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					AQUATIC ANIMAL DISEASE REPORTING:
    ENSURING TRANSPARENCY


                 Dr Karim Ben Jebara
                 Head
                 Animal Health Information Department
                 OIE
                         TOPICS
•   INTRODUCTION

•   LEGAL OBLIGATIONS

•   GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THE SYSTEM
       IMMEDIATE NOTIFICATION
       SIX-MONTHLY REPORTS
       ANNUAL REPORTS


•   WAHIS, WAHID AND WAHIS version 2

•   TRACKING OF UNOFFICIAL DISEASE INFORMATION

•   OIE REGIONAL CORE (e.g. OIE/NACA)

•   TRANSPARENCY
INTRODUCTION

   • Since 1924
   • 178 Members
   • Objectives:
     • Transparency of the animal disease situation worldwide
     • Scientific information to help Member Countries to
       improve the methods used to control and eradicate
       diseases
     • Safety of international trade of animals and animal
       products
     • International support to developing countries and the role
       played by Veterinary Services
     • Food safety and animal welfare
                LEGAL OBLIGATIONS

 • Since its creation in 1924, both the OIE and its
   Members have unconditional duties to disclose all
   relevant information on animal diseases

The OIE Organic Statutes           The OIE Codes
      (since 1924)               (updated annually)
                 LEGAL OBLIGATIONS
OIE Organic Statutes

• Article 4: OIE task is the collection of all facts and
  documents about the spread of diseases, their control
  measures and their notification to the government or
  veterinary authorities

• Article 5: OIE Members shall send to the OIE HQ
  notification of occurrence of animal diseases


• Article 9: OIE is required to inform its Members
  automatically, on any information collected by the OIE, via
  bulletin or special notification. In urgent situations this
  information must be provided immediately
               LEGAL OBLIGATIONS

The OIE Codes

• Chapter 1.1 of the OIE’s Terrestrial and Aquatic Codes
   • “Notification of Diseases and Epidemiological
     Information”

   • Article 1.1.2 in the two Codes:
            “Members shall make available to other Members,
   through the OIE, whatever information is necessary to
   minimise the spread of important animal diseases and to
   assist in achieving better worldwide control of these
   diseases.
                  OIE’S LIST OF DISEASES


                                 Chapter 1.3. of the Aquatic Code




Changes to the list enter into
force the
1st of January following the
adoption of the amended
Chapter
(Resolution XXIX adopted on 25
May 2005)
                     OIE’S LIST OF DISEASES
                                      Listing criteria

Significant                    Likely to negatively affect wild         The agent is of public
                         OR                                        OR
production losses              aquatic animal populations               health concern



                                           AND
  Infectious aetiology          An infectious agent is strongly associated with the disease,
                         OR
  proven                        but the aetiology is not yet known



                                            AND
                              Potential for international spread
                                                                                  Article 1.2.1.

                                            AND
                              Several countries or zones may
                              be declared free of the disease
                                            AND
                              A repeatable and robust means
                              of detection/diagnosis exists



                               Inclusion of the disease
                                       in the list
                      OIE’S LIST OF DISEASES
                              Listing criteria - emerging disease

Infectious aetiology of          An infectious agent strongly associated with the
                          OR
the disease is proven            disease, but the aetiology is not yet known



                                          AND
     The agent is of public          Significant spread in naive populations of
                                OR
     health concern                  wild or cultured aquatic animals




                               Inclusion of the disease                           Article 1.2.2.
                                       in the list
       WHAT DOES NOTIFICATION MEAN?

  Means the procedure by which:
  - Veterinary Authority informs OIE Headquarters
  - OIE Headquarters informs Veterinary Authorities

of the occurrence of an outbreak of disease or infection
according to the provisions of the Chapters 1.1. of OIE’s Codes



  Each                                             All Members’
Veterinary               OIE
                     Headquarters                   Veterinary
Authority                                           Authorities
       GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THE SYSTEM


Immediate notifications and Follows-ups


                OIE’s early warning system

           International alert messages              Rapid response



Regular information through six-monthly and annual
  reports

                OIE’s monitoring system
       To monitor OIE Listed diseases (presence or absence) over time
                   TYPES OF REPORTS


 Immediate notification of disease, infection or unusual
  epidemiological events
 Weekly reports: Follow-ups to
  the immediate notification            early warning
 Final report :
  - if the outbreaks have ended
  - if the situation becomes endemic

 Six-monthly report
 Annual report                        monitoring
IMMEDIATE NOTIFICATIONS
           OIE’S EARLY WARNING SYSTEM


Immediate notification                       within 24 hours



   Follow-up report                       weekly report


                         Follow-up to the immediate notification to inform on
                                changes in the epidemiological situation



     Final report
REASONS FOR IMMEDIATE NOTIFICATION
         WITHIN 24 HOURS



• the first occurrence of a listed disease and/or
  infection in a country or zone/compartment

• the re-occurrence of a listed disease and/or infection
  in a country or zone/compartment
REASONS FOR IMMEDIATE NOTIFICATION
         WITHIN 24 HOURS


• for diseases listed by the OIE, if the disease has
  occurred in a new host species; or


• for diseases listed by the OIE, if the disease has
  occurred with a new pathogen strain or in a new
  disease manifestation; or
REASONS FOR IMMEDIATE NOTIFICATION
         WITHIN 24 HOURS



• for diseases listed by the OIE, if the disease has a
  newly recognised zoonotic potential; or



• for diseases not listed by the OIE, if there is a case of
  an emerging disease or pathogenic agent should there
  be findings that are of epidemiological significance to
  other countries.
SINCE 2005 SPECIFIC NEW IMMEDIATE NOTIFICATON/FOLLOW-
 UP REPORTING FORMS HAVE BEEN DESIGNED TO COLLECT
           DATA FOR AQUATIC ANIMAL DISEASES
      OIE IMMEDIATE NOTIFICATIONS


               IN distributed by the OIE 2005-2010



250

200

150

100

50

 0
      2005   2006        2007        2008            2009   2010
SIX-MONTHLY REPORTS
                OIE’S MONITORING SYSTEM


 Six-monthly report

on the absence or presence of listed diseases


Part 1: Qualitative information


• disease occurrence;
• control, prophylaxis and prevention measures;
• indication of the type of template to use to notify diseases or
   infections/infestations present in the country (=> part 2).
                 OIE’S MONITORING SYSTEM


    Six-monthly report

on the absence or presence of OIE listed diseases


Part 2: Quantitative information

•    Template 1: By first administrative division and by month;
•    Template 2: For the whole country by month;
•    Template 3: By first administrative division for the six months period;
•    Template 4: For the whole country for the six-months period.
SINCE 2005 MONTHLY INFORMATION CAN BE
PROVIDED FOR AQUATIC ANIMAL DISEASES
ANNUAL REPORTS
                     OIE’S MONITORING SYSTEM


                         Annual report

   The sum of information of the tow six-monthly reports of a given year
                               and:

• Non OIE-listed diseases;
• Human resources in Veterinary Services;
• National Reference Laboratories;
• Animal population/production for aquatic animals (by first
   administrative division);
• Zoonoses (human cases and deaths);
• Production of vaccines.
   WORLD ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM (WAHIS)



WAHIS, is the new OIE’s
world animal health
information system.

An access (login, password) is
given to each Delegate.
He/she has the possibility to
create an access to his/her
nominees.


Address:
www.oie.int/wahis
PUBLIC INTERFACE: WAHID
 http://www.oie.int/wahid
WORLD ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION DATABASE (WAHID)




              The international community can explore
              available information:

              • by country (or group of countries), regions

              • by disease,

              • focusing on control measures
WORLD ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION DATABASE (WAHID)
 WORLD ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION DATABASE (WAHID)


WAHID differentiates outbreaks between domestic and wild species




                                     Example:
                                        Epizootic ulcerative
                                        syndrome
                                        South Africa
                                        December 2010
                                        First occurrence of a listed
                                        disease
NEW VERSION OF WAHIS – WAHIS 2 SCREENSHOT
            SOME NEW FUNCTIONALITIES OF WAHIS 2


•   Differentiated registration and display for the occurrence code when relevant
    between domestic and wild animals (already implemented starting from 2009)

•   Two completely separate six-monthly reports one for terrestrial and one for aquatic
    animals (Members can provide available information without blocking the submission
    process)

•   Improvement of the management of periodicity of reporting diseases within the six-
    monthly period (for an on-going six-month period): send monthly information for a
    selected number of diseases that are known to be present, which could be validated
    and made public on monthly basis, without submitting the whole report (the rest of
    the report will be completed at the end of the period)
TRACKING AND VERIFICATION OF UNOFFICIAL INFORMATION




                                                                        *




An average of 2 IN related to an aquatic animal disease are obtained each
year thanks to this activity.

*2011 up to 30/05/2011
 TRACKING AND VERIFICATION OF UNOFFICIAL INFORMATION
six-monthly reports tracking results for aquatic animal diseases in 2010
                                       Disease                        answer
      Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci)                              yes
                                                                        yes
                                                                        yes
      Epizootic ulcerative syndrome                                     yes
                                                                        yes
                                                                        yes
                                                                        yes
      Gyrodactylosis (Gyrodactylus salaris)                             yes
      Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis                     yes
      Infection with Bonamia exitiosa                                  yes
      Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia                                   yes




 • In 2010, a verification of information on aquatic animal diseases was
   requested from 11 countries, all of them have answered;
 • Most of the countries accepted to modify their six‐monthly reports according
   to the OIE brought evidence of the occurrence or suspected occurrence of
   certain aquatic animal diseases;
 •   One verified information has led to an immediate notification.
                  WAHIS - REGIONAL CORE



• The OIE Regional Core strategy: to help OIE Members meet their regional
  requirements and their obligations to notify diseases to the OIE, while
  avoiding duplication and discrepancies.

• For aquatic animal diseases, the OIE has signed an agreement with the
  Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA).

• The development of this Regional Core has been included as a component
  of the Development of WAHIS 2 and tests are in the final stage.
            WAHIS 2- Administrator: RC creation


                                       Possibility to add a
                                      Regional programme




The level of details are outbreak
by outbreak or by month
WAHIS 2 Administrator Version – RC - countries participating

                                         Possibility to add
                                      countries participating
                                     to a regional programme
WAHIS 2 Administrator Version - RC - diseases of interest


                                   Possibility to add diseases
                                     of interest to a region
                  OIE/NACA - WAHIS - REGIONAL CORE
                              Data Transfer for
                                 OIE/NACA


             Database                 Monthly reports
           of OIE/NACA
              WAHIS
                                      Transfer of data on           OIE WAHIS
              Regional                                               Database
                Core                  OIE-listed diseases
          (specific tables)           (and OIE validation)


 Extraction of data on
                                              Extraction of data
non OIE-listed diseases
                                           on OIE-listed disease
                                                                    OIE Website
Regional Websites: OIE Asia- Pacific & NACA                        WAHID Interface

          OIE/NACA WAHIS Interfaces
                           TRANSPARENCY
In 2010, 191 IN were made by Members including 13 on an aquatic animal
disease

                     Aquatic IN received in 2010
             3



             2



             1



             0
                               TRANSPARENCY
                      World Animal Health Coverage by WAHIS for
                     Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Diseases in 2009




170 Members provided an annual animal health report, 68% from them where for
terrestrial and aquatic animal diseases.
                           TRANSPARENCY
                  World Animal Health Coverage by WAHIS for
                 Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Diseases in 2010




150 Members provided an annual animal health report, 78.7% from
them where for terrestrial and aquatic animal diseases (updated up
to 23 June 2011)
                             Conclusions
• The establishment of a single list of diseases by the OIE since 2005
  has benefited for aquatic animal diseases since specific forms were
  designed for Immediate notification and follow-up reports and are in
  place;

• Monthly information on aquatic animal diseases could be provided
  since 2005 compared to annual information without geographical
  location that were given for former List B diseases, in which all aquatic
  animal diseases were included;

• There is an increase in the worldwide coverage of animal health
  situation on aquatic animal diseases/health, as shown by the number of
  immediate notifications and annual animal health reports on OIE-listed
  aquatic animal diseases;

• The establishment of OIE/NACA WAHIS Regional Core will avoid
  duplication of data processing by participating Members, and improve
  the quality of animal health information provided by Members of this
  region, which will benefit to increase the worldwide coverage of animal
  health information on aquatic animal diseases of WAHID.
                    Thank you!
   Have you subscribed to the OIE-Info distribution list?

         If not, you can do it from the OIE website:
                      http://www.oie.int/
You can choose to receive alert messages on aquatic animal
                        diseases only

				
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posted:8/15/2011
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