10. Enter the Stream Code or select one from the drop-down list. You can categorize
        your streams using the Stream Code field.
    11. Enter the Stream Name.
    12. Repeat steps 4 through 11 for as many input streams as you need to create for the
        current process.
    13. Click the Save tool bar button.


Creating Output Streams
    1. To create one or more output streams for the current process, click Output Streams.
    2. Click the Insert tool bar button or select Edit/Insert from the main menu.
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   3. Enter the Device ID or select one from the drop-down list. The system displays only
      those devices that are connected from the current device.
   4. Press Tab or Enter to move to the next field or subsequent fields. You may also
      move directly to a field by clicking on the field.
   5. Enter the Process ID or select one from the drop-down list. The system displays
      only those processes for the device just entered.
   6. Enter the Stream ID. Each stream is uniquely identified by the Stream ID.
   7. Enter the Stream Code or select one from the drop-down list. You can categorize
      your streams using the Stream Code field.
   8. Enter the Stream Name.
   9. Repeat steps 1 through 8 for as many output streams as you need to create for the
      current process.
   10. Click the Save tool bar button.


Viewing Streams
You can view streams from the Process module by selecting a process and clicking Stream.
Viewing streams from the Stream module allows you to display streams from any process.


Viewing Streams from the Process Module
   1. Enter the Process Data Module by clicking the Process tool bar button, the Process
      icon on the Data Model screen, or selecting the Process option from the Data menu.
      If a Process window is already open, you can move quickly to that window by
      selecting Process from the Windows menu.
   2. Use the procedures Using Filters to Locate Records and Viewing Processes From
      the Process Module to identify processes of interest in the top block of the screen.
   3. Click Stream.
   4. To view streams for a different process, change focus by clicking in the top screen
      block (displaying a process) and use the procedure Moving Among Records to move
      between processes. Click Stream to view the streams for this process. Continue in
      this fashion to view stream activity data for any number of processes.


Viewing Streams From the Stream Module
   1. Enter the Stream Data Module by clicking the Stream tool bar button or the Stream
      icon on the Data Model screen, or by selecting the Stream option from the Data
      menu. If a Stream window is already open, you can move quickly to that window by

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       selecting Stream from the Windows menu.
   2. Enter (or select from the drop-down list) a process in the context area for which to
      view streams. The streams for the process appear in the top block in tabular view.
   3. Use the procedure Moving Among Records to move between processes. To toggle
      the bottom block between form and tabular view, follow the steps in Form and
      Tabular Views
   4. To view streams for a different process, change focus to the top screen block
      (displaying a process) and repeat steps 2 and 3.


Updating Streams
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Streams from the Process Module or Viewing Streams
      From the Stream Module to identify streams to update.
   2. Locate the stream records of interest using the procedure Moving Among Records to
      change fields in one stream record. When updating streams from the Process
      Module, you can change fields in any number of streams before going to step 3.
   3. Click the Save tool bar button.
   4. To update other streams for the same process, repeat steps 2 through 4.


Deleting Streams
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Streams from the Process Module or Viewing Streams
      From the Stream Module to identify streams to delete.
   2. Locate the stream records you wish to delete using the procedure Moving Among
      Records on page Using Filters to Locate Records.
   3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4. Click OK to delete the stream record or Cancel to abort the operation. When you
      delete a stream, the system automatically deletes all related records for the stream.
   5. To delete other streams for the same process, repeat steps 2 through 4.


Creating Stream Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Streams from the Process Module or Viewing Streams
      From the Stream Module to identify streams for which to create activity data.
   2. Click Activity.


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   3. Follow the procedure Creating Activity Data.


Viewing Stream Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Streams from the Process Module or Viewing Streams
      From the Stream Module to identify streams for which to view activity data.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Following the procedure Viewing Activity Data Using Current or History View.
   4. To quickly view stream activity for a different stream, change focus by clicking in the
      top screen block (displaying a stream) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another stream. You may change the context to identify a different
      source, device, and process and then change focus to the top screen block and
      select another stream. Continue in this fashion to quickly view stream activity data
      for any number of streams for the same source, device, and process.
   5. To view stream activity data for a stream associated with a different source, device,
      or process, use the same procedure as above, but first change the source, device,
      and process context from within the Stream Module.


Updating Stream Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Streams from the Process Module or Viewing Streams
      From the Stream Module to identify streams for which you wish to update stream
      activity.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the procedure Rewriting Activity Data: Filling In Parameter Row Information
   4. To quickly update stream activity for a different stream, change focus by clicking in
      the top screen block (displaying a stream) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another stream. You may change the context to identify a different
      source, device, and process and then change focus to the top screen block and
      select another stream. Continue in this fashion to quickly update stream activity data
      for any number of streams for the same source, device, and process.
   5. To update stream activity data for a stream associated with a different source,
      device, or process, use the same procedure as above, but first change the source,
      device, and process context from within the Stream Module.




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Deleting Stream Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Streams from the Process Module or Viewing Streams
      From the Stream Module to identify streams for which to delete activity data.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Following the procedure Deleting Activity Data.
   4. To quickly delete stream activity for a different stream, change focus by clicking in the
      top screen block (displaying a stream) and use the procedure Moving Among
      Records to view another stream. You may change the context to identify a different
      source, device, and process and then change focus to the top screen block and
      select another stream. Continue in this fashion to quickly delete stream activity data
      for any number of streams for the same source, device, and process.
   7. To delete stream activity data for a stream associated with a different source, device,
      or process, use the same procedure as above, but first change the source, device,
      and process context from within the Stream Module.




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Emission Estimation Module
Accessing and Updating Reference Tables
RAPIDS includes a large number of reference tables (some of which have been referred to
above) to define valid values of various parameters (e.g., SCC-AMS Codes) or map various
relations (e.g., the emittants associated with SCC-AMS Codes). These tables and their
relationships are depicted on the Emissions Estimation screen, which is invoked by clicking
the "Factor" button on the Process screen .
It is important to note and remember that if you access the Emission Estimation
screen by clicking the "Factor" button on the Process screen, and then click a
particular icon on the Emission Estimation screen, RAPIDS will only display a subset
of the corresponding table (i.e., only information, such as source-specific factors that
process, will be displayed). If you access the Emission Estimation screen from the
Enterprise Screen or by clicking on the Emission Estimation icon on the Tool Bar from
any module other than the Process (or Stream) Module, then the entire table will be
displayed.
The Emission Estimation screen can also be accessed by clicking the Emission Estimation
icon on the Data Model Screen or by clicking the Emission Estimation icon on the RAPIDS
Tool Bar .
The Emission Estimation screen shows the relationships among some of the reference
tables that support the Emission Estimator. This screen allows you to access the reference
tables listed below which cannot be accessed by clicking the Data option on the RAPIDS
Main Menu and highlighting the "Reference" selection from the pop-up list box (by clicking on
Data and highlighting the "Reference" selection, you can access other reference tables that
RAPIDS uses- see Reference Tables for more information on these additional tables).
Clicking on the icons in this screen activates another, corresponding screen. The screens
you can access from these icons are listed below. The tables that can be viewed/updated
from the Emission Estimation screen are:
Protocol: The emission estimation methods available for a given source code, device code,
process code, throughput material, or SCC-AMS Code, the corresponding priority of each
method, and the data (e.g., metrics, materials) needed to calculate emissions for a given
method.
SCC/AMS: The reference table of "valid" SCC and AMS codes.
Material: The reference table of emittants, raw materials, energy items, and finished product
items for all sources.
SCC/AMS Material: The emittants expected to be emitted for a given SCC/AMS code (i.e.
process), based on the Source Summary Database included in the Protocol Document.

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Generic Emission Factor: The emission factors by SCC and AMS Codes, as extracted from
FIRE.
Source-specific Emission Factor: The emission factors unique to a process.
Generic Speciation Factor: The profile-specific speciation factors for estimating emissions
using speciation, as extracted from SPECIATE.
Source-specific Speciation Factor: The profile-specific speciation factors for a process.
Generic Constants (Factors) Constant factors that relate one material to another (e.g., coal
to heat). Constants (and other the other factors listed above) have both a "Numerator
Material" and a "Denominator Material" (as compared to metrics which have just a
Numerator Material).
Source-specific Constants (Factors): The constants unique to a process.
Emission Profile: The reference table used to associate (i.e.,,. map) a generic speciation
profile (and the corresponding speciation factors) to a given SCC and AMS Code(s).
Product Profile: Product-specific profile factors used in Mass Balance estimations.




Creating Protocol Table- Calculation Protocols
and Protocol Method Metrics

Background
Click the Protocol icon and the Calculation Protocol screen appears. This screen is divided
into two windows and actually displays two tables- the Protocol table (upper window) and the
Method Metrics table (lower window). The Emission Estimator uses the information
specified in Calculation Protocol screen to drive its algorithm(s). The Calculation Protocol
screen is used to specify valid emission estimation methods. Using these options, you can
specify the valid methods and priorities of those methods associated with either the SCC-
AMS Code, the Source, Device or Process Code(s). or a Throughput Material.
The Calculation Protocol is not complete without defining the Method Metrics. The
Protocol Table identifies the Methods that apply and the Method Metrics Table specifies
how to calculate emissions and where to get the data needed to perform the calculation for
the Method specified in the Protocol Table.
The Protocol Table identifies all of the Methods (i.e., Mass Balance, Emission Factors and
Speciation) currently supported by the Emission Estimator that apply for a given
source/device/process and material (i.e., emittant); the relative priority of each Method is also
included in this Table. A single record is used to define each Method that applies to a given
source/device/process and emittant. The priorities are currently numbered from 1 through 9,

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with 1 being the highest priority and 9 the lowest.
The Protocol Table was designed to accommodate other Methods beyond those the three
currently supported. External algorithms can be included as a valid Emission Estimation
Method and could be called when they are needed from the Protocol Table.
The Protocol Table contains the following fields:
Method Code (Emission Factor, Mass Balance or Speciation)
        Priority Number (1-9)
        Sub Type
        SCC-AMS Code
        Source Code
        Device Code
        Process Code
        Mode Code
        Emittant Code
        Throughput Code
        Reference Description
The Source, Device, Process, Mode, and Throughput Material Codes are not used at this
time. The Reference Description provides a place to cite or describe in text form the basis for
the Method selected. (SCC/AMS should always be selected for Sub Type in this version of
the estimator.) The Priority field is the relative priority selected by you for a particular Method
(a value between "1" and "9" can be selected- "1" indicates the highest priority and "9" the
lowest). See the discussion below on how to use wildcard (i.e., "@" and "%" )in completing a
Protocol record.
The Method Metrics Table contains a variety of information needed for a specific emissions
calculation. The Table identifies one or more arithmetic equations for calculating emissions
for a given Protocol Table.
The structure of the portion of the Method Metrics Table that is displayed in the lower
portion/window of the Calculation Protocol screen is as follows:
        Record Group
        Sequence Number
        Item Type
        Operator
        Metric Code
        Numerator Material Code

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        Denominator Material Code
        Input-Output Flag
Each equation is included as a series of records (i.e., the information contained on each line
of the Method Metrics Table). Each separate equation is given a separate Record Group.
Each record identifies a single parameter in the equation plus an arithmetic operator
(Operator). The Item Type describes whether an emission factor, metric or constant factor
is associated with a given record. The record identifies the name of the parameter that the
Emission Estimator needs to solve that equation. Each record within an equation (i.e.,
Record Group) is given a Sequence Number which is assigned in the order that the term
appears in that equation. A group of such records defines the equation. Multiple groups are
included in the Method Metrics Table for cases where there is more than one way of
calculating emissions for the given Method. For example, Internal Combustion can be
calculated using emission factors based on fuel used (in mass or volume units) or heat
output. The Input/Output field defines which stream (i.e., either the input stream or the
output stream) the Emission Estimator will find the value of the Metric listed in the Metric
Code field for that record.
Each Method Metric Record defines the where to obtain the value to use in the equation as
follows:
        For factors (emission, constants and speciation) --the Factor Table is searched for
the applicable Numerator Material and Denominator Material
      For activity data -- The Activity Table is searched for the applicable Metric Code
and Numerator Material
An example of the entries in the Method Metric Table is demonstrated using the following
equations:
                       gm: TOB           liter:SOLVENT       lb: CLOTHES
Mass _ Flow = 2.3               * 7.3                  * 3.2             * 4000
                    gal:SOLVENT           ton:CLOTHES        each:PERSON
The first term is an emission factor, the second and third are constant factors and the fourth
term is an Activity value, in this case, with a Metric Code of POPULATN ACT.
The four Method Metric Records that would be needed to code this equation would be as
follows:
       Rec Seq Op            Item        Metric          Numerator         Denominator
       Grp No                Type        Code
       1      1       +      Emis Fact                   TOG               SOLVENT
       1      2       x      Constant                    SOLVENT           CLOTHES
       1      3       x      Constant                    CLOTHES           PERSON
       1      4       x      Metric      POPULATN        PERSON
                                         ACT

Note that both emission factors and constants (which are actually a type of factor) have both
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a Numerator Material and a Denominator Material while the Activity record Metric has
only a Numerator Material. An Activity record is the record in the Activity Table that
corresponds to the Metric listed in the Metric Code column- this record will provide the value
of that Metric for a given execution of the Emission Estimator. Also note that the
information in the Activity Table is independent of units. The Activity record is identified
only by the Metric Code and Numerator Material; constant (and other ) factors are identified
only by the Numerator Material and Denominator Material.
The Factor Table (described below) would code this emission factor as follows:
         Emittant      Emittant           Throughput    Throughput Amount
         Material      Unit Code          Material Code Unit Code
         Code
         TOG           G                  SOLVENT            GAL              2.3
         SOLVENT       L                  CLOTHES            TON              7.3
         CLOTHES       LB                 PERSON             EACH             3.2

The Activity Table would code this Activity record value as follows:
         Metric Code        Value              Unit Code        Material Code
         POPULATN ACT       4000               EACH             PERSON

The figure below shows a RAPIDS screen display for a Protocol record (the upper portion/
window) plus all records in the Method Metric Table (the lower portion/window) for that
Protocol. The Protocol record shown is for the emission factor Method for SCC-AMS
Codes ranging from 1-01-001-01 to 1-99-999-99 (which defines all external combustion
sources, devices and processes); this Method is Priority 1.
The screen above also shows two complete Method Metric Record Groups (i.e., two
complete emission estimating equations; the third group extends beyond the portion of the
screen that is displayed). The Numerator Material and the Denominator Materials refer to
the materials identified in the numerator and denominator portions of a factor (e.g., mass of
ARSENIC per mass of COAL burned, or mass of ARSENIC per volume of COAL burned).
The symbol "@" means any material found in the Factor or Activity Tables (e.g., ARSENIC
and COAL). The first and second Record Groups (Record Groups 1 and 2) represents the
equations:
+ [Emission Factor] x [Mass Flow] ; and
+ [Emission Factor] x [Volume Flow],
where the first emission factor denominator is in terms of mass (e.g., tons) and the second
where the factor is expressed is in terms of volume (e.g., gallons). We know this because the
type of units (i.e., mass or volume) must match the valid units for the Metric listed in the
Metric Code field. If the Metric is MASS FLOW and the Numerator Material field has a
value, then the Denominator Material for the emission factor (Emis Fact) must also be
expressed in mass units for the multiplication to work. The mass units themselves do not
have to match because the Emission Estimator will make the necessary unit conversions.

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For the first Record Group, the Metric is MASS FLOW. The Numerator Material has an
"@" sign indicating that any valid material expressed in mass units is acceptable. The
Emission Estimator, for a given process and associated SCC-AMS Code (or source-specific
factor if one has been entered for that process), will first look for an emission factor in the
Factor Table for the emittant of interest, in this example ARSENIC.
Since the first Record Group has a Metric Code of MASS FLOW, the estimator will check
the Throughput Material Code and Throughput Unit Code fields in the Factor Table (the
structure of the Factor Table is described in more detail below) if it finds an emission factor
for ARSENIC. If there is a factor present for the applicable SCC-AMS code for the process
in question (or there is a source-specific factor listed for that process ID) and the Throughput
Unit Code is expressed as mass units the Emission Estimator will search the Activity
Table for the output stream of the specified process and look for a MASS FLOW value for the
corresponding Throughput Material (in this example, COAL).
If it finds such a value (i.e., tons of COAL), it will complete the estimation. If the estimator
cannot find a value for the MASS FLOW of COAL (for the interval specified), it will try and use
the next equation in the Method Metrics Table (if there is one present) and check the Factor
Table and look for an emission factor for ARSENIC where the Throughput Unit Code is
expressed as volume units. In this example, there is a second Method Metrics entry based
upon an emission factor and VOL FLOW of COAL. If there is a factor present, the Emission
Estimator will search the Activity Table of the output stream for the specified process and
look for a VOLUME FLOW value for the corresponding Throughput Material (in this example,
COAL). If it finds such a value (i.e., cubic yards of COAL), it will complete the estimation.


Creating Protocol Records
    1. Click the Protocol icon on the Emission Estimation screen. The Calculation
       Protocol screen displayed above will appear. The screen is divided into two
       windows. The upper window displays the information in the Protocol Table, while the
       lower window displays the information in the Method Metrics Table. Focus on the
       upper window and the following instructions explain how to complete a Protocol
       Table entry. For every Protocol Table entry, there must be a corresponding Method
       Metrics Table entry. The procedure for completing a Method Metrics Table entry is
       explained in the next section.
    2. Enter the Method Code or select one from the drop-down list.
    3. Enter the Priority Number or use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow keys to decrease or
       increase the priority, respectively. The lower the number, the higher the priority. The
       highest priority is 1 and the lowest is 9.
    4. Enter the Sub Type or select one from the drop-down list. A Sub Type of SCC AMS
       indicates that the Emission Estimator should use the SCC/AMS code in a process
       record for determining which protocol to use. A Sub Type of "CODES" directs the
       Emission Estimator to use the Source Code, Device Code, and Process Code for

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       matching a protocol record. For the current version of the Emission Estimator, you
       should always select SCC AMS.
   5. If you have entered a Sub Type of "SCC AMS," then enter the SCC/AMS Code for
      the protocol record. You may indicate wildcards with "%". For example, to define a
      protocol record that applies to all SCC codes that begin with the number 1, enter
      1%%%%%%%, where each % represents a digit (SCC codes are eight digits). To
      define a protocol record that applies to all AMS codes that begin with 2104, enter
      2104%%%%%% (AMS codes are ten digits).
   6. Enter the Source Code for this Protocol record or select one from the drop-down
      list. If you entered a Sub Type of "CODES" (above), enter the specific Source Code
      that applies to this protocol or enter "@" to match any Source Code. If you entered a
      Sub Type of "SCC AMS", enter "@". Again, as was stated above, the current
      version of the Emission Estimator does not support anything other than SCC
      AMS Codes.
   7. Enter the Device Code for this Protocol record or select one from the drop-down list.
      If you entered a Sub Type of "CODES" (above), enter the specific Device Code that
      applies to this protocol or enter "@" to match any Device Code. If you entered a Sub
      Type of "SCC AMS", enter "@". Again, as was stated above, the current version
      of the Emission Estimator does not support anything other than SCC AMS
      Codes.
   8. Enter the Process Code for this Protocol record or select one from the drop-down
      list. If you entered a Sub Type of "CODES" above, enter the specific Process Code
      that applies to this protocol or enter "@" to match any Process Code. If you entered
      a Sub Type of "SCC AMS", enter "@". Again, as was stated above, the current
      version of the Emission Estimator does not support anything other than SCC
      AMS Codes.
   9. Enter the Throughput Material for this Protocol record or select one from the drop-
      down list. Specifying a material indicates that this protocol only applies to the
      selected material. Enter "@" to match all throughput materials. Again, as was
      stated above, the current version of the Emission Estimator does not support
      anything other than SCC AMS Codes.
   10. Enter the Mode for this Protocol record or select one from the drop-down list. Enter
       "@" to match any mode. Again, as was stated above, the current version of the
       Emission Estimator does not support anything other than SCC AMS Codes.
   11. Enter the Emittant Material for this Protocol record or select one from the drop-
       down list. Enter "@" for indicating this protocol applies to the estimation of any
       emittant material.
   12. Enter the Reference for this Protocol record. This should indicate the source of the
       protocol such as "Encyclopedia of Methods, Vol. 2; Section 1."
   13. Once you have completed entering a Protocol Table record as described above,
       click Save.
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Creating Method Metrics Records
   1. After creating a Protocol record as described above, change focus by clicking
      anywhere in the lower window. If you have previously created a Protocol record and
      did not create a Method Metrics record(s), use the procedure "Viewing Calculation
      Protocols" to find the Calculation Protocol record, then change focus to the lower
      window. Once you have located and displayed the Protocol record in the upper
      window of the Calculation Protocol screen, you can create the associated Method
      Metrics record.
   2. Click Insert.
   3. Enter the Record Group number. For each Protocol record, you can define
      alternate ways (methods) for making the calculation. Each of these ways is identified
      by a separate Record Group number. The first way is denoted with a 1, the second
      way with a 2, and so forth. The Emission Estimator will try to calculate emissions
      starting with the first way you specify (i.e., in Record Group order).
   4. Enter the Sequence number. Within each Record Group, the Emission Estimator
      will process method metrics records in order by sequence number. The Emission
      Estimator requires a specific sequence based on the Item Type (see Step 6 below).
   5. Enter the Operator or select one from the pull-down list. The Operator tells the
      Emission Estimator what to do if it finds a value based on the criteria defined in the
      Method Metrics record. For example, a "+" operator adds the value to the previous
      values, while a "x" operator multiplies the value by the previous values. By
      convention, records with a Sequence Number of 1 should have a "+."
   6. Enter the Item Type or select one from the pull-down list. An "Emis Fact" Item Type
      indicates that the emission estimation method requires an emission factor as a
      parameter. A "Metric" Item Type indicates that the emission estimation method
      requires a metric value. A "Constant" Item Type indicates that a constant conversion
      factor is needed in the estimation. Method Metrics records need to be sequenced
      within a Record Group with emission factors (if present) first, followed by constants
      (if present), then metrics.
   7. Enter the Metric Code or select one from the pull-down list. Entries should be made
      to this field only if the Item Type is Metric, indicating that a particular metric value is
      required.
   8. Enter the Numerator Material. This is always required. To match any material, use
      "@."
   9. Enter the Denominator Material. This is required if the Item Type is "Emis Fact" or
      "Constant" (as was stated earlier, all factors must have both a Numerator Material
      and a Denominator Material). The Denominator Material represents or
      corresponds to the Throughput Material (as specified in the Factor Table). To
      match any Throughput Material, use "@." If the Item Type is Metric leave the
      Denominator Material blank.

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   10. Check either the Input or Output Flag. This field is needed if the Item Type is
       "Metric." In the case of stream metrics, this flag indicates whether the value will be
       found on the input or output stream of a given device/process.
   11. Once all data have been entered for a single Method Metric record, click Save.
   12. Repeat steps 2 through 11 to insert as many method metrics records as needed for
       the protocol. Remember to update the Record Group and Sequence Number as
       needed. When you begin a new Record Group, increment the Record Group and
       initialize Sequence Number to 1.


Viewing Protocol and Method Metrics Records
   1. Click the Protocol icon on the Emission Estimation screen.
   2. Use the procedure Moving Among Records to locate a calculation protocol record of
      interest.
   3. To move among Method Metric records, change focus by clicking within the lower
      window and move among records in that block in the same manner.
   4. To view additional Protocol records, change focus back to the upper window and
      repeat steps 2 and 3.


Updating Calculation Protocols and Method
Metrics
   1. Click the Protocol icon on the Emission Estimation screen.
   2. View the Protocol and Method Metrics portions of the Calculation Protocol screen
      to identify a Protocol or Method Metrics record to update.
   3. Update the record.
   4. Click Save.




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Deleting Protocol and Method Metrics Records
   1. Click the Protocol icon on the Emission Estimation screen.
   2. View the Protocol and Method Metrics to identify a Protocol or Method Metrics
      record to delete.
   3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4. Click OK to delete the Protocol or Method Metrics record. When you delete the
      Protocol record, the system deletes all Method Metrics records associated with that
      Protocol record.


Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator

Background
Factors are used to calculate emissions (using emission factors), to speciate PM, PM10 and
TOG (or VOC) emission estimates into the corresponding material components data (using
speciation factors derived from the applicable speciation profiles) and to capture other
information relating different materials (e.g., heating values, population-based material use
rates). As used in RAPIDS, a factor is any single-valued numeric quantity that describes the
relation between two materials. A factor must have both a Numerator Material and a
Denominator Material.




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The Emission Estimation Screen




The Factor portion of the Emission Estimation screen is divided into eight (8) parts, each
represented by a separate icon: Generic and Specific emission factors, Generic and Source-
specific speciation factors, Generic and Source-specific constants [factors], and Seasonal
and Growth Factors. Although RAPIDS stores all of these factors in one Table (i.e.,, the
Factor Table), the system allows you to access a subset of the Factor Table by clicking each
icon. The following discussion briefly describes each type of factor. Next a description of the
Factor Table structure is presented.
A generic factor is a factor that, by default, is considered appropriate for use when a source-
specific factor is unavailable. Generic emission factors are derived from the U.S. EPA Factor
Information Retrieval System (FIRE). FIRE contains two sets of emission factors: repository
and distribution. The repository factors consists of all emission factor data that has been
collected by U.S. EPA; the distribution factors are those that U.S. EPA has determined to be
of use for routine emission inventory development purposes. The distribution factors are
either a selected subset of the factors in the distribution data or an average of such data.
RAPIDS only includes the distribution factors contained in FIRE.
Accordingly, we have assumed that U.S. EPA has already selected the best (e.g., highest

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rated factor or most appropriate) factor for use in the FIRE distribution set. In some cases,
FIRE contains multiple factors for the same SCC-AMS Code and emittant because the
factors include the effect of specified downstream control devices. RAPIDS includes the
factors along with information on the downstream control devices used. Because RAPIDS
does not include all of U.S. EPA's control equipment as separate devices in RAPIDS (e.g., a
low NOx burner is not a separate device, and miscellaneous control devices cannot be
handled), there will be a few cases in RAPIDS where there will be duplicate emission factors
for a given combination of SCC-AMS Code with downstream control devices. If the
Emission Estimator finds this case, the estimator will not calculate emissions. Instead, a
message is written to the Log File alerting you. You then need to look at the factors in FIRE
and see which factor is most appropriate for the case at hand, and then enter this factor as a
source-specific factor. The selection of the most appropriate factor will typically consider: 1)
the existence of control technology not associated with a control device, 2) the rating of the
factors; and 3) any additional information contained in the comments field in FIRE.
You can also enter emission factors that "override" the generic factors for a given process-
i.e., source-specific emission factors. A source-specific emission actor is a factor that is
considered applicable to a specific process, usually as a result of some type of testing for that
process.
Generic speciation factors are derived from the U.S. EPA SPECIATE database. SPECIATE
contains both PM and TOG profiles. Profiles are "mapped" to SCC Codes (additional
mapping has been done to match these profiles to AMS Codes). Each profile lists the mass
fractions, expressed in %, of corresponding component materials (i.e., emittants). PM
profiles also contain size fractions (e.g., PM10, PM2.5). RAPIDS stores the information
derived from SPECIATE in the "Split Factors Table." However, the Split Factors Table is not
accessible by you from within RAPIDS (only the system administrator has access to this
Table). Instead, the mass fractions contained in each profile have been converted to
"factors," i.e., LB of emittant material per LB of either PM or TOG, respectively. These
SPECIATE-derived factors are stored in the Factor Table along with constants and emission
factors. For example, a TOG profile that contains a mass fraction of BENZENE with a value
of 25% is expressed as 0.25 LB of BENZENE per LB of TOG in the Factor Table. BENZENE
is the Emittant Material Code value (which corresponds to the Numerator Material in the
Method Metrics Table) and TOG is the Throughput Material Code value (which
corresponds to the Denominator Material in the Method Metrics Table). "LB" is the value
of both the Emittant Unit Code and Throughput Unit Code in the Factor Table.
SPECIATE-derived speciation factors are also considered to be a type of "generic factor" in
RAPIDS (i.e., similar to the FIRE-derived emission factors).
Again, you cannot update either the generic emission factors or speciation factors
from within RAPIDS.
You can also specify source-specific speciation factors that override the generic speciation
factors for a given process. A source-specific profile and the corresponding speciation
factors, like source-specific emission factors described above, are profiles/factors that are
considered applicable to a specific process, usually as a result of some type of testing for that
process.

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Constants are other factors used in calculating emissions, such as the heat content of coal
(RAPIDS considers heat to be a material). Two examples of a constant factor are the mass of
clothes dry cleaned per person, and the heat produced per volume of fuel burned, the latter
being a fuel heat content.
The RAPIDS Factor Table contains all data that quantifies the relation between two materials
(e.g., mass of PM per volume of COAL burned). The Factor Table contains information in a
form different from the actual FIRE and SPECIATE databases. This reformatting was
required in order to have the data in a more consistent and useable format within an
integrated database. The Factor Table includes, in addition to the factor value and units,
separate fields for: "numerator or emittant" material; "denominator or throughput" material;
type of data (i.e., generic or source-specific; emission factor, speciation factor or constant)
[this information is included in the Factor Table but not displayed on any of the screens in
RAPIDS]; data quality rating; SCC-AMS Codes; and Device Codes for the primary and
secondary control devices.
The RAPIDS convention for organizing data on factors specifies that a factor is always
composed of the following five elements:
·        Floating point numeric value;
·        Emittant (Numerator) Material Code;
·        Throughput (Denominator) Material Code;
·        Emittant (Numerator) Unit Code; and
·        Throughput (Denominator) Unit Code.
These five elements can be organized in the following form:
           Emittant Unit Code: Emittant Material Code
value
        Throughput Unit Code: Throughput Material Code

For example, an emission factor would be expressed as:
          lb: TOG               lb: NOx
27.0                or 47.3
        ton:COAL              MMBtu: HEAT
A speciation factor would be expressed as:
        lb: BENZENE               lb: POM
0.212                  or 0.312
            lb: TOG                lb: PM
A constant factor would be expressed as:
        MMBtu: HEAT              lb: CLOTHES
427.2                   or 3.1
         ton:COAL                each:PERSON
As was stated earlier, all of the factors described above are stored in one Factor Table.
The Factor Table includes the following fields used for emission calculation purposes:

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·       Source ID (for source-specific factors only);
·       Device ID (for source-specific factors only);
·       Process ID (for source-specific factors only);
·       SCC-AMS Code (for generic and source-specific emission factors only);
·       Profile Code (for generic speciation factors only);
·       Amount;
·       Exponent;
·       Emittant Material Code;
·       Emittant Unit Code;
·       Throughput Material Code;
·       Throughput Unit Code;
·      Factor Type (not displayed on any of the RAPIDS screens but included in the
database):
                G = generic emission factor,
                S = source-specific emission factor,
                P = generic speciation factor,
                F = source-specific speciation factor,
                C = generic constant factor,
                A = source-specific constant factor;
·       Data Quality Rating (A-F);
·       (Primary) Control 1 Device Code; and
·       (Secondary) Control 2 Device Code.
Additional fields included in the Factor Table, but not currently used for emission calculation
purposes, are:
        EPA Date (for generic emission factors, speciation factors, and constants); and
       Effective Date (for source-specific emission factors, speciation factors, and
constants).


    Accessing/Viewing Generic Emission Factors
     1. Click the Emission Estimation icon on the Data Module screen or select Emission
        Estimation from the Data option on the RAPIDS Main Menu to display the

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       Emission Estimation screen.
   2. Click the Emission Factors, Generic icon to access the Generic Emission Factors
      screen. This screen displays generic emission factors for all sources by the
      applicable SCC/AMS Code. You cannot update/edit the generic emission factor
      portion of the Factor Table from within RAPIDS.
   These factors include both uncontrolled and controlled emission factors. The Emission
   Estimator will first try to calculate the uncontrolled emissions from a process using the
   SCC (or AMS) Code and the input stream Throughput Material. If successful, the
   Emission Estimator writes the uncontrolled emissions (using the MASS FLOW Metric)
   as output stream activity data for the process. If the uncontrolled estimation fails, the
   estimator will try to calculate the controlled emissions by comparing what device(s) are
   connected to the originating device (this information is obtained from the Connections
   Table) to the primary (i.e., Control 1 Device Code in the Factor Table) and/or secondary
   downstream (i.e., Control 2 Device Code in the Factor Table) control devices. If
   successful, the estimator writes the controlled emissions as output stream activity for the
   primary or secondary control device/process and writes the total downstream MASS
   FLOW output stream activity for the device/process.


Creating Specific Emission Factors
   1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
      procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Source-
      specific Emission Factor screen.
   2. Select whether this Emission Factor refers to a State, County or Source.
   3. Click on the Insert tool bar button.
   4. Enter (or select from the pull-down list) the following [all of the following ID are
      automatically filled in if the "Source-Specific Emission Factor" screen is from the
      desired Process ID (i.e., Process record)]:
       a. The Source ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
       b. The Device ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
       c.   The Process ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
       d. The SCC or AMS code for the source-specific emission factors.
       e. The Emittant Material Code.
       f.   The Emittant Unit Code.
       g. The Throughput Material Code.
       h. The Throughput Unit Code.
       i.   The factor Amount.
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       j.   The factor Exponent (leave blank if the exponent is "0").
   5. Enter the (Primary Control Device) Control 1 Device Code if the factor represents a
      controlled emission factor with a control device immediately after the originating
      device.
   6. Enter the (Secondary Control Device) Control 2 Device Code if the factor represents
      a controlled emission factor for the combination of the Control 1 Device Code and
      another control device that follows.
   7. Enter the Quality Rating for the source-specific emission factor (you are not required
      to enter a value).
   8. Enter the Effective Date, which is the date on which the source-specific emission
      factor is effective (you are not required to enter a value).
   9. Click the Save tool bar button.
   10. Repeat steps 2 through 10 to create as many source-specific emission factors as
       required.


Viewing Specific Emission Factors
   1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
      procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Source-
      specific Emission Factor screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      locate material records.


Updating Specific Emission Factors
   1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Moduleor the
      procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Source-
      specific Emission Factor screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      locate and update fields on one or many source-specific emission factor records.
   3. Click the Save tool bar button.
   4. Repeat steps 2 through 3 to update as many source-specific emission factors as
      needed.




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Deleting Specific Emission Factors
   1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
      procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Source-
      specific Emission Factor screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      locate a source-specific emission factor record to delete.
   3.   Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4.    Click OK to delete the source-specific emission factor record or Cancel to abort the
        operation.
   5.   To delete other source-specific emission factors, repeat steps 2 through 4.


Accessing/Viewing Generic Speciation Factors
   1. Use the procedure Accessing Generic Emission Factors from the Process Module or
      the procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Generic
      Speciation Factor screen. You cannot update/edit the generic speciation factor
      portion of the Factor Table from within RAPIDS.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records on page 31 to view generic speciation
      factors.


Creating Source-specific Speciation Factors
   1. Use the Accessing Source-specific Speciation Factors from the Process Module or
      the procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Source-
      specific Speciation Factor screen.
   2.   Click on the Insert tool bar button.
   3.    Enter (or select from the pull-down list) the following [all of the following ID are
        automatically filled in if the "Source-Specific Emission Factor" screen is from the
        desired Process ID (i.e., Process record)]:
        a. The Source ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
        b. The Device ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
        c.   The Process ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
        d. The Emittant Material Code.


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       e. The Emittant Unit Code.
       f.   The Throughput Material Code.
       g. The Throughput Unit Code.
       h. The factor Value.
       i.   The factor Exponent (leave blank if the exponent is "0").
   14. Enter the Control 1 Device Code if the factor represents a controlled speciation
       factor with a control device immediately after the source device.
   15. Enter the Control 2 Device Code if the factor represents a controlled speciation
       factor for the combination of the control 1 device code and another control device that
       follows.
   16. Enter the Quality Rating for the source-specific speciation factor (you are not
       required to enter a value).
   17. Enter the Effective Date, which is the date on which the source-specific speciation
       factor is effective (you are not required to enter a value).
   18. Click the Save tool bar button.
   19. Repeat steps 2 through 17 to create as many source-specific speciation factors as
       required.


Viewing Source-specific Speciation Factors
   1. Use the Accessing Source-specific Speciation Factors from the Process Module or
      the procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Source-
      specific Speciation Factor screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      locate and update fields on one or many source-specific emission factor records.


Updating Source-specific Speciation Factors
   1. Use the Accessing Source-specific Speciation Factors from the Process Module or
      the procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator for displaying the
      Source-specific Speciation Factor screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      locate and update fields on one or many source-specific speciation factor records.
   3. Click the Save tool bar button.
   4. Repeat steps 2 through 3 to update as many source-specific speciation factors as

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        needed.


Deleting Source-specific Speciation Factors
   1. Use the Accessing Source-specific Speciation Factors from the Process Module or
      the procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Source-
      specific Speciation Factor screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      locate a source-specific speciation factor record to delete.
   3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4. Click OK to delete the source-specific speciation factor record or Cancel to abort the
      operation.
   5. To delete other source-specific speciation factors, repeat steps 2 through 4.


Viewing Generic Constants (Factors)
   1. Use the procedure Accessing Generic Emission Factors from the Process Module or
      the procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Generic
      Constants (Factors) screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records to view generic constant factors.


Creating Generic Constants (Factors)
Unlike generic emission factors and speciation factors, RAPIDS will allow You to create
generic constants (factors).
   1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
      procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Generic
      Constants (Factors) screen displayed above in the "Viewing Generic Constants
      (Factors)" discussion.
   2. Click on the Insert tool bar button.
   3. Enter (or select from the pull-down list) the following:
        a. The Emittant Material Code.
        b. The Emittant Unit Code.
        c.   The Throughput Material Code.
        d. The Throughput Unit Code.

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        e.   The factor Amount.
        f.   The factor Exponent (leave blank if the value is "0").
    15. Enter the EPA Date, which is the date on which the generic constant (factor) is
        effective (you are not required to enter a value).
    16. Click the Save tool bar button.
    17. Repeat steps 2 through 17 to create as many generic constants (factors) as required.


Viewing Source-specific Constants (Factors)
    1. Use the procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the
       Source-specific Constants (Factors) screen.
    2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records to view generic constant factors.


Creating Source-specific Constants (Factors)
If a need arises, RAPIDS will allow you to enter source-specific constants (factors) for a given
source/device/process that will override the generic constants (factors).
    1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
       procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Source-
       specific Constants (Factors) screen.
    2. Click on the Insert tool bar button.
    3. Enter (or select from the pull-down list) the following [all of the following ID are
       automatically filled in if the "Source-Specific Emission Factor" screen is from the
       desired Process ID (i.e., Process record)]:
        a. The Source ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
        b. The Device ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
        c.   The Process ID for which to define source-specific emission factors.
        e. The Emittant Material Code.
        f.   The Emittant Unit Code.
        g. The Throughput Material Code.
        h. The Throughput Unit Code.
        i.   The factor Amount.
        j.   The factor Exponent (leave blank if the value is "0").


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   15. Enter the Effective Date, which is the date on which the source-specific constant
       (factor) is effective (you are not required to enter a value).
   16. Click the Save tool bar button.
   17. Repeat steps 2 through 16 to create as many source-specific constants (factors) as
       required.


Updating Generic and Source-specific
Constants (Factors)
   1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
      procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display either the
      Generic or Source-specific Constants (Factors) screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      locate and update fields on one or Generic or Source-specific Constants (Factors)
      factor records.
   3. Click the Save tool bar button.
   4. Repeat steps 2 through 3 to update as many source-specific emission factors as
      needed.


Deleting Generic or Source-specific Constants
(Factors)
   1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
      procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Generic or
      Source-specific Constants (Factors) screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      locate either a Generic or Source-specific Constants (Factors) factor record to
      delete.
   3.   Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4.    Click OK to delete the source-specific emission factor record or Cancel to abort the
        operation.
   8. To delete other Generic or Source-specific Constants (Factors), repeat steps 2
      through 4.




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Creating Seasonal Factors
1) Use the procedure Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
   procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator or click the Seasonal icon in
   the Emission Estimation screen to display the Seasonal Adjustments (Factors) screen.
2) Click on the Insert tool bar button.
3) Enter (or select from the pull-down list) the following:
    a) The State for which the Seasonal Factor is created,
    b) The County for which the Seasonal Factor is created,
    c) The SCC Code,
    d) The Season (as determined by the pull-down menu),
    e) The Adj Factor (the amount, in tenths, of the total annual emissions for this Process
       that occurs in the select Season, and
Type, either Generic or User Supplied.
4) Click the Save tool bar button.
5) Repeat steps 2 through 16 to create as many Seasonal Adjustments (Factors) as
   required.


Viewing Seasonal Factors
1) Use the procedure Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
   procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator or click the Seasonal icon in
   the Emission Estimation screen to display the Seasonal Adjustments (Factors) screen.
2) Use the scroll bars at the bottom and right side to view Seasonal Factors.


Updating Seasonal Factors
    1. Use the Accessing Source-specific Speciation Factors from the Process Module or
       the procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator for displaying the
       Seasonal Adjustments (Factors) screen.
    2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
       locate and update fields on one or many seasonal factor records.
    3. Click the Save tool bar button.


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    5. Repeat steps 2 through 3 to update as many seasonal factors as needed.


Deleting Seasonal Factors
    1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
       procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Seasonal
       Adjustments (Factors) screen.
    2. Highlight the Record to delete.
    3. Click the Delete tool bar button. The screen will prompt you: "You are about to delete
       this record. Are you sure?" Click "Yes."
    4. To delete other records, repeat steps 2 and 3 above.


Creating Growth Factors
This topic will discuss how to create a Growth Factor.


Viewing Growth Factors
This topic will discuss how to View Growth Factors.


Updating Growth Factors
This topic will discuss how to Update Growth Factors.


Deleting Growth Factors
    1. Use the Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module or the
       procedure Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Growth
       (Factors) screen.
    2. Highlight the Record to delete.
    3. Click the Delete tool bar button. The screen will prompt you: "You are about to delete
       this record. Are you sure?" Click "Yes."
    4. To delete other records, repeat steps 2 and 3 above.




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Accessing Materials From the Emission
Estimator
    1. Click the Emission Estimation icon from the Data Module screen or select
       Emission Estimation from the Data menu to access the Emission Estimation
       screen.
    2. Click the Material icon in the Emission Estimation screen.
    3. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
       locate material records.


Accessing the SCC/AMS-to-Material
Relationship from the Emission Estimator
    1. Click the Emission Estimation icon from the Data Module screen or select
       Emission Estimation from the Data menu.
    2. Click the SCC/AMS Material icon.
    3. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
       locate material records.
This Table is used by the Emission Estimator to identify which emittants should be
estimated (for whatever Method(s) are selected) if you does not provide this information.
The key is the SCC or AMS Code for the process. The Table indicates the "source of the
information" (e.g., FIRE, SPECIATE, associations provide by a participating State, XWALK)
that was used to associate a given SCC or AMS Code with a particular emittant. The
Emission Estimator will also check the Factor Table to make sure that any associations
included in a source-specific emission factor or speciation factor for a given process is also
included in the list of possible associations for which emission estimates should be
calculated.


Creating Emission Profile Records
The Emission Profile Table maps SCC-AMS Codes to the applicable generic speciation
profiles as defined by you. The profile codes and associated profiles are stored in the "Split
Factors" Table which is not accessible from within RAPIDS. The mass fractions of emittants
for a given TOG or PM profile have been converted to speciation factors and are stored in the
Factor Table. The Factor Type field in the Factor Table (which is not displayed in RAPIDS)
indicates the "origin" of the factor (i.e., generic emission factor, generic speciation factor,
etc.). The upper portion of the Emission Profile screen cannot be edited. The lower portion
can be modified to either add or delete SCC and/or AMS Codes as deemed appropriate by

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you.
An SCC and/or AMS Code can map to more than one profile code. If this should occur, the
Emission Estimator, which keys off of the SCC-AMS Code for a given process when using
the Speciation Method, will not know which "set" of speciation factors to use. In this instance,
and error message will be printed in the Log File indicating that more than one set of
speciation factors were available. You must the select the profile that should be used and
enter the corresponding speciation factors as a source-specific speciation factors for that
process. The Emission Estimator will always select source-specific factors for a given
process over generic factors and the "conflict" will be resolved, and the estimator will
complete the estimation.
    1. Use the Accessing Product Profiles from the Process Module or the procedure
       Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Emission Profile
       screen.
    2. Click anywhere on the lower portion of the screen to change the focus and the SCC-
       AMS Code and Relation Quality Code portion of the screen will become active.
       Highlight an SCC-AMS Code record and click the Insert tool bar button.
    3. Enter the SCC-AMS Code that you wish to map to the profile code displayed in the
       upper portion of the screen.
    4. Enter the Relation Quality Code to characterize how well the profile maps to the
       SCC or AMS Code.
    5. Click the Save tool bar button.
    6. Repeat steps 2 through 5 as needed to add /map any number of new SCC and/or
       AMS Codes to the applicable speciation profile.


Creating Product Profiles
    1. Product Profiles are only used by the Emission Estimator when calculating emissions
       using the Mass Balance Method. The structure of this Table is very similar to the
       "Split Factors" Table which stores TOG and PM profiles. Use the Accessing Product
       Profiles from the Process Module or the procedure Accessing Factors from the
       Emission Estimator to display the Product Profile screen.
    2. Click the Insert tool bar button.
    3. Enter a Profile Code. This code must be unique among all speciation and product
       profiles.
    4. Enter the Profile Name.
    5. Enter (or select from the pull-down list) the Material for which to define the product
       profile.
    6. Enter the Quality Rating Code to characterize the profile quality (you are not

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       required to enter a value).
   7. Click the Save tool bar button.
   8. Change focus by clicking in the bottom screen block.
   9. Click the Insert tool bar button.
   10. Enter the applicable Material for the product profile.
   11. Enter the Weight Percent (e.g., 10.000).
   12. Click the Save tool bar button.
   13. Repeat steps 9 through 12 for the mass fractions of materials associated with the
       product profile (note that it is not required to include the mass fractions for all of the
       materials that comprise a given product profile, just the materials that will be used by
       the Emission Estimator for the mass balance Method).
   14. Click the Save tool bar button.
   15. Change focus by clicking in the top screen block.
   16. Repeat steps 2 through 13 as needed to create any number of product profiles.


Viewing Emission and Product Profiles
   1. Use the "Viewing Product Profiles from the Process Module" or the procedure
      Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Emission Profile or
      Product Profile screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      view product profiles. When you change the product profile, the associated weight
      percentage records associated with the product profile are displayed in the bottom
      screen block.
   3. To scroll among the weight percentage records, change focus to the bottom block
      and use the "Moving Among Records" and "Filtering" procedures. Change focus
      back to the top block to view other product profiles.
   4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to view any number of emission or product profiles.




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Updating Product Profile Records
   1. Use the "Viewing Product Profiles from the Process Module" or the procedure
      Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Product Profile
      screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      find and update fields for one or many product profiles.
   3. To update the Material Code and Weight Percent portions of a record, change focus
      to the bottom block and use the "Moving Among Records" and "Filtering" procedures
      to find and update the appropriate information. Change focus by clicking in the top
      screen block to update additional product profiles.
   4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to update any number of product profiles.


Updating Emission Profile Records
   1. Use the "Viewing Emission Profiles from the Process Module" or the procedure
      Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Emission Profile
      screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      find and update fields for one or many emission profiles.
   3. To update the SCC/AMS Code and Relation Quality Code portions of a record,
      change focus to the bottom block and use the "Moving Among Records" and
      "Filtering" procedures to find and update the appropriate information. Change focus
      by clicking in the top screen block to update additional emission profiles.
   4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to update any number of emission profile records.


Deleting Emission Profile Records
   1. Use the "Viewing Emission Profiles from the Process Module" or the procedure
      Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display the Emission Profile
      screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      find an emission profile record to delete. To delete only an SCC/AMS Code record
      associated with an emission profile record, change focus to the bottom block and use
      the "Filtering" and "Moving Among Records" procedures to find a weight percentage
      record to delete.


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   3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4. Click OK to delete the SCC/AMS Code record or Cancel to abort the operation.
   5. To delete other SCC/AMS Code records, change focus by clicking another
      SCC/AMS Code record and repeat steps 2 through 4.


Deleting Product Profiles
   1. Use the "Viewing Product Profiles from the Process Module" or the procedure
      Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator to display Product Profile screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      find a product profile record to delete. To delete only a weight percentage record
      associated with a product profile record, change focus to the bottom block and use
      the "Filtering" and "Moving Among Records" procedures to find Weight Percent
      record to delete.
   3. Click the Delete tool bar button.
   4. Click OK to delete the product profile record or Cancel to abort the operation. When
      you delete a product profile, the system automatically deletes all Weight Percent
      records for the product profile.
   5. To delete other product profiles, change focus by clicking in the top screen block and
      repeat steps 2 through 4.


Viewing SCC/AMS Codes
   1. Click the SCC/AMS button from the Process screen. Alternatively, click the Emission
      Estimation icon from the RAPIDS Data Model screen, select Emission Estimation
      from the Data menu, or display the "Factor" button on the Process Screen to display
      the Emission Estimation screen. Then click the SCC/AMS icon to display the
      SCC/AMS Codes screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records to view SCC/AMS Codes.
   3. Use the Find, Sort, Filter, and Unfilter options to identify SCC/AMS Codes.
   4. Highlight the desired SCC/AMS Code and click Select. To cancel any selection, click
      Cancel.




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Creating Materials and Material Groups
Creating a Material
   1. Use the procedure Accessing Materials From the Emission Estimator to display the
      Materials screen.
   2. Click Insert.
   3. Enter the Code. The Code uniquely identifies the material. Note that the convention
      is to code materials such as 1,1,1-Trichloroethane with the prefix at the end of the
      code such as "TCE,111."
   4. Enter the CAS number for those materials that have CAS numbers.
   5. Enter the Material Name.
   6. Enter the AIRS/AFS Code for those materials that have such a code. This code
      needs to be acceptable as input into EPA AIRS/AFS (the AIRS/AMS Code is not
      currently being used and need not be entered),
   7. Enter the SAROAD Code for those materials that have such a code. The SAROAD
      Code is an older U.S. EPA coding scheme for pollutants (i.e., emittants).
   8. Enter comments as needed. The comment field scrolls to accommodate 255
      characters.
   9. Repeat steps 2 through 8 for creating any number of materials.
   10. Click Save.


Creating a Material Group
   1. Follow the instructions for creating a material except enter "yes" in the "Group Flag"
      field (also, only fill in the fields that are applicable) and complete the "Group Type"
      field. Name the material group in such a way that you will recognize this material as
      a group (we suggest using a "Group" suffix). Note that many fields such as CAS #
      can be left null.
   2. Click the "Group" button.
   3. To add or remove group members, see Adding Group Members or Removing Group
      Members.




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Viewing Materials
   1. Use the Accessing Materials From the Emission Estimator to display the Materials
      screen.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records to view Material records.


Updating Materials
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Materials to identify materials to update. You may also
      use the procedure Using Filters to Locate Records to identify materials.
   2. Make as many changes to the material records as necessary.
   3. Click Save. Note that the system will present an error message if you try to change a
      material code that is in use (exists in the database as a field value for a record). To
      change a Material Code that is in use, first add a new material code, change the
      existing material codes to the new code, and then delete the old material code.


Deleting Materials
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Materials to identify materials to update. You may also
      use the procedure Using Filters to Locate Records to identify materials.
   2. With the cursor positioned on the record you wish to delete, click Delete.
       The system prompts you with the message "You are about to delete this record. Are
       you sure?" To delete the record, click Yes. To cancel the operation, click No. Note
       that the system will present an error message if you try to delete a Material Code that
       is in use (exists in the database as a field value for a record). To delete a material
       code that is in use, first delete all existing occurrences of the material code within the
       database.




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Legal Module
The Legal Module manages legal information for a source or device. The owner and/or
operator is an example of legal information managed within RAPIDS.




Above is an example of the opening screen of the Legal Module.
The Name box refers to the name of the specific legal entity and Abbreviation is a created
abbreviation for the legal entity. You can toggle through the existing database of legal
entities via the forward and backward icons on the RAPIDS toolbar. When you click on the
Type arrow a list of types of legal entities, such as Association, Local Government or
Corporation, is displayed.
The functions of the other buttons on the Legal Module screen are described below.
Additional details are provided later.

Children        This button allows for the display of all associated legal entities. For
                example, under a State Government (one legal entity) might be the Secretary
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               of State or Attorney General; under the attorney general might be local
               District attorneys. These legal entities are "children" in the legal hierarchy.
               NOTE: The Children button is grayed out until you have chosen from the
               following buttons (Source, Activity, Contact, Forms.)

Source         Identifies the Source(s) associated with the selected legal entity.

Activity       Permits you to input information about Activities associated with a legal
               entity.

Contact        Identifies the person(s) to contact regarding the legal entity.

Form                    Displays all legal forms associated with the legal entity.




Creating Legal Entities
   1. Click the Legal tool bar button, the Legal icon on the Data Model screen or select
      Legal from the Data menu.
   2. Click Insert.
   3. Enter the name of the legal entity. The legal entity name must uniquely identify a
      legal entity.
   4. Enter the type of the legal entity or select one from the drop-down list.
   5. As needed, repeat steps 2 through 4 to create additional legal entities.
   6. Click Save.


Viewing Legal Entities
   1. Click the Legal tool bar button, the Legal icon on the Data Model screen, or select
      Legal from the Data menu.
   2. Use the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records to
      view one or more legal entity records at the same hierarchy level.
   3. If the legal entity displayed is at a higher level in the hierarchy than the one you are
      looking for, click Children to display all of the legal entities that are lower in the
      hierarchy. Highlight the child legal entity of interest in the Related Information Area
      and double-click the row to move the child legal entity into the General Information
      Area . Continue to highlight and double-click to navigate downward in the legal entity
      hierarchy until you locate the desired legal entity.


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    4. If the legal entity displayed is at a lower level than the one you are looking for,
       navigate upward in the legal entity hierarchy by clicking on the Parent button (located
       in the lower right-hand corner of the General Information Area) until the record is
       located. If the legal entity is at the top of the hierarchy, the Parent button will not be
       visible.


Updating Legal Entities
    1. Use the procedure Viewing Legal Entities to locate the record(s) to be updated.
    2. Press Tab or Enter to move from field to field in the record, or position your cursor
       directly on a field.
    3. Enter new data into the fields as needed.
    4. Click the Save tool bar button or select Save from the File menu.


Deleting Legal Entities
    1. Use the procedure Viewing Legal Entities to locate the record(s) to be deleted.
    2. With the cursor positioned on a record you wish to delete, click the Delete tool bar
       button.
    3. The system prompts you with the message "You are about to delete this record. Are
       you sure?" To delete the record, click Yes. To cancel the operation, click No.
       Cascading deletes, in which entire hierarchies of records are deleted at once, are not
       supported for Legal Entity Records. To delete an entire hierarchy, first delete the
       lower-level records, then delete the parent record.


Viewing Source Legal Entity Relationships from
the Legal Module
1. Use the procedure Viewing Legal Entities to locate the legal entity record(s) for which to
   view all related sources.
2. Click Source.
3. To display the Source Screen for the desired source, highlight the source row and
   double-click anywhere in the row.
4. To view individual pages of legal documents associated with the source, click the Select
   Forms button. An example of the resulting Forms Types screen follows.


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   5. To view a specific document, highlight and double-click on the document line.




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Creating Source Legal Entity Relationships
Both a Source AND a Legal entity must already exist prior to creating the relationship
between them. If either Source or Legal Entity do not exist, you must first create them in
either Source Module or Legal Module. If both do exist, proceed with the following steps.
    1. Click the Source button on the Legal screen.
    2. Complete the data for each source by clicking in each field. Specify the Agency
       Source ID number in the drop-down menu.
    3. Highlight the Code field and use the pull-down menu to specify the legal relationship.
    4. Enter the Begin Relation Date, which refers to the date that the legal relationship
       began.
    5. Enter the End Relation Date, which refers to the date the legal relationship ended. If
       the legal relationship exists today, leave this field blank.
    6. Click Save.


Viewing Source Legal Entity Relationships
1. Click the Source button on the Legal screen.
2. Move the cursor to the Source you wish to view.
3. Double click on the Source to move to the Source Module.
    4. To return to the Legal Module, click the Legal Button. You can repeat the above
       steps to view the Source information for any desired Source.


Updating Source Legal Entity Relationships
1. Click the Source button on the Legal screen.
2. Move the cursor to the Source Legal Entity Relationship you wish to update.
3. Update the information in the Source Legal Entity Relationship line.
4. Click the Save icon in the tool bar to save changes.


Deleting Source Legal Entity Relationships
1. Click the Source button on the Legal Screen.

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2. Highlight the Source Legal Entity Relationship you wish to delete.
3. Click on the Delete icon on the Tool Bar.
4. RAPIDS will prompt, "You are about to delete this record. Are you sure?" Click the Yes
   button.
5. To delete additional records, repeat steps 2 through 4 for each record.


Creating Legal Entity Activity Data
Activity data can be created for any Legal Entity. Activity data are discussed in detail in
Activity Data. To create Legal Entity activity data:
    1. Identify Legal Entity for which to create activity data using the steps in Viewing
       Devices From the Device Module.
    2. Click Activity.
    3. Follow the procedure Creating Activity Data.


Viewing Legal Entity Activity Data
    1. Identify Legal Entities for which to view activity data using the steps in Viewing Legal
       Entities
    2. Click Activity.
    3. Follow the procedure Viewing Activity Data Using Current or History View.
    4. To view Legal Entity activity for a different Legal Entity, change focus by clicking
       within the top block (displaying a Legal Entity) and use the procedure Moving Among
       Records to view another entity. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step 3.
       Continue in this fashion to quickly view Legal Entity activity data for any number of
       entities.


Updating Legal Entity Activity Data
    1. Use the procedure Viewing Legal Entities to identify locations for which to update
       Legal Entities.
    2. Click Activity.
    3. Follow the steps outlined in Rewriting Activity Data: Filling In Parameter Row
       Information
    4. To update Legal Entity activity data for a different location, change focus by clicking

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       within the top block (displaying a legal entity) and use the procedure Moving Among
       Records to view another entity. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat step 3.
       Continue in this fashion to update Legal Entity activity data for any number of Legal
       Entities.


Deleting Legal Entity Activity Data
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Legal Entities to identify legal entities for which to delete
      activity data.
   2. Click Activity.
   3. Follow the steps outlined in Deleting Activity Data.
   4. To delete Legal Entity activity data for a different Legal Entity, change focus by
      clicking within the top block (displaying a legal entity) and use the procedure Moving
      Among Records to view another entity. Change focus to the bottom block and repeat
      step 3. Continue in this fashion to delete Legal Entity activity data for any number of
      locations.


Creating Legal Entity Contacts
Contacts can be created for Legal Entities. A Contact is a person who can be contacted for
information about the Legal Entity. Contacts are discussed in more detail in Contacts.
   1. To create Legal Entity contacts, first locate the Legal Entity records of interest by
      following the steps in Viewing Legal Entities
   2. Click Contact.
   3. The procedures for creating contacts are outlined in Creating Contacts.


Viewing Legal Entity Contacts
   1. To view Legal Entity contacts, first locate the Legal Entity records of interest by
      following the steps in .Viewing Legal Entities
   2. Click Contact.
   3. The procedures for viewing contacts are outlined in Viewing Contacts.


Updating Legal Entity Contacts
   1. To update Legal Entity contacts, first locate the Legal Entity records of interest by

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       following the steps in Viewing Legal Entities.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. The procedures for updating contacts are outlined in Updating Contacts.


Deleting Legal Entity Contacts
   1. To delete Legal Entity contacts, first locate the Legal Entity records of interest by
      following the steps in Viewing Legal Entities.
   2. Click Contact.
   3. The procedures for deleting contacts are outlined in Deleting Contacts.




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Reference Tables
The Reference Table Module manages the basic lookup tables referenced by the other
modules. A lookup table is used to populate the drop-down list boxes in a field. For
example, the lookup table for the Source Code field on the Source screen is the Source
Code Table.
The population of these reference tables influences the operation of the entire system. Many
screens and applications in the system rely on the values in these lookup tables. Users with
the appropriate access rights can create, update, and delete records. Please use caution
when modifying reference tables.
If changes are made to reference tables, you will be able to export records with the new
lookup values, but you will not be able to import them into another RAPIDS database unless
it also has the same reference table values.


Viewing Reference Tables
   1. Click the Reference Table tool bar button (a book) or select the Reference option
      from the Data menu.
   2. Click the drop-down button to display the list of Reference Tables. The list box
      displays the following selections:
        Reference Table                 Screen Usage
        Accuracy Methods                Geographic Location Group,
                                        Source Location Group, Device
                                        Location Group
        Calculation Methods             Protocol
        Coordinate Calculation Types    Geographic Location Group,
                                        Source Location Group, Device
                                        Location Group
        Data Codes                      Activities
        Device Codes                    Device, Metric Map, SCC/AMS
                                        Codes, Protocol, Emission
                                        Factor
        Form Types                      Forms, Applications
        Group Types                     Geographic Location, Source,
                                        Device, Process, Material
        Legal Entity Types              Legal
        Legal Relationship Codes        Source Legal Relationships,
                                        Device Legal Relationships
        Measurement Codes               Metrics, Units of Measure

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        Method                           Activities


        Metric Lookups                   Metric Maps
        Metric Maps                      Activity
        Metrics                          Activity, Metric Maps, Protocol
        Modes                            Process, Protocol
        Operating Daily Schedules        Process
        Operating Days                   Operating Daily Schedules
        Operating Hours                  Operating Daily Schedules
        Operating Months                 Operating Yearly Schedules
        Operating Weekly Schedules       Process
        Operating Yearly Schedules       Process
        Process Codes                    Process, Metric Map, SCC/AMS
                                         Codes, Protocol
        Reasons                          Source Contact Types, Device
                                         Contact Types, Legal Contact
                                         Types
        Reference Types                  Activity
        SCC/AMS Relationships            None
        Source Codes                     Source, Metric Map, SCC/AMS
                                         Codes, Protocol
        Stream Codes                     Stream, Metric Map
        Tier Codes                       SCC/AMS Codes
        Units                            Metric, Metric Map, Activity,
                                         Emission Factor, SCC/AMS
                                         Codes
        Use Types                        Metric Map
        Value Types                      Activity



   3. Select a table from the list. Click the table name to display the table. The system
      displays the table records in tabular view.
   4. Use the vertical and horizontal scroll bars to scan through the table entries.
   5. Follow the procedures Moving Among Records and Using Filters to Locate Records
      to identify the desired reference table record or records.


Creating Reference Table Records
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   1. Select a reference table for which to create records by clicking the Reference Table
      tool bar button (a book) or selecting the Reference option from the Data menu.
   2. Select the reference table of interest from the drop-down list. Clicking on the
      selection displays the table.
   3. Click Insert.
   4. Enter values for each field of the record.
   5. Repeat the steps above for as many records you need to create.
   6. Click Save.


Updating Reference Table Records
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Reference Tables to select a reference table and locate
      records of interest to update.
   2. Enter new values for each field you wish to update.
   3. Click Save. Note that the system will prevent you from changing a key value that has
      already been used. To change one key value to another, first add the new reference
      table record, change all occurrences of the old value to the new one in the database,
      and then delete the old key value from the reference table.


Deleting Reference Table Records
   1. Use the procedure Viewing Reference Tables to select a reference table and locate
      records of interest to delete.
   2. Click Delete.
   3. The system will display a dialog box with the message, "You are about to delete this
      record. Are you sure?" To delete the record, click Yes. To abort the delete, click
      No. Note that the system will prevent you from deleting a key value that is still in use
      (saved in the database in another record). To delete a reference record, first change
      all occurrences of the key value to another value.




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QC Checker
The QC Checker generates QC plots and tabular listings. Many options are available for the
selection and reporting of RAPIDS data.
Opening the QC Checker:
1. Click on the QC Checker icon on the Rapids Enterprise page. Then select either
       Statistical or Consistency. Both areas of the QC Checker are discussed below.
    2. Click on the Reporting icon on the Rapids Enterprise Page, then click on QA/QC.
       The Statistical and Consistency choices are displayed.


QC Checker-Statistical
The QC Checker is a useful tool for the following types of tasks:
1. Checking for data outliers;
2. Calculating descriptive statistics;
3. Identifying if the data are normally or lognormally distributed; and
4. Obtaining a visual sketch of the distribution of the data.
All of the above are important activities if you are planning to perform statistical analysis on
RAPIDS activity data. Determining the nature of the data distribution is important, because
the type of distribution will govern the type of statistical analysis that you will be able to use.
Many statistical procedures require that the data be normally or lognormally distributed; if it is
not, nonparametric procedures need to be used. And data should always be screened for
outliers to determine if there are errors that need to be corrected or observations that should
be deleted before further analysis is undertaken.
Note: you must have installed BASE SAS for Windows and SAS/ACCESS for ODBC before
generating any of the QC Checker reports.


Completing the QC Checker Screen Parameters
1. Select one or more report options. If you select the Outlier option, the lower percentile
   and upper percentile are defaulted to 5 and 95, respectively. Modify these if necessary
   by entering the correct value or using the Up Arrow and Down Arrow buttons.
2. Enter the QC Checker Output File Name. To browse through directories and files to
   determine which output file name to specify, click Browse. The default file extension is
   .LST. All QC Checker reports are first written to a file. You will then be able to view and
   print the file.
3. Enter the QC Checker Log File Name. To browse through directories and files to
   determine which log file to specify, click Browse. The default file extension is .LOG. The

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    log file records the report generation process.
4. Select the number of Columns Per Page. Click the Up Arrow button for more columns,
   click the Down Arrow button for fewer columns, or enter the correct number of columns.
   The default is 176 columns per page.
5. Select the number of Lines Per Page. Click the Up Arrow button for more lines, click
   the Down Arrow button for fewer lines, or enter the correct number of lines. The default
   is 65 lines per page.
                                                      
6. Select the Operation ModeBatch or Interactiveusing the drop-down list box. Batch
   mode allows the QC Checker to run in the background while letting you continue to work
   within RAPIDS. The QC Checker output will be stored in the report and log files that you
   have specified. Interactive mode will allow you to view the report and log within the SAS
   output and log windows, after the QC Checker has finished its calculations.
                                                                    
7. Select the Level TypeSource, Device, Process, or Streamfrom the drop-down list
   box. Level type allows you to specify the type of metric for which you want to produce a
   report. If a Level Type of Geographic is selected, select the Geographic Level (States or
   County) for the report data from the report data from the drop-down box. If a Level Type of
                                                                             
   Source, Device, Process, or Stream is selected, select the Source TypePoint, Area, or
        
   Bothusing the drop-down list box.
8. Specify the data selection starting date in the From Date field. Position your cursor on
   the month, day, or year and use the Up Arrow button to increase the number or the Down
   Arrow button to decrease the number. Alternatively, enter the date directly into the field.
9. Specify the data selection ending date in the To Date field. Position your cursor on the
   month, date, or year, and use the Up Arrow button to increase the number and the Down
   Arrow button to decrease the number. Alternatively, enter the date directly into the field.
10. Select the Metric Code from the drop-down list box. The list varies based on the Level
    Type selected.
11. Select the Value Type from the drop-down list box. Only activity records with the value
    type chosen will be reported. This field will only be visible for selected metric codes are
    associated with a value type.
12. Select the Unit of Measure from the drop-down list box. The list varies based on the
    Metric code selected. The QC checker will convert all selected activity records to the unit
    you have selected.
13. Enter the Reference Code for the report data. This may be blank. However, when
    performing QC on emission estimates, you may want to further qualify the data by the
    Reference Code (shown on the Activity screen).
14. Select a State from the drop-down list box. If this field is left blank, all states will be
    reported.
15. Select a County from the drop-down list box. If this field is left blank, all counties (within
    the specified state) will be reported.

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16. Select a Source Code from the drop-down list box. If this field is left blank, all sources
    that meet the state and/or county criteria will be reported.
17. If a Level Type of Device, Process, or Stream is selected, select a Device Code from the
    drop-down list box (this list will not appear unless you have selected the Device, Process,
    or Stream Level Type). If this field is left blank, all devices that meet the source criteria
    will be reported.
18. If a Level Type of Process or Stream is selected, select a Process Code from the drop-
    down list box (this list will not appear unless you selected the Process or Stream Level
    Type). If this field is left blank, all processes that meet the device criteria will be reported.
19. If a Level Type of Stream is selected, select a Stream Code from the drop-down list box
    (this list will not appear unless you selected the Stream Level Type). If this field is left
    blank, all streams that meet the process criteria will be reported.
20. Select a Material Code from the drop-down list. If this is left blank, all materials that meet the
    stream criteria will be reported.
21. To group information by State, County, Source SIC Code, Device SIC Code, or
    SCC/AMS Code, check the appropriate boxes.
22. To restrict sources by SIC Code, select an SIC Code from the drop-down list box for the
    Source SIC Code field. Some of the boxes will be grayed out depending upon the Level
    Type that you have selected.
23. If a Level Type of Device, Process, or Stream is selected, and you want to restrict
    devices by SIC Code, select an SIC Code from the drop-down list box for the Device SIC
    Code field.
24. If a Level Type of Process or Stream is selected, and you want to restrict processes by
    SCC/AMS Code, select an SCC/AMS Code from the drop-down list box for the
    SCC/AMS Code field.
25. When you have selected your QC Checker Report Parameters, click Generate. The
    program will perform some preliminary actions before calling SAS. SAS will automatically
    generate the report interactively or in batch mode and allow you to view and print the
    report.
26. To exit the QC Checker Report screen, click Close.


Viewing the QC Checker Output
    1. After you click generate, the QC Checker will invoke SAS, and if you have selected
       Interactive mode, the SAS Log Window will be displayed on the screen. Normally
       there will be a delay before the QC Checker finishes processing and allows you to
       view the Output Window.
    2. After the Output Window is displayed, you may use the scroll bar or the Page Up and
       Page Down keys to scroll through the output. SAS will show the end of the report

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        first. To go to the beginning of the output, press the Control and Home keys at the
        same time.
    3. You can also view the output in the SAS Log Window to make sure that no errors
       occurred while the QC Checker is running. If errors do occur (displayed in a bold
       color on most machines), contact your technical support. If no error report appears
       and the program returns control back to the QC Checker screen, check your system
       configuration to make sure that the ODBC driver that you are using is working
       properly.
    4. If you have selected Batch Mode, a SAS hourglass icon will appear until the QC
       Checker finishes processing. After that, you can locate the LOG and LST files
       generated by the QC Checker and print them in whatever form you like.


Interpreting the QC Checker Output
The QC Checker output can range from hundreds of pages to only two, depending on your
report selections. If you specified a specific state, county, source code, device code, process
code, stream code, and/or material code on the input screen, the QC Checker reports will
keep only the activity data that fit your request. If you have grouped information by state,
county, source SIC code, device SIC code, and/or SCC/AMS code, the QC Checker will
create a separate report for each group combination.


Descriptive - Long With Plots
This report selection will provide you with the most detail. For each of the groups that you
have selected, you will receive a detailed descriptive statistics report for the values of the
metric that you selected.
Descriptive statistics displayed and their meanings are:
         N                     the number of observations on which the
                               calculations are based.
         Sum Wgts              the sum of the weights of these
                               observations.
         Mean                  the mean.
         Sum                   the sum.
         Std Dev               the standard deviation.
         Variance              the variance.
         Skewness              the measure of skewness.
         Kurtosis              the measure of kurtosis.
         USS                   the uncorrected sum of squares.
         CSS                   the corrected sum of squares.
         CV                    the coefficient of variation.

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         STD MEAN             the standard error of the mean.
         T:Mean=0             the Student's t value for testing the
                              hypothesis that the population mean is 0.
         Pr>|T|               the probability of a greater absolute value
                              for this t-value.
         Num ^= 0             the number of nonzero observations.
         Num > 0              the number of positive observations.
         M(Sign)              the sign statistic for testing the
                              hypothesis that the population mean is
                              zero.
         Pr>=|M|              the probability of a greater absolute value
                              for the sign statistic under the hypothesis
                              that the population mean is zero. At the
                              5 percent significance level, if the
                              probability is less than .05, we would
                              conclude that the mean is not zero.
         Sgn Rank             the centered Wilcoxin signed rank
                              statistic for testing the hypothesis that the
                              population mean is zero.
         Pr>=|S|              the probability of a greater absolute value
                              for the signed rank statistic for testing the
                              hypothesis that the population mean is
                              zero. At the 5 percent significance level,
                              if the probability is less than .05, we
                              would conclude that the mean is not
                              zero.
         W:Normal             the Shapiro-Wilk or Kolmogorov statistic
                              for testing the hypothesis that the data
                              are normally distributed.
         Pr<W                 the probability of a greater absolute value
                              for the Shapiro-Wilk or Kolmogorov
                              statistic for testing the hypothesis that the
                              data are normally distributed. If the data
                              are normally distributed, this value should
                              be greater than .05 (at the 5%
                              significance level).

Quantile statistics displayed and their meanings are:
         max                              the largest value.
         Q3                               the upper quartile (75th
                                          percentile).
         Med                              the median.
         Q1                               the lower quartile (25th
                                          percentile).

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         Min                               the smallest value.
         Range                             the difference between the
                                           largest and smallest values.
         Q3-Q1                             the difference between the upper
                                           and lower quartiles.
         Mode                              the mode.
         99%                               the 99th percentile.
         95%                               the 95th percentile.
         90%                               the 90th percentile.
         10%                               the 10th percentile.
         5%                                the 5th percentile.
         1%                                the 1st percentile.
         Extremes                          the five largest and five smallest
                                           values.

Plots displayed and their meanings are:

Stem-and-leaf plot
The stem-and-leaf plot serves as a visual histogram of the distribution of the data. The actual
data values are separated into intervals, and their values are plotted. The first part of the
data value, used to create the intervals, is the stem. The leaves form the second half of each
data value. For example, the values 47, 48, and 49 could all get plotted on the same interval,
with 4 as the stem and three leaves: 7, 8, and 9. If the data are normally distributed, the plot
should approximate a bell-shaped curve.

Box Plot
A box plot, like the stem-and-leaf plot, is another tool to use to determine the distribution of
your data. The bottom and top edges of the box are located the sample 25th and 75th
percentiles. The center horizontal line is drawn at the sample median and the central plus
sign (+) is at the sample mean. The central vertical lines, called whiskers, extend from the
box as far as the data extend, to a distance of at most 1.5 interquartile ranges. More extreme
values are marked with a zero if within 3 interquartile ranges of the box, or with an asterisk if
it is still more extreme. If the data are normally distributed, you should see the mean and the
median in relatively the same spot, little or no extreme values, and a very symmetrical box
with whiskers at even lengths.

Normal Probability Plot
The normal probability plot is a third method of assessing how well the data follow a normal
distribution. It is a quantile-quantile plot of the data. The data quantiles are plotted against
the quantiles of a standard normal distribution. Asterisks mark the data values, and plus
signs provide a reference straight line that is drawn using the sample mean and standard
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deviation. If the data are from a normal distribution, the asterisks tend to fall along the
reference line.
Descriptive statistics on the logarithms of the data:
If the tests for normality and plots indicate that the data are not normally distributed, you
should check to see if the data are lognormally distributed instead. Accordingly, the QC
Checker prints the same set of descriptive statistics and plots on the logarithms of the data as
well as the actual data itself. If the normality tests indicate a lognormal distribution, the
logarithms of the data should be used instead of the actual data for further analysis.

Descriptive - long without plots
The output for this option is identical to that for the "Descriptive - long with plots" report,
except that no stem-and-leaf plot, box plot, or normal probability plot is produced.

Descriptive - short
Instead of printing a separate report with several pages of descriptive statistics for each
group combination (i.e., for each state, county, source SIC code, device SIC code, and/or
SCC/AMS code), the "Descriptive - Short" report will print the descriptive statistics in tabular
format. Two reports will be printed, one for the actual data values, and the other for the
logarithms of the data values. Each row in the table corresponds to a group combination. If
you did not elect to group information, then only one row will appear in the table. This row
would then display the descriptive statistics for the entire subset of your data. The columns in
the table are group identifiers followed by the descriptive statistics. For example, if you chose
to group by state and county, the first two columns in the table would display the state and
county identifiers. The remaining columns are a subset of the descriptive statistics that are
displayed in the "Descriptive - long" reports. These columns are:
Number of Observations--the number of observations on which the calculations are based.
Mean Value--the mean.
Standard Deviation--the standard deviation.
Probability of Normal Distrib.--the probability of a greater absolute value for the Shapiro-Wilk
or Kolmogorov statistic for testing the hypothesis that the data are normally distributed. If the
data are normally distributed, this value should be greater than .05 (at the 5% significance
level).
Upper Quartile--the upper quartile (75th percentile).
Median Value--the median.
Lower Quartile --the lower quartile (25th percentile).
99th Percentile--the 99th percentile.
95th Percentile--the 95th percentile.
10th Percentile--the 10th percentile.
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5th Percentile--the 5th percentile.
Range (Max - Min)--the difference between the largest and smallest values.


Outlier Report
You can use the Outlier Report to identify extreme values within your data set. These
extreme values should be investigated to determine:
    1. if the value is in error and should be corrected;
    2. if the value is correct but should be flagged in some manner to exclude it from further
       analysis; or
    3. if the value is correct and no further action is necessary.
The Lower Percentile and Upper Percentile options on the QC Checker Screen allows you to
control how much of your data is to be included in the report. If you select the 1st and 99th
percentiles, very few values should appear. However, you could set the lower and upper
percentiles to values such as 45% to 50%, and the report would show much of your data.
The report columns are ordered as follows:
OBS--the number of the current row in the report.
(group ID variables)--if you are grouping your data, all group ID's (such as STATE and
COUNTY) will appear next.
src_id--the source ID.
src_name--the source name.
dev_id--the device ID. This will be present only if you selected a device, process, or stream
metric to be analyzed.
proc_id--the process ID. This will be present only if you selected a process or stream metric
to be analyzed.
matrl_cd--the material code. This will be present only if you selected a stream metric to be
analyzed.
strm_id--the stream ID. This will be present only if you selected a stream metric to be
analyzed.
(metric value)--the value in the activity record for the metric being checked.
percentile--the actual percentile for this activity record when included with the rest of the data
subset.




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QC Checker-Consistency
When Consistency is chosen from the QC icon, a Consistency QA Checker window opens.




Running the Consistency QA Checker
1. Click on the LEVEL button. This accesses a window which allows you to check the data
   to any level of specificity, from Nation to State to County, and so on, to Source. To
   access data from any level you must enter the data for all higher levels. For instance, to
   access County level you must also specify the appropriate State and Nation.
2. Enter an Input Reference code or select one from the drop-down list. Input Reference
   allows you to subset activity data by reference codes.
3. Select a Stringency Level. Stringency Level allows you to choose the degree of
   significance in errors which are noted while using the Consistency QA Checker.


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        Warning         The data is invalid in RAPIDS and must be changed to ensure
                        proper operation of the database and related applications
        Alert           The data may be invalid but will not prevent operations of RAPIDS
                        and should be corrected to ensure valid data
        Notice          The data is logically inconsistent or incomplete and should be
                        reviewed.
4. Enter the Time Period desired. Time Period selection allows any combination of entry:
   None, both, "From Date" only and "To Date" only. The "To Date" must be later than the
   "From Date".
5. Log File has two option buttons:
        File allows you to determine the file where the results are stored from a new QA
        checker run.
        View allows you to view the results of an existing QA Checker run.
6. Click on the Run button to run the report. While the report is running, the status bar at
   the bottom of the RAPIDS screen displays identification for the source, device, process
   or stream that is currently being checked. An hourglass icon displays until the Run is
   complete.
7. The results of the run do not automatically display. To view them, click the Button and
   highlight the name of the report you wish to view.
Viewing Consistency QA Checker Reports
The checker will append a letter to the detail log file name chosen to create names for the
other log files as follows:
    File Name                            Report
    (user_entry).txt                     Error Details
    (user_entry)r.txt                    Error Count by Record Type
    (user_entry)m.txt                    Error Count by Message Type
    (user_entry)b.txt                    Bad Reference Table Values


The Consistency QA Checker includes the following four reports:
    Error Details                        Describes the errors in sufficient detail to find and
                                         correct them.
    Error Count by Record Type           Primarily for Administrative purposes, it presents
                                         summary statistics on the errors found during the
                                         generation of the Error Details part of the report


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The following is an example of an Error Count by Record report.




Note that errors are recorded by each type of record, and divide the errors into the three
levels of Stringency.




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   Error Count by Message Type        Primarily for Administrative purposes, it presents
                                      statistics for errors by type of error.
The following is an example of an Error Count by Message Type report.




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   Bad Reference Table Values         Designed for the System Administrator to know what
                                      "bad" data remains in the reference tables. Bad
                                      reference codes are valid for use in RAPIDS but
                                      were temporarily entered into the reference tables to
                                      enable error checking and correction of data using
                                      RAPIDS.
The following is an example of a Bad Reference Table Values report.




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Reports
Clicking on the Reports Icon opens the RAPIDS Reports screen, shown below:




Using the RAPIDS Reports screen
1. Select the Report to be created by clicking the menu arrow next to "Select Report." The
   following list of available Reports is displayed:




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2. Select a Report by highlighting its name and double clicking.

3. After selecting a Report, click "Source Selector" to choose appropriate groups. For more
   information on using the Source Selector screen, click Source Selector. After completing
   the Source Selector screen, click OK to return to the RAPIDS Reports screen.

4. If you selected one of the following Reports: "Emission by [County, Source, Device,
   Process]" or "Source Emissions Summary" you must complete the right portion of the
   screen using the following instructions. If you did not select one of these Reports, go to
   step 5.
    a) Select the Material Groups in which the desired Emittants are listed.
    b) Double click on these Material Groups to list their Emittants in the right screen.
    c) Highlight the desired Emittant names or use the shortcut "Add All" or "Remove All"
       buttons.
    d) Select the desired Reference Code.
    e) Unit of Measure.


    f)   Click "Preview" to view the Report on your screen, or click The Print Icon         to
         Print the Report.
5. If you selected the Source Detail Report, Source Device Connections, or Source Stream

    Tracing click Preview to view the Report on your screen or click the Print Icon         to
    Print the Report.




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Query/Analysis

The Query/Analysis option on the RAPIDS Enterprise screen provides you with quick links
to specific third-party query analysis and reporting tools. To access, click on the
Query/Analysis icon on the Rapids Enterprise screen or click on Query/Analysis on the
Main Menu. If you need to reinstall the options after the initial installation of RAPIDS you
may do so by running the query.exe program from the Windows Program Manager.
Query.exe was installed in your main RAPIDS directory (usually C:\RAPIDS).


Query Reporting Tool
The Query/Reporting tool provides a link to any Query/Reporting tool you specified when
you installed RAPIDS.


GIS Tool
The GIS tool provides a link to a Geographic Information Tool you specified when you
installed RAPIDS. The default tool is ArcView. To access your GIS tool, click on GIS from
the Query/Analysis icon on the RAPIDS Enterprise screen.


Statistical Analysis
Statistical Analysis provides a direct link to SAS. During the installation process of RAPIDS
you specified the directory where the SAS executable is located. To access SAS, click on
Statistical Analysis from the Query/Analysis icon on the RAPIDS Enterprise screen.




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DATA IMPORT
Importing Data Into RAPIDS
ASCII files can be imported to populate the RAPIDS database. To import files, select Import
from the File Menu or Data Import from the RAPIDS Enterprise screen. NOTE: If you are
importing either Mobile Emission Factor (*.mef) or PART5 Emission Factor (*.pef) data
Tables into Rapids you must follow separate instructions


Importing Mobile Emission Factor (*.mef) Data
Tables
In order to import Mobile 5 Emission Factor (*.mef) Data Tables you must use the Mobile 5
program provided to you by RAPIDS. This supplied version of Mobile 5 contains a
subroutine called RAPIDS Output Format which will convert Mobile 5 files to a format that
RAPIDS can use.

The following information is necessary when using Mobile 5 to create files for importing into
RAPIDS. Once these changes are made you can import Mobile 5 files like any other file.

1. The MOBILE input file must be named M5IN.DAT. In addition, in order for the M5IN.DAT
   file to run properly in RAPIDS the following changes must be made:

        Ø   HCFLAG must be set to 4 -- (calculates HC splits)
        Ø   NMHFLG must be set to 4 -- (calculates TOG)
        Ø   OUTFMT must be set to 7 -- (RAPIDS output format)
        Ø   Project line must contain the FIPS state and county identifier in the following
            format:
                A2,1X,A3

                Number are left justified and padded with zeroes. For example, Eau Claire
                County in Wisconsin should appear as:
                55 035

                Adams County in Wisonsin should appear as
                55 015

                The source code for Canada was not made available for RAPIDS for use
                with the Mobile 5 program. In order to import Mobile 5 files in Canada, go to
                Importing Mobile Emission Factors (*.mef) Data Tables in Canada.

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2. Any additional MOBILE input files (e.g. PPEFF.D, TTC.D, TECHIV.D, etc.) must be
   stored in the same directory from which the code is run.
                The pollutant codes are standard to MOBILE and are as follows:
                X = hydrocarbon exhaust
                V = hydrocarbon evaporative
                R = hydrocarbon reueling losses
                T = hydrocarbon running losses
                S = hydrocarbon resting losses
                2 = carbon monoxide
                3 = oxides of nitrogen

3. When run, MOBILE generates a file called M5OUT.MEF.


Importing Mobile Emission Factors (*.mef) Data
Tables in Canada
The source codes for Canada were not provided for RAPIDS. In order to import *.mef files to
RAPIDS in Canada you must format the data as follows within the Mobile C program:

 MOBILE Emission Factors (*.MEF)
 Column Name      Data       Width           Null   Key    Upper      Foreign Key Table
                  Type                                     Case?      Name
 State_name       varchar2 50                N      P,F    X          rap_geographic_
                                                                      locations
 County_name          varchar2    50         N      P,F    X          rap_geographic_
                                                                      locations
 Emission_year        number      4          N      P
 Vehicle_type         varchar2    6          N      P,F    X          rap_vehicle_categori
                                                                      es
 Speed_amt            number      5,2        N      P
 Speed_unit_code      varchar2    8          N      P      X          rap_units
 Emittant_            varchar2    12         N      P,F    X          rap_materials
 material_code
 Mef_amt              number      13,6       N
 Mef_exponent_        number      3          Y
 amt
 Emittant_unit_       varchar2    8          N      F      X          rap_units
 code
 Throughput_unit_c    varchar2    8          N      F      X          rap_units
 ode

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 Nation_name           varchar2    50         Y       P,F     X          rap_geographic_
 (optional, defaults                                                     locations
 to 'UNITED
 STATES OF
 AMERICA' but can
 be overridden in
 the RAPIDS.INI
 file)



+
 Importing PART5 Emission Factor (*.pef) Data
Tables
In order to import PART5 Emission Factor (*.pef) Data Tables you must use the PART5
program provided to you by RAPIDS. This supplied version of PART5 contains a subroutine
called RAPIDS Output Format which will convert PART5 files to a format that RAPIDS can
use.

Use the following information to properly operate PART5 with the RAPIDS Output Format
addition.

Concerning PART5.IN:
       Ø The file name (i.e. PART5.IN) cannot be changed unless you modify the code.
       Ø An example input file is included which is set up to dump a RAPIDS compatible
           data file (i.e. PART5.IN)
       Ø If you are running RAPIDS, the interactive flag (i.e. the first entry in this file)
           should always be 'N'
       Ø The output file name (i.e. the third entry in the file) should have a .mef extension.

Concerning the PART5 input shell (i.e. the second entry name in PART5.IN)
       Ø An example input file is included which is set up to dump a RAPIDS compatible
           data file (i.e. RAPIDS. IN)
       Ø The PROJECT ID record in this file must begin with the FIPS state and county
           codes in the following format:
               A2,1X,A3

        Ø Numbers are left justified and padded with zeroes. For example, EAU CLAIRE
          County in Wisconsin should appear as:
             55 035
        Ø ADAMS County in Wisconsin should appear as:
             55 015

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        The source codes for Canada were not made available for use with the PART5
        program. In order to import PART5 files to RAPIDS, go to Importing PART5
        Emission Factors (*.pef) Data Tables in Canada.

        The OUTFMT flag must be 6 to dump the RAPIDS compatible data file.

        STCT.DAT must exist in the directory where PART5 is run.

Pollutant identifiers in the .MEF output are listed below. NOTE: The UNIT for pollutant 14 is
grams per hour. This requires a different throughput unit (i.e. other than VMT). The
throughput unit is ENGINE IDLE HOURS. If you do not have this unit you may want to
disregard these emission factors for now:

CODE    DESCRIPTION                                       UNITS
1       Lead                                              g/mile
2       Soluable organic fraction of total carbon         g/mile
3       Remaining carbon fraction of total carbon         g/mile
4       directly exhausted SO4 (sulfate)                  g/mile
5       exhaust                                           g/mile
6       gaseous SO2 (sulfur dioxide)                      g/mile
7       indirectly exhausted SO4 (sulfate)                g/mile
8       sulfate                                           g/mile
9       brake wear                                        g/mile
10      tire wear PM                                      g/mile
11      total PM                                          g/mile
12*     unpaved roadway dust                              g/mile
13*     paved roadway dust                                g/mile
14*     idling PM emissions                               g/hour


NOTE: The Vehicle Type for pullutants 12 and 13 are for the composite fleet; PART5 does
not break out the emission factors by vehilce type for these pollutants. If you want these
emission lestimates you have to sum the total VMT and know the fraction of vehicles that
operate on paved roads vs. unpaved roads. These numbers are typically not available. You
may have to assume that all VMT is paved road-based and compute these emissions as
such.


Importing PART5 Emission Factors (*.pef) Data
Tables in Canada
The source codes for Canada were not provided for RAPIDS. In order to import *.pef files to

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RAPIDS in Canada you must format the data as follows in Mobile C:



 PART5 Emission Factors (*.PEF)
 Column Name      Data       Width         Null    Key    Upper      Foreign Key Table
                  Type                                    Case?      Name
 State_name       varchar2 50              N       P,F    X          rap_geographic_
                                                                     locations
 County_name           varchar2   50       N       P,F    X          rap_geographic_
                                                                     locations
 Emission_year         number     4        N       P
 Vehicle_type          varchar2   6        N       P,F    X          rap_vehicle_catego
                                                                     ries
 Emittant_             varchar2   12       N       P,F    X          rap_materials
 material_code
 Pef_amt               number     13,6     N
 Pef_exponent_         number     3        Y
 amt
 Emittant_unit_        varchar2   8        N       F      X          rap_units
 code
 Throughput_unit_c     varchar2   8        N       F      X          rap_units
 ode
 Nation_name           varchar2   50       Y       P,F    X          rap_geographic_
 (optional, defaults                                                 locations
 to 'UNITED
 STATES OF
 AMERICA' but can
 be overridden in
 the RAPIDS.INI
 file)




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Selecting Import Files
The Data Import Screen initially presents the Select Files to Import dialog box, an example
of which is shown below.




To return to this screen at any time from within the Data Import application, choose the
Select Files option under the Data Import File menu, or enter F3.
This dialog box contains several data windows: File Names, Directories, List Files of Type,
Drives, and Files to Import.
The File Names data window lists files for the current directory and drive. The files listed are
filtered based on the current entry in the List Files of Type data window. The defaults are:
         Drive:                           C:


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         Directory:                       C:
         List Files of Type:              All files
         File Names:                      All files within the
                                          C:\RAPIDS\IMPORT directory

To change the current drive, click the down arrow button to activate the Drives pull-down list
box and select the desired drive.
To change the current directory, scroll to and select the desired directory in the Directories
list. To move to a higher level directory, select the "[..]" entry.
The List Files of Type For: radio button allows you to choose between Reference Tables
and Data Tables to be displayed in the List Files of Type data window.
Reference Tables are populated with data when RAPIDS is shipped. The current options in
the List Files of Type data window for Reference Tables are:
         All Files
         Accuracy Methods (*.ram)
         Aircraft Categories (*.rac)
         Aircraft Default TIM (*.rti)
         Aircraft Emission Factors (*.raf)
         Aircraft Engines (*.rae)
         Area Facility type (*.rat)
         Calculation Methods (*.rcm)
         Cal Protocols (*.rcp)
         Coordinate Calculation Types (*.rct)
         Data Codes (*.rdc)
         Device Codes (*.rde)
         FIRE (*.fir)
         Form Types (*.rfo)
         Gener Emis Factors (*.ref)
         Gener Spec Profiles (*.rsp)
         Geo Members (*.rgm)
         Geographic Types (*.rge)
         Group Types (*.rgt)


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       Legal Entity Types (*.rlt)
       Legal Relationship Codes (*.rlc)
       Material Aliases (*.rma)
       Material Grp Mems (*.rmg)
       Materials (*.rmt)
       Measurements (*.rms)
       Method Metrics (*.rmm)
       Methods (*.rmh)
       Metric Levels (*.rml)
       Metric Lookups (*.rlk)
       Metric Maps (*.rmp)
       Metrics (*.rme)
       MOBILE 5 (*.mbl)
       Modes (*.rmo)
       Operating Daily Schedules (*.rds)
       Operating Weekly Schedules (*.rws)
       Operating Yearly Schedules (*.rys)
       PART5 (*.par)
       Process Codes (*.rpr)
       Reasons (*.rrs)
       Reference Types (*.rft)
       SCC-AMS Codes (*.rsa)
       SCC-AMS Default Factors (*.rdf)
       SCC-AMS Materials (*.rsm)
       SCC-AMS Materials (*.rsm)
       SCC-AMS Spec Cds (*.rsc)
       SCC-AMS Surrogate Codes (*.rsg)
       SIC Codes (*.rsi)
       Source Codes (*.rso)

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         Spec Split Factors (*.rsf)
         Stream Codes (*.rst)
         Surrogate Codes (*.rsu)
         Tier Codes (*.rtc)
         Units (*.run)
         Use Types (*.rut)
         Value Types (*.rvt)
         Vehicle Categories (*.rvc)
         Vehicle type (*.rve)


. The current options in the List Files of Type data window for Data Tables are in the
following list. Two data tables, Mobile Emission Factor (*.mef) and PART5 Emission Factor
(*.pef) require different handling, as noted on pages 106-108


         All Files
         Act Doc Lookups (*.alk)
         Aircraft Emissions Estimates (*.aee)
         Aircraft User LTO (*.lto)
         Aircraft User TIM (*.tim)
         Area Source Activities (*.asa)
         Emission Factors (*.emf)
         Reference Codes (*.cod)
         Geographic Emission Factors (*.gef)
         Geographic Equipment counts (*.geq)
         Geographic Seasonal Adj. Factors (*.gaf)
         Geographic Locations (*.geo)
         Geographic Group Members (*.ggm)
         Geographic Surrogates (*.gsu)
         Geographic Activities (*.acg)
         Legal Entities (*.leg)
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       Legal Contact (*.cnl)
       Legal Entity Contact Reasons (*.lcr)
       Legal Entity Activities (*.acl)
       MOBILE Emission Factors (*.mef)
       PART5 Emission Factors (*.pef)
       Regulations (*.reg)
       Sources (*.src)
       Source Group Members (*.sgm)
       Source Contacts (*.cns)
       Source Contact Reasons (*.scr)
       Src Leg Ent Rel (*.slr)
       Source Location Groups (*.slg)
       Source Location Coordinates (*.slc)
       Source Activities (*.acs)
       Speed Categories (*.spd)
       Devices (*.dev)
       Device Contacts (*.cnd)
       Device Contact Reasons (*.dcr)
       Device Location Groups (*.dlg)
       Device Location Coordinates (*.dlc)
       Connections (*.ctn)
       Device Group Members (*.dgm)
       Device Activities (*.acd)
       Processes (*.pro)
       Process Group Members (*.pgm)
       Process-Specific Schedules (*.prs)
       Process Activities (*.acp)
       Seasonal Activity Percentages (*.sap)
       Seasonal Emissions Estimates (*.sce)

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         Streams (*.str)
         Stream Activities (*.act)
         Vehicle Activities (*.vac)
         Vehicle Emissions Estimates (*.vee)
         Vehicle Seasonal Adjustment Factors (*.vsf)
         VMT Profiles (*.vmt)
         Forms (*.frm)
         Applications (*.app)
         Documents (*.doc)
         Document Lookups (*.dlu)
         Activity Document Lookups (*.alk)


Each file type has a specific file format. The import file formats are presented in the RAPIDS
Systems Manual.
When you change the current drive, the Directories data window displays the appropriate
directories for the new drive. When you change the current directory, the File Names data
window displays the files contained in that directory. When you change the List of Files of
Type entry, the File Names data window displays only the files that match the selected file
type.


Selection Options
The options on the Select Files to Import dialog box are described below:
1. OK: Saves your selections and moves you to the RAPIDS Data Import Screen.
2. Cancel: Cancels the file selection process without making any selections.
3. Help: Displays on-line help for data import.
4. List Field of Type for: Click to choose either Reference or Data tables. If you select
   Reference and files are chosen in the Files to Import data window, an "Update?"
   checkbox appears to the right of the file name. If you click on the "Update?" box the
   system allows you to import records already stored in the database in order to update
   information rather than to simply insert new records. If you do not click on "Update?", if
   the system encounters a record during the Import process that is already in the database,
   RAPIDS will reject that record, display an error message "record already in database",
   and continue with the import.


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5. Disable Range Checks: If checked, RAPIDS allows you to import data that might
   otherwise be rejected, such as out-of-range data. This allows you to correct the data
   after it is imported. The RAPIDS QC Checker-Consistency will identify bad data for you
   after it is imported.
6. Add: Adds the selected files in the File Names data window to the Files to Import data
   window. Double-clicking a file in the File Names list also adds the file to the Files to
   Import list. The full path name (C:\RAPIDS\IMPORT\TEST.SRC) including drive,
   directory, and file name is listed in the Files to Import data window. As files are added,
   they are automatically sorted within the Files to Import data window based on the order
   in which they will be imported.
7. Add All: Adds all of the files in the File Names data window with a RAPIDS import
   extension or current extension filter to the Files to Import data window. The value of the
   current extension filter is in the List Files of Type field data window.
8. Remove: Removes the selected file from the Files to Import data window.
9. Remove All: Removes all selected files from the Files to Import data window.


Batch and Interactive Import Modes
Data can be imported into RAPIDS in one of two modes: Batch or Interactive. While in the
RAPIDS Data Import screen, select the import mode in one of two ways:
   1. Select (or deselect) the Interactive Mode item under the Options menu.
   2. Select the Batch radio button or the Interactive radio button on the main data import
      screen.
In Batch mode, you can monitor the import process on the screen and view the error
messages recorded in the Message Log area (see "Import Message Log, below).
In Interactive mode, you can still observe the import process. Erroneous records are
displayed and may be bypassed or manually corrected. Error messages are recorded in the
Message Log.


Starting the Import Process
Once you have selected import files, you can begin the import process from within the main
Data Import screen in one of three ways:
   1. Select the Import option from the Data Import File menu;
   2. Select the Import button; or
   3. Enter F2.


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The import process begins with the first file listed in the Files to Import data window. The
overall algorithm for the import process is:
    1. The Import Started Date and Time are displayed on the screen.
    2. All files are processed in the order in which they appear in the Files To Import data
       window.
    3. For each file, each record is read and processed. If an error is encountered in
       Interactive mode, the erroneous record is displayed on the screen to allow manual
       changes prior to a retry of the record.
    4. The erroneous record can also be bypassed, in which case the error message will be
       written to the Message Log and the record written to the file:
        <drive>:<directory>\error.<ext>,
        where <drive>, <directory>, and <ext> are the drive, directory, and extension,
        respectively, of the import file being processed. In Batch mode, the system will also
        write an error message to the Message Log and write the erroneous record to the
        same error file described above for interactive errors. In both Interactive and Batch
        modes, the statistics for records inserted and rejected are updated.
    5. When all file records are processed, the Import Ended Date and Time are displayed
       on the screen.


Import Message Log
A Message Log is displayed as the records are being imported. After import, you can view
the Message Log in one of two ways:
    1. Select View Previous Log under the Options menu; or
    2. Press F6.
Print the Message Log by selecting the Print option on the File menu. To direct the
hardcopy to a specific printer, use the Print Setup option, also on the File menu.
If you check Disable Screen Messages the message log screen will remain blank during
records import. This may make data import run faster. After you click on Disable Screen
Messages it toggles to Enable Screen Messages. When you click on this you toggle back
to the original Disable Screen Messages mode.
Even if you use the Disable Screen Messages option you can still view messages after the
data import by selecting View Previous Log, as shown in step 1 above.




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DATA EXPORT
ASCII files can be exported from the RAPIDS database. The format of the ASCII files is
identical to that of those it imports (i.e. tab delimited with data types, lengths, and order as
described in the RAPIDS Systems Manual). Files that are exported can then be imported
directly into another RAPIDS system that has the same database structure. For example,
you can export files from a local RAPIDS system, log out of RAPIDS, log onto another
RAPIDS database, and then import the files into that database. To guarantee uniqueness of
source ID's, your export allows you to specify a source ID prefix that will be attached to all
source ID's as they are exported.

You may also use the AIRS/AFS Converter, which uses the SAS statistical package for
generating the various transaction records needed for populating AIRS/AFS.


Data Export Screen Options
Select Data Export from either the RAPIDS Enterprise screen or in the Main Menu under
File. You will have two choices: RAPIDS Import File Format or AIRS/AFS Converter. For
information on the AIRS/AFS Converter, go to: Using the AIRS/AFS Converter .

When you select RAPIDS Import File Format the following screen is displayed:




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Choose a File System to Import by clicking on the arrow to display your choice of file
systems. Select one of the following and follow the instructions to Export data.
RAPIDS Export: Data Tables
RAPIDS Export: Reference Tables
RAPIDS Export: GLNPO Tables
RAPID Export: GEMAP Area Sources
RAPIDS Export: GEMAP Point Sources



RAPIDS Export: Data Tables

1. Click on Source Selector to select the data level and specific sources for the files to be
   imported.
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2. Once you have completed your selection, click OK or Cancel. If you click OK, the
   system returns to the Data Export screen with the Level, Level ID, and Level Name
   filled with your selection. If you click Cancel, the system returns to the Data Export
   screen with the Level, Level ID, and Level Name unchanged.
3. Within the Select Export File screen area, the system displays the default directory and
   file name prefix for the export files. To change either the directory or file name prefix,
   click Select. The system displays a pop-up window with directory and file name options.
   If you select OK, the system returns to the Data Export screen with the directory and file
   name prefix displayed. The system also updates the scrolling list box of files to export
   with the new export file name prefix. If you select Cancel from the Select Export File
   pop-up window, the system returns to the Data Export screen with the directory and file
   name prefix unchanged.
4. Also within the Select Export File screen are the options Append, Overwrite, and
   Prompt. The Append option adds new export records to any existing export files. If a
   file does not already exist, the system will create it and add records to the newly created
   file. The Overwrite option will delete a previous file (with the same name) first if it exists
   and create a new file before adding records. The Prompt option will display a message
   prior to overwriting a file and allow you to either append to the file or overwrite the file.
5. The system automatically selects all files associated with the export file you select. For
   example, if you select a Device to export, the device, as well as the device contacts,
   device connections, processes, etc. are highlighted for export. You can deselect a
   highlighted file name by clicking it, or you can select (or re-select) a file that is not
   highlighted by clicking it. The system displays the number of export files that will be
   created above the scroll list box. To re-select all relevant items, click Add All. To
   deselect all items, click Remove All.
6. Enter a Source ID Prefix that will be prepended to all Source ID's as they are exported.
   The maximum length of the Source ID, including the Source ID Prefix, should not exceed
   10 characters. Source ID values will be truncated as they are exported if the total length
   exceeds 10.
7. Click Export to begin the export process. The system displays a status window
   indicating its progress. The system displays a message "Export Complete" when it is
   finished.
8. Click Exit to return to the RAPIDS screen that was displayed prior to running Export.




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RAPIDS Export: Reference Tables

1. Click on Source Selector to select the data level and specific sources for the files to be
   imported.
2. Within the Select Export Directory and File screen area, the system displays the
   default directory and file name prefix for the export files. To change either the directory
   or file name prefix, click Select. The system displays a pop-up window with directory and
   file name options. If you select OK, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the directory and file name prefix displayed. The system also updates the scrolling list
   box of files to export with the new export file name prefix. If you select Cancel from the
   Select Export File pop-up window, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the directory and file name prefix unchanged.
3. Also within the Select Export File screen are the options Append, Overwrite, and
   Prompt. The Append option adds new export records to any existing export files. If a
   file does not already exist, the system will create it and add records to the newly created
   file. The Overwrite option will delete a previous file (with the same name) first if it exists
   and create a new file before adding records. The Prompt option will display a message
   prior to overwriting a file and allow you to either append to the file or overwrite the file.
4. The system automatically selects all files associated with the export file you select. You
   can deselect a highlighted file name by clicking it, or you can select (or re-select) a file
   that is not highlighted by clicking its name. The system displays the number of export files
   that will be created above the scroll list box. To re-select all relevant items, click Add All.
   To deselect all items, click Remove All.
5. If you want to export only a subset of records within a file, you have the option to click on
   Filter to display the Reference Table Filter window. Click on the arrow to reveal a
   scrolling pulldown menu of the available reference tables. When you select the desired
   reference table by clicking on its name, all the Fields associated with that reference table
   are automatically inserted in the filter window. The Reference Table Filter works in a
   similar way to the Using Filters to Locate Records procedure.
6. Once you have completed your selection, click OK or Cancel. If you click OK, the
   system returns to the Data Export screen with the Filter and "Where" screens filled with
   your selection. If you click Cancel, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the Filter and "Where" screens unchanged. You can also clear the created Filter by
   clicking the Clear Filter button in the Subject Data window.
7. Click Export to begin the export process. The system displays a status window
   indicating its progress. The system displays a message "Export Complete" when it is
   finished.
8. Click Exit to return to the RAPIDS screen that was displayed prior to running Export.


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RAPIDS Export: GLNPO Tables
1. Click on Source Selector to select the data level and specific sources for the files to be
   imported.
2. Within the Select Export Directory and File screen area, the system displays the
   default directory and file name prefix for the export files. To change either the directory
   or file name prefix, click Select. The system displays a pop-up window with directory and
   file name options. If you select OK, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the directory and file name prefix displayed. The system also updates the scrolling list
   box of files to export with the new export file name prefix. If you select Cancel from the
   Select Export File pop-up window, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the directory and file name prefix unchanged.
3. Also within the Select Export File screen are the options Append, Overwrite, and
   Prompt. The Append option adds new export records to any existing export files. If a
   file does not already exist, the system will create it and add records to the newly created
   file. The Overwrite option will delete a previous file (with the same name) first if it exists
   and create a new file before adding records. The Prompt option will display a message
   prior to overwriting a file and allow you to either append to the file or overwrite the file.
4. The system automatically selects all files associated with the export file you select. You
   can deselect a highlighted file name by clicking it, or you can select (or re-select) a file
   that is not highlighted by clicking its name. The system displays the number of export files
   that will be created above the scroll list box. To re-select all relevant items, click Add All.
   To deselect all items, click Remove All.
5. The GLNPO Tables screen contains additional data boxes on the right side. These
   include Emission Period, Material Groups, Emittants, and Reference Codes. Select
   the Emission Period start date and end date, either by typing the appropriate dates or
   using the up and down arrows. Select the Emittants by first selecting the Material Groups
   in which the Emittants occur:
        I.       Highlight the desired Material Group that contains the Emittants to be
                 analyzed.
        II.      Click the Emittants button to list all the emittants in the selected. You can
                 repeat these steps as many times as necessary to list all necessary emittants
                 bu highlighting a second Material Group and clicking on the Emittants button
                 again. This lists all the emittants in the second Group also. This process
                 can be repeated as many times as is necessary if you are analyzing
                 emittants that might exist in more than one Material Group.
        III.     Highlight the Emittants of interest in the emittant window; use the scroll bar to
                 find all necessary emittants.
        IV.      You can select all Emittants in a Material Group by selecting the Group and
                 clicking "Add All" underneath the Emittant window.
6. Select the appropriate Reference Code from the Pull Down menu.
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7. Click Export to begin the export process. The system displays a status window
   indicating its progress. The system displays a message "Export Complete" when it is
   finished.
8. Click Exit to return to the RAPIDS screen that was displayed prior to running Export.


RAPIDS Export: GEMAP Area Sources
1. Click on Source Selector to select the data level and specific sources for the files to be
   imported.
2. Within the Select Export Directory and File screen area, the system displays the
   default directory and file name prefix for the export files. To change either the directory
   or file name prefix, click Select. The system displays a pop-up window with directory and
   file name options. If you select OK, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the directory and file name prefix displayed. The system also updates the scrolling list
   box of files to export with the new export file name prefix. If you select Cancel from the
   Select Export File pop-up window, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the directory and file name prefix unchanged.
3. Also within the Select Export File screen are the options Append, Overwrite, and
   Prompt. The Append option adds new export records to any existing export files. If a
   file does not already exist, the system will create it and add records to the newly created
   file. The Overwrite option will delete a previous file (with the same name) first if it exists
   and create a new file before adding records. The Prompt option will display a message
   prior to overwriting a file and allow you to either append to the file or overwrite the file.
4. The system automatically selects all files associated with the export file you select. You
   can deselect a highlighted file name by clicking it, or you can select (or re-select) a file
   that is not highlighted by clicking its name. The system displays the number of export files
   that will be created above the scroll list box. To re-select all relevant items, click Add All.
   To deselect all items, click Remove All.
5. The GEMAP Area Sources screen contains additional data boxes on the right side.
   These include Emission Period, Material Groups, Emittants, and Reference Codes.
   Select the Emission Period start date and end date, either by typing the appropriate dates
   or using the up and down arrows. Select the Emittants by first selecting the Material
   Groups in which the Emittants occur:
        V.       Highlight the desired Material Group that contains the Emittants to be
                 analyzed.
        VI.      Click the Emittants button to list all the emittants in the selected. You can
                 repeat these steps as many times as necessary to list all necessary emittants
                 by highlighting a second Material Group and clicking on the Emittants button
                 again. This lists all the emittants in the second Group also. This process
                 can be repeated as many times as is necessary if you are analyzing
                 emittants that might exist in more than one Material Group.

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        VII.     Highlight the Emittants of interest in the emittant window; use the scroll bar to
                 find all necessary emittants.
        VIII.    You can select all Emittants in a Material Group by selecting the Group and
                 clicking "Add All" underneath the Emittant window.
6. Select the appropriate Reference Code from the Pull Down menu.
7. Click Export to begin the export process. The system displays a status window
   indicating its progress. The system displays a message "Export Complete" when it is
   finished.
8. Click Exit to return to the RAPIDS screen that was displayed prior to running Export.


RAPIDS Export: GEMAP Point Sources
1. Click on Source Selector to select the data level and specific sources for the files to be
   imported.
2. Within the Select Export Directory and File screen area, the system displays the
   default directory and file name prefix for the export files. To change either the directory
   or file name prefix, click Select. The system displays a pop-up window with directory and
   file name options. If you select OK, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the directory and file name prefix displayed. The system also updates the scrolling list
   box of files to export with the new export file name prefix. If you select Cancel from the
   Select Export File pop-up window, the system returns to the Data Export screen with
   the directory and file name prefix unchanged.
3. Also within the Select Export File screen are the options Append, Overwrite, and
   Prompt. The Append option adds new export records to any existing export files. If a
   file does not already exist, the system will create it and add records to the newly created
   file. The Overwrite option will delete a previous file (with the same name) first if it exists
   and create a new file before adding records. The Prompt option will display a message
   prior to overwriting a file and allow you to either append to the file or overwrite the file.
4. The system automatically selects all files associated with the export file you select. You
   can deselect a highlighted file name by clicking it, or you can select (or re-select) a file
   that is not highlighted by clicking its name. The system displays the number of export files
   that will be created above the scroll list box. To re-select all relevant items, click Add All.
   To deselect all items, click Remove All.
5. The GEMAP Point Sources screen contains additional data boxes on the right side.
   These include Emission Period, Material Groups, Emittants, and Reference Codes.
   Select the Emission Period start date and end date, either by typing the appropriate dates
   or using the up and down arrows. Select the Emittants by first selecting the Material
   Groups in which the Emittants occur:
        IX.      Highlight the desired Material Group that contains the Emittants to be
                 analyzed.

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        X.      Click the Emittants button to list all the emittants in the selected. You can
                repeat these steps as many times as necessary to list all necessary emittants
                bu highlighting a second Material Group and clicking on the Emittants button
                again. This lists all the emittants in the second Group also. This process
                can be repeated as many times as is necessary if you are analyzing
                emittants that might exist in more than one Material Group.
        XI.     Highlight the Emittants of interest in the emittant window; use the scroll bar to
                find all necessary emittants.
        XII.    You can select all Emittants in a Material Group by selecting the Group and
                clicking "Add All" underneath the Emittant window.
6. Select the appropriate Reference Code from the Pull Down menu.
7. Click Export to begin the export process. The system displays a status window
   indicating its progress. The system displays a message "Export Complete" when it is
   finished.
8. Click Exit to return to the RAPIDS screen that was displayed prior to running Export.




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ESTIMATING EMISSIONS

ESTIMATING EMISSIONS - Background
The Emission Estimator is an application that consists of various algorithms and reference
tables that are used to estimate emissions. This application supports both interactive
(computing emissions for a single process) and batch emission estimation (computing
emissions for all processes at a given facility, several facilities, or for a geographic area, such
as all facilities in a county). Batch executions of the estimator involve multiple processes and
may take several hours to complete depending upon the number of facilities (and the
associated processes) involved. Interactive executions will typically involve one or a few
processes and will typically be completed in several minutes.
Since the Emission Estimator has been designed as a client application, you may want to
use more than one desktop computer to calculate emissions for a given geographic area in
order to reduce the overall execution time. For example, if there were six (6) facilities for
which emissions were desired, then the estimator could be executed on six different desktop
computers, each calculating emissions for a single facility. The design will allow concurrent
updating of the "back-end" database. This will reduce the overall execution time by a "factor
of 6."
The RAPIDS data model allows for complex material flow relationships among devices. The
Emission Estimator is designed to track and record the amount of a material of interest
(e.g., fuels, solvents, emittants), flowing into and out of each device/process (the notation
"device/process" means a process associated with a device) as the material flows
downstream Materials are conveyed into and out of processes via input and output "streams".
The terminology used to define various devices for the purposes of explaining emission
estimation is as follows:
An originating device is a device with a process which creates a stream that has no inputs of
an emittant for which an estimation is desired (and is the device/process where an SCC-AMS
Code is stored);
A stack device is a device with a process that discharges a stream into the environment (e.g.,
atmosphere) without altering the amounts of the emittant(s) involved; and
A control device is a device with a process that alters the amount of an emittant in a stream
as that stream passes through the device/process.
In general, these definitions are emittant-specific. A device could create one material stream
and alter another material stream (e.g., a scrubber reduces SO2 gas and creates a liquid
waste containing sulfur compounds). This means that a device, in certain instances, can be
characterized as both an originating device for a given process/stream/emittant and a control
device for another process/stream/emittant.

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The RAPIDS Emission Estimator assumes that all devices fit one of the three (3) categories
listed above, regardless of the emittant.
The emissions calculated for a given execution of the Emission Estimator are stored in the
Activity Table for the output stream of a device/process. Summary reports such as the
Source Detail Report are generated by reading the Activity Table records containing these
data.
The following three (3) Metric Codes are used to identify the amount of material in a stream:
        MASS FLOW is the amount of material that travels in a stream through a connection
to another device;
       DISCHARGE is the amount of material in a stream that is discharged to the
environment; and
         DOWNSTRMDIS is the amount of material created by an originating device that is
eventually discharged into the environment. The amount of material flowing in a stream is
represented using one of these Metric Codes. The MASS FLOW and DISCHARGE of
emissions from an originating device can be thought of as "uncontrolled" emissions since
they have not yet traveled through any control devices. DISCHARGE of emissions from an
originating device "connected" to control device should be viewed as a type of fugitive
emission as these emissions are not "captured" by the connection between the originating
and control device. These emissions enter the environment directly from the originating
device.
The DISCHARGE of emissions from a control device can also be viewed as a type of fugitive
emission if these emissions are not "captured" by the connection between a control device,
and either a downstream control device or a stack device. All streams carrying fugitive
emissions do not travel through a connection to a downstream device.
A connection begins and ends at two different devices. Any device, except a discharge
device, can have any number of output connections; a discharge device (e.g., stack) can
have no output connections. A connection has an input end (from_device ID) and an output
end (to_device ID); a stream flowing through the connection must flow in the same direction
as the connection.
Reporting of emissions requires that the emissions entering the atmosphere (i.e., "controlled"
emissions in most instances) be associated with an SCC-AMS code (which is stored with the
originating device/process). The DISCHARGE metric identifies these emissions with the
device/process that discharged the emissions into the environment (a stack device except for
fugitive emissions), not the device from which the emissions were first created (i.e., the
originating device/process). However, you may want to summarize the emissions created by
the originating device that eventually enter the atmosphere, which can be characterized as
"controlled" emissions if the originating device is connected to one or more downstream
control devices. In order to facilitate reporting of emissions created by the originating device,
RAPIDS uses the DOWNSTRMDIS metric. These emissions can be "controlled",
"uncontrolled" if the originating device is not connected to a downstream control device, or a
combination of the two when fugitive emissions are created.

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DOWNSTRMDIS is calculated by summing individual discharges of emissions created by the
originating device (i.e., stack emissions and fugitive emissions. RAPIDS writes a
DOWNSTRMDIS stream Activity Table record for the output stream of the applicable
originating device/process.
The Methods that can be used by the current Emission Estimator to calculate emissions
are:
        Emission Factors (using generic and source specific emission factors; and
        Speciation (using generic and source specific speciation profiles/factors); and
        Limited form of Mass Balance.
The Emission Estimator is capable of supporting other user defined Methods.
The Method(s) applicable to any source, device, process and material are identified in a
Protocol Table. That Table, when combined with the Method Metrics Table, identifies the
allowable emission calculation Methods, calculation equations, and where to obtain the data
required to estimate emissions for a given SCC-AMS Code. (These tables are discussed in
detail later.)
The following discussion describes how to use the Emission Estimator. First we explain
how to access and "configure" a run (i.e., execution) of the estimator. Next we explain how to
access and update the reference tables that provide information used to estimate emissions.
It is important that these tables be accurate and up-to-date for the Emission Estimator to
create accurate emission estimates. We then explain the Methods currently supported by
the Emission Estimator, how to use the Emission Estimator to estimate emissions and
interpret the results.




Calculating Emissions From an Originating
Device
The following discussion describes how the RAPIDS Emission Estimator calculates the
mass of an emittant that is created by an originating device/process (as was stated earlier,
the notation "device/process" means a process associated with a device) for the Methods
currently supported by this application. Also discussed is how data are entered into RAPIDS
for the purposes of emissions calculation and how unit conversion is handled in those
calculations. This discussion does not explain how the Emission Estimator estimates
MASS FLOW into and out of devices other than the originating device. This subject- i.e.,
"Stream Tracing", is discussed in the next section.
The Emission Estimation Methods covered are:
·       Emission Factors;
·       Speciation; and

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·        Limited form of Mass Balance;
In addition, emissions data that have been manually entered are also handled by the
Emission Estimator. Manually entered emissions data will generally be required to
accommodate emission estimates that are derived external to RAPIDS using an Emission
Estimation Method other than one of the three listed above. These other emission estimates
will typically include:
Data provided directly by the facility operator; and
Data calculated using specific algorithms not yet implemented RAPIDS such as:
         --      U.S. EPA's TANKS model for fixed and floating roof storage tanks; and
         --      U.S. EPA's, SIMS model for surface impoundments.
Emission estimates derived external to RAPIDS can be manually entered with a value for
Reference Type of something other than "EE" ("EE" indicates the estimate was created by
running the Emission Estimator). The Data Code value for such an externally derived
estimate will frequently be "RO" indicating that the estimate was reported by the facility. If
you manually enter such emission estimates, do not forget to complete the Reference
Type and Reference Code fields (and the Data Code field, if applicable).
The three (3) Emission Estimation Methods included in RAPIDS can best be described as
computationally simple but procedurally complex. They are simple because, at most, they all
involve multiplication of various factors to arrive at an estimate of emissions. The
complexities lies primarily in the specification of what data to use and where to find it. These
complexities and how they are handled are discussed below.


Encoded Equations and Unit Conversion
The following discusses the general approach to calculating emissions followed by a
discussion of the three specific Emission Estimation Methods: Emission Factor; Mass
Balance and Speciation.


General Approach
All three (3) Emission Estimation Methods use the same basic approach to calculate the
amount of an emittant leaving a process in a stream. The equation used in this approach is:
Flow(P,E) = Factor(1) x Factor(2) x . . . . x Factor(n)
x Activity(P)
where:
        Flow(P,E) the amount of mass of emittant E leaving a process is of interest during
period P;
         Activity is the value of a specified metric during period P found in the RAPIDS

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Stream Activity Table; and
         Factor(1), Factor(2),... Factor (n) are a series of factors found in the RAPIDS Factor
Table.
As a means of insuring that the calculation of emissions is valid in so far as the factors and
activity data used are concerned, the RAPIDS Emission Estimator processes this equation
from left to right "canceling" both the unit codes and material codes. This technique is
referred to as the "unit and material cancellation" approach.
To use this approach, the individual factors and activity data specified for any one equation
must follow a convention in order for the Emission Estimator to successfully solve for Flow:
         ·       The numerator unit code in Factor(1) must have a measure of MASS.;
       ·        The numerator unit code of each Factor, except Factor(1), must have the
same measure as the denominator unit code of the preceding Factor (This means that mass-
based units can only be converted to other mass-based units, etc.);
         ·       The numerator material code in Factor(1) must be the emittant E;
       ·       The numerator material code of each Factor, except Factor(1), must be the
same as the denominator material code of the preceding Factor.
Application of this approach can be seen in the following application of the basic equation:
                 gm:TOG          liter:SOLVENT
Flow = 2.3                 * 7.3               * 3.2
              gal: SOLVENT        ton:CLOTHES

lb: CLOTHES               each: PERSON
            * 4000
each:PERSON

This equation applies one emission factor, two constant factors and an activity value to
estimate the amount of mass leaving the process of interest. The Emission Estimator
proceeds from left to right as follows:
For the first term:
        Is the numerator material code the emittant of interest? If not, go to the next
equation.
         Does the numerator unit code have a measure = mass? If not, report error and stop.
        Does the numerator unit code have a unit code equal to the desired output units? If
not, convert value and units to the desired output units as follows:
         Calculated value = value;
Remaining denominator unit code = denominator unit code; and
Remaining denominator material code = denominator material code.
For all other terms except the first term:

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          Does the numerator material code equal the remaining denominator material code?
If not, report error and stop.
       Does the measure of the numerator unit code equal the measure of the remaining
denominator unit code? If not, report error and stop.
        Does the numerator unit code equal the remaining denominator unit code? If not,
convert value and numerator unit code as follows:
Calculated value = Calculated value x value (as converted);
Remaining denominator unit code = denominator unit code (as converted); and
Remaining denominator material code = denominator material code.
The equation is successfully completed if the last term results in a remaining denominator
unit code and a remaining denominator material code both equal to blank. If successfully
completed, the calculated value is the final result in the desired output units.


Specific Methods
The following discussion explains how the basic approach described above applies three
Emission Estimation Methods currently supported by the Emission Estimator:
Emission Factors;
Speciation; and
Limited form of Mass Balance.


Emission Factors
Using the basic approach described above for the Emission Estimation Method- Emission
Factors requires only that Factor(1) must be an emission factor.
For control, capture, and transfer efficiencies, the Estimator tries to find an activity record with
a Material Code that matches the emittant being estimated. If one is found, that control or
capture efficiency is used. If one is not found, the Estimator tries to find an activity record
with a Material Code of "@". If this is found, then this record is used for the control and
capture efficiencies.
If both uncontrolled and controlled emission factors exist, the priority is to use the
uncontrolled factor first. If there is no uncontrolled factor, and two controlled factors (i.e., one
with a primary control device, and a second with both a primary and secondary control
device) and both the primary and secondary control devices can be matched, the estimator
will use the controlled factor with only the primary control device first.


Speciation

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The Emission Estimation Method-Speciation simply multiplies the TOG or PM emissions by
the appropriate speciation factor.
        Mass_Flow = [generic speciation factor] x [mass flow]


Mass Balance
The Emission Estimation Method- Mass Balance refers to the method of calculating
emissions by application of the law of conservation of mass. The principle is that the sum of
the mass of a specific material in all input streams to a process must equal the sum of its
mass in all output streams of that process. When calculating emissions with a single output
stream from a process, the output stream is equal to the sum of the mass of the input
streams for that emittant material.
The Emission Estimation Method-Mass Balance, as used in the RAPIDS Emission
Estimator, uses five equations to solve specific versions of the mass balance equation
having a single input stream. These equations include the following:
        1 Mass_Flow = [mass flow]
        2 Mass_Flow = [material-specific speciation factor] x [mass flow]
        3 Mass_Flow = [material-specific speciation factor] x
[1 - transfer efficiency] x [mass flow]
        4 Mass_Flow = [material-specific speciation factor] x [density] x [volumetric flow]
        5 Mass_Flow = [material-specific speciation factor] x
[1 - transfer efficiency] x [density] x [volumetric flow]
Mass flow and volumetric flow are both activity data; the remaining terms are factors.


Stream Tracing
The following discussion describes the conventions used in RAPIDS to handle streams and
how the Emission Estimator uses this information to trace streams and the quantity of
emittant material in these streams.
Once emissions are first calculated (in an originating device/process) as described above in
"Calculating Emissions from an Originating Device," the Emission Estimator traces the flow
of these materials (i.e., emittants) downstream through each connected device/process. As
the emittants flow through these devices/processes, the Emission Estimator accounts for:
•   The reduction of emissions due to effect of air pollutant control equipment/processes in a
    control process;
•   The amount of emissions discharged into the atmosphere from a device that is not
    connected to a downstream device/process;
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•   The amount of emissions discharged into the atmosphere from connections that do not
    fully capture emissions from the upstream device; and
•   The amount of emissions discharged from a stack.
Stream tracing can be fairly complex. To handle the complexities involved, a number of
conventions have been developed to provide for user understanding of this process, and to
facilitate the generation of logic to allow coding.
The following discussion describes these conventions, followed by a discussion of how the
Emission Estimator handles stream tracing.


Conventions Applicable to Stream Tracing
The following are a series of conventions that have been adopted in conjunction with the
RAPIDS data model relevant to the Emission Estimator.
Device Level: Devices, Device Groups and Connections
An originating device is a device with at least one process that has an SCC-AMS Code. A
control device is a device/process and output stream that includes a CNTL EFFIC (Control
Efficiency) Metric (i.e., a process that reduces the amount of an emittant entering that
device); and a discharge device is a device that is not connected to a downstream device and
has a process whose output stream enters the atmosphere (and includes a DISCHARGE
metric). For the purposes of estimating emissions, a device can be "classified" as having
both "originating" and "controlling" characteristics (i.e., an emittant may be created by the
device- in this instance the associated process will have an SCC-AMS Code, while at the
same time other emittants may be reduced by another process occurring at that device).
A device can have any number of processes and any number of connections.
A connection begins and ends at two different devices.
Any device, except a discharge device, can have any number of output connections; a
discharge device (e.g., stack) can have no output connections.
A connection has an input end (from_device ID) and an output end (to_device ID); a stream
flowing through the connection must flow in the same direction as the connection.
A stream can "lose" materials (i.e., emittants) during passage through the connection leading
to the downstream device (if there is a downstream device); these "lost" emissions are
referred to as fugitive emissions. Fugitive emissions enter the environment and can occur
at either an originating device/process or a control device/process, but not a stack
device/process. (Remember stack devices do not have a connection to a downstream
device.) The amount of material leaving a stack device is coded as DISCHARGE because
the material is entering the environment, but these emissions are not classified as fugitive
emissions). The relative loss of material passing through a connection is quantified using a
CAPT EFFIC (Capture Efficiency) Metric on the output stream. CAPT EFFIC quantifies the
relative amount of material entering the connection; (1 - CAPT EFFIC) quantifies the relative

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amount of material that is lost through the connection.
In order for the Emission Estimator to properly calculate the fugitive emissions from a
device/process, you must create two output stream from that device/process. One
output stream ("non fugitive" stream) passes through a connection to a downstream
device and includes a value for the CAPT EFFIC Metric of less than 100%. The other
output stream ("fugitive" stream) does not pass through a connection to a downstream
device but instead enters the environment. The amount of fugitive emissions will be
the value of the DISCHARGE Metric on the output or fugitive stream from that
device/process. The DISCHARGE instead of MASS FLOW metric is used quantify the
fugitive emissions since the materials (emittants) are released into the environment
instead of flowing between connected devices.. The Emission Estimator will write a
MASS FLOW Metric record for the non fugitive output stream. The MASS FLOW metric
is used to quantify the amount of material (i.e., emittant) that passes through the
connection to the downstream device. The value of MASS FLOW calculated by the
Emission Estimator would reflect any control characteristics of that device/process for
a particular emittant (as indicated by the value of the CNTL EFFIC Metric on that non
fugitive output stream for that emittant).
RAPIDS treats Device Groups as a "type" of device. Accordingly, the Emission Estimator is
capable of calculating emissions from Device Groups with one exception. The Emission
Estimator is not capable of using controlled emission or speciation factors. If such a factor is
appropriate for a given Device Group, then you must input that controlled factor as a source-
specific factor using the procedures described earlier in this discussion. In addition, the
Emission Estimator is not capable of calculating emissions from a Device Group and its
member devices at the same time. If a Device Group is created with member devices, you
must decide if the Emission Estimator should calculate emissions from the Group or its
device members. If you select the Device Group, then the member devices/processes
cannot have either input or output streams. Likewise, if you select the member devices, then
the Device Group/Process Group cannot have either an input or output stream.
The following equations are used to calculate and report emissions leaving a device:
        Emissions going to the next process through a connection (MASS FLOW) =
        (emissions created by a process) x (1 - CNTL EFFIC) x (CAPT EFFIC)
   Emissions going to the atmosphere from a connected stream (DISCHARGE) =
        (emissions created by a process) x (1 - CNTL EFFIC) x (1 - CAPT EFFIC)
    Emissions going the atmosphere from a device with no downstream connection
(DISCHARGE) =
        (emissions created by a process) x (1 - CNTL EFFIC)
   Downstream discharge (DOWNSTRMDIS) =
        sum of discharges that began at the originating process



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Process Level: Processes and Streams
The material in a stream leaving a process (output) is considered to be created by that
process; the material in a stream entering a process (input) is considered to be destroyed by
that process.
A stream has direction as identified by the process that created it (from_process ID) or the
process that destroyed it (to_process ID), or both. A stream may have a blank from_process
ID or a to_process ID, but not both. An emittant stream with a blank to_process ID is
assumed to be emitted (i.e., discharged) to the atmosphere.
For the purposes calculating emissions, a process can occur at an originating device, control
device or discharge device.
A process that has an SCC-AMS code at an originating device may create a material in an
output stream not present in the input stream for that device/process.
A process that occurs at a control device alters the amount of material flowing through the
device for that process (as determined by the CNTL EFFIC Metric on the output stream for
that device/process).
A process that occurs at a discharge device discharges emittants to the environment (i.e.,
atmosphere) without otherwise affecting the amount of emittants flowing through the
device/process.
A connection can carry only one "physical" stream at a time. However, a stream flowing
through a connection can be considered to be composed of two or more logical streams. A
logical stream is a portion of a stream that is tracked purely for accounting purposes and has
no true physical meaning. (One reason for creating logical streams is to track the portion of a
combined stream that came from a given originating device).
A stream that exits a device/process without going through a connection is assumed to be
discharged to the atmosphere as a fugitive emission.
A stream entering or leaving a device and entering another device/process must be
associated with a connection between the two devices where the processes are located.
An SCC-AMS Code included with a process is assumed to apply to all output streams for that
process unless there is an SCC-AMS Code (metric) at the Stream Level.
The figure "Stream Activity Records Written by the RAPIDS Emission Estimator" depicted
below illustrates several of the concepts/conventions described above. This figure shows a
flow diagram with streams flowing between various device/process configurations (series
flow) following the conventions described above. Streams (1) flow into a device/process, (2)
flow out of a device/process into the environment, or (3) between device/processes. As was
stated earlier, a stream flowing between device/processes does so through a connection. It
is important to remember that DOWNSTRMDIS is written on the same output stream from the
originating device as MASS FLOW even though it represents the amount of an emittant that
is eventually released into the environment from the originating device and not the material
that flows between connected device/processes. Fugitive streams are shown for each

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originating device/process with a downstream connection. The metrics written by the
Emission Estimator on each output stream are also depicted.

                                                        Legend
                           DOWNSTRDIS
                           DISCHARGE
                                                             Emittant Stream discharging to the
                                                              atmosphere
                                                             Emittant Stream inside a connection
           Originating
            Process


                                                         DISCHARGE
                        DISCHARGE



          Originating                      Control
           Process         DOWNSTRDIS      Process
                           MASS FLOW



                                                                                      DISCHARGE
                    DISCHARGE                       DISCHARGE


                                           Single                           Stack
          Originating
                                          Control                         Discharge
           Process       DOWNSTRDIS                     MASS FLOW
                                          Process                          Process
                         MASS FLOW




                                                                                         DISCHARGE
                                             DISCHARGE          DISCHARGE
                        DISCHARGE


                                         First           Last                      Stack
          Originating
                                        Control         Control                  Discharge
           Process        DOWNSTRDIS    Process         Process      MASS FLOW   Process
                          MASS FLOW                 *
                                                          DISCHARGE
                        DISCHARGE


                                           Stack                            *Mass Flow record wirtten
          Originating                                                        for each Stream
                                          Discharge
           Process         DOWNSTRDIS
                           MASS FLOW       Process




           Stream Activity Records Written by the RAPIDS Emission Estimator




Tracking Emissions Downstream- Series Flow
Each emittant in a stream is tracked downstream starting with the originating
device/process/streams until all of the material is either removed by a control device(s) or
discharged to the atmosphere.
Each instance of a material added to a stream is followed (tracked) downstream through

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successive device/processes in series until the material is no longer included in a stream.
Material is altered by factors (i.e., Control Efficiency) which reduce emissions, or by being
discharged to the environment.


Tracking Emissions Downstream- Merging and Split Flows
The discussion above described how to trace streams and the associated mass flow
discharge of emittants when the originating device, control devices and stack devices are all
in series. In more complicated configurations involving multiple originating devices that
"merge" at a particular downstream control device or discharge device, or when the output
stream from an originating device or control device "splits" or is "partitioned" into multiple
streams, before eventually being discharged into the environment, the tracing of streams and
the associated mass flow/discharge of emittants is more complicated.
The Emission Estimator is capable of "handling" these more complicated flow situations if
the following "rules/conventions" are followed.
When the output streams from more than one originating device merge at a downstream
control device, the Emission Estimator will calculate the correct stack discharge
(DISCHARGE) and originating device downstream discharges (DOWNSTRMDIS). However,
the MASS FLOW for the output stream of the control device where the streams merge (and
any subsequent downstream control or discharge devices in series with the "merged" device)
will display the value associated with the last originating device that flows into that device and
not the sum of the MASS FLOWS associated with each originating device. In other words,
the Emission Estimator will overwrite the first MASS FLOW value with the next value, and
so on, starting with the merged device. To correct this problem, you must create a separate
process record/output stream for each originating device that merges at that device.
Additional process records must also be created for every subsequent device in series with
the merged device. These process records can be thought of as "logical" processes, created
so that the partial MASS FLOW associated with each originating device can be tracked out of
the merged device and any subsequent devices in series with the merged device. You can
create a process group to group these processes and sum the MASS FLOW values for each
process/output stream. The sum of these MASS FLOW values will be the correct value of
the MASS FLOW out of the merged device.
The creation of separate process/streams at the discharge device will allow you to generate a
report apportioning the stack emissions to the applicable originating devices (this should be
done if the merged device is a discharge and not a control device).
When the output stream from originating device "splits" and creates multiple output streams,
then you must create separate process records for each output stream from the originating
device and the input stream for each process must be apportioned such that the Metric value
of the MASS FLOW for the Throughput Material/Denominator Material in the same manner
as the MASS FLOW of the emittants for the output streams. For example, if the output
stream from an originating device splits into three (3) separate streams, each carrying one-
third of the MASS FLOW of each emittant, then the MASS FLOW of the Throughput
Material/Denominator Material would also be one-third of the total value. Once again,

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creating a process group at the originating device will allow you to sum the emissions and
obtain the correct DOWNSTRMDIS value. This will also allow you to create a report
indicating which stack discharge device discharged the emissions created by each originating
device (assuming the split streams are discharged by different stack discharge devices).
When the output stream from an originating device enters a control device and then splits,
the situation is more complicated. In this instance, you must also create separate process
records for each output stream and a process group as described above. In order for the
Emission Estimator to correctly partition the emissions (MASS FLOW), you must include
the partitioning in with the value of the control efficiency for a given emittant (creating a sort of
"fictitious" value for the control efficiency). For example, if the output of PM from a control
device is split into two (2) streams, with 25% of the mass flow going to one stream and 75%
to the other, and the PM control efficiency of the control device is 90%, then you would use
the following equation to calculate the fictitious value for the CNTL EFFIC Metric:
{1 - [1 - actual control efficiency, %/100] x partition, %/100} x 100%
For example, for the stream with 25% of the MASS FLOW, the value of the CNTL EFFIC
Metric would be:
{1 - [1 - 90/100] x 25/100} x 100= 97.5; and
{1 - [1 - 90/100] x 75/100} x 100= 92.5
You should also input a value of 25% for the PARTITION Metric value for the first
process/output stream and 75% for the other process/output stream. Although the
PARTITION Metric is not currently used by the Emission Estimator, it will allow you to
calculate the actual control efficiency (%) by using the following equation:
{1 - [1 - CNTL EFFIC, %/100]/ partition, %/100} x 100%,
where CNTL EFFIC is the fictitious value of this metric.
 As was stated above for the case when the streams split out of the originating device, the
creation of separate process records for each split stream exiting the control device (and all
subsequent downstream control and stack/discharge devices) will allow you to create a report
indicating which stack discharge device discharged the emissions created by each
originating device (assuming the split streams are discharged by different stack discharge
devices).
RAPIDS does not currently create any of the reports mentioned in this discussion of merging
and split flows. You would have to prepare these reports using an ad-hoc reporting tool or
other technique.


Writing Emission Records
The amount of a material (i.e., emittant) in the output stream (calculated by the Emission
Estimator) for a device/process is written to the stream activity record for the corresponding
output stream. If the stream discharges to the environment (i.e., the stream has no
to_process ID), the metric used is DISCHARGE; otherwise the metric used is MASS FLOW.
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Anytime a material is discharged to the environment (i.e., an activity record is written with
metric = DISCHARGE), those emissions are included in the activity record value for metric =
DOWNSTRMDIS which is written to the output stream of the originating device/process
"responsible" for creating those emissions.


Saved Groups Icon
Clicking on the Saved Groups Icon in the RAPIDS Enterprise screen opens the Source
Selector, which allows you to Create, edit and save a Group for analysis. For information on
the Source Selector, click Source Selector.


Emissions Calculation Icon
Clicking on the Emissions Calculations Icon in the RAPIDS Enterprise allows you to calculate
estimated emissions for specific criteria that you select. The selection process involves two
screens: the Source Selector, and then Emissions Estimator. To begin the Emissions
Calculation process, click Source Selector.




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AIRS/AFS Converter
Using the AIRS/AFS Converter
The AIRS/AFS Converter uses SAS for generating the various transaction records needed
for populating AIRS/AFS. The SAS program is called GEINI. The AIRS/AFS Converter
screen provides many options for the selection and reporting of RAPIDS data. Note: you
must have installed BASE SAS for Windows and SAS ACCESS for ODBC before generating
any of the AIRS/AFS transaction files.
The AIRS/AFS Converter generates transactions for non-SIP inventories (annual inventories)
and only generates transactions for those fields as identified with a check mark in the "Req'd
by AIRS" column in the RAPIDS System Manual.
    1. To access the AIRS/AFS Converter, click the Data Export icon on the RAPIDS
       Enterprise Screen and then click on AIRS/AFS Converter. The following screen is
       displayed:




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   2. Check one or more Transactions Selections. Each option generates a particular type
      of transaction record used to populate AIRS/AFS. The choices are: Plant General,
      Mailing Label, General Stack, General Point, Segment General, Segment
      Pollutant (Annual Emissions).
   3. Enter the AIRS/AFS Converter GEINI Status Report File Name. This file records
      warning and error messages as GEINI does its processing. To browse through
      directories and files to determine which output file name to specify, click Browse.
      The default file extension is .LST. All GEINI status messages are first written to a file.
      You will then be able to view and print the file.
   4. Enter the SAS Log File Name. This file records warning and error messages as
      SAS does its processing. To browse through directories and files to determine which
      log file to specify, click Browse. The default file extension is .LOG. The log file
      records the operation of the report generation process.
   5. Enter the AIRS Transaction File Name. All AIRS/AFS transaction records
      generated by GEINI will be written to this file.
                                                   
   6. Select the Operation ModeBatch or Interactiveusing the drop-down list box.
   7. Specify the data selection starting date in the From Date field. Position your cursor
      on the month, day, or year and use the Up Arrow button to increase the number and
      the Down Arrow button to decrease the number. Alternatively, type in the From
      Date.
   8. Specify the data selection ending date in the To Date field. Position your cursor on
      the month, date, or year, and use the Up Arrow button to increase the number and
      the Down Arrow button to decrease the number. Alternatively, type in the To Date.
   9. Enter the Reference Code for data to report. This field is only visible if you have
      checked Segment Pollutant (Annual Emissions) in the Transactions Selections
      field. The Reference Code is optional. To use the correct emission records in the
      RAPIDS database, you may want to further qualify the data by the Reference Code
      (shown on the Activity screen).
   10. Select a State from the drop-down list box. If this field is left blank, all states will be
       reported.
   11. Select a County from the drop-down list box. If this field is left blank, all counties
       within the specified state will be reported.
   12. Check the Criteria Pollutants and/or Toxic Pollutants options. These fields are only
       visible if you have checked Segment Pollutant (Annual Emissions) in the
       Transactions Selections field. When you check either option, a Group field is
       displayed. Select the appropriate Group from the pull-down list. Note that this list
       contains material groupsselect the appropriate pollutants to report. In addition,
       Segment Pollutant (Annual Emissions) was checked, one or both of Criteria
       Pollutants and/or Toxic Pollutants must be selected.


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   13. When you are finished entering the AIRS/AFS Converter Screen Parameters, click
       Generate. The program will perform some preliminary actions before calling SAS
       which will invoke GEINI. GEINI will automatically generate the AIRS/AFS transaction
       file interactively or in batch and allow you to view and print the GEINI and SAS log
       files.
   14. To exit the AIRS/AFS Converter screen, click Close.




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Glossary of Terms
Activity Data
Data that quantify or qualify, over a specified period of time, the value of a metric defined for
a geographic location, legal entity, source, device, process, stream, or material.

Agency Device Code
An agency's classification of a device. Examples include "STACK," "ESP" (electrostatic
precipitator), and "TANK, HORIZ FXD" (fixed horizontal tank). There is a list of valid device
codes in the system. A special device code of "@" can be used for unclassified devices and
"@GROUP" for device groups that cover a range of device codes.

Agency Device ID
An agency's identifier for a device that is unique within the source (typically, an integer such
as 001, 002, etc.). The system sorts the devices within a source by this identifier.

Agency Process Code
An agency's classification of a process. Examples include "COMBUSTION," "COATING,"
and "LEAKING." There is a list of valid process codes in the system. A special process code
of "@" can be used for unclassified processes and "@GROUP" for process groups that cover
a range of process codes.

Agency Process ID
An agency's identifier for a process that is unique within a device (typically, an integer such
as 001, 002, etc.). The system sorts the processes within a device by this identifier.

Agency Source ID
An agency's identifier for a source that is unique in the database (typically an integer such as
001, 002, etc., or a name such as ABC CORP). The system sorts the sources in the
database by this identifier.

Area Source
A group of sources (e.g., dry cleaners) in which the individual sources emit small amounts of
pollutants. The total emissions from the group, however, are significant.

Calculation Protocol
A prioritization of methods for calculating emission estimates according to source, device,
process, and throughput material codes, or according to SCC/AMS codes.


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Calculation Type
The method used to determine the location coordinates of a location coordinate group.

Connection
A physical link between two devices. Examples include a conduit and a conveyor belt.

Contact
A person and/or address that serves as a communication point for a facility, legal entity, or
device.

Contact Type
The reason for a contact (e.g., emissions inventory, permitting).

Data Code
A flag assigned to an activity record. This flag could include well-accepted abbreviations
such as BDL (below detection limit), or Q (requires validation).

Database Record (or Record)
An ordered set of fields within a database table.

Datum Year
The year in which location coordinate measurements were taken.

Device
Physical location or equipment on or within which one or more processes occur. Examples
include incinerators, scrubbers, and stacks.

Device Code
A classification used to describe a set of devices that are similar in function (e.g., Boiler,
Incinerator).

Emission Factor
The amount of emittant material created in a specified process per unit of throughput
material.

Facility Source
A source located on either a single parcel or adjacent parcels of land, operated for a common
purpose.

Field
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A named character string, number, or logical (true or false) value within a database record.

Geographic Entity
A nation, state, county, city, or subcounty region.

Geographic group
A group of geographic entities, such as a nation group, state group, county group, city group,
or defined region such as a subcounty.

Group
A named collection of zero or more like entities. Groups allow assignment of data to the
collection in addition to the member entities. For example, a device group could consist of
two control devices, a scrubber, and a fabric filter. The control efficiency may not be known
for either of the devices separately, although known for the combination of both devices. This
control efficiency can be assigned to the group. There are geographic groups (nonattainment
area), source groups (dry cleaner area sources), device groups (scrubber and fabric filter),
process groups (combination of startup, upset, and shutdown), and material groups (targeted
toxics).



Group Flag
Indicates (check or blank) whether a geographic location, source, device, process, or material
is a group.

Location Coordinate
A specific UTM Easting/Northing or Latitude/Longitude belonging to a Location Coordinate
Group.

Location Coordinate Group
Information common to all point, line, or polygon coordinates for a geographic area, source,
or device. Such information includes the type (e.g., point, line, or polygon), calculation type
(e.g., global positioning, TIGER file), and accuracy type (e.g., kilometers, meters).

Material
Any thing or substance of interest including elements, compounds, or mixtures of elements
and/or compounds in any physical state (solid, liquid, or gas) or in more than one physical
state at the same time.

Measured Description
A general description of a location, or a reference to another document such as a Process
Flow Diagram.

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Method Type
The method used in the measurement of a metric. Examples include direct measurement,
generic emission factor, and engineering calculation.

Metric
A parameter that represents a measurement, over a specified period of time, of a specific
geographic location (e.g., population), legal entity, source (e.g., employees), device (e.g.,
tank color), process (e.g., process temperature), stream (e.g., oil throughput, emissions), or
material (e.g., density).

Operator Device ID
A facility's identifier for a device. Having both the agency and operator device codes can help
improve communication of information if the codes differ.

Operator Process Code
A facility's classification of a process. Having both the agency and operator process codes
can help improve communication of information if the codes differ.

Operator Process ID
A facility's identifier for a process. Having both the agency and operator process ID can help
improve communication of information if the identifiers differ.

Parameter
A word or phrase that describes the information in an activity record.

Process
Creation, alteration, use, consumption, movement, separation, partition, or discharge that
converts input stream materials into output stream materials. Examples include combustion,
breathing loss, and incineration.

Process Code
A classification used to describe a set of processes that are similar in function (e.g.
Combustion, Incineration).

Process Mode
A qualifier for a process, such as Startup, Shutdown, and Normal.

Reference Code
The specific origination of a metric value. Examples include Estimate #101, or import file
12345.src.

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Reference Type
The general origination for a metric value. Examples include import and emission estimation.

Related Information
One or more screens of data that are logically dependent on the record currently displayed in
the General Information Area. For example, device activity is one type of related information
for a device currently displayed in the General Information Area. Device contact and contact
type is related information for a device displayed in the General Information Area.

Relative Seasonal Level
Uniform activity, increased activity during summer, or increased activity during winter.

SCC/AMS Code
An EPA classification that identifies a source, device, process, and material within a point
source (SCC), area source, or mobile source category.

Shape Type
The overall type of a location coordinate group; indicates if the location coordinates represent
a point, polygon, or line.

SIC Code
A classification method used to group sources or devices into related industries (e.g., Printing
and Publishing, Wood and Allied Products).

Source Code
A classification used to describe a set of sources that are similar in function (e.g., Agricultural,
Residential)

Stream
The flow of material into or out of a process. An output stream from one process may be the
input stream to another. Streams can discharge into the environment. Examples include a
gas input stream, gas exhaust to an electrostatic precipitator, and stack exhaust to the
environment.

Stream Code
A classification used to describe a set of streams that are similar in function (e.g. gaseous,
solid).

Stream ID
An agency's identifier for a stream.

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Tier Code
A three-level EPA code that maps a tier to SCC and AMS codes.

Value Type
A qualifier for a metric value. Examples include minimum, maximum, average, potential, and
actual.
Mnemonics activate menu items much more quickly because they are a simple combination
of two or more keystrokes.
Together, the RAPIDS Enterprise screen and the Data Model screen depict the overall
structure and functionality of RAPIDS.
Each RAPIDS data module consists of one or more database tables and associated screens.
As you go down the hierarchy of Geographic, Source, Device, and Process, the Context Area
maintains the "parent" information.
The area of focus is identified by a green border around the area.
At times, you may wish to locate a record or a set of records with certain common features.
Filters can help you quickly select only the records you need.
You can toggle back and forth between Form and Tabular view at any time.
The RAPIDS data modules are the sets of screens you will use to create, view, update, or
delete database records.
Groups can occur at all levels: geographic, source, device, and process.
Activity data relate to time-dependent information associated with geographic entities,
sources, devices, processes, or streams.
A parameter is a word or phrase that describes the information in an activity record.
The system remembers the specified From and To Dates/Times until you change them again.
Use Insert to create new records to show changes in parameters. Update the individual
values when you want to correct one or more existing parameters in a record.
RAPIDS has a "Smart Metrics" capability that selects only the valid metrics for a particular
metric level.




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Index
            A
About RAPIDS..................................................................................................................... 8
Accessing the SCC/AMS-to-Material Relationship from the Emission Estimator....... 122
Accessing and Updating Reference Tables..................................................................... 99
Accessing Constant Factors from the Process Module ................................................. 87
Accessing Factors from the Emission Estimator.......................................................... 108
Accessing Generic Constant Factors from the Process Module.................................... 90
Accessing Generic Emission Factors from the Process Module ................................... 90
Accessing Generic Speciation Factors from the Process Module ................................. 91
Accessing Materials From the Emission Estimator ...................................................... 122
Accessing Product Profiles from the Process Module ................................................... 90
Accessing SCC/AMS Code and Material Code Relationships from the Process Module
  ....................................................................................................................................... 91
Accessing Source-Specific Constant Factors from the Process Module............................... 89
Accessing Source-specific Speciation Factors from the Process Module .................... 89
Accessing Specific Emission Factors from the Process Module................................... 88
Accessing/Viewing Generic Emission Factors ............................................................. 112
Accessing/Viewing Generic Speciation Factors ........................................................... 115
Activity data .........................................................................................................5, 29, 31, 32
Activity Data
  Filling In Parameter Row Information........................................................................... 33
Activity Sort Order............................................................................................................ 38
Adding Coordinates to a Location Coordinates Group .................................................. 38
Adding Group Members ................................................................................................... 31
Adding or Removing Geographic Group Members......................................................... 48
Aerometric Information Retrieval System .............................................................................. 1
AIRS/AFS Converter................................................................................................. 191, 193
AMS ..................................................................................................................... 79, 99, 100
Area of focus .......................................................................................................... 15, 19, 32
            B
Background ............................................................................................................ 100, 177
Batch and Interactive Import Modes.............................................................................. 167
Batch mode .............................................................................................................. 141, 142
Box Plot............................................................................................................................ 145
Brief Introduction to Microsoft Windows................................................................................. 2
            C
Calculating Emissions From an Originating Device ..................................................... 179
Changing Focus................................................................................................................ 15
Cities .............................................................................................................5, 29, 30, 42, 52

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Commonly Asked Questions ............................................................................................. 5
Completing the QC Checker Screen Parameters .......................................................... 140
Compliance .......................................................................................................................... 1
Connections.......................................................................................................6, 72, 73, 165
Contact............................................................................................................7, 41, 138, 165
Contacts ............................................................................................................................. 41
Context Area .................................................................................. 13, 14, 15, 68, 74, 82, 96
Control devices................................................................................................................... 29
Control efficiencies ............................................................................................................... 6
Conventions Applicable to Stream Tracing................................................................... 184
Copying and Pasting Records ......................................................................................... 17
Counties .......................................................................................... 5, 6, 29, 30, 51, 141, 192
Creating a City
  Subcounty
    City Group
      or Subcounty Group............................................................................................... 51
Creating a City Group or Subcounty Group .................................................................... 52
Creating a City or Subcounty........................................................................................... 51
Creating a County............................................................................................................. 50
Creating a County Group ................................................................................................. 51
Creating a County or County Group ................................................................................ 50
Creating a Device.............................................................................................................. 66
Creating a Device or Device Group.................................................................................. 66
Creating a Location Coordinate Group............................................................................ 38
Creating a Material.......................................................................................................... 127
Creating a Nation .............................................................................................................. 49
Creating a Nation Group................................................................................................... 49
Creating a Process ........................................................................................................... 78
Creating a Process or Process Group ............................................................................. 78
Creating a Process Schedule........................................................................................... 84
Creating a Source ............................................................................................................. 58
Creating a Source Group.................................................................................................. 59
Creating a Source or Source Group ................................................................................ 58
Creating a State ................................................................................................................ 49
Creating a State Group..................................................................................................... 50
Creating a State or State Group ....................................................................................... 49
Creating Contact Types.................................................................................................... 42
Creating Contacts............................................................................................................. 41
Creating Device Activity Data........................................................................................... 70
Creating Device Connections .......................................................................................... 72
Creating Device Contacts................................................................................................. 71
Creating Emission Profile Records................................................................................ 122
Creating Generic Constants (Factors) ........................................................................... 117
Creating Geographic Activity Data .................................................................................. 55
Creating Geographic Location Coordinates.................................................................... 54

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Creating Growth Factors ................................................................................................ 121
Creating Input Device Connections ................................................................................. 74
Creating Input Streams..................................................................................................... 94
Creating Legal Entities ................................................................................................... 130
Creating Legal Entity Activity Data ................................................................................ 134
Creating Legal Entity Contacts ...................................................................................... 135
Creating Materials and Material Groups ........................................................................ 127
Creating Method Metrics Records ................................................................................. 106
Creating Output Device Connections .............................................................................. 74
Creating Output Streams.................................................................................................. 94
Creating Process Activity Data ........................................................................................ 86
Creating Product Profiles............................................................................................... 123
Creating Protocol Records............................................................................................. 104
Creating Reference Table Records ................................................................................ 138
Creating Source Activity Data .......................................................................................... 62
Creating Source Legal Entity Relationships.................................................................. 133
Creating Source Location Coordinates ........................................................................... 61
Creating Source-specific Constants (Factors) .............................................................. 118
Creating Source-specific Speciation Factors................................................................ 115
Creating Specific Emission Factors .............................................................................. 113
Creating Stream Activity Data .......................................................................................... 96
Creating Streams .............................................................................................................. 93
           D
Data Export Screen Options........................................................................................... 169
Data Import....................................................................................................................... 166
Data menu............................................................................................................................ 5
Data Model screen ............................................................................................................ 11
Deleting a Source ............................................................................................................. 61
Deleting Activity Data ....................................................................................................... 37
Deleting Contacts ............................................................................................................. 44
Deleting Device Activity Data........................................................................................... 71
Deleting Device Connections........................................................................................... 75
Deleting Device Contacts ................................................................................................. 72
Deleting Device Location Coordinates ............................................................................ 70
Deleting Devices ............................................................................................................... 69
Deleting Emission Profile Records ................................................................................ 125
Deleting Generic or Source-specific Constants (Factors) ............................................ 119
Deleting Geographic Activity Data................................................................................... 56
Deleting Geographic Data ................................................................................................ 54
Deleting Geographic Location Coordinates .................................................................... 55
Deleting Growth Factors ................................................................................................ 121
Deleting Legal Entities.................................................................................................... 131
Deleting Legal Entity Activity Data ................................................................................ 135
Deleting Legal Entity Contacts....................................................................................... 136

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Deleting Location Coordinates ........................................................................................ 41
Deleting Materials ........................................................................................................... 128
Deleting Process Activity Data......................................................................................... 87
Deleting Process Schedules ............................................................................................ 86
Deleting Processes........................................................................................................... 82
Deleting Product Profiles ............................................................................................... 126
Deleting Protocol and Method Metrics Records............................................................ 108
Deleting Records .............................................................................................................. 17
Deleting Reference Table Records ................................................................................ 139
Deleting Seasonal Factors ............................................................................................. 121
Deleting Source Activity Data .......................................................................................... 63
Deleting Source Contacts ................................................................................................ 64
Deleting Source Legal Entity Relationships .................................................................. 133
Deleting Source Location Coordinates............................................................................ 62
Deleting Source-specific Speciation Factors ................................................................ 117
Deleting Specific Emission Factors............................................................................... 115
Deleting Stream Activity Data .......................................................................................... 98
Deleting Streams .............................................................................................................. 96
Descriptive - Long With Plots......................................................................................... 143
Descriptive - long without plots.......................................................................................... 146
Descriptive - short............................................................................................................. 146
Device .6, 37, 40, 43, 44, 81, 85, 86, 97, 99, 104, 105, 114, 116, 137, 138, 141, 142, 162, 165
Device Code..................................................................................................14, 37, 105, 116
Device ID.................................................................................................................. 6, 14, 94
Device Module.................................................................................................................... 65
Device Name.................................................................................................................. 6, 14
Dialog Boxes....................................................................................................................... 5
            E
Emission Estimation screen ................................................................................................ 99
Emission Estimator .................................................................................................... 26, 27
Emission factors ........................................... 29, 88, 89, 90, 91, 100, 106, 109, 110, 112, 182
Emissions Calculation Icon............................................................................................ 190
Encoded Equations and Unit Conversion ..................................................................... 180
Exiting RAPIDS ................................................................................................................... 8
            F
File ...................................................................................2, 53, 140, 141, 169, 170, 192, 193
File menu ........................................................................................................................... 13
Filters ................................................................................................................................. 53
Form View .......................................................................................................................... 60
Freeform View .................................................................................................................... 18
            G
GEMAP Area Sources..................................................................................................... 174
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General Approach........................................................................................................... 180
General Information Area .............................................................. 14, 15, 19, 48, 50, 52, 60
Geographic....................................................... 5, 6, 14, 18, 29, 30, 37, 40, 50, 137, 162, 164
Geographic groups..................................................................................................... 48, 52
Geographic Module ...................................................................................................... 46, 48
GIS Tool .......................................................................................................................... 155
Group ....................................................6, 7, 13, 14, 30, 67, 79, 127, 137, 162, 164, 165, 192
Groups ............................................................................................................................... 30
            H
Hint text ................................................................................................................................ 4
Hint Text Area ................................................................................................................... 15
History view ........................................................................................................................ 13
            I
Import Message Log ....................................................................................................... 168
Importing Data Into RAPIDS........................................................................................... 156
Importing Mobile Emission Factors (*.mef) Data Tables in Canada ............................. 157
Importing PART5 Emission Factor (*.pef) Data Tables ................................................. 158
Importing PART5 Emission Factors (*.pef) Data Tables in Canada.............................. 159
Insert ........................................................................................15, 32, 36, 38, 40, 73, 94, 107
Inserting Records ............................................................................................................. 17
Installation ........................................................................................................................ 2, 7
Interactive mode ............................................................................................................... 141
Interpreting the QC Checker Output .............................................................................. 143
Introduction to the RAPIDS Data Model .............................................................................. 20
Inventory ........................................................................................................................ 1, 20
            L
Legal ................................................................................................. 12, 14, 29, 30, 137, 138
Legal Module.................................................................................................................... 129
List Fields.......................................................................................................................... 15
Location................................................................ 14, 29, 30, 42, 52, 53, 59, 60, 69, 137, 165
Location coordinates........................................................................................29, 38, 69, 165
Log On To Oracle at GLNPO .............................................................................................. 7
Log On To SQL ANYWHERE .............................................................................................. 7
            M
Main menu................................................................................. 10, 32, 39, 41, 42, 49, 50, 51
Mass Balance.................................................................................................................. 183
Material .......................................................................... 34, 79, 105, 113, 116, 117, 118, 122
Method metrics ................................................................................................100, 106, 107
Mnemonics.......................................................................................................................... 3
Modifying Records ........................................................................................................... 17

Windsor Technologies, Inc.                                         204                                   RAPIDS Version 2.0
RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                           INDEX

Monitor configuration ............................................................................................................ 5
Monitoring........................................................................................................................... 20
Mouse Actions Defined ......................................................................................................... 2
Move to First Record........................................................................................................... 16
Moving Among Fields....................................................................................................... 15
Moving Among Records................................................................................................... 16
            N
Nations ..............................................................................................................29, 42, 49, 52
Normal Probability Plot ..................................................................................................... 145
            O
On-line Help ............................................................................................................... 10, 166
Operating scenarios............................................................................................................ 29
Oracle .................................................................................................................................. 1
Outlier Report ................................................................................................................. 147
            P
Parameter............................................................................................................... 32, 33, 36
Permitting ............................................................................................................................. 1
Process ....................6, 14, 20, 37, 81, 104, 105, 113, 115, 118, 126, 138, 141, 142, 163, 165
Process Code ................................................................................................................... 105
Process ID...................................................................................................................... 6, 14
Process Level
  Processes and Streams .............................................................................................. 186
Process Module .................................................................................................................. 77
Process Name ................................................................................................................ 6, 14
Product profile .................................................................................................................... 90
Protocol ................................................................................................................ 6, 137, 138
            Q
QC Checker.......................................................................................................140, 141, 142
QC Checker-Consistency ............................................................................................... 148
QC Checker-Statistical ................................................................................................... 140
Query ................................................................................................................................... 1
Query Reporting Tool ..................................................................................................... 155
Query/Analysis ................................................................................................................. 155
            R
RAPIDS Enterprise screen ................................................................................................. 9
RAPIDS Export
 Data Tables.................................................................................................................. 170
 GEMAP Point Sources ................................................................................................ 175
 GLNPO Tables ............................................................................................................. 173

Windsor Technologies, Inc.                                        205                                   RAPIDS Version 2.0
RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                          INDEX
  Reference Tables ........................................................................................................ 172
Reference Code ....................................................................................................... 141, 192
Reference tables....................................................................................................... 177, 179
Reference Tables ............................................................................................................. 137
Related Information Area.................................................................................................. 14
Removing Group Members .............................................................................................. 31
Reporting........................................................................................................................ 6, 20
Reports............................................................................................................................. 153
            S
Saved Groups Icon ......................................................................................................... 190
SCC ................................................................................................................................... 79
SCC Codes Tab.................................................................................................................. 25
SCC/AMS Code.......................................................................................................... 79, 142
Schedule ...................................................................................................................... 14, 83
Screen Features.......................................................................................................... 12, 15
Seasonal Factors ............................................................................................................ 120
Selecting an SCC/AMS Code............................................................................................ 80
Selecting an SIC Code...................................................................................................... 59
Selecting Data in the Source Selector ............................................................................. 22
Selecting Import Files..................................................................................................... 161
Selection Options ........................................................................................................... 166
Shortcut keys...................................................................................................................... 3
Show All ....................................................................................................................... 17, 36
SIC Code.................................................................................................................... 67, 142
SIC/SCC Codes Tab.......................................................................................................... 25
Smart Activity Metrics ...................................................................................................... 37
Snapshot view .................................................................................................................... 35
Source.... 5, 6, 17, 29, 30, 37, 40, 66, 71, 72, 73, 85, 86, 94, 97, 113, 141, 142, 163, 164, 165
Source Code....................................................................................................................... 14
Source Contacts ............................................................................................................... 64
Source ID ......................................................................................................6, 14, 58, 73, 94
Source Module ................................................................................................................... 57
Source Name ................................................................................................................. 6, 14
Source Selector ................................................................................................................ 21
Source-specific emission factors ........................................................................1, 6, 113, 114
Speciation ............................................................................................................... 182, 183
Specific Methods ............................................................................................................ 182
SQL ANYWHERE................................................................................................................. 1
SQL*NET ............................................................................................................................. 7
Starting RAPIDS................................................................................................................... 7
Starting the Import Process ........................................................................................... 167
States .....................................................................................29, 30, 42, 50, 52, 53, 141, 192
Statistical Analysis ......................................................................................................... 155
Stem-and-leaf plot ............................................................................................................ 145

Windsor Technologies, Inc.                                        206                                  RAPIDS Version 2.0
RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                          INDEX

Stream.............................................................. 6, 14, 29, 37, 79, 94, 107, 138, 141, 142, 164
Stream input ......................................................................................................................... 6
Stream Module ................................................................................................................... 93
Stream Tracing ....................................................................................................... 183, 184
Subcounties........................................................................................................................ 52
            T
Tabular View.......................................................................13, 16, 18, 19, 68, 81, 82, 96, 138
TCP/IP.................................................................................................................................. 7
The Initial RAPIDS Screens ................................................................................................ 9
The Main Menu.................................................................................................................. 12
The RAPIDS Database and its Modules........................................................................... 29
The RAPIDS Tool Bar Buttons ......................................................................................... 12
Tool bar buttons............................................................................................................ 15, 36
Tracing Device Connections ............................................................................................ 74
Tracking Emissions Downstream- Merging and Split Flows ........................................ 188
Tracking Emissions Downstream- Series Flow............................................................. 187
            U
Updating a Source ............................................................................................................ 61
Updating Calculation Protocols and Method Metrics ................................................... 107
Updating Contacts............................................................................................................ 44
Updating Device Activity Data.......................................................................................... 71
Updating Device Connections.......................................................................................... 75
Updating Device Contacts................................................................................................ 72
Updating Device Location Coordinates........................................................................... 69
Updating Devices.............................................................................................................. 68
Updating Emission Profile Records............................................................................... 125
Updating Generic and Source-specific Constants (Factors) ........................................ 119
Updating Geographic Activity Data ................................................................................. 56
Updating Geographic Data ............................................................................................... 53
Updating Geographic Location Coordinates................................................................... 54
Updating Growth Factors ............................................................................................... 121
Updating Legal Entities .................................................................................................. 131
Updating Legal Entity Activity Data ............................................................................... 134
Updating Legal Entity Contacts ..................................................................................... 135
Updating Location Coordinates ....................................................................................... 40
Updating Materials.......................................................................................................... 128
Updating Process Activity Data ....................................................................................... 87
Updating Process Schedules........................................................................................... 85
Updating Processes ......................................................................................................... 82
Updating Product Profile Records ................................................................................. 125
Updating Reference Table Records ............................................................................... 139
Updating Seasonal Factors ............................................................................................ 120
Updating Source Activity Data ......................................................................................... 63

Windsor Technologies, Inc.                                        207                                  RAPIDS Version 2.0
RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                          INDEX
Updating Source Contacts ............................................................................................... 64
Updating Source Legal Entity Relationships................................................................. 133
Updating Source Location Coordinates .......................................................................... 62
Updating Source-specific Speciation Factors............................................................... 116
Updating Specific Emission Factors.............................................................................. 114
Updating Stream Activity Data ......................................................................................... 97
Updating Streams ............................................................................................................. 96
User Log On screen.............................................................................................................. 7
Using Filters to Locate Records ...................................................................................... 16
Using RAPIDS ..................................................................................................................... 8
Using the AIRS/AFS Converter ...................................................................................... 191
UTM ................................................................................................................................... 39
            V
Viewing a Source .............................................................................................................. 60
Viewing a Source From the Geographic Module............................................................. 60
Viewing a Source From the Source Module .................................................................... 60
Viewing Activity Data Using Snapshot or History View .................................................. 35
Viewing Contacts.............................................................................................................. 43
Viewing Device Activity Data ........................................................................................... 70
Viewing Device Connections ........................................................................................... 74
Viewing Device Contacts.................................................................................................. 72
Viewing Device Location Coordinates............................................................................. 69
Viewing Devices................................................................................................................ 67
Viewing Devices From the Device Module ...................................................................... 68
Viewing Devices from the Source Module....................................................................... 68
Viewing Emission and Product Profiles ........................................................................ 124
Viewing Generic Constants (Factors) ............................................................................ 117
Viewing Geographic Activity Data ................................................................................... 55
Viewing Geographic Data................................................................................................. 52
Viewing Geographic Location Coordinates..................................................................... 54
Viewing Growth Factors ................................................................................................. 121
Viewing Legal Entities .................................................................................................... 130
Viewing Legal Entity Activity Data ................................................................................. 134
Viewing Legal Entity Contacts ....................................................................................... 135
Viewing Location Coordinates and Coordinate Groups ................................................. 40
Viewing Materials............................................................................................................ 128
Viewing Process Activity Data ......................................................................................... 86
Viewing Process Schedules............................................................................................. 85
Viewing Processes from the Device Module ................................................................... 81
Viewing Processes From the Process Module................................................................ 82
Viewing Protocol and Method Metrics Records ............................................................ 107
Viewing SCC/AMS Codes ............................................................................................... 126
Viewing Seasonal Factors.............................................................................................. 120
Viewing Source Activity Data........................................................................................... 63

Windsor Technologies, Inc.                                        208                                  RAPIDS Version 2.0
RAPIDS User’s Guide                                                                                                   INDEX
Viewing Source Contacts ................................................................................................. 64
Viewing Source Legal Entity Relationships................................................................... 133
Viewing Source Legal Entity Relationships from the Legal Module............................. 131
Viewing Source Location Coordinates ............................................................................ 61
Viewing Source-specific Constants (Factors) ............................................................... 118
Viewing Source-specific Speciation Factors................................................................. 116
Viewing Specific Emission Factors ............................................................................... 114
Viewing Stream Activity Data........................................................................................... 97
Viewing Streams ............................................................................................................... 95
Viewing Streams from the Process Module .................................................................... 95
Viewing Streams From the Stream Module ..................................................................... 95
Viewing the QC Checker Output .................................................................................... 142
           W
What is RAPIDS? ................................................................................................................. 1
Window Controls ................................................................................................................ 4
Writing Emission Records.............................................................................................. 189




Windsor Technologies, Inc.                                    209                                 RAPIDS Version 2.0

				
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