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Lay out overture with ornamental climbing and voluble plants for

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Lay out overture with ornamental climbing and voluble plants for Powered By Docstoc
					Lay out overture with ornamental climbing and voluble plants
for pergola, walls, bower and other constructions
Băla Maria1*, Berecici, D. N1, Ionaş Alexandra Claudia1
1
 Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Timişoara, Faculty of Horticulture and
Forestry

*Corresponding author. Email: mariabalamonicabala@yahoo.com


Abstract     People’s love for their beauty and their homes has taken the            Key words
modern landscaping to another level, much more sophisticated of the one
before. Today’s tendencies are to create thematic gardens or corners in the          Plants,   garden,    corner,
impressive styles that have contributed to the developing landscaping                landscaping, sophisticated
architecture. For a great impact it is important to have knowledge about the
plants chosen in the garden, the way they will develop over the years, their
needs for light, soil and water so they can vegetate well and most of all the
impact they will have to the viewer’s eye.


          People’s love for their gardens has remained       plants that behave as climbers are Hedera helix,
unchanged. The thing we often change in gardening is         Hydrangea anomala, Parthenocissus tricuspidata, etc.
taste. New styles develop that then can be forgotten,                 Perhaps one of the most important rules of
just to get back later but in a slightly different manner.   designing gardens by using climbing and voluble
For sure the number of plants available has reached          plants is their seasonal character so they can decorate
over the time and today we have much more plants to          almost all year round. It is appropriate to use either
be used in landscaping than hundreds of years before.        ornamentals that decorate by the shape and colour of
But not only the plant number or species define a            the leaves with the flowering ones.
garden, also it is important the way it is conceived and
designed as a whole. Also, the garden garnish the
building’s shape, matching one with the other.               Biological Material and Method
          In this paper we suggest to use climbing
plants for garden background, especially when we
dispose less space and we want to hide a unsightly                     The biological material has been constituted
corner or we want to give the favourite relaxing place a     of the great number of climbing and voluble species
intimate and seceded aspect.                                 usually used in decorating gardens. Some of the
          Climbing plants manage to give lightness and       suggestions in the paper are designs made for particular
a slightly sheer semblance to the thick walls and high       people and companies others are good examples of
fences that usually surround small and narrow yards          how small and narrow yards can become a relaxing
behind houses.                                               point in almost every season.
          Voluble plants grow by using different
procedures. There are plants that stick, like Hedera;
others that “grab and pull” themselves if they find a        Results and Discussions
supporting wire which they can use as a hanger like
Dipladenia, Ipomea, Passiflora and Thunbergia; and                   The following pictures suggest how climbing
others that are conducted by the gardener. Also, there       and voluble ornamentals can be used for pergola, walls,
are other species recommended to be planted near a           bower and other constructions.
wall so they can use it as a fixing support and as they
grow they give the illusion they climb. Few of the




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                                                                                                          Picture 1
                                  Rose pergola in a romantic garden (suggestion)




                                                             completed by the shelves with annuals and ceramic
          Romantic gardens use a small number of             pots.
species and roses are among the ones that never miss in                Picture 2 reveals a possibility of using
such a design. In Picture 1 the pink Rose bower (Paul’s      Wisteria sinensis as a bower on an arbour. The whole
Himalayan Musk) gives the space a intimate sight, and        is completed by two iron benches and a tea table.
concentrates the look on it as it is the main focusing       Instead of Wistera, Tecoma radicans is a great choice
point in the picture.                                        as it flowers all summer long but its flowers are red.
          The garden furniture match perfectly with the
sight and their placement near the rose pergola is not
by mistake as it fills the design. The whole concept is
                                                                                                          Picture 2

                                          Arbour with Wisteria chinensis




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                                                                                                           Picture 3
                                 Wall with red roses and Parthenocisus tricuspidata




                                                              colour of the walls is pale so that the focusing point
          Picture 3 shows a wall covered by a red roses       will be on the rose flowers and vine leaves.
and Parthenocissus (Canadian vine). The texture of the                 In picture 4 a different design is presented,
wall in this case is very important, a fine texture isn’t     inspired from a Japanese garden because of the use of
useful for the vine to creep and special wires are            Acers, shape trimmed conifers and evergreen shrubs.
needed to be extended for a greater cover of the wall.        The wall is covered by Hedera helix and Pandorea
The roses have to be tied with special wires that don’t       jasminoides, creating a special effect as a whole.
rust as they won’t be replaced every year. The flowers                 Both designs were made for particular people
of the roses will open all summer long and the shoot          and companies in and near Timisoara town.
will mix with the ones of the Canadian wine and in
autumn when the roses will finish flowering the yard
will be decorated by the red leaves of the vine. The                                                       Picture 4


                                  Wall with Hedera helix and Pandorea jasminoides




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                                                                                                            Picture 5
                                Clematis bower in a particular garden near Timisoara




Picture 5 shows a design made in a particular garden                    don’t need a supplementary effort to be
near Timisoara town and the focus point falls on the                    trimmed and kept over the years.
Clematis bower that frames the whole garden. It is also            5.   Flowering and scented climbing plants are the
one of the motifs why is the only flowering plant in the                most indicated to be used for spring and
garden. The other plants in the garden assure diversity                 summer decoration.
of leaf coloration and shape and the whole creates a               6.   They represent ideal solutions to quit the
intimate relaxing place in the hot days of the summer.                  concrete, iron and brick constructions and
                                                                        replace them with wood and greenery
Conclusions                                                             especially that climbing plants also are a
                                                                        indispensable verticality element.
     1.   Climbing plants are used to cover walls and
          beside the decorating effect they also act as an    References
          isolator in winter and sustain a cool
          atmosphere in the house during summer.              1.   Băla Maria, Iordănescu Olimpia Alina, 2004,
     2.   Using their wonderful characteristics, these             Timişoara, Flower plants used for green spaces
          plants manage to interweave gracious with                decoration, Ed. Eurobit
          helpful, creating protection screens against        2.   David E. Clark, 1983, Garden Book, Ed. Sunset
          wind, dust and sun, and also refresh the            3.   Iliescu Ana-Felicia, 2006, Bucuresti, Landscaping
          polluted air around.                                     architecture, Ed. Ceres
     3.   It is important to have knowledge about the         4.   Klaas T. Noordhuis, 1995, The complete
          growing and the dimensions the plants can                encyclopedia of garden plants, REBO Publisher
          reach in time, to choose the best place in the      5.   Klaas T. Noordhuis, 2008, Season gardening, Ed.
          garden and the growing support .                         Allfa.
     4.   The practical aspect also has to be taken to
          account, as these plants are not sensitive and




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