STUDIES ON IMPACT OF AGEING ON VACUUMIZED YARN QUALITY by sen29iit

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									   STUDIES ON IMPACT OF AGEING ON
VACUUMIZED STEAMED YARN QUALITY

                     A PROJECT REPORT


                           Submitted by
                  KARTHIK PRABHU.M
                  Register No: 0920201006


        in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree


                                 of

              MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY
                                 in

                  TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY


 KUMARAGURU COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY
                 COIMBATORE – 641 049
(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Anna University: Coimbatore)




                           APRIL 2011
                         BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE



Certified that this project report “ STUDIES ON IMPACT OF AGEING ON

VACUUMIZED STEAMED YARN QUALITY                     ”   is the bonafide work of
KARTHIK PRABHU.M (Reg. No. 0920201006) who carried out this project
(Phase-I) work under my supervision during the year 2010-2011.




SIGNATURE                                     SIGNATURE

DR.K.THANGAMANI                               MR R.SENTHIL KUMAR

PROFESSOR AND HEAD                            SUPERVISOR

                                              Assistant Professor

Department of Textile Technology              Department of Textile Technology

Kumaraguru College of Technology              Kumaraguru College of Technology

Coimbatore - 641 049                          Coimbatore - 641 049



Submitted for the Project Viva-Voce examination held on _____________




         Internal Examiner                                External Examiner
                               ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

        I express my sincere gratitude to our beloved Co-Chairman, Dr.B.K.
  Krishnaraj Vanavarayar, Dr.J.Shanmugam, Director and Dr. S. Ramachandran,
  Principal for their support and allowing me to use the facilities of the institution.


        I express my whole hearted thanks to Dr. K.Thangamani, Head of Department,
  Kumaraguru College of Technology, for having been a source of encouragement and
  for instilling the vigor to do the project.


        It gives me great pleasure to express my deep sense of gratitude for my
  supervisor,    Mr.R.SenthilKumar,       Assistant   Professor,   Department    of   Textile
  Technology, Kumaraguru College of Technology, for his innovative guidance, expert
  suggestions and constant encouragement throughout the project. I thank all the
  teaching and non-teaching staff of the Textile Technology department for their help
  during this project.


      I express my sincere gratitude to the management of Sangeeth Textiles Ltd. Mr.
Muruganantham, Quality Control Manager, Sangeeth Textiles Ltd, Coimbatore for his
continuous help in doing the field work of the project.      I express my thanks to all the
staffs of quality control department of the mill for their invaluable help in carrying out
the various quality control tests.


        I express my thanks to my beloved parents, better half, my son, brother and
  friends for their continuous support throughout the course of project.
                         TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER                                                           PAGE
                                      TITLE
  NO.                                                              NO.
                                                                    vi
          ABSTRACT
                                                                   vii
          LIST OF FIGURES
          LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS                                    viii

   1      INTRODUCTION                                              1

                1. 1 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT                       3

   2      LITERATURE REVIEW                                         4

                2.1   YARN CONDITIONING
                                                                    4

                2.2   YARN CONDITIONING MACHINE
                                                                    5
                        2.2.1   Machine Type                        6

                        2.2.2   Operation of YCM
                                                                    6


                2.3      YARN CONDITIONING PROCESS                  8

                        2.3.1   Principle of Working of YCP         8

                        2.3.2   Advantages of Yarn Conditioning     9

                2.4     BENEFITS ACHIEVED OUT OF CONDITIONING      10
CHAPTER                                                         PAGE
                                     TITLE
  NO.                                                            NO.


               2.5    PROPERTIES ACHIEVED OUT OF CONDITIONING
                                                                 11
                       2.5.1   Knitting
                                                                 11
                       2.5.2   Weaving
                                                                 12

                       2.5.3   Twisting                          12
                       2.5.4   Dyeing                            13
  3.      MATERIALS AND METHODS                                  14

               3.1 MATERIALS                                     14

                       3.1.1 Yarn Particulars                    14

                       3.1.2 Machinery                           14

               3.2. METHODS                                      15

               3.3 TESTING METHODOLOGY                           19




                                                                 20
  4.      RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS


          REFERENCE
                                          ABSTRACT




              Textile market is becoming sensitive buyer‟s market. Weaver is demanding
dimensioned quality with consistency from spinners. Therefore in order to satisfy these demands
without altering the raw material; the hygroscopic nature of cotton fibers is used. Higher the
humidity more is the absorbency of fibers.

             The concept of yarn conditioning plant came into picture to supply the yarn with
increased strength & elongations, reduced snarling of yarn, improved working at post spinning
processes like warping, weaving, knitting, etc. Moisture content & strength of yarn is increased.
It will give weight gain of 1% to 1.5%.

            Therefore most of the spinning mills are now going for YCP. Though its initial cost
of investment is high, but its payback period is very less. Also these modern YCP gives us even
pen
								
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