Corporate and Business Law Vietnam by fuk18607

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									                                                                                                                            Case Study/
Categories   Risk/Cost                       Road Map/How to?                  Benefits                                                               Vietnam
                                                                                                                            Additional Sources
                                                                                                                            Case:
                                             Identify offsite alternative                                                   STMicroelectronics
                                             energy sources. If supply is
                                                                              Long-term, reliable energy supply
                                             limited, consider public/private
                                                                                                                            World Bank Toolkit for
                                             partnerships along with other
                                                                                                                            Public-Private Dialogue
                                             industries or look for energy
                                             providers seeking to expand
             Infrastructure: Energy supply   operations.                                                              Example: Pacificorp
                                                                                                                                                      0% Energy Production
             disruption                                                                                               Energy
                                                                               Work towards company's goals to reduce                                 in
                                                                               global climate change                  Asia Alternative Energy         Biomass/Solar/Wind,
                                                                                                                      Program: Reports and            but 52% in
             Anticipated carbon emission     Consider alternative energy                                              Papers                          Hydroelectric
             regulations                     sources onsite such as solar
                                             power, cogeneration, and                                                       The World Bank
                                             biofuel. To mitigate high                                                      Carbon Finance Unit
                                             capital or R&D costs, costs       Could provide carbon credits, the excess
                                             can be distributed among          could be sold or traded                      Rocky Mountain
                                             other firms in close proximity.                                                Institute: Greening the
                                                                                                                            Building and the Bottom
Energy
                                                                                                                            Line
                                             Use subcontractors that have                                                   Whole Building Design
                                             design-build capabilities to      Increases ability to identify opportunites   Guide (Design
                                             harmonize efficient design        for sustainable improvement                  Techniques and
                                             with efficient construction.                                                   Technologies)

                                                                                                                            Case: Emerging
                                                                               Reduces heating and cooling costs            Technology - Structural
                                             Use new technologies to                                                        Insulated Panels (SIPs)
             High operational cost from
                                             construct an efficient building
             inefficient buildings                                                                                          Case: Technology -
                                             envelope and mechanical
                                                                                                                            Occupancy sensors
                                             systems
                                                                               Reduces operating costs                      Case: Emerging
                                                                                                                            Technology - Gearless
                                                                                                                            Elevator
                                                                            Promotes common understanding among
                                                                                                                     U.S. Green Building
                                             Incorporate LEED training into workforce of company's environmental
                                                                                                                     Council (LEED
                                             company's EHS training         goals and the necessary steps to achieve
                                                                                                                     Resources)
                                                                            them.
                                              Marginally increase capacity
                                                                                                                            GEMI Water
             Infrastructure : Unpotable       of company's water treatment                                                                         Only 74% of residents
                                                                                                                            Sustainability Tool
             water at facility or surrounding facility to ensure that                                                                              have potable drinking
                                                                                                                            (Modules for
             area                             surrounding communities                                                                              water.
                                                                               Improve conditions for surrounding           Assessment and Action)
                                              have clean water.
                                                                               communities, improve community
                                                                               relations.                                   Case: Holcim
                                             Identify nearby industies or
             Infrastructure : Lack of        firms also in need of                                                                                    Foreign firms are
             wastewater treatment            wastewater treatment to jointly                                                                          encouraged but not
Water
                                             build and share costs.                                                                                   required to develop
                                                                                                                                                      own waste treatment
                                                                                                                                                      plants. By 2010,
                                                                                                                                                      industrial zones in Ho
                                                                                                                                                      Chi Minh City will be
                                                                                                                                                      expected to treat
                                                                                                                                                      100% of their
                                                                                                                                                      wastewater.
                                                                                 Improve conditions for surrounding
                                                                                 communities, improve community             Case Study/
Categories   Risk/Cost                      Road Map/How to?                     Benefits                                                            Vietnam
                                                                                 relations.                                 Additional Sources
                                            Identify nearby industies or
                                                                                                                            PAHO-CEPIS:
             Infrastructure : Lack of       firms also in need of                                                                                    Foreign firms are
                                                                                                                            Guidelines for
             wastewater treatment           wastewater treatment to jointly                                                                          encouraged but not
Water                                                                                                                       Wastewater Treatment
                                            build and share costs.                                                                                   required to develop
                                                                                                                            and Recycling Projects
                                                                                                                                                     own waste treatment
                                            Reduce water usage in                                                                                    plants. By 2010,
                                                                                                                    EPA: How to Conserve
                                            manufacturing, where possible Reduces the amount of treatment                                            industrial zones in Ho
                                                                                                                    Water and Use it
                                                                           necessary, thus producing energy savings                                  Chi Minh City will be
                                            Consider using grey water for                                           Effectively
             Inadequate supply of water                                                                                                              expected to treat
                                            non-industrial operations
                                                                                                                                                     100% of their
                                                                           Improves community relations
                                                                                                                                                     wastewater.
                                            Recycle water                  Reduces risk of operational disruption
                                                                           due to drought
                                                                                                                    Contractor's Guide:
                                                                                                                    Save Money and
                                            Select subcontractors based
                                                                                                                    Resources through Job-
             Unintentional waste from       on waste reduction initiatives
                                                                                                                    Site Recycling and
             mechanical or operational                                                                              Waste Prevention
             inefficiencies                                                                                                                Waste collection
                                            Choose systems that produce                                             Emerging Technology: currently at 60-70%,
                                            less waste                                                              CFC alternatives       Landfill space at
                                            Use pre-fabricated materials                                            US Dept. of Energy:    premium
                                                                           Reduces the amount of waste needed for
                                            and design construction to     disposal                                 High Performance
                                            minimize waste                                                          Building Database

Waste                                                                                                                       Case: Kodak
                                            Recycle and reuse material
                                                                                                                            Case: Intel in New
                                                                                                                            Mexico
             Waste removal fees,            Sell waste to industrial
             especially in countries        partners                                                                        Case: Vermont drywall
             without waste infrastructure   Offer free building materials to                                                company                  Industrial waste
                                            employees or community           Strengthens community relations                                         largely handled by
                                                                                                                                                     industry
                                            Clearly mark areas for
                                                                                 Ensures that waste reduction              Field Guide for
                                            recycling and waste removal.
                                                                                 management initiatives are carried out on Sustainable
                                            Utilize EHS training to ensure
                                                                                 site                                      Construction
                                            compliance.


                                            Verify that materials are
                                            sourced sustainably.
                                            Sustainable materials include
                                                                                                                                                     Logged timber
                                            reused or salvaged materials,
                                                                                                                            EPA Environmentally      trafficked to China
             Environmental Impact           high recycled content, rapidly
                                                                                                                            Preferable Purchasing    from Vietnam and to
                                            renewable, biodegradable,
                                                                                                                            Website                  Vietnam from
                                            reusable materials, or locally
                                                                                                                                                     Cambodia
             Weakening of company's         manufactured. (May need to
             reputation as a CSR leader     be weighed against
                                            sustainability of transportation).
                                                                                 Meet corporate goals for reducing global
                                                                                 footprint

Materials
              Environmental Impact


              Weakening of company's
              reputation as a CSR leader
                                                                                                                          Case Study/
Categories    Risk/Cost                       Road Map/How to?                 Benefits                                                              Vietnam
                                                                               Meet corporate goals for reducing global   Additional Sources
                                                                               footprint
                                              Choose contractors that follow                                              Sourcebook for Green
Materials                                     sustainable sourcing practices                                              and Sustainable Building
                                              Source materials locally to
                                              reduce distances travelled
                                                                                                                          Sustainable Building
              Fuel and transportation costs   (May need to be weighed
                                                                                                                          Resource
                                              against sustainability of
                                              products)                                                                                              Holcim produces
                                                                                                                                                     cement sustainably in
                                                                                                                          Case: Forest
                                                                                                                                                     Vietnam.
                                                                                                                          Stewardship Council
                                              Work with NGOs and                                                          Case Studies from
                                              sustainable construction                                                    around the World
              Measuring Environmental
                                              companies to identify
              Impact                                                                                                      International
                                              sustainable operations
                                                                               Enhances company's reputation as a         Association for Impact
                                              sourcing in the region.
                                                                               CSR leader                                 Assessment Training
                                                                                                                          Resources
                                                                                                                          Worldbank Urban            Human Development
              Lack of viable transportation   Provide buses or support         Reduction of carbon emissions, promote
                                                                                                                          Transport Strategy         Index is slightly less
              options for employees           carpooling for employees         reliable attendance of employees
                                                                                                                          Review                     than average
                                                                                                                          IDP/Worldbank:             (109/171)
                                              Create training programs for     Enhances company's reputation as a         Promoting Corporate        Vietnam has a
              Lack of skilled labor
                                              locals                           CSR leader for economic development        Social Responsibility in   university system and
                                                                                                                          Emerging Markets           adequate work force.
                                                                                                                          US Dept. of Commerce:
Labor
                                              Build community relations                                                   A Manual for Managing
                                              through infrastructure                                                      Responsible Business
              Labor strikes
                                              investment                                                                  in Emerging Market
                                                                               Create better relationship between
                                                                                                                          Economies             History of labor strikes
                                                                               company and employees
                                              Offer competitive wages
              Health issues in the labor      Partner with NGOs to provide                                                Case: Daimler Chrysler
              force                           peer training and counseling

                                                                                                                          US Dept. of Energy:
                                                                                                                                                     Fines for
                                                                                                                          Building Toolbox
                                                                               Ensure that the facility follows company's                            noncompliance are
                                              Monitor environmental impact                                                (Energy and
                                                                               goals and local regulations to ease future                            negligible, but
                                              using remote technology                                                     Environmental
              Non-compliance and                                               permitting and avoid fines                                            substantial fines for
                                                                                                                          Guidelines for
              unintentional releases at the                                                                                                          citizen complaints
                                                                                                                          Construction)
              site                                                                                                                                   exist
Site Impact                                   Use effective training to                                                   International
                                              provide employees with tools     Meets corporate goals to reduce carbon     Association for Impact
                                                                                                                          Assessment Training        Vague national
                                              and understanding behind         footprint
                                                                                                                          Resources                  standards for
                                              corporate goals
                                                                                                                                                     environmental
                                                                               Reduces damage and reduces need for        Field Guide for
              Environmental degradation of Limit amount of grading and                                                                               regulations
                                                                               environmental rehabilitation               Sustainable
              immediate site               vegetation clearance
                                                                               Reduction of labor and energy              Construction
STMicroelectronics

STMicroelectronics, a top ten semiconductor producer, aims to be carbon neutral by 2010. Recently the company has shifted it
alternative energy approach from building its own wind farms and photovoltaics to purchasing green energy directly from produ
the goal of 15% total alternative energy use by 2010. STM’s accomplishments have won it numerous awards from government
investor groups in Europe and the United States.

Emerging Technology: Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)

"SIPS are made of foam insulation sandwiched between two layers of plywood of OSB. Material costs are typically 10-20% hig
costs for conventional framing, but actual installation time can be cut in half. They also usually offer an energy savings of 10-30
reduce the amount of wood in the framing by 10-30%." (PENREN/C 2004)

Technology: Occupancy sensors
"Occupancy sensors result in energy savings of up to 60 percent. Another alternative is to use daylighting controls, which meas
level of daylight and illuminate the interior space accordingly." (PENREN/C 2004)

Emerging Technology: Gearless Elevator

Gearless Elevators do not use hydraulic fluid, "which can contaminate up to 250,000 gallons of groundwater with even a one-qu
 They can be used "for up to 80’ of travel and operate at 200 feet per minute". They also "lower power consumption by 40% co
to conventional AC-powered traction elevators". (PENREN/C 2004)

Holcim
Holcim is an important manufacturer of concrete operating in dozens of countries throughout the world and has won multiple aw
sustainable practices in the areas of environment, society, economic development and stakeholder engagement. The company
designed its operations in Vietnam with an eye to sustainability, recycling all of its industrial water and converting sewage water
industrial reuse (Holcim 48591). Its focus on sustainability has big implications: concrete is one of the world’s most-used resou
second only to water (Holcim 1610644621).

Emerging Technology: CFC alternatives

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) deplete the ozone layer and are estimated to contribute about 24% of greenhouse gases linked to
warming (PENREN/C 2004). “The source of these gases is leaking air conditioners, refrigerators, industrial solvents, production
plastic foam and aerosol propellants” (PENREN/C 2004). Many CFC alternatives have been on the market for many years sinc
use was limited by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA website).

Kodak
On the company's 1,900-acre lot, Kodak deconstructed 40 buildings, reusing wooden beams and recovering 50,000 tons of bric
concrete, and asphalt. After stockpiling the materials, Kodak hired a contractor to crush it into aggregate and reuse the materia
on-site. The company avoided disposal fees of nearly $2.7M and the cost per ton of crushing the material was comparable to t
of new aggregate. (PENREN/C 2004)

Vermont drywall company


Vermont’s largest construction company saved $15,000 in avoided landfill costs by salvaging demountable drywall. They offere
anyone who would pick it up on 20 sheet minimum lots free which created a win-win situation for everyone involved. (PENREN/

Daimler Chrysler
In response to the HIV/AIDS public health crisis in South Africa Daimler-Chrysler partnered with non-governmental organization
develop HIV/AIDS education and antidiscrimination program aimed at reducing HIV transmission and providing supportive serv
HIV-positive employees. (CWU 2005)
In response to the HIV/AIDS public health crisis in South Africa Daimler-Chrysler partnered with non-governmental organization
develop HIV/AIDS education and antidiscrimination program aimed at reducing HIV transmission and providing supportive serv
HIV-positive employees. (CWU 2005)
  Recently the company has shifted its
 ing green energy directly from producers, with
  numerous awards from governments and




aterial costs are typically 10-20% higher than
ually offer an energy savings of 10-30% and



 use daylighting controls, which measure the




ns of groundwater with even a one-quart leak."
 ower power consumption by 40% compared



 ut the world and has won multiple awards for
keholder engagement. The company
  water and converting sewage water for
s one of the world’s most-used resources,




  24% of greenhouse gases linked to global
 rators, industrial solvents, production of
 n on the market for many years since CFC



ms and recovering 50,000 tons of brick,
into aggregate and reuse the material as fill
ing the material was comparable to the cost




 ng demountable drywall. They offered it to
 on for everyone involved. (PENREN/C 2004)


d with non-governmental organization GTZ to
mission and providing supportive services for
d with non-governmental organization GTZ to
mission and providing supportive services for
Benefits and guides to sustainable solutions:
Pentagon Renovation and Construction Field Guide to Sustainable Construction, June 2004 (PENREN/C)
http://renovation.pentagon.mil/sustainfieldguide.htm

The following website contains links to UNEP publications regarding buildings and their role in climate change.
http://www.unep.fr/pc/sbc/publications.htm

Global Environmental Management Initiative
http://www.gemi.org

Case Western Reserve University Center for Business as an Agent of World Benefit
http://worldbenefit.cwru.edu/inquiry/feature_crysler.cfm

World Bank Toolkit for Public-Private Dialog
http://rru.worldbank.org/Documents/Toolkits/PPD_Handbook.pdf

Asia Alternative Energy Program: Reports and Papers
http://www.worldbank.org/astae/reports.htm

The World Bank Carbon Finance Unit
http://carbonfinance.org/

Rocky Mountain Institute: Greening the Building and the Bottom Line
http://www.rmi.org/images/other/GDS/D94-27_GBBL.pdf

Whole Building Design (Design Techniques and Technologies)
http://www.wbdg.org/

US Green Building Council (LEED Resources)
http://www.usgbc.org/

GEMI Water Sustainability Tool (Modules for Assessment and Action)
http://www.gemi.org/water/index.htm

PAHO-CEPIS: Guidelines for Wastewater Treatment and Recycling Projects
http://www.cepis.ops-oms.org/bvsaar/e/proyecto/guiaproyeng.pdf

EPA: How to Conserve Water and Use it Effectively
http://www.epa.gov/nps/chap3.html

Contractor's Guide: Save Money and Resources through Job-Site Recycling and Waste Prevention
http://www.resourceventure.org/rv/publications/building/ContractorsGuide_2002.pdf

US Dept. of Energy: High Performance Building Database
http://www.eere.energy.gov/buildings/database/index.cfm

EPA Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Website
http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp/pubs/guidance/guidancepage.htm

Sourcebook for Green and Sustainable Building
http://www.greenbuilder.com/sourcebook/
Sustainable Building Resource
http://www.iris.ba.cnr.it/sustain/welcome.asp

International Association for Impact Assessment Training Resources
http://www.iaia.org/modx/index.php?id=76

Worldbank Urban Transport Strategy Review
http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/transport/utsr.nsf

IDP/Worldbank: Promoting Corporate Social Responsibility in Emerging Markets
http://www.ifc.org/ifcext/enviro.nsf/AttachmentsByTitle/fly_SocRespBrochure/$FILE/SocResp_6pbrochure.pdf

US Dept. of Commerce: A Manual for Managing Responsible Business in Emerging Market Economies
http://www.ita.doc.gov/goodgovernance/adobe/bem_manual.pdf

US Dept. of Energy: Building Toolbox (Energy and Environmental Guidelines for Construction)
http://www.eere.energy.gov/buildings/info/design/construction.html

Construction:
Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Vietnam's Associations of Service Suppliers
http://www.aseansec.org/6644.htm

Corruption:
Transparency International
http://www.transparency.org/&nbsp

Business Anticorrpution
http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/normal.asp?pageid=148

Green Building/Construction Resources:
The Green Roundtable
http://www.greenchoices.com/id306.htm &nbsp

GreenBuilding Pages - Links to Sustainable Design Professionals
http://www.greenbuildingpages.com/links/weblinks_susprof.html

Sustainable Buildings Industry Council
http://www.sbicouncil.org/store/gbg.php

Government Agencies:
Communist Party of Vietnam
http://www.cpv.org.vn/index_e.html&nbsp

Vietnam Environmental Protection Agency
http://www.nea.gov.vn/english/index.asp

US Dept of Commerce site for doing business in Vietnam
http://www.buyusa.gov/vietnam/en/doing_business_in_vietnam.html

Law/Regulations:
Translated Environmental Law
Australian National University
http://coombs.anu.edu.au/~vern/luat/luat.html
Vietnam Law & Legal Forum
http://news07.vnanet.vn/vietnamlaw/Service.asp?CATEGORY_ID=7&SUBCATEGORY_ID=12&NEWS_ID=1714

World Bank Law Library
http://www.doingbusiness.org/LawLibrary/?economyid=202

Vietnam News:
Economic News Online
http://www.ven.org.vn/view_news.php?id=4937
Vietnam Investment Review
http://www.vir.com.vn/Client/VIR/Default.asp
Vietnam Economic Times
http://www.vneconomy.vn/eng/

Sustainable Construction Terminology:
Grey Water
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grey_water

Carbon Emissions
Emissions Trading, Joint Implementation, and CDM Solutions
http://www.pewclimate.org/what_s_being_done/in_the_business_community/trading.cfm
4 (PENREN/C)


e in climate change.
sp_6pbrochure.pdf

et Economies
D=12&NEWS_ID=1714

								
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