Hazing - PowerPoint by cuiliqing

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									          Hazing

DAVIDSON COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF
 PUBLIC SAFETY & CAMPUS POLICE
              2011
              Hazing Defined
Hazing is a broad term that encompasses an action or activity which
   does not contribute to the positive development of a person;

• which inflicts or intends to
  cause physical or mental     •       Any action or situation
  harm or anxieties;                   which intentionally or
                                       unintentionally
• which may demean,
                                       endangers a student for
  degrade, or disgrace any
                                       admission into or
  person, regardless of
                                       affiliation with any
  location, intent or consent of
                                       student organization.
  participants.
                    Hazing is…

 Any activity expected of someone joining a group
 which humiliates, degrades, or risks
 emotional/physical harm
                        History of Hazing
•Hazing originated in the 16th century among sailors and crew on long ship
voyages. The harassment of rookie sailors usually took place on hazy days (which
could drive sailors crazy) so it became known as hazing.

•Hazing emerged in Fraternities after the Civil War. Prior to the Civil war, hazing
was not a major aspect in many fraternities. This is because Fraternities started out
as a way for students to discuss academic life in college, something that was looked
down upon in the early 19th century. However, hazing gained popularity after the
civil war because many college students felt that they needed to have a harrowing
event happen to them as their fathers did during the civil war. Hazing continued on
after World War I. Soldiers returning from the war re-entered colleges, and brought
with them the discipline and techniques they learned in boot camp.

•Most hazing rituals often have roots in the military, for instance; Marine recruits
have often been punched, kicked and physically abused in an effort to “toughen
them up” often after just getting out of bed.
                         Myths and facts


Myth #1: Hazing is primarily a problem for fraternities and
sororities.
Fact: Hazing is a societal problem. Hazing incidents have been
frequently documented in the military, athletic teams, marching
bands, religious cults, professional schools and other types of clubs
and/or, organizations. Reports of hazing activities in high schools
are on the rise.


Myth #2: Hazing is no more than foolish pranks that sometimes go
awry.
Fact: Hazing is an act of power and control over others --- it is
victimization. Hazing is pre-meditated and NOT accidental. Hazing is
abusive, degrading and often life-threatening.
                 Myths and facts

 Myth #3: As long as there's no malicious intent, a
 little hazing should be O.K.

 Fact: Even if there's no malicious "intent,” safety
 may still be a factor in traditional hazing
 activities that are considered to be "all in good
 fun." For example, serious accidents have
 occurred during scavenger hunts and kidnapping
 trips. Besides, what purpose do such activities
 serve in promoting the growth and development
 of group team members?
                    Myths and facts

Myth #4: Hazing is an effective way to teach respect and develop
discipline.
Fact: First of all, respect must be EARNED--not taught. Victims of
hazing rarely report having respect for those who have hazed them. Just
like other forms of victimization, hazing breeds mistrust, apathy and
alienation
Myth #5: If someone agrees to participate in an activity, it can't be
considered hazing.
Fact: In states that have laws against hazing consent of the victim can't
be used as a defense in a civil suit. This is because even if someone
agrees to participate in a potentially hazardous action it may not be true
consent when considering the peer pressure and desire to belong to the
group.
Myth #6: It's difficult to determine whether or not a certain activity is
hazing--it's such a gray area sometimes.
Fact: It's not difficult to decide if an activity is hazing if you use common
sense.
            Three Main Types of Hazing

 Subtle
 Harassment
 Violent
                        Subtle Hazing

 Any activity or attitude directed towards a pledge
 which embarrasses, humiliates, or ridicules.
    Examples
      Silence Periods
      Demerits
      Scavenger hunts for meaningless objects
      Requiring pledges to carry handbooks or paddles everywhere to
       get signatures
      Calling pledge “pledgie” or other demeaning name
      Requiring pledges to do power point presentations on the
       meaningless topic such as Hazing.
      Etc.
                Harassment Hazing

 Any activity which confuses, frustrates, or causes
  the probationary member undue stress through
  mental anguish and physical discomfort.
      Examples
       ○   Requiring ridiculous costumes or activities
       ○   Requiring probationary members to perform personal services
       ○   Verbal abuse
       ○   Any form of questioning under pressure or in an uncomfortable
           position
       ○   Sleep deprivation
       ○   Expecting new members/rookies to be deprived of maintaining a
           normal schedule of bodily cleanliness.
       ○   Be expected to harass others
       ○   Etc.
                   Violent Hazing

 Anything which causes physical or emotional
  harm
     Example
      ○   Forced alcohol consumption
      ○   Forced consumption of vile substances
      ○   Sexual violation
      ○   Assault
      ○   Burning
      ○   Forcing probationary members into life-threatening
          situations
      ○   Water intoxication
      ○   Public nudity
      ○   Abductions/kidnaps
      ○   Etc.
        The Alcohol-Hazing link


•Alcohol releases inhibitions.

•Underage drinking in sanctioned events.

•The worst problems with hazing tend to happen
when alcohol is involved.

•Forcing (or the appearance of forcing) pledges to
drink is a major risk because of the often unspoken
peer pressure involved with drinking.
Hazing Laws

IN NORTH CAROLINA
                   North Carolina

 Hazing is unlawful
 Automatically a Class 2 Misdemeanor
 Any victim has the right to civilly sue the person or
  persons guilty thereof.
 In trials for hazing, any person subpoenaed as a
  witness on behalf of the State of NC shall be
  required to testify.
 Penalties for conviction of hazing are not less than
  30 days in jail but not to exceed 6 months, plus
  costs of court and attorney.
                How to spot Hazing

It's not difficult to decide if an activity is hazing if you use common
sense and ask yourself the following questions:

1) Is alcohol involved?
2) Will active/current members of the group refuse to participate with the
new members and do exactly what they're being asked to do?
3) Does the activity risk emotional or physical abuse?
4) Is there risk of injury or a question of safety?
5) Do you have any reservation describing the activity to your parents, to
a professor or College official?
6) Would you object to the activity being photographed for the school
newspaper or filmed by the local TV news crew?

If the answer to any of these questions is "yes," the
activity is probably hazing.
                 How to prevent Hazing
 •Is this activity an educational experience?
 •Will this activity increase the respect for the organization?
 •Would you be willing to allow your parents or College officials to
 witness the activity?
 •Does the activity have value in and of itself?
 •If you have to ask if it is hazing… it probably is.
 •If in doubt, call your chapter advisor, faculty advisor, or the national
 office. If you won't pick up the phone, you have your answer.

Hazing is "any action taken or situation created, whether on or off fraternity
premises, to produce mental or physical discomfort, embarrassment,
harassment, or ridicule."
Brothers must not haze new members, and similarly, new members must not
haze brothers!! Hazing is not the way to express to another that you will, one
day, call him or her a "brother." If you allow hazing to occur you are a “hazing
enabler” and no different from the person doing the hazing.
                         Don't Fool Yourself
Alternatives to Consider
                    Foster Unity

 Work together on a community service project
 Work together to improve chapter room
 Work together to plan a social or sporting event
           Instill a sense of membership

 Plan events for the whole chapter to meet for a
 specific event
    Concert
    Movie
    Meals
    Study Session
    Civic Engagement…
                Promote the Future

 Take advantage of College tutoring services
 Designate study hours
 Invite speakers on test taking, study habits, etc.
 Use college resources for seminars on writing
 resumes, time management, etc.
                  IN CONCLUSION

Fitting in is a big deal, a popular way to fit in, meet lots of new people and
to become involved with your school is to join a fraternal organization.
     But how far would you go to become part of a fraternity?
   Would you put up with paddling or striking, marking or branding?
   What if involvement included restricting of your class attendance or
    your sleep?
   What if they forced you to eat or drink or to perform calisthenics such
    as sit-ups, push-ups or running?
   How would you handle physical harassment such as pushing, cursing
    or shouting?
   How about sexual harassment?
   What about being berated in front of a large group?
   Or being asked silly or misleading questions just to be made fun of?
   Or being asked to participate in a food fight?
   Or binge drinking until you puke because you are attending a pledge
    event.
   Or not knowing when initiation is.
                  Hazing Resources


http://www.stophazing.org/index.html an extensive site covering
many aspects of hazing including fraternity, sorority, athletic,
high school and military hazing.
http://hazing.hanknuwer.com/ Hank Nuwer is an Indiana-based
author whose specialty is hazing.
http://www.insidehazing.com/ to provide methods of prevention
and intervention in hazing; to explain the psychology of hazing in
high school, college, the military, and the workplace. Educational
information is included for use in anti-hazing initiatives among
fraternities, sororities, teams, and other groups.

								
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