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					Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program

Pollution prevention internship programs are not a new idea. They are a very organic
solution to the problem of encouraging businesses to come into compliance with
environmental regulations, stay in compliance, and move toward pollution prevention as
a business strategy. While they take on many different forms for many different
purposes, they have some things in common. Pollution prevention internship programs
consistently prove to be beneficial to students, businesses, and the environment. It is this
triple win that Oregon seeks. While the goals of each program reviewed below are
different, the specifics of each program strongly articulate the goal and unique resources
available. Oregon should identify its goal and unique resources in planning its own

Below is a review of seven currently functional pollution prevention internship programs.
Key questions are reviewed for easy comparison between programs. Each program also
lists documents pulled together to be reviewed when necessary. Following the review of
programs is a brief introduction into the process of developing an Oregon program and
useful contact information for Oregon universities. This information is meant to be used
by Oregon DEQ staff to begin thinking about an Oregon program.

Review of Existing Programs:

1. Iowa Department of Natural Resources – Pollution Prevention Intern Program
Contact: Danielle Dilks (515) 281-8063
Supporting Documentation: IDNRBusinessapp.pdf, IDNRStudentapp.pdf
Participating Institution(s)?
Iowa Department of Natural Resources runs the program and students at all Iowa state
colleges are eligible to participate.
History of Program?
This program began in 2001.
Program Funding?
Program Staff?
1 full time program coordinator works with supporting staff that share program duties
with other IDNR duties.
Application Evaluators?
A selection committee of engineers, the program coordinators, marketing, and
communications staff review all applications from businesses and students.
Participating Business?
Any business in the state of Iowa that has a well defined plan for pollution prevention.
Business Recruitment?
IDNR solicits businesses to write up pollution prevention projects and apply to receive a
summer intern to carry out this project. IDNR engineers and technical assistants often
initiate and assist in the identification and application of the pollution prevention projects.
IDNR is very selective about the companies it encourages to apply for the program so the

                                                                                      C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

projects can be very well thought out and IDNR ensures a qualified intern will be found
for each proposed project. However it does spread the word about the program by
sending out around 2900 informational mailings to businesses in October or November of
each year.
Cost to Business?
Companies that are chosen to participate in the program pay no fee for services during
the first year of participation. Each subsequent year that a company is chosen to
participate, they are asked to pay a $4000 cost sharing fee. This goes toward IDNR staff
time, student training, and student stipends.
Student Majors?
Engineering graduate and upper level undergraduate students, primarily.
Student Recruitment?
IDNR technical staff are also traveling around the state visiting universities, particularly
engineering classes, to encourage student applications. Information is also sent to the
career services department of all Iowa colleges and universities.
P2 Training?
A conference style meeting occurs at a local hotel and conference facility where students
stay, eat, and learn at no cost to them. This training lasts 1 week. The training has been
compiled by IDNR engineers, technical assistants, marketers, and pollution prevention
staff. Students learn life cycle analysis, environmental benefits of pollution prevention,
technical writing, safety, and regulatory basics to complement their engineering
experience and prepare them for their internship projects. Student from other P2
programs are also able to attend training at a cost of $400 per student (expected to
increase next year up to $1000 pre student).
Student Compensation?
They are also reimbursed for their travel expenses to attend training (and relocate to the
job site if necessary). During the time that students are working for the companies, they
become temporary employees of IDNR and are paid from IDNR at a rate of $2000 per
month (for 3 months) plus a $400 per month housing stipend for undergraduate students.
Graduate students are paid $2500 per month for 3 months with a $400 per month housing
During week 10, students return for 1 day to Des Moines to practice final presentations
and receive technical feedback from IDNR staff. During week 11, the student gives the
same presentation to their host company along with detailed documentation of the project
to ensure future success and allow the project to move forward in the student’s absence.
Students also compile a report for IDNR detailing pollution prevention and cost savings
Student Support?
Students have access to technical advice from DNR staff during their internship period.

2. Illinois Environmental Protection Agency – Pollution Prevention Internship
Contact: Richard Reese (217) 786-7489

                                                                                   C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

Supporting Documentation: Il Agenda – P2 Training 2007.doc, web form applications
Participating Institution(s)?
Illinois EPA works with state of Illinois colleges and universities for student recruitment.
History of Program?
The program began in 1989 and has hosted interns since. The Illinois Chamber of
Commerce, seeking to improve relations between regulatory agencies and businesses
proposed this program. They also hoped the program would help businesses become in
compliance with regulations.
Program Funding?
The program receives funding from a state trust fund and a small amount of federal
dollars each year. The program can usually afford to train and place between 15-20
student interns.
Program Staff?
The program coordinator spends about 50% of his time working on the intern program
and has assistance from a few other staff people on occasion. The governor’s office
approves all final decisions on participating interns and businesses each year.
Application Evaluators?
The program coordinator and other staff review all applications and attempt to match
student interests with company needs. (Electronic applications available at above Web
Participating Business?
Generally, manufacturing facilities participate in the program. On occasion businesses
have been identified by small business development centers, trade organizations, local
government facilities, environmental groups, and military installations. Returning
applicants are a key participant each year.
Business Recruitment?
This program is currently in a period of transitioning how it recruits businesses to
participate. They used to send out 150-200 brochures to state businesses as well as send
e-mails to business contacts. They are hoping in the future to rely more on their regional
office P2 staff to help identify energy efficiency and pollution prevention cases.
Cost to Business?
For small and medium size businesses, the first year they are selected to host an intern,
the service is free. The second year, they are asked to pay 50% of the student’s
compensation. The third year, they are asked to pay for 75% of the student’s
compensation. The forth year, they are asked to pay 100% of the student’s compensation
(cost of training and stipend). Large businesses are asked to begin the first year at the
50% level and progress from there.
Student Majors?
Upper level undergraduate and graduate students that are either attending a college or
university in the state or have state residency and study engineering, environmental
management, chemistry, or occupational health and safety are eligible to participate in the
Student Recruitment?
Information is sent to colleges and universities in the state to make students aware of the
program. Students are then screened to determine eligibility at their respective college.

                                                                                   C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

P2 Training?
Students go to Springfield, IL for a one week training session (similar to IDNR above).
An outline of this training is in the attached documentation.
Student Compensation?
Students are paid $2100-2700 per month for 3 months based on academic progress. They
become temporary, full-time staff of the host company for 11 weeks. They are not
required to pay for travel to the week of training and receive training materials, hotel
stay, and food at no additional cost to them.
Students are required to submit updates to IEPA every other week during their internship
to update staff on their progress and plans. IEPA staff meets with the intern half way
through the program at the company site. During the last week of the program, students
are required to submit a detailed and technical final report and give a regional
presentation detailing their experiences and results.
Student Support?
Students have the support of IEPA staff during their internship period.

3. New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services – P2 Internship
Contact: Sara Johnson (603) 271-6460
Supporting Documentation: NH Student Announcement.txt, NH p2 training.pdf
Participating Institution(s)?
The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services works with the University of
New Hampshire exclusively.
History of Program?
The program began in 1993 to give companies a non-regulatory way to improve business
and the environment.
Program Funding?
The program was initially funded with an EPA PPIS grant and is now primarily funded
by participating businesses.
Program Staff?
A few members of NHDES work on the program to obtain funding, market the project,
attend presentations, and host an intern each year.
Application Evaluators?
NHDES works with UNH to evaluate applications. The bulk of the responsibility falls to
UNH to keep the project as far from regulation as possible.
Participating Business?
Primarily businesses in the area near UNH are chosen for interns. Interns only come
from UNH and do not relocate for the internship. Therefore companies in close
proximity are able to secure interns.
Business Recruitment?
Press releases are the main method of soliciting businesses as well as NHDES giving
UNH information on businesses that are having trouble complying with regulations or
businesses that have exceptional plans for P2.
Cost to Business?

                                                                               C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

Businesses pay $7500 for a summer intern. Small companies may be eligible for
financial assistance.
Student Majors?
Students must be UNH students and are primarily from the engineering, environmental
conservation, MBA, or chemistry majors. Students must have their own reliable
transportation to and from host companies to participate.
Student Recruitment?
Students are recruited by e-mails and work of mouth by faculty and staff at UNH.
P2 Training?
Students participate in a non-credited class prior to their internship period. They attend
class 2 hrs/week for 10 weeks where they are given presentations and study materials
from 2 NHDES employees, 2 EPA employees, and 4-5 area business speakers. They are
exposed to the fundamental elements of environmental law and policy, how to do energy
audits, the lean principles, EMS training, and project financing.
Student Compensation?
Students are paid $8.50 per hour for the duration of their internship with no travel or
relocation costs.
Students give a presentation half way through the internship period for their peers and
supervisors along with a final presentation for peers, supervisors, and the press. Students
also compile a final report detailing their project and providing information about the
potential of future work.
Student Support?
Students are in contact with NHDES technical staff for questions and problems during
their internship. They also cc any questions or problem e-mails to their supporting
professor at UNH.

4. University of Nebraska-Lincoln – Partners in Pollution Prevention (P3)
Contact: Stacy Hawkey (402) 472-2838
Supporting Documentation: UNL Business Statement of interest.pdf, UNL Student
Application.pdf, UNL Student Understand&Expectat.pdf, UNL P2 Review Article.pdf
Participating Institution(s)?
UNL works with all colleges and universities in EPA region VII. They are also loosely
affiliated with the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality.
History of Program?
The program originated at the University and was initiated by a faculty member
interested in pollution prevention. It was this same faculty member who originally
designed and taught the P2 training.
Program Types?
Industrial Placement – One Student/One Business
Assist the larger industries in Nebraska with pollution prevention focused projects.
Spend the entire summer at one business.
A typical project may seek to reduce the most costly waste and involve two to three
complex processes for an in-depth analysis.

                                                                                   C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

The industry will receive in-depth pollution prevention reports that will address the
specific concerns outlined at the beginning of the summer.
A large component is often “applied research” from technical manuals, vendors, and the
industry itself. The intern becomes an expert about the processes of that industry.
Work closely with the industry pros, making useful contacts and practicing business
communication skills.
Businesses participate by providing an office, computer use, and part of the interns
Industrial Assessment – Team of Students/Complex Industrial Projects
Usually work with larger Nebraska businesses.
Students set up their own P2 projects with business clients and conduct several
assessments during the internship.
Visit business clients only once or twice for an in-depth waste assessment of the facility
or to research a particular environmental problem.
Students work as a multi-disciplined team, in order to conduct a more complete
Projects may include applied research with a written report for the company.
See a variety of businesses, different processes, and interact with different clients.
Reports give pollution prevention assistance with a smaller financial and time
Closely reflects the real world of environmental consulting.
Assistance is provided at no charge to the business.
Small Business - One Student/Several Regional Businesses
Provide 5-8 small businesses (up to 200 employees) with P2 technical assistance. Each
assessment takes about a week to research and prepare the report.
Usually based out of a county extension office where the extension staff help make
contacts with small businesses in the surrounding area.
Roughly a quarter of the business clients will be found through cold calls.
During a walk-through of the business (a couple of hours) the intern can present P2
recommendations to save the company money and reduce waste.
Valuable pollution prevention assistance free of charge to these small businesses with
only a few hours of time required assisting during the visit.
Public education on ways to prevent pollution is a high priority.
Interns teach pollution prevention to community groups such as the Elks, Kiwanis, or
even at a children's program.
Interns give radio/TV interviews and submit newspaper articles to inform people about
the importance of pollution prevention.
Program Funding?
Business contribute based on intern type. Larger businesses are asked to pay $3000 for
an intern.
Program Staff?
The program coordinator spends 75% of her time working on the program. One faculty
member gives 10% of his time to the program and two clerical staff each spend 5% of
their time working on the program in addition to other UNL projects.
Application Evaluators?
The program coordinator and professor evaluate business and student applications.

                                                                                   C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

Participating Business?
Companies located in Nebraska are eligible to apply for an intern.
Business Recruitment?
Businesses are recruited to submit applications through conference presentations, word of
mouth information, and the DEQ newsletter sent to businesses.
Cost to Business?
Businesses are asked to contribute $3000 for a dedicated intern.
Student Majors?
Students must be at least Junior standing and go to school in an EPA region VII school.
Students should have taken chemistry, calculus, and hopefully an environmental
engineering course. Most participating students are civil engineers, chemists, biological
systems, agricultural, industrial engineers, mechanical engineers, or environmental
Student Recruitment?
UNL sends information to career service centers at the universities in EPA region VII as
well as contacts student groups and gives presentations to groups and classes.
P2 Training?
Students receive very extensive class training at UNL. Each student receives 3 credit
hours in addition to their monetary compensation. Students begin the program with a 9-
12 day training where they are taught the fundamentals of environmental laws and
policies, general environmental ethics, teambuilding benefits and barriers, life cycle
analysis skills, skills to define a problem, general waste assessment, materials balancing,
energy efficiency, cots analysis, business communication, and technical writing. After a
few days, the students all go to a local business and do a waste stream analysis and write
up a report. After completing the 9-12 day course, the students all go back to the same
facility and build upon their previous work by identifying pollution prevention strategies.
They also write a report for this. Students are required to return to a few more days of
training session mid way through their internship (See UNL Student Understandings and
Expectations document. This provides detail information about the logistics of student
health insurance, transfer credit, and reimbursement). Student who do not live or work in
the UNL area stay in dorms during the training times.
Student Compensation?
Students are paid a minimum of $5300 for the 11 week internship plus tuition expenses
for the 3 credit hour class at UNL and a housing allowance if they work in a high cost
location. Students are also reimbursed for approved business travel. Students in different
programs (3 options above) may receive higher pay.
Student Support?
Students are constantly in contact with UNL program staff.

5. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality – RETAP Student Internship
Contact: Dale Copedge (517) 335-0383
Supporting Documentation: MI Business Application.pdf, MI University Request for

                                                                                  C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

Participating Institution(s)?
The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality has partnered with 6 Michigan
Universities: Michigan Technological University, Wayne State University, Saginaw
Valley State University, Grand Valley State University, Michigan State University
Extension, and Lawrence Technological University. The Retired Engineer Technical
Assistance Program which allows retired engineers to help businesses in a non-regulatory
and confidential manner is the basis for this program.
History of Program?
This is a relatively new program which has supported interns since 2001.
Program Funding?
This program is funded by a bond measure a few years ago that was presented to the
general public. RETAP (Retired Engineer Technical Assistance Program) fees also
support this project.
Program Staff?
Primarily, the program draws on one full time RETAP person, 1 district staff person and
3-4 DEQ employees.
Application Evaluators?
These same staff people evaluate the project and student proposals. The RETAP
personnel provide a great deal of assistance to businesses while they are writing their
applications. Furthermore, students are pre-screened and selected by participating partner
universities. Only the best 6-8 students from each university are screened by DEQ staff
to determine the 5-18 interns chosen each year.
Participating Business?
Businesses must be located in Michigan, have fewer than 500 employees, be in good
standing with all government agencies, and have been assessed through a RETAP visit.
Business Recruitment?
Businesses are contacted by personal e-mail, RETAP referrals, industry meeting
presentations, and the web site.
Cost to Business?
Businesses do not pay for this service.
Student Majors?
Junior or Senior undergraduate students at one of the participating universities majoring
in mechanical, chemical, electrical, civil, environmental, or agricultural engineering that
are in good academic standing are able to apply for the program. Students apply to their
program and up to 6 are selected to be interviewed by DEQ.
Student Recruitment?
Once universities petition to be included in the program, they handle notifying students
and gathering interest in the program.
P2 Training?
Students are presented ahead of time with information and web reading. They gather
together for a 1 day seminar where they focus on what P2 is all about. They are taught by
the program coordinator, other DEQ personnel, and RETAP staff.
Student Compensation?
Students are paid $12.50 to $15.00 per hour with a ceiling summer cap up to 560
hours ($6,400.00 to $8,400.00). Salary will be based upon the student’s class level, prior
work experience, and the complexity of the assigned internship.

                                                                                  C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

Students are required to submit a 2 page final report documenting their success along
with an oral presentation to their supervisors and a spreadsheet of all important
calculations and proposed changes to leave with the company. Students also turn in
weekly reports during the internship detailing what they did and what they are planning
to do each week. 2-3 students at a time come together at the end of the internship to give
their oral presentations to DEQ to aid the agency in information sharing.
Student Support?
Students are able to get help and advice from DEQ staff and RETAP staff.

6. Kansas State University – Pollution Prevention Intern Program
Contact: David Carter (800) 578-8898
Supporting Documentation: KSU Student Application.pdf, KSU Business
Participating Institution(s)?
The Pollution Prevention Institute (PPI) in Engineering Extension at Kansas State
University provides the Kansas Small Business Environmental Assistance Program
(SBEAP) – confidential, technical, environmental assistance to businesses, focusing on
prevention as the first option for resource management. SBEAP is partially funded by the
Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE).
History of Program?
This program began in 2005 and is still in a time of great transition and growth.
Program Funding?
Program Staff?
2-3 KSU staff are dedicated to the Pollution Prevention Institute and the intern program.
Application Evaluators?
The PPI staff evaluate business and student applications.
Participating Business?
No particular businesses have been identified since the program is so new. The business
application only lists that a well thought out P2 proposal.
Business Recruitment?
Information is sent to the chamber of commerce, presented at local environmental
conferences, and published in a newsletter. Word of mouth in the business community
has been the largest driver thus far.
Cost to Business?
Businesses are asked to pay $7 per hour of the student’s salary.
Student Majors?
Student of at least Junior status studying engineering, biology or biochemistry. The
student application allows the student to specify an interest or prior knowledge in water
conservation, chemical processing, manufacturing processes, water treatment, solid
waste, biological waste treatment, energy, HVAC, or compressors auditing.
Student Recruitment?
Program coordinator gives presentations to student organizations, sends engineering
faculty emails, and encourages school engineering listservs to post information.

                                                                                  C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

P2 Training?
The past 2 years, students have gone to training at the Iowa program, but KSU may be
developing their own training session as they expect Iowa prices to increase in the
coming years.
Student Compensation?
Students do not pay for their travel to and from Iowa, as well as hotel and meals during
the Iowa training. They are also compensated at a rate of $14/hr during their internship.
Students send weekly reports back to KSU. They also write a final report and present a
final presentation once for KSU staff and once for their business supervisors.
Student Support?
Students have access to KSU PPI staff during their internship for advice.

7. University of Minnesota – Minnesota Technical Assistance Program – Student
Intern Program
Contact: Deb McKinley (612) 624-4697
Supporting Documentation: MN Training.ppt, MN Orientation Agenda.doc, MnTAP
Scoring Model.xls
Participating Institution(s)?
The University of Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
History of Program?
Established in 1984, MnTAP is funded primarily by a pass-through grant from the
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency's Prevention and Assistance Division to the
University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Division of Environmental Health
Sciences. As part of the University, MnTAP has no regulatory responsibilities or
Program Funding?
The program is funded by money from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, fees
from participating companies, and a State of Minnesota P2 grant.
Program Staff?
MnTAP has 7 participating staff. One acts as the program coordinator and six are
technical assistance that aid in teaching and evaluation.
Application Evaluators?
The previously mentioned staff review all applications.
Participating Business?
Various sorts of Minnesota businesses request technical assistance and they are the
primary applicants for interns. TAs try to encourage businesses to apply who seem to
have a driver for real business change.
Business Recruitment?
Businesses are encouraged from TAs and anyone who calls for help.
Cost to Business?
Businesses are asked to pay $2500 for an intern.
Student Majors?
6 students are chosen each year to participate in the internship program. Students do not
need to be enrolled at the University of Minnesota but should be studying chemical

                                                                                  C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

engineering, chemistry, civil engineering, mechanical engineering, or physics, have a
GPA of 3.0 or higher, and be at Junior or Senior standing.
Student Recruitment?
Students are recruited based on the needs of the businesses each year.
P2 Training?
Students are trained on the basics of environmental regulations for ½ day.
Student Compensation?
Students are paid $8.35 per hour plus and additional $2500 for an average of $13 per
hour. Students are also reimbursed for work related mileage.

Students write a final report outlining their suggestions for improvements with a cost
analysis. They also give a presentation of their findings to company staff and one for the
general public.
Student Support?
Students are supported by MnTAP TAs during their internship.

Proposed Oregon Program

Based on the case studies from seven other states, it is obvious that Oregon has many
options in creating its own pollution prevention internship program. In developing a new
program DEQ staff would optimally work with an Oregon university to seek out and
review applications from businesses and students. DEQ technical assistants would be an
obvious choice for helping to identify projects and market to businesses while the Oregon
university would be an obvious choice to help identify and choose interested and
qualified students. One of the most important parts to designing a successful program
will be to make sure students are well trained and have technical resources at their
disposal during their internship period. DEQ should partner with a university and
successful green businesses to hold a week long training session at the start of the
internship. Students should come from as many Oregon universities as possible to help
DEQ fulfill its key missions of outreach to the entire state. The following questions
should be considered when designing a successful program.

Will DEQ have an academic partner?
Who will provide a week of pollution prevention training?
Who will oversee the project, DEQ or the University?
How will the program find applicable businesses?
What criteria will be required of students and businesses?
Would students become employees of businesses, the University, or DEQ?
Will they have health insurance for their internship period?
What deliverables should students be responsible for submitting?
What funding options are available for this program?

Below is a list of contacts at Oregon universities that will be useful in setting up both a
partner and outreaching to students.

                                                                                     C. Clark
Oregon Pollution Prevention Internship Program – A Review of Existing Knowledge

Eastern Oregon University – Science, Math, and Technology College
       (541) 962-3555
       Physics and Engineering (541) 962-3316
Oregon Institute of Technology –
       Jan Goodyear, Careers/Jobs Recruitment Manager (541) 885-1020
Oregon State University – Career Services (541) 737-4085
       College of Engineering (541) 737-3101
       College of Science (541) 737-4811
       Environmental Sciences (541) 737-2404

Portland State University –
       Career Center Recruiter – Terri Bennett (503) 725-4613
       Maseeh College of Engineering and Computer Science – Tom Corrigan – Career
       Services Manager (503) 725-2212
       College of Liberal Arts and Science – Cathy Esterman (503) 725-8118
       Environmental Programs – Support Staff (503) 725-4982
Southern Oregon University – School of Science (541) 552-6474
       Environmental Studies – Eric Dittmer, Coordinator (541) 552-6496
       Physics and Engineering – (541) 552-6475
University of Oregon – Environmental Science/Studies Internship Coordinators Katie
       Lynch (541) 360-5070 and Steve Mital (541) 346-0591
Possible Professors of Interest –
OSU Engineering (Mark E. Dolan, Lewis Semprini, Brian D. Wood), George Wheeler –
Energy Extension*
PSU Engineering CEE (William Fish, Gwynn Johnson)

*George Wheeler is of particular interest as he is the head of the OSU Energy Extension,
an emeritus faculty member, and has interest in the pollution prevention area.

                                                                                C. Clark

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