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					Name: __________________________ Date: _____________


1.    Woodrow Wilson showed the limits of his progressivism by


2.    Woodrow Wilson's early efforts to conduct an anti—imperialist U. S. foreign policy
      were first undermined when he


3.    Which term best characterizes Woodrow Wilson's approach to American foreign policy
      diplomacy?


4.    President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of Mexico until


5.    Before his first term ended, Woodrow Wilson had militarily intervened in or purchased
      all of the following countries except


6.    Woodrow Wilson's administration refused to extend formal diplomatic recognition to
      the government in Mexico headed by


7.    As World War I began in Europe, the alliance system placed Germany and Austria—
      Hungary as leaders of the _______________, while Russia and France were among the
      _______________.


8.    From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain


9.    With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Americans


10.   One primary effect of World War I on the United States was that it


11.   President Wilson insisted that he would hold _______________ to ―strict
      accountability‖ for _______________.


12.   German submarines began sinking unarmed and unresisting merchant and passenger
      ships without warning




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13.   Which of the following American passenger liners was sunk by German submarines?


14.   The Progressive ―Bull Moose‖ party died when


15.   In the Sussex pledge, Germany promised


16.   When Woodrow Wilson won reelection in 1916, he received strong support from the


17.   President Wilson broke diplomatic relations with Germany when


18.   The Zimmermann note involved a proposed secret agreement between


19.   The United States declared war on Germany


20.   President Woodrow Wilson persuaded the American people to enter World War I by


21.   President Wilson viewed America's entry into World War I as an opportunity for the
      United States to


22.   Which one of the following was not among Wilson's Fourteen Points upon which he
      based America's idealistic foreign policy in World War I?


23.   The major problem for George Creel and his Committee on Public Information was that


24.   Match each civilian administrator below with the World War I mobilization agency that
      he directed.
          A. George Creel                    1. War Industries Board
          B. Herbert Hoover                  2. Committee on Public Information
          C. Bernard Baruch                  3. Food Administration
          D. William Howard Taft             4. National War Labor Board


25.   When the United States entered World War I, it was




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26.   During World I, civil liberties in America were


27.   Two constitutional amendments adopted in part because of wartime influences were the
      Eighteenth, which dealt with _______________, and the Nineteenth, whose subject was
      _______________.


28.   As a result of their work supporting the war effort, women


29.   During World War I, the government's treatment of labor could be best described as


30.   The two groups who suffered most from the violaton of civil liberties during World War
      I were


31.   Grievances of labor during and shortly after World War I include all of the following
      except


32.   The 1919 steel strike resulted in


33.   The movement of tens of thousands of Southern blacks north during WWI resulted in


34.   Most wartime mobilization agencies relied on _______________ to prepare the
      economy for war.


35.   Most of the money raised to finance World War I came from


36.   In an effort to make economic mobilization more efficient during World War I, the
      federal government took over and operated


37.   The United States used all of the following methods to support the war effort except


38.   The World War I military draft




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39.   When the United States entered the war in 1917, most Americans did not believe that


40.   Those who protested conscription during World War I did so because


41.   During World War I, American troops fought in all of the following countries except


42.   The two major battles of World War I in which United States forces engaged were


43.   Russia's withdrawal from World War I in 1918 resulted in


44.   The supreme military commander of American forces during World War I was


45.   The Second Battle of the Marne was significant because it


46.   As a condition of ending World War I, Woodrow Wilson demanded that


47.   The United States' main contributions to the Allied victory in World War I included all
      of the following except


48.   The Germans were heavily demoralized by


49.   The chief difference between Woodrow Wilson and the parliamentary statesmen at the
      Paris peace table was that Wilson


50.   Woodrow Wilson's ultimate goal at the Paris Peace Conference was to


51.   At the Paris Peace Conference, Wilson sought all of the following goals except


52.   Opposition to the League of Nations by many United States Senators during the Paris
      Peace Conference


53.   After the Treaty of Versailles had been signed, Woodrow Wilson



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54.   In the United States, the most controversial aspect of the Treaty of Versailles was


55.   The initial Republican strategy regarding the Treaty of Versailles was to


56.   Senate opponents of the League of Nations as proposed in the Treaty of Versailles
      argued that it


57.   In Congress, the most reliable support for Wilson's position on the League of Nations
      came from


58.   The Senate likely would have accepted American participation in the League of Nations
      if Wilson had


59.   Who was finally most responsible for the Senate defeat of the Treaty of Versailles?


60.   Woodrow Wilson's call for a ―solemn referendum‖ in 1920 referred to


61.   Republican isolationists successfully turned Warren Harding's 1920 presidential victory
      into a


62.   The major weakness of the League of Nations was that it


63.   The red scare of 1919–1920 was provoked by


64.   Disillusioned by war and peace, Americans in the 1920s did all of the following except


65.   Businesspeople used the red scare to


66.   The most tenacious pursuer of ―radical‖ elements during the red scare was


67.   The post-World War I Ku Klux Klan advocated all of the following except



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68.   The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was a reaction against


69.   Immigration restrictions of the 1920s were introduced as a result of


70.   ‖Cultural pluralists‖ like Horace Kallen and Randolph generally advocated that


71.   The immigration quota system adopted in the 1920s discriminated directly against


72.   One of the primary obstacles to working class solidarity and organization in America
      was


73.   Enforcement of the Volstead Act met the strongest resistance from


74.   The religion of almost all Polish immigrants to America was


75.   Many Polish peasants learned about America from all of the following sources except


76.   Most Americans assumed that prohibition


77.   The most spectacular example of lawlessness and gangsterism in the 1920s was


78.   John Dewey can rightly be called the ―father of ____________________.‖


79.   According to John Dewey, a teacher's primary goal is to


80.   Of the following, the one least related to the other four is


81.   The trial of John Scopes in 1925 centered on the issue of


82.   After the Scopes ―Monkey Trial,‖



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83.   All of the following helped to make the prosperity of the 1920s possible except


84.   The main problem faced by American manufacturers in the 1920s involved


85.   Bruce Barton, author of The Man Nobody Knows, expressed great admiration for Jesus
      Christ because Barton


86.   The prosperity that developed in the 1920s


87.   Among the major figures promoted by mass media image makers and the new ―sports
      industry‖ in the 1920s were


88.   Henry Ford's contribution to the automobile industry was


89.   Frederick W. Taylor, a prominent inventor and engineer, was best known for his


90.   Which of the following was not among the industries that prospered mightily with
      widespread use of the automobile?


91.   The automobile revolution resulted in all of the following except


92.   Charles Lindbergh's solo flight across the Atlantic made him an American hero
      especially because


93.   The first ―talkie‖ motion picture was


94.   With the advent of radio and motion pictures,


95.   Automobiles, radios, and motion pictures


96.   The 1920 census revealed that for the first time most



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97.    Margaret Sanger was most noted for her advocacy of


98.    Job opportunities for women in the 1920s


99.    To justify their new sexual frankness, many Americans pointed to


100.   Jazz music was developed by


101.   Marcus Garvey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association, is known for all
       of the following except


102.   Match each literary figure below with the correct work.
          A. Ernest Hemingway                  1. The Sun Also Rises
          B. F. Scott Fitzgerald               2. Main Street
          C. Sinclair Lewis                    3. The Sound and the Fury
          D. William Faulkner                  4. The Great Gatsby


103.   Buying stock ―on margin‖ meant


104.   Which of the following was not among prominent African American cultural figures of
       the 1920s?


105.   As secretary of the treasury, Andrew Mellon placed the tax burden on the


106.   Warren G. Harding's weaknesses as president included all of the following except a(n)


107.   Match each member of President Harding's cabinet below with his major area of
       responsibility.
           A. Charles Evans Hughes          1. taxes and tariffs
           B. Andrew Mellon                 2. naval oil reserves
           C. Herbert Hoover                3. naval arms limitation
           D. Albert Fall                   4. foreign trade and trade associations
           D. Harry Daugherty               5. justice and law enforcement




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108.   Which one of the following members of President Harding's cabinet proved to be
       incompetent and corrupt?


109.   Republican economic policies under Warren G. Harding


110.   During the 1920s, the Supreme Court


111.   _______________ was (were) adversely affected by the demobilization policies adopted
       by the federal government at the end of World War I.


112.   The Supreme Court cases of Muller and Adkins centered on


113.   The nonbusiness group that realized the most significant, lasting gains from World War
       I was


114.   One exception to President Warren G. Harding's policy of isolationism involved in the
       Middle East, where the United States sought to


115.   Warren G. Harding was willing to seize the initiative on the issue of international
       disarmament because


116.   The 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact


117.   In the 1920s the Fordney-McCumber Tariff __________ tariff rates and the Hawley-
       Smoot Tariff __________ tariff rates, so that by 1930 the tariff rates had been
       substantially __________ from the opening of the decade.


118.   Which of the following was not a consequence of the American policy of raising tariffs
       sky-high in the 1920s?


119.   The Teapot Dome scandal involved the corrupt mishandling of


120.   The major political scandal of Harding's administration resulted in the conviction and



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       imprisonment of his secretary of


121.   Which of the following descriptive attributes is least characteristic of President
       Coolidge?


122.   During Coolidge's presidency, government policy was set largely by the interests and
       values of


123.   After the initial shock of the Harding scandals, many Americans reacted by


124.   One of the major problems facing farmers in the 1920s was


125.   In the mid-1920s President Coolidge twice refused to sign legislation proposing to


126.   The intended beneficiaries of the McNary-Haugen Bill were __________; the intended
       beneficiaries of the Norris-LaGuardia Act were __________.


127.   Which of the following splits did not affect the Democratic party in 1924?


128.   Senator Robert La Follette's Progressive party advocated all of the following except


129.   In 1924 the Democratic party convention failed by a single vote to adopt a resolution
       condemning


130.   The Progressive party did not do well in the 1924 election because


131.   In the early 1920s, one glaring exception to America's general indifference to the
       outside world was its


132.   America's European allies argued that they should not have to repay loans that the
       United States made to them during World War I because


133.   As a result of America's insistence that its Allies' war debts be repaid in full,



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134.   America's major foreign-policy problem in the 1920s was addressed by the Dawes Plan,
       which


135.   The most colorful presidential candidate of the 1920s was


136.   All of the following were political liabilities for Alfred E. Smith except his


137.   One of Herbert Hoover's chief strengths as a presidential candidate was his


138.   When elected to the presidency in 1928, Herbert Hoover


139.   The Federal Farm Board, created by the Agricultural Marketing Act, lent money to
       farmers primarily to help them to


140.   As a result of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930,


141.   In America, the Great Depression caused


142.   President Herbert Hoover believed that the Great Depression could be ended by doing
       all of the following except


143.   President Hoover's approach to the Great Depression was to


144.   The ―alphabetical agency‖ set up under Hoover's administration to provide aid to
       business and local governments was the


145.   The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was established to


146.   The Bonus Expeditionary Force marched on Washington, D.C., in 1932 to demand


147.   President Hoover's public image was severely damaged by his



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148.   In response to the League of Nations' investigation into Japan's invasion and occupation
       of Manchuria,


149.   The 1932 Stimson doctrine


150.   Franklin Roosevelt's _______________ contributed the most to his development of
       compassion and strength of will.


151.   The most vigorous ―champion of the dispossessed‖—that is, the poor and minorities—in
       Roosevelt administration circles was


152.   The Democratic party platform on which Franklin Roosevelt campaigned for the
       presidency in 1932 called for


153.   In 1932 Franklin Roosevelt campaigned on the promise that as president he would
       attack the Great Depression by


154.   The phrase ―Hundred Days‖ refers to


155.   One striking new feature of the 1932 presidential election results was that


156.   While Franklin Roosevelt waited to assume the presidency in early 1933, Herbert
       Hoover tried to get the president-elect to commit to


157.   When Franklin Roosevelt assumed the presidency in March 1933,


158.   The Works Progress Administration was a major _______________ program of the
       New Deal; the Public Works Administration was a long-range __________ program;
       and the Social Security Act was a major _______________ program.


159.   The Glass-Steagall Act




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160.   The most immediate emergency facing Franklin Roosevelt when he became president in
       March 1933 was


161.   Franklin Roosevelt's initial ―managed currency‖policy aimed to


162.   The _______________ was probably the most popular New Deal program; the
       _______________ was one of the most complex; and the _______________ was the
       most radical.


163.   President Roosevelt's chief ―administrator of relief‖ was


164.   Match each New Deal critic below with the ―cause‖ or slogan that he promoted.
          A. Father Coughlin                 1. ―social justice‖
          B. Huey Long                       2. ―every man a king‖
          C. Francis Townsend                3. ―a holy crusade for liberty‖
          D. Herbert Hoover                  4. old-age pensions


165.   Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana gained national popularity by


166.   Prominent female social scientists of the 1930s like Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead
       brought widespread contributions to the field of


167.   Match each New Dealer below with the federal agency or program with which he or she
       was closely identified.
          A. Robert Wagner                  1. Department of Labor
          B. Harry Hopkins                  2. Public Works Administration.
          C. Harold Ickes                   3. Works Progress Administration
          D. Frances Perkins                4. National Labor Relations Act


168.   The National Recovery Act (NRA) failed largely because


169.   The first Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) raised the money that it paid to farmers
       not to grow crops by


170.   The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) proposed to solve the ―farm problem‖ by




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171.   Both ratified in the 1930s, the Twentieth Amendment _______________; the Twenty-
       first Amendment _______________.


172.   All of the following contributed to the Dust Bowl of the 1930s except


173.   In 1935, President Roosevelt set up the Resettlement Administration to


174.   The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 attempted to


175.   Most Dust Bowl migrants headed to


176.   Most ―Okies‖ in California escaped the deprivation and uncertainty of seasonal farm
       labor when they


177.   The Federal Securities Act and the Securities Exchange Commission aimed to


178.   On the following, the one least related to the other three is


179.   The federally-owned Tennessee Valley Authority was seen as a particular threat to


180.   The strongest criticisms leveled against the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) drew
       criticism was that it


181.   The most controversial aspect of the Tennessee Valley Authority was its efforts in


182.   The Social Security Act of 1935 provided all of the following except


183.   The Wagner Act of 1935 proved to be a trailblazing law that


184.   The National Labor Relations Act proved most beneficial to




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185.   The primary interest of the Congress of Industrial Organizations was


186.   The 1936 election was most notable for


187.   President Roosevelt's ―Court-packing‖ scheme in 1937 reflected his desire to make the
       Supreme Court


188.   After Franklin Roosevelt's failed attempt to ―pack‖ the Supreme Court,


189.   As a result of the 1937 ―Roosevelt recession,‖


190.   During the 1930s,


191.   By 1938, the New Deal


192.   Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal was most notable for


193.   Franklin Roosevelt undermined the London Economic Conference because


194.   As a result of Franklin Roosevelt's withdrawal from the London Economic Conference,


195.   One internationalist action by Franklin D. Roosevelt in his first term in office was


196.   Roosevelt's recognition of the Soviet Union was undertaken partly


197.   In promising to grant the Philippines independence, the United States was motivated by


198.   Franklin Roosevelt embarked on the Good Neighbor policy in part because


199.   As part of his Good Neighbor policy toward Latin America, President Roosevelt
       developed more generous policies of




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200.   The 1934 Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act


201.   President Franklin Roosevelt's foreign-trade policy


202.   Throughout most of the 1930s, the American people responded to the aggressive actions
       of Germany, Italy, and Japan by


203.   Fascist aggression in the 1930s included Mussolini's invasion of
       _________________________, Hitler's invasion of ___, and Franco's overthrow of the
       republican government of _____.


204.   By the mid-1930s, there was strong nationwide agitation for a constitutional amendment
       to


205.   Passage of the Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 by the United States resulted in
       all of the following except


206.   The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 stipulated that when the president
       proclaimed the existence of a foreign war,


207.   From 1925 to 1940 the transition of American policy on arms sales to warring nations
       followed this sequence:


208.   America's neutrality during the Spanish Civil War of 1936–1939 allowed


209.   Franklin Roosevelt's sensational ―Quarantine Speech‖in 1937 resulted in


210.   In September 1938 in Munich, Germany,


211.   In 1938 the British and French bought peace with Hitler at the Munich Conference by
       effectively handing over the nation of


212.   Shortly after Adolf Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union,



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213.   The first casualty of the 1939 Hitler-Stalin nonaggression treaty was


214.   Which of the following nations was not conquered by Hitler's Germany between
       September 1939 and June 1940?


215.   Probably the greatest obstacle to America's acceptance of more Jewish refugees from
       Europe was


216.   The U.S. military refused to bomb Nazi gas chambers such as those at Auschwitz and
       Dachau because of the belief that


217.   During the 1930s, the United States admitted _________________________ Jewish
       refugees from Nazism.


218.   Congress's first response to the unexpected fall of France in 1940 was to


219.   America's neutrality effectively ended when


220.   In 1940, in exchange for American destroyers, the British gave the United States


221.   By 1940 American public opinion had come to favor


222.   The surprise Republican presidential nominee in 1940 was


223.   Franklin Roosevelt was motivated to run for a third term in 1940 mainly by his


224.   The 1941 lend-lease program was all of the following except


225.   When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the United States


226.   In 1940, Republican presidential candidate Wendell Willkie avoided deepening the



                                            Page 17
       sharp divisions among the American people when he


227.   After the Greer was fired upon, the Kearny crippled, and the Reuben James sunk,


228.   Japan believed that it was forced into war with the United States because Franklin
       Roosevelt insisted that Japan


229.   The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 came as a great surprise because


230.   On the eve of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, a large majority of Americans


231.   Arrange these events in chronological order: (A) Munich Conference, (B) German
       invasion of Poland, (C) Hitler-Stalin nonaggression treaty.


232.   Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) fall of France, (B) Atlantic
       Conference, (C) Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union.


233.   The fundamental strategic decision of World War II made by President Roosevelt and
       the British at the very beginning was


234.   Once at war, America's first great challenge was to


235.   Overall, most ethnic groups in the United States during World War II


236.   Japanese Americans were placed in concentration camps during World War II


237.   The minority group most adversely affected by Washington's wartime policies was


238.   The general American attitude toward World War II was


239.   In the period from 1885 to 1924, Japanese immigrants to the United States were




                                            Page 18
240.   When the United States entered World War II in December 1941,


241.   During World War II, the United States government commissioned the production of
       synthetic _______________ in order to offset the loss of access to prewar supplies in
       East Asia.


242.   Match each of the wartime agencies below with its correct function:
          A. War Production Board             1. assigned priorities with respect to the use of raw materials and
                                              transportation facilities
          B. Office of Price Administration 2. controlled inflation by rationing essential goods
          C. War Labor Board                  3. imposed ceilings on wage increases
          D. Fair Employment Practices        4. saw to it that no hiring discrimination practices were used aga
          Commission                          blacks seeking employment in war industries


243.   While most American workers were strongly committed to the war effort, wartime
       production was disrupted by strikes led by the


244.   During World War II,


245.   The employment of more than six million women in American industry during World
       War II led to


246.   The main reason the majority of women war workers left the labor force at the end of
       WW II was


247.   African Americans did all of the following during World War II except


248.   Which one of the following is least related to the other three?


249.   During World War II, most Americans economically experienced


250.   The northward migration of African Americans accelerated after World War II because


251.   During World War II, American Indians




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252.   By the end of World War II, the heart of the United States' African- American
       community had shifted to


253.   The national debt increased most during


254.   Most of the money raised to finance World War II came through


255.   The first naval battle in history in which all the fighting was done by carrier-based
       aircraft was the Battle of


256.   The tide of Japanese conquest in the Pacific was turned following the Battle of


257.   The Japanese made a crucial mistake in 1942 in their attempt to control much of the
       Pacific when they


258.   In waging war against Japan, the United States relied mainly on a strategy of


259.   The conquest of _______________ in 1944 was especially critical, because from there
       Americans could conduct round-trip bombing raids on the Japanese home islands.


260.   Until spring 1943, perhaps Hitler's greatest opportunities of defeating Britain and
       winning the war was


261.   Hitler's advance in the European theater of war crested in late 1942 at the Battle of
       _______________, after which his fortunes gradually declined.


262.   The Allies postponed opening a second front in Europe until 1944 because


263.   Roosevelt's and Churchill's insistence on the absolute and ―unconditional surrender‖ of
       Germany


264.   President Roosevelt's promise to the Soviets to open a second front in western Europe
       by the end of 1942



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265.   Arrange these wartime conferences in chronological order: (A) Potsdam, (B)
       Casablanca, (C) Teheran.


266.   Arrange these events in chronological order: (A) V-J Day, (B) V-E Day, (C) D Day, (D)
       Invasion of Italy.


267.   The major consequence of the Allied conquest of Sicily in August 1943 was


268.   After the Italian surrender in August 1943,


269.   The real impact of the Italian front on World War II may have been that it


270.   At the wartime Teheran Conference,


271.   The cross-channel invasion of Normandy to open a second front in Europe was
       commanded by General


272.   In a sense, Franklin Roosevelt was the ―forgotten man‖ at the Democratic Convention in
       1944 because


273.   Franklin Roosevelt won the election in 1944 primarily because


274.   Hitler's last-ditch attempt to achieve a victory against the Americans and British came in


275.   As a result of the Battle of Leyte Gulf,


276.   The Potsdam conference


277.   The spending of enormous sums on the original atomic bomb project was spurred by the
       belief that




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278.   The ―unconditional surrender‖ policy toward Japan was finally modified by


279.   Which of the following was not among the qualities of the American participation in
       World War II?




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