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Appendix Table Methodological Quality of Studies Included in

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					Appendix Table 4. Methodological Quality of Studies Included in the Review
Appendix Table 4-1. Methodological quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs)
                                              Sequence                                  Blinding                             Selective outcome                  Overall RoB –
                            Study             generation                                                                                                      Pt-rated outcomes
                                                                     Pt-rated outcomes          Clinical outcomes                reporting
   Author, year            design,
                             ITT              Allocation                    Incomplete outcome data                                                             Overall RoB –
                                                                                                                           Other sources of bias
                                             concealment             Pt-rated outcomes    Clinical outcomes                                                   Clinical outcomes
     Bigoni M,               RCT               Unclear                       No                   No                                  Yes                            High
       2009                   No
                                                 Unclear                    Unclear                    Unclear                      Unclear                           High

    Boehm TD,                RCT                   Yes                        No                         NA                           Yes                             High
      2005                    No
                                                   No                         Yes                        NA                           Yes                              NA

      Brady B,               CCT                   No                         No                         No                           Yes                             High
       2008                  Yes
                                                   No                       Unclear                    Unclear                      Unclear                           High

     Burks RT,               RCT                   Yes                        No                         No                           Yes                             High
       2009                   No
                                                   Yes                        Yes                        Yes                           No                             High

  Charousset C,              RCT                 Unclear                      No                         No                           Yes                             High
      2007                    No
                                                   No                         Yes                        Yes                        Unclear                           High

    De Carli A,              RCT                 Unclear                      No                         NA                            No                             High
      2006                    No
                                                 Unclear                    Unclear                      NA                         Unclear                            NA

   Franceschi F,             RCT                   Yes                        No                         No                           Yes                             High
       2008                  Yes
                                                   Yes                        No                         No                         Unclear                           High

   Franceschi F,             RCT                   Yes                        No                         No                           Yes                             High
      2007b                   No
                                                 Unclear                      Yes                        Yes                          Yes                             High

   Franceschi F,             RCT                   Yes                        No                         No                           Yes                             High
      2007a                  Yes
                                                   Yes                        No                         No                           Yes                             High

  Gartsman GM,               RCT                   Yes                        No                         NA                           Yes                             High
      2004                    No
                                                 Unclear                      Yes                        NA                         Unclear                            NA
CCT = controlled clinical trial; ITT = intention-to-treat analysis; pt = patient; NA = not applicable; Pt = patient; RCT = randomized controlled trial; RoB = risk of bias
Appendix Table 4-1. Methodological quality of randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials (continued)
                                Sequence                      Blinding                   Selective outcome        Overall RoB –
                    Study       generation                                                   reporting          Pt-rated outcomes
                                               Pt-rated outcomes    Clinical outcomes
  Author, year     design,
                     ITT        Allocation            Incomplete outcome data                                     Overall RoB –
                                                                                        Other sources of bias
                               concealment     Pt-rated outcomes    Clinical outcomes                           Clinical outcomes
   Grasso A,        RCT            Yes                 No                   No                  Yes                    High
     2009            No
                                   Yes               Yes                  Yes                   Yes                   High

    Hayes K,        RCT            Yes                No                   No                   Yes                   High
     2004            No
                                   No                 No                   No                   Yes                   High

   Iannotti JP,     RCT            Yes                No                   NA                   Yes                   High
      2006           No
                                 Unclear             Yes                   NA                    No                    NA

    Kim SH,         CCT            No                 No                   No                   Yes                   High
     2003            No
                                   No                Yes                  Yes                 Unclear                 High

  Klintberg IH,     RCT            Yes                No                   No                   Yes                   High
      2009           No
                                   Yes                No                   No                   Yes                   High

      Ko S,         CCT            No                 No                   NA                   Yes                   High
      2009           No
                                   No                Yes                   NA                   Yes                    NA

  LaStayo PC,       RCT            Yes                No                   No                   Yes                   High
     1998            No
                                 Unclear            Unclear              Unclear                Yes                   High

  Michael JWP,      RCT            Yes                No                   No                   Yes                   High
      2005          Yes
                                 Unclear             Yes                  Yes                    No                   High

   Milano G,        RCT            Yes                No                   NA                   Yes                   High
     2007            No
                                   Yes                No                   NA                   Yes                    NA

  Mohtadi NG,       RCT            Yes                No                   No                    No                   High
     2008           Yes
                                   Yes               Yes                  Yes                    No                   High

 Montgomery TJ,     CCT            No                 No                   No                   Yes                   High
      1994           No
                                   No                 No                   No                 Unclear                 High
Appendix Table 4-1. Methodological quality of randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials (continued)
                                Sequence                      Blinding                    Selective outcome        Overall RoB –
                      Study     generation                                                    reporting          Pt-rated outcomes
                                               Pt-rated outcomes    Clinical outcomes
  Author, year       design,
                       ITT      Allocation             Incomplete outcome data                                     Overall RoB –
                                                                                         Other sources of bias
                               concealment     Pt-rated outcomes     Clinical outcomes                           Clinical outcomes
 Moosmayer S,         RCT          Yes                 No                    NA                  Yes                    High
    2010              yes
                                   Yes                Yes                  NA                  Unclear                  NA

Ogilvie-Harris DJ,    CCT          No                 No                   NA                    Yes                   High
       1993            No
                                   No               Unclear                NA                    Yes                   High

   Raab MG,           RCT        Unclear              No                   NA                    Yes                   High
     1996              No
                                 Unclear              No                   NA                     No                    NA

   Roddey TS,         RCT          Yes                No                   NA                    Yes                   High
     2002              No
                                 Unclear              No                   NA                    Yes                    NA

   Shibata Y,         RCT        Unclear              No                    No                   Yes                   High
     2001              No
                                 Unclear              Yes                  Yes                 Unclear                 High

   Torrens C,         CCT          No                 No                   NA                    Yes                   High
     2003              No
                                   No                 Yes                  NA                  Unclear                  NA
Appendix Table 4-2. Methodological quality of cohort studies
                                    Representativeness   Ascertainment of                      Adequate duration
                                         of cohort          exposure        Comparability of      of followup
  Author, year      Study design                                                                                   Total Stars
                                     Selection of non-    Assessment of        cohorts         Adequate followup
                                      exposed cohort        outcome                                of cohort
    Baker CL,       Retrospective          B (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            5*
       1995                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
  Bennett WF,        Prospective           C (0*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
      2003c                                A (1*)             E (0*)                                 A (1*)
    Bishop J,        Prospective           A (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            5*
       2006                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 C (0*)
   Boileau P,       Retrospective          C (0*)             A (1*)            A, B (2*)            A (1*)            6*
       2007                                A (1*)             D (0*)                                 B (1*)
    Buess E,         Prospective           A (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            6*
       2005                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
Colegate-Stone T,    Prospective           B (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
       2009                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 D (0*)
 Costouros JG,      Retrospective          B (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            5*
       2006                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 D (0*)
 Cummins CA,         Prospective           A (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            5*
       2003                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
  Delbrouck C,       Prospective           D (0*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              B (0*)            2*
       2003                                A (1*)             E (0*)                                 C (0*)
    Favard L,       Retrospective          C (0*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            2*
       2009                                B (1*)             C (0*)                                 D (0*)
     Hata Y,        Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
       2004                                A (1*)             E (0*)                                 D (0*)
       Ide J,        Prospective           A (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            7*
      2005b                                A (1*)             A (1*)                                 B (1*)
       Ito J,       Retrospective          B (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
       2003                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 C (0*)
   Klinger HM,      Retrospective          C (0*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
      2005a                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
      Ko SH,         Prospective           B (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            5*
       2008                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
    Kose KC,        Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            5*
       2008                                A (1*)             E (0*)                                 C (0*)
   Leroux JL,       Retrospective          B (0*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              B (0*)            3*
       1993                                A (1*)             D (0*)                                 A (1*)
     Liem D,        Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)            A, B (2*)            A (1*)            7*
       2007                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
    Lunn JV,         Prospective           C (0*)             A (1*)             B (1*)              A (1*)            5*
       2008                                A (1*)             D (0*)                                 A (1*)
Appendix Table 4-2. Methodological quality of cohort studies (continued)
                                    Representativeness   Ascertainment of                      Adequate duration
                                         of cohort          exposure        Comparability of      of followup
  Author, year      Study design                                                                                   Total stars
                                     Selection of non-    Assessment of        cohorts         Adequate followup
                                      exposed cohort        outcome                                of cohort
      Marc T,       Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            6*
       2009                                A (1*)             D (0*)                                 A (1*)
      Matis N,       Prospective           A (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
       2006                                A (1*)             D (0*)                                 C (0*)
   McIntyre LF,     Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
       2006                                A (1*)             E (0*)                                 C (0*)
     Millar NL,     Retrospective          B (1*)             A (1*)            A, B (2*)            A (1*)            7*
       2009                                A (1*)             A (1*)                                 C (0*)
    Milroy DR,      Retrospective          D (0*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              B (0*)            3*
       2008                                A (1*)             D (0*)                                 A (1*)
     Moser M,       Retrospective          C (0*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            3*
       2007                                A (1*)             E (0*)                                 D (0*)
    Motycka T,      Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
       2004                                B (0*)             D (0*)                                 A (1*)
     Mullett H,      Prospective           B (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            6*
       2006                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 D (0*)
     Park JY,        Prospective           B (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            7*
       2008                                A (1*)             A (1*)                                 A (1*)
   Pearsall AW,      Prospective           A (1*)             A (1*)            A, B (2*)            A (1*)            8*
       2007                                A (1*)             A (1*)                                 B (1*)
  Sauerbrey AM,     Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            6*
       2005                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 B (1*)
   Severud EL,      Retrospective          B (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            4*
       2003                                A (1*)             D (0*)                                 C (0*)
    Sugaya H,       Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            6*
       2005                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 B (1*)
     Vad VB,        Retrospective          C (0*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            5*
       2002                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
    Verma NN,       Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)            A, B (2*)            A (1*)            6*
       2006                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 C (0*)
    Walton JR,      Retrospective          C (0*)             A (1*)            A, B (2*)            A (1*)            6*
       2007                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
    Warner JJ,      Retrospective          B (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            5*
       2005                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
     Wilson F,      Retrospective          B (1*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            5*
       2002                                A (1*)             D (0*)                                 A (1*)
    Yamada N,       Retrospective          C (0*)             A (1*)             C (0*)              A (1*)            3*
       2000                                B (0*)             C (0*)                                 A (1*)
     Youm T,        Retrospective          A (1*)             A (1*)             A (1*)              A (1*)            6*
       2005                                A (1*)             C (0*)                                 B (1*)
Appendix Table 4-3. Methodological quality of uncontrolled studies
                           Patients enrolled   Incomplete outcome data    Standardized approach
     Author, year
                            consecutively        adequately addressed    used to assess outcomes
     Audenaert E,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
          2006
       Baysal D,
                               Unclear                   No                       Yes
          2005
     Bennett WF,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
         2003b
     Bennett WF,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
         2003a*
       Boileau P,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
          2005
   Boissonnault WG,
                               Unclear                   No                        No
          2007
      Boszotta H,
                                  No                    Yes                      Unclear
          2004
      Caniggia M,
                                  No                    Yes                      Unclear
          1995
    Charousset C,
                                 Yes                    Yes                        No
          2008
     Checchia SL,
                               Unclear                  Yes                      Unclear
          2005
      Cofield RH,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
          2001
        Cole BJ,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
          2007
        Cools A,
                               Unclear                  Yes                       Yes
         2006*
     Davidson PA,
                                 Yes                   Unclear                   Unclear
          2000
    DeFranco MJ,
                                 Yes                    Yes                        No
          2007
      Deutsch A,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
         2008*
      Deutsch A,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
          2007
       Ellman H,
                                  No                    Yes                        No
          1993
       Fenlin JM,
                               Unclear                  Yes                       Yes
          2002
        Fuchs B,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
          2006
    Gartsman GM,
                                 Yes                    Yes                        No
          1998
    Gartsman GM,
                                 Yes                    Yes                        No
          1997
     Gazielly DF,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
          1994
      Ghroubi S,
                               Unclear                 Unclear                   Unclear
          2008
    Gladstone JN,
                               Unclear                  Yes                       Yes
          2007
     Hawkins RH,
                                 Yes                     No                       Yes
          1995
       Heers G,
                               Unclear                  Yes                      Unclear
          2005
     Henn RF III,
                               Unclear                 Unclear                   Unclear
         2008*
Appendix Table 4-3. Methodological quality of uncontrolled studies (continued)
                           Patients enrolled   Incomplete outcome data    Standardized approach
     Author, year
                            consecutively        adequately addressed    used to assess outcomes
         Hsu SL,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
           2007
       Iannotti JP,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
           1996
           Ide J,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
           2007
           Ide J,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
          2005a
        Kane TP,
                                 Yes                   Unclear                   Unclear
           2008
    Kirschenbaum D,
                               Unclear                  Yes                       Yes
           1993
        Klepps S,
                                 Yes                     No                       Yes
           2004
       Klinger HM,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
          2005b
        Koubaa S,
                               Unclear                 Unclear                   Unclear
           2006
        Kreuz PC,
                               Unclear                  Yes                      Unclear
           2005
        Lafosse L,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
          2007a
        Lafosse L,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
          2007b
         Levy O,
                                 Yes                   Unclear                   Unclear
          2008b
         Levy O,
                               Unclear                  Yes                      Unclear
          2008a
     Lichtenberg S,
                                 Yes                   Unclear                   Unclear
           2006
         Liem D,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
           2008
          Lim JT,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
           2005*
         Maier D,
                               Unclear                  Yes                       Yes
           2007
       Mallon WJ,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
           2004*
      McBirnie JM,
                               Unclear                  Yes                      Unclear
           2005
    McCallister WV,
                                 Yes                     No                        No
           2005
     Misamore GW,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
           1995*
         Nam SC,
                               Unclear                  Yes                       Yes
           2008*
         Nho SJ,
                                 Yes                     No                      Unclear
           2009
          Oh JH,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
           2008*
         Pai VS,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
           2001
         Park JY,
                                 Yes                    Yes                      Unclear
           2004*
         Pillay R,
                               Unclear                 Unclear                     No
           1994*
       Porcellini G,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
           2006*
        Prasad N,
                                 Yes                    Yes                       Yes
           2005
       Randelli PS,            Unclear                  Yes                      Unclear
Appendix Table 4-3. Methodological quality of uncontrolled studies (continued)
                                    Patients enrolled          Incomplete outcome data         Standardized approach
       Author, year
                                     consecutively               adequately addressed         used to assess outcomes
           2008
         Rokito AS,
                                             Yes                           Yes                            Yes
            1999
         Rokito AS,
                                             Yes                           Yes                           Unclear
            1996
        Scheibel M,
                                            Unclear                        Yes                           Unclear
            2007
        Scheibel M,
                                            Unclear                        Yes                           Unclear
            2004
     Scheuermann R,
                                            Unclear                        Yes                           Unclear
            1991
         Sugaya H,
                                             Yes                         Unclear                         Unclear
            2007
        Tashjian RZ,
                                            Unclear                      Unclear                           No
            2008
        Tashjian RZ,
                                             Yes                            No                             No
            2006
          Tauro JC,
                                             Yes                           Yes                           Unclear
            2006*
          Tauro JC,
                                             Yes                           Yes                             No
            2004
         Trenerry K,
                                             Yes                           Yes                           Unclear
            2005*
           Vaz S,
                                            Unclear                        Yes                            Yes
            2000
         Vitale MA,
                                            Unclear                        Yes                             No
            2007
           Waibl B,
                                             Yes                           Yes                           Unclear
            2005
       Zumstein MA,
                                             Yes                           Yes                            Yes
            2008
*Cohort studies that compared the effectiveness of only one intervention across two patient populations were
considered to be uncontrolled studies for the purposes of this review
Refer to Appendix Table 2 for full citation

				
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