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GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS FOR BALDWIN COUNTY

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					          Baldwin County Early Learning Center – 04CH0331
                    2010 Community Assessment




             BALDWIN COUNTY
          EARLY LEARNING CENTER
                  04CH0331
              2010 HEAD START
          COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT




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                                 Baldwin County Early Learning Center – 04CH0331
                                           2010 Community Assessment




I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Data collection for the Baldwin County Early Learning Center (ELC) 2010 Community Assessment involved much
internet research of reliable organization websites including but not limited to: DHR Vital Statistics, UGA County
Guide, City-data.com, Kids Count, EDIS, US Census. Interviews and surveys of various community members and
agencies such as the Baldwin County Schools Special Education Department, River Edge Mental Health, Oconee
Family Directions, Baldwin County Health Department, Baldwin County Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
Program, Baldwin County Department of Children and Families Services, Early Intervention Services (Babies Can’t
Wait), Court Appointed Services (CASA), Baldwin County School System, Milledgeville Rotary Club, and Baldwin
20//20 contributed to the information gathered.

A survey assessing client satisfaction with the ELC program was conducted in May of 2009 as well. Approximately
150 parents responded to the satisfaction survey. An additional homelessness survey was administered in April of
2009 to determine the degree to which the cohabitation habits in the community are to be considered in homeless
counts. Community Needs Assessment surveys of 230 parents of ELC preschool children were administered during
parent conferences in December of 2009.

Additional community input was collected via formal and informal conversations. The civic organizations of Baldwin
20/20 and Milledgeville Rotary Club were surveyed specifically. Comparisons of the perceptions of the strengths and
needs of the community between the parents of enrolled preschool children, civic organizations, and resource agencies
were analyzed. Other information was collected by calling or emailing local agencies.

Major Findings –
Two major concerns permeated all surveys and all services areas when collecting information from ELC stakeholders
and community members. One primary underlying theme in all areas was the need for transportation services for
those without a vehicle. The county does not have a public transit system in place. Although there are several cab
services, they can be very expensive due to the distances travelled across the large county. The one van/system in
place to assist citizens is unreliable and inadequate to effectively transport all of those who need the service. The lack
of transportation has a negative effect on opportunities for employment or job training, attainment of physical, dental,
and health care services, achievement of higher education, procurement of childcare, and participation in community
activities such as recreation, voting, or church worship. This one element effects every aspect of a family’s life and
lifestyle.

A second common finding was the need for job training in order to gain sustainable employment. All stakeholder
groups indicated that improved job training was important and much needed in the community. The recent epidemic
of unemployment has brought a new emphasis on developing skills that are marketable within and near by the
community. Most residents faced with job losses are not eager to relocate but struggle to secure salary comparable
jobs to those lost in the area. The jobs that are available often require specific skills that require training or education
beyond a high school diploma.

A general consensus of the data collected is that there are several serious health care issues in Baldwin County,
Georgia. These were the prevalence in childhood and adult obesity, the rate of proper oral health care for children, the
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misconceptions surrounding mental health care and failure to seek treatment, and the high rate of child abuse and
neglect. Most of these are issues for Georgia as a state, but Baldwin County exceeds even state statistics in them.

Recommendations -
It is recommended that the Baldwin County ELC work in collaboration with other community agencies and
organizations to actively seek out means for funding and providing transportation services to those in the community
who need it.

ELC staff will actively search for employment opportunities within the community and in surrounding areas and will
effectively communicate the findings to Head Start families. The ELC will implement a variety of meaningful specific
job training opportunities for parents throughout each year. The ELC will cultivate an extensive partnership with
Central Georgia Technical College to promote the enrollment of parents of enrolled children who are unemployed.
Efforts will be focused on providing parents with skills for dependable and lasting employment.

The ELC will develop intensive action plans to familiarize families with dental and medical homes in the community
in order to ease the burden of the Oconee Regional Emergency Room and to enhance the likelihood of follow up
medical treatment for families from a medical home.

Parent training on mental health services should be extended and emphasized with head start families.




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II. OVERVIEW OF THE STATE OF THE BALDWIN COUNTY BOARD OF EDUCATION

Baldwin County is fortunate to have had the Head Start Program in place since 1965. The Baldwin County Board of
Education became the grantee for the Head Start Program in 1976. The state of Georgia began funding Grants for the
implementation of a Pre K program for four year olds in 1993. Due to the unique needs of preschoolers and
complexities in quality program implementations, the Baldwin County community leaders decided that the most
efficient use of resources and effective facilitation of services could be carried out through extensive collaboration
between the Head Start and Pre K programs. Experimental inclusion of Head Start students into Pre K classrooms
was begun in the early 2000’s. As system planning took place for the construction of new facilities, the concept of one
location for both preschool programs was born. The Baldwin County Child and Family Development Center was built
and was opened in the fall of 2004. The school system, entrenched in its commitment to provide high quality services
to all preschoolers possible, specifically designed a facility that was infant, toddler, and preschooler friendly. The
Center was declared the home of the Early Learning Center (ELC) and was centrally located adjacent to the Board of
Education building.

Head Start programs cover 39% of the 360,000 at-risk 4-year-olds served in federal and state-supported
prekindergarten programs in the South. Poverty, the leading predictor of a student’s risk of academic failure, is one of
the primary eligibility criterion for Head Start. Students targeted to participate in this program receive school readiness
benefits proven to aid them in their later academic performance.
Southern states, recognizing these benefits, in the last few years have increased their funding for state supported pre-
kindergarten programs and are watching their enrollments jump. At the same time, Head Start enrollment in these
states has also increased dramatically.
Head Start enrollment in Southern States grew 69% in Southern states from 1990 to 2000. The U.S. rate of growth was
55%. PreK enrollment in public-funded programs has also recently surged in the South. Georgia’s enrollment
doubled. Southern states, in the last few years, have leveraged a 20% increase in public funding to spur more than 60%
growth in enrollment in preschool programs. Close to two-thirds of the children served by these programs are at-risk
4-year-olds.
(Southern Education Foundation)

The Baldwin County Early Learning Center is a center-based, locally designed extended day program. Children attend
classes 180 days per year for 6.5 hours per day. The total number of children enrolled in a Baldwin County ELC
preschool program is 330. Of those, 210 are Head Start students and 120 are Pre K students (20 of the 330 are dually
enrolled in Head Start and PreK). Although our Head Start program has not served over-income populations for the
past five years, consideration will be given to enrolling over-income children with disabilities in the future to meet the
federal mandates. Additional children from the community receive services for disabilities at the ELC.

Although Georgia had 10 years of preschool enrollment growth averages above the U.S. norm, that growth has slowed
to below average these last few years. Despite this trend, our community has seen an increase in applications and
waitlisted children. Eighty children remained on the waiting list for Baldwin County ELC for the 2007-2008 school
year. The following year the waitlists increased to 176 children. There are currently 195 children on the waiting lists
for the 2009-2010 school year.

The ELC program transitions the majority of children into our local public school system. Many transitional activities
are implemented throughout the year to make transition as smooth as possible for children and families. Established
teams that include kindergarten teachers are in place to help with vertical alignment and smooth transitions for
children.
All eligible children are actively recruited each year through registration flyers (sent not only to our children but to the
other local schools) and via notices placed in the community papers, on television stations, local radio stations, and in
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local business. Included in recruitment are specific populations (neighborhoods) of Hispanic and other ethnic groups
in our community. The local Board of Education ESOL coordinator works with the ELC program to reach out these
families so that the educational needs they may have for preschool-age children can be addressed.

In housing all preschool services under one roof the school system has been able to provide transportation to all
students in both programs. Neither a Head Start student nor a Pre K student has been unable to attend preschool due to
a lack of transportation since the programs have merged. This is of significant importance due to the lack of regular
transportation for many families in the community and the nonexistence of public transportation.

Uniting services allows students to benefit from high quality special education services provided by the school system.
Baldwin County’s Program for Exceptional Children (PEC – Special Education program) is located in the Center to
serve the community’s preschoolers. Transitions for children into and out of special and regular instructional settings
are seamless while sharing a facility.




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III. METHODOLOGY
The full tri-annual Community Assessment for Baldwin County Early Learning Center is required for the April 1,
2010 grant refunding application process. The program director, managers and family service advocates initiated most
of the general data collection. This group met to review the Five Steps to Community Assessment and the forms and
processes recommended. The group met over several months (November, 2009-February, 2010) to brainstorm and
report on status. Managers collected data on the program area they monitor. Family Service Advocates collected
information on community resources and nutrition. Classroom staff worked with each parent during parent
conferences (December, 2009) to conduct needs assessment surveys. Results from an additional survey administered
in May of 2009 assessing families’ satisfaction with the ELC program are included in the data collected. Responses
from the needs assessments and surveys were entered into electronic formats through Zoomerang software.
Community partner survey forms were presented during a collaborative meeting of Health Advisory, Education
Advisory, Parent Center Committee, and to Policy Council. The members participated with the data collection for the
Community Assessment by surveying community partners and returning the survey to the director. Policy Council
and Governing Body (BOE) agreed to informally interview community members at large to help determine their
opinions about the strengths of the ELC program. These groups were to submit findings to the director to draft a
document containing all data collected.
Community Partner Surveys were also emailed to various organizations and agencies, largely non-profit, in the
community for input. A member of the Milledgeville Rotary Club and of Baldwin 20/20 volunteered to administer
surveys to those groups. Those particular groups represented a cross section of community professionals and provided
a perspective from community stakeholders with various means of and interests in contributing to efforts in serving
low-income families and children. The survey results from each of these groups were compiled independently to
allow for comparisons and analysis across various stakeholder groups in the community. A community representative
on the Policy Council who serves as the Family Connections coordinator provided much information from surveys
collected in the community for a different community assessment.

A called meeting of Policy Council and BOE members was held to review the data collected and to decide on
commendations and recommendations. The director compiled all of the information in the design recommended by
the Five Steps to Community Assessment and presented to the Policy Council for review via the internet. Policy
Council met to approve the final document and submit it to the BOE for approval. The BOE approved the final
document and it was published on the ELC website and readied for the application process.




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IV. SERVICE AREA DATA
A. Demographic Makeup of Baldwin County Head Start Service Area

1. General Demographics for Baldwin County




Baldwin County is approximately 258 square miles of land area and houses a population of approximately 46,057
people (DHR Vital Statistics and UGA County Guide 2007). Baldwin County is Georgia’s 27th county. It was named
for Abraham Baldwin, a member of the Continental Congress and author of the bill to create the nation’s first state
university, now the University of Georgia. The population is 66% urban and 34% rural. The ELC is located in a
centralized and neutral location adjacent to the Board of Education building and within the same complex as several
other schools. The location makes the program desirable to all segments of the community. The ELC is a fairly new
facility and does not reside within any particular gang territory. The location of the center provides the safest
environment possible for the families since it is not near any specific neighborhood.

In 2007 the GA DHA Vital Statistics indicated that 82 of 1000 births were to mothers between the ages of 10 to 19.




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The median age of Baldwin County citizens is 34 (city-data.com/zips/31061 Nov 2009 and UGA County Guide 2007).
Approximately 48% of the population is male with 52% being female. Approximately 23.6% of the population is
under the age of 20 (EDIS December 2008). According to the Kids Count October 2008 records, the racial makeup is
distributed as illustrated in the chart below. The University of Georgia County Guide for Baldwin County estimated in
2007 that 2.7% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.


                                Racial Profile of Baldwin County
                                  1%
                                 1%
                                1%



                                                                             White
                                                                             Black
                      43%                                                    Hispanic
                                                         53%
                                                                             Asian
                                                                             Multi-Racial




There are approximately 2814 children in Baldwin County between the ages of birth to four years old. Of these
children 1436 are male and 1378 are female. The racial composition of this group is 1269 white, 1432 black, and 113
other. (GA DHR Vital Statistics 2007).

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Baldwin County contains about 19,111 household units (UGA County Guide 2007) with an average household size of
2.5 people per unit (city-data.com/zips/31061 Nov 2009). There are 320 public housing units in Milledgeville
according to the Milledgeville Housing Authority. The University of Georgia County Guide for Baldwin County
estimated in 2007 that owners occupied 66.5% of housing. EDIS (2008) estimated 5,535 renter occupied households.

Personal automobiles are almost the sole source of transportation. The 2009 Georgia County Guide reported 1,382 of
19,111 housing units without transportation in Baldwin County. Although this constitutes only 7% of households,
lack of personal transportation can pose a significant challenge to a low-income family. There is no public
transportation system in the county and housing units do not tend to be within walking distance of service agencies.
Families without their own automobile must rely on relatives and neighbors or incur the expense of cab fare. Since the
entire county covers over 250 square miles, the rural dwellings without personal transportation suffer the most. These
families do not usually even reside within walking distance of convenient stores. The distances for these families to
resources or commerce can discourage friends and family from assisting with these transportation needs due to the
extreme inconvenience and costs to them.

2. Social Demographics for Baldwin County

Kids Count reported that US Census information approximated that 35.7% of the children in Baldwin County, but only
25.6% of those statewide, lived in single parent households.

Baldwin County School District has seen a recent upward trend in graduation rate from its one public high school as
illustrated in the graph below.

                                  Baldwin County Graduation Rate


  80.00%
                                                        69.70%
  70.00%                                  67%
            58.30%       56.90%
  60.00%

  50.00%

  40.00%                                                           Baldwin County Graduation Rate

  30.00%

  20.00%

  10.00%

   0.00%
             2006         2007            2008            2009



Kids Count estimated that in 2008, 72.6% of the adult population was a high school graduate or higher. This report
also reflected that 16.2% of the population had a BA degree or higher. The high school dropout rate was projected to
be 27.4% (UGA County Guide). According to Central Georgia Technical College (December, 2009), there were 209
individuals enrolled in the GED program in Baldwin County, including 18 from Central State Hospital.

A very small percentage, 1.9%, of Baldwin County residents were foreign born (city-data.com/zips/31061 Nov 2009),
compared to 7.1% statewide. English is the primary spoken language in the home for 95.5% of Baldwin County
residents (city-data.com/zips/31061 Nov 2009). The most commonly spoken language in Baldwin County households

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other than English is Spanish. Very few households are linguistically isolated, one per cent of the 2.5% Spanish
speaking households and 6% of the 0.9% Indo-European language speaking households speak little to no English.

An exceptionally high percentage of registered voters participated in the 2008 elections. Baldwin County reported that
16,665, or 79%, of its registered voters participated. This figure is above the state average of 76% turnout.

Baldwin County includes a variety of religious followers. The vast majority subscribe to some type of Christianity-
based denomination.

Total adherents: 12,890
Total congregations: 45




Crime rates for Baldwin County as compared to the state can be seen in the graphs below from Kids Count data. In
2008, Baldwin County’s rate of violent crime (13.1 per 1,000) was almost double the state average (7.1 per 1,000).
The rate of other crimes was reported as 50.3 per 1,000 in Baldwin County but only 38.7 per 1,000 for Georgia.




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3. Economic Demographics for Baldwin County

There were 20,780 Baldwin County residents in the labor force according to the UGA 2007 County Guide. The
percentage of county residents living and working in this county was 79.6%. The mean travel time to work for
residents of Baldwin County was estimated to be 19.9 minutes.

The median household income is estimated to be $43,007, with a median family income of $52,327 (EDIS 2008). Per
capita income is projected to be $21,161. The most recent estimate of families living below poverty level in Baldwin
County was 11.8%, taken from the 1999 Census data. However, approximately 46.4% of households with children are

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living below poverty in the county. The US Census 2000 reported that there were 28.3% of Baldwin County families
with annual incomes below 150% of the poverty threshold.

The 2008 cost of living index in Baldwin County was 79.6 (low, U.S. average is 100).
(city-data.com/county/Baldwin_County-GA.html, December 2009). The unemployment rate in Baldwin County has
continue to increase since 2006 but skyrocketed in 2009. This can largely be attributed to the closing of major
industry and state institutions. Several major employers have been dissolved over the last year leaving many without a
job. Options to relocate have been offered to some but most are hesitant to do this. Many have been forced to
commute long distances to maintain employment at income levels that can support living expenses.




Residents with income below the poverty level in 2008:
This county: 16.8%
Whole state: 13.0%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2008:
This county: 9.8%
Whole state: 6.1%


The percentages of residents below the poverty level and below 50% of the poverty level were found to be
significantly higher than the state averages. The 2009 Georgia County Guide suggests that a model-based estimate of
those children under 17 years of age living below poverty was 24.8% for Baldwin County yet only 20.3% for Georgia
for 2005.


B. Child Development and Child Care Programs in Baldwin County

Families in Baldwin County have several options available for childcare. There are currently 18 licensed childcare
centers including the Early Learning Center, in Baldwin County. Of these programs, eight facilities have additional
state funded Pre-K classrooms which provide cost free attendance for four-year olds as well as tuition-based infant,
toddler and preschool options.

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Of these eight programs, there are 17 classrooms of state funded pre-k. The ELC program has the largest number of
state funded pre-k classrooms totaling seven. The Baldwin County ELC is the only Head Start program in the district
and is funded to serve 210 children. It is also the only NAEYC accredited preschool program in Baldwin County.

Baldwin County ELC implements a modified High Scope curriculum. The developmental screening tool used is the
Brigance Preschool Screen II. The ELC is involved in a pilot program implementing Work Sampling On-line
assessment tools for the 2009-2010 school year.
Many opportunities for preschool children and families are available at the ELC. There is an on-site Adult Literacy
Program in which parents can complete their GED requirements. The ELC staff receives annual training on updates
and new policy implementation each year. Staff participates in training modules designed to support or encourage
growth in individual areas. Modules are often taught by the Education Coordinator. Effective collaborations with the
Department of Early Care and Learning enable teachers and paraprofessionals to participate in cost free trainings to
support classroom instruction and teaching strategies. Teachers also attend trainings provided by the local area
Resource and Referral Agency. Staff participates in Head Start conferences and GAYC conferences annually for
training opportunities. In-house mentor teachers provide support for peers and new staff when needed.

The community benefits from having a liberal arts college, Georgia College and State University, which draws a
diverse population of ethnic backgrounds. The ELC program is a recognized site for the university’s student
professional development. Many of the university students are involved in the program through various studies and
cohorts. The program collaborates with the local technical school, junior college, and university to provide placement
for cohorts interested in teaching young children. Additional enriching services to the preschoolers from music
therapy students, nursing students, and psychology students from Georgia College and State University are benefits
realized from these partnerships. Many college students also volunteer in the afterschool program.

A collaborative partnership with the local health department provides a nutritionist that teaches nutritional health
information to classrooms each month in our kid’s kitchen. Parent training on obesity, basic food groups, healthy
choices, safe food preparation, and budgeting form meals is also provided through this partnership.

Teaching staff keeps families informed about their child’s progress through the use of portfolios which are shared at
conferences and home visits. Weekly plans include individualized activities to address each child’s needs.
Assessment checklists are updated every week and classroom profiles are reviewed every six weeks. The Work
Sampling on-line assessment tool allows teachers and administrators to track student, class, and site progress in all the
areas of Child Outcomes. Teachers use results from the assessments to make adjustments in lesson planning and
teaching strategies. Administrators can provide classroom support or training as needed. Teachers also keep parents
informed of activities and events through classroom newsletters and web pages. A parent survey from May of 2009
revealed that 99% were satisfied with the care and education their child received in this program.

The Baldwin County ELC is the only preschool program in the county that provides transportation of children to and
from home. Several private providers provide transportation to and from the ELC for children under their care during
the extreme early and extreme late hours. Transportation is often a significant issue for working parents.

Satisfaction with childcare services can be seen across the following charts (Baldwin County Family Connection
Community Assessment Surveys).




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C. Children With Disabilities and Services Available in Baldwin County
The sources of disabilities data for Baldwin County were gathered from the Local
Education Agency and the Babies Can’t Wait program. Baldwin County currently has one Babies Can’t Wait program
located at the Baldwin County Health Department serving children ages 0-3 years with disabilities. Information

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gathered from service managers indicated that fourteen children are currently being served by this program (January
2010).

Baldwin County has a Preschool Special Education program provided by the local school system that serves children
ages 3-5 years with a diagnosed disability. The program is housed at the Early Learning Center along with the
Georgia Pre-K program and the Head Start program. Information gathered from the Preschool Disabilities
Coordinator indicates that twenty six children are currently (January, 2010) receiving services through an
Individualized Education Plan (IEP).

Of those twenty-six, forty-four percent are receiving special education support for significantly developmental
delayed, thirty-seven percent for speech impairments, seven percent for autism, four percent for hearing impairments,
four percent for visual impairments, and four percent for emotional behavioral disorders. Transportation is currently
being provided for those children receiving services through an IEP by the Baldwin County School System. There is
an availability of interpreters and bilingual staff within the county as needed.
                               Baldwin County Children With Disabilities Ages 3-5




                                              VI
                                      HI
                                             4%
                                      4%
                              AUT
                              7%


                       EBD
                        4%



                                                                         SDD           SDD
                                                                         44%           SI
                                                                                       EBD
                                                                                       AUT
                                                                                       HI
                                                                                       VI




                              SI
                             37%




The numbers of children with disabilities ages 3-5 years have decreased over the last three years primarily due to the
change in the referral process. The Georgia State Department of Education has reemphasized Response to
Intervention (RTI) process which has altered the way children are referred to the Special Education program which in
turn reduced the numbers of referrals.

The decrease in the number of children diagnosed with disabilities is reflected in our program’s failure to meet the
mandated ten percent enrollment of children with disabilities for the 2008-2009 school year. Polices and procedures
have been developed to improve the way the RTI process is being used with preschool age children to ensure that our
community is serving those children with special needs. A heavy emphasis is being placed on recruiting children
already diagnosed with disabilities from the community even if allowing for over-income.

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The Early Learning Center houses the Preschool Disabilities Program for our local school system. The Baldwin
County School System provides transportation to children receiving disability services to and from the ELC program.
Having preschool services readily available on-site is a big advantage for children attending the Early Learning
Center. The Baldwin County School system reflects a population of students with disabilities as seen below.



                                    CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN BALDWIN COUNTY SCHOOLS




                   Intellectually Disabled,
                   (MID, MOID, PID, SID)                       Emotionally Behaviorally
                          96, 14%                               Disordered,119, 18%


           Significantly Develop.
             Delayed, 55, 8%

                       Autism,                                           Specific Learning Disabled,   Emotionally Behaviorally Disordered
                       34, 5%                                                     147, 23%             Specific Learning Disabled

                                                                                                       Orthopedically Impaired
                        Speech,                                       Orthopedically Impaired,
                                                                                                       Hearing Impaired
                        83, 13%                                               2, 0%
                      Visually Impaired,                                                               Deaf
                           5, 1%                                      Hearing Impaired, 4, 1%
                                                                                                       Other Health Impaired
                                                                 Deaf, 3, 0%                           Visually Impaired
                                      Other Health Impaired,
                                            115, 17%                                                   Speech

                                                                                                       Autism

                                                                                                       Significantly Develop. Delayed

                                                                                                       Intellectually Disabled




A Baldwin County Family Connection Community Assessment Survey measured resident perceptions of medical treatment for
the disabled as illustrated below.




D. The education, health, nutrition, and social service needs of Head Start eligible children and their families

1. Education

According to the most recent data available from the Division of Family and Children Services 2007 reports the
monthly average number of children in child care is 822 in Baldwin County. Our current waiting list reflects almost
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200 children ages 3 to 4. Baldwin County continues to experience increases in the numbers of children/families
needing child care.

Recent estimates of approximately 600-700 four-year olds in the county and 470 non-tuition based (GA PreK or Head
Start) classroom slots reflect a gap of 130-230 four-year olds. Although a significant percentage of this population
attends family childcare centers, home school programs, and faith-based programs, many enroll in kindergarten
without the benefit of a structured preschool program. Baldwin County public and private elementary schools enrolled
600 kindergarteners for the 2009-2010 school year. Approximately 483 four-year olds attended private
provider/school, state, or federal preschool programs during 2009-2010. Best estimates project that approximately 100
children enroll in kindergarten each year without any previous formalized schooling.

Our community has faced some economic hardships and job loses over the past couple of years. These factors surely
play a role in parents being able to afford paying for childcare. These individuals are in need of assistance as they
look for employment and need to know that their children are in a caring and nurturing learning environment.

The public school system serves approximately 5520 students in grades P-12. The student enrollment is 64% Black,
31% White, 1% Asian, 1% Hispanic, and 2% multi-racial. The school system is comprised of one preschool, four
elementary schools, one middle school, one high school, and one combined setting for middle and high school students
(Early College). Sixty percent of the student in Baldwin County are eligible for free or reduced meals. Fifteen percent
of the public school students are served for disabilities.


2. Health

According to GA DHR statistics, in 2007 there were 576 births in Baldwin County. Of that number, approximately
415 mothers received pre-natal care. There were 82 births to teenaged mothers and 70 were born with low birth
weight. There were three fetal deaths.

The Center for Disease Control concluded that at least 19.5% of Georgia residents are smokers and 1.9% have some
type of communicable disease. Statistics from the Georgia CDC and local health officials indicate that 15 % of
children and adults were obese. Georgia ranks 14th in adult obesity and third in obesity among children, a recent
report stated.

Childhood obesity is rampant in both the city and the county. One study found that 62 percent of 3rd grade boys and
51 percent of girls in the county were either overweight or obese. The city has no public transportation, and all of the
district’s schools but two are totally segregated from residential areas by major roadways and significant distances.
Most children can not walk or bike to school safely.

Healthy Kids, Healthy Communities has targeted the city of Milledgeville by awarding a grant to GC&SU for obesity
prevention. Milledgeville is the seat of Baldwin County. The purpose of the project is described by the director in the
following passage.

“The purpose of this project is to reverse the childhood obesity epidemic among at-risk children by increasing
opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity. The vision of the Live Healthy Baldwin project is a community
with access to healthy, affordable foods for all, and a community that is conducive to active transportation. The
healthy eating component of the project will be accomplished by planning and implementing several community
vegetable gardens that are located in, or are in close proximity to, low and moderate income neighborhoods. The
physical activity component will be addressed through policy and environmental change that transforms Milledgeville
and Baldwin County into a Bicycle Friendly Community where active transportation is utilized for activities of daily
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living in addition to exercise and recreation. The centerpiece of the physical activity component is a 9.36 mile (15 km)
pedestrian/bicycle path that will travel along Fishing Creek from the Oconee River Greenway on the easternmost edge
of the community to the Board of Education, Industrial Park, and Recreation Complex on the west side of town.”

The 2008 Georgia Data Summary: Obesity In Children and Youth illustrations below provides evidence of the obesity
epidemic.




Another area of concern for the ELC program is the Dental Health of the children. Georgia statistics reflect a
statewide concern in the oral health care of children in general according to the Oral Health of Georgia’s Children –
Results from the 2006 Georgia Head Start Oral Health Survey. The report reflected that “40% of Georgia Head Start
Non-Hispanic children surveyed had early childhood caries. Among Hispanic children who were surveyed, over 51%
had experienced early childhood caries. Twenty-five percent of surveyed Non-Hispanic children and 27% of surveyed
Hispanic children had untreated dental decay. Approximately 28% of both Hispanic and Non-Hispanic children
surveyed required referral for immediate dental care. Among Non-Hispanic children surveyed, 1 in 10 had rampant
decay (more than 7 affected teeth). The percentage of Hispanic children surveyed (14%) with rampant decay was even
higher. White Spot Lesions (WSL) are the earliest signs of tooth decay on the front teeth. WSL were present in about
20% of both Hispanic and non-Hispanic children surveyed. However, 27% of Hispanic children were observed to have
Severe Early Childhood Caries or decay (S-ECC) as compared to non-Hispanic children (22% with S-ECC).”

The document concluded that “poor oral health is a significant public health problem among young children in
Georgia. The prevalence of tooth decay among 2-5 year old children nationally is 28% (National Health and Nutrition
Examination Survey, 1999-2004). Georgia’s Head Start children have a significantly higher rate of tooth decay.
Among Head Start children, the percentages with early childhood caries and untreated dental decay do not meet
Healthy People 2010 objectives. Hispanic children had significantly higher percentages of tooth decay and more
severe tooth decay than non-Hispanic children.” See the following illustrations.



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3. Health Services

In 2002, the number of physicians in the county per 100,000 population was 303.7, compared to the 192.6 statewide
average. Baldwin County had 3.1 hospital beds per 1,000 population in 2004, which was greater than the statewide
average of 2.7 hospital beds per 1,000 population.

Within Baldwin County there are six Pediatricians who accept low income patients (Merchant Circle Team of Baldwin
County). There is one medical clinic as well as one hospital. There over 600 specialty areas served by physicians in
Baldwin County (some physicians provide more than one area of specialized services). There are three dentists who
serve low income families and no dental clinics exist.

Interpreters within the Baldwin County Schools are identified on an as needed basis by the English Language Learner
(ELL) coordinator to assists parent who cannot speak English. She is a native Spanish-speaker but works to locate
interpreters for other languages on a case-by-case basis based on the isolated situations that require it.

Recent Surveys included in the Baldwin County Family Connection Community Assessment indicated resident
attitudes toward specific health related services in Baldwin County as illustrated by the charts below.




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The ELC possesses strengths in its partnership with the local Health Department and in its Health Advisory Board. A
strong collaboration with Dr. Janet Harrison DDS, and Dr. Theron Harrison, MMD also reflect strengths in the health
services provided by the program.

4. Mental Health Services
Baldwin County currently has several agencies that provide mental health services. Behavioral Health at Oconee
Regional Medical Center, Central State Hospital, Oconee Mental Health Agencies, and River Edge Behavioral Health
Center provide inpatient and outpatient services for children and adults. These agencies also provide parent education
programs as needed. One agency separates their parenting classes by the ages of the children that are being parented.
Baldwin County also has a few private psychologists and psychiatrists that also provide mental health services in a
private practice setting. Strengths for Baldwin County would be the quality of the services that are provided in this
county and that families have a choice in determining who would be the best mental health provider for them.

All mental health agencies serve low income families and they accept Medicaid. They also accept varying private
insurances. Two mental health agencies service individuals on a sliding fee scale based on income, when needed. The
private practices vary in their billing practices. Some accept Medicaid, some do not, but all accept most private
insurances.

It is estimated that of the number of mental health clients served in Baldwin County, about 60% have a diagnosis of
depression. It was estimated that about 20% of the clients served were children with depression. One agency voiced a
concern regarding an increase of “mainstream” individuals who are or were in the working force and due to the
economy are having anxiety/depression which is filtering down and causing depressed/anxious adolescents. It is also
estimated that of the number of mental health clients served, about 25% have substance abuse issues. Baldwin County
documents higher than the state average of substantiated cases of child abuse and neglect.




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                        Substantiated Cases of Child Abuse and Neglect for Baldwin County




The mental health community feels that the treatment of mental health issues continues to be viewed by society as a
“weakness or character flaw” in individuals. One agency also felt that even some health care providers (who do not
work in the mental health field) share that point of view. Not all insurance policies cover mental health treatment.
The mental health community feels this continues to discourage individuals who could benefit from early diagnosis
and treatment from seeking it.

The mental health agencies in Baldwin County do have bilingual and even multilingual staff. These agencies also
have linkages to interpreters if necessary.

A consistent area of concern voiced by mental health providers is transportation. Baldwin County does not have a
public transit system. The community has taxi services and a Medicaid van, but mental health providers emphasized
that these modes of transportation are not always reliable. Reliable and regular transportation to mental health
facilities is a struggle for many families.

A recent Baldwin County Family Connection Survey illustrates citizen’s opinions about the mental health services in Baldwin
County if the following chart.




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5. Nutrition and Resources

Trends in food stamps and WIC can be seen in the charts below for Baldwin County and Georgia (Kids Count).

                   Eligible Households with Children Receiving Food Stamps
                                       Baldwin County
           1200

           1150

           1100

  Number   1050

           1000

            950

            900

             850
                    2003
                            2004                             S1
                                      2005
                                             2006
                               Year                 2007




                           Eligible Households with Children Receiving Food Stamps in Georgia




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                       Eligible Children 0-4 Years Enrolled in WIC
                                     Baldwin County
              1800

              1750

              1700

     Number   1650

              1600

              1550

               1500
                      2002
                              2003                                   S1
                                       2004
                                               2005
                                Year                    2006




                                Eligible Children0-4 Years Enrolled in WIC in Georgia




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Results from a Baldwin County Family Connection Community Assessment survey indicate resident satisfaction with the
following services as identified by the charts below.




The residents surveyed also identified the most needed activities for families in the community.




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Those surveyed indicated a willingness to participate in activities as identified by the following graph.




.


E. The education, health, nutrition, and social service needs of Head Start eligible children and their families as
defined by themselves


A survey of enrolled parents was administered during the spring of 2009 to determine stakeholders’ perceptions of
services provided by the ELC. Thirty percent of those parents responding had children in the program for a second
year. The parents overwhelmingly responded that the center gives information to parents about philosophy and goals,
program hours and dates of operations, attendance rules, and menus. No more than 3 percent indicated that this
information is not provided. Parents felt that teachers demonstrated efforts to make new students feel
comfortable(79%) and visitors (98%) welcome. They felt that teachers talked with parents about how to handle
different aspects of child rearing (90%) and that teachers informed them of day-to-day events (98%). Parents felt that
were many ways for them to take part in the program (98%). 99% of parents felt they were informed about the
program and activities. 98% felt that the teachers had a good attitude toward the children. 99% expressed satisfaction
with the program.
Needs assessment surveys were administered to preschool parents (December 2009) to determine the service needs as
defined by themselves. The parents responding represented the following demographic makeup: 83% under 35 years
of age; 90% female; 81% black; 40% high school graduates or equivalent, and 13% less than high school diploma.
Situational characteristics of the group are reflected as: 14% unemployed due to inability to find a job: 21% without
insurance for themselves or children; 25% own home; 68% with a working computer in the home; and
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70% with access to internet either at home or work.

Similar surveys were administered to two community organizations made up of citizens from middle and upper socio-
economic income levels to compare and contrast perceptions with those of the parents of enrolled children. This
group possessed the following demographics: 86% over 35 years of age; 71% male; 84% white; 5% with only a high
school diploma; and 95% with one or more years of college. Situational characteristics of the community group are:
0% unemployed due to not being able to find a job; 75% possess insurance for entire family; 89% own home; 98%
possess a home computer and have internet access.

The results of the surveys can be seen below in the format of rankings by each group based on the number of
responses for each particular issue. Issues are organized in the order that parents selected each item. The most
pressing issues identified (by number of selected responses) is labeled as rank 1.

Both groups were polled on their perceptions of needs in the community as well as needs in their own families.
Although preschool parents identified the ability to pay necessary bills as their most pressing need, employment
opportunities were identified as a high level priority for the community at large as seen by both groups. The groups
surveyed felt that crime, violence, and drug abuse were pressing needs for the community yet not so much for
themselves. Affordable health insurance is seen as a personal need by all of those surveyed. Managing finances and
transportation and fuel costs rated high scores for both groups as well.


Preschool   Community                                       Preschool   Community      Most pressing
                          Most pressing needs
 Parents     Members                                         Parents     Members       issues in the
                            for your family?
  Rank        Rank                                            Rank        Rank          community?
                         Paying necessary bills
     1           4       (gas, water, rent, etc.)               1           1        Not enough jobs
                                                                                      Crime, violence,
     2           2       Employment                             2           2        and drug abuse
                                                                                      Cost of utilities
                         Affordable health                                           (gas, electricity,
     3           1       insurance                              3           16       water)
                                                                                      Available health
     4           5       Managing finances                      4           13       care
                         Transportation and fuel                                     Need affordable
     4           3       costs                                  5           18       housing
                         Child care for infants,                                      Need more job
     5          22       toddlers, preschoolers                 6           5        training
                                                                                      Child abuse and
     6          14       Affordable housing                     7           21       neglect
                         Getting health and                                           Money
     7           7       medical care                           8           12       management
                                                                                      Schools and
                                                                                     education for
     8          10       Job training                           9           3        children
                         After school care for                                        Food for low-
     9          16       school-age children                    9           17       income people
                         Summer care for
     9          18       school-age children                    11          10       Teen pregnancy
                         Paying for prescribed
    12          13       drugs                                  12          14       Safety in schools

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                                                                     Lack of quality child
    12     15   Getting dental care               13        26      care
                Education for adults                                 Roads and street
    14     18   (GED, etc.)                       14         8      repair
    15     25   Food                              15         7      Adult education
                                                                    Vacant buildings
                Educational services for                            and run-down
    16     11   children (tutoring, etc.)         15         3      houses
                Housing maintenance                                  Lack of
    16     5    and repair                        17         8      transportation

    18     8    Personal safety                   18        18      Food for the elderly
                Tax return preparation                              Lack of shelter for
    19     16   and filing                        19        14      homeless families
                                                                    Services for
                Available telephone or                              disabled children
    19     22   cell phone                        20        23      and families
                Lack of books or
                reading materials in the                            Teenage
    21     26   home                              20        11      delinquency
                Services for child with                             Available mental
    21     27   disability                        22        10      health care
                                                                    Condition of school
    23     18   Substance abuse                   23        24      buildings & facilities
                Getting mental health
    24     18   services                          23         6      Illiteracy
                Getting help for
                personal needs (baths,
    25     22   etc.)                             25        20      Other
                In home care for                                     Access to library,
    26     11   disabled adult                    26        26      bookmobile, etc.
                                                                     Language barriers
                                                                    (non-English
    27     8    Other                             27        25      speaking)
                                                                     Emergency
                                                                    services (police,
                                                  28        21      fire, paramedics)




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V. STRENGTHS AND NEEDS OF HEAD START ELIGIBLE CHILDREN AND THEIR FAMILIES

A major strength of Head Start eligible families in the Baldwin County community is that bonds among extended
family members are close. Due to the culture of “helping out” or “taking care” of family, homelessness by strict
definition is extremely low. Program applications reflecting co-habitation are very common in this community.
Concerns of whether or not these families should be classified as homeless were reconciled through staff training on
the McKinney-Vento Act and through surveys of enrolled families. Almost all of the co-habitation in the community
is by choice even though the financial benefits are indisputable. The community embraces the importance of family
and people do not hesitate to share their homes with relatives, and even friends, in need.

Baldwin County has a variety of government, non-profit, religious, and civic groups eager to improve the graduation
and literacy rates, increase industry, and assist low-income families. These groups have traditionally operated
independently of, and sometimes competitively with, each other. Recent efforts have been made to unite these groups
to collaborate to more efficiently to offer services and provide resources for needy families. The Baldwin County
School System, as well as the ELC, is a large contributor to these efforts.

The residents of Baldwin County can be motivated to exercise civic responsibility as reflected in the above state
average registered voter participation in the 2008 elections. A key to successful implementation of community
services is channeling that motivation into needed avenues.


VI. COMMUNITY RESOURCES AVAILABLE



        Community Resources                 Agencies/Organizations/Businesses
                                            Georgia Military College, Central Georgia Technical College,
                                            Georgia College, Georgia College & State University, Plant
                                            Branch Library, Lake Sinclair Library, Florida Allen Library,
                                            Sibley Commemorative Library, Twin Lakes Library, Middle
  10    Libraries                           GA Regional Library, Mary E. Vinson Memorial Library
                                            Georgia Military College, Central Georgia Technical College,
                                            Georgia College & State University, The Saviors Touch
  5     Book Stores                         Christian Bookstore
                                            Huley Park, Bonner Park, Walter B William Park, Lake Laurel
  5     Parks and Playgrounds               Park, Boys n Girls Club
  2     Recreational Centers                Walter B Williams Park and Boys n Girls Club
  3     Thrift Shops                        Maranatha, Salvation Army, Habitat for Humanity
  3     Fatherhood Involvement Programs     DFCS, Child Support Services, Early Learning Center
                                             Christ Temple of Refuge, Counseling Services, Jerimiah’s
  5     Marriage Promotion Programs         Way Ministry, Oliver Frezelia, Wide Range of Resources, INC.
                                             Christ Temple of Refuge, Counseling Services, Jerimiah’s
                                            Way Ministry, Oliver Frezelia, Wide Range of Resources,
                                            INC., Baldwin Medical Center, Ahmed Mirza, MD,
                                            Milledgeville Imaging Center, Child and Family Guidance of
  7     Family Support Programs             GA, INC.
                                            Green Acres Nursing Home, Chaplinwood Nursing Homes,
  2     Senior Support Programs             OAC



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                                               ORMC, Salvation Army, Overview, Riversedge Behavioral
                                               Center, Oconee Center, Maranatha, Central State Hospital,
  10    Crisis Assistance Programs             Child and Family Guidance, State Solicitator Office, DFCS
   2    Employment Agencies                    Dept of Labor, Randstad
   1    Hospitals                              Oconee Regional Hospital
   2    Post Offices                           Milledgeville and Hardwick
                                               Sacred Heart Catholic Church, DFCS, St. Stephens Episcopal
   4    Food Banks                             Church, Northridge Baptist Church
  37    Local Supermarkets
 >30    Restaurants
   1    Ethnic Food Market                     Latienda Lucerto
  45    Churches
   9    Hotels
   5    Elementary Schools                     4 Public and 1 Private
   3    Middle School                          1 Public and 2 Private
   3    High Schools                           1 Public and 2 Private
  18    Childcare Centers
   1    Technical College                      Central Georgia Technical College
   1    Junior College                         Georgia Military College
   1    University                             Georgia College & State University

 >300   Physicians                             Including over 628 areas of specialty
   1    Department Of Labor Office
   1    DFCS Office
   1    Health Department
   1    Temporary Employment Agency            Randstad

    2   US Post Offices
    3   Telephone Companies                    Windstream, Charter, Home Phone Service, INC.
    1   Water Department
    3   Power Companies                        Tri County, GA Power, and Washington Electric
    5   Cell Phone Companies                   Verizon, ATT, Bell South Mobility, Nextel, and Sprint
   18   Childcare Centers
  10    Family Day Care Homes
  1     Group Day Care Home
 3      Cable/Satellite Television Companies   Direct TV, Charter, Windstream/Dish
.




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VII. ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Despite variances in socio-economic levels families in the Baldwin County Community share common concerns as
related to their own families with employment opportunities, expenses related to utility bills, and affordable health
care. Transportation and fuel costs, finance management, adequate medical care, and job training rank of significant
personal importance across all groups as well.

In general, Baldwin County residents feel that employment opportunities and crime, violence, and drug abuse are
major issues for the community at large. They indicate concerns over job training and quality educational institutions
for children in the community.

Disparities are observed between the opinions of groups of community professionals and preschool parents in the areas
of adult literacy and vacant, run-down buildings. The community member groups considered these in the top ten
issues for the community as identified on the survey, whereas the parent group did not find them as concerning.

Alternately, preschool parents expressed much higher levels of concern with child care for infants and toddlers,
afterschool and summer programs for children, and affordable housing than did the other community groups. This
may largely be explained by the age differences in the groups surveyed.

Recent closures of a major manufacturer (Rheem), several prisons, the youth detention center, and most of Central
State Hospital have lead to substantial unemployment in Baldwin County. Many of these institutions historically
employed individuals who could demonstrate basic academic proficiencies. A large segment of these displaced
workers have not only found themselves out of a job, but lacking the specific types of skills necessary to acquire the
types of jobs that may be available. Some of the individuals have enrolled in post-secondary education programs to
attain the skills and credentials to gain more stable careers. A number of college degreed individuals are also forced
into travelling great distances in order to keep their jobs with these state agencies. Those choosing not to travel are
finding great difficulty in securing a comparable career within the community. The connection between viable
employment and education levels seems to not be clearly understood by Head Start eligible families. They indicate
that job training is important but do not value educational attainment or literacy rates at the same level.

A pervasive attitude that mental health services are not necessary or are shameful still exists in this community.
Although there is a great need for timely and effective mental health diagnosis and treatment, these services go largely
untapped.

It is recommended that resources for transportation of those without personal vehicles be sought out by collaborating
community agencies, including the ELC Head Start Program. The ELC should identify families without transportation
and actively communicate availability of transportation as it is present.

The ELC should implement activities to expand stakeholder knowledge of ethnic groups beyond the American culture.
The ELC will seek out non-religious based services for children and families. The ELC will seek out battered
women’s shelters and homeless shelters available near Milledgeville to make referrals for families due to the lack of
these services in town. The ELC will assist families with these needs by providing transportation to them as much as
possible.

Additional parent training on obesity, oral health care, mental health care, and child abuse and neglect should be
implemented by the ELC annually.



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VIII. APPENDICES
Appendix A - Parent Satisfaction Survey
Appendix B - Homelessness Survey
Appendix C - Parent Survey/Needs Assessment
Appendix D - Community Partner Survey 1 for nonprofit agencies and organizations
Appendix E - Community Partner Survey 2 for civic groups




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Appendix A - Parent Satisfaction Questionnaire


                                               Parent Questionnaire Results 2008-2009

How long has your child (or children) been enrolled in this program?
                                                                  Less than six months
                                                                Six months to one year
                                                                      One to two years
                                                                  More than two years

How old is your child (or children0 who is enrolled in this program?
                                                                           Three years old
                                                                            Four years old
                                                                            Five years old

The center gives information to parents about:                                               Don’'t Know   No   Yes
                                     *The program's philosophy and goals for children.
                                                               *Payments and refunds.
                                *Hours the program is open and holidays and closings.
                                              *Rules about attendance of sick children.
                          *Menus of meals and snacks given to children; or in the case
                               of infants, times when babies are fed and what they eat.

The center has a plan for helping new children to feel comfortable by                        Don’'t Know   No   Yes
either including a visit before enrolling, having a parent meeting, or
gradually bringing in new children.

Teachers and parents talk about how the family and center handle                             Don’'t Know   No   Yes
different aspects of childrearing such as disciple, feeding, toileting,
and other important issues.
                                                                                             Don’'t Know   No   Yes
Parents are welcome visitors in the center at all times.

There are many ways for parents to take part in the program, such                            Don’'t Know   No   Yes
as visiting and helping in the classroom, taking field trips, joining in
at parties, or sharing a meal/snack.

The center has a way of informing parents about day-to-day                                   Don’'t Know   No   Yes
happenings that affect children (by notes or by teachers talking with
parents when children are taken to or picked up from the center.)

Parents are informed about injuries and any changes in children's                            Don’'t Know   No   Yes
health or eating habits that teachers notice.

Parent-teacher conferences are held to discuss children's progress                           Don’'t Know   No   Yes
at least once a year (hold conferences more often if parents want them.)

Parents are informed about the program throught newsletters, bulletin                        Don’'t Know   No   Yes
boards, frequent notes, meetings, telephone calls (when needed), or
other ways.

At least once a year, parents are asked to evaluate how well the program                     Don’'t Know   No   Yes
is meeting their child's needs.

Personally, I feel that the teachers have a good attitude toward me and                      Don’'t Know   No   Yes
my child.

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Personally, I am satisfied with the care and education my child receives   Don’'t Know   No   Yes
in this program.

Comments:




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Appendix B – Homelessness Survey



1. Other than yourself, your children, and your significant other, what other adults live in your home? (Circle all that apply)
      Mother        Father       Sister       Brother      Aunt     Uncle      Cousin
      Grandmother       Grandfather              Close Friend        Other Relative
      No other adults

If other adults live in your household please complete items 2 - 4. If they do not, you are done.

2. The reasons I share a residence with this person/people are: (Check all that apply)

___    I rely on the support of another adult to help with childcare
___    It is common in our family/community to live with extended family members
___    I rely on the support of this person for health/mental health reasons for me and/or my children
___    This person relies on my support for health/mental health reasons
___    I rely on this person for financial support
___    This person relies on my financial support
___    We both need each other's financial support
___    It is the home I lived in as a child
___    It is in a neighborhood where my friends and family reside
___    The location allows me the ability to easily obtain transportation when needed.
___    I inherited the residence from a family member
___    This person can provide a means of transportation
___    I am in college
___    I am not currently employed
___    I recently lost my job
___    I recently lost my home due to financial matters
___    I recently lost my home due to a natural disaster
___    We recently moved here
___    I do not feel safe living alone

Other (please list) ______________________________________________________________

3. In the question above circle the main reason.

4. For each statement below, circle the answer that best describes your situation.
                                                                                                                           Not at
I have/own my own means of transportation                                                                Very   Somewhat    all

                                                                                                                           Not at
In my community, living with extended family members is common and a part of our culture.                Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                                           Not at
Most of my siblings live with extended family members                                                    Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                                           Not at
I have applied for housing assistance before                                                             Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                                           Not at
I have been denied housing assistance before                                                             Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                                           Not at
My mother lived with an extended family member when she was my age                                       Very   Somewhat    all

I could afford to live on my own but would have to do without many of the luxuries I can afford while                      Not at
living with this person.                                                                                 Very   Somewhat    all

                                                                                                                           Not at
There is no way I could afford to live on my own even if I sacrificed any luxuries or non-necessities    Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                                           Not at
I choose to live with this person but could live on my own if necessary                                  Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                                           Not at
I am satisfied with my current living arrangements                                                       Very   Somewhat    all
My current living situation is temporary                                                                 Very   Somewhat   Not at
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                                                                                                       all
                                                                                                      Not at
I would like to pursue different living arrangements                                Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                      Not at
I am responsible for the rent                                                       Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                      Not at
I am responsible for the utility bills                                              Very   Somewhat    all
                                                                                                      Not at
I would move out of this person's house if I was provided with a place of my own.   Very   Somewhat    all




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Appendix C – Parent Survey/Needs Assessment


                                                                            Parent Survey
                                                       Adapted from survey provided by www.childhealthonline.org

                             Your opinion is important to us. Please take a few minutes to complete both sides of this survey. Thanks!

My child is enrolled in

______HS 3 year old             _____HS 4 year old             _______PreK         _________HS4/Prek

How long have you lived in Baldwin county? ________ years

Of this list, which 8 issues concern you most                                        Of this list, which 6 are the most pressing
in your neighborhood or community?                                                   issues for your family?

______   Need more job training                                                      ______   Job training
______   Not enough jobs                                                             ______   Employment
______   Adult education                                                             ______   Educational services for children (tutoring, etc.)
______   Schools and education for children                                          ______   Education for adults (GED, etc.)
______   Safety in schools                                                           ______   Lack of books or reading materials in the home

______   Condition of school buildings & facilities                                  ______   Paying necessary bills (gas, water, rent, etc.)
______   Illiteracy                                                                  ______   Managing finances
______   Language barriers (non-English speaking)                                    ______   Tax return preparation and filing
______   Money management                                                            ______   Affordable housing
______   Need affordable housing                                                     ______   Housing maintenance and repair

______   Lack of shelter for homeless families                                       ______   Food
______   Food for low-income people                                                  ______   Transportation and fuel costs
______   Food for the elderly                                                        ______   Available telephone or cell phone
______   Available health care                                                       ______   Getting help for personal needs (baths, etc.)
______   Emergency services (police, fire, paramedics)                               ______   Personal safety

______   Available mental health care                                                ______   Child care for infants, toddlers, preschoolers
______   Services for disabled children and families                                 ______   After school care for school-age children
______   Lack of transportation                                                      ______   Summer care for school-age children
______   Roads and street repair                                                     ______   In home care for disabled adult
______   Cost of utilities (gas, electricity, water)                                 ______   Services for child with disability

______   Lack of quality child care                                                  ______   Substance abuse
______   Access to library, bookmobile, etc.                                         ______   Getting health and medical care
______   Teen pregnancy                                                              ______   Affordable health insurance
______   Teenage delinquency                                                         ______   Paying for prescribed drugs
______   Crime, violence, and drug abuse                                             ______   Getting dental care
                                                                                     ______   Getting mental health services
______ Child abuse and neglect
______ Vacant buildings and run-down houses                                          ______ Other: _______________________
______ Other: ___________________________


                                                                     Please complete other side




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                                        Baldwin County Early Learning Center – 04CH0331
                                                  2010 Community Assessment
   What is your age?                                        What is your employment status?
                                                            Check only one.
   _____ 18-25    _____       26-35 _____ 36-45
   _____ 46-55    _____       56-65 _____ 66+               ______ Full-time employed
                                                            ______ Part-time employed
   What is your gender?                                     ______ Seasonal work
   ____ Female ______ Male
                                                            ______ Self-employed

   What is your ethnic group? Check one.                    ______ Unemployed - student

   ______      White/Caucasian                              ______ Unemployed - SSI / Disability

   ______      African-American/Black                       ______ Unemployed by choice - (homemaker, etc.)
   ______      Hispanic/Latino                              ______ Unemployed - cannot find job
   ______      American Indian                              ______ Retired
   ______      Asian                                        ______ Volunteer (where?) ________________
   ______      Multi-racial                                 ______ Other: __________________________
   ______      Other: __________________________
                                                            Do you have health insurance? Check one.
                                                            _____ Yes – but only for myself
   What is the highest level of education you
   completed? Check only one.                               _____ Yes – but only for my children
   ______ Did not graduate from High School                 _____ Yes – for my entire family
             (11th grade or less)
                                                            _____ No – I do not have health insurance
   ______ Graduated from high school or earned GED
                                                            Are you the head of your household?
   ______ Attended 1-2 years college or technical school
   ______ Graduated with Associate’s degree or              _____ Yes _____ No
             two-year certificate                           Do you own or rent your home?
   ______ Graduated with technical degree or certificate
                                                            _____ Own _____ Rent
   ______ Completed 3-4 years college or technical
                                                            _____ Other (explain): __________________
            school
   ______ Graduated with Bachelor's degree                  How many adults, counting yourself, live in
                                                            your household?______
   ______ Graduated with Master's degree or higher
                                                            How many children (ages birth-17) live in
                                                            your household? ________________
                                                            Is anyone in your household disabled?
                                                            ____ Yes ____ No
                                                               If yes, how old are they? ____________
                                                            What is your Zip Code? ______________
                                                            Is there a working computer in your home?
                                                            ____ Yes _____ No
                                                            Do you have internet access (either at home
                                                            or at work)?
                                                             _____ Yes _____ No
                                                            If you have internet access at home, what
                                                            type of connection do you have?
                                                            ____Dialup ___ DSL ___ Cable___ Satellite




                                 Thank you for your time.




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                         Baldwin County Early Learning Center – 04CH0331
                                    2010 Community Assessment
Appendix D - Community Partner Survey 1 for nonprofit agencies and organizations


                                                      COMMUNITY PARTNER SURVEY

Our Head Start program is currently conducting its annual Community Assessment which looks at the available local services and the
services we provide to families. We are asking that you please take a few minutes to complete this brief questionnaire and return it via
email to blanche.lamb@baldwin.k12.ga.us . Your input is valuable in our application for renewal of the Head Start Grant. Thank you for
your time.

                                                 Type Your Name and Agency here…..
 1     In the last year, has your agency seen changes in the following:
                                                                                                                No
       PLACE AN X IN THE APPROPRIATE COLUMN:                                       Increase     Decrease      Change        Comments
       Average household income
       Number of low income families contacting your agency
       # of individuals or families slightly over your income guidelines
       Number of multi-generational families you serve
       number of female head of households
       Number of teen pregnancies
       number of licensed childcare providers
       Job availability in community
       Drug abuse in community
       Low income housing availability
       Homelessness
       Transportation needs
       Services you offer
                                                                                    N/A        Yes       No 
 2     Are your services free?                                                                                   


 3     If NO to Question 2: are your fees based on income?                                                        



 4     If YES to Question 3: do you have a sliding scale based on income?                                         

                                                                                                            

 5Q    What do you believe are your agency/community's strengths when working with low-income families?


 5A



 6Q    What do you believe are your agency/community's obstacles when working with low-income families?



 6A


 7Q    Are there other concerns that you think are the issues for our community?


 7A


       What other programs/services do you believe that our Head Start could offer to better serve our community- i.e. mental health or
 8Q
       elderly services?


 8A



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                                      Baldwin County Early Learning Center – 04CH0331
                                                2010 Community Assessment
      Do you have suggestions about how Head Start could collaborate or partner with your agency/community in order to better meet
 9Q
      the needs of low-income children and families?


 9A


10Q   Other comments:


10A




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                                               Baldwin County Early Learning Center – 04CH0331
                                                         2010 Community Assessment

Appendix E - Community Partner Survey 2 for civic groups

                                                                     Community Partner Survey
                                                       Adapted from survey provided by www.childhealthonline.org

                             Your opinion is important to us. Please take a few minutes to complete both sides of this survey. Thanks!

How long have you lived in Baldwin county? ________ years

Of this list, which 8 issues concern you most                                        Of this list, which 6 are the most pressing
in your neighborhood or community?                                                   issues for your family?

______   Need more job training                                                      ______   Job training
______   Not enough jobs                                                             ______   Employment
______   Adult education                                                             ______   Educational services for children (tutoring, etc.)
______   Schools and education for children                                          ______   Education for adults (GED, etc.)
______   Safety in schools                                                           ______   Lack of books or reading materials in the home

______   Condition of school buildings & facilities                                  ______   Paying necessary bills (gas, water, rent, etc.)
______   Illiteracy                                                                  ______   Managing finances
______   Language barriers (non-English speaking)                                    ______   Tax return preparation and filing
______   Money management                                                            ______   Affordable housing
______   Need affordable housing                                                     ______   Housing maintenance and repair

______   Lack of shelter for homeless families                                       ______   Food
______   Food for low-income people                                                  ______   Transportation and fuel costs
______   Food for the elderly                                                        ______   Available telephone or cell phone
______   Available health care                                                       ______   Getting help for personal needs (baths, etc.)
______   Emergency services (police, fire, paramedics)                               ______   Personal safety

______   Available mental health care                                                ______   Child care for infants, toddlers, preschoolers
______   Services for disabled children and families                                 ______   After school care for school-age children
______   Lack of transportation                                                      ______   Summer care for school-age children
______   Roads and street repair                                                     ______   In home care for disabled adult
______   Cost of utilities (gas, electricity, water)                                 ______   Services for child with disability

______   Lack of quality child care                                                  ______   Substance abuse
______   Access to library, bookmobile, etc.                                         ______   Getting health and medical care
______   Teen pregnancy                                                              ______   Affordable health insurance
______   Teenage delinquency                                                         ______   Paying for prescribed drugs
______   Crime, violence, and drug abuse                                             ______   Getting dental care
                                                                                     ______   Getting mental health services
______ Child abuse and neglect
______ Vacant buildings and run-down houses                                          ______ Other: _______________________
______ Other: ___________________________


What is your age?
                                                                                        What is your gender?
_____ 18-25      _____    26-35 _____ 36-45
                                                                                        ____ Female ______ Male
_____ 46-55      _____    56-65 _____ 66+




                                               Please complete the other side



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                                Baldwin County Early Learning Center – 04CH0331
                                     2010 Head Start Community Assessment

 What is your ethnic group? Check one.                              What is your employment status?
                                                                    Check only one.
 ______       White/Caucasian
 ______       African-American/Black                                ______ Full-time employed

 ______       Hispanic/Latino                                       ______ Part-time employed

 ______       American Indian                                       ______ Seasonal work
 ______       Asian                                                 ______ Self-employed
 ______       Multi-racial                                          ______ Unemployed - student
 ______       Other: __________________________                     ______ Unemployed - SSI / Disability
                                                                    ______ Unemployed by choice - (homemaker, etc.)
 What is the highest level of education you
 completed? Check only one.                                         ______ Unemployed - cannot find job
 ______ Did not graduate from High School                           ______ Retired
           (11th grade or less)
                                                                    ______ Volunteer (where?) ________________
 ______ Graduated from high school or earned GED
                                                                    ______ Other: __________________________
 ______ Attended 1-2 years college or technical school
                                                                    Do you have health insurance? Check one.
 ______ Graduated with Associate’s degree or
           two-year certificate                                     _____ Yes – but only for myself
 ______ Graduated with technical degree or certificate              _____ Yes – but only for my children
 ______ Completed 3-4 years college or technical                    _____ Yes – for my entire family
          school
                                                                    _____ No – I do not have health insurance
 ______ Graduated with Bachelor's degree
                                                                    Are you the head of your household?
 ______ Graduated with Master's degree or higher
                                                                    _____ Yes _____ No
                                                                    Do you own or rent your home?
                                                                    _____ Own _____ Rent
                                                                    _____ Other (explain): __________________
 What do you believe are the strengths of the Baldwin County
                                                                    How many adults, counting yourself, live in
 Community?
                                                                    your household?______

                                                                    How many children (ages birth-17) live in
                                                                    your household? ________________
                                                                    Is anyone in your household disabled?
 How do you think the Head Start Program could improve its          ____ Yes ____ No
 services to low-income children and families?
                                                                       If yes, how old are they? ____________
                                                                    What is your Zip Code? ______________
                                                                    Is there a working computer in your home?
                                                                    ____ Yes _____ No
 In what partnerships or collaboratives do you feel that the Head
 Start program should be involved with to improve its impact on     Do you have internet access (either at home
 the community?                                                     or at work)?
                                                                     _____ Yes _____ No
                                                                    If you have internet access at home, what
                                                                    type of connection do you have?
                                                                    ____Dialup ___ DSL ___ Cable___ Satellite

                                                                          Thank you for your time.




Page 42 of 42            Baldwin County ELC 2010 Community Assessment

				
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